JACK LITTRELL MARCH 2019
Contents 04 | 11
12 | 17
Roanoke AMTRAK Station
18 | 25 Blacksburg Elementary School 26 | 33
Green Boating Center
34 | 35
Cowgill Hall Addition
36 | 39
Queens Quarters This project develops an empty, riverfront site along the East River in Queens, New York into a complex for healthy metropolitan living. This proposal demonstrates the first phase of the project, a 108-unit, twelve story apartment building. The proposal additionally allocates space on the site for an education and community center to provide residents with resources to support both their physical and mental health. The design of the apartment building is focused on encouraging residents to form a community and supporting a healthy lifestyle.
The given site is located along the south side of the Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge on the shore of the East River. The site has direct access to the waterfront, connecting the site to the existing coastline park which extends through the borough of Queens and connects to the neighboring Queensbridge Park. This waterfront access provides views of both Roosevelt Island and Midtown Manhattan. The placement of the building on the site maximizes potential green space and future development.
The tower is comprised of three structurally similar modules, which contain four different types of living units. The module shown on the top left contains two mirrored one-bedroom, one-bathroom units. The module shown on the bottom left contains one two-bedroom, one-bathroom unit and one studio apartment unit. The module shown on the right contains one three-bedroom, two-bathroom unit. These modules were developed studying the relationship between served and service spaces. The service spaces are located adjacent to the building circulation, and the served spaces are located along the exterior wall of the building. The building is supported by 8â€? thick cross-laminated timber panels oriented identically across each of the three modules. 08
Each floor of the tower contains one type of module in an effort to place residents with similar lifestyles on the same floors. Every third floor in the tower contains a public garden at the intersection of the two wings of the tower. These gardens offer residents a large outdoor space for community gathering with views of Roosevelt Island and lower Manhattan. The spine of the building features public balconies on every floor which face the future wellness and education center. These balconies offer spaces for residents to grow smaller plants and spend time outside. Shown on the left are the distributions of the unit types throughout the tower. The top diagram shows the onebedroom units, located on floors ten and twelve. The middle diagram shows the three bedroom units, located on floors one, three, four, six, seven and nine. The bottom diagram shows the two-bedroom and zero-bedroom units, located on floors two, five, eight and eleven.
Roanoke AMTRAK Station In response to AMTRAK reinstating services to Roanoke, Virginia I was prompted to design a new train station in the heart of this small city. This project challenged us to design a compelling waiting space.
Living In The Arch
After visiting the site in downtown Roanoke and noticing the abundance of brick architecture, I chose to explore the use of bricks a building material. The masonry structure developed into arcades of arches in two sizes, with the smaller arches creating served spaces and the larger arches defining service spaces. The repetition of the arches creates a rhythm in the space that echoes a trains locomotion. The served spaces direct occupants to take rest within the arches and enjoy the natural light brought into the space by the vaulted skylights.
Blacksburg Elementary School This project was developed in two phases to compete in two different competitions. The design for this school was focused on cultivating an energy-efficient design that responded to the suburban context of the site and explored the spatial ideas of compression and release.
Virginia A4LE Competition
This competition challenged students to design a school that focused on creating optimal learning environments for students in a building that was designed with considerations for the environment. My initial response to this competition was to develop my classroom block to both orient itself as a unit towards Main Street in Blacksburg while orienting the classrooms to twenty degrees west of south to allow for optimal daylighting. While developing the design I focused on creating a variety of learning environments for the students to use. This project was developed in a framework of cross laminated timber panels to provide both a sustainable structure and a warm, familiar material intended to make the students feel welcomed and comfortable. My project was awarded second place in the competition.
Mid-Atlantic RCI Competition
The second competition challenged us to take our existing elementary school and study how the building envelope would perform. In this competition I wrapped my CLT structure in rigid foam insulation and developed two rain-screen systems; one clad in brick and one clad in wood. I was awarded honorable mention in this competition.
Green Boating Center On Claytor Lake in rural Dublin, Virginia, the Green Boating Center exists as a joint venture between the Claytor Lake Sailing Association and the Virginia Tech Sailing Club. This project represents a proposal for a new building that can better serve these organizations in teaching students to sail, hosting events and storing equipment.
The existing boating center consisted of only a small shed and a flat, gravel filled area used to store the sailboats. I based my architecture on the preexisting boat storage, developing my architecture within a grid system of 7.5’ x 15’ which represents the area required to store the largest sailboats used at the boating center. This unit was placed inside of a grid of 6”x6” columns and using this framework I designed the building while focusing on celebrating the established grid and drawing the occupants of the building to the lake. 28
Emphasis On Structure
The structural system of the building is used to further emphasize the grid system which stems from the storage of the sailboats on the lower level. These columns meet exposed, curved, glue-laminated rafters which extend upwards to allow additional natural light into the space and draw the eye outside to the lake. The columns that would be located in the atrium are replaced with diagonal spanning members to draw attention to the curvature of the roof and not obstruct the view of the lake. The two most important considerations in the building are the emphasis of the grid and the attempt to use the building to bring more people to the lake.
Cowgill Hall Addition This week-long competition challenged third-year students to design a new review, gallery and cafe space for the School of Architecture and Design. The building was to be situated on a stepped plaza outside of the existing architecture building. My design looked to emphasize and celebrate the process of a project review.
Artist Residence Tasked with designing a gallery, studio and residential space for an artist working with a loom, I took inspiration from the structure of a loom. The given site was located in an alleyway in downtown Blacksburg, Virginia.