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Jain Center of Northern California

JAIN CENTER OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, INC.

CODE OF CONDUCT & POLICIES OF OPERATION

DEFINITIONS Jain Center of Northern California, Inc. (“JCNC”) is a non-profit religious corporation registered in the state of California. It is a federal and state tax exempt organization with Federal Tax ID No. 94-277-8859. Jain Religious Groups are defined as the Digambar and Svetämbar sects of Jainism, and their major sub-sects - Murtipujak, Sthänakväsi, Teräpanthi, Bisa pantha, Terah pantha and Taran pantha. JCNC Officials are Directors and Officers of JCNC. JCNC Directors are members of the JCNC Board of Directors. JCNC Officers are the President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and Public Relations Officer of the JCNC Executive Committee, and those of the other Board appointed committees such as the Jain Bhawan Committee. JCNC Members are life members of JCNC, and the members who have paid their membership for the current fiscal year. JCNC Fiscal Year and the Operations Year are the same as the calandar year – January 1 to December 31. Religious Area: A portion of the Jain Bhawan dedicated to the Jain religious activities – the second floor of the Jain Bhawan building.

I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8.

OBJECTIVES OF JCNC AND JAIN BHAWAN

Maintain, preserve, protect, promote, propagate and practice the highest standards of Jainism and adhere to the Jain principles. Satisfy the religious and community needs of all Jain religious groups. Provide separate areas for religious and community activities. Provide two major rooms, one for temple and another for bhakti, in the religious area. Allow suguru-bhakti, meditation and jäp in the bhakti room. Equal treatment and respect of all Jains, JCNC members and their guests. Equal access to the Jain Bhawan. Encourage the feeling amongst each and every Jain that the Jain Bhawan, its premises are for all and that each Jain is encouraged to practice Jainism in the Jain Bhawan. Invite scholars and monks/nuns each year to satisfy the spiritual needs of the Jain religious

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Jain Center of Northern California

groups. Satisfy reasonable needs of the next generation Jains and the community. Encourage that JCNC activities should be for all ages; children, youths, adults and seniors. 10. Maintain religious keenness in the religious area, and during the JCNC events and activities. 9.

I. GENERAL 1. 2.

3.

4.

5.

GUIDELINES

Many factors contribute to the success of an organization. One of the most important factors is the JCNC commitment to fair and ethical behavior. This document addresses the code of conduct and policies for JCNC operation applicable to JCNC members, JCNC Officials, visiting scholars & monks/nuns and users of the facility. Whereas the objective is to accommodate all reasonable religious and community needs and desires, there is no way these policies can cover every conceivable circumstance. JCNC will exercise good judgment to apply the Jain practices in each situation. High ethical standards are essential to our success as a Jain organization. The understanding of and adherence to the principles discussed here are critical to the JCNC’s continued maintenance of the highest standards and integrity. JCNC Officials, JCNC members, visiting scholars and users of the facility should create a healthy, safe, “religiously correct” and supportive environment that is consistent with the Jain practices. JCNC Officials, members, visiting scholars and users of the facility should not take any actions that damages the JCNC reputation as Jains or result in unfavorable publicity or potential embarrassment to the organization. JCNC Officials, members, visiting scholars and users of the facility should create an environment that every Jain can practice Jainism without any significant compromise. Each Jain is entitled to fair and even-handed treatment based on the merits of the subject. JCNC Officials should closely follow the prevailing JCNC’s articles and by-laws.

6. 7.

8. 9.

10.

JCNC Officials, members, visiting scholars and users of the facility should follow local, state and federal laws at all times. Unlawful or unethical conduct, conflict(s) of interest (putting personal interest, individual sect’s interest or interest of other organization ahead of the JCNC’s interest), unsafe conditions and improper security should be avoided and reported to the responsible JCNC Officials upon notice. Namokar Mantra: Only 5-pad and 9-pad versions or their translation of Namokär mantra are allowed as Namokär mantra. Puja and Other Rituals: Pujä, ärti, divo and similar kriyäs should be performed to only the past 24 and the current 20 Tirthankars in the temple room and during the major JCNC events. Traditional rites and rituals to deities like Padmavati and Chakreshwari Devis in front of their images and to suguru in the bhakti room are also permitted only after they are preceded by the proper respect to tirthankars. Suguru bhakti should not be performed in the temple room. Food and Beverages: Alcohol beverages, smoking, chewing tobacco, use of intoxicating

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Jain Center of Northern California

11.

