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scene Youth Work with Young Travellers


INSIDE Contributors: Kay McCabe Catherine Donaghy Kevin O’Driscoll Martin McMullan AnneMarie Doran Andrew Chapple Martina O’Brien

SPECIAL EDITION Youth Work with Traveller Youth

Issue 83, June 2015 ISBN: 0791-6302

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Scene Magazine Issue 83, June 2015 Contents


Editorial Dr Patrick J. Burke, Youth Work Ireland


YouthAction Northern Ireland - Traveller Youth Work in Northern Ireland Martin McMullan, YouthAction NI


Involve Youth Traveller Project Kay McCabe, Involve


Ossory Youth Traveller Project Kevin O’Driscoll, Ossory Youth



Progressing Traveller Inclusion in Youth Work Martina O’Brien, Foróige

12 14

North Tipperary Traveller Project Catherine Donoghy, TRYS

Carlow Regional Youth Service Traveller Project Anne Marie Doran, Carlow Regional Youth Service

16 18


Investing in Children Award Andrew Chapple, YAP Ireland

Policy Brief Michael McLoughlin, Youth Work Ireland


Resources on Traveller Youth Work


Production Editor: Matthew Seebach Layout: Gina Halpin

Cover Image: Involve Salthill Project, Alice Delaney, Joanne Delaney, Julieanne Delaney, Latoya Delaney, Kathy Delaney, Tracy Friel and Rico Delaney. Printing: IFP Media

Contributors: Patrick Burke, Andrew Chapple, Catherine Donaghy, AnneMarie Doran, Kay McCabe, Michael McLoughlin, Martin McMullan, Martina O’Brien, Kevin O’Driscoll & Matthew Seebach


Contact: Irish Youth Work Centre, Youth Work Ireland, 20 Lower Dominick Street, Dublin 1, Tel: 01-8584512 Email:

Website: Facebook: Disclaimer: It is open to all our readers to exchange information or to put forward points of view. Send in news, comments, letters or articles to the editors. Views expressed in this magazine are the contributors own and do not reflect those of the Irish Youth Work Centre or Youth Work Ireland.


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Edi tor ial


This edition of Scene Magazine begins to consider a number of perspectives on youth work with young Travellers. The occasion for this publication is the formation of a partnership project between Youth Work Ireland, Involve, YouthAction Northern Ireland and An Munia Tober. As organisations which separately work with young Travellers, we have come together to implement a project entitled, “Identifying, developing and sharing best practice approaches for engaging with, retaining and working with young Travellers.”

The title does not properly reflect the focus of the project, which is to develop easily used tools that help organisations to effectively support Traveller youth work. These tools specifically address gaps that may exist at the management and governance levels of youth work organisations. The realisation that supports were required at a senior level within organisations, came about only after we initiated the project and began to engage in focus groups with youth workers, young people and staff in partner organisations. The development of a literature review also contributed to a further refinement of this project.

Having conducted a literature review and consultations, this project takes as its starting point the fact that there are a number of excellent resources related to engaging with and supporting young Travellers in youth work. The well-known NYCI publication, Access All Areas provides very good guidance in the chapter devoted to youth work with young Travellers. Another excellent, and indeed, more comprehensive guide to youth work service provision for young Travellers is the Foróige publication Progressing Traveller Inclusion in Youth Work: A Training Manual and Toolkit in Youth Work, which is featured in this edition of Scene (pg. 12). As organisations, our staff have found that these publications have been vitally useful in developing and implementing our work. Yet staff find that no single publication can address every aspect of service provision.

In particular, the young people, volunteers and staff involved in our focus groups readily identified questions related to the organisations and delivery of youth work with young Travellers. There are questions about the variation in service delivery for young Travellers. In some instances, youth work services have employed a targeted approach to engaging with young Travellers and have maintained Traveller specific programmes and projects. In other cases, the objective of engagement with young Travellers has been to ensure that young people are “mainstreamed” as

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quickly as possible in order to become integrated into mainstream groups, clubs, projects and programmes. Besides these two positions, many mixes of the above can and do exist.

Furthermore, it was identified that young Travellers often feel that not all youth work services are available or open to them. There is a perception, held by some youth workers as well as young Travellers, that some youth work is specifically for Travellers and some is specifically not for Travellers.

Youth workers, volunteers and young people were able to identify specific barriers to accessing youth work services due to culture differences, finance and geographic isolation. Lastly, there was considerable discussion across the focus groups about a persistent lack of understanding of Traveller cultural identity among some managers, youth workers and settled young people within youth services.

As with all aspects of the project, the approach to developing resources that address these issues is one of sharing, consultation and working together to test and try new approaches. The project is funded to do this through the Erasmus+ Programme, Key Action 2 Cooperation for Innovation and the Exchange of Good Practices. This funding was accessed through the support of Leargas, The National Agency responsible for managing Erasmus+ in Ireland. Through this funding it is possible for organisations from different participating countries to work together, to develop, share and transfer best practices and innovative approaches in the fields of education, training and youth. The resulting learning from this project will be launched in January 2017 through an all-Island conference. We very much look forward to sharing our work and receiving feedback from colleagues from across the youth sector at this event. Until then, updates on the progress of the project will be available on the Facebook page which we hope you will visit.

Dr Patrick J. Burke CEO Youth Work Ireland 3

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YouthAction Northern Ireland Martin McMullan

In this article Martin McMullen gives an overview of the work of YANI in relation to young Travellers in Northern Ireland


In Northern Ireland hate and racially motivated crimes have increased significantly, 'out-stripping sectarian incidents for the first time' in Northern Ireland (PSNI, 2006). The Northern Ireland Equality Commission research (2009) also shows increased negative views towards a range of people, with 51% citing that they would mind a little, or a lot, having a Traveller as a neighbour. Such views can impact upon young people and, thus, it is pivotal to support young people to embrace diversity and challenge discriminatory attitudes and behaviours. Youth work can play an important role and further support young people as champions for equality and fairness. Youth work should be purposeful in addressing prejudice, discrimination and exclusion. In Northern Ireland YouthAction is one of many groups who take a proactive stance to reducing or eliminating prejudiced attitudes.

