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EXPRESS INDIA EXPRESS INDIA

August 20, 2013

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A weekly News paper featuring News & Trends from the Indian Sub-continent published from the US Capital

Vol. 23 No. 34 WASHINGTON DC • Phone: 301-445-0200/301-445-3543/301-917-4800 • email:indiathisweekads@gmail.com • August 20, 2013

Last Decade Has Been One Of Major Changes, Economic Development Has Strengthened Society: PM

New Delhi, Aug. 15 (ANI): Addressing India’s citizens on the occasion of the nation’s 67th Independence Day, the Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, on Thursday said the country has made substantial progress in all fields since gaining its freedom under the leadership of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi from British colonial rule. Delivering his 10th Independence Day speech from the ramparts of the historic 17thcentury built Red Fort; Dr. Singh said during his nearly 40-minute-long address that the last decade in particular, had seen monumental changes taking place in the country, and added that in terms of economic progress, the nation has more than surpassed achievements of the previous decades. “I believe that the last decade has also been a decade of major changes in the history of our nation. In no other decade, has our economic development increased as much as in this decade. Democratic forces have been strengthened and many sections of our society have joined the mainstream of development for the first time. The common man has been given new rights which have led to his social and economic empowerment,” Dr. Singh said. Reiterating that the UPA Government has been working with sincerity and honesty to build a progressive and modern India since first coming to power in May 2004, the Prime Minister said: “We have envisioned a prosperous India. An India, which has got rid of centuries old burden of poverty, hunger and disease. Where the light of education has driven away the darkness of ignorance and superstition. Where there is social equality and all citizens enjoy equal economic opportunity. Where no section of the society faces injustice and exploitation.”

“We have dreamt of an India where the youth get employment opportunities that enable them to contribute to the noble endeavour of nation building. We have strived for India’s voice to be heard loud and clear at the international level. We have strived to build a

Remember

Bhuj, Aug. 15 (ANI): Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday described Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh’s speech on the occasion of India’s 67th Independence Day as uninspiring, and charged the latter with taking a soft stand against Pakistan despite the recent cease-fire violations along the Line of Control (LoC). Addressing people of the state on the occasion of India’s 67th Independence Day, Modi pointed out the failures of the UPA Government, especially with regard to the Prime Minister’s omission of making a strong statement against Pakistan during his Red Fort Independence Day address. “Though Lal Qila is not the right platform to challenge Pakistan, and we should not waste our time on it, but the Lal Qila is certainly a stage to hand out encouragement to the Indian Army, which should have been done,” Modi said. “Looking at the morale and self- confidence of our army, the country hoped for the Prime Minister to speak on the issue today. Soldiers from our army died and to raise the morale of our forces, the Prime Minister should have addressed the issue,” Modi added. Additionally, Modi said the security of India is at risk as the number of international attacks on it is on the increase.

ECONOMIC See Page 8

The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh addressing the nation from the ramparts of Red Fort, on the occasion of 67th Independence Day, in Delhi.

No Talks Without Pak Ceasefire Violations Being Addressed First: Khurshid

Dehradun (Uttarakhand), Aug. 17 (ANI): External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid on Saturday said recurring ceasefire violations by Pakistan needed to be addressed first before New Delhi could consider the possibility of holding talks with Islamabad. “The situation today is not such that I would be discussing the issues about talks. We have to first address the issue which is more urgent and that issue is of violations

nation that is looked at with respect and honour by the whole world,” he added. He, however, cautioned the citizens of the country that while many measures have been taken to realise these dreams, the journey ahead is long and added that a large distance still remains to be travelled. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh on Thursday said India’s Look East policy in respect of 10 ASEAN countries in East and South-East Asia has borne good results, especially in economic matters. “We have endeavoured that our foreign policy exploits this fully to India’s benefit. In the last 9 years, there has been a continuous improvement in our relations with the major powers of the world,” said Dr. Singh. “Our Look East policy in respect of 10 ASEAN countries in East and South-East Asia has borne good results, especially in economic matters,” he added. India’s Look East policy represents its efforts to cultivate extensive economic and strategic relations with the nations of Southeast Asia in order to bolster its standing as a regional power and a counterweight to the strategic influence of the People’s Republic of China. Initiated in 1991, it marked a strategic shift in India’s perspective of the world. It was developed and enacted during the government of Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao and rigorously pursued by the successive administrations of Atal Bihari

Modi Targets PM, Questions UPA’s Foreign Policies

of ceasefire and we are concentrating entirely on that,” he told media here today. Khurshid further said that the army is trying not to get provoked by the continuous ceasefire violations by Pakistan in order to diffuse the tension along the border. “We are trying to be responsible, we are trying not to get provoked, but we are also taking all defensive measures that are necessary. The Defence Minister has

Better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt. Abraham Lincoln

already indicated to the army what the army’s job is under these circumstances, but what diplomatic possibilities there are, we will continue to explore,” he said. “We have called in the (Pakistan) Deputy High Commissioner and at different levels the right communication messages are going. But let us wait and see what is the impact of all this,” he added. In yet another incident of ceasefire violation, the Pakistani troops on Friday targeted Indian forward posts in the Kargil-Drass sector today. It is for the first time since the Kargil war of 1999 that the Pakistani Army has

TALKS See Page 5

MODI See Page 8

Six Bodies Extracted From INS Sindhurakshak Tragedy

Mu m b a i, Au g.18 (ANI): In the ongoing rescue operation at Mumbai dockyard, naval divers have recovered another body from the sunken kilo class submarine INS Sindhurakshak. The naval divers have recovered the sixth body from the sunken kilo class submarine INS Sindhurakshak, and gained access into the forward compartment by breaking open jammed hatches as the ongoing rescue operation at the Mumbai dockyard continued. Earlier, the Indian Navy on Friday said that its divers had retrieved three bodies from the second compartment of the submarine INS Sindhurakshak, and added that chances of finding any more survivors now seems remote and unlikely. The recovered bodies have been sent to a naval hospital for DNA testing, as they were disfigured beyond recognition. “The bodies are se-

The Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral D.K. Joshi debriefs the Defence Minister, Shri A. K. Antony and CM of Maharashtra, Shri Prithviraj Chauhan, about the sinking of INS Sindhurakshak submarine following an explosion, in Mumbai. verely disfigured and not identifiable due to severe burns. The bodies have been sent to INHS Ashwini, the naval hospital, for possible DNA identification, which is likely to take more time,” Defence public Relations Officer Narendra Kumar Vispute said. It was reported after

the submarine fire that 18 sailors were missing. Vispute said that

the chances of survival for the remaining 15 were slim. “The state of these bodies and conditions within the submarine leads to firm conclusion that finding any

BODIES See Page 5


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August 20, 2013

EXPRESS INDIA

U.S. Is Proud Of Its ‘Indispensable Partnership’ With India: Kerry

Washington,Aug.15 (ANI): United States Secretary of State John Kerry has congratulated India and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on the occasion of the country’s 67th Independence Day. In a statement issued on behalf of President Barack Obama and the people of the United States, Kerry said that the United States “takes pride in our indispensable partnership with India, a friendship built on our shared democratic values, the entrepreneurial

spirit of our people, and our rich people-to-people ties.” Recalling his recent visit to India for the fourth U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue, he said that he now looks forward to continuing critical efforts to lay the “foundations for peace, democracy, and prosperity in Asia and around the world.” He said that during his visit, he was privileged and honored to witness first hand the vibrancy of India’s culture, the energy of its youth, and the strength and

resilience of its democratic institutions. “Together, our governments held their fourth annual U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue, allowing each side to build partnerships on issues such as regional security and defense, science and technology, climate change, and women’s empowerment,” he said. He also made a mention of Mahatma Gandhi and the other heroes of India, who have proved that great change can be achieved through non-violent means.

New Delhi, Aug. 16 (ANI): Asserting that one should not be sensitive to data coming out of the US, Finance Minister P. Chidambaram commenting on the rupee dropping to a historic low of 62 rupees per dollar today, said this is a time for calm and reflection. Chidambaram said the markets have taken a hit all over the world. “Thanks to some numbers that came out of the United States. Yesterday was a holiday for the Indian market. Therefore, the Indian market has absorbed two days of hit in one day, which is why it appears to be a very severe hit. But all over the world for the last two days, the markets have taken a hit,” said Chidambaram. “But we must remember that the jobless claims in the US if they

have come down or if they go up has really no relevance or impact on the Indian economy. If fewer people are waiting for jobs in the US or a few more people are waiting for jobs in the US, how does it affect the fundamentals of India’s economy? Nevertheless, the markets react to these signals that come out of the US,” he added. Chidambaram said nothing has happened in the Indian economy between Wednesday and Friday morning. “Nevertheless, the markets have taken a hit and that is reflecting in the rupee also. But we have taken a number of measures; a number of measures are being taken. Let’s wait to see what the first quarter growth rates are,” said Chidambaram. “And I have no

doubt in my mind when calm is restored in the market, people will begin to understand that Indian market indicators must basically reflect Indian market conditions. They should not be sensitive to data coming out of the US. So, I think that is a time for calm. This is a time for reflection and let us see what happens next week,” he added. The rupee dropped to a historic low of 62 rupees per dollar today on good demand for the US currency from banks and importers in view of sharp fall in equity market. The rupee resumed slightly higher at 61.35 rupees per dollar as against the last closing level of 61.43 rupees. It moved in a range of 61.32 rupees and 62 rupees per dollar during the morning deals.

New Delhi, Aug. 17 (ANI): India and China will hold their next round of ‘strategic dialogue’ in New Delhi next week during which the Indian side is expected to raise contentious issues of waters and border incursions by the Chinese troops. The fifth round of the dialogue, which will be cochaired by Foreign Secretary Sujatha Singh and Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhen, will be held on August 20. The dialogue between the two sides will also review the

progress on negotiations on the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement. This will be first interaction of the Indian Foreign Secretary with senior Chinese officials on crucial bilateral issues. The dialogue between the two sides will also work on issues ahead of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh’s visit to China later this year. New Delhi is expected to convey its concerns over market access in sectors

like IT and pharma and huge trade deficit in favour of China during the dialogue, which will held after a gap of nearly three years. Waters and border incursion issues will also come up during the talks between the two sides. The strategic dialogue comes barely days after the first India-China dialogue on Central Asia that was held in Beijing on August 12-13 during which the two sides discussed crucial issues like regional security, terrorism and energy security.

Chidambaram Calls For Reflection As Rupee Drops To Historic Low Of 62 Per Dollar

India, China To Hold Strategic Dialogue After Three Years


EXPRESS INDIA

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August 20, 2013

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EXPRESS INDIA

August 20, 2013

EDITORIAL

Probably No Survivors On INS Sindhurakshak

In quick response to the explosion of Indian Navy submarine INS Sindhurakshak which sank with 18 people on board late last week, offers of support came from several countries including US, France, and Germany who could help in bringing out the bodies and any survivors. Indian Navy authorities have reserved that kind gesture, to be utilized as and when it becomes necessary. While the Navy seems to have a plan to seek assistance from a Dutch company to salvage the ill-fated sunken submarine INS Sindurakshak, also under consideration is hiring professional assistance of a Singapore-based company. As of now, the Indian Navy authorities do seem to require external assistance to salvage the sunken warship. Nevertheless, sources have clarified that the 2300-ton submarine would be salvaged only after recovering all of the 18 bodies that perished at the Mumbai dockyard. While including deploying of professional salvers, many options were open, all of which will be attempted only after locating, recovering, and identifying all the bodies that have obviously perished. Navy chief Admiral DK Joshi who described the INS Sindhurakshak disaster as a “catastrophe”, was not very optimistic about finding any survivors. That all the 18 sailors on board have met with a tragic end is what could be presumed from the state of the five bodies they have found thus far aboard the INS Sindhurakshak submarine. Judging from the five bodies recovered thus far in badly charred, disfigured and unidentifiable condition, the Navy authorities informed

the press that the “damage and destruction within the submarine around the control room area indicates that the feasibility of locating survivors in the forward part of the submarine is also very remote as the explosion and very high temperatures which melted steel within, would have incinerated the bodies too.” And hence it is a forlorn hope to find any survivors as the explosion and extreme temperatures have obviously incinerated the bodies. Nonetheless, the submerged submarine will be thoroughly searched using all possible technology, until all bodies are either located or ruled out with finality. And this search operation for any possible sign of life (which is highly unlikely) is being carried out by teams comprising eight divers each. The navy officials would have us further informed that the bodies are so badly charred and severely disfigured that the only means to identify them is the DNA examination which, along with autopsy, was carried out at the state-run JJ Hospital. Besides DNA examination, dental marks have also been taken for forensic analysis, as submitting the mortal remains with accurate certainty to the bereaved families, is most important. According to autopsy report of the five recovered bodies, they had died of severe burns and drowning. While we are writing this note, efforts are in progress to trace and retrieve the other 13 bodies of sailors. The greatest hindrances to the divers are poor visibility inside the submarine where water has massively rushed in. Access is extremely restricted, and most equipment have got displaced

from their original location. Parts of the internal hull got melted due to the heat of the explosion, and melting has resulted in deformation and dislocation of the submarine hatches, thus preventing access to the compartments. Heavy duty pumps are being deployed to pump out from the submarine, the sea water that had gushed-in due to the explosion. According to fire fighters who were at the site, under the impact of the multiple explosions, the naval properties in the vicinity suffered damage, and parts of the Submarine’s debris got thrown and strewn in the area. Navy Chief Admiral DK Joshi described that the fire spread rapidly, and that the explosion happened in torpedo compartment. Plus the heavy inrush of water coupled with the water stored up for fire-dousing purpose, sank the submarine. But what is yet to know is what caused the fire in the first place, as there could be a variety of causes including that of sabotage. However, the greatest possibility is that an onboard situation had caused the fire. Whatever may have caused the fire and explosions, it came with such rapidity that there was absolutely no reaction time for the sailors. Answers, nonetheless, must be found, and it is anticipated that much of the mystery will be revealed with the naval board inquiry report which is anticipated within four weeks. Defense Minister AK Antony and Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan have expressed grief, sympathies and support to the emotionally shattered families. God! Help them bear this grief, is our prayer.

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The Need For More Democracy

by Anadi Naik On the 15th of August the people of India celebrated 66 years of self-rule. Both as a republic and as a democracy they have created the inspiration for many from outside. Over the years they have aspired to achieve a lot. Their rising expectation has pushed them to make higher achievements in numerous fields. The country as a whole has become richer than from where it started. But the creation of wealth has not benefited all of the people equally. Over the years, representatives, at various levels, have been elected democratically. But the sense of democracy has not prevailed at all levels. President Pranab Mukherjee, while addressing the nation on this occasion has said “Democracy has given us an opportunity. Let us not squander it.” A democratica l ly elected government may not be the best government but it carries the backing of the population. Therefore, strengthening democracy becomes a necessity. However, it cannot be done by tweaking the process here and there. Democracy depends on openness. The more open a society, the more democratic it is. Yet, those in power try to deprive others from many of their democratic rights. Questioning the authority is one of the inherent demands of a democracy. It may create an uncomfortable situation for those wielding power. But democracy cannot function without recognizing it. A country such as India

is still a developing country. Millions still live below the poverty line set by the United Nations. Efforts at all levels is required to bring them up. In some quarters there is a tendency to believe that trying to carry everybody along is an impediment to development and that if some special people gave orders and others carried them out then there will be fantastic progress all around. This is a bad idea. The President has rightly exhorted the nation “There is a direct relationship between a successful democracy and a successful economy. People serve their interests best when they participate in decision making.” Those who participated in the freedom movement, even the youngest ones, are no longer in a leadership position as age has taken its toll on them. Yet, they remain a source of inspiration. Under Gandhii’s leadership the country did not want to become just another free nation. It wanted to show a new path for liberation not only of political nature but of social and economic nature as well. Nonviolence was its method. The potency of such a strategy was that it could be practiced by anybody regardless of one’s age, physical handicap or financial strength. The freedom fighters never professed communalism or violence. Yet, a lot of violence happened during the partition. That was of a communal nature and was created by extremists from both Hindu and Muslim communities. Today, the Is-

lamic fundamentalists known as Jihadis and the Naxalites have accepted this path for different reasons. They might have their logic, but to the naked eye their actions of killing and maiming look the same. Yet, the path for a nonviolent social change in India falls short of acceptance and is shaky. India has numerous social and political problems and they complicate its economic growth. First among them is the imbalance between growth and sharing. On the one hand the number of millionaires and billionaires in the country is going up. On the other hand there exits many areas that can’t meet their basic needs for sanitation and health care. And the list goes on. More often than not problems at social and political levels are interlinked and they impact the economy negatively. In this context, what is happening in Egypt should be an eye opener. By trying to take away other people’s democratic rights the Muslim brotherhood and its leader Muhammad Morsi lost their own Power. The military led by General Abdel Fatta el – Sisi is following the same path. At this writing more than 600 people in Egypt have been killed and thousands more have been wounded. The country is headed toward a civil war. Regardless who ultimately prevails in Egypt the democracy there has been very badly injured. The situation is worrisome for India because Egypt is a good friend. A civil war or a chaotic situation there would help jihadis and that is bad news for everybody.

