Architecture Studio 1.2 Portfolio Manchester School of Architecture Year 1 2014 James Matthew Nutt
Table of contents for studio 1.2
Simulaca 1.2.1 Project cover page // Project Overview // Project image
Assembly 1.2.2 Project programme Project research Project Proccess of design Final project design
Si 1.2.1 Section 1: Simulaca 1.2.1
Simulaca was a project that focused on the conceptualisation of an ordinary place. My personal approach was the obscene. I wanted to place an unordinary element in a different atmosphere. Whether this be something with a comedy element or something far fetched. I used elephants in my project to create this un-ordinary element but also to link it to the busyness and the rushed atmosphere of Oxford road life. I felt elephants replicated the sensations experienced on the road which justifies why i used them in my Simulaca Image.
Elephants on Oxford - Simulaca Image
As 1.2.2 Section 2: Assembly
This is an urban poultry farm, egg cafe and my project.
The design programme This project looks at setting out a specifc programme and then fitting it to a correct site. The brief expects the development of a â€˜communityâ€™ so i will look to create an enviroment that can be used by all, of all ages. The brief catergorises the 3 different approaches to the work. Observing, Examining and training. I will look to use all 3 of these elements within my personal programme. Within the programme overview I am lookign at the story of my client so far. So this includes my previous projects. This is the story of my process from the initial design for my animal to my final outputing design. My programme will be fully structured with a full understanding of my desired outcomes.
Transcience Home: Project 2 - Whitworth Park This project focused on the idea of transcience and micro-home living. The client, the worker for our chosen animal in project 1, needed a home in which he could stay and also move about with. I produced a semi-permanent solution in Whitworth Park. This solution was in-keeping with the design motion of the previous project and worked orn a layered basis.
Assembly: Project 3 - Charles Street This project, Yet to be produced focuses on making an interactive space for the users of the area. This space needs to link with the prevopus projects and needs to look at the different sectors this space can produce a way of entertainment for them.
Animal Habitat: Project 1 - University Place and Alan Gilbert This project focused on habitat. Having chosen a chicken as my chosen animal i then decided that the enclosure needed to be open. The initative was focused around making eggs and some minor form of self sufficency for the students union situated next to the main site.
Programme Story Above shows a timeline of the events that have occured in my project so far. This is from the creation of my initial habitat to the final outcome. This overview is essentially so i can communicate my ideas in relation to the previous contexts showing how my projects link and how the work has developed over a series of time.
What is it ? The urban bird Manchester is a programme which sees the construction of a fully funcitonal, multi dimensional ‘mini-farm’ within one roof and in a small, observational context. Essential it will operate just as any other farm does but it will be achieved in much smalelr space to the suitable conditions of a standard farm.
How will it operate ? The Urban Bird will not be to the same scale as a normal farm in terms of acerage. With appropriate form within a small context the architecture will layer the farm consdiering light and space for optimum growth and living conditions. The space willl be a public space that allows people to see the operation of a farm in a city centre context. There will also be local opportunity to buy produce in a ‘market style’ context on one level.
Programme My programmme looks specifically at two aspects of the three stated programme aspects. This includes the observing and the training. I am looking to produce an urban farm within one of the sites along Oxford Road. The diagram below shows the programme in further detail in a diagrammatic format. This diagram shows What the site is, how it will operate and what it needs. It also looks at the intentions of the site in terms of purpose and what it will look to achieve.
Goals / What we want to achieve // Facillitate up to 4 different types of poultry // Grow a larger supply off over 5 different vegtables // Carry out all outcomes to free range and organic standards // Host 10 different independant retailerss or farm shops // Have the ability to capacitate up to 75 visitors at any given time
Why are we doing it ? This project is carried out for a number of reasons. It aims to promote the farmin industry snd educate children and people into the modern day lifecycles of foodgrowth etc. It also aims to help grow the local farming industry and understanding. This iis an attempt to promote local buisness and encourage retail of a small scale. The main focus of the conditions for the animals is to display them in the best possible way. This creates an idelic / slightly humerous element for the process off farming.
