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Fauna City Bureau for Physical Planning Zagreb

Ivana Vojnić Rogić


The City’s fauna 

generally less well-studied than the flora

the best known groups are land snails, crustaceans, butterflies, fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals

up to this time more than 120 species have been recorded as potentially important for protection:

33 species are threatened on international, European and national levels

87 species are listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive as well as Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive and some are locally threatened species


The City’s fauna 

 

the most threatened: Fenton's Wood White (Leptidea morsei major - at the European level critically endangered (CR) butterfly species endangered at national level: Schreiber's Bat (Miniopterus schreibersi) two small crustaceans - the Zagreb Niphargid Shrimp (Niphargus elegans zagrebiensis) and Podsused Copepod (Acanthocyclops petkovski) Others are in either the vulnerable or data deficient categories


Review of native species important for protection

Important forest and scrub species: mammals:     

Barbastelle Bat Bechstein's Bat Greater Mouse-eared Bat Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat Common Dormouse

birds:            

Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat(foto: N. Tvrtković)

Honey Buzzard Peregrine Falcon Ural Owl Nightjar Black Woodpecker Grey-headed Woodpecker Red-breasted Flycatcher Collared Flycatcher Red-backed Shrike Penduline Tit Woodlark Barred Warbler


Review of native species important for protection

Important forest and scrub species:     

reptiles: Smooth Snake Aesculapian Snake Nose-horned Viper Green Lizard Common Wall Lizard

Green Lizard (foto M. Vuković)

  

amphibians: Italian Crested Newt European Tree Frog Yellow-bellied Toad

European Tree Frog (foto: Z.Zrnčević)


Review of native species important for protection

Important forest and scrub species: insects: 

Hermit Beetle

European Stag Beetle

Great Capricorn Beetle

Rosalia Longicorn

Fenton's Wood White

Clouded Apollo

Chequered Blue

crustaceans : Pannonian Woodland Shrimp

Rosalia Longicorn


Review of native species important for protection

Wet semi-natural grasslands species: birds:  

White Stork Corncrake

   

insects - butterflies: Large Chequered Skipper Large Copper Nickerl's Fritillary Marsh Fritillary

amphibians: 

Agile Frog

Agile Frog (foto M. Vuković)

Large Copper (foto N. Tvrtković)


Review of native species important for protection

Dry semi-natural grasslands species: 

      

reptiles: Sand Lizard

insects - butterflies: Ascalaphus Owlfly Swallowtail Southern Festoon Large Blue Green-underside Blue Eastern Baton Blue Chalk-hill Blue Ascalaphus Owlfly (foto N. Tvrtković)

Green-underside Blue (foto N. Tvrtković)


Review of native species important for protection

Freshwater species: 

    

mammals: Water Shrew birds: Little Bittern Common Sandpiper Kingfisher Common Tern European Dipper

Kingfisher

reptiles: European Pond Terrapin Dice Snake

amphibians: Pool Frog

European Pond Terrapin (foto N. Tvrtković)


Review of native species important for protection

Freshwater species: fish:

Asp Bitterling Ukrainian Brook Lamprey Danube Gudgeon Vimba Burbot Balkan Loach

insects: Gold-ringed Dragonfly

     

Stone crayfish (foto N. Tvrtković)

    

crayfish: Stone Crayfish European Crayfish Podsused Thermal Waterlouse Podsused Copepod Zagreb Niphargid Shrimp


Documented locally extinct native species in Zagreb city area:    

    

mammals: Aurochs Brown Bear Wolf European Beaver birds: Short-eared Owl Montagu’s Harrier Stone Curlew European Roller Little Tern

 

 

 

amphibians: Fire-bellied Toad Common Spadefoot fish: Huchen Souffia insects: Stonefly Isogenus nubecula Black Darter Dragonfly


Invasive alien species introduced in Zagreb city area: mammals:    

House Mouse Black and Brown Rat Muskrat Coypu birds: Collared Dove

 

fish: Gibel Carp Pumpkinseed Fish

mollusc: Iberian Slug

  

Coypu (foto:Z.Zrnčević)

reptiles: Red-eared Slider Italian Wall Lizard

insects: Oriental Cockroach German Cockroach Pharaoh Ant


Native species that have colonized the urban areas of Zagreb:       

mammals: Greater Horseshoe Bat Lesser Horseshoe Bat Kuhl’s Pipistrelle Geoffroy’s Bat Noctule Bat Alpine Long-eared Bat Stone Marten

         

birds: Blackbird House Sparrow Swallow House Martin Hooded Crow Rook Magpie Woodpigeon Common Kestrel Peregrine Falcon

Sparrow (foto: Z.Zrnčević)

Peregrine Falcon


fauna in Zagreb city