New Delhi, Aug.16 (ANI): In a letter to Leader of Opposition in the Rajya sabha, Arun Jaitley, Right to Information (RTI) Act activist Commodore (Retired) Lokesh Batra has cautioned that amending the RTI Act without consulting the people of the nation, would be a contempt of an assurance given by the government in Parliament. Batra claims in his letter that on July 5, 2009, the then Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions had assured Parliament in a written response to a question that the ‘Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and social activists’ would be consulted before any amendment to the

RTI Act, 2005. The same minister had reiterated his stand in the Rajya Sabha on August 25 2010, Batra adds. He says that the government has erred in introducing the “Right to Information (Amendment) Act, 2013” in the Lok Sabha to counter the decision of the CIC declaring six political parties as Public authorities under the RTI Act, 2005. He warns that this proposed amendment can bring similar arguments from all other NGOs, private bodies who get substantially funded from tax-payer money. Even the corporate bodies working on projects on PPP models can take the same stand.

“We recognise if political parties are being truthful about their accounts/ funding, they would have gone along with CIC decision. They could have even go in a writ to the courts. As you are aware, in the past, CIC decisions have been quashed by the courts,” Batra says in his letter. “In the instant case, we cannot see any reason which justifies any amendment to the RTI Act, 2005 by the government without consulting all the stakeholders and citizenry at large that include ‘Non-Governmental Organisations and Social activists’. This can be done by referring the proposed amendment to the parliamentary standing committee,” he adds.

RTI Act Amendment Without Consulting People Is Contempt Of Assurance Given In Parliament


Four Bodies Extracted From INS Sindhurakshak Tragedy

BODIES From Pg 1

surviving personnel within the submarine is unlikely,” he said. INS Sindhurakshak caught fire, after three explosions, and sank at the naval dockyard in Mumbai around midnight between August 13 and August 14. About 18 persons, including three officers and 15 crew, were on board the submarine at the time of the accident and efforts are on to ascertain the safety of the personnel and salvage of the submarine. A Board of Inquiry is being instituted to investigate into the causes of the accident. Armed with its latest multi-role missile system, radar and electronics, the submarine was to be the backbone of the Indian Navy. The submarine was fitted with the Club-S multirole missile system capable of eliminating targets at a distance of over 250 kilometres. The submarine was

under consideration to be equipped with the Brahmos cruise missiles. INS Sindhurakshak, a Type 877EKM in Russia, was constructed at St. Petersburg in 1997. The submarine was designed to patrol and to pro-

tect naval communications, assault warships, enemy submarines, land targets and perform naval reconnaissance. It is one of the quietest diesel-electric submarines in the world mainly intended for anti-ship and anti-submarine operations.

No Talks Without Pak Ceasefire Violations Being Addressed First: Khurshid TALKS From Pg 1

fired in this sector. No casualties have, however, been reported so far. This is the 18th ceasefire violation in the last eleven days. The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, yesterday said it is imperative that for bilateral relations to improve between India and Pakistan, Islamabad must take all steps necessary to prevent its sol from being used for any anti-India activity. Delivering his Independence Day speech from

the ramparts of the historic 17th-century built Red Fort; Dr. Singh said India has also strived for friendship with neighbouring countries. “However, for relations with Pakistan to improve, it is essential that they prevent the use of their territory and territory under their control for any antiIndia activity,” he added. The Prime Minister was apparently referring to the recent ceasefire violations by Pakistani troops in Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir along the Line of Control (LoC).

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Coalgate Files ‘Missing’, Confirms Coal Minister

Kanpur, Aug. 17 (ANI): Union Coal Minister Sriprakash Jaiswal on Saturday confirmed that few files related to the coal allocation scam were missing, saying that copies of them are being retrieved. “It’s true that some files from 1993 to 2004 are missing. We are trying to get the copies of those files ready,” Jaiswal said. Jaiswal told the media that the Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDI), Ministry of Steel and Ministry of Cement have also been asked to return the files if they have them. He added that the Coal Ministry has given 768 files to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the investigation was still in process. Earlier today, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) alleged that files relating to the Coalgate have been lost or misplaced to stall the CBI enquiry and save the Prime Minister. “The Government’s approach right from day one is to hide the facts from the CBI enquiry and this is with the sole intention to protect the PM because he was the Coal Minister. And they are into a massive cover up. That is why they say that some files are missing or misplaced. All these are alibis, the real thing is that the government does not want to share informa-

tion with CBI and it wants to cover up the whole scam,” BJP spokesperson Prakash Javadekar said. “That is why we will follow it up and we are hopeful that in the next hearing the Supreme Court also will-because thousands of files have not been handed over to CBI yet, so the enquiry would never be completed,” he added. Commenting on the issue of important files being lost or misplaced, Jagdambika Pal said that even if files are misplaced, it will be recovered soon and this would not affect the proceedings of the apex court in this case. The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report on coal block allocation stated that nearly 150 coalfields were allotted to private and staterun firms without transparency and objectivity between 2005 and 2009. The BJP has held Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh responsible and demanded his resignation, for what has been estimated as loss of Rs 1.86 lakh crores to the national exchequer by the CAG in coal block allocation. The CAG report does not indict the Prime Minister or his office, but the BJP is emphasizing that the Prime Minister held direct charge of the Coal Ministry for the years under scrutiny. However, the Prime Minister had rejected the CAG’s observations as “mis-

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Normalcy Returns To Darjeeling After Strike For Gorkhaland Ends

leading” and “flawed”, and blamed the opposition parties for thwarting the efforts of his government to bring a policy of competitive bidding. Dr. Singh also ruled out any possibility of quitting the top post despite the BJP firm on its demand for his resignation over the coal blocks allocation issue. Janata Dal (United) chief Sharad Yadav on Saturday hit out at the UPA-led Central Government for the ‘missing’ files of the coal allocation scam, demanding that the perpetrator is arrested immediately. “Who is responsible for the missing files? It is the Government’s and the Minister’s responsibility. How can the file disappear from the department? Who is the perpetrator? He should immediately be put in jail,” Yadav said.

Darjeeling (West Bengal), Aug.15 (ANI): A strike called by the regional Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) demanding for a separate state of Gorkhaland has ended, and allowed for normalcy to return to the hill town of Darjeeling. For days life in the tea-haven of the country had come to a standstill as the GJM called for a strike to press for its demand. But on the country’s 67th Independence day, shutters of shops were opened, residents walked on the street and markets were again filled with people. The ruling Congress party had on July 30 approved the creation of a new Telangana state, a move that has revived deep political divisions and raised fears of violence in the area, home to global firms like Google. One immediate con-

New Delhi, Aug. 17 (ANI): Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh have greeted the nation on the joyous occasion of Navroz, the Parsi New Year. Vice President Ansari in his message said that Navroz, which is celebrated with gaiety and enthusiasm in our country, is an important symbol of our rich heritage and a vibrant composite culture. “I convey my greetings and good wishes to all our citizens on the auspicious occasion of Navroz, which marks the beginning of the Parsi New Year. Navroz, which is

celebrated with gaiety and enthusiasm in our country, is an important symbol of our rich heritage and a vibrant composite culture. May this joyous occasion bring peace, progress and happiness in our lives,” he said. The Prime Minster in his message said that Navroz is a celebration of nature and is dedicated to renewal, righteous living and harmony. “It marks the unity in diversity of Indian culture with the focus on human values. May the occasion bring well-being and happiness to all Parsis and the entire nation,” Dr. Singh added.

New Delhi, Aug. 17 (ANI): The Election Commission of India has decided to use the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail system (VVPAT) system at the current byeelection from 51-Noksen (ST) assembly constituency of Nagaland. The Government of India, vide their notification, dated 14th August, 2013, has amended the Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961, enabling the Election Commission to use Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail system (VVPAT)

with the Electronic Voting Machines. The poll for this byeelection is to be held on September 4, 2013. Instructions are being issued to hold special meetings with the contesting candidates in this constituency to brief them about the use of VVPAT system. The Election Commission is organizing special training sessions for poll officers in the use of VVPAT and steps are being taken to educate the electors on the use of VVPAT system.

Vice President, PM Greet Nation On Navroz

EC To Use VVPAT System At Bye-election In Nagaland

sequence is likely to be renewed demands from other parts of India for separate states, including in the Darjeeling hills and a further breakup of the most populous Uttar Pradesh state. The decision to break up Andhra Pradesh and establish Telangana comes ahead of elections next year and critics say the ruling party is seeking to shore up its political fortunes after dragging its feet over the explosive issue for four decades. Since independence in 1947, successive governments have dealt carefully with demands for new states - creating three in 2000 - while ensuring demands did not spiral enough to threaten the integrity of a nation that now has 1.2 billion people with hundreds of languages, ethnicities and castes. India currently has 28 states while the United States with a population of 300 million has 50. T he G ork ha la nd movement that began in 1980s had ended with a truce between the then Gorkha leader Subhash

Ghising and New Delhi, after he accepted limited autonomy in 1988 with a new Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC). At least 1,200 people died in the first Gorkhaland campaign, but protests ended a few years later after Gorkha leaders accepted limited autonomy. Darjeeling hills region is geo-politically and strategically important for India as it lies close to the borders of China, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. On July 18, 2011, a tripartite agreement was signed between the GJM and the state and central governments for setting up a Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA), an autonomous and elected hill council armed with more powers than its predecessor-the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council formed in the late 1980s. The GJM now runs the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration after sweeping its maiden elections held in July 2012.

New Delhi, Aug. 17 (ANI): In keeping with the special status accorded to Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the Constitution of India, the Union Government has affirmed its commitment to improving their socio-economic status and has taken initiatives that encompass policy, programmatic and legislative interventions. The Government of India, in furtherance of its commitment to creating conditions that are conducive for the development of tribal communities, has decided to constitute a high-level-committee to prepare a position paper on the present socio-economic, health and educational status of STs and suggest a way forward. The high-level-committee shall suggest policy initiatives as well as effective outcome-oriented measures to improve development indicators and strengthen public service delivery to Scheduled Tribes and other tribal populations. T he c om m it t e e,

which will be headed by National Advisory Council member Prof. Virginius Xaxa, will finalise and present its report within nine months from the date of this notification. The panel shall suggest policy initiatives as well as effective outcome-oriented measures to improve development indicators and strengthen public service delivery to Scheduled Tribes and other tribal populations. The report will give an idea about the areas requiring government intervention to support the tribal communities. The committee will also suggest policy initiatives as well as effective outcomeoriented measures to improve development indicators and strengthen public service delivery to Scheduled Tribes and other tribal populations. It will also look into the geographical pattern of their economic activity and explore what newer avenues of employment and livelihood are available to them.

Central Government Sets Up Panel To Assess Status Of Scheduled Tribes


Children With Special Needs Are As Good As Any Other If Given Support, Opportunities: Mukherjee

New Delhi, Aug.15 (A N I): P resident P ranab Mukherjee interacted with special children of the Rashtrapati Bhavan in an event organised at Rashtrapati Bhavan to mark Independence Day on Thursday. Addressing the gathering, Mukherjee said children with special needs are as good as any other provided we give them support and opportunities. “They need to be treated with sensitivity and empathy. They are fully capable of proving their competence. Every child is an abode of God and special children are no different. We must have the belief that every person is capable of learning and becoming better at whatever he chooses to do if he is given those opportunities,” he said. He added that the government is working hard towards creating equal opportunities for differently abled people, but citizens must also work in tandem and support the government in its efforts Addressing parents, Mukherjee said they were not

alone in their struggle, and the whole of Rashtrapati Bhavan would be with them in their efforts to bring up their children. He expressed understanding for the difficulties and struggle parents go through in bringing up differently-abled children. The President said he would like the Rashtrapati Bhavan to be a model community in terms of caring for children and adults with special needs, and thereby, setting an example to the rest of the country. He said he would like the Rashtrapati Bhavan to be an example of peace, harmony, friendship and togetherness. The President’s Secretary, Omita Paul, said the president’s interaction with special children of Rashtrapati Bhavan was the beginning of a modest and humble effort to recognize the presence of the special children in the community and collectively address some of their needs. This was the first time an initiative of this kind was

being taken, she said, adding that the president would like the Rashtrapati Bhavan to be a community which is aware of the differently abled people in its midst and which seeks to empower them in order to improve the quality of their life. The plan therefore is to progressively build programmes and facilities that will help achieve this goal, she added. A “Respite Care Centre” where professionals will take care of Special children is being set up. Effort would be made to ensure that every child of the school going age attends school and receives appropriate education. Workshops and training for parents/families that have children with special needs would be organized for the support of parents. A “Socia l Club” where adults or young adults with special needs can meet in an organized manner from time to time to do some activity like watching films, etc. would be also initiated.

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--Grand Devotee Family Pooja on September 7th, 2013 --Ganesha Chaturthi on September 8th, 2013 --Grand Ganesha Samyojanam on September 15th, 2013


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EXPRESS INDIA

Last Decade Has Been One Of Major Changes, Economic Development Has Strengthened Society: PM

ECONOMIC From Pg 1 Vajpayee and Dr. Manmohan Singh. The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, on Thursday, expressed confidence about taking India’s growth story forward, and said that a key element of achieving this onerous task, is the passage of the Food Security Bill (Ordinance) into law. “This law will benefit 75 percent of our rural population and half of our urban population. Under the law, about 81 crore Indians would be entitled to receive rice at three rupees per kg, wheat at two Rupees per kg and coarse grains at one rupee per kg. This is the largest effort of its kind in the whole world,” he said. “We have been able to implement this law only because of the hard work of our farmers. Our food-grain production reached a record level of 25.9 crore tonnes in 2011-12. Without rapid agricultural growth, we cannot achieve our goal of making our villages prosperous,” he added. He further said that it is his government’s constant endeavour to increase production and to ensure that farmers get remunerative prices for their produce. “In the last nine years, support prices for various crops have been enhanced as never before. The support prices for wheat and paddy have been more than doubled. Many states which faced shortages of foodgrains earlier are now producing more than what they require for themselves. The average annual rate of agricultural growth in the 11th Plan was 3.6, which is more than both the 9th and 10th Plan levels,” Dr. Singh said. He said that the UPA Government now sees clear indications of enhanced economic prosperity in the country’s rural areas. “In the period 2004 to 2011, rural per-capita consumption has increased four times faster than earlier. Rural wages have also increased much faster in this period. MNREGA provides employment to crores of people in rural areas,” the Prime Minister said. He further went on to admit that measuring poverty is a difficult task. “There are diverse views about what constitutes poverty. But whatever definition we may adopt, it cannot be denied

that the pace of reduction in poverty has increased after 2004,” he said, adding, “Many states which had been considered backward for a long time, with some of them being called Bimaru, and now they are progressing rapidly.” Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh on Thursday said it is imperative that for bilateral relations to improve between India and Pakistan, Islamabad must take all steps necessary to prevent its sol from being used for any anti-India activity. “However, for relations with Pakistan to improve, it is essential that they prevent the use of their territory and territory under their control for any anti-India activity,” he added. The Prime Minister was apparently referring to the recent ceasefire violations by Pakistani troops in Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir along the Line of Control (LoC). The Prime Minister, said that it was matter of immense pride for him that almost all children in the country have access to primary school education, and are benefitting from it. It was also a matter of great satisfaction of young men and women going to college have more than doubled in the last nine years, he added. He said this landmark achievement has been made possible through the enactment of the Right to Education Act, which provides every child with an opportunity for education. “We have implemented new schemes for scholarships on a large scale to enable poor children and those belonging to the weaker sections to access opportunities for education. Today, the Central Government provides scholarships to more than two crore children. Many new institutions have been opened in the area of higher education,” Dr. Singh said. As an example of the progress made in the field of education, he said that the government has been instrumental in establishing eight new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), seven new Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), sixteen new central universities and ten new National Institutes of Technology (NITs). “New institutions have also been opened to boost scientific research. Steps have been taken to attract students to the study of science and encour-

Modi Targets PM, Questions UPA’s Foreign Policies

age Indian scientists working abroad to return to India,” the Prime Minister said, but added, “ Much still remains to be done for reforming our education system.” “Many of our schools still lack drinking water facilities, toilets and other necessary infrastructure. There is a need to improve the quality of education. To achieve this, it is necessary to lay more emphasis on the training of teachers,” he said. He also made a reference to the recent Mid-day Meal tragedy in Bihar, and said there was a need to improve its implementation to prevent a repeat of such tragedies in any other part of the country. “About 11 crore children are being provided afternoon meals every day in schools under the Mid-day Meal Scheme. This programme is of immense benefit for both education and nutrition of children. However, it is necessary to improve its implementation. The tragedy that happened in Bihar some days back should not be repeated anywhere in the country,” Dr. Singh said.

Questioning the government on recent territorial aggressions by China and Italy, Modi said: “While China is intruding into our territory today, when the rest of the world is developed and flourishing, we are just watching. The Italian military kills our fishermen, only then do we worry. Only after the Pakistan Army beheads our soldiers, only then do we worry. Only after the Pakistan Army ambushes our soldiers, only then do we worry. What is the point where we will not tolerate it? President, the concerns you are expressing, I express the same.” Lauding President Pranab Mukherjee’s speech on the eve of Independence Day, Modi said the Prime Minister had failed to address the concerns raised by the President. “Yesterday, I heard the President speech and I could understand his pain. The President encapsulated and expressed, in every word, the hearts and minds of the country. I do not know if the country’s Parliament will be able to give the President an answer. ...I agree with his concerns. ... Prime Minister, you are supposed to be the first to honour the concerns of the

President; but that did not happen today,” Modi said. Describing the Prime Minister’s address as a ‘disappointment’, Modi alleged that Dr. Singh’s speech mimicked that of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s on the country’s first Independence Day, and questioned what the Congress had done if our problems still remain the same. “The Prime Minister echoed the concerns that Pandit Nehru expressed at his first address. The question, then is, that what have you done in the last 60 years?” Modi said. Modi also used his Independence Day address to touch upon the alleged Robert Vadra land scam in Haryana. “Corruption is destroying the whole country, while the relatives of those in power at the Centre are being found to be neck-deep immersed in corruption. The game of corruption is being played and till the Supreme Court intervenes, it goes on. This is how the country is being run, at present. That is why, the President’s address is a signal for all of us to worry. The worry and concern must start at the top,” Modi said. Reiterating his disappointment with the Prime Minister’s address, Modi said

Dr. Manmohan Singh wasn’t inclusive in choosing the freedom fighters he referred to at the Red Fort. “I was very disappointed, and not just me, the entire country is disappointed. The PM in his speech has unfortunately remembered only one family... would it not have been befitting to remember Sardar Patel or Lal Bahadur Shastri?” he said. Modi commented on the Congress Party constantly attacking his governance, and confidently referred to his popularity across the country. “Dear Prime Minister, your brigade is busy abusing Modi on their computers that they don’t have time to sing the national anthem or national song. For this computer brigade, their world revolves around Modi,” Modi said. “I challenge the Prime Minister to an open debate on all key issues,” Modi added. Hopeful of his victory, he took on the PM and said, “The media says this is the PM’s last Independence Day speech and he says ‘We have a long distance to cover.’ Kis rocket mein chad kar fasla tai karoge, Pradhan Mantri Ji (Which rocket do you intend to take to cover these miles?”

