Begin the Begin As we sit in the spectacular Museum of Contemporary Art in the aftermath of an inspiring Opening Ceremony, we’ve been thinking of a way to summarise the first few days and stimulation has been coming from another incredible source, sadly missed alternative rock legends R.E.M. and in particular the opening track of Lifes Rich Pageant, ‘Begin the Begin’. A powerful indictment of the apolitical (The insurgency began and you missed it/ I looked for it and I found it) Stipe calls for the
listener to begin ‘like Martin Luther zen’. Granted no-one’s speech at Opening Ceremony was quite so obtuse or complex but we feel that Messrs Stipe and O’Leary are coming from a similar place. This is the beginning of the beginning for you in so many ways. It is the official beginning of the session and indeed it represents a significant gear change as you prepare for the challenges that Committee Work has in store for you. It will be a trial at times but the end product, a resolution your
Suit up for Movie Night
Elena Tripaldi & Franziska Maier
On Wednesday night, all session participants’ creativity will be challenged at the movie theme party. As demonstrated through several international movie festivals held all over the country, Croatians have always been passionate about cinematography. At the Zagreb Student
Centre we will experience the true atmosphere of a movie festival in one of its original venues. In fact, alongside a dance floor where you can party it up, 4 short films will be looping all night long. So whenever further inspiration on how to impersonate a new movie character is needed, guests can grab some pop-
committee are proud of and that represents your beliefs, will make any tribulations you might face well worth it. But even more excitingly this is the beginning of the beginning of your time with EYP and we hope it’s a long time before it reaches its end. And now we’d like to return to what has become something of a running theme in our editorials, a challenge for you. After the numerous prestigious speakers who addressed you yesterday you should realise that a lot is expected of you
both inside and outside EYP. Live up to it. And to return to the beginning and R.E.M., we’d like to leave you with a brief phrase: ‘Example: the finest example is you.’
corn and slouch in the comfortable movie theatre seats. The short movies that are going to be shown include: Then I see Tanja - directed by Juraj Lerotic, produced by Hulahop, 35 min. Follow 16-year-old Zeljko attempts to change his life for the better after his mother ends up in hospital. Zagorje Specialty - directed by David Kapac, produced by ADU Zagreb, 45 min. Prepare for a terrifying, cruel, experience without any mercy. Get A Move On! - directed by Petar Oreskovic, produced by Nukleus Film, 20 min. The best Croatian movie at the Mediterranean Film Festival in Split. Waste Youth - directed by Petar Oreskovic, produced by Nukleus Film, 15 min. A story about love and youth, about a couple that gets kicked out of their perfect apartment and creates a new one in a junkyard. When talking costumes we have quite few bits of advice for you. Even though you could well go as a zombie after five sleepless days of EYP, bear in mind there are more
spectacular ways to improvise a costume if you did not prepare one. The Mummy Make sure no organisers are watching as you loot the bathroom for toilet paper and wrap yourself in it. Strongly encouraged for those too lazy to bother putting on makeup. Baywatch Babe Dwell in memories from Topusko: steaming swimming pools, lifeguards and styling highlights spotted on the elderly. This will give you the opportunity to show off your chizzled abs. The Superhero Do not feel guilty about stealing some flipcharts from the committee room: with great powers come great responsibilities! One flipchart magically turns into a cape when taped to your shoulders, and an “S” on your shirt will boost your natural superpowers. So prepare to rock the red carpet. Additionally, the press team has prepared a special surprise for you and we can promise you it is going to be legen-wait for it-… dary!
Your Editing Team, James, Ned, Sara and Lilian
Time To Leave Topusko Behind
Off to the city Florentine Oberman & Ugis Balmaks
Participants of the Zagreb International Session moved from their teambuilding venue in Topusko to the capital of Croatia for committee work on Sunday evening. It took delegates and officials three hours and five buses to complete the trip to the city. When asked, the delegates are confident in saying that the things they miss the most are the pool and the sauna. “Although I did not even use the sauna, its presence gives you a certain feel-
ing,” says Henok, a delegate from SEDE. Once everyone arrived at the Hostel Arena, new rooms were assigned. Delegates went on to have delegation meetings with their chaperones and teachers, as
practiced in the sight of the rest of the session as if they had no sense of shame,” says a Belgian delegate. The music was nowhere near to making as much noise as the delegates, though. Unfortunately, even
Now that we are in the city, the real session starts. there was no EYP café. That also gave time to Chairs and Journalists to perfectly plan the day that was ahead of us. “Many might have noticed the press team practicing their dance in the middle of the lobby. New moves were
the police had to come and end the party in the hostel. Monday morning was an early one. At eight o’clock the buses had to leave to the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences where Committee Work is being held.
The buses were full of formally dressed delegates and officials as the Opening Ceremony took place later in the evening and it gave them no time to change during the day. Imagine the joy of the ride to the Opening Ceremony after the entire day of brainstorming and debating, accompanied by temperatures above 25 degrees. During the next 3 days committees will be discussing their topics at the Faculty, from CRIS talking about the role of the ECB to IMCO finding ways to support social businesses. Now that we are in the city, the real session starts.
