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001


introduction architecture G G G UG UG UG

landscape UG UG G

interiors UG G / UG

applied

graduate

collaborative

+

G

research professional

work

LENS

005

FRAME . grit collector “ bank city / thermoponics ]/[ u r b a n c a n v a s folded , intersect

009

CONTEXT ; synthetic stimulus () urban park : water cell

057

CONTENT {} helix lofts * technologies+ecologies

079

VISION

105

IN PRACTICE .

119 .


[ ]frame

buildings

A R C H I T E C T U R E

[

the spaces between buildings

context

content •

L A N D S C A P E

the spaces within buildings

I N T E R I O R S


LENS

,

You will go you will return not in the battle you will perish.

“WALK

AROUND THE CITY AND FIND SEMICOLONS.”

,

You will go you will return not in the battle you will perish.

A

delicate world of punctuation surrounds the built environment, like a world of symbols living in hidden layer. They are missed by the naked eye, but through the lens I invite you to wear, you will find that they exist, and that the layer is, in fact, teeming with life.

:

,

co n

THRESHOLD

.

!

in

ENCLOSURE

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()

se

~

{}

ct sh

/

la ps

e

br ea k

co n

ift

ne

ct bt do u

st ra in

...

io n ct je te r

ria tio

ria tio in

te rl

ud e

ca tio

ap pr op

“”

re ap pr op

n

n

d

re di re

se

io

n

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;

en ce qu

pr ox im ap

is si m

as si

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005

od ifi

Punctuology, I propose, is the capacity of the typographic symbols we call punctuation to classify, provide relationships, and engender new architectural typologies. I have come to define/conceive my body of work through this world: the spatiality of punctuation.

ng

ed pa u

TRANSITION

___ n

re ve la tio

...

The discipline of architecture constantly introduces us to new modes of representation. We struggle to express our ideas – how our processes materialize a conceptual solution to a spatial problem, or how to turn conceptual problems into spatial solutions. I AM NOT PROPOSING A NEW LANGUAGE ; I AM PROPOSING A NEW TRANSLATIO n.

gn

t va ca n

l fil

][

en

in

SITUATING

m

grammatical syntax, punctuation is a means of facilitating what we want to say. Language is subjective but very little changes in punctuation. At their most basic sense, they represent I N T E R R U P T I O N S A N D C O N T I N U I T I E S B E T W E E N T H I N G S , but their mere placement radically modifies the text that surround them. Not only is the constancy of their meaning in linguistic expression directly translatable to other forms of expression but they also reveal new ways of understanding them. I have pondered punctuation as a medium for spatial expression, as a means of impacting context, composing content, reframing meaning. This is not in a purely didactic manner, but in a profound manner of seeing, where it reaches clarity with phraseology, viewpoint, analysis, and making.

at e

Punctuation marks are the control points of written language. Within

‘’ ––


THERE ARE TWO PRIMARY LENSES: ACTIVE READING (ANALYSIS) AND ACTIVE WRITING (MAKING). ACTIVE READING (ANALYSIS) Punctuation as a way of reading the built environment, defining how something has been made. (classify and tell story) Herein, punctuation is assigned its meaning as an architectural condition and then as part of an urban block. (What the building says, how it’s heard)

ACTIVE WRITING (MAKING)

UNDERSTANDING THE GLOSSARY

Punctuation as a way of communicating intent of spatial manipulation. (facilitate continuity in given measure, control points) Herein, punctuation is assigned its meaning as a design intervention (what the intention is for the purpose of using it as a representation of a design intervention), and then the elicited response of the context (the public realm) as a result of the intervention. (What I want to say, how you respond to what is said)

IF I WERE A SEMICOLON, WHAT AM I DOING? WHAT DO I REPRESENT? WHAT IS MY PURPOSE? HOW DO I AFFECT THE THINGS I STAND BETWEEN? HOW IS A PARENTHETICAL DOUBLE DASH DIFFERENT FROM A PARENTHESIS? ONE IS LIKE A DRIVER WHO POLITELY INTERRUPTS YOU TO POINT OUT A SIGHT ALONG THE WAY AND THE OTHER IS LIKE A DRIVER WHO SLAMS ON THE BRAKES.

punctuation

character

definition in prose

in a nutshell

i.e.