YANI Case Study

YouthAction Northern Ireland has a 70 year history of working with young people to tackle inequalities in their lives, improve their life chances and contribute to flourishing communities in a peaceful and shared society. One of our underpinning principles includes community development, in which community owned solutions and partnerships are maximised to meet the needs of young people. In terms of our priority work with young Travellers this has included partnerships with An Munia Tober (Belfast), Derry Travellers Support Group, Colin Glen (Belfast) and more recently with the Traveller and Gypsy Network. While some of this work has been targeted directly at practices with young people, this has also incorporated training and awarenessraising on issues around inclusion in youth work. Our work in YouthAction reflects the Council of Europe 118th Ministerial Session (2008) 'White Paper on Interculturalism' which calls for "promotion of intercultural dialogue, mutual respect and understanding." The practice reflects that of the European Commission’s 4 Step Strategy vision which calls for organisations to work in a 4 step approach:


1. Mapping Roads - identify exclusion or discriminatory practices and develop plans to improve conditions for intercultural processes; 2. Breaking Down Walls - remove barriers to equality and fight against prejudice, racism and stereotypes; 3. Building Bridges - developing intercultural dialogue processes; and 4. Sharing Spaces - respectful exchange of communication.

Our direct practices with young people from the Travelling community include: • Partnership with the Derry Travellers Support Group in a ‘Safe and Sound’ programme in which young women explored risky behaviours in relationships, forms of abuse, emotional health and well-being and identified strategies for coping. • Young people from Derry Travellers Support Group were also engaged through the Positive Solutions programme in enhancing education, training and employment opportunities. • Partnership with An Tearmann (Coalisland) in supporting a personal development programme with young mothers. • Partnership with An Munia Tober in supporting work with young women on gender awareness. Work with this group was 1 day per week and involved a variety of young women at different points. “I brought the young women away on a residential – the majority of young women had never stayed out of home for the night and convincing parents was hard enough. They loved being away and it helped bond the group.” (youth worker) “From that group 1 young woman went on to do her Level 2 and Level 3 qualifications. She then got part time employment with An Munia Tober and was vocal in voicing her opposition to the programme ‘My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding’ and in particular how it portrayed Traveller women and their hopes and aspirations.”

In Newry we promote integrated practices such as ‘Together Tuesday’ which is aimed at young people not in employment, education or training.

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Training and awareness initiatives: Working with the Traveller and Gypsy Network to support Traveller awareness and inclusion.

Our Approach: A Generic Inclusion

One specific project has been RISE (Reconciliation, Inclusion, Sharing and Equality) programme. Our RISE model complemented the Department of Education CRED (Community Relations Equality and Diversity in Education) policy. The purpose of this policy is to build positive relationships between communities, cultures and people with diverse identities and backgrounds. Our RISE project (CRED funded) has helped young people and community representatives to explore attitudes around disability, lesbian gay and bisexuality, minority ethnic groups and those from different classes. In addition to the exploration, community groups involve young people in designing small scale plans to be more inclusive and to challenge sectarian, racist, sexist, homophobic and xenophobic attitudes and behaviours.

Core activities which make up our RISE model include:

Developing the practice with young people: Community Relations, Equity, Diversity and Interdependence training level 1; Seminars and dialogue events on a range of equality issues; Local social action events which are based on inclusion.

Developing the people – with volunteers and youth workers:

Community Relations, Equity, Diversity and Interdependence training level 2 and 3; Seminars and dialogue events on a range of equality issues; Evaluation and measuring impact training; Cluster group meetings with other champions; Practice ideas and resources.

Developing the organisation – with volunteers and board members:

Visioning and action plans; Evaluation and measuring impact training; Cluster group meetings with other champions; Shared planning and review with workers and young people. Each activity area provides a place for purposeful exploration, understanding and consideration to action – a much needed oasis away from everyday lives and practices.

“This gave me the opportunity to discuss/share experiences that I’d never explored before around identity and the identity of others. I have learned strategies to challenge behaviours and attitudes in a constructive way in the youth centre. The

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Fea tur ed training and support has Ar ticl increased my confidence and e empowered me to encourage other young people in my community to challenge sectarianism and racism.” (trainee)

The outcomes for young people include: • Young people engage with other cultures and traditions, developing both a better understanding and relationships; • Young people being comfortable with and valuing difference; • Young people expressing their views and hearing those of others; • Young people have developed leadership skills; • Young people collaborate with others from different traditions and backgrounds; • Young people have positive learning experiences in safe environments where healthy exchanges can take place and in doing so promote equality, inclusion, reconciliation and difference.

Our Approach: Specific Targeting of Young Travellers

All our practices in working with the Travelling community have been founded on partnerships with Traveller organisations or support and development groups. The approach has been mindful of needs as identified by the organisations and the community itself. We have been diligent in this needs assessment in which each Traveller group or family identify different needs, as well as hopes and expectations. Rather than implementing quick win projects, the approach has centred on paced programmes in which relationships are foremost. All the projects developed have enabled young people to have direction in focus and content. In one instance, however, an integrated project between young women from the Travelling community and young women from the settled community, based on funder expectations, had mixed results. The need to integrate was emphasised over Traveller only space.

Lessons learned for us include: • Recruitment of young people from the Travelling community through direct access and engagement with parents and families; • Building relationships with the families of young people; • Having a respectful awareness for traditional culture e.g. respecting gender roles rather than imposing wider cultural values, developments and expectations;


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• Having an assets-based approach which celebrates Traveller life and culture; • Focusing on one-to-one relationships with young people and their families to develop understanding, trust and expectation; • Recognition that other factors impact on interventions such as summer mobility, inappropriate programme targeting and lack of family buy-in; • Having flexible rather than structured programmes; • Working with young people through earlier interventions as young people in mid-late teenage years tend to be less involved; • Projects should not have such an over-emphasis on integration.

Participation of Travellers:

• Promotion and recruitment are essential in a way which appreciates and respects the level of commitment of some young Travellers. Investment in relationship with Traveller families cannot be underestimated; • When a programme is effectively presented and shaped by young Travellers, they engage like any other young people; • Levels of participation were usually good with changing numbers and group members.

Solutions to Engagement:

• Adopt a full community approach which engages young people and wider Traveller families; • Inter agency approaches which bring a full holistic intervention to the family unit on issues of health, rights, citizenship etc. • Recruitment of young people at a younger age – earlier interventions; • Persistence in building relationships without being coercive; • More attention to supporting peer mentors from within the Travelling community who can act as conduits to more effective interventions; • An investment in youth work training for young leaders or champions within the Travelling community.

