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CIRCULAR SYMBIOSIS HOOGPOORT - MATERIALS AND WASTE Climate Design & Sustainability KULeuven - Departement Architecture 2018 Ivona Uherková, Karolína Burešová, Argjirë Krasniqi, Suzan Vercaempst

1 KULeuven . 2018


TABLE OF CONTENT

TEAM AND BASIC DATA GENERAL OVERVIEW - KEY POINTS OF THE PROJECT MATERIALS LIST CONSTRUCTION WOOD AROUND GHENT WHY BRICKS IN GHENT? CITY SCALE: DATA POPULATION STUDENTS - HIGHER EDUCATION CITY SCALE MAPS UNIVERSITIES AND DORMS MOBILITY PLAN GREENFIELDS WASTE MAP URBAN VILLAGE: EXISTING SITUATION MICROCLIMATE WASTE PRODUCTION GOALS URBAN VILLAGE WASTE PRODUCTION CONSTRUCTION WASTE TIMELINE WASTE TUBES AND COLLECTORS SITE PLAN BUILDING FUNCTION - EXISTING AND PROPOSAL ROOF PLAN BASEMENT PLAN GROUND FLOOR PLAN FIRST FLOOR PLAN SECOND FLOOR PLAN ADAPTABILITY SECTION - SUMMER SECTION - WINTER SECTION ELEVATION PERSPECTIVE EXPLODED AXONOMETRY CONSTRUCTION SCHEME CONSTRUCTION DETAILS CALCULATIONS VENTILATION WATER DEMAND ENERGY PRODUCTION CONCLUSION - A POSITIVE PROJECT

Climate Design

2

3 4-5 6-9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 18 19 20 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 - 31 32 - 33 34 - 35 36 - 37 38 - 39 40 - 41 42 43 44 - 45 46 - 47 48 - 49 50 - 51 52


C

A

E

ST

TEAM AND BASIC DATA

TEAM AND RISPONSIBILITES Argjire Krasniqi Smart Building/ City Councilor Ivona Uherkova Positive Impact TEAM AND RISPONSIBILITES Karolina Buresova Argjire Krasniqi Sustainable Concept Smart Building/ City Councilor

TEAMAND ANDRESPONSIBILITIES RISPONSIBILITES TEAM

COMMERCIAL /SHOPS

SANITARY SPACE / KITCHEN

COMMUNITY SPACE

APARTMENTS

Suzan Vercaemps Ivona Uherkova Low techniques Positive Impact Karolina Buresova CONTECT Sustainable Concept

Location Suzan Vercaemps Langermunt, Ghent, 9000 Low techniques Existing Situation Building renovations CONTECT

Argjire Krasniqi Smart Building/ City Councilor

Location FUNCTION Langermunt, Ghent, 9000

Ivona Uherkova Positive Impact

Commercial, 1/3 Existing Situation Residential, 2/3 Building renovations

Karolina Buresova Sustainable Concept

FUNCTION FUNCTION

Suzan Vercaemps Low techniques

Commercial, 1/3 Residential, 2/3

CONTEXT CONTECT

BASIC DATA

Location Langermunt, Ghent, 9000 Existing Situation Building renovations FUNCTION Commercial, 1/3 Residential, 2/3

BASIC DATA

Maximum capacity residential area: 40 people commercial area: 20 people Floors: 3 (Surface : 515.36 m2 (groud floor BASIC DATA Volume: 1614 m3 Maximum capacity residential area: 40 people commercial area: 20 people Floors: 3 (Surface : 515.36 m2 (groud floor Volume: 1614 m3 3 KULeuven . 2018


