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What is Natu

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ure?

How can we change it? 3


INDEX

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Cultural evolutions

Phase 2 Phase 1

Phase 3

Pg. 16

Pg. 14

Study

Cultural facts

photomontages

Pg. 8

Pg. 6

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Pg. 26

Rewrite story

Pg. 27 Pg. 28

New cultural facts

Action 1

Pg. 34 Action 2 Pg. 50

Details

Pg. 42 Final Action

Intervention

Manifesto

Sketches

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Pg. 48


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Anne Lacaton and Jean Philippe Vassal PROJECTS: Maison Latapie, Floirac (1993) Centre de jour pour post-adolescents, Bègles (1994) Musée archéologique de Saintes (1995) Place Aucoc, Bordeaux (1996) Université Pierre-Mendès-France, UFR arts et sciences humaines, Grenoble (première tranche, 1995 / deuxième tranche, 2001) Maison en Dordogne (1997) Maison à Lège-Cap-Ferret (1998) Maison à Coutras (2000) Site de création contemporaine dans le Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2001) Café Una de l’Architekturzentrum, Vienne (Autriche, 2001) Bureaux, Nantes (2001) Immeubles d’habitations collectives, Floirac (études en cours, 2003) Habitations, Mulhouse au sein de la « Cité Manifeste », (2005) Maison, Keremma, (2005) Pôle universitaire de sciences de gestion, Bordeaux, (2006) / / / / / / / / / / Anne Lacaton | born on August 2, 1955 in Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière in Dordogne | is a French architect. Graduated from the National School of Architecture of Bordeaux in 1980, completed his studies with a Master planner at the University of Bordeaux in 1984. From 1982 to 1988, he worked as an architect responsible of the study for laboratory and educational workshop dream of Arc architecture center of Bordeaux. / / / / / / / / / / Jean-Philippe Vassal (born February 22, 1954 in Casablanca, Morocco) is a French architect. Graduated from the National School of Architecture of Bordeaux in 1980, worked as an architect and urban planner in West Africa (Nigeria) from 1980 to 1985.

Cave Castelmaure Embres-et-Castelmaure, (2007) Hall d’exposition, Paris Nord Villepinte, (2007) École d’architecture de Nantes, (2009) Transformation de la tour Bois-le-Prêtre, Paris, (2009) ; Équerre d’argent 2011 Aménagement des friches du Palais de Tokyo, Paris, (en cours de réalisation)

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House in LĂŠge The landscape

The site - located in Lège, west of Bordeaux - was one of the last in an area facing the Arcachon Bay Nature Reserve still not built upon. Sloping down harshly to the bay, the landscape consisted of 15 metre dunes covered with pine trees, shrubs and mimosa with views to the Island of Birds. Despite their youth, the brother and sister (only 23 and 25 years old, respectively) had already learned to appreciate the beauty and the fragility of the land. Both were conscious of the harm that the neighbours had caused when building their own houses. All had cut trees and disturbed the landscape of dunes by moving earth, hollowing foundations and raising breezeblock walls. 8


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Architects Anne Lacaton and Jean Philippe Vassal were asked by a brother and sister to build for them a holiday house on land they owned on the Atlantic coast of France. A key condition of their request was that the project should respect as much as possible the 46 trees – some up to 30 metres in height and over 80 years old – that grew on the site. The result was a dream come true; the dream that every child has, and keeps, of having a house in the trees.

