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Hcp ]Iens‚ \jvSw tPm¨ B‰pamen

NIPAH VIRUS

Anusha Alousyes

OPIOID OVERDOSE : Josni Zacharia

amXm]nXm \akvXpsX ! 3 PRSIDENT’S MESSAGE 5 SECRETARY’S MESSAGE 7 POEMS... EXECUTIVE COMMITTE 9 GRADUATES 15 Rm≥ Fßns\ Cßs\bmbn ? 17 Hm¿Ωbn¬ Hcp Ah[n°mew 21 tUm. t]mƒ tXmakv Hc\pkvacWw 25 bm{X 29 MEEN PEERA THORAN 31 KERALA STYLE DZbw ImWphm≥ Dd°anfbv°p∂h¿ 33 35 BEYOND NORMAL 37 hn{IamZnXy≥ h°o¬ 43 DRIVE ssIc49 fn kph-\o¿ THE EDITOR’S DESK Sheeba Alousyes

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Johnson Kadamkulathil

US HIGHER EDUCATION FOR INDIAN STUDENTS Vinson X, Palathingal

Tison Thomas

IDEAL INDIVIDUAL Mariamma AND PURPOSEFUL LIFE Sunil

Ria John

THIS IS ME Abha Philips

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CHANGES TO PERSONAL INCOME.... Paul Joseph

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CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT Joby K Jose

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MY DISNEY DAD Joshua Zacharia

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BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT Merliss George

OH,AND... Naveed A Rahman

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2

53 55 59 65 67 71 73 75 77 83 89 91 93 95 97 99 101 136

(Ammini Aunty)

SIMPLE & QUICK EGG CURRY DISH Molly Suraj

LONELINESS - A GROWING EPIDEMIC Anil Alousyes

GREEN SMOOTHIE Anonymous

Mathew Mathew

OBITUARY

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FAMILY GREETINGS

Alphonsa Rahman

EVENTS....


It’s that time of the year when Malayali’s celebrate the

harvest festival and the love of king Mahabali for his people. Onam brings memories of a happy era where there was peace & prosperity. Here at Kairali, we strive to take you back to that era and re-live those moments. This souvenir is a collection of poems, articles, stories, useful information, memories from last year’s events along with greetings from families to the entire community. We also strive to recognize our students who graduate from various institutions through the year. This year, we have made sincere efforts to address community problems like opioid addiction. While the entire committee is working hard to celebrate the spirit of Onam, It is my pride and honor to present the 34th volume of the Kairali Souvenir. I am ever so grateful, to the Kairali leadership team, committee members and our sponsors for their support all through. All the members of souvenir committee and many other supporters have worked diligently and meticulously to bring this Souvenir 2018 into existence. I also want to thank all the families who have contributed by sending family pictures, articles, recipes, poem’s etc. to make this souvenir a success. I hope we have lived up to your expectations in making this souvenir enjoyable and informational. Soft copies of the souvenir can be found on our website www.kairaliofbaltimore.com. Wishing you all a very Happy Onam filled with love, peace & prosperity.

SHEEBA ALOUSYES Chief Editor.

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Dear friends: It is that time of the year again, when we celebrate Onam, the most important festival for Malayalees all around the world. It is a time when all of us come together regardless of our political beliefs, religion, creed, wealth or class, to celebrate Onam with equal fervor. It is with this enthusiasm I welcome you all to the Onam celebrations this year. On behalf of Kairali of Baltimore, I wish each of you a happy and prosperous Onam. The festival of Onam symbolizes and has contributed immensely to the fostering of a vibrant multi-cultural community long before the world knows and characterize it. It is my humble hope and prayer that we as a vibrant community, shall once again be able to surpass into that sense of universal family. It is a matter of pride for all Malayalees that Kerala has in fact set a shining model to the world on how diverse sections of people can coexist as a peaceful and progressive society. As members of Kairali of Baltimore, we come together as a diverse community to celebrate our common heritage and share the joy and happiness. This year Kairali, during the Onam celebration brings a competition for “best payasam”, best dressed family, a photo booth etc. The Youth are active and already planned for career expo, conducted a winter coat drive and is planning to sell “mullapoovu” during Onam, as a fund raiser. Kairali has planned a lot of activities and programs this year. An overnight camping with more than 70 people, a badminton championship, a star-night show with Cine Actors Sheela, Jagadeesh, Surabhi and 14 others, blood drive, CPR training, outreach to our elderly and seniors, plan for charitable causes for the poor and needy, a basketball tournament , a talent show/youth festival etc are in planning stages. It is not easy to do all these things in silo. A lot of people worked behind the scenes and worked hard to bring these programs to all of us. I want to thank the Executive Committee Members for their valuable contributions; the sponsors, volunteers, Kairali Advisory Board members and all well-wishers. I also take this opportunity to express my deep gratitude and thank the Souvenir committee for all their work in bringing this magazine to fruition. Wish you all once again a very prosperous Onam.

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Dear Friends: Onam is at our doorsteps! As Malayalees, it is the festival that we all cherish and look forward to every year. Onam brings forth joy, happiness, celebration and above all, hope. For us Keralites, it has become the festival for all people, regardless of religion, caste, creed, rich or poor. The legend says that a king named Mahabali once ruled the beautiful state of Kerala and was considered wise, judicious and extremely generous. During that time, Kerala witnessed its golden era whereby there was no discrimination based on caste or class; and rich and poor were treated equally. There was neither crime, nor corruption, no suffering or sorrow and everybody was happy and content. We celebrate Onam in remembrance of that beautiful time and a hope that this era will be back. While Mahabali ruled, his kingdom prospered because he valued freedom, equality and justice. Celebrating Onam is a onetime yearly event and has more significance than eating variety of food, meeting people, and buying new clothes. The festival of Onam must transcend our ordinary life to enhance and beautify our life and that of others. Onam should inspire us to seek freedom, equality and justice for all. Society will not prosper when it suppresses people’s ideas, creativity and freedom. We are one human family regardless of our national, racial, ethnic, economic, and ideological differences. We are our brothers’ and sisters’ keepers, wherever they may be. Loving our neighbor has global dimensions in a shrinking world. The festival of Onam reminds us how we should live each day in harmony with our self and our surrounding. Onam as the festival of hope has huge potential and offers valuable lessons for all. The festival offers us an opportunity to re-learn our commitment to stand for justice, peace, love and generosity. In situations of conflict and lack of harmony, Onam reminds us of a time when humans lived together as one family. Onam celebration instills in us a commitment to strive for a harmonious life for today and tomorrow. Kairali of Baltimore represents this commitment which is explicit in our charitable work, the effort made in bringing people together from all walks of life, and working towards making our community and the world a better place to live. Wishing all of you a delightful Onam! Tison Thomas Secretary, Kairali of Baltimore

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EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

JOHNSON KADAMKULATHIL

BIJO VITHAYATHIL

TISON THOMAS

JOY KOODALY

VICE PRESIDENT

PRESIDENT ELECT & SECRETARY

EX-OFFICIO

BENNY THOMAS

JOSNI ZACHARIA

KOSHY GEORGE

TREASURER

JOINT TREASURER

JOINT TREASURER

PRESIDENT

VIJOY PATTAMADI AUDITOR

HOSPITALITY COMMITTEE

SANTHOSH KAVANAMKUDY

RAJAN MATHAI

(CHAIR)

JAIN MATHEW

FINO AUGUSTINE

JOY PARICKAPPALLY

JOSE KOTTARAMKUNNEL

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JIJO ALAPPATT

MATHEW MATHEW

BLESSON LUCKOSE

BIJO SKARIA

LIGIE THOMAS

ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE

SABEENA NAZAR

SHYNI FINO

ANITHA JAIN

SHEEBA ALOUSYES

(CHAIR)

ASHLY JAMES

BINDHU JOHNSON

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SHAJU THATTIL


SOUVENIR COMMITTEE

SHEEBA ALOUSYES SHOBANA MARKOSE

SHEEBA PARANILAM

MOLLY SURAJ

(CHAIR)

SAIJA CHIRAYATH

RAJAN ABRAHAM

GILLET KOORAN

JAMES THOMAS

SHAJI THAYYIL

SPORTS / PICNIC COMMITTEE

MATHEW VARGHESE

ALVIN ALUVATHINGAL

AUSTIN ALUVATHINGAL

JITH PONNAMBALATH

SUNIL THOMAS

MARTIN JOSEPH

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MEDIA & PUBLICITY COMMITTEE

MOHAN MAVUNKAL MATHEWS THOMAS

CHARITABLE CAUSES

JOHNNY CHERUSSERY (CHAIR)

MAIJO MICHAELS

SHAMS NAZAR

ANIL ALOUSYES

WEBSITE & SOCIAL MEDIA

JOMY GEORGE (CHAIR)

BIJO THOMAS

MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE

JOSEPH ZACHARIA

SURAJ MAMMAN

SATHI SANTHOSH

ROSY JOSE

(CHAIR)

ANSAMMA THOMAS SEEMA MICHAELS DOLLY PADIYANICKAL ssIc-fn kph\o¿ 12

MEREENA ISSAAC


ADVERTISEMENT & SPONSORSHIP COMMITTEE

JOSEKUTTY THOMAS SAJU MARKOSE

BASIL ISSAC

RAHMAN KADABA

(CHAIR)

WOMENS FORUM COMMITTEE

ALPHONSA RAHMAN (CHAIR)

SURYA CHACKO

BOSCO JAIN

SOLLY RAJAN

SHIRLEY BIJO

YOUTH FORUM COMMITTEE

AKSHITA ALOUSYES NADIA NAZAR (CHAIR)

BEENA BENNY

AUSTIN KOODALY

ANUSHA ALOUSYES

JEFFIN THOMAS

DAVID MERLISS GEORGE ssIcfn SURAJ kph-\o¿RYAN BENNY AGNES KOODALY 13


COMMUNITY SERVICE COMMITEE

SIJU SEBASTIAN

JITH PONNAMBALATH

JAMES ANIL ANTO

(CHAIR)

ADVISORY BOARD

SHAJI PADIYANICKAL

SHAMS NAZAR

(CHAIR)

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ANIL ALOUSYES


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º-e-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \mS-I-im-e-bv°p-≈n¬ IY-Ifn hmZyw apg-ßp-Ib - m-bn. P∑w sIm≠v {InkvXym-\nbpw I¿Ωw sIm≠v lnμp-hpw, Rm≥ I≠ Fs‚ ap…ow ktlm-Z-c-ß-fpsS kvt\lm-[n-Iy-Øn¬ Rms\mcp apk¬am- \ p- a m- W v . AXpsIm≠pXs∂ BcpsS hnizm-k-tØbpw Rm≥ l\n-bv°pI F∂ {Iqc I¿Ωw sNøm-Xn-cn-°pI am{X-a√, Ahsbsbms° Rm≥ kmZcw kvt\ln-°p-Ibpw _lp-am-\n-°pIbpw sNøp- ∂ p. “temIm- k - a kv X m kpJnt\m `h¥p” F∂Xpw “temssII IpSpw-_Iw” F∂Xpw Rm≥ lrZ-b-Øn¬ Xmtem-en-°p∂ Fs‚ a{¥ [z\nIfpam-Wv. Chsbms° sIm≠mhmw Fs‚ lrkz-k-μ¿i-\-Øn-\mbn \m\m-PmXn aX-ÿ-cmb Fs‚ kplrXv tkmZ-c-߃ ImtXm¿°p-∂-Xpw, hnam-\-Øm-hfw apX¬ hnam-\-Øm-hfw hsc Ah¿ Ft∂msSm-∏a - p-≈Xv B Xo{h kvt\l-Øns‚ Pzme H∂p sIm≠p am{Xw. AhcpsS hml-\ß - f - n¬ k©cn-bv°p-Ibpw AhcpsS hoSp-I-fn¬ `£Ww Ignbv ° p- t ºmgpw t]cn- \ p- t ]mepw ]Ww apS- ° m≥ Fs∂ A\ph- Z n- b v ° mØ Ahcp- s S- ]m- Z - ] ¶P߃°p apºn¬ Rm≥ F∂pw A⁄eo _≤≥. Aºe∏pg Hcp henb ]pWy-`qhpw Xo¿∞mS-\-tI-{μ-hp-sa∂v ]d-™p-ht√m? CsXßns\ kw`hn-®p. Hs° Hcp ssZh-hoI \nanØw Ft∂ ]d-bm\m-hq. C∂v ae-bm-f-°-c-bn¬ Gsd sIm´ntLmjnbv°-s∏-Sp∂ h≈w-I-fn-bpsS D¤hw Aºe-∏p-g-bnXs∂. A\y\m´n¬ \n∂v Aºe∏pgbntebv°v Fgps∂-≈n-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂ {io IrjvW hn{K-lØn\v AIw]Sn tkhn® t]mcmfn ]S-bpsS hml\-amWv Np≠≥ h≈-߃. Cu h≈-߃ hs∂Øp∂tXm ]pcm-X-\-amb Fs‚ IpSpw-_-Øns‚ tXm´pI-S-hnepw Ddbv°msX t]mb {iotKm-]me hn{KlsØ \mdmWØp {`m¥≥ apdp°n Np-h-∏n®v B Xp∏-en-em-Ws{X Bk\-ÿ-\m-°n-b-Xv. Ime-Øn-\-∏p-dhpw C∏pdhpw A∂pw C∂pw alm-c-Y-∑m-cpsS D’h Ddhn-S-am-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ B Ip{Km-aw. ae-bmfn kmln-Xy-Ønse alm-a-∂-\m-bncp∂ Rß-fpsS {]nb XI-gn-t®-´≥ ({io XIgn inhi-¶c - ∏ - n≈) Fs‚ ]nXm-hns‚ Bflan{Xambn-cp-∂p. A≤ym]-I-\m-bn-cp∂ Fs‚ ]nXm-hn-t‚bpw h°oem-bn-cp∂ XI-gn-t®-´-s‚bpw tPmen ÿe-ßsf th¿Xn-cn-®n-cp-∂Xv Hcp CSa-Xn¬ am{Xw. tPmen Ign™m¬ B Bflan-{X-߃ Rß-fpsS ho´n-emWv