GENERAL OVERVIEW

URBAN

URBAN

COMMUNI

HOUSING

COMMUNITY

MOBILITY

UNITY

CAR FREE AREA HOUSING

CITY CENTRE

FOOD AND NATURE

MOBILITY

MATERIALS

CAR FREE AREA

MATERIALS AND WASTE

SPACE

CITY CENTRE

FOOD AND NATURE

REUSE RECYCLE RENEWABLE

MATERIALS

NATURAL MATERIALS

SPACE

WATER

GREEN AREA

WATER

REUSING RAIN WATER

GREEN AREA

WATER REUSE NATURAL MATERIALS REUSING RAIN WATER RECYCLE RENEWABLE

Climate Design

SPACE 4

RECYCLING WATER PRESERVING HISTORICAL ELEMENTS

ENERGY FOOT STEP ENERGY

SOL


NG

KEY POINTS OF THE PROJECT

COMMUNITY

CITY CENTRE

MATERIALS

URBAN

URBAN

REUSE RECYCLE RENEWABLE

COMMUNITY

COMMUNITY

NATURAL MATERIALS

URBAN

SPACE

HOUSING CITY CENTRE

HOUSING

MOBILITY

ENERGY

COMMUNI

MOBILITY

FOOD AND NATURE

CITY CENTRE

MATERIALS MOBILITY

MATERIALS

R PRESERVING HISTORICAL ELEMENTS CAR FREE AREA

ENERGY FOOT STEP ENERGY

FOOD AND NATURE

CAR FREE AREA

FOOD AND NATURE

HOUSING

MOBILITY REUSE

RECYCLE RENEWABLE

REUSE RECYCLE NATURAL MATERIALS RENEWABLE

SPACE

SOLAR ENERGY

BIOGAS GREEN AREA

WATER

GREEN AREA

NATURAL MATERI

SPACE

CAR FREE AREA

WATER

FOOD AND NATURE 5 KULeuven . 2018 REUSING RAIN WATER

REUSING RAIN WATER

PRESERVING HISTORICAL ELE PRESERVING HISTORICAL ELEMENTS


MATERIALS LIST

SUPPORTING STRUCTURE PERIPHERAL CONSTRUCTION

BRICKS re-used, made from local soil which will be as a waste taken out for the basements Gent - city centre traditional material

180x90x50 mm

SUPPORTING STRUCTURE CEILING, STAIRS, BALCONY

WOOD re-used and grown

INSULATION

FLAX grown

30°C

27°C

Climate Design

6

-15°C

24°C

18°C

20°C


MATERIALS LIST

WHY

POSITIVE ASPECT

DATA

Re-using high amount of material on our site

Manipulation

cost - 0,-

Durability

recyclate - 70%

Thermal mass

we can reuse/recycle 75-90% of the building to demolish reuse/recycle volume

lifetime - 50 years

Insulation

transport - 0 km

(calculated from the original volume75%)

bricks:17.160m3

Low carbon footprint

U-value - 0,81 W/m²K

WHY

POSITIVE ASPECT

DATA

Natural material

Termal insulation

cost - 142 $/m3

Renewable material

Sound insulation

recyclate - 70%

High strength

Manageability

lifetime - 60 years

Traditional bonding

Instant bearing capacity

transport - 15 km

No carbon footprint

U-value - 0,64 W/m²K

POSITIVE ASPECT

DATA

volume of the buildings to demolish: brick construction: 22.879m3

WHY

Created out of natural fibres Sequesters CO2 during plant growth Fast growth Hygroscopic – provides a degree of humidity control Renevable material by-product of the linen industry - wasted material Recyclable Belgium is a good region in general for cultivating flax because Composable of the soil

cost - 0,recyclate - 100% lifetime - 75 years transport - 5 km U-value - 0,038 W/m²K 7 KULeuven . 2018


MATERIALS LIST FOUNDATIONS

CONCRETE recycled

ROOFING

SOLAR TESLA TILES for sloping roof

FILL HOLES

DOORS, WINDOWS reused, wooden

Climate Design

8


MATERIALS LIST

WHY

POSITIVE ASPECT

DATA

Recycling high amount of material on our site

Resistant to external influences

cost - expensive

volume of the buildings to demolish:

Non-flammable

recyclate - 70%

concrete blocks: 4.769m3 concrete recyclate: 3.577m3 Health-conscious we can reuse/recycle 75-90% of the building Durability to demolish Recycled glass Hydroinsulation Plates and blocks- manageability Termal insulation

lifetime - 80 years transport - 0-200 km U-value - 0,75 W/m²K

WHY

POSITIVE ASPECT

DATA

Genius loci

Saving money

cost - 220 euro/m2

Solar gain

Creating energy

recyclate - 0%

Traditional character

Suitable

lifetime - 30 years transport - 80 km

WHY

POSITIVE ASPECT

DATA

Re-using the doors from demolished buildings - zero waste impact.