It was through their father, an artist and a teacher of plastic arts at the Bordeaux school of architecture, how the siblings met Lacaton and Vassal. They spoke to the two architects about the beauty of that site - a site where the whole family used to picnic during the summer months; a site where they, as children, used to make huts between the trees. It was also during this first conversation that they voiced their concern as to how to build a house without destroying the charm of the plot, bearing in mind that some of the shrubs on the site were over 3 metres high thus prevented any view over the bay. Furthermore, local planning regulations required that their building had to be at least 4 metres from the neighbours and 15 metres from the shoreline - all of which meant that the house should be located just behind the crest of the dune. Adding instead of replacing

Lacaton and Vassal began their response by acknowledging that al 9


though it usually seemed most comfortable to live on the ground, the analysis of the situation led them to a solution where they imagined a house in amongst the trees; a house that would be floating above the ground. Faced with such an unconventional project, the clients nonetheless decided to have faith in the architects and to begin construction. As soon as they climbed onto the newly built platform, they realised that it was the right choice: from the 210 square metre concrete slab floor, one could enjoy a stunning view over the bay. Adding instead of replacing

Lacaton and Vassal began their response by acknowledging that although it usually seemed most comfortable to live on the ground, the analysis of the situation led them to a solution where they imagined a house in amongst the trees; a house that would be floating above the ground. Faced with such an unconventional project, the clients nonetheless decided to have faith in the architects and to begin construction. As soon as they climbed onto the newly built platform, they realised that it was the right choice: from the 210 square metre concrete slab floor, one could enjoy a stunning view over the bay. In order not to spoil the dunes, the foundations consisted of twelve micro-piles rammed eight to ten metres into the ground. On top of them,

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a galvanised steel structure was assembled on piles of variable height - depending on the slope of the ground - which allowed for a passage underneath the house. The insulation both underneath and on the sides of the house was protected from the seaside environment by a layer of corrugated aluminium sheeting. Since the corrugation laid perpendicular to the bay, the aluminium sheeting echoed the glitter of the water and illuminated the space beneath the house, creating an artificial sky. Another consequence from the strict respect for the existing vegetation, was that six pine trees perforated the house. To enable the trees to move with the wind, while at the same time keeping the house completely rainproof, a rubber collar fastened the trunks to skylights. These skylights were Plexiglas plates tied to the roof of the house by elastic belts that allowed them to slide following the movements of the trees. The result was that the trees can almost be mistaken for the structure, appearing like symbolic pillars of the house. By building a house around the trees and allowing the trees to live within the house, architecture and landscape come together.

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Study cultural facts The development of a photomontage asks each Member of the working group to analyze the cultural conditions of the House.

All members of the Group believe that the idea of the integration of nature is a fundamental part in the current architecture is a cultural concept acquired from the new issue of non-renewable energy and the consequences of not taking care of the environment. Get something that is not easy, and is the almost perfect between nature and architecture blend to enhance the sensations. In the strict aesthetic sense is not an element architecture that can seduce anyone by observation, must do a meticulous cutting and understand how the elements are engaged.

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After reading the story; the elements that made up that space, the place where there had been and how that had been made seek to understand in a way more broad cultural concept of this House and why is it so special. The first thing we look at is the contradiction that is set with the rest of adjacent homes because that does not follow the traditional model. The House is elevated from the ground, and is the fact of respect and conservation of natural elements one of the Struts more important. How join architecture and nature?

Fusion between arquitecture and nature.

Looking the first works as we can draw several conclusions: The integration of nature into the living space, the way in which it sustains as imitating the trees and dunes protects that lodge below are principles that have been used. As intimate with trying to protect the environment so that it does not destroy, and adds up.

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First photomontage of as evolved culture come to the 21st century. We try to see new patterns and differences with the way of thinking of the 20th century. That has been able to change, why, and how. rethinking

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Artistic expression

Architectural tectonics

Materiality

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This montage explores the idea of co-existing with nature as in the House in Lege, but pushes the idea of coexisting beyond what was applied in this case. In what other ways could a house co-exist with nature besides designing a house to wrap around trees so as the trunks appear within the interior space? From here the conceptual influences of the Stretto House are brought in such as water, music, light, etc. Other areas of exploration included artistic expression, architectural tectonics, technology, and materiality.


