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MortSci 2012

Michigan Funeral Law

Disclaimer: While every effort was made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the Funeral Laws and regulations available on the State’s website, the documents are not official, and the state agencies preparing this website and the Compiler are not responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur in these files. Only the current published volumes of the States Laws are considered valid


Michigan FUNERAL EXPENSES OF VETERANS Act 235 of 1911 AN ACT to provide for the payment and reimbursement by counties, in certain cases upon application therefor, of expenses incurred in the burial of the bodies of honorably discharged members of the armed forces of the United States, or their spouses, and to repeal certain acts or parts of acts.

History: 1911, Act 235, Eff. Aug. 1, 1911 ;-- Am. 1944, 1st Ex. Sess., Act 24, Imd. Eff. Feb. 29, 1944 ;-- Am. 1974, Act 99, Imd. Eff. May 14, 1974

DEMONSTRATIONS AT FUNERAL SERVICES Act 152 of 2006 AN ACT to allow the requiring of a permit before demonstrating outside of locations in which a funeral service is being held; to allow local units of government to prohibit certain conduct at or near the locations in which a funeral service is being held; to prescribe the powers and duties of certain local governments and officials; and to provide for penalties.

History: 2006, Act 152, Imd. Eff. May 24, 2006 PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT Act 255 of 1986 AN ACT to regulate the sale and providing of funeral and cemetery merchandise and services and other related interests; to regulate the use of funds received by sellers and providers of certain merchandise, funeral and cemetery services, land or interests in land, and related other interests; to prescribe certain powers and duties of certain departments and certain other state and local officers; to provide for the promulgation of rules and establishment of fees; and to provide for penalties and remedies.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

THE EMBALMERS' AND FUNERAL DIRECTORS' ACT Act 229 of 1939


338.851a-338.860 Repealed. 1949, Act 268, Eff. Sept. 23, 1949. CRIME VICTIMS COMPENSATION BOARD (EXCERPT) Act 223 of 1976 18.361 Amount of award; reduction or denial of award; "misconduct" defined. Sec. 11. (1) Except for a claim under section 5a, an award made under this act shall be an amount not more than an out-of-pocket loss, including indebtedness reasonably incurred for medical or other services necessary as a result of the injury upon which the claim is based, together with loss of earnings or support resulting from the injury. The aggregate award under this act shall not exceed $25,000.00 per claimant. (2) Unless reduced under this act, an award made for loss of earnings or support shall be in an amount equal to the actual loss sustained. An award shall not exceed $350.00 for each week of lost earnings or support. (3) An award made for funeral expenses, including burial expenses, shall not exceed $5,000.00 for each victim. An award under this subsection shall not exceed an additional $500.00 for each of the following services: (a) Grief counseling for the victim's spouse, children, parents, siblings, grandparents, and grandchildren. (b) Crime scene cleanup services after crime scene cleanup is permitted by the investigating law enforcement agency, if the crime scene is located at the residence of the victim or of a person eligible for an award under section 4(1)(b). (4) An award for psychological counseling shall not exceed 35 hourly sessions per victim or intervenor. The award may include not more than 8 family sessions that include any of the victim's or intervenor's spouse, children, parents, or siblings who are not criminally responsible for or an accomplice to the crime. The maximum hourly reimbursement rate shall not exceed $80.00 per hourly session for a therapist or counselor licensed or registered to practice in this state, except that the maximum hourly reimbursement rate shall not exceed $125.00 per hourly session for a psychologist or physician licensed to practice in this state. (5) An award shall be reduced by the amount of 1 or more of the following payments received or to be received as a result of the injury: (a) From or on behalf of the person who committed the crime. (b) From insurance, but not including disability or death benefits paid or to be paid to a peace officer or a corrections officer on account of injuries sustained in the course of employment. (c) From public funds, but not including disability or death benefits paid or to be paid to a peace officer or a corrections officer on account of injuries sustained in the course of employment.


(d) From an emergency award under section 9. (6) In making a determination on a claim filed by a person listed in section 4(1)(a), (b), or (c), the commission shall determine whether the victim's misconduct contributed to his or her injury and shall reduce the amount of the award or reject the claim altogether, in accordance with the determination. The commission may disregard for this purpose the victim's responsibility for his or her own injury if the record shows that the injury was attributable to the victim's efforts to prevent a crime or an attempted crime from occurring in his or her presence or to apprehend a person who had committed a crime in his or her presence. As used in this subsection, "misconduct" includes but is not limited to provocation of or participation in a crime contemporaneous with or immediately preceding the injury. (7) Except for a claim under section 5a, if the commission finds that the claimant will not suffer serious financial hardship as a result of the loss of earnings or support and the out-of-pocket expenses incurred as a result of the injury if he or she is not granted financial assistance, the commission shall deny the award. In determining the serious financial hardship, the commission shall consider all of the financial resources of the claimant. (8) If the commission determines that the payment of an award will cause substantial unjust enrichment and economic benefit to a person criminally responsible for the crime, the commission shall deny the payment.

History: 1976, Act 223, Eff. Mar. 31, 1977 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 157, Imd. Eff. Nov. 15, 1985 ;-- Am. 1989, Act 247, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1989 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 316, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 1990 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 519, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 1997 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2008 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 282, Imd. Eff. Dec. 16, 2010

MICHIGAN MILITARY ACT (EXCERPT) Act 150 of 1967 32.519 National guard compensation board; members, appointment and duties. Sec. 119. The governor may appoint a board of 3 national guard officers, 1 of whom shall be a medical officer to inquire into and make recommendations concerning the payment of compensation, claims, medical attention, hospital treatment, funeral expenses and other expenses not otherwise provided for in this section for a member of the state military establishment who is injured, disabled or killed during the performance of active state service or special duty. If satisfied that any injury or disability was received or death caused while in line of duty and in the performance of official duties, the board shall recommend compensation to the injured or disabled member or shall recommend payment of medical, hospital and other incidental necessary expenses or compensation to the dependents of the deceased member. Recommendations of the board shall be forwarded to the state administrative board for final determination and payment.

History: 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967


FUNERAL EXPENSES OF VETERANS (EXCERPT) Act 235 of 1911 35.802 Soldiers' relief commission; investigation of application for reimbursement, compensation. Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the members of the soldiers' relief commission of each county, whenever application is made for reimbursement by the county for such funeral expenses paid or advanced, or incurred for the burial of such deceased person, to make an investigation of such claim and report their action to the clerk of the board of supervisors of the county, or to the clerk of the board of county auditors as the case may be, in all cases setting forth all the facts, together with the name, rank and command to which such soldier, sailor, marine, nurse or member of the women's auxiliary belonged, and in case of such wife or widow, the rank and command to which her husband or deceased husband belonged, the name and service rendered as such army nurse, the date of his or her death, place where buried, and his or her residence and occupation while living. They shall require such person or persons who paid, advanced or incurred such burial expenses for such deceased person to furnish the board of supervisors, or board of county auditors in counties having a board of county auditors, with a sworn itemized statement of the expense incurred in the burial of the deceased person mentioned in the application. The members of the commission, except where they are paid a salary, shall receive from the county the sum of $2.00 per day for the time actually and necessarily employed by them in the performance of their duties.

History: 1911, Act 235, Eff. Aug. 1, 1911 ;-- CL 1915, 1058 ;-- CL 1929, 928 ;-- Am. 1943, Act 122, Imd. Eff. Apr. 13, 1943 ;-- Am. 1944, 1st Ex. Sess., Act 24, Imd. Eff. Feb. 29, 1944 ;-- CL 1948, 35.802

FUNERAL EXPENSES OF VETERANS (EXCERPT) Act 235 of 1911 35.804 Veterans' funeral expenses; payment by county. Sec. 4. All expenses incurred in such burial as provided in this act, shall be audited and paid by the board of supervisors, or board of county auditors in counties having a board of county auditors, the same as other legal charges against the county.

History: 1911, Act 235, Eff. Aug. 1, 1911 ;-- CL 1915, 1060 ;-- CL 1929, 930 ;-- CL 1948, 35.804

STATE POLICE RETIREMENT ACT OF 1986 (EXCERPT) Act 182 of 1986 38.1625 Payment of retirement allowance to surviving spouse, children, mother, father,


sisters, or brothers; payment to deceased member's estate; applicability of supplements to retirement allowances and minimum annual retirement allowance provisions; funeral expenses; maximum retirement allowance. Sec. 25. (1) A retirement allowance shall be paid to the surviving spouse of a member of the retirement system who while in the discharge of his or her duty is killed or receives injuries or contracts a disease or illness, by reason of his or her occupation, which results in his or her death. The retirement allowance shall be equal to 60% of the member's final average compensation. Upon the death of the surviving spouse, or if there is no surviving spouse at the time of the death of the member, the pension shall be paid to the children of the member under the age of 18 years, share and share alike. When each respective child attains the age of 18 years, payment to him or her shall cease and his or her share shall be prorated among the remaining children under 18 years of age. If there is a retirement allowance payable to a surviving spouse under this section, a retirement allowance of $100.00 per month shall be paid to each of the children under the age of 18 years, if any, of the deceased member, and all payments to the children shall continue until each respective child reaches the age of 18 years. If there is not a surviving spouse, nor children under the age of 18 years, then a retirement allowance equal to 60% of the member's final average compensation shall be paid to the mother or father, or both, of the member, if dependent on him or her for support, until the dependency ceases. If there is not a dependent mother or father, a retirement allowance of $100.00 per month shall be paid to each of the sisters or brothers, if there are any under 18 years of age dependent upon the member for support. If there are not any dependents, then there shall be paid to the deceased member's estate any residual accumulated contributions and interest made by him or her into the reserve for employee contributions, or $1,500.00, whichever is greater. (2) The supplements to retirement allowances and minimum annual retirement allowance provisions of this act shall not apply to the special $100.00 per month allowance to children and the allowance to dependent parents and siblings. (3) When an active or retired member is killed or dies from injuries, disease, or illness, contracted by reason of his or her occupation as a member of the department of state police, the retirement board shall provide a sum not to exceed $1,500.00 from the reserve for casualty experience for funeral expenses. (4) The retirement allowance payable under this section, when added to the statutory worker's compensation benefits applicable in the case, shall not exceed the average annual salary paid to the member for the member's last 2 years of service with the department of state police prior to his or her death.

History: 1986, Act 182, Eff. Oct. 1, 1986 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 374, Imd. Eff. Jan. 2, 2001 COUNTY MEDICAL EXAMINERS (EXCERPT) Act 181 of 1953 52.204 Violent, unexpected or medically unattended deaths; removal of body, notice; violation of section, penalty. Sec. 4.


It shall be unlawful for any funeral director, embalmer or other person to remove the body from the place where death occurred, or to prepare the body for burial or shipment, when such funeral director, embalmer or other person knows or upon reasonable investigation should know that death may have occurred in a manner as indicated in section 3, without first notifying the county medical examiner or his deputy and receiving permission to remove, prepare for burial or ship such body. Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and may be imprisoned not exceeding 1 year, or fined not exceeding $500.00, or both.

History: 1953, Act 181, Eff. Jan. 1, 1954 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 92, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1969

COUNTY MEDICAL EXAMINERS (EXCERPT) Act 181 of 1953 52.205 Notice of body; manner of death; removal of body to morgue; investigation; designation and duties of medical examiner investigator; list of investigators and qualifications; autopsy; ascertaining identity of decedent and notifying next of kin; impossible identification or knowledge that 2 individuals share same attributes; records; disposition of body; retention of portion of body. Sec. 5. (1) If a county medical examiner has notice that the body of an individual who may have died in a manner described in section 3 has been found within the county medical examiner's county, the county medical examiner shall take charge of the body. If after examining the body and investigating the cause and manner of the death the county medical examiner considers a further examination necessary, he or she may cause the body to be removed to the public morgue. If the investigation is solely for the reason that the decedent had no medical attendance during the 48 hours immediately preceding the hour of death, and if the decedent had chosen not to have medical attendance because of his or her bona fide held religious convictions, removal is not required unless there is evidence of other conditions described in section 3. If there is no public morgue, the body may be removed to a private morgue designated by the county medical examiner. (2) The county medical examiner may designate a medical examiner investigator appointed under section 1a(2) to take charge of the body, make pertinent inquiry, note the circumstances surrounding the death, and, if considered necessary, cause the body to be transported to the morgue for examination by the county medical examiner. The county medical examiner shall maintain a list of medical examiner investigators appointed under section 1a(2) and their qualifications and shall file the list with the local law enforcement agencies. A medical examiner investigator appointed under section 1a(2) shall not be an agent or employee of a person or funeral establishment licensed under article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, receive, directly or indirectly, remuneration in connection with the disposition of the body, or make funeral or burial arrangements without approval of the next of kin, if known, or the individual responsible for the funeral expenses. (3) The county medical examiner may perform or direct to be performed an autopsy and shall carefully reduce or cause to be reduced to writing each fact and circumstance tending to show the condition of the body and the cause and manner of death, and shall include in that writing the name and address of each individual present at the autopsy. The individual performing the autopsy shall subscribe the writing described in this subsection.


(4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the county medical examiner shall ascertain the identity of the decedent and immediately and as compassionately as possible notify the next of kin of the decedent's death and the location of the body. The notification described in this subsection is not required if a person from the state police, a county sheriff department, a township police department, or a municipal police department states to the county medical examiner that the notification has already occurred. (5) If visual identification of a decedent is impossible as a result of burns, decomposition, or other disfiguring injuries or if the county medical examiner is aware that the death is the result of an accident that involved 2 or more individuals who were approximately the same age, sex, height, weight, hair color, eye color, and race, then the county medical examiner shall verify the identity of the decedent through fingerprints, dental records, DNA, or other definitive identification procedures and, if the accident resulted in the survival of any individuals with the same attributes, shall notify the respective hospital or institution of his or her findings. The county medical examiner may conduct an autopsy under subsection (3) if he or she determines that an autopsy reasonably appears to be required pursuant to law. After the county medical examiner, a deputy, a person from the state police, a county sheriff department, a township police department, or a municipal police department has made diligent effort to locate and notify the next of kin, the county medical examiner may order and conduct the autopsy with or without the consent of the next of kin of the decedent. The county medical examiner or a deputy shall keep a written record of the efforts to locate and notify the next of kin for a period of 1 year from the date of the autopsy. (6) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the county medical examiner shall promptly deliver or return the body or any portion of the body to relatives or representatives of the decedent after an examination or autopsy is performed under this section. If there are no relatives or representatives of the decedent known to the county medical examiner, he or she may cause the body to be buried pursuant to law. A county medical examiner may retain any portion of the body that he or she considers necessary to establish the cause of death, the conditions contributing to death, or the manner of death, or as evidence of any crime. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a portion of the body retained is an entire organ or limb of the decedent, the county medical examiner shall attempt to verbally or in writing notify the relatives or representatives of the decedent of that retention and offer an opportunity for the relative or representative to request the return of that organ or limb. If notification is verbally made under this subsection, the county medical examiner shall follow up with written notification. The county medical examiner or a deputy shall keep a written record of the efforts to notify the relatives or representatives of the decedent under this subsection for a period of 1 year from the date of the notification or attempt to notify. This subsection does not apply to anatomical gifts made under part 101 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.10101 to 333.10123. Upon determination that retention of the portions of the body is no longer necessary under this subsection, the county medical examiner shall do all of the following, as applicable: (a) If requested in writing under this subsection, promptly deliver or return the retained organ or limb to the relatives or representatives of the decedent. (b) Dispose of any remaining retained body portions in the manner prescribed for medical waste under part 138 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.13801 to 333.13831. (7) A county medical examiner or any person acting under the authority of the county medical examiner who performs the medical examiner duties for the retention of body parts, as added by the amendatory act that added this subsection, shall not be liable in a civil action as a result of an act or omission by the person arising out of and in the course of the person's good faith performance of those medical examiner duties unless that person's act or omission was the result of that person's negligence.


History: 1953, Act 181, Eff. Jan. 1, 1954 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 92, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1969 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 200, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1972 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 401, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 1981 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 569, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 108, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2010

COUNTY MEDICAL EXAMINERS (EXCERPT) Act 181 of 1953 52.210 Removal of body to crematory; permit from county medical examiner; violation of section, penalty. Sec. 10. No funeral director, embalmer or any other person shall remove the body of any deceased person to a crematory or remove for the purpose of cremation such dead body from the county in which death occurred without the signed permit of the medical examiner for such county or his deputy. Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be imprisoned not more than 1 year, or fined not more than $500.00, or both.

History: 1953, Act 181, Eff. Jan. 1, 1954 ;-- Am. 1969, Act 92, Imd. Eff. July 24, 1969

DEMONSTRATIONS AT FUNERAL SERVICES (EXCERPT) Act 152 of 2006 123.1111 Funeral or memorial service; ordinances. Sec. 1. A local unit of government may pass such ordinances as it considers necessary to protect and preserve the peace and respect toward those attending or conducting a funeral or memorial service.

History: 2006, Act 152, Imd. Eff. May 24, 2006

DEMONSTRATIONS AT FUNERAL SERVICES (EXCERPT) Act 152 of 2006 123.1112 Demonstration; permit required; fee. Sec. 2.


(1) An ordinance authorized under section 1 may include the requiring of a permit before a person can demonstrate on public property outside of any funeral home, church, synagogue, mosque, any other place of worship, cemetery, or any other location at which a funeral service or memorial service is being held. (2) The local unit of government may assess a reasonable fee for the processing and granting of a permit allowed under this act.

History: 2006, Act 152, Imd. Eff. May 24, 2006

DEMONSTRATIONS AT FUNERAL SERVICES (EXCERPT) Act 152 of 2006 123.1113 Ordinance; additional provisions. Sec. 3. The ordinance authorized under section 1 may also include such other provisions the local unit of government considers necessary, including, but not limited to, prohibiting any person from doing any of the following within 500 feet of the property line of a building or other location where a funeral, memorial service, burial, or viewing of a deceased person is being conducted or within 500 feet of a funeral procession in the hour immediately before, or during, or in the 2 hours immediately following: (a) Making loud and raucous noise and continuing to do so after being asked to stop. (b) Making any statement or gesture that would make a reasonable person under the circumstances feel intimidated, threatened, or harassed. (c) Engaging in any other conduct that the person knows or should reasonably know will disturb, disrupt, or adversely affect the funeral, memorial service, viewing of the deceased person, funeral procession, or burial.

History: 2006, Act 152, Imd. Eff. May 24, 2006 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 166, Imd. Eff. June 26, 2008

MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT) Act 300 of 1949 257.1b “Ambulance” defined. Sec. 1b. “Ambulance” means a privately or publicly owned motor vehicle for highway use that is specially designed or constructed and equipped, and is intended to be used for and is maintained or operated for the transportation of persons who are sick, injured, wounded, or otherwise incapacitated or helpless, including dual purpose police patrol cars and funeral coaches or hearses, and which is equipped


according to section 7 of Act No. 258 of the Public Acts of 1968, as amended, being section 257.1207 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

History: Add. 1975, Act 100, Eff. July 1, 1976

MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT) Act 300 of 1949 257.654 Vehicles forming part of funeral procession; right-of-way; flags; passing through funeral procession with vehicle as civil infraction. Sec. 654. (1) A motor vehicle forming part of a funeral procession, when going to a place of burial, shall have the right of way over all other vehicles except fire apparatus, ambulances, and police patrol vehicles at a street or highway intersection within this state if the vehicle in the funeral procession displays a flag which shall be fluorescent orange in color, and upon which shall be printed, stamped, or stained a black cross, the star of David, or the crescent and star. The lead vehicle and the last vehicle in the funeral procession may carry an additional flag. The flags shall not contain a name embossed or printed on the flag, except the word “funeral�. (2) A person passing through a funeral procession of motor vehicles, designated pursuant to subsection (1), with a vehicle of any kind, is responsible for a civil infraction.

History: 1949, Act 300, Eff. Sept. 23, 1949 ;-- Am. 1952, Act 9, Eff. Sept. 18, 1952 ;-- Am. 1960, Act 105, Eff. Aug. 17, 1960 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 49, Imd. Eff. May 20, 1975 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 510, Eff. Aug. 1, 1979 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 148, Eff. Jan. 1, 1980

MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT) Act 300 of 1949 257.698 Side cowl or fender lamps; running board courtesy lamp; backing lights; lamp or reflector; flashing, oscillating, or rotating lights; private motor vehicle of security guard agency or alarm company; use of lights authorized or required under MCL 257.697, 257.697a, and 257.698a; violation as civil infraction. Sec. 698. (1) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than 2 side cowl or fender lamps which shall emit an amber or white light without glare. (2) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than 1 running board courtesy lamp on each side which shall emit a white or amber light without glare.


