CHIKEN POX Names: Jackeline ArbizĂş
•Chickenpox is a childhood disease easier to recognize . •Starts with a slight fever (38 ° C ), followed by the appearance of red spots on the skin, and 24 hours later they become large vesicles , as the head of a pin or more. These vesicles are filled with a clear liquid. Usually visible first to the root of the hair and face.
•Then, cover the chest, arms , armpits and thighs. After 2 days, these vesicles dry and form a crust , which eventually falls to the seventh day. •This sequence is repeated several times. The vesicles produce intense itching and need to prevent the child from scratching , so they do not become infected and there are no visible scars after .
•It is difficult to explain to a child that suffers and is nervous irritation of the skin, you should not scratch . The doctor advised to wear gloves in young children , to prevent scratching injuries are too great . •Thr chicken pox appears generally in kids younger tan 10 years old.
Symptoms of chickenpox Usually patients do not have obvious symptoms before the outbreak of the disease, which is accompanied by fever , fatigue , headache and loss of appetite occurs. Symptoms begin between 10 and 21 days after infection . The mĂĄscaracterĂstico is the appearance of red , flat spots that are taking relief gradually to become blisters or vesicles
What is chickenpox? Is a highly contagious disease caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). It usually starts with vesicular skin rash mainly on the body and head rather than at the periphery and becomes itchy, raw pockmarks, which mostly heal without scarring. On examination, the observer typically finds skin lesions at various stages of healing and also ulcers in the oral cavity and tonsil areas.
Vaccinated kids who do get chickenpox tend to have milder cases and quicker recoveries compared to those who contract the virus and aren't immunized.
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS?
The spots do not usually scar unless they are badly scratched. Some spots become infected with bacteria in about 1 in 10 cases. If this occurs, the surrounding skin becomes red and sore. Antibiotics may then be needed. An ear infection develops in about 1 in 20 cases. Pneumonia and inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) are rare complications. Vary rarely, other serious complications develop.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR CHICKENPOX? FOR MOST CHILDREN Treatment is mainly aimed at easing symptoms and trying to make your child as comfortable as possible whilst the immune system deals with the virus:
Advice on dealing with a fever is detailed below. A soothing cream (emollient) may help the itch. For example, Virasoothe gel. Calamine lotion has been used in the past but is no longer recommended as when it dries on the skin it stops being effective. A sedating antihistamine tablet or liquid medicine for children over one year old may help with sleep if itch is a problem. Give a dose at bedtime. You can buy these at pharmacies or get them on prescription. Keep fingernails cut short to stop deep scratching.
Antiviral medication is also used for adults and teenagers who develop chickenpox, as they too have a higher risk of complications. However, antiviral medication is not normally advised for healthy children aged over one month and under 12 years who develop chickenpox.
IS CHICKENPOX INFECTIOUS? A person with chickenpox is very infectious. The virus spreads in the air from person to person. For example, if you have not already had chickenpox, you stand a good chance of catching it if:
You are in the same room as someone with chickenpox for more than 15 minutes; or You have any face-to-face contact with someone with chickenpox, such as a conversation.
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