University of Waterloo | M. Arch
WORK EXPERIENCE Independent Employment - Toronto ON 2016 - 2018 Through independent clients, I have helped to complete resettlement projects in Africa, mine rehabilitation in Mexico, commercial interior for a startup in the U.S., and small multi residential and restaurant projects in Toronto.
DIALOG - Vancouver BC 2015, 8 month period Projects include Deerfoot Mall Urban Redevelpment, UBC SUB, Vancouver House, and Seaspan Headquarters. Roles were largely varied consisting of preparing presentation & leasing packages, BIM modelling & clash detection, Construction & Permit packages, Schematic design of residential & commercial projects, and LEED accredidation.
IBI Group - Manchester UK 2015, 4 month period Projects include West Herts College, Stockport Grammer School, and town centre redevelopment for Barnsely. Roles were mostly dedicated to the design of West Herts College and BIM modelling for the purpose of tender drawings and presentation material.
IBI Group - Vancouver BC 2013 & 2014, 12 month period Projects include Opsal, Binning Tower, Avanti Condominium Developments. Roles include resolving problems during construction phase, preparing working drawings, and architetcural detailing.
Endri Poletti Architect - London ON 2012, 4 month period Projects include health centre and Waterfront Distrct Proposal. Roles include developing my Revit skills during construction modelling, design of waterfront district master plan.
2080 West Broadway, Unit 372 Vancouver, BC. V6J0C7
Mitchell Architects - North Bay ON 2012, 4 month period
MMC Architects - Toronto ON 2011, 4 month period
I have 7 years of Revit experience in both the work place and university projects. I enjoy working in Revit and pride myself in building quick and versitile models.
EDUCATION Masters of Architecture (With Distinction) 2018 - University of Waterloo My thesis, â€œDomestic Insurgency-Towards Affordable Housing in Vancouver,â€? comprehensively identifies the economic, urban, regulatory, and architectural dynamics contributing to the housing crisis. The proposal includes an architectural framework that provides 5 new typologies to redevelop single house lots that are profitable for the private sector.
Teaching Assistant 2017 - University of Waterloo 3 term positions: Building Science, Design Studio & Urban Studies
Bachelors of Architectural Studies (With Distinction) 2015 - University of Waterloo
Exceptional Revit Knowledge
Teamwork I excell as both a team player and in leadership roles. The work environment is important to me, and I participate in that environment with friendliness, open communication, and hardwork.
Passion Through childhood I have been drawn to architecture for its role in citybuilding and everyday life. The overall goal of my career would be to use the oppurtunities created by architetcure to improve everyday quality of life in the city. I am most passionate about the intersection of architetcure at the public realm and creating highly livable residential projects.
SOFTWARE & TRAINING Revit
LEED Green Associate Since earning my accreditation, I have worked to certify LEED projects ranging from office renovations such as the Canada green building council headquarters (CaGBC) to large new construction projects such as the UBC student union building.
AWARDS & HOBBIES Urban Strategies Inc. Award 2017 Honourable Mention at CSC Student Design Competition 2014 IJAR (International Journal of Architectural Research) Feature City Building Enthusist - Multiple awards and features in commmunity magazines Competitive Road Cyclist
6 . . . IBI Vancouver
8 . . . Micro Unit Example 12 . . . Micro Unit Costs Example
13 . . . Hikers Lodge 15 . . . Wellesley Park Condo & Theatre 17 . . . Rome Work
5 . . . IBI Manchester
7 . . . Neighbourhood of Typologies
4 . . . DIALOG
WORK EXPERIENCE 2
3 . . . Independent Employment
18 . . . About Me
Lynn Lake Mining Operations Housing Report - Manitoba
Residential Feasibility Study - Younge St, Toronto A
COPYRIGHT RESERVED. THIS DESIGN AND DRAWINGS ARE THE EXCLUSIVE PROPERTY OF THE DESIGNER AND CANNOT BE USED FOR ANY PURPOSE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN CONSENT OF THE DESIGNER.
THIS DRAWING IS NOT TO BE USED FOR CONSTRUCTION UNTIL ISSUED FOR THAT PURPOSE BY THE DESIGNER.
