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COURTROOM DICTIONARY    


20 WORDS  USE  IN  COURTROOM:   -­‐ BAR  -­‐  the  part  of  the  courtroom  where  the  judges   and  lawyers  sit.   -­‐ BENCH  -­‐  the  seat  for  judges  in  a  courtroom   -­‐ COURTHOUSE-­‐  building  that  houses  judicial   courts   -­‐ JURY  BOX-­‐  a  courtroom  for  the  jury.   -­‐ ROOM-­‐  area  within  a  building  enclosed  by  walls   and  floor.   -­‐ WITNESS  BOX-­‐  box  enclosure  for  a  witness  when   testifying.   -­‐ LAW-­‐  the  collection  of  rules  imposed  by   authority.   -­‐ LAYWER-­‐  the  person  defending  the  person.   -­‐ GUILTY-­‐  a  person  that  does  something  wrong  .   -­‐ INOCENT  –  a  person  that  was  accused  and  didn’t   do  nothing  wrong.   -­‐ ADJUDICATE-­‐  To  decide  judicially  in  court.   -­‐ DOCKET-­‐  A  written  list  of  all  important  acts  done   in  court.   -­‐ INFORMATION-­‐  An  accusation  of  a  crime.   -­‐ JUDGEMENT  -­‐  The  decision  of  a  court  of  law.   -­‐ MISTRIAL-­‐  A  trial  that  becomes  invalid.   -­‐ MOTION-­‐  How  a  lawyer  asks  the  judge  to  make  a   decision.   -­‐ OATH-­‐  A  declaration  of  a  statement's  truth.   -­‐ OBJECTION-­‐    The  opposing  side  finds  fault  with   the  question  being  asked  the  witness.   -­‐ PAROLE-­‐  Conditional  release  from  prison  before   the  end  of  a  sentence.   -­‐ PERJURY  -­‐  A  deliberate  lie  said  under  oath.      


10 EXPRESSIONS     -­‐ how  do  you  plead   -­‐ where  were  you  at  3  am   -­‐ do  you  have  some  prove  that  you  weren’t  in  the   scene  of  crime  .   -­‐ what  is  your  relationship  with  the  accused   -­‐ you  have  45  years  o  jail  caused  to  murder   -­‐ do  you  know  any  problems  he  had  with   someone?   -­‐ A  person  told  us  that  you  have  a  fight  with  the   man  that  appear  dead  2  hours  later     -­‐ I  want  to  talk  with  mu  lawyer  ,  he  told  me  nt  to   say  a  word.   -­‐ Call  your  next  witness   -­‐ Could  the  defendant  please  stand        

     


Stages of  criminal  case     The  arrest:  a  person  is  arrested  when  there  is  evidence  that  they  committed  a   crime.  The  arrest  warrant  has  to  contain  proves  that  this  person  that  is  arrested   is  guilty.  A  person  cant  be  arrested  if  there  are  no  proves.     Booking  and  bond:  booking  is  to  find  out  what  may  happened  after  a  suspect  is   arrested.  Bond  is  when  people  pay  to  get  out  of  jail,  there  are  thousand  of  bond   agents  only  in  the  united  states.     Arraignment:  after  they  booked  the  suspect  is  the  first  time  that  the  suspect   enter  to  court.  They  ask  the  defendant  for  their  lawyer  and  he  tries  to  defend   himself  and  to  prove  if  he  is  innocent  or  guilty.     Plea  bargain:  this  is  an  agreement  between  the  judge  and  the  defendant,  if  the   defendant  confese  he  is  guilty  then  the  consequences  will  be  much  lower  ,  for   example  if  the  criminal  has  10  years  of  jail  if  the  confece  before  trial  then  he  will   only  have  5  years  of  jail.     Preliminary  hearing:  the  judge  decides  whether  the  suspect  is  guilty  of  not  ,   according  to  the  evidence  they  have  and  the  cause.  Also  they  decide  if  there  is   enough  evidence  to  require  a  trial  or  not.     Pre  trial  motions:  the  prosecutor  and  the  defense  do  a  pre  trial  and  express  their   motions  before  a  criminal  court.     Trial  :  after  the  criminal  defendant  is  charged  with  a  crime  they  move  to  trial,  in   the  trial  they  decide  if  he  is  guilty  or  innocent.       Sentencing:  after  the  defendant  is  guilty  the  judge  decides  their  consecuences.   Depending  on  the  level  of  criminality  depends  the  punishment.     Appeal  process:  if  you  are  found  guilty  and  you  disagree  then  you  apply  for   another  trial  and  you  find  justice.  


CHARACTERIZATION JACQUELINE KALACH DATE : 05-DICE-11 CHARACTER : JUROR 8 PHYSICAL APPEARANCE : HE IS VERY SKINNY AND VERY TALL, HE IS HANDSOM, HE IS YOUNG. ACTIONS: HE VOTES NOT GUILTY DURING THE JURYS FIRST VOTE. HE WANTS TO DISCUSS THE CASE PACIENTLY SO WE CAN KNOW THE TRUTH. HE IS CONVICE THERE IS A RESONABLE EXPLANATION. AT THE END HE PERSUADES THE OTHER JURORS THAT THE BOY IS NOT GUILTY. HE WANTS JUSTICE. THOUGHTS AND WORD: - “Ever since you walked into this room, you've been acting like a self-appointed public avenger! You want to see this boy die because you personally want it, not because of the facts! You're a sadist! “ - “This phrase, how many times have all of us used it? Probably thousands. "I could kill you for that, darling." "Junior, you do that once more and I'm gonna kill you." "Get in there, Rocky, and kill him!" We say it every day. That doesn't mean we're going to kill anyone. “ - “We're not convinced. We want to hear them again. We have as much time as it takes.” - “Nobody has to prove otherwise. The burden of proof is on the prosecution. The defendant doesn't even have to open his mouth. That's in the Constitution. “ - “Look, there was one alleged eye witness to this killing. Someone else claims he heard the killing, saw the boy run out afterwards and there was a lot of circumstantial evidence. But, actually, those two witnesses were the


entire case for the prosecution. Supposing they're wrong?” - “They're only people. People make mistakes. Could they be wrong?” OTHER CHARACTERS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS : THEY THINK HE IS WASTING TIME AND THAT HE IS DEFENDING SOMETHING THAT IS MORE THAN OBVIOUS. ALSO THEY THINK THEY ARE WRONG. - “Juror #7: What, just because I voted fast? I honestly think the guy's guilty. Couldn't change my mind if you talked for a hundred years.” - “Juror #7: Well, what's there to talk about? Eleven men in here think he's guilty. No one had to think about it twice except you. “ - “Juror #10: What little things? Listen, when these fellas don't ask questions it's because they know the answers already and they figure they'll be hurt. “ “Juror #10: Six to six... I'm telling you, some of you people in here must be out of your minds. A kid like that..” AUTHOR TELLS DIRECTLY: No the author doesn’t tell, we found out during reading the book or watching the movie.

               


work unit  

courtroom work

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