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Olympic Games Presentation  by:  Izzy  Thompson  


The  Purpose   Ê  The  purpose  of  the  Olympic  games  is  to  build  a  better  world  

through  sport,  to  support  development,  education,  and   peace  through  sport.  

Ê  The  Olympic  games  serves  the  purpose  of  bringing  athletes  

from  around  the  world  together  to  compete  in  sport,  while   representing  their  country.  In  a  way,  the  event  brings  nations   together.    

Ê  The  main  goal  of  almost  all  professional  athletes  is  to  be  able  

to  compete  and  win  at  the  Olympics.     Ê  The  Olympic  games  also  promote  the  participation  of  women  

in  sports.      


The  Purpose   Ê  In  the  Olympics,  an  athlete  is  given  a  chance  to  become  a  national  

figure/symbol,  and  become  a  part  of  sport  history.  

Ê  Here  are  some  examples:    

Kerri  Strug-­‐  Gymnastics,  USA.   She  is  famous  for  performing  a  vault  on  a   broken  leg,  and  landing  on  one  foot,   receiving  a  high  enough  score  for  her   team  to  win.    Atlanta,    1996  

Usain  Bolt-­‐  Sprinter,  Jamaica.   He  is  famous  for  breaking  the   world  record  for  the  100  meter   spring.  Beijing,  2008.    


History   Ê  According  to  historical  records,  the  first  Olympic  Games  

happened  back  in  776BC.  They  were  first  held  in  Olympia,  in   the    Peloponnese  region,  in  Greece.  Olympia  was  said  to  be   ruled  by  the  temple  of  Zeus.  

Ê  Religiously,  the  Olympic  games  were  closely  linked  to  the  cult  

of  Zeus,  but  it  focused  more  on  improving  relations  between   Greek  cities.    

Ê  Young  men  from  the  Greek  region  would  come  to  Olympia  to  

compete  and  show  their  strength.  The  closing  ceremony  took   place  at  the  temple  of  Zeus,  where  the  winner  and  his  father   and  his  homeland  would  be  announced.  The  sacred  olive   branch  wreath  would  be  placed  on  his  head.  

 


The  Legend  of  the   Olympic  Games   There  was  a  famous  conflict   between  Greek  gods  Zeus  and   Chronos.  All  the  gods  then   competed  against  each  other  in   sport,  thus  giving  birth  to  the   Olympic  games.     Some  of  the  games  that  were  played   back  then  were:     -­‐  The  Pentathlon   -­‐  The  boxing  

Horses'  races   -­‐  The  Pancratium  


History   Ê  The  first  International  Olympic  Game  run  by  the  IOC  was  held  in  the  

Panathenaic  Stadium  in  Athens,  Greece,  in  1896.    

Ê     14  nations  and  241  athletes  participated.     Ê  After  the  first  game,  there  was  a  time  period  where  the  popularity  

and  the  chance  of  survival  of  the  Olympic  Games  was  thin.   However,  after  the  1906  Intercalated  games  in  Athens,  (The  event   was  not  officially  recognized  by  the  IOC),  the  games  regained   popularity.    

Ê  The  first  Olympic  event  that  allowed  women  to  participate  was  the  

1900  Paris  Games.  However,  they  were  only  allowed  to  compete  in   lawn  tennis  and  golf.    


History-­‐  IOC   Ê  The  IOC  (International  Olympic  Committee)  is  a  

corporation  based  in  Lausanne,  Switzerland.      

Ê  Today,  205  nations  are  members  of  the  IOC.     Ê  The  first  Olympic  (International)  game  was  organized  

by  Pierre  de  Coubertin.  His  aim  was  to  create  world   peace  and  communication  through  the  event.  That’s   him  in  the  picture  to  the  right.    

Ê  He  also  created  the  symbol  of  the  Olympic  Games,  

(Picture  to  the  right  bottom)  the  rings.  “These  five   rings  represent  the  five  parts  of  the  world  which  now   are  won  over  to  Olympism  and  willing  to  accept   healthy  competition.”-­‐  Pierre  de  Coubertin.    