PRIOR TO COMMENCEMENT OF THE WORK THE CONTRACTOR SHALL VERIFY ALL DIMENSIONS, DATUMS AND LEVELS TO IDENTIFY ANY ERRORS AND OMISSIONS; ASCERTAIN ANY DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THIS DRAWING AND THE FULL CONTRACT DOCUMENTS; AND BRING THESE ITEMS TO THE ATTENTION OF THE OWNERS FOR CLARIFICATION.
Corrogated Roof Sheets 7kg
FLOOR PLAN 1:100
FOUNDATION PLAN 1:100
FORMWORK PLAN 1:100
ROOF PLAN 1:100
Steel Angle beam Purlins 50 mm Spacing = 1500 mm Steel Angle Beam 50 mm Corrogated Roof Sheets 7 kg
FRAMING PLAN 1:100
Esperanza Gold Mining Proposal - Mexico rePlan 110 Adelaide Street East Toronto, Ontario M5C 1K9 t 416 593 6619 f 416 583 1550 firstname.lastname@example.org
Ring Beam Lintels
BACK ELEVATION 1:100
Ring Beam 200x200
TN = Natural Terrain Level
FRONT ELEVATION 1:100
LEFT SIDE ELEVATION 1:100
SECTION A-A 1:50
B2Gold Fadougou Resettlement 4 HA10
TN 5 HA10 esp=10cm 5 HA10 esp=10cm
maçonnerie agglos plein béton de propreté
SECTION OF SUBSTRUCTURE 1:20
School - Office
PLAN OF FOOTER 1:20
SECTION OF FOOTER 1:20
SECTION OF POST 1:20
Numerous African Village Plans
HA6 espacement = 0,20
Scale 1:100, 1:50
Project No Date 04-11-16
SECTION OF RING BEAM LINTEL 1:20
Parliament St. Restaurant Interior & Exterior Renovation
Deerfoot Mall Redevelopment
West Herts College - London UK
Barnsely Town Centre Redevelopment
Avanti Condominiums - Richmond
Opsal Towers - Vancouver
Domestic Insurgency Vancouverâ€™s persisting housing crisis has decoupled dwelling prices from local income through persistent capital investment oriented dwelling typologies and restrictions on land availability. Vancouver, as one of the first North American cities to reach a post-sprawl condition, must correct policy and land use to acknowledge changes in dwelling preferences, demographics, and land value to provide a new mass housing strategy. Once contradictory policy is aligned to affordable housing values, the thesis proposes a housing framework for the private sector to profitably build dwellings suitable for a range of local incomes. The framework targets Vancouverâ€™s most prominent, repetitive, and artificially underused land, its low density house neighbourhoods, to resurrect a middle density housing typology to respectfully transition neighbourhoods to affordable dwellings. Using a three pronged approach of neighbourhood improvement, flexible design for occupant control, and a focus on sharing, dwellings are drastically reduced in cost due to efficient space and material planning while simultaneously increasing living benefits to building inhabitants and its existing neighbours. Traditional thresholds at the dwelling and building scales are reimagined to support smaller living spaces and urban development in established neighbourhoods that create new co-dependent beneficial relationships and dynamically mitigate frictions, rather than eliminate them altogether. Ultimately, the framework provokes a wave of disruption in the housing market in response to current crisis conditions by making living more communal, shifting the focus from investment to human capital and by reinstating affordability as a key facet in the living standard formula governing housing design. The framework is an insurgent force that provides affordable housing through the private sector despite distorted high property costs, using existing property and economic mechanisms to create an alternative competitive affordable housing type. It is also an insurgency within the built fabric of the city, inserting itself within established neighbourhoods currently fortified against change and in progressing ideas of co-living and participatory deisgn. Overtime, efforts to improve neighbourhoods for existing residents, putting people first, and creating a sustainable growth strategy capable of housing new residents for the long term, it is the ambition of this proposal to eventually reach a critical mass to reduce housing prices for all dwellings to restore affordability within the entire city.