Cost and environmental savings

cost - SAVED 20-40%

triple glass window with wooden frame

Reusing

450 m2 triple glass window - re-used

Recyclable

recyclate - 70% lifetime - 40-60 years transport - 0-200 km U-value - triple 0,75 and reused double 1,7 W/m²K 9 KULeuven . 2018


MATERIALS CONSTRUCTION WOOD AROUND GHENT We are using wood for a light skeleton structure. The wood is available in different BVBA’s en NV’s in and around Ghent. So there will be enough for the entire village. It makes also transport in that way as small as possible, so that the cost is also lower than it can be.

Climate Design

10


WHY BRICKS IN GHENT?

MATERIALS WHY BRICKS IN GHENT?

RAW MATERIAL

NO TRANSPORT

10% LESS ENERGY FOR HEATING

150 YEARS LONG LIFETIME

ELIMINATION OF WASTE

PASSIVE HOUSE = MORE BUGDET FRIENDLY

EXCELLENT ACOUSTIC QUALITIES

CERTIFICATED MATERIAL

NATURAL MATERIAL

BEST FIRE RESISTANCE

EXCELLENT MOISTURE CONTROL

11 KULeuven . 2018


CITY SCALE: DATA CITY OF GHENT POPULATION

POPULATION

Amount of citizens: 29 0579 Area: 156,18 km² Density: 1 643 ppl./km²

POPULATION BY AGE 9,5%

CITY CENTRE

GHENT

74,7%

19,3%

15,8%

64,2%

0

25

16,6%

50

% 0 - 17 years

75

% 18 - 64 years

100

% 65+

FAMILIES CITY CENTRE

4,5%

GHENT

25,1%

7,6%

61,4%

27,2%

0

41,4%

75

married couple living without children

%

singles

100 married couple living with children

SINGLES

100

50

23,8%

50

25 single-parent families

75

9,0%

64,8%

43,5%

65,6%

43,5%

65,9%

43,5%

64,2%

42,8%

64,5%

42,5%

64,5%

42,2%

63,4%

63,6%

41,9%

41,9%

63,0%

41,8%

61,4%

41,4%

25

0

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

CITY CENTRE

2015 GHENT

SOURCE: https://gent.buurtmonitor.be/dashboard/Bevolking/

Climate Design

12

2016

2017

2018


CITY SCALE: DATA

STUDENTS STUDENTS - HIGHER EDUCATION HIGHER EDUCATION

CITY OF GHENT

Amount of students (19+) : 72 542

AMOUNT OF STUDENTS

80 000 70 000

68 671

66 714

70 262

71 485

72 542

2012

2013

2014

60 000 50 000 40 000 30 000 20 000 10 000 0

2010

2011

GHENT

AGE OF THE STUDENTS 35 000

32 095

30 000 24 906

25 000 20 000 15 000

10 050

10 000

5 491

50 000 0 < 20

21 - 23

24 - 28

29 +

STUDENTS DOMICILED IN GHENT

% 15

14,2% 13,1%

12,5 11,1%

10 7,5 5 2,5 0

2010

2011

2012

GHENT

SOURCE: https://gent.buurtmonitor.be/dashboard/Onderwijs/

13 KULeuven . 2018


CITY SCALE MAPS COMMUNITY

HOUSING

CITY CENTRE

HIGH SCHOOL UNIVERSITY / COLLEGE STUDENT HOUSE / DORMITORY URBAN VILLAGE

Climate Design

14


CITY SCALE MAPS

CAR FREE AREA

CAR FREE AREA - CIRCULATION PLAN NATIONAL CYCLING ROUTE LOCAL CYCLING ROUTE URBAN VILLAGE

15 KULeuven . 2018


CITY SCALE MAPS

