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EGACY Yesterday. Today. Tomorrow.

WEDNESDAYS • March 30, 2016

INSIDE

Use of race in redistricting argued- 2 New loan program for small biz - 5 Trump and the hostile takeover - 6 Anti-smoking campaign continues - 14

Richmond & Hampton Roads

LEGACYNEWSPAPER.COM • FREE

The Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003 requires states to set up systems to ensure that medical personnel alert child protection workers to newborns “identified as being affected by illegal substance abuse or withdrawal symptoms resulting from prenatal drug exposure.” However, most states ignore the law and now Congress is taking action.

Congress seeks to protect infants born to addicts STAFF & WIRE REPORTS In the United States, a baby is born dependent on opioids every 19 minutes. But doctors aren’t alerting social services to thousands of these infants, many of whom come to harm in families shattered by narcotics, according to a recent Reuters investigation. This amounts to more than 130,000 children born in the U.S in the last decade entering the world hooked on drugs – a dependency inherited from a mother battling addiction. A 13-year-old federal law calls on states to take steps to safeguard these babies after they leave the hospital. That effort is failing across the nation, according to reports, endangering a generation of children born into America’s growing addiction to heroin, opioids and other drugs. Last week, members of Congress introduced legislation they say will improve efforts to prevent this type of endangerment. Members of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, which includes Virginia Rep. Robert C. “Bobby” Scott (D-3rd District), introduced the Improving Safe Care for the Prevention of Infant Abuse and Neglect Act to “strengthen efforts to prevent and respond to child abuse and neglect” by requiring the U.S.

Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to better ensure states are meeting current child welfare requirements. “It works to ensure that states and the federal government are following through on their promise to protect infants suffering from drug dependency and assist affected families and caregivers in getting the help they need,” said Scott. “We must do everything we can to safeguard the most vulnerable among us and ensure they will be well protected and cared for.” Apart from being born drug-dependant, these infants are also dying due to other factors related to addiction, including unsafe sleeping, drowning, and physical abuse and neglect, among other factors. “Opioid addiction is a widespread epidemic that has to be addressed,” “Substance-exposed infants face unique challenges from birth that require a holistic approach,” said Health, Employment, Labor, & Pensions Subcommittee ranking member, Rep. Jared Polis (D-CO). “This bill is the first step towards tackling this issue by clarifying existing requirements around supporting infants and their families and strengthening oversight.” Read the Reuters report online at legacynewspaper.com


2 • March 30, 2016

The LEGACY

News

Politics, not race, dominated Va. redistricting KIMBERLY S. ROBINSON A group of current and former Republican members of Congress asked the U.S. Supreme Court to reinstate Virginia’s congressional voting map at oral argument last week. But it wasn’t clear that those members have standing to defend the state maps. Members of Congress don’t have a legally protected right to pick their constituents, Marc E. Elias, of Perkins Coie LLC, Washington, said on behalf of voters who originally challenged the now-defunct maps. It’s supposed to be the other way around... voters choose their representatives, he said. However, Michael A. Carvin, of Jones Day, Washington, who represented the members of Congress, said that was a “lovely slogan.” What’s at issue here, however, is whether state legislatures get to choose the districts that voters are in, or if that’s up to the federal judiciary, Carvin said. Here, Virginia’s map for choosing members of the U.S. House of Representatives was struck down because it unconstitutionally used race to determine the district lines, a three-judge panel in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia said. Harmless use of race? It wasn’t race, but politics that determined the district lines here, Carvin said. That’s an important distinction because while the Supreme Court has been active in racial gerrymandering claims, it has so far steered clear of political gerrymandering claims, saying that it isn't able to effectively police such activity. Here, race and politics are coextensive, Carvin said. Because Virginia would have come up with the same plan no matter if race or politics predominated, the lower court shouldn’t have struck down the legislatively enacted plan, he said.

Robert C. “Bobby” Scott, Virginia’s only black congressman That sounds like you are creating a harmless error rule for racial gerrymandering, Justice Elena Kagan said. The court has never adopted a harmless error rule for racial discrimination, she said. Drafters always consider race, Carvin said. It’s required under the Voting Rights Act, he noted. Elias acknowledged that mere desire to comply with the VRA wouldn't doom the redistricting process. But when you mechanically use race in a way that isn’t grounded in the VRA, that’s unconstitutional, he said. That’s what happened here, Elias said. Even though Virginia said it intended to protect the state’s only black congressman, that congressman didn’t need additional protection, he said. That congressman was elected before the redrawn map with more than 70 percent of the vote, Elias said. Under the new map, it was over 80 percent, he said. Legislative intent? But how can you determine what a group of legislators intended to do, Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. asked repeatedly. You can look at the effects of any remedial plan, Carvin suggested. Here, the remedial plan put in place by the Eastern District of Virginia converted one district from a “toss-

up district” with a Republican incumbent into a solidly Democratic district,” he said. Because the remedial plan isn't as helpful to Republicans as the legislatively enacted one, it demonstrates that politics—not race—was the predominate factor in drawing the legislative plan, Carvin said. But the sole drafter of the new map specifically said that he wasn’t looking at partisan performance, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg said. While it can be hard to sometimes parse legislative intent, it isn’t hard here because there was only one drafter, said Virginia Solicitor General Stuart A. Raphael, of Richmond. Although the state originally defended the legislature’s plan in the lower court under a Republican administration, it isn’t doing so on appeal now that Democrats hold the governor’s and attorney general’s seats. The state is still a party to the appeal, however. Shaky ground Some of the legislators voting for the plan might not have cared what the lone drafter thought, Roberts said. So when race and politics are coextensive, how do you know which one predominated, he asked. Partisanship is usually a high priority of politicians, Roberts said. In such a mixed-motives case, the challengers of the map are usually required to draw a new map that can meet the partisan goals, without the focus on race, Roberts said. The challengers here, however, weren’t put to that task, he said. “I, at least, would feel on much more solid ground if the plaintiffs had been put to the test of saying, show us,” Roberts said. Hijacking process? Regardless, the lower court’s decision may stand if the Supreme Court decides the members of Congress appealing that judgment don't have standing. The strongest case for standing

here is a Congressman that switched which district he was running in as a result of the remedial plan put in place by the district court, Justice Sonia Sotomayor said. Roberts suggested that was a pretty severe injury. “The future of his political career that he’s had for 16 years,” is at stake, he said. But because redrawing one district has an effect on virtually every other district, such a standing rule would open up the courthouse to almost every member of Congress, Justice Stephen G. Breyer said. That would be a “mess,” he added. A member of Congress would only have standing if the new map harmed their chances for reelection, Carvin said. But not every injury opens up the courthouse doors, Elias said. In addition to being harmed, you have to assert a legally recognized interest, Kagan said. Being reelected isn’t a legally recognized right, she said. The right being asserted isn’t the right to be elected, it’s the right not to have the federal judiciary hijack the redistricting process, Carvin said. Or as Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. put it, it's the right to run in a district that was lawfully enacted by the state legislature. Postpone elections? The high court rejected an earlier stay request by the members of Congress. As a result, the district court's remedial plan will be in place for Virginia’s June 14 congressional primary elections. A reversal of the district court’s judgment, reinstating the enacted plan, may require the state to postpone its congressional general elections until after the nationwide Nov. 8 election day, the members of Congress warned. This is, however, one of a handful of cases that could split evenly as a result of Justice Antonin Scalia's unexpected death last February. A 4-4 decision would leave the lower court’s decision in place, but wouldn’t be binding on other courts. A decision is expected by late June.


www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

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4 • March 30, 2016

NOTICE OF PRIMARY ELECTION CITY OF RICHMOND The State Board of Elections ordered a Democratic Party and Republican Party primary election to be held in the City of Richmond on:

TUESDAY JUNE 14, 2016 The purpose of these elections is to nominate candidates for the office of U.S. House of Representatives, Fourth Congressional District that will be on the ballot in November: Information about participating in a primary election as a candidate or in the general election as a non-party candidate can be found at www.elections.virginia.gov. NOTE: A primary election will not be held for any office in which only one candidate qualifies to have their name appear on the ballot.

THE DEADLINE TO REGISTER TO VOTE IN THIS ELECTION IS MONDAY, MAY 23, 2016 Qualified residents of the Commonwealth of Virginia may apply for, or change, their voter registration online at www.elections.virginia.gov, or in person at the Office of the General Registrar, Room 105, City Hall, 900 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia. Office hours are 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM, Monday through Friday, except holidays. Applications are also available at all City libraries, post offices and DMVs. The deadline to apply for an absentee ballot through the mail for his election is Tuesday June 7, 2016. The deadline to apply for and vote an absentee ballot in person is 5:00 PM, Saturday, June 11, 2016, except in the case of certain emergencies. The Office of the General Registrar will be open for absentee voting during regular business hours, and from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM on Saturday, June 11, 2016. Persons with a VA DMV issued ID can also apply online for an absentee ballot through the mail at www.elections.virginia.gov. PHOTO ID IS NOW REQUIRED TO VOTE IN PERSON. See

www.elections.virginia.gov for more information.

Call (804) 646-5950 for more information.