Downtown 2 BDRM Typology
Territory of Insurgency
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY 3 BDRM Typology
RESIDENTIAL TYPICAL LOT
Map of Territory of Insurgency
1 BDRM Typology
Typologies within existing nieghbourhood
This Typology takes advantage of the unique corner lots that RÅ¬HURSSRUWXQLW\IRUPRUHOLJKWDQGYLHZVDOORZLQJIRUKLJKHU GHQVLW\ 7KHVH XQLWV DUH EHVW VXLWHG IRU VLQJOHV VKRUW WHUP VWXGHQWV HQWU\ OHYHO KRXVLQJ WUDYHOOHUV DQG KLJK PRELOLW\ LQGLYLGXDOV8QLWVLQFOXGHDNLWFKHQEDWKURRPDQGEHGURRPWR LQGHSHQGHQWO\ IXQFWLRQ DUH SURYLGHG FRPPXQDOO\ SHU Å®RRU WR PDNHSRVVLEOHPRUHÅ®H[LEOHFRQÅJXUDWLRQV7KHVHXQLWVDUHWKH VPDOOHVWPRVWSUHVVXUL]HGVRFRPPXQDOVSDFHLVH[SHFWHGWREH heavily used on a daily basis.
&RPPXQDO6SDFH)ORRU6)VI([ 3XEOLF%HQHÅW6SDFH6) :RUNVKRS6)
Workshop *UHHQ6SDFH 6HUYLFH6SDFH
$FFHVV 3XEOLF%HQHÅW6SDFH Workshop
3URJUDPDWLF$[RPHWULF Figure 126.96.36.199: Micro Unit Building Axometric showing Neighbourhood Relationships
Figure 188.8.131.52: Micro Unit Programatic & Spatial Architectural Strategy Diagrams
%DFN<DUG=RQH /DQHZD\ 7HUUDFH
&RPPXQDO6SDFH Openings to Units Beyond
Bike Parking 6WDQGDUG)XOO 6HUYLFH8QLW
Figure 184.108.40.206: Micro Unit Section
Large Operable Openings IRU&RPPXQDO6SDFH &RPPXQDO (YHQW
&RPPXQDO Table &RPPXQDO.LWFKHQ
0DUNHW 6FXOSWXUH Cafe
Figure 220.127.116.11: Micro Unit Elevations
Ground Plan Figure 18.104.22.168: Micro Unit Floor Plans Showing Potential Uses
Forms of Ownership
9LVXDOOL]HG7RWDO'ZHOOLQJ6SDFH 3XEOLF %HQHŭW /HDVHG 6SDFH
Property Partitoned E\6WUXFWXUDO&ROXPQV
Bathroom WF .L
([LWVLQJ Property Partitoned 5HVLGHQWV E\6WUXFWXUDO&ROXPQV
Workshop 8QLW%'50&RQŭJXUDWLRQ /DXQGU\
3XEOLF %HQHŭW 6SDFH
Figure 3.9.1: Building Relationship Structure
Figure 22.214.171.124: Micro Unit Inhabitation
8QLW%'50&RQŭJXUDWLRQ Figure 126.96.36.199: Micro Unit Inhabitation
Communal Space with Active Thresholds Unit Inhabitation
8QLW%'50&RQŭJXUDWLRQ 8QLW%DVLF6WXGLR&RQŭJXUDWLRQ 1HWZRUNRIVSHFLDOL]HGVKDUHG /RFDOVDUHDEOHWRDFFHVVZRUNZRUNVKRSVDFFRPRGDWLQJ VKRSVDQGEHQHŭWIURPQHZ GLŬHUHQWKREELHVLQVWHDGRIWKH SXEOLFVSDFHVDQGVHUYLFHVWKDW 8QLW%DVLF6WXGLR&RQŭJXUDWLRQ PRVWJHQHULFFRPPRQDPHQLWLHV YDU\E\GHYHORSPHQW UHSHDWHGLQHŬFLHQWO\ )LJXUH0LFUR8QLW3RWHQWLDO&RQƃJXUDWLRQV Private Unit at Active Threshold to Communal Space Figure 3.9.2: Neighbourhood Relationship Web
Income Required to Affordabley Purchase Dwellings The accompanying graph compares both dwellConventional Developer Project ing prices by type (newCost andBreakdown proposed) andThe convential Income Dwellingscenerio Price in Millions of $ (CAD)the developer is currently annual incomes required to purchase a dwell-PRVW FRPPRQ 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 0.5ÅQDQFLQJ 1.5 2.5 KRXVLQJ 3.5 PHWKRG IRU 24-43% Construction Cost 25% Profit