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Architectural tectonics

Light

Poetry

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Study cultural evolutions

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Paris was seen early in the morning as from May 1968 not it looked so beautiful, full anger people, people on the street, of French Revolution. Paris is burning, Paris is burning. Starting to roll the gear of the time in history, the revolt begins. The first world lives in the flesh unemployment, inhuman exploitation, the desperation of the economic empires determined to everything before surrender and fall defeated. Greece burning his ships and embarks on the streets Spanish State stops, Gypsies are again cast, the unemployed increase the retirement age rises to more years of exploitation, hunger knocks on the door, House to House, tenants unable to pay the rent, Germany launches voices of racism, Europe tremble as yesteryear with drums of history. Paris again stir cobblestones of the streets to become the capital of the barricades. Kaosenlared is accused of promoting violence, Fidel de Nostradamus modern Empire of capital wobbles and the streets of ancient Europe are filled with tear gas, the stained glass windows of the beautiful consumer society receive the hysteria of a hundred stones. And we are called violent when by our claim and we fight, we called violent when we are opposed to the rule of the bombs and bullets. We may not want to give an account of the things, history must we dye our own blood to know that we are at war, in times of change, crisis that makes us hunger, anger and thirst for justice claimed. The rich, the masters of the power of the great machinery of war draw strategies. But the maps are not territory there, in every corner, in every throat, the universal revolt that will end sooner or later by opening the heavy door of the future is born. The first world, which until recently was a postcard tourism, a wealthy rack 23


of injustice balanced, where she hid the poor with swimwear brand where he was hiding the hunger with the menu of luxurious restaurants in Champs Elissees, that first world is dressed in third, mirrors those struggles that is only seen on TV, by those distant underdeveloped countries. Paris was seen early in the morning as from May 1968 not it looked so beautiful, trajeada anger of people, people on the street, of French Revolution. Paris is burning, Paris is burning. Starting to roll the gear of the time in history, the revolt begins. The voices of fascism they begin to blame the Muslims, as always, the Chinese who do not want to devalue its currency, to the bitter castrocomunismo of Hugo Chåvez; but all human we walk these streets know that it is what we are living through: the times, the times are changing. The first world lives in the flesh unemployment, inhuman exploitation, the desperation of the economic empires determined to everything before surrender and fall defeated, that happens, you see in the photos that give returns to our screens on the web, that is visible from the balconies of Saint Germain, the poetry of the man fighting for its dignitythe revolution that stuns in a visceral cry for Justice, is filling the air of omens. The voices of the kaiser will try to make us hate each other. It is not religion or skin color, is another reason for all this: it is money, it is that damn word that is written, added value, the value of what we steal by custom, the exploitation of man by man, that’s what burns in the streets of Barcelona and Madrid, the Greek coasts and our Paris again on the libertarian fight. Every day this story more join all the peoples, we are not so different, everywhere the operator exploits the worker, the saddest truths, vile money in the selfish hands of the owners of the power and the Empire is now more naked, out to kill, to silence, to try to keep on living days after your date of death. Paris is burning, burning Paris, again a world must die and another world will be born at the end of this revolt. The world revolution of the poor and exploited of this land, forward all along, we will win!

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Rewriting the story S.XXI

From the cultural elements that have kept on evolving in the course of time and of the new conditions that become established, let’s believe a new story, a possible continuation toward our objective that another one is not that the improvement of the house from the needs and of the present-day ease. A dress that will be the culmination. In order that this is possible we have to make it from the base.

It’s been 14 years since House in Lége exists. In order to reconsider its existence, the cultural changes has to be probed again. For this probe, coexistance will be our pathfinder and the keyword of the new end. Social statues, economics, traditions in France are all changed in those 14 years. France had been in really hard situations, traces still remain. The civil unrest which started in 2005 is a good example for those traces, cars and public buildings were burnt in those cities that had the riots as worst. Why did this happen? Why did people burn cars, injure each other and create this chaos in their own countries? We can give you an answer: Lac of the coexistance mind. The trigge ring event of this sequence is a tragic story which shows us the classism fact in France. People who live in the suburbs of France are citizens from other descents and they have to live with discrimination. The sister’s partner is a French man with North Africa descent who plays wind instrument .

