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The City Century Project

Ecological Urbanism in an Age of Climate Change ENCLOSURE - EXPLODED AXON

PHOTOVOLTAIC GLASS PANELS

STRUCTURE SYSTEM

GLASS COVER CONCEPT DIAGRAM

CIRCULATION

ANTI-REFLECTIVE SHEET CELL

CIRCULATION - RIVER ST CROSSING

FRAME AND PANEL BACKING

PARKS AS ATTRACTOR POINTS - SITE MONTAGE

RIVER

PARKS

DIRECTIONALITY

PROGRAM ZONE

HACKENSACK MEDICAL CENTER + SITE

CIRCULATION ZONE GREEN BELT CONNECTING CITY TO RIVERFRONT ATLANTIC ST

MASTERPLAN

MAIN ST

PHYSICAL MODEL

The Masterplan proposes to revitalize the River front and adjacent Parks to increase awareness and in the process promote a more sustainable way of life such as: Fostering Walkability, Encouraging Bus and Bike Transportation, Maintaining the Diversity of the neighborhood, Maximizing Density in the downtown area and Distributing Amenities across the area. In achieving this grand vision, the site becomes a green belt, which connects the city to the river front. Elevated and widened to increase and promote a more pedestrian-friendly circulation, this green belt also creates opportunities at different levels for retail, commercial and residential spaces. In the US, buildings represent 32% of greenhouse gases, while Transportation accounts for 30%. In other words 62% of US emissions are contributed to buildings and transportation (Calthorpe, Peter. Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change, 2011).

CLIMATE CHANGE

Existing site conditions render the park and the river front inaccesible. There is a lack of awareness and is currently underused.

?

The proposed plan for Atlantic Street’s development shows a green urban corridor with mixed commercial, retail, and residential uses along the street, becoming a green belt that connects downtown hackensack to the Park and the overlooked Riverfront.

The proposal aims to develop a design at the three intersetions along Atlantic Street, beginning with Main St, continuing through Moore St and crossing over River St. This latter intersection becomes an important threshold to arrive to the Park which is the main destinationn of the master plan.

SIDEWALK EXTENSION

PASSENGER PICKUP MAIN ENTRANCE + EMERGENCY EXITS 6 7

8

9 10

5

11 12

9 4 3 2 13

13

1 - MAIN ENTRANCE 2 - TICKET SALES 3 - OFFICE 4 - CAFETERIA 5 - RESTROOMS 6 - JANITOR ROOM 7 - ELEVATORS 8 - EMERGENCY EXIT 9 - WAITING AREA 10 - SNACK BAR 11 - PASSENGER PICKUP AREA 12 - MECHANICAL ROOM 13 - RETAIL

1

MECHANICAL

ENCLOSURE SYSTEM PROGRAM

WALL SECTION DETAIL - SCALE 1/2”=1’ NORTH ELEVATION - 1/16” = 1’

ATLANTIC ST - LOOKING NORTH

Scale: 1/4” = 1’

70.00

60.00

ATLANTIC ST - LOOKING SOUTH

VT

VT

30.00

15.00

45.00

40.00

SOUTH ELEVATION - 1/16” = 1’

VT

P

10.00

15.00

36.00

25.00

10.00

5.00

5.00

15.00

25.00

VT

VT

P

VT

VT

P

20.00

scale 1/16" = 1'

LONGITUDINAL SECTION - SCALE 1/16” = 1’ 10.00

15.00

36.00

25.00

10.00

5.00

5.00

15.00

10.00

15.00

48.00

17.00

10.00

5.00

5.00

10.00

PHYSICAL MODEL DETAIL - 1/4” = 1’

CROSS SECTION - LOBBY

PATHWAY OF LIGHT - PASSENGER PICKUP AREA

CROSS SECTION - PASSENGER PICKUP AREA VIEWS TO BUSES - PASSENGER PICKUP AREA

GROUND FL PLAN - SCALE 1/16” = 1’

RAMP MEETS BUILDING - RIVER ST CROSSING

JOSE DIAZ

2ND FL PLAN - SCALE 1/16” = 1’

TRANSITION TO RETAIL - PARK AREA

“The measure of any great civilization is in its cities, and the measure of a city’s greatness is to be found in the quality of its public spaces, its parks and squares.” John Ruskin


COMPREHENSIVE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO II Arch 564 New Jersey School of Architecture, College of Architecture and Design, NJIT Spring 2014

The City Century Project HACKENSACK, NJ

Ecological Urbanism in an Age of Climate Change

JOSE DIAZ


TABLE OF

CONTENTS 01. RESEARCH 02. SITE ANALYSIS 03. CONCEPT STATEMENT 04. FLOOR PLANS 05. CIRCULATION 06. SUSTAINABILITY 07. SERIAL VIEWS 08. RENDERINGS 09. STRUCTURE 10. MECHANICAL 11. ELEVATIONS 12. PHYSICAL MODELS 13. PROCESS 14. PRECEDENT RESEARCH RIVER ST INTERSECTION