LQJ 7KLV JUDSK LV WKH RYHUDOO RI DÅ¬RUG-SURMHFWVLQ9DQFRXYHU7KLVPHWKRGUHOLHVRQSURÅW (Includes Taxes) (Typical UDQJH Developer Target) 20,000 $107,037 Vancouver (East) 6 Storey Micro-Unit ability by income (in green), the overall rangetaking30,000 $28,940 Median Individual Income to as an incentive to invest private capital $$ RIH[LVWLQJGZHOOLQJVLQUHG DQGWKHRYHUODLG 40,000 Median Wagehave made produce a commodity. Land$42,154 restrictions new range of the housing framework (insmall 50,000 Price/Income Range of worked projects unviable and therefore have Average Vancouver Incomes \HOORZ )URP WKLV JUDSK IRU H[DPSOH \RX FDQ 60,000 to produce a system which favours large corporate 70,000 DVFHUWDLQWKDWDQH[LWVLQJDYHUDJHVWXGLRFRVWV $438,000 Studio $70,090 Median Household Income developers on large projects. To compete with other 80,000 $438,000 requiring an income of $72,000 annu-investment vehicles, developers require an 90,000 DOO\WREHDÅ¬RUGDEOHE\&0+&VWDQGDUGV+RZ-HVWLPDWHGÅQDOSURÅWWRWULJJHUGHYHORSPHQW 100,000 4-7% Other Fees ever the average individuals income is shown $641,000 1 BDRM (Includes Architectural Fees, 110,000 City/Regional Levies, 25-47% Property to beCost only $30,000 and the cheapest proposed Development Charges, Loan 120,000 (Includes agent, Legal Fees & Costs, Surveying & Soil Tests) PropertyVWXGLRXQLWLVSULFHGDWDURXQGDÅ¬RUGTaxes) 130,000 Price/Income Range of All able to individuals with an annual income of Proposed Dwellings 140,000 $25,000. 150,000 160,000
$1.0M 2 BDRM
Each of the types have 8 price outcomes 170,000 Non-Profit with5 Exitsing Governement 7KH QRQSURÅW GHYHORSPHQW VFHQHULR LV WKH PRVW 180,000 GHSHQGHQWRQORFDWLRQ(DVWRU:HVW9DQFRXYHU Rebates Cost Breakdown DÅ¬RUGDEOH 190,000 VFHQHULR DV LW RQO\ KDV WR FRQWHQG ZLWK GXHWRGLÅ¬HUHQFHVLQSURSHUW\DQGFRQVWUXFWLRQ 200,000 SURSHUW\DQGFRQVWUXFWLRQFRVWVDQGIHHVDQGWD[HV FRVWV KHLJKWVWRULHVGXHWRGLÅ¬HUHQFHVLQ 35-63% Construction Cost 210,000 (Includes Taxes) DUHUHGXFHGE\H[LVWLQJDÅ¬RUGDEOHKRXVLQJUHEDWHV GHQVLW\ DQG GHYHORSHU ÅQDQFLQJ PRGHO $1,330,085 Vancouver (West) 4 Storey 3 BDRM 220,000made to development in scale and cost Changes 3URÅWV PRUWJDJHV ORDQ FRVWV RU QRW ,Q WKH 230,000 WKH W\SRORJ\ DFFHVVLEOH WR QRQSURÅW JURXSV overview graphs, only the least and mostPDNH240,000 and impactful for government investment in H[SHQVLYHVFHQHULRVDUHFKDUWHGWRSURYLGHWKH $1.5M Vancouver (East) Detached 250,000 partnerships. total proposed range of dwelling prices toprivate 260,000 FRPSDUHZLWKH[LVWLQJ 270,000 Price/Income Range of All Property have Dwellings an advantage, 280,000owners would also Existing 290,000 those that have owner their property a Across all types there are consistent trends, theespecially long 300,000 time as their property costs would have been a 