The LEGACY

Response to Mayor Jones’ “final Report” on Shockoe Bottom ANA EDWARDS & PHIL WILAYTO Perspective During its recent presentation to Richmond City Council, Lord Cultural Resources, the company hired by the Jones administration to develop plans for Shockoe Bottom, announced that ground would be broken on a Lumpkin’s Jail memorial before the end of this year. Apparently there was no mention of the 2015 Community Proposal for a Shockoe Bottom Memorial Park, the result of a six-months-long community engagement process facilitated by the Defenders for Freedom, Justice & Equality in partnership with the National Trust for Historic Preservation and Preservation Virginia. Just days before the Aug. 15, 2015, citywide vote on the community proposal, Mayor Jones held a press conference announcing his own “community engagement” project, “Richmond Speaks About Lumpkin’s Jail,” to be facilitated by Lord Cultural Resources. Lord’s own proposal to the City listed a fee of $86,000. So Mayor Jones spent $86,000 to do over the next four months what had already been done over the previous six - voluntarily, at no charge to the city. Both community engagement processes came to the same conclusions: something has to be done, sooner rather than later, to memorialize the slave-trade history of Shockoe Bottom; and that memorialization has to be broader than Lumpkin’s Jail, just one of nearly 100 sites in the Bottom related to Richmond’s central role in the U.S. domestic slave trade. The community process led by the Defenders decided on a nine-acre Memorial Park to include the site of Lumpkin’s Jail, the African Burial Ground and two empty, mostly City-owned blocks east of the CSX railroad tracks that include the sites of at least two more slave jails, plus trader offices and supporting service businesses. The community process led by the mayor - which did not allow a vote by the community - acknowledged the overwhelming desire for a larger memorial, but only proposed a narrow focus on Lumpkin’s Jail. Like the mayor’s previous failed Revitalize RVA, this would leave the rest of the now undeveloped slave-trading district to the tender mercies of for-profit developers. In fact, the mayor’s proposal does not even include the African Burial Ground, which was reclaimed by a sustained community effort that Jones did not support. The Memorial Park can include everything the mayor is proposing for Lumpkin’s Jail, plus the African Burial Ground, plus enough additional land to convey the true scope and importance of the Richmond slave trade. And as described in our 20-page proposal (sacredgroundproject.net), developing the park will cost less than the mayor’s project and will produce far more in revenue for the city. The mayor’s representatives have assured the public

Wilayto and Edwards/ Va. Living that a Lumpkin memorial can be the beginning of a larger effort - but neither Lord’s Dec. 10 preliminary report nor its March 14 final report to City Council includes any provisions for securing an expansive footprint - or for raising the funds to pay for it. The Community Proposal for a Shockoe Bottom Memorial Park calls for a phased approach, starting with the legal securing of the ultimate footprint so that a timeline for the park’s development can be planned with some confidence. Moving to secure the city-owned lots must be the immediate priority. We were not able to attend the March 14 council meeting where Lord presented its final report on the mayor’s proposal. We were in Poland, visiting the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum on the site of the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp and the Schindler Enamel Factory Museum in nearby Krakow, which honors German industrialist Oskar Schindler who saved 1,200 Jews from extermination and also tells the story of the city of Krakow before and during Poland’s occupation by Nazi Germany. We wanted to see how these important sites of conscience have been developed. Neither memorial is small. Both tell expansive stories, enough to attract a world audience. Last year, some 300,000 people visited the Schindler Museum, staying in hotels, eating in restaurants and greatly contributing to the economic vitality of the city of Krakow. In 2014, 1.5 million people visited Auschwitz. In the end, Richmond will be judged not by what happened here 150 years ago, but how it deals with that history today. The time is right to create a memorial worthy of the story it tells - both the depths of the cruelty and suffering and the heights of resistance. Let us not miss this historic opportunity to do right by the ancestors and tell their stories in all their complexity and inspiration in a way that can attract the attention of the entire world. Edwards is chair of the Sacred Ground Historical Reclamation Project and Wilayto is editor of The Virginia Defender, a local monthly publication.


www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

March 30, 2016 • 5

Partnership to address statewide gaps in access to small business capital Accion and the Virginia Community Economic Network (VCEN) have developed a collaborative initiative to increase microloan access to small businesses in Virginia. The two nonprofit organizations will launch a pilot project making Accion’s affordable microloans and support services available to VA small businesses via VCEN’s SourceLinkVirginia.org business resource portal. The new effort is meant to help Virginia entrepreneurs start and grow their small businesses through microfinancing and business education, addressing gaps in access

to capital and credit in under-served markets around the state. “Despite the general economic recovery, access to high-quality capital and credit options remains a challenge for Virginia’s startups, microbusinesses, and small businesses,” said Conaway Haskins, executive director of the Virginia Community Economic Network. “Working with Accion and our local partners is a strategic and cost-effective solution to filling a significant gap affecting Virginia’s entrepreneurship support ecosystems.” Accion, nonprofit microlender,

PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY DENTISTRY FOR CHILDREN AND PATIENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

makes small business loans from $1,000 to $50,000, an important but often overlooked range for earlystage and growing small businesses. In 2015, the organization received over 360 applications from Virginians and subsequently made 20 loans. The average loan size was around $9,000. “Businesses need both access to capital and financial education in order to grow. That growth produces a large, positive impact on families and communities. Accion helps these businesses access these tools and grow sustainably,” said Paul Quintero, CEO of Accion East. “We are happy to work with VCEN and its partners to increase our lending activity in Virginia.” By working with VCEN and its

partners, Accion hopes to significant increase the number of successful loan applicants. The pilot project will initially begin in several targeted regions, including Central Virginia, Hampton Roads, and the I-81 corridor. If the pilot phase succeeds, the project will be expanded to the rest of the state. By connecting entrepreneurs to the business assistance services that they need coupled with access to reasonably-priced smaller loans, Accion and VCEN will expand the pipeline of credit-worthy businesses that will be better-positioned to seek future funding from larger financial institutions and investors. See more at www.loanspot.org.

Interstate 95 Operational Improvements Henrico County & Hanover County Willingness to Hold a Public Hearing

The Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) is proposing operational improvements to Interstate 95 north between I-295 (mile marker 84) and Lewistown Road (mile marker 89). The project will reduce the merge/weave conflicts, improve lane continuity and improve safety. Construction is expected to begin in spring 2016. Review project information and National Environmental Policy Act documentation at VDOT’s Richmond District Office located at 2430 Pine Forest Drive in Colonial Heights, 23834-9002, 804-524-6000, 1800-367-7623, or TTY/TDD 711. Please call ahead to ensure the availability of appropriate personnel to answer your questions.

Question: How often does my child need to brush? Answer: It is recommended that children brush at least two times a day for two miniutes in the morning and at bedtime. Randy Adams, D.D.S.

Board Certified Pediatric Dentist & Board Certified Special Care Dentist

Brandon Allen, D.D.S. 300 West Broad Street Richmond, VA 23220

(804) 780-2888

www.richmonddentistryforchildren.com

If your concerns cannot be satisfied, VDOT is willing to hold a public hearing. You may request that a public hearing be held by sending a written request to Tony Haverly, PE, PMP, Project Manager, Virginia Department of Transportation, 2430 Pine Forest Drive, Colonial Heights, VA 23834-9002 or Anthony.Haverly@VDOT.Virginia.gov on or prior to April 13, 2016. If a request for a public hearing is received, notice of date, time and place of the hearing will be posted. VDOT ensures nondiscrimination and equal employment in all programs and activities in accordance with Title VI and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. If you have questions or concerns about your civil rights in regards to this project or special assistance for persons with disabilities or limited English proficiency, contact the project manager listed above. State Project: 0095-964-415, P101, R201, C501; 0095-964-416, P101, R201, C501 Federal Project: OC-95-1(354); OC-95-2(536)


6 • March 30, 2016

Op/Ed & Letters

The LEGACY

Trump’s hostile takeover of the Republican Party RAYNARD JACKSON NNPA - I have repeatedly heard many of the talking heads in Washington, D.C. and the Republican establishment accuse Donald Trump and his presidential campaign of engaging in a hostile takeover of the Republican Party. I agree with them. Having received my undergraduate degree from Oral Roberts University in tax accounting, let’s define what is a hostile takeover. According to Investopedia, “a hostile takeover is the acquisition of one company (called the target company) by another (called the acquirer) that is accomplished not by coming to an agreement with the target company’s management, but by going directly to the company’s shareholders or fighting to replace management in order to get the acquisition approved.” Investopedia continues, “the key characteristic of a hostile takeover is that the target company’s management does not want the deal to go through.” Typically a company is targeted for a hostile takeover when their assets are considered to be undervalued. Trump sees the black community as an undervalued asset within the Republican Party. Unfortunately, many in the party see no value in the black community because they don’t think they will The LEGACY NEWSPAPER Vol. 2 No. 13 Mailing Address 409 E. Main Street 4 Office Address 105 1/2 E. Clay St. Richmond, VA 23219 Call 804-644-1550 Online www.legacynewspaper.com