(3) Backing lights of red, amber, or white may be mounted on the rear of a motor vehicle if the switch controlling the light is so arranged that the light may be turned on only if the vehicle is in reverse gear. The backing lights when unlighted shall be covered or otherwise arranged so as not to reflect objectionable glare in the eyes of a driver of a vehicle approaching from the rear. (4) Unless both covered and unlit, a vehicle driven on the highways of this state shall not be equipped with a lamp or a part designed to be a reflector unless expressly required or permitted by this chapter or that meets the standards prescribed in 49 C.F.R. 571.108. A lamp or a part designed to be a reflector, if visible from the front, shall display or reflect a white or amber light; if visible from either side, shall display or reflect an amber or red light; and if visible from the rear, shall display or reflect a red light, except as otherwise provided by law. (5) The use or possession of flashing, oscillating, or rotating lights of any color is prohibited except as otherwise provided by law, or under the following circumstances: (a) A police vehicle shall be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating red or blue lights, for use in the performance of police duties. (b) A fire vehicle or ambulance available for public use or for use of the United States, the state, or any unit of the state, whether publicly or privately owned, shall be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating red lights and used as required for safety. (c) An authorized emergency vehicle as defined in section 2 may be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating red lights for use when responding to an emergency call if when in use the flashing, rotating, or oscillating red lights are mounted on the roof section of the vehicle, either as a permanent installation or by means of suction cups or magnets and are clearly visible in a 360 degree arc from a distance of 500 feet when in use. A person operating lights under this subdivision at any time other than when responding to an emergency call is guilty of a misdemeanor. (d) Flashing, rotating, or oscillating amber lights, placed in a position as to be visible throughout an arc of 360 degrees, shall be used by a state, county, or municipal vehicle engaged in the removal of ice, snow, or other material from the highway and in other operations designed to control ice and snow. (e) A vehicle used for the cleanup of spills or a necessary emergency response action taken pursuant to state or federal law or a vehicle operated by an employee of the department of natural resources that responds to a spill, emergency response action, complaint, or compliance activity may be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating amber lights. Such lights shall not be activated unless the vehicle is at the scene of a spill, emergency response action, complaint, or compliance activity. (f) A vehicle to perform public utility service, a vehicle owned or leased by and licensed as a business for use in the collection and hauling of refuse, an automobile service car or wrecker, a vehicle engaged in authorized highway repair or maintenance, a vehicle of a peace officer, a vehicle operated by a rural letter carrier or a person under contract to deliver newspapers or other publications by motor route, a vehicle utilized for snow removal, a private security guard vehicle as authorized in subsection (7), a motor vehicle while engaged in escorting or transporting an oversize load that has been issued a permit by the state transportation department or a local authority with respect to highways under its jurisdiction, a vehicle owned by the national guard or a United States military vehicle while traveling under the appropriate recognized military authority, a motor vehicle while towing an implement of husbandry, or an implement of husbandry may be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating amber lights. However, a wrecker may be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating red lights which shall be activated only when the wrecker is engaged in removing or assisting a vehicle at the scene of a traffic


accident or disablement. The flashing, rotating, or oscillating amber lights shall not be activated except in those circumstances that the warning produced by the lights is required for public safety. (g) A vehicle engaged in leading or escorting a funeral procession or any vehicle that is part of a funeral procession may be equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating purple or amber lights which shall not be activated except during a funeral procession. (h) An authorized emergency vehicle may display flashing, rotating, or oscillating white lights in conjunction with an authorized emergency light as prescribed in this section. (i) A private motor vehicle of a physician responding to an emergency call may be equipped with and the physician may use flashing, rotating, or oscillating red lights mounted on the roof section of the vehicle either as a permanent installation or by means of magnets or suction cups and clearly visible in a 360 degree arc from a distance of 500 feet when in use. The physician shall first obtain written authorization from the county sheriff. (j) A public transit vehicle may be equipped with a flashing, oscillating, or rotating light mounted on the roof of the vehicle approximately 6 feet from the rear of the vehicle which displays a white light to the front, side, and rear of the vehicle, which light may be actuated by the driver for use only in inclement weather such as fog, rain, or snow, when boarding or discharging passengers, from 1/2 hour before sunset until 1/2 hour after sunrise, or where conditions hinder the visibility of the public transit vehicle. As used in this subdivision, “public transit vehicle� means a motor vehicle, other than a station wagon or passenger van, with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds. (k) A person engaged in the manufacture, sale, or repair of flashing, rotating, or oscillating lights governed by this subsection may possess the lights for the purpose of employment, but shall not activate the lights upon the highway unless authorized to do so under subsection (6). (6) A person shall not sell, loan, or otherwise furnish a flashing, rotating, or oscillating blue or red light designed primarily for installation on an authorized emergency vehicle to a person except a police officer, sheriff, deputy sheriff, authorized physician, volunteer or paid fire fighter, volunteer ambulance driver, licensed ambulance driver or attendant of the state, a county or municipality within the state, a person engaged in the business of operating an ambulance or wrecker service, or a federally recognized nonprofit charitable organization which owns and operates an emergency support vehicle used exclusively for emergencies. This subsection does not prohibit an authorized vehicle, equipped with flashing, rotating, or oscillating blue or red lights, from being operated by a person other than a person described in this section if the person receives authorization to operate the emergency vehicle from a police officer, sheriff, deputy sheriff, authorized physician, volunteer or paid fire fighter, volunteer ambulance driver, licensed ambulance driver or attendant, a person operating an ambulance or wrecker service, or a federally recognized nonprofit charitable organization which owns and operates an emergency support vehicle used exclusively for emergencies, except that the authorization shall not permit the person to operate lights as described in subsection (5)(a), (b), (c), (i), or (j), or to exercise the privileges described in section 603. A person who operates an authorized emergency vehicle in violation of the terms of an authorization is guilty of a misdemeanor. (7) A private motor vehicle of a security guard agency or alarm company licensed pursuant to the private security guard act of 1968, 1968 PA 330, MCL 338.1051 to 338.1085, may display flashing, rotating, or oscillating amber lights. The flashing, rotating, or oscillating amber lights shall not be activated on a public highway when a vehicle is in motion. (8) This section shall not be construed to prohibit, restrict, or limit the use of lights authorized or required under sections 697, 697a, and 698a.


(9) A person who violates subsection (1), (2), (3), or (4) is responsible for a civil infraction.

History: 1949, Act 300, Eff. Sept. 23, 1949 ;-- Am. 1951, Act 270, Eff. Sept. 28, 1951 ;-- Am. 1953, Act 206, Imd. Eff. June 10, 1953 ;-- Am. 1957, Act 19, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957 ;-- Am. 1959, Act 151, Imd. Eff. July 16, 1959 ;-- Am. 1964, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Mar. 20, 1964 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 100, Eff. July 1, 1976 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 347, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1976 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 510, Eff. Aug. 1, 1979 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 37, Imd. Eff. Mar. 12, 1980 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 270, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 1980 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 100, Imd. Eff. May 8, 1984 ;-- Am. 1984, Act 326, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 1984 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 188, Eff. Aug. 15, 1990 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 335, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1990 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 101, Imd. Eff. Apr. 18, 1994 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 8, Imd. Eff. May 16, 1997 ;-- Am. 1998, Act 247, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1998

AGREEMENTS FOR DISPOSITION OF DEAD HUMAN BODIES (EXCERPT) Act 70 of 1954 328.201 Agreement providing for final disposition of dead human body; payments to remain intact as fund until death; release of deposit; deposit of funds; prearranged funeral plan account; evidence of death; payment of funds and accumulated interest or dividends; “financial institution” defined. Sec. 1. (1) Payments made under an agreement providing for the final disposition of a dead human body, as consideration for the purchase of caskets or other personal property, excluding burial space in a cemetery, or services, excluding perpetual care of burial space in a cemetery, which are only to be delivered or performed after the death of the person for whose benefit the agreement is made, shall remain intact as a fund until the death of the person for whose benefit the agreement is made. (2) A deposit made under this section shall be released upon demand of the person making the deposit unless an irrevocable agreement has been made under section 2. (3) The funds shall be deposited within 7 days after receipt with a financial institution and shall be held in an account for the person for whose benefit the fund was established as a prearranged funeral plan account. A certified copy of the certificate of death or other evidence of death satisfactory to the financial institution shall be furnished to the financial institution as evidence of death, and the financial institution immediately shall pay the funds and accumulated interest or dividends, if any, to the person entitled to the funds under the agreement. (4) The payment of the funds and accumulated interest or dividends under this section shall relieve the financial institution of any further liability for the funds, interest, or dividends. (5) As used in this section, “financial institution” means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States.

History: 1954, Act 70, Eff. Aug. 13, 1954 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 627, Imd. Eff. Jan. 6, 1979 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 366, Imd. Eff. Dec. 23, 1982 ;-- Am. 1997, Act 41, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1997


AGREEMENTS FOR DISPOSITION OF DEAD HUMAN BODIES (EXCERPT) Act 70 of 1954 328.204 Applicability of act. Sec. 4. This act shall not apply to any agreements entered into pursuant to the prepaid funeral contract funding act after the effective date of the prepaid funeral contract funding act.

History: Add. 1986, Act 238, Eff. Mar. 31, 1987

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.211 Short title. Sec. 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the “prepaid funeral and cemetery sales act”.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.213 Definitions; B to D. Sec. 3. As used in this act: (a) “Burial right” means a right of earth interment. (b) “Casket” means any box or container consisting of 1 or more parts in which a dead human body is placed before interment, entombment, or cremation that may or may not be permanently interred, entombed, or cremated with the dead human body. Casket includes a permanent interment or entombment receptacle designed or intended for use without a vault.


(c) “Catafalque” means an ornamental or decorative object or structure placed beneath, over, or around a casket, vault, or a dead human body before final disposition of the dead human body. (d) “Cemetery” means 1, or a combination of more than 1, of the following: (i) A burial ground for earth interments. (ii) A mausoleum for crypt entombments. (iii) A crematory for the incineration of human remains. (iv) A columbarium for the inurnment of cremated remains. (e) “Cemetery burial vault or other outside container” means a box or container used solely at the place of interment to permanently surround or enclose a casket and to support the earth above the casket after burial. Cemetery burial vault or other outside container does not include a catafalque, a combination unit, or any product designed or intended to be used with a catafalque or combination unit. (f) “Cemetery merchandise” means merchandise described in section 4(1)(k)(i). (g) “Cemetery services” means cremations, grave openings and closings, and installation of grave memorials. (h) “Columbarium” means a building or other aboveground structure that is affixed to land and is a permanent repository for cremated human remains. (i) “Combination unit” means any product consisting of a unit or a series of units designed or intended to be used together as both a casket and as a permanent burial receptacle. (j) “Consideration” or “contract price” means money and other property to be paid as total compensation to a contract seller or provider for the funeral or cemetery services or merchandise, or both, to be performed or furnished under a prepaid contract, late payment penalties, payments required to be made to a governmental agency at the time the contract is entered into, and income earned on the funds. Money paid for the services to be performed under a prepaid contract may be paid in a lump sum or in installments. (k) “Contract beneficiary” means an individual specified or implied in a prepaid contract for whom the funeral or cemetery services or merchandise shall be performed or furnished after death. (l) “Contract buyer” means an individual, including a contract beneficiary, who purchases merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a prepaid contract. (m) “Contract seller” means a person who sells, makes available, or provides prepaid contracts. (n) “Crypt” means a chamber in a mausoleum of sufficient size to entomb the uncremated remains of a deceased person. (o) “Department” means the department of labor and economic growth.


History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.214 Definitions; D to M. Sec. 4. (1) As used in this act: (a) “Depository” means a state or nationally chartered bank or state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government under the laws of this state or the United States. Depository includes the trust department, if any, of an entity referred to in this subsection. (b) “Detroit consumer price index” means the index for all urban wage earners for the Detroit statistical area from the United States department of labor, bureau of labor statistics. (c) “Escrow agent” means a person who holds, invests, and disburses principal and income from the funds received under a prepaid contract. (d) “Funds” means all money or other consideration actually received from a contract buyer by a contract seller or provider or an assignee from the contract buyer in connection with any aspect of the sale of a prepaid contract, including finance charges, but does not include late payment penalties, payments required to be made to a governmental agency at the time the contract is entered into, or a commission authorized by section 12(1). (e) “Funeral services” means services customarily performed by a mortuary science licensee who is licensed pursuant to article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812. Funeral services include, but are not limited to, care of dead human remains, embalming, preparation of dead human remains for final disposition, professional services relating to a funeral or an alternative to a funeral or final disposition of dead human remains, transportation of dead human remains, limousine services, use of facilities or equipment for viewing dead human remains, visitation, memorial services, or services which are used in connection with a funeral or alternative to a funeral, coordinating or conducting funeral rites or ceremonies, cremations, and other services provided in connection with a funeral, alternative to a funeral, or final disposition of dead human remains. (f) “Grave memorial” means a stone or other structure or item used for the purpose of memorializing a decedent and placed on or in proximity to a place of burial, interment, or entombment of a casket, catafalque, or vault or on or in proximity to a place of inurnment. (g) “Guaranteed price contract” means a prepaid contract under which funds received are held pursuant to an escrow agreement. A guaranteed price contract has a guaranteed fixed price for which specified merchandise or funeral or cemetery services are required to be sold to or made available for a contract


buyer or for a contract beneficiary, regardless of the cost or value of the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services at the time of death of the contract beneficiary. Under the guaranteed price contract, additional consideration is not charged for the originally contracted for merchandise or funeral or cemetery services at the time of delivery of the merchandise or funeral and cemetery services. (h) “Income” means the money earned by the investment of the principal, including, but not limited to, interest, dividends, and gains or losses on the sale of, deposit of, or exchange of, property using invested principal amounts. (i) “Interment” means the disposition of human remains by earth interment, entombment, or inurnment. (j) “Mausoleum” means a building or other aboveground structure that is affixed to land and is a permanent repository for human remains. (k) Subject to subsection (2), “merchandise” means both of the following: (i) Cemetery burial vaults or other outside containers, grave memorials, and urns. (ii) Items of merchandise sold or offered for sale or lease to consumers that will be used in connection with a funeral or an alternative to a funeral or the final disposition of human remains, including, but not limited to, caskets, combination units, and catafalques. (2) Merchandise does not include land, interests in land, or interests in mausoleums or columbariums that are sold by a cemetery that complies with the endowment care trust fund requirements of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.215 Definitions; N to U. Sec. 5. As used in this act: (a) “Nonguaranteed price contract” means a prepaid contract under which funds received are held pursuant to an escrow agreement between a contract seller or provider and a contract buyer and are applied to the cost of the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services, which merchandise or funeral or cemetery services may be selected by the contract buyer at the time the contract is signed or as selected by a person legally authorized to procure merchandise or funeral or cemetery services at the time of death of the contract beneficiary. A nonguaranteed price contract does not obligate the contract beneficiary's estate or the person who is legally entitled to make funeral or cemetery arrangements for a deceased contract beneficiary to purchase specific merchandise or funeral or cemetery services which were selected before the contract beneficiary's death and does not obligate either the contract


beneficiary's estate or the person who is entitled to make funeral or cemetery arrangements for a deceased contract beneficiary to expend a specific amount on merchandise or funeral or cemetery services. (b) “Person” means an individual, group of individuals, sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, association, corporation, government agency, cemetery, or a combination of these legal entities. (c) “Physical delivery and retention” means actual control and possession of merchandise that has been permanently relinquished by a contract seller or a provider, or the agent of either, to the contract buyer or the contract beneficiary. In the case of a grave memorial or urn, physical delivery and retention means that the grave memorial or urn has been permanently inscribed with the name of the person being memorialized. Physical delivery and retention does not occur if the contract seller or provider takes either of the following actions: (i) Arranges or induces the buyer to arrange for the storage or warehousing of merchandise ordered pursuant to a prepaid contract, with or without evidence that legal title has passed. (ii) Acquires or reacquires actual or constructive possession or control of merchandise after initial delivery to the contract buyer or contract beneficiary. (d) “Prepaid contract” means a contract requiring payment in advance for funeral or cemetery services or merchandise, physical delivery and retention of which would occur after death under a guaranteed price contract or a nonguaranteed price contract. Prepaid contracts do not include a contract for the sale of merchandise or funeral or cemetery services entered into after the death of the contract beneficiary. (e) “Principal” means the money or other consideration actually deposited in the escrow or trust accounts required by this act. (f) “Provider” means any person who furnishes or agrees to furnish merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a prepaid contract, whether or not that person is the contract seller. In the case of merchandise, provider means the person who arranges for delivery of the merchandise at the time of the death of the contract beneficiary and not the manufacturer of the merchandise. In the case of funeral services, provider means a person who possesses all licenses necessary to perform the funeral services specified in the prepaid contract. In the case of cemetery services, provider means a person who possesses all licenses and registrations necessary to provide the cemetery services specified in the prepaid contract. (g) “Registrant” means a person who has registered with the department pursuant to section 6. (h) “Urn” means a container used to preserve the ashes of a dead human body.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.216 Certificate of registration to sell, provide, or agree to provide merchandise or services pursuant to prepaid contract; application; fee; duration of certificate; contents of application form; renewal of registration; sworn statement or special report; expiration of certificate; reinstatement of registration; grounds for denial of registration; compliance; petition for reconsideration; hearing. Sec. 6. (1) A person shall not sell, provide, or agree to provide merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a prepaid contract unless that person is registered with the department as provided in this section and has received a certificate of registration. (2) A person desiring to receive a certificate of registration under this section shall apply upon forms provided by the department and pay an application fee of $120.00. The original registration may be renewed. A certification of registration is valid for 3 years from the date of its issuance. An application form for original registration or renewal shall contain the following: (a) The name and business address of the person registering. (b) The names and addresses of persons owning 10% or more interest in the entity applying for registration. (c) The business address where books and records pertaining to prepaid contracts shall be maintained for inspection by the department. (d) A list of the names and addresses of any escrow agents in which funds have been or will be deposited by the registrant as well as copies of all escrow or trust agreements between a registrant and an escrow agent. The list and copies required by this subdivision shall be constantly updated. The registrant shall inform the department of any change in this list within 30 days of the change by adding to the list the name and address of any new escrow agent or by deleting from the list an escrow agent whose services are no longer being used by the registrant. (e) A statement made under oath that the registrant has an agreement with each escrow agent with which it has deposited funds which complies with the requirements of section 7, or if the registrant is or intends to be an escrow agent for funds received in connection with a nonguaranteed price contract, a statement that the registrant will comply with the requirements of section 7. (3) The department shall renew the registration of a person who applies for renewal upon a form provided by the department and pays an application fee of $30.00 provided that the person has submitted the sworn statement as required by this section and the special report or sworn statement as required by section 8 at least 60 days before the expiration date printed on the certificate of registration. The certificate of registration of a person who fails to file the sworn statement or special report required by this section shall expire on the date printed on the certificate of registration. A registrant may reinstate the registration within 60 days of its expiration by submitting the sworn statement or special report and paying a fee of $120.00. (4) The department may deny the registration of a person if it determines any of the following:


(a) That the person was previously registered with the department and that registration was revoked or suspended within 2 years before the date of the current application for registration. (b) That the person was or is presently an owner with a substantial interest in the entity, partner, or employee of a person whose registration was revoked or suspended within 2 years before the date of the current application for registration and the person engaged or participated in or authorized the misconduct that was the basis for the revocation or suspension. (c) That the person lacks good moral character as defined and determined under 1974 PA 381, MCL 338.41 to 338.47. (d) That the person has violated this act, article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, or the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. (5) An applicant who registers with the department shall not receive a certificate of registration unless the applicant complies with the conditions in this section. (6) A person who is denied registration by the department pursuant to this section may petition the department for reconsideration. A person seeking reconsideration is entitled to a hearing conducted in compliance with the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.218 Accounts, books, and records; special report; examination; corrective or penal action; examination, review, or audit of books and records; authorization of escrow agents to open records; statement in lieu of special report. Sec. 8. (1) A registrant shall keep, in this state, accurate accounts, books, and records of all transactions and accounts regulated by this act. Records shall include copies of all prepaid contracts, the dates and amounts of payments made and accepted under these prepaid contracts, the name and address of each contract buyer, the name and address of the contract beneficiaries, the name and address of each escrow agent, the date and amount of each deposit made to an escrow agent, the total price of each contract exclusive of commission, any commission received for each contract, the date each contract is performed, canceled, or revoked, the date and amount of any refund paid to the contract buyer, and any other records as the department may require to enable it to determine whether the registrant is complying with the requirements of this act. Records shall be kept for at least 36 months after performance of all obligations of each prepaid contract or after the filing of the report that includes a prepaid contract that has been performed. Beginning on April 1, 2006 and each year thereafter, a registrant shall have available for examination by the department a statement, current as of the


preceding December 31, disclosing the following information as to each unperformed prepaid funeral contract: (a) The date of the contract and, if available, the contract number. (b) The names of the contract buyer and the contract beneficiary. (c) The face value of the contract. If the registrant is allowed to deposit less than the face value, the statement shall include the amount required to be on deposit with the escrow agent. (d) Whether the contract is a guaranteed or nonguaranteed contract. (e) Complete information on the means, provision, trust, or other vehicle that will assure fulfillment of all obligations, stating ledger and market values of the vehicle, its location, nature of investments and trustees including fees paid to trustees. A registrant who has placed funds in a commingled escrow account may satisfy this requirement by identifying the name of the escrow agent and the particular investment account or accounts in which the funds have been placed. (2) Annually, a registrant which serves as an escrow agent or which has deposited funds with an escrow agent pursuant to section 12 shall secure a report prepared by a Michigan licensed certified public accountant pertaining to funds. The report shall be on forms provided by the department. The report shall be prepared and dated on or before July 1 of the year following the calendar year for which the report is prepared. In preparing the report, the Michigan licensed certified public accountant shall not be required to review all prepaid contracts, escrow agreements, escrow accounts, or records of the registrant, nor shall the Michigan licensed certified public accountant be required to review any receipts or deposits by the registrant of funds. The report of the Michigan licensed certified public accountant shall provide the following assurances: (a) That, based either upon a review of the registrant's agreements with escrow agents or depositories which limit investments of the escrow funds by the escrow agents or depositories to those investments permitted by this act, or upon a review of the investments of the escrow accounts, the investment requirements of section 12 have been complied with. (b) In the case of escrow accounts where the registrant serves as the escrow agent, that withdrawals, as detailed in the periodic statements of the depositories in which the escrow accounts are maintained, have been made in compliance with this act. (c) In the case of escrow accounts where the registrant does not serve as the escrow agent, that, based upon a representative test sample selected upon the basis of the professional judgment of the Michigan licensed certified public accountant after considering all risks, funds have been deposited with and held by the escrow agent in accordance with this act. (d) That no matters have come to the attention of the Michigan licensed certified public accountant during the review of escrow account investments and withdrawals that gave cause to believe that the registrant has not complied with this act, or if any matters have come to his or her attention, the Michigan licensed certified public accountant shall include an explanation of the matters which caused the belief that the registrant has not complied with this act. (3) The department may examine each report required by this section and if the department determines on the basis of its review that the registrant or its agent has not held or invested funds in accordance


with the requirements of this act or has failed to file a report as required, the department shall take any appropriate corrective or penal action authorized by this act. (4) The department may examine, review, or audit the books and records of a contract seller or provider pertaining to funds received in payment for prepaid contracts. An audit may include an examination of the books and financial records of the registrant as well as books and financial records of escrow agents used by the registrant. A registrant shall authorize escrow agents to open their records of the registrant accounts to the department upon request. The department may charge the registrant for the actual expenses of the examination, review, or audit but not more than $1,000.00. (5) For the purposes of complying with the requirements of this section, a registrant who has not sold, provided, or agreed to provide merchandise or funeral or cemetery services in accordance with a prepaid contract and who has no obligations with respect to an outstanding prepaid contract may submit a sworn statement that a prepaid contract has not been sold, provided, or agreed to and there are no obligations outstanding. The department shall accept the statement in lieu of the report. (6) Any books or records regarding any prepaid contract entered into before the effective date of the amendatory act that added this subsection that were in compliance with applicable law are considered in compliance with this act.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.221 Guaranteed price contract; requirements. Sec. 11. (1) A guaranteed price contract shall designate a provider who has agreed to furnish the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services specified in the contract upon the death of the contract beneficiary. If the provider designated is not the prepaid contract seller of the contract, the provider shall be made a party to the prepaid contract before any consideration is paid and the prepaid contract is not binding on the contract buyer until the provider has been made a party to the prepaid contract. (2) In addition to the registration otherwise required by the terms of this act, the provider which has agreed to provide merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a guaranteed price contract shall, at the time the prepaid contract is entered into, possess any license or registration required in order to provide the funeral or cemetery services, pursuant to article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, or the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. If a provider is required to possess a license or registration to provide the services included in a prepaid contract, a contract seller who does not possess a license or registration to provide the services must disclose to the contract buyer or prospective contract buyer that it cannot perform those activities required to be registered or licensed.