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Ip´n-°mew Hcn°epw Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-°m≥ Ign-bmØ, F∂m¬ Hm¿ΩIfn¬ a[pc kz]v\ß - ƒ Xcp∂ B \√ Imew. PohnXw sa®-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ tamlØn¬ \mSpw \K-chpw hoSpw, ho´p-Im-tcbpw hn´v Zqsc adp-cm-Py-ß-fn¬ Xnc-°p-]n-Sn® PohnXw \bn°p-tºmgpw h√-t∏mgpw hoWp In´p∂ hn{i-a-th-fIƒ. Xß-fpsS Ip´n-°m-e-Øn-te°v Xncn®p t]mIW- s a∂v B{Kln- ° m- Ø - h - c mbn Bsc¶nepw D≠mIp-sa∂v F\n°v tXm∂p-∂n-√. \mw k©-cn°p∂ hml- \ - ß - f n¬ \ma- d n- b msX \sΩ tXSnsbØp∂ a[pc kwKoXw As√¶n¬ \mw ImWp∂ Zriym-hnjvIm-c-ß-fn¬ sXfn-bp∂ Nne kml-N-cy-߃ AXpa-s√-¶n¬ ]gb Hm¿Ω-Isf X´n-bp-W¿Øpw-hn-[-ap≈ Nne Nn{X-c-N-\-Iƒ, Nnet∏mƒ Nne-cpsS Ah[n-°me hnh-c-߃ Aßs\ ]eXpw _mey-Im-e-Øns‚ kvac-W-Iƒ \Ω-fn¬ HmSn-sb-Øm-dp-≠v. kvIqfn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ ImeØv am¿®v amkw 31˛mw Xnø-Xn°v th≠n ImØn-cn-°pw. ImcWw A∂mWv F√m ]≈n-°q-S-ßfpw th\¬ Ah[n°mbn ASbv°p-∂-Xv. t\csØ InS-∂p-d-ßp-I. AXncm-hnse Fgpt∂‰v ]Tn-°p-I, Dd°w hcm-Xncn-°m≥ Imep-Iƒ sh≈w \nd® ]m{X-Øn¬ ap°nh-bv°p-I. CØcw {Inb-I-sf√mw am¿®v amkØns‚ {]tXy-I-X-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. im¥-amb ÿe߃ tXSn hoSn\v ]pdØv ]d-ºn¬ Nm™p-In-S°p∂ ac-s°m-ºp-Ifpw \Ωƒ ]T\ tI{μ-am-°p∂Xv Cu Ahkm\ ]co£ ka- b - Ø m- W v . As∂ms° ]co£ Hcp Znhkw c≠m-bn-cp-∂p. H∂v cmhn-sebpw ]ns∂ D®Xn-cn-™pw. Ab¬]-°Øp≈ F√m Ip´p-Imcpw Hcpan-®mWv R߃ ]co£bv°v s]mbvs°m-≠n-cp-∂-Xv. {InkvXym-\nbpw lnμphpw ap…oapw Aßs\ F√mhcpw Xam-iI - ƒ ]d™pw ]c-kv]cw tNmtZymØc-߃ tNmZn®pw F¥v ck-am-bn-cp-∂p kvIqfn-te-°p≈ \S-Øw. Ac aWn- ° q¿ \S∂v thWw kv I qfn¬ t]mIm≥. kvIqfn-te-°p≈ bm{Xm-at≤y \mw ImWp∂ ImgvN-

Iƒ ]mSØv Rmdv \Sp∂ s]Æp-߃, I≠w DgpXv adn-°p∂ BWp߃. Hcp t\csØ Blmc-Øn\p-th≠n sh≈-Øn¬ Dugn-bn´v Xo‰ tXSp∂ Xmdmhp-°q-´-߃. \mWhpw am\-hp-an-√msX ka-b-Ime t_m[-an-√msX Xß-fpsS Ip™p-ßsf ape-bq-´p∂ ]ip-°ƒ, IpSpw_w ]pe¿Øm-\mbn AXncm-hnse Fgpt∂‰v N¥-bn¬ t]mbn taSn®v hoSv tXmdpw hn¬°p∂ ao≥ I®-h-S-°m¿ Aßs\ Fs{Xsb{X h¿Æ at\m-l-c-ßfmb Imgv N - I ƒ. ]co- £ - b p- s S £oW- s a√mw Ign™v hnZym-`ymkw F∂ henb Hcp `mc-sI´v Cd°n sh®v Ipd®v \mƒ cmhnse Ipd-b-[nIw InS∂p- d - ß m- s a∂v tamlns®- ¶ nepw Xte Znhkw Xnan¿Øp-s]bvX ag {]Xo-£-I-sf-sb√mw sX‰n-®pI-f-™p. BSnbp-e-™-°m-‰n¬ ]nSn-®p-\n¬°m≥ Ign-bmsX Xs‚ buΔ-\hpw _meyhpw F√mw H‰bSn°v Ahkm-\n-∏n®v \new-s]m-Ønb Iip-h≠n s]dp-°m-\mbn AΩ h∂v hnfn-®-t∏mƒ h√mØ tZjyw tXm∂n. F¶nepw shfp- ∏ m≥ ImeØv kz¬]w Ipfncv X∂n-cp∂ ]pX-∏ns\ Hcp hn[-Øn¬ tZlØv \n∂pw am‰n sas√ I´n- e n¬ \n∂pw Ggpt∂‰v Du¿∂v InS-°p∂ \n°dpw hen-®p-Ib - ‰n tIm´p-hmbpw C´v apf-sIm≠v s\bvX IqSbpw FSpØv t\sc Iipam-hn≥ NphSp e£y-am°n \S∂p. A∂v Rß-fpsS ]d-ºn\v Np‰pw \ndsb Iipamhpw, πmhpw amhpsas°bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]e XcØn-ep≈ ]g-h¿§-ßsf sIm≠v ^ekar-≤-am-bncp∂p Rß-fpsS ]d-ºv. Rm≥ t\m°nbt∏mƒ tN´≥ Hcp Iip-am-hn¬ apI-fn-en-cp∂v A∏®s‚ \n¿t±-i-{]-Imcw sImºp-Iƒ Ipep°n Iip-h≠n ]g-Øns‚ PohnXw Ahkm-\n-∏n-°m≥ ]mSp-s]-Sp∂Xv I≠p. Rm\pw sas√ ASpØp≈ Iip-am-hn¬ Ibdn sImºp-Iƒ Ipep-°m≥ XpS-ßn. sNdp-∏Øn¬ a‰m-sc-°mfpw GXv ac-Øns‚ apI-fnepw \njv{]-bmkw

ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 21


ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 22


Rm≥ Ib-dp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mgpw Nne Ahk-cß-fn¬ B ]cn-Nbw Rm≥ D]tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm-dp≠v. Ipep-°nb sImºn¬ \n∂pw Hcp Iip-h≠n \nb-{¥Ww hn´v Xmsg I - f - n-®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂ Ip™ps]-ß-fpsS ]pd-ØmWv ]Xn-®-Xv. hmhn-´p-I-c™ Ahsf Hcp hn[-Øn¬ A∏®≥ kam-[m-\n-∏n-®p. tN®nbpw tN´\pw IqSn Fs∂ hg°v ]d-s™¶nepw Rm≥ AsXm∂pw Ku\n-°msX sImºv Ipep-°¬ XpS¿∂p. CSbv°v ag-Øp-≈n-Iƒ XfwsI´n \n∂ ac-®n-eI - ƒ Xmsg Iiph≠n s]dp-°p∂ tN®n- b psS ta¬ IpS- b m\pw Rm≥ ad- ∂ n- √ . Aßs\ hg°pw _l-f-hp-ambn ]d-ºn¬ Nne-hgn® ka-b-ßfpw Znh-k-ßfpw \jvS-ku-`m-KyØns‚ CXfp-I-fmbn Ahti-jn-°p-∂p. DuWn\v tij-ap≈ Dd°-sam∂pw F\n°v A∂pan-√m-bn-cp-∂p, C∂pan-√. Iq´p-Im-cp-samØv DgpXv adn-®n-´n-cn-°p∂ ]mS-ti-J-ß-fn¬ Hme-∏¥p Ifn®pw As√¶n¬ Nm™pIn-S° - p∂ ac-s°m-ºn¬ tImem-cºv Ifn-®pw, AXpa-s√-¶n¬ sRm≠nX´v Ifn®pw kabw Nne-hm-°nb \nan-j-߃ Hm¿ΩIƒ am{Xw. h¿j-߃°v tijw Ct∏mƒ ]≠v Hme ]¥v Ifn® ]mS-ti-Jc - ß - f - n¬ ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ amfnI-Ifpw hr£-ßfpw F√mw Hcp kz]v\w t]mse tXm∂p-∂p. Iq´p-Im-cp-sam-Øp≈ tKmen-Ifn (tKm´n)bpw Ifn-bn¬ tXm‰v FXn¿ ]£Øpw \n∂pw ssII-fpsS F√n¬ D≠ taSn-°p∂ A\p`hhpw C∂v Hm¿Ω-Iƒ am{Xw. Ip´nbpw tImepw Ifn®v ap°n\v apI-fn¬ Ip´n-sh®v tImep-sIm≠v ASn°ptºmƒ ap°n\v ASnIn- ´ ptam F∂p≈ t]Sn Aßs\ Hm¿-°m≥ HØncn...

G{]n¬ amk-Ønse hnjphpw CuÃdpw Imhnse D’hhpw a\- n¬ Hcmbncw a[p-cn-°p∂ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ hmcn hnX-dp-∂p. \mW-Øm¬ Xqßn InS°p∂ kz¿Æ \nd-Øn-ep≈ IWn-s°m∂, AXv F¥v ckambncp∂p. hnjphns‚ B \√ \mfpIƒ, AXv {InkvXy≥ Bbn´p-t]mepw F\n°v Ab¬]°-°m-cpsS Iøn¬ \n∂pw In´p∂ hnjp-ssI-\o´w Imhnse D’h-Øn\v ]d-sb-Sp-°m≥ B\ hcptºmƒ £Wn- ° p- ∂ Xpw aX- k u- l m¿±- Ø ns‚ DØa DZml-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. F√m BtLmj-ßfpw {InkvXp-a  - v, Cuÿ, hnjp, HmWw, _{IoZv XpSßn BtLmj- ß ƒ R߃ Hcpan- ® m- b n- c p- ∂ p BtLmjn- ® n- c p- ∂ - X v . D≈h¿ C√mØh¿°v sImSpØpw ]c- k v ] cw hoSp- I ƒ kμ¿in®pw ]Itbm hntZz-jtam Akqbtbm H∂pan-√msX GXv ho´nepw GXv ka-bØpw Ibdn sN√m≥ ]‰p∂ B Ime-L´w Cs∂hnsS ImWm≥ ]‰pw. aX- Ø n- s ‚bpw PmXn- b p- t Sbpw ]W- Ø n‚bpw t]cn¬ ]c-kv]cw a\p-jy¿ XΩn¬ ISn-®p-Io-dp∂ Cu temI-Øn¬ hoWp-In-´p∂ Hgnhp-k-a-b-߃ _mey-Im-e-Øns‚ kvac-W-I-fp-ambn hcpwXe-ap-dbn¬ kvt\l-Øn-s‚bpw kmtlm-Z-cy-Øn-s‚bpw kam-[m-\-Øns‚bpw \√ \mfp-Iƒ°mbn PK-Zo-izc-t\mSv {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm-≠v, X¬°mew \ndp-Øs´.... kvt\l-]q¿Δw, jmPn Xøn¬.

ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 23


ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 24


BINOY THOMAS

Fs‚ kplrØpw Hm¿Ω-Øn-cI - f - psS IYmIm-c\ - p-amb tUm.-t]mƒ tXma-kns‚ tZl-hn-tbmKw Ign™v H∂c-amkw Ign-™mWv Rm\nXv FgpXp∂-Xv. ]e-t∏mgpw FgpX-W-sa∂v B{Kln-®n-cp-∂psh-¶nepw IqsS IqsS h∂ HutZym-KnI bm{X-Iƒ AXn\v XS- -am-bn. CØhW 14 aWn-°q¿ \o≠ Hcp hnam-\-bm{X CsXgp-Xp-hm-\p≈ Ahk-c-am-bn. Rm≥ tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kns\ BZyw ]cnN- b - s ∏- S p∂- X v , _mƒ´n- t am- d n- e p≈ ]men- b Øv IpSpw_w hgn-bm-Wv. Fs‚ kplrØvv Zneo]v ]menbØv, h¿j-߃°v apºv tacn-em‚ v sePn-t…-‰ohv Akwª-fn-bn-te°v a’-cn-®n-cp-∂p. Zneo]ns‚ Ce£≥ {]Nm- c W Int°m^v \S- Ø n- b Xv A∂sØ Kh¿Wdmbn-cp-∂p. B NS-ßn-\n-S-bn¬ Zneo-]ns‚ ]nXm-hm-Wv, ss\Pn-cn-bm-bn¬ kl A≤ym]-I-\mbn-cp∂ tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kns\ F\n°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn-b-Xv. ck-X{- ¥-Øn¬ _ncp-Zm-\¥ - c_n-cpZw sIm√w ^mØna tImtf-Pn¬ A≤ym]-I≥, ]n∂oSv ss\Pncn-bm-bn¬ kvIqƒ A≤ym]-I≥, AhnsS Xs∂bp≈ AamZv s_t√m bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ \n∂v ck-X-{¥-Øn¬ tUmIvS-td-‰v, _mƒ´n-tam¿ C‚¿\mj-W¬ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn-epw, _mƒ´n-tam¿ ]ªnIv kvIqfnepw A≤ym]-I≥, F∂nßs\bp≈ hnh-c߃ am{Xta BZy ]cn-N-b-s∏-Senepw ]n∂oSv Ctßm´p≈ kulr-Z-Iq-Sn-Im-gvN-I-fnepw Rm≥ At±lsØ°pdn®v a\ nem°n-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. Cu Ime-bf - h - n-sem∂pw km[m-cW - a - m-bs - Xm∂pw Rm≥

tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kn¬ Z¿in-®n-cp-∂n-√. 2009 P\p- h - c n- a m- k - Ø nse GtXm Hcp Znhkw F\n°v X]m-en¬ “Hm¿ΩØn-c-Iƒ” F∂ Bfl IYm-Jym\w At±lw Ab®v X∂-t∏mgpw AXns\ shdp-samcp ]pkvX-I-ambn tai∏p-dØv HXp°n sh®n-cp-∂p. c≠v amkw Ign™v am¿®v amk-Ønse Hcp cm{Xn-bn¬ Ddßm≥ InS-∂-t∏mƒ Ht∂m c≠v A≤ymb-߃ hmbn-°m-sa-∂p-d®v ]pkvXI - s - a-SpØv hmb\ XpS-ßn. H´pw hmb-\i - oew C√mØ Fs‚ a\- ns\ ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ AhXcW ssienbpw kXy- k - ‘ - a mb hnh- c - ß fpw Bflm¿∞-Xbpw Bcw`w apX¬ ]nSn-®n-cp-Øn, H‰bn-cp-∏n¬ Rm≥ hmbn®pXo¿Øp F∂XmWv kXyw. Xo¿Øpw Ahniz- k - \ o- b - s a∂v tXm∂m-hp∂ {]Xn-Iqe kml-N-cy-ßsf Xs‚ sNdp-{]m-b-

ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 25


ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 26


Øn¬ AXnPo-hn® At±l-Øns‚ BflI-Yb - n-se, BZy A≤ymb-߃ IÆo-scm-sS-bmWv hmbn®p Xo¿Ø-Xv. iwJpapJsØ a’y sXmgn-em-fn-I-fmb amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ Ddßp-hm≥ CSw t]mep-an-√msX, sN‰-°p-Sn-en¬ P\n®v apgp-]-´n-Wn-bp-am-bn, a’y aW-ap≈ hkv{X-hp-am-bn, IS-∏p-dsØ ss{]adn kvIqfn-epw, XpS¿∂v \K-cØ - n-ep≈ sslkvIq-fnepw {]Xn-Iqe kml-Nc - y-ßsf AXnPo-hn®v am¿ Chm\ntbmkv tImtf-Pnepw ]Tn®v Pbn®v ck-X-{¥-Øn¬ _ncp-Zm-\-¥c _ncpZw t\Sn, tImtfPv A≤ym]-I\mbn Xo¿∂p. At±l-Øns‚ Pohn-X-IY izmk-aS-°n-∏n-Sn-®mWv hmbn-®-Xv. {Iqc-\mb ]nXm-hv, \n lm-bmb AΩ, Xt∂m-sSm∏w \nXy Zmcn{Zyw ]¶ph® ktlm-Z-c-߃, IS¬ XocsØ ]qgn-aÆ - n¬ A¥nbp-d°w, I´-ac - Ø - ns‚ klm-bt- Øm-Sp-Iq-Snbp≈ ao≥]n-Sp-Øw, H´nb hbdpw ao≥ \mdnb hkv{Xhpw Bbn kvIqfn¬ t]mI¬, F∂n´pw Xfcm-sX, {]£p-_[ v a - mb PohnX then-tb-‰ß - f - psS \Sphn¬ \n∂v, Hgp°ns\-Xnsc \o¥n hnP-b{- io-em-fn-X\mbn, \o≠ 46 sIm√-ßf - nse Xs‚ PohnXm\p-`h - ß-fpsS s\©v Iodn, Im´n X∂ {]Xo-Xn-bm-Wv F\n°v Cu ]pkvXI - Ø - n-ep-S\ - ofw A\p`-hs - ∏-´X - v. ]nt‰∂v {]`m-Xa - p-W¿∂-t∏mƒ Xs∂, At±lsØ t^mWn¬ hnfn®v Fs‚ BZchv Adnbn-°m\pw Rm≥ ad-∂n-√. C\n ^mÃv t^m¿th¿Uv Sp 2010 tIcfØnse {]apJ-cmb cmjv{So-b-°m-cpw, kn\na-°mcpw F\n°v AXnYn-If - mbn FØnbn-cp∂ Hcp Imew. ho´nse AXnYn InS-°-ap-dn-bn¬ GXm\pw ]pkv X - I - ß ƒ Rm≥ F∂pw kq£n- ® n- c p- ∂ p. tIm¨{K v t\Xmhpw C∂v ]ª-fnIv k¿Δokv IΩo-j-W-dp-amb knan tdmkvs_¬ X∂ Ae≥ tembv am§n≥kns‚ Z {^≠vjn∏v ^mIvS¿ F∂ ]pkvXIw {]hmkn `mc-Xob kΩm\ tPXmhpw CuIz¬ Hm∏¿®q-Wn‰n IΩo-jW - d- p-ambncp∂ tUm. tPmbv sNdn- b m≥ X∂ Gjy≥ C¥y≥kv tIm¨{Sn-_yqjv≥kv Sq Atacn° F∂ ]pkvXIw ChtbmsSm∏w tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kns‚ Hm¿Ω-Ønc-Ifpw Ahbn¬ Nne-Xm-Wv. CØhW F\n°v AXnYn-bmbn FØn-bXv Ne-®n{X ]n∂Wn KmbI- \ pw, Fs‚ {]nb kplr- Ø p- a mb Pn. thWptKm]m-em-Wv. A°meØv h¿j-Øn-sem-cn°¬ HcmgvN Fs‚ AXnYn-bmbn Hcp IpSpw-_mwK-sØ-t]m-se, Xma-kn-°p∂ ]Xnhv thWp-tKm-]men-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw {]`m-X-Øn-ep-W¿∂v Im∏n IpSn-°p-tºmƒ Xte∂v cm{Xn H‰bn-cp-∏n¬

tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kns‚ Hm¿ΩØn-c-Iƒ hmbn®p-sh∂pw Ign-bp-sa-¶n¬ At±lsØ thWp-tKm]m-en\v t\cn¬ ImW-W-sa∂pw B{Klw {]I-Sn∏n®p. tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kn-s\-t]mse thWp-tKm]mepw ]Tn-®Xv am¿ Chm\n-tbm-kn-em-Wv. A∂v thWp-tKm-]m-e≥ ]q¿Δ-hn-Zym¿∞n kwL-S\ - b - psS {]kn-U‚pw Bbncp-∂p. Rm≥ DS≥ kplr-Ømb _mƒ´n-tamdnse tXmakv tPmkns\ (tPm-kp-Ip´n) hnfn®v A∂v sshIo´v Xs∂ thWp-tKm-]m-en\v tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kns\ tPmkp-Ip-´n-bpsS ho´n¬ sh®v ImWp-hm-\p≈ kwhn-[m\w D≠m°n-bXpw ChnsS kvacn-°-s´. 2012 ˛2014 Ime-fb-hn¬ Rm≥ t^ma-bpsS P\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hmjnwKvS¨ doPn-bW¬ I¨sh≥j- \ n¬ A∂sØ {]kn- U ‚ v t__n Ducm-fnepw {Sj-d¿ jmPn FUvth¿Upw FØnbn-cp-∂p. IqSmsX tacn-em‚ v tÉv sePn-t…‰ohv AwKhpw Ct∏mƒ bp.Fkv. tIm¨{K-kn-te°v a’-cn-°p∂ Fs‚ kplrØv AcpW an√dpw A∂sØ tacn-em‚ v sU]yq´n sk{I-´dn Hm^v tÉv cmP≥ \S-cm-P\pw ]s¶-SpØ thZn-bn¬ tUm. t]mƒ tXma-kns\ Atacn-°≥ ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS t]cn¬ BZcn-°m≥ F\n°v Ign-bp-∂Xpw Rm≥ Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-tØmsS ChnsS Hm¿°p-∂p. Xs‚ Ip´n-°m-eØv iwJp-apJw IS-∏p-dØv aW-en¬ Ccp∂p-sIm≠v F√m IS-ep-I-fnepw kap{Z-ß-fnepw \o¥-W-sa∂v Zmcn-{Zy-Øns‚ Ibv]v\ocv IpSn- ® p- s Im- ≠ n- c p∂ ImeØv sImXn® t]mƒ tXmakv Xm≥ B{Kln-®X - p-t]mse ImtW≠ cmPyßfpw Ipfn-t°≠ kap-{Z-ßfpw I≠v Ign™v, Ipfn®v Ign™v B{Kl-߃ F√mw \nd-th-‰n, iwJp-ap-JsØ aW¬Øcn-Ifpw Atd_y≥ kap{Z-Ønse Xnc-am-e-Ifpw ho≠pw Atßm´v £Wn®-t∏mƒ AXv Xs‚ Ahkm\ bm{X-bm-Ip-sa∂v At±lw Adn™n-cpt∂m F∂v F\n°-dn-bn-√. At±l-Øns‚ B{Klw t]mse Ign™ am¿®v 7˛mw XobXn F√m IS-∏pdßsf-°mfpw at\m-lchpw lrZ-bsØ XWp-∏n-®-Xp-amb At±l-Øns‚ iwJp-ap-JsØ IÆm-¥p-db - n-ep≈ sk‚ v ]ot‰gvkv ]≈n- b psS skantØcn- b n¬ C\n \nXy- \ n- { Z. kp\man kv]¿in-°mØ B ]pWy-`q-an-bn¬ Xs∂ At±lw B{Kln-®-Xp-t]msebp≈ aS-°-bm-{X. C\nsbmcp P∑w-IqSn Ds≠¶n¬ AXpw At±lw B{Kln-®-Xp-t]mse iwJp-ap-JsØ IS-∏p-dØv Xs∂-bm-Is´ F∂v Cuiz-c-t\mSv {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. ]pWym-flm-hn\v Fs‚ \tam-hmIw!!

ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 27


ssIc-fn kph-\o¿ 28


Cu Zpc-nX-sam-Sp-ßp-tºmƒ Hcp bm{X t]mIm-sa-∂v... A{ip s]mgn-bp-sa≥ angn-I-fn¬ \\-bmsX \n≥ arZp-kzm-¥\w Ne-\-a‰ LSnImc-kq-Nnsb ad®v kabw amdp-sa∂pw \n≥ samgn

˛ _ntPm tPmkv sNΩm{¥ (bijochemmanthara@gmail.com)

ClØn¬ kpJw amb-sb∂pw kl-\-Po-hnXw ]pWy-sa∂pw `qX-Imew tImdnb hnI-e-cq-]-߃ Imew Xnc-I-fm¬ ambv°p-sa∂pw \hxkz]v\-߃ s\bvXp \msf-Iƒ N¥amw ]´p-dp-am¬ Xp∂p-sa∂pw ImSpw ISepw Cu I\epw IS-∂m¬ Zqsc Zpcn-X-an√m Xpcp-Øp-Iƒ Hm¿Ω th´bv°-W-bmØm tZiØv BZnI-an-Xm-°-sf-∂-t]m¬ aXn-bm-thmfw {]W-bn®v cm∏m¿°m-sa∂pw \n≥ samgn

Xe Ip\n®p apJw ad®v XpSsc \o Hmtcm∂p sNm√th sh´n-Øn-cn™p Kufn-I-ƒ Nne-bv°m-sXt¥ ad-™n-Sp∂p? F≥ angn-\ocn≥ Xnf°w \ns∂ D∑Ø-\m-°p-∂-X-dn-bp∂p Rm≥ \ocptXSpw thcm-sb≥ au\w \obmw acp-`q-an-X≥ Bg߃ tXSth Iuiew ]p©ncn XqIn ho≠pw sI´n-∏p-W¿∂p \n≥ a{¥Ww Cu Zpcn-X-sam-Sp-ßp-tºmƒ \ap-s°mcp bm{X t]mIm-sa-∂v..... ******************************

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New patient. “I’m healthy!” “Any medical problems? “Well, untreated hypertension.” I jot. “Oh, and…untreated diabetes.” I write. “Oh, and…untreated psoriasis.” I scrawl. “Oh, and…untreated HIV.” I scribble. “Oh, and…I have been sentenced for tax fraud.” “I need my medical care completed before prison.” “Can you help me?” I blink. PANIC! “It would be my pleasure.”

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]n.-hn. B¿ {]kmZv CXv Pohn-XØ - ns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ. AsX, acn-®h - c- psS Hm¿Ω-If- psS sXøw t]mse HmWw. HmWhpw HmWm-tLmjhpw ae-bm-fn-bpsS Pohn-XØ - ns‚ Ahn`m-Py-`m-Ka- m-bXv F∂msW-∂d- n-bn-√. HmWw tIhew Hcp BtLmj-Øn-\pa∏pdw al-Ømb Pohn-Xk - t- μiw IqSn \¬Ip-∂p-sh∂Xv \ntj-[n-°m-\m-hmØ kXy-am-Wv. ka-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw kmtlmZ-cy-Øn-s‚bpw Hcn°epw aßmØ \oe-Xn-cn-sh-fn-®w. HmWk-Zybv°v hninjvS hy‡n-Iƒ°v {]tXyI Ccn∏nSw Hcp°p∂Xp hsc Nne-sc-¶nepw A⁄X-bpsS Kncnirw-KØ - n-seØn-bn-cn-°p∂ Ime-L´- Ø - n-emWv \Ωƒ. XmXzn-Ia- mtbm am\-kn-Ia- mtbm {]mtbm-Kn-Ia- mtbm aX-sØtbm PmXn-hy-hÿ - sbtbm a\- n-em-°m≥ C\nbpw \Ωƒ Xøm-dm-bn-´n-√. kzman hnth-Im-\μ - ≥ tIcfsØ {`m¥me-bs- a∂v hnti-jn-∏n-®n´v Hcp \q‰m≠v Ign-™n-cn-°p-∂p. \Ωƒ A`nam-\n-If- m-Wv. AtXmsSm∏w Al¶m-cn-If- pw. \qdp h¿jw apºp-≠m-bn-cp-∂X - n¬ \n∂pw \ΩpsS kmaq-ly-Nn¥ H´pw hf¿∂n-´n-√s- b∂v kao]Ime kw`-hß - ƒ \sΩ Hm¿Ωn∏n-°p-∂p. ]pXnb Ime-Øns‚ A\p`-hß - t- fmSv _p≤n]-cambn DW¿∂n-cn-°p-Ibpw ]pXnb hm°pw ]pXnb Nn¥bpw \nKq-Va- mb [¿Ωhpw BkzZn-°p-hm-\p≈ at\m-hf- ¿® aebm-fn°v C∂pw A\yam-Wv. B[p\nIXbpsS ]cn-em-f\ - Øn¬ Pohn-°p-tºmgpw PmXn-bp-tSbpw aX-Øn-t‚bpw Ccpºp-th-en-°p-≈n¬ a\- v A-Sn-bd h®v Ddßp-∂h - c- mbn Xcw Xmgv∂n-cn-°p-∂p. \Ωƒ C∂nhnsS ImWp∂ aX-PmXn kwL-S\ - I - f- psS _mlpeyw Xncn-®d- n-bp-I. kvt\lw, {]W-bw, ]c-kv]c _lp-am\w XpS-ßnb am\p-jnI `mh-ßf- psS ac-Wm-\¥ NS-ßp-Iƒ \S-°p∂

Hcp Ime-L´- a- m-WnXv. saUn-‰t- d-\n-b≥ IS¬ XocØv acn®p InS∂ sFe≥ Ip¿Zn-sb∂ aq∂p-hb - - p-Im-cs‚ Nn{Xw \ΩpsS a\- n¬ Hcp Xocm-th-Z\ - b - m-bn-cp-∂p. sFes‚ aXtam, `mjtbm, tZitam \Ωƒ At\zjn-®n-√. Cusbm-c\ - p`hw as‰mcp Ip™n\pw D≠mI-cptX F∂ {]m¿∞-\b - mbn-cp∂p \ap-°v. F∂m¬ Ct∂m? ac-W-Øn\v aX-apt≠m F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v {]k-‡n-bp-s≠∂v tXm∂p∂ Xc-Øn-emWv Imcy߃ apt∂-dp-∂-Xv. Bkn^m F∂ F´ph-b- p-Imcn s]¨Ip´nsb Hcp lnμp t£{XØn\p≈n¬ sh®v ]oUn∏n®v sIme sNø-s∏-´n´v \mfp-Iƒ A[nI-am-bn-√. Bkn^ Hcp ap…ow _men-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. AhfpsS ss]imNn-Ia- mb Poh-lX - ysb A\pIq-en®v Nne-bm-fp-Iƒ apt∂m´p h∂-t∏mƒ \ΩpsS a\- m£n sR´n-t∏m-bn. aXm-‘XsIm≠v ImgvN aßnb Hcp hn`mKw h¿§o-b-hm-Zn-Iƒ C¥ybn¬ Xg-®p-hf- c- p∂ ImgvN \Ωsf `oXns∏Sp-Øp-∂p. ‘ssZh-Øns‚ \mSv ’ F∂ Hma-\t- ∏mcv tIc-fØ - n\v \¬In-bXv BcmsW-¶nepw AXv Xncp-Øn-∏d- t- b≠ Hcp Ime-L´- a- m-WnXv. tIm´-bØp \S∂ sIhn≥ sIme-]m-XI - hpw Bkn^m-h[w t]mse PmXn-bpsS t]cn¬ \S-∂X - m-Wv. DZbw ImWm≥ Dd°-an-fb - v°p∂hcmbn ae-bmfn amdn-bn-cn°p-∂p. Ck߃°-∏pdw a\p-jy-Xz-ap-s≠∂pw \ΩpsS c‡-Øn\v Htc \nd-am-sW∂pw Xncn-®d- n-tb-≠ I - mew C\nbpw hs∂-Øntb ]‰q.

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Human beings are social animals. We were evolved to live in tribes, farm and hunt together. Slowly we started to move away from that and started forming joint families to nuclear families. Desire and opportunities started moving us to far and unknown places and our Kairali community in U.S.A. is a prime example of that. Loneliness is a growing epidemic and we are not immune to that. According to a study, in 1970’s about 10-20% Americans experienced loneliness and it has grown rapidly to 50% now with half of this population being young. Health insurer Cigna took a nationwide survey of 20,000 adults and found that 54% of respondents said they feel like no one actually knows them well. Additionally, 56% of people said the people they surround themselves “are not necessarily with them,” and approximately 40% said they “lack companionship,” their “relationships aren’t meaningful,” and that they feel “isolated from others. Loneliness is perceived as social isolation. Loneliness is often defined in terms of one's connectedness to others, or more specifically as "the unpleasant experience that occurs when a person's network of social relations is deficient in some important way". Loneliness puts the brain in a selfpreservation mode however it’s not chronic instead its very much like hunger or pain. It’s a clue to pay attention. Depression and loneliness are correlated but not the same. Overtime loneliness could lead to depression. Loneliness increases cortisol a powerful stress hormone which could lead to organ deficits and increases the odds of early death by 26%. Humans are not closely bond anymore, we don’t live at the same place, do same jobs, nor do our children have same set friends throughout the academic years like our ancestors did. This releases social constraints. Relationships are made and broken easily. We are at an age where we can dial a number for relationships, friends, and connections. Last few years social media have taken over face to face meetings. We might have 500 Facebook friends but not one to hang out. Preventing loneliness is simple. Focus on things you like may be an old hobby, get outside of your house, do stuff, plan small and big things so that there is something to look forward to, get involved. Kairali is a good platform where you can achieve all this. Come and be a part of Kairali. Reference http://Fortune.com/2016/06/22 lonliness -is-a - Modern-day-epidemic http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lonliness

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A{_mlw tPmk^v hn{I-am-Zn-Xy≥ h°o¬ ]Xnhpt]mse h°o¬ Hm^o-knse lmß-dn¬ Xq°n-bn-´n-cp∂ Xs‚ Idp-Ø K - u¨ FSpØp IpS™v AXn¬ ]‰n-∏n-Sn-®n-cp∂ s]mSnbpw amdm-ebpw sIm´n-If - ™ p. F∂n´m sKuWpw tXmfn-en´v Hcp kntkgvkpw IØn®v ]pI-hn-´p-sIm≠v tdmU-cn-In-eqsS aPnkvt{S‰v tImSXn e£y-am°n \S-∂p. tXmfn¬ InS∂v hr›nIIm‰n¬ CfIn-bm-Snb Ku¨ Ign™ \mfn¬ tImSXn apdn-bn¬ \S∂ Hcp tIkv hnNm-c-W-sb-°p-dn®v hn{I-am-Zn-Xy≥ h°o-en-t\mSv kwkm-cn-®p. Ign™ Znhkw aPn-kvt{S‰v tImS-Xn-bn¬ Hcp tIkv hnNm-c-W°v sh®n-´p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. h\-Øn¬ Ibdn Im´p-t]m-Øns\ shSnsh®v sIm∂v AXns‚ Cd®n FSpØv DW°n kq£n®p F∂Xm-bn-cp∂p tIkv. sXm≠n-ap-X-embn Ipd®v DW°bn-d-®nbpw tImS-Xn-bn¬ lmP-cm-°n-bn-cp-∂p. hfsc°me-ambn tImS-Xn-bpsS apºn¬ Xo¿∏p-I¬∏n-°-s∏-SmsX InS-°p∂ Hcp tIkm-bn-cp∂p C -Xv. ko\n-b¿ h°o-emb Ip´-∏mbn h°o-ens‚ h°m-e-Øn-ep≈ tIkv. kw`-h -Zn-hkw ta¬]Sn tIkv hnfn-®-t∏mƒ tImS-Xn-bn¬ D≠mbn-cp-∂Xv Ip´-∏mbn h°n-ens‚ Pq\n-b¿ Bb amØp-°p´n h°o¬ Bbncp-∂p. amØp-°p´n F∂bmƒ h°o¬ Bbn \mfn-®ncn Bsb¶nepw AXphsc tIkv \S-Øm≥ H∂pw Imcy-amb Ahkcw In´n-bn-´n-√. henb tIkp-Iƒ F√mw ko\n-b¿ h°o¬ \SØpw. sNdnb sNdnb tIkp-Iƒ Hm^o-knse Aev]w ko\n-b¿ Bb Pq\n-b¿ h°o-e-∑m¿ \S-Øpw. amØp-°p´n F∂pw ]n≥_-©n¬ aqI-km-£n-bmbn Ccn°pw. Im´n¬ Ibdn th´-bm-Snb kw`-h-߃ t]mep≈ tIkp-I-fn¬ km£n-Iƒ F√mwXs∂ hfsc Xg-°hpw ]g-°-hp-ap≈ t^mdÃv DtZymK-ÿ-∑m¿ BWv. Ahsc√mw tImS-Xn-I-fn¬ km£n ]d-bp-∂Xn¬ _lp tIa-∑m-cp-amWv. AXpsIm≠v AØcw tIkp-Iƒ kn\o-b¿ h°o-e-∑m¿ am{X-amWv \SØm-dp-≈-Xv. tIkv hnfn®p. amØp-°p´n h°o¬ Fgpt∂‰v \n∂v {]Xn-Iƒ lmP-cp≠v F∂v tImS-Xn-tbmSv DW¿Øn-®p. tImSXn in]mbn km£n-I-fpsS t]cphnfn-®p. km£n-bmbn lmP-cmb sImº≥ao-i-°mc≥ sslt{Zmkv t^mdÿ ap≥t]m´p Ibdn h∂p. tImSXn ]d™p tIkv Ipd®v Ign™p km£n hnNm-c-W-°mbn hnfn-°m-sa-∂v. At∏mƒ `mhym-Z-c-thmsS amØp-Ip´n h°o¬ tImS-Xn-tbmSv ]d-™p. ‘ko\n-b¿ h°o¬ ÿe-Øn√. hnNm-cW thsdmcp Znh-k-tØ°v am‰n shbv°-W-sa∂v At]£.’ “CXv ]gb tIkmWv am‰n-hb - v°m≥ ]‰n√ C∂v Xs∂ hnNm-cW \S-ØW - w. Ipd®v Ign™p hnfn°pw” F∂v tImS-Xnbpw ]d-™p. Ipd®v Ign™v tIkv ho≠pw hnfn®p. amØp-°p´n h°o¬ Np‰pw t\m°n ko\n-b¿ h°o-en-s\tbm Kpa-kvX-s\tbm AhnsSßpw I≠n-√. F¥m C∏ sNbvI F∂v Hcp \n›-ban- √ . Hcn°¬ IqSn ko\n- b ¿ C√ tIkv am‰n- s h- ° Ww Fs∂ms° ]d™p t\m°n. tImSXn ]d-™p.