For more information on this work please contact Martin McMullan or Louise Malone at YouthAction:

Factors that Prevent Participation:

• Nomadic nature of many in the Travelling community restricts longer term intervention; • Seasonal factors in which many young Travellers have other commitments; • Some young people and their families are not fully understanding or embracing of the need for a youth work intervention; • In some instances the young people within the Travelling community do not relate to the concept of being a ‘youth.’ • A lack of investment in wider family relationships can impact on the withdrawal of young people from programmes.

Martin McMullan Assistant Director YouthAction Northern Ireland 14 College Square North Belfast BT1 6AS

Martin: Louise:


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Youth Traveller Project Meath

Kay McCabe, Navan Travellers

Youth Work with Young Travellers Outcome 5: Young Travellers connected, respected & contributing to their World

Involve Youth Project Meath is a Traveller specific youth work organisation. It operates its two youth projects in the towns of Navan and Trim. The project in Navan is made up of 80% young people from the Travelling community and 20% from the settled community, or “country” community. It is based in the Meath Travellers Workshop and youth activities are run in a County Council Community Centre on Monday and Wednesday evenings in a housing estate. The Trim project operates Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday in a community building within the halting site of Castle Meadows and only has young people from the Travelling community as its members. Our two buildings are very different; in the Navan project we only have the use of a room for three hours at a time while in Trim we have the whole building. Through the recent provision of funding from the Louth Meath Education and Training Board (LMETB) a community garden has been established, resulting in a high sense of identity and community in Trim.

Just before Christmas last year we also received funding from the National Lottery to buy equipment for the premises - from computers to a pool table. This has transformed both our work and the lives of the young people we work with. They now have a youth centre comparable to any of its kind in the country.

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Fea tur ed Ar ticl e

Prior to this and for the first year of the project in Trim we were operating from SMART, the local Garda Diversion Project. While this was a fantastic resource and one we were very grateful for, we were limited in what we could do. We could not leave any art work or posters up and none of the equipment we used belonged to us. The young people now have a sense of ownership and belonging that the building we now operate from is rightly theirs.

The young people were involved in developing the funding application to the National Lottery Grant Scheme in regards to deciding what equipment we should buy and why. We have also involved the young people in designing and painting the murals both inside and outside the building. It was the young people that requested a community garden and space outside to grow their own plants and vegetables. Through the garden we will be promoting social and environmental consciousness by taking part in Eco-Unesco’s Young Environmentalist Project next year.

We regularly encourage the young people in our group to participate in as many national and international projects as possible. For the past two years in Navan we participated in Voluntary Arts Week an initiative run across Ireland and England to encourage art within the community ( This year for the first time, we took part in a “Craft Bomb” in Trim. We operated it as an eight-week programme where we made Indian eyes and used old Hula Hoops as looms to create very eye catching wall hangings. Through this programme the young people not only learned new skills; through the response they received both locally and on social media, they really were free from discrimination, civically engaged and respectful to their community. It was an ideal and yet


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simple way for the young people from a community that are often accused of and sometimes responsible for anti-social behaviour, to show the larger settled community that they can behave in pro-active and socially conscious way. All the young people from the project, both male and female, helped make the crafts, from our youngest member at eight years of age to our oldest member at 16 years of age. Our older group helped hang the crafts on a local bridge. We sent an email to Meath County Council asking for permission to hang the art work and stating when we would remove our work from the bridge. This provided an opportunity for a very important discussion with the older group about permission and proceeding correctly with respect to community laws. As a youth service we believe in promoting the young people we work with as much as we can, because all too often the media can portray their culture in a negative light. For example, if you type the words “Irish Traveller” into Google it prompts you towards “Irish Traveller Fighting” before it prompts you to Culture or History. It is for reasons such as these that we use public engagement and positive promotion so that everyone can see the fantastic group of young people we work with and all the positive things they have to offer Irish society. We also use it as a form of selfrecognition for the young people themselves. Our interagency work is through the Trim Traveller Group, where we come together with the other agencies in the town who work with the same young people and families. In our bi-monthly meetings we


discuss programmes and plans to help the community we all work with. This avoids overlapping of services and enables resource pooling. Through this group we applied for National Lottery funding in cooperation with the Trim Family Resource Centre. The funding we received allowed us to run joint projects throughout the year, bringing together their own youth club, Cula Bula and ours. These programmes were planned and developed with the hope of making the two communities in Trim create better connections and create a sense of community.

This collaborative work is very important especially in a small town like Trim. The two communities live very separately in comparison with the Travelling and Settled communities in Navan. Although the towns are only 10 miles apart the needs of the young people we work with in Trim are very different to the young people in Navan. Even though we are a Traveller specific youth organisation we do have settled members in our group in Navan and they come as friends of the young people from the Travelling community. They are neighbours and friends outside of the project too. Our project in Trim is based in the halting site in a community building and until now the two communities did not really mix in a proactive way. None of the young people from our project in Trim have friends in the settled community and sometimes not even in school. Integration work is necessary so that both communities can have an understanding and appreciation for each others’ cultures and ways of life.

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Traveller only programmes are also important as they ensure that young people have a sense of pride in their own culture and identity. To contribute productively to ones community, it is vital to be comfortable with who you are and where you come from and sometimes this can only be done in a group of Young Travellers. These young people from both the Settled and Traveller communities are future parents and neighbours and by youth workers encouraging young people from both communities to mix in fun and community led programmes, it will make for a better Community as a whole.

One of these integration programmes is a “Come Dine with Us” (which is loosely based on the TV programme). In this year-long programme, one club will cook for and entertain the other on a once-monthly rotation. So far it has been a huge success with the programme having our highest attendance for any programme in any given month. It is creating a positive network of friends from different cultures and backgrounds, creating a common ground and most of all, it is fun. While we try to keep our work going we find that more often than in mainstream youth services, we can be faced with issues such as family feuding, gender equality, discrimination, bad behaviour and the juvenile justice system. However, through incorporating some of these challenging issues into our work and working closely with other agencies we can have very productive outcomes. We work closely with the Garda Junior Liaison Officers, Juvenile Justice Programmes, School Completion Programme and other community groups to ensure there is an overall understanding of the issues the young people we work with face on a daily basis. Issues like family feuding often means we can only work with some families as other families will not attend our service if a certain young person attends. This limits our work even though we stay completely neutral at all times.

