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stages of a criminal case jacobo roffe cattan 10 b

Thursday, December 1, 2011


ARREST

arrest is when a police officer places a person under arrest,An "arrest" occurs when a person has been taken into police custody and is no longer free. the arrest is complete when a police officer tells somone he is under arrest

Thursday, December 1, 2011


Booking and bail

After a suspect is arrested the next step is putting the person into police custody, and determine if hi or she are eligible to release from custody for an amount of money

Thursday, December 1, 2011


Arraignment After arrest and booking the next step is arraignment when the accused is called before a criminal court judge,and the judge reads the criminal charge(s) against the person(x) Asks the defendant if he or she has an attorney, or needs the assistance of a court-appointed attorney;Asks the defendant how he or she answers, or "pleads to", the criminal charges -- "guilty," "not guilty," or "no contest"; Decides whether to alter the bail amount or to release the defendant on his or her own recognizance Announces dates of future proceedings in the case, such as the preliminary hearing , pre trail motion , and trial.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


plea bargain many criminal cases en up in plea bargain, usually is before trial. a plea bargain is when the defendant agrees to one or more charges(often is a lesser charges than the one they could have in trial)

Thursday, December 1, 2011


trial when the defendant is charged with a crime and he docent agree to the plea bargain the next step is trial. a trial is a moderated discussion where theres a judge and a jury that decides if the defendant is guilty or not

Thursday, December 1, 2011


sentencing

after a defendant pleads guilty or, or goes to trial, the judge and the jury will diced on the appropriated punishment for that case

Thursday, December 1, 2011


appeal

• after the sentencing the case is not over the defendant can appeal to have a lesser charge • In an appeal, the defendant (now called the "appellant") argues that, based on key legal mistakes which affected the jury's decision, and can get re sentenced or re tried

Thursday, December 1, 2011


courtroom dictionary jacobo roffe cattan 10 b

Thursday, December 1, 2011


COURTROOM  VOCABULARY  WORDS

 Acqui4al:  A  legal  determina?on  that  a  person  who  has  been  charged  with  a  crime  is  innocent. Adjudicate:  To  decide  judicially  in  court.   Appeal:  A  request  for  a  higher  court  to  review  a  decision  made  by  a  lower  court. Arraignment:   When  the   accused  is  brought  before  the  court  to  hear  the  charges   against  him  or  her.  They  plead   guilty  or  not  guilty  at  this  ?me. Bail:  Security  (usually  money)  to  insure  that  the  accused  person  appear  at  trial. Convic?on:  The  result  of  a  criminal  trial  in  which  a  person  is  found  guilty. Cross-­‐examina?on:  The  ques?oning  of  a  witness  by  the  lawyer  for  the  opposing  side.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


Direct-­‐examina?on:  The  first  ques?oning  in  a  trial  of  a  witness  by  the  lawyer  who  called  that  witness. Docket:  A  wri4en  list  of  all  important  acts  done  in  court  with  regard  to  an  individual  case  from  the  beginning  to  end. Ex  Parte:  By,   or   for,   or   on  the   request  of  one  party  only,  without  no?ce  to  any  other  party.  Hearing:  A   court   proceeding   before  or  aUer  the  trial  of  a  lawsuit. Indictment:  An  accusa?on  of  a  crime,  made  against  a  person  by  a  grand  jury  upon  the  request  of  a  prosecutor. Informa?on:  An  accusa?on  of  a  crime,  made  against  a  person  by  the  prosecutor.   Judgment:  The  decision  of  a  court  of  law. Mistrial:  A  trial  that  becomes  invalid,  is  essen?ally  canceled,  because  of  a  mistake  in  procedure.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


Mo?on:  How  a  lawyer  asks  the  judge  to  make  a  decision.

Oath:   A  declara?on  of  a  statement's  truth,  which  renders  one  willfully  asser?ng  an  untrue  statement  punishable  for  perjury. Objec?on:   The   opposing   side   finds   fault   with   the   ques?on   being   asked   the   witness.   Overruled:   The   judge,   following   an   objec?on,   decides  the  ques?ons  may  con?nue.  Parole:  Condi?onal  release  from  prison  before  the  end  of  a  sentence.  Perjury:   A  deliberate  lie  said  under  oath.Plain?ff  v   Defendant:  This   is  the  way  a  case  is  always  set  up  in  wri?ng.  The  name  of  the  person   or   organiza?on   filing   a   lawsuit   goes   first;   the   name   of   the   person   or   organiza?on   being   charged   goes   last.   The   “v”   is   an   abbrevia?on  for  the  word  “versus.” Plead:  To  answer  an  allega?on. Proceeding:  Any  hearing  or  court  appearance  related  to  the  adjudica?on  of  a  case. Remand:  To  send  a  case  back  to  the  court  from  which  it  came  for  further  proceedings.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


Reverse:  To  set  aside  a  judgment  on  appeal  or  proceedings  in  error.