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“{ioam≥ amØp-°p-´n, Imew Ipd-®m-bt√m Xm¶ƒ tImS-Xn-bn¬ h∂p IpØn-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bn-´v. C\nsb-¶nepw Hcp tIkv \S-Øq. thW-sa-¶n¬ ASpØ tIkv Ign-™n´v hnfn-°mw”. F∂v ]d™p tIkv Aev]k-a-b-tØ°v ho≠pw am‰n-sh-®p. tIkv ho≠pw hnfn-®p. CXphsc ko\n-b¿ h∂n-√. klm-b-Øn\p Kpa-ÿ-\tbm a‰v Pq\n-b¿am-sctbm I≠n-√. sImº≥ aoi-°m-c≥ t^md-ÿ km£n-°q-´n¬ Ib-dn. ]ªnIv t{]mkn-Iyq-´¿ km£n-tbmSv tNmZy-߃ tNmZn-®p. F√mw ImWm-∏mTw ]Tn-®-t]mse sImº≥ao-i-°m-c≥ adp-]-Sn-Ifpw ]d-™p. C\n amØp-°p-´n-bpsS Dug-am-Wv. t^md-ÿ aoi]n-cn®p tNmc-\n-da - p≈ D≠°Æp-cp´n \osbms° Ft∂mSv F∂m tNmZn-°m\ F∂ A¿∞Øn¬ amØp-°p-´nsb Xpdn-®p-t\m-°n. F√m IÆp-Ifpw Ct∏mƒ amØp-°p´n-bn-te-°v. amØp-°p´n tIkv ^b¬ shdpsX Xpd∂v ]nSn-®p. s\‰n-bn-eqsS hnb¿∏p [mc-[m-c-bmbn HgpIp-∂p. icocw k∂n-_m-[n-®-am-Xncn Np´p-s]m-≈p-Ibpw ]q°pe t]mse hnd-°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. hmbnse Dan\o¿ h‰n. \mhv AÆm°n¬ H´nb-t]mse tXm∂n. “h°ose t{Imkv hnkvXmcw sNøq, kabw If-bm-sX”. tImSXn Hm¿Ωn-∏n-®p. ss[cy-ap-s≠-¶n¬ tNmZn-°Sm F∂ apJ-`m-h-Øn¬ sImº-ao-i-°m-c≥ amØp-°p-´nsb Xpdn®p t\m°n sh√p-hn-fn-®p. amØp-°p´n \n∂ \n¬∏n¬ Hcp IqSv sagp-Ip-Xncn At¥mWokv ]pWym-fs‚ Ipcniv ]≈n°v t\¿∂p. t\¿∂p Ign-™-t∏mƒ C\n ]pWym-f\v Xncn-I-fpsS FÆw t]mcmsX hs∂-¶ntem F∂v IcpXn aq∂v IqSm°n FÆw Db¿Øn t\¿® ]pXp-°n. sImº≥ aoi-°m-cs\ t\m°n-bm¬ Xs‚ ss[cyw tNm¿∂p t]mIp-sa∂v tXm∂nb amØp°p´n tIkv sI´n-te°v Xs∂ shdpsX IÆpw \´pw sIm≠v Hscm‰ tNmZyw. ‘Im´n¬ F{X Im´p-t]m-Øp-Iƒ D≠v F∂Xn\v \nß-fpsS ]°¬ IW-°p-Iƒ h√Xpw Dt≠m’? tNmZyw tI´ tImSXn H∂S¶w \ni-–-am-bn. ASpØn-cp∂ d∏mbn h°o¬ amØp-°p-´n-tbmSv ]d-™p. ‘amØp-°p´n tNmZyw Ie°o-t´m, CXpt]mse AßSv t]mc-s´’, d∏mbn h°o-ens‚ hm°v tI´-t∏mƒ amØp-°p-´n°pw Hcev]w Bizmk-am-bn. amØp-°p´n sImº≥ aoi-°m-c≥ sslt{Zmkv t^md-Ã-dpsS apJ-tØ°v ]mfn t\m°n. henb aoi-bn¬ XS-hn-sIm≠v sslt{Zmkv t^md-ÿ Ka-bn¬ ]d-™p. “D≠v. IrXy-amb IW°v Un∏m¿´vsa‚n¬ D≠v.” F∂n´v C\n F¥mWv Adntb-≠Xv F∂ `mh-tØmsS amØp-°p-´nsb t\m°n. amØp-°p´n h°o¬ tNmZn®p. ‘Cu tIkn¬ t]mØns‚ PUw In´n-bn-´n-√. Cd®n am{Xta Is≠-Øn-´p≈q? icn-bt√?’ “AsX AXv al-kd- n¬ ]d-™n-´p-≠v.” amØp-°p-´nsb H∂v ]cn-lk - n-°p∂ a´n¬ sslt{Zmkv ]d-™p. ‘Cu kw`-h-Øn\p apºv F{X t]mØp-Iƒ Im´n¬ D≠mbn-cp-∂p. kw`-h-Øn\v tijw F{X t]mØpIƒ _m°n D≠v.?’ sslt{Zmkv H∂v ]cpßn F∂n´v ]Xps° ]d-™p. “AXn\v _‘-s∏´ tcJ-Iƒ t\m°-Ww.” “B tcJ tImS-Xn-bn¬ lmP-cm-°n-bn-´pt≠m?” “C√” amØp-°p´n h°o¬ Bthi-tØmsS tImSXnsb t\m°n ]d-™p. ‘bph¿ HmW¿ Cu kw`-h-Øn\p apºpw tijhpw Im´n¬ F{X Im´p-t]m-Øp-Iƒ D≠v F∂ IW-°n√mØ ÿnXn°v {]Xn-Iƒ t]mØns\ th´-bmSn F∂Xns‚ B[nIm-cn-IX F¥mWv D≈Xv ?’ amØp-°p-´n-bpsS t]mbn‚ v tImSXn t\m´v sNbvXp. C\ns∏m F¥m tNmZn-°pI? amØp-°p-´n°p H∂pw Xs∂ a\- n-te°v h∂n-√. t^md-ÿ tNmc-°Æ - p-ambn amØp-°p-´nsb `oI-ca - mbn t\m°n \n¬°p-∂p. amØp-°p-´n-bpsS ASpØ tNmZyw tIƒ°m≥ tImS-Xnbpw _m°n F√mhcpw ImØp-\n¬°p-∂p. tImSXn ]d-™p. “h°ose kabw If-bmsX tNmZn°v thsd tIkp-Iƒ D≈Xm-Wv.” At∏mgmWv A∏s‚ Nne Iq´p-Im¿ Im´n¬ \n∂v sIm≠p-h∂ DW° t]mØn-d®n Ac°-√n¬ h®v NX-®-t∏mƒ AΩ®n ]d™ hm°v amØp-°p-´n-bpsS Hm¿Ω-bn¬ h∂-Xv. AΩ®n A∂v ]d-™p.

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‘CXv hmbn-en´p Nh-®m¬ Hcp amXncn NIn-cn-t]mse Ccn°p-∂p. h√ \m´n-d®ow B¿s∂¶n¬ _m°nsbm-t≈m\pw C®nsc Xn∂m¿∂p’. amØp-°p´n sslt{Zm-kn-t\mSv tNmZn-®p. ‘\mS≥ t]mØns‚ DW°n-d-®nbpw Im´p-t]m-Øns‚ DW°n-d-®nbpw XΩn¬ I≠m¬ Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ ]‰ptam?’ “I≠m¬ Adnbn-√. ]t£ Xn∂v t\m°p-tºmƒ Adnbmw. Im´p-t]m-Øns‚ Cd®n°v \mcv IqSp-X¬ BWv.” sslt{Zmkv FSpØ hmbv°p adp-]Sn ]d-™p. “AsXßs\ \n߃°v Adnbmw, t^mdÃv DtZymK-ÿ-\mb \n߃ Im´p-t]m-Øns‚ Cd®n Xn∂v t\m°n-bn-´pt≠m?” amØp-°p´n tNmZn-®p. sslt{Zmkv \n∂v hnb¿Øp. tatem´v ]ncn®p h®n-cp∂ aoi Xmtgm´v XS-hn-s°m≠v Nn¥m-a-·-\mbn. sXm≠n-bmbn ]nSn® Cd®nbpsS Hcp`mKw Ac°-√n¬ h®v CSn®p NX®p `mcy _ohmØp X\n°pw Iq´p-Im¿°pw dΩns‚ IqsS sXm´v \°m≥ X∂ kw`hw sslt{Zm-kns‚ Hm¿Ω-bn¬ sXfn™p h∂p. ]t£ AXv ChnsS ]d-™m¬ Xs‚ ]Wn-t]m-Ip-sa∂p Dd∏m-Wv. sslt{Zmkns‚ au\w I≠v amØp°p´n°v Bthiw aqØp. “\n߃ Fs‚ tNmZy-Øns‚ DØcw ]dbq?” sslt{Zmkv ]d-™p. “Rm≥ Xn∂n-´n√ ]t£ ]d™p tI´n-´p-≠v.” At∏mƒ Cu tIknse sXm≠n apX-emb DW°bn-d®n Im´p-t]m-Øns‚ BtWm A√tbm F∂v \n߃°v t\cn´v Adnhn-√.? KXy-¥-an-√msX sImº≥ aoi Xmtg°v XS-hn-s°m≠v sslt{Zmkv ]d-™p. “C√, ]t£ Im´p-t]m-Øns‚ Cd®n-bm-sW∂p {]Xn-Iƒ samgn \¬In-bn-´p-≠v.” ]n∂oSv F¥v kw`-hn®p BImw£-tbmsS hn{I-am-Zn-Xy≥ h°o¬ tXmfn¬ InS∂v IY ]d-bp∂ KuWnt\mSp tNmZn-®p. Ku¨ IY XpS¿∂p. amØp-°p´n tImS-Xn-bpsS t\sc t\m°n ]d-™p. ‘bph¿ HmW¿ {]Xn-Iƒ ]d™p F∂v km£n ]d-bp-∂-X-√msX sXm≠n apX¬ Im´p-t]m-Øns‚ Cd®n-bm-sW∂v bmsXmcp sXfn-hp-an-√.’ tNmZyw Ahkm-\n-∏n®v Xs‚ Ku¨ H∂v hnS¿Øn tImS-Xnsb Ip\n™v hμn®p amØp-°p´n Itk-cbn¬ Ccp∂p. tImSXn tIkv ^b-ep-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n-®p. {]Xn-Iƒs°-Xnsc sXfn-hp-Iƒ C√msb∂p ]d-™p. tIkv shdpsX hn´-Xmbn {]Jym-]n-®p. At∏mƒ amØp-°p-´n°p kt¥mjw Bbn ImWp-at√m. hn{Im-am-Zn-Xy≥ h°o¬ tNmZn-®p. DØcambn Ku¨ Cu IY ]d-™p. ‘Xs‚ I∂n tIkv \S-Ø-en¬ hnP-b-{io-em-fn-X-\mbn ]pdØv h∂ amØp-°p´n tIknse {]Xn-Isf AhnsS Xnc™p t\m°n. ]t£ Ahsc-bm-scbpw AhnsS I≠n-√. I≠tXm tIkv hnNm-cW - s - °-Sp°msX hø F∂ hnhcw Adn™p FØnb ko\n-b¿ h°o-en-s\bpw Kpa-kvXs - \-bp-am-Wv’v. amØp-°p´n A`nam-\t- ØmsS tIkv shdpsX hn´ Imcyw ko\n-b¿ h°o-en-t\mSv ]d-™p. At±lw Kpa-kX v s‚ apJ-tØ°v t\m°n. ]ns∂ H∂pw an≠msX tImS-Xn-bpsS ]Sn-s°-´p-Iƒ Cdßn Xncn®v \S-∂p. Imcyw a\- n-emb Kpa-kvX≥ amØp-°p-´n-tbmSv Kuc-h-Øn¬ ]d-™p. “ko\n-b¿ Cu amksØ Imdns‚ knkn AS°m≥ IW-°m°n sh®n-cp∂ ss]k-bmWv \n߃ Xpe-®-Xv.” tIkv c≠p Ah[n IqsS apt∂m´p t]mbn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ Ah∑mcv ^okv apgp-h≥ sIm≠ph∂v Xt∂-s\. tZ Ct∏m tIkv hn´Xv Adn™p I£n-Iƒ ÿew hn´p. C\n ]Øv ss]k Ah∑mcpsS Iøo∂v In´n-√. XncnsI Hm^o-kn¬ FØnb amØp-°p-´nsb ImØp Hm^o-kns‚ ]pdØv hcm-¥-bn¬ amØp-°p-´nbpsS Ub-dnbpw kz¥-amb GXm\pw ]pkvX-I-ßfpw NnX-dn-°n-S∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. IY ]d™v Ign-™-t∏mƒ tXmfn¬ InS∂ Ku¨ hn{I-am-ZnXy≥ h°o-en-t\mSv tNmZn®p. Cu IYbn¬ [¿Ωw BcpsS `mK-Øm-Wv. amØp-°p´n h°oens‚ `mKtØm AtXm ko\n-b¿ h°o-ens‚ `mKtØm?