ever vote Republican. These are the consultants that go from one losing campaign to another, doing the same thing, and wonder why they never win an election. In 2016, you still have people in the party that believe if you seek the black vote it will alienate white voters, therefore they should ignore the black vote. Trump sees the Republican Party and the black vote as an undervalued asset and its management totally incompetent. He is right on both counts. The Republican Party, as currently constituted, is the party of old White men. Trump sees a great opportunity to expand the party’s market share by cultivating substantial relations with the black and Hispanic communities, not just with words, The LEGACY welcomes all signed letters and all respectful opinions. Letter writers and columnists opinions are their own and endorsements of their views by The LEGACY should be inferred. The LEGACY assumes no responsibility for unsolicited material. Annual Subscription Rates Virginia - $50 U.S. states - $75 Outside U.S.- $100 The Virginia Legacy © 2016

but also by his actions. Trump’s national spokesman is a black female; his state director in North Carolina is a black male. No other presidential campaign or party institution has black staffers in such a position. Trump has publically stated his goal of getting at least 25 percent of the black vote. No other presidential campaign or party institution has made such a goal. The Republican Party will continue to be an undervalued asset as long as they hire consultants who go from losing campaign to losing campaigns. We have a national convention coming up in July, but where are the black staffers who have decision making powers? Where are the black delegates? Where are the black vendors? Will there be any black entertainment? Yes, Trump does say some incendiary things and can be quite impolitic at times. But like anyone who is thrust from high school to the NBA, there will be some growing pains and many unforced errors (LeBron James, Kobe Bryant). One way of trying to prevent a hostile takeover is by using a poison pill. The purpose of the poison pill is to prevent the takeover from ever happening. Marco Rubio said, “Trump can’t win the general election.” Nebraska’s United States Senator Ben Sasse said, “I will never vote for Trump.” Defeated campaign staffers

constantly go on TV and talk about how Trump can’t beat Hillary or he will never get the female vote, etc. They don’t really believe that, but this is the poison pill that the establishment is putting up because they can’t fathom the idea of an outsider like Trump becoming president and they have little to no access to the inner circle. Republicans have spoken out more on racial issues during the past two weeks than they have in my entire time as a Republican; not because they are so concerned about racism, but because they think it will hurt Trump’s candidacy. The shareholders of the party (Republican voters) have no faith in the current management (congressional leaders, the consultant class, Republican TV pundits, etc.) so they have told the establishment that they strongly support a hostile takeover (by Trump). They have made this perfectly clear with their vote. Those opposed to Trump’s takeover have spent north of $ 30 million in just two weeks to try to damage Trump before the recent Florida and Ohio elections week; but Trump still won four out of five states. The shareholders want new management and they want Trump to lead the team. The shareholders have repeatedly told the current

(continued on page 7 )


www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

March 30, 2016 • 7

P.T. Hoffsteader, Esq.

On the elite and free

When you research the history of the 13 colonies you will discover why the United States is being exposed for its original purpose of mercantilism. The legislation enacted was solely for the elite and established free labor for the colonists, by being an indentured servant or slave. Virginia enacted its 1705 Slave Act to maintain free labor or should I say low wages. This allowed the elite to control the media and gain a major advantage in spreading greed, bigotry, racism and hate speech. Now, the legislators and elite have defined corporations as people and a billionaire can buy the presidency. The major parties, Democrats and Republicans, control who you can vote for by their election procedures enacted by the parties. Capitalism rules, due to the money that is now legally a part of the electorial process in the U.S. Donald. Trump has exposed that he has been a player and have benefited from the legislation enacted, because of the lobbyists for the elite. Remember how it is always stated how much money is needed to run and we can see that Mr. Trump has contradicted that statement with free advertisement on YouTube. This has taken control away from the established media and have given social media the power. The problems throughout the USA are reflecting on how the local governing bodies award contracts for services procured by that local governing body. Each jurisdiction has problems with transparency and enforcement of all procurement regulations, federal, state and local applicable laws working in conjunction that benefits the poor. Whether lead pipes or other situations around the country,

capitalism rules. The local government makes decision on cost and who benefits, because if the local governing bodies were supportive of the poor, they would amend the budgets to reflect what the people want and how they feel it should be distributed. Richmond City Council has that authority granted by the General Assembly to amend and redirect and yet they blame the executive branches. The mayor is required to submit the budget, City Council has failed to amend the budget to reflect the desires of their constituents and continue to blame the mayor for lack of funding for our children. City Council must stand for something and not just sit on council and complain about the administration, while not doing anything within their powers to provide the services the people need and desire. The internal control structure failures will still be there after the election and that is the travesty. Investigating the mayor will further expose how legislators (black or white) are able to interpret the regulations to benefit their causes and have career civil servants to also interpret the regulations. Ask former [Gov. Bob] McDonnell. Agreeing for a forensic audit was just the first step and now what? Earl Bradley

Cuba libre for real?

U.S. President Barack Obama’s late March visit to Cuba, continuing his initiative to re-establish friendly relations between the two countries, arouses opposition on both sides of the aisle in Washington. The Republican complaints, of course, are to be expected. If Obama

walked across the Florida Strait without wetting the hems of his trousers, Ted Cruz would ask why the president can’t swim. But some Democrats also oppose breaking the ice with Havana. “It is totally unacceptable for the president of the United States to reward a dictatorial regime,” said U.S. Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ). “The president is again prioritizing shortterm economic interests over longterm American values.” Let’s be honest here: Cruz, Menendez and their ilk have done as much to prop up Fidel Castro’s regime as Castro’s own secret police agents or neighborhood “Committees for the Defense of the Revolution” ever could, if not more. Half a century and change of sanctions and embargo have strengthened, not weakened, popular support for the island nation’s Communist rulers. National isolation is the desire of every dictator: If his subjects never see what a freer society looks like or have the opportunity to avail themselves of its goods and services, they have no standard against which to measure his rule and find it wanting. If a powerful, threatening external enemy actively aids him in achieving that isolation, so much the better: For now even if his subjects DO get a glimpse of higher living standards and relative freedom to travel, speak and worship, he can just blame that external enemy for denying them such things. This is the dynamic which has kept the mullahs in charge in Tehran since 1979 and the Communist Party in charge in Havana since 1959. It is this dynamic which Obama hopes, by way of burnishing his presidential legacy, to interrupt

with his Jeffersonian (“friendship and commerce with all nations”) overtures to Cuba. The beneficiaries of the US embargo on Cuba have been the Castro regime, the US military industrial complex, the US sugar industry, and a few professional “opposition exiles” living on CIA funds and hoping to one day ride into Havana on American tanks. Its victims are legion and include the entire populations of Cuba the United States. Just as it was a myth that “only Nixon could go to China,” any president could have gone to Havana. One finally has. And we’re all better off for it. Thomas L. Knapp

(from page 6) management that they don’t want amnesty for illegals, they don’t want these trade deals, they don’t want continued increases in government spending; but the current management told the shareholders to sit down and shut up, thus the rise of Trump. Hostile takeovers usually catch management by surprise because they have gotten complacent, lazy, and comfortable; thus making them out of touch with their shareholders. Clearly, the Republican establishment caused this problem and now they are trying to stop the takeover from happening. Well, it’s too little too late and they will be forced to accept the inevitable. Jackson is founder and chair of Black Americans for a Better Future (BAFBF), a 527 Super PAC established to get more blacks involved in the Republican Party.


8 • March 30, 2016

Faith & Religion

The LEGACY

New data on Trump, evangelicals & racism: Key findings The rise of Donald Trump’s candidacy has evangelical leaders in a tizzy. Reports assume that “Trump is tearing evangelicals apart.” Evangelical leaders are speaking out on how Trump does not reflect evangelical beliefs and values. The fact is that evangelicals don’t support Trump more than other Republican voters; they just vote for Trump more than evangelical leaders expect. For evangelical elites, there are too many evangelicals casting their votes for Trump. The common thinking is that these new “Trumpvangelicals” are

backsliders who don’t really care about evangelicalism or who aren’t that religious. That would be great for evangelicals’ elites: See, these so-called evangelicals are voting for Trump because they’re not really evangelicals. But most (all) of the commentary on evangelicals is conjecture sans data. We know from exit polls that many are choosing Trump, but no one really knows why this is happening. A new survey provides hard data on evangelicals and Trump. The American National Election Study pilot study for 2016 is a complete

Contraception case could limit decisions about dying CATHY LYNN GROSSMAN RNS - The birth control battle before the Supreme Court might also lead to a new fight over rights at the end of life. The right to choose how and when to die was not part of the arguments that the eight justices heard Wednesday (March 23) in Zubik v. Burwell. The case is a challenge by faith-based nonprofits, including a group of Catholic nuns, to the contraception mandate in the Affordable Care Act. But among the hundreds demonstrating outside the court were activists from Compassion & Choices. The right-to-die advocacy group made headlines in 2015 with its support for Brittany Maynard, who chose physician-assisted dying at age 29 rather than let a brain tumor slowly kill her. The organization led efforts for the passage of the End of Life Option Act that takes effect in California this summer. Attorneys for Compassion & Choices, which submitted a friend-ofthe-court brief in the contraception case, said Wednesday that if the religious groups win on blocking contraception coverage, the ruling could easily apply to decisions about care at the end of life. The contraception mandate case is

argued by plaintiffs as a substantial burden on their religious freedom. Houses of worship are already exempt from the mandate, which requires employers to have insurance plans for employees that offer birth control free of co-payments. But faith-based institutions such as hospitals, schools, charities and nursing homes are not exempt. The Obama administration created a workaround for groups with religious objections to contraception. They could “opt out” of directly providing insurance that covers contraception merely by signing a letter stating their objections. The government would then orchestrate the coverage with the insurers. The Little Sisters of the Poor, who operate homes for the elderly, and six other plaintiffs objected. They argued that to sign such a letter — or face severe fines for noncompliance — would be to “opt in” to facilitating sin. Last week, more than one justice described this as a government “hijack” of insurance plans. Faith-based health care providers may say they are free to apply the same argument to patients at the end of life, said Kevin Diaz, Compassion & Choices national director of legal advocacy, and Jon Eisenberg, who