What will it need ? Due to scale and the nature of the context the needs of the farm need to be minimal. The main priority is ensuring the poultry arm has the main features that make it a farm. Obviously this includes animals. The graphic to the right shows the minimum amount of animals i would like to achieve in the design. This means i want these specific animals within the design as a minimum. 20 X Chickens 8 X Turkeys 14 X Geese 14 X Ducks
Spatial Requirement When considering Architecture for animals it is important to consider the avaiable space for each animal. This is specifically important for my project as it is about capacitating my animals in a healthy and ‘fit for public viewing’ enviroment. The diagrams show this way of thinking. I have taken the site size and created possible alternatives in terms of the different animals. This is so i can create a suitable combination. B
Area: 399.37 M2
Perimeter: 100.97 M C A
Length A: B: C: D: E:
36.54 M 11.23 M 14.56 M 24.73 M 14.6 M
NUMBER POSSIBLE IN PROJECT:
Programme Brief I felt the programme brief was best demonstrated with the use of a site, spatial hierachy. From the image you can see the deconstruction of certain sectors of the site. These sectors represent the different zones within the buildiing. In creating a spatial hierachy it makes a teritorial space in which i can design to suit the certain elements from. The sectors included and a further explanation are included in the the key to the right hand side of the diagram.
Red Area //The red area respresents the public exhibiton space. This is space in which the public can walk around freely. It includes all open spaces such as hallways and the ground floor opening. It occupys the largest space within the building. Pink Area // The pink area is the area that occupys the animals / Exhibits within the design. This includes aspects such as the roaming areas for the animals. There is no public access to these spaces.
Yellow Area //The yellow area is commercial space and staff space. This is space Purple Area //The purple area accounts for the public service areas. This includes that provides a service for the staff or sells toilets and gerneral public spaces. This may also includes other aspects such as for the public. showers or whatever public services i may feel by neccesary for the use within the design.WWWW Blue Area // The blue area is water amongst the design. The design includes a large amount of water to supply to ducks and geese habitats. This water may be underground but is a large proportion.
Green area // The green area represents the open space present on the site. This space is for roaming purposes both publicily and for the us of animals.
Programme of building The intentions for the buildign are to make it work in a large cycle. This means that the entire cycle will be self sufficent. This means that it aims to eliminate the use of imports and support its own platform from the produce produced on the farm. This method means that
Producers of naturual waste 500 residents produce 1.64 million kilograms of sludge per year. This can be used as a fertiliser.
Chickens and other poultry produce eggs on a daily basis. 10 Chickens can produce up to 60 eggs a day. These cab be served in the in-house cafe or sold instore.
Manure produced by the animals can be used as a naturual fertiliser to help aid the growth of the grain which can then feed the livestock.
Grain can be grown in house with the use of sunlight and naturual warmth. This grain if to a large enough scale can be used to help feed the chickens. The chickens then help the grain by giving it the nutrients to grow.
Rain water collection can be used and filtered for use within the utilities of the building but also to help manage the grain. Exsposing the grain directly to the rain would save having to store and then divert the water to the crops.
Reaserch in context to programme and architectural context The reaserch in relation to the urban farm is focused on both conceptional and real life examples. When considering an urban farm conditions are the key. Rural, traditional farms have contrasting cliamtes to that of the urban which has large effects on the livestock and the plantations within an urban enviroment.
It is therefore important to evaluate how these conditions can be altered for and how they can effect the lifestyle significantly. From the site it is important that the already conditons are maximised and the other conditions are produced.
Site Map The image is taken from South west perspective. It looks at the The graphic to the right hand side shows the basic forms of the site from the unconventional perspective. The site its self is south surrounding areas of my site. This site (Highlighted in blue) is facing meaning light utilisation is key within the desing. I will exsurrounded by a plethora of building that compliment the surplor this within my site reaseach and focus on how i can utiliese roundings. There are a large array of structures of varying styles this light to best suit my architectural site. The programme i have and heights. My reaserch focuses on the surrounding structures produced relies on this site and the utilisation of its light to ensure to ensure that my project develops to become inkeeping with its success. With a farm urban lighting is the key component to maksurroundings. The site itself is situated on Charles street, opposite ing my design work. the previous Oxford road BBC site. This site is
NE Sun Site Map The sun path for a site is a vital component of site analysis. The sun path which runs from East to West with a tendancy towards the south side has a large influencing factor on design. With my design focused on utilising this light to grow it was an element i had to strongly consider. The below diagram shows the darkest areas of the site at certain intervals throughout the day. The site is south facing so has a good amount of sunlight in the day. With this site the problem lies in the surrounding buildings. These
buildings trap the light within the space. Because they are in close proximety the side is sheltered in a manner that resticts the light accessing the main site. In terms of design consideration i will look to incorporate transparent elements within the rood and certain height that maximises the amount of light the site can capture within the enclosed site.