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Alphonsa Rahman, DNP, APRN-CNS, CCRN

I wake up quickly to my dad’s call. It is 5.30 am. I must make tea for dad before nursing orderly Asha, who I call Ashakka, brings trays of syringes and needles to boil. I walk quickly to the sterilizing room behind the nurses’ station. This was the privilege I had earned from nurses and doctors for being their runner on the orthopedic floor. For the last six months, my chores have included getting coffee and snacks from the cafeteria, going to the pharmacy to get medicine for patients with no family to help, and carrying messages across the floor. I was supposed to be studying while in the hospital, but instead I am exploring Manipal. My books stay on the table next to my father… untouched. I am in Manipal at Kasturba Medical College, and I am 11 years old. An incident happened in my family on a windy summer day while I was enjoying my holidays which took only moments to change our lives. My dad was with workers in the field sitting under a tree. Suddenly, a branch of the tree broke and fell straight onto my dad’s leg, which went

inside the ash that was stored under the tree. His leg broke into two pieces, with a huge open wound on the ankle. Between the bleeding, the fracture, and the leg being covered with ash - there was little hope to prevent an amputation. “Let Gracy stay with dad. I have spoken to the headmaster. She can study while in the hospital and write the exam, and she will not lose a school year,” my brother declared. And so, I have been beside my father for the last six months while he has been in the hospital for multiple surgeries. I became a caregiver at the age of 11 - my first nursing job. While at the hospital caring for my father, I was a nurse, a doctor, a physical therapist, a pharmacist, chaiwala, messenger, and many more positions that came its way. I carried the knowledge I gained through this experience which enabled me to become a nurse. This is my story, but, it is just one of many. From the era of Florence Nightingale to the current day, nursing has grown into a profession for those coming from many backgrounds, providing many

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opportunities. The role of nurses in the world has expanded dramatically within the last century. Nurses work in numerous settings with different job titles and roles. Nurses are prepared at different educational levels and have the option of choosing to pursue an associate’s degree in nursing, a bachelor’s degree, master’s degree or even a doctorate degree in nursing. Indian nurses in America made use of the chances available to them, and brought forth changes in their life and in the lives of people around them. Our hard work, sincerity, perseverance, and commitment along with the support of family gave us strength and power to succeed and fulfill the American dream. May 7th, 2016 was a landmark moment for Indian immigrants in the state of Maryland. Nurses and nursing students with Indian heritage came together to celebrate Nurses’ Week, and kicked off the first ever meeting of the state chapter of the

Indian American Nurses Association of Maryland (IANAM). It was a great beginning. We soon realized that; it is time for all Indian American nurses and nursing students in Maryland to come together under the umbrella of our professional organization- IANAM. It did not take long to spread the news and to expand astonishingly. Regardless of our political views, religions, and languages, we all have two things in common- our profession and our heritage. So we rally and stand together to show our strength, commitment, and excellence to our profession and service to the community. Our present and future is built on our past, and the experiences and memories we gain throughout our life make us who we are and drive us to the future. We all have a story to tell about the journey we took and continue to take. Let us start making history…. together!

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kpJ-ap≈ saØ-bn¬ DW¿∂p InS-∂v, P\m-e-°-cn-In-seØn \n¬°p∂ ]pe-cnsb Aek-ambn t\m°n-°n-S-°p-tºmƒ s]cp-h-gn-tbm-cØv InS-∂p-d-ßn-b-h-scbpw AhnsS Dd°w hcmsX InS-∂-h-scbpw hnNm-cn®p k¶-S-s∏-Sm≥ a\ v h∂n-√. Bhn]-d-°p∂ Im∏n-s°m-∏w, NqSp≈ ]mepw, tX\pw, ]ghpw A≠n]-cn∏pw tN¿Øn-f-°nb kocn-b¬ Ign-°p-tºmƒ Ag°p-Nm-ens‚ XS-ß-fn¬ NØp-ho¿Ø FenIsf sImØn-h-en-°p∂ Im°sf t\m°n IpØn-bn-cn-°p-∂, tNcn-bnse hni-°p∂ Ipcp-∂p-Isf ad∂p Ign-™n-cp-∂p. bq-Wn-t^m-d-an´p kvIqƒ _mKp-I-fp-ambn ]Sn-°¬ _kp-ImØp \n¬°p∂ a°ƒ°v Iq´p-\n¬°p-tºmƒ, Xß-tf-°mƒ hnf-dnb Ip∏mbw Np‰n, Ip∏-sØm-´n-I-fn¬ amdnamdn apßn-s∏mßn hni-∏-S-°m≥ ]mSp-s∏-Sp∂ sXcphp k¥-Xn-Iƒ NØmepw NØp-Po-hn-®mepw X\n-s°-s¥∂v AdnbmsX a\ v a{¥n-®p.

sshIo-´v, tXmcm-a-g-b-Øv, ho´n-seØn Kmcm-Pn¬ Imdv \n¿Øn-bn-d-ßn, teihpw ta\n \\-bmsX AIØ-f-ß-fn-seØn NqSp-Im∏n apØn-°p-Sn-°p-tºmƒ, Nmf-I-fn¬ \\-bmsX CSwtXSn Np‰n-Øn-cn™v Iq\n-Iq-Sp∂ a\p-jy-t°m-e-ßsf a\-∏q¿Δw ad-∂p-I-f-™p. hbdp \nd-™v, hn{i-an-®v, Snhn-bn¬ ImWm-hp-∂Xpw, ImW-cp-Xm-ØXpw I≠v tIƒ°m-hp-∂Xpw, tIƒ°m-XØXpw tI´v, Ddßm≥ t]mIpw ap≥]v IÆm-Sn-bn¬ t\m°n F\ns°s‚ ]gb apJw \jvS-s∏-´n-cn°p∂p F\ns°s‚ ]gb tImew \jvS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.

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WHY IS IT DEADLY? Nipah is on the World Health Organization’s priority list of emerging diseases that could cause a global pandemic, alongside Zika and Ebola. So far it has killed 13 people and hospitalized 25 others (where?)This is a relatively that way. “This is the first time we’ve seen the virus in South India, and we want to make sure that it stays contained here.” says R.L. Sarita, the director of health services in Kerala. The reason epidemiologists are worried about this “is that it’s just so lethal,” says Linfa Wang, who heads the emerging infectious diseases program at the Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore. In fact, the virus in the 2011 film Contagion was based on the Nipah virus. Since the virus was first documented in 1998, there have been small outbreaks almost every year in southeast Asia and Bangladesh. But Nipah has the potential to spread farther — due to the fact that its fruit bat carriers live across a wide range extending from Australia to West

Africa. In addition, some strains are more lethal than others. An outbreak in Malaysia in 1999 was caused by a strain with a 30 percent mortality rate, while the Bangladesh outbreaks involved a different strain that killed 70 percent of infected humans. Scientists aren’t sure why the mortality rates are so different. HOW IT SPREADS This virus is spread by several species of fruit bats found in Asia. During outbreaks in Bangladesh from 2001 to 2007, most people contracted the virus by drinking raw date palm sap that virus-carrying fruit bats had also drank and contaminated. Bats can also transmit the disease to pigs and other livestock, which then can transmit it to humans. People can transmit the infection to other humans through saliva and other bodily fluids. To find the source of this out break, health officials in India are testing local bats, livestock and food samples, including mangoes that may have been bitten by bats. United Arab Emirates has banned fresh fruits and vegetables

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from Kerala included mangoes, dates, and bananas, which are the bats’ prefered food. While the mortality rate for those infected can be high, infection is not all that common. Before this latest outbreak, about 300 deaths had been linked to Nipah, most of which occurred in Southeast Asia and Bangladesh. But the actual number could be higher, says Stanford University epidemiologist Stephen Luby, who has studied the disease in Bangla desh, with some cases going untested or unreported. Because the symptoms of Nipah infection are similar to those for other diseases, including encephalitis and the flu, cases may be misdiagnosed. India has only two main diagnostic laboratories, both in Pune, equipped to confirm Nipah infection. “In order for a disease to spread globally, each person has to infect at least more than one person,” Luby says. But a person with Nipah tends to infect either zero or one other person, according to a 2009 study published online by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. By comparison, a person with measles can infect on average 10 others who aren’t vaccinated. And people who caught Ebola during the 2014 outbreak in West Africa tended to pass it on to between one and three others, PLOS Current Outbreaks reported in 2014. Nipah is not that easily spread but the worst-case scenario is a future strain that can transmit more quickly or easily among humans, which is why the WHO and global health experts are urging more research into vaccines and treatments. Fruit bats have been carrying diseases for millions of years now, but it is not the fault of the bats, who are an important part of their ecosystem. Several factors have increased the chance of bat-borne viruses being passed to humans, including development that has encroached on the bats’ natural habitats. It used to be that these bats stayed far away from human populations, but now they have moved closer.

SYMPTOMS Virologists who have studied Nipah’s behavior in animals think that in humans, it initially targets the respiratory system before spreading to the nervous system and brain. Most patients who die, succumb to an inflammation of blood vessels and a swelling of the brain that occurs in the later stages of the disease. Most people suffer from flu like symptoms.Those infected suffer a quick onset of symptoms, including fever, vomiting, disorientation, mental confusion, severe headaches, inflammation of the brain. In severe cases, seizures and encephalitis occur, progressing to a state of coma within 24 to 48 hours, and - in up to 70 percent of cases, depending on the strain - death. Currently, there is no vaccine or drug available for humans or animals. The primary treatment is intensive supportive care for people suffering from severe respiratory and neurologic complications. From contracting the disease to the onset of the symptoms, the incubation period ranges between 4 and 14 days. TREATMENT/HOW TO PREVENT In fact, in response to this latest outbreak, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), a global alliance that formed last year to encourage and finance the development of vaccines, has announced that they will be granting $25 million to two American biotech companies to accelerate work on a Nipah vaccine. Researchers have tested experimental Nipah vaccines on animals, but have yet to conduct clinical trials. To prevent infection avoid close (unprotected) physical contact with infected people, wash hands regularly with soap, avoid consuming partly eaten fruits or unpasteurised fruit juices, avoid being around animal pens, boil freshly collected date palm juice before consuming, thoroughly wash and peel fruits before consuming, maintain your and children's personal hygiene.