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Pro jec tP We operate a supportive rof service where young people can come ile and discuss some of their worries. In relation to gender equality, in Traveller culture girls are often treated very differently to boys and to their female counterparts in the settled community. We often provide girl-only programmes. These ‘girl-only’ programmes are sometimes the only things some girls are allowed to attend by their families as they would not be allowed participate in our mixed groups. Traveller families often feel they have to ‘protect’ their daughters until time of marriage and we respect this by providing suitable programmes and activities with female staff and female group members.

We also see the discrimination that our young people face on a daily basis and the bad behaviour that goes along with it. When we start a new project or group it can often be the first issue we face. The young people sometimes feel that as staff we are only waiting for them to act up or behave badly so we can exclude them from the group, and sometimes this theory can be tested by the young people. This is where reassurance and consistency comes in, we do not allow bad behaviour but we are very much aware that if it is always expected of you everywhere you go and is an issue for you as a young person, it can trigger bad behaviour as a defence mechanism. For the most part, my experience working with young people from the Travelling community is a very positive one and the young people are some of the most enthusiastic, engaging and confident young people I have worked with in my 10 years experience as a youth worker. I hope I just help them show the rest of world all they have to offer. Please visit our Facebook page and see some more of the great activities, programmes and events we take part in.

Kay McCabe is Youth Work Coordinator with Navan Travellers


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OSSORY Traveller Yo u t h PROJECT

In this article, Kevin O’Driscoll, youth worker for Ossory Youth, discusses the key strategies and barriers of engagement with young Irish Travellers. Strategies for Engagement with Young Irish Travellers

The first point of engagement with the majority of young people we deal with is in a drop-in/youth café setting and this is by and large how young Travellers also engage with our service. These drop-ins come in the form of a one-hour lunchtime drop-in each Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday and young Travellers account for 50% of our participants. Additionally, the Friday night youth café opens for two hours and 30-40% of participants are young Travellers. Within these spaces young people from all backgrounds, cultures and nationalities engage and interact with each other. Our aim is to make all our spaces as open and inclusive as possible to young people of all cohorts and cultures.

We recognise that some cohorts of young people may have more difficulty engaging with services than others and it is with this in mind that we make a concerted effort to make our service as accessible and welcoming as possible. In relation to Travellers specifically, there have been efforts made where all staff have undergone ‘cultural awareness training’ in an attempt to better understand Traveller culture. The organisation through engagement with young people has also developed a relationship with the Traveller community.

Our expectations of what young people can achieve should be the same for all young people regardless of ethnicity, background or culture etc...

As mentioned previously, the overall ethos of the organisation is to be open, welcoming and accessible to all young people of all cultures. It is our belief that when adequately managed with the right approach,


interaction between all these cultures is beneficial to all, as opposed to segregating people based on nationality/culture or beliefs. The key is how this space is managed. The cohort that engage with our drop-in services are very often vulnerable young people and require a high level of support or a high control environment. A restorative practice model is what we apply to all groups across our organisation.

Measuring Outcomes and Efficacy

The best way of knowing what we do as an organisation is effective, is when young people engage on a consistent basis as young people are unlikely to engage with something they don’t find positive. Young Travellers are no different in this regard. We have a large cohort of young male Travellers who engage with us on a weekly basis. As an organisation we can see the progress that these young people are making through their engagement with additional programmes. This year we had some Travellers participate in Youth Work Ireland’s Youth Games programme in Athlone and they are also engaging in other programmes such as Driver Education programmes and there are plans to engage some young Travellers in a ‘Work to Learn’ programme in September. Measurement of benefits for any young people that engage with youth services are very much an individual thing and need to be taken in context to a young person’s circumstances and their starting point. For some young people having a safe space to socialise in is the benefit they receive, whereas others will benefit from engaging in programmes that further support them in their personal and social development.

Barriers to Engagement

We have found that in recent years, it is predominantly young males rather than young females who are most likely to engaging with us. We find that once girls reach

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13 or 14 years of age, they are less likely to engage. The drop-in programmes we run are aimed at a particular type of young person who are deemed to be at risk. These groups that require a high support/high control approach are quite resource intensive in terms of staffing. Quite often these services are not adequately resourced and this can lead to a lack of control resulting in a negative experience for all involved.

Our aim is to make all our spaces as open and inclusive as possible to young people of all cohorts and cultures.


Some work can be done around learning about different cultures which can help youth service providers understand why young people react in a certain situations or how cultural differences impact on their engagement.

Pro jec Again the perception is that tP rof young men are traditionally harder to ile reach than young women, but in our experience in relation to Travellers, we find the reverse to be true. As previously mentioned we have a good rate of engagement with young male Travellers over a period of years but our consistency of engagement with young women is much less.

In our experience of working with young people, we recognise that there is massive potential out there to be worked with. There is a danger in working with some young people that there is a lowering of expectations in terms of what they can achieve. Our expectations in terms of what young people can achieve should be the same for all young people regardless of ethnicity, background or culture etc. For more information contact Kevin at Ossory Youth

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Progressing Traveller Inclusion in Youth Work:

A Training Manual and Toolkit in Youth Work. Martina O’Brien, Foróige

Background to the Training Manual:

Travellers are just one of the ethnicities who take part in Foróige’s youth groups, projects and services which all aim to involve young people actively in their own development and the development of society. Progressing Traveller Inclusion in Youth Work: A Training Manual and Toolkit in Youth Work aims to support youth workers in promoting the participation of Travellers in youth work provision through identifying what enablers and barriers that exist for young Travellers engaging in youth work provision. The manual also focuses on practical ways that all youth workers can work with Travellers to overcome these barriers and ensure they have equal access to youth work and benefit from all the opportunities it offers to young people.

The Traveller Interagency Group (TIG) oversaw work on best practice initiatives around the country and fed back to the High Level Group on Traveller Issues. Under this structure the Traveller Youth Needs Working Group oversaw the development and roll out of 3 Traveller specific projects in Cork; The Connect Youth Project, That’s My Goal and Traveller Youth Linkage Project.

The manual drew heavily on the experiences of these projects and was written up to highlight best practice for youth workers and other services in engaging Travellers in main stream youth work. The manual was a very innovative piece of work as it drew directly on the experiences of both youth Travellers and people employed to work with them. The idea to put it simply was to give mainstream youth workers some of the tools and guidance they needed to engage Travellers, something which had been highlighted by members of the TIG as an area of deficit. An underlying premise here was that some of the youth work needs of these young Travellers could be met in currently functioning mainstream youth projects rather than having the necessity to create new Traveller specific projects.