(continued on page 9)

Trump has received support from the National Black Republican Assoc. data set available for researchers to analyze. Unlike exit polls, it drillsdown beyond simple percentages to see 1) whether or not evangelicals are different than other voters and 2) if so, why they’re different. The “evangelicals” in the ANES data are comparable to what you’ve seen in other surveys this year. The survey parses out white Protestants who self-identify as being born-again. This isn’t ideal (see my rant on this measure here), but it is how exit polls and news surveys are tracking evangelicals this campaign. Here are four findings from the survey: 1. Evangelicals higher support for Trump is ideological This measures feelings toward Trump by using a “feeling thermometer.” People are asked to rate Trump (and other candidates) from zero (cold and completely negative) to 100 (warm and completely positive). Evangelicals felt closer to Trump than other groups. Evangelicals gave an average score of 56, compared to 41 from other Protestants, 43 from Catholics, and 23 from black bornagain Christians. However, once you take into account political views, these differences become insignificant (both statistically and substantively). Evangelicals are more conservative and more Republican than other voters. Once these partisan and

ideological differences are controlled, there ceases to be any real differences between evangelicals and other voters vanishes. There aren’t differences between those who are more religious and less religious. Taking into account other factors, those who attend church every week are no different than those who never darken a church door. 2. Trump’s support is (in part) racist So who does like Trump? Racists. Even taking into account partisanship and ideology, Trump does better among racists. The ANES asked people about different stereotypes. Taking into account many other factors, the data still shows that people who think being “lazy” describes blacks “very well” give Trump about 10 more points than those who don’t believe blacks are lazy. In addition, those who hold prejudices against Muslims also like Trump. Tthose who think Muslims are “violent” (describes them “very well”) give Trump a 25 point bump compared to those who don’t describe Muslims as violent. There are, of course, other factors at play. The more someone dislikes President Barack Obama’s job as president, the more they like Trump. Trump does better among those who are older and among men. Young women who aren’t racist don’t dig the Donald.


www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

March 30, 2016 • 9

Advocates condemn ‘discrimination disguised as freedom’ Congressman Robert C. “Bobby” Scott (D-Va.) joined civil rights leaders during a conference call last week to condemn the “religious freedom” arguments they say are used to justify discrimination in statebased legislation and in the Supreme Court arguments in Zubik v. Burwell. The Leadership Conference Education Fund, also on the call, released an update to its recent report “Striking a Balance: Advancing Civil and Human Rights While Preserving Religious Liberty”, which documents how religious arguments have been used to justify discrimination against diverse communities including opposing the abolition of slavery, women’s suffrage and equality, racial integration, inter-racial marriage, immigration, the Americans with Disabilities Act, same-sex marriage, and the right to collectively bargain. The report also examines the current legal and political landscape in which religious exemptions are being used to deny civil and human rights, including LGBT equality. “For as long as people have demanded freedom, dignity, and equality under the law, many arguments to deny these rights have been wrapped in a false flag of religious liberty,” said Wade

(from page 8) co-authored the brief. The providers would be empowered to tear up a patient’s end-of-life care directives if those clash with the religious doctrine of the provider. They would also be able to refuse to transfer the patient to a hospital that will comply with his or her wishes. Currently, 47 states require providers to cooperate with a transfer request. But Eisenberg said after observing the arguments at the high court, that signing a transfer could be seen as equivalent to signing the “opt-out” letter for contraceptive coverage. “It is an alarmingly short step,” attorneys for Compassion & Choices wrote, for faith-based providers to sidestep federal regulations requiring that a patient’s wishes are honored, leaving them helpless. The likelihood of this is not inconsiderable. The Catholic Health Association includes more than 600

bills in historical context, noting that similar arguments were made to undermine the implementation of landmark civil rights cases like Brown v. Board of Education and Loving v. Virginia, and legislation like the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Disabilities Act. The call comes as more than 100 anti-LGBT bills—many attempting

to create religious carve-outs for discrimination—have been introduced in states nationwide this year, and days before the U.S. Supreme Court hears arguments in Zubik v. Burwell, a case considering whether non-profits may use religion to justify denying employees health insurance that includes contraceptives. - LN

Wade Henderson Henderson, president and CEO of The Leadership Conference Education Fund. “Religious liberty is a sacred American ideal, not a cynical strategy to oppose LGBT equality, the abolition of slavery, women’s suffrage, inter-racial marriage, or the Americans with Disabilities Act.” Those on the call noted that the recognition of marriage equality for same-sex couples has spurred a fresh wave of state and federal legislation to sanction discrimination by individuals and businesses as a matter of religious freedom. “Striking a Balance” puts these hospitals and 1,400 long-term care and other health facilities in all 50 states, making it the “largest group of nonprofit health care providers in the nation.” They follow ethical directives written by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. These not only forbid contraceptive care and abortion. They also view artificial food and hydration not as an option for the patient or family to decide, but as religiously obligated care, including for patients in “in chronic and presumably irreversible conditions.” Based on the Zubik v. Burwell arguments, Eisenberg and Diaz predicted the four conservatives remaining since the death of Justice Antonin Scalia and the four liberals would deadlock. This might leave in place lower court decisions — chiefly favorable to the government position. Or the court may set the case aside for rehearing when Scalia’s vacancy has been filled.

Public Meetings

Funding the Right Transportation Projects You are invited to share comments on transportation projects that have been scored and recommended for funding through a new prioritization process based on an objective and data-driven analysis. The Commonwealth Transportation Board will take your comments into consideration as it develops the Six-Year Improvement Program (FY 2017-2022). The program allocates public funds to highway, road, bridge, rail, bicycle, pedestrian and public transportation projects. You can can review the list of scored projects for public comment at www.virginiahb2.org. Public meetings begin at 5:30 p.m. in each of the locations except as noted below: A formal comment period will be held at these meetings. Monday, March 28, 2016 Bristol – Southwest Virginia Higher Education Center, One Partnership Circle Abingdon, VA 24210 Monday, April 18, 2016 Lynchburg – Lynchburg District Office, Ramey Auditorium, 4303 Campbell Ave. (Route 501) Lynchburg, VA 24501

Tuesday, April 5, 2016 Salem – Holiday Inn Valley View, 3315 Ordway Drive Roanoke, VA 24017 Thursday, April 21, 2016 Richmond – Richmond District Office Auditorium, 2430 Pine Forest Drive Colonial Heights, VA 23834

Tuesday, May 10, 2016 Fredericksburg – Germanna Community College Center for Workforce & Community Education, 10000 Germanna Point Drive Fredericksburg, VA 22408

Thursday, May 12, 2016 Hampton Roads – Hampton Roads Transportation Planning Organization, 723 Woodlake Drive Chesapeake, VA 23320

Tuesday, April 12, 2016 Culpeper – Culpeper District Office Auditorium, 1601 Orange Road Culpeper, VA 22701 Monday, May 2, 2016 Northern Virginia – Northern Virginia District Office, Potomac Room, 4975 Alliance Drive Fairfax, VA 22030 *Meeting starts at 6 p.m.

Monday, May 16, 2016 Staunton – Blue Ridge Community College, Plecker Center for Continuing Education, One College Lane Weyers Cave, VA 24486 *Meeting starts at 4 p.m.

You can also submit your comments by email or mail by May 27, 2016: For roads and highways: Six-YearProgram@VDOT.Virginia.gov, or Infrastructure Investment Director, Virginia Department of Transportation 1401 East Broad St., Richmond, VA 23219. For transit and public transportation: DRPTPR@drpt.virginia.gov , Public Information Office, Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation 600 East Main Street, Suite 2102, Richmond VA, 23219. The Commonwealth is committed to ensuring that no person is excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of its services on the basis of race, color or national origin, as protected by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. If you need further information on these policies or special assistance for persons with disabilities or limited English proficiency, please contact the Virginia Department of Transportation’s Title VI Compliance Officer at 804-786-2730 or the Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation’s Title VI Compliance Officer at 804-786-4440 (TTY users call 711).


10 • March 30, 2016

The LEGACY

‘The Cycle’ screens at VCU to open dialogue on violence in communities The Virginia Commonwealth University Office of Multicultural Affairs, the Afrikana Film Festival and The Cheats Movement joined forces last week to present the Richmond premiere of “The Cycle,” a short film produced by MTV personality and SiriusXM Radio host Sway Calloway. Part of the Afrikana’s Noir Cinema Series, the film was screened in the University Student Commons Commonwealth Ballroom, followed by a postscreening Q&A with Sway and the

film’s lead actor, Ade Otukoya. The Office of Multicultural Student Affairs sponsored the film screening as a tool to help break the cycle of violence through productive dialogue and to instigate “genuine conversation around the issue of fear and how it contributes to violence in communities”. The free screening was intended to provide local community members with a place to have their voices heard and discuss how communities and police react to violent situations.