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OPIOID OVERDOSE : A National Epidemic Josni Zacharia The United States is in the midst of an opioid overdose epidemic. Opioids (including prescription opioids, heroin, and fentanyl) killed more than 42,000 people in 2016, more than any year on record and 115 people on a daily basis (2017), 40% of all opioid overdose deaths involve a prescription opioid1.The reality is that this really is an epidemic of epidemics and the number of overdoses does not convey the full scope of the tragedy. The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is committed to addressing opioid abuse, dependence, and overdose.Surgeon General Jerome Adams spoke to attendees at the National Association of Attorneys General winter meeting in Feb 2018. He talked about the need for cooperation between the health care community and law enforcement in tackling the nation’s opioid epidemic.Also, Dr. Vivek Murthy, the former surgeon general in the Obama Administration, during his tenure launched a campaign called “Turning the Tide” to combat Opioid Addiction.2 The New York Times opinion writer Nicholas Kristof wrote a column that was published in The Times titled‘Opioid, a Mass Killer We’ve Been Meeting with a Shrug’. He wrote “About as many Americans are expected to die this year of drug overdoses as died in the Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan wars combined.” And the majority of that, those numbers will come from opioid users.3 While I was gathering information for this article, my teenage son showed a recent issue of the Time magazine titled”Opioid Diaries”that summarizes testimonies of people who are addicted to opioids, which I recommend every teenager in our community should read. This also reminds me of the tragic news that CNN reported in April 2018 where a woman lost two sons in one night to opioids in June 20154.The grief-stricken mother said the boys had never been in trouble with drinking or drugs. They just happened to make a “bad choice that unfortunately cost them their lives.” What is an Opioid? Opioids are substances, sometimes medications, sometimes illicit substances like heroin, which act on receptors in the brain and diminish pain and can also cause euphoria. And they’re used very commonly in the medical world to address pain, both acutely and chronically.When prescribed and taken properly, prescription opioids provide relief from moderate to severe pain following surgery, injury in acute care situations or for certain chronic health conditions. However opioids do pose a risk of abuse, misuse and addiction8. What is an opioid addiction? Addiction is a disease that affects your brain and your behavior. At first, you have control over your choice to start using drugs. If you misuse a drug, its pleasurable effect eventually makes you want to keep using it. Over time, your brain actually changes in certain ways so that you develop a powerful urge to use the drug.Today’s opioid crisis has its roots in the 1990s, when companies like Purdue Pharma, which makes OxyContin, aggressively peddled the idea that these drugs were not addictive with the help of misinterpreted research6,7. One short 1980 letter to The New England Journal of Medicine by Dr. Hershel Jick and Jane Porter said that the risk of addiction was less than one percent, based on an analysis of nearly 12,000 hospital patients who were given opioid painkillers4. That letter is widely and incorrectly cited as evidence that opioids are safe.

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What are common prescription opioids? Hydrocodone (Vicodin®, Norco) oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®), oxymorphone (Opana®), morphine (Kadian®, Avinza®), codeine, fentanyl How do people misuse prescription opioids? Prescription opioids used for pain relief are generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by a doctor, but they can be misused. People misuse prescription opioids by: • taking the medicine in a way or dose other than prescribed • taking someone else’s prescription medicine • taking the medicine for the effect it causes-to get high When misusing a prescription opioid, a person can swallow the medicine in its normal form. Sometimes people crush pills or open capsules, dissolve the powder in water, and inject the liquid into a vein. Some also snort the powder. How do prescription opioids affect the brain? Opioids bind to and activate opioid receptors on cells located in many areas of the brain, spinal cord, and other organs in the body, especially those involved in feelings of pain and pleasure. When opioids attach to these receptors, they block pain signals sent from the brain to the body and release large amounts of dopamine throughout the body. This release can strongly reinforce the act of taking the drug, making the user want to repeat the experience. What are some possible effects of prescription opioids on the brain and body? In the short term, opioids can relieve pain and make people feel relaxed and happy. However, opioids can also have harmful effects, including:drowsiness, confusion, nausea, constipation, euphoria andslowed breathing. Opioid misuse can cause slowed breathing, which can cause hypoxia, a condition that results when too little oxygen reaches the brain. Hypoxia can have short- and long-term psychological and neurological effects, including coma, permanent brain damage, or death. Researchers are also investigating the long-term effects of opioid addiction on the brain, including whether damage can be reversed. For too long all of us had been saying, well, it’s somebody else’s problem, it’s not our problem, and it’s not going to happen to me. The fact of the matter is it’s happening to a lot of people, to our parents, our children, our cousins and our friends. Recently, my son’s soccer friend lost his Dad to opioid overdose. That is very devastating. We also lost a famous personality like Anthony Bourdainto drugs not too long ago. As a trusted health professional I have a responsibility to protect my community from the risks of Opioid abuse and overdose. The CDC, DEA and state pharmacy boards encourage pharmacists to scrutinize prescriptions and look for “red flags” that might indicate a problem. Patients with an opioid addiction need our help. They need compassionate care and an exit strategy that will eventually help then come off these drugs. Everyone plays an important role in preventing opioid overdose deaths through education, partnership, and collaboration. CDC’s Work to Prevent Opioid Overdose Deaths9

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Improving Data Quality and Tracking Trends Timely, high-quality data are critical to help public health officials effectively respond to the opioid overdose epidemic. Building State, Local, and Tribal Capacity States, local communities, and tribes play an important role in preventing opioid overdoses and related harms. They run prescription drug monitoring programs, regulate controlled substances, license healthcare providers, respond to drug overdose outbreaks, and run large public insurance programs. Supporting Healthcare Providers and Health Systems Improving the way opioids are prescribed can ensure patients have access to safer, more effective pain treatment while reducing the number of people who misuse, abuse, or overdose from these drugs. Providers and health systems can use the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain to help address patient-centered clinical practices such as conducting thorough assessments, considering non-opioid treatments, monitoring risks, and safely discontinuing opioids as needed. Healthcare providers should recommend Naloxone with every opioid prescription and provide quality counseling on safe storage and disposal of prescription opioids. Empowering People to Make Safe Choices Helping Americans understand the severity of the epidemic and raising awareness about opioid use disorder and overdose is a key component of prevention. CDC launched the Rx Awareness communication campaign featuring testimonials from people recovering from opioid use disorder and those who have lost loved ones to prescription opioid overdose. The campaign’s goal is educating people about the risks of prescription opioids and the importance of discussing safer and more effective pain management with healthcare providers. It also promotes awareness of risks associated with recreational (non-medical) use of opioids and prevention. Partnering with Public Safety: The opioid overdose epidemic has worsened with a rise in the use of illicit opioids. This fast-moving epidemic does not distinguish between age, sex, or location, and increases in deaths across states indicate the need for better coordination. Many different responders come together to prevent opioid overdoses and deaths, including health departments, law enforcement, and community-based organizations. CDC recognizes that first responders including police, fire, and paramedics are on the frontlines of the epidemic and works to protect all public safety officials and provides guidance for those responding. References: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality. CDC Wonder, Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2017. https://wonder.cdc.gov. Surgeon general’s letter to clinicians in crusade against opioid abuse:https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=g9qAOX5i63E https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/22/opinion/opioid-epidemic-health-care-bill.html https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/20/health/turning-points-becky-savage-opioids/index.html Jick H, Miettinen OS, Shapiro S, Lewis GP, Siskind V, Slone D. Comprehensive drug surveillance. JAMA. 1970 Aug 31;213(9):1455-60. Miler RR, Jick H. Clinical effects of meperidine in hospitalized medical patients. J ClinPharmacol. 1978 Apr;18(4):180-9. https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM198001103020221 https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/prescription-opioids https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/

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Hm¿°p-hm≥ k¬°m¿a-ß-fm-bncw sNbvXXn≥ tijw ad-s™m-sc≥ XmX\p hμ\w kvt\l hm’-ey-ß-fm-se≥ Poh≥ kº-∂-am°o ad-s™m-sc≥ Xmb°v hμ\w PohnX bm{X X≥ apƒap\ hoYn-Iƒ R߃°v a°ƒ°v, XymK I¿a-ß-fm¬ Xqh¬ kam-\amw ]mX-I-fm-°nb \n߃s°m-cm-bncw {]Wma ]pjv]-߃. R߃ X≥ ]in-am‰n, thZ\ _e-am°n kvt\l-Øn¬ Pohn-°m≥, \∑-bv°mbv h¿Øn-°m≥ amXrI Im´nb emf\ {]hm-l-Øn˛ \mbn-c-am-bncw {]Wma ]pjv]-߃ ]mXncm Ipfn-cnepw aZym-”-Nq-Snepw Im‰nepw tImfnepw ag-bØpw shbn-e-Øpw Fs∂∂p-sa-t∏mgpw R߃°mbv Pohn® \n߃s°m-cmbncw {]Wma ]pjv]-߃ Imem-¥c ]£n ]mSn ]d-∂mepw Ime-ß-f-\-h[n amdn ad-™mepw ad-°n-s√m-cn-°epw aSn-°n-s√m-cn-°epw {]Wma ]pjv]-߃ \n߃°m-b¿∏n-°m≥

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US HIGHER EDUCATION FOR INDIAN STUDENTS – From ‘Brian Drain’ to ‘Brain Gain’ Vinson X. Palathingal, Executive Director, Indo-American Center, Washington DC Non Resident Indians (NRIs), especially those settled in Western Countries, tend to complain often about anything and everything happening in India. In fact, this habit is so common that it has evolved into somewhat of a stereotype, and NRI suggestions and comments about improving Indian ways of doing things are constantly ridiculed by the Indian media and the general public alike. This unflattering reputation originates from the fact that NRIs have adopted foreign countries as homes for their comfortable living and have not done much with a vision and/or mission to affect the Indian system at a fundamental level. In contrast, many Chinese students who came to America for higher studies returned home to prepare their country for the massive American investment into China. This dedicated effort over time contributed to China’s rise from a poor developing country to the second largest economy in the world over the course of about 30 years. Indian students who come to the US generally stayed back in US to make new lives for themselves in the US. The Indian IT revolution was a result of American corporate leaders travelling to India in search of more talented employees, and US based NRIs themselves played a very limited role in this growth. Consequentially, unlike China, the development and higher salaries that resulted from the Indian IT boom were mostly reflected in the consumer sector and real estate, instead of educational infrastructure in the country and / ortrans formational changes in Indian work culture. India as well as most of the developing world were European colonies earlier. The education systems thus created have produced very hard-working individuals, trained to support the needs and practices of the colonizing power. Such systems continue to exist even today and students coming out of such systems have strong fundamentals and excellent work ethic. However, the educational systems in such countries are overwhelmed with the responsibility of socialized education at least up until the high school level. As developing nations, they lack infrastructure and access to latest technology and research. Its blanket approach has stymied innovation and creativity, requiring students to choose from relatively limited and mostly outdated options, without having the flexibility to change majors and courses. While creating well qualified job seekers, these fixed curricula and structure-oriented education systems fails miserably to encourage creative thought and inculcate leadership capabilities. Creativity and leadership are essential life skills that helps to boost self-confidence in individuals to become entrepreneurs, job creators and problem solvers. Without such skills, India produces millions of qualified job seekers every year who go and serve as employees all over the world, become NRIs and create good personal lives for themselves and their families in foreign countries.

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Such personal success stories of Indians in foreign lands, though helpful with foreign remittances and enhanced material prosperity, is not helping with the transformation of India into a modern country and society. India needs to produce more job creators with imagination and a ‘can do’ attitude to fundamentally change the situation. When students from India are given access to the more relevance-and-learning-oriented US higher education, it has worked tremendously well. The evidence is in the success stories of numerous startups initiated by international students who came to US for higher studies in the Silicon Valley and beyond. They were able to create bright futures for themselves and for those around them irrespective of whether they stayed in the United States or went back to their home countries after their studies. Indians all over the world have much ambition for their motherland to become a modern democracy and a truly developed nation. For such aspirations and ambitions to materialize, they need to investigate the fundamental issues that are plaguing the Indian system and take necessary steps to change it. Those of us living in the USA always compare India to America. There is ample evidence to suggest that the educational system in the USA has helped the country to become the economic and industrial powerhouse it is today.My analysis of the Indian scenario points to the serious flaws of the Indian educational system that is left over from the colonial era as the main culprit for India’s lackluster performance. Given the apparent difficulties in changing such a centrally controlled and massive system, and with the added realization that higher education in the USA has become much more affordable to Indian students than before, I think US higher education to a larger percentage of Indian students is a workable solution, while Indian education system slowly transforms. The question then is, what’s the guarantee that the students after completing their US degrees will go back to India to build the nation.There will always be some immigration, considering the vastness of the US in terms of infrastructure and income potential. However, with more emphasis on limited availability of immigration opportunities in the USA these days, more students will be coming prepared to go back after studies. Increasing automation in production industries as well as growth of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the technology domain, will help to end the massive demand we have today for technology workers in the US. Such trends will encourage more of US trained Indian students to go back and start building the nation like the Chinese did in the 80s and 90s. Www.USEducation.Guru is an initiative of the Indo-American Center (IAC) (www.indoamericancenter.com), a 501(c)(3) non-profit foundation, that promotes and leads short-and-long-term education exchanges and programs for students who aspire to come to the US for higher studies. These include but are not limited to, summer programs, bachelors and masters degrees, and experiential exchanges in the STEM fields. IAC’s unique position and experience gives us a definitive advantage as we are thoroughly acquainted with both the American and Indian education systems. IAC has committed relationships with leading educational institutions across India and the US. The Indo-American Center, in collaboration with expert education counsellors from US State Department, Education USA at USIEF, representatives and international alumni of US universities facilitates seminars to help students aspiring for US education. Admissions approach and application procedures for US universities may seem overwhelming for international students. With the help of its expert counselors and mentors, we at IAC aim to assist students in every way possible. We encourage aspiring Indian students to attend the sessions in your area for vital information, contacts and other resources to help you pave your way to a successful higher education in USA. Please check out www.USEducation.Guru at times, to see whether we have an upcoming seminar in your area. For more information, please feel free to contact us at info@indoamericancenter.com.