New Delhi, Aug. 17 (ANI): Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) politburo member Sitaram Yechury on Saturday said Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has said nothing new about the prevailing economic situation in the country, and added that the figures being projected by the government, suggest that the country is virtually back to the situation that existed in 1991. “Today if you look at all the basic parameters and if you look at statistics given out by the government itself, you are virtually back to 1991 situation. You have a Current Account Deficit which is the difference between your exports and imports to the tune of 4.8 percent of your GDP. Your GDP this year the government itself says most optimistically it will be at best 5 percent,” Yechury told media here. “That means your entire GDP growth rate this year will be sufficient to only meet your Current Account Deficit. Your foreign exchange reserves have dipped to the lowest point where you can only finance imports for the next six months or

so. A similar situation was there in 91 when Dr. Manmohan Singh stepped in and he said economic reforms is the only way,” he added. Taking a jibe at the UPA Government’s economic policies, Yechury said ‘the reality is two Indias are in the making today, one that is gaining from this reforms and the other one whose lives are becoming more and more miserable and the gap between these two is widening’. “So, now again saying that the globalisation policies will continue. Globalisation means what. Does it mean that foreign capital gets access to use our resources, our raw materials in order to make their profits or will India and the people also gain?” said Yechury. “And that is the point which I think Dr. Manmohan Singh is very difficult to hide now and very difficult to conceal is that the beneficiary of these reforms at most has been big Indian capital and foreign capital. And as far as the people and the economy is concerned, that situation has been regressive,” he added.

The CPI-M leader further called for concentrating on expanding India’s domestic demand. “The world is in a slump, you cannot gain by exporting there is no market abroad. So, to stop Indian market for that stop giving these incentives to corporates, collect the legitimate taxes utilize those taxes for public investment to build our much-needed infrastructure. That will create jobs that will increase domestic demand on the basis of which manufacturing and industry will grow. That is the way forward,” he said. The Prime Minister earlier today ruled out the possibility of India witnessing a repeat of the 1991 balance of payments crisis and also reversing the path to globalisation of the economy. “There is no question of going back to1991 (balance of payment crisis). At that time foreign exchange in India was a fixed rate. Now, it is linked to the market. We only correct the volatility of the rupee,” he said. Dr. Singh, who was talking to media at the release of RBI Governor D. Subbarao’s

book ‘RBI History 1981-1997’, pointed out that foreign exchange in India was at fixed rate at that time, but now it is linked to market and we only correct the volatility of the rupee. Dr. Singh said that in 1991 the country had only foreign exchange reserves for fifteen day “However, now we have reserves of six to seven months. So, there is no comparison and no question of going back to the 1991 crisis,” he said. Replying to a question that the Current Account Deficit was still high, Dr. Singh acknowledged the problem, saying high imports of gold was one of the major factors contributing to it. Lauding the RBI’s role in shaping India’s monetary policy, Dr. Singh said the apex bank has served the nation with great distinctions and the best is yet to come. “History of the Reserve Bank is the history of the growth of our country since independence. The Reserve Bank has done the country proud,” he said, while asserting on the role played by the RBI in shaping India’s monetary and credit policy.

MODI From Pg 1

Yechury Rubbishes PM’s Assertion, Says ‘India Virtually Back To 1991’


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INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Iranian President Replaces Hardliner With Pragmatist As Head Of Atomic Body

Islamabad, Aug. 17 (ANI): The Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has reportedly made the outgoing Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi as the head of the Atomic Energy Organisation, replacing a hardliner with a pragmatist to take charge of Tehran’s nuclear programme. Rouhani’s appointment of Salehi indicates the president’s intention to pursue a more flexible approach to Iran’s nuclear dispute with the West than his predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Daily Times

reports.

The report said that the chief of the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran (AEOI) is not directly involved in nuclear negotiations with world powers but is in charge of operating Iran’s nuclear facilities. Director of the nonproliferation and disarmament programme of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Mark Fitzpatrick said that Salehi’s appointment was a wise decision by Rouhani because he understands how the world works.

Salehi will be replacing the position held earlier by Fereydoun Abbasi-Davani who survived an assassination attempt in Tehran in 2010 and Fitzpatrick said that the outgoing AEOI head, having survived an assassination attempt seemed unable to overcome bitterness toward the West. The report added that Salehi, Iran’s foreign minister under Ahmadinejad from 2011 until Thursday when parliament approved his replacement, returns to his previous job as head of the AEOI.

Egypt Military Crackdown On Morsi Supporters Draws Global Criticism

Sydney, Aug. 15 (ANI): The United States is leading a global condemnation of Egypt’s recent security crackdown on supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi. Secretary of State John Kerry has called on authorities in Cairo to end their blood thirsty attacks, and hold elections. Earlier, Kerry and the U.S. Government had given his endorsement to a military-backed government, News.com.au reports. Criticism at that point of time would have halted US 1.3 billion dollars in annual military aid to Cairo. Kerry said that the crackdown on civilians runs counter to Egyptian aspirations for peace, inclusion and genuine democracy. He called for

the interim government and the military to hold responsibility for preventing further violence and establish peace in the nation by holding parliamentary and presidential elections and amending the constitution. The United Nations, the European Union, Britain, France, Iran, Qatar and Turkey have strongly denounced the use of force by the military-backed interim government to clear two protest camps in Cairo, the report added. British Foreign Secretary William Hague said he was deeply concerned at the escalating violence and unrest in the region. EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton and the Qatar Government have urged Egypt’s rulers to end the month-long state of emergency imposed in the wake of the crackdown.

Syria Accuses U.S. Of Concealing Unwillingness To Help Resolve Crisis

Beijing, Aug. 17 (Xinhua-ANI): Syria’s Foreign Ministry on Friday accused the U.S. administration of continuing its “lies and deception” to conceal its stance that rejects peaceful solution to Syria’s long-standing conflict. In a terse statement Friday, the ministry accused

the United States of being unwilling to help find a political solution through a dialogue among the Syrians at the upcoming peace conference in Geneva. “In addition to arming terrorists of the al-Qaidalinked Nusra Front..., the United States is now distort-

Beijing, Aug. 17 (Xinhua-ANI): Seven people were injured in a blast that took place in San Juan city of Philippine’s capital area on Saturday, police said. The blast occurred at 1:10 a.m. at a noodle house along Wilson street in San Juan. The wounded included three workers of the noodle house, the driver of a taxi that was passing by, two Pizza Hut workers and a security guard, said Eastern

Police District head Miguel Laurel. The blast also damaged some nearby buildings including a Pizza Hut branch. The cause of the blast is still under investigation, Laurel said. “We cannot conclude the cause of the blast yet because the blast site is still being processed by the Scene of the Crime Operatives. We are still conducting investigation,” Laurel said.

Seven Wounded In Blast In Philippine Capital Region

ing the fact that Syria has agreed to participate in the Geneva conference unconditionally, “ the statement said, in reference to a recent U.S. statement that said Syria lacked seriousness in partaking in the talks. Syria’s remarks followed an earlier statement by Moscow, which slammed the United States for turning the situation upside down about the preparations for the Geneva conference. On Monday, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov said Moscow did not expect the Geneva talks to be held before October. T he conference, which has been delayed multiple times, is a followup to last summer’s Geneva meetings, during which a peace roadmap was laid out for Syria but has never been materialized.

Presidential Election “A Major Step” To Recovery For Mali: UNSC

Beijing, Aug. 17 (Xinhua-ANI): UN Security Council on Friday praised Mali for peaceful presidential election, calling it “a major step toward the restoration of democratic governance and constitutional order” in the country. Argentine ambassador Maria Cristina Perceval, who holds this month’s presidency of the Security Council, read a statement here to the press and praised the Malian people for their peaceful participation in the electoral process. “The members of the Security Council commend the transitional authorities of Mali for the successful preparation, organization and management of the elections,” she said. “They also welcome the efforts of domestic and international observers and bilateral and international partners to support the electoral process,” Perceval said, calling upon the international community to continue to support Malian people towards “achieving lasting peace,

stability and reconciliation in Mali and the development of the country.” In addition, the ambassador stressed the importance of “Malian civilian control and oversight of the military.” Mali’s second round of the presidential race between former prime minister Ibrahim Boubarka Keita (IBK) and his major rival former Finance Minister Soumaila Cisse ended on Sunday. According to provisional results announced Thursday, Keita, who is also the former president of the National Assembly (parliament), has been elected president of the country. Monitored by over 100 observers from the EU, the election is seen as an important step to impose order in the West African nation which has been gripped by a military coup d’tat, renewed fighting between government forces and Tuareg rebels, and the seizure of its northern territory by radical Islamists since early 2012. In the statement, the most powerful body of

the UN reiterated its call on all signatories of the Ouagadougou Agreement to “fully implement its provisions,” with the goal of “securing a durable political resolution to the crisis and long-term peace and stability throughout the country,” Perceval said. “The members of the Security Council also call for the swift holding of free, fair, transparent, and inclusive legislative elections,” she said. “In this regard they stress the importance of the national dialogue and reconciliation process.” Peace talks with Tuareg rebels in the north of the country must start within 60 days after Keita takes office, according to the preliminary cease-fire deal signed in June in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso. Under the deal, the rebels ceased fire to let presidential election be conducted and the new authorities must negotiate on the administrative status of Azawad, the name that rebels give to the north of Mali, and strategies for its development.

Johannesburg, Aug 17 (ANI): Zimbabwe’s opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai has withdrawn a legal challenge against last month’s disputed presidential election because his party believes the courts would not be fair, in looking at the questionable victory of rival Robert Mugabe. AccordingtoNews24,

Movement for Democratic Change spokesperson Douglas Mwonzora disclosed that the Prime Minister had withdrawn his election petition and the main reason was that the party felt the trial was going to be a mockery of justice. Tsvangirai has rejected the 31 July vote, which handed him 34 percent of the ballot and declared his rival

Mugabe the winner with 61 percent, the report said. The MDC said election organisers were blocking key documents needed in the case, the report added. The withdrawal paves the way for veteran leader Mugabe to be inaugurated for another five-year term, extending his 33 year rule, the report further said.

Beijing, Aug. 17 (Xinhua-ANI): Sexual violence against women and children is still pervasive in Somalia, a UN spokesperson said Friday. According to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, about 800 cases of rapes, domestic violence, female genital mutilations, early and forced marriage were reported in the capital city of Mogadishu from January to June this year. Rape continues to be perpetrated by unknown armed men and men in military uniform, and the

internally displaced remain most vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence, Eduardo del Buey, the deputy UN spokesman, said at a daily news briefing here. Del Buey quoted the UN Children’s Fund as saying that some one- third of the victims of sexual violence are children. Survivors of such violence are provided with medical assistance, psychosocial support, and legal counseling by humanitarian partners, he said. According to UN figures, at least 1,700 people were affected by sexual and

gender-based violence in Somalia last year. The Somalian government and the UN signed a joint communique on the prevention of sexual violence in May, stressing that there is zero-tolerance to sexual violations and that perpetrators will be punished. Somalia has been torn by factional fighting since 1991. On June 2, the UN launched an assistance mission to offer expertise in areas ranging from the political process to disarmament to help Somalia achieve peace, reconciliation and stability.

Tsvangirai Withdraws Vote Challenge To Mugabe’s Election Suspecting ‘Unfair’ Investigation

Sexual Violence Pervasive In Somalia: UN


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Pentagon Says Chinese Defense Chief’s Visit To Help Sustain Positive Momentum In U.S.-China Military Ties

Beijing, Aug. 17 (Xinhua-ANI): The visit to the United States by Chinese Minister of National Defense Chang Wanquan will help sustain the “positive momentum” that has been achieved in the U.S.-China militaryto-military ties, the Pentagon said Friday. Chang is expected to hold talks with his U.S. counterpart Chuck Hagel at the Pentagon on Monday, when the two “will have an opportunity to discuss a variety of issues,” including the U.S.-China relationship and the military-to-military relationship, Pentagon spokesman Steve Warren told reporters. Chang is meeting Friday with Samuel Locklear, commander of the U.S. Pacific Command, in Hawaii at the first stop of his U.S. visit. He is scheduled to meet with Charles Jacoby, commander of the North American Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Com-

mand, both headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, Warren said. T he sp okesma n noted that Chang’s visit illustrates and will help sustain the positive momentum that has been achieved in the U.S.China military-to-military relationship over the past 18 months. The visit “sustains the regular set of interactions between the two leaders that reflects the positive nature of the U.S.-China militaryto-military relationship,” Warren said. This momentum began when Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the U.S. in February last year, then in the capacity of vice president, which including a meeting with then U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta at the Pentagon. Last May, Panetta hosted Chang’s predecessor Liang Guanglie at the Pentagon to continue the momentum of boosting bi-

lateral military cooperation. In April, U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Martin Dempsey paid a visit to China. In his meeting with Dempsey, Chinese President Xi has said the military ties constitute an important part of the cooperative partnership between China and the United States. Xi said China is willing to make joint efforts with the U.S. side to deepen trust in each other and expand exchanges and cooperation to establish a new type of military relationship between the two countries. During their summit in June in California, Xi and his U.S. counterpart Barack Obama also agreed to find a new way to manage their differences and actively foster a new type of military relations commensurate with the new type of major-country relationship that features mutual respect and win-win cooperation.

Atlanta (U.S.A), Aug. 16 (ANI): The Director of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO), Dave Perr, has said that the rising cost of power generation using nuclear energy is leading to the closing of reactors in the United States, but added that this technology would be beneficial for India. India and the U.S. signed a Civil Nuclear Deal in 2008 that ended decades of New Delhi’s isolation, providing it access to technology and fuel for its peaceful energy needs. Interacting with media persons in Atlanta city on Thursday, Perr said that four reactors have been shut down in the United States due to the increased cost of production.

“I think that in time we may see it becoming feasible. Today, I don’t believe it is. We are seeing plants shut down in the United States because they cannot produce power economically. That may change in time, it’s hard to tell,” he said. The agreement was sealed despite New Delhi testing nuclear bombs in 1974 and 1998, and never signing the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT). In exchange for the nuclear fuel, technology and reactors, India had agreed to open up 14 civilian nuclear facilities to international inspection. But the WANO director was quick to point out that India’s power needs were different and nuclear energy

would prove to be a sustainable source. “I think the economics are different in different parts of the world and I believe in India there is a need for electricity, it’s a safe technology and I think it will add value and well being to your country,” Perr added. At present, India has two upcoming nuclear power plants, while more than a dozen are functional. India is struggling, to meet its growing electricity demand, and suffers a peak-hour power deficit of about 12 percent, which has consequently, slowed down the economy significantly. India plans to add 63 Gigawatts of nuclear power by building 30 reactors by 2032.

U.S. Reactors Shutting Down Due To High Costs, But Technology May Benefit India: Official

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UK’s Sikh TV Channel Slapped With £30,000 Fine For Inciting Violence

London, Aug. 17 (ANI): A Birmingham-based Sikh television channel has been reportedly slapped a fine of 30,000 pounds by communications regulatory body Ofcom for allegedly inciting violence and disorder. Ofcom said that in a debate programme on Sangat TV guests supported an assassination attempt on a former Indian Army General, Lt Gen Kuldeep Singh Brar, which was likely to encourage or to incite the commission of crime or to lead to disorder, BBC reports.

According to the report, the show which was broadcasted on 30 September 2012 was followed by an attack on Lt Gen Brar and his wife while in London the same year. Lt Gen Brar had led an assault on the Golden Temple in Amritsar in 1984 to clear Sikh militants from there and official figures show 400 people being killed in the attack while Sikhs around the world claim the figure to be in thousands. However, the channel’s head of programmes, Amarpreet Mann, said that

the fine was unfair because Ofcom has failed to understand the feeling of the Sikhs adding that the channel will be contesting the fine. The channel’s management team earlier said that anything more than a token fine would be ‘crippling’ because it is a charity-based station, relying on donations from the community to survive. Mann further said that the channel did not do anything wrong and it’s independent media. And everybody has a right to speak, the report added.

Washington, Aug. 16 (ANI): US’ National Security Agency (NSA) has reportedly breached the privacy laws governing its legal authority to collect data for surveillance at a rate of 1000 violations each year since 2008 when the Congress granted it broad new powers. Most of the breaches involve unauthorized surveillance of Americans or foreign intelligence targets in the US, both of which are restricted by statute and executive order and range from significant violations of law to typographical errors that resulted in unintended interception of US e-mails and telephone

calls.

