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INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR: WATER AS LEVERAGE MARCH 13TH, 2019


WORLD EARTH DAY 22 APRIL 2018


WORLD EARTH DAY 22 APRIL 2018


SEMARANG TEAMS TIM SEMARANG

CASCADING SEMARANG TEAM

ONE RESILIENT SEMARANG TEAM

IQBAL REZA CINDY RISWANTYO

KNOWLEDGE PARTNERS


TIMELINE TIMELINE WE ARE HERE WATER AS LEVERAGE AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

OCTOBER

NOVEMBER

DECEMBER

JANUARY

FEBRUARY

MARCH

APRIL

MAY

JUNE

JULY

AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

PHASE 2

3 4

25

29 30

23 24

LOCAL WORKSHOPS Semarang

INTERIM WORKSHOP 1 Semarang

LOCAL WORKSHOPS Semarang

13 14

TBD

LOCAL WORKSHOPS Semarang

LOCAL WORKSHOPS Semarang

19

DESIGN COASTAL WORKSHOP WORKSHOP NYC Netherlands 6 7

21

INTERIM WORKSHOP 2 Semarang

REGIONAL WORKSHOPS Singapore

CHECK-IN WITH HENK OVINK Hague

DELIVERABLE CONCEPT IDEAS

7

24 25

TBD

REGIONAL WORKSHOPS Singapore

REGIONAL WORKSHOPS Singapore

DELIVERABLE BUSINESS CASE

PHASE 1

FOLLOW-UP


water as leverage approach pendekatan


build a vision together membangun visi bersama


with communities bersama masyarakat


with stakeholders pemangku kepentingan


in an international collaboration dalam kolaborasi internasional


to co-create projects that are... untuk menyusun solusi yang...


transformative

scalable

bankable


in a comprehensive way secara lengkap


understanding semarang memahami semarang


semarang has already made investments in becoming a great city semarang telah melakukan investasi untuk mewujudkan visi kota hebat


KOTA LAMA

SIMPANG LIMA

KAMPUNG PELANGI

BANJIR KANAL BARAT

LAWANG SEWU

PELABUHAN TANJUNG MAS

BANDARA AHMAD YANI

WADUK JATIBARANG

TERMINAL PELABUHAN


NEW CAPITAL PROJECTS PROYEK PEMBANGUNAN BARU

PLANNED INDUSTRY

PLANNED PORT EXPANSION PLANNED HARBOR TOLL ROAD

NEW TOLL ROAD

LANDFILL RELOCATION

PLANNED RING ROADS

WASTE WATER TREATMENT UPGRADES

PLANNED TOLL ROAD/ SEAWALL


semarang is growing semarang terus tumbuh


semarang sits on a dynamic water system semarang terletak pada sistem air yang dinamis


from coast... dari pesisir...


...to upland ...hingga hulu


challenges are linked by water banyak tantangan terkait dengan air


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

!

WATER NEEDS

!


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

!

WATER NEEDS

!

GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

!

WATER NEEDS

!

AQUIFER DEPLETION

! GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI LANDSLIDES

! !

AQUIFER DEPLETION

! GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

SUBSIDENCE


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI UPLAND FLOODING

!

UPLAND FLOODING

!

UPLAND FLOODING

!

!

!

COASTAL FLOODING

COASTAL FLOODING

!

COAS FLOO


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

!

HARD ENGINEERING FLOOD PROTECTION


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

!

BATHTUB EFFECT

NEED TO KEEP

$$$ BUILDING UP


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

$$$

PUMP WATER OUT OF PROTECTION


CHALLENGES AND CURRENT APPROACH TANTANGAN DAN PENDEKATAN SAAT INI

! !

LAND RECLAMATION

LOSS OF AQUACULTURE AND ECOLOGY


CYCLES OF VULNERABILITY SIKLUS KERENTANAN

GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

WATER ACCESS

VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES

AQUIFER DEPLETION

SUBSIDENCE & LANDSLIDES

FLOOD RISK


CYCLES OF VULNERABILITY SIKLUS KERENTANAN INDUSTRIAL GROWTH GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

POPULATION GROWTH

EXPANSION OF INFRASTRUCTURE

A SHIFTING ECONOMY

NEED FOR RESILIENT MULTI-PURPOSE INFRASTRUCTURE

AQUIFER DEPLETION

WATER ACCESS

!

VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES

SUBSIDENCE & LANDSLIDES

FLOOD RISK

$

INVESTMENT ALONG THE COAST AND UPLAND


CYCLES OF VULNERABILITY SIKLUS KERENTANAN

GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

A SHIFTING ECONOMY

WATER ACCESS

AQUIFER DEPLETION

SUBSIDENCE & LANDSLIDES

A CHANGING CLIMATE SEA LEVEL RISING

VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES

NEED FOR UNIFIED VISION FOR CENTRAL JAVA COAST

FLOOD RISK

MORE INTENSE AND FREQUENT STORMS


FINANCIAL IMPACT 2030 DAMPAK FINANSIAL 2030

8MM PER YEAR AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR

Source: Suhelmi et al, Potential Economic Losses Due to Tidal Inundation and Flood at Semarang City, Forum Geografi, Vol. 28, No. 2, December 2014: 113 - 118

SEA LEVEL RISE COASTAL INUNDATION (ROB)

6.3 TRILLION IDR (0.4 BILLION USD)


FINANCIAL IMPACT 2030 DAMPAK FINANSIAL 2030

28 TRILLION IDR (1.9 BILLION USD)

13-15CM PER YEAR PORT RAISING PER 5 YEAR 200 BILLION IDR 8MM PER YEAR AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR

Source: Suhelmi et al, Potential Economic Losses Due to Tidal Inundation and Flood at Semarang City, Forum Geografi, Vol. 28, No. 2, December 2014: 113 - 118

LAND SUBSIDENCE

SEA LEVEL RISE COASTAL INUNDATION (ROB)

6.3 TRILLION IDR (0.4 BILLION USD)


FINANCIAL IMPACT 2030 DAMPAK FINANSIAL 2030 LOSSES IN PRODUCTIVITY CITY GROWTH

8MM PER YEAR AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR

Source: Suhelmi et al, Potential Economic Losses Due to Tidal Inundation and Flood at Semarang City, Forum Geografi, Vol. 28, No. 2, December 2014: 113 - 118

XXX ? 28 TRILLION IDR (1.9 BILLION USD)

13-15CM PER YEAR PORT RAISING PER 5 YEAR 200 BILLION IDR

XXX ?

LAND SUBSIDENCE

SEA LEVEL RISE COASTAL INUNDATION (ROB)

6.3 TRILLION IDR (0.4 BILLION USD)


TIPPING POINT TITIK KRITIS

COST TO ADAPT

ABILITY TO INVEST

LOSSES IN PRODUCTIVITY CITY GROWTH

LAND SUBSIDENCE

SEA LEVEL RISE COASTAL INUNDATION (ROB)

$$


2019

business as usual bisnis seperti biasa


2040

business as usual bisnis seperti biasa


WELFARE

TIPPING POINT

TIME

BUSINESS AS USUAL


WELFARE

HIGHER VALUE IN THE LONG-TERM

EARLY INVESTMENT IN RESILIENCE

TIPPING POINT

TIME

RESILIENT SEMARANG

BUSINESS AS USUAL


2040

a leading resilient city! kota tangguh terkemuka!


...in Java and in SE Asia ...di Jawa dan Asia Tenggara


how can the city’s vision be aligned with water? bagaimana visi kota dapat diselaraskan dengan air?


a paradigm shift is needed dibutuhkan perubahan paradigma


no drop of water is lost Ď„idak ada setetes air pun yang hilang


5 strategic programs 5 program strategis


industry industri


industry and water are connected

industri dan air memiliki keterkaitan yang erat


SUBSIDENCE CONCEPT PENURUNAN TANAH

up to 15cm per year


2019

industry is key in addressing subsidence industri adalah kunci dalam penanganan penurunan tanah


2040

industry is key in addressing subsidence industri adalah kunci dalam penanganan penurunan tanah


GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION PENGAMBILAN AIR BAWAH TANAH

LOW

HIGH


PROPOSED INDUSTRY IN KENDAL

KAWASAN INDUSTRI WIJAYAKUSUMA BANDARHARJO GENUK AND KALIGAWE CLUSTERS

KAWASAN INDUSTRI TAMBAK AJI

KAWASAN INDUSTRI CANDI

BSB INDUSTRIAL PARK

1300 he of existing industry 2450 he of planned industry 27.5% of labor in industry