The training manual builds on existing resources for youth workers, including the NYCI's Access All Areas Diversity Toolkit for the Youth Sector and Foróige's Integration Strategy. Centred on Foróige's purpose 'to involve young people actively and consciously in their own development and the development of their society’ as well as the vision of the Integration Strategy which is 'to reflect the diversity of the communities that (Foróige works in, and this diversity will be welcomed, respected and encouraged', the training manual provides both a policy and practice foundation to addressing barriers to participation faced by young Travellers in youth work “Inclusion provision in Ireland.

How the Training Manual Works?

and participation are essential to human dignity and to the enjoyment and exercise of human rights”

The manual intends on bringing about a coordinated approach to enhancing Traveller inclusion by providing a one stop shop manual for youth workers; which facilitates a process of assessing and informing current practices and approaches to integration. This manual will enhance the ability to work with young Travellers in an integrative and inclusive way and also provides information on the steps involved in ensuring Traveller inclusivity in youth work. The training manual brings together numerous projects, inputs and existing youth work resources to provide a comprehensive toolkit and is easily implemented within everyday youth work practice.

Progressing Traveller Inclusion in Youth Work is an easy to use and accessible resource for youth workers and aims at supporting and sustaining the participation of young Travellers in youth work services. Central to this approach is reflective practice among youth workers to support ongoing improvements in youth work practice.

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The training manual aims to heighten the understanding of the current policy context regarding intercultural youth work particularly with young Travellers.

The manual aims to:

• Increase youth worker’s knowledge of Traveller culture, Traveller youth needs and the role of youth work in promoting diversity, inclusion and equality; • Provide youth workers with information regarding how to involve, engage, support and sustain the participation and integration of young Travellers in quality youth work provision; • Present through checklists a method of assessing the practice of youth workers in relation to Traveller equality and inclusivity and a tool that can be used on an ongoing basis to plan and improve organisational service delivery; • Improve youth worker’s ability to facilitate an intercultural approach to youth work that promotes Traveller integration, human rights, anti-racism and equality.

Res our ce

outlines some of the Pro dominant barriers that exist for file young Travellers in accessing youth work provision. These barriers vary among young Travellers and may not be immediately obvious to youth workers.

These outcomes are achieved through the manual’s four sections. Each of these section are designed to build the knowledge and skills of the youth worker to support participation of young Travellers in youth work provision. The sections are: 1. Background Information and Context; which explores Traveller culture, the demographic profile of Travellers in Ireland and the barriers to equal participation in society. Considering racism, discrimination and inequality in achieving intercultural youth work, the training manual explores the role of youth work in promoting positive integration and also the contribution that Travellers have to offer to youth services.

2. The Policy Context; an outline of policy in relation to the Traveller community in Ireland is outlined. Youth workers are supported to critically consider what integration means in their everyday work. Intercultural youth work is defined in this training manual as a “model of youth work informed by the principle that all young people regardless of ethnicity, culture, religion, gender, or class should have access to, and equality of outcomes for youth work.” Premised on this definition, the checklist in sections enables youth workers to identify the project/organisations’ strengths and what improvements should be made to progress Traveller inclusion in a supportive and sustainable manner. 3. Creating a Traveller Inclusive Youth Service; a focus on the changes needed to promote Traveller inclusion in youth work provision. This section

Scene Magazine

Issue 83, June 2015

4. A Step-by-Step Guide to Ensuring Traveller Inclusion in Practice; a practical guide to ensure that youth workers are best placed to implement the changes necessary to progress Traveller inclusion in youth work practice, including identifying needs, mapping existing engagement and programme development for work with young Travellers. The training manual is a relevant and robust resource that gives practical information and skills which every youth worker can use in their everyday youth work to support Travellers to access and fully engage in youth work, so that they can avail of the opportunities it provides in facilitating all young people to reach their full potential and to be actively involved in their own development, the development of their community as well as Irish society as a whole. Martina O’Brien is Training Coordinator with Foróige

The manual can be downloaded at 13

NORTH Tipperary Traveller Project

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An Integrated Youth Project

In this article, Catherine Donaghy, a community youth worker with North Tipperary Traveller Project, discusses the part-time youth project aimed at engaging young Travellers in an integrated model.

The North Tipperary Traveller Project is an integrated youth project which aims at encouraging the socialisation of young Travellers with members of the local community. We also have quite a diverse ethnic minority group of young people too such as Nigerian and Ghanaian youth who have joined our group. We don’t work exclusively with Travellers as we believe that the first step in addressing stigmatisation is to have the young people in an integrated group where they are all treated the same and not seen as different. This is the approach I have always had - I believe at looking at the young person in front of you regardless of their background or ethnic culture, as i think this is the way you will deal with stigmatisation. You accept what is in front of you, and not think ‘he’s a Traveller therefore I’m going to expect a certain type of behaviour’. He’s a young person, this is what is in front of me; I deal with what comes up.

Positive Early-On Engagement

The younger members of our group are very receptive, and are easier to engage with. What I do find is that the older ones are harder to get in, but if you get them in when they are younger, the group becomes a part of their daily lives. We begin working with the young people from 7 or 8 years old onwards. If you work with them at that age, participating in the group becomes something that they will do.

In particular, we work in very disadvantaged estates, so there aren't a lot of services for young people, so they are delighted to be in the group. Particularly the boys, in rain, hail or snow they will be knocking on that door to get in fifteen minutes early. It’s just fantastic. Participation in the disadvantaged estate of Parlock is quite high. Out of the 97 young people we currently have, 48 of them are young Travellers.


Relationship Building

In our experience the best way to get the young Travellers involved is through sport, particularly soccer as they love their soccer. When we are trying to get new members involved we encourage them to participate in recreational activities. It’s hard to get them through the door for the first time because it’s something new, and they are curious. It’s important to get them hooked in which is why we start them off with recreational stuff, and then after a couple of months once the relationship has been built, we tackle other issues like mental health, healthy relationships, and substance abuse, which is a big thing in the Traveller community at the moment.

