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Ancient Egypt Egypt is a country from Middle East and this country has been established since 3000 years from 3150 BC to 30 BC. The civilization of ancient Egypt was located along the Nile river in southern Africa. The Nile river was the source of much of the ancient Egypt wealth. Great Egyptian cities grew up along the Nile as the Egyptian people became experts in irrigation and were able to use the water from the Nile to grow rich and profitable crops. The Nile provided food, soil, water, and transportation for the Egyptians. Great floods would come each year and would provide fertile soil for growing food. This civilization was one of the first civilization and the most powerful civilization in the history of the world.

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The pyramid is made from the slave of Israel. The Pyramids of Egypt were made for 20 years for a force of 100,000 oppressed slaves with another 10 years to build a stone causeway that connected it to a temple in the valley below. The pyramid was built between 2589 and 2504 BC. The ancient Egyptians who built the pyramids may have been able to move massive stone blocks across the desert by wetting the sand in front of a contraption built to pull the heavy objects. Quarries for many different types of stones lie along the Nile. Most stones were transported on barges down the Nile. They get food from fertile soil left behind by the annual flooding of the Nile river. The ancient Egyptians loved garlic. They also ate green vegetables, figs, dates, onions, fish, birds, eggs, cheese, and butter. Their staple foods were bread and beer. It was very important to ancient Egyptian religious beliefs that the human body was preserved. A method of artificial preservation, called mummification was developed by the ancient Egyptians. They were any Egyptian who could afford to pay for the expensive process of preserving

their bodies for the afterlife. Most ancient Egyptians worked as field hands, farmers, craftsmen, and scribes. A small group of people was nobles. The people of ancient Egypt built mud-brick homes in villages and in the country. They grew some of their own food and traded in the villages for the food and goods they could not produce. The important people in ancient Egypt is Hatshepsut (1473 ‒ 1458 BC) After the death of her husband Thutmose II, Hatshepsut ruled Egypt until the named heir, Thutmose III (son of Thutmose II), was old enough to take over. Hatshepsut was ambitious and declared herself the pharaoh of Egypt, stating that the god Amon-Ra said she was to be the pharaoh. After claiming the throne as pharaoh, Hatshepsut began to depict herself as a man in the traditional king’s clothing and crown, with a fake beard and male body. Though this may seem an effort to trick people, it was not It was the way of asserting her authority as the female ruler. She ruled Egypt for twenty years and the nation prospered under her reign. Unlike other leaders, she focused on improving the economy and on building and restoring monuments instead of on fighting for new land. During her time in power, the nation’s economy was great. When Thutmose III claimed his throne, what became of Hatshepsut is a mystery. Thutmose III (1479 ‒ 1425 BC) Thutmose III never lost a battle and was a hero in ancient Egypt. He was greatly respected throughout Egypt. He was known for his valor, bravery, and intelligence in battle as well as for the many buildings he constructed. Despite being known as a great ruler, however, he might have been responsible for the disappearance of his stepmother, Hatshepsut. After Thutmose came to power, he tried to erase Hatshepsut’s name from history. Tutankhamun (1336 ‒ 1327 BC) Tutankhamun, better known today as King Tut, was the twelfth pharaoh of Egypt’s 18th Dynasty. He was crowned at the very young age of nine or ten. At birth, he was named Tutankhaten, which meant “the living image of Aten, but later on, it was changed to Tutankhamen, which meant “the living image of Amun”. During the first years of his reign, the country was probably ruled by an elder known as Ay. He is famous for his intact tomb that was discovered in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt in 1922. Despite his popularity today, he was only a minor figure in the history of Egypt.

Ancient Inca Inca was located in Peru. The emperor of the Inca was known as the Sapa Inca. The first Sapa Inca was Manco Capac. He founded the Kingdom of Cuzco around 1200 AD. The city of Cuzco would remain the capital of the empire as it expanded in the coming years. The Inca expanded into a great empire under the reign of Pachacuti. Pachacuti created the Inca Empire which the Inca called the Tawantinsuyu. At its height, the Inca Empire had an estimated population of over 12 million people. The Inca ate potatoes and corn. They drank llama milk and water and ate guineapigs for their daily protein because they didn't have pigs, cows, sheep or turkeys. Occasionally, they ate llamas or alpaca. The Incas believed that the god Viracocha created the earth, stars, and all living things.They believed that he created the moon and the sun Most of the jobs in Inca is farming, warriors, herders, fishermen, craftsmen, weavers, and sorcerers.

Egypt 3150 BC - 30 BC Discoveries  Mummies  Pyramid  Picture Writing  Weapons  Toys and Games  Calendar Gods        

Amun is the king of the gods Anubis is God of embalming Geb is god of earth Horus is god of sky Isis is goddess of life Osiris is god of the death Ra is god of the sun Seth is god of chaos

Inca 1400 - 1533 CE

Discovery Herbal medicine Clothes Music and Dance Mask Sport Flute Drum    

Gods Cuichu is god of the rainbow Illapu is god of the weather Inti is a sun god and supreme god Mama kilya is a moon goddess

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Mama qoca is sea mother Pachamama is earth mother Viracacha is a creator god

 Positive               


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Invented bowling game The first found aljabar system Toothpaste Wigs Science of medicine Art Water clock Make up Sundial Written language Sail boat Black ink The ox drawn plow Papyrus paper Glass

Positive          


Inca Invented drum Language Scary art Gold Silver jewelry Flute Aqueducts System of communication Calendar Quipus

Climate change Flood

Negative 

They always want to start war

Egypt Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed the 3,000-year-old tomb of a nobleman - the latest in a series of major discoveries of ancient relics. Earlier this year, Swedish archaeologists discovered 12 ancient Egyptian tomb near the southern city of Aswan that date back almost 3,500 years. Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered more than 1,000 statues and 10 sarcophagi in an ancient noble's tomb on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor. Archaeologists could be on the cusp of uncovering a secret chamber hidden deep within the Great Pyramid of Giza. A team of scientists armed with cutting-edge technology including infrared scanners have been working to pinpoint the location of a mystery "cavity" inside the Ancient Egyptian wonder. They confirmed the existence of the space 105m above the ground behind the north-east edge of the 4,500-year-old pyramid in October last year, following tests using advanced, non-invasive technology. Researchers are now analysing further data gathered through techniques including infrared thermography, 3D reconstruction and muography - which produces images by recording particles known as muons - and hope they will soon be able to identify the precise location of the chamber.

Inca A discovery made in a remote mountain village high in the Peruvian Andes suggests that the ancient Inca used accounting devices made of knotted, colored strings for more than accounting. The devices, called khipus (pronounced kee-poos), used combinations of knots to represent numbers and were used to inventory stores of corn, beans, and other provisions. Spanish accounts from colonial times claim that Inca khipus also encoded history, biographies, and letters, but researchers have yet to decipher any non-numerical meaning in the cords and knots. Now a pair of khipus protected by Andean elders since colonial times may offer fresh clues for understanding how more elaborate versions of the devices could have stored and relayed information.


Ancient village