Advantages  of  Hosting   the  Olympic  Games.   o  Promotes  tourism.  People  will  

travel  to  the  country  to  see  the   games.  Also,  they  may  go  after   the  games  for  leisure,  because   they  saw  a  glimpse  of  the  city  on   TV  during  the  Olympics.     o   Jobs.  More  jobs  will  be  created  

for  building  facilities,  advertising,   etc.   o   Boosts  the  economy.  Tourists  

and  athletes  from  foreign  teams   will  buy  souvenirs  and  goods  from   the  country.     o   The  athletes  from  that  country  

will  not  have  to  adjust  to  a  new   environment  or  time  zone.  


Disadvantages  of  Hosting   the  Olympics.     o  Dangers  of  terrorism.  

Athletes  and  people   involved  in  the  games  risk   exposure  to  terrorism.       o   Security  concerns.  Lots  of   security  staff  are  needed,   even  weeks  or  months   prior  to  the  games.   o  High  costs  and  transport   links.  Building   transportation  links  for   athletes  and  tourists  is   expensive,  and  time   consuming.    


Human  Interest  Stories   Oksana  Baiul  was  born  in  the   Ukraine  in  1977.  Her  parents   divorced  when  she  was  two  years   old,  and  her  father  became  absent.   Baiul’s  mother  died  of  cancer  when   she  was  thirteen,  so  Baiul  was   orphaned.  She  had  no  extended   family,  so  her  coach  at  the  time   looked  after  her.  However,  after   her  coach  emigrated  to  Canada,   she  had  no  where  to  go.  She  lived   on  a  makeshift  bed  at  her   hometown  skating  rink.  She  was   eventually  taken  in  by  Galina   Zmievskaya,  who  coached  her   through  the  rest  of  her  career.   Baiul  won  gold  in  the  1994  Norway   Olympic  games.        


Human  Interest  Stories   Marion  Jones  is  a  former  track   and  field  athlete,  and  a   professional  basketball  player  for   the  WNBA.  She  competed  for   the  USA,  and  participated  in  the   2000  Sydney  Olympic  Games.   She  won  five  medals,  but  they   were  taken  away  in  2007  when   she  admitted  to  taking   performance  enhancing  drugs,   and  lying  to  a  grand  jury  about  it.   Investigators  found  that  she  had   been  using  these  drugs  since   high  school.  She  is  named  to  be   one  of  the  fastest  women  in  the   world.      


Controversies  

In  the  2008  Beijing  Olympics,  age   controversies  regarding  two  of  their   female  gymnasts  became  a  huge  issue.   He  Kexin  (top)  won  gold  in  the  uneven   bars,  as  well  as  winning  the  gold  with   her  team.  Her  passport  shows  that  her   birth  date  is  January  1st,  1992.  This  was   questioned  because  of  her  youthful   appearance,  and  because  there  were   online  records  of  her,  stating  that  she   was  only  14  in  2008.  No  evidence  has   been  found  and  no  one  is  sure  what  to   believe.    Jiang  Ju  Yuan  (bottom)   competed  in  the  2000  Sydney   Olympics,  and  won  two  bronze   medals.  On  state  run  television,  she   admitted  to  being  fourteen  when  she   competed.  This  violates  the  rule   regarding  the  minimum  age  of  the   competitor.    


Controversies   Five  weeks  before  the  1994   Lillehammer  winter  Olympics,  Nancy   Kerrigan,  (picture)  was  attacked  at   her  skating  rink.  A  man  hit  her  leg   with  a  baton  repeatedly,  and  fled  the   scene.  She  was  still  able  to  compete   in  the  Olympics,  and  she  placed     second.  After  the  games,  her   competitor  Tonya  Harding,  who   placed  eighth  in  the  Lillehammer   games  was  found  to  be  involved  in   the  attack.  The  man  who  hit   Kerrigan  with  a  baton  turned  out  to   be  Harding’s  husband.  Tonya   Harding  was  placed  on  three  years   probation,  500  hours  of  community   service,  and  had  to  pay  a  160,000   fine.  She  was  also  thrown  off  the   Figure  Skating  Association  of   America.  She  never  competed  again.  


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