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Americans enjoy sandwiches each day thinking they are a healthy alternative to McDonald’s and other fast food restaurants, but new studies show that these sandwiches may contain just as much fat and sodium. The Center for Science in the Public Interest analyzed nine sandwiches for fat, calories, and sodium. A nutritionist for the center, Jane Hurley, led the study and traveled to hundreds of restaurants including chain and individually owned sandwich shops in Los Angeles, New York City, Chicago and Washington D.C. The nutrition advocacy group previously conducted studies that showed high content of fat in Mexican, Italian, and Mexican foods. Four restaurants’ sandwiches were tested including Wall Street Deli, Au Bon Pain, Schlotzsky’s and Subway. The Reuben sandwich was ranked the unhealthiest sandwich of the nine that were analyzed with 916 calories, 50 grams of fat, and 3,268 milligrams of sodium. The vegetarian sandwich surprisingly had the second most calories with 753. However, turkey, roast beef and ham sandwiches did not fair too poorly. “Many shops are giving you a dinner’s worth of fat and calories” Hurley said. Many of the sandwiches contained mayonnaise, oil, meet and salt which increased the fat and calories. Owner of Katz’s Deli in Phoenix is trying to serve consumers healthier sandwiches. “We give our customers options so they don’t have to load up their sandwiches with mayonnaise” said Alanna Cahn. Mayonnaise may be one of the most fattening toppings for a sandwich. One-third cup of mayonnaise is equivalent to three McDonald’s Quarter Pounders, fat wise. Hurley suggests that consumers skip out of the mayonnaise unless it is low-fat. “Fill sandwiches out with lettuce and tomatoes and avoid oil and cheese.” Sandwiches may seem like a healthy bite to eat but the toppings inside them load up the calories and fat that make sandwiches unhealthy.

Building a relationship and having a human connection with a source are important skills journalists should have, according to an Arizona Republic columnist. Karina Bland spoke Wednesday to journalism students at the Cronkite School about her front-page story on Susan Hileman, a Tucson shooting victim, which was published on Jan. 21. Bland explained how she talked to Susan Hileman’s husband, Bill Hileman, before she was able to interview her about her experiences on Jan. 8. “Don’t plan conversations, just have one,” she said. Bland had only two hours to complete the interview, but she knew it was important to not jump into questions about being shot but to ease into the conversation. She started asking Susan about how she met Christina-Taylor Green, the 9-year-old friend that she tried to protect from the gunshots. It took Bland more than an hour to talk about being shot. The moment was very emotional for Susan and Karina. “I had to let her tell her story” Bland said. This was the first time Susan Hileman was able to let out all of her emotion. Bland said that journalists can’t write stories without feeling emotion. At the end of the interview Susan Hileman asked Bland if she could promise to be friends. Bland said that she was silent and could not respond. According to Bland journalists can’t be friends with their sources and need to keep a professional level. Bland also said that she will stay in contact with Susan because she wants to write more about her and share more of her story. Bland also talked about other interviews she had in the past including interviews that seem to go nowhere. If a journalist thinks they do not have enough information from an interview she advised the students to ask “if I have anymore questions can I contact you?” Journalists must be ready for the interview to go anywhere.

Former CNN financial reporter started making connections in the beginning of her career and took advantage of the relationships to help find stories and advance her career. Susan Lisovicz advised students at the Walter Cronkite School today that relationships are important to journalists and they can help advance their career. Sources help young journalists learn and start connections that could find them jobs in the future. Lisovicz started her journalism career early in college working for a local radio station during the summer. Her job was to attend town meetings and create 60 second broadcasts. Her boss later asked her if she was interested in becoming an anchor on the weekends during the fall. These small jobs and the connections she made eventually gave Susan a job at CNN. Susan Lisovicz uses her friends, Twitter, Facebook, and a file she created to find sources. If she sees a person quoted in a newspaper it means that they are willing to talk to the media and she adds them to her file. “When you meet people, you can get information and keep it current,� Lisovicz said. It is important to stay organized because sometimes journalists will need to use sources again in the future. Susan Lisovicz was not embarrassed to ask for help and she advises students to do the same. Teachers and friends can be sources to help find stories or to advance their career. She believes it is important to build up a group of people that can easily be contacted.

A reporter for the Phoenix Suns said that sports journalism is a demanding career and the best advice he received was to not be a fan. Paul Coro has worked as a Phoenix Suns for The Arizona Republic since 2004 and has become an expert o his beat. Coro dreamed of working for the Phoenix Suns since he was in eighth grade and said you must be careful for what you wish for. A typical game day for the reporter consists of writing a blog, cover breaking news, work on his “notebook,” go back to the locker room before the game, write a story for online at the buzzer, conduct post-game interviews, and finally write a story. He clocks into work at around 9a.m. and leaves at 11p.m. “The job becomes ordinary when it is your everyday life,” Coro said. When reporting during the regular season, he looses his nights and weekends covering the basketball games. Even though being a sports reporter is very demanding, Paul Coro has had a love for sports since he was a child. In sports journalism reporters can’t be fans or “homers.” “Don’t look like a homer, the fans don’t want that,” Coro said. “The fans want you to be critical.” Coro advises young journalists to find people that will be honest with them and that will lead them in the right direction.

