Director's Foreword This exhibition features a curated selection of paintings that Jean Claude Roy has done over the past two years. Jean Claude continues to divide his time between France and Newfoundland, and his works on canvas reflect his ongoing relationship with the people, communities and landscapes of both places. In 2017, Breakwater Books published Terra Magna, a collection of paintings of Labrador, a companion volume to Fluctuat Nec Mergitur which featured paintings of every community on the island of Newfoundland. Terra Magna refers to an old descriptor of Labrador â€“ The Big Land â€“ used by early explorers and inhabitants. Painting in Labrador presented many new challenges; there are relatively few settled communities, but there is a vast network of seasonal, migratory and abandoned communities. Jean Claude often began painting a landscape that appeared empty of people, but in which he felt the presence of those people, both indigenous and European, who moved from place to place, following the changing seasons and the migration of the wildlife on which they depended for food, clothing and shelter. Getting from place to place in Labrador was another challenge, which eventually involved coastal boats, float planes and the kind assistance of Parks Canada in bringing him to Torngat Mountains National Park at the northern tip of Labrador. The last chapter of the book features paintings from Battle Harbour, an island off the southern coast of Labrador which is now a historic trust. This resettled community was once an important economic centre in Labrador, where the local and migratory fisher-people interacted with fish merchants from the island of Newfoundland. Jean Claude spends time there every year to support the Battle Harbour Trust, which is active in the restoration of original buildings and hosting visitors to the region. Labrador - a land both untouched and rich in history - is portrayed in this collection of paintings, with an accompanying text in English, French, Innu-aimun and Inuttitut. Jean Claude works with several other non-profit groups in Newfoundland and Labrador to help promote their aims. Most recently, he lent his support to The Royal St. Johnâ€™s Regatta, the oldest continuous sporting event in North America, which is celebrating its 200th anniversary. For this event he painted a 4 x 6 foot canvas on site during the day, when not acting as one of the Racestarters! This painting will be used to raise funds for the Regatta Committee to continue its work encouraging the young people of the area to participate. Jean Claude continues to inspire us with his own humanity. Working on-site gives an immediacy and energy to his work that is undeniable. It allows us to journey with him, and share in his connection to the people and places he paints. There is a reassuring continuity to his storytelling as he chronicles the beautiful moments of everyday life on two continents. Jackie Bryant Director Photo credit, Christina Roy Jean Claude painting onsite Port-abri du Vorlen, France
Bauline Oil on canvas 36" x 36"
Trepassey Oil on canvas 24" x 36"
Leading Tickles Oil on canvas 30" x 30"
Frenchman's Cove Oil on canvas 24" x 36"
Quidi Vidi Oil on canvas 48" x 60"
The Lilac Tree, Upper Island Cove Oil on canvas 30" x 30"
Lavande prĂ¨s d'Estellon Oil on canvas 47" x 59"
Maison en bord de mer Saint-GuĂŠnolĂŠ Oil on canvas 28.7" x 36.2"
Soveria, Corsica Oil on canvas 39.3" x 39.3"
Hibbs Cove Oil on canvas 48" x 72"
Middle Cove Oil on canvas 48" x 72"
Port-abri du Vorlen Oil on canvas 39.3" x 39.3"
Penmarc'h, Brittany Oil on canvas 39.3" x 47"
Penhors, Brittany Oil on canvas 28.7" x 36.2"
Spring Day, Dunfield Oil on canvas 30" x 30"
MarĂŠe basse La Tremblade Oil on canvas 32" x 39.3"
SÃ©guret Oil on canvas 32" x 39.3"
Soir รก Saint-Vio Oil on canvas 31.5" x 31.5"
Chenal d'Arceau Château d'Oléron Oil on canvas 39.3" x 47"
Jour d'hiver รก Montmartre Oil on canvas 39.3" x 39.3"
St. John's Harbour Oil on canvas 47" x 59"
Brousse le ChĂ˘teau Oil on canvas 31.5" x 31.5"
Biography Jean Claude Roy was born in Rochefort-sur-Mer in southwest France in 1948. Since the age of seven, he knew that he wanted to be an artist. His grandfather, a farmer of modest means, provided encouragement and support; Jean Claude would accompany his grandparents to the early morning produce markets which provided sensory inspiration and his first sculptures were made from the coloured paper used to wrap apples and oranges. His grandparents’ farmhouse was decorated with paintings bought at auctions and murals done by a local artist, which afforded Jean Claude exposure to art at a very early age. He still returns to pick cherries from the orchard that was the subject of his first painting. At the age of sixteen, after technical lycée, Roy attended merchant marine training and took his first job as an apprentice electrician on a French cable-repair boat. There followed five years at sea, during which his boat was frequently based in St. John’s, Newfoundland and it was during this time that he turned his attention to landscape painting. In 1971, he immigrated to Newfoundland and spent the next twelve years working as a marine electrician by day and artist by night. He attended art classes for two sessions, quitting because he didn’t like being told what to do, and thus one can say that he is entirely selftaught. By 1973, his paintings