Asthma and breathing issues Asthma is an inflammatory disorder causing the airways to become narrow and inflamed. It affects the way air enters and leaves the lungs and disrupts breathing. It becomes difficult for someone with this disorder to breathe when allergens or irritants make contact with the inflamed airways.
Symptoms of Asthma People with asthma experience symptoms when the airways tighten, inflame, or fill with mucus. Common asthma symptoms include:
Coughing, especially at night Wheezing Shortness of breath Chest tightness, pain, or pressure
Still, not every person with asthma has the same symptoms in the same way. You may not have all of these symptoms, or you may have different symptoms at different times. Your asthma symptoms may also vary from one asthma attack to the next, being mild during one and severe during another. Some people with asthma may go for extended periods without having any symptoms, interrupted by periodic worsening of their symptoms called asthma attacks. Others might have asthma symptoms every day. In addition, some people may only have asthma during exercise or asthma with viral infections like colds.
Causes of asthma The fundamental causes of asthma are not completely understood. The strongest risk factors for developing asthma are a combination of genetic predisposition with environmental exposure to inhaled substances and particles that may provoke allergic reactions or irritate the airways, such as:
indoor allergens (for example house dust mites in bedding, carpets and stuffed furniture, pollution and pet dander) outdoor allergens (such as pollens and moulds) tobacco smoke chemical irritants in the workplace air pollution Other triggers can include cold air, extreme emotional arousal such as anger or fear, and physical exercise. Asthma can be a serious, life threatening condition if it is not dealt with correctly. The experts at AOK Emergency Room Houston recommends the correct medications, treatments and lifestyle changes that will enable patients to lead healthy and active lives.