NATURAL MATERIALS

GREENFIELDS URBAN VILLAGE

Climate Design

16


CITY SCALE MAPS

REUSED RECYCLED RENEWABLE

IVAGO WASTE DISPOSAL COMPANIES SECOND HAND SHOPS - FURNITURE BROWNFIELDS ABANDONED BUILDINGS URBAN VILLAGE

17 KULeuven . 2018


URBAN VILLAGE : EXISTING SITUATION MICROCLIMATE MICROCLIMATE

Average Average Wind Wind speed speed 4 4 kts kts

Precipitation Precipitation average: average: 754mm/year 754mm/year

Dominant Dominant direction direction of of the the wind wind

The The average average temperature temperature in in Ghent Ghent is is 10.2 10.2 °C °C

https://en.climate-data.org/region/314/#example1 https://en.climate-data.org/region/314/#example1 https://www.windfinder.com/windstatistics/gent https://www.windfinder.com/windstatistics/gent

WASTE PRODUCTION

WASTE PRODUCTION

URBAN VILLAGE existing situation

Amount of citizens: 138 Area: 0,019 932 km² Density: 6 932 ppl./km²

kg kg 500 500

HOUSEHOLD WASTE PER INHABITANT 2016 489 489

2016

400 400 300 300 200 200

151 151

100 100 0 0 household household waste waste

kg/year = 489 151 kg/year

Climate Design

18

non-recoverable non-recoverable household household waste waste

482 kg/year = 67 20 838 kg/year


SOURCE: https://gent.buurtmonitor.be/dashboard/Bevolking/

URBAN VILLAGE GOALS BUILDINGS WHICH ARE GOING TO BE DEMOLISHED - RE-USE OF MATERIALS

REUSE RECYCLE RENEWABLE

SLOPING ROOF - SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION

SOLAR ENERGY

COURTYARDS - EXTENDING THE GREEN AREA

GREEN AREA

HISTORICAL FASADES - PRESERVING

PRESERVING HISTORICAL ELEMENTS

CIRCULATION - CONNECTION WITH THE CITY, PEDESTRIANS AND BIKES

CAR FREE AREA

FUNCTION - LIVING, WORKING, EDUCATION, SHOPS

dancing school

business school

kindergarden

commercial parter

COMMUNITY

HOUSING

CITY CENTRE

19 KULeuven . 2018


URBAN VILLAGE URBAN VILLAGE WASTE PRODUCTION proposal

WASTE PRODUCTION

Amount of citizens: 457 Area: 0,019 932 km²

HOUSEHOLD WASTE PER INHABITANT

kg

2016

500

489

400

=

300

200 151

489 kg/year 151 kg/year

=

223 473 kg/year 69 007 kg/year

100 0 household waste

non-recoverable household waste

CONSTRUCTION WASTE

CONSTRUCTION WASTE Volume of the buildings to demolish: Volume of brick building: 44.879m3 Volume of concrete building: 9.769m3

450 m2 triple glass window - re-used 220m2 double glazing window

CONTAMINED MATERIAL 21% DRYWALL 27% SALVAGED / DONATED ITEMS 1% CARDBOARD 1% CEILING TILE 4% METALS 14%

CONCRETE 9% CARPET 13%

WOOD 13%

we can reuse/recycle 70 - 90 % of the material of the demolished building reuse/recycle volume (calculated from the original volume79%) Volume of brick building: 33.659 m3 Volume of concrete building: 3.577m3

