Tree Sound Atlantaâ€™s Green Recording Studio p.15
Length of Love a story of activism and alchemy p.12
+ Living Happily in 200 square feet
ways to make produce last longer
ALSO Tips for your 24 hours of green p.32
College of Family and Consumer Sciences The University of Georgia
Offering Degrees in Multiple Fields: Child and Family Development Foods and Nutrition Housing and Consumer Economics Textiles, Merchandising and Interiors
Knowledge for Real Life.
ivy & brick
In This Issue
4 Gadget Graveyard
F EA TURE S
By Jennifer Ingles
12 Love Goes Green
By Katelyn Schiavone
15 Environmentally Sound
By Meagan Shinn
6 Beyond The Bag
By Ana Lenuzza
18 Green Movement, Meet Your Match By Chelsey Willis
20 Economic Par
By Jourdana Passaro
12 Photo by Brittany Myers
JOURNEY 7 Eco Excursions
By Mary Kate Hoban
8 Sizing Up The American Dream
By Chelsea Swanhart
The University of 10 With Georgia Family and
Consumer Sciences Cooperative Extension
By Brittany Myers
26 Put Some Green In Your Clean
By Lindsay Durand
27 Pawsitive Pets
By Delaney Young
28 Preserving Produce By Emily Robinson
Finding Your Green 32 By Brooke McMillan
BLOOM 30 11 Natural Cures By Lindsey Derrick
31 Hazards of Hygiene By Natalee Cooper
Photo by Mark Hoban
Photo by Charles-Ryan Barber
24 Decorating With
Cover art by Brittany Myers
Teach. Reach. Feed. Lead.
The mission of The Campus Kitchens Project is to use service as a tool to... â€˘Strengthen Bodies by using existing resources to meet hunger and nutritional needs in our community. â€˘Build Communities by fostering a new generation of community-minded adults through resourceful and mutually beneficial partnerships among students, social service agencies, businesses and schools. â€˘Empower Minds by providing leadership and service learning opportunities to students and educational benefits to adults, seniors, children and families in need.
Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher: Leara Rhodes Publishing Assistant: Emilia Bak Editor in Chief: Chelsey Willis Web Editor: Delaney Young Managing Editors: Mary Kate Hoban Katelyn Schiavone Articles Editor: Natalee Cooper
Photo by Dr. Sherrie Whaley
Editor’s Letter As a staff, our initial knowledge of eco-friendly issues and lifestyles was limited to green products and recycling. In order to create a magazine that provides factual information about the topic while also be entertaining, we needed to do our research. Over the months of preparing to launch Ivy & Brick, we did just that and learned quite a few things in the process. We soon realized that eco-friendly living is a more complex topic than one can imagine. It is a topic in which everyone has an opinion (good or bad) and in which everyone has his or her own concept of what it means to be green. Everyone is green; some just may be a lighter shade than others. Knowing these things and, more importantly, understanding them, has allowed us to create a magazine that covers all the complex facets of ecofriendly living. In this first edition of Ivy & Brick, we are certain we have a variety of articles that will interest anyone no matter their shade of green.
Whether you are a music buff interested in learning how recording studios are becoming more ecofriendly or a golfer curious to know why the greens aren’t the color you would expect, our feature articles will inform and entertain you. Additionally, our departments offer quick, simple and useful tools for the foodie, decorator or techie, among others, to live a greener lifestyle. Ivy & Brick would not be possible without the help of Grady College, the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Office and numerous individuals who, through experience in the environmental field or a passion for all things “green,” provided valuable insight that made our stories richer as a result. We hope you enjoy Ivy & Brick as much as we enjoyed creating it.
Feature Editors: Jourdana Passaro Meagan Shinn Department Editors: Lindsey Derrick Brooke McMillan Emily Robinson Chelsea Swanhart Design Director: Ana Lenuzza Associate Design Directors: Jennifer Ingles Lindsay Durand Photo Editor: Brittany Myers
http://ivyandbrick.blogspot.com Printed by UGA Central Duplicating Services
Why electronic waste management matters ...and what you can do
Gadget Graveyard By Jennifer Ingles
Photos by Brittany Myers
hat weighs 2.37 million tons? Electronics ready for end-of-life management, as estimated by the Environmental Protection Agency in 2009. Some were dumped in a landfill, some were dismantled by workers in a developing country, others were safely refurbished or recycled in the U.S. Research and Markets, a research firm in Ireland, estimates the electronic waste, or e-waste, management market in 2011 is worth $9.15 billion. Both the private sector and government have felt pressure to offer responsible options to consumers. This may stem from growing awareness of the hazards of shipping e-waste overseas. Some companies billing themselves as e-waste recyclers collect e-waste, but instead of recycling, sell the waste to developing nations to be dismantled, usually by hand and without proper safety gear. Workers in China, India 4
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and some African nations are exposed to hazardous chemicals as they break apart components, like the leaded glass screens in old televisions and computer monitors. Lead has widely been shown to damage the nervous and reproductive systems. “Unfortunately India and China have different labor laws than we do in the United States,” says Suki Janssen, waste reduction administrator with the Athens-Clarke County Recycling Division in Athens, Ga., “so they can have small children and/or [adults] working in conditions far below what we expect here in the United States.” The Recycling Division accepts old electronics and partners with refurbishing company KP Surplus. Any unusable components are passed from KP Surplus to Creative Recycling or 5R Processors, both of which have shredding facilities in the U.S. that safely dismantle electronics, then separate materials for recycling. Many state governments have responded to the call for better e-waste management. Twenty-two states have passed legislation requiring manufacturers to cover some costs. Democratic Sen. Mark Miller of Wisconsin sponsored a bill that specifies garbage rate-payers and
taxpayers should not carry the cost of recycling e-waste. “This is the cost of commerce being transferred over to taxpayers when it should be borne by the manufacturers and the customers they serve,” Sen. Miller says. The Wisconsin bill also bars shipment of e-waste overseas. “Manufacturers have not squawked too badly,” Sen. Miller says. “They didn’t want the bill to pass, but they like the model that was put together.” Janssen says consumers also need to take responsibility and draw a distinction between needs and wants. “We need to make sure we don’t wash all the responsibility off the consumer,” she says. “We still have to know we’re making a choice there.”
Wisconsin Update During the first year of Wisconsin’s E-Cycle program the per capita collection rate was 3.7 pounds.