“Welcome to Croatia and let the games begin”
Knox not guilty of killing Kercher On the 1st of November 2007 the body of Meredith Kercher, a UK student on a gap year, was found in her apartment in Perugia, Italy. Her throat had been slit and there was evidence that she had been sexually active shortly before her death. Three people were later arrested and charged with her murder. One of these was Rudy Guede, an Ivory Coast national, whose bloody fingerprints were found on Ms Kercher’s pillow. On the 28th of October 2008 he was sentenced to 30 years in jail in a fast-track trial. The other two sentences handed out in the case were to Ms. Kercher’s American flatmate Amanda Knox and her then boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito. On Monday the 3rd of October Knox and Sollecito were acquitted of the murder of Kercher after 4 years of a case involving questionable evidence, frequently changing stories, accusations of slander and even a blockbuster movie. The case has been clouded with discrepancies from the start as many of the procedures employed by forensic scientists and Italian officials after the murder were called into question by defence lawyers, eventually leading to the release of Knox on Monday. Ned Kaar
Elena Tripaldi & Maria Pashi
“Whatever you think you can do, begin it”. Those were the last words of Monday’s Opening Ceremony held at Zagreb Museum of Contemporary Art. After a brief welcoming word by the Session’s President Anna O’ Leary, the Head Organisers took the floor to finally greet the participants they have been waiting for over the last months. After the Croatian and European anthems, Albina and Drazen gave a sincere and authentic speech, starting with a guilty confession: just like the welcoming page on their website, their commitment to the session did not leave them enough time to prepare a welcoming speech. The couple went on to
remind us that “EYP is about yourself and who you want to be” and encouraged us “to explore EYP, but most of all, explore yourself ”. The educational importance of projects such as EYP was one of the several fils rouges of one of the most enriching, insightful and inspiring Opening Ceremonies. Cem, representative of the Tuskish National Committee, who will be hosting the 69th International Session of EYP in Istanbul this spring, stole everyone’s line by saying that “EYP played the biggest role in my personal development through Committee Work, Teambuiding and General Assembly”. Dejan Jovic, Secretary of Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ recalled memories from his European Law Students
Association’s membership and reflected how it is important for both personal development and for public ‘sensibilisation’ to build such networks as EYP, where youngsters learn to appreciate what Domagoj Ivan Milosevic, Head of the European Delegation in Croatia, called the “open dialogue in free society”. This experience was skillfully summed up in Nikol’s words, “it is really hard to believe that three days ago we were strangers, while in your smiles now I see friends.” The convenient coincidence between the 68th International Session that was officially opened on Monday and the last year of preparation for Croatia’s entrance in the European Union, brought not only
Croatia’s, but also Europe’s, latest issues of diffused distrust, tiredness and disbelief at the center of every speech delivered. As the Minister on Foreign Affairs pointed out, after a long period of transition and troubled history, Croatia, with its two decades of independence, is now ready to enter the European Union, despite the current instability Europe is going through. Thus, the Croatian population seems not to fully endorse the future membership. Why is this? It was made clear in each speech that a moment of deep crisis has opened the way to movements of extremism, nationalism and general distrust in international solidarity. The Head of the European Delegation did not hesitate to point his finger to national governments’ contradictory
and mischievous behaviour and ambiguous messages sent by the media. This is what brought the discussion back to the educational relevance of EYP as a tool enhancing public policy. The director of EYP Ville Vasaramaki, on behalf of the Governing Body, pointed out that, with its growing network, currently counting 35 participant countries and over a 1000 volunteers partaking, the European Youth Parliament is evidence of Europe’s solidarity, collabo-
It was pretty clear that a boost of trust is needed not only for Europe, but also for the overall social, political and constitutional development of our century. As was chiefly highlighted by Milan Bandic, Mayor of the City of Zagreb, politics is all about trust amongst generations: it is a call of duty for governements to endorse the standards of the upcoming generation, in a mutual climate of solidarity and effective cooperation: “Politics is about stabil-
On Monday evening we learnt about hopes, trust and beliefs ration and democracy. Despite the awareness of the hard times we are going through to, a tone of hope and was featuring in each word that has been spoken at the Ceremony.
ity and peace: a middle way amongst progress and stability”. But as governements are expected to believe in you, it is your duty and the key of your success to believe in
yourself. This is what President Anna O’Leary brought to you, speculating on the meaning and the importance of the Opening Ceremony in her skirt-like speech: long enough to be interesting, but short enough to keep up your attention. On Monday evening, you truly can say, we learnt about hopes, trust and beliefs. We heard about Croatians’ hopes towards Europe, we heard about how politics are a “bridge” amongst past, present and future founded on trust amongst one generation to another. We heard how succeeding is a lot about believing in your ideals, in your priorities, and in yourself. It was delightful, emblematic and yet insightful that our session President decided to close the Opening Ceremony on the inspiring “Take this belief, and run with it”.
And Now For Something Completely Different
It’s Business Time
Eoin O’Driscoll & Grainne Hawkes
Pens, paper, suits and ties mark the beginning of the second phase of Zagreb 2011; Committee Work. Arguably the most integral part of the session, delegates from all over Europe are now in their committee rooms discussing real problems, faced by real people. Together they will develop solutions to these problems and articulate their own vision for Europe’s future. They will not only communicate these visions to each other within the confines of this session but also project their ideas to the outside world. The solutions they offer will be promulgated, in the form of resolutions, to public figures and decision makers throughout Europe. This session is going further than most in communicating these bright ideas to the outside world. Seven schools from across Croatia have been tapping into this plethora of ideas
through Skype-linked conference calls with a number of committees. Demonstrating to Croatian youth what their peers across Europe think on many pressing issues that impact their lives.
this less competitive approach as removing an egotistical element that would otherwise be present. Though some accepted that it may not be the most efficient method of decision making,
“We are all heavily influenced by our culture and background” - Monika EYP committee work takes an interesting approach to collective problem solving. It strives towards consensus and all delegates’ viewpoints are given equal consideration. Interviewed delegates feel that discussions benefit from the atmosphere fostered through teambuilding. They speak of a cooperative, group focused environment that gives them the confidence to comfortably speak their minds. Unlike counterparts in many similar bodies throughout the EU, committee work in EYP does not centre on individual speeches. Delegates credited
there was a seeming consensus that taking into account many diverse ideas is highly positive. For many this is their first experience of such a myriad of diverse opinions and viewpoints. As Monika (ITRE II) put it; “we are all heavily influenced by our culture and background.” She added that although such diversity can hinder reaching a consensus, it ultimatly enriches their solution. The Committee work currently being done by delegates at this session not only serves as a means to articulate solutions developed by youths from all over Europe but also helps be-
stow a range of skills that will be of use in the future. Ola (LIBE) spoke of learning how to argue and effectively convince people. Edgars from ITRE II talked about enhancing his “leadership, education and knowledge” which ENVI delegates felt could be applied at “school, at work and with friends”. All these discussions will culminate in the production of a printed resolution that will be presented and debated in front of all present at the General Assembly of the 68th International Session of EYP in three days time. Here delegates will have the opportunity to challenge, defend and improve the resolutions created in Committee Work to represent their personal vision for Europe’s future.