RESEARCH

01

CLIMATE CHANGE In the U.S. BUILDINGS represent 32% of greenhouse gases, while TRANSPORTATION accounts for 30%. This means, 62% of US emissions are contributed to buildings and transportation. Calthorpe, Peter. Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change, 2011


To make a positive impact on the issue of climate change, we need to change our lifestyle. We have become addicted to the automobile. In fact, Americans drive more than any other society on Earth. This not only has an impact on the environment, but also on our health. The average american spends 5 times more hours driving a car than exercising and enjoying outdoor spaces.

Farr, Douglas. Sustainable Urbanism. 2009


SITE ANALYSIS NEW JERSEY “GATEWAY COUNTIES” ADJACENT TO NEW YORK

BERGEN COUNTY IS NEW JERSEY’S LARGEST COUNTY

02

MAP OF HACKENSACK AND BERGEN COUNTY


Existing Traffic

?

Existing site conditions render the park and the river front inaccesible. There is a lack of awareness and is currently underused.

Proposed Traffic


The proposed plan for Atlantic Street’s development shows a green urban corridor with mixed commercial, retail, and residential uses along the street, becoming a green belt that connects downtown hackensack to the Park and the overlooked Riverfront.


The proposal aims to develop a design at the three intersetions along Atlantic Street, beginning with Main St, continuing through Moore St and crossing over River St. This latter intersection becomes an important threshold to arrive to the Park which is the main destinationn of the master plan.


ATLANTIC ST / MOORE ST

30.00

45.00

70.00

ATLANTIC ST / MAIN ST

P

10.00

15.00

VT

VT

48.00

P

P

17.00

10.00

5.00

5.00

10.00

10.00

15.00

VT

VT

36.00

ATLANTIC ST - LOOKING SOUTH


15.00

40.00

60.00

ATLANTIC ST / RIVER ST

25.00

10.00

5.00

5.00

15.00

VT

10.00

15.00

VT

36.00

VT

25.00

10.00

5.00

5.00

15.00

25.00

20.00

scale 1/16" = 1'

ATLANTIC ST - LOOKING NORTH


CONCEPT STATEMENT 03 The Masterplan proposes to revitalize the River front and adjacent Parks to increase awareness and in the process promote a more sustainable way of life such as: Fostering Walkability, Encouraging Bus and Bike Transportation, Maintaining the Diversity of the neighborhood, Maximizing Density in the downtown area and Distributing Amenities across the area.


In achieving this grand vision, the site becomes a green belt, which connects the city to the river front. Elevated and widened to increase and promote a more pedestrian-friendly circulation, this green belt also creates opportunities at different levels for retail, commercial and residential spaces.

RESIDENTIAL + RETAIL GYM + RETAIL RESIDENTIAL + RETAIL

COMMERCIAL + RETAIL

HOUSING BUS STATION RETAIL


FLOOR PLANS 04

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

6

8 7

9

5

10

11

13

12

13

4

3 2

13 1

13

13

13


2ND FLOOR PLAN GROUND FLOOR

2ND FLOOR 1 - RESTAURANT 2 - KITCHEN 3 - EMERGENCY EXIT 4 - ELEVATOR 5 - JANITOR ROOM 6 - RESTROOMS 7 - BAR 8 - SEATING AREA 9 - CONNECTION TO EXTERIOR RAMP

1 - MAIN ENTRANCE 2 - TICKET SALES 3 - OFFICE 4 - CAFETERIA 5 - RESTROOMS 6 - JANITOR ROOM 7 - ELEVATORS 8 - EMERGENCY EXIT 9 - WAITING AREA 10 - SNACK BAR 11 - PASSENGER PICKUP AREA 12 - MECHANICAL ROOM 13 - RETAIL

3

5

2

4

1

6

7

8

9


CIRCULATION

05

PARK

ELEVATORS

RIVE

R ST

N

TIC

A TL

A

PEDESTRIAN BIKE

GREEN BELT

ST

Accessible to pedestrians at both ends, the building is divided into two zones; one is a double-height circulation pathway that begins one end, brings you to the 2nd floor halfway through the structure, and culminates at ground level on the Park. The 2nd zone is where the programmatic elements are located. The design also incorporates a ramp that runs parallel to the building. This ramp contains 3 zones, a strip of green (plants) which separate the pedestrian and the bike paths. This ramp joins the building to allow access from the pedestrian zone to the building as safe alternative path to cross River st.