Site Dimensions This page shows 3 factors of the site. The first shows the make up of the surrounding structures. This includes the building heights of the near by structures and the proximetery of the buildings to each other. The diagram to the top right also shows the shadow formation at a certain angle of the building. The map shows the position of the building. It is situated on Charles street, this is just off Oxford road in close proximety to the city centre end. It is located near the river medlock and just infront of the approaching 200m of railway to Oxford Road train station.
The site is an un-conventional polyagonal form. It has one large straigh edge with two caps, also straight. The site has buildings in close proximetey which can cause complications in the locations of windows. The structures to the West side are just 5M in width from site to site. Therefore the construction in this site will largely effect the light formation of the building.
SITE 2: Area: 399.37 M2 Perimeter: 100.97 M C
Length A: B: C: D: E:
36.54 M 11.23 M 14.56 M 24.73 M 14.6 M
TRAIN LINE SERVICES Northern Line // 8 Trains Per Hour - 100 per Day Trans Penine Express // 6 Trains Per Hour - 60 Per Day Arriva Trains // 2 Per Hour - 4 Per Day East Midlands Trains // 2 Per Hour - 40 Per Day
Site Expierence The site graphic above shows certain elements of the design that are not visibile from photos or maps. These are elements such as footfall, traffic, train noise etc. These elements are key to site analyiss as they give an understanding of what elements may influence puting certain aspects of design within the building.
OXFORD ROAD TRAFFIC Often claimed to be the â€˜busiest bus route in europeâ€™ with over 20 services and 5 different operators. Main area for universities of Manchester (60,000+) students. Large Footfall area
Roof crop growing The notion of growing crops in order to provide for the livestock needs to calcualted in terms of crop yields and feasability on the site. A crop is a long process and in order to provide a cycle for self sufficency it needs to be calculated for the site to provide for the animals to some sort of extent. The way in which this is carried out and the idea of some figures is demonstrated on this page.
UK WHEAT CROP PATTERN (WINTER PATTERN / SPRING PATTERN) JANUARY
For optimum growth conditions three areas of crop land are needed. 1 x Area for crop winter pattern 1 x Area for crop spring pattern 1 x Area for crop roation (Left Spare)
CULTIVATIONS MARCH FERTILISER TOP-DRESSING
APRIL FERTILISER TOP-DRESSING, WEED CONTROL
WEED AND DISEASE CONTROL FERTILISER TOP-DRESSING
JUNE DISEASE CONTROL FERTILISER TOP-DRESSING, WEED CONTROL JULY
7.7 Tonnes of Wheat grain
WEED AND DISEASE CONTROL AUGUST WINTER HARVEST COMPLETE DISEASE CONTROL SEPTEMBER PLOUGHING
OCTOBER CULTIVATIONS SPRING HARVEST COMPLETE NOVEMBER WEED AND APHID CONTROL PLOUGHING DECEMBER
200g of grain 1 Chicken a day
Incubator Life cycle One feature of the design i would like to include is an incubator wall. This incubator wall produces a series of chics and other poultry offspring in a demonstration to the general public. The idea of this is to present the incubators in glass boxes as shown in the layout below demonstrating the different stages of the cycle. This includes the fertilisation the growing the egg cracking and then eventually the chicks.
Stage 1: Fertile egg placed into the incubator wall. The different eggs have different hatching times. The shortest (A chicken ) is just 21 days.
Stage 2: The eggs begin to hatch and as they go furhter down the process they are moved further along the incubating unit.
Stage 3: The eggs then hatch, they are left to naturally hatch and are left as mini chicks for a number of days.
TAG S T EN
FERTILE DUCK EGGS
FERTILE GEESE EGGS
FERTILE TURKEY EGGS
FERTILE CHICKEN EGGS
NT ES I
OM S FR
O N PR
Stage4: The chicks are then moved onto local farms of homes that would like to have there own chicks or poultry.