History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.222 Funds to be held in escrow by escrow agent; additional commission not subject to depository requirements; commission if contract price paid in installments; refund; qualifications and selection of escrow agent; authorized investments; fees and expenses; commingling; separate accounting of principal and income; notice to contract buyer; disbursement of funds; nonprofit corporation or association as escrow agent; furnishing statement to contract buyer. Sec. 12. (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), all funds received in connection with a prepaid contract shall be held in escrow by an escrow agent for the benefit of the contract beneficiary. (2) Funds received by a cemetery registered under the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543, for cemetery merchandise may, in lieu of subsection (1), be escrowed as follows: (a) Before January 1, 2006, 60% of the funds received during that period from the sale of cemetery merchandise pursuant to prepaid contracts. (b) After December 31, 2005 and before January 1, 2007, 65% of the funds received during that period from the sale of cemetery merchandise pursuant to prepaid contracts. (c) After December 31, 2006 and before January 1, 2008, 70% of the funds received during that period from the sale of cemetery merchandise pursuant to prepaid contracts. (d) After December 31, 2007 and before January 1, 2009, 75% of the funds received during that period from the sale of cemetery merchandise pursuant to prepaid contracts. (e) After December 31, 2008, 80% of the funds received from the sale of cemetery merchandise pursuant to prepaid contracts. (3) A prepaid contract may authorize the contract seller or provider to charge an additional commission of not more than 10% of the contract price which shall not be subject to the depository requirements of this section. If the contract price is paid in installments, the commission retained by the contract seller or the provider shall not exceed the rate of the commission charged in the prepaid contract for each installment. On cancellation, a contract buyer is entitled to a refund as provided in section 13(1) or (2). (4) Only the following persons may serve as the escrow agent of funds under this section: (a) If the prepaid contract is a nonguaranteed price contract, the contract seller or provider of that nonguaranteed price contract.


(b) If the prepaid contract is either a guaranteed or nonguaranteed price contract, a depository, a trust company, or a Michigan nonprofit corporation or association, in which the majority interest is held by 250 or more funeral establishments licensed under article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, or a Michigan nonprofit corporation or association, in which the majority interest is held by 30 or more cemeteries registered and operated pursuant to the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. If the prepaid contract is a guaranteed price contract, the contract seller or the provider shall not serve as the escrow agent. (5) If the escrow agent is not the contract seller or provider of a nonguaranteed price contract, the escrow agent shall be selected as follows: (a) If the prepaid contract is a nonguaranteed price contract, the escrow agent may be selected by either the contract seller or the provider. (b) If the prepaid contract is a guaranteed price contract, the escrow agent shall be selected by the provider who has been designated to furnish the funeral services. If the prepaid contract does not include funeral services, the escrow agent shall be selected by any provider. (6) If the escrow agent is a person other than the person to whom the funds have been paid by the contract buyer, the funds shall be deposited with the escrow agent within 30 days after the receipt by the person to whom the funds are paid. (7) Funds held by an escrow agent shall be held and invested only as specified in the prepaid contract. A prepaid contract may authorize investments only as follows: (a) If the prepaid contract is a nonguaranteed price contract, the funds shall be invested in 1 or more interest-bearing accounts in a depository. (b) If the prepaid contract is a guaranteed price contract, the principal and income may be invested only in accordance with section 7803 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.7803, except that funds shall not be invested in a company owned by, operated by, or affiliated in any way with a contract seller or provider or an authorized agent of a contract seller or provider or in loans to any person directly connected with or employed by a contract seller or provider or an authorized agent of a contract seller or provider. (8) Income shall be held and invested by the escrow agent in the same manner as the principal except that the income may be utilized to pay reasonable fees and expenses of the escrow agent in addition to other costs specifically authorized by this act. The expenses and fees paid to the escrow agent shall not exceed 1% of the aggregate balance of principal and prior earned income from each account annually. If a fee is charged for reasonable expenses for the administration costs under an escrow agreement, the amount may be paid to the escrow agent periodically or may be accumulated in the account and paid at the time of death or upon cancellation of the contract. A cemetery that has elected the escrowing option for cemetery merchandise provided in subsection (2) may provide by written agreement with the escrow agent to be paid accumulated income generated solely by the investment of funds received for the cemetery merchandise. Such payments to a cemetery may not be made more frequently than once in a 12-month period and shall not exceed the net amount of income earned in the previous 12 months less any amounts paid to the escrow agent for expenses and fees described in this subsection and an amount equal to any increase in the Detroit consumer price index. (9) Amounts of principal and income held by an escrow agent other than the contract seller or provider of a nonguaranteed price contract may be commingled with principal and income derived from other


prepaid accounts. However, a separate accounting of principal and income shall be maintained for each prepaid contract under the name of the contract beneficiary. (10) The escrow agent shall send to the contract buyer a notice stating the date, amount of the deposit, and the name of the escrow agent with whom the funds are deposited. (11) Upon the death of the contract beneficiary and upon performance by the provider of its obligation to furnish merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to the prepaid contract, funds held by the escrow agent shall be disbursed as follows: (a) If the prepaid contract is a nonguaranteed price contract, the principal and income shall first be disbursed by the escrow agent to the provider of the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services in payment of all reasonable charges. Thereafter, not less than 90% of the remaining balance of principal and income, if any, shall be disbursed to the person, other than the provider or the contract seller, designated in the prepaid contract or authorized by law to receive the surplus, and the remainder, if any, shall be disbursed to the provider as final compensation for its services. The amount paid to the person entitled to receive the surplus shall be as follows: (i) If no commission has been charged pursuant to this section, at least 90% of the remaining balance of principal and income in the escrow account. (ii) If a commission of 5% or less of the contract price has been charged, at least 95% of the remaining principal and income in the escrow account. (iii) If a commission of greater than 5% of the contract price has been charged, 100% of the remaining principal and income in the escrow account. (b) If the prepaid contract is a guaranteed price contract, the principal and income held by the escrow agent shall be disbursed to the provider, its designee, or its successor. (c) If the escrow agent is notified that there is a dispute as to whether the provider has performed all its obligations under the prepaid contract, the escrow agent shall file an action for interpleader or shall obtain an impartial arbitrator to determine the rights of the parties. Expenses of arbitration shall be shared equally by the parties unless otherwise ordered by the arbitrator. (12) A Michigan nonprofit corporation or association, in which the majority interest is held by 250 or more funeral establishments or by 30 or more cemeteries registered and operated under the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543, may be designated as the escrow agent under this section only if the contract buyer has expressly authorized that designation in writing. If the contract buyer authorizes the appointment as escrow agent of a Michigan nonprofit corporation or association in the prepaid contract, the authorization shall be set forth in a separate paragraph which shall not be effective unless separately signed or initialed by a contract buyer and which shall state that the contract buyer may elect to require that a depository or a trust company be designated as the escrow agent. (13) If a prepaid contract is canceled, the escrow agent shall disburse the principal and income in accordance with section 13. (14) At least annually, unless waived in writing by a contract buyer, a contract buyer shall be furnished a statement indicating the current balance, the fees or expenses charged since the last statement, the amount of the refund to which a buyer is entitled if the contract is canceled, and the name and address


of the escrow agent from whom additional information may be obtained about the account. The cost of the statement required by this subsection may be paid from the income and may be in addition to any other fee or charge authorized by this act.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 327, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2010 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.223 Cancellation of prepaid contract by contract buyer; notice; disbursement of principal and income; cancellation of contract by contract seller or provider; failure to use escrow account to make funeral arrangements; assignment or transfer of obligations. Sec. 13. (1) A contract buyer may cancel a prepaid contract at any time before the death of the contract beneficiary upon 30 days' prior written notice to the contract seller of a nonguaranteed price contract or to the provider designated to furnish merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a guaranteed price contract. The contract seller or provider shall promptly notify the escrow agent of the cancellation and of its effective date, if the escrow agent is other than the contract seller or the provider. After receipt of the notice of cancellation, except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), the escrow agent shall disburse not less than 90% of the principal and income in the escrow account to the contract buyer pursuant to this subsection and shall disburse the remainder of the principal and income, if any, to the contract seller or the provider. The refund to the contract buyer shall be determined as follows: (a) If no commission has been charged pursuant to section 12(1), at least 90% of the remaining balance of principal and income in the escrow account or held by the trustee. (b) If a commission of 5% or less of the contract price has been charged, at least 95% of the remaining principal and income in the escrow account. (c) If a commission of greater than 5% of the contract price has been charged, 100% of the remaining principal and income in the escrow account. (2) In the case of funds received for cemetery merchandise by a cemetery that has elected the escrowing option in section 12(2), the escrow agent shall disburse the principal and income in the account to the cemetery and the cemetery shall disburse to the contract buyer 100% of the amount of the contract price paid by the contract buyer plus an amount equal to any increase in the Detroit consumer price index since the contract was executed. (3) A contract seller of a nonguaranteed price contract or a provider designated to furnish merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a guaranteed price contract may cancel a prepaid contract only if the contract buyer of a guaranteed price contract is more than 90 days delinquent in making any installment payment or partial payment, or the contract buyer is otherwise in default as to any other


obligation under the contract. Upon cancellation, the contract buyer shall receive a refund as determined pursuant to subsection (1). (4) After the death of the contract beneficiary, the contract buyer or the contract buyer's estate may cancel the prepaid contract only where there are no remains of the deceased; where the remains of the deceased cannot be recovered; or where a prepaid contract was not utilized due to lack of knowledge by the person or persons entitled to make funeral arrangements of the existence of the prepaid contract. After such a cancellation, the contract buyer or the contract buyer's estate shall receive a refund in accordance with subsection (1) or (2) within 30 days after receipt by the contract seller or the provider of a request for payment from the contract buyer or the contract buyer's estate. Contracts may be upgraded after the death of the contract beneficiary by a person on behalf of the contract beneficiary's estate or by a person entitled to make funeral or cemetery arrangements. This subsection does not prevent the transfer of a contract from 1 provider to another provider upon the request of those entitled to make funeral arrangements. (5) Prior to the death of the contract beneficiary and in the case of a prepaid contract or multiple prepaid contracts containing any of the merchandise or services escrowed under section 12(1) together with cemetery merchandise escrowed under section 12(2), the buyer may cancel that portion of the contract pertaining to the cemetery merchandise alone, without canceling the remaining portions. Such cancellation is subject to refund pursuant to section 13(2). (6) A contract seller or a provider that assigns or transfers its obligations under a prepaid contract to another provider shall notify the contract buyer of the assignment in writing. If the contract buyer cancels the contract within 30 days of the notification of the assignment, the buyer shall be entitled to a refund of 100% of the remaining principal and income plus the commission, if any, charged in accordance with section 12(1) or (2). An assignment or transfer of a provider's obligations under a prepaid contract that is made in connection with the sale of a business is subject to this subsection only if more than 50% of the ownership interest in the business is transferred to another person or persons within a 12-month period. Upon sale of the business, the notice requirement of this subsection is the responsibility of the purchaser. This subsection does not apply to an assignment of a financial interest in an installment contract to a financial institution. At the time that the contract seller or provider receives payment in exchange for selling or assigning its financial interest in an installment contract to a financial institution, the contract seller or provider shall be required to place in escrow the amount required by this act. This subsection does not apply to burial rights or other land interests, crypts, inscribed grave memorials, or niches, for which no refunds are available.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.225 Prices or quotations of prices; requirements; exception; manipulation of prices prohibited; provision for revocation of contract; refund; disclosure of right to cancel contract and amount of refund; disclosure of commissions; services requiring mortuary science license or funeral establishment license; construction of act; designation of new contract beneficiary; notice; clear indication of nonguaranteed price contract, actual costs, and obligations.


Sec. 15. (1) All prices or quotations of prices contained in a prepaid contract, offer, or solicitation shall be stated in compliance with applicable federal and state laws and regulations. In addition, a person who offers either merchandise or funeral or cemetery services on a preneed or at-need basis shall comply with the price disclosure rules of the federal trade commission, code of federal regulations, 16 C.F.R., part 453, whether or not the rules by their own terms apply to the offering. This subsection does not apply to the sale of any interest covered by the endowment care trust requirements of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. (2) A person who sells or offers to sell both funeral goods or services and nonfuneral goods or services as part of the same transaction or series of transactions shall not manipulate the relative prices of the goods or services so as to allocate a disproportionate share of the total price to nonfuneral property or services. (3) All prepaid contracts shall provide that a contract buyer may revoke the prepaid contract within 10 business days after entering into the prepaid contract and that upon revocation, all funds paid to the contract seller or provider shall be refunded. This provision shall be conspicuously set forth in the prepaid contract at a place immediately before the place where the contract buyer is to sign his or her name. (4) A prepaid contract shall disclose the contract buyer's right to cancel the prepaid contract and the amount of the refund to which the contract buyer or that person's estate is entitled upon cancellation. The disclosure shall be stated substantially as follows: “This contract may be canceled either before death or after death by the buyer or, if the buyer is deceased, by the person or persons legally authorized to make funeral or cemetery arrangements. If the contract is canceled, the buyer or the buyer's estate is entitled to receive a refund of ____% of the contract price and any income as required by law.� In addition, if a commission is charged pursuant to section 12, the amount of the commission and the fact that it is a charge which is in addition to the contract price shall be stated in the prepaid funeral contract. If a printed contract form is used, the disclosures required by this subsection shall be stated in boldfaced type. (5) This act does not authorize a contract seller or provider to perform or offer to perform services for which a mortuary science license or funeral establishment licensed is required by article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, unless that person holds the required license or licenses and does not require a contract seller or a provider to possess this license or any other license to engage in an activity covered under this act for which a license is not required by any other act. (6) A prepaid contract shall provide that the contract buyer may designate a new contract beneficiary any time before the death of the contract beneficiary originally specified in the prepaid contract by providing written notice to the contract seller of a nonguaranteed price contract or the provider designated to furnish merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a guaranteed price contract. Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, a contract buyer may designate the estate of a deceased person as the contract beneficiary, or provide that the contract beneficiary is the first of 2 or more designated persons to die.


(7) A prepaid contract that is a nonguaranteed price contract shall have it indicated clearly on the prepaid contract that it is a nonguaranteed price contract and that the actual costs of the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services delivered at the time of death may be greater or less than the amount of principal and income in the escrow account, and that the buyer, the buyer's estate, or the person or persons legally entitled to make funeral or cemetery arrangements, or both, are not obligated to purchase specific merchandise and services which were selected before the death of the contract beneficiary or to expend a specific amount on merchandise or funeral or cemetery services.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: In the first sentence of subsection (5), the phrase “for which a mortuary science license or funeral establishment licensed” evidently should read “for which a mortuary science license or funeral establishment license.”For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.226 Prepaid funeral contract not in writing as voidable; agreement as to rate of interest; interest added or deducted in advance; computation of interest; financing of contract. Sec. 16. (1) A prepaid contract that is not in writing is voidable by any party to the prepaid contract. (2) A prepaid contract made in violation of this act or with a person who is not registered pursuant to section 6 is voidable by the contract buyer or by a personal representative of the contract beneficiary. (3) The parties to a prepaid contract may agree in writing for the payment of a rate of interest not to exceed 10.5% per annum with the following conditions: (a) A prepaid contract made under this act shall not provide for a rate of interest added or deducted in advance. Interest shall be computed from time to time only on the basis of unpaid balances. (b) A prepaid contract made under this act shall not provide that the rate of interest initially effective may be increased for any reason. (c) A contract seller shall not impose any fees or charges in addition to interest in connection with the financing of a prepaid contract. (4) A contract seller shall not offer financing or offer to obtain financing of a prepaid contract under terms and conditions other than allowed by this section.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.


PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.228 Prohibited conduct; rules; administrative action. Sec. 18. (1) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, a person selling or offering to sell merchandise or funeral or cemetery services, whether a registrant or not, shall not do any of the following: (a) Solicit a specific person for the purpose of providing merchandise or funeral or cemetery services for a prospective contract beneficiary knowing that the death of the prospective contract beneficiary has already occurred or is probably imminent. (b) Make a false or misleading statement, oral or written, regarding the sale of merchandise or funeral or cemetery services pursuant to a prepaid contract or regarding the rights or obligations of any party or prospective party to a prepaid contract for the purpose of inducing a person to purchase the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services or a prepaid contract. (c) Advertise or offer merchandise or funeral or cemetery services for sale before the death of a prospective contract beneficiary in a manner which is false, misleading, deceptive, or unfair. (d) Fail to refund principal or principal and income paid for a prepaid contract in violation of this act. (e) Refuse the use of merchandise bought from another vendor or discriminate by price, burial fee, or otherwise for not purchasing merchandise from or under the direction of the funeral establishment or cemetery. This subdivision does not prohibit a cemetery from adopting and enforcing consistent rules and regulations to be followed by both the cemetery and outside vendors as to the quality, size, shape, type, installation, and maintenance of a grave memorial or a cemetery burial vault or other outside container or urn, except that such regulations may not limit as to supplier or vendor. (f) Require the purchase of a cemetery burial vault or other outside container from a particular person as a condition to burial in a cemetery in this state. However, this subsection does not limit the right of a cemetery to require the use of a cemetery burial vault or other outside container. (g) Violate this act or rules promulgated under this act. (2) A registrant or a person acting on behalf of a registrant, including an agent or employee of a registrant, shall not do any of the following: (a) Practice fraud, or deception in obtaining registration. (b) Refuse to disclose books and records required to be maintained and disclosed under this act. (3) The director of the department may promulgate rules regulating the solicitation of prepaid contracts by registrants to protect against solicitations which are intimidating, vexatious, fraudulent, or misleading or which take unfair advantage of a person's ignorance or emotional vulnerability.


(4) Any administrative action brought under this act shall be in compliance with the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PREPAID FUNERAL AND CEMETERY SALES ACT (EXCERPT) Act 255 of 1986 328.229 Irrevocable prepaid contract approved by family independence agency or department of community health; rules. Sec. 19. (1) A prepaid contract may be made with an applicant for or recipient of assistance under the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400.1 to 400.119b, or a patient or a legal guardian of a patient in a community health care facility under the jurisdiction of the department of community health. If the family independence agency or department of community health determines that the contract is a fully paid guaranteed price contract, and that the proceeds of the contract and the amount of any death benefit from an insurance policy or annuity contract that has been assigned pursuant to section 2080(6) of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.2080, as payment for merchandise or funeral or cemetery services for the contract beneficiary are not more than that amount allowed under section 2080(6)(g) of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.2080, plus $2,000.00, exclusive of income, and that the state will not be liable for the merchandise or funeral or cemetery services, excluding an outside receptacle when required by the chosen cemetery, of the applicant for or recipient of assistance or patient allowable under contracts under this act, the prepaid contract shall be made irrevocable at the request of the applicant for or recipient of assistance, or the patient or a legal guardian of a patient. Nothing in this section shall be construed as increasing the amount of excludable burial assets for family independence agency or medicaid program eligibility above that allowed under existing family independence agency standards, including any increases in those standards. The family independence agency or department of community health shall advise the applicant for or recipient of assistance, or the patient or a legal guardian of a patient that additional merchandise or funeral or cemetery services subject to contract under this act will not be paid by the family independence agency or department of community health but shall not specify or require approval of particular merchandise or funeral or cemetery services selected by the applicant for or recipient of assistance, or patient or a legal guardian of a patient. (2) A prepaid contract approved by the family independence agency or department of community health shall not be revoked or canceled by the contract seller, contract provider, contract buyer, or their successors, or the estate of the contract beneficiary either before or after the death of the contract beneficiary. This subsection does not prevent those legally entitled to make arrangements for a contract beneficiary from reallocating the amount paid under the prepaid contract to different funeral or cemetery services and merchandise. A contract seller or provider shall assign an irrevocable prepaid contract to another provider upon the written request of the contract beneficiary, his or her successor, or those legally entitled to make arrangements for the contract beneficiary so long as the written request is received before a provider's obligations have been performed. An irrevocable contract shall not be considered in determining the eligibility of an applicant or recipient for assistance given under the social


welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400.1 to 400.119b. An irrevocable prepaid contract made under this section is not subject to the cancellation provision of section 13 or to the provisions of section 15(6). (3) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this act, funds paid in connection with an irrevocable prepaid contract may, at the option of the provider, be held and deposited in the manner prescribed for a nonguaranteed price contract. (4) The family independence agency and department of community health may promulgate rules under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to provide for the uniform administration of this section.