= DEMOLISHED BUILDING = 54. 648 m3

Climate Design

20

79% TO REUSE

NEW BUILDING = 40 986 m3 = 47 FAMILY HOUSES


URBAN VILLAGE TIMELINE

WASTE TUBE AND COLLECTORS WASTE MANAGEMENT

WASTE COLLECTOR WASTE VAKUUM TUBE URBAN VILLAGE

21 KULeuven . 2018


19

18

16

15

14

13

12

11

5

10

4

9

3

8

2

6

1

5

18

35

4

17

19

34

3

16

20

33

2

15

21

23 12 11

25

10

26

9

27

8

28

7

13

29

6

24

8 7

5 4

11

3 2

12 13 14

16 17

19

22

Climate Design

22

32

1

14

31

10

9

7

6

4

2

1 13

15

16

18

19

LA

NG E

M

UN T

URBAN VILLAGE

7

6

9

10

18

15

HO

OR T

PO OG 3 5 8

17 14 12 11 17

30


URBAN VILLAGE SITE PLAN

ON

DE

RS

TR

AA T

23 KULeuven . 2018


Climate Design

24

COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL /SHOPS/SHOPS

SANITARY SANITARY SPACESPACE / KITCHEN / KITCHEN

COMMUNITY COMMUNITY SPACESPACE

APARTMENTS APARTMENTS

EXISTING SITUATION COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL /SHOPS/SHOPS

APARTMENTS APARTMENTS

EMPTYEMPTY SPACESPACE

STOCKSTOCK

BUILDING FUNCTION

PROPOSAL


58.243 m2

30.429 m2

2

±0

39.282 m2 42.721 m2

±0

A

Solar tiles

38.563 m2

55.688 m2

Underground Water collector

45.429 m2

1960

Underground storage for shops

55.925 m2

175.652 m2

Bicycle parking

Green roof and water collector

BUILDING ROOF PLAN

25 KULeuven . 2018


Storage 1 S=30.0 m2

Climate Design A

Storage 2 S=25.0 m2

Underground Water collector S=63.0 m2

26 Storage 4 S=15.0 m2

Storage 3 S=28.0 m2

BUILDING BASEMENT (-1, -2)