were selling in St. John’s galleries and he had his first solo exhibition there in 1975. He continued to exhibit locally and elsewhere in Canada, but in 1982 decided to return to France to devote himself full-time to painting and to rediscover his native landscape. For the next fourteen years he painted and in his spare time rebuilt the stone farmhouse in which he had grown up and cultivated his garden and orchard. He also taught in the local art school and offered painting holidays to Canadian visitors. He never lost his link to Newfoundland, however, and returned every three years to paint and exhibit. By 1996, he found himself coming back every year and since that time he has divided each year between his two homes. Although Jean Claude is also an accomplished portrait painter, his first love is landscape. He describes his style as ‘expressionist-colourist’, and works most frequently in oils, applying paint thickly with a palette knife and brush. A major influence has been the work of abstract expressionist painter Chaim Soutine whose style was more concerned with shape, colour, and texture over representation. Jean Claude works almost exclusively on site and has frequently done so in freezing and wet weather, often trekking long distances carrying his equipment in order to find the right spot. It is not uncommon for an insect, a blade of grass or a flower to find its way into his work either by accident or on purpose by his own hand. Characteristic of his landscapes are vast, highly-coloured and increasingly abstract skies that include the sun. This latter feature appeared first in the late 1980s when, after staring at the sun, a black dot appeared in front of his eyes on his canvas and he was astonished to notice how this ‘sun’ gave light to the landscape below. Over time, this black dot has changed shape and colour, but it is always present, forming an important part of the composition.
The abstract skies provide contrast to the more representational landscape below. Roy's approach to painting outdoors means he spends hours driving and walking through the countryside. Occasionally a scene remains with him for months or even years before he returns to paint it, but most paintings are the spontaneous result of what he sees and feels on that day. From the moment he chooses his spot, the painting is almost complete. After more than 45 years, the act of transferring the image in his head onto the canvas comes naturally and quickly. Being there is essential because his interpretation depends on the wind and the rain, the hot sun, the scent of the lavender, the noise of the crowd, the stories people tell him as they stop to watch and his own mood. In effect, each painting is both a page from his diary and a page from the journal of the place he paints. Roy’s vibrant, expressive landscapes have generated a significant following in France, Britain, Canada and the United States. His paintings can be found in many private and public collections and his work has been the subject of two collaborative books. The first, entitled Soleil du Nord, Brouillard d’Anse, showed the work of Jean Claude Roy and Jean Claude Girardin as they painted the French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon over a period of ten years. Two Visions of Newfoundland & Labrador was the result of collaboration with the DanishCanadian photographer Ben Hansen, in which they travelled together around the island of Newfoundland, portraying the same scene according to their individual styles. In 2002, Jean Claude, in collaboration with his wife Christina, developed the idea of designing an embroidered work inspired by the famous Bayeux Tapestry, which would show some aspects of the history of Newfoundland. They created this design between 2007 and 2009, and the embroidery was carried out by twelve women from the community of Conche, Newfoundland. The result is the French Shore Tapestry, a 222 foot-long by 20 inch-high work of art and craft, which was the subject of a Radio-Canada/CBC television documentary entitled Phantoms of the French Shore, produced by noted filmmakers Barbara Doran and Jerry McIntosh. In 2011, Jean Claude completed another project that had its roots in his earliest years on the island but which acquired focus in 2002; to paint every community on the island of Newfoundland. The result is a 480-page book entitled Fluctuat Nec Mergitur: JC Roy’s Newfoundland, published by Breakwater Books, which includes paintings of all 808 villages and outports. A unique special edition of the book was designed by Jean Claude working in collaboration with Newfoundland bookbinder Brian Roberts; never before done, each of these 160 copies have a different original 7 x 9 inch oil painting seamlessly incorporated into the front cover. In 2013, Jean Claude spent time at Torngat Mountains Basecamp in northern Labrador working with students in the Inuit Youth Program. Together they produced a mural that now hangs on the wall of the Visitor's Centre at Basecamp, the gateway to Torngat Mountains National Park. This park is in the Inuit homeland known as Nunatsiavut and was a gift from the Nunatsiavut Government to the people of Canada. It contains some of the most stunning landscapes in the country. Paintings from this area as well as other parts of Labrador feature in Jean Claude’s new book Terra Magna: Labrador, published in 2017.
