Tourism has become one of the main engines of the economy. Guatemala receives about two million tourists annually. In its territory there are fascinating archaeological Mayan sites: Tikal in the Petén, Quiriguá in Izabal, Iximché in Tecpán Chimaltenango, and in the City of Guatemala. Lake Atitlán and Semuc Champey are examples of impressive beauty. Regarding historical sites, there is the colonial city of Antigua, which is a cultural heritage recognized by UNESCO. The highest summit of the country is the volcano Tajumulco (4,220 masl); the Volcano of Fire (3,763 masl), the volcano Atitlán (3,535 masl), located next to the lake of the same name, and the volcano of Pacaya (2,552 masl) located next to the lake of Amatitlán, in the department of Guatemala - the latter is one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
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The first chocolate bar ever, was made by the people of a Mayan community in Guatemala. Blue colored denims were also first created in Guatemala. That’s what’s called being a trendsetter! Tagged as the “Most Beautiful Lake” in the world by several ardent explorers, Lake Atitlan is the deepest lake in all of Central America. The city of Antigua, former capital of Guatemala, is located in between three gorgeously huge volcanoes, namely, Agua, Fuego, and Acatenango. Fiambre, a traditional Guatemalan dish, is made from over 50 different ingredients and is prepared and eaten yearly to celebrate the Day of the Dead. Tajumulco Volcano is the highest peak in Guatemala with an altitude of 4,220 meters. The national anthem of Guatemala was originally written by a Cuban, José Joaquín Palma. There are close to 33 volcanos in Guatemala. Most of them are still active. Guatemala is the biggest producer of jade in the world. The name “Guatemala” is said to mean the “land of many trees”. And with three different types of terrains: volcanic highlands, Pacific lowlands, and the northern plains of jungle justifies this name. Guatemala was the hub of the Mayan civilization. Due to this fact, half of the population in the country are direct descendants of the Maya. 21
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