Sway Calloway

New study examines effect of HBCUs on graduation A new study released by the Education Trust details how graduation rates have improved for black students at predominantly white public institutions over the last 16 years, but that gaps remain in overall completion rates in comparison to white students. The data suggests that PWIs are doing considerable work to attract, keep and graduate a pool of black students who, by admissions standards and typical racial indicators within higher education contexts, is supposed to do well. But, these schools are starting to learn that even the best and brightest of our students need a push when on campuses and dealing with racial isolation. At Ohio State University, the graduation rate for black students has increased by 25.6 percentage points since 2003 and the gap between black and white students has narrowed by 8.6 points. The report suggests that those gains can be partially credited to the university’s Young Scholars Program, which connects low-income, mostly black middle school students to a college-preparation curriculum and provides a need-based scholarship if they later enroll at the university.

Once at Ohio State, the students also meet once a month with a success coach. The report suggested that mentoring and advising focused on black students has been an effective way to close the achievement gap between black and white students. Ohio State is working to perfect a modified version of the timetested formula of HBCU student preparation and matriculation: start students young, get them enrolled, and support them through to graduation. Our system is different from that at OSU: college prep curriculum is replaced by an environmental conditioning program from parents, relatives, secondary teachers and neighbors who all vouch for the HBCU experience. The success coach is replaced with professors, athletic coaches, administrators, housekeeping and ground staff who keep a watchful eye and attentive ear on students who show promise while on campus. But if Ohio State, the University of Maryland-Baltimore County, and other PWIs are learning how to keep black students on track and on time to graduate, how are HBCUs countering their efforts? What are we doing to create new demand in

the higher ed marketplace for black students? New dialog is churning around the prospects of ‘micro-agressions‘ and ‘safe spaces,’ but UConn faces potential civil rights issues over creating racially homogenous space for black males on campus. The opposing views show that while many of the nation’s black students are turning back to HBCUs as a primary college choice, we are probably still years away from black colleges returning as the premier college choice. So how do HBCU recalibrate academic programs, corporate relationships and professional networking to match the cultural advantages they hold over predominantly white colleges? Beyond the family atmosphere, the faculty who care, the alumni who come back and love on the school and the unique view of the African diaspora through the lens of higher learning, what are the ways in which HBCUs can enhance the educational product, to match the ‘product buying’ experience? Schools can’t create and finance new programs overnight, but public HBCUs can lobby for governing boards to approve new focuses within

existing programs to match the industrial needs of their cities and states. They can create articulation agreements with PWIs to entice collaborative entry into competitive fields, like North Carolina A&T’s law degree partnership with Elon University. Private HBCUs can more easily pivot the industrial focus of academic programs for stronger professional outcomes. Even if the signature programs of strength are in teacher education, agriculture, mass communications or liberal arts, there is entrepreneurship and civic connectivity hiding inside every degree and every graduate who earns one. PWIs have the resources, the marketing power and the brand recognition to create a carbon copy of the HBCU experience for faculty and students who want the culture of black colleges with the industrial appeal of a PWI degree. Increased interest and applications to HBCUs maybe rising in the next few years, but PWIs have already adapted and are feverishly working to mitigate losses from the Black Lives Matter movement of 2015. Will HBCUs be ready to slip the counterpunch?


www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

March 30, 2016 • 11

Inside the Good Friday funeral of a fallen officer

Prince George’s County Police Officer Jacai Colson was laid to rest Friday as hundreds from across the country gather to honor the officer killed in the line of duty. Thousands of law enforcement officers, officials and ordinary citizens gathered to remember Colson, who died during an ambush on police. “Though his death was unfair and untimely it was not unwilling,” said Pastor Keith Battle. Colson, 28, was killed in a March 13 shootout just days before his 29th birthday. The shootout was started by a man who police say plotted and carried out an attack on officers outside a police station while his two younger brothers recorded the gun battle on video. Colson, an undercover narcotics detective who wasn’t in uniform when he arrived at the scene, was fatally wounded by friendly fire from another officer. After Battle’s prayer, Colson’s family approached the officer for a final goodbye. His mother, Sheila Colson, threw her head back and sobbed before the lid of the pewter casket closed and an American flag was draped over it. Law enforcement officers from New York, Chicago, Maryland, Virginia, the District and other cities across the nation came to pay their respects. At a viewing for the officer Thursday, James Colson called his son a hero and a role model for other young men and women. “Ever since he was born, he’s never been any trouble to us,” James Colson said. “He’s a young man that any parent would be proud of.” Both the viewing and funeral were originally not open to the public but family and the police decided to open everything up to the public because of the amount of the support received from the community.

Prince George County officers gently carried fallen officer Jacai Colson before public viewing on Good Friday. Honor guards from across the entire region attended the funeral. A native of the Philadelphia area, Colson graduated from Randolph-Macon College in Virginia before following his grandfather’s footsteps and becoming a police officer. He was a four-year veteran of Prince George’s police department, and was remembered as a dedicated detective who dreamed of working for the FBI or the Drug Enforcement Administration.


12 • March 30, 2016

The LEGACY

Women’s roundtable emphasizes power in black, female vote SHANTELLA Y. SHERMAN NNPA - Hundreds of black women and girls from around the U.S. recently convened at a national summit that empowered them with the tools to maximize their social power through civic engagement, political participation, and strategic advocacy, enabling women to network and lobby with each other to ensure candidates in local and presidential campaigns focused on issues important to black women. The Black Women’s Roundtable (BWR) hosted the Women of Power National Summit on Capitol Hill. “Our summit is not just about getting black women out to vote, but also about getting policies enacted that will benefit the best interests of our communities” said Melanie Campbell, president and CEO of the National Coalition on Black Civic Participation, at the “Power to the Sister Vote” Town Hall. “We have to be cognizant of our school boards, city councils, and other offices so we do not have to read about Flint in the paper and we can

hold our governments accountable.” Members of the roundtable said the black female vote is particularly important in elections, though the needs of black women, their children, and the institutions that undergird their lives, such as health care systems, schools systems, etc. are often dismissed by politicians. Statistics from Avis Jones DeWeever’s “Black Women in the United States 2016 – Power of the Sister Vote,” show that only 3.4 percent of black women make up Congress, despite black women having the highest number of eligible potential voters. With 2.6 million more black women voting between 2000 and 2016, members of the organization are critical of the ten states with no black female representation – local or state, as well as President Barack Obama oversight in nominating a black woman to the Supreme Court. “We are disappointed and had hoped that an African-American woman would be nominated. We have and will continue to advocate for the next Supreme Court vacancy

Melanie Campbell, president and CEO of the National Coalition on Black Civic Participation. PHOTO: Shantella Y. Sherman) to be filled by an exceptional black woman to bring about a balance that ensures the court is more representative of all Americans,” Campbell said in a press release. “We continue to believe it is time for African-American women to be represented in all sectors of government – including the U. S. Supreme Court of the United States, which in its 227 year history has not had a black woman nominated to serve on the highest court in the land.” The Rev. Regena Thomas, former secretary of state of New Jersey, told the town hall participants that it is

not enough to vote because it is the right thing to do or for your ancestors who could not vote, but because the stakes are too high not to vote. “We continue to create a cycle where even when we do vote, we are leaving our young sisters at home. We have to be strategic in our own space so I challenge each woman here to work within their own social media space at least,” she said. “Make sure that every one of your Facebook friends, Twitter associates, LinkedIn, Snapchat, all of them, get out and vote. If they don’t have a ride, need a babysitter, need help getting identification – help them.

NNPA & Chevrolet launch journalism fellowship

Representative of NNPA, Chevrolet and Howard University NNPA - Howard University communications students are getting the chance to change the narrative of media reporting in the African American community with the help of the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA) and Chevrolet. “Discover the Unexpected” (DTU) is a fellowship program that will provide eight students studying at Howard’s School of

Communications opportunities with NNPA member papers in Washington D.C., Atlanta, Chicago and Detroit. “The ‘Discover the Unexpected’ fellowship program will highlight and celebrate positive stories of men and women making a tremendous impact in their communities,” said Paul Edwards, U.S. vice president, Chevrolet Marketing. “Chevrolet is fully committed to this important initiative. We believe our DTU fellows are leaders in the next generation of African American journalists and storytellers, and we are proud to support them in their mission to create meaningful narratives that foster a collective sense of pride.” “We want to share our knowledge about news gathering and pass the torch to the next generation of journalism professionals,” said Dr. Benjamin Chavis, Jr., President and CEO, NNPA. “These students get a lot of their news from social media twenty-four hours a day. Videos are posted as events are happening and they go viral, with most of them focusing on the violent aspects of what’s happening in their neighborhoods and to their generation. Our fellows are going to discover and report those unexpected stories, the ones that say their generation is making a difference, the ones that say we’re greater than what you see on the nightly news or read in the papers.”


www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

March 30, 2016 • 13

Three candidates recommended to be interviewed for Petersburg superintendent position Petersburg expects to name a new superintendent to lead the Petersburg City Public Schools (PCPS) no later that the week of April 18. The troubled school district is looking to replace Joseph Melvin, the last superintendent who stepped down effective last October. Melvin’s contract was set to end on June 30, 2016. He was the second superintendent to lead the system in three years, the third to leave in eight years and the seventh to lead the school system since 2000. More than 54 people applied or inquired about the position including current superintendents, top-level administrators, and university administrators. Applicants spanned 19 states to include 14 people from Virginia. “After carefully reviewing applications and conducting screening interviews, three highly qualified candidates were selected to be interviewed by the School Board,” said PCPS in a statement.