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Without any kids, this little family-like couple keeps up with the modern France very well. As opposite, her brother is a tradition-directed clerk with a rabid wife and 2 little kids. The only thing that those siblings could only agree on is not laying a finger on their beloved nature in LÊge, everything else has to change but they still have to stand together because they don’t have anybody else but themselves anymore. This time coexistance has to show itself in a more important scale than nature: Human relations.

These two elements that we have been able to extract from the new history the following step pannier to analyze them, to join them and it all with the help of nature, an also important element.

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The house in Lege should enhance coexistence between different members of the household. To do this, we analyze the relationships between the different actors, the relationship between the different rooms, and we conclude that the living room should be the link between the inhabitants, must be the element that links cultural differences and promote coexistence between them.

The first diagram shows the possible different journeys of every component of the family, as he accomplishes them and how frequently. In this way we observe the activity of every one .

Action phase 1 28


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Relating all these journeys to the internal spaces of get-together of the event experienced in life one can observe as the relationship of union is without a doubt the living room. A diaphanous space that spans almost the house to the complete. It is for this space we should cross to get to the rest for and that it is for here where they spent the longest time during your sojourn. A common space where they relate to each other. This is one of our analyzed most important points.

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Drawing of the first action. Following the same color-coding, the members of the family and your motions inside the common space represent. Still without establishing a concrete activity that defines the needs or transformations that could keep on rising to us to accomplish our work for us, but if we know by intuition as they are going to make it.

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One of the possible activities to develop is the connection that becomes established in The sofa to it Length of the day. Bosses observe.

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Panel synthesis of mental process developed to generate an activity 32


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Continuing the study we have developed a series of ideas that try to express a more exhaustive analysis with the first interventions.

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Action phase 2

The new measures of the volume of the common space.

Idea of a new false ceiling that favors the acoustics of the inner space.

The room dimensions are derived from the golden rectangle for optimum sound distribution. The interior wall cladding would need to change from metal to a more acoustically appropiate material such as wood. the walls and ceilings should be shaped so as to deflect sound to avoid echoing. A performance is created by the playing of the wind instrument and the tural behavior of the exterior landscape. The family in able to relax and enjoy a sensory performance of both man and nature.

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Vistas abiertas

Transform the dinning room in a cinema, trying to improve family relationships and coexistence. 36


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Vistas centradas

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Children playing

To foment the coexistence between members in the family could be generate a new space or room where nature, culture and the creativity of children could increase . For do that, i would use a big planes of glass which cover all of room following a form that it can favor the acoustic. Children could grow up in a more cultural and natural environment.

Activities during the day

Section

Plan

Intervention

Diagrams of temperature that show the activity inside the common space to different hours of the day. 40


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Action final sound propagation angles

Different situations that produce sound

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From the graph which relates the number of decibels depending on the tone of voice and the distance at which, we created a map that can be seen in places that would be annoying auditory interference for co-existence of housing. However, you can avoid such interference if we set a new dimension: height. Because we know the distances at which they can develop sound activities (talk, play music, watch TV, etc.) can establish a relationship of coexistence in which all can enjoy their activity because, at last, after all‌ coexisting is enjoying.

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Action Composition and final result panel final

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Sketches

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Section details

Why?

The idea is creating a symphony next to the rest of sounds of nature and of the flute. The wind, water, the branches of the trees... all the elements act to create the natural space within doors. The barrier disappears and a continuous space of harmony is generated.

Where?

In order to carry it out they give the appearance of being several proposals in different male prostitutes with the ones that he wants to promote it this idea with.

How?

When a constructive detail come from 1m for 1m they should be exhaustive drawings with precision and that they understand directly. The rooftop, the outburst, walls, etc.