I.

drugs, meat, seafood, poultry and eggs will not be permitted in any form at any place in the Jain Bhawan and its premises at any time. Jain Principles are described in Appendix A of this document.

DEDICATED AREAS AND INSTALLATION AND DISPLAY OF AUSPICIOUS ITEMS 1.

In the Religious Area of the Jain Bhawan, non-religious activities will not be permitted. This area will be secured so that it cannot be accessed when a non-Jain activity is performed in other parts of Jain Bhawan. The religious area has two major rooms, the temple room and the bhakti room.

2.

The Religious Area and the associated items that are installed therein per the decision by the JCNC Board should be maintained. They can be improved to satisfy the needs of the Jain religious groups so long as the original intent of the JCNC Board is not compromised. The key items are defined as follows: Murties, images and photographs of the past 24 and the current 20 Tirthankars;

3.

Murties, images and photographs of devis and devtas; Pilgrimage and historical Jain places; Jain ägams, Jain canonical books, Ganadhars of Tirthankars, and, The events in the life of a Tirthankar or a siddha. 4.

Permanent Display: In the temple room, the permanent installation will be limited to the key items. Permanent installation of the key items will not be permitted outside the religious areas except the items decided by the JCNC Board.

5.

Exceptions to the Key Items: In addition to the key items, the only permanent installations will be as follows: Permanent installation or display of images of Namokär mantra, Permanent installation or display of one photograph (chitrapat) of each of Shrimad Rajchandraji, Shri Labhurajswamiji and Shri Brahmachariji, and one murti of Shrimad Rajchandraji are permitted in the bhakti room. No other temporary or permanent installation except that of the key items and the quotations from the work of Shrimad Rajchandraji shall be permitted in the bhakti room.

6.

7.

In the key items, the permanent display of the quotations, if used, should only be from the Jain ägams and Jain canonical books accepted by Digambar and Svetämbar sects. The permanent display of the quotations of a live person or the person whose work is not at least 100 years old will not be displayed. Temporary Displays: In the rooms other than the temple and the bhakti rooms that are

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Jain Center of Northern California

8.

9.

used for svädhyäya, bhakti, meditation or special exhibit, the temporary display of the items other than the key items is permitted during the period of the event as agreed by JCNC Executive Committee. During all major Jain functions (like but not limited to Paryushan Parva, DashLakshanas, Mahävir Jayanti and Mahävir Nirväna day), the temporary display or installation should be limited to the key items. When murtis, photographs and/or images of Tirthankar, devi-devta and/or suguru are displayed together, all protocols should be observed, for example, the elevation of Tirthankar’s display should be higher than other items.

I. 1.

RITES AND RITUALS:

The rites and rituals performed by the Jain religious groups will be allowed, and due respect will be paid. The rituals include but not limited to pujä, bhakti, stavans, stutis, sutras, jäps, pratikraman, sämäyik, pratyäkhän and vandanä. When perishable items such as fruits and sweets are used in the rites and rituals, they should be removed after the completion of the program. All prabhävanäs (donation of religious or auspocious items) should be distributed on the first floor or outside the religious area.

2.

Faith in false divinities (ku-deva), false teachers (ku-guru) and false scriptures (kushästras) and worship of false divinities (ku-deva-sevä), false teachers (ku-guru-sevä) and false scriptures (ku-shästra-sevä) are not acceptable.

I. CONFLICT 1.

2.

RESOLUTION

Interpretation of Jain Principles: In case of conflict as to the interpretation of the Jain principles, and its application, the conservative (stricter) interpretation shall be applied. If the conflict cannot be amicably resolved, JCNC Executive Committee and/or JCNC Board of Directors will take appropriate action. Event Scheduling: In case of the scheduling conflicts, the main events approved and conducted by the JCNC Executive Committee will have the highest priority. After the major JCNC events; regularly scheduled activities like svädhyäya, meditation, bhakti, pujä, vandanä and jäp shall have the next priority. Other scheduling conflicts should be handled on the “first come first” basis where possible. In a special case, the JCNC Executive Committee can make an exception in the best interest of the majority of the JCNC General Membership Body.

II. VISITING

SCHOLARS, MONKS/NUNS AND SPEAKERS

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Jain Center of Northern California

1.

Choice of the visiting scholars and monks/nuns should be reasonably and proportionally balanced as much as possible to satisfy the spiritual needs of the Jain religious groups. The visiting scholars and monks/nuns should be adequately qualified.

2.