5-8% Other Fees (DVW 9DQFRXYHU VWRU\ QRQ SURÅW RSWLRQV DUH $2.1M 3 BDRM (Includes Architectural Fees, 29-60% Property Cost lot less 10-20 years ago and any investment City/Regional Levies, $2.3M Townhousein DOZD\VWKHFKHDSHVWDQGWKH:HVW9DQFRXYHU (Includes agent, Legal Fees & Development Charges, Loan N/A Property Taxes) $3.1M Detached (Average) GHQVLW\ZRXOGVHHDODUJHÅQDQFLDOUHWXUQZLWKRXW Costs, Surveying & Soil Tests)PRUH VWRU\ IRU SURÅW RSWLRQV DUH VLJQLÅJDQWO\ $3.6M Vancouver (West) Detached DFFRPRGDWLQJDGGLWRQDOSURÅWPDUJLQV H[SHQVLYH WKDQ DOO RWKHU RSWLRQV $W WRGD\V SURSHUW\ SULFHV :HVW 9DQFRXYHU VWRU\ IRU Rental Rate / Mortgage Payment (3%) required for 25 year SURÅW GHYHORSPHQWV SUHIRUP EHWWHU WKDQ DQ\ Investment Return by Unit Type Costs RWKHUFRPSDUDEOHRSWLRQEXWDUHQRWDQDÅ¬RUGfor Buyers / Renters to repay investment Monthly Rental Rate Payment in $ (CAD) The conventional scenerio for a/ Mortgage buyer applying for after 25 years including mortgage at 3% DEOHVROXWLRQ+RZHYHUDOORWKHURSWLRQVIRUDOO a mortgage. Even at low interets rates of 3% annu1000 3000 5000 0 2000 4000 W\SHV SURGXFH DÅ¬RUGDEOH GZHOOLQJV IRU WKHLU ally, the costs are massive. By providing low cost respective target group income (individual or 17-30% Construction Cost ~1000 30% Mortgage Interest entry level housing, the typology aims to avoid this (Includes Taxes) (at 3% over 25 years) household). Existing Average Price Micro Unit problem by 356 making for buyers to save (Compared to Single Room Rental) a 1433 it easier VLJQLÅJDQW SRUWLRQ1695RI D GRZQ SD\PHQW PDNH Studio or save for the entire housing This chart shows the range of monthlypayments faster, 489 1761 SULFHWKXVOLPLWLQJWKHH[SRQHQWLDOO\XQDÅ¬RUGDEOH payments that would be required as a tenant, 2100 1 BDRM or as a buyer covering a mortagage comparedDVSHFWVRIDPRUWJDJH,IDOWHUQDWLYHSDWKVWRÅQDQF2501 not taken, this chart 530 ing and development are $$ WRWKHH[LWVLQJUHOHYDQWDOWHUQDWLYH&RVWUHGXF3100 17% Profit shows there is little more architecture canLine do, as a Each Represents 2 BDRM tions range from slightly higher for the (Typical Developer Target)unviDevelopment Scenerio DYHUDJHGHYHORSHUSURÅWVDPRGHVWPRUWDJDJHDQG 735 3279 DEOH :HVW 9DQFRXYHU 3-6% 6WRUH\ IRU SURILW Other Fees 17-33% Property Cost 4875 contribute to over 50% of a typical dwellArchitectural Fees, (Includes agent,outcome Legal Fees & to the cheapest (Includes options that rangeother3 fees BDRM Existing Average City/Regional Levies, Property Taxes) ing price. Development Charges,PRQWKO\ Loan Price IURP RI WKH DYHUDJH H[LWVLQJ payments savings.
Costs, Surveying & Soil Tests)
Proposal Price Range
Figure 4.2.5: Figure Cost4.2.6: Breakdown Overview by of Developer proposedScenerio dwellings prices and required incomes with existing options.