“We need to make sure we don’t wash all the responsibility off the consumer.” Ron Zell, owner of Cartridge World in Athens, Ga., says legislation requiring manufacturers to pay for recycling e-waste would cause businesses to raise prices. Zell, however, regularly saves his customers money by refilling used printer cartridges for resale. Zell, who bought his franchised store in 2008, saw a profit to be made. “Because we are in a college town, which is environmentally conscious, there’s always an advantage to go green or to be as green as you can be,” he says. Citizens are tackling e-waste themselves. Free IT Athens is a nonprofit organization that refurbishes old computers and sells them at a low cost. Any computers or parts that cannot be reused are sold to Creative Recycling. Vice President Joel Izlar says he thinks e-waste could be managed well if individuals, businesses and local government worked together. Although he admits he is uncertain of the logistics, he envisions a scenario in which everyone plays a part
During the program’s second year, the per capita collection rate was 6.2 pounds. Retail, nonprofit and government e-waste collectors all saw increased rates of collection, but forprofit collectors experienced the greatest growth after two years of Wisconsin’s E-cycle program.
wenty-two states have passed legislation requiring manufacturers to bear some financial and administrative responsibility for e-waste collection and recycling. These states are:
Maine Maryland Washington Connecticut Minnesota North Carolina Oregon Texas
West Virginia Indiana New Jersey Wisconsin New York South Carolina Vermont
Hawaii Illinois Michigan Missouri Oklahoma Rhode Island Virginia
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Beyond the Bag
The unseen process of waste revival
By Katelyn Schiavone
Brown-bagging your lunch is certainly an economical choice, but disposing of your trash is an environmental one. Parts of a mid-day meal can take on a new life when selecting the proper receptacle. Just as you carefully select which groceries to purchase, the same care should be taken when choosing the container in which to dump them. Find out where your leftovers ultimately end up by following the flow chart below. “Because you are part of the problem, things won’t change until you decide to be part of the solution.” –Colin Beavan, the No Impact Man
The last few bites
Empty water bottle
Brown paper bag
Sorted, bailed, & shipped
*Dioxin: extremely toxic particles released into the air during the incineration process; “The most toxic manmade substance known to science.” –Annie Leonard, The Story of Stuff For more on Colin Beavan and his life as the No Impact Man, go to http://ivyandbrick.blogspot.com/p/evolve.html 6
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Artwork by Brittany Myers
Go WWOOFing A program known as WWOOF, World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms, sets up individuals with organic farms worldwide to provide food and shelter in exchange for volunteer help.
Anna Gore saws down a tree on the farm.
Photo by Mary Kate Hoban
Thirty-one-yearold Anna Gore spent a week last summer working on an urban organic farm in Auckland, New Zealand, where she picked up several sustainable tricks that have filtered into her everyday habits. She learned water use techniques, The Hotel Indigo’s lobby features a gourmet bistro. like catching the gray water from her shower and using it to water practices, according to Phillips. To visit the plants outside. Her knowledgeable one of only a handful of Green Gold host family taught her the value of Standard hotels in the world, explore reducing waste. After returning from Athens, Ga., and stay at The Hotel her trip, she started composting her Indigo. Here, the biggest difference for food. She now takes out the trash only guests comes in the form of an energy once or twice a month. Gore defines saving practice that is very popular in eco-consciousness as “being Europe. Room keys must be placed conscious of consumption and into a small box by the door in each waste and being aware of the guest’s room to turn on the lights. consequences of your actions.” Trash from the entire hotel is separated Gore tries to live a sustainable by hand. Everything from the locally lifestyle as best she can, and manufactured recycled construction really stresses buying locally materials, to the coffee sold with over simply buying organic. breakfast, is purchased specifically to fit “Eco-friendly travel depends in compliance with certain standards. on how open you are to it. General Manager Patrick Scully has Different things spark different worked at several hotels and for him people,” she says. the biggest difference comes in the form of lower bills, particularly the water bill. But it’s not all about the Stay at a LEED (Leadership in Energy and money. “It’s about generating good will in the community,” he explains. Photo by Robby King
he experience of nature and wildlife is the biggest component of ecotourism, according to Miles Phillips, an agrilife extension specialist at Texas A&M University. His program is labeled as “Nature Tourism,” and is defined to include adventure, agritourism, fishing and hunting. He suggests several budget friendly sustainable destinations for the eco-friendly traveler. You don’t have to go far to visit a state park, national park, Audubon sanctuary or nature conservancy. For something a little more exciting, try one of these other options on opposite ends of the spectrum:
By Mary Kate Hoban
Environmental Design) Certified Hotel
Go to http://ivyandbrick.blogspot.com Making the choice to stay for more eco adventure ideas! at an eco-friendly hotel is about showing support for sustainable Fall 2011
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Sizing up the
American Dream By Chelsea Swanhart
n a country with a love affair for supersized homes, there’s a movement challenging America’s “bigger is better” way of life.