For all major events, a Hindi or English speaking scholar or monk/nun should be invited. An exception may be taken when a Hindi or English speaking scholar is not available.

3.

Stay of a JCNC-invited scholar or monk/nun, and their religious discourse period should be limited to four months in a four-year period.

4.

Two consecutive four month discourses within a four year period by all invitees from the same Jain sect or sub-sect should be avoided.

5.

The discourses of the JCNC-invited scholar or monk/nun should be spiritually oriented emphasizing on the major path preached by Shri Mahavir Bhagavan without any purpose of entertaining the listeners. Their story-telling should come from Jain ägams and shästras as much as possible.

6.

JCNC Executive Committee will take appropriate steps to assure that, in the discourses by the visiting scholars, monks/nuns and speakers, a)

The major path of Samvar and Nirjarä by self-efforts is emphasized,

b)

There is a reasonable balance between various Jain beliefs including the vyavahär and nischaya nayas,

c)

Beliefs of the Jain religious groups are respected and,

d)

“Short cuts” and “exceptional approaches” to the salvation are avoided

7.

The discourses during the Paryushan Parva and Dashlakshana Parva should be based on the Kalpa Sutra and the ten characteristics (Kshamä, etc. as given in the Jain canonical books), respectively.

8.

All their advises pertaining to JCNC and its activities should be communicated directly to the JCNC Executive Committee members, and should not become a part of their discourses. The visiting scholars, monks/nuns and speakers should not decide or influence the decision as to who should be the leader or coordinator of any particular JCNC activity.

9.

JCNC Executive Committee will cater to the reasonable needs of the visiting scholars, monks/nuns and speakers.

10.

Schedule of the scholar's discourses should be such as that it minimizes the interference with regularly ongoing JCNC activities such as svädhyäya.

11.

A typical letter to the visiting scholar, monk/nun or speaker is given in the Appendix B.

III. FUND 1.

RAISING

JCNC Executive Committee and/or JCNC Board of Directors will manage and control all fund

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Jain Center of Northern California

2. 3.

raising activities. Funds raised during any JCNC religious activity should belong to JCNC. Good judgment and common sense shall be exercised in accepting the donations from nonJain organizations. No commitment shall be made to other organizations while accepting such donations.

IV. YOUNG 1. 2.

For young Jains, English speaking scholars shall be invited for a few days in the summer. Young Jains shall be encouraged to conduct religious workshops. JCNC Executive Committee shall organize events that increases the participation of young Jains along with adults. Some or all religious activities shall gradually evolve and be performed partly or fully in English so that the young Jains can participate with adults.

V. AVOIDANCE 1.

2.

3.

4. 5.

6.

JAINS

OF ÄSHÄTANÄS

Äshätanäs (disrespects) as described in the Jain canonical books shall be avoided. Disrespect to auspicious books, sudev, suguru, sthäpanäji, temple and all religious items shall be avoided. Laughter, jesting, wearing foot-wears, gesticulation, quarreling, spitting, lying, eating, drinking, chewing, stretching hands, stretching feet and stretching body, wrangling, practice of non-religious acts, rinsing the mouth, vulgar abuse, cleansing the body, arranging the hair, paring the nails, letting blood drip from cuts or sores, vomiting, cleaning the teeth, massaging the body, letting discharges or secretions drip from body organs, use of lokik mantras or use of mantras for material gain, meeting to discuss social matters, to discuss business transactions, concealing or bringing sentient objects that are not to be used as a part of rites and rituals, weeping, expression of sorrow, vikathä- idle gossip, weapons, making indecent remarks, making contemptuous remarks, fighting, combing one's hair, whistling, indecent language or indecent body movements, not wearing clothes conservatively, removing lice from the head, wrestling, buying and selling, drinking water or any liquid, or letting it drop, feeding children, and similar unacceptable acts shall be avoided in the religious areas, and in front of sudev, suguru and religious books. Touching any religious book with one's foot, dropping a religious book on the ground, eating when a religious book is nearby, wiping the characters on religious manuscripts with spittle, sitting or lying on a religious manuscript, and other similar acts shall not be acceptable. To perform pujä and similar kriyäs of a Tirthankar, one should have a clean body and wear clean clothes. In the presence of a Tirthanakar's image, ärti, divo and similar kriyäs of Tirthankar must be first performed prior to performing ärti, divo and similar kriyäs of others. Showing of the back while standing or sitting to the Tirthankar should be avoided. The destruction of temple property or any religious item is a very serious äshätanä;

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Jain Center of Northern California

it shall not be allowed. Any one found desecrating or destroying JCNC property, specifically the Jain Bhawan, shall be prosecuted. The degradation of all religious items shall not be allowed.

