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Justice and Gender Education Volume 2 Issue 7 April 10, 2012

JAGed (Justice and Gender Education) is here to provide support for those who promote social justice, equality and human rights for all people, regardless of gender, sex, sexuality, race, ethnicity, nationality, class, ability, age and religion. While raising consciousness in others, we hope to inspire positive social change within our communities in a multimedia and social activist capacity.

Rape of The Sabine Women

About us

CONTENTS : Page 1 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8

Cover Art by James Torres books, boobs, and the moon "What is Sexual Assault" "What is Sexual Assault" Kinky Korner Pop Culture Upcoming Events

Website Facebook JAGed (Justice and Gender Education) Twitter JAGedLB Radio "JAGed on Air" Thursdays from 3pm to 4pm on Meetings 1st and 3rd Tuesday of the month From 11:45am to 12:45pm MHB Rm 819 April 17th JAGed will be joining LGBT Diversity Week for the event around 11:45am

JAGed is an organization that provides space, through print, radio and blogspace, for students, faculty, staff and friends to discuss social justice in order to educate our readers on the variety of issues affecting them and the many different voices involved. As a group who formed in response to offensive language surrounding sexualized violence in a campus paper, we hope to inspire our readers to discuss, question, and analyze how aspects of their own lives have an effect on many others in a community. JAGed strives to include a variety of voices so that we may affirm difference and welcome new thoughts and strategies to raise consciousness and inspire positive social change. We dream big and work on enacting those aspirations so that they may become the dreams of many.

JAGed Staff

Brenna Bozanic - Secretary, Production Assistant, Kinky Korner Coordinator Sara Castledine - Co-Founder, Politics Coordinator Norma Diaz - Treasurer Alicia Goodwin - Production Assistant Nicole Gregory - Co-Founder, "Ask a Feminist" Coordinator, Production Coordinator Amanda Josephine - Production Assistant Sandie Reed - Co-Founder, President, Long Beach Community Coordinator, Advertising Coordinator, "JAGed on Air" Co-Host/ Coordinator Taryn Rabun - Co-Founder, Blog Coordinator Clarice Ross - Copy Editor James Torres - Cover Artist, Production Assistant

JAGed Coordinators, Contributors and Volunteers

Vanessa Durand - "Say What?! - Queering Language" Coordinator lauren m. hannigan - books, boobs, and the moon coordinator Rhianna Maras - Relationship Corner Coordinator Cecilia Portillo - Pop Culture Coordinator Dilouren Alverez - Volunteer Adriana Cervantes - Volunteer Rebecca Lobley - Volunteer


Get your JAGed issue on the first Tuesday of every month.

JAGed Distribution Sites: Muliticultural Center FO3-02 Women’s Resource Center LA3-105 WGSS Department MHB-819 Contribute to JAGed! Submit your opinion, editorial, poetry or artwork to

All of the views and opinions expressed in each article are solely those of the author and not of JAGed.

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Monthly Quote: "Rape is used in my country as a weapon against those who only want to live in peace, who only want to assert their basic rights... It is used as a weapon by armed forces to intimidate the ethnic nationalities and to divide our country...We must do everything we can to put an end to this. Violence starts in the mind, so we have to start by changing the minds of men and women all over the world." -Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Laureate and democracy leader in Burma • • "JAGed on Air" Thursdays 3pm-4pm

books, boobs, and the moon By lauren m. hannigan

"Dear Baby"