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water

Glass

Rocks

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Exterior

Enclosure

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Wind

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Conversations

Javier Torres “As duties on French culture, relations between classes and races,all we have seen Intocable” Tim Brazeau “Check your emails!” Manuel Sempere “I have found a webpage about the lege house which is full of pictures and draws. I think that it could be intresting because there are some draws that represent the trees and also other views of the house” http://www.lacatonvassal.com/index.php?idp=21 Juan Antonio Alvarado "our action is the connection of the family through the playing of the wind instrument and how that interacts with all the other activities that could go on around the house" Irene Cortizo Jiménez “This is the blog of the last year, it is very similar at our work for the monday! I hope it help you :)” Ziba Akarcalı This can help you to find the fonts in the book. The cover title font is Helvetica Neue Bold btw :D Raquel Plaza guys!! we are a mess!!! tomorrow we have to meet and work together for the next submission ok?? what do you think in the afternoon? Canadian boys, we need your help because we do not see our teacher for two Fridays ago...

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Bibliography

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> http://www.lacatonvassal.com > http://re-readingstoriesofhouses.blogspot.com.es > http://ua-destinonapoles2.blogspot.com.es/2012/05/manifiesto-ar quitectura-y-tiempo.html

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http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disturbios_de_Francia_de_2005

> http://chichicaste.blogcindario.com/2010/10/01602-arde-paris-se-incendia-europa.html > http://www.huffingtonpost.es/2012/10/06/te-gustan-las-casas-enlo_n_1944682.html?utm_hp_ref=mostpopular#slide=1610790 > http://historiasdecasas.blogspot.com.es/2005/06/casa-en-lge-de-anne-lacaton-y-jean.html

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Manifiesto Estas lineas quiero que vayan dedicadas a todas las personas que han hecho posible este curso, no solo a mis profesores sino a todos mis compañeros de clase y sobretodo a mi grupo de trabajo. Es posible que uno de los puntos mas complicados a tener en cuenta sea el haber trabajado via internet con gente de otros paises. La comunicación se complica exponencialmente si añadimos la diferencia horaria, el idioma y los modos diferentes de pensar. Pero esto no solo son puntos negativos, debemos sacar conclusiones positivas como el poder realizar trabajos con mayor riqueza. El desarrollo del curso ha sido bastante breve a mi parecer, quizas con un tiempo mas prolongado el fruto de nuestro esfuerzo hubiese sido algo mas rico y variado, pero aun asi creo que debemos estar contentos, no ha sido facil. La metodologia de trabajo considero que ha sido correcta para abordar el enunciado de curso, del mismo modo, se ha podido observar cómo el trabajo de los alumnos de España ha sido siempre cohesionado, común, repartido, sincero, altruista. Quiero destacar los lazos que se han formado entre todos los miembros del grupo 2, que hemos trabajado, disfrutado y sufrido juntos. Es por esto que se ha desarrollado entre nosotros una relación que trasciende de lo puramente académico y profesional. Gracias a todos ellos por su ánimo, por su actitud siempre positiva, por su ayuda incondicional y por su generosidad en el esfuerzo.

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Manifesto

These text lines in a page I want them to go dedicated to everybody that have made possible this course, not only to my professors but to all my classmates and overcoat to my working party. It’s possible that one of the more complicated points to have in account is having worked road internet with people of other countries. Communication becomes complicated exponentially if we add the hourly difference, the language and the different manners to think. But this not only are negative points, we should get positive findings as to be able to accomplish works with bigger wealth. The development of the course has been pretty brief in my opinion, perhaps with a more prolonged time the fruit of our effort would have been something more delicious and varied, but even so I believe that we should be content, it has not been easy. The methodology of work I consider that she has been honest to discuss the enunciate of course, in the same way, I has been able to be observed how the work of the Spanish pupils has been always stuck together, common, distributed, sincere, altruistic. I want to put on the front the ties that have taken shape between all the members of the group 2, that have worked, enjoyed and suffered side by side. It is for this reason that a relation that leaks out has developed between you and me of the purely academic and professional.

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Thanks to all of them for your temper, for your always positive attitude, for your unconditional help and for your generosity in the effort.

Juan Antonio Alvarado Cano

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Re-reading house in Legè  

Juan Antonio Alvarado Cano

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