People are choosing to live freedom that unites millions of Many believe that embracing in tiny homes for several reasons: individual dreams into one shared the tiny home movement health benefits, the poor economy body. The American Dream should philosophy will eventually lead to and a lower environmental impact. not be what tears this nation apart, a rebirth of the original American Supporters around the but what keeps us bonded together. Dream, coined by James Truslow country are trading in an essential Today, tiny homes are a Adams in 1931. Adams failed feature of the American dream–a new icon of freedom. Christina to mention a mansion, two-car big house–for something much Nellemann, tiny home blogger, garage or five plasma TVs in his tinier. The typical tiny home is believes, “The movement is description, and instead said, “Life 200-square-feet with a bathroom showing Americans that it’s should be better and richer and and space for sleeping, fuller for everyone, with cooking, living and opportunity for each “Life should be better and richer and storage all in one. according to ability or fuller for everyone, with opportunity Downsizing is achievement.” Adams’s real. The Mortgage version of the American for each according to ability or Bankers Association Dream was a simple one. achievement.” reports that every Society must not let three months, 250,000 materialism replace the families enter into foreclosure, possible to think differently about true American Dream, but strive which makes it regrettably clear what success and happiness is.” to emanate the tiny home ideals. that the “American Dream” of a And it’s not just about moving “Tiny homes physically manifest large home might not ensue. into a smaller space. Tiny home the idea of true freedom by The American dream is about builder, Michael Janzen, calls the showing how a simplified lifestyle the hope that, in time, our fortune movement a simplification of life. can empower people to live the will grow giving us the tolerance As space is simplified around you, lives they most desire,” Janzen says. to brave the difficulties we face. It’s choices expand, life becomes more “Square footage is part of it, but about the faith that our children controllable and the environment the biggest step is choosing to live will have it better than we matches aspirations for the future, more simply.” did. Above anything, the American all leading to a life with more Dream is about the love for our freedoms. 8
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Green cabin available from Cavco Park Home & Cabins Photos by Kent Griswold
Tiny home in the White Mountains of Northern Arizona
Tiny home just outside of Asheville, NC
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Q: How do I get rid of mold in my house? A: The key to mold control is moisture control. High levels of moisture indoors may come from leaks or indoor humidity. To Dawson Hall is home to the College of Family and Consumer Sciences. reduce mold problems, fix the leaks and increase air flow or paint or cleaning products. Other ventilation. These actions can help sources for indoor pollution include prevent mold in your home. combustion byproducts from malfunctioning or unvented stoves, Q: Why are mushrooms growing on furnaces or space heaters. There are my carpet? two primary strategies to improve A: Mushrooms tend to grow where your indoor air: (1) Eliminate there are favorable conditions for the pollution source. (2) Improve their growth. Generally that means a ventilation. dark, moist place. If they are on your carpet, then you have a moisture Q: I would like to live in a walkable problem. It could be recent flooding, community. How do I learn more a roof leak, a damp basement or a about a communityâ€™s walkability? plumbing leak. To get rid of them, A: The best way to determine you need to make the conditions walkability is to walk around the unfavorable. Fix the moisture community you are thinking about problem and increase ventilation. living in. Things to look for: Are there well maintained sidewalks? Are the Q: My house is making me sick, crosswalks well marked and frequent? what can I do? Are the places you visit within a A: A number of things in your home comfortable walk from the place you could be making you sick. Inadequate want to live? Are the streets well lit in ventilation may result in high levels the evenings? Do you see people out of volatile organic compounds walking? All of these questions will (VOCs) and mold in the indoor help you make an informed decision. environment. VOCs can come from carpeting, adhesives, pressed wood Q: Can I toss used batteries in the products, pesticides, formaldehyde, household trash? 10 Iv y & Brick
Photo by Lindsey Derrick
Q&A A: Batteries contain some corrosive chemicals and heavy metals like mercury, lead, cadmium and nickel that can be harmful to the environment. It is best to recycle single-use and recyclable batteries.
Q: Is it better to turn lights off when I leave a room or leave them on? A: Advances in technology have resulted in a much improved fluorescent light. These days you will replace bulbs less frequently and save money if you turn the lights off when you leave the room for more than a few minutes. Q: Do I save more water using my dishwasher or washing the dishes in the sink? A: Studies have shown that you will use less water and soap if you wash the dishes in a dishwasher. The average dishwasher uses four to six gallons of water per wash, whereas washing the same number of dishes by hand uses an average of 27 gallons. Q: Can I pour cooking grease down the kitchen drain? A: Not a good idea. Grease can clog your pipes. Kitchen grease is the top cause of clogged sewer pipes. Many recycling centers offer grease collection days.
Product Policy Institute
Product Policy Institute is a non-partisan research and educational organization promoting policies that advance sustainable production and consumption, and good goverance, in North America.
Contact PPI: http://www.productpolicy.org
Photos by Brittany Myers
GREEN By Meagan Shinn
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n hour after her high school graduation, Maura Friedman tossed her cap and gown in the trunk of her car and drove to Maryland for a weeklong training session in grassroots environmentalism directed by the Sierra Student Coalition, a group working to protect the environment through clean energy and climate campaigns. She had high expectations that the Sierra Student Coalition would allow her to develop her passion for sustainability, but never expected to meet someone that would eventually steal her heart. One night after a stressful meeting, Maura joined a circle of people who were gathered around a campfire singing and playing guitars. Through the flames of the campfire, she locked eyes with a young man positioned directly across from her. His name was Daniel Force, a 20-year-old environmental activist and college student from Eugene, Ore. That same night a large group ventured a night hike up the side of a mountain. When Daniel saw that Maura was going, he followed. "Daniel maneuvered around all the people to get me away from my friends. We spent six whole hours just talking that night. We actually fell asleep talking in a hammock," Maura remembers. The next few days, Daniel spent time teaching Maura to swing dance under the moon. The two found a tiny gazebo where they could be alone together. When the final day of training came, Daniel told Maura that he wanted their relationship to be something more, even though they lived almost 3,000 miles apart.
"I thought that was crazy,” Maura says, “I didn't think it could work, and I wouldn’t even give him my phone number.” Still managing to track down her digits, Daniel called her when they were leaving at the airport and asked her to meet him before their flights. Maura agreed to meet him one last time. And Daniel tried again to explain to Maura that their connection meant something more. "I just read this book called The Alchemist. You’ll know where I'm coming from if you just read it. It says that if you're
following your true destiny and your one true love, you can do both as long as they are true." While Maura felt a strong connection with him, she explained that she could not give up opportunities awaiting her at the University of Georgia. The two boarded their separate planes, one to Georgia, and the other to Oregon. One month later, Daniel mailed the book, The Alchemist, to Maura as a present for her eighteenth birthday. The story describes the adventures of a shepherd boy who along the way falls in love with a beautiful Arabian woman named Fatima.
Maura was drawn to the novel’s overall theme that if someone wants something, the universe is going to help that person achieve it. However, she had not been ready for the kicker that Daniel had created at the end of the novel. The final line of The Alchemist reads, "I'm coming, Fatima." However, in Maura’s copy, Daniel had taped a small piece of paper over Fatima’s name with a scribbled word reading: Maura. Thus, her copy of the text read, "I'm coming, Maura." "That was it," Maura says, "I knew there was something more there that had to be explored." Fall 2011
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The couple dated long distance for two years until Daniel moved to Athens, Ga., in July of 2011. Similar interests and core values are essential to healthy relationships, according to Dr. Francesca AdlerBaeder, state extension specialist and professor of Human Development and Family Studies at Auburn University. “Research shows that opposites attract but they don’t necessarily last. It is vital for healthy couples to share similar views about life and priorities in life,” says Dr. Adler-Baeder. Maura and Daniel both agree that they made it through the difficulties of long distance because of their developed passions. They engage in activism differently, but share a base knowledge and understanding of each other’s core values. Maura is more political than Daniel in her environmental activism. She is extensively involved in the Campuses Beyond Coal campaign through the Sierra Coalition, which works to move universities from coal to 100 percent clean energy solutions. Daniel has been more interested in working at a campus level. While studying at Oregon State, Daniel helped organize students and community members to start a bike collective, where the group works with the homeless community and bike mechanics are available on site. Though different in their approaches to activism, Daniel and Maura have a similar passion for environmental work that will positively impact their future as a couple. For many, the green movement presents the opportunity to preserve the earth's future and those who inhabit it. For two individual environmentalists, the green movement has offered much more: a chance to build a relationship with someone who shares the same respect for their natural surroundings as well as the mutual motivation to encourage others to make a change. 14 Iv y & Brick
Environmentally Sound By Ana Lenuzza
hrough time, music has been used to communicate, entertain and change the world – but how has it affected the environment? From the energy required to run a recording studio, to CD packaging and waste, to the gas emissions from a tour bus, the music industry has been a catalyst for environmental degradation. However, key people and companies in the music industry are using their influence to promote eco-friendly ways of conducting business. Tree Leaf Music is leading that movement with their mission, as stated on their website: “to educate the world on the importance of sustainable living and the impact of conscious consumerism, through the power of music.” Founded by Paul Diaz, Tree Leaf Music is the parent company to Tree Sound Studios, the largest recording studio in Atlanta.