While The Delegates Are Away, What Do The Teachers Get Up To?
A first class EYP education
Sabine Hain & Ugis Balmaks
You may catch a glimpse of them at breakfast and they might pop up around lunchtime, but altogether, the teachers and chaperones of this session live rather secluded lives. We went to find out what exactly they have been doing the past days. As it turns out, there is more to the relation between the EYP and educators than the common will to encourage young people to learn. After their delegates were whisked away into their respective committees, the teachers found themselves participating in teambuilding activities. Following their ironic presentation of ‘Another Brick In The Wall’, which caused some red-faced laughter among their delegates, they were led off to teambuilding with Ville Vasaramäki, Executive Director of the European Youth Parliament, and the two Head Organisers Dražen
and Albina. Upon inquiring about the nature of the teambuilding, as it certainly may seem odd to imagine our teachers and chaperones playing ‘Human Knot’ or ‘The Jellyfish’, Ville admits with a smirk: “They can
Andrea Kettemann says that any experience which involves meeting people from different countries broadens the horizons of the young people. Although she first heard of EYP only three weeks ago, when school’s administration asked
“Teachers are very curious about how EYP works and are generally interested in the tours they go on.” be very crazy though.” He also informed us that “they are very curious about how the EYP works, ask a lot of questions and are genuinely interested in the tours they go on.” Nevertheless, time was an issue for the ever-busy head organisers, so the short games focused on names and communication. Teachers admit that EYP is a valuable experience both for the delegates and themselves. Austrian delegation’s chaperone
her to accompany the delegation in Zagreb, Ms. Kettemann is willing to promote EYP and other events with similar goals among her students. The Austrian teacher also claims that meeting colleagues is beneficial and valuable for her as a professional. When asked if there is anything specific she has found out during the session Ms. Kettemann seemed a little confused and paused for a while. Later,
though, she confidently stated that it has been worth seeing how teachers around Europe have the same motivation for working with young people. Dominic Degen (22), a chaperone from Switzerland, offers a different perspective. His own EYP career started 4 years ago at the Swiss National Selection Conference, and since then, he has gained valuable experience as a chair. He took on the role of chaperone after the original teacher was unavailable. Being National Coordinator on the Board of EYP Switzerland, he finds it interesting to see how teachers perceive the work of delegates and officials. He confesses that some teachers were concerned about teambuilding and the atmosphere that surrounded it, expecting the EYP to be purely based on academics. Nevertheless he states: ‘I expect they will change their opinion once they see General Assembly or Committee Work for the first time.’
Is Conrad Murray To Blame For The Death of The King Of Pop?
MJ - A Victim of Fame or Negligence? Grainne Hawkes & Elena Tripaldi ask how responsible doctors can be for their patients
On the 25th of June 2009 the sudden and tragic death of Michel Jackson shocked the world. In a trial which began on Tuesday, Dr Murray, the star’s personal doctor at the time, is being charged for involuntary manslaughter. If convicted, he could be jailed for up to four years and have his medical licence rescinded. Much controversy surrounds Dr Murray and his actions around the time of death of the ‘King of Pop’. Jurors heard in testimony how he scrambled to hide the bottles of ‘Propofol’, a highly powerful sedative that Jackson referred to as his ‘milk’, before the arrival of paramedics while also asking if anybody knew CPR upon finding Jackson. He further failed to immediately call an ambulance, opting instead to call his bodyguard to the room and instruct him to make the call. According to the defence, the dose that caused Jackson’s death was self-administered while Dr Murray was out of the room and was not caused by any gross negligence on his part. The trial raises some interesting questions about the standard of care doctors owe to their patients
and the level of responsibility doctors should have while tending to their patient’s desires rather than needs. Some would argue that Michael Jackson used his influence of fame and power to ensure Dr Murray would provide him with the drugs he desired. Love from Sweden argued ‘It’s all about the money. If Dr Murray didn’t prescribe the drugs then he would have been fired. He knew Jackson was on the edge of being dangerous but probably felt that he had no choice.’ Similarly, Tatiana from Greece thought ‘The Doctor
However, others would say that his primary role was as a medical practitioner and he failed to take adequate care of his patient. The prosecution argued Murray, having received voice messages from Jackson where he was clearly drugged, should have been attentive to his condition and adjusted the star’s dosage accordingly. Walter from Finland thought ‘It shouldn’t matter who the patient was. He (MJ) shouldn’t have been given privileges in medical terms. Murray should have his licence removed.’ His actions immediately fol-
“MJ was asking for his own death.” - Dimitra - GR shouldn’t have prescribed pills that were not needed, but in this case MJ had ultimate power. MJ gets what he wants and Dr Murray knew this. He was black and became white. He wanted a different nose and he got it.’ ‘MJ was asking for his own death. Paying the doctor millions of dollars, nobody can say no to huge amounts of money.’ Dimitra, Greece
lowing the collapse of Jackson in his LA Mansion have also uprooted differing opinions. Olivera from Serbia was convinced ‘Dr Murray is lying about his actions and clearly guilty-he should have been attentive and should have grabbed him instead of hesitating before helping him.’ Yet session official and practicing doctor, Niamh explained that Murray’s less
then prompt reaction was understandable as it is common medical practice to ask if another person can administer CPR and call somebody else to inform the emergency services to allow them to tend immediately to the patient. The dilemma faced by Dr Murray was indeed one that faces many doctors throughout their medical careers. Instructed to maintain Jackson’s energy levels while on his ‘This Is It’ Tour, Murray granted the singer’s wishes to be heavily sedated while sleeping. He knew the potential medical dangers of this practice but was trying to take his patient’s wishes into account. To what extent should he be held responsible, if Jackson self-administered an extra dose of sedatives while still in his care? Or even if Jackson explicitly instructed him to provide him with the sedatives, should he have done so knowing the dangers? Dr Murray held a position of responsibility, which Jackson entrusted him with and it is obvious that there is a clear clash of opinion on the matter in the courtroom, the session and even between these two journalists!
Journalists Offer Their Tips For Dealing With Stress At International Sessions
My Poor Brain!