INDUSTRY Main Rivers Retention Basins Industrial Clusters


strategic program water–neutral industry


CONCEPT WATER SOURCES DIVERSIFY DIVERSIFIKASI SUMBER AIR

RAINWATER

RESERVOIRS

SEAWATER

RECYCLE TREATMENT

GREY WATER

AQUIFER


CONCEPT TYPES INDUSTRY JENIS INDUSTRI HIGH WATER INTENSITY

Laundry

Low-end Beverage

Textile

Large scale Textile

Low-end Steel mills

LOW CAPITAL / VALUE

HIGH CAPITAL / VALUE

Pharmaceutical Carpentry

Semiconductor

LOW WATER INTENSITY


CONCEPT TYPES INDUSTRY JENIS INDUSTRI HIGH WATER INTENSITY

HIGH RISK

MANAGEABLE RISKS

LOW CAPITAL / VALUE

HIGH CAPITAL / VALUE

MANAGEABLE RISKS

IDEAL CONDITION

LOW WATER INTENSITY


can we envision high capacity water-neutral industries? dapatkah kita membayangkan industri ramah air berkapasitas tinggi?


NEXT STEPS LANGKAH SELANJUTNYA

INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER REDEVELOPMENT PILOT IN GENUK PROYEK PERCONTOHAN REVITALISASI KAWASAN INDUSTRI GENUK

Can Genuk become the signature industrial development project for Semarang and Central Jawa? Apakah Genuk bisa menjadi proyek pengembangan kawasan industri unggulan di Semarang dan Jawa Tengah?

WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT (1HA X 240L/S)

REDUCE GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION BY

250 HA OF WATER RETENTION

760.000 M3/YEAR 750 HA POLDER FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

AVOID BUSINESS DISRUPTIONS FOR 380 IN GENUK SECURE 30.000

WATER CAPTURE (240L/S), STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION (312L/S) SYSTEM

INDUSTRIES

JOBS

INCREASED QUALITY OF LIFE AND SAFETY FOR

4000 INHABITANTS DUE TO REDUCE SUBSIDENCE


strategic program network of resilient kampungs


every day water practices

praktek penggunaan air sehari-hari


have an impact on the city as a whole

memiliki dampak bagi kota secara keseluruhan

37% population no access to pdam 30% of keluruhans are prone to flooding and landslides


water access akses air bersih

stormwater management pengelolaan air limpasan

wastewater treatment pengelolaan air limbah


participatory budgeting musrenbang

investment in resilience investasi pada ketangguhan


MECHANISMS MEKANISME

matching funds mechanism mekanisme matching funds capacity building penguatan kapasitas resilient kampung guide pedoman kampung tangguh

10%

10%

Musrenbang

Government


G N

U

PARTICIPATORY PLANNING PROCESS

E

DI

PA N

EX

REVEN UE

TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS

IN

FL

C EN

problem setting

monitoring and evaluating

inclusive planning

COMMUNITY ADVOCACY

implementation by the community

within the kampung

training and educating training facilitators

fund raising current programs

other kampungs


LOWLAND KAMPUNG

MIDLAND KAMPUNG

UPLAND KAMPUNG

PLACE

•  tidal flood and sea level rise

•  river flood

•  river flood

•  water scarcity

•  water scarcity

•  water scarcity

•  land subsidence

•  pollution

•  drought

•  risk of “bathtub effect“

•  landslide in some area

•  deterioration of natural spring

•  pressure of ongoing harbor projects COST

•  urbanization trends in the rural area

•  cost of flood

•  cost of flood

•  cost of flood

•  additional expense for freshwater

•  additional expense for freshwater

•  additional expense for freshwater

•  large stormwater pumping volume •  structural damage due to land subsidence PEOPLE

•  government regulations apply to all the kampungs, whereas community leadership and existing program related groups are different in each kampung.


to increase awareness and build capacity untuk meningkatkan kesadaran dan membangun kapasitas


to increase awareness and build capacity untuk meningkatkan kesadaran dan membangun kapasitas


to increase awareness and build capacity untuk meningkatkan kesadaran dan membangun kapasitas


NEXT STEPS NEXT STEPS

Bedono

Terboyo Wetan & Trimulyo

Tambaklorok

Kemijen Tapak, Tugurejo

Wonosari, Ngaliyan

Mugassari

Kalipancur Bendan Duwur

Deliksari, Sukorejo

Can we coordinate with the City to identify priority kampungs and develop a new community based greeninfrastructure investment? Apakah kita bisa berkoordinasi dengan Pemerintah Kota untuk mengidentifikasi kampung prioritas dan mengembangkan investasi infrastruktur hijau berbasis masyarakat?