730

1529

2145

114

A

102

316

S= 46 m2

A

B

B

353

S= 25 m2

C

C

382 1892

S= 30 m2

+ 0.020

±0

D

D

402

S= 35 m2

E

E

A

337

S= 30 m2

F

F

506

S= 45 m2

+ 0.020

Underground Water collector

G

G K

A

489

S= 36 m2

H

1960

H

L

L

622

+ 0.020

S= 47 m2

M

M

I

I

343

S= 36 m2

±0

J

841 J

612

K

BUILDING GROUND FLOOR

27 KULeuven . 2018


A

A

Climate Design

28

B

B

C

C

+ 3.400

D

D

E

E

A

F

F

+ 3.400

G

G K

K

H

+ 3.400

H

L

L

M

M

I

I

+ 3.400

J

J

BUILDING FIRST FLOOR

989


A

A

B

B

C

C

+ 6.200

D

D

E

E

A

F

F

+ 6.200

G

G K

K

H

H

L

L

+ 7.100

175.652 m2

M

M

I

I

+ 6.200

J

J

BUILDING SECOND FLOOR

29 KULeuven . 2018


135

135

115 40

136

137

20

20 118 40

40

135

20 40

135

115

135

135

135 115 40

135

40

115

20

20

BUILDING ADAPTABILITY

1060

260

380 240 20 305

360

1077

20

20

360

305

20

582

986

1060

20 260

240

1060

260

1060 240 20

260

20 305

360

305

360

20

240

20

S=45.5 m2

83

20

420

280

420

380

420

380

420

380

S=11.3 m2

30

40

Climate Design

30 45

30

40

90

24

40 90 24 30 90 43 90 340 30

25

90 340 403

25 29m2 20 S=40.14 90 43 57 77 50 77 30 40 30 280 30 337 30

24 30 24 90 90 90 43 340 30

50

50

50

50

S=40.14 m2 S=40.14 m2

24 24 24 90 43 90 43 90 40 90 30 34030 30 340 400

50

50

S=20.5 m2 2 S=40.1440 m90

30

25

9 34 40


280 280

83 83

20 20 582 582

582 582

986 986 1077 1077

986 986 1077 1077

20 20

20 20

83 83

2 S=45.5 S=45.5 m m2

2 S=20.5 S=20.5 m m2

50 50 50 50

50 50 50 50

2 S=20.5 S=20.5 m m2

30 30

40 40

90 90

25 25

90 90 340 340 403 403

25 25

90 90 43 43 30 30

29 29

57 57 30 30

20 20

77 77 50 50 77 77 280 30 280 30 337 337

2 S=11.3 S=11.3 m m2

20 20

280 280

2 S=11.3 S=11.3 m m2

136 136

118 118 137 137

40 40 40 40

136 136

40 40 40 40

118 118 137 137

20 20

20 20

BUILDING ADAPTABILITY

30 30

30 30

40 40

90 90

25 25

90 90 340 340 403 403

25 25

90 90 43 43 30 30

29 29

57 57 30 30

20 20

77 77 50 50 77 77 280 30 280 30 337 337

30 30

31 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING SECTION

Climate Design

32


BUILDING SUMMER

33 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING SECTION

Climate Design

34


BUILDING WINTER

35 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING SECTION

Climate Design

36


BUILDING SECTION

37 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING ELEVATION

Climate Design

38


BUILDING ELEVATION

39 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING PERSPECTIVE

Climate Design

40


BUILDING PERSPECTIVE

41 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING EXPLODED AXONOMETRY

Climate Design

42


BUILDING CONSTRUCTION SCHEME

43 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING CONSTRUCTION DETAIL EXISTING WALL WITH FLAX INSULATION 12 11

10

1 2 3 4 5

exterier

6

interier

7 8 9

GREEN ROOF

13. Outdoor plaster 14. Armor fabric 15. Flax insulation 200mm 16. Reinforced concrete wall construction - existing construction 300mm 17. Vapor retarder HOMESEAL LDS 100 0,2 mm, joints glued with tape HOMESEAL LDS Solifit - separation layer of geotextile 18. Thermal - insulation layer of mineral wool Knauf Insulation SmartRoof Top (slope slabs SmartRoof Top) 19. Roof waterproofing foil 20. Separation layer - fabric 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 9

1. Existing masonry 160mm 2. Wooden beam 100x60mm 3. Ventilated air gap 4. Polywood 20mm 5. Flax isulation 6. Polywood 20mm 7. Vapour retarder 8. Plaster regulating moisture iQ-Top 9. Paint from morpho butterfly wings 10. Insulating thin system board 11. Separation Tape Kompriband 12. Window profile

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

12 10 11 12

1. Extensive green carpet 2. Urbanscape Green Roll absorbent substrate made of stone wool 40 mm 3. Urbanscape drainage and retention foils 25 mm 4. Urbanscape protective foil against root proliferation 5. Separation layer - fabric 6. Roof waterproofing foil 7. Thermal - insulation layer of mineral wool Knauf Insulation SmartRoof Top (slope slabs SmartRoof Top) 8. Thermal - insulation layer of mineral wool Knauf Insulation SmartRoof Thermal 9. Aluminum end L profile 10. Vapor retarder HOMESEAL LDS 100 0,2 mm, joints glued with tape HOMESEAL LDS Solifit - separation layer of geotextile 11. Reinforced concrete ceiling construction 250mm 12. Mechanical anchoring - with telescope

1:15

Climate Design

44


BUILDING CONSTRUCTION DETAIL ROOFING - SOLAR TESLA TILES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9

10

1. Solar Tesla tiles 2. Diffusion tight underroof 3. Ventilated air gap 75mm 4. Flax insulation 150mm 5. Vapour retarder Z=10 GPa*m2/kg 6. Polywood 20mm 7. Flax insulation 50mm 8. Chipboard 18mm

WINDOWS CONNECTION 3

1

2

6

4

7 8 9 10 11

1

12 13

5

1. Reused trippleglazed window 2. Wooden plate 3. Paint from morpho butterfly wings 4. Downpipe 5. Wooden column 100x100mm 6. Mopboard 7. Flooring beat 8. Wooden flooring 9. Battening 10. Mineral wool- sound proofing 11. Wooden boarding 24mm 12. Flax insulation 80mm 13. Timber subfloor 24mm

