P a s t
P r o l o g u e
This portfolio contains the design work of Li Haimei. Applying for March Option2 Program at Rice University "Whatâ€™s past is prologue" is a quotation by William Shakespeare from his play The Tempest.
How can we speak to what physically lies in the site?
01 Theatrical Walk 1-14
02 Frame the Tide 15-24
03 Tower and Towers 25-34
04 Columns' Game 35-42
05 The Chosen One 43-50
06 Other Works 51-52
Roman monument, Arles, France. Aerial view of the theater and amphitheater.
Form of Memory This book is a series of architecture projects which speak to given artifacts of the context. Those artifacts are disconnected from their original functions and serve as new architectural elements in my projects. When facing the discussion of site, I tried to focus on the fixed constraints of what physically lies in the site. They are analized as different forms, and transformed into elements of architectural languages, such as circulation, structure and prototype. According to Aldo Rossi, form is autonomous from function: The amphitheater adapts to different functions in different times and keeps its original form as well. It contains people's memory of a city. As a result, I also chose to keep the original forms in my sites and explore the possibilities of their adaption to new programs. My projects reveal the relationship between forms and memory in a historical way.
01 Theatrical Walk
Theater Design based on abandoned ari-raid shelters Senior Design Studio Individual Work Instructor: Prof. Feng Jiang 2014.12 This design speaks to a given circulation.
Entrance of Air-raid Shelters
Walk in and walk out, Air-raid shelter is one kind of circulation.
Entrance C Entrance D
"Mr. Godot will come tomorrow."
"Mr. Godot will come tomorrow."
"Mr. Godot will come tomorrow."
"Mr. Godot will come tomorrow."
Plot of <Waiting for Godot>
Entrance A Entrance B
Site Condition: Abandoned Air-raid Shelters
Transformation from Plot to Circulation
Air-raid shelters, also known as bomb shelters, are structures for the protection of non-combatants as well as combatants against enemy attacks from the air. The ari-raid shelters inside the site were built for The Civil War (1920 - 1940) in China. Now the war is over, and the sir-raid shelters are abandoned. They witnessed the changes of society and civilization.
The spatial experience inside air-raid shelters is a changing circulation. Meandering inside the narrow spaces, the audince feel like to become rabbits who live under the ground, or characters waiting for their "Godot" - a wonderful play. This spatial experience is similar to a changing plot of a drama which is full of suspence.
The grey tunnels are abandoned air-raid shelters. The black boxes are newly built auditorium, stage and other programs.
Hugo's Gallery Wilde's Gallery
Old and new compose a theater.
Moliere's Gallery Cervantes' Gallery
Wow h e re i s t h e rehearsal for next week ! Anna is the heroine!
T. S. Eliot's Gallery
Yoho! There is a theater under the mountain! You can buy tickets here