Salmon Cove Oil on canvas 36" x 48"
Publications 2017 Terra Magna: Labrador, Breakwater Books, St. John’s, NL 2012 Fluctuat Nec Mergitur, JC Roy’s Newfoundland, Breakwater Books, St. John’s, NL 2003 Two Visions of Newfoundland and Labrador with Ben Hansen, Viking Press, St. John’s, NL 1999 Soleil du Nord et Brouillard d’Anse with Jean Claude Girardin, Somogy Editions d’Art, Paris, FR Documentaries 2014 Interview with Adele Poynter, a one-hour in depth interview produced by Jerry McIntosh and Barbara Doran 2011 Phantoms of the French Shore, Radio-Canada funded documentary featuring Jean Claude Roy’s creation of the French Shore Tapestry produced by Jerry McIntosh and Barbara Doran 2008 Sun In My Hands, film featuring the works of Jean Claude Roy, Springwater Productions Incorporated, St. John’s, NL Awards 2012 Prix Champlain, awarded by the Academie Saintonge, France, for the conception and design of the French Shore Tapestry 2012 Jubilee Medal, awarded by the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador for the French Shore Tapestry Selected Solo Exhibitions 2018 Harbour Gallery, Mississauga, ON 2018 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2017 Grand Bohemian Galleries, USA 2017 Details Fine Art, Charlottetown, PEI 2016 Harbour Gallery, Mississauga, ON 2016 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2015 Pousette Gallery, Vancouver, BC 2015 Grand Bohemian Galleries, USA 2014 Harbour Gallery, Mississauga, ON 2014 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2013 Zwickers Gallery, Halifax, NS 2013 Galerie Victor Hugo, Saintes, FR 2013 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2013 Casa Monica Gallery, St. Augustine, FL 2013 Mansion on Forsyth Park Gallery, Savannah, GA 2013 Asheville Bohemian Gallery, Asheville, NC 2012 Harbour Gallery, Mississauga, ON 2012 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL
2011 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2011 Casa Monica Gallery, St. Augustine, FL 2011 Asheville Grand Bohemian, Asheville, NC 2011 Mansion on Forsyth Park Gallery, Savannah, GA 2010 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2010 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2010 Asheville Grand Bohemian, Asheville, NC 2010 Mansion on Forsyth Park Gallery, Savannah, GA 2010 Zwickers Gallery, Halifax, NS 2009 Carte Blanche Gallery, Royan, FR 2009 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2009 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2009 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Savannah, GA 2009 Asheville Bohemian Gallery, Asheville, NC 2009 The Bartlett Gallery, Alton, ON 2008 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2008 Mansion on Forsyth Park Gallery, Savannah, GA 2007 Zwickers Gallery, Halifax, NS 2007 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2007 The Bartlett Gallery, Alton, ON 2007 El Monte Sagrado Gallery, Taos, NM 2006 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2006 Mansion on Forsyth Park Gallery, Savannah, GA 2005 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2005 Mansion on Forsyth Park Gallery, Savannah, GA 2005 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2004 Zwicker’s Gallery, Halifax, NS 2004 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2003 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 2003 Grand Bohemian Gallery, Orlando, FL 2001 Christopher Pratt Gallery, Bay Roberts, NL 2001 Galerie St. Louis, Saintes, FR 1999 Galerie St. Louis, Saintes, FR 1999 Salle des Recollets, Cognac, FR 1999 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1998 Franklyn Gallery, Corner Brook, NL 1997 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1996 Galerie St. Louis, Saintes, FR 1995 Salle des Recollets, Cognac, FR 1995 Corderie Royale, Rochefort-sur-Mer, FR
Freshwater Oil on canvas 36" x 48"