Florentine Oberman & Laura Hibberd Think back to your most vivid experience from last year. For most of you they will have been moments accompanied by joy, pain or stress. Stress is a term thrown around a lot in our society, and it seems everyone has their own definition and experiences to share. The term stress was first used in the 1930s in psychology and biology. Stress refers to the consequence of the failure of an organism to respond adequately to mental, emotional, or physical demands. The signs of stress can be cognitive, emotional, physical, or behavioural. You may have experienced moments of intense worry, mood swings, or even getting acne and eating badly. These responses are due to the hypothalamus, which lies deep in the brain. It sends out an alarm that triggers a rapid release of one set of hormones and delays other sets of hormones. These signals are sent along fibres of the parasympathetic neurosystem. Specialised cell-adhesion molecules connect cells across the gap, stabilising the synapse. Recent research indicates that
stress affects the production of cell-adhesion molecules, which affect memory. This prompted us to asking some of you about your stressful experiences: Sara Garcia from Spain: “I always stress during exams because of deadlines. At those moments I need my own space and not be with others. Usually music helps me to calm down.” Marie-Sibylle from Belgium is always late – a common problem
I calmed down I could think normally and we came up with a plan.” So EYP games came in handy at the airport. Luca Appi becomes very calm and introvert when he feels stress: “I need to force myself to speak and share my ideas when I stress. At the Nationals I forgot my speech and started with a totally random beginning. I took a deep breath, my heart pumped slower and I used my hands as a real Italian to get my head back
Stress refers to the consequence of the failure to respond adequately to various demands. at the session – despite trying to hurry she is often late and the stress makes her forget important things. “I start breathing faster, become a little crazy and turn red.” The Dutch delegates were pretty stressed when they found out they had missed their connecting flight on their way here: “I started to panic and did not know what to do. Only when
in order.” Victoria, the Norwegian chair, is not a real stresser. But when she takes on too much, she gets stressed and forgets everything. “Last week was so busy with planning my trip here that I forgot to do my big event planning for work. I should have just made a list; I can’t cope without lists because stress makes me forget.” Laura and Ivona, the organis-
ers, have a hard time sleeping with all the stress. “But all the stress is worth it when we see the delegates.” Stress hormones affect memory by strengthening or weakening the connections between nerve cells in the brain. This is the reason that too much stress in early life can impair memory in adulthood. We don’t want you, delegates, to stress. Here are a few ways from your fellow delegates to get the stress down. Preventing stress 1) Plan ahead: don’t leave everything until the last minute. 2) Have faith in yourself and be confident. 3) Don’t overload yourself. Dealing with stress 1) Take a couple of minutes and listen to some music. 2) Do some exercise, endorphins will help elevate your mood. 3) Take a deep breath, and remember that nothing is impossible.
Voices from the Next Generation
Terrorism from a Youth Perspective Karin-Liis Lahtmäe
It can be agreed upon that at the earliest stages of life we are most impressionable. In 2001 it was our generation’s mothers and fathers, grandparents, but in 2011 with the killings in Norway, terrorism hit a little too close to home and our hearts. “I am not the 12-year-old I used to be, and the fact that not only my loved ones, but I may also die like the students [in Norway] did, scares me. Maybe it is a selfish thing to think about, but it is the case.” These feelings are becoming increasingly regular in today’s society. As the whole goal of terrorism is grander in scope than physical injury and destruction of property, it seems that the main aim; namely threatening and intimidating a population much larger than that of the immediate victims, has been
achieved by terrorists. This is the direct outcome of technological advances and trends in mass media that provide a stage unlike any in history through which terrorist acts reach a vast audience. Twenty-four-hour news networks, the increasing availability of television sets, personal computers, the Internet, and the increasingly sophisticated technology for live broadcasts afford unprecedented coverage of terrorism—potentially spreading fear and anxiety to a global population. Media-based contact with terrorism (e.g., viewing a terrorist attack on television, reading about an attack in the newspaper) affects youngsters’ emotions and interferes substantially with their daily lives. Given that the youth exposed to media coverage of terrorist events
are confronted with the most vivid and gruesome of images, it is not surprising that there is a strong association between media-based contact with terrorism and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Being affected from such an early age on can seriously disturb the natural processes of one’s brain. The last 10 years have seen young people subjected to high rates of re-experiencing/re-imagining, avoidance/emotional numbing, and hyperarousal. It is common for youngsters nowadays to “find themselves thinking about the attack when trying to do other things, to feel easily startled, get easily annoyed, and have problems falling or staying asleep.” “I have had times at school where I have thought to myself about what would hap-
pen, if somebody came in and took everyone hostage or just started shooting in the hope of gaining more media coverage for their terrorist group. I am a happy person, but these thoughts just creep up on me sometimes and I can’t help it. I am no weakling when it comes to emotional intelligence, but the press has worn me out. I am being bombarded with the possibility of everyone dying at every single moment.” The media appears dominated by the recasting of social and political events and decisions within the context of future terrorism. Yet, statistically speaking, the majority of youngsters that are concerned over being attacked any moment of the day will ever directly experience terrorism. However, given the prominence of media and the climate
of heightened awareness and elevated vigilance, the vast majority of youth are exposed to secondhand terrorism in which disproportionate media presentations of the possibility, rather than probability, of being a direct victim of terrorism contribute to an omnipresent sense of threat and insecurity, countless false alarms, and pervasive distressing anxiety. “In Spain all the children of my generation have grown up with a certain fear of terrorists attacks. In 2004 with the Madrid train bombings there was a lot of confusion as to who was behind it. I think that the fact that the bombings took place in a train station has generated fear in Spanish people for using public transport. Of course, we all continue using it, it’s something that most people need to use every day. But at the same time no one never knows if it could happen again and that’s what makes people so worried.” Since September 11, televised news has increasingly covered terror threats and