Paul Diaz Photo courtesy of Tree Sound Studios
Throughout his life, Diaz always felt a connection to nature. As he got older, he decided to get involved with the environmental movement but did not know how. He considered going to law school or working for the Environmental Protection Agency, but realized he could
make a stronger environmental impact through a different route. “Music is going to be the way I can have the greatest influence, on the most amount of people,” he says. “It’s not going to happen through politics, so I think the way to do it is to kind of sneak it in through music.” Having no prior experience, Diaz got involved in the recording industry and eventually opened up his own studio in 1990. For the next few years, Fall 2011
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Diaz let his original plan of combining music and environmentalism fall by the wayside. “I just got busy, caughtup in running a business: paying bills, getting new clients, new gear. I was running a one-man show and didn’t have time to do a whole lot else,” he explains. Then, one morning in 2000, Dave Matthews came into Diaz’s studio for a radio broadcast and Q&A in front of a live audience. When a fan asked Matthews which political issues he supported, Matthews gave a powerful speech about environmentalism and sustainability. Reminded of his original plan and inspired by Matthews’ devotion, Diaz decided to transform his studio into a green facility. To date, Tree Sound has recorded hundreds of musicians including multi-platinum selling artists: Elton John, Beyoncé, Whitney Houston, Gwen Stefani and Justin Bieber, to name a few. However, “most clients don’t come to us because we’re green – they don’t care. They come to us because they want high quality, great production and a relaxing vibe,” Diaz says. Diaz admits he has never discussed environmental issues with the teen heart-throb, but says Bieber loves the vibe at Tree Sound. “He sometimes comes just to hang out, even if he’s not working,” Diaz says. “I think at least in that positive sense, we’ve got an influence on him.” While some may just come for the vibe, other bands, like Athens’ own DubConscious, decided to record their 2006 Realization album at Tree Sound simply because of its eco-activism. “At the time, there were only a handful of companies with a major focus on promoting sustainability, and I dare say that Tree Sound was the only recording studio of that mindset,” says Matthew Wooley, drummer and one vocalist of the band. “When it comes to environmental sustainability, Tree Sound and DubConscious are walking the same path. It just made sense to record an album there.” Marketing coordinator for 16 Iv y & Brick
Tree Sound, Drew Moses, says they do not push environmental causes on anyone. “One of the views we have about spreading our message is to do so in a subtle way,” he explains. “Getting the message out comes in presenting a unique experience for the artists that will make them remember Tree Sound. If you can get the artists to remember the business on its own, the sustainability aspect rides right along.” Today, countless people in the music industry are stepping up to reverse the negative environmental effects that result from concerts, touring and music festivals. In addition to the move of selling music digitally instead of polluting the environment with CDs and packaging, non-profit organizations like Reverb and the Green Music Alliance have promoted eco-efforts, serving as green educators to all music fans. Awareness of our environmental impact is the first step, they say. “Ignorance is truly the enemy here,” says Moses. “But it’s not something you fight by being overzealous or blatantly trying to tell people how to live their lives.” Tree Sound fights ignorance by setting an example through actions. Diaz believes that running a green business does not mean giving up quality or monetary profits: “People feel like they have to sacrifice something to be environmentally friendly – but that’s just not true. You can have your cake and eat it too.” w For information on Tree Leaf Music, DubConscious, Reverb, the Green Music Alliance and how you can get involved in green music efforts, visit our website at http://ivyandbrick.blogspot.com.
Background photo by Charles-Ryan Barber Background photo art by Ana Lenuzza
it comes “toWhen environmental sustainability, Tree Sound & DubConscious are walking the same path.
Matthew Wooley, drummer of DubConscious
Tree Sound Studios’ Green Initiatives:
Photo by Brittany Myers
w carbon neutral facility (net zero carbon footprint) w reduce (water & power consumption) w reuse (flatware, boxes, hard drives) w recycle (glass, paper, aluminum, electronics) w LED & compact-
fluorescents light bulbs w organic & biodegradable cleaning products w organic herb, spice & vegetable garden on site w bio-diesel fuel in company automobiles w reusable cloth towels instead of paper towels
w plant a tree every day & again for every invoice w an organic farm, Rock Star Farms, in Gainesville, Ga. w solar panels on roof & solar hot water heating w wind turbines w solar panels on roof w rainwater catcher Fall 2011
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Meet Your Match By Chelsey Willis
rotesters stand along an airport tarmac eating vegan cookies and protesting planes. After two planes take off, thunder sets in and the group must leave. It’s a scene recalled by Soren Bowie, a blogger for Cracked.com who “infiltrated” the green movement a year ago. “At last I understood the selfflagellation part of this faith. We were to inconvenience ourselves with no discernible end, save the faith that the practice alone would make us feel better about our impact on this planet,” he writes in his blog. Bowie is one of many doing its part in contributing to the current wave of green backlash. The Internet is full of Facebook groups, blogs, websites and video diaries all dedicated to anti-green commentary. Whether to be funny, express annoyance, debate science or discuss policies, the AntiGreen Movement is loud and proud. It still doesn’t have a logo, but a blogger on Allied Liberty News is working on that. Green is everywhere. “Green” products line the shelves of any retail chain. Celebrities appear on national magazines’ annual green issue covers and “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” is a nationwide slogan. Society is living in what The New York Times calls “The Era of Green Noise.” For many antigreenies, the noise is too loud and they’re rebelling.