I purchased this blue diary when I was twelve years old. It was an era of getting used to wearing bras, experimenting with mascara for the first time, and realizing that boys aren’t that creepy. I lived about a mile and a half away from our local bookstore in Louisville, KY. I remember riding my bike up there with my allowance money and buying books. I’m a reader, you see. Moments of bliss are found when my eyes trace over words written by Thoreau, Plath, McKenna, or Shakespeare. There is something about words on a page that I find irresistible; I love newspapers, magazines, books, and especially diaries. I have a few diaries and journals. One I most frequently write in is made of sugarcane-based paper. In it are stories about a young girl named Casper and her extravagant and lush lifestyle living in L.A. I also have a red notebook with thin lines that I put my thoughts about “justice” in. I have a green and pink journal that I write my prayers to the Universe in. I have a journal that I keep things that inspire me in (this is an old history textbook that I hot glue and tape inspiring things into). But my favorite journal is my blue one. On it is a yellow star in the top right corner. My entries in this diary begin with, “Dear Baby”. Who is Baby you ask? Baby is my future daughter. This is not to say that I am pregnant, am soon expecting to become pregnant, or even have a guy in my life, but I keep this journal because I figure it’d be neat to be able to share a diary about my young adulthood with my daughter someday when she is a young adult. I plan on giving it to her when (very far in the future) she turns sixteen. This diary consists of letters, poems, good quotes, and prayers for Baby. It’s filled with lessons I’ve learned about life, love, and friends. It has the lyrics to several songs I find inspiring. I want this diary to be a constant reminder to her someday, that I loved the idea of her even before she was born. I want this to diary to remind her that I was once in her shoes. I have no idea where I came up with this idea, but I think it’s pretty neat and more people should start Dear Baby journals. I’ve told various friends about my journal to Baby and they have often questioned me, “lauren, what happens if you don’t have a daughter?” And my response remains, “Something in my heart tells me I will.”




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What is Sexual Assault? By Sandie Reed

Sue was so excited about the party she had been invited to. This was her first year at college and meeting people had been difficult. But she was going with her friends and felt safe. She had met Jim at the beginning of the night. He was really nice to her, offering to get her food and drinks. Then later that night, he told her friends that he would take her home. After some kissing and playing around, their situation became serious and said that he “had to have her.” Sue said she wasn’t ready, “No, I want to go home…you said you would take me home?” Jim told her to relax and that he “was going to use protection.” The next morning Sue wakes up and is in a fog. Where is she? Where are her friends? What happened last night and who is this guy I’m in bed with? Later Sue remembers that she had sex with this guy, and she had told him NO, No, no - many times. So how did this happen? Sue was frighten, so got dressed and went home, took a shower and tried to forget about that alcohol-fueled party and that guy who didn’t hear “No!” This story is from a friend of mine, where both names have been changed. Sue was young, and wanted to fit in. She thought she had done the right thing by going out with friends, but when she had a few drinks; she let her guard down. Jim seemed like a nice guy and she wanted to trust him. Later when she saw Jim on campus, she asked what had happened that night, and he just laughed saying “She was fun!” After a few months, she was having problems with studying, her grades went down and she dropped out of school. Later Sue did see a counselor and decided she wanted to stop being a victim. She found out all she could about rape and sexual assaults and decided to do something about it. Sue became a survivor and she went on to get her Undergraduate Degree in Psychology, and then went on to receive her Master’s Degree in Sociology and became a Certified Marriage & Family Counselor specializing in sexual assaults. Sue wants me to tell JAGed’s readers that first men need to start educating themselves on what rape and sexual assault is. When sexual assault happens to family and friends, you should be supportive of the victim, but to also stand up in your community and stop being silent. Sexual assault is not just a “women’s issue”. This can happen to your friend, sister, mother, and it happens to men. Most of the primary perpetrators are men, and men need to stop being passive about this violence. Women should have their own rules for going out. Know where you’re going, stay in public, and well-lighted areas. If walking alone, try to walk with others around you. If alcohol or drugs are being used, don’t leave a friend behind. If a woman is being assaulted, have a plan to get out of that situation. Sue suggests, “People won’t respond to cries of help, but they will check out the situation, if there’s a fire – yell FIRE!” April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month. Here is information regarding Rape and Sexual Assault. Sexual assault is a general term which covers a range of crimes, including rape. As defined under California law, rape is non-consensual sexual intercourse that involves the use of threat of force, violence, or immediate and unlawful bodily injury or threats of future retaliation and duress. If the person is incapable of giving consent while having sexual intercourse, because she/ he is incapacitated from alcohol and/or drugs, or if a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability renders the victim incapable of giving consent, it is rape. Whether the accused is a stranger, acquaintance, spouse, or friend, it’s irrelevant to the legal definition of rape (California Penal Code definition of rape and sexual assault PC 261-269 ). Sexual assault and abuse is any type of sexual activity that you do not agree to, including: • Inappropriate touching • Vaginal, anal, or oral penetration • Sexual intercourse that you say no to • Rape • Attempted rape • Child molestation Sexual assault can be verbal, visual, or anything that forces a person to join in unwanted sexual contact or attention. Examples of this are voyeurism (when someone watches private sexual acts), exhibitionism (when someone exposes him/herself in public), incest (sexual contact between family members), and sexual harassment. It can happen in different situations: in the home by someone you know, on a date, or by a stranger in an isolated place. Rape is a common form of sexual assault. It is committed in many situations — on a date, by a friend or an acquaintance, or when you think you are alone. Educate yourself on “date rape” drugs. These drugs can be slipped into a drink when a victim is not looking. Never leave your drink unattended — no matter where you are. Attackers use date rape drugs to make a person unable to resist assault. These drugs can also cause memory loss so the victim doesn’t know what happened. Rape and sexual assault are never the victim’s fault — no matter where or how it happens! What do I do if you have been sexually assaulted? These are important steps to take right away after an assault: • Get away from the attacker to a safe place as fast as you can. Then call 911 or the police. • Call a friend or family member you trust. You also can call a crisis center or a hotline to talk with a counselor. One hotline is the National Sexual Assault Hotline at 800-656-HOPE (4673). Feelings of shame, guilt, fear, and shock are normal. It is important to get counseling from a trusted professional. • • "JAGed on Air" Thursdays 3pm-4pm Page 4