Things are changing in the Traveller community, younger parents are definitely pushing education and opportunity towards their children

So, what we try to do is get them in early, get that relationship going and bit-by-bit start introducing these topics, because these issues are not talked about in the Traveller community. You have to go very softly in your approach with them, particularly with the teenagers. What gets them in is knowing that if they complete the programme, they will get to participate in a trip or a treat and even if they are only in it for the treat, they are still actively learning through the workshop that we are providing. There has to be an incentive for them. One thing I have found and I don’t know if this is universal, but the younger generation of Travellers i.e. the younger Traveller parents, are much more immune to engagement, support and activities as oppose to the older generations. Things are definitely changing in the Traveller community, younger parents are definitely pushing education and opportunity toward their children.

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Issue 83, June 2015

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Issues to Address & Strategies for Moving Forward

I try to do a lot of fundraising for the project so that the young Travellers are not missing out. I go into the community and I try to track and meet them at their own level. You’ll find that especially in small communities everybody knows everybody. Even if I haven’t met a particular family, chances are I would have worked with other members of their family or people they know, particular in Middleton many families there are related. Maybe they would hear about me from other members of their community who are in the homework club or out with the project, and it would make it easier for us to engage with them.

and time to work with young Travellers i.e. to provide transportation and programme incentives. I don’t think that this is recognised across the board. It could take six months to build a relationship with a child in the settled population, but it could take twelve months to build one with a young Traveller, because the inherent distrust is there. I know things are changing but it is very time and resource constrictive.

For more information on this project or to contact Catherine Donaghy see

Working with the Traveller community requires extensive resources and time. Our project is only allotted 20 hours which is not enough! It takes a longer time to establish relationships with Traveller youth than it does with settled youth. You need a lot more money

Scene Magazine

Issue 83, June 2015


Carlow Regional Youth Service

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In this article, AnneMarie Doran, youth worker with young Travellers in Carlow Regional Youth Service talks about the work of a new project for young Travellers as well as plans for the future.


There is a large Travelling community in Carlow and there are a lot of young Travellers who are not engaging in the youth service. It was also identified that there was no specific youth work project for young Travellers and this is how our project came about. It is very much needs-based.

Our project is very specific to Travellers, we started doing outreach work and going out into the community to work with young people in their estates or place they usually congregate. We have also done a needs assessment and have gotten ideas on what they want. We are recruiting strong and influential volunteers from the Travelling community which has already proven to be successful and the young people are quite excited about it.

The volunteers are in the process of being trained, so that’s kind of the way we are approaching the structure of the project at the moment. In the future there is going to be more specific youth work groups based on their needs and what they feel will engage them in the project.

Barriers to Engagement

The barrier to engagement with young Travellers is a lack of knowledge about what youth work is, what it does, and what we are trying to achieve. Travellers come from all different kinds of backgrounds and cultures; it is hard for youth work to suit every single one of them all the time. I think addressing their specific needs and celebrating their culture should be what projects are more focused on; maybe then it’ll be easier for them to engage in the service. In terms of coming up with answers to these barriers, it will be best to research different models of youth work, and find the best one for young Travellers. I think having a base of good volunteers and needs assessment is essential to finding what is going to work for them and what isn’t. Having influential members from the Travelling community involved in the projects, and more volunteers would be really helpful in overcoming disengagement, because then you would get your initial contact. Having information for parents on what youth work is and what we are trying to achieve is important. I also think that cultural awareness for the young Travellers and young people in general is important, because it is not very clear for some young people.


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Responding to Needs through the Project

than disregard it. So we are aiming to support young Travellers to become more educated, healthier and excited to join the specific groups that are offered to them.

Based on what we know of Travellers from research as well, you We have been looking at the can see that education is an issue. I education and social development can see from my own work that part of service provision and have literacy is also a problem within provided options for this group, and also different classes and Addressing information about what things similar to kind of education their specific that. We are very programmes are much based on needs and available to them celebrating their education and around the community. I culture should be we are getting think that cultural them into literacy what projects are and awareness for the training more focused programmes that Travellers themselves is an on. issue. I think you cannot may not have really work with this group until happened before. Health you fully understand where they is a huge part of youth work so we come from and celebrate this rather are trying to find different forms of

Scene Magazine

Issue 83, June 2015

Pro jec youth tP rof work to support ile them obtain different goals that we and also they have for themselves.

We are really trying to move towards full equality for these youth travellers and trying to help them succeed in a parts of life where they previously might not have been able to succeed in.

See more about Carlow Regional Youth Service on Facebook


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Investing in Children Award

Creating spaces for young people think and speak and supporting services to reflect Andrew Chapple, Youth Advocacy Programmes Ireland Introduction

Government policy across all departments are emphasising the importance of participation and voice for service users, from the HIQA Standards to the recently published ‘Better Outcomes Brighter Futures.’ Providing spaces for regular meaningful participation with young people in services has quickly moved from being best practice to being an essential and integral part of any service to young people. After several years of developing its participation structures, in 2013 Youth Advocate Programme Ireland (YAP) applied for the Investing In Children (IiC) Membership Award to test whether their belief that young people are involved and participate in their service from beginning to end was real and whether their input did actually influence the service provided to them. Over the past two years the partnership between YAP and IiC has grown to where YAP Ireland is now assessing organisations for the Investing In Children Membership award. Investing in Children is an organisation concerned with the human rights of children. IiC creates spaces for children and young people to come together and come up with good ideas by working with adults who want to listen and do something about it. IiC was created in the mid-90s in County Durham, through developing a partnership between the local authority and the


National Health Service. IiC have been working alongside children and young people and adults who provide services to them, to create a range of effective ways in which they can exercise their right to have a say, often resulting in improvements in the services themselves.

The Membership Award Scheme recognises good practice in agencies supplying services to children and young people ‘where they live their lives.’ The IiC Membership Award is a simple assessment of what an organisation, club or group is doing to listen to children and young people who use their service and what changes have come about because of listening to them.

The agencies must be able to satisfy two criteria: there must be evidence of an active dialogue between the agency and the young people; and evidence of change as a consequence of the dialogue. What gives the Membership Award Scheme potency is that evidence that the criteria are satisfied can

only be provided by children and young people themselves.

The Investing in Children approach responds to the challenge to ‘change things where I live my life,’ and provides an answer to the ‘So what?’ question that underlies childrens’ rights strategies and child participation. The award process includes ‘change’ as a criterion as well as ‘dialogue’, it focuses on

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outcomes as well as processes and emphasises that participation does not end after a piece of dialogue; it is an on-going process that needs to be developed and nurtured. Organisations and groups that provide services are challenged to reflect on how services are delivered and whether the users of the service feel they receive a quality service. The process seeks evidence from children and young people themselves, shifting the power to them to make decisions and have input as an equal.