friends in the Utøya massacre. He was the warmest, most dedicated and resourceful human being I have ever had the privilege to know in my life. We lost a dear friend. Norway lost one of its most inspiring citizens and a future Prime Minister. I am somehow trying to separate all the terror that happened from the loss of my friend, as I do not believe that the terrorist deserves such a major part in his memory, as he represents everything contrary to what Håvard stood for. That is also why I don’t feel comfortable speaking or reading about the attacks themselves, as the loss of my friend overshadows most of what I remember about it in retrospect.” It is time for the media to stop feeding the insatiable minds of terrorists and linking people who have lost their lives to the terrorists themselves. There would be no actual terrorism without media coverage, as “terrorists are criminals who seek publicity and if the media were not there to report
It is time for the media to stop feeding the insatiable minds of terrorists the issue of “future attacks,” and the topic of “How safe are we from potential attacks?” has frequently been a focus in news programming. The media has been commercialising terrorism. People who die because of terrorist attacks are immediately forever tied to the terrorist act itself, helping newspapers sell stories and express their implausible opinions as to why this person lost his life. Creating content for paper-selling purposes is what the terrorists crave and it should be condemned, if we want our children to live in a world free from unprecedented paranoia. “I lost one of my closest
terrorist acts and to explain their political and social significance (the motives inspiring them and so forth) terrorism as such would cease to exist“. Without a constant reminder of what might happen, hopefully, in the future we will learn how to really live again. The increase in worldwide terrorism has substantially altered the context in which modern youth develops. Sense of security, stress reactions, character strengths, attitudes toward immigration, and leadership rhetoric have all changed. An individual has a hard time coping with terrorism, whether it affects him directly or not, as it does not meet the common
criteria of human-made disasters. The aftermath of terrorism lies also in the formation of youth aggression and ethnic prejudice, once again fueled by media portrayals. Prejudicial attitudes and/ or ethnically motivated peer victimisation is not too far to follow in today’s society. These feelings have a lot to do with trust, or in this case distrust, as many have stated their loss of confidence in the government. Youth initiative organisations, such as EYP, are actually doing a lot to change these negative feelings. Sure, some people may consider youth organisations as an act of disbelief and distrust on its own, saying that young
people want to take responsibility instead of trusting national organisations on the matter. Let me ask you this, what is so wrong about young people, who actively deal with social and political questions and visions, taking responsibility for our society, for our future? Furthermore, if being active and taking responsibility is made fun, it is a win-win situation, is it not? This is exactly the experience people taking part in the European Youth Parliament get. We are the future that is happening now. Making sense of the globalising world—and devising solutions to the dangers it unleashes—is our mission.
Answering The Question We Have All Asked Before: How Does EYP Work?
The EYP Anatomy Maria Pashi & Bram van Meldert do their best to help you get your head around EYP International What you are currently experiencing is one of the many products of the EYP. What most of you have seen is merely the surface of the entire organisation. Behind this surface there is a complicated structure of the different bodies of the EYP, namely the NCs, the BNC, the GB and the Office. Not many EYPers know exactly how EYP is structured, for a valid reason: ” it’s complicated. It’s a mini EU.” In an interview with the Executive Director of the EYP office, Ville Vasaramaki, and the representative of the Governing Body (GB), Hadrien Segond, we attempt to understand the complex workings of the different institutions of EYP. It is important to understand that EYP is “not structured as a hierarchy, but can be described more as a network” as Ville said. Let us break it down to you: National Committees (NCs) are the basis of the organisation. Every country has its own and it is composed of a board who leads the organisation and the alumni. An NC is an independent organisation and has freedom to take any decisions concerning internal issues. These include its structure, internal policies and initiative to organise events. However, there are some guidelines given by the GB which the NC has to follow (e.g. selection of delegations for ISs). The Board of National Committees (BNC) is composed of 1-2 representatives from each NC and a co-ordinator who is elected every year. Meetings take place twice a year and most
Ville Vasaramaki, Executive Director of EYP
of the topics discussed concern the NCs. It has a very important “networking and educational function” too, since NCs exchange information, knowledge and ideas between themselves. The BNC has a complex relationship with the GB where at some issues one is the consultancy body and the other the decision making body and vice versa. This is where it gets a bit cloudy: apart from the charter amendments and NC membership, only the GB takes decisions whilst the BNC acts as a consultant. However for charter amendments the GB has to make the proposal. The Governing Body (GB) consists of seven people. Firstly, there is a permanent representative of the Swarzkopf Foundation, who is not elected. The GB is completed by four EYP alumni and two teachers. Every two years the teachers and one alumnus are elected by the BNC while the other three members are elected by EYP alumni (all of us!). Still, only the BNC has
the power to dissolve the GB. Each member has one or more portfolios where he/ she is responsible for. These include teachers, academic (chairs academic training, topics of ISs) and human resources.
organising team. As Ville put it, “the office is the working hand of the GB” since it implements decisions of the GB. It is the ‘bank’ of EYP as it manages all the financial matters. It has an active role in developing EYP
EYP is “not structured as a hierarchy, but more as a network.” - Ville The GB’s main task is to decide on the guiding policies mainly related to ISs and ensures that the ‘rules’ of EYP are followed. That is why at every IS there is at least one GB representative. Equally important, is the protection of the EYP “franchise” and to ensure that the magic of EYP runs smoothly both now and in the future. The office is in charge of the daily management of the organisation. Its biggest task is to make sure ISs happen, and happen successfully. This includes fundraising, keeping up with institutional partners and generally supporting the
for example through the ‘EYP Outreach’ and also organises EYP Think Tank and the chairs academic training. The big chief of the office is Ville who is the Executive Director and is here in Zagreb carrying out one of his many responsibilities, that is making sure that the IS runs smoothly. He is supported by a project manager and a part-time project manager who are in charge of media relations, and European Youth Polls. Lastly there is one part-time administrative director and one or two intern positions which you can apply for!