Sustained:  The  judge,  following  an  objec?on,  agrees  that  the  line  of  ques?oning  should  not  con?nue. Verdict:  A  verdict  of  guilty  or  not  guilty  is  handed  down  by  the  jury. Sentence:  The  punishment  given  to  a  person  who  has  been  convicted  of  a  crime. Warrant:  A  wri4en  order  from  a  judge  or  magistrate  that  allows  the  police  to  arrest  a  person  or  to  conduct  a  search. Your  Honor:  The  way  a  judge  is  addressed  in  a  courtroom.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


commands •  

As  jurors  you  are  not  to  be  swayed  by  sympathy.

 •   Bail  should  be  con?nued.   •   Call  your  next  witness. •  

Could  you  briefly  describe  .  .  .  ?

 •  

Could/Would  you  describe  the  appearance  of  (a  package,  etc.)?

 •  

Counsel,  lay  a  founda?on.  

•  

Defendant  will  be  remanded.  

•  

Don’t  belabor  the  point,  counselor.

 •  

Don’t  discuss  the  case.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


•  

Don’t  volunteer  explana?ons  of  your  answers.  

•  

I  direct  the  jury  to  disregard  the  statement  that  ...

 •  

Jurors  may  be  excused.

 •  

Keep  your  voice  up.  

•  

Keep  your  own  counsel;  don’t  talk  about  the  case.  

•  

Let’s  have  the  charge  conference.

 •  

Make  your  applica?on  to  Judge  (X)

.  •   May  the  record  reflect  .  .  .  .   •  

May  I  have  it?

 •  

Members  of  the  jury,  you  are  instructed  to  disregard  .  .  .  .

Thursday, December 1, 2011


•  

Mr.  (X)  will  reduce  the  decibel  level.  

•  

Please  proceed.

 •  

Please  raise  your  right  hand.  

•  

Please  remain  standing.

 •  

Please  resume  your  seat.  

•  

Poll  the  jury.  

•  

Remember,  you  are  under  oath.

 •  

Rephrase  the  ques?on.  

•  

See  if  you  recognize  it.  

Thursday, December 1, 2011


•  

Speak  into  the  microphone.  

•  

State  your  full  name  for  the  record.  

•  

The  following  prospec?ve  jurors  are  excused.  

•  

The  witness  will  resume  the  stand.  

•  

Use  your  common  sense.  

•  

Will  the  defendant  please  rise.

 •  

Will  the  prospec?ve  jurors  please  stand.

 •  

Will  the  people  in  the  well  of  the  courtroom  please  stand.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


request for information (regarding yes or no answers) •  

Are  you  familiar  with  this?

 •   Can  you  tell  from  looking  (whether  it’s  yours,  etc.)?  •   Direc?ng  your  a4en?on  to  People’s  exhibit  (one,  etc.)  in  evidence,  can  you  tell the  Court  what  is  exhibit  (one,  etc.)?  •   Do  you  recall  making  this  statement?  •   Do  you  recall  this  ques?on?   •   Do  you  recognize  that  exhibit?

Thursday, December 1, 2011


•  

Do  you  swear  that  this  is  a  true  and  accurate  statement?

 •   Do  you  swear  to  tell  the  truth,  the  whole  truth,  and  nothing  but  the  truth,  so  help you  God?   •   Do  you  swear  to  well  and  truly  interpret  these  proceedings,  so  help  you  God?   •   Do  you  solemnly  swear  (or  affirm)  that  the  answers  you  are  about  to  give, touching  upon   your  qualifica?ons   to  serve  as   jurors  in   this  case  now  before  the  court,   will   be  the   truth,   the  whole   truth,  and  nothing  but  the  truth,  so  help  you  God?  (oath  to  prospec?ve  jurors)

Thursday, December 1, 2011


•  

Do  you  want  the  jury  polled?  

•  

Do  you  wish  to  say  anything  before  sentence  is  imposed?  

•  

Does  (the  picture,  etc.)  reasonably  and  accurately  depict  (the  building,  etc.)?  

•  

Does  that  refresh  your  recollec?on?  