Those recommended through a “community engagement process” were discussed in a closed meeting with the School Board and research firm BWP & Associates on March 23. “Based on the leadership skills and other criteria our board reviewed, we are confident that Petersburg Schools will gain a dynamic leader committed to our mission and vision,” said Board Chairman Kenneth L. Pritchett. “We look forward to working with a superintendent who will move us towards academic success for all our students.” Stakeholders, including the Petersburg Education Association, a group that represents teachers and other school employees, has said in the past that the constant turnover in superintendants and teachers is worrisome. But under Melvin, Petersburg schools were beginning to show incremental improvement and had garnered support from state education officials.

Alz hires Thomas The Alzheimer’s Association Greater Richmond Chapter has hired Tina Thomas as its director of programs and services. Thomas joins the chapter-- whose mission is to eliminate Alzheimer’s disease through the advancement of research, among other things, after most recently working for Williamsburg Landing a Continuing Care Retirement Community (CCRC) in Williamsburg, as their director of dementia education and care coordination. She previously served as administrator and director of bereavement services of At Home Care Hospice. She has more than 25 years of health care experience. She received her master’s degree in hospice and palliative studies from Madonna University, and her bachelor’s degreen in health care administration from Baker College. She is a Certified Dementia Practitioner (CDP), a Certified Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia Care Trainer (CADDCT), and a Certified Mental Health Specialist (CMHS). Thomas also has post graduate training in bereavement, addictions, pastoral care and nursing home administration. A Michigan native, Thomas has lived in Virginia with her family

Tina Thomas since 2010. The Alzheimer’s Association Richmond Chapter reports that in Virginia, 130,000 individuals live with Alzheimer’s, including 26,000 in the 24 counties and five cities served. The chapter serves those with any dementia disease, not just individuals with Alzheimer’s, and 90 percent of its programs and services are offered free.

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14 • March 30, 2016

The LEGACY

Have recurring gastrointestinal symptoms? StatePoint- Many people find it difficult to discuss gastrointestinal problems with their doctors, yet such issues are far more common than you might realize. For example, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is characterized by recurring abdominal pain with either constipation or diarrhea, impacts nearly 35 million Americans -- and its effects go beyond physical discomfort, according to a new survey. Three-quarters of IBS sufferers surveyed reported feeling frustrated and/or depressed according to a new survey from the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA). And over half (52 percent) of all respondents said their symptoms were extremely or very bothersome

-- so much so that they reported they would give up caffeine (55 percent), their cell phone or Internet connection (47 percent), or even sex (40 percent) for one month for the chance to feel one month of relief. The “IBS in America” survey, commissioned by the AGA and conducted with the financial support of Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Allergan plc, reveals many insights that could prove useful to both patients and doctors. For example, a majority of sufferers said they wait more than a year before even talking with a doctor about their symptoms. “Talking about bowel function habits is never easy, but it is concerning to see how long the

respondents in this survey often waited to talk to a doctor. There may not be a cure for IBS, but there are treatments. Patients need to see a doctor, and doctors need to be proactive in bringing up this topic in conversation with patients,” said Dr. Michael Camilleri, AGA president. The AGA recommends three steps that can improve doctor-patient communication: • Speak up early: The study revealed that many sufferers take the advice of friends or family without speaking to a doctor or attempt to self-medicate with over-the-counter products, without success. Instead of suffering in silence or taking advice from people who aren’t health-care professionals, talk to your physician

about recurring abdominal pain and bowel symptoms. • Speak up completely: Instead of just saying “I have constipation” or “I have diarrhea,” tell a doctor about the full extent of symptoms, how they impact your life, and what approaches you have already been tried to manage them. • Speak up often: Tell a doctor if symptoms return despite treatment. Your doctor can then assess alternatives. “IBS is the seventh most common diagnosis made by all physicians and the most common diagnosis made by gastroenterologists,” said Camilleri. The sooner you seek professional help, the sooner you and your doctor can discuss all of your options for managing your symptoms.

CDC: Anti-smoking campaign remains strong after 3 years The latest outcomes measuring the impact of CDC’s national tobacco education campaign are as strong as those achieved in its first year, and suggest that three years into the campaign, the ads were still having a significant impact. More than 1.8 million smokers attempted to quit smoking because of the nine-week-long 2014 Tips From Former Smokers (Tips) campaign. An estimated 104,000 Americans quit smoking for good as a result of the 2014 campaign. The survey results are published in the March 17 release of the journal Preventing Chronic Disease. Unlike the 2012 campaign, which aired for 12 consecutive weeks, the 2014 campaign aired in two phases, from February 3 to April 6 and from July 7 to September 7. Phase 1 of the 2014 campaign ran ads primarily from the 2012 and 2013 campaigns; Phase 2 contained new ads. Those new ads featured people and their struggles with smoking-related health issues, including cancer, gum disease, premature birth, and stroke caused by smoking combined

with HIV. About 80 percent of U.S. adult cigarette smokers who were surveyed reported seeing at least one television ad from Phase 2 of the 2014 campaign. “CDC’s Tips campaign has helped at least 400,000 smokers quit smoking for good since 2012,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “Tips is also extremely costeffective and a best buy, saving both lives and money. With a year-round campaign we could save even more lives and money.” Tips, the first federally funded anti-smoking paid media campaign, features former smokers talking about their smoking-related illnesses. Smoking-related diseases cost the United States more than $300 billion a year, including nearly $170 billion in direct health care costs and more than $156 billion in lost productivity. “The Tips campaign is an important counter measure to the $1 million that the tobacco industry spends each hour on cigarette advertising and promotion,” said Corinne Graffunder, Dr.P.H., director of

Roosevelt, 52, lives in Virginia and began smoking in his teens, according to the CDC. At age 45, he had a heart attack. Doctors later placed stents in his heart and performed six bypasses. CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health. “The money spent in one year on Tips is less than the amount the tobacco industry spends on advertising and promotion in just three days.” The most recent Surgeon General’s Report, The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress, called for airing effective messages such as the Tips ads with high frequency and exposure for 12 months a year for a decade or more. Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of disease and

death in the United States, killing about 480,000 Americans each year. For every American who dies from a smoking-related disease, about 30 more suffer at least one serious illness from smoking. And while the percentage of American adults who smoke is at the lowest level since the CDC began tracking such data, there are still an estimated 40 million adult smokers in the U.S. Surveys show about 70 percent of all smokers want to quit, and research shows quitting completely at any age has significant health benefits.


March 30, 2016 • 15

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Aftermath of the ‘Groveland Four’ – justice denied ZENITHA PRICE A white woman crying rape. That was all it took for four young black men -- Samuel Shepherd, Walter Irvin, Ernest Thomas and Charles Greenlee -- to be shanghaied into a legal lynching that changed their lives—and those of their loved ones—forever. The accusation, and what came after during that summer of 1949, turned the citrus town of Groveland, Fla., into center stage, where familiar actors such as the Ku Klux Klan, NAACP and civil rights icon Thurgood Marshall starred in a macabre theater of Jim Crow (in)justice. This is the story of the Groveland Four. As a child growing up in Florida, Carolyn Greenlee felt there was a black mark against her last name. “Growing up, I was ashamed because I didn’t want anyone to know my father was in prison and accused of rape…. I never really talked about my father,” she said. The now-66-year-old Nashville consultant was not even born back in 1949 when her father, Charles Greenlee and the rest of the men dubbed the “Groveland Four” were, without due process, arrested, tortured, tried and sentenced for the supposed rape of then-17-year-old Norma Padgett in one of the greatest miscarriages of justice the state had seen. Greenlee, who was 16 at the time, was relatively lucky. He was sentenced to life in prison, and paroled after 12 years. Ernest Thomas, his friend, was hunted down and killed by a posse and never saw the inside of a courtroom. Samuel Shepherd, a World War II veteran, was summarily executed by Sheriff Willis McCall on his way to a new trial, and his friend Walter Irvin, who was also shot multiple times, escaped death at the sheriff’s hands only to be re-sentenced to death by an all-white jury. Irvin’s sentence was later commuted and he was paroled in 1968. For decades, the case of the Groveland Four remained a skeleton in Lake County’s closet, though the survivors of the four Negro young men remained haunted by its spectre. “I was deprived of having a father and deprived of him being there for some of the important moments of

my life,” Carolyn Greenlee recalled. “I grew up angry because I was told he was put in prison because of something he did not do. I grew up with a resentment for white folk.” Greenlee said she involved herself in the Black Power and other social justice movements, and even thought about becoming a lawyer to avenge her father. Her father told her she could not afford to live a life fueled by hate, however, and asked her not to pursue the case while he was alive because he did not want to relive it. “Hate destroys, he told me. It does not heal; it does not help. He forgave, he said, because he had children he had to help grow and he couldn’t do that if he was hate-filled,” Carolyn Greenlee said. “He taught me to get rid of that anger that was inside me.” Greenlee was 11 when her father was paroled. Upon his release, the self-taught electrician started his own company and spent his life in quiet service to others—hiring people no one else would take, such as ex-cons— and to his family. He died in 2012. Now released from her promise, Carolyn Greenlee and other members of her family—in September of that same year—sent a letter to Florida Gov. Rick Scott asking for the Groveland Four’s exoneration. The packet, which Gary Corsair—author of “The Groveland Four: The Sad Saga of a Legal Lynching” —helped them prepare, also included FBI documents such as a doctor’s records showing that there was no physical evidence that Norma Padgett had been gang-raped by four men. In October 2012, the governor’s office responded, but Scott offered no apology and referred the family to the state attorney general’s office. By early 2015, all efforts to exonerate the Groveland Four had fallen flat, including legislation introduced into the Florida legislature by Sen. Geraldine Thompson, D-Orlando. That’s when, Greenlee said, she received a call from University of Florida senior Josh Venkataraman asking permission to start a Change. org petition seeking exoneration of her father and the other accused men. Wary at first—because of all of the “kooks” that had begun coming out of the woodwork after the publication of Gilbert King’s Pulitzer Prize-winning book “Devil in the