“You Don’t Have To Search Too Far Or For Too Long For Inspiration In EYP”
Moldova Moving West Andreia Moraru sees an EYP organisation at its formative stage It might be hard for our generation to perceive communism. Living in fear, unable to express yourself freely, having most aspects of your life controlled, witnessing a show starring a mediocre person who rules over millions… it all seems like a script from a movie describing an era that only some of our parents or grand-parents can remember. Still, this was for decades the every-day life in Eastern Europe and if most of the states managed to make the transition to democracy at the beginning of the ‘90s, the Republic of Moldova changed its leadership only three years ago. Now, the country has left behind its old communist ways and has embarked on the road to democracy and European integration. “The first thing you notice is the freedom of the press, it wasn’t like this before,” says
Ion Butmalai, a 20-year-old university student from Chișinău. Even though the country went a long and hard way to be here, enthusiasm and hope for a better future are common values, shared by the majority of the population, especially young
country goes beyond words, as in only a couple of years, they managed to create a strong civil society and to teach the young generation democratic values so that they can become the leaders of tomorrow. That is the main reason behind Ion’s presence in
“We want to be a part of the European family.” - Ion people. For them, it is the beginning of a new era, as they finally have the chance to build the country they want to live in, after over 60 years of communism. The new direction is clear for them: “We want to be a part of the European family, 75% of the population wishes to join the EU, therefore we are making all the efforts to reach its standards”, he continues. Their willingness to develop their
Zagreb. He came here at his own expense, after a friend told him about EYP and he instantly realised that “it’s a very good opportunity for all the youth to understand better what the EU is”. Now he is determined to establish a National Committee, not only because it would represent an important step for the youth in his country towards European integration, but he also strongly believes that it would be “a
positive exchange experiences” for the already existing members. If delegates from Western Europe are well versed when it comes to democratic values, as this was the reality in their countries for the past decades, Eastern Europeans have in their genetics the struggle to reach this ideal. Ion is one of the young people who have great dreams for his country, even though the current situation is complicated, and is not afraid to take the initiative, “changes are not getting done by themselves and I really want to make a difference for Moldova”, he concludes. After all, this is the beauty of the EYP; you don’t have to search too far or for too long for inspiration. You just need an open mind and willingness to understand the real meaning and purpose of a motto like “Unity through diversity”.
An Elite Group of Delegates in Z agreb for a crime they Didn’t Commit
Moisin’s Fourteen (Uncovered) Franziska Maier goes undercover in Zagreb with the committee on Security and Defence. Zagreb - A gang of organised criminals arrested last Friday, September 30th, have only now been uncovered as secret agents of the European Union’s undercover service SEDE. The fifteen youngsters from fourteen different countries were put into a high security unit after being pressed with charges such as possession of lethal weapons,
SEDE shield. During their first meeting in jail on Saturday morning, the reporting journalist could not yet notice the invisible ties amongst the group - they assembled in front of the jail as a group of strangers. As this reporter caught up with them again four hours later, the change of atmosphere could be seen, heard and felt - all of the sudden, instead of joining a group assembled in the grass, it felt like entering a home where all could be said.
of national cyberspace security. The mission was expected to begin directly after the agent’s release from prison on Monday but, as the Press Representative stated, this was delayed by a few hours for personal reasons. However, both Susie and Lars were spotted devouring McFlurrys at McDonalds while witnesses reported seeing Danielo enjoying one of his mother’s infamous home-cooked meals. Facebook fans from all over the continent could read about Lewis’ well-being in his Facebook update:
Every mission is a constant development and progresssion
the development of high-technology hacker programmes and the exercise of the united force of love, previously only known by hippies in the 1960s. They are known for unlimited fearlessness, the perfect harmonisation of minds through the socalled Lenox-code and for taking on the camouflage of innocent Twister players. The gang was only identified as a group of secret agents by the mark they all wear tattooed on the inside of their wrists. It consists of the mindtwisting combination of fourteen stars representing each of their countries, a crowned heart and burning arms assembled around the
First suspicions about the nature of the relationship amongst the prisoners had already arisen by then, and these suspicions strengthened when disturbed onlookers reported prisoners soundlessly destroying two spider webs in the area without flinching. Though the arrest initially seemed like a catastrophe to the team, they realised after their release that it had, in fact, been quality time. “I feel happy. We had to fail so that we could sit together and talk about how we feel,” explains Ischvan. By the end, every mission is a constant development and progresssion, as mission coordinator Monica sums up: “Nothing here is a failure.” SEDE used their time in isolation and security wisely to design plans for their upcoming mission of protecting Europe from international threats
“Finally released from jail second-to-worst experience after getting that tattoo.” Meanwhile, a desperate cry for help has already been issued by Croatian students who stated: “We don’t know how to defend ourselves.” The gang has retired to their hubs in all continents of the world, including Hardi’s secret bat cave in Estonia, the wreck of the Titanic and the back row of Alassane’s boring math class in France. The issue they are tackling is a complex one - much “like eternity”, as Maja from Poland puts it - as soon as one solution is designed, another problem arises. But Bota Moisin’s Fourteen are ready to take it on with the vigour of aggressive hippies who keep their spirits up, joyfully humming “Hey Jude” during their breaks. *All agent names have been changed by the reporter for reasons of anonymity
The Committee On Human Rights Certainly Are Not In Need of A Catalyst
Chemistry Bram van Meldert
Last Friday 32 molecules came together in Topusko. Those different molecules were formed all over Europe out of around 250 atoms, each with their own direction and characteristics. The molecules got shape because of the common interest in European politics of their atoms and they were all attracted by positively charged 68th International Session of EYP; Zagreb 2011. From the moment the molecules arrived in Topusko their strong binding got weakened by the attraction between the atoms of dif-
ferent molecules. The atoms started to move freely around the local atmosphere. They randomly met each other and depending on mutual attraction they stuck together for a while. Some
regrouped in new molecules. One of those molecules was DROI. A committee of 13 unique personalities. Each with their own history and interests, they formed a group based on their joint
Mutual attraction brought atoms closer together in Topusko even already started to form new molecules in the encouraging surrounding of H2O. On Saturday morning the existing molecules were disbanded and the atoms
concern about the human rights of Georgian returnees in the Gali district. In the beginning the ties between them werenâ€™t that strong. The first step was
getting to know each other. They had to find out more about each otherâ€™s characteristics and they had to become familiar with each other, they had to bond. After some classic name games and an interview - the ice was broken. It turned out that they got along with each other very well. For the next two days it would be hard for them not to talk with each other. After lunch, their chair Ezgi decided to give them an hour just to talk with each other and even then they did not have enough time to tell as much as they would have loved to. While the original 13 committee members learned how to co-operate and how to work efficiently towards a common goal, 2 new delegates joined the committee. That was good enough of a reason to boost up their conversations again. With time passing by and them gaining more and more experience with problem solving games and especially the useful debriefings, the committee learnt how to organise itself. Even the talking was almost under control. However, the last problem solver caused some issues for them - again they were not listening to each other and it was hard for them to acknowledge each otherâ€™s ideas. On Monday morning it was time for the Committee on Human Rights to get started with the mission it was shaped for: developing concrete measurements to secure the protection of the human rights in the Gali district. The day has started off in quite a serious tone, with them working and listening carefully to each other. But as the coffee break was approaching, they started slowly relaxing so when the time for the break came, their laughter was echoing the hallways of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in Zagreb. And to think that they almost had me fooled!