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“We’re dealing with the feedback of our own success,” says Jay Moynihan, extension community developer at the University of Wisconsin. Backlash is nothing new to environmentalists who’ve been battling corporations, politicians and members of the public since the beginning (see sidebar). For Laurie Fowler, an environmental lawyer who has dealt
with the opposition first-hand for 30 years, the ups and downs are common. “It’s really like a pendulum that goes back and forth,” she explains describing the shift from the public fever pitch of the 1970s environmentalism to the current backlash against rules and regulations. “We just happen to be in the lowest downswing at the moment and it
Artwork By Brittany Myers
doesn’t look good.” The economy has a lot to do with it. When times are bad, as they are now, people grow less concerned with saving the planet and more interested in making money. Fowler fears that people are taking too short of a view. The environment and the economy are intertwined, but most people just don’t understand that. Ultimately, it’s an inherent selfinterest and people will differ on things based on how it affects their lives. “It’s a game of who’s going to make money from what and it’s more intense now than before,” says Moynihan. It’s not just the economy, though. Even after Michael Crichton released his best-selling novel, State of Fear and Al Gore won an Academy Award for the documentary, “An Inconvenient Truth,” climate change remains a controversial topic of discussion. Many anti-greenies continue to discount its scientific claims and are growing tired of its so-called alarmist
rhetoric. “It should all be based on science, not emotion,” writes Mark Humphry, a self-declared skeptic. He continues, “The Green movement is largely a movement that does not believe in science and reason, and often even explicitly rejects it.” The blog site goantigreen.com provides climate-raising tips, but plays devil’s advocate in the process by pointing out the absurdity of some climate deniers’ claims. The site’s creator, who prefers to go by the name GAG, insists he’s apathetic to the whole cause and identifies with neither side despite the site’s name. “I’m just having fun. There are no politics behind it. I’m making fun of people on both sides of the equation … I don’t think life is worth living if you can’t laugh, even at the most serious of things,” he explains. In 2004, environmental strategists Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger called for “the death of environmentalism” in its modern sense so that the movement could progress. Fowler agrees that both sides should be willing to compromise and move forward, but isn’t too positive that will ever happen. Moynihan’s not worried though. It’s the notion of simplification he explains. If the ice caps melt and the runoff reaches our drinkable water supply, polluting it, and half the world dies off, our carbon footprint is significantly lowered and the Earth is saved. It is human civilization that needs saving. He then offers a question for antigreenies, “As a society, do we want our future to be like Mad Max beyond the thunder dome, a simpler place with more people, or do we want to be an extra in ‘Star Trek’ where civilization is advanced, but able to control?” They can’t respond. They’re too busy discussing the important things like chicken-fried seals dipped in BP oil on the Facebook group page of the same name.
Green Backlash: A Brief History In the late 1960s, chemical corporations dismissed Rachel Carson’s assertions in her book, Silent Spring, about toxins, such as DDT, polluting the ground. The book is still considered the catalyst to the modern environmental movement. Despite the environmental successes of the 1970s, politicians feared Earth Day was a communist plot since it coincided with Lenin’s birthday and Sierra Club clashed with the northwestern logging industry over jobs and deforestation. Ronald Regan’s 1980 presidential election victory ushered in a new conservatism. During that decade, the Environmental Protection Agency’s budget was cut significantly, the solar-powered panels on the White House roof were removed, and the Wise-Use Movement, a prominent opposing player in various environmental debates, was founded by Roy Arnold.
“It’s really like a pendulum that goes back and forth. We just happen to be in the lowest downswing at the moment and it doesn’t look good.” Fall 2011
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By Jourdana Passaro
Rivermont Country Club Photos by Mark Hoban
he sun is shining, the skies are clear and it is a comfortable 70 degrees on the fairway. Despite the budget cuts and scarce jobs, a few dedicated golfers are spending their Saturday afternoon on the green. There are no crowds, the price to play has decreased and for some reason the green isn’t green—it’s brown. The economic downturn has had a devastating effect on the golf industry. People are playing fewer rounds and all courses have had to cut back on labor and maintenance. As a result of cutting back on certain aspects of course management, the industry has become more eco-friendly. Brown is the new green. Golf is not just a game. It’s not just a pastime. It is a $936 billion industry, according to the 2010 Georgia Golf Economy Summary Report. Consequently, many facets of the economy depend on the financial success of the golf industry and therefore it produces a ripple effect. “The failure of golf courses can lead to a decrease in property taxes. When tax revenues decrease it results in less funding for education,” says Chris Cupit, owner of Rivermont Country Club. With high costs and large cuts, golf courses are entering a vicious economic cycle. According to Keith Karnok, professor of agronomy at the University of Georgia, “Less revenue is less help, which results in a ratty look. Now people don’t want to play.” There is a misconception that brown reflects poor quality. “Playability does not depend upon how green the course is,” says Mark Hoban, the superintendent of Rivermont Country Club. Despite the facts, players still want to see a lush, green course. Standing on the course, embracing its elegant design and smelling the aroma of fresh cut grass is a euphoric experience. However, the grass provides more than just aesthetic appeal; it benefits the environment. According to the article by James Fall 2011
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Wildlife located at hole 18 at Rivermont Country Club
Hole marker on the putting green
Hawk standing by native grasses Golf ball on the putting green at Rivermont Country Club
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Beard, “Even Tan or Brown Lawns Benefit the Environment,” published in the Journal of Environmental Turfgass, dormant Bermudagrass and other turfgrasses provide: erosion control, mud and dust stabilization, water entrapment, organic chemical degradation, carbon storage and noise abatement. Turfgrass becomes dormant and stops growing because of temperature change and reduced water usage. Common concerns pertaining to golf courses include the use of pesticides and fertilizers. “The state checks and records the usage of pesticides. Also, such a small quantity is actually used. It may be grams per acre,” says Hoban. In addition, Hoban says that spot spraying can be used. It keeps the chemicals isolated to one area and is more cost-effective for management. Another economical technique is using time-conscious fertilizer, according to Alex Bernardon, former assistant superintendent at Trophy Club of Atlanta. The fertilizer is slow to release nitrogen, an important nutrient in turfgrass nutrition, and extends its availability for a significantly longer amount of time. Dyeing water, as well as the grass, is another concern. Hoban explains that dyeing the course’s pond water and grass doesn’t harm anything. “The ponds are shallow therefore sunlight hits the bottom and produces algae and reduces oxygen. We darken the water to reduce the sunlight and keep the aquatic fish and plants alive,” says Hoban. He also explains that harmless dyes attach to dormant leaves of the grass when painted. It is mid-morning and the birds are singing, fish are swimming, and deer are grazing on the tree line. Golfers can feel the morning mist on their faces and little beads of sweat forming on their brows as they prepare to tee off. The cool breeze rustles the grass and the golfers see more than just a golf course. They see a bastion for wildlife, a guard for the environment and a lifeline for the economy.