VI. JAIN 1.

2. 3.

BHAWAN USE FOR COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES

JCNC Executive Committee should formulate the renting policies to rent a portion of Jain Bhawan which is approved for community activities provided the proper restrictions are implemented using good judgment, intelligence and common sense so that the Jain principles are maintained as practical as possible. Renting of the Jain Bhawan areas shall not include the Religious Area. The rental activities permitted shall not damage the reputation of Jains or be the cause of embarrassment to the Jain community.

VII. DEV-DRAVYA

Dev-dravya is the money and valuables received or generated as a result of specific activities such as ärti, divo, sapanä, shanti-kalash, puja and similar kriyäs, and from the bhandär in the religious area including traditional activities performed in the temple room. Money received from the general membership and non-specific donations are not the part of the dev-dravya. Dev-dravya can be used for the items and acitivities that maintain, preserve, protect, promote, enhance, propagate and increase awareness of the practice of Jainism, for the items and acitivities associated with thirthankar including the maintenance, improvement and repair of the religious area, for supplies for pujä, ärti, divo and similar kriyäs, for the items and acitivities of spiritual awareness and enhancements, for religious items for Jain Library, and for items and activities of Jain education, and to satisfy the reasonable religious needs of all Jain religious groups. A separate account should be maintained for the dev-dravya. For the maintenance of Jain Bhawan and its premises, like painting of the whole building, total expense can be prorated for the religious area as well as for the rest of the building. Dev-dravya cannot be used for non-religious items and activities such as sadhärmik vätsalya meal, gardening, administrative expenses and maintenance of the non-religious area.

VIII. MISCELLANEOUS 1.

Temporary Exceptions to the Policies and Guidelines: Reasonable temporary changes required to better serve the religious and community needs of the JCNC will be considered where necessary due to special JCNC events, situations or functions upon review by the JCNC corporate counsel and upon approval by 3/4 of the Executive Committee and 3/4 of the Board of Directors. The exceptions apply only to the following sections herein of this document: Sections VI, VII, VIII, X, and Items 5 & 6 of Section XII.

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Jain Center of Northern California

The effective period of the the temporary exceptions shall be not more than the length of the special event, situation, or function fo rwhich the exception was granted. In no event will the maximum period for the temporary exception be any more than 30 days. 2.

3.

4. 5.

6.

7. 8. 9. 10.

Permanent Changes in the Policies and Guidelines: Permanent changes which are reasonable, in the best interests of the corporation, and not financially onerous on the corporation, may be made upon review by the corporate counsel with approval by 3/4 of the Board of Directors and with a 3/4 approval of the JCNC General Membership Body. Upon proper approval, a written amendment shall be drafted and made a part of the the final Code of Conduct and Polices of Operation in effect at the time. Conflict of Interest: In general, facilities, events and communication channels of JCNC shall not be used for self-promotion of any individual or to promote non-Jain activities of any individual or business. All JCNC Officials and Volunteers will avoid conflicts of interest as outlined in the JCNC Bylase. In promoting or backing any individual's item, reasonable fairness should be exercised so that other individuals, who have similar items to promote, do not get offended. All rooms should have locks so that its misuse can be prevented. The sadhärmik-vätsalya meals arranged by any particular group or sect should be posted ahead of the time and should be open to all human beings. No root (tuberous) vegetables (like potatoes, onion, garlic, etc.) are permitted for the sadhärmik-vätsalya meal. Dried ginger and turmeric powders are permitted The Samvatsari pratikraman should be performed on the Samvatsari day. All sects can perform the Samvatsari pratikraman in the Jain Bhawan. If necessary, the Samvatsari pratikraman should be performed in different areas when different procedures are involved. All Samvatsari pratikramans should be scheduled such a way that they end within few minutes of each other. Similar guidelines should be applied for the pratikraman following the Dash-Lakshana Parva. There should be pre-planned assignment of major sutras for recitation during the Samvatsari pratikraman, potentially by “ghee-boli”. The Poshadhvratis must use the rest-room for natural discharges, and they will not be allowed to use open areas. The schedule of all special and regular events shall be posted. No attempt shall be made to change the Jain religion, principles, or traditions by any means or by any person, JCNC member, or JCNC director or officer. APPENDIX A