1:15

45 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING CALCULATION

Climate Design

46


BUILDING SCHEME

47 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING CALCULATION

Climate Design

48


BUILDING SCHEME

49 KULeuven . 2018


BUILDING ELECTRICITY DEMAND CALCULATION ELECTRICITY DEMAND Residential Residential 1 m2 > 31 kWh/year 1 m2 > 31 kWh/year Unit (30 m2) > 930 kWh/ year Unit (30 m2) > 930 kWh/ year 1. floor - 8 units + kitchen > 17+ 763 kWh/year 1. 573 floorm2 - 8 units kitchen

573 m2 > 17 763 kWh/year 2. floor - 8 units + community space 2. floor - 8 units + community space 398 m2 > 12 338 kWh/year 398 m2 > 12 338 kWh/year Commercial Commercial 1m2 > 30 kWh/year 1m2 > 30 kWh/year ground floor - 9 shops ground floor - 9 shops 325 m2 >> 9750 kWh/year 325 m2 >> 9750 kWh/year Ed: 39 851 kWh/year Ed: 39 851 kWh/year SOLAR TILE SOLAR TILE E = S . r . H . Cp [kWh/year] S E= = 330 S . r m2 . H . Cp [kWh/year] rS==21 %m2 330 H 850 r ==21 % kWh/m2 . year Cp 0,75 H ==850 kWh/m2 . year

Cp = 0,75 Epv= 330 . 0,21 . 850 . 0,75 = 44 179 kWh/year Epv= 330 . 0,21 . 850 . 0,75 = 44 179 kWh/year PAVEGEN TILE forTILE outside energy demands - lightning, ... PAVEGEN for outside energy demands - lightning, ... Installed on the main shopping street Installed on the main shopping street E= L / Ap . U . e . 0,001 L m . U . e . 0,001 E== L70/ Ap Ap = 0,75 L = 70 m U Ap==7500 0,75 people e = 5 W people U = 7500 e=5W

E = 70 / 0,75 . 7500 . 5 . 0,001 = 3500 kWh/day E = 70 / 0,75 . 7500 . 5 . 0,001 = 3500 kWh/day

UNDERGROUND DIGESTER TANK UNDERGROUND DIGESTER TANK Biogas Biogas Vd = Sd . Rt Sd Vd = = 0,33375 Sd . Rt Rt = Sd = 60 0,33375 Vd 0,033375 . 60 = 2,0025 m3 Rt == 60

Vd = 0,033375 . 60 = 2,0025 m3 Production G = Mb . Gy Production Mb B .. 480 G ==Mb Gy B = 0,02225 Mb = B . 480m3/day Gy 0,045 m3/day B ==0,02225 m3/day. kg G 0,045 = .0,4806 m3 gas/day Gy==10,68 0,045. m3/day kg G = 10,68 . 0,045 = 0,4806 m3 gas/day GAS HOLDER TANK GAS HOLDER TANK Vh = 60% . G Vh = 0,28836 m3 Vh = = 0,6 60%. 0,4806 .G

Vh = 0,6 . 0,4806 = 0,28836 m3 > 351 kWh/year for electricity or 1052,5 kWh/year for heating > 351 kWh/year for electricity or 1052,5 kWh/year for heating Climate Design

50


BUILDING SCHEME

51 KULeuven . 2018


The CIRCULAR SYMBIOSIS team aim is to build the village of the future based on what is already in the site. By analyzing the possibilities the place offers, we will be reusing and giving a new life all materials that are already there, also, planting our new natural materials, based on cradle to cradle method waste will be giving the meaning of a value. Our proposal shows ways of maximum usage of natural resources, water, sun, wind and plants, ďŹ&#x201A;exible housing able to be adapted in different times and different needs, and a ďŹ&#x201A;exible common place where everyone can use and meet any time of the day. The whole village design is a prototype that can be adjustable for the whole city. Out vision is to build a village that goes toward a circular economy where the relationship be.tween living organism and nature is given a big importance

KULeuven - Departement Architecture - Climate Design - 2018

Climate Design

52

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Climate design Hoogpoort, Gent Team Materials and waste KU Leuven 2017/2018

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Climate design Hoogpoort, Gent Team Materials and waste KU Leuven 2017/2018

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