• Do not wash, comb, or clean any part of your body. Do not change clothes if possible, so the hospital staff can collect evidence. Do not touch or change anything at the scene of the assault. • Go to your nearest hospital emergency room as soon as possible. You need to be examined, treated for any injuries, and screened for possible sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or pregnancy. The doctor will collect evidence using a rape kit for fibers, hairs, saliva, semen, or clothing that the attacker may have left behind. While at the hospital: • If you decide you want to file a police report, you or the hospital staff can call the police from the emergency room. • Ask the hospital staff to connect you with the local rape crisis center. The center staff can help you make choices about reporting the attack and getting help through counseling and support groups. Where else can I go for help? If you are sexually assaulted, it is not your fault. Don’t be afraid to ask for help or support. Help is available. You can call these organizations: • National Domestic Violence Hotline 800-799-SAFE (7233) or 800-787-3224 (TDD) • National Sexual Assault Hotline 800-656-HOPE (4673) There are many organizations and hotlines in every community. These crisis centers and agencies work hard to stop assaults and help victims. Find contact information for these organizations. You also can obtain the numbers of shelters, counseling services, and legal assistance in your phone book or online. How can I lower my risk of sexual assault? There are things you can do to reduce your chances of being sexually assaulted. Follow these tips from the National Crime Prevention Council. • Be aware of your surroundings — who’s out there and what’s going on. • Walk with confidence. The more confident you look, the stronger you appear. • Know your limits when it comes to using alcohol. • Be assertive — don’t let anyone violate your space. • Trust your instincts. If you feel uncomfortable in your surroundings, leave. • Don’t prop open self-locking doors. • Lock your door and your windows, even if you leave for just a few minutes. • Watch your keys. Don’t lend them. Don’t leave them. Don’t lose them. And don’t put your name and address on the key ring. • Watch out for unwanted visitors. Know who’s on the other side of the door before you open it. • Be wary of isolated spots, like underground garages, offices after business hours, and apartment laundry rooms. • Avoid walking or jogging alone, especially at night. Vary your route. Stay in well-traveled, well-lit areas. • Have your key ready to use before you reach the door — home, car, or work. • Park in well-lit areas and lock the car, even if you’ll only be gone a few minutes. • Drive on well-traveled streets, with doors and windows locked. • Never hitchhike or pick up a hitchhiker. • Keep your car in good shape with plenty of gas in the tank. • In case of car trouble, call for help on your cellular phone. If you don’t have a phone, put the hood up, lock the doors, and put a banner in the rear mirror that says, “Help. Call police.” How can I help someone who has been sexually assaulted? You can help someone who is abused or who has been assaulted by listening and offering comfort. Go with her or him to the police, the hospital, or to counseling. Reinforce the message that she or he is not at fault and that it is natural to feel angry and ashamed. For more information about sexual assault, visit or call: (800) 994-9662 (TDD: 888-220-5446) or contact the following organizations: • CSULB Student Health Services Phone: (562) 985-4771 • Rape Crisis Hotline – Long Beach Phone: (562) -989-0309 • Phone: (866) 331-9474 (TDD: 866-331-8453) • National Center for Victims of Crime Phone: (800) 394-2255 or (202) 467-8700 (TDD: 800-211-7996) • National Crime Prevention Council Phone: (202) 466-6272 • National Domestic Violence Hotline Phone: (800) 799-7233 (TDD: 800-787-3224) • National Sexual Violence Resource Center Phone: (877) 739-3895 or (717) 909-0710 (TDD: 717-909-0715) • Office on Violence Against Women, OJP, DOJ Phone: (202) 307-6026 (TDD: 202-307-2277) • Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network Phone: (800) 656-4673 or (202) 544-1034 • • "JAGed on Air" Thursdays 3pm-4pm

