Understanding and applying an Old Testament Narrative Three directions to look: ☜ Looking back: Seeing this incident in the context of God’s past covenant faithfulness ☞ Looking forward: Seeing this incident in the context of God’s continuing covenant faithfulness. ☝ Looking at Jesus: Seeing this incident in the light of all of God’s promises fulfilled in Jesus.
Three levels of application: 1
Those in the story. What do these things mean for those witnessing the events ‘live’?
The original readers. What do these things mean for those reading it (possibly 400+) years later?
New Testament readers. What do these things mean for us who live on the ‘other side’ of Jesus?
2 Samuel 7
God gives David rest from his enemies, and promises an enduring kingdom Why is this a significant event for understanding the story of David? Looking back:
1 Samuel 16:1-13
God had chosen David as king, even though he was the most unlikely candidate. Why has God chosen David to be king?
1 Samuel 8:4-22
Israel wanted a king like the nations around them. God warned them of the consequences, and then gave them Saul, the type of king they asked for. His failure showed them their need for a king of God’s choosing. Why is it important for this distinction to be made?
God had predicted that they would want a King, and approved of it in advance. He had specified that this King should be one who acknowledges and affirms the fact that God is the ultimate King over his people. So, is the kingship God’s idea or the people’s?
God’s plan was always for kingship in Israel, shown in the blessing given to Judah through Jacob. Why is kingship part of God’s plan for Israel?
God’s promise to Abraham to bring blessing and rest to all the nations through his descendants included a promise of kingship. Israel is living in the outworking of this promise. What is the reason for God’s promise to Abraham?
God’s plan to deal with sin & evil and restore rest to His creation: Eve’s descendant would conquer the Devil Why did God decide to set this plan in place?
God created human beings as rulers of creation under Him, and to spread the Sabbath rest. All He does in this world is to accomplish this.
Application 1: For those in the story
David’s ‘restful’ reign is confirmation that he is God’s choice for the Kingship. So, is he the fulfilment of the Promise? Looking forward:
2 Samuel 7
God’s promise to David: The kingdom will be established in David’s line, but David is not the one who will do it; it will be one of his sons. Which son will this be? When will it happen?
After a long history of iffy kings, Judah is exiled, and the promise seems to have failed. God speaks through Daniel to renew the Jews’ hope for the coming King Can/will God really fulfill his promise after so long, and ‘against all odds’?
Zechariah 9:9-13, 12:1-9
After the return, God continues to renew their hope in the coming Kingdom, even in the face of the growing threat of the Greek empire.
Application 2 For the original readers
God has been faithfully working out his purposes in our past: how can we not trust Him now and into the future? Looking to Jesus Who is the David story really about?
Jesus is the fulfilment of Zechariah’s prophecy. He is the ‘Son of David’, the ‘blessed one who comes in the name of the Lord’ (Psalm 118). Who do we look for and learn about in this story: Us or Jesus?
• He stands in the flow of God’s promise to David is like Abraham. Jesus - points to • The King of God’s choosing. him by similarity. (8)
• A shepherd. (8) • His name is great (9) • God will give his people rest through him (10)
David... • Is not the One; Jesus is. • Doesn’t build a temple; Jesus is the David/Solomon temple are unlike Jesus • Kingdom is local; Jesus’ kingdom is - point to him by universal. contrast. • Victory is limited; Jesus’ victory is total.
Solomon? • Is not the One; Jesus is. • Builds a temporary temple; Jesus builds a permanent one. • Suffers for his own sin; Jesus suffers for others • Results in a divided kingdom; Jesus unites the kingdom • ...
Application 3 Since Jesus is God’s chosen King, who has fulfilled all of God’s promises and is the For those on this culmination of God’s covenant faithfulness worked out through all of history, how can I not side of Jesus trust Him as my conquering King and saviour?