History: 1986, Act 255, Eff. July 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 325, Imd. Eff. May 23, 2002 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 21, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2843 Report of death by funeral director; “dead body” defined; personal data; medical certification; neglecting or refusing to sign death certificate as misdemeanor; penalty; filing of death record. Sec. 2843. (1) A funeral director who first assumes custody of a dead body, either personally or through his or her authorized agent, shall report the death. For purposes of this subsection, “dead body” includes, but is not limited to, the body of an infant who survived an attempted abortion as described in the born alive infant protection act and who later died. The funeral director or the authorized agent shall obtain the necessary personal data from the next of kin or the best qualified individual or source available and shall obtain medical certification as follows: (a) If the death occurred outside an institution, the medical certification portion of the death record shall be completed and certified not later than 48 hours after death by the attending physician; or in the absence of the attending physician, by a physician acting as the attending physician's authorized representative; or in the absence of an authorized representative, by the county medical examiner; or in the absence of the county medical examiner, by the county health officer or the deputy county medical examiner. If the death occurred in an institution, the medical certification shall be completed and signed not later than 48 hours after death by the attending physician; or in the absence of the attending physician, by a physician acting as the attending physician's authorized representative; or in the absence of an authorized representative, by the chief medical officer of the institution in which death occurred, after reviewing pertinent records and making other investigation as considered necessary, or by a pathologist. (b) A physician, as described in subdivision (a), who for himself or herself or as an agent or employee of another individual neglects or refuses to certify a death record properly presented to him or her for certification by a funeral director or who refuses or neglects to furnish information in his or her


possession, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 60 days, or a fine of not less than $25.00 nor more than $100.00, or both. (2) The medical certification shall be provided not later than 48 hours after the death by the physician, as described in subsection (1)(a). (3) A death record shall be certified by a funeral director licensed under article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, and shall be filed with the local registrar of the district where the death occurred not later than 72 hours after the death. (4) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the death of an infant who was born alive following an attempted abortion and was surrendered to an emergency service provider under the safe delivery of newborns law, sections 1 to 20 of chapter XII of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712.1 to 712.20, and then died shall be reported in the same manner as for any death. However, the deceased infant shall be listed as “Baby Doe� and no information that would directly identify the deceased infant or the deceased infant's parents shall be reported, including, but not limited to, the following information: (a) The name of the mother or father. (b) The address of the mother or father. (c) The name of the informant. (d) The address of the informant.

History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 691, Eff. Mar. 31, 2003 Popular Name: Act 368

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2843a Ascertaining if deceased person veteran; releasing information for graves registration list of all burials of veterans. Sec. 2843a. A funeral director or his or her agent shall ascertain if the deceased person was a veteran of the armed forces of the United States. If the deceased person was a veteran of the armed forces of the United States, the funeral director or his or her agent shall release to the Michigan veterans' trust fund board of trustees and to the department of management and budget all information required for the compilation and maintenance of a graves registration list of all burials of veterans in this state, pursuant to Act No. 9 of the Public Acts of the First Extra Session of 1946, as amended, being sections 35.601 to 35.610 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

History: Add. 1980, Act 479, Imd. Eff. Jan. 20, 1981 Popular Name: Act 368


PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2843b Physician having actual knowledge of presence in deceased individual of infectious agent; notification of funeral director or authorized agent; refusal to render services prohibited; effective date of subsection (1); confidentiality; rules; violation as misdemeanor. Sec. 2843b. (1) If, at the time of death, a physician who is required to complete the medical certification under section 2843(1)(a) has actual knowledge of the presence in the deceased individual of an infectious agent, including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related virus, the physician shall notify the funeral director or the funeral director's authorized agent of the appropriate infection control precautions to be taken. The notification required by this subsection shall occur before the body is released to the funeral director or the funeral director's authorized agent. A funeral director or funeral director's authorized agent who receives notification under this subsection shall not refuse to render services as a result of having received the notification. This subsection shall take effect on the effective date of the rules required by subsection (3). (2) The information contained in the notification required by subsection (1) shall be confidential. A person who receives confidential information under this section shall disclose the information to others only to the extent consistent with the authorized purpose for which the information was obtained. (3) Within 30 days after the effective date of this subsection, the department shall submit for promulgation under section 48 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, Act No. 306 of the Public Acts of 1969, being section 24.248 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, rules which define the term “infectious agent� for purposes of this section. (4) The department may promulgate rules to administer this section. (5) A person who violates subsection (2) is guilty of a misdemeanor.

History: Add. 1986, Act 185, Imd. Eff. July 8, 1986 Compiler's Notes: Subsection (1) of this section took effect September 2, 1986, the date emergency rules required by subsection (3) were promulgated by the Department of Public Health. Popular Name: Act 368

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2844 Referral of case to county medical examiner; determining and certifying cause of death; investigation; completing and signing medical certification; notice to funeral director; final disposition. Sec. 2844.


(1) When death occurs more than 10 days after the deceased was last seen by a physician, if the cause of death appears to be other than the illness or condition for which the deceased was being treated, or if the attending physician cannot accurately determine the cause of death, the case shall be referred to the county medical examiner for investigation to determine and certify the cause of death. If the county medical examiner determines that the case does not fall within his or her jurisdiction, the county medical examiner shall refer the case back to the deceased's physician within 24 hours for completion of the medical certification. (2) When an investigation is required under Act No. 181 of the Public Acts of 1953, as amended, being sections 52.201 to 52.216 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, the county medical examiner shall determine the cause of death and shall complete and sign the medical certification within 48 hours after taking charge of the case. (3) If the cause of death cannot be determined within 48 hours after death, the medical certification may be completed as provided by the department. The attending physician or county medical examiner shall give the funeral director in custody of the body notice of the reason for the delay, and final disposition shall not be made until authorized by the attending physician or medical examiner.

History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 Popular Name: Act 368 PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2848 Authorization for final disposition of dead body or fetus; time; form; retention of permit; cremation; moving body; permit issued by other state. Sec. 2848. (1) Except as provided in sections 2844 and 2845, a funeral director or person acting as a funeral director, who first assumes custody of a dead body, not later than 72 hours after death or the finding of a dead body and before final disposition of the body, shall obtain authorization for the final disposition. The authorization for final disposition of a dead body shall be issued on a form prescribed by the state registrar and signed by the local registrar or the state registrar. (2) Before final disposition of a dead fetus, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, the funeral director or person assuming responsibility for the final disposition of the fetus shall obtain from the parents, or parent in case of an unmarried mother, an authorization for final disposition on a form prescribed and furnished or approved by the state registrar. The authorization may allow final disposition to be by a funeral director, the individual in charge of the institution where the fetus was delivered, or an institution or agency authorized to accept donated bodies or fetuses under this code. After final disposition, the funeral director, the individual in charge of the institution, or other person making the final disposition shall retain the permit for not less than 7 years. (3) If final disposition is by cremation, the medical examiner of the county in which death occurred shall sign the authorization for final disposition. (4) A body may be moved from the place of death to be prepared for final disposition with the consent of the physician or county medical examiner who certifies the cause of death.


(5) A permit for disposition issued under the law of another state that accompanies a dead body or dead fetus brought into this state is authorization for final disposition of the dead body or dead fetus in this state.

History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 562, Imd. Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 Popular Name: Act 368

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2850 Interment or other disposition of dead body or fetus; duty of individual in charge of premises; record of final disposition. Sec. 2850. An individual in charge of premises in which interments or other disposition of dead bodies is made shall not inter or allow interment or other disposition of a dead body or fetus unless it is accompanied by an authorization for final disposition. An individual in charge of a place for final disposition shall keep a record of a final disposition made in the premises under his or her charge. The record shall state the name of the deceased, date and place of death, date of final disposition, and the name and address of the funeral director or person acting as a funeral director.

History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 Popular Name: Act 368

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.2853 Permit for disinterment and reinterment required; issuance; forms for permits and applications; retention of application; copy of permit as permanent record; petition for disinterment order. Sec. 2853. (1) A permit for disinterment and reinterment is required before disinterment of a dead body. The local health department in whose jurisdiction the body is interred shall issue the permit upon proper application by a licensed funeral director or person acting as a funeral director in accordance with rules promulgated by the department. (2) A person shall not disinter or permit the disinterment of a dead body in a cemetery and the body's reinterment in a cemetery or removal from the cemetery unless a disinterment and reinterment permit is issued by the local health department in the jurisdiction in which the cemetery is located. (3) The department shall prepare and furnish to local health departments the forms for permits and applications therefor, which shall be used in the procedures prescribed by this section and section 2852.


(4) The local health department shall retain an application for a disinterment and reinterment permit for not less than 5 years. A duplicate copy of the permit shall be maintained in permanent records of the cemetery from which the body was disinterred. (5) If a required consent cannot be obtained, a person may petition the circuit court of the county in which the cemetery is located for a disinterment order.

History: 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978 Popular Name: Act 368 Admin Rule: R 325.8051 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.5537 Information on critical role of autopsies. Sec. 5537. The department shall provide to physicians, hospitals, nursing homes, medical examiners, funeral directors, affected individuals and their family members, and other appropriate persons written information describing the critical role that autopsies play in the diagnosis of, and in the conduct of research into the causes, treatment, and cure of, Alzheimer's disease and related disorders.

History: Add. 1988, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988 Popular Name: Act 368

PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.10114 Referral of individual to procurement organization; search of records of secretary of state and donor registry; access to records; examination to ensure medical suitability; search for parents of minor donor; rights of person to which body part passes; participation of physician. Sec. 10114. (1) When a hospital refers an individual at or near death to a procurement organization, the procurement organization shall make a reasonable search of the records of the secretary of state and any donor registry that it knows exists for the geographical area in which the individual resides to ascertain whether the individual has made an anatomical gift. (2) A procurement organization shall be allowed reasonable access to information in the records of the secretary of state to ascertain whether an individual at or near death is a donor.


(3) When a hospital refers an individual at or near death to a procurement organization, the organization may conduct any reasonable examination necessary to ensure the medical suitability of a body part that is or could be the subject of an anatomical gift for transplantation, therapy, research, or education from a donor or a prospective donor, regardless of a prior decision to withhold or withdraw care as described in section 10121. During the examination period, measures necessary to ensure the medical suitability of the body part shall not be withdrawn unless the hospital or procurement organization knows that the individual expressed a contrary intent. (4) Unless prohibited by law other than this part, at any time after a donor's death, the person to which a body part passes under section 10111 may conduct any reasonable examination necessary to ensure the medical suitability of the body or body part for its intended purpose. (5) Unless prohibited by law other than this part, an examination under subsection (3) or (4) may include an examination of all medical and dental records or other sources of medical information pertaining to the donor or prospective donor, including those held by a medical examiner's office, correctional facility, physician's office, or other medical entity. (6) Upon the death of a minor who was a donor or had signed a refusal, unless a procurement organization knows that the minor is emancipated, the procurement organization shall conduct a reasonable search for the parents of the minor and provide the parents with an opportunity to revoke or amend the anatomical gift or revoke the refusal. (7) Upon referral by a hospital under subsection (1), a procurement organization shall make a reasonable search for any person listed in section 10109 that has priority to make an anatomical gift on behalf of a prospective donor. If a procurement organization receives information that an anatomical gift to any other person was made, amended, or revoked, it shall promptly advise the other person of all relevant information. (8) Subject to section 10111(9), the rights of the person to which a body part passes under section 10111 are superior to the rights of all others with respect to the body part. The person may accept or reject an anatomical gift in whole or in part. Subject to the terms of the document of gift and this part, a person that accepts an anatomical gift of an entire body may allow embalming, burial, or cremation, and use of remains in a funeral service. If the gift is of a body part, the person to which the body part passes under section 10111, upon the death of the donor and before embalming, burial, or cremation, shall cause the body part to be removed without unnecessary mutilation. (9) Neither the physician who attends the decedent at death nor the physician who determines the time of the decedent's death may participate in the procedures for removing or transplanting a body part from the decedent. (10) A physician or technician may remove a donated part from the body of a donor that the physician or technician is qualified to remove.

History: Add. 2008, Act 39, Eff. May 1, 2008 Popular Name: Act 368 Popular Name: Uniform Anatomical Gift Act


PUBLIC HEALTH CODE (EXCERPT) Act 368 of 1978 333.10205 Surgical removal of human organ for transplant, implant, infusion, injection or other purpose. Sec. 10205. (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (2) and (3), an individual who surgically removes a human organ for transplantation, implantation, infusion, injection, or any other medical or scientific purpose shall perform the surgery only in 1 of the following facilities: (a) A hospital licensed under article 17. (b) A facility approved by the director of the department of consumer and industry services under subsection (4). (2) An individual who surgically removes a human organ consisting of tissue, a cornea, or a whole eye for transplantation, implantation, infusion, injection, or any other medical or scientific purpose shall perform the removal surgery only in 1 of the following facilities or in a hospital or other facility described in subsection (1)(a) or (b): (a) A mortuary that is part of a funeral establishment owned or operated by the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science issued under article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812. (b) A morgue or a facility operated by a county medical examiner appointed under 1953 PA 181, MCL 52.201 to 52.216. (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a licensed allopathic physician or osteopathic physician who performs a biopsy or the routine removal of human tissue from a patient in the physician's private practice office or other health facility licensed under article 17 for the diagnosis or treatment of that patient and not for purposes of transplantation, implantation, infusion, or injection. (4) The director of the department of consumer and industry services may promulgate rules to designate 1 or more approved facilities for purposes of subsection (1)(b). (5) An individual who violates subsection (1) or (2) is guilty of a felony.

History: Add. 1999, Act 62, Eff. Sept. 1, 1999 Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 333.10205, which pertained to expiration of part, was repealed by Act 158 of 1982, Imd. Eff. May 20, 1982. Popular Name: Act 368

PROFESSIONAL INVESTIGATOR LICENSURE ACT (EXCERPT) Act 285 of 1965


338.851 Violation; penalty. Sec. 31. A licensee, manager, or employee of a licensee who violates this act or a rule promulgated under this act is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or by a fine of not more than $500.00, or both.

History: Add. 1974, Act 114, Eff. July 1, 1974 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 474, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 Compiler's Notes: Former MCL 338.851, deriving from Act 229 of 1939 and pertaining to a state board of embalmers and funeral directors, was repealed by Act 268 of 1949.

STATE LICENSE FEE ACT (EXCERPT) Act 152 of 1979 338.2243 Practice of mortuary science, operator of funeral establishment, resident trainer, embalmer, or funeral director; fees. Sec. 43. (1) Fees for a person licensed or seeking licensure to engage in the practice of mortuary science or to operate a funeral establishment or for a person licensed or seeking licensure as a resident trainee or licensed as an embalmer or funeral director under article 18 of the occupational code, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812, are as follows: (a) Application processing fees: (i) Mortuary science license................... $ 20.00 (ii) Funeral establishment license.............. 115.00 (iii) Resident trainee........................... 15.00 (b) Examination fees: (i) Complete examination....................... 200.00 (ii) National examination only.................. 150.00 (iii) State examination only..................... 50.00 (c) Examination review......................... 25.00 (d) License fees, per year: (i) Mortuary science as follows: (A) If paid after September 30, 2012......................... 30.00 (B) Beginning October 1, 2003 through September 30, 2012......................... 40.00 (ii) Funeral establishment...................... 55.00 (iii) Embalmer................................... 30.00


(iv) Funeral director as follows: (A) If paid after September 30, 2012......................... 30.00 (B) Beginning October 1, 2003 through September 30, 2012......................... 40.00 (v) Resident trainee as follows: (A) If paid after September 30, 2012......................... 15.00 (B) Beginning October 1, 2003 through September 30, 2012......................... 30.00

History: 1979, Act 152, Eff. Jan. 1, 1980 ;-- Am. 1980, Act 295, Eff. Jan. 1, 1981 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 461, Eff. Sept. 1, 1989 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 87, Imd. Eff. July 23, 2003 ;-- Am. 2007, Act 77, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 2007 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1801 Definitions. Sec. 1801. As used in this article: (a) "Funeral establishment" means a place of business used in the care and preparation for burial or transportation of a dead human body or a place where a person represents that the person is engaged in the profession of undertaking or the practice of mortuary science. (b) "Holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science" means a person who satisfactorily completes a course in mortuary science, who passes an examination prescribed in this article, serves the required resident training, and is issued a license for the practice of mortuary science. (c) "Practice of embalming" means the disinfecting or preserving of a dead human body, entirely or in part, by the use of a chemical substance, fluid, or gas in the body or by the introduction of the chemical substance, fluid, or gas into the body by a vascular or hypodermic injection, or by direct application into an organ or cavity. (d) "Practice of funeral directing" means engaging in or representing oneself as engaging in the supervising of the burial and disposal of a dead human body; maintaining a funeral establishment for the preparation, disposition, and care of a dead human body; or using, in connection with the user's name or funeral establishment, the word "funeral director", "funeral service professional", "undertaker", or "mortician", or any other title embodying the words "mortuary science" or otherwise implying that one is engaged as a funeral director.


(e) "Practice of mortuary science" means the practice of embalming or the practice of funeral directing, or both. (f) "Resident trainee" means a person who is engaged in learning the practice of embalming or funeral directing or the practice of mortuary science under the instruction and personal supervision of a holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science in this state.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 300, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1804 Funeral establishment; individuals required to be license holder for practice of mortuary science; use of name after death or retirement of member. Sec. 1804. (1) An individual whose name appears in connection with that of a funeral establishment shall be considered as actively engaged in the practice of funeral directing or the practice of mortuary science and shall be the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science. If a funeral establishment is a corporation or partnership, each active member of the corporation or partnership, together with each individual whose name appears or is used in connection with the name of the corporation or partnership, shall be the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science. (2) This article shall not prevent a funeral establishment from using or continuing to use an otherwise lawful corporate or partnership name after the death or retirement of a member if each active member or employee is properly licensed under this article.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1805 Authorized activities of licensee. Sec. 1805. A person licensed under this article may disinfect or preserve a dead human body, entirely or in part, by the use of a chemical substance, fluid, or gas in the body of by the introduction of a chemical, substance, fluid, or gas into the body by a vascular or hypodermic injection, or by direct application into an organ or cavity in preparation for burial or disposal. The person may direct the burial or disposal of a dead human body and may maintain a funeral establishment for the preparation and disposition, or for


the care of a dead human body and may, in connection with the person's name or the name of the funeral establishment use the words “funeral director”, “undertaker”, “mortician”, “mortuary science”, or a word of similar meaning as approved by the department.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1806 Practice of mortuary science; license; requirements; inspection; revocation or cancellation of license; reporting change in ownership or location; reciprocity. Sec. 1806. (1) The department shall issue a license to engage in the practice of mortuary science to an individual who has served as a resident trainee for 1 year under the personal supervision and instruction of the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science, has graduated from a 3-year course in mortuary science in an accredited school, college, or university, has satisfactorily passed the examination approved by the department and the board, and is of good moral character. The applicant may take the examination in 2 parts, 1 part after the completion of the prescribed education and 1 part after the completion of the prescribed education and the service of resident training. The department may waive a portion of the requirement of 1 year of resident training if the applicant has a baccalaureate degree from an accredited school, college, or university, which the department finds to be a satisfactory substitute for the resident training. (2) The practice of mortuary science shall be practiced at a fixed place. A person shall not open or maintain a place for practice, or hold itself out as engaging in the practice of mortuary science unless an establishment license is granted by the department. The license is issued for a specific location only. The holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science may conduct a funeral in another licensed funeral establishment, or at a church, home, public hall, lodge room, or other fixed place or establishment owned by the person conforming to section 1809. (3) A funeral establishment or a branch of a funeral establishment may be inspected by the department and shall meet and conform to section 1809 and to other lawful standards and requirements established by rule of the department in furtherance of this act. The department may revoke a license for failure to meet those requirements pursuant to the procedure set forth in this article. A change in the ownership or location of the funeral establishment automatically cancels its license. A change in ownership or location shall be immediately reported to the department. (4) The department shall issue a mortuary science license to an individual holding a valid license in another state having substantially equal requirements to those existing in this state who has fulfilled all of the following: (a) Applied for a license to practice in this state. (b) Filed with the department a certified statement from the examining board of the state in which the applicant holds a license, showing the basis upon which the license was granted, and whether the license has been suspended, revoked, or limited by a state board.