1. to indicate a series of equal choices TO CLASSIFY

curly brackets

hyphen

1. divide a word at the end of a line.

colon 3

3. separates the subtitle of a work (which is a noun phrase) from its principal title (another noun phrase)

quotation mark 1

1. DIVIDE DUE TO CONTEXT

3. LAUNCH DESCENDANT

1. surrounding a quotation or direct speech

TO BORROW MATERIAL

PROSE SIDE 006

Select your animal {goat, sheep, cow, horse} and follow me.

We, therefore,the representatives of the United States of America...

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope

"Hal," noted Frank, "said that everything was going extremely well."

SEE GLOSSARY FOR ONGOING APPLIED RESEARCH


Through these lenses, I use punctuation to classify my body of work, both as a way of telling its story and as a representation of its overall existence in the context of the built environment.

T HE

SPATIALITY OF PUNCTUATION IS A MANNER OF SEEING AND U N D E R S TA N D I N G T H E B U I LT E N V I R O N M E N T , ITS MODES OF

REPRESENTATION , ITS UNFOLDING DISCOURSE , ITS HISTORY AND ITS FUTURE .

T HEY

I N P U N CT U AT I O N .

REPRESENTATION . THIS

, TS

RE

P

T TI HA

RE

N SE

W

what it is

IS NOT ABOUT HOW TO CREATE THE TOOLS; THIS IS ABOUT MANIFESTING THE EXPRESSION.

G IN MY D US UL OF N WO E OF N TIO S TA TIO PO EN UR ESEN N P NT I R E TIO EP TH EN MY RV AR OR AT E F H S T A W IN BE IT

STITCH

ORIGIN

ION N NT SO ER P A

G

VE

R TE

IN O TO ET D S N NE O G I SP SS RE SA ED SI T I N E IC EL -L

IN ES ILD NS BU LE A ND TO S A NED LE G A I S SC AS G TIN LENS HIF -

ES ITY NS EC LE TH O T A D ES NE AL SIG SC S A G TIN LENS HIF ND

S

S

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

REPETITION

MANIFEST

BRING MEASURE TO TERRITORY THROUGH A SITUATED CHOREOGRAPHY OF MEANING , EXPRESSION AND

Y LL

TIA

N SE ES

THRESHOLDS, TRANSITIONS, OPENINGS, JOINTS, SURFACES W I L L

offer a series of equal, same-type spaces, a sequence of same typologies for one to choose from.

breaks/splits something because of a pre-existing contextual condition in order to represent it as one, a whole.

something that enables the revelation of a new element coming from its original source. a point of departure.

{ } feel equal

TO A BUILDING

{

}

IN AN URBAN BLOCK

sameness

{

{

}{

}{

}

}

archive/specification

-

-

identify connection

re-constituted unity

band aid

:

recall history.

:

legacy

:

: legible evolution

APPROPRIATION

an apparatus that encloses/allows borrowed material to be appropriated

borrowed material

“ ”identify source SPATIAL SIDE 007

“ ”

“ ”

foreign body


A R C H I T E C T U R E


FRAME B U I L D I N G S


VISION (GLOSSARY) GRADUATE APPLIED RESEARCH


punctuation

character

definition in prose

in a nutshell

square brackets 1

1. enclose explanatory or missing material usually added by someone other than the original author, especially in quoted text.

OBLIGATORY ADDITION

square brackets 2

2. enclose missing/modified material usually added by someone other than the original author, especially in quoted text.

OBLIGATORY REPLACEMENT

apostrophe 1

1. indicates that some letters have been omitted from a word

i.e.

I appreciate it [the honor], but I must refuse.

[Jack] and I went a long time go. "Most people save all their lives and leave [their money] to somebody else."

Erin doesn't tie her shoes correctly. TO CONDENSE o'clock

2. to form the possessive case of a singular noun

Erin's shoes are poorly tied. TO SHOW POSSESSION

apostrophe 2

1. to indicate a series of equal choices

curly brackets

parenthesis 1

1. to include material that you want to de-emphasize or that wouldn't normally fit into the flow of your text but you want to include nonetheless, material that could be omitted without destroying or altering the meaning of a sentence

TO CLASSIFY

Select your animal {goat, sheep, cow, horse} and follow me.

SPONTANEOUS INSTRUCTION

Your essay (all nine pages of it) is on my desk.

INDICATE CHANGEABILITY

‌the claim(s)...

2. indicate shorthand for "either singular of plural" for nouns

parenthesis 2

106


what it is

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

SUPPLEMENT

add something to something that already exists to make it clearer.