C G TO
Undergrond urban farm Project // London Underground Farm This initiative set up by two entrepreneurs, Richard Ballard and Steven Dring is designed to take the passageways under the London Northern line into the largest indoor farm. It would grow 2.5 acres of fresh vegetables for London Resturants. Michelin-Starred chef Michel Roux Jr has backed the scheme and claim if it can become a realitiy will reach ÂŁ300,000 in the next two months. The tunnel that they would like to use is a previous air raid shelter for World War II, but they have remained empty ever since these dates. The tunnels will need a constant temperature of 60 degrees farenheit. They must also be untouched by the London Air. Ballard and Dring have developed special farmin arrays that can grow three layers of produce using LED lights and hydroponics. The farm will grow pea shoots, rocket, red amaranth, mizuna, broccoli, garlic chives, red vein sorrel, mustard leaf, radish, coriander and thai basil. The fresh vegtables and herbs will be transported all over London and effectivley sourcing the local food for the resturants above. The aim of growing underground is both an adaptive project that re-uses empty space but also to create a farm with minimal carbon footprint that will grow food below the businessses that buy it. This sort of project Utilitises the ambility to create produce in a no light enviroment. With light being a concern within my project these methods could be used in a smaller scale to grow plants and herbs within my site. The only issue with the application of such methods within my site would be the use large scale lighting. It may proove both exspensive and not cost effective for the project. When naturual light is availble it is key to use the light to the best advantage of its users, in this case the plants.
Design Process The design process in this case was different to that of previous projects. Confined to dimentional constraints of site and a need t operform a specific programme made the design of this structure difficult. The starting point for this design process was always putting the design in context. Shape making would not work. It needed to fit the site and the programme. This could only be achieved by disecting the programme and identifying the certain elements that needed to go in the different areas of the site or where they would be best suited.
What i need from my design To start the design process i began by looking at what my project needed. This included an idea of structural elements and other constraints that meant my programme could work in the given space.
SITE RELEVANCE When designing the site dimensions and form needs to be considered. Shape building will not work in the case of a chosen site as constraints are already in place that will eliminate the feasability of many forms.
EXTERNAL CONTEXT The external context needs to be consdiered in the sense of requirements. A building can only be a certain distance from another building but also aesthetics is an imprtant feature. The building doesnt neccesarily have to be in the same form but it has to compliment the spaces around the site.
PROGRAMME The programme is a key component of the design and needs to be considered. The programme includes the certain elements that need to be within the design. These can then be spaced out to create a sense of containment in terms of design requirements.
CLIENT The client is obviously one of the main concerns in terms of designing. The design has to appeal to its targets so cannot be looked over when creating a design style.
Design Phase 1 This phase started to considered the different forms that came from the shapes i was creating as a result of the building that contained them. This would include elements such as the cafe and working out where each area should be situated. I put these into context as a way of dividing the sites.
Design process sketches phase 2 At this point key forms start to extract from previous shapes i liked in the previous design. It is clear from most of my designs that they have become relativley blocky and show a fuller form with geometric interpretation. This blocking style is to utilise the light on the site and contain the different elements.
Design Phase 3 At this stage the forms are identified. I have used a diagram to show the air interaction with a certain form. Elements such as this need to be considered when designing in context and to a specific site and locaiton.
Refined idea 1 This is a refined idea of my initial designs. This idea looks like a bookshelf falling with distinctive patterns and shapes. The form is used to bounce light from one area to another. The issues with this are growing on the roof and also practicallity in terms of interior lighting.
Refined idea 2 This blocky concept was developed specifically to site. The entrance is cut out of the shape to allow for two clear plant walls. The remaining form is designed to bounce back light from one surface to another. When considering an appropriate material for this form it is hard.
Fd Final Design The final design was the findings of all my intiial research and my previous design process. The design was refined and tweaked before representing the design in a series of media that best replicated the style and form of the building. The following pages demonstrate the different aspects of the design so the user can
work out exactly how it works and also how it appears. The images are produced to both show the design but also demonstrate the different functions and justify the different aspects.
Final design exterior in context This image shows a perspective of the main form of the building in context to the area. This persepctive shows the form with no materials or further detials. At this stage it is just the form that has been developed. This image is very conceptual but gives an understanding of the form to site relationship.
Site in perspective rear view This image shows the site from the rear. It shows the roof garden and how it fits in with the external context. The roof garden is only visible from the perspective above which makes this image so useful in design interpretation.