(c) Passed an examination approved by the department and the board which tests the individual's knowledge of law relating to the practice of mortuary science in Michigan.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 83, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1981 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 463, Eff. Sept. 1, 1989 Popular Name: Act 299 Admin Rule: R 339.18901 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code. OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1808 Resident trainee; license; qualifications; service; notice; reports; statement; supervision. Sec. 1808. (1) The department shall issue a license as a resident trainee to an individual who is of good moral character and possesses a high school diploma or its equivalent. Resident training shall be served only under the sponsorship and in the licensed funeral establishment of the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science. When a resident trainee enters the employ of a person licensed under this article, the trainee immediately shall notify the department of the name and place of business of the person whose service the trainee has entered. If a resident trainee leaves the employ of the person whose service the trainee has entered, the person shall file with the department a notice showing the length of time the trainee has served as a resident trainee. If the resident trainee enters the employ of another person licensed under this article, the trainee immediately shall report the employment to the department. Resident training may be served after satisfactory completion of an accredited school or college, or professional instruction prescribed by the department and the board. (2) A resident trainee licensed as provided in this section shall be required to report to the department semiannually on January 15 and July 15 upon a form provided by the department, showing the work which the trainee completed during the 6 months preceding the first of the month in which the report is made. The data contained in the report shall be certified to as its correctness by the licensee under whom the trainee has served during that period. (3) Before a resident trainee shall be eligible to engage in the practice of mortuary science, the trainee shall present, in connection with the other evidence required by this article, a statement from each holder of a license to practice mortuary science under whom the trainee has trained, showing that the trainee has embalmed for burial or shipment at least 25 dead human bodies, or has assisted the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science in supervising the preparation of 25 dead human bodies for burial or transportation during the period of resident training. A resident trainee shall meet other training or requirements as may be required by rules of the department and the board. (4) Not more than 1 resident trainee shall be supervised by a licensee. The supervisor for a trainee shall be actively connected with a funeral establishment.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 ;-- Am. 1981, Act 83, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1981 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 463, Eff. Sept. 1, 1989 Popular Name: Act 299


OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1809 Funeral establishment; operation by license holder; displaying name of licensee; registration of owner's name; revocation of license; operation of branch establishment; inspection of premises; preparation room and equipment; compliance. Sec. 1809. (1) A funeral establishment shall be operated by a person who is the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science. The establishment shall have conspicuously displayed at its entrance the name of the person licensed to conduct the establishment. The name of the person owning the funeral establishment shall be registered with the department. Failure to make full and complete disclosure of the owners shall be grounds for the revocation of the establishment license. (2) A person whose license has been revoked under this article shall not operate either directly or indirectly or hold an interest in a funeral establishment. This subsection shall not prohibit a person whose license has been revoked from leasing property owned by the person for use as a funeral establishment if the person does not participate in the control or profit of the funeral establishment otherwise than as a lessor of the premises for a fixed rental not dependent upon earnings. (3) A branch establishment shall be operated by a person who is the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science. (4) The department and the board may inspect the premises in which funeral directing is conducted or where embalming is practiced or where an applicant proposes to practice. (5) A funeral establishment shall contain a preparation room equipped with tile, cement, or composition floor and necessary drainage and ventilation, and contain each necessary instrument or supply for the preparation and embalming of a dead human body for burial, transportation, or other disposition. (6) A branch establishment shall comply with each requirement or rule relating to a funeral establishment.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1809a Disposition of unclaimed cremated remains; immunity from liability; definitions. Sec. 1809a. (1) A person licensed in the practice of mortuary science is immune from civil liability for the proper disposition of unclaimed cremated remains if the proper disposition was made 6 months or longer after the date of cremation and at least 30 days after the date the notice required under this subsection is sent. A funeral director claiming immunity under this section shall make reasonable efforts to provide


written notice of intent to make proper disposition of the unclaimed cremated remains to the persons having the right to make decisions relating to the disposition of a decedent's body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206. Reasonable efforts include, but are not limited to, mailing the notice to the last known address of that person. If unclaimed cremated remains are removed from or transferred to a cemetery, the mortuary science licensee shall present a written statement to the cemetery certifying compliance with the requirements imposed in this subsection at the time the unclaimed cremated remains are removed or presented for proper disposition. (2) In the case of unclaimed cremated remains determined to belong to a veteran, a cemetery relying upon a written statement presented by a person licensed in the practice of mortuary science under subsection (1) is immune from civil liability against a claim for damages by the persons having the right to make decisions related to the disposition of a decedent's body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, for having interred, entombed, or inurned cremated remains without their authorization. (3) This section does not supersede the provisions of section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, involving the priority of persons having the right to make decisions relating to the disposition of a decedent's body under that section except that if those persons having the right to make decisions related to the disposition of a decedent's body claim the cremated remains after proper disposition under subsection (1), then any costs associated with disinterring or removing the cremated remains from the place of interment, entombment, or inurnment, and other costs associated with their further placement shall be borne by those persons, unless otherwise agreed. (4) As used in this section: (a) "Proper disposition" means interment, entombment, or inurnment of unclaimed cremated remains in a cemetery in this state. In the case of the unclaimed cremated remains of a veteran of the United States armed forces, proper disposition includes the interment, entombment, or inurnment in a cemetery designated solely for veterans by the United States department of veterans affairs or by the Michigan department of veterans affairs. (b) "Unclaimed cremated remains" means the cremated remains of a dead human body that has not been picked up or delivered to a person having the right to make decisions relating to the disposition of a decedent's body under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206.

History: Add. 2009, Act 149, Eff. July 1, 2010 Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1809b Determination of unclaimed cremated remains as veteran; disposition; immunity from liability. Sec. 1809b.


(1) A person licensed in the practice of mortuary science may compile a list of names of the unclaimed cremated remains held in his or her possession for 6 months or more for the purposes of determining whether 1 or more of the deceased is a veteran of the United States armed services. (2) The funeral director may release the list of names to any federally chartered veterans service organization to confirm with the national cemetery administration's central scheduling office in St. Louis, Missouri, whether the deceased is eligible for proper disposition at a veterans cemetery. The veterans service organization shall report to the funeral director regarding the names of the confirmed veterans or spouses of veterans. (3) If the unclaimed cremated remains are determined to be eligible for proper disposition at a veterans cemetery, the funeral director shall send written notice of intent to make a proper disposition of the unclaimed remains as described under section 1809a(1). If the unclaimed cremated remains of a confirmed veteran are not claimed by the persons to whom the notice was sent, the funeral director may arrange for the proper disposition of the remains with a state or national veterans cemetery. (4) A funeral director complying with this section is immune from criminal or civil liability arising from compliance with this section.

History: Add. 2009, Act 148, Eff. May 20, 2010 Compiler's Notes: This section, as added by Act 148 of 2009, was effective July 1, 2010. Acts 76 and 78 of 2010 amended Act 148 of 2009 by revising the effective date. This section then became effective May 20, 2010. Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1810 Prohibited conduct; penalties; rules; training employees. Sec. 1810. (1) A person shall be subject to the penalties of article 6 if the person commits 1 of the following: (a) Solicitation of a dead human body by a licensed person or an agent, assistant, representative, employee, or person acting on behalf and with the knowledge and consent, express or implied, of the licensed person, whether the solicitation occurs after death or while death is impending; or the procuring or allowing directly or indirectly of a person to call upon an institution or individual by whose influence a dead human body may be turned over to the licensed person or funeral establishment. (b) Procuring a person known as capper, steerer, or solicitor to obtain funeral directing or embalming; or allowing or permitting a capper, steerer, or solicitor to obtain funeral directing or embalming for a licensed person or funeral establishment. (c) The direct or indirect payment or offer of payment of a commission by a licensed person or an agent, representative, assistant, or employee of the licensed person for the purpose of securing business. (d) Aiding or abetting an unlicensed person to engage in the practice of funeral directing or embalming.


(e) Using profane, indecent, or obscene language in the presence of a dead human body, or within the immediate hearing of the family or relatives of a deceased, whose body has not yet been interred or otherwise disposed of. (f) Solicitation or acceptance by a licensed person of a commission or bonus or rebate in consideration of recommending or causing a dead human body to be disposed of in a crematory, mausoleum, or cemetery. (g) Using a casket or part of a casket which has been previously used as a receptacle for, or in connection with, the burial or other disposition of a dead human body. (h) A violation of a state law or municipal or county ordinance or regulation affecting the handling, custody, care or transportation of a dead human body. (i) Refusing to promptly surrender the custody of a dead human body, upon the express order of the person lawfully entitled to the custody. (j) Failure to secure a permit for removal or burial of a dead human body before interment or disposal. (k) Obtaining possession or embalming a dead human body without first being expressly directed or authorized to do so by a relative of the deceased person or a person entitled to custody. (l) Knowingly making a false statement on a certificate of death. (m) Removing or embalming a dead human body if there is information indicating crime or violence in connection with the cause of death, unless permission of the county medical examiner has first been obtained. (n) If a public officer or employee, an official of a public institution, convalescent home, private nursing home, maternity home, public or private hospital, physician or surgeon, or any other person having a professional relationship with a decedent or county medical examiner or other public official having temporary custody of the decedent, sending or causing to be sent to a person or establishment licensed under this article the remains of a deceased person without having first made inquiry as to the desires of the person with authority over the disposal of the remains of the decedent under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, and of the person who may be chargeable with the funeral expenses of the decedent. If a person with authority over the disposal of the remains of the decedent under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, is found, the person's authority and directions shall govern the disposal of the remains of the decedent. (o) If a licensee, receiving remains in violation of the requirements of subdivision (n) and making a charge for a service in connection with the remains before the delivery of the remains as stipulated by the person with authority over the disposal of the remains of the decedent under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206. This subdivision shall not prevent a person or establishment licensed under this article from charging and being reimbursed for services rendered in connection with the removal of the remains of a deceased person in case of accidental or violent death, and rendering necessary services required until the person with authority over the disposal of the remains of the decedent under section 3206 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3206, or the person who is chargeable with the funeral expenses is notified.


(p) If a funeral establishment or a licensee, entering upon an agreement, directly or indirectly, in which the practice of embalming or funeral directing is to be rendered in consideration for the funeral establishment, licensed person or an agent, assistant, or representative of the establishment or licensed person, being designated as beneficiary in an insurance policy or certificate. This subdivision does not govern or limit the authority of a personal representative, trustee, or other person who has a fiduciary relationship with the deceased. (q) Failure to comply with part 138 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.13801 to 333.13831. (2) The department, in consultation with the director of public health, shall promulgate rules to prescribe training standards for licensees and nonlicensees who handle medical waste in a funeral establishment. (3) A licensee who owns or operates a funeral establishment shall train his or her employees pursuant to the rules promulgated under subsection (2).

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 ;-- Am. 1990, Act 15, Eff. May 28, 1990 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 300, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 Popular Name: Act 299 OCCUPATIONAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 299 of 1980 339.1812 Owning or conducting cemetery or burial ground and owning or maintaining funeral establishment prohibited; exception; owning or conducting funeral establishment on property owned or leased by cemetery prohibited; owner of private burial ground owning or maintaining funeral establishment. Sec. 1812. (1) An individual, partnership, association, municipal corporation, body politic, or corporation which owns or conducts, either directly or indirectly, a cemetery or burial ground in this state shall not own, manage, supervise, operate, or maintain, either directly or indirectly, a funeral establishment, or permit an officer, agent, or employee to own or maintain a funeral establishment. This subsection shall not apply to an elected official of a city, village, township, or county who serves as an ex officio member of a local cemetery board as a result of holding that office. (2) An individual, partnership, association, municipal corporation, body politic, or corporation which owns or conducts a cemetery in this state shall not allow a funeral establishment to be owned or conducted on property owned or leased by the cemetery and used for cemetery purposes or designated as a cemetery. (3) This section shall not prohibit the owner of a private burial ground used for the interment of the owner's family or the owner's descendents to own or maintain a funeral establishment under this article.

History: 1980, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Oct. 21, 1980 Popular Name: Act 299


THE SOCIAL WELFARE ACT (EXCERPT) Act 280 of 1939 400.33 Repealed. 1968, Act 268, Eff. Nov. 15, 1968.

Compiler's Notes: The repealed section pertained to funeral expenses of social welfare recipient; recovery; recovery from estate of deceased or surviving spouse. Popular Name: Act 280 THE SOCIAL WELFARE ACT (EXCERPT) Act 280 of 1939 400.34, 400.34a Repealed. 1965, Act 305, Imd. Eff. July 22, 1965.

Compiler's Notes: The repealed sections gave state preferred claim against deceased's estate for funeral expenses paid by state. Popular Name: Act 280 RELIEF AND SUPPORT OF POOR PERSONS (EXCERPT) Act 146 of 1925 402.41 Reports of local poor officer; contents, form; failure to make, penalty. Sec. 41. It shall be the duty of any director or overseer of the poor authorized by law to furnish relief to poor persons and of the supervisor of each township, district, or ward in this state on the last day of September and on the last day before his term of office shall expire, to make and transmit to the county superintendents of the poor of the county in which such township, district, or ward is situated, a full statement or report of the number of poor persons relieved or maintained by him since the date of his last report, with the names of the heads of families and the number of persons in each family, also the names of persons not members of any family who have received assistance and the causes of their indigence, if he can ascertain the same, the amount paid for transportation, for medical attendance and for funeral expenses, also his charges for services, and any and all other facts and expenditures necessary to a complete showing of his transactions and of the condition of such persons. Said report shall be made in such form as the secretary of state shall prescribe, and the secretary of state shall prepare and annually transmit blanks for that purpose to the county superintendents of the poor, who shall distribute them to the several directors and overseers of the poor and supervisors in their respective counties; and such reports shall be made by the directors, overseers, and supervisors in the counties where the poor are made a township or city charge, as well as in counties where they are all made a county charge, and any supervisor, director, or overseer who shall neglect or refuse to make such report shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof may be punished as prescribed by law for the commission of such offenses.

History: 1925, Act 146, Eff. Aug. 27, 1925 ;-- CL 1929, 8269 ;-- CL 1948, 402.41 Former Law: See section 1 of Act 107 of 1875; Act 229 of 1879, being How., ยง 1810; Act 76 of 1885;


CL 1897, § 4573; CL 1915, § 5298; sections 1 and 2 of Act 121 of 1885, being How., §§ 1809a and 1809b; CL 1897, §§ 4576 and 4577; and CL 1915, §§ 5301 and 5302. RELIEF AND SUPPORT OF POOR PERSONS (EXCERPT) Act 146 of 1925 402.43 Annual report of county superintendent of poor; contents. Sec. 43. That it shall be the duty of the county superintendents of the poor, annually, between the first and tenth days of November, to consolidate on blanks to be furnished by the secretary of state for that purpose, all said reports received by them during the year ending the thirtieth day of September next preceding, and the said superintendents shall incorporate into their annual reports to the secretary of state, the several facts, statements, and expenditures reported to them by the supervisors, directors, and overseers, so that their reports shall make a complete showing of the number of poor persons who have been relieved and maintained in the county during the year, with the names of heads of families, and the causes of their indigency; the amount paid for transportation; for medical attendance; and for funeral expenses; the charges and fees of the several officers authorized by law to furnish relief to poor persons, and all other expenditures incurred in the relief and maintenance of such indigent persons.

History: 1925, Act 146, Eff. Aug. 27, 1925 ;-- CL 1929, 8271 ;-- CL 1948, 402.43 Former Law: See section 3 of Act 107 of 1875; Act 229 of 1879, being How., § 1812; CL 1897, § 4575; and CL 1915, § 5300. WORKER'S DISABILITY COMPENSATION ACT OF 1969 (EXCERPT) Act 317 of 1969 418.345 Death resulting from injury; expense of last sickness, funeral, and burial; payment by employer; limitation; application; order. Sec. 345. If death results from the injury, the employer shall pay, or cause to be paid, the reasonable expense of the employee's last sickness, funeral, and burial. The cost of the funeral and burial shall not exceed $6,000.00 or the actual cost, whichever is less. Any person who performed such service or incurred such liability may file an application with the bureau. A worker's compensation magistrate may order the employer to pay such sums.

History: 1969, Act 317, Eff. Dec. 31, 1969 ;-- Am. 1971, Act 187, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 1971 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 103, Imd. Eff. July 30, 1985 ;-- Am. 1994, Act 271, Imd. Eff. July 11, 1994 ;-- Am. 1996, Act 107, Imd. Eff. Mar. 5, 1996 Compiler's Notes: For legislative intent as to severability, see Compiler's note to MCL 418.213. Popular Name: Act 317 Popular Name: Heart and Lung Act


CEMETERY REGULATION ACT (EXCERPT) Act 251 of 1968 456.522a Commissioner, spouse, or child; financial interest in cemetery, cemetery operations, supplier, or funeral establishment prohibited. Sec. 2a. The cemetery commissioner, or the commissioner's spouse or child, shall not have a direct or indirect financial interest in a cemetery, cemetery operations, a supplier of cemetery services or cemetery memorials, or a funeral establishment as defined in section 1801 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801.

History: Add. 1982, Act 132, Imd. Eff. Apr. 20, 1982 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 478, Imd. Eff. Jan. 12, 2009 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

CEMETERY REGULATION ACT (EXCERPT) Act 251 of 1968 456.529 Commissioner; hearings; investigations; oaths; testimony; witnesses; production of books and records; subpoena; abandoned cemeteries; failure to obey subpoena; perjury; violation of act, rule, or order; powers of commissioner; injunction or restraining order; appointment of receiver or conservator; powers; sale of cemetery; notice to creditors and filing of claims; denial of application; suspension or revocation of permit or registration. Sec. 9. (1) The commissioner may hold hearings, conduct investigations, administer oaths, take testimony under oath, and request in writing the appearance and testimony of witnesses, including the production of books and records. The commissioner may petition the circuit court for Ingham county for an order to issue, as part of the commissioner's general investigative and enforcement authority, a subpoena or a subpoena duces tecum relating to any person's appearance and testimony and for the production, examination, or copying of books, papers, or other documents pertaining to an investigation or hearing that is within the scope of the commissioner's authority under this act. The court shall issue an order for the issuance of subpoenas when reasonable grounds are shown. (2) The commissioner has the authority to control, manage, and dispose of or transfer abandoned cemeteries or to require acceptance of responsibility for an abandoned cemetery according to law. The commissioner may promulgate rules that are necessary for the department to carry out its powers and duties under this subsection. (3) Failure to obey a subpoena issued to any person by the commissioner through an order of the circuit court may subject the person to punishment by the circuit court as a contempt of court.


(4) Any person required by this act to take any oath or affirmation and who knowingly makes any false oath or affirmation is considered to have committed the crime of perjury. (5) When it appears to the commissioner that a person or registrant has engaged in, or is about to engage in, any act or practice constituting a violation of this act or a rule promulgated or order issued under this act, the commissioner may do 1 or more of the following: (a) Issue a cease and desist order. (b) Accept an assurance of discontinuance of the violation. (c) Bring an action in the circuit court for the county in which the person resides or in the circuit court for the county of Ingham, to enforce compliance with this act or a rule promulgated or order issued under this act. (6) Upon a proper showing regarding an action brought under subsection (5)(c), a permanent or temporary injunction or a restraining order may be granted and a receiver or conservator may be appointed by the court. A receiver or conservator appointed by the court shall receive compensation from the cemetery as determined by the court. The receiver or conservator may operate the cemetery and take possession of the assets. The receiver or conservator shall have the rights and obligations of the cemetery as to all trust and escrow accounts and may sell, assign, transfer, or convey the cemetery and any of the assets to a municipal corporation or other person other than the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science or a person who owns, manages, supervises, operates, or maintains, either directly or indirectly, a funeral establishment, under conditions prescribed by the court, in order to discharge outstanding contractual obligations. A receiver or conservator appointed under this section or section 2926a of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.2926a, has all the powers, authority, and remedies of an assignee for the benefit of creditors under chapter 52 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.5201 to 600.5265. The court may allow the receiver or conservator to file for protection under the bankruptcy code. (7) Subject to court approval, a receiver or conservator may do any of the following: (a) Take possession of the books, records, and assets of the cemetery or cemetery entity. (b) Employ employees and agents, legal counsel, actuaries, accountants, appraisers, consultants, and such other personnel as he or she considers necessary. (c) Fix the reasonable compensation of employees and agents, legal counsel, actuaries, accountants, appraisers, and consultants with the court's approval. (8) In the order of sale of the cemetery, the court shall make provision for notice to creditors and the filing of claims against the receivership or conservatorship. Money held by the cemetery in trust or in escrow shall not be distributed to the general creditors of the cemetery. This section does not prohibit the court from allowing the sale of the cemetery to a person other than the holder of a license for the practice of mortuary science or a person who owns, manages, supervises, operates, or maintains, either directly or indirectly, a funeral establishment, or from allowing the sale of the cemetery to a municipal corporation. (9) In addition to an action taken under this section, the commissioner may deny an application or may suspend or revoke a permit or registration after an administrative hearing as provided for in this act.


History: 1968, Act 251, Eff. Sept. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 102, Imd. Eff. Apr. 6, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 132, Imd. Eff. Apr. 20, 1982 ;-- Am. 2002, Act 550, Imd. Eff. July 26, 2002 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 289, Imd. Eff. Jan. 8, 2004 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 22, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 478, Imd. Eff. Jan. 12, 2009 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. CEMETERY REGULATION ACT (EXCERPT) Act 251 of 1968 456.536 Irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund; establishment and maintenance; commingling prohibited; annual report; application for modification or waiver; expenses; bundling of funds with common ownership; pooling of trust or escrow funds for investment purposes; agreement with regulated financial institutions with trust powers; deposits; agent or seller; deposit requirements; use of interest or income; merchandise trust account; deposit for sale of burial vaults or containers; repayment; installation of vault; contents of cemetery merchandise and services contract; annual reports; deficit in amount of required deposits; penalty; hearing; additional penalty; powers and jurisdiction of attorney general and courts; disposition of fees, charges, and penalties; notice of financial transaction or investment; failure to submit reports under subsections (12) and (13); civil actions. Sec. 16. (1) The commissioner shall require each cemetery to establish and maintain an irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund. The amounts deposited into an endowment and perpetual care trust fund pursuant to subsection (5) shall be held in perpetuity by the trustee and may only be distributed to the cemetery upon order of a court following petition by the commissioner. Interest or income shall be used only for endowment care. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), money in the endowment and perpetual care trust fund shall not be commingled with any other money or trust accounts. The cemetery shall report annually before July 1 of each year, on forms approved and furnished by the commissioner, endowment and perpetual care trust fund information required to be reported to the commissioner by other statutes and information regarding the funds as the commissioner considers pertinent in the public interest. A cemetery applying to the commissioner as authorized by other statutes for an endowment and perpetual care trust fund deposit modification or waiver shall be assessed the actual expenses for an examination or investigation by the commissioner. (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), bundling of funds held in trust or escrow, for each cemetery or among cemeteries with common ownership, is permissible only under the following circumstances: (a) Each cemetery maintains separate trust and escrow account records pursuant to statutory and rule requirements for endowed care, merchandise, or prepaid funeral and cemetery sales. (b) A cemetery, or cemeteries with common ownership, has all its trust or escrow accounts on deposit with 1 or more regulated financial institutions with trust powers in this state. (c) The trustee, or the trustee's trading block nominee, holds title in the name of each individual trust or escrow account for that trust or escrow account assets and the assets are promptly settled back to the individual accounts by the trustee in the ordinary course of business.