Selected Solo Exhibitions (Continued) 1995 Franklyn Gallery, Corner Brook, NL 1994 Galerie St. Louis, Saintes, FR 1994 Centre European de l’Art, Paris, FR 1994 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1993 Palais des Congrès, Royan, FR 1992 MP Art, Bordeaux, FR 1992 La Galerie Grande, Cognac, FR 1991 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1990 Palais des Congrès, Royan, FR 1988 Emma Butler Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1986 Galerie Trait d’Union, Cognac, FR 1985 Spurrell Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1982 Galerie d’Art, Sherbrooke, QC 1981 Atlantic Art, St. John’s, NL 1981 Memorial University Art Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1981 Moncton University Gallery of Art, Moncton, NB 1981 Gustaffsson Gallery, Toronto, ON 1980 Centre Culturel, St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR 1978 Memorial University Art Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1975 The Gallery of Fine Art, St. John’s, NL Selected Group Exhibitions 2014 Galerie d’Art Yvon Desgagnes with Réal Fournier Baie St-Paul, PQ 2010 Galerie Carte Blanche, Royan, FR 2006 The Bartlett Gallery, Alton, ON 1999 Centre Culturel, St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR 1997 Les Multiples Visages d’Iberville Quebec & Atlantic Provinces, CA 1993 Galerie Ravenel, St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR 1991 MP Art, Bordeaux, FR 1991 Groupe des Peintres du Marais, Paris, FR 1991 Nine Peintres Terre-Neuviens, Bordeaux, FR 1990 Salon des Vendanges, Cognac, FR 1990 La Tonnellerie, Brouage, FR 1990 Memorial University Art Gallery, St. John’s, NL 1987 Salon de Vendagnes, Cognac, FR 1987 Galerie Valk Aulnay de Saintonge, Aulnay, FR 1986 Salon de Vendagnes, Cognac, FR 1985 Centre Culturel Canadian, Paris, FR 1985 Salon de Vendagnes, Cognac, FR 1985 Cognac Group, Cognac, FR
1984 1984 1982 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1974 1974
Salon des Vendanges, Cognac, FR Salon d’Aquitaine, Mauleon, FR Three Painters, St. John’s, NL Memorial University Art Gallery, St. John’s, NL Arts & Letters Exhibitions, St. John’s, NL Arts & Letters Exhibitions, St. John’s, NL Arts & Letters Exhibitions, St. John’s, NL Arts & Letters Exhibitions, St. John’s, NL Arts & Letters Exhibitions, St. John’s, NL Arts & Letters Exhibitions, St. John’s, NL Memorial University Art Gallery, St. John’s, NL
Selected Public Collections Aeroport, St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR Air Canada, Saint Laurent, QC Bank of Nova Scotia, Toronto, ON Christopher Pratt Gallery, Bay Roberts, NL City Hall, Saintes, FR Commission for Postal Stamp St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR Courvoisier Cognac, Jarnac, FR Credit Agricole, Saintes, FR E.E.S. Financial Services, Markham, ON Hibernia Management & Development Company Limited, St. John’s, NL Hôpital St. Jean, D’Angely, FR Humber Valley Corporation, Corner Brook, NL Imperial Oil Limited, Calgary, AB Irving Oil Limited, Saint John, NB Lexecon Incorporated, Brussels & London, EU Merrill Lynch, Toronto, ON Musée Archive, St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR Musée de l’Ile aux Marins, St. Pierre et Miquelon, FR Newfoundland Power, St. John’s, NL Nexus Consultants, St. John’s, NL Prince of Wales Hotel, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON Right page Sedco Oil, Houston, TX Cupids The Rooms: Art Gallery of Newfoundland & Oil on canvas Labrador, St. John’s, NL 48" x 84" The Kessler Collection, Orlando, FL Queen’s Landing Hotel, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON Back cover Waterford Hospital, St. John’s, NL Rain, Drizzle and Fog, Parkers Cove Oil on canvas 36" x 36" © Harbour Gallery 2018
Artist Reception Saturday, October 20 2:00 pm to 6:00 pm Artist also present Sunday, October 21 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm Exhibition October 20 â€“ November 3 Presales Exhibition Hours Tuesday to Saturday 10 am to 6 pm After hours by appointment
1697 Lakeshore Road West Mississauga, Ontario L5J 1J4 905 822 5495 harbourgallery.com