The accompanying compares both dwellMicro Unitgraph Costs ing prices by type (new and proposed) and 4.0
annual incomes required to purchase a dwellLQJ 7KLV JUDSK LV WKH RYHUDOO UDQJH RI DÅ¬RUGability by income (in green), the overall range RIH[LVWLQJGZHOOLQJVLQUHG DQGWKHRYHUODLG new range of the housing framework (in \HOORZ )URP WKLV JUDSK IRU H[DPSOH \RX FDQ DVFHUWDLQWKDWDQH[LWVLQJDYHUDJHVWXGLRFRVWV $438,000 requiring an income of $72,000 annuDOO\WREHDÅ¬RUGDEOHE\&0+&VWDQGDUGV+RZever the average individuals income is shown to be only $30,000 and the cheapest proposed VWXGLRXQLWLVSULFHGDWDURXQGDÅ¬RUGable to individuals with an annual income of $25,000. Each of the 5 types have 8 price outcomes GHSHQGHQWRQORFDWLRQ(DVWRU:HVW9DQFRXYHU GXHWRGLÅ¬HUHQFHVLQSURSHUW\DQGFRQVWUXFWLRQ FRVWV KHLJKWVWRULHVGXHWRGLÅ¬HUHQFHVLQ GHQVLW\ DQG GHYHORSHU ÅQDQFLQJ PRGHO 3URÅWV PRUWJDJHV ORDQ FRVWV RU QRW ,Q WKH overview graphs, only the least and most H[SHQVLYHVFHQHULRVDUHFKDUWHGWRSURYLGHWKH total proposed range of dwelling prices to FRPSDUHZLWKH[LVWLQJ Across all types there are consistent trends, the (DVW 9DQFRXYHU VWRU\ QRQ SURÅW RSWLRQV DUH DOZD\VWKHFKHDSHVWDQGWKH:HVW9DQFRXYHU VWRU\ IRU SURÅW RSWLRQV DUH VLJQLÅJDQWO\ PRUH H[SHQVLYH WKDQ DOO RWKHU RSWLRQV $W WRGD\V SURSHUW\ SULFHV :HVW 9DQFRXYHU VWRU\ IRU SURÅW GHYHORSPHQWV SUHIRUP EHWWHU WKDQ DQ\ RWKHUFRPSDUDEOHRSWLRQEXWDUHQRWDQDÅ¬RUGDEOHVROXWLRQ+RZHYHUDOORWKHURSWLRQVIRUDOO W\SHV SURGXFH DÅ¬RUGDEOH GZHOOLQJV IRU WKHLU respective target group income (individual or household).
Income Required to Affordabley Purchase Dwellings Income
Dwelling Price in Millions of $ (CAD)
$28,940 Median Individual Income 0.5 1.0 $42,154 Median Wage
Price/Income Range of $107,037 Vancouver (East) 6 Storey Average Vancouver Incomes
60,000 20,000 70,000
$70,090Vancouver Median Household Income $133,978 (East) 4 Storey $438,000 Studio $157,013 Vancouver (West) 6 Storey $165,981 Vancouver (East) 6 Storey $28,940 Median Individual Income $205 Vancouver (East) 4 Storey $641,000 1 BDRM $213,857 Vancouver (West) 4 Storey $240,020 Vancouver (West) 6 Storey
80,000 90,000 30,000 100,000 110,000 120,000 40,000 130,000
$42,154 Median Wage Price/Income Range of All Price/Income Range of All Proposed Dwellings Micro Unit Dwellings
140,000 150,000 50,000 160,000
$324,234 Vancouver (West) 4 Storey $1.0M 2 BDRM
170,000 180,000 60,000 190,000
Price/Income Range of Average Vancouver Incomes
200,000 210,000 70,000 220,000
$70,090 Median Household Income $1,330,085 Vancouver (West) 4 Storey 3 BDRM $438,000 Studio
230,000 240,000 80,000 250,000
$1.5M Vancouver (East) Detached
260,000 270,000 90,000 280,000
Price/Income Range of All Existing Dwellings Price/Income Range of All Existing Dwellings
290,000 300,000 100,000
$2.1M 3 BDRM $2.3M Townhouse $641,000 1 BDRM
$3.1M Detached (Average) $3.6M Vancouver (West) Detached
Rental Rate / Mortgage Payment (3%) required for 25 year Rental Rate / Mortgage Payment required Investment Return (3%) by Unit Type for 25 year Investment Return by Unit Type Monthly Rental Rate / Mortgage Payment in $ (CAD) Monthly Rental Rate / Mortgage Payment in $ (CAD) 1000
0 Micro Unit
1000 ~1000 356
0% ~$1000 Single Room Existing Average Price
2501 -11% $874
3100 -29% $874 -32% 3279$685
-48% $685 3 BDRM 1128
+0.4% $1036 Vancouver (West) 6 Storey
2100 1 BDRM
+43% $1433 Vancouver (West) 4 Storey
Existing Average Price (Compared to Single Room Rental)
This chart shows the range of monthly payments that would be required as a tenant, or as a buyer covering a mortagage compared WRWKHH[LWVLQJUHOHYDQWDOWHUQDWLYH&RVWUHGXFtions range from slightly higher for the unviDEOH :HVW 9DQFRXYHU 6WRUH\ IRU SURILW outcome to the cheapest options that range IURP RI WKH DYHUDJH H[LWVLQJ PRQWKO\ payments represneting substantial cost savings. Figure 188.8.131.52
Income Required to Affordabley Purchase Dwellings 20,000 Vancouver (East) Storey Micro-Unit Income Dwelling$107,037 Price in Millions of $6 (CAD)
Vancouver (East) 4 Storey Vancouver (West) 4 Storey Each Line Represents a Development Scenerio Vancouver (East) 6 Storey Vancouver 4875 (West) 6 Storey
Average Vancouver (East)Existing 4 Storey Price 5094 -64% $356 Vancouver (East) 6 Storey Proposal Price Range -55% $447
Figure 4.2.6: Overview of proposed dwellings prices and required incomes with existing options.