In 2010, The Athens Area Habitat for Humanity ReStore
diverted approximately 175.46 tons of waste by reusing and recycling building materials and home furnishing. The ReStore offers furniture, building supplies, home decor, supplies, appliances, books, clothing and more. Funds raised support Athens Area Habitat for Humanity. 90% off retail price. 532 Barber Street Athens, Ga 30603 706-354-0936
RePurpose Purpose By Brittany Myers
People are really trying to be ecofriendly now, so they want to repurpose.
Photos by Brittany Myers
- Whitney Smith
Stepping stones cast off from building projects in the Atlanta area create a path through Jill Biskin’s backyard in Athens, Ga. Biskin, a local artist, uses found materials to decorate her yard.
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winding stone path rambles through Jill Biskin’s backyard, linking her home to her painting studio. But these are no ordinary stepping stones.
They came from slabs of granite used to make countertops for sinks. When the builders cut away for the sink, that one piece falls by the wayside. Throughout the garden, benches and tables are similarly fashioned. Biskin’s yard has become a sanctuary for the stones the builders rejected. “I salvage things from dumpsters because often times there’ll be large quantities of slate and limestone, and beautiful materials, but they’re excess from what was needed from a specific
job,” Biskin says. “I’ll use them in my own garden or house rather than see them just go to the landfill.” Arnie Schon, carpenter and owner of Schoncraft LP, scavenges materials from Habitat for Humanity ReStore centers for his projects. Volunteers who work at the centers allow people to browse the warehouse for great finds. Schon says the ReStore centers can buy brand new furnishings with any profits they make. The centers also accept donations, which Habitat repurposes to create affordable housing for families in need. Current interior design trends support the green transition for those wanting to save a few bucks or lead a healthier life. Interior designer Anthony Thorpe reuses wood from old packaging crates in his artwork and design. Todd and Meg van der Kruik, owners of Union Eighteen, take carpet waste and recombine it to make vivid rugs, part of a line entitled “RAW.”
Do It Yourself Green Cleaning All-Purpose Cleaner Chris McDowell works with salvaged wood for a new building project at the UGArden in Athens, Ga. In the foreground, a greenhouse stands as an example of a new building built from old barn wood.
½ teaspoon baking soda 2 teaspoons borax 4 drops citrus essential oil 2 cups hot water ¼ cup vinegar Combine in a spray bottle
W indow Cleaner 2 cups water ¼ cup vinegar 2 tablespoons lemon juice 1 tablespoon dish detergent
Jill Biskin sits on a bench in her front yard in Athens, Ga., surrounded by materials she has repurposed to decorate her home. Utilizing these materials not only saves Biskin money, but it adds an eco-friendly angle to her home.
“People are really trying to be eco-friendly right now, so they want to repurpose,” says Whitney Smith, interior designer for Crosby Design Group. Chris McDowell, a graduate student in landscape architecture at the University of Georgia, salvages wood from old barns to recycle into furniture or use in other buildings. For hardwood flooring, bamboo is a great natural option. “Bamboo is a renewable resource,” Smith says, “so if you cut some bamboo trees down, they’ll grow back in a couple of years pretty quickly.” Smith says homeowners can use recycled rubber for flooring as well. “You can get flooring that’s made from recycled tires, which is really cool because you don’t have to worry about putting the tires in the landfill, and rubber will last forever.” Cork works well for children’s playrooms because it’s soft, natural and resilient, Smith says. And that’s all it takes. A little imagination, a little awareness — really just a little. The cycle of reusing and repurposing eliminates waste and energy necessary to build anew. In other words, the planet smiles — and so do you.
Toilet Bowl Cleaner 2 tablespoons baking soda 1 tablespoon olive oil 3-4 drops essential oil
Kitchen Sink Scrub 3 tablespoons lemon juice 3 tablespoons baking soda Visit http://firstname.lastname@example.org for more information and how-to videos Recipes courtesy of Dr. Pamela Turner of the University of Georgia Family and Consumer Sciences Cooperative Extension
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reen G In Your Clean
By Lindsay Durand
People everywhere are taking green to a new level by using homemade plant-based cleaning products in their homes. Making sustainable cleaning products at home can be beneficial to the environment and to your wallet. “Some are doing it because it’s economical,” says Sharon Gibson, extension specialist for the College of Family and Consumer Sciences at the University of Georgia. “A bottle of vinegar and some water is much cheaper than a bottle of store-bought window cleaner.” The main components of doit-yourself cleaners are hydrogen peroxide, citric acid and other various acids, like those in vinegar, that are approved to kill harmful microbes and germs.
“If you make your own cleaners with vinegar, water and essential oils, you know all of the ingredients,” says Suki Janssen, waste reduction administrator for Athens-Clarke County. “Some brands are misleading about what they contain.” “Store-bought window cleaners tend to be the worst culprits,” says Janssen, “You have to make sure they don’t contain phosphorus and formaldehyde.” Try making your own natural household cleaners and you will lessen your footprint on the planet. “They give people tangible ways to make better choices.” Janssen says “It’s an easy way to be environmentally healthy.”