•  

Did  you  discuss  (cocaine,  etc.?)

 •  

Did  you  go  to  trial  or  did  you  plead  guilty?

Thursday, December 1, 2011


request for information Requests  for  informa/on

•   Have  you  been  threatened  or  coerced  into  pleading  guilty?  •   How  are  you  employed?   •   How  much  schooling  have  you  had?  •   How  do  you  plead? •  

How  do  you  plead  to  the  charge  contained  in  count  (x)?

Thursday, December 1, 2011


STATEMENTS •  

At  this  ?me  the  defense  rests.

 •   At  this  ?me  the  government  rests.   •   Criminal  cause  for  pleading,  U.S.  vs  (.  .  .).   •   Counsel  is  mischaracterizing  the  witness’s  tes?mony. •   Each  count  carries  a  (x  dollars)  fine.   •   (Exhibit  one,  etc.)  is  received  in  evidence.  •   (Exhibit  one,  etc.)  is  marked  as  evidence.   •   I’ll  enter  a  not  guilty  plea  on  your  behalf.   •   I’ll  show  you  what  has  already  been  received  in  evidence  as  People’s  exhibit  (one,

Thursday, December 1, 2011


•  

I  am  showing  you  (a  casse4e  tape,  etc.)

.  •   I  call  your  a4en?on  to  (the  incident,  etc.).   •  

I  deny  your  mo?on.  

•  

I  don’t  have  any  objec?on.

 •   I  find  that  the  Government  has  sustained   its  burden  aided  by  the  presump?on.  •   ma4er.  •  

I  have  no  further  ques?ons.  

•  

I  have  to  reserve  an  applica?on.

 •  

I  move  for  a  directed  verdict.  

•  

I  now  show  you  (a  device,  etc.).  

•  

I  object  on  the  grounds  that  (the  answer  was  not  responsive,  etc.).  

•  

I  object  to  that;  no  predicate  has  been  laid.  

•  

I  object  to  these  self-­‐serving  statements.

 •  

I  offer  government  exhibit  number  (x)  into  evidence.

Thursday, December 1, 2011

I   have   a   procedural  


•  

I  remind  you  that  you  are  s?ll  under  oath.

 •  

I’ll  rephrase  the  ques?on.

 •  

I’ll  show  you  what  has  been  marked  for  iden?fica?on  as  exhibit  (one,  etc.).

 •  

Do  you  recognize  that?

 •  

I’m  going  to  move  to  strike  that  answer  as  nonresponsive.  

•  

I  said,  “Freeze!”  

•  

I  take  it  that  (you  were  together,  etc.).

 •  

I’ll  address  any  applica?on  to  the  district  court.  

•  

I  use  the  struck  jury  method  of  picking  a  jury

.  •   I  would  submit  that  they’re  condi?ons  to  ensure  Mr.  (X’s)  return  to  court .  •   It  is  received.   •  

Lawyers  may  exercise  challenges.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


• •   Marked  as  evidence.  

• •   Mo?on  denied.  

• No objection.

 •  

Not  that  I  recall.

 •  

Objec?on.

 •  

Objec?on  to  the  form,  your  Honor.  

•  

Objec?on,  your  Honor,  leading.  

•  

Overruled.

 •  

Received.  

•  

Received  in  evidence.

 •  

Received  subject  to  connec?on.

 •  

Sustained.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


MOCK  TRIAL 2011 th 10  b

Thursday, December 1, 2011


character analysis juror#3 by:jacobo roffe cattan

Thursday, December 1, 2011


juror # 3 was a messenger service owner he was about 40 years old and he got very angry easily and screams a lot,

Thursday, December 1, 2011


juror # 3 was the last one to vote not guilty he was very angry with himself because his son walked away from him so he had a lot of prejudice about teenagers that do not respect their father

Thursday, December 1, 2011


the other jurors did not liked him because of his temper he always screamed at everyone and had a lot of prejudice about kids that live in the bad streets, he got in a lot of fights with all the jurors

Thursday, December 1, 2011


his role in this case was that the accused was guilty and he wasn't going to change his vote because he was sure that we was guilty , in fact he was the last one to vote not guilty, he was wrong to vote guilty because his vote was based on a prejudice,you can know it was a prejudice vote because at the end...

Thursday, December 1, 2011


...of the movie when he was the last one to vote guilty, he was almost crying because he remember his son that walked away from him and hi tarred up his photo of his son when he voted not guilty.

Thursday, December 1, 2011


twelve angry men