JAIN PRINCIPLES “Jain Principles” include, but not limited to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Non-violence Non-possessiveness and non-aversion Anekäntväd (multiplicity of views) Spiritual path as preached by our Tirthankars, Control activities of body, speech and mind, Speaking truth (act of non-violence supersedes the act of speaking truth), Nostealing,

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Jain Center of Northern California

Carefulness in walking, talking, wearing and eating, Forbearance - forgiveness (kshamä); humility (märdava); straightforwardness (ärjava); desirelessness (saucha); truthfulness (satya); self-discipline (samyama); austerities (tapas); renunciation (tyäga); non-possessiveness (akinchanya) and celibacy (brahmacharya), 10. Doctrine of karma, 6 essentials (Sämäyika, Chaturvimsati-stava, Vandananka, Pratikramana, Pratyäkhyäna and Kayotsarga or pujä, vratta, däna, svädhyäya, samyama and tapa), 6 substances [Jiva (living), matters & energy (pudgalästhikäya), medium (principles) of motion (dharmästhikäya), medium (principles) of rest (adharmästhikäya), space (äkäshästhikäya) and time (käl)], Jain concept of universe, Jain concept of God, 9 tatvas [ Principles - Jiva (living beings), Ajiva (non-living matter), Punya (auspicious karmas), Päp (inauspicious karma), Äsrava (influx of karmas), Samvar (stoppage of influx of karmas), Nirjarä (eradication of karmas), Bandh (bondage of karmas) and Moksha (liberation)], 14 gunsthänaks (spiritual progressive steps - Mithyädrishti, The stage of false belief, Saswädän Samyagdrishti, The stage of having tasted righteousness, Mishra - the mixed stage, Avirat Samyagdrishti - Uninterested in Sadhäna, Deshvirati, Partial practice of Sädhana, Pramatta Samyati - The state of a Sädhu who is not always mindful of Sädhana, Apramatta Samyati - Absolutely careful regarding a high level of Sädhana, Nivritti-bädar - The stage of renunciation, Anivritti-bädar - Passionless state, Sukshma Samparoy - The stage with subtle greed remaining, Upashänt Moha - Periodically passionless, Kshina Moha - The stage in which Moha is completely conquered, Sayogi Kevali - The stage of the integrated powers, and Ayogi Kevali -Totally free from karmas) and as similar philosophies as mentioned in the canonical books of Svetämbar and Digambar sects, 11. To attain salvation (moksha). APPENDIX B 8. 9.

TYPICAL LETTER TO VISITING SCHOLAR, MONK/NUN OR SPEAKER.

We are greatly honored and blessed that you have accepted our invitation to be our guest. We are eagerly looking forward to your spiritual discourses that will emphasize the major path preached by Shri Mahavir Bhagavan, enhance our religious beliefs and practices, and strengthen the harmony between the JCNC members who are from both Digambar and Svetämbar sects, and its sub-sects. We have utmost respect for your spiritual advancement and knowledge and, therefore, we welcome any suggestions in regards to how can we strengthen our religious knowledge, teachings, and activities. Please feel free to advise us about your suggestions. As you know, our community wants to have an opportunity to serve you, and make your stay in our area as spiritually rewarding and satisfying as possible. In order to serve you the best that we can and satisfy the desire of our community, please advise me or the designated member of our JCNC Executive Committee of all your needs. DRAFT-2, jcnc_code-of-conduct_aug98 – August 1998 Page - 12


Jain Center of Northern California

We thank you very much for accepting our invitation, and we await eagerly to increase our spiritual awareness on Shri Mahavir Bhagavan’s teachings through your discourses.

--------------------------------President, Jain Center of Northern California APPENDIX C

JCNC Ethics Committee

The ethics committee consists of: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Parveen Jain [Executive advisor] (Home: 408-559-6987, Work: 408-371-0342; E-mail: PKJ@JCTI.COM) Harendra Shah (Lead) (Home: 510-651-5284; Work: 415-768-6546; E-mail: hshah@bechtel.com) Ashok Sethi (Home: 408-248-0967; Work: 408-943-7953; E-mail: asethi@svpal.org) Pramod Patel (Home:415-697-8822; FAX: 415-697-8906; E-mail: pramodpatel@yahoo.com) Chandrakant Vora (Home: 408-946-1133; FAX: 408-262-6016) Rakesh Shah (Home:510-623-8981; Work:415-974-7035; E-mail: rakeshm@hotmail.com) Kartik Shah (Home:415-964-7648, Work: 415-703-1359, FAX: 415-703-1910; E-mail: kartik9@hotmail.com)

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