Three of the four ‘Groveland Four’ around 1949. PHOTO: Change.org Grove” —Greenlee said something just “clicked” with Josh. “I had already exhausted every avenue that I had and then God sent me Josh out of the blue,” Greenlee said. “I was floored.” Venkataraman, who is in his last semester as a TV and film production major, said he read about the Groveland case in a history class. But, it wasn’t until he saw a road sign for Groveland on a journey back to school that the history lesson became real and he felt spurred to take action. “Although it was a highway sign it felt like a real sign. And, I began thinking about what I could do to help,” the 22-year-old said. “The fact that these guys were my age meant it could have been me. And the fact that I had no idea this happened before I read the book and that it was so close to home, in places that I recognized, made me realize, this is real. It’s not just a story anymore,” he added. In the first six months of its posting, the petition garnered only a couple hundred signatures. “I was giving up hope,” the college senior said. Then he decided to contact Miami Herald columnist Leonard Pitts Jr. and ask for his help in publicizing the case and the exoneration initiative. In September 2015, Pitts wrote the opinion piece, “The Groveland Four: justice denied for 66 years … and counting.” Venkataraman had hoped for publicity around the state, never realizing Pitts was a nationallysyndicated columnist and that the piece would be read far and wide.

“I started getting signatures from all over the country and from other countries as well,” he said. Greenlee said she welcomed the new interest in the 66-year-old case because ignorance is what often perpetuates racism and other discrimination, the signs of which are clearly visible today. “The more things change, the more things stay the same,” she said. “Race is still alive and well whether we want to stick our heads in the sand about it or not. We see it every night (in the news) on TV. “Until we start to bring out things from the past that we have shut up in the closet we will never heal,” she added. “If we don’t have open conversations and clear the air to let young people like a Josh, who wasn’t born at time of the Groveland Four case, know that things have to change, we’re going to keep repeating the mistakes of the past.” Since the publication of Pitts’ column, momentum seems to have built. On Feb. 16, the city of Groveland issued a proclamation asking Gov. Scott to exonerate the Groveland Four and on March 15, Lake County—where Groveland is located—issued a similar proclamation. “For myself and for the city of Groveland, we do offer our sincere apologies,” Mayor Tim Loucks told relatives of the Groveland Four in making the proclamation. “The biggest goal of the city of Groveland and south Lake County is to allow this to be healed. It’s been ignored for 67 years. There comes a time when you can’t ignore, should not ignore anything like this.”


16 • March 30, 2016

Calendar 3.31, 6 p.m. GRASP (GReat Aspirations Scholarship Program, Inc.) will provide free, financial aid assistance to include the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) on Mondays from 6-8 p.m. from January through March at the Belmont Library, 3100 Ellwood Ave., Richmond. Call 804-527-7743 for more information or to schedule your hour-long appointment. More information is available at the GRASP website, www.grasp4va.org or www.richmondpubliclibrary.org.

4.2, 8:30 a.m.

Petersburg National Battlefield will participate in the Civil War Trust’s annual Park Day. People interested in volunteering to help maintain the site where the longest event of the Civil War occurred can contact Volunteer Coordinator Richard Hotchkiss at 804-691-4786. Projects will include trail work and general park clean-up. Volunteers should plan to meet in the parking lot of the Eastern Front Visitor Center at 8:30 a.m. Work will commence at approximately 9:00 am and end at about 12:30 pm. The address is 5001 Siege Road, Petersburg.

4.2, 9 a.m.

The Henrico County office of the Virginia Cooperative Extension will hold a workshop to help residents start or improve a vegetable garden. The workshop will be held in the Extension Office’s demonstration kitchen in the Human Services Building, 8600 Dixon Powers Dr. and is free and open to Henrico residents. The workshop will show new and experienced gardeners how to grow their own food, prepare dishes from their harvest and expand their diets. The program will include a separate session geared for school-aged children.

The LEGACY

COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES & EVENTS

BLM co-founder to speak at VCU

4.4, 7 p.m.

Opal Tometi, a cofounder of the Black Lives Matter movement, will speak at Virginia Commonwealth University on March 31. Tometi, an activist who has worked at the intersection of racial justice and immigrant rights for more than a decade, will speak at 7 p.m. at the Stuart C. Siegel Center, 1200 W. Broad St. in Richmond. Tometi, along with Alicia Garza and Patrisse Cullors, created the Twitter hashtag #BlackLivesMatter in the wake of the shooting death of Trayvon Martin, prompting activism nationwide and introducing the banner under which this generation’s civil rights movement marches. Tometi’s talk, “#BlackLivesMatter: Hashtag in Action,” will be free and open to the public. Tometi is executive director of the Black Alliance for Just Immigration, a national organization that educates and advocates to further immigrant rights and racial justice together with African-American, Afro-Latino, African and Caribbean immigrant communities. Her visit is sponsored by the VCU School of Social Work and coordinated by the School of Social Work Black Lives Matter Student-Faculty Collective. According to the collective, it believes the time is right for Richmond and VCU to look honestly at the past and make bold decisions about the future. The group’s goal in hosting Tometi as a representative of the Black Lives Matter movement is that it will serve as a call to action for everyone.

4.6, 7 p.m.

Are you in a suicide crisis? National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1-800-273-8255

Submit your calendar events to editor@legacynewspaper.com. Include contact infomation that can be published.

Online registration for the free Food Fair of Chesterfield County Public Schools opens at https:// foodfair.eventbrite.com. This year’s Food Fair will take place April 13 at Clover Hill High, 13301 Kelly Green Lane. There will be two tastings: 6-7 p.m. and 7-8 p.m. The Food Fair gives students and parents the opportunity to taste food being considered for school lunches and breakfasts. Their feedback will help shape next year’s menus. Rave reviews from previous Food Fairs brought Southern barbecue chicken salad and fiesta cafe burritos to school cafeterias.

The Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University and Virginia Union University has organized a mayoral forum at Virginia Union University’s Coburn Hall in the Allix B. James Chapel, 1500 N. Lombardy St. in Richmond. Former Richmond Mayor and Virginia Gov. L. Douglas Wilder will moderate the forum for potential mayoral candidates. Topics covered will include city finances, schools, regional collaboration and poverty. The forum will be preceded by a 10 a.m. panel discussion about race and the 2016 national elections with recognized speakers.

4.8, 7 p.m.

Pine Camp Cultural Arts Center will present two performance art events, “Two Harriets”, in celebration of Diversity Month. The second event takes place April 9, 11 a.m. Both events will be held at Pine Camp Arts & Community Center, 4901 Old Brook Road, Richmond and are free and open to the public. They feature a ‘conversation’ between Harriet Tubman and Harriet Beecher Stowe. Discussions will follow. Reservations are required by calling call 804-646-3674.


March 30, 2016 • 17

www.LEGACYnewspaper.com

Non profit develps ‘new vision’ for black America ATLANTA – The Own The Vision Foundation (OTVF) has launched a national campaign to ensure that “black lives truly matter.” OTVF, which describes its mission as developing a financial pipeline to support black businesses, nonprofit organizations, communities and HBCUs across America, will use the #DollarAndADream campaign to achieve an end. “Black lives have not mattered in America’s capitalistic society since we were brought here as slaves, because we have failed to participate or understand the rules of capitalism,” said Jason Warner, chief vision owner of OTVF. “Unfortunately, the system has been setup where black America has been on the bottom of the totem pole, due to lack of equity. “We have developed an inclusive process where we create an economic infrastructure for black America that will only take $1 per month.” Warner cites research from the Harvest Institute that shows how black America has a nearly 46 percent unemployment rate, versus the national average of 5.5 percent. This rate is due to a lack of corporate ownership in black America, which is a direct result of the inequity created from slavery, Jim Crow and the systematic racism in America today, said Warner. “What if I told you racism has never been about color, but about groups (teams) racing to control commerce and the means of production. You become a victim of racism when you don’t work as a team to win,” said Warner. There are roughly 44 million black people in America. Through the #DollarAndADream campaign, the OTVF is requesting that every black person in America donate $1 per month.