Internal audit reports stated that the agency intercepted ‘large number’ of calls placed from Washington when a programming error confused the US area code 202 for 20, the international dialing code for Egypt. In yet another incidence, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISA) was unaware of NSA’s new data collection method for months of being operational and later ruled it as unconstitutional, the Washington Post reports. The report said that the most serious of lapses include unauthorized access to intercepted communica-

tions, the distribution of protected content and the use of automated systems without built-in safeguards to prevent unlawful surveillance. A senior NSA official in response to these revelations said that it attempts to identify problems at the earliest possible moment, implement mitigation measures wherever possible and drive the numbers down. The official further added that it is a humanrun agency operating in a complex environment with a number of different regulatory regimes, so at times they find themselves on the wrong side of the line, the report added.

Washington, Aug. 16 (ANI): A Pentagon commissioned report has revealed that US’ nuclear facilities are vulnerable to terrorist attacks which could potentially help the attackers build an improvised fission bomb. The study carried out by University of Texas researchers found contrast to what the nuclear industry says about its own safeguards, Fox News reports. According to the report, the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) has said that in the aftermath of 9/11 attacks, it undertook

re-assessment of its plant security and pumped up protections. The NEI has claimed that a typical plant features layers of protection with fencing and heavy patrolling right from the boundaries to the vital equipment and the containment vessel as well has multiple layers of steel and concrete. The report added that NEI official insisted that a computer testing was done simulating the direct impact of a Boeing 767 into a containment vessel and it was found that the concrete

was broken, but there was no radiation release. However, the study by University of Texas found varied results which stated that an impact of an airliner would breach the containment leading to a loss of coolant and therefore a meltdown which would ultimately release major levels of radiation. The researchers have called for greater uniformity of security at all nuclear facilities, whether power plants, places where nuclear weapons are stored or where fissile material is stored, the report added.

Documents Reveal NSA Breached Privacy Rules 1000 Times Each Year Since 2008

US’ Nuclear Facilities Vulnerable To Terrorist Attacks Despite High Security Claims


EXPRESS INDIA

AUGUST 24 All ladies are welcome to attend and participate in ‘Mela Teeyan Teej 2013’. Enjoy a night of music, mehendi, fashion, food and entertainment. Time is from 6:30 to 11:30 p.m. Venue is the Gesher Jewish Day School, 4800 Mattie Moore Court, Fairfax, VA. For details, please contact Moni Gill at 571-2329656 or monikgill@gmail.com or Varinder Randhawa at 571243-5745. AUGUST 25 ICCC, together with IndianAmerican community organizations of the Washington metro area, are celebrating India’s 67th Independence Day with a special program, ‘Indian Diaspora and Global Impact’. Location is Northern Virginia Community College, Ernst Community Cultural Center, 8333 Little River Turnpike, Annandale, VA. The program is as follows: Mela from 3:30 to 8:30 p.m.; parade and flag hoisting at 3:30 p.m.; cultural show beginning at 4:30 p.m. Admission is free. For more information, please contact Mr. Kumar Singh, Chairman of ICCC, at 571-451-5309, Aniket Nanda at 301-642-9819, Mukund Agashe at 240-453-0580, Puneet Ahluwalia at 703-283-6644, Krishna Banaudha at 301-6335563, Dr. Sambhu and Mrs. Promila Banik at 301-530-7539, Poonam Bansal at 703-719-0440, Pavan Bezwada at 301-4550073, Mr. Walton Dawson at 240-701-2685 or Dr. Satish Misra at 301-340-2983. AUGUST 27 South Asian Americans Leading Together (SAALT) is organizing a town hall on Immigration Reform and the South Asian Community for the local Washington area population. Time is from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. Location is the Silver Spring Civic Center, One Veteran’s Place, Silver Spring, MD. During the discussion, the organizers hope to address the impact of immigration reform on South Asian Americans and how we can raise our voices and act on the issue. Please join to hear expert analysis, stories from South Asians in the DMV area and strategize about how we can press for fair and holistic changes to the broken immigration system. For more

information, please contact Avani Mody at 301-270-1855 or avani@saalt.org or send an e-mail to info@saalt.org AUGUST 28 Hare Krishna Temple is celebrating ‘Janmashtami’, the birth of Lord Krishna. Time is from 4:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. The program includes bhajans and Aarti every hour on the hour with a grand midnight Aarti and darshan. Festival will feature a stage show with drama and dance, free vegetarian feast, mantra meditation, inspirational books, a special children’s tent, Govinda’s gift store, and lots of laughter and joy! The program on the festival stage is as follows: 4:00 p.m. - Children’s Abhishek; 7:00 and 9:00 p.m. - Hari Bhakti bhajans; and 8:00 p.m. - drama and dance. The temple is located at 10310 Oaklyn Drive, Potomac, MD. For more information, Readers can call 301-299-2100 or e-mail info@iskconofdc.org or visit http://iskconofdc.org AUG. 31 - SEPT. 1 Gnanananda Seva Samajam, Inc., USA invites all to ‘Namasankeerthanam Mela 2013’ to celebrate the divine celestial wedding of Lord Krishna and Radha. Timings are as follows: August 31 - 7:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.; and September 1 - 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. Venue is Durga Temple, 8400 Durga Place, Fairfax Station, VA. The program features bhajans, Radha Kalyanam, divyanamam, ashtapathis and guru padhuka pujas. Attend this free event to seek blessings of the Gods. For further information, visit www.gssus.org or e-mail gssus@gssus.org SEPTEMBER 6 The Asian Studies Program at the University of Maryland - Baltimore County (UMBC) is presenting a Yakshagana, a musical dance drama in Hindi titled, ‘Panchavati’ - the story of Surpanakha, by the troupe Yaksha Manjusha. Yakshagana depicts Indian epics through song, dance and dialogues. Time is 7:00 p.m. Location is the UMBC Fine Arts Recital Hall, Room 118. For further information, call 410-455-2094 or e-mail asianstudies@umbc.edu . Note: Yakshagana is a musical theater popular in the coastal regions

of Karnataka. It consists of a ‘himmela’ (background music group) and a ‘mummela’ (dance and dialogue group in colorful costumes). Yaksha Manjusha is a Yakshagana troupe based in Mangalore, enrolled with ICCR. They are the only troupe to perform Yakshagana in Hindi. The performance at UMBC will have English sub-titles. SEPTEMBER 8 - 14 Durga Temple is presenting Ram Katha by Dr. Ram Kamal Das Vedanti Ji. Katha will be followed by Aarti and bhandara everyday. The temple is located at 8400 Durga Place, Fairfax Station, VA (703-690-9355). For details, please go to www. durgatemple.org SEPTEMBER 10 Montgomery College is offering a US Citizenship Preparation Program. Are you a legal permanent resident? Do you need help preparing for the US citizenship test and interview? Come to an information session and discover how Montgomery College may be able to help you, for free! Please come to one of the information sessions and bring your Green Card: September 10, at 6:00 p.m.; September 14, at 9:00 a.m.; October 8, at 6:00 p.m.; October 12, at 9:00 a.m.; November 5, at 6:00 p.m.; and November 9, at 9:00 a.m. Location is Westfield South, 11002 Veirs Mill Road, Suite 306, Wheaton, MD. The Montgomery College Citizenship Preparation Program is for legal permanent residents who live in Montgomery County, MD, and are learning English as a second language. For more information, Readers can contact Nancy Newton at 240-567-8169 or nancy. newton@montgomerycollege. edu SEPTEMBER 14 Network of South Asian Professionals - DC Chapter (NetSAPDC) presents ‘Fusion 2013’ at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Time is 7:30 p.m. Location is the Terrace Theater. The Kennedy Center is located at 2700 F Street, NW, Washington, DC (1-800-4441324 or 202-467-4600). The evening will celebrate the many cultures and facets of South Asia through various artistic mediums

including dance, comedy skits, musical acts and much more! NetSAP-DC is teaming up with the Smithsonian’s Asian Pacific American Center to sponsor the release of its groundbreaking exhibition, ‘Beyond Bollywood: Indian-Americans Shape the Nation’, which is scheduled to open in December. For more information, go to www.FusionDC.org or www.kennedy-center.org . If you are interested in performing or volunteering, please e-mail fusion@dc.netsap.org or netsapdcfusion@dc.netsap.org SEPTEMBER 20 Manish and Deepa Sood of Intense Entertainment are presenting top-notch Indian playback singer Shreya Ghoshal - live in concert! Venue is the DAR Constitution Hall located at 1776 D Street, NW, Washington, DC. Doors open at 7:00 p.m.; concert starts at 8:00 p.m. For details, please call 202-59MASTI (62784) or visit www. intenseus.com SEPTEMBER 21 A Money Matter Mortgage, Inc., presents the 19th annual Miss India-DC Pageant. Come and cheer on the Washington metro area’s talented contestants as they compete for the title of 2013 Miss India-DC. Time is from 7:00 to 10:00 p.m. Location is the F. Scott Fitzgerald Theatre, 603 Edmonston Drive, Rockville, MD. For more information, please contact Neena Bhaskar at 202-361-2439, Sibtain Kazmi at 201-460-5626, MyDosti.com at 703-675-2645 or go to http:// deals.mydosti.com/us/ SEPTEMBER 28 American Society of Engineers of Indian Origin - National Capital Chapter (ASEI-NCC) is hosting its 28th Annual National Convention. The theme is “Innovative Technologies: An Engine for Economic Growth”. The program includes: morning plenary; luncheon; evening gala banquet; tracks of technical presentation; and panel discussions. Tracks and panels are on information technology, healthcare IT, nanotechnology, traditional energy, renewable energy, bio-engineering and space contributions of IndianAmericans, STEM. Participants include major US and India cor-

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If you want to publish an upcoming event in our Community Calendar please send an e-mail: GComCal@aol.com or Fax: 703-893-2202 or contact: Geeta at 703-599-6623. Please send the announcement at least one week in advance porations, government agencies, Indian Embassy, entrepreneurs, dignitaries, academia and students. The convention will be held from 8:00 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. Location is the University of Maryland at College Park, Riggs Alumni Center and Adele Stamp Student Union Building. For further information, go to www.asei-ncc.org or call 202800-0333, Dr. Ajay Kothari, Convention Chair, at 301-9355868, Mr. Hari Bindal, ASEINCC President, at 301-2620254, G.S. Sridhar, Convention Co-Chair at 571-274-9672, Ms. Pavithra Kenjige, ASEI-NCC Vice President, at 703-815-1629 or Mayur Kathuria, ASEI-UMD, at 240-475-2320. Note: The convention is being co-hosted by ASEI-UMD, College Park, in collaboration with PANIIT, MIBRT, USIBC, USINPAC and other professional organizations. SEPTEMBER 29 Kerala Cultural Society of Metropolitan Washington (KCSMW), in collaboration with the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society (LLS), are organizing ‘Miles 4 Smiles’, a 5K run/1 mile walk. Time is 8:00 a.m. Location is the National Harbor, a 300-acre multi-use waterfront development on the shores of the Potomac River in Prince George’s County, MD. KCSMW is a non-profit organization which focuses on promoting cultural awareness and social activities primarily among Indian-Americans. For further information, visit www.kcsmw. org or www.miles4smiles.org or www.lls.org OCTOBER 5 The South Asian Journalists Association (SAJA) is hosting its exceedingly popular and awaited annual Gala. The ‘2013 SAJA Gala’, featuring an awards ceremony and banquet-style dinner, will be held at the Yale Club in New York City. The association will honor and recognize excel-

lence in journalism coverage in South Asia as well as outstanding reporting by South Asian journalists. This is a fantastic opportunity to network with fellow SAJA members, other reporters, editors and producers from reputable media outlets. Registration is open until September 30. For details, head to www.saja.org OCTOBER 19 Smithsonian Institution’s Arthur M. Sackler Gallery will debut the world’s first exhibition, ‘Yoga: The Art of Transformation’, on the visual history of Yoga. US tour will follow. Yoga is a global phenomenon, practiced by millions of people seeking spiritual insight or better health. Few, however, are aware of yoga’s rich diversity and historical transformations. Opening October 19, at the Sackler Gallery, ‘Yoga: The Art of Transformation’, the world’s first exhibition about the discipline’s visual history, will reveal the fascinating meanings and histories over the past 2,000 years. ‘Yoga: The Art of Transformation’, on view through January 26, 2014, explores yoga’s philosophies and its goals of transforming body and consciousness, its importance within multiple religious and secular arenas and the varied roles that yogis played in society, from sages to spies. Working with an interdisciplinary team of scholars, curator Debra Diamond assembled more than 130 objects from 25 museums and private collections in India, Europe and the United States, compiling a remarkable survey of Indian art. As much of yoga’s history remains shrouded in mystery, this comprehensive look at yoga’s visual culture marks the start of a new field of study. The Sackler Gallery is located at 1050 Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC. For more information, readers can call 202-633-4880 or visit www. asia.si.edu


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August 20, 2013

Superstar Hrithik Roshan Becomes Superhero Once More In Krrish 3

After Superman, Spiderman, Iron Man and Batman, gear up to witness the next superhero sensation to hit screens globally with KRRISH in ‘Krrish 3’. A marvel in the superhero revolution, ‘Krrish 3’, is a newest rendition of the superhero genre, led by international cinema supremo Hrithik Roshan. High on superheroes, special effects and thrilling action, the trailer for the most anticipated film of 2013, ‘Krrish 3’, has been launched to raving reviews from celebrities, film pundits, media and fans alike. Launched by director Rakesh Roshan and the leading cast of the film Vivek Oberoi, Kangana Ranaut and Krrish himself, Hrithik Roshan, the trailer has set new benchmarks, crossing 3.2 million views on YouTube in 36 hours of its launch. To date the trailer is set to surpass a record 6 million views. Audiences are in for a triple treat with Krrish 3 as India’s most critically acclaimed and fan-adorned, multi-faceted artist, Hrithik Roshan, will be seen playing a triple role in the film, that of Rohit (Krrish’s father), Krishna (alter ego of Krrish) and Krrish (the superhero). The next installment of Rakesh Roshan’s science fiction series, ‘Krrish 3’s first trailer begins with the possibility of a milestone discovery by Krrish’s father Rohit (Hrithik Roshan) followed by the introduction of a malevolent genius ‘Kaal’ (Vivek Oberoi).’Kaal’ is aided by a vamp (Kangana Ranaut) whose persona reminds one of a mixture of Catwoman and Black Widow. Audiences also catch a glimpse of Hrithik’s leading lady in the film is Priyanka Chopra, who will be seen in two unique avatars. Rakesh Roshan was excited to launch the trailer of the film as commented saying:

“The first look decides the fate of the film. Many special effects have been used in the film. Given our budget, I feel we have done our best” Commenting on the film, Hrithik Roshan says: “Krrish 3 involves me in three various roles definitely making it a challenging film.” Commenting on the film, Vivek Oberoi says: “Setting a benchmark, Krrish 3 now has a bigger challenge” Reprising her role, Priyanka Chopra commented saying : “Krrish 3 has an audience for everyone, whether children, grandparents or families. Krrish 3 is now bigger and better” ‘Krrish 3’ will be released in the festive season of Diwali 2013.

Salman Khan To Appear In Riteish Deshmukh’s Marathi Film

Salman Khan will be seen in a special appearance in Riteish Deshmukh’s second Marathi production venture Lai Bhaari, which also marks

the latter’s debut in Marathi films as an actor. Titled Lai Bhaari, the film is being directed by Nishikant Kamat and it is being coproduced by Riteish’s banner Mumbai Film Company and Cinemantra Entertainment. “It was extremely gracious of Salman to himself offer to be part of our film Lai Bhaari. It was great to do a Marathi scene with him,” Riteish said in a statement. Riteish and Salman have known each other for many years. Both Salman and Riteish were shooting in Hyderabad at Ramoji Film City for their respective projects - Salman for Mental and Riteish for Lai Bhaari. Post the

shoot, they would sit together and chat, said a source. The source added that Salman was very intrigued by Riteish’s approach to his production venture and enjoyed hearing about the film and the story. He then came forward and suggested being part of Riteish’s production venture. Riteish was overjoyed with the idea and spoke to Kamat and created a special sequence for Salman and it will be one of the highlights of Lal Bhaari. After a successful stint as an actor, Riteish turned producer with Marathi film Balak Palak, which did a brisk business at the box office.

Amitabh Bachchan Applauds Army, Media For Relief Work In Uttarakhand

Amitabh Bachchan has applauded the efforts of the Indian army and media for their brave work in Uttarakhand after some parts of the state were devastated by floods in June this year. At the Saath Hain Hum Uttarakhand show on August 15, Big B praised them for acting as a bridge between the people stuck there and their kin. “A lot of media persons put their life in danger and reached those spots where no one could. They did some very good work, a lot of people didn’t know whether their relatives were alive or not,” the 70-year-old said here Thursday. “But they talked to the people there, took their phone numbers and contacted

their families and told them about the well-being of their relatives in Uttarakhand. I congratulate the media for this noble job,” he added. Saath Hain Hum Uttarakhand was organised by Star Plus to collects funds for the Uttarakhand tragedy and a host of Bollywood and TV personalities came to support the cause. Praising the army for saving people, he said: “Our army also did so much that words are not enough to applaud them. Many of them died saving people. Army personnel always come forward in times of tragedies and help people. I salute them.” In June, some parts of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh experienced heavy rainfall and cloud burst caus-

ing floods and landslides. Thousands died and areas like Rudraprayag and Kedarnath shrine suffered massive losses.