(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), other comparable methods of bundling or pooling of trust or escrow funds for investment purposes may be permissible upon terms and conditions approved in writing by the commissioner and only after the commissioner is reasonably satisfied that the title to, character of, and accounting for funds held in trust or escrow is preserved. (4) Not later than January 1, 2010, the irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund shall be established, or reestablished, with 1 or more regulated financial institutions with trust powers that shall be the trustee of the portion of the fund allocated to it. The cemetery shall enter into agreements of irrevocable trust agreements with each trustee. Those agreements shall provide that the investing of the assets are subject to the Michigan prudent investor rule as set forth in sections 1501 to 1512 and 7803 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.1501 to 700.1512 and 700.7803, except that the agreement shall not be modified or amended, as allowed under sections 1502(2) and 7105 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.1502 and 700.7105, to provide less than the standard of care in the prudent investor rule. The cemetery shall notify the commissioner, in writing, not later than 14 days before the effective date of an appointment of a trustee. The cemetery may remove and replace a trustee at any time, subject to the consent of the commissioner, and subject to the terms of the cemetery's agreement with the trustee. The fees and costs of the trustee may, in accordance with the terms of the trust agreement, be paid from the principal of the trust. A cemetery that establishes its irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust with 1 or more regulated financial institutions with trust powers, and that does not reserve, retain, or otherwise exercise any power of direction of specific investments, is not liable for any deficiencies in the irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust caused by performance of the investments. A cemetery may reserve the right to recommend, to a trustee, an investment advisor, registered with the securities and exchange commission under the investment advisers act of 1940, 15 USC 80b-1 to 80b-21, or under the uniform securities act (2002), 2008 PA 551, MCL 451.2101 to 451.2703, to advise the trustee in the trustee's decisions on asset allocation, investment managers, and investments, except that a trustee is not required to heed such advice. Alternatively, and notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, and at all times subject to the Michigan prudent investor rule, a cemetery may direct the trustees to make certain investments, provided that the trust is a named beneficiary of fiduciary liability insurance covering the cemetery's or other fiduciaries' actions in an amount equal to 100% of the amount so directed. Proof of the fiduciary liability coverage shall be provided not less than annually to the commissioner, in a form to be determined by the commissioner, before any direction being given. The commissioner or the attorney general may prosecute a claim against the fiduciary liability insurance on behalf of the trust. The trustees are not liable, or otherwise punishable, for complying with the direction of investments except that the trustees shall retain custody of all the investments. (5) Beginning January 12, 2009, an irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund shall be created by the deposit of at least $50,000.00 into the fund before any sale of burial rights, entombment rights, or columbarium rights is made. (6) Each month, not less than 15% of all proceeds received during the previous month from the sales of burial rights, entombment rights, or columbarium rights shall be deposited with the trustee for inclusion in the endowment and perpetual care trust fund. No total deposit for a single burial right sale or assignment shall be less than $20.00. A cemetery may apply to the commissioner for a modification of the minimum deposit requirement. The commissioner shall take testimony and investigate as he or she considers necessary and if the commissioner determines that the applicant's endowment and perpetual care trust fund will generate sufficient income to meet all current costs of keeping the applicant's cemetery in good condition, the commissioner may modify the minimum deposit requirement. A cemetery applying to the commissioner for a modification of the endowment and perpetual care trust fund deposit requirements shall be assessed the actual costs for the commissioner's examination and investigation. Excess money in the fund may be applied by a cemetery against future deposits and shall be annually reported to the commissioner in a manner prescribed by the commissioner.


(7) The commissioner shall require each person engaged as agent or seller in the selling of burial rights, entombment rights, or columbarium rights owned by a party other than a cemetery or corporation subject to the irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund requirements of this act and other laws, to deposit 15% of all gross proceeds received from the sales of those rights into the irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund of the cemetery in which the rights are located if an irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund exists for that cemetery. A deposit required to be made by those persons shall be modified or waived if the cemetery has received an irrevocable endowment and perpetual care trust fund deposit modification or waiver approved by the commissioner. The total deposit for a single adult burial right sale or assignment shall not be less than $20.00. (8) Interest or income from the money in the endowment and perpetual care trust fund shall be used exclusively for endowment and perpetual care. No portion of the interest or income may be used directly or indirectly for salaries or other payments to the officers, directors, partners, members, or managers of the entity owning the cemetery. Withdrawals of accumulated interest or income from the endowment and perpetual care trust fund may be authorized by the trustee, and such withdrawals shall be documented in the manner provided by rule of the commissioner. A cemetery shall maintain records showing that interest from the endowment and perpetual care trust fund is used exclusively for endowment and perpetual care. The trustees are not responsible for ascertaining that money paid to the cemetery is expended for the limited purposes permitted by this subsection. (9) Subject to subsection (17), a cemetery that is required to register pursuant to this act and an agent authorized by a cemetery or acting on its behalf under an agreement or sales contract to sell cemetery merchandise or cemetery services shall establish a merchandise trust account and deposit a percentage of the gross proceeds received from the sales as determined by the commissioner. The merchandise trust account shall be maintained exclusively for the deposit of the money into a regulated financial institution under the terms of a written trust agreement approved by the commissioner. All documents, reports, and records regarding the trust shall be kept in this state. It shall be the responsibility of each registrant under this act to assure that documents relating to the merchandise trust account are provided to the commissioner upon request. If a subpoena is issued to obtain these documents, the registrant shall pay all costs related to obtaining the documents. The money shall be deposited not later than the month following its receipt. (10) Subject to subsection (17), the total deposits to a merchandise trust for the sale of cemetery burial vaults or other outside containers, other than crypts installed underground and sold as part of a cemetery lot, shall at all times be not less than the greater of $100.00 per vault or outside container or 130% of the total costs of the containers covered by the trust. Money deposited in connection with a sale shall be repaid within 30 days upon written demand of the purchaser. A burial vault shall be installed only at need or by separate written authorization of the purchaser. The cemetery shall have the right to withdraw the amount on deposit for the delivered vault or outside container. (11) Subject to subsection (17), a contract or agreement made with a purchaser of cemetery merchandise and cemetery services shall contain a complete description of the cemetery merchandise purchased and of the cemetery services to be rendered. (12) The commissioner shall require the cemetery owner or operator to report annually before July 1 of each year on forms provided by the commissioner. The reports shall contain information as the commissioner considers necessary to ascertain that the requirements of this act and rules promulgated under this act are being implemented. Subject to approval of the department, the cemetery owner or operator may ask for an extension not to exceed 90 days to submit the report required by this subsection. All reports required by this subsection and subsection (13) shall include a sworn statement by the cemetery owner or operator that includes the following:


(a) A certification that the signing cemetery owner or operator has reviewed the report. (b) Based on the operator's or owner's knowledge, that the report does not contain any untrue statement of material fact related to the financial condition of the endowment and perpetual care trust fund or merchandise trust accounts. (c) Based on the operator's or owner's knowledge, that the report fairly presents all material information regarding the financial condition of the endowment and perpetual care trust fund or merchandise trust accounts. (d) That the signing operators or owners are responsible for establishing and maintaining internal controls; have designed those internal controls to ensure the accuracy of material information relating to the condition of the endowment and perpetual care trust fund or merchandise trust accounts; have evaluated the effectiveness of the internal controls within 90 days before the issuance of the report; and have included information evaluating the effectiveness of those internal controls. (13) At a minimum, the commissioner shall require the following information concerning the endowment and perpetual care trust fund, the accuracy of which shall be certified by a certified public accountant: (a) Beginning and ending balances. (b) Receipts from the sale of burial, entombment, and columbarium rights. (c) Deposits to the endowment and perpetual care trust fund. (d) Itemized payments of interest or income. (e) Documentation that interest was utilized solely for endowment care. (14) If, after an audit by the commissioner's staff, a deficit in the amount of required deposits to the trust funds is found, the commissioner may assess a penalty in the amount allowed under this act. The cemetery entity may request an administrative hearing before the commissioner or a hearing officer designated by the commissioner within 30 days after being notified of a deficit by the commissioner. If, following the administrative hearing, the commissioner determines that a deficit does exist, an additional penalty may be assessed each month on the unpaid monthly balance until the deficit is paid in full. (15) In addition to all other remedies at law or in equity, the attorney general and the circuit court of the county in which the cemetery is located have all the powers and jurisdiction granted to the attorney general and court as to trusts covered by 1915 PA 280, MCL 554.351 to 554.353. The remedies granted include all endowment and perpetual care trust funds without regard to uncertainty or indefiniteness of beneficiaries. (16) All fees, charges, and penalties, or other money from any source, collected under this act, other than fines prescribed in section 21, shall be paid to the commissioner. Upon receipt, the commissioner shall remit money received to the department of treasury for deposit in the general fund of this state. (17) Any preneed contracts for cemetery merchandise or services entered into on or after January 1, 2005 are subject to the prepaid funeral and cemetery sales act, 1986 PA 255, MCL 328.211 to 328.235. (18) Not less than 7 days before 30% of the endowment and perpetual care or perpetual care funds established under this act are moved from an account or otherwise engaged in some type of financial


transaction or investment, the cemetery owner or operator shall notify the commissioner of the transaction on appropriate forms that the commissioner shall authorize. The commissioner may allow the submission of a notification up to 7 days after the transaction, for good cause shown. Failure to comply with this subsection is considered a violation of this act. (19) The commissioner, upon finding after notice and an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, that a cemetery owner or operator has failed to timely submit a report required under subsections (12) and (13), regardless of whether he or she acted alone or through an employee or agent, may impose an administrative fine, payable to the commissioner, for the enforcement of this act. If the commissioner finds that a violation occurred despite the exercise of due care, the commissioner may issue a warning instead of imposing an administrative fine. (20) The commissioner shall advise the attorney general of the failure of a person to pay an administrative fine imposed under this section. The attorney general may bring an action in a court of competent jurisdiction for the failure to pay an administrative fine imposed under this section. (21) Applicable provisions of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.101 to 600.9947, apply to civil actions filed pursuant to this section.

History: 1968, Act 251, Eff. Sept. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 290, Imd. Eff. Oct. 30, 1972 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 102, Imd. Eff. Apr. 6, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 132, Imd. Eff. Apr. 20, 1982 ;-- Am. 2003, Act 89, Imd. Eff. July 24, 2003 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 22, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 478, Imd. Eff. Jan. 12, 2009 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 326, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2010 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. CEMETERY REGULATION ACT (EXCERPT) Act 251 of 1968 456.538 Denial, suspension, or revocation of permit or registration, and other disciplinary action; grounds; effect; fulfillment of contractual obligations and agreements; administrative fine. Sec. 18. (1) The commissioner may deny an application filed under this act and refuse to issue a permit or registration, or may suspend or revoke a permit or registration, or may reprimand, place on probation, or take other disciplinary action against the applicant if the commissioner's investigation reveals facts which, with reference to the establishment of a cemetery, show inappropriate physical plans; lack of community need; inadequate experience, financial stability, or integrity to protect the public welfare; or when the commissioner finds that the cemetery owner, operator, or applicant or the officers, cemetery owners, directors, members, affiliated persons, or general manager of those entities has done 1 or more of the following: (a) Made a false statement of a material fact in the application. (b) Not complied with this act.


(c) Been guilty of an unlawful or fraudulent act in connection with selling or otherwise dealing in cemetery lots and burial rights regulated by this act or funeral or cemetery merchandise and services regulated by the prepaid funeral and cemetery sales act, 1986 PA 255, MCL 328.211 to 328.235. (d) Been guilty in the judgment of the commissioner of other conduct whether of the same or different character than specified in this act which constitutes dishonest and unfair dealing or a demonstration of lack of good moral character. (e) Violated article 18 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812. (f) Violated the terms of an assurance of discontinuance entered into with the commissioner pursuant to section 9(5). (g) Violated the prepaid funeral and cemetery sales act, 1986 PA 255, MCL 328.211 to 328.235. (h) Failed to comply with section 2080 of the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL 500.2080. (i) Adopted, enforced, or attempted to enforce a regulation of the cemetery that prohibits the installation of a grave memorial or burial vault unless the grave memorial or burial vault was purchased from the cemetery. This subdivision does not prohibit a cemetery from adopting and enforcing consistent rules and regulations to be followed by both the cemetery and outside vendors as to the quality, size, shape, type, installation, and maintenance of the grave memorial or burial vault. (2) If the commissioner denies an application for a permit or registration, or suspends or revokes an existing permit or registration required by this act, the denial, revocation, or suspension shall revoke the cemetery operation as to the sale or assignment of burial rights, entombment rights, or columbarium rights, cemetery merchandise, or cemetery services after the date of the suspension, revocation, or denial. The cemetery owner or operator shall fulfill all contractual obligations and agreements entered into before the date of the suspension, revocation, or denial, and shall make required interments for the owners of burial rights, entombment rights, or columbarium rights purchased before the date of suspension, revocation, or denial. (3) The commissioner may impose an administrative fine of not more than $5,000.00 for each separate violation of this act.

History: 1968, Act 251, Eff. Sept. 15, 1968 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 102, Imd. Eff. Apr. 6, 1978 ;-- Am. 1982, Act 132, Imd. Eff. Apr. 20, 1982 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 22, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 478, Imd. Eff. Jan. 12, 2009 Compiler's Notes: For transfer of powers and duties of certain occupational functions, boards, and commissions from the Department of Licensing and Regulation to the Department of Commerce, see E.R.O. No. 1991-9, compiled at MCL 338.3501 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. THE INSURANCE CODE OF 1956 (EXCERPT) Act 218 of 1956 500.2080 Life insurance, accident insurance, sick or funeral benefit company; prohibited conduct with regard to mortuary or undertaking establishments; funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller as limited life insurance producer; authorization to sell associated life insurance policies or annuity contracts; sale of cemetery goods or services or funeral goods


or services; advising customers; application form; list; statement; sufficiency of death benefit; designation of certain beneficiaries prohibited; money payments required; medical, surgical, or hospital service; conditions and criteria regarding predeath assignment of proceeds of life insurance policy or annuity contract; false or misleading statements; false, misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising; rules; protection against certain solicitations; signed statement authorizing release of assignment proceeds; failure to sign authorization statement; conditions to sale or solicitation of sale of life insurance policy or annuity contract with intention of having purchaser assign proceeds; action to enforce compliance; damages; violation as misdemeanor; separate offenses; penalties; creation, administration, and use of funeral consumers education and advocacy fund; definitions. Sec. 2080. (1) It is unlawful for any life or accident insurer authorized to do business in this state to own, manage, supervise, operate, or maintain a mortuary or undertaking establishment, or to permit its officers, agents, or employees to own or maintain any such funeral or undertaking establishment. (2) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (6), it is unlawful for any life insurance, sick or funeral benefit company, or any company, corporation, or association engaged in a similar business to contract or agree with any funeral director, undertaker, or mortuary to the effect that the funeral director, undertaker, or mortuary conducts the funeral of any person insured by the company, corporation, or association. (3) A funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall not be licensed as an insurance producer under chapter 12 other than as a limited licensee pursuant to this subsection and chapter 12. A funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall not be a limited life insurance producer unless that funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller provides a written assurance to the commissioner at the time of application for the limited licensure and with each license renewal that he or she has read and understands the conditions contained in subsection (9) and agrees to comply with those conditions. A person licensed as a limited life insurance producer under this subsection and chapter 12 is authorized and licensed to sell only an associated life insurance policy or annuity contract and is not authorized or licensed to sell any other type of insurance policy or annuity contract. A person licensed as a limited life insurance producer under this subsection and chapter 12 to sell associated life insurance policies or annuity contracts shall not sell cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services unless all of the conditions provided in subsection (9) are met. A person licensed as a life insurance producer, other than a limited life insurance producer, shall not sell cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services or be associated with a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller. Notwithstanding any other provision in this act, a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller may advise customers or potential customers of the availability of life insurance, the proceeds of which may be assigned pursuant to subsection (6), and may provide application forms and other information in regard to that life insurance. If an application form is provided, the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall also provide to the person a list annually prepared by the commissioner setting forth the life insurance companies offering in Michigan associated life insurance policies or annuity contracts. The list shall include the name, address, and telephone number of a producer for each of the life insurance companies listed. The list also shall include a statement that a person who is insured under any life insurance policy or annuity contract may assign all or a portion of the proceeds, not to exceed the amount provided in subsection (6)(g), of the existing life insurance policy or annuity contract for the payment of funeral services or goods or cemetery services or goods to any funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller that has accepted any other assignment of an associated life insurance policy or annuity contract during that calendar year. The funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall accept an assignment on the proceeds from any associated or nonassociated life insurance policy or annuity contract pursuant to subsection (6), and this requirement on the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall be set forth in the statement


prepared by the commissioner. The assignor or the person or persons legally entitled to make funeral arrangements for the person whose life was insured may contract with the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller of his or her choice for the rendering of the funeral goods or services or cemetery goods or services. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, each associated life insurance policy or annuity contract delivered or issued for delivery in this state shall have a death benefit that is sufficient to cover the initial contract price of the cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services and that increases at an annual rate of not less than the consumer price index. However, a life insurer may provide an associated life insurance policy or annuity contract with a limited death benefit to an insured who does not meet insurance requirements for a policy that provides immediate full coverage or who chooses not to answer medical questions required for a policy that provides immediate full coverage. An associated life insurance policy or annuity contract with a limited death benefit shall disclose in boldfaced type that the death benefit will not be sufficient to cover the initial contract price for the cemetery goods and services or funeral goods and services for a period of up to 2 years if the premium is not paid in full and that during this period the price for those goods and services may increase at a rate higher than the increase in the consumer price index for this period. (4) A person shall not be designated as the beneficiary in any policy of life or accident insurance whereby the beneficiary, directly or indirectly, shall, in return for all or a part of the proceeds of the policy of insurance, furnish cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods in connection therewith. (5) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (6), it shall be unlawful for any life or accident, or sick or funeral benefit company, or any person, company, corporation, or association, to offer or furnish goods or services or anything but money to its insureds or to his or her heirs, representatives, attorneys, relatives, associates, or assigns in any connection with, or by way of encumbrance, assignment, payment, settlement, satisfaction, discharge, or release of any insurance policy. However, this subsection does not prohibit any company, corporation, or association from furnishing medical, surgical, or hospital service. (6) Notwithstanding any other provision in this act, a life insurer may write a life insurance policy or annuity contract that is subject to an assignment of the proceeds of the insurance policy or annuity contract as payment for cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods as provided in this subsection regardless of the relationship between the life insurer and the assignee. An assignment of the proceeds of the insurance policy or annuity contract pursuant to this subsection shall be in writing on a form approved by the commissioner. A predeath assignment of the proceeds of a life insurance policy or annuity contract as payment for cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods is void unless all of the following conditions and criteria are met: (a) The assignment is an inseparable part of the contract for the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods for which the assigned proceeds serve as payment. (b) The assignment is revocable by the assignor, assignor's successor, or if the assignor is the insured by the representative of the insured's estate prior to the provision of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods. (c) The contract for funeral services or goods or cemetery services or goods and the assignment provide that upon revocation of the assignment, the contract for the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods is revoked and cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods may be obtained from any cemetery, funeral establishment, or seller. (d) The assignment contains the following disclosure in boldfaced type:


"This assignment may be revoked by the assignor or assignor's successor or, if the assignor is also the insured and deceased, by the representative of the insured's estate before the rendering of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods. If the assignment is revoked, the death benefit under the life insurance policy or annuity contract shall be paid in accordance with the beneficiary designation under the insurance policy or annuity contract." (e) The assignment provides for all of the following: (i) That the actual price of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods delivered at the time of death may be more than or less than the price set forth in the assignment. (ii) For the assignment of an associated life insurance policy or annuity contract, that any increase in the price of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods does not exceed the ultimate death benefit under the life insurance policy or annuity contract. This requirement does not apply to an insurance policy or annuity contract with a limited death benefit during the period that the limited death benefit is in effect. During this period, neither the beneficiary nor the seller is obligated to fulfill the terms of the contract for the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods for which the assigned proceeds serve as payment and the assignment of the associated life insurance policy or annuity contract may be revoked. (iii) For the assignment of a nonassociated life insurance policy or annuity contract, that any increase in the price of the cemetery services or goods or the funeral services or goods shall not exceed the consumer price index or the retail price list in effect when the death occurs, whichever is less. (iv) That if the ultimate death benefit under a life insurance policy or annuity contract exceeds the price of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods at the time of performance, the excess amount shall be distributed to the beneficiary designated under the life insurance policy or annuity contract or the insured's estate. (v) That any addition to or modification of the contract for cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods does not revoke the assignment or the contract for the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods that are not affected by the addition or modification for which the assigned proceeds are payment unless the assignment is revoked. (f) The assignment is limited to that portion of the proceeds of the life insurance policy or annuity contract that is needed to pay for the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods for which the assignor has contracted. (g) For an associated life insurance policy or annuity contract, the death benefit of the life insurance policy or annuity contract subject to the assignment does not exceed $5,000.00 when the first premium payment is made on the life insurance policy or annuity contract. For a nonassociated life insurance policy or annuity contract, the initial amount of proceeds assigned does not exceed $5,000.00. The maximum amounts in this subdivision shall be adjusted annually in accordance with the consumer price index. (h) The assignment shall contain the dispute resolution rights in subsection (8). After the death of the insured but before the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods are provided, the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall provide to a representative of the insured's estate a separate document entitled, "dispute resolution disclosure statement," which shall clearly set forth the dispute resolution rights in subsection (8). The dispute resolution disclosure statement shall be filed with the commissioner and shall be considered approved unless disapproved within 30 days after the submission.