The IiC award process is straightforward. Interested parties are asked to complete an Evidence Sheet detailing where dialogue and change happens. There is no application form and there are no complicated standards to be achieved. A conversation takes place between IiC and the applicant in which the strength of the evidence is considered. A visit is arranged with children and young people who use the service in which they provide (or don’t provide) evidence of dialogue and change. These conversations can focus on collective decision making and/or individual decision making. A report

is drafted, based upon their evidence. The children and young people are invited to check the report and approve its recommendations. If the evidence is positive, and the children and young people endorse the conclusions, the Award is made.

Many organisations are listening to and engaging with children and young people in developing their services and the Investing in Children Membership Award is one way of gaining external recognition of that work and encouraging ongoing dialogue and change. Organisations that have achieved Investing in Children Membership have used their award to demonstrate that they recognise the rights of children and young people; provide evidence that their service is used and respected by young people themselves and support applications for funding by providing externally validated quality assurance.

Fea tur ed people and Ar supporting them ticl e to contribute as fundamental in creating positive outcomes for young people. The report stresses that organisations working with young people need to develop a culture that “respects, protects and fulfils the rights of children and young people”

... and...

“the views of children and young people will be sought and will influence decisions about their own lives and wellbeing”.

For contact details on Andrew Chapple please see below

The recently published ‘Better Outcomes Brighter Futures’ (The National Policy Framework for Children and Young People, 20142020, Department of Children & Youth Affairs) highlights this approach of listening to young

YAP Ireland

YAP Ireland is a leading provider of intensive support programmes for young people and families. YAP Ireland uses a strengths based, family focused approach for young people with complex needs leading to positive outcomes for the young people, their families and referral agents. An integral tenet of the model is partnership and inclusion of young people and families in the service they receive – from agreeing to participate on the programme, setting their goals in the Individual Service Plan, reviewing their goals, agreeing on the steps to be taken, attending meetings and being involved in participation activities that amplify their voice in YAP and in wider society.) For more information on the Investing in Children Membership Award Scheme including costs, please contact Andrew Chapple, Youth Advocate Programmes Ireland (t) 01 8689180 or visit our website For more information on Investing in Children UK see website:

Scene Magazine

Issue 83, June 2015


POLICY brief

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by Michael McLoughlin, Youth Work Ireland

In order to better inform thinking and knowledge on policy issues Youth Work Ireland produce quarterly Policy Briefs on issues relevant to the areas of youth and children. These are short updates on current developments in national policy which may be useful to practitioners.

National Participation Strategy

The Department of Children and Youth Affairs on behalf of the Government has officially launched the National Strategy on Children & Young People’s Participation in Decision Making. The goal of this strategy is to ensure that children and young people have a voice in decisions made about their individual and collective lives in their communities, in education, on their health and well being and in legal settings. This strategy sets out measures to ensure that children are listened to, asked the right questions and better protected with actions that emphasis the importance of staff training and support. This new strategy mark the next phase of development in this important policy area.

KDYS Launch

KDYS and Youth Work Ireland in conjunction with the Department of Justice and the Gardai, unveiled a new approach to tackling offending amongst young people in May. The new model of delivering Garda Youth Diversion Projects has been spearheaded in Kerry by KDYS. The new approach was showcased at an event in The Royal Irish Academy on May 13th and was launched by the Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald TD. The approach rolled out in Kerry emphasises a county wide approach to working with


young people at risk of offending and ensures an integrated approach to prevention with the local youth service at the core.

Recent Referendums

The two recent referendums saw mixed fortunes for the interests of young people in Ireland. Clearly a huge number of young people were motivated to register, vote and campaign on the issue of same sex marriage with a very successful

conclusion. There is a challenge now to translate this activation into other forms of political engagement. The outcome of the Presidential Age Referendum was disappointing. Despite the complete absence of any campaign or leadership from the Government, the question was clear and with the apparent large turnout of young people the result could well be a setback for any political reform aimed at further engaging young people particularly issues like votes at 16.

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Issue 83, June 2015

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UN Committee on the Rights of the Child

Ireland will be examined by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in January 2016. This is an important aspect of our country’s commitment to children’s rights. The State compiles a report on its progress since the last hearings in 2006. The process also allows for NGOs to submit their views in a “shadow” report. In Ireland this process is co-ordinated by the Children’s Rights Alliance. The CRA has also, in conjunction with UNICEF, consulted with children and young people about a separate report and young people involved will attend the hearings in Geneva.

Irish Second Level Students Union

The Irish Second Level Students Union recently held its AGM electing a new leadership team. The second level students union is a truly youth led organisation working for the interests of young people at second level. The Union has been very active on issues like Junior Cert reform, the Irish language and technology in education. The Union has its own membership and discount scheme and is constantly on the lookout for new Student Councils.

Oireachtas Committee on European Affairs

On May 7th the Oireachtas Committee on European Affairs held hearings on the public’s perception of Europe. Youth Work Ireland's National Youth Action Group were one of the civil society groups to give evidence. The delegation consisted of Mairead Coady, Danielle Gayson and Rebecca Lambe. The representatives highlighted the lack of interest in the EU amongst many young people and the need to avoid jargon in explaining the role of the EU.


Junior Cycle Reform

It seems the logjam over the new Junior Cycle Student Assessment is to be finally broken. In essence the deal means, a revised final exam will be marked by the State Examinations Commission (SEC), subject teachers will assess student’s progress through Classroom-Based Assessments (CBAs), with one assessment event per subject in both second and third year. A Written Assessment Task, based on the second CBA, will be completed in each subject in third year, marked by the SEC and will form part of the overall exam result.

Reporting Racism Online

ENAR Ireland’s iReport is a reporting system for the people, communities and organisations of Ireland to document racist incidents that are occurring nationwide. People bear witness to incidences of racism every day, reporting these incidents will help ENAR Ireland understand how often racist incidents occur, details of who is experiencing racism and more about different kinds of racism in Ireland. The reports sent to ENAR Ireland are fully confidential. With permission they may contact those making reports for further details to help further understand the nature and context of the racist incident.

