contents ACADEMIC PEAK LIVING THE RESURGENT TOWER LANDSCAPE THE GOLDEN MILE TORONTO HOSPITALITY INSTITUTE COUNTER BALANCE ELECTRIC CAR PARK TEXTILE MUSEUM OF CANADA MUSEO DI ARTE POVERA ELEMENT/FIELD STUDY BIO-FOLLY
PROFESSIONAL NEW LONDON EMBASSY MORPHOSIS, SANTA MONICA
41 째 to 66 째 CANADIAN PAVILION, VENICE BIENNALE JOHN MCMINN STUDIO, TORONTO
HYLOZOIC SOIL PHILIP BEESLEY ARCHITECT, TORONTO
ALBERT ROAD HOUSE HKR ARCHITECTS, DUBLIN
SHAW STREET OFFICES HKR ARCHITECTS, DUBLIN CASCADE HOUSE PAUL RAFF STUDIO, TORONTO
SYLVAN CORPORATE CENTER HLW ARCHITECTS, NEW YORK
MAYNE TUB EOS TOWER | MUSEUM OF NATURE AND SCIENCE MORPHOSIS, SANTA MONICA
Our collective attitude toward nature in the current ecological paradigm, as articulated by the Slovenian critical theorist Slavoj Ĺ˝iĹžek, predominantly stems from a man-nature binary in which we approach ecology as an ideology, collectively understanding a pre-modern, balanced world as the best possible world. This zeitgeist is present in the Baldwin Hills, an active 1400 acre oil field in central Los Angeles, in which anti-development public sentiment has been applying pressure on the site to cease its industrial activity, to be replaced with a politically expedient, restorative project to turn the site into re-constructed biodiversity, as well as passive and active park space. This thesis takes a divergent approach to the design of this site, and in general, of our urbanized nature, exploring the practical and rhetorical consequences of an urban design proposal involving a historically separate and culturally stigmatized infrastructure necessarily brought into close proximity with new programs by inevitable land use pressures. In doing so, it seeks to re-couple the temporal and spatial separation between our pervasive dependence on petroleum-based products with their spaces of production, and through this interface of infrastructure with biological and recreational environments, articulate the poetics of an anthropogenic nature. These critical positions are resolved in a detailed master plan for the Baldwin Hills, in a site strategy that carefully reconfigures the existing oil extraction infrastructure into a series of concentrated drilling enclosures to be staged in an urban form that is rigorously calibrated to the siteâ€™s unique topography. This calibration is articulated in the inflection and hierarchical order of a new site circulation system, and situated in the context of a set of heterogeneous, site-specific, residential, commercial, cultural and institutional building typologies, as well as a network of active and passive recreation park space. With this design is articulated a particular argument for a very detailed approach to master planning in favour of notions of flexible frameworks which have tended to dominate contemporary architectural and landscape urbanism discourse over the past decade. Embedded as well in the programming of the site beyond its use exclusively as parkspace, is an interrogation of the underlying socio-political forces which are driving the existing anti-development position and its relationship to environmental concerns, and hence articulates an argument for a form of spatial justice in line with the so called LA school of social geographers including edward soja and mike davis.
CONCENTRATED DRILLING Fortuitously, Los Angeles is home to a unique infrastructural building typology housing concentrated drilling operations. These usually camouflaged enclosures are the result of zoning laws from the 1950s onward to allow drilling in already dense urban areas. They are disguised variously as an office block, a synagogue, encased into the back of a major shopping mall, and housed in colourfully decorated sheds in immediate offshore areas. The proliferation of these urban drilling types is facilitated by lateral drilling technologies of increasing sophistication, which can reach directional depths in excess of 20 000 feet.