Artwork By Brittany Myers
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P wsitive Pets
By Delaney Young
hat kind of carbon paw print is your pet leaving behind? Pet owners should not only worry about their own carbon footprint, but also about the environmental impact of their household animals. pup
is enjoying natu
Photo by Brittany Myers
Photo by Brittany Myers
The exact size of your pet’s paw print varies among the different types of pets. For instance, Dr. Sonia Hernandez, assistant professor at Warnell School and College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Georgia, says that most forms of poultry, as well as tortoises, are
Photo by Brooke McMillan
generally greener than a dogs or cats. for organic pet products has However, even dog and cat owners can grown,” she says. Oertel also take steps to further reduce their pet’s believes that eventually these impact. eco-friendly niche markets will be The simplest way to be a green dog absorbed and regulated into the or cat owner is to get your pet spayed mainstream pet product market. or neutered because this keeps the pet population down, says Dr. Gailene Holland, a veterinarian at Veterinary Medicine & Surgery, an eco-friendly xcited for their a ll - n animal hospital in Lugoff, S.C. Other olis pups are e atu p r al ro t toy w actions can include making a s. P changes in your pet’s lifestyle, including switching their diet to organic or raw food, using holistic veterinary treatments and using eco-friendly products such as biodegradable bags, all-natural pet products or natural remedies. Most eco-friendly pet products cost a little bit more than nongreen products. During this economic recession some companies and products have seen a slight decline in sales, but overall, most are seeing an increasing demand as more people are becoming environmentally • 5% of dogs were given a conscious. homeopathic remedy in 2010 “People have come to • 6% of dog owners or 2.8 million view their pets as members of dog owning households purchased the family, which means that an all-natural, chemical-free flea they expect the same safety and tick product considerations as children • 3% of cats were given a and adults receive. Compared homeopathic remedy in 2010 to even a few years ago, pet • 3% of cat owners or 1.2 million owners are placing much greater cat owning households purchased emphasis on a product’s safety an all-natural, chemical-free flea and eco-friendliness,” says Mary and tick product Paoli, a market communicator at West Paw Design. Mary Ellen From the American Pet Products Oertel, founder of Ma Snax Association Survey 2010 organic dog treats, agrees with Paoli. “The overall industry
a el l
p l ay ore
r using home opat ful afte
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By Emily Robinson
t’s dinnertime. A scavenger hunt through the fridge leads to the discovery of limp carrots, bought three days earlier, with orange skin getting brown and crispness diminishing. So, they’re thrown out. Food and money are wasted. But it doesn’t have to be that way. There are simple guidelines that will change the life of fresh produce forever. Learn to shop cautiously, store foods properly and prepare meals safely.
Storing foods properly is the most important step in extending shelf life of produce. The best option for the majority of fruits and vegetables is refrigeration. Temperatures should be kept at forty degrees and below with monitored humidity levels. Dr. Ruthann Swanson, an associate professor of food and nutrition at the University of Georgia, suggests punching holes in bags to control humidity levels, especially with green beans and mushrooms. Another trick from Swanson: cut iceberg lettuce heads in half, remove the core, replace the core with a wet paper towel, put head back together and store in a resealable plastic bag for up to a week. Take advantage of the freezer. Once foods are frozen they can be thawed, cooked and consumed at any time, meaning they can last months after their purchase date. Rebecca Lang, author of QuickFix Southern, freezes fresh blueberries and pecans that last for months in her freezer. She recommends freezing items individually on a flat surface such as a cookie sheet and then storing in a resealable plastic bag labeled with the date. Pantry items must also be carefully watched. Certain fruits and vegetables Visit http://ivyandbrick. must be kept in dark, cool and dry areas. Potatoes can last up to two blogspot.com for 10 simple ideas that make months when stored properly. Start by planning meals and buying seasonally. Think about when the food will be consumed. For example, if carrots and hummus are appetizers tonight, make sure to buy at the peak of freshness and quality when they are young, tender and a medium length. When shopping at a farmer’s market, Craig Page, executive director of Promoting Local Agriculture and Cultural Experience (P.L.A.C.E.), suggests to walk around the entire market before buying to see what everybody has to ensure best quality with every season. Page mentions getting to know the people selling the food. “Relationships are the important part of local food, get to know your farmer, talk to the person who grew [your food],” he said. Farmers can explain where and when the food was picked, typically the day of or day before. This differs from conventionally grown foods that may have been harvested 7-10 days before purchasing. When a fruit or vegetable is in season, prices are generally lower and quality is higher. Roasted root vegetables are perfect as a side in the cooler months of fall and winter, but tomatoes and corn are better in the summer.
your food last longer.
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Alternative means of preparation will extend the life of foods tremendously. Don’t throw away limp carrots. Completely transform one meal into another. Try making soups, breads or casseroles out of aging vegetables. Although the quality may be diminished, the produce is still safe to eat. Brandon Frohne, founder of Nashville Urban Farmers, likes to think outside the box with leftover produce. He looks at techniques of preservation such as canning, pickling, preserving and making jams and gelées. If followed correctly, these simple steps will make fruits and vegetables last longer, meaning less time and money spent at the grocery store. Dr. Judy Harrison, a Food Safety Specialist with the University of Georgia College of Family and Consumer Sciences Cooperative
“Walk around the entire market before buying to see what everybody has.”-Craig Page Extension, says, “Consumers need to be aware that locally grown foods can be contaminated, just like food from 1000 miles away, if it is mishandled. In order to prevent contamination, food must be handled properly.” The website for The National Center for Home Food Preservation provides precise information on how to safely store every food. So when in doubt, look it up: www.homefoodpreservation.com.
1/2 cup butter (softened at room temp) 1 cup sugar 1/2 teaspoon salt 2 eggs, well beaten 1 cup mashed ripe bananas 1/2 cup sour cream 1 teaspoon baking soda 2 cups presifted flour
Preheat oven to 350. In mixing bowl, beat butter and sugar until smooth and creamy. Add salt, eggs, bananas, sour cream and baking soda. Stir in flour. Turn batter into greased 8-inch loaf pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 50-75 minutes. Test with toothpick to see if done.
Photos by Emily Robinson
6 large carrots, peeled and cut into 1-inch pieces 3 cups water 1 teaspoon freshly grated ginger 3 tablespoon soy sauce ½ teaspoon salt, ½ teaspoon pepper 1 cup cream 1 cup reserved carrot cooking liquid Boil the carrots in the water on high heat for 30 minutes, or until carrots are very tender. Strain the carrots but reserve liquid. Puree carrots. In a different soup pot combine puree, ginger, soy sauce, salt and pepper. Add in 2/3 of the reserved liquid and cream. Once comes to a boil it’s ready to serve!
Lemon Blueberry Smoothie 2 cups frozen blueberries 1 cup plain non-fat yogurt 1 tablespoon sugar Zest of 1 lemon Juice of ½ lemon (approximately 1 tablespoon) ½ cup water ½ cup ice Combine all ingredients in a blender. Blend until well combined and smooth. Serve immediately.
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Natural Cures 11
nstead of popping pills and drinking syrups, here’s how to treat ailments the natural way.