The language used to set forth the dispute resolution rights in subsection (8) shall be written in a manner calculated to be understood by a person of ordinary intelligence. (i) The assignor and not the assignee is responsible for making the premium payments due on the life insurance policy or annuity contract. This subdivision does not apply to an insurance producer when acting as a fiduciary pursuant to section 1207. (j) After the death of the insured but before the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods are provided, the representative of the insured's estate is provided with a current price list for the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods provided pursuant to the assignment. (k) At the time the assignment is made, the assignee complies with the price disclosure rules of the federal trade commission prescribed in 16 CFR part 453 whether or not the rules by their own terms apply to the offering. (l) At the time the assignment is made, the assignor certifies that the insured does not have in effect other life insurance policies or annuity contracts that have been assigned as payment for cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services which together with the additional assignment would have an aggregate face value in excess of the limitation provided in subdivision (g). (m) For the assignment of a nonassociated life insurance policy or annuity contract, the assignment complies with both of the following: (i) The assignment is sufficient to cover the initial contract price of the cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services. (ii) The assignment provides that any increase in the price of the cemetery services or goods or the funeral services or goods shall not exceed the consumer price index or the retail price list in effect when the death occurs, whichever is less. (7) An insurer or an insurance producer shall not make a false or misleading statement, oral or written, regarding an assignment subject to subsection (6) or regarding the rights or obligations of any party or prospective party to the assignment. An insurer or an insurance producer shall not advertise or promote an assignment subject to subsection (6) in a manner that is false, misleading, deceptive, or unfair. The commissioner shall promulgate rules regulating the solicitation of plans promoting assignments subject to subsection (6) to protect against solicitations that are intimidating, vexatious, fraudulent, or misleading, or which take unfair advantage of a person's ignorance or emotional vulnerability. (8) After the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods are provided, the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall provide to a representative of the insured's estate a statement to be signed by the representative of the insured's estate authorizing the release of the assignment proceeds for the payment of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods. The insurer shall release to the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller the assignment proceeds upon receipt of the authorization statement signed by a representative of the insured's estate. If a representative of the insured's estate fails to sign the authorization statement, the following shall take place: (a) The funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller shall provide the representative of the insured's estate with a dispute resolution notice, a copy of which is to be sent to the insurer and the commissioner that states all of the following:


(i) That the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller has provided the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods. (ii) That a representative of the insured's estate has refused to authorize the insurer to release the assignment proceeds for the payment of the cemetery services or goods or funeral services or goods. (iii) That a representative of the insured's estate may seek arbitration to resolve the payment dispute. (b) Upon the receipt of the dispute resolution notice described in subdivision (a), the insurer shall retain the assignment proceeds for 30 days. The insurer shall release the assignment proceeds to the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller if after the expiration of the 30 days the insurer is not informed that arbitration proceedings have been commenced, or pursuant to the award of the arbitrator. (c) The funeral establishment, cemetery, seller, or a representative of the insured's estate may commence arbitration proceedings to determine the disposition of the assignment proceeds. Arbitration shall be conducted pursuant to the rules and procedures of the American arbitration association. Expenses of the arbitration shall be shared equally by the insured's estate and the assignee unless otherwise ordered by the arbitrator. (d) Nothing in this subsection limits the right of any party involved in the payment dispute to seek other recourse permitted by law. (9) A life insurance producer shall not sell or solicit the sale of a life insurance policy or annuity contract with the intention of having the purchaser assign the proceeds of the policy or contract to a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller with which the producer is associated unless all of the following conditions are met: (a) The producer discloses in writing to the purchaser the nature of his or her association with the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller and that both the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller and the producer will or may profit from the transaction, if that is the case. (b) A funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller that accepts assignments pursuant to subsection (6) shall also offer to sell or provide cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or funeral services pursuant to prepaid funeral contracts as provided in the prepaid funeral and cemetery sales act, 1986 PA 255, MCL 328.211 to 328.235, or pursuant to the trust provisions of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. (c) If the contemplated assignment is to be made to pay the cost of cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or funeral services, the producer shall disclose in writing to the purchaser that the cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services may also be purchased prior to death by making payment directly to a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller who will hold funds in escrow for the benefit of the purchaser pursuant to the prepaid funeral and cemetery sales act, 1986 PA 255, MCL 328.211 to 328.235, or in trust pursuant to the provisions of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.521 to 456.543. The written disclosure shall also state that upon cancellation of the prepaid funeral contract, the purchaser is entitled to a refund of at least 90% of the principal and income earned. (d) The sale of cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services shall not be conditioned on the purchaser buying or agreeing to buy a life insurance policy or annuity contract or on the assignment of the proceeds of the policy or contract to that funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller.


(e) The sale of a life insurance policy or annuity contract shall not be conditioned on the purchaser buying or agreeing to buy cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services from the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller with which the producer is associated or on the assignment of the proceeds of the policy or contract to that funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller. (f) A discount from the current price of cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services shall not be offered as an inducement to purchase or assign a life insurance policy or annuity contract. (g) The life insurance policy or annuity contract sold by the producer may be canceled by the purchaser within 10 days after the receipt of the policy or annuity contract, in which event a full refund of all premiums shall be paid to the purchaser. (h) The producer shall disclose in writing to the purchaser that the funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller with which the producer is associated will accept assignments of life insurance policies or annuity contracts sold by any other licensed producer. (10) The commissioner or any other person, in order to force compliance with subsection (6) or (7), may bring an action in a circuit court in any county in which the assignee or insurance producer or any other person has solicited or sold a life insurance policy or annuity contract that is assigned pursuant to subsection (6), whether or not that person has purchased the life insurance policy or annuity contract or is personally aggrieved by a violation of this section. The court may award damages and issue equitable orders in accordance with the Michigan court rules to restrain conduct in violation of this section. (11) Any person violating any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and each violation shall be a separate offense and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $1,000.00 or by imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or both such fine and imprisonment within the discretion of the courts. (12) In addition to the penalty provided in subsection (11), if, after a hearing conducted pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 to 24.328, the commissioner determines a person has violated this section, the commissioner may order the person to pay a civil fine of not more than $10,000.00 for each violation and may also impose other sanctions provided pursuant to chapter 12. The money collected under this subsection shall be deposited in the funeral consumers education and advocacy fund. The funeral consumers education and advocacy fund is created within the office of financial and insurance regulation. The fund shall be administered by the commissioner. The money in the fund shall be used to do both of the following: (a) To promote the education of consumers concerning the prearrangement and purchase of cemetery or funeral services or goods through the purchase and assignment of life insurance or annuity contracts. (b) To provide legal assistance to persons who were injured as a result of a violation of this section. (13) For purposes of this section, a life insurance producer is associated with a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller if any of the following apply: (a) The producer is a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller. (b) The producer owns an interest, directly or indirectly, in a corporation or other entity that holds an interest in a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller. (c) The producer is an officer, employee, or agent of a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller.


(d) The producer is an officer, employee, or agent of a corporation or other entity that holds an interest, either directly or indirectly, in a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller, or in a corporation or other entity that holds an interest, directly or indirectly, in a corporation or other entity that holds an interest in a funeral establishment, cemetery, or seller. (14) As used in this section: (a) "Associated life insurance policy or annuity contract" is a life insurance policy or annuity contract that is marketed, designed, and intended to be assigned as payment for cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services. (b) "Casket" means any box or container consisting of 1 or more parts in which a dead human body is placed prior to interment, entombment, or cremation which may or may not be permanently interred, entombed, or cremated with the dead human body. A permanent interment or entombment receptacle designed or intended for use without a cemetery burial vault or other outside container shall also be considered a casket. (c) "Catafalque" means an ornamental or decorative object or structure placed beneath, over, or around a casket, vault, or a dead human body prior to final disposition of the dead human body. (d) "Cemetery" means that term as defined in but not necessarily regulated under section 2 of the cemetery regulation act, 1968 PA 251, MCL 456.522, or an officer, agent, or employee thereof. (e) "Cemetery burial vault or other outside container" means a box or container used solely at the place of interment to permanently surround or enclose a casket and to support the earth above the casket after burial. (f) "Cemetery goods" means land or interests in land, crypts, lawn crypts, mausoleum crypts, or niches that are sold by a cemetery. In addition, cemetery goods include cemetery burial vaults or other outside containers, markers, monuments, urns, and merchandise items used for the purpose of memorializing a decedent and placed on or in proximity to a place of interment or entombment of a casket, catafalque, or vault or to a place of inurnment which are sold by a cemetery. (g) "Cemetery services" means those services customarily performed by a cemetery. (h) "Combination unit" means any product consisting of a unit or a series of units designed or intended to be used together as both a casket and as a permanent burial receptacle. (i) "Consumer price index" means the annual average percentage increase in the Detroit consumer price index for all items for the prior 12-month period as reported by the United States department of labor and as certified by the commissioner. (j) "Funeral establishment" means a funeral establishment or a person who is engaged in the practice of mortuary science as those terms are defined in section 1801 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801, or an officer, agent, or employee thereof. (k) "Funeral goods" means items of merchandise which will be used in connection with a funeral or an alternative to a funeral or final disposition of human remains including, but not limited to, caskets, other burial containers, combination units, and catafalques. Funeral goods does not include cemetery goods.


(l) "Funeral services" means services customarily performed by a person who is licensed pursuant to sections 1801 to 1812 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801 to 339.1812. Funeral services includes, but is not limited to, care of human remains, embalming, preparation of human remains for final disposition, professional services relating to a funeral or an alternative to a funeral or final disposition of human remains, transportation of human remains, limousine services, use of facilities or equipment for viewing human remains, visitation, memorial services, or services used in connection with a funeral or alternative to a funeral, coordinating or conducting funeral rites or ceremonies, and other services provided in connection with a funeral, alternative to a funeral, or final disposition of human remains. (m) "Limited death benefit" means the sum payable upon the insured's death during not more than the first 2 years that an associated life insurance policy or annuity contract is in effect that is less than the amount necessary to cover the initial contract price of cemetery goods and services or funeral goods and services, but that provides for a minimum benefit as follows: (i) During the first year of the contract, not less than 25% of the initial contract price of cemetery goods and services or funeral goods and services. (ii) During the second year of the contract, not less than 50% of the initial contract price of cemetery goods and services or funeral goods and services. (n) "Nonassociated life insurance policy or annuity contract" means a life insurance policy or annuity contract that is not marketed to be assigned, designed to be assigned, or intended to be assigned as payment for cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services. (o) "Representative of insured's estate" means the person or persons legally entitled to make the funeral arrangements for the person whose life was insured. (p) "Seller" means a person who offers to sell cemetery goods or services or funeral goods or services or any agent, officer, or employee thereof.

History: 1956, Act 218, Eff. Jan. 1, 1957 ;-- Am. 1986, Act 318, Eff. June 1, 1987 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 513, Imd. Eff. Jan. 13, 2009 THE INSURANCE CODE OF 1956 (EXCERPT) Act 218 of 1956 500.3107 Expenses and work loss for which personal protection benefits payable. Sec. 3107. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), personal protection insurance benefits are payable for the following: (a) Allowable expenses consisting of all reasonable charges incurred for reasonably necessary products, services and accommodations for an injured person's care, recovery, or rehabilitation. Allowable expenses within personal protection insurance coverage shall not include charges for a hospital room in excess of a reasonable and customary charge for semiprivate accommodations except if the injured


person requires special or intensive care, or for funeral and burial expenses in the amount set forth in the policy which shall not be less than $1,750.00 or more than $5,000.00. (b) Work loss consisting of loss of income from work an injured person would have performed during the first 3 years after the date of the accident if he or she had not been injured. Work loss does not include any loss after the date on which the injured person dies. Because the benefits received from personal protection insurance for loss of income are not taxable income, the benefits payable for such loss of income shall be reduced 15% unless the claimant presents to the insurer in support of his or her claim reasonable proof of a lower value of the income tax advantage in his or her case, in which case the lower value shall apply. Beginning March 30, 1973, the benefits payable for work loss sustained in a single 30-day period and the income earned by an injured person for work during the same period together shall not exceed $1,000.00, which maximum shall apply pro rata to any lesser period of work loss. Beginning October 1, 1974, the maximum shall be adjusted annually to reflect changes in the cost of living under rules prescribed by the commissioner but any change in the maximum shall apply only to benefits arising out of accidents occurring subsequent to the date of change in the maximum. (c) Expenses not exceeding $20.00 per day, reasonably incurred in obtaining ordinary and necessary services in lieu of those that, if he or she had not been injured, an injured person would have performed during the first 3 years after the date of the accident, not for income but for the benefit of himself or herself or of his or her dependent. (2) A person who is 60 years of age or older and in the event of an accidental bodily injury would not be eligible to receive work loss benefits under subsection (1)(b) may waive coverage for work loss benefits by signing a waiver on a form provided by the insurer. An insurer shall offer a reduced premium rate to a person who waives coverage under this subsection for work loss benefits. Waiver of coverage for work loss benefits applies only to work loss benefits payable to the person or persons who have signed the waiver form.

History: Add. 1972, Act 294, Eff. Mar. 30, 1973 ;-- Am. 1988, Act 312, Eff. Mar. 30, 1989 ;-- Am. 1991, Act 191, Eff. Jan. 1, 1992 Constitutionality: The legislature did not violate constitutional due process or equal protection in providing for cost-of-living increases for no-fault insurance work loss benefits under subdivision (b) of this section, but not for no-fault insurance survivors' loss benefits under MCL 500.3108. Davey v Detroit Automobile Inter-Insurance Exchange, 414 Mich 1; 322 NW2d 541 (1982). Compiler's Notes: Act 143 of 1993, which amended this section, was submitted to the people by referendum petition (as Proposal C) and rejected by a majority of the votes cast at the November 8, 1994, general election. Popular Name: Act 218 Popular Name: Essential Insurance Popular Name: No-Fault Insurance Admin Rule: R 500.811 of the Michigan Administrative Code. THE INSURANCE CODE OF 1956 (EXCERPT) Act 218 of 1956 500.4153 Scope of act. Sec. 4153.


(1) This chapter applies to any recommendation to purchase or exchange an annuity made to a consumer by an insurance producer, or an insurer where no producer is involved, that results in the purchase or exchange recommended. (2) This chapter does not apply to any recommendation to purchase or exchange an annuity involving any of the following: (a) Direct response solicitations where there is no recommendation based on information collected from the consumer. (b) Contracts used to fund any of the following: (i) An employee pension or welfare benefit plan that is covered by the employee retirement and income security act, Public Law 93-406. (ii) A plan described by 26 USC 401(a), 26 USC 401(k), 26 USC 403(b), 26 USC 408(k), or 26 USC 408(p), if established or maintained by an employer. (iii) A government or church plan defined in 26 USC 414, a government or church welfare benefit plan, or a deferred compensation plan of a state or local government or tax exempt organization under 26 USC 457. (iv) A nonqualified deferred compensation arrangement established or maintained by an employer or plan sponsor. (v) Settlements of or assumptions of liabilities associated with personal injury litigation or any dispute or claim resolution process. (vi) Formal prepaid funeral contracts.

History: Add. 2006, Act 399, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 2006 THE INSURANCE CODE OF 1956 (EXCERPT) Act 218 of 1956 500.4153 Scope of act. Sec. 4153. (1) This chapter applies to any recommendation to purchase or exchange an annuity made to a consumer by an insurance producer, or an insurer where no producer is involved, that results in the purchase or exchange recommended. (2) This chapter does not apply to any recommendation to purchase or exchange an annuity involving any of the following: (a) Direct response solicitations where there is no recommendation based on information collected from the consumer.


(b) Contracts used to fund any of the following: (i) An employee pension or welfare benefit plan that is covered by the employee retirement and income security act, Public Law 93-406. (ii) A plan described by 26 USC 401(a), 26 USC 401(k), 26 USC 403(b), 26 USC 408(k), or 26 USC 408(p), if established or maintained by an employer. (iii) A government or church plan defined in 26 USC 414, a government or church welfare benefit plan, or a deferred compensation plan of a state or local government or tax exempt organization under 26 USC 457. (iv) A nonqualified deferred compensation arrangement established or maintained by an employer or plan sponsor. (v) Settlements of or assumptions of liabilities associated with personal injury litigation or any dispute or claim resolution process. (vi) Formal prepaid funeral contracts.

History: Add. 2006, Act 399, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 2006 THE INSURANCE CODE OF 1956 (EXCERPT) Act 218 of 1956 500.8180 Changing beneficiary; limiting scope of beneficiary designations; vested interest of revocable beneficiary; payment of funeral benefits; payment of benefit to personal representative or owner of certificate. Sec. 8180. (1) The owner of a benefit contract may change the beneficiary in accordance with the society's laws or rules unless the owner waives this right by specifically requesting in writing that the beneficiary designation be irrevocable. A society, through its laws or rules, may limit the scope of beneficiary designations and shall provide that no revocable beneficiary shall have or obtain any vested interest in the proceeds of a certificate until the certificate has become due and payable in conformity with the provisions of the benefit contract. (2) A society may make provision for the payment of funeral benefits to the extent of the portion of any payment under a certificate as might reasonably appear to be due to a person equitably entitled to the benefit by reason of having incurred expense occasioned by the burial of the member, if the portion paid does not exceed the sum of $1,000.00. (3) If at the death of a person insured under a benefit contract there is no lawful beneficiary to whom the proceeds are payable, the amount of the benefit, except to the extent that funeral benefits are paid pursuant to subsection (2), shall be payable to the personal representative of the deceased insured, except that if the owner of the certificate is other than the insured, the proceeds shall be payable to that owner.


History: Add. 1990, Act 1, Eff. Apr. 1, 1990 Popular Name: Act 218 COLLECTIVE INVESTMENT FUNDS ACT (EXCERPT) Act 174 of 1941 555.112 Common trust funds; additional investments. Sec. 12. (1) In addition to investing assets in a fund, a financial institution may invest assets that it holds as fiduciary in any of the following, to the extent not prohibited by applicable law: (a) In any of the following loans or obligations, if the financial institution's only interest in the loans or obligations is its capacity as fiduciary: (i) A single real estate loan, a direct obligation of the United States, or an obligation fully guaranteed by the United States or a single fixed amount security, obligation, or other property, either real, personal, or mixed, of a single issuer. (ii) A variable amount note of a borrower of prime credit, if the financial institution uses the note solely for investment of funds held in its fiduciary accounts. (b) In a fund maintained by the financial institution for the collective investment of cash balances received or held by a financial institution in its capacity as trustee, personal representative, executor, administrator, guardian, or custodian under a uniform gifts or transfers to minors act of any state that the financial institution considers too small to be invested separately to advantage. The total assets in a fund described in this subdivision shall not exceed $1,000,000.00 and the number of participating accounts shall not exceed 100. (c) In any investment specifically authorized by the instrument creating the fiduciary account or in a court order, in the case of trusts created by a corporation, including its affiliates and subsidiaries, or by several individual settlors who are closely related. (d) In any collective investment authorized by applicable law, including, but not limited to, an investment under a preneed funeral statute of any state. (e) In any other manner described by the financial institution in a written plan approved by the financial institution's state or federal regulator. In order to obtain a special exemption, a financial institution shall submit to its regulator a written plan that sets forth all of the following: (i) The reason that the proposed fund requires a special exemption. (ii) The provisions of the proposed fund that are inconsistent with this act. (iii) The provisions of this act for which the financial institution seeks an exemption. (iv) The manner in which the proposed fund addresses the rights and interests of the participating accounts.


(2) For purposes of this section, a financial institution acts as a fiduciary if the financial institution acts as any of the following: (a) A trustee, personal representative, executor, administrator, registrar of stocks and bonds, transfer agent, guardian, assignee, receiver, or custodian under a uniform gifts or transfers to minors act of any state. (b) An investment adviser, if the financial institution receives a fee for its investment advice. (c) In any capacity in which the financial institution possesses investment discretion on behalf of another. (d) In any similar capacity that a federal banking agency having authority over the financial institution may authorize from time to time.

History: 1941, Act 174, Eff. Jan. 10, 1942 ;-- CL 1948, 555.112 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 586, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 2005 Popular Name: Common Trust Fund Act

UNIFORM UNCLAIMED PROPERTY ACT (EXCERPT) Act 29 of 1995 567.228a Unclaimed prepaid funeral contract. Sec. 8a. (1) Funds held by a provider under the prepaid funeral contract funding act, 1986 PA 255, MCL 328.211 to 328.235, that remain unclaimed for a period of 3 years after the death of the contract beneficiary or, if no contract beneficiary has been designated under the prepaid funeral contract, 3 years after the death of the owner of the prepaid funeral contract are presumed abandoned. (2) Funds held pursuant to 1954 PA 70, MCL 328.201 to 328.204, are presumed abandoned, after a period of 3 years, unless the owner or person entitled to the funds has communicated in writing with the banking or financial organization concerning the funds or otherwise indicated in interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the banking or financial organization.

History: 1995, Act 29, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 197, Imd. Eff. Oct. 5, 2010

REVISED JUDICATURE ACT OF 1961 (EXCERPT) Act 236 of 1961 600.2922 Death by wrongful act, neglect, or fault of another; liability; action by personal representative; limitation; notice; approval or rejection of proposed settlement; award and distribution of damages; presentation of claim for damages; advising attorney for personal representative of material facts; applicability of MCL 700.3924 to distribution of proceeds.