HIKERS HIKERS LODGE
PARTI Based in theinremote outpost of Dreki, Iceland, thethe lodge revolves Based the remote outpost of Dreki, Iceland, lodge revolves around the reflections of an of adventurer after arriving at theirat their around the reflections an adventurer after arriving destination. The architecture guides the the hiker through thethe stages destination. The architecture guides hiker through stages of arrival to the ultimate moment, tothe thepool of arrival to the ultimate moment,where wherethe thehiker hiker floats to pool edge and looks looks across acrossthe thevast vastand andbarren barrenlandscape landscapeinin which whichthey theycrossed crossed to lodge. The lodge focusesfocuses on to reach reachthethe lodge. The lodge on encouraging reflection and and the sharing of stories around pockets encouraging reflection the sharing of stories around pockets of geothermal generated heatheat - the- lifeblood of the lodge - while of geothermal generated the lifeblood of the lodge - while beingbeing humbled by the beyond. humbled by landscape the landscape beyond.
HIKERS HIKERS LODGE
SUSTAINABILITY A significant portion of the project is employed in creating a self sufficient outpost due to its remote location. Geothermal energy is the most important resource and is used to heat, create electricity and is central in the experience of staying at the lodge.The envelope was designed in depth to be airtight, well insulated and most importantly adaptive to the unique northern climate.The facade was heavily studied so that it was built with sustainable materials such as imported wood and rocks collected from the site.The act of repair and maitnance is simplified so as to become an enjoyable event for the lodge keeper, which is proven by building a to scale sample of the outer wall.
SUSTAINABILITY A significant portion of the project is employed in creating a self sufficient outpost due to its remote location. Geothermal energy is the most important resource and is used to heat, create electricity and is central in the experience of staying at the lodge. The envelope was designed in depth to be airtight, well insulated and most importantly adaptive to the unique northern climate. The facade was heavily studied so that it was built with sustainable materials such as imported wood and rocks collected from the site. The act of repair and maitnance is simplified so as to become an enjoyable event for the lodge keeper, which is proven by building a to scale sample of the outer wall.
This project combines residential, theatre school, and park into a comprehensive development for a central empty lot in downtown Toronto. Development is kept to the edges to form a large open greenspace for sporting activities that are in short supply in this area. Axis run alongside and through the developments for public circulation, and to activate the bases of these large buildings with human scaled interventions. The residences above occupy three narrow towers, in two storey suites, to create cross ventilated interiors and light, airy exterior terraces. Retail runs along the busy street edge and turns into a entry plaza to the theatre and park beyond.
DAILY SKETCH STUDIES
A SCHOOL TERM IN
Above: Daily Sketch Studies Right: Artist Residence along the city walls of Rome
Site plan for the Museum of Rome: Theatrics, Order, Chaos, Desire DAILY SKETCH MUSEUM STUDIES OF THE CITY OF& ROME
A SCHOOL TERM IN
ARTISTS RESIDENCE AT CITY WALLS
ABOUT ME I have always been interested in Architecture and Urban Planning. Since childhood I have sought to construct buildings and cities in every medium I could get my hands on. I have designed urban regions digitally, hand drawn city maps, crafted wooden citys at home, carved out island cities of sand at the beach and built ice and snow igloos and dwellings on lawns and in forests. I take this enthusiasm into my Architectural education and workplaces. Today, outside of work I am a competitive cyclist and am an active member of city building communities online.
SimCity4 : 2003-2015
Cities Skylines: 2015-Present