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Kinky Korner

But Isn't That Abuse? By Brenna Bozanic

Short answer: no. Long answer: sometimes, but no. There are many common stereotypes about kink or BDSM. Some of the most prevalent stereotypes associated with kink are related to abuse. “They're into it because they were abused as a child;” “they get used to abuse, so they seek out these kinds of relationships;” “they are just using it as an excuse to cover up their abuse of their partner.” These generalizations are all false. While it is possible for someone who was abused as a child (or any age, for that matter) to be into kink, they are not into it because they were abused. Abuse does not lead one into a kinky sex life. The biggest component of kink, the one rule that applies to every kinky relationship or act, is consent. Every party involved must have given their consent to participate. If consent is withdrawn or not given, it is assault, rape, and/ or abuse, just as it would be if the persons in question weren't kinky. In fact, similar to sex workers, where some people believe they can't be raped because of their profession, some people believe people who are into BDSM can't be the victim of abuse. This is also false. Everyone has the right to bodily integrity, no matter what they are into sexually (or otherwise). There are no special rules that apply to some people and not others. If consent was not given, then it is abuse.

There are two common methods of explaining consent within BDSM circles. The safer version, often taught to newcomers, is SSC: Safe, Sane, and Consensual. This is pretty straightforward. All parties agree that all acts will be safe (as possible), sane, and consensual. Sane is the big one here; if you do not think it sane to cut one's arm off in a normal situation, it is not sane to do so within a BDSM context either. Do you recall any news articles reporting men who were castrated in BDSM play? They are common, but what they all get wrong is the BDSM part. That's not BDSM, it's abuse with a kinky band-aid put on it. The more advanced version, for participants who know their limits (what acts they are comfortable with doing) very well, is RACK: Risk Aware Consensual Kink. Some more advanced ways of playing can cause bodily harm if something goes wrong. Being aware of all the risks involved is key in this method of consent. No matter how consent is given, withdrawing consent is a right of each party involved. In situations where role and scene plays a big part of what is happening, code words or signals are used to withdraw consent. The moment the signal is disrespected, that is the moment that the action turns into abuse. People tend to be focused on the “what” of kink instead of the “how” of kink when they think kink is abuse.

