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cancer /`kænsə(r)/ (noun) 1 (med.) a malignant and invasive growth or tumor, especially one originating in epithelium, tending to recur after excision and to metastasize to other sites. rak, nowotwór; 2 (astrology) the fourth sign of the zodiac: the cardinal water sign. rak [1350–1400; Middle English < Latin: literally, crab; Latin stem cancr-, dissimilated from *carcr-, with *carc-r- akin to Greek karkínos, Sanskrit karkata crab; see canker] examination /ɪgǀzæmɪ'neɪʃən / (noun) 1 (med.) physical inspection of a patient or parts of his body, in order to verify health or diagnose disease badanie lekarskie; 2 (education) written exercises, oral questions, or practical tasks, set to test a candidate's knowledge and skill egzamin [late 14c., from Fr. examination, from L. examinationem, noun of action from examinare (see examine). Sense of "test of knowledge" is attested from 1610s; shortened form exam first attested 1848.] hospital /‘hɒspɪt ə l/ (noun) 1 an institution for the medical, surgical, obstetric, or psychiatric care and treatment of patients szpital, przychodnia. [[from Medieval Latin hospitāle hospice, from Latin hospitālis relating to a guest, from hospes, hospit- guest, host 1 ] medicine /`medsɪn/ (noun) 1 any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy lekarstwo; 2 the art or science of restoring or preserving health or due physical condition, as by means of drugs, surgical operations or appliances, or manipulations: often divided into medicine proper, surgery, and obstetrics. medycyna [1175–1225; Middle English medicin < Latin medicīna ( ars ) healing (art), feminine of medicīnus pertaining to a physician. ] metastasis /metas`təsɪs/ (noun) 1 (pathology) the transference of disease-producing organisms or of malignant or cancerous cells to other parts of the body by way of the blood or lymphatic vessels or membranous surfaces. przerzut [1580–90; < Greek metástasis a changing. See meta-, stasis] operation /opə`reɪʃən/ (noun) 1 the act, process, or manner of operating proces, działanie; 2 (med.) surgery any manipulation of the body or one of its organs or parts to repair damage, arrest the progress of a disease, remove foreign matter, etc . operacja, zabieg [1350–1400; Middle English operacioun < Latin operātiōn- (stem of operātiō ), equivalent to operāt (us)] patient /'peɪʃ(ə)nt/ (noun, adjective) 1 (noun.) a person who is under medical care or treatment. pacjent; 2 (adj.) tolerant; understanding cierpliwy, wyrozumiały [1275–1325; Middle English pacient (adj. and noun) < Middle French < Latin patient- (stem of patiēns ), present participle of patī to undergo, suffer, bear; see -ent] prognosis /prog`nəusɪs/ (noun) 1 (med.) a forecasting of the probable course and outcome of a disease, especially of the chances of recovery rokowanie, prognoza; 2 a forecast or prognostication zapowiedź, prognoza [1645–55; < Late Latin < Greek prógnōsis foreknowledge] result /rɪ'zɑlt/ (noun, verb) 1 (noun) something that happens as a consequence; outcome. wynik, skutek: she died as a result of her injuries zmarła w wyniku doznanych obrażeń; 2 (verb) to terminate or end in a specified manner or thing. wynikać, kończyć się, doprowadzać [from Latin resultāre to rebound, spring from, from re- + saltāre to leap] therapy / 'θerəpɪ/ (noun) 1 the treatment of disease or disorders, as by some remedial, rehabilitating, or curative process: speech therapy. terapia, leczenie [1840–50; < Neo-Latin therapīa < Greek therapeía healing (akin to therápōn attendant)]

2012-02-10 15:06


słownik angielsko - polski