PARK

PARK

RIVE

R ST

TIC

ST

AN

L AT

PASSENGER PICKUP

RIVE

R ST

N

TIC

A TL

A RETAIL

Elevated and widened to increase and promote a more pedestrian-friendly circulation, this ramp also creates opportunities for RETAIL spaces. BUS

ST


SUSTAINABILITY

The design incorporates the use of SOLAR ENERGY to assist in the heating of the interior spaces. SKYLIGHT

VENT FOR COOLING

THERMAL FLOOR MASS

06


ISOLATED GAIN SYSTEM collects and stores solar radiation away from the space to be heated. As air or water in a collector is warmed by the sun, it rises to the served space or is stored in the thermal mass until needed. Simultaneously, cooler air is pulled from the bottom of the thermal storage, creating a natural convection loop.

VENT FOR COOLING

COOLER MEDIUM FALLS FOR HEATING

HEAT STORAGE


SERIAL VIEWS 07

MAIN ENTRANCE / LOBBY


SEATING AREA / 2ND FLOOR


2ND FLOOR CORRIDOR


The use of a curtain wall on the North Facade allows for the passengers to have visual contact with the Bus pickup area, hence keeping them informed of when the busses have arrived.


EXTERIOR RAMP CONNECTION TO STATION


EXTERIOR RAMP

STATION BRIDGE

RIVER ST


END OF THE TUNNEL / PARK ACCESS


PARK

RETAIL

RETAIL

After crossing the River St intersection, both the exterior ramp and the station bridge become retail spaces at floor level, which are immediately visible and accesible from the sidewalk and the park.


RENDERINGS 08

VIEW TOWARDS MAIN ENTRANCE, ACCESS RAMP, AND RESIDENTIAL TOWER AS AN ICONIC DESTINATION ON THE PARK.


VIEW OF THE RAMP FROM THE PARK AS IT PROVIDES RETAIL SPACES AT GROUND LEVEL


PARK

BUS STATION

RIVER ST VIEW OF THE STATION BRIDGING OVER RIVER ST TO THE PARK


VIEW OF THE LOBBY


STRUCTURE SYSTEM

DETAIL WALL SECTION Solar panels Roof cavity as thermal buffer

STEEL TRUSS

Vertical mullion Truss system Double wall cavity acts as a thermal buffer

Steel beam Metal panels

STEEL BEAMS

Curtain wall Duct Glazing 12� Steel column

Horizontal Mullion Curtain wall anchor Concrete slab Foundation wall

STEEL COLUMNS

STRUCTURE 09


ENCLOSURE SYSTEM

EXPLODED AXON

PHOTOVOLTAIC GLASS PANELS

GLASS COVER ANTI-REFLECTIVE SHEET CELL

METAL PANELS

GLASS PANELS

The enclosure system encompasses a series of metal, glass, and solar panels which are strategically oriented to ensure a sustainable building performance. This screen system also becomes the roof and extends as a canopy on the North faรงade to provide shelter towards the buses pickup area. The truss system which holds the panels together also serves as the defining element of the double-height corridor that runs through the station.

FRAME AND PANEL BACKING


Scale: 1/4” = 1’

MECHANICAL 10

MECHANICHAL ROOM

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

RIVER ST

PARK


ELEVATIONS 11

NORTH ELEVATION

SOUTH ELEVATION

EAST ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION


PHYSICAL MODELS

FINAL REVIEW MODEL (1/32” = 1’)

12


WALL SECTION DETAIL (1/4” = 1’)


FINAL MASSING SITE MODEL (1/64” = 1’)

PENULTIMATE REVIEW MODEL (1/32” = 1’)


PARAMETRIC URBANISM PROTOTYPE MODEL


EXISTING SITE STUDY MODEL

PENULTIMATE REVIEW EXISTING SITE (1/64” = 1’)

PROPOSAL STUDY MODEL (1/64” = 1’)

PROPOSAL STUDY MODEL (1/64” = 1’)


PENULTIMATE REVIEW PROPOSAL (1/64” = 1’)

DOWNTOWN NORWICH - SUSTAINABLE NEIGHBORHOODS RESEARCH

HAFENCITY - SUSTAINABLE NEIGHBORHOODS RESEARCH

BRONX - SUSTAINABLE NEIGHBORHOODS RESEARCH


PROCESS13

PARAMETRIC URBANISM

CONCEPT DIAGRAM

PARKS AS ATTRACTOR POINTS - SITE MONTAGE

RIVER

PARKS

HACKENSACK MEDICAL CENTER + SITE

GREEN BELT CONNECTING CITY TO RIVERFRONT ATLANTIC ST

MAIN ST


PARAMETRIC URBANISM PRECEDENTS

1) Kartal Pendik Masterplan - Zaha Hadid

3) Eleftheria Square - Zaha Hadid

2) Maxi Museum - Zaha Hadid

4) Beko Masterplan - Zaha Hadid


SUSTAINABLE NEIGHBORHOODS

PRECEDENT RESEARCH 14



The City Century Project