“ They Didn’t Know It Was Impossible So They Went Ahead And Did it” - Mark Twain
Communicating green ideas Laura Hibberd and ITRE II get the chance to put their questions to a telecoms expert
Whilst most committees were busy highlighting key words and discussing their topics, ITRE II had the privilege of a presentation by Ms Ružica Gajić – the environmental manager and energy efficiency project leader at Telekom HV. Ms Gajić deals with all environmental issues concerning telecommunications and technology, a topic of great interest to the committee who are discussing technology in relation to climate change and energy efficiency. The presentation given by Ms Gajić was full of useful information for the delegates of ITRE II. She began by showing us the evidence of climate change, and how telecommunications are a part of carbon emissions – although the industry was only responsible for an estimated 1% of energy consumption in 2007, it is thought that in the next decade information and communication technology (ICT) will be a higher contributing factor of world greenhouse emissions than the airline industry. She then outlined the EU 20-20-20 programme, and the United
Nations Environmental Programme’s goals which are high likely to influence the resolution ITRE II create. The delegates were able to voice their opinions on whether it is possible to reduce carbon footprint in the ICT sector, and how difficult and costly this would be. The
concerned replacing old, less efficient technologies and modernising equipment. A unique way to save energy is to upgrade the air-conditioning system, which is needed to keep the telecommunications equipment cool. This would use low outside air temperatures to cool the equipment
In the next decade ICT will emit more greenhouse gases than airlines. delegates seemed positive in outlook, with both Edgars and Francisco pointing out that in the long term the companies and governments would be saving money. Ms Gajic strongly agreed with Elif that companies are concerned for their shareholders and they have to think carefully about investments and speed at which returns are made – something which is likely to be a point of a heated debate in GA. The presentation continued to outline HV-T’s proposals and projects to reduce its carbon footprint. This mainly
room. As with all new ideas, there are challenges of initial high costs, long investment returns, and in this case the reliance on cool weather – something we are not experiencing here in Zagreb. HV-T are also modernising services with using ‘e-bills’ to save paper and having audio and video conferences to reduce travel – things which many large companies should think about implementing. The session concluded with Ms Gajic reminding us that the decisions which governments and the EU make now will determine what sustainable en-
ergy will look like for the next half a century – something I am sure the delegates will take on board in creating what is surely to be a strong resolution. There was a short opportunity to make the most of our guest by asking her some questions on HV-T and energy generally. Jorge pointed out an important problem which companies face, that of constant developments in technology, and how companies can be expected to continuously reinvest if projects become obsolete. This is an issue that ITRE II will have to discuss in depth to ensure their proposals on sustainable energy will still be applicable in years to come, as this will undoubtedly take years to implement. The committee were incredibly receptive, and are truly passionate about their topic – which is a pleasure to see. Their teambuilding exercises and Rosa’s debriefs will surely come in useful over the next couple of days to create what I am sure will be an ITREmendous resolution and an interesting and heated debate in GA.
Committee: ITRE II
Maria Storli Is Taking An Active Role In The Fight Against Climate Change in Norway
“It’s all about the small things”
Julie van der Post introduces an extraordinary delegate fighting to protect her country
I have the great opportunity to introduce you to Maria Storli. She is a true daughter of Mother Nature. She has swum with sharks, experienced adventures in the desert and climbed the highest mountain of Swaziland. Back home she is no less interesting, she is part of Nature and Youth and the leader of her county Troms within this organisation. Nature and Youth is an organisation that focuses on the protection of the environment. Maria meets with the people of Tromsø who are part of Nature and Youth on a weekly basis. What they plan and discuss depends on “what’s hot at the moment”. She can’t tell me what the plans are, because the organisation keeps its demonstrations a secret. “During some demonstrations, participants even block cars on the highway or
whole platforms of airlines. Though I have not yet participated personally in one of these actions.” Furthermore she meets every two or three months with the other leaders of different counties in Norway. These meetings usually include three or four people, but they represent the rest of the county. With them, she plans the cooperation with scientists and experts on different
our demonstrations and give them witty gifts to try to get the attention of the media.”Currently she is working on the issue of the oil industry, since this is currently a “hot” topic in Norway. The politicians are trying to enlarge the areas the oil industry has access to, which of course can be harmful for the environment. The latest demonstration concerned an area with a lot of fisheries. “Opening
“As soon as politicians go back behind the doors they usually end up doing the complete opposite” topics to discuss and find solutions, which they will later present to the politicians of her country. “We send politicians letters and arrange meetings and share our ideas, the reasons of
this area up for the oil industry can be really harmful. As mentioned earlier, we hand out funny gifts when we meet with the politicians and regarding this topic we once gave a politician a dead
fish covered in black paint. Its smell was quite intense.” Thanks to Nature and Youth and a lot of other environmental organisations, this area hasn’t opened up for the oil industry yet, although politicians have wanted this for almost a decade. When she sends letters to the politicians their response is always quite positive. All the politicians are glad to see that the youth is involved in politics and say they will take their advice and ideas into consideration. “As soon as they go back behind the doors they usually end up doing the complete opposite”, she notes with regret. Last month’s hot topic on environment in Norway was public transport. “We want to reduce private traffic and reduce carbon dioxide pollution.” Due to the inefficiency of the public transport in Norway, “a lot of people drive to work or school, because it is a lot quicker.” Marie is now in her final year of high school, but due to her active involvement in EYP as well as the Nature and Youth, she doesn’t have much time to do her homework. “I will get more involved in school after Christmas, then the important courses of my final year start, and I will then work really hard to graduate.” According to her we can help save the environment as well. “It’s all about the small things. I take ten-minute showers, try to buy local food, cycle to school - even though I live in Tromsø and my house is really well insulated. I’m also going to save up money to buy an electric car in the future. It would be so awesome to have one.”