Sec. 2922. (1) Whenever the death of a person, injuries resulting in death, or death as described in section 2922a shall be caused by wrongful act, neglect, or fault of another, and the act, neglect, or fault is such as would, if death had not ensued, have entitled the party injured to maintain an action and recover damages, the person who or the corporation that would have been liable, if death had not ensued, shall be liable to an action for damages, notwithstanding the death of the person injured or death as described in section 2922a, and although the death was caused under circumstances that constitute a felony. (2) Every action under this section shall be brought by, and in the name of, the personal representative of the estate of the deceased. Within 30 days after the commencement of an action, the personal representative shall serve a copy of the complaint and notice as prescribed in subsection (4) upon the person or persons who may be entitled to damages under subsection (3) in the manner and method provided in the rules applicable to probate court proceedings. (3) Subject to sections 2802 to 2805 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.2802 to 700.2805, the person or persons who may be entitled to damages under this section shall be limited to any of the following who suffer damages and survive the deceased: (a) The deceased's spouse, children, descendants, parents, grandparents, brothers and sisters, and, if none of these persons survive the deceased, then those persons to whom the estate of the deceased would pass under the laws of intestate succession determined as of the date of death of the deceased. (b) The children of the deceased's spouse. (c) Those persons who are devisees under the will of the deceased, except those whose relationship with the decedent violated Michigan law, including beneficiaries of a trust under the will, those persons who are designated in the will as persons who may be entitled to damages under this section, and the beneficiaries of a living trust of the deceased if there is a devise to that trust in the will of the deceased. (4) The notice required in subsection (2) shall contain the following: (a) The name and address of the personal representative and the personal representative's attorney. (b) A statement that the attorney for the personal representative shall be advised within 60 days after the mailing of the notice of any material fact that may constitute evidence of any claim for damages and that failure to do so may adversely affect his or her recovery of damages and could bar his or her right to any claim at a hearing to distribute proceeds. (c) A statement that he or she will be notified of a hearing to determine the distribution of the proceeds after the adjudication or settlement of the claim for damages. (d) A statement that to recover damages under this section the person who may be entitled to damages must present a claim for damages to the personal representative on or before the date set for hearing on the motion for distribution of the proceeds under subsection (6) and that failure to present a claim for damages within the time provided shall bar the person from making a claim to any of the proceeds. (5) If, for the purpose of settling a claim for damages for wrongful death where an action for those damages is pending, a motion is filed in the court where the action is pending by the personal


representative asking leave of the court to settle the claim, the court shall, with or without notice, conduct a hearing and approve or reject the proposed settlement. (6) In every action under this section, the court or jury may award damages as the court or jury shall consider fair and equitable, under all the circumstances including reasonable medical, hospital, funeral, and burial expenses for which the estate is liable; reasonable compensation for the pain and suffering, while conscious, undergone by the deceased during the period intervening between the time of the injury and death; and damages for the loss of financial support and the loss of the society and companionship of the deceased. The proceeds of a settlement or judgment in an action for damages for wrongful death shall be distributed as follows: (a) The personal representative shall file with the court a motion for authority to distribute the proceeds. Upon the filing of the motion, the court shall order a hearing. (b) Unless waived, notice of the hearing shall be served upon all persons who may be entitled to damages under subsection (3) in the time, manner, and method provided in the rules applicable to probate court proceedings. (c) If any interested person is a minor, a disappeared person, or an incapacitated individual for whom a fiduciary is not appointed, a fiduciary or guardian ad litem shall be first appointed, and the notice provided in subdivision (b) shall be given to the fiduciary or guardian ad litem of the minor, disappeared person, or legally incapacitated individual. (d) After a hearing by the court, the court shall order payment from the proceeds of the reasonable medical, hospital, funeral, and burial expenses of the decedent for which the estate is liable. The proceeds shall not be applied to the payment of any other charges against the estate of the decedent. The court shall then enter an order distributing the proceeds to those persons designated in subsection (3) who suffered damages and to the estate of the deceased for compensation for conscious pain and suffering, if any, in the amount as the court or jury considers fair and equitable considering the relative damages sustained by each of the persons and the estate of the deceased. If there is a special verdict by a jury in the wrongful death action, damages shall be distributed as provided in the special verdict. (e) If none of the persons entitled to the proceeds is a minor, a disappeared person, or a legally incapacitated individual and all of the persons entitled to the proceeds execute a verified stipulation or agreement in writing in which the portion of the proceeds to be distributed to each of the persons is specified, the order of the court shall be entered in accordance with the stipulation or agreement. (7) A person who may be entitled to damages under this section must present a claim for damages to the personal representative on or before the date set for hearing on the motion for distribution of the proceeds under subsection (6). The failure to present a claim for damages within the time provided shall bar the person from making a claim to any of the proceeds. (8) A person who may be entitled to damages under this section shall advise the attorney for the personal representative within 60 days after service of the complaint and notice as provided for under subsection (2) of any material fact of which the person has knowledge and that may constitute evidence of any claim for damages. The person's right to claim at a hearing any proceeds may be barred by the court if the person fails to advise the personal representative as prescribed in this subsection. (9) If a claim under this section is to be settled and a civil action for wrongful death is not pending under this section, the procedures prescribed in section 3924 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3924, shall be applicable to the distribution of the proceeds.


History: 1961, Act 236, Eff. Jan. 1, 1963 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 146, Imd. Eff. July 12, 1965 ;-- Am. 1971, Act 65, Eff. Mar. 30, 1972 ;-- Am. 1985, Act 93, Imd. Eff. July 10, 1985 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 56, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 270, Imd. Eff. Dec. 19, 2005 Compiler's Notes: Section 2 of Act 93 of 1985 provides: “This amendatory act applies to cases and matters pending on or filed after the effective date of this amendatory act.� ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.1104 Definitions; E to H. Sec. 1104. As used in this act: (a) "Environmental law" means a federal, state, or local law, rule, regulation, or ordinance that relates to the protection of the environment or human health. (b) "Estate" includes the property of the decedent, trust, or other person whose affairs are subject to this act as the property is originally constituted and as it exists throughout administration. Estate also includes the rights described in sections 3805, 3922, and 7606 to collect from others amounts necessary to pay claims, allowances, and taxes. (c) "Exempt property" means property of a decedent's estate that is described in section 2404. (d) "Family allowance" means the allowance prescribed in section 2403. (e) "Fiduciary" includes, but is not limited to, a personal representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, plenary guardian, partial guardian, and successor fiduciary. (f) "Financial institution" means an organization authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to a financial institution and includes, but is not limited to, a bank, trust company, savings bank, building and loan association, savings and loan company or association, credit union, insurance company, and entity that offers mutual fund, securities brokerage, money market, or retail investment accounts. (g) "Foreign personal representative" means a personal representative appointed by another jurisdiction. (h) "Formal proceedings" means proceedings conducted before a judge with notice to interested persons. (i) "Funeral establishment" means that term as defined in section 1801 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339.1801, and the owners, employees, and agents of the funeral establishment. (j) "General personal representative" means a personal representative other than a special personal representative. (k) "Governing instrument" means a deed; will; trust; insurance or annuity policy; account with POD designation; security registered in beneficiary form (TOD); pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar


benefit plan; instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney; or dispositive, appointive, or nominative instrument of any similar type. (l) "Guardian" means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. Guardian does not include a guardian ad litem. (m) "Hazardous substance" means a substance defined as hazardous or toxic or otherwise regulated by an environmental law. (n) "Heir" means, except as controlled by section 2720, a person, including the surviving spouse or the state, that is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession to a decedent's property. (o) "Homestead allowance" means the allowance prescribed in section 2402.

History: 1998, Act 386, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 54, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2005, Act 204, Imd. Eff. Nov. 10, 2005 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 299, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 ;-- Am. 2009, Act 46, Eff. Apr. 1, 2010 Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.2402 Homestead allowance. Sec. 2402. A decedent's surviving spouse is entitled to a homestead allowance of $15,000.00, adjusted as provided in section 1210. If there is no surviving spouse, each minor child and each dependent child of the decedent is entitled to a homestead allowance equal to $15,000.00, adjusted as provided in section 1210, divided by the number of the decedent's minor and dependent children. The homestead allowance is exempt from and has priority over all claims against the estate, except administration costs and expenses and reasonable funeral and burial expenses. A homestead allowance is in addition to any share passing to the surviving spouse or minor or dependent child by the will of the decedent, unless otherwise provided, by intestate succession, or by elective share.

History: 1998, Act 386, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 177, Imd. Eff. June 20, 2000 Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.2403 Family allowance. Sec. 2403.


(1) For their maintenance during the period of administration, a reasonable family allowance is payable to the decedent's surviving spouse and minor children whom the decedent was obligated to support, and children of the decedent or another who were in fact being supported by the decedent, which allowance shall not continue for longer than 1 year if the estate is inadequate to discharge allowed claims. The family allowance may be paid in a lump sum or in periodic installments. The family allowance is payable to the surviving spouse, if living, for the use of the surviving spouse and minor and dependent children; otherwise to the children or persons having their care and custody. If a minor child or dependent child is not living with the surviving spouse, the allowance may be paid partially to the child or to a fiduciary or other person having the child's care and custody, and partially to the spouse, as their needs may appear. (2) The family allowance is exempt from and has priority over all claims except administration costs and expenses, reasonable funeral and burial expenses, and the homestead allowance. The family allowance is not chargeable against a benefit or share passing to the surviving spouse or children by the will of the decedent, unless otherwise provided, by intestate succession, or by way of elective share. The death of an individual entitled to family allowance terminates the right to allowances not yet paid.

History: 1998, Act 386, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2000, Act 177, Imd. Eff. June 20, 2000 Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.3206 Right and power to make decisions about funeral arrangements and handling, disposition, or disinterment of decedent's body; presumption; priority; shared rights and powers; personal representative or nominated personal representative; guardian; special personal representative; additional persons; reasonable attempt to locate person; effect of section on anatomical gift; "nominated personal representative" defined. Sec. 3206. (1) Subject to 1953 PA 181, MCL 52.201 to 52.216, and to part 28 and article 10 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.2801 to 333.2899 and 333.10101 to 333.11101, a person with priority under subsections (2) to (4) or acting under subsection (5), (6), (7), or (8) is presumed to have the right and power to make decisions about funeral arrangements and the handling, disposition, or disinterment of a decedent's body, including, but not limited to, decisions about cremation, and the right to possess cremated remains of the decedent. The handling, disposition, or disinterment of a body shall be under the supervision of a person licensed to practice mortuary science in this state. (2) The surviving spouse or, if there is no surviving spouse, the individual or individuals 18 years of age or older, in the highest order of priority under section 2103, and related to the decedent in the closest degree of consanguinity, have the rights and powers under subsection (1). (3) If the surviving spouse or the individual or individuals with the highest priority as determined under subsection (2) do not exercise their rights or powers under subsection (1) or cannot be located after a good-faith effort to contact them, the rights and powers under subsection (1) may be exercised by the individual or individuals in the same order of priority under section 2103 who are related to the decedent in the next closest degree of consanguinity. If the individual or each of the individuals in an order of priority as determined under this subsection similarly does not exercise his or her rights or powers or cannot be located, the rights or powers under subsection (1) pass to the next order of priority, with the


order of priority being determined by first taking the individuals in the highest order of priority under section 2103 and then taking the individuals related to the decedent in the closest or, as applicable, next closest degree of consanguinity in that order of priority. (4) If 2 or more individuals share the rights and powers described in subsection (1) as determined under subsection (2) or (3), the rights and powers shall be exercised as decided by a majority of the individuals. If a majority cannot agree, any of the individuals may file a petition under section 3207. (5) If no individual described in subsections (2) and (3) exists, exercises the rights or powers under subsection (1), or can be located after a sufficient attempt as described in subsection (9), and if subsection (6) does not apply, then the personal representative or nominated personal representative may exercise the rights and powers under subsection (1), either before or after his or her appointment. (6) If no individual described in subsections (2) and (3) exists, exercises the rights or powers under subsection (1), or can be located after a sufficient attempt as described in subsection (9), and if the decedent was under a guardianship at the time of death, the guardian may exercise the rights and powers under subsection (1) and may make a claim for the reimbursement of burial expenses as provided in section 5216 or 5315, as applicable. (7) If no individual described in subsections (2) and (3) exists, exercises the rights or powers under subsection (1), or can be located after a sufficient attempt as described in subsection (9), if the decedent died intestate, and if subsection (6) does not apply, a special personal representative appointed under section 3614(c) may exercise the rights and powers under subsection (1). (8) If there is no person under subsections (2) to (7) to exercise the rights and powers under subsection (1), 1 of the following, as applicable, shall exercise the rights and powers under subsection (1): (a) Unless subdivision (b) applies, the county public administrator, if willing, or the medical examiner for the county where the decedent was domiciled at the time of his or her death. (b) If the decedent was incarcerated in a state correctional facility at the time of his or her death, the director of the department of corrections or the designee of the director. (9) An attempt to locate a person described in subsection (2) or (3) is sufficient if a reasonable attempt is made in good faith by a family member, personal representative, or nominated personal representative of the decedent to contact the person at his or her last known address, telephone number, or electronic mail address. (10) This section does not void or otherwise affect an anatomical gift made under part 101 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.10101 to 333.10123. (11) As used in this section, "nominated personal representative" means a person nominated to act as personal representative in a will that the nominated person reasonably believes to be the valid will of the decedent.

History: Add. 2006, Act 299, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 41, Imd. Eff. Mar. 17, 2008 Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998


700.3207 Petition; venue; hearing date; notice of hearing; funeral establishment as petitioner; factors to be considered in court decision. Sec. 3207. (1) If there is a disagreement as described in section 3206(4) or if 1 or more of the individuals described in section 3206(2) or (3) cannot be located, 1 or more of the following may petition the court to determine who has the authority to exercise the rights and powers under section 3206(1): (a) An individual with the rights and powers under section 3206(1). (b) A funeral establishment that has custody of the decedent's body. (2) Venue for a petition filed under subsection (1) is in the county in which the decedent was domiciled at the time of death. (3) On receipt of a petition under this section, the court shall set a date for a hearing on the petition. The hearing date shall be as soon as possible, but not later than 7 business days after the date the petition is filed. Notice of the petition and the hearing shall be served not less than 2 days before the date of the hearing on every individual who has highest priority as determined under section 3206(2) and (3), unless the court orders that service on every such individual is not required. Unless an individual cannot be located after a reasonable good-faith effort has been made to contact the individual, service shall be made on the individual personally or in a manner reasonably designed to give the individual notice. Notice of the hearing shall include notice of the individual's right to appear at the hearing. An individual served with notice of the hearing may waive his or her rights. If written waivers from all persons entitled to notice are filed, the court may immediately hear the petition. The court may waive or modify the notice and hearing requirements of this subsection if the decedent's body must be disposed of promptly to accommodate the religious beliefs of the decedent or his or her next of kin. (4) If a funeral establishment is the petitioner under this section, the funeral establishment's actual costs and reasonable attorney fees in bringing the proceeding shall be included in the reasonable funeral and burial expenses under section 3805(1)(b) or the court may assess such costs and fees against 1 or more parties or intervenors. (5) In deciding a petition brought under this section, the court shall consider all of the following, in addition to other relevant factors: (a) The reasonableness and practicality of the funeral arrangements or the handling or disposition of the body proposed by the person bringing the action in comparison with the funeral arrangements or the handling or disposition of the body proposed by 1 or more individuals with the rights and powers under section 3206(1). (b) The nature of the personal relationship to the deceased of the person bringing the action compared to other individuals with the rights and powers under section 3206(1). (c) Whether the person bringing the action is ready, willing, and able to pay the costs of the funeral arrangements or the handling or disposition of the body.


History: Add. 2006, Act 299, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 ;-- Am. 2010, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 2010 Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 325 of 2010 provides:"Enacting section 1. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), this amendatory act takes effect April 1, 2010."(2) Section 3207 of the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700.3207, as amended by this amendatory act, takes effect on the date this amendatory act is enacted into law." Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.3209 Funeral establishment not civilly liable. Sec. 3209. (1) A funeral establishment is not required to file a petition under section 3207 and is not civilly liable for not doing so. (2) The order of priority determined under section 3206(2) and (3) may be relied upon by a funeral establishment. A funeral establishment is not a guarantor that a person exercising the rights and powers under section 3206(1) has the legal authority to do so. A funeral establishment does not have the responsibility to contact or independently investigate the existence of relatives of the deceased, but may rely on information provided by family members of the deceased. (3) A funeral establishment, holder of a license to practice mortuary science issued by this state, cemetery, crematory, or an officer or employee of a funeral establishment, holder of a license to practice mortuary science issued by this state, cemetery, or crematory may rely on the terms of sections 3206 and 3207 and this section and the instructions of a person described in section 3206(2) to (8), or of an individual determined in an action under section 3208 to be the party to exercise the rights and powers under section 3206(1), regarding funeral arrangements and the handling, disposition, or disinterment of a body and is not civilly liable to any person for the reliance if the reliance was in good faith.

History: Add. 2006, Act 299, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.3614 Special personal representative; appointment. Sec. 3614. A special personal representative may be appointed in any of the following circumstances: (a) Informally by the register on the application of an interested person if necessary to protect the estate of a decedent before the appointment of a general personal representative or if a prior appointment is terminated as provided in section 3609.


(b) By the court on its own motion or in a formal proceeding by court order on the petition of an interested person if in either case, after notice and hearing, the court finds that the appointment is necessary to preserve the estate or to secure its proper administration, including its administration in circumstances in which a general personal representative cannot or should not act. If it appears to the court that an emergency exists, the court may order the appointment without notice. (c) By the court on its own motion or on petition by an interested person to supervise the disposition of the body of a decedent if section 3206(7) applies. The duties of a special personal representative appointed under this subdivision shall be specified in the order of appointment and may include making arrangements with a funeral home, securing a burial plot if needed, obtaining veteran's or pauper's funding where appropriate, and determining the disposition of the body by burial or cremation. The court may waive the bond requirement under section 3603(1)(a). The court may appoint the county public administrator if the county public administrator is willing to serve. If the court determines that it will not be necessary to open an estate, the court may appoint a special fiduciary under section 1309 instead of a special personal representative to perform duties under this section.

History: 1998, Act 386, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2004, Act 343, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 2004 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 299, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 Popular Name: EPIC ESTATES AND PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS CODE (EXCERPT) Act 386 of 1998 700.3701 Time of accrual of duties and powers. Sec. 3701. A personal representative's duties and powers commence upon appointment. A personal representative's powers relate back in time to give acts by the person appointed that are beneficial to the estate occurring before appointment the same effect as those occurring after appointment. Subject to sections 3206 to 3208, before or after appointment, a person named as personal representative in a will may carry out the decedent's written instructions relating to the decedent's body, funeral, and burial arrangements. A personal representative may ratify and accept an act on behalf of the estate done by another if the act would have been proper for a personal representative.

History: 1998, Act 386, Eff. Apr. 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 299, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 Popular Name: EPIC

THE MICHIGAN PENAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 328 of 1931 750.160c Prohibited acts; violation; exceptions; “final disposition of a dead body� defined. Sec. 160c.


(1) A person shall not do any of the following: (a) After agreeing to provide the services of a funeral director, fail or refuse to properly supervise the final disposition of that dead human body. (b) After agreeing to provide for the final disposition of a dead human body, fail or refuse to properly dispose of that dead human body. (2) A person who violates this section is guilty of a crime as follows: (a) If the failure or refusal to properly supervise the final disposition of a dead human body or the failure or refusal to properly dispose of the dead human body occurs more than 60 days but not more than 180 days after the date the person takes possession of the dead human body, the person is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both. (b) If the failure or refusal to properly supervise the final disposition of a dead human body or the failure or refusal to properly dispose of the dead human body occurs more than 180 days after the date the person takes possession of the dead human body, the person is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than 10 years or a fine of not more than $50,000.00, or both. (3) It is not a violation of this section if the failure or refusal is due to 1 or more of the following factors: (a) Delays due to seasonal factors relating to the method of final disposition of the dead human body. (b) Delays due to the availability of services required to complete the final disposition of the dead human body. (c) The directives of the person having lawful authority over final disposition of the dead human body to postpone that disposition pending funeral services, the presence of certain family members, or other activities. (d) Delays due to the inability to obtain the necessary authorizations regarding the method of final disposition of the dead human body or due to the inability to locate individuals essential to making a decision regarding the final disposition of the dead human body. (e) Delays due to an autopsy, investigation of the cause of death, the gathering of evidence, or other activity or procedure required by a governmental or law enforcement agency. (f) Delays pursuant to an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction upon petition and showing of good cause for a delay in the final disposition of a dead human body. (4) This section does not prohibit a person from being charged with, convicted of, or punished for any other violation of law that is committed by that person while violating this section. (5) As used in this section, “final disposition of a dead human body� means cremation, burial, entombment, or other method of final disposition of a dead human body allowable under law.

History: Add. 2003, Act 267, Eff. Apr. 1, 2004


THE MICHIGAN PENAL CODE (EXCERPT) Act 328 of 1931 750.167d Funeral, memorial service, or viewing; funeral procession; burial; prohibited conduct; violation; penalty. Sec. 167d. (1) A person shall not do any of the following within 500 feet of a building or other location where a funeral, memorial service, or viewing of a deceased person is being conducted or within 500 feet of a funeral procession or burial: (a) Make loud and raucous noise and continue to do so after being asked to stop. (b) Make any statement or gesture that would make a reasonable person under the circumstances feel intimidated, threatened, or harassed. (c) Engage in any other conduct that the person knows or should reasonably know will disturb, disrupt, or adversely affect the funeral, memorial service, viewing of the deceased person, funeral procession, or burial. (2) A person who violates subsection (1) is a disorderly person and is guilty of a felony punishable as provided under section 168.

History: Add. 2006, Act 148, Eff. Aug. 22, 2006 THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (EXCERPT) Act 175 of 1927 777.13j Applicability of chapter to certain felonies; MCL 328.232 and 330.1944. Sec. 13j. This chapter applies to the following felonies enumerated in chapters 325 to 332 of the Michigan Compiled Laws: M.C.L.

Category Class Description

Stat Max

328.232 Property E

Conversion of funeral contracts

330.1944 Pub saf

Criminal sexual psychopath leaving state without permission 4

F

5

History: Add. 2002, Act 30, Eff. Apr. 1, 2002 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 655, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 2007

MI_mortlaws  

Disclaimer: While every effort was made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the Funeral Laws and regulations available on the State’s...

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