Final design exterior in illustrated context This image shows a perspective of the main form of the buildin in a sketched manner. It demonstrates the surroundings with a rough idea of location and conceptual location.
Perspective Sketches These sketches are in perspective and show the final design in absolutley no context. It gives an understanding into the form of the design and how it developed from my previous design process sketches.
Section in context This section shows the work at a scale of 1:100. The section is very graphical identifying an idea of materials and giving a full understanding of context and also size and scale. The drawing has been put into an accurate context.
Graphical Section 1:100 Visibile side is east side
Conceptual Axonometric This axonometric shows the form to site relationship of the structure.
Front and Side Elevation Scale 1:100
Site Plan 1:100 Ground Floor // First Floor // Roof
Form Site Map This map of the site shows how the formation of the surrounding buildings falls. The blue and pink are put in contrast with the orange dots replicating the people. My site is located next to the bridge and has a distinctive, polygon form.
Section 5 // Incubation Room This is a dark room that features the incubators. A series of over 30 incubators are within the space demonstrating the fertilisation process for poultry birds.
Disection of site The following pages look at the different sections of the site. This is so the design can be fully justified in the context of the programme. With the use of sketches and 3D visulisation software these rooms and interiors have been dispalyed.
Section 4 // Chicken room This room features the chicken pen. This pen contains the livestock and acts as a mini hotel for the animals. This is viewed from the space that runs next to the animal area.
Section 3 // Ventiillation area, division of livestock and food This walkthrough creates a divide between the eating space and the livestock within the farm.
Section 1 // Front entrance, Egg Cafe, Stairs This is the location of the egg cafe. Lit up by the large south facing window the egg cafe, serving eggs only, seats over 20 people in one sitting. This area also includes a large stair case that takes the user to the roof.
Section 2 // Roof Garden The roof garden accessed from the lower ground staircase features a 90 degree turn before venturing onto a second set of stair cases to take you to the garden. The garden is a produce centre to help feed the livestock.
Egg cafe // Main space The egg cafe and main entrance is situated at the very front of the builiding. The area has a large cylindrical bar which provides the range of egg dishes the cafe offers. The cafe is a purely egg cafe so only sells combinations of egg and often consequently toast. Geared towards commuters and breakfasts the bar also serves
a range of cakes and home produced produce. This includes soup and a light refreshments. The cafe can seat around 20 people and the kitchen facilities are contained within the bar itself. The stairs run around the back of this area and take the users to the roof garden within the design.
Roof Garden The roof garden creates an element of self sufficency within the design. The garden positioned across4 tiers is there to educate the users into the process of arable farming. With a small herb garden and a grain crop the garden is of a small scale but can create some form of self sufficency without comprimising its ability to educate. The garden uses a 3 layer membrame system to support it within the roof. The base layer is a firm concrete ceil-
ing this then supports a layer of filtration, in this case pebbles/ rocks. A waterproof membrame is then added before the turf and grass. All in all the roof garden is around 30cm on to the top of the structure.
Ventillation walkthrough This glass walkthrough is purely there for ventillation seperation. The glass tunnel like structure segregates the smell of the chickens with the cafe. The cafe space needs to be clean and considered in relation to the other space. This walkthrough featuring two doors seperates the two spaces easily without to much structural compromisation.
Chicken Palace This area is the habitat for the chickens. Situated on 4 tiers the area is the habitat for the chickens with the laying area in the wooden box to the left corner of the design. The structure is at an angle to optimise viewing angles. The platforms are built into the pre-cast concrete design. This is to ease access for cleaning and to ensure the structural integrity is solid. The chickens are on display as a way of showing lifestock as opposed to battery, egg producing hens. There will be around 20 hens in the area so the egg total will be around 80 a day.
Incubator room The incubator room is explained in the reasearch section. Featur- to local farms and homes that would like to take care of the animals in there own habitat. ing 4 series of birds in a series of 8 rows the different stages of the fetilisation process is demonstrated in the different pods in the designs of the build. The idea is to educate people into the lifecycle of raising poultry.The chicks post fertilisation are then sent on
Model The Following pages show my models in context and on there own. These models are produced out of lego and out of grey card. They are produced to help represent the form of the building in a realistic and 3 dimensional form.
Close up, window design of structure
Roof design on model