I Am Waiting For The Right Script:Kajol

Bollywood actress Kajol has revealed that she is waiting for the right script to mark her comeback to films. The 39-year old actress said that she is looking for the right kind of script which is good and strong and makes her feel it’s worth spending time away from her children if she starts shooting for the film. Kajol, wife of Ajay Devgn was last seen ‘My Name Is Khan’ and ‘Toonpur Ka Superhero’. She later made a special appearance in Karan Johar’s 2012 hit ‘Student of the Year’.

John Abraham Ready To Screen Madras Cafe, Won’t Accept Protests

Prior to its release, actor-producer John Abraham is ready to screen his forthcoming film Madras Cafe, which deals with the Sri Lankan conflict in the 1980s, to those who have objections. But he says he won’t accept any protests against it. “There have been a lot of enquiries from ruling parties and the opposition parties and the interest has increased and they want to see the film. We are ready to show it to them, but only when they watch it as viewers,” the 40-year-old said. “We may have a preview a day before the release like it normally happens. We don’t have any issues showing the film to them. But if someone protests and puts a gun to our head and says we will decide on its release after seeing it, we won’t accept that. I will not accept it, no one messes with us like that,” he added. Naam Thamizhar (We Tamils), a Tamil activist group, sought a ban on the movie for reportedly portraying Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) members as terrorists. Director Shoojit Sircar seconds John. He says the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) has cleared the film and he hopes no one exploits it for their political gains.

“We have shown the film to the censor board, the biggest democratic body and they have cleared us. I think we should trust them and if someone wants to see the film, we will definitely show it to them,” Sircar said. “But I don’t want anyone to exploit it for their political gains. Watch the film and then talk to us on a public platform, we are ready to talk,” he added. Madras Cafe also stars Nargis Fakhri in the role of a war journalist, while John plays an undercover army officer. The film hits theatres on August 23.


Fitzgerald Auto Malls Hosts Back to School Safety Event

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(from L to R) Jack Fitzgerald, NTSB Acting Chairman Deborah Hersman, Dottie Fitzgerald, Congressman Chris Van Hollen Nor th Bethesda, MD, Aug 15: As children are heading back to school this month, parents are faced with making a checklist of school supplies and new clothes. However, the most important items for parents to focus on should be a school transportation safety checklist – the proper installation of child safety seats, school bus safety, pedestrian safety, and teen driver safety. Under b eaut i f u l blue skies this morning, Jack Fitzgerald, CEO and Founder of Fitzgerald Auto Malls, welcomed National Transportation Safety Board Acting Chairman Deborah Hersman to a Back To School Transportation Safety event. Held at the monthly Child Safety Seat Check event at the Fitzgerald Auto Mall in Rockville, Fitzgerald spoke about the importance of the proper installation of child safety seats. The Fitzgerald

Child Safety Seat Inspection Program started in 1999 after Fitzgerald became aware of the dangers of improperly installed child safety seats. As of this morning, Fitzgerald has installed and inspected 44,006 child safety seats. No other local volunteer program in the United States has ever achieved this many child safety seat inspections within a single program. Acting Chairman Hersman spoke about key transportation safety issues for school-age children and the role the agency takes to recognize and issue safety recommendations aimed at preventing future accidents. • Keep children safe with properly installed and appropriate child safety seats. • School buses are the safest way to transport children to school everyday. • Teen driver safety and teaching teens that driving is the most dangerous daily activity

we undertake. Congressman Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Captain Tom Didone with the Montgomery County Police Department, and Todd Watkins, Director of Transportation with the Montgomery County Public Schools spoke about working to keep our children safe with school bus safety and safe ways to get to school. A school bus, pedestrian crossing simulator display, and child safety seat checks were available for parents, caregivers, and children to interact with and participate in discussions. Safe Kids Montgomery County was on hand to help. Monthly child safety seat inspections and installations are held at the White Flint Rockville dealership on Nicholson Lane, on the third Thursday of every month. Visit www.FitzMall.com for details or to make an appointment.

Imran Khan is not apprehensive about his work in Once Upon Ay Time in Mumbai Dobaara! any more. He is confident viewers will appreciate his work in the underworld-based romantic drama, releasing on Thursday. Directed by Milan Luthria, the film is a sequel to Once Upon A Time In Mumbaai and revolves around three characters played by Akshay Kumar, Sonakshi

Sinha and Imran Khan. “I am always very nervous before the release of a film, but I saw the film last night (Monday) with Akshay sir and Sonakshi and I am feeling very strong,” the 31-year-old said. “I feel we have managed to make a very good film, I feel very happy with my work and I have a sense that people are going to appreciate my work,” he added. Imran received the

best compliment from Luthria. “The best compliment came from my director Milan sir, who said that he is very pleased with my work. Obviously, as an actor you want the audience to appreciate your work,” Imran said. “But a film starts in a director’s head, that’s where it really takes birth. For him to feel that I have done justice to his character, is a great honour,” he added.

Imran Khan: Happy With My Work In Once Upon Ay Time In Mumbai Dobaara!

First Saudi Arabian Woman ‘Breaks Taboo’ By Conquering Mount Everest

Washington, Aug 18 (ANI): A Saudi Arabian woman has broken taboos and made history by becoming the first woman from the ultraorthodox country to climb and conquer Mount Everest on May 18 this year. According to CNN, the triumph of 27-year-old graphic designer Raha Moharrak, who is also the youngest Saudi national to reach the top of Everest, was part of an expedition known as ‘Arabs With Altitude’, which has been documented for an upcoming series airing on Qatar Television. Wanting to test her limits which meant challenging her culture, Moharrak recalled that getting her father, who still maintained conservative views, to agree was the first hurdle, although she said that he and the rest of her family supported her every step of the way since then. The report further said that Moharrak began climbing in November 2011 and in the space of a year, conquered eight mountains including Mount Kilimanjaro,

and Moharrak said that when she got to the top of Everest, she did not celebrate as much as she would have liked given that 75% of people die on the way down. However, Moharrak admitted that even though she had trained hard for the expedition, she promised herself that if she were at risk of losing fingers and toes to frostbite, she would abandon her attempt.

According to the report, Moharrak’s triumph on Everest is the latest in a growing number of milestones for women in Saudi Arabia, with US-based Sarah Attar becoming the first Saudi woman to compete in an Olympics at the London Games last year. Saudi Arabia only officially allowed sport to be played in private girls’ schools in May, the report added.


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EXPRESS INDIA

Former Nepal Prime Minister Shrestha Passes Away

Kathmandu, Aug 15 (PTI): Former Prime Minister of Nepal, Marich Man Singh Shrestha, passed away at a hospital in Kathmandu on Thursday. Mr. Shrestha, 70, who was suffering from lung cancer, breathed his last at the Norvic hospital, officials said. He was undergoing treatment at a New Delhibased Medicity Hospital for about a month and was airlifted to the capital on Tuesday night after no significant improvement was seen in his health. Mr. Shreshta was

kept on ventilator support in the Norvic hospital for some time. Born in Salyan district in 1940, he served as Nepal’s prime minister for about four years till April 1990

during Panchayat regime. Earlier, he was the chairman of Rastriya Panchayat, the then upper house. He had served as Nepal’s Prime Minister for about four years till April 1990, when the political parties launched an agitation to restore democratic rights. UCPN-Maoist chairman Prachanda and president of Rastriya Prajatantra Party Kamal Thapa paid tributes to Mr. Shrestha. Mea nwh i le, h is body has been kept at his residence in Dhapasi for condolence ceremony.

Dhaka, Aug. 16 (ANI): In an act that stretches the limits of political rivalry, Bangladesh opposition leader Begum Khaleda Zia chooses to celebrate her ‘birthday’ on August 15, which is the same day on which Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina had lost almost her whole family 38 years ago in a bloody military coup. According to the BBC, Begum Khaleda Zia has deliberately chosen to celebrate her birthday on a day that her arch political rival and incumbent Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and the rest of Bangladesh observes the death anniversary of her father and Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rehman and mourns the death of other members of her family. Adding salt to this grief, no government documents indicate Begam Khaleda Zia’s date of birth as August 15. This August 15, while Sheikh Hasina and her family prayed at the mausoleum of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Begum Khaleda Zia and her Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) cut a giant 69pound cake at the BNP’s new office in the Paltan area of Dhaka to celebrate her 69th birthday. In all, BNP leaders, supporters and activists presented and cut seven cakes, each weighing 69 pounds. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s son, Sajib Wajed Joy, described Begum Zia’s birthday celebration on a national day of

mourning as insensitive. Joy, in a Facebook post, asked “What kind of a woman is she? How can she and they (BNP) celebrate her birthday on this day (August 15), especially, when it not her actual date of birth?” None of Begum Zia’s government issued identification cards indicate her birthday as August 15. Begum Zia’s marriage certificate indicates her birth date as September 5, 1945. Her first passport says that she was born on August 19, 1945, while her admit card for taking part in a matriculation examination shows her date of birth as August 9, 1945. Leaders of the ruling Awami League have criticised Begum Zia, saying that she has selected August 15 to celebrate her birthday to highlight the achievement of wiping out Sheikh Mujibur Rehman and his family on this same day in 1975. The Awami League leadership has also accused Begum Zia’s late husband, General Zia-ur-Rehman of being the brains behind the military coup that led to the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rehman and other members of his family at their Dhanmondi residence in Dhaka. They claim that Ziaur-Rehman was a major in the then Pakistan Army and later was a commander in the Mukti

Bahini military outfit during the 1971 Liberation War. After Mujib’s assassination, Zia-urRehman took charge of the government and was Bangladesh’s first military dictator. He ruled the country till his assassination by a group of disgruntled military officers and soldiers in 1980. The political rivalry between the two parties run deeps and strong, and August 15, is both a day of mourning and celebration in Bangladesh, depending on where your political allegiances lie. After 1980, General H.M.Ershad assumed power and ruled till 1991. During these eleven years, both Sheikh Hasina and Begum Khaleda Zia waged political struggles in an attempt to oust General Ershad. This goal was only achieved in 1991. BNP standing committee member of the Musharraf Hussain said, “Our leader today is 69 years old, we must pray for her.” Awami League General Secretary Syed Ashraful Islam said, “Today we cried, she celebrated, it is not wrong?” On August 15, 1975, some dissatisfied army officers killed Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and most of his family, including his 10-year-old son, Rasel. The only survivors of that massacre were Mujib’s two daughters - Hasina and Rehana and their husbands.

Ex-Bangladesh PM Khaleda Zia Stretches Limits Of Political Rivalry With PM Sheikh Hasina By Celebrating Birthday On Aug.15

Pak PM Approves China Economic Corridor With Country

Islamabad, Aug. 17 (ANI): Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif reportedly gave his go ahead to the PakChina trade corridor route and termed it as future of the country. Sharif said that the trade route from Kashgar to Khunjerab and Gwadar will provide connectivity with the Central Asian republics and make it a regional hub for transit trade, the Dawn reports. He discussed the proposed alignment of the corridor with directions to

further evaluate the proposal in terms of time and cost efficiency along with an alternative and shorter route along the Karakoram Highway, connecting Chilas with Mansehra through the Babusar Top. According to the report, Sharif said that this route should be developed on priority and a tunnel can be made across the Babusar top to make it accessible throughout the year. The premier further directed construction of multiple routes connecting various regions of the coun-

try by building connecting bridges and tunnels with latest technologies and laid stress on the need for mitigating environmental impacts during the construction of these roads. Sharif also directed provision of inter-connectivity and linkages between Pakistan Economic Corridor, Indus Highway, Motorways and Grand Trunk Road to provide impetus to the economic activity in the country and easier travel facilities to the commuters, the report added.

New Delhi, Aug.16 (ANI): A six-member Maldivian delegation, led by Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, Leader of the Parliamentary Group of the Progress Party of Maldives, and also the presidential candidate of Progress Party, met the Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, here on Friday. Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) sources said that the meeting was held in the context of ongoing Indian engagement with all Maldivian stake holders. During the meeting, Prime Minister Singh mentioned that India was engaged with various Maldivian political parties. He hoped for free and

fair elections in September and expressed the desire that there will be a smooth transition. He also emphasized on the need to ensure understanding among all that outcome of the elections is recognized by all and there are no reprisals. Mr. Gayoom agreed and expressed his thanks for the traditional Indian support for Maldives and expressed the desire that these unique bonds should continue to grow and prosper. He invited Indian investment to contribute to Maldives’ growth and said that he would contribute in creating a conducive atmosphere. He also thanked the

Prime Minister that India was always there when Maldives needed. Dunya Maumoon, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs; Ahmed Adheeb Abdul Gafoor, Vice President of PPM, Minister of Tourism, Arts & Culture; Moosa Zameer, Member of Parliament, Council Member, Campaign Manager; Abdulla Maseeh, Member of Parliament, Council Member; Ahmed Faris Maumoon, Council Member; and Mohamed Ghassaan Maumoon, Minister of State for Human Resource, Youth & Sports, Council Member, were the other members of the Maldivian delegation that called on the Prime Minister.

Six-member Maldivian Delegation Calls On PM

Pak Taliban Jihadi Force Of Rohingya Muslims, Bangladeshi, Indonesian Nationals Training In Burma

Washington, Aug.15 (ANI): An Urdulanguage jihadi internet forum has reportedly published over two dozen high-definition images of what it calls the “Rohingya Mujahideen”, with a note suggesting that the Pakistan Taliban has successfully established a jihadi unit of Rohingya Muslims, Bangladeshi, Indonesian nationals. According to the Jihad and Terrorism Threat Monitor of the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), a leading Washington-based research institute that specialises in translating and monitoring jihadi media networks operating in local languages and through social media, these images have been posted on the Bab-e-Islam Jihadi Internet Forum and linked from a Facebook account on July 12. The Bab-e-Islam Internet Forum images show this Pakistan Taliban created jihadi outfit undergoing combat training somewhere in Burma. One image of these jihadis offering namaz has appeared in the web site Arrahmah.com. Some of the images feature men with obscured faces that could be prominent Taliban commanders who went to train them. The Jihad and Terrorism Threat Moni-

tor of the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) further quotes the Urdu written note, as saying that this new jihadi force has entered Burma [Myanmar] under the leadership of Commander Abu Sufiya and Abu Arif. The note also states that these mujahideen recently destroyed two Burmese military combat vehicles and killed 17 soldiers. They also beheaded three followers of Buddhism who they claimed were responsible for the killing of Muslims. A priest was also among the victims, the Urdu note informs. Rohingya Muslims have been in international headlines over the past year after they were attacked by the majority Buddhists in Burma or Myanmar. Hundreds of ethnic Rohingya Muslims have been killed and thousands have been displaced due to these attacks by Buddhists. From the images, it appears there are between 100 to 200 Rohingya Mujahideen dressed in military fatigues and undergoing shooting practice. The Washington-based research institute says the Urdu version of Ansarullah jihadi forum in Arabic mainly functions via the Bab-e-Islam forum.


Violent Incidents Claim Lives Of 15 Civilians In Afghanistan

Beijing, Aug. 17 (Xinhua-ANI): Taliban-linked violent incidents and the ongoing militancy have claimed the lives of 15 non-combatants in militancy-plagued Afghanistan since early Saturday, officials confirmed. In the latest brutal event which happened in Taliban former stronghold the southern Helmand province 555 km south of Afghan capital Kabul, five civilians lost their lives and another injured. “A mine planted by militants struck a mini-bus in Marja district of Helmand province at 06:00 a.m. local time today killing five innocent people including three children, a woman and a man on the spot and injuring another,” spokesman for Helmand’s provincial administration Omar Zawak told Xinhua. All the victims, he added, belonged to the same family. Meantime, hospital

sources in Helmand’s provincial capital Lashkar Gah said they have received three civilians injured in a blast for medical treatment. Zawak also blamed Taliban militants for organizing the bloody attack, saying the Taliban insurgents by organizing roadside bombings and targeting security personnel and civilians want to terrorize the people. In a related incident hours earlier, a group of Taliban fighters stormed a camp of a local road construction company in Herat province 640 km west of the national capital Kabul, killing 10 people including nine workers of the company and a police constable. “A group of armed Taliban rebels attacked a camp of a road construction company in Karakh district of Herat province at around 01:30 a.m. local time today leaving 10 people including

nine workers of the company and a police constable dead,” Israel Khan, a senior police officer, told Xinhua. It was a local company involved in the road building between Herat and Badghis provinces over the past one year, the official added. Taliban militants fighting the government have speeded up their activities against government interests since launching their so- called spring offensive in May this year. A total 1,319 civilians were killed and 2,533 others injured in conflict-related violent incidents in the first half of 2013, according to a United Nations report released here in late July. The UN report attributed 74 percent of the civilian deaths to attacks launched by the Taliban militants and other armed groups operating in the country.

Kathmandu, Aug. 15 (Xinhua-ANI): Amid new cases of bird flu emerging almost every day for the past one month, Nepal has declared Bhaktapur, one of the three districts of Kathmandu valley, as the emergency zone, said officials on Thursday. A decision to this effect was taken in a meeting held between government officials and the poultry fa r mers on Wednesday evening, to be executed from Thursday onward, according to Narayan Ghimire, the government’s spokesperson for bird flu control campaign. “Bird flu could not be controlled even after several attempts including chicken trade ban. Announcing Bhaktapur as an emergency zone was, therefore, inevitable,” Ghimire told Xinhua.

