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Lifestyle can lead to diseases from a person’s habits, behaviors, and unhealthy practices. Controllable risk factors for lifestyle diseases include: diet, body weight, daily levels of physical activity, level of sun exposure, smoking, and alcohol abuse. Uncontrollable risk factors include: age, gender, ethnicity, and heredity/ To lower your risk for developing a lifestyle disease in later life, you can make healthier food choices and exercise regularly. Smoking, being overweight, having high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes can greatly increase you risk of developing a cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular diseases include: Stroke High Blood Pressure Heart Attack Atherosclerosis To detect cardiovascular diseases, your blood pressure is monitored and an ultrasound is used to look at your heart in action. To treat cardiovascular diseases diets and exercise practice is recommended and surgery could be performed. To lower your risk of cardiovascular diseases: do not smoke, relax, keep your weight at the recommended levels, and trim fat and eat little to no salt.

Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth. Certain viruses, radioactivity, ultraviolet radiation, chemicals in tobacco, and asbestos cause cancer. Skin, cervical, breast, and colon are four types of cancer. To detect cancer you can do selfexams, biopsy, MRI, and x-rays. To treat cancer, you can get surgery, do chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. To lower your risks of cancer, you can get regular medical checkups, stay active, maintain a healthy weight, safeguard your skin, and don’t smoke.

LIVING WITH DIABETES Insulin in diabetes is a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream. Type 1 diabetes - Caused by genetic factors and viruses - Insulin-dependent - Before age 18 - Symptoms (increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and weight loss) Type 2 diabetes - Noninsulin-dependent - Age 40+ and overweight people - Symptoms(frequent urination, unusual thirst, blurred vision, frequent infections, slow healing sores) .



Chapter 14 Jamesha  

chapter 14 guide

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