Jason Warner With the $44 million per month collected, the foundation will redistribute the funds back into the community in six areas: HBCUs, national nonprofits, land acquisition, business, legal and media. HBCUs - historically black colleges and universities - OTVF wants to support four of the 107 HBCUs across the country so that every other year each HBCU will receive funding and support. “But, we just won’t fund these institutions, we will go insure the institutions have the tools they need to be sustainable organizations,” said Warner National nonprofits – “Our goal is not to reinvent the wheel, but to provide the financial resources to the organizations that support black America day in and day out,” said Warner. “We will fund monthly, organizations like the National Urban League, Black Lives Matter, NAACP, Push, National Action Network and other national organizations whose mission is to positively impact the black community. “

Land acquisition – “We can not continue to allow neighborhoods and communities to fall apart, then have developers come in and purchase homes and businesses in our communities, force us out, and establish thriving new communities,” he said. “Our plan is to purchase property, land and business locations to rebuild our communities to thriving ones; resulting in higher property value thus promoting greater educational opportunities for our youth.” Business – Warner said that for black businesses to thrive, the general community has to support them. “At the OTVF we will have a registry of black businesses in every city across the county, and highlight businesses weekly,” he said. “We are also going to be there for them financially and systemically. When our business fall into trouble who is there to ‘bail them out?’ Our plan, is to work with businesses to find out why they are having troubles, fix the problems and financially support them and ensure they are run efficiently and professionally.” Legal – The OTVF seeks to establish a legal fund to help in defending black people and file civil suits where injustices occur against. Media – The OTVF wants to support media outlets to help tell their stories, and advertise black businesses around the country. It is unclear what kind of oversight the foundation will have on any donated monies.


18 • March 30, 2016

Serving Richmond & Hampton Roads 409 E. Main St. #4 (mailing) • 105 1/2 E. Clay St. (office) Richmond, VA 23219 804-644-1550 (office) • 800-783-8062 (fax) EMPLOYMENT, ANNOUNCEMENTS, ads@legacynewspaper.com

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Ad Size: 4.6 inches (2 column(s) X 2.3 inc Got Knee Pain? Back Ad Size: 6.05 inches TO (1 BID column(s) X 6.05 inches) INVITATION NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE Pain? Shoulder Pain? Attention Subcontractors CITY OF RICHMOND BOARD OF ZONING APPEALS 2 Issues (3/30 & 4/6) - $133.10 ($66.55 per ad) Get a pain-relieving 1 Issue (March 30) - $50.60 $11quotations per column inch Vecellio & Grogan, Inc. is Rate: soliciting from subcontractors, Will hold a Public Hearing in the 5th Floor Conference Rm., City Hall, 900 brace at little or NO cost $11 per column inch including MBE and WBE, for the NCDOT, Forsyth County letting East Broad St., Richmond, VA on April 6,Rate: 2016, to consider the following to you. Medicare Patients Includes placement (C203725) on April 19, 2016 at 2 p.m.Internet This project specifies a 4% MBE under Chapter 30 of the Zoning Code: Includes Internet placement Call Health Hotline Now! goal and a 6% WBE goal. The expected completion date is April 30, 1- 800-514-2189 Please thespecifications proof, makeare anyavailable neededforchanges or e-mail. 2018.review Plans and viewing inand our return Beckley,by fax BEGINNING AT 1:00 P.M.

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If your response is quotations not received by deadline, your ad5:00 mayp.m. not be inserted.Please review the proof, make any needed changes and retu WV. Please submit by April 18th no later than If your response is not received by deadline, your ad ma Vecellio & Grogan, Inc. is an Equal Opportunity Employer, and all 11-16: An application of Cheney’s Creek LLC and Trustee Franklin X_________________________________________ qualifiedOk applicants will receive consideration without regard to race, Street Land Trust for a building permit to construct a new single-family Ok X__________________________________ religion, color, sex or national origin. Performance and payment bonds detached dwelling at 3008 EAST FRANKLIN STREET. are requested for this project. Please contact the engineering Ok with changes X _____________________________ department at (304) 252-6575 or bids@VecellioGrogan.com for 12-16: An application of Cheney’s Creek LLC and Trustee Franklin Ok with changes X ______________________ more information. Street Land Trust for a building permit to construct a new single-family attached dwelling at 3010 EAST FRANKLIN STREET. REMINDER: Deadline is Fridays @ 5 p.m. REMINDER: Deadline is Fridays @ 5 p 13-16: An application of Cheney’s Creek LLC and Trustee Franklin Grow your business, gain new customers! Street Land Trust for a building permit to construct a new single-family attached dwelling at 3012 EAST FRANKLIN STREET.

Advertise here. Call 804-644-1550

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Serving Richmond & The Hampton LEGACY R 409 E. Main St. #4 (mailing) • 105 1/2 E. C Richmond, VA 23219 804-644-1550 (office) • 800-783-80 ads@legacynewspaper.com

The LEGACY is looking for a reliable, highly-motivated, goal-driven sales professional to join our team selling print and digital advertising in the Richmond and Hampton Roads areas. Duties include: Building and maintaining relationships with new/existing clients Meeting and exceeding monthly sales goals Cold calling new prospects over the phone to promote print and online advertising space Qualifications:

Proven experience with print (newspaper) and/or digital (website) advertising sales Phone and one-on-one sales experience Effective verbal and written communication skills Familiarity with the Richmond and/or Hampton Roads Professional image Compensation depends on experience and includes a base pay as well as commission. The LEGACY is an African-American-oriented weekly print newspaper, circulation 25,000, with a website featuring local and national news and advertising. E-mail resume and letter of interest to ads@ legacynewspaper.com detailing your past sales experience. No phone calls please.

14-16: An application of Egle Reinikovas for a building permit to construct a new single-family detached dwelling at 322 NORTH 36TH STREET. 15-16: An application of 2217 Monument Avenue, LLC for a building permit to construct a one-story rear addition to a single-family detached dwelling at 2217 MONUMENT AVENUE. 16-16: An application of Noure’s LLC for a building permit to convert an existing building from retail to office use at 2123 FAIRMOUNT AVENUE. 17-16: An application of John A. Campbell for a building permit to remove an existing two-level deck and construct new two-level deck and extend 2nd floor roof onto a nonconforming two-family detached dwelling at 1307 BELLEVUE AVENUE. Copies of all cases are available for inspection between 8 AM and 5 PM in Room 511, City Hall, 900 East Broad Street, Richmond, VA 23219. Support or opposition may be offered at or before the hearing. Roy W. Benbow, Secretary Phone: (804) 240-2124 Fax: (804) 646-5789 E-mail: Roy.Benbow@richmondgov.com

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March 30, 2016 • 19

www.LEGACYnewspaper.com ADOPTION We are praying for a newborn to love. Open hearted, loving couple wishing you would call…. Authorized Medical/Legal expenses paid. Call Lisa & Frank 1-855-236-7812. CATTLE/LIVESTOCK FOR SALE Bull and Commercial Bred Heifer sale. Angus, Polled Herefords, Balancers, Gelbviehs. Saturday, April 9, 2016 at noon. Knoll Crest Farm, Red House, VA 434-376-3567. www. knollcrestfarm.com EDUCATION MEDICAL BILLING TRAINEES NEEDED! Train to become a Medical Office Assistant! NO EXPERIENCE NEEDED! Training & Job Placement available at CTI! HS Diploma/GED & Computer needed. 1-888424-9419 HELP WANTED / SALES Earn $500 A DAY: Insurance Agents Needed * Leads, No Cold Calls * Commissions Paid Daily * Lifetime Renewals * Complete Training * Health & Dental Insurance * Life License Required. Call 1-888-713-6020.

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156-325 HAMPTON SOLICITATION The Director of Finance or his designated representative will accept written responses in the Procurement Office 1 Franklin Street, 3rd floor, suite 345 Hampton, VA on behalf of the Entity (ies) listed below until the date(s) and local time(s) specified. HAMPTON CITY Tuesday, April 26, 2016 2:30 p.m. EST. – ITB 16-77/CLP Power Plant Parkway Reconstruction. VDOT Project No: 0415-114-003, P101, C501,(UPC 106762) City Project No.: 15-007. A Mandatory Pre-Proposal Meeting will be held on Thursday, April 14, 2016 at 1:00 p.m. local time in the Public Works Conference Room, 22 Lincoln Street, 4th Floor Hampton, VA 23669. The Work under this Project consist of the replacement of pavement within the two eastbound lanes (24’ wide) of Power Plant Parkway between Queen Street and Pine Chapel Road. The reconstruction will entail the removal of existing pavement and unsuitable material, installation of underdrains, and repavement. All work will occur within the exiting right-of-way. This is a state funded project. There is a MBE goal of 4.34% and a WBE goal of 3.82%. All forms relating to this solicitation may be obtained from the above listed address or for further information call: (757)727-2200. The City of Hampton ensures non-discrimination and equal employment in all programs and activities in accordance with Title VI and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

For additional information, see our web page at http://www.hampton.gov/bids-contracts A withdrawal of bid(s) due to error shall be in accordance with Section 2.2-4330 of the Code of Virginia. All forms relating to these solicitations may be obtained from the above listed address or for further information call; (757) 727-2200. The City of Hampton has the right to reserve and reject any and all responses, to make awards in whole or in part, and to waive any informality in submittals. Minority and Woman-Owned and Veteran Businesses are encouraged to participate.

Karl Daughtrey, Director of Finance

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