[]

TO A BUILDING

[ ] []

clarification

IN AN URBAN BLOCK

[ ] [ ][ ]

addition

signage

adaptive re-use

REPLACEMENT

ABRIDGEMENT

modify something that already exists to make it clearer.

[]

[ ]

[ ]

curated information

take something out in order to make it shorter, make it concise but don't lose clarity.

[ ]

improvement

encounter less

reduction

’ ’

efficiency

occupancy/copyright own it

POSSESION

REPETITION

offer a series of equal, same-type spaces, a sequence of same typologies for one to choose from.

INTERIM/ADVISOR

add a temporary insertion of something not entirely necessary but helpful.

AGENCY

temporary insertion of something that indicates the element preceding is responsive/can grow.

recognize ownership

{ } feel equal

partnership/ownership

{

}

sameness

{

{

}{

}{

archive/specification

detour

addendum

()

( )

informed

ambiguous

latent

()

curious

107

( )

()

()

}

}


punctuation

in a nutshell

character

i.e. The charter review committee now includes the following

colon 1

1. to introduce a list in a sentence or a quote

1. LAUNCH SERIES

the town council. The acting director often used her favorite quotation from on; and our little life is rounded with a sleep."

colon 2

colon 3

comma 1

2. introduce an appositive independent clause. in other words, the sentence after the colon is in apposition to the one before the colon. before an explanation that is preceded by a clause that can stand by itself

3. separates the subtitle of a work (which is a noun phrase) from its principal title (another noun phrase)

1. to separate words independent phrases or clauses in a sentence. to indicate an interpretation of the text such that the words immediately before and after the comma are less closeley or exclusively linked in the associated grammatical structure than they might be otherwise. to itemize.

comma 2

2. REVEAL COHERENCE

There was only one possible explanation: The train had never arrived. Luruns could not speak: He was drunk.

3. LAUNCH DESCENDANT

1. TO PARSE

2. A BRIEF INTERVAL

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope

The dull, incessant droning but the cute little cottage.

Hartford, Connecticut.

chewed.

comma 3

hyphen

3. SET OFF BORROWED ELEMENTS

1. divide a word at the end of a line.

1. DIVIDE DUE TO CONTEXT

108

"The question is," said Alice, "whether you can make words mean so many things."

We, therefore,the representatives of the United States of America...


what it is

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

INTRODUCTION

FORESIGHT

ORIGIN

the element through which something materializes/ originates from something preceding it.

the element through which serves to deďŹ ne or modify another thing immediately preceding it

something that enables the revelation of a new element coming from its original source. a point of departure.

:

TO A BUILDING

IN AN URBAN BLOCK

:

commence

lineage

:

gate

start-up

:

:

:

proceed. enter.

point of departure

:

legacy

:

:

recall history.

: legible evolution

BRIEF INTERVAL

separate something, distribute/provide separations in order to make something clear/legible

SUSPENSION

something that prepares for/sets of divergence, detour.

,

remain

something that prepares for, sets off and stands between borrowed elements.

,

gather. collect. pause

YIELD

,

break

ease. collectedness.

,

,

breaks/splits something because of a pre-existing contextual condition in order to represent it as one, a whole.

, ,

breathing space

transition

,

-

,

, -

identify connection

,

suspension

courtesy boundary

STITCH

,

,

, signal

re-constituted unity

band aid

109


punctuation

in a nutshell

character

i.e. That gentleman is well-respected.

soft hyphen

2. hyphenate a compound adjective when it precedes the

TO CREATE AN AMALGAM un-American, de-Stalinisation

suspended hyphen

en dash

double dash

em dash 1

1. used when a single base word is used with separate, consecutive, hyphenated words which are connected by "and", "or", or "to". also referred to as a "hanging hyphen" or "dangling hyphen". suspended hyphens are also used in

TO DIVIDE FOR WORD ECONOMY

1. instead of a soft hyphen in compound (phrasal) attributives in which one or both elements is itself a compound, especially when the compound element is an open compound, meaning it is not hyphenated itself.

TO MERGE AND MIX COMPOUNDS

1. demarcates a break of thought or some similar interpolation stronger than the interpolation demarcated by parentheses.

speaker has been interrupted.

TO ENCLOSE AN INTERJECTION

TO REDIRECT

nineteenth- and twentieth-century writers. "investor-owned and -operated"

The pro-conscription–anti-conscription debate Public-school–private-school rivalries

He had been given the comprehensive sixty-four-crayon Crayola box—including the gold and silver crayons—and would not let me look closely at the box.