Under an emergency zone situation, all fowls including chicken, duck and pigeon, will be destroyed along with their eggs, feed and excreta and the fowls’ farms will be cleaned and disinfected. T he emergency zone situation remains active for at least three months. During this period, fowls cannot be transported and supplied to and from Bhaktapur and no one can keep new fowls. The sales of chicken and other fowl meat will also be banned. As for compensating the loss of poultry business, the government will give first priority to small poultry farmers, said spokesperson Ghimire, adding that the amount of compensation will be fixed later. To materialize the emergency zone plan, the

Ministry of Agriculture has formed a Rapid Response Team, which has been mobilized to cull all the fowls and disinfect Bhaktapur from bird flu. “We have an estimate that some 500,000 fowls will be culled this time around,” said Ghimire. Since the beginning of new fiscal year on July 16, Bhaktapur alone has witnessed more than 40 cases of bird flu in 30 days, while the remaining two districts of Lalitpur and Kathmandu have reported at least 10 cases. In this way, the total bird flu cases in the Nepali capital have crossed 50 in a short span of time, thus creating scare of health hazards among the locals. A bird flu case was first reported in Nepal in January 2009. Since then, its recurrence has been witnessed time and again.

Nepal Declares One Part Of Capital As ‘Bird Flu Emergency Zone’

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EXPRESS INDIA

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August 20, 2013

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Gold Scales To 8 Month High At Rs. 31,525 With Tumbling Rupee, Buyers And New Delhi, August climbed by Rs.695 to Rs.31,505 bullion merchant Rakesh 17 (PTI): Gold on Saturday and in Mumbai by Rs.630 to Anand. Sellers Of Gold Feel Frustrated The rally in precious scaled eight-month high of Rs.31,325 per 10 gram. Rs.31,860 per 10 gram in Kolkata on strong buying trends after stocks and money markets melted. Traders said upcoming festive and marriage season may further fuel demand for the precious metal pushing the prices higher. Gold rose by Rs.700 to Rs.31,760 in Kolkatta, followed by Delhi where it gained Rs.515 to Rs.31,525 per ten gram, the levels last seen on December 18 last year. In Chennai, gold

On Friday, gold had jumped the most in two years by Rs.1,310 due to meltdown in stocks and money markets. Rupee hitting record low of 61.65 a dollar and investors shifting funds from melting equities to bullion supported the uptrend, traders said. “Speculative buying picked up in anticipation of further rise in precious metals in the coming days once the festival and marriage season starts,” said Delhi-based

metals sparked ever since rupee plunged to all-time low, raising fears the dollardenominated metal would become costlier and restrict supply into the market after the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) prohibited inward shipment of gold coins. “Melting equities and depreciating rupee have left no other option for the investor fraternity but to park their funds in bullion,” said Surender Jain, Vice-President of All India Sarafa Bazar.

New Delhi, Aug.17 (ANI): The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has come out strongly against the recent action to stem the slide in the rupee. “RBI’s step to contain Current Account Deficit by imposing a cap on outward investment acts against the Indian economy’s globalization drive and detracts from the overall reforms process,” said Kris Gopalakrishnan, President, CII. Terming the capital control as retrograde, CII noted that the reduction of limit in outward investment from 400 per cent of net worth to just 100 per cent under the automatic route was too drastic a step. Observing that outward investment by India has pro-

gressively come down from 16.5 billion dollars in 2010-11 to 7.1 billion dollars in 2012-13, the CII press release said that this would severely dent India’s strategic footprint in the global marketplace. At a time when companies of other countries are searching for opportunities in resources, markets, and manufacturing across the world, India might lose out. With such a minimal amount of outflows impacted, the gains to the rupee may in fact not be as much as expected, added CII. “We are deeply concerned that such a measure would also prove to be counterproductive as it would disrupt the ongoing investment plans of corporates,” added Mr Gopalakrishnan. The move would fur-

ther vitiate investor confidence which is already low and would send a wrong signal that India is not a place for doing business. The long-term credibility of the country too would suffer as overseas businesses may have doubts about policy stability. To stabilise the rupee, it would have been more appropriate to initiate policies which prevent influx of non-essential imports such as coal and iron ore andaugment forex inflows by encouraging FDI by promising a conducive and stable policy regime and liberalizing FII by removing short term capital gains tax. It is hoped that the above measure would be temporary and the caps on overseas investment would be removed sooner rather than later, said the CII President.

Kolkata/Lucknow/ Bhopal/Rajkot, Aug. 17 (ANI): The escalating price of gold because of the tumble of the rupee has left buyers and sellers frustrated in the lead up to the festival season . Meanwhile, businessmen have advised that this is the right time to invest in the metal as the price of gold is likely to appreciate further. While potential buyers strayed away because of the soaring price, gold sellers have taken a beating across the country. Anuvrati Dutta, a gold shopkeeper in Kolkata said that their business had taken a beating due to the record spurt in the price of gold. “There has been a sudden increase in the gold price. ...It has affected the market, there has been a sharp decrease in the sale and the turnover,” Dutta said. As compared to the crowd that flocked the market when the price of gold was affordable till a few months ago, not many customers are at gold jewellery shops since the price rise. Anand Rastogi, a potential customer in Lucknow said that he was unable to purchase gold jewellery ahead of the festival of Rakhi due to the rise in the price of the yellow metal. “In the last few days , the price of gold rose by Rs. 4,000 to Rs. 5,000. I am not

New Delhi/Mumbai, Aug. 17 (ANI): The soaring prices of key commodities due to the falling value of the rupee have left consumers in distress throughout the country, and they have appealed to the Centre to curb the current inflation. The prices of onion, in particular, continue to appreciate through the country giving consumers no respite of feeling the pinch in their pockets. Consumers were disappointed even in the wholesale vegetable market in New Delhi on Saturday because the prices of key commodities remained high. “The price of onion has

increased almost six times. It used to cost us Rs. 10 per kilogram but now it is almost six times the price. Our salaries have not increased six times and it has become very tough for us to manage our households,” said Sushil Kumar, a consumer in New Delhi. Vegetable sellers said the reason for the spurt in the price of onion was due to shortage of onions at the source of the supplier. In Mumbai, consumers urged the Central Government to take steps to cut the onion prices as it is a necessity commodity—even for the poor. “Onion is a basic necessity.

Even the poor man can make a ‘roti’ and eat it with onion and salt, if they cannot afford a proper meal. With the prices spiraling, it is tough not only for the poor but also for the middle class to survive. The Government needs to control the prices and take some action,” said Om Prakash Paharia, a consumer in Mumbai. In the past, there have been occasions when the widespread public discontent and anger over high prices, especially of onion, became the rallying point of public anger and political opposition. In 1998, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) lost the

Delhi elections because it could not curb the appreciation in onion prices. Patchy rainfall in central and southern India at the beginning of monsoon season and heavy rainfall in July, in few areas, delayed sowing and affected the growth of selected crops, lifting the prices of vegetables in the markets. Food prices, another important factor of inflation in the country, are expected to have remained stable last month, although the rising fuel costs and shortages in supply of key items suggest that there will be a pick-up in the near future.

RBI Move To Cap Overseas Investment Will Dent India’s Globalization: CII President

Distressed Consumers Ask Govt. To Step In To Arrest Soaring Prices Of Key Commodities

able to buy anything today as it is beyond my budget. It’s a big problem for a common man. Considering the pace at which the price of gold is increasing now, it seems that in the near future we might not be able to even think about buying it,” Rastogi said. Another potential customer, Rajkumar Gupta said that he never expected the price of gold to rise so much and added that he would have to drop his plans for the festivals. “The rate of gold has increased so much that it has overpowered the purchasing ability of the common man. ...We were thinking of buying something for Diwali and Rakhi but now it seems that the gold price will again touch Rs. 33,000 to Rs. 35,000. The government should think about the people and should reduce the tax. The common man should get the benefit of at least Rs. 1,000. But the government does not think about the common man,” said Gupta. While on the one hand, gold buyers across the country expressed disappointment on the price hike of the metal—especially, when the country is nearing two of the most prosperous festivals—businessmen held a different view saying that it is the right time to invest. Amit Soni, owner of a shop in Bhopal said that the common man is not affected much by these gold price fluctuations because he purchases

according to his necessity, whereas it’s the investors who face a problem. He added that intelligent investors are purchasing gold at this time because they know that prices might rise further. Traders also say that not only gold but silver is also expected to rise if the rupee continues to weaken. This is because of the trend which shows that gold and silver prices have shot up considerably within a few days. Gold coins and bars constituted about 36 percent of total demand in 2012. The Government wants to contain imports to “well below” last year’s 845 tonnes this year. The curbs on gold come as India imposed restrictions on foreign exchange outflows in its latest attempt to prop up the rupee. A record high current account deficit at 4.8 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has made India particularly vulnerable. Gold futures in India, the world’s biggest consumer of the metal, breached the keenly watched Rs. 30,000 mark after a gap of six months as a weaker rupee made the dollar-quoted yellow metal expensive. The actively traded gold contract for October delivery on the Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) was 4.23 percent higher at Rs. 30,420 per 10 grams, after hitting a high of Rs. 30,470, a level last seen on February 14.

Markets See Rupee Gaining This Week On NRI Inflows

The rupee, which plunged to a record low of 62.03 to a US dollar on Friday, is likely to claw back to the 61 level this week on more capital inflows from overseas, according to analysts and treasury heads of banks. “The RBI steps announced last week will start bearing the fruit this week as more NRI remittances are likely to flow in. The rupee is likely to trade in the 60.50-61.40 range this week,” IDBI Bank treasurer N S Venkatesh told PTI. India Forex Advisors’ Abhishek Goenka said: “On Friday, the stock market plunged by 4 per cent, but the rupee depreciated by only 30-40 paise due to some appreciation pressure. This week we may see a recovery because of the RBI measures.” The central bank last Wednesday announced more measures to lure NRI deposits to boost capital inflows. The market, since May 22, has seen a whopping $11.4 billion being pulled out by FIIs, mostly from the debt market. However, no banks have so far announced any increases in NRI deposit rates, which are already in the range of 10.25-10.50 per cent since last December when RBI deregulated NRI deposit rates.


New Resources Available To Help Consumers Navigate The Health Insurance Marketplace

EXPRESS INDIA

August 20, 2013

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HHS awards $67 million to Navigators and recognizes more than 100 organizations as Champions for Coverage

Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius today announced $67 million in grant awards to 105 Navigator grant applicants in Federally-facilitated and State Partnership Marketplaces. These Navigator grantees and their staff will serve as an in-person resource for Americans who want additional assistance in shopping for and enrolling in plans in the Health Insurance Marketplace beginning this fall. Also today, HHS recognized more than 100 national organizations and businesses who have volunteered to help Americans learn about the health care coverage available in the Marketplace. “Navigators will be among the many resources available to help consumers understand their coverage options in the Marketplace,” said Secretary Sebelius. “A network of volunteers on the ground in every state – health care providers, business leaders, faith leaders, community groups, advocates, and local elected officials – can help spread the word and encourage their neighbors to get enrolled.” Today’s announcement builds upon the significant progress in outreach and education made this summer.

Consumers can learn about and enroll in coverage later this fall through HealthCare. gov. HHS launched 24-hoursa-day consumer call center ready to answer questions in 150 languages. More than 1,200 community health centers across the country are preparing to help enroll uninsured Americans in coverage, and a partnership with the Institute of Museum and Library Services will help trusted local libraries be a resource for consumers who want information on their options. In addition, HHS has begun training other individuals who will be providing in-person assistance, such as agents and brokers and certified application counselors. Navigators are trained to provide unbiased information in a culturally competent manner to consumers about health insurance, the new Health Insurance Marketplaces, qualified health plans, and public programs including Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. The Navigator funding opportunity announcement was open to eligible private and public groups and people who are self-employed who met certain standards to promote effectiveness, diversity, and program integrity.

Navigators will be required to adhere to strict security and privacy standards – including how to safeguard a consumer’s personal information. They’ll be required to complete 20-30 hours of training to be certified, will take additional training throughout the year, and will renew their certification yearly. All types of enrollment assisters – including in-person assistors, Certified Application Counselors, and agents and brokers – are required to complete specific training and are subject to federal criminal penalties for violations of privacy or fraud statutes, on top of any relevant state law penalties. The growing list of Champions for Coverage is one more example of businesses and organizations across the nation pitching in to help consumers understand the coming options for quality, affordable coverage. Champions for Coverage, among others, include: American Medical Association League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) NAACP National Baptist Convention National Partnership for Women and Families

Diageo’s Indian-origin CEO Menezes To Get Rs. 105 Crore Pay Package

London: The world’s largest spirits maker, Diageo Plc, has proposed an annual pay package of up to 10.9 million British pounds (about Rs. 105 crore) for its newly appointed, Indian-origin CEO Ivan Menezes. Mr Menezes, who has been with UKheadquartered Diageo for about 13 years, was paid total remuneration of 7.8 million pounds (Rs. 75 crore) in financial year 2012-13 when he served as chief operating officer. Upon his promotion as CEO with effect from July 1, he has been given an 8.6 per cent hike in base salary to one million pounds (about Rs. 9.6 crore) and would be entitled to further benefits totalling up to 9.9 million pounds (Rs. 95 crore) a year, Diageo said in its latest annual regulatory filing. Diageo, which owns brands like Johnnie Walker, Smirnoff, Baileys and Guinness, recently acquired a significant stake in India’s leading liquor firm United Spirits from Vijay Mallya-led UB group in a deal worth over $2 billion. Mr Menezes, 53, who studied at premier Indian educational institutions like St Stephen’s College and IIM-Ahmedabad besides Kellogg School of Management in the US, is said to have been instrumental in the United Spirits deal. Prior to joining Diageo, Mr Menezes held senior positions with giants like Nestle, Booz Allen Hamilton and Whirlpool. While Diageo said that “Menezes’ sal-

ary has been positioned below median to reflect the fact that he is new to the chief executive role”, his total package is much higher than the average salary earned by CEOs in India and abroad. As per a latest managerial remuneration report by the Institutional Investors Advisory Services (IIAS) last month, the average CEO salary for India’s biggest 500 companies in the last fiscal year stood at Rs. 3.6 crore, while the sale for the biggest 500 companies in the US was Rs. 28 crore. As Diageo CEO, Mr Menezes would get a base salary of one million pounds, and would be eligible for awards under the company’s annual incentive plan (AIP), performance share plan (PSP), senior executive share option plan (SESOP) and pension payments. Under the AIP, he can get up to 100 per cent of salary for “on-target performance” and a maximum of 200 per cent of salary payable for outstanding performance - which could take this component to up to two million British pounds. The maximum annual award under PSP can be 375 per cent of the base salary (up to 3.75 million pounds), while Mr Menezes would also be eligible for a maximum annual award of 375 of base salary under SESOP (up to $3.75 million). Besides, Diageo would make an annual contribution of 40 per cent of his base salary to an executive retirement plan, taking his total package to up to 10.9 million pounds.

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Sikkim Continues To Be India’s Greenest State New Delhi/Gangtok, year plan in the state with the plantation record.

Aug.18 (ANI): Environmentally, Sikkim continues to be India’s greenest state based on interpretation of satellite data. According to the data, 3,359 square kilometers of the state, or 47.3 per cent is under forest cover. This figure assumes significance when compared to the national average of 21 per cent. In terms of forest canopy dense class, the state has 500 square kilometers under very dense forest cover, 2161 squre kilometers under moderately dense forest cover and 698 square kilometer under open forest cover. The forested area in the state in these three categories is 7.05 per cent,30.45 per cent and 9.84 per cent respectively. The national average in comparison is 2.54 per cent, 9.76 per cent and 8.73 per cent respectively. The forest cover of Sikkim which was 43.95 per cent in 1993, has now increased to 47.34 per cent in 2013. A target has been fixed to bring an additional 1000 hectares of land under forest cover during 12th five

financial target of Rs.3100.00 lakhs. The state has achieved the distinction of being the greenest state in the country due to various protection and conservation measures like the Sikkim Green Mission, Ten Minutes to Earth and Smriti vans. Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling has played a significant role in ensuring majority green cover in the state. The Sikkim Green Mission was launched by him in 2006. The services of state government departments, NGOs, environmentalists, women organizations and eco clubs were used to achieve the target of a Green Sikkim. The state govt has spent around Rs. 10 crore on the Sikkim Green Mission, and so far, around 45 lakh indigenous trees, shrubs, herbs, climbers, creepers, conifers and green foliages,have been planted. The “Ten Minutes to Earth” mission was launched in the year 2009. Under this mission, 6,10,694 saplings were planted throughout the state in ten minutes, creating a new world

This greenery has helped in the sequestration of 1400 tonnes of carbon dioxide annually. Now, every year, on June 25, ten minutes is dedicated for a mass plantation drive. The state government provides free seedlings through distribution booths set up at every forest check post and other prime locations. Around 15 lakhs sapling of various species have been planted under the programme during last five years. This year, the state government organized a Paryavaran Mahotsav between June 15 and June 30, during which 2.66 lakh sapling of various species were planted. Chief Minister Chamling has declared that this event will be organised every year at the same time. As far as Smriti Vans are concerned, there are 40 of them in the state. The state has another distinction -- that of minimum diversion of 800 hectares of forest land for non-forestry purposes in the last 20 years.