Students at Arizona State University are getting ready to hit the books and prepare for final exams, which can be a stressful time for many students. ASU’s director of Wellness and Health Promotion, Karen Moses, “27.6 percent of students said stress had negatively affected their academic performance. Many factors contribute to student stress including choosing a major, final exams, summer job pressure and planning for graduation. Stress from the end of the year can begin as early as April and continue throughout the summer. “Exercising, focusing on enjoyable activities, taking time to relax, talking about feelings with others, listening to music and sleeping well are all ways to reduce stress,” Moses said. Students from ASU have some helpful advice that can get their peers through the end of the semester in a healthy way. Derek Williams, 19, studying exercise and wellness said, “ I plan on eating well and getting good sleep during finals because if I don’t take care of myself it will just be added stress.” Many students suggest to sleeping regularly, eating well, and managing time correctly in order to reduce stress during finals. A freshman journalism student, Meera Bose, plans on studying with some friends. A great way to study is “getting a group together to study the material we have learned,” Bose said.

A 45-year-old man was found dead in the Bio Pappel International recycling plant Tuesday after the building caught fire in Downtown Phoenix. The body of Peter McGurkee was found charred after he entered the building to take a nap on a stack of papers at the recycling plant. He was an out-of-work carpenter according to Capt. Tony Mure of the Phoenix Fire Department. Mark Holleran, director of the Central Arizona Shelter Services, said McGurkee tried to get a bed at the shelter, but there was no room. “The bad economy fills our shelter every night,” Holleran said. “We have been begging the city to give us more money…Maybe they’ll listen to us now.” Randy Miller, an out-of-work construction worker, was watching the fire. “It’s just another disaster-I have seen plenty,” Miller said. Larry Miller, Arizona Fire Inspector, said that this is the third fire at the plant in two years. Miller warned the plant to make changes two weeks ago. Owner of Bio Pappel International, Peter Allen, said he was deeply saddened to hear about the death of the man. Signs were posted around the building warning people not to trespass. “This fire has our full attention,” Allen said. “We recently made major safety improvements to our plant and don’t know how this could happen.” The fire started at about 3 p.m. on Tuesday and black clouds could be seen over Downtown Phoenix. The Phoenix Fire Department battled flames and 40 mph winds until 5:45 that night. Fire units from Phoenix and surrounding cities had a difficult time surrounding the fire on all sides due to the wind. The Central Arizona Shelter Services just north of the fire were prepared to evacuate if the winds shifted their way. Fortunately, the building did not have to evacuate. The cause of the fire is still under investigation.

Three police officers were injured and 15 students were arrested Friday after a protest broke out during an Arizona Board of Regents meeting at Arizona State University’s Tempe campus. University Police Chief, Sarah Nowicki, said Officer Andy Wilson was taken to Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center with a gash on his forehead. Officer Julie Nelson and Sgt. Jerry Turner were taken to St. Luke’s Hospital for bruises they received from thrown items while trying to control the protest, Nowicki said. The protest began around noon when two newly formed campus groups, Students Against Illegal Immigrants and The Arizona Student Immigrant Association, gathered near the library. The groups marched toward Coor Hall where the regents meeting took place. “The demonstrators just got too loud and rowdy,” Sarah Nowicki said. “We asked them several times to disperse and go back to the library…but they would not.” Sarah Nowicki said the two groups were not on the same side of the argument and never began fighting, but were yelling at each other. Both groups decided to come together and fight against the police who tried to stop the protest. Only 13 of the 15 students were taken to jail. The students’ attorney, Catherine Keegan, said bail was set at $600 for each student. The other two students, both 17-year-old high school seniors from Yuma, were visiting the campus and joined the Arizona Student Immigrant Association protesters when the protest started. Both students were released into their parent’s custody and were never taken to jail. President of ASU, Michael Crow, sent an e-mail to the ASU community and the media that said it is appalling when demonstrations result in injuries. “We need to address immigration issues, and ASU plans to take the lead,” Crow said. “We urge the regents to approve of the immigration training because we need to have thoughtful discussions not only in our public forums, but in our classrooms.” President of the Student Immigrant Association, Joan Walters, a senior studying broadcast journalism at ASU, was arrested and charged with assault, resisting arrest and trespassing. “The university must do more to promote understanding of student immigrants,” Walters said. “We need enlightened faculty.” continued on next page...

Briana Allen, a senior biology major and the president of the Students Against Illegal Immigrants, was also arrested and charged with assault, resisting arrest and trespassing. “We’ll do whatever it takes to keep the regents from caving into every demand that comes along,” Allen said. “Our faculty does not need additional training on immigration issues.” Claudine Eisner, president of the Arizona Board of Regents, said “until we make our decision on faculty training, we will not discuss it.” This protest was the third immigration-related protest on campus in the past two years and the 10th in three years. This was the first demonstration that resulted in injuries and arrests. Presidents from both groups say that they will continue to protest.

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