He was— "Crazy!" Clevinger interrupted, shrieking. "That's what you are! Crazy!

tilde

caret

1. to indicate the omission of the entry word. 2 shorthand for "approximately" 2. It can mean "similar to",[3] including "of the same order of magnitude as"

a series of underscores (like [_____]) may be used to

TO APPROXIMATE

TO CORRECT

110

~30 minutes ago

I’m hungry and need to home. ^ go


what it is

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

TETHER

UNREQUITED UNITY

CONCATENATION

DIGRESSION

ties/attaches something to another in order to create a new thingr with a new meaning (make one compound)

- remodify understanding

breaks/splits something because its second half is repeated, shared by another in the same context, for the purpose of using less space

-

add this to expand/extend things that are already composites in order to convey something impossible to understand otherwise. (compounds within compounds)

something that allows one abruptly set off and continue from one thing to another in the same context

multiply understanding

-

-

-

appendage

-

-

-

-

annex

plug-in city

-

-

-

expansion

– comparative–relational

– – – –

accessory

understanding

inconsistency change in course

DISCONNECTION

ENIGMATIC IMPERMANENCE

a wild card with design/programmatic implications responsive to its immediate neighbor. has to do with measure. it is in some scalable proportion to its neighbor.

~

an apparatus that suggests the insertion of something in in order to correct/fill something missing.

IN AN URBAN BLOCK

tie

something that clarifies forthcoming elements are unforeseen interruptions in initial element

PLACEMENT

TO A BUILDING

overstimulate

dependent

~

~

~ illusive space

error

111

discrepancy

rely on context to understand

identify correction

disparity

~

^

shift

signal


punctuation

underscore 1

character

definition in prose

1. to emphasize and distinguish certain words from others within the text.

in a nutshell

TO SHOW EMPHASIS

i.e.

If you look closely, you'll see e pluribus on most U.S. currency. Remember to dot every i and cross every t.

2. in citation (see asterisk).

underscore 2

TO INDICATE REFERENCE MATERIAL

underscore 3

a series of underscores (like [_____]) may be used to create a blank to be filled in on a form.

ellipsis 1

1. indicates pause

TO SPECIFY

Sign Here _________

You mean ... I ... uh ... we have a test today? TO SHOW LAPSE "I'm wondering …" Juan said, bemused.

ellipsis 2

period 1

period 2

2. that part of a sentence or sequence has been omitted. 3 if an ellipsis is meant to represent an omission, square brackets must surround the ellipsis to make it clear that there was no pause in the original quote.

1 placed at the end of sentences indicating a full stop. The term is often used to mean "the end of the matter." (Spacing after period for clarity).

2 Placed after abbreviations, initials.

OMISSION

"Then you'd blast off ... on screen, as if you were looking out ... of a spaceship." "Bohr […] used the analogy of parallel stairways […]" (Smith 55).

FULL STOP.

ABBREVIATE

112

Mrs. M. E. Kerr is a wonderful author.

Dr. Espinoza arrived from Washington, D.C., at 6 p.m.


what it is

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

EMPHASIS

IMPORTANCE

something added that distinguishes element from the rest. pay attention to this.

TO A BUILDING

IN AN URBAN BLOCK counterpoint. direction.

something added to distinguish established element, authority or precedent

_

pay attention

_

respect

__

valued out of context

___ valued out of principle

_____

__

__

_

establishment

SITE SPECIFICITY

INTENTIONAL LAPSE

apparatus that indicates where specific action will take place

take it out because we need a moment. maybe we'll carry on, maybe we won't.

ABSENCE

take it out because it isn't necessary.

DENOUEMENT

place this to end continuity of element.

_

distinguish

… linger

___

___

ground position

prime real estate

intentional void

moment of respite

… longing

.

neglected space

.

stop

boundary

.

ruin

.

. edge

ENCAPSULATE

insert this plug to create an understood, shortened element that encapsulates the meaning of its full version

solidified title.

.

assume.

113

.

fill. alternate.

.

. . .


punctuation

asterisk 3

exclamation point

character

definition in prose

in a nutshell

i.e.

Provisional agenda of the sixty-third regular session of the General Assembly* __________ * Issued in accordance with rule 12 of the rules of procedure.