•Vitamin C: “Vitamin C is known for immune-boosting properties,” says dietitian Erica Jones. Best Headaches foods with vitamin C: peppers, Tension headaches: Normal headaches oranges, leafy greens, and with no extra symptoms. strawberries. •Hydrate: Georgia neurologist Angela McSwain suggests this can be enough •Apples: The skin contains an to keep pain at bay. antioxidant. •Apply acupressure: Between the eyes, above the bridge of the nose and between the thumb and index finger. Migraines: Throb on one side of the head. Symptoms of sensitivity to light and nausea. •Vitamins and minerals: Magnesium, riboflavin and butterbur root.
•Soup: Vegetable soups reduce inflammation in white blood cells, and hot soup soothes the throat.
Also try: Calcium, iron, ginger and eating more carbohydrates.
Also try: Breathing over boiling water to unstop nasal passages and running cold water during last minutes of a shower.
•Ginger: Best way to treat nausea in these forms: ginger ale, tea, candied or capsules work. Nature’s Cures says ginger lasts 57 percent longer than Dramamine.
•Consume Less Caffeine: Gets the heart pumping faster for a few Foods such as coconut (top), hours, then has a strawberries and cinnamon can crash effect. help maintain health without
•Honey: Eases ulcers and strengthens the lining of the stomach. Too much can lead to diarrhea. •Coconut: Helps diarrhea and can be taken in any form including cookies.
•Rely on the diet: Eat protein in the morning instead of carbs, and eat the biggest meal at lunch.
Also try: Eating plain bread and peppermint.
Also try: Cutting back on chocolate.
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turning to pills.
Photos by Lindsey Derrick
By Lindsey Derrick
Hazards of Hygiene By Natalee Cooper
ry, itchy scalp, pickled or inflamed skin, sun-burned red rashes and even cancer are all possible side effects of long-term exposure to everyday personal care products. For those who may experience sensitivity or want to minimize exposure to harmful chemicals, here are some ingredients to look for:
Commonly found in cosmetic and hygiene care products. Parabens are used to preserve product shelf life: Studies show parabens often cause allergic reactions, rashes and have estrogen-like properties. Debbie Lindley, the aesthetician for Strandz Salon and Spa in Warner Robins, Ga., points out, “Studies do not show that parabens cause cancer, but certainly leave some unanswered questions.”
Moisturizer for Reddened or Inflamed Skin Ingredients
2-3 handfuls fresh rose petals
Play it Safe: Dermatologist Joyce Thomas, M.D., of Athens Associates in Dermatology strongly cautions, “Stay away from parabens.” Instead, consider that products list “Paraben Free” on their containers.
Fragrances, which are commonly found in personal care products, “can often contain hundreds of chemicals that aren’t listed,” says Salina Nelson, manager of the Healing Arts Centre in Athens, Ga. According to Strandz Salon and Spa aesthetician Debbie Lindley, these unidentifiable fragrances “mask toxic, synthetic chemicals, many of which suppress the immune system and cause cancer.”
Play it Safe: Look for products that use scents made from essential oils like lavender or eucalyptus. Nelson recommends organic skin care lines free of fragrances and chemicals.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)
Photo by Brittany Myers
SLS is known to cause eye damage, skin and lung irritation, and allergic reactions. Some studies have found SLS to contain carcinogenic properties. SLS is commonly found in toothpaste, cosmetic foundations, shampoos, hair dyes and teeth whitening products.
Play it Safe:
Consumers can purchase products from lines that are committed to making products free of harmful chemicals. These chemically-conscious products prominently list the harmful ingredients they do not contain on their packaging.
Wash and dry fresh rose petals. Gently crush rose petals and place in a mason jar. Pour olive oil just to cover petals. Cover jar and let sit for 24 hours. Remove petals and squeeze excess oils into jar (repeat steps 1-5 to achieve desired scent). Apply oil on face and skin as needed. -Recipe provided by Salina Nelson, manager of the Healing Arts Centre in Athens, Ga.
Gentle Face Exfoliate Ingredients
½ cup oatmeal or cornmeal ½ cup plain yogurt Mix plain yogurt with oatmeal to make a paste. Massage into your skin and rinse with warm water. -Recipe provided by Debbie Lindley, aesthetician for Strandz Salon and Spa of Warner Robins, Ga.
For those who are curious about what they’re buying before they buy it, check out the GoodGuide app for iPhone and Android phones. Simply scan a product’s barcode and the app will give you a health rating with a comprehensive breakdown of the score.
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o matter what stage of life you’re in there is a way to be green, according to Sharon Gibson, state project coordinator for the University of Georgia College of Family and Consumer Sciences Cooperative Extension. Incorporate green living into your lifestyle 24 hours a day. Whether simple or extreme, you’re on the path to green success.
TACK ON THE SOLAR
SAVE THE CORES &
TURN OUT THE
Anna Cartner lives an eco-friendly life, asserting that being green is easy. While all of us may not be able to build an eco-friendly home—solar panels, high efficiency appliances and water conserving toilets—we can do little things like using reusable cloths instead of paper towels. According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, if everyone bought one package of 100 percent recycled napkins instead of non-recycled, it would save 1 million trees.
“I like feeling good and like I’m doing something good. When I wake up every morning, I can breathe deeply, I’m energized and I’m not sick,” says 22-year-old Annie Marcum, an avid fan of organic foods and composting. Composting is easy, but only certain items can be composted. Food scraps, leaves, sprouts and apple cores can all be composted, but items such as meat and drinking straws can be harmful.
And light a candle? Or save the candle and just turn lights off when you’re not using them, like Jeff Morrow, a 22-year-old Georgia Tech undergrad, who aims to be green in the most simplistic ways possible. He carpools, refills his water bottle and takes his lunch to work, creating as little waste as possible.
Turn the water off during your morning routine For breakfast, have a fruit salad Try carpooling, biking or walking to work 32 Iv y & Brick
Eat a lunch from home Try an organic restaurant Drink from a recycled bottle
Use cloth napkins Scrape your plate instead of rinsing Use a natural dish detergent By Brooke McMillan
The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Family and Consumer Sciences Programs The goal of Cooperative Extension is to help Georgians become healthier, more productive, financially independent and environmentally responsible by providing lifelong learning to the people of Georgia through unbiased, research-based education in agriculture, the environment, communities, youth and families.
To learn more about Cooperative Extension: http://extension.uga.edu
Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication Noun, n.: ‘grādy To prepare students to be effective users and practitioners of the mass media, to provide the mass media with more and better services for their consumers, and to assist the public in using the mass media to meet personal and community needs.
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Published on Dec 1, 2011