Rowosari

Randusari, Nongkosawit

Dinar Mas, Meteseh


strategic program integrated protective coastal zone


A VULNERABLE COAST KAWASAN PESISIR YANG RENTAN

2018 1985

5K

M

SHORELINE

SLR 1°C (+7FT)

2018 2015 2010 2005 2000 1995 1990 1985

Source: Google Earth, BAPPEDA, climate-central.org

ROB FLOOD RISK SLR 4°C (+29FT)


COMMUNITIES

CONFLICTING COASTAL USES GUNA LAHAN PESISIR YANG SALING BERTENTANGAN

NATURE

INDUSTRY

BUILDING WITH NATURE

PROPOSED PORT & INDUSTRY MANGROVE RESTORATION

PORT POLDER EXPANSION KALI SEMARANG

PROPOSED SEAWALL

KENDAL

SEMARANG

BANGER POLDER

DEMAK


COASTAL BALANCE KESEIMBANGAN PESISIR ECONOMIC VALUE ECOLOGICAL VALUE

ECOLOGICAL GOALS OF INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT

VS

REGIONAL COMPETITIVENES OF CENTRAL JAVA


cost of pumping is increasing biaya pemompaan meningkat

sediment supply is limited pasokan sedimen terbatas


NEED FOR EFFECTIVE COASTAL LAND USES DIBUTUHKAN ADANYA TATA GUNA LAHAN PESISIR YANG EFEKTIF

INDUSTRY? INDUSTRY?

INDUSTRY? INDUSTRY?

INDUSTRY? INDUSTRY?

INDUSTRY?


STRATEGIC COASTAL BALANCE KESEIMBANGAN PESISIR

ECOLOGICAL VALUE

–$ COSTS

PROVINCIAL VALUE TRANSFER MECHANISM

+$ BENEFITS

ECONOMIC VALUE


STRATEGIC COASTAL BALANCE KESEIMBANGAN PESISIR

CONCENTRATED HIGH VALUE INDUSTRY CONCENTRATED HIGH VALUE INDUSTRY


NEXT STEPS NEXT STEPS

Can we develop a new vision along the coast with Province, City and Kabupaten? Apakah kita dapat mengembangkan visi baru di sepanjang pantai dengan Provinsi, Kota dan Kabupaten? 600 HA DREDGING & SEDIMENT RELOCATION TOLL ROAD DESIGN MODIFICATION

380 HA SEDIMENT CAPTURE AREA

450 HA MANGROVE PARK

9,5 KM BREAKWATERS MODIFICATION 640 HA MANGROVE PARK

325 HA SEDIMENT CAPTURE AREA

200 HA POLDER FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 750 HA SEDIMENT CAPTURE AREA

WATERWAY DIVERSION

500 HA POLDER FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

PILOT PROJECT WEST SEMARANG COAST

PILOT PROJECT FUTURE–READY PORT: RESILIENCE VALUE TO CURRENT PORT DEVELOPMENT MASTERPLAN

PILOT PROJECT GENUK / SAYUNG COASTAL PILOT


what can semarang be in 2040? apa visi semarang di tahun 2040?


a regional leader?

menjadi kota maju dan memimpin di tingkat regional?


ongoing resiliency programs program ketangguhan yang sedang berjalan

Jepara

Demak

Brebes Tegal Pemalang Pekalongan

Kendal

Semarang

Integrated Coastal Zone Management Water as Leverage Building with Nature

Ungaran


WELFARE

HIGHER VALUE IN THE LONG-TERM

EARLY INVESTMENT IN RESILIENCE

TIPPING POINT

TIME

RESILIENT SEMARANG

BUSINESS AS USUAL


a leading resilient city! kota tangguh yang menjadi pembelajaran bagi kota-kota lain!


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