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IDEAL INDIVIDUAL AND PURPOSEFUL LIFE Mariamma Sunil

Human is the most ‘purposeful creature’. What we infer from a ‘purposeful creature’ is that human beings consider life and all the activities associated with life with certain purposes. This is the reason why we interrogate on life realities. Questions like ‘why’, ‘what’ and ‘how’ help us reach certain conclusions and fulfillments. Even though, there are studies about other creatures who heed to inhibitions, yearning and enthusiasm, it is much negligible when compared to that of human being. The question of rearing children into a purposeful human being should be understood in this context. Parenting has a great role in the building up of an ideal individual. An ideal individual is an individual who earnestly strives to know the ‘self’ and understand the ‘other’. Understanding of the self is complementary to the understanding of the other. Eminent scientific philosopher of the twentieth century Bertrand Russel says ‘vitality, courage, sensitiveness and intelligence are the four intrinsic qualities of an ideal individual’. Vitality is above ‘normal strength’ and is holistic strength. ‘Vitality dwindles when old age is descended upon human beings like a fog’ (Russel). Courageous behavior is easier for a man who is not afraid of fear. It does mean that courage is absence of fear, but fear should be rational. It is logical to have rational fear. (Probably, with this, we can put it in a lighter way - fear of a mouse is irrational and fear of a lion, on the other hand, is rational; if someone says I am going to jump into Niagara Falls that is irrational courage). Courage is not absence of fear, but the capacity to overcome the rational fear. Sensitivity is a quality that is extended towards the other. It is a qualitative overflowing of one’s self towards his or her fellow being, community, surrounding and the nature. Intelligence has close association with knowledge. Human beings possess two kinds of knowledge system. One is ‘instinct knowledge’ which is derived from your paternal and maternal genes. And the other is ‘acquired knowledge’. The inborn characteristics and qualities of a human being can be enriched and multiplied through the acquired knowledge. Unlike other creatures, a new born human is very much dependent, vulnerable and imitating in nature and it is an irony that the limitations- dependence, vulnerability and imitating nature- itself, to a certain extent, turn to be human strength. Hence, the imparted knowledge, experiences and opportunities molds him or her to lead a purposeful life. The more quantitative they are imparted to a person, the better the purpose served. All the good abstract qualities possessed by a person make him an ideal individual only when he or she utilizes them for the enlightenment of the self and the progress of the community and the world. Purposeful life is not individualistic but relational and an integral part for human existence.

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Poems are fun, Some make me laugh, Some make me run, Some make me cry, I wonder why, Some make me think, My face grows pink, Some make me sad, That’s a feeling very bad, Some gives me hope, That makes me cope, Now everything I see, Is like poetry to me.

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This is Me After a bath, my hair is like a tangle of vines that F A L L S to my shoulders in frizzy piles, and the knots are monkeys rambling in the forest. My eyes are as black as the night sky, as deep as a pool full to the brim of squid ink, and as bright as a beetle's shiny shell. My skin is as brown as a horse's mane and as smooth as the petal of a rose. My mind is as sharp as a freshly cut blade of grass, poking me in the back of my legs as I sit down in the lush green summer grass. My heart holds a single leaf, and its lines are past experiences, along with those that are yet to come. This is me, and I am this, and this is beautiful.

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CHANGES TO PERSONAL INCOME TAX FOR TAX YEAR 2018 AND BEYOND PAUL JOSEPH

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Child abuse and neglect is a serious issue which requires the involvement of all citizens and professionals in the community for the purpose of prevention, identification and treatment. As an immigrant community it is beneficial to know the prevailing laws and practices of the County/State where we live to avoid any unnecessary complications. It is of major importance to know existing laws regarding acceptable parenting practices and discipline of our children. According to our culture, our practices and methods of raising /disciplining a child can vary greatly than acceptable practices in the United States. A report of suspected child abuse or neglect is not an accusation; rather it is the only link to services for families who would not voluntarily seek the help that they may desperately need. Child Protective Services (CPS) is a specific social service provided by Department of Human Services (DHS) to assist children believed to be neglected or abused by parents or other adults having permanent or temporary care or custody, or parental responsibility. In this article I

would like to elicit what Maryland State law considers child abuse and neglect. All Maryland citizens should report suspected child abuse or neglect to the local department of social services or to a local law enforcement agency. Ensuring the safety of children is an obligation shared by all citizens and organizations. If you are a health care practitioner, educator, human service worker or a law enforcement officer, you are required by law to report both orally and in writing any suspected child abuse or neglect. You should report your suspicion to the local department in the jurisdiction where you believe the abuse or neglect occurred or is occurring. All reports of suspected child abuse are immune from civil liability unless they are purposefully erroneous or malicious. What is Child Abuse and Neglect? CODE OF MARYLAND REGULATIONS (COMAR) defines child abuse and child neglect as: „ Physical injury not (necessarily visible) of a child under circumstances that indicate that a child’s health or welfare is harmed or at

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substantial risk of being harmed. „ The failure to give proper care and attention to a child, leaving a child unattended where the child’s health or welfare is harmed or a child is placed in substantial risk of harm.

child if left untreated. „ Experiences a lack of adequate or appropriate supervision (taking into account the age and capabilities of the child) „ Has been abandoned

„ An act or acts involving sexual molestation or exploitation whether physical injuries are sustained or not.

„ Experiences parental/caretaker substance abuse or use or mental illness that interferes with ability to provide appropriate care and supervision of the child

„ Identifiable and substantial impairment of a child’s mental or psychological ability to

„ Experiences deprivation of food, shelter or clothing

function. „ Finding credible evidence that has not been satisfactorily refuted that physical abuse, neglect or sexual abuse occurred. „ Signs of Neglect or Abuse: A child might be potentially experiencing physical abuse if he or she: „ Has frequent injuries or unexplained bruises, welts or cuts or explanation is incongruent to the injury „ Has injuries that appear to have a pattern such as marks from a hand or a belt „ Attempts to hide body parts that previously were exposed without concern (arms, legs, neck, etc.) „ Has unusual, unexplained burn marks, bite marks, broken bones „ Shies away from touch, flinches at sudden movements, or is afraid to go home. „ child might be potentially neglected if he or she: „ Has an untreated illness or physical injuries that present a significant risk to the

A child might be potentially experiencing sexual abuse if he or she: „ Has a sexually transmitted disease „ Demonstrates sexualized behavior that is not age appropriate and/or is highly overt or repetitive „ Is withdrawn or isolates self „ Frequently runs away from home „ Is abnormally secretive and socially isolated „ Experiences unexplained painful urination or defecation „ Has unexplained change in behavior (aggressive, withdrawn, self-destructive) „ A child might be potentially showing the signs of mental injury if he or she: „ Is excessively withdrawn, fearful, or anxious about doing something wrong „ Demonstrates extremes in behavior (extremely compliant or extremely demanding; extremely passive or extremely aggressive) „ Does not seem to be attached to the par-

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ent or caregiver

who is under 13 year old.

„ Demonstrates a noticeable decline in cognitive abilities. „ Mandated Reporters: You are a mandated reporter if you are one of the following: „ Health Practitioner „ Educator „ Human Service Worker „ Police Officer Reporting does NOT require PROOF that child abuse or neglect has occurred. Incidents are to be reported as soon as they are suspected. Waiting for proof may involve grave risk to the child and impede services to the family. Witnesses to child abuse and neglect are rare. Professional judgment and knowledge should be used to evaluate any suspicion. Please note that effective October 1, 2016, if a local department has reason to believe that a mandated reporter knowingly failed to make a report of suspected abuse or neglect of a child, the local department must file a complaint with the appropriate licensing board or employer of the mandated reporter. Anyone making a “good faith” report is immune from civil liability and criminal penalty.

Children over eight can be left alone for short periods of time, if certain common sense requirements are met; should know what to do in the case of an emergency, accident, illness; need to know the parent/ caretakers work and cell phone numbers, how to call 911 and give their correct address; cannot be left alone overnight. Children over eight with any kind of disability should not be left alone any time. A child must be 13 years or older, be dependable and have no disabilities in order to watch a child under eight. Maryland's current law requires that children under eight years old to ride in an appropriate child restraint, unless the child is 4'9" or taller. Every child from 8 to 16 years old who is not secured in a child restraint must be secured in the vehicle's seat belt, in every sitting position in the vehicle. If children are attending school or any other programs and they have any kind of physical injury; it is always wise to tell the teacher or a counselor what caused the injury. Always remember that mandated reports are required to make a CPS Report when they see a child with unexplained Injuries.

Some useful Tips: According to the Maryland Family Law children under eight cannot be left alone. Children under eight cannot be left alone in parked cars or in public places, like libraries, stores, swimming pools or parks where other adults are just “around”. Children under eight can never be left to be supervised by a child

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Joshua Zacharia

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DNA phenotyping is a technique used to predict the physical characteristics of a person using only a DNA sample. Using this method, one can determine a person’s geographic ancestry, natural hair color, eye color, skin color, whether he or she has freckles, and even facial shape. In 2009, when the Calcasieu Parish Sheriff’s Office started investigating the murder of 19-year-old Sierra Bouzigard, the most promising clue found on the crime scene was a tissue sample, presumable that of Bouzigard’s murderer, found under Bouzigard’s nails. The police officers working the case ran the sample of DNA through CODIS (Combined DNA Index System), but the system found no matches. Without any usable information, the case grew cold and was left unsolved for the next six years. In 2015, a sample of the suspect’s DNA was sent to a company called Parabon Nanolabs that specializes in DNA phenotyping. Within the DNA are the genes that control the physical appearance of a person. The technique of DNA phenotyping uses that information and modern SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphism) technology to study the sections of the genome that create the various characteristics amongst people. Parabon uses DNA phenotyping to study how different genes within the DNA

affects one’s physical appearance. Using the data collected from this research, Parabon devised a method to reverse-engineer DNA and turn it into a physical profile. To do this process, Parabon created a system called Snapshot that reads the thousands of “genetic variants” or genotypes from a sample of DNA to generate a picture of what the unknown person might look like.

Using Parabon’s Snapshot technology, the Calcasieu Parish Sheriff’s Office was able to get a description and image of what the suspect might look like. When the investigation had just begun, the Sheriff’s office was looking at Mexican males in the area based on phone calls Bouzigard had made prior to her murder; but by using DNA phenotyping, the officers found out that the suspect, in reality, had pale skin, blue/green eyes, and was of northern European descent.This image provided more context into the type of features the authorities should look for in suspects and narrowed the scope of investigation.

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RECIPES...

By : Ammini Aunty (Saramma Joshua)

MEEN PEERA THORAN - KERALA STYLE

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By: Molly Suraj

Ingredients: 4 1 tbsp 4 Medium 1½ 1 Large 1 1 tsp 4tbsp ½ tpsp 1 tbsp As needed 5 ½ 5 pieces 1 tsp As needed As needed 1 Can

Eggs Oil White Potato Onion Tomatoes Jalapeno Pepper Red Chilli Powder (Mulakupodi) Coriander Powder (Mallipodi) Turmeric Powder Meat Masala (Clover, Cinnamon Stick, Star anise, (Cardamom, Fennel Seeds grinded) Curry leaves Dried Red Chilli Fresh Lemon Garlic Mustard Seed (kaducku) Coriander leaves Salt Thick Coconut milk or whole Milk

Directions: 1. Boil 4 eggs, take the shell off once it cooled, set aside 2. With the skin still on, cut 4 medium white potatoes, (scrape off dark spots), in a cubic style. Wash the cut potatoes and drain the water. 3. Add 1 large onion, 1 large tomato (cut in cubic style), 1 jalapeño pepper (split in 4), 1 tsp red chili powder, ½ tsp turmeric powder, 1 tablespoon meat masala, 1 stalk curry leaves, ½ fresh lemon juice squeezed, 5 pieces of garlic chopped, salt as needed and 1 tbsp oil to the potatoes. Mix them all together well. 4. Do not add water to the potatoes. Microwave the potatoes for about 14 minutes or until it’s cooked well. 5. Heat some oil in a pan, pop the mustard seed (kaduvu), and then add 1/2 of onion finely chopped. Stir the onions in a medium flame until its brown. Add 4 tablespoons of coriander powder (Mallipodi), 4 whole dried red chilli peppers, and some curry leaves to the onions and stir well. Do not burn it. 6. Add the potatoes, and stir it for a few minutes until everything is mixed well. You may add 1/ 4th cup of water to prevent the dish from burning and getting too dry. Add the chopped coriander leaves and boiled eggs to the potato. Stir gently until everything is mixed well. 7. Add 3/4th to 1 can of coconut milk (best taste) or whole milk and gently stir everything well. Turn the flame off, close the lid, and let it sit for a few minutes. Your egg curry is ready. Enjoy

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Profile for JAIWIN BABY

Kairali Souviner 2018  

Kairali Souviner 2018  

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