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THE PREPOSITIONS

At ten o'clock A las diez

Jane goes across the street Jane camina a través de la calle

He looked back and saw the cat Miró hacía atrás y vio el gato

The boy is behind them El niño está detrás de ellos

Mary is between Tom and Harry María esta entre Tom y Harry

In the computer En (Dentro) del ordenador

The tray is in front of Lucy La bandeja está delante de Lucy

Look down! ¡Mira hacía abajo!

Carla is next to Claudia Carla está al lado de Claudia


The ladybird is on the mushroom La mariquita está encima del hongo

Lydia is sitting opposite the baby Lydia está sentada enfrente del bebe

The letters are flying over me Las letrAs están volando sobre me

The balls are going round his head Las bolas van alrededor de su cabeza

He looked through the newspaper Él miró a través del periódico

The turtles are under the turtle Las tortugas están debajo de la tortuga

Mary is up the slide María está arriba en el tobogán

I like playing with you Me gusta jugar contigo

I hate to study without you Odio estudiar sin ti


-Las preposiciones son unas partículas muy importantes que se colocan normalmente delante de la palabra que rige. with Carmen for the boy -Las

con Carmen para el chico

diferencias entre At, in ,on:

Lugar: at=en(posición en un punto determinado) in=en(Dentro de algo) on=en(sobre encima de algo)

at the school

en el colegio

in the box on the box

en la caja encima de la caja

Tiempo at=a las(hora o momento de tiempo) at=a la(un momento de día at=en(Un fecha importante, una fiestas

at four o'clock at noon/at midnight at Christmas

a las cuatro al medio día/a la media noche en Navidad

in=en(mes del año o estación) in(dentro de) on=en(días de la semana)

in May in an hour on Tuesday in the morning in the afternoon in the evening at night

en mayo dentro de una hora el martes por la mañana por la tarde(12pm) por la tarde(6pm)

in=por la(con las partes del día at=por la (sólo con la noche)


Verás una forma peculiar de usar las preposiciones To be at home To be at in the house To be at school go home go to school go to bed

en casa (la casa donde uno vive) en la casa en el colegio ir a casa ir al colegio ir a la cama

-Aquí tienes una lista de las preposiciones más comunes en inglés about above acros after against around as at before behind

a cerca de sobre a través después contra alrededor como/tanto en antes detrás

beside besides between beyond but despite during except for out

below

por debajo

opposite

along till

a lo largo de hasta

by to

al lado de from además in entre inside más alla like pero near a pesar of durante off excepto on por than fuera through lo opuesto/en since frente por next to a /hacia round

desde dentro de dentro como cerca de fuera de encima que a través desde hace al lado de alrededor

under over toward unlike until with without upon up

debajo sobre hacia no como hasta con sin sobre arriba


FUTURE – GOING TO —> PLANS

Syntax:

Subject + to be + going to + infinitive USE: We use the future with “GOING TO” to talk about plans POSITIVE FORM

Subject I He / She / It We / You / They

Verb To be Am Is Are

Going to Going to

Infinitive Dance Study Go shopping

Examples: - Maria’s going to travel this holiday. - They’re going to go to a very expensive restaurant. - I’m going to come home late.

NEGATIVE FORM Subject I He / She / It We / You / They

Verb To be + not Going to Am not Going to Is not (isn’t) Are not (aren’t)

- I’m not going to go to the party. - Juan isn’t going to work today. - They aren’t going to stay at that hotel.

Infinitive Clean Cook Travel


QUESTION FORM Question Word What Where —————–

Verb To Be Am not Is not (isn’t) Are not (aren’t)

Subject I He / She / It We / You / They

Going to Going to

Infinitive Do Go travel

Ejemplos: - What are you going to do later? - What is she going to cook? - Are they going to attend the meeting? - Where is Maria going to study? Short answers are with the to be verb - Yes, I am – Yes, you are – No, he isn’t – No, they aren’t ETC

Errores típicos Recuerden de NO USAR el do/does (para preguntas) & el don‟t y doesn‟t (para negativos). NO SE USAN porque usamos el verbo to be. - INCORRECTO: I don’t going to study. - CORRECTO: I„m not going to study. - INCORRECTO: Where do you going to go? - CORRECTO: Where are you going to go? Recuerden de NO OLVIDAR de poner el verbo TO BE - INCORRECTO: Juan going to buy beer. - CORRECTO: Juan is going to buy beer.


The weather

cloudy nublado

sunny soleado

raining lloviendo

cold frio

hot calor

foggy con niebla

snowing

warm

windy


nevando

calido

viento

stormy tormenta

tornedo tornado

misty neblina


What is the time?

En punto se dice: o'clock

Menos cuarto se dice:quarter

Y cuarto se dice:

to

quarter past

y media se dice half past

Un buen truco para decir la horaen ingles es este: Empieza a traducir tu frase por el final y no pongas el artículo.Así siempre lo harás bien.

Las siete y veinte =Twenty past seven Y cinco,y diez, y veinte, e y venticinco se dicen:

Menos cinco,menos diez,menos veinte y menos veinty cinco se dicen:

five past,ten past,twenty past,twenty-five past five to,ten to,twenty to,twenty-five to

Si los minutos no terminan en cinco o en cero hay que decir minutes Las seis Y siete

Seven minutes past six

Las siete menos seis

Six minutes to seven

A las siete se dice así: At seven o'clock A Las seis

At six o'clock

A las seis y media

At half past six


La hora es siempre singular en inglés Para preguntar la hora se hace así: ¿Que hora es?

What time is it?

¿Que hora es?

What is the time?


USEFUL EXPRESSIONS TO LEARN ASKING FOR DIRECTIONS Excuse me... Where is ...? How do I get to ...? What's the way to ...? Can you tell me the way to... ? GIVING DIRECTIONS

movement: Go straight on (until you come to ...). Turn left/right (into ...-street). Take the 1st turning on the left/right Take the first/second road on the left/right Go along/down [a street] Go on for 3 blocks and then... Cross [a street] Go straight on/ahead Go past the traffic lights You can't miss it.


location: It's on the left/right. It's opposite X It's near X It's next to X It's between X and X It's at the end of [a street] It's on/at the corner of X It's behind X It's in front of X It's (just) around the corner careful!: it's right here/there = it's exactly here/there (different from: it's here on the right) EXAMPLE - Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the station? - Sure. Go straight ahead and take the second turning on the right. Then go down the street until you see a church. Turn left at the church and the station is on the right, next to the post office and opposite a big bank. You can't miss it. - Thanks a lot. Bye.

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