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Pop Culture

Awareness is the First Step. By Cecilia Portillo

Sexual Harassment awareness month has been created for the goal of educating and removing misconceptions about sexual harassment, sexual violence, and rape. Awareness is crucial in bringing an end to sexual harassment. In terms of how it has been implemented within our daily lives we can find it in work place policy and campus codes of conduct. Awareness can also be achieved in the simple recognition of heinous activities, ideas and images that we see every day, particularly in terms of pop culture. From what I have seen in the media, sexual harassment awareness has not had a severe impact on how television, music and film portray issues of sexual harassment and specifically, with issues of rape. Pop culture is filled with rape jokes and a severe insensitivity to sexual assault victims. Pop culture continues to make light of an otherwise very serious reality for many people around the world – the majority of those people being women. Margaret Lyons article entitled “The Sitcom Season In Rape Jokes” on has a great video clip on the series of rape jokes found in this seasons sitcoms. I urge you all to watch it. The clip exemplifies the ease with which television shows discuss rape on a daily basis. These sitcoms place assault as their comedic punch-line, removing the negative connotations to this issue by sprinkling it with humor. This consistent joke-making of rape desensitizes the public to the issues of rape, chipping away at the gravity of the issue and allowing it to exist throughout our daily lives without discomfort or distress, as though rape were easy. In addition, we can see the lack of knowledge and the epidemic of ignorance in regards to harassment and domestic violence by looking at the twitter posts written by Chris Brown’s fans after his appearance at the Grammys. These posts are another example of how assault jokes have failed to become an issue of complete social taboo and injustice. The posts read: “Chris Brown can beat me up…in the bedroom.” “Any girl that hates on Chris Brown is stupid. Do you realize that it would be an honor if he hit you?” “Chris Brown, you can punch me in the face anytime you want!!! “ As shocking and disturbing as these posts are, I understand them to be a product of the culture in which we take part. We are a culture that views sexual harassment, assault, and rape with a lighthearted mentality. We are a culture that believes in rape myths and victim blaming. We are a culture that is unaware. As one method of placing Sexual Harassment Awareness into action, I ask that we take a closer look at the images and representations portrayed in television, music, and film. Take into account how pop culture uses harassment and, especially, rape in its daily discourse. By doing so, I believe we can begin to break down sexual harassment stereotypes, misconceptions and fallacies.

U p c o m i n g Sug g e s t e d JAG e d Z i n e To p i c s : Do you want to write or draw something for JAGed but don't know where to start? Check out our suggested zine topics for our upcoming zine. Volume 2 Issue 8 "Graduation" Deadline: April 19 Would you rather submit something to our blog? Write about any social justice issues that concern you and we will post it on the blog. Submit all artwork, poems and writing at • • "JAGed on Air" Thursdays 3pm-4pm

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Events CSULB LGBT Diversity Week

Gender Bending Spring Dress Day Thursday April 19th Picture: 12:15pm to 12:30pm In front of CSULB Campus Library

April 17th - April 20th

It's that time again. Yep, Gender Bending Spring Dress Day is back! "Let's gender fuck CSULB" Come to campus in your favorite gender bending attire and let's fill our campus with queer visibility! For more info find the event on Facebook! Search "Gender Fuck CSULB 2012"

Look for flyers and signs around campus to see how to participate in this year's LGBT Diversity Week.

Take Back the Night April 25th 6:30pm Maxson Plaza, CSULB

Starting at Maxson Plaza (fountain infront of Brotman Hall) we will walk the "Old Route" at CSULB to take a stand against violence. Let's shatter the silence, stop the violence, illuminate the shroud of darkness surrounding victims, and celebrate survivors' healing and strength.

"Unite tonight. Take back the night!"

Sponsored by: YWCA LB, CSULB's Women's Resource Center, and JAGed

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JAGed Volume 2 Issue 7 April 10 2012  

JAGed (Justice and Gender Education) is here to provide support for those who promote social justice, equality and human rights for all peop...

JAGed Volume 2 Issue 7 April 10 2012  

JAGed (Justice and Gender Education) is here to provide support for those who promote social justice, equality and human rights for all peop...