PEAK LIVING BALDWIN HILLS MASTER PLAN, LOS ANGELES
OIL FIELD CONFIGURATION
430 ACTIVE PRODUCTION + INJECTION WELLS DISTRIBUTED OVER THE INGLEWOOD OIL FIELD
9 CONCENTRATED DRILLING FACILITIES FREEING UP THE SITE FOR NEW USES
RESULTANT BUILT FORM
OIL RELATIONSHIP + STREET INFLECTIONS CONCENTRATED DRILLING
RESIDENTIAL FABRIC (BANDS)
TYPICAL DRILLING FACILITY SITE CIRCULATION + OIL ROAD RATIONALIZATION
In the absence of a pre-existing ubran condition, the concentrated drilling “islands” take on a circular form to maximinize distance between well-heads 1 2 3 4 5 6
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photovoltaic array track-mounted drilling rig with acoustical encasement mud-logger’s cabin” - 24hr supervision separation facilities and pipe storage generators underground well-heads in concrete encasement covered with access panels 7 | offices 8 | receiving and security 9 | fire-rated exterior enclosure REGRADED TOPOGRAPHY, CENTRAL AREA
existing wildlife area priority habitat restoration
SETBACK & GRADE SEP.
WOODY CHAPARRAL: DEEP ROOT SYSTEM
4.0 2.0 2.01.7 3.5
5.5 15.90 31.90
SETBACK & GRADE SEP.
3.5 1.7 2.0 2.0 4.0
SETBACK & GRADE SEP.
commercial parking institutional + cultural residential
4.0 2.0 3.0
SETBACK & GRADE SEP.
3.5 2.75 3.0 2.0 4.0 9.75
HOUSING TYPE 1 | MAT
HOUSING TYPE 2 | TERRACE
HOUSING TYPE 3| COURTYARD
MEDIATION FROM LARGE FOOTPRINT LOW RISE OF LADERA HEIGHTS
STEEP GRADING, M EDIATION FROM MAT, VIEW + SITE-LINES IMPORTANT
HEAVILY REGRADED BY EXISTING OIL FIELD, SLOPES TOWARD LA CIENEGA
(1-3 STOREYS). COMMUNAL PARKING, INDIVIDUATED PRIVATE SPACE, SHARED PARTI WALLS
TERRACED ROW-HOUSING, (1-2 STOREYS). COMMUNAL PARKING, INDIVIDUATED PRIVATE SPACE, SHARED PARTI WALLS. TYPOLOGY MEDIATES TOPOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN 2 DIRECTIONS
SINGLE LOADED, (3-5 STOREYS). COURTYARDS INFLECT TOWARD OPTIMUM DAYLIGHTING EXPOSURE
HOUSING TYPE 4 | TALL HOUSES
HOUSING TYPE 5 | POROUS PERIMETER
PARK ENTRANCE, PRECIPICE CONDITION OVER LA CIENEGA; MEDIATING COMMERCIAL AREA ALONG CENTRAL SPINE, FLAT TOPOGRAPHY
EDGE OF ACTIVE RECREATION ZONE, FOLLOWS RIDGELINE IN MOST CASES, ALSO SECONDARY ARTERIAL RD
(3-4 STOREYS). 2 UNITS + LIVE-WORK SPACE AT GRADE
5 STOREYS). LIVE-WORK SPACE AT GRADE
STUDY AREA 1 CENTRAL COMMERCIAL AREA
STUDY AREA 2 TERRACE HOUSING WILDLIFE ZONE EDGE
STUDY AREA 3 COMMUNITY CENTER GRADE SCHOOL ACTIVE RECREATION PARKSPACE
mayne tub MORPHOSIS ARCHITECTS, 2010 santa monica
Design of single surface Bath Tub and Sink Unit for a site-specific area. Unit to be milled out of high density foam and cast in fibreglass.
EOS TOWER, PEROT MUSEUM OF NATURE AND SCIENCE MORPHOSIS ARCHITECTS, 2009 santa monica http://morphopedia.com/
Model production only. Various responsibilities from 3d printing and finishing to installation and testing of lighting, as well as laser cut components.
Eos Tower | with: Laura Decurgez, Min Cheng. Photo Credit: Michael Powers Museum of Nature and Scrience | with: Hugo Martinez, Kyle Coburn. Alex Deutschman, Yusef Denis, Scott Smith, Jason Minor. Photo Credits: Michael Powers