We Ask Orgas Questions So You Don’t Have To The Pool Party: There is nothing better than going crazy in a pool with fellow EYP-ers. Hugging an Organiser: They’re like the parents who won’t ask you to do the washing up. Spontaneous Ninja Games Instead of complaining about waiting in line for lunch, kill boredom with your ninja mates. Staying Hydrated: The organisers are handing out bottles of water for a reason. Keeping yourself hydrated is a must when temperatures hit upwards of 25° C. Wearing your PJs to breakfast: Get that ‘just fell out of bed’ look. Dressing up for Movie Night: Watch out for the surprise!
The super chic Helena Perikovic answers delegates woes
There are a couple of delegates at the session that I fancy, but I don’t know how to approach them. What advice can you give me? If you are feeling a little shy, perhaps you could find someone who they are close to at the session and ask them if there is a particular topic you could start The Chairs:
Elderly men in speedos at the pool: Mind the crack, and we’re not talking about the subway. PED: Goodbyes are never “good”, talk to people about it and contact your EYP friends on Facebook to reduce your Post EYP Depression! Ignoring the ‘smart’ in ‘smart casual’: Flip-flops and gym pants are never, in any case, related to a smart casual dress code. Being Late: Time is money/coffee
afraid to speak out during discussions. What should I do? Whilst it can be scary to speak up when you know less about something, don’t let this stress you out (try reading the stress article). Just because you know less facts does not mean that you do not have a good opinion and that you cannot add to your
Don’t be fooled by the chairs...power is not the ultimate aphrodisiac a conversation about – maybe their favourite band, or a hobby they have. It is a good idea to have something to say when you approach someone you like to avoid awkward pauses and feeling overly nervous. Failing that, make a joke! Both guys and girls like someone who can make them laugh. Eye contact is also key, making eye contact, or looking at them in a certain way can often let someone know you like them. I feel intimidated during committee work, and I’m worried that I know less than the rest of my committee. This has made me
committee work. Sitting back and not saying anything will only compound your fear. Play an energiser, it is what the EYP games are for, think about what you might want to say and just go for it - you only have one first International Session! I woke up today and had bags under my eyes, whereas other girls in my committee looked fabulous. Please tell me how I can keep having fun but not feel tired? There is a difference between looking and feeling tired. Going to bed early makes you a party
pooper. Besides, you want the boys to see that you can party ‘til early morn’ and still look good. Try to yawn discreetly - cover it with a flirty laugh; cucumber slices will work wonders with your puffy eyes. Also, drink water to revive your skin. Remember, beauty sleep is so two thousand and late! I am getting strange signals from my chair, I think he might be attracted to me, what should I do? You are clearly an extremely good looking, confident and amazing individual to merit the affection of one of our lovely chairs team. Just think how lucky you are, every delegate, orga and journo in Zagreb wants to be you. Or not really? Proceed with extreme caution. Remember - this is not a drill! Not one of the chairs team is remotely attractive, stop kidding yourself and letting their position of power influence you. Kissinger was horribly wrong; power is NOT the ultimate aphrodisiac. Additional reporting by Grainne Hawkes, Laura Hibberd, Florentine Oberman & Karin-Liis Lahtmäe
The EYP Underwear Horoscopes
Your new friends from the spa will give you advice on your love life, listen to them carefully since your underwear is not bringing sexy back any time soon.
You have your business in the front and therefore will meet the love of your life today. Due to the party in the back he will sadly leave you tomorrow morning.
During the day you will experience some excessive sweating down under. When the sun goes down and the parties begin light breezes are going to keep you relaxed. We do want to warn you by making you aware of the fact that “going commando” is the leading cause of pregnancies in Europe.
Your attempt to look sexy today has failed. You will feel uncomfortable sitting down during committee work and spill your coffee on your clothes. Take on this opportunity to change both your outfit and your underwear.
Grrrrrrrrr rr! You natural instincts are highly active, and you will be hungry throughout the entire day. ‘Go get them chocolates tiger!’
Regardless your confidence today, a false statement is written on underwear. Don’t listen to your panties. Today, you will not be “a boy-chaser”, you are not “a tiger”, nor is your derrière “out of his or her league”. If you truly want to boost your confidence, stay away from the cookies.
You are going to have a very boring day, you will fall asleep during committee work and nothing else will happen. The only light that will shine on your day, is when you realise you are wearing your underwear inside out.
Today, your body aroma is not the most appealing, to say the least. Since your choice of underwear obviously implies it is laundry day. We advise you to call in sick today.
Ugis Balmaks & Eoin O’Driscoll
Some believe that the EU is hampered by overly bureaucratic decision making systems. This is clearly untrue. The Committee on Countering Accusations of Having Too Many Committees conducted a study on this very issue that was so comprehensive that it took 15 years to complete. The Committee members are very vocal in their support for continuing current bureaucratic procedures.
The Back Page
Maria Pashi, Elena Tripaldi & Julie van der Post
Some believe that the EU bailout package for Greece will not work out as planned and is a waste of EU resources. This is clearly untrue. Yesterday, officials from the Greek Department of Finance released figures showing 60% growth in the last quarter and 110% employment rates. What a turnaround for the Department which has been harangued by accusations of incompetence and fraud over the last 12 months.
Some believe that Baroness Ashton has been too weak a voice internationally and has been slow to react to international crises. This is clearly untrue. Yesterday, Baroness Ashton released a stirring statement highly condemnatory of Colonel Gaddafi’s attacks on the Libyan people, that began in February, which branded the brutal dictator a “very naughty boy”. She also questioned whether or not his mother would be proud of his actions.