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Middle-aged Men At Greater High Cholesterol Risk Than Women

Washington, August 17 (ANI): A new study has found that high cholesterol is riskier for middle-aged men compared to women when it comes to having a first heart attack. The study of more than 40,000 Norwegian men and women, shows that being a middle-aged male and having high cholesterol levels results in a negative synergistic effect that the researchers did not observe in women. However, current clinical guidelines for treating high cholesterol levels do not differentiate between men and women. Erik Madssen from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s (NTNU) Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, who was first author of the paper with Lars Erik

Laugsand, also from NTNU, said that their results suggest that in middle age, high cholesterol levels are much more detrimental for men than women, so that prevention efforts in this age group will have a greater potential to reduce the occurrence of a first heart attack in men. The researchers used data from the second NordTrondelag Health Study, a county-wide survey carried out in 1995-1997 in Nord Trondelag, Norway, that included blood sample collection from 65,000 people. Because the researchers hypothezised that female sex hormones could possibly protect women with respect to the prevalence of first heart attacks, they restricted their analysis to participants who were younger than 60 years old at the time

of the survey. In the end, the researchers had information from 23,525 women and 20,725 men who fit this category. During the nearly 12 years of follow-up on the participants who were younger than 60 years when the survey was conducted, there were 157 new cases of heart attacks in women and 553 in men. They also conducted a secondary analysis of participants who were 60 years old or older at the time of the survey, which gave them another 20,138 individuals for the analysis. However, there was no evidence of a negative synergistic effect in male participants in this age group. The study has been published in the September issue of Epidemiology.

High Levels Of Debt Hazardous For Health

Washington, August 16 (ANI): If young people from the US are under high debt, their blood pressure could increase and their health could suffer, a new study has claimed. The Northwestern Medicine study found that high financial debt has been linked to higher diastolic blood pressure and poorer selfreported general and mental health in young adults. The study offers a glimpse into the impact debt may have on the health of young Americans. Elizabeth Sweet, lead author of the study, said that since the 1980s American household debt has tripled, it is important to understand the health consequences associated with debt. Researchers used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to explore the association between debt and both psychological and general health outcomes in 8,400 young adults, ages 24 to 32 years old.

The study found that twenty percent of participants reported that they would still be in debt if they liquidated all of their assets (high debtto-asset-ratio). Another finding of the study is the higher debtto-asset ratio was associated with higher perceived stress and depression, worse selfreported general health and higher diastolic blood pressure. The study also found that those with higher debt were found to have a 1.3 percent increase (relative to the mean) in diastolic blood pressure -- which is clinically significant. A two-point increase in diastolic blood pressure, for example, is associated with a 17 percent higher risk of hypertension and a 15 percent higher risk of stroke. T he resea rcher s found that individuals with high compared to low debt reported higher levels of perceived stress (representing an 11.7 percent increase relative to the mean) and higher depressive symptoms (a 13.2

percent increase relative to the mean). In the study, personal financial debt was measured in two ways. Participants were asked about their debt-to-asset ratio by answering this question: “Suppose you and others in your household were to sell all of your major possessions (including your home), turn all of your investments and other assets into cash, and pay off all of your debts. Would you have something left over, break even or be in debt?” Second, participants were asked how much debt, besides a home mortgage, they owe. Response categories ranged from “less than $1,000” to “$250,000 or more.” Perceived stress, depressive symptoms and general health were measured through a series of questions. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured on each participant by a field interviewer. The study has been published in the August issue of Social Science and Medicine.

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More Than 4 Cups Of Coffee A Day Puts Younger Adults At Early Death Risk

Washington, Aug 16 (ANI): A new study has suggested that drinking more than 28 cups of coffee in a week can increase a person’s odds of dying prematurely by 21 percent. The research by the National Coffee Association also found that the mortality risk was more than 50 percent higher in adults under 55 years old. Investigators warn that younger people in particular may need to avoid heavy coffee consumption, while no adverse effects were found in heavy coffee drinkers aged over 55. It was observed that more than 60percent of American adults drink coffee every day, consuming on average just over three cups a day. A multicenter re-

search team investigated the effect of coffee consumption on death from all causes and deaths from cardiovascular disease in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) cohort, with an average follow-up period of 16 years and a relatively large sample size of over 40,000 men and women. Between 1979 and 1998, nearly 45,000 individuals aged between 20 and 87 years old participated and returned a medical history questionnaire assessing lifestyle habits (including coffee consumption) and personal and family medical history. The investigators examined a total of 43,727 participants (33,900 men and 9,827 women) in their final analysis. During the 17-year median follow-up period there

were 2,512 deaths (men: 87.5 percent; women: 12.5 percent), 32 percemt of these caused by cardiovascular disease. Those who consumed higher amounts of coffee (both men and women) were more likely to smoke and had lower levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. Younger men had a trend towards higher mortality even at lower consumption, but this became significant at about 28 cups per week where there was a 56percent increase in mortality from all causes. Younger women who consumed more than 28 cups of coffee per week also had a greater than 2-fold higher risk of all-cause mortality than those who did not drink coffee. The study is published in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Washington, Aug 16 (ANI): People who consume a high-quality diet are at a lower risk of pancreatic cancer, a new study has revealed. The study authors evaluated how closely study participants’ diets matched the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, as measured by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI2005), and then compared their risk of pancreatic cancer. Hannah A rem, Ph.D.,, from the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD, and colleagues calculated

HEI-2005 scores for 537,218 participants in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (ages 5071 years), based on responses to food frequency questionnaires. Pancreatic cancer risk was then compared between those with high and low HEI-2005 scores, accounting for the influence of other known pancreatic cancer risk factors. Among the study participants there were 2,383 new cases of pancreatic cancer. Overall, the investigators observed a 15% lower risk of pancreatic cancer among

participants with the highest HEI-2005 score compared to those with the lowest HEI-2005 score. This association was stronger among overweight or obese men compared to men of normal weight, but there was no difference for normal vs. overweight or obese women. T he r es ea rcher s noted that diet is difficult to measure and the HEI-2005 was not designed specifically for the purpose of overall cancer prevention. The study is published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Washington, August 17 (ANI): Children as young as five who consume soft drinks every day are more likely to have behavioural problems such as aggression, difficulty in paying attention and social withdrawal, a new research has revealed. Shakira Suglia, ScD, and colleagues from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, University of Vermont, and Harvard School of Public Health assessed approximately 3,000 5-yearold children enrolled in the Fragile Families and Child

Wellbeing Study. Mothers reported their child’s soft drink consumption and completed the Child Behaviour Checklist based on their child’s behaviour during the previous two months. T he resea rchers found that 43 percent of the children consumed at least 1 serving of soft drinks per day, and 4 percent consumed 4 or more. Even after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, maternal depression, intimate partner violence, and paternal

incarceration, any soft drink consumption was associated with increased aggressive behavior. Children who drank 4 or more soft drinks per day were more than twice as likely to destroy things belonging to others, get into fights, and physically attack people. They also had increased attention problems and withdrawal behavior compared with those who did not consume soft drinks. The study is published in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Consuming High-quality Diet May Help Reduce Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Soft Drink Consumption Linked To Increased Aggression In Kids


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EXPRESS INDIA

India Draws A Blank At IAAF World Championships

Moscow, Aug 16: Triple jumper Renjith Maheswary flopped yet again in a big event, as he failed to qualify for the final round to mark a disappointing end to India’s campaign in the 14th IAAF World Championships in Moscow on Friday. Maheswary finished sixth in Group A qualification round and 13th overall with a best jump of 16.63m, which was well short of his national record of 17.07m and his season’s best of 16.98m. The last qualifier, Gaetan Saku Bafuanga Baya of France also cleared 16.63m but he made to the final round on count-back as his second best jump (16.37m) was better than that of Maheswary

(16.28m). I n t he women’s 4x400m relay, the Indian quartet of Nirmala, Tintu Luka, Anu Mariam Jose and M.R. Poovamma also failed to qualify for the final round to bring curtains on India’s campaign.

Discus thrower Vikas Gowda finished seventh while Khusbir Kaur was 39th in women’s 20km Race Walk though she created a national record in the process. Sudha Singh had failed to qualify for the women’s 3000m steeplechase final round after finishing 23rd overall in the heats. In men’s 20km Race Walk, Gurmeet Singh and Chandan Singh had finished 33rd and 34th respectively while K.T. Irfan was disqualified after being at sixth spot at the halfway mark. Basanta Bahadur Rana finished 33rd while Sandeep Kumar was disqualified for rule violations in the men’s 50km Race Walk.

Johannesburg, Aug 17 (ANI): Sri Lankan cricket authorities have reportedly rejected Pakistan Cricket Board’s (PCB) proposal of playing day-night Tests in the upcoming series in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) between the two countries. According to Sport24, the International Cricket Council (ICC) had approved the day-night matches under floodlights as a way to stem dwindling interest in Tests in many countries, although the body has left it

to individual boards to decide when and how to experiment as no country has yet tried the new format. However, the Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) has stated that it has turned down PCB’s request to play daynight Tests as the Sri Lanka national cricket team players have not practised under lights and with the new pink ball. The report further said that the challenge facing such Tests has been to find a ball that is clearly visible in

both sunshine and floodlights, although the PCB had said that it had sent the SLC a dozen balls of pink and orange colour for them to examine. According to the report, Pakistan host Sri Lanka for three Tests, five one-day internationals and two Twenty20s in December and January in the UAE. The first Test starts in Dubai on December 31, while the other two Tests are in Abu Dhabi (January 8-12) and Sharjah (January 16-20), the report added.

New York, Aug 17 (ANI): Paralympic sprinter Oscar Pistorius will reportedly be charged with premediated murder for the death of his model girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp on August 19, with the trial beginning in 2014. According to New York Daily News, the double amputee Blade Runner will be indicted on the same day Steenkamp, whom the track star admitted to shooting at his Pretoria home on Valentine’s Day, would have celebrated her 30th birthday. Stating that Pistorius’ trial will start in early

2014, a year after he shot dead Steenkamp in what he claimed was a tragic accident, prosecutors said that the South African sprinting star could face a life sentence with a minimum of 25 years in prison if convicted. According to the report, a six-month investigation on the incident ended this week, in which the investigators were reportedly focused on cell phones found at Pistorius’ upscale home as well as the toilet door through which he shot. The report further said that if the extra charges,

related to Pistorius shooting a gun out a moving car and firing one accidentally at a restaurant, are added, then the prosecutors may show Pistorius as ‘trigger-happy’ in his trial next year. However, Pistorius’ lawyers have said that they are yet to see a copy of the indictment papers, which include information like a witness list and some details of the evidence police have gathered since Pistorius fired four bullets from his licensed 9-mm gun in the pre-dawn hours of Valentine’s Day, fatally injuring Steenkamp.

Sri Lanka Rejects Pak Proposal Of Holding Day-night Tests In UAE Series

Pistorius To Face Trial In 2014 Over ‘Pre-mediated Murder’ Indictment

IBL:

Delhi Beat Hyderabad, Pune Defeat Mumbai

Lucknow: Krrish Delhi Smashers managed to pull up one of the most sensational victories of the tournament as after being down by 0-2, they bounced back well to claim the rest of three matches and defeated Hyderabad Hotshots in the Indian Badminton League encounter by 3-2 in Lucknow on Saturday. The real turnaround for Delhi Smashers came in with the men’s doubles and mixed doubles pair which allowed them to post their maiden victory of the tournament. Intense moments of the day came in when Hyderabad and Delhi were at 2-2 and V Diju with his Delhi teammate Prajakta Sawant took the centre stage against Hyderabad’s V Shem Goh and Pradnya Gadre. Diju and Prajakta managed to hold on their nerves in the last tie and consequently Delhi emerged out victorious as they won the first set 21-20 and second set by 21-15 to take their side to a much-needed win on the third

day of the Indian Badminton League. Earlier in the day, Delhi had a good start when Sai Praneeth claimed the first game but table turned really soon as Thai player S Tanongsak managed to win the next two games and gave Hyderabad a very crucial in the early stages of the day. Sai lost the match by 21-19 19-21 7-11 to his Thai opponent. Second game of the day was between Indian ace shuttler Saina Nehwal and Arundhati Pantawane. This match turned out to be a cakewalk for someone like Saina who was having wide range of shots to rattle her Delhi opponent. Her smashes were coming good which ultimately led her to the 21-6 in the first game. Saina’s supremacy was something too hard to breach for Arundhati, who was finding it hard to get her rhythm. Saina eventually gave Hyderabad Hotshots a 2-0 lead as Arundhati lost the second set by 8-21.

Howeve r, D el h i Smashers made a brilliant comeback as their world number two Malaysian duo of Boon Heong Tan and Kien Keat Koo defeated V Shem Goh and Kona Tarun of Hyderabad 2114 21-10 to reduce the lead by 1-2. The fourth and also the most awaited match of the day was played between Taufik Hidayat and Malaysian Darren Liew, but the former World and Olympic champion was no way near his best and lost the match by 10-21, 7-21 and with that shocking result Delhi made their way back into the contest as it was tied on 2-2. Later V. Diju and Prajakta Sawant got the better of Goh and Pradnya Gadre to win the mixed doubles match 21-20, 21-15. Meanwhile Pune Pistons came twice from behind to win Maharashtra derby in the Indian Badminton League as they beat Mumbai Masters 3-2. Pune added four points to its kitty to top the table.

New Delhi: Saina Nehwal proved her mettle in the Indian Badminton League as she beat PV Sindhu in women’s singles and helped Hyderabad Hotshots beat Awadhe Warriors 3-2 on the second day of Indian Badminton League on Thursday. Saina managed to east past PV Sindhu with her brilliant blend experience and aggressive approach. In the opening match of the day, RMV Gurusaidutt failed to cease the moment after winning the first game and lost the match with 21-15 14-21 9-11 to Saemsomboonsuk Tanongsak of Thailand. Awadhe Warriors were 0-1 down after this unexpected turn of the events in the first match. Meanwhile, the most awaited clash of the tournament between Sindhu and Saina turned out to be a onesided affair as Saina managed to seal the game with a 21-19 21-8 win. Sindhu didn’t man-

age to live up to the expectation of being a giant-killer but she did give some tough time to Saina in the first set. Saina received some very fine and deceptive drops from Sindhu but she recollected her act to take a better grip in this thrilling contest. Sindhu managed to break early in the contest and managed to took a 14-10 lead. But as the game went on Saina was able to stamp her authority with her body smashes which gave her a lead by 17-15. Sindhu managed to pick two quick points but very soon she was trailing as she played the shuttle into the net. Saina didn’t give her 18year-old opponent any more breathing space and sealed the game with a brilliant smash. Sindhu was looking bit ruffled after losing the opening game which made her come back much more difficult, as she kept on committing the unforced errors to hand over a lead

of 7-4 which was extended to 14-6 by Saina by the end of first two intervals. Saina’s supremacy was quite visible with her confident smashes as she registered the much needed win. Awadhe Warriors didn’t lose hopes and it was the duo of Markis Kido of Indonesia and Mathias Boe of Denmark which gave them a ray of hope by winning the match by 21-14, 21-20 in the third match of the day. Warriors were still lagging by 1-2, and it was young K Srikanth who won against higher-ranked Ajay Jayaram in straight-games to make it 2-2. It was more of a make and break situation for Hyderabad and their mixed doubles pair responded brilliantly to this tricky situation. Pradyna and Shem recorded a 21-9 19-21 11-8 victory over Markis Kido of Indonesia and Thailand’s Sapsiree Taerattanachal.

Saina Prevails Over Sindhu, Hyderabad Beat Awadhe Warriors


Bopanna-Vasselin Beat Paes-Stepanek To Reach Semis

Cincinnati: Rohan Bopanna and Edouard Roger-Vasselin managed to win their duel against Leander Paes and Radek Stepanek which took them to the semi-final of the ATP Cincinnati Masters here on Friday. It was a nail-biter as this clash went down to the wire but the Indo-French

pair managed to pull out a victory with 6-3, 6-7 (3), 10-8 over the fourth seeded Indo-Czech duo. With this nerve-wracking win, Bopanna with his French partner is looking forward to the challenge of Spanish duo of Marcel Granollers and Marc Lopez. If they win this contest then it’s going to be the second consecutive final for

Bopanna. In another quarterfinal clash, Granollers and Lopez managed to register a win against the Poles Mariusz Fyrstenberg and Marcin Matkowski 6-4, 6-2. The other semifinal features Bryan brothers who are pitted against Mexican Santiago Gonzalez and American Scott Lipsky.

London, Aug 15 (ANI): Reigning World Boxing Council (WBC) champion Vitali Klitschko is reportedly keen to run for the role of president of his country Ukraine, vowing to modernise the country and improve the lives of ordinary Ukrainians. According to the Guardian, Klitschko, who is the first heavyweight champion to hold a PhD, had won

a seat in the Ukrainian parliament last year after promising to shake up the political establishment. According to the WBC, Klitschko, who is one of Ukraine’s most popular MPs with a reformist agenda and a stellar sporting career behind him, said that he would run for president in 2015, although his office is yet to confirm the statement. However, Klitschko

had said that even though many people want to be the President, it is no more than a wish for them if they do not have the support of the people. Since his election to the parliament, Klitschko has campaigned against what he calls authoritarian moves by President Viktor Yanukovych, such as the jailing of former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko.

Islamabad, Aug 15 (ANI): Pakistani squash legend Jahangir Khan has urged the government to do more to revitalise Pakistan’s once proud sporting identity, which is suffering a serious slump due to the lack of facilities, militancy and infighting among sports federations. According to the Daily Times, Pakistan, which is on the verge of a ban from the Olympics for flouting administrative rules, has been a virtual no-go zone for top foreign sports teams since Islamist gunmen attacked the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore in 2009. Stating that the country, which celebrated its Inde-

pendence Day on Wednesday, must do more to improve its image and remove the ‘terrorist’ tag, Khan said that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif must look into the situation in sports as they are the only identity Pakistan has at the world level. The report said that Pakistan once reigned in the world in sports like cricket, squash and hockey in 1994, although Khan said that the continuous struggles has had a disastrous effect on their sports, which is being destroyed by terrorism and bad management. According to the report, Khan won a record 10 British Open titles and six world titles, dominating squash in the

1980s and 90s along with his compatriot Jansher Khan, who won eight world and six British crowns. However, the report mentioned that since their retirement, the country has failed to produce any top-level squash players, with Khan saying that along with squash, hockey’s status has also declined and cricket’s image is tainted by players caught in match-fixing. Four-time hockey world champions, Pakistan slumped to last in the World Cup held in India three years ago and a poor seventh in last year’s London Olympics, the report added.