1. To call out a footnote, especially when there is only one on the page. As an alternative to parenthetical references; a simpler way to acknowledge information gained from another source

TO REFERENCE

1. Used especially after an interjection or exclamation to indicate forceful utterance or strong feeling 2 A distinctive indication of major significance, interest, or contrast

COMMAND ATTENTION

Wow! The footing is as wide as the penthouse!

TO QUESTION

Did Steven go with you? She's our new teacher?

question mark

1. replaces the full stop (period) at the end of an interrogative sentence. 2. In place of missing or unknown data.

quotation mark 1

1. surrounding a quotation or direct speech

TO BORROW MATERIAL

"Hal," noted Frank, "said that everything was going extremely well."

2 surrounding a literal title or name. See Citation

TO REFERENCE MATERIAL

"The Impact of Global Warming in North America." GLOBAL WARMING: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.

3 to indicate a different meaning of a word or phrase than the one typically associated with it or current, commonly accepted sense and are often used to express irony

TO INDICATE IRONY

quotation mark 2

quotation mark 3

Crystals somehow "know" which shape to grow into. He shared his "wisdom" with me.

single quotation mark

to enclose quoted material (or the titles of poems, stories, articles) within other quoted material

TO ENCLOSE BORROWED MATERIAL WITHIN BORROWED MATERIAL

114

“Squiggly saved my life when he yelled, 'Watch out, Aardvark.' �


what it is

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

LICENSE

VEHEMENCE

something that directs one to something that has been provided or where further useful information is pertaining to the immediate context

add something to something that already exists to make it clearer.

TO A BUILDING

IN AN URBAN BLOCK

*

guide

entrust

avatar

!

!

!

superior

striking

command attention

POSSIBILITY

APPROPRIATION

APPROPRIATION

IRONY

add something to something that already exists to make it clearer.

an apparatus that encloses/allows borrowed material to be appropriated

an apparatus that encloses reference to existing elements and acknowledges their establishment

used to indicate that something is not being used in a commonly accepted way

?

doubt

constraint

an apparatus that encloses borrowed or referenced material within borrowed or referenced material

?

unknown

borrowed material

“ ”

“ ”identify source

“ ”

“”

reproduction

“ ”

foreign body

“ ”

identify reference

brand

“” identify through context

APPROPRIATION WITHIN APPROPRIATION

…?

identify reference through context

115

” foreign body

appropriated material

‘’

appropriated material within appropriated material

appropriated material within foreign body


punctuation

semicolon 1

semicolon 2

character

definition in prose

1 Between items in a series or listing containing internal punctuation, especially parenthetic commas, where the semicolons function as serial commas.

2 Between closely related independent clauses not conjoined with a coordinating conjunction.

in a nutshell

TO CONTINUE

TO CONNECT

to separate words of opposed meaning and to indicate interdependent statements.

slash 1

1. Used as the word substitute for "or" which indicates a choice is present.

slash 2

2. To make a clear, strong joint between words or phrases

i.e.

She saw three men: Jamie, who came from New Zealand; John, the milkman's son; and George, a gaunt kind of man.

I went to the basketball court; I was told it was closed for cleaning. Everyone knows he is guilty of committing the crime; of course, it will never be proven.

TO CONTRAST

Male/Female, Y/N, He/She

"the Hemingway/Faulkner generation" TO HYBIDIZE "live/work lofts"

slash 3

3. Used to indicate a line break when quoting multiple lines from a poem, play, headline, or lyrics.

line break

4. The slash is used in some abbreviations

"Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, / But bears it out even to the edge of doom" w/ (with) and w/o(without)

116


what it is

how it is TO THE PUBLIC REALM

LONG INTERVAL

ECONOMICAL MEDIATOR

POLARITY

something that provides separations between separated elements but allows continuity as it allows all to exist under one umbrella. something that connects two or more elements, allows them to help explain each other and allows them to exist under one umbrella

apparatus that heightens the contrast between two elements.

;

catch breath

TO A BUILDING

IN AN URBAN BLOCK

;

unifying link

;

;

; interstitial zone

;

; link context

;

barrier break

;

; unity hook

inversion

/

/

opposites

recognize difference

VERSATILITY

INSTABILITY

apparatus that binds two elements, the union creates a larger, more versatile capacity

to suggest, not demand, a pause or break

/

share marriage/hybrid

/

circumvent

multi-purpose hybrid city

invisible boundary assigned boundary

117


JOEM ELIAS SANEZ | Punctuology Vol. 1: The Spatiality of Punctuation  

A Polemical Exploration of Punctuation as a Medium for Spatial Expression