Horizon 2020

Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU research and innovation programme yet; one of the biggest publicly funded worldwide and has a budget of nearly €80 billion over seven years. Horizon 2020 has addressed itself to the challenges of age both old and young. The Young 4 2015 call has focused on meeting the challenges of the ageing population and a transformation into a more sustainable social and economic model, characterised by growing scarcity of resources, greater consideration for the natural environment, living under a shifting

Pol icy Bri ef

climate with uncertain consequences, and more gender equality, necessitates profound changes in the European society concerning our lifestyles, consumption patterns, the way we do business, develop our cities and design our homes, but also the way we build and govern our societies, forge intra and inter generational relations and organise our daily lives. Youth Work Ireland has joined a Europe wide dynamic partnership for this call.

The Council of Europe European Youth Work Convention

The 2nd European Youth Work Convention, five years after the first, brought together some 500 participants active in the youth work field. They listened to plenary speeches and presentations, took part in 24 working groups and 20 site visits that created the opportunity to look ‘under the hood’ at youth work practice that, for them, might be innovative and different, provoking more profound reflection on their own perspectives and practice. This Declaration, prepared within the framework of the Belgian Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, is addressed to the Member States of the Council of Europe, the multilateral organisations (the European Union, the Council of Europe and the United Nations), other European institutions, and political structures concerned with young people at national, regional and local level, the youth work field and young people themselves.

Michael McLoughlin Head of Advocacy and Communications Youth Work Ireland

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Resources for youth workers working with Traveller youth Progressing Traveller Inclusion in Youth Work: A Training Manual and Toolkit for Youth Workers Joan Nolan, Foróige

The purpose of this manual and toolkit is to support youth workers in their work with young Travellers. As an ethnic minority group, Travellers face many obstacles to participation and integration in Irish society, such as discrimination, racism and exclusion. This is often compounded by inequalities in accessing health services, education /training and employment opportunities. This toolkit is divided into four sections covering - background information, policy context, how to create a Traveller inclusive service and how to promote Traveller inclusion and equality in practice. This resource is available to download from

Young Travellers and Youth Work in Ireland: Lessons from Literature and some Stakeholders Perspectives. Elaine Mahon, Youth Studies Ireland, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2011

This research looks at youth work from an equality perspective and reviews how the sector accommodates diversity. It focuses on the specific example of young Travellers in youth work, and looks at mainstream and targeted programmes, identifying the benefits and limitations of both. In the light of the fact that a number of significant policy statements and initiatives of recent years have adopted an inclusive position regarding young Travellers, it asks why such inclusiveness is not yet reflected in practice. This article is available to view at

Access All Areas: A Diversity Toolkit for the Youth Work Sector Anne Walsh (NYCI) & Ben Ewen (Youthnet) eds.

This is a self-assessment Toolkit for youth leaders to assess the level of equality and inclusion in their programmes with practical tips on how to make youth organisations fully inclusive for all young people. Section four focuses on working with Travellers, it explains aspects of Traveller culture, the varying needs and issues that young Travellers may face and it offers practical advice on working with young people from the Traveller community. It concludes with a list of resources that will help workers in their work with young Travellers. This toolkit is available to download from

Hearing Young Voices - Key Issues for Consideration Karen McAuley (CRA) and Marian Brattman (NYCI), 2002


This report examines both the theory and practice of consultation with children and takes a close look at many of the practical hurdles and obstacles that must be overcome in order to respect the right of children to be heard. The study pays particular attention to the special circumstances facing children living in poverty or coping with other forms of social exclusion, including Traveller children. Based on this research, the study identifies the key issues related to the development of good practice in this area and makes specific recommendations on creating equitable and sustainable opportunities for meaningful consultation with children and young people. This report can be downloaded from

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Irish Traveller and Roma Children: Shadow Report - A Response to Ireland’s Consolidated Third and Fourth Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child

Pro jec tP rof ile

Hilary Harmon, Pavee Point, 2015

Ireland ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992 and is due to come before the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in January 2016. The Committee will review the State’s performance on ensuring and protecting the rights of the child in Ireland. Ahead of this hearing Pavee Point developed a shadow report on Traveller and Roma Children’s rights which it has submitted to the Committee for consideration. This report contains a number of key recommendations including a recognition of the Traveller community as a minority ethnic group and various measures to ensure Traveller and Roma children are not marginalised and excluded in Irish society. This report is available to download from

Promoting the Participation of Seldom Heard Young People: A Review of the Literature on Best Practice Principles. Cathy Kelleher, Mairéad Seymour & Ann Marie Halpenny, 2014

This report reviews national and international literature on the participation of seldom heard young people as a means of identifying best practice principles in the field. Key objectives were - (i) to provide a detailed account of what is meant by seldom heard children and young people; (ii) to examine the core aspects of participation as well as the barriers and challenges to participation for seldom heard children and young people and (iii) to identify approaches which can improve the inclusion of seldom heard children and young people in decisionmaking that affects their lives. The project aimed to integrate the experiences of young people who come into contact with the health, education, social care and/or justice system in Ireland and also the experiences of seldom heard young people who exist outside formalised systems. This report is available to download from

Let Someone Know: Youth Worker Training Pack. A Guide to Introducing Emotional / Mental Health to Young Travellers Aged 14 Plus. National Office of Suicide Prevention, 2009

This aim of this manual is to provide youth workers with a practical skills base to enable them to introduce mental health awareness and suicide awareness into their sessions with young Travellers. The pack provides ideas for complete workshop sessions which can be used with young people, in a culturally appropriate way along with other useful information. This manual doesn’t claim to have all the answers but it can be a useful guide to youth workers who want to start a conversation with young people, particularly Travellers about their emotional mental health. The manual includes ice-breakers, activity sessions, support materials, glossary of terms and contact/information contact. This manual can be downloaded from

Online Version of Scene Magazine

Scene Magazine is now ONLY available on a subscription basis for a fee of €20 per year (4 editions). Free electronic version of each edition will be available electronically from the online platform If you would like to receive a hard copy please contact

Free copies will continue to be provided to Youth Work Ireland members and to institutions and organisations on an archive basis.

Scene Magazine

Issue 83, June 2015


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Scene Magazine, Issue 83,June 2015  

This edition of Scene Magazine is a special once off edition which focuses on Youth Work and Young Travellers. It is published as part of a...

Scene Magazine, Issue 83,June 2015  

This edition of Scene Magazine is a special once off edition which focuses on Youth Work and Young Travellers. It is published as part of a...