Nurburgring (Germany), Aug 18 (PTI) : Continuing his strong show in the Auto GP series, Indian racer Narain Karthikeyan recorded his third win of the season when he triumphed from pole in round six of the series. Narain faced stiff opposition from Italian GP2 driver Kevin Giovesi and his Super Nova teammate Vittorio Ghirelli.

But the Indian always seemed to have enough in hand to keep the Italian duo at bay and managed to cross the line in the top spot 23 laps later. “It feels great to win at Nurburgring — it is a historic venue and it was amazing to hear the Indian national anthem playing in front of packed grandstands,” Narain said. “We knew we had

the pace to maintain the lead and I managed to get off the line well so it was all about controlling the pace, even though Giovesi came quite close at times,” he said. The victory, along with one point for Saturday’s pole position has taken Narain’s points tally to 122 points in the championship, which means he is 17 points behind third-placed Vittorio Ghirelli.

Boxing Champ-cum MP Vitali Klitschko Now Eyeing Ukraine President Role

Pak Squash Legend Jahangir Khan Calls For ‘Revitalisation’ Of Country’s ‘Tainted’ Sports

Narain Records Third Auto GP Win

EXPRESS INDIA

August 20, 2013

Page 23

Unmukt Chand Guides India U-23 To 3-wicket Victory Over Pakistan In ACC Emerging Teams Cup

Singapore: Medium pacer Sandeep Warrier picked up three wickets, while opener Unmukt Chand struck a patient half-century as India’s Under-23 team got the better of arch-rivals Pakistan by three wickets in a limited overs Group ‘A’ match of the ACC Emerging Teams Cup, here on Sunday. Chasing 192 for victory, Indians got off to a fine start with Under-19 World Cup winning skipper Chand (61) and Lokesh Rahul (46) providing the team a solid platform. And despite the middle-order batsmen not contributing handsomely, India could sail home with 13 balls to spare at Kallang Ground. Chand and Rahul shared a 84-run stand for the opening wicket. Apart from the duo, India skipper Suryakumar Yadav also made an useful contribution with 23 runs after Pakistan’s left-arm spinner Raza Hasan picked up three wickets to take the contest to the closing stages. Opting to field, the Indian pace duo of Sandeep Sharma and Warrier proved their captain’s decision right by exposing Pakistan’s frail batting line-up. Both displayed an incisive spell of fast bowling to slice through the opposition top-order line-up, reducing Pakistan to 22 for three inside

10 overs.

OpenersBabarAzam (2) and Azeem Ghumman (3) departed in quick succession, while Bilawal Bhatti (7) too made his way back to the pavilion without troubling the scorers much. It was then left to Umar Waheed (46) and Usman Salahuddin (61) to steady the rapidly sinking ship and provide some stability to the innings. The pair added 85 runs for the fourth wicket to take the team’s total past 100run mark before left-arm spinner Akshar Patel broke the stand by scalping Waheed. Pakistan never recovered from the loss and kept on losing wickets at regular intervals before Salahuddin also ran out of his patience and was caught by Baba Aparajith at covers off Warrier in the 47th over of the innings. His 105-ball 61 was studded with just two hits to the fence. While Warrier finished with a brilliant figures of three for 32 from his nine overs, Sharma chipped in with two wickets for 39. Replying to the total, Indians got off to a flying start as Chand and Rahul denied Pakistan’s frontline bowlers any success. Both were cautious in their approach and mostly dealt in twos and threes while looking for occasional boundaries.

The opening wicket stand was broken by left-arm spinner Mohammad Nawaz when he disturbed the timbers of Rahul. Hasan then had Manpreet Juneja (11) bowled as the twin strikes reinvigorated the Pakistan side. From 106 for two, the Indian side was suddenly struggling at 160 for six with Chand, Yadav, Ankit Bawne (5) and Patel (6) all back to the pavilion. With the match turning into an exciting contest with both sides looking to start their campaign with a win, Aparajith (13 not out) and Ashok Menaria (18) combined well and raised a crucial 31-run partnership for the seventh wicket to take their side home. For Pakistan, apart from Hasan (3 for 39), Nawaz accounted for two wickets. In the ACC Emerging Teams Cup tournament, India are placed in Group A along with Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nepal. Group B comprises Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, UAE and Singapore. The matches will be played at Kallang Cricket Ground and Singapore Cricket Ground from August 17-25. India will next take on Nepal (August 20) and Afghanistan (August 22). The final will be played on August 25.


Page 24

August 20, 2013

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EXPRESS INDIA

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Mysterious Star Found To Have One Of Strongest Magnetic Fields In Universe

Washington, Aug 15 (ANI): Scientists have discovered that a curious dead star has been hiding one of the strongest magnetic fields in the Universe all along. The object, known as SGR 0418+5729 (or SGR 0418 for short), is a magnetar, a particular kind of neutron star. A neutron star is the dead core of a once massive star that collapsed in on itself after burning up all its fuel and exploding in a dramatic supernova event. They are extraordinarily dense objects, packing more than the mass of our Sun into a sphere only some 20 km across – about the size of a city. A small proportion of neutron stars form and live briefly as magnetars, named for their extremely intense magnetic fields, billions to trillions of times greater than those generated in hospital MRI machines, for example. These fields cause

magnetars to erupt sporadically with bursts of high-energy radiation. SGR 0418 lies in our galaxy, about 6500 light years from Earth. It was first detected in June 2009 by space telescopes including NASA’s Fermi and Roscosmos’ Koronas-Photon when it suddenly lit up in X-rays and soft gamma rays. It has been studied subsequently by a fleet of observatories, including ESA’s XMM-Newton space telescope. “Until very recently, all indications were that this magnetar had one of the weakest surface magnetic fields known; at 6 x 1012 Gauss, it was roughly a 100 times lower than for typical magnetars,” Andrea Tiengo of the Istituto Universitario di Studi Superiori, Pavia, Italy, and lead author of the paper, said. “Under st a nd i ng these results was a challenge. However, we suspected that SGR 0418 was in fact hiding

a much stronger magnetic field, out of reach of our usual analytical techniques,” she said. Mag net a rs spi n more slowly than neutron stars, but still complete a rotation within a few seconds. The normal way of determining the magnetic field of a magnetar is to measure the rate at which the spin is declining. Three years of observations of SGR 0418 had led astronomers to infer a weak magnetic field. The new technique developed by Dr Tiengo and his collaborators involves searching for variations in the X-ray spectrum of the magnetar over extremely short time intervals as it rotates. This method allows astronomers to analyse the magnetic field in much more detail and has revealed SGR 0418 as a true magnetic monster. The findings are published in the journal Nature.

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Washington, August 15 (ANI): Researchers have designed a new material- a thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass- that can dynamically modify sunlight as it passes through a window. A team of researchers as the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have designed the coating which provides selective control over visible light and heat-producing near-infrared (NIR) light, so windows can maximize both energy savings and occupant comfort in a wide range of climates. Delia Milliron, a chemist at Berkeley Lab’s

Molecular Foundry who led this research, and his team is already well known for their smart-window technology that blocks NIR without blocking visible light. At the heart of the technology is a new “designer” electrochromic material, made from nanocrystals of indium tin oxide embedded in a glassy matrix of niobium oxide. The resulting composite material combines two distinct functionalities—one providing control over visible light and the other, control over NIR—but it is more than the sum of its parts. T he r esea rcher s found a synergistic interaction

in the tiny region where glassy matrix meets nanocrystal that increases the potency of the electrochromic effect, which means they can use thinner coatings without compromising performance. The key is that the way atoms connect across the nanocrystal-glass interface causes a structural rearrangement in the glass matrix. The interaction opens up space inside the glass, allowing charge to move in and out more readily. Beyond electrochromic windows, this discovery suggests new opportunities for battery materials where transport of ions through electrodes can be a challenge.

August 20, 2013

Page 25

How Cosmic Turbulences Lead To Formation Of Stars And Black Holes

Washington, Aug 16 (ANI): A new study has shown how magnetic fields can also cause turbulences within “dead zones,” thus making an important contribution to our current understanding of just how compact objects form in the cosmos. When Johannes Kepler first proposed his laws of planetary motion in the early days of the 17th century, he could not have foreseen the central role cosmic magnetic fields would play in planetary system formation. Today, we know that in the absence of magnetic fields, mass would not be able to concentrate in compact bodies like stars and black holes. One prominent example is our solar system, which formed 4.6 billion years ago through the collapse of a gigantic cloud of gas, whose gravitational pull concentrated particles in its center, culminating in the formation of a large disc. “These accretion discs are extremely stable

from a hydrodynamic perspective as according to Kepler’s laws of planetary motion angular momentum increases from the center towards the periphery,” Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf physicist Dr. Frank Stefani, said. “In order to explain the growth rates of stars and black holes, there has to exist a mechanism, which acts to destabilize the rotating disc and which at the same time ensures mass is transported towards the center and angular momentum towards the periphery,” he said. As early as 1959, Evgenij Velikhov conjectured that magnetic fields are capable of prompting turbulences within stable rotating flows. Although it wasn’t until 1991 that astrophysicists Steven Balbus and John Hawley fully grasped the fundamental significance of this magneto rotational instability (MRI) in cosmic structure formation. However, in order to ensure the MRI actually

works, the discs have to exhibit a minimum degree of electrical conductivity. In areas of low conductivity like the “dead zones” of protoplanetary discs or the far-off regions of accretion discs that surround supermassive black holes, the MRI’s effect is numerically difficult to comprehend and is thus a matter of dispute. The calculations by Dr. Oleg Kirillov and Dr. Frank Stefani have shown that the helical MRI very much applies to the Keplerian rotation profile if only the circular magnetic field is produced not entirely from the outside but at least partly from within the accretion disc. Regardless of whether with or without a vertical magnetic field, current calculations show that the MRI is possible even in areas of low conductivity like the “dead zones” -- something astrophysicists had not previously thought possible. The research is published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.

London, Aug 17 (ANI): NASA has released a map of all the known asteroids that are passing Earth within a close range. The 1,400 asteroids, whose orbits are given a web-like appearance in the spirograph, are considered fairly dangerous but are not expected to pose an imminent threat for at least another 100 years, Metro.

co.uk reported. The “potentially hazardous asteroids” (PHA) are large – estimated at about 460ft or 140m in size – and can reportedly pass within 4.7million miles of the Earth’s orbit. In these terms – that’s pretty close. NASA said on its website that this “potential” to make close Earth approaches does not mean a

PHA will impact the Earth. It only means there is a possibility for such a threat, they said. The American space agency said that by monitoring these PHAs and updating their orbits as new observations become available, we can better predict the close-approach statistics and thus their Earth-impact threat.

Washington, Aug. 16 (ANI): Despite having antivirus software installed on the computer systems, if a new virus is released before the antivirus software detects it, the system can be infected. However, researchers have found a way for virus detection that acts as a third layer on top of scanning for known viruses and heuristic scanning. The new approach employs a data mining algorithm to identify malicious code on a system and the anomaly of behaviour patterns detected is predominantly based on the rate at

which various operating system functions are being ‘called’. The idea is to incorporate built-in defences in the antivirus software against viruses and other computer malware for which they have no prior knowledge. These defences usually respond to unusual activity that resembles the way viruses behave once they have infected a system. This so-called heuristic approach combined with regularly updated antivirus software can protect the system against known viruses and even zero-day viruses.

The research team of Mamoun Alazab (ANU) and Sitalakshmi Venkatraman (NMIT) explained that securing computer systems against new diverse malware is becoming harder since it requires a continuing improvement in the detection engines. They said that what is most important is to expand the knowledgebase for security research through anomaly detection by applying innovative pattern recognition techniques with appropriate machine learning algorithms to detect unknown malicious behaviour.

NASA Unveils Map Of Threatening Asteroids Poised To Strike Earth

How To Detect Malware On Systems Apart From Usual Anti-virus Softwares


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August 20, 2013

EXPRESS INDIA


EXPRESS INDIA

by Mohammad Taqi Washington, Aug.18 (ANI): United States officials have said remarkably little publicly about the recent flare up of tensions along the Pakistan- India Line of Control (LOC) in Kashmir. Historically, Pakistan has consistently sought to internationalise the Kashmir issue after every round of agitation and/or militancy in that restive region. Leveraging the strife in Kashmir to its diplomatic advantage is almost always the goal. This contrasts with the Pakistani intervention in Afghanistan where it has wanted world powers to leave that hapless country to its whims. Pakistan, obviously, weighs and plays its strengths and weaknesses vis-à-vis it’s two neighbours differently. Many in Pakistan have construed that the U.S. not blaming Pakistan for the recent cross-border terrorism as a victory of sorts. But the U.S. may have effectively deprived Pakistan of the diplomatic oxygen, which the latter has always wanted to stoke the fire in Kashmir. While the Pakistani security establishment may have succeeded in using the current episode to warn the country’s new Prime Minster Nawaz Sharif to desist from crossing domestic redlines, the perennial Pakistani hopes to rope in the U.S. to mediate, or lean on India, were dashed with Washington maintaining its handsoff approach on the Kashmir issue. With the returns from the LOC violations visibly and quickly diminishing, the Pakistani establishment reached swiftly for the victim card. From hard line jihadist generals like Hamid Gul to liberal peaceniks, an array of voices in Pakistan have castigated India, and especially

Pakistan: Playing The Victim Card

sections of the Indian media, for responding too harshly to the killing of Indian soldiers. Ironically, this right-left harmony was also on display when several Pakistani soldiers were killed in a 2011 NATO air attack at the Salala check post. A country that unanimously, and rightly, demanded a US public apology over the Salala episode, quite disingenuously wants India to move on after the recent massacre of its soldiers. Salala was not the only incident where the Punjab-based Pakistani liberal intelligentsia toed their security establishment’s line. With some honorable exceptions, the liberal crowd in Pakistan, including those who have been part of the Track II peace process with India, hold views on Afghanistan that are remarkably similar to the Pakistan Army’s. In his recent talk show, eminent liberal Pakistani journalist Najam Sethi called the “Indian-trained” Afghan National Army “anti-Pakistan”. He also laid the blame for the surge in not just the Balochistan’s nationalist resistance, but also the sectarian terrorism a la Lashkar-e-Jhangavi (LeJ) at India’s doorstep. In his newspaper editorial later, he has quite curiously described the term “assets” to describe the Indian consulates and diplomats attacked inside Afghanistan by the Islamist terrorists. While it is not beyond the realm of possibility that outside forces can seek to exploit existing fault lines in a society, this theory that India, through its presence in Afghanistan, is enabling the LeJ sectarian terrorists is quite preposterous given the track record of the WahhabiSalafi terrorists against India. Also, dismissing the current segment of Baloch nationalist struggle

just as India’s proxy war attempts to delegitimize the very serious grievances the Baloch have and legitimises the atrocities unleashed on them by the Pakistani armed forces. Never mind the decades of Pakistan incubating sectarian and jihadist terrorists and deploying them from Kashmir to Mumbai! Here again Pakistan and its intelligentsia quite conveniently played the victim card and seem reluctant to do an honest introspection. Raising the specter of Indian presence in Afghanistan seeks to legitimize Pakistan’s hegemonic designs in Afghanistan that have an origin in the attempts to neutralise the Pashtun nationalist irredentism by upending it with the Pakistan-friendly Islamists. In this model it is ignored that Afghanistan and India have had a relationship antedating the Soviet and US presence in Afghanistan and indeed Pakistan’s own existence. Afghanistan existed long before Pakistan was there and had arguably fewer domestic problems than it has faced since the birth of its eastern neighbor. As a sovereign country it is for Afghanistan to decide what would be the number and composition of its armed forces and who trains them. Pakistani intelligentsia would surely detest the Afghans telling them not to get arms and training from China. It is pertinent to note that the Pakistani security establishment appears to be phasing out the term ‘strategic depth’ but, nothing whatsoever has changed in its stance on Afghanistan and India. General Ashfaq Kayani is celebrated by the liberal and conservative Pakistani media

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alike for making a speech every six months about internal threats to Pakistan being the army’s primary focus. However, as the person at the helm of Pakistan’s national security for half a decade, Kayani has remarkably little practical steps to show. What is somewhat new is that this lip service is being peddled as the new peace gospel not just by the obscurantist Urdu media, but also sections of the liberal English press. A side effect, or possibly a desired effect of the liberal voices unquestioningly adopting the Pakistan Army’s line, is the narrative being picked up and assimilated by the western media. It appears that the Pakistani establishment’s national security paradigm has quite a few supporters among those usually seen talking peace with India. Without impugning their intentions, it may be pertinent to scrutinise the seriousness of these interlocutors who are seen frequently on the unofficial people-to-people diplomacy circuit. Finding the ostensibly liberal opinion makers and those of Lt. Gen. Hamid Gul’s ilk on one page should raise a question about both Pakistan’s will and capacity to contribute to regional peace. It is certainly desirable to talk peace even in the most adverse circumstances, but the Pakistani establishment has gotten away way too frequently with its recklessness. In fact, it has been rewarded for coming to the negotiating table for Afghanistan with its suicide vest on. Moving forward without setting some hard ground rules would be to positively reinforce this disastrous attitude. The only thing Pakistan is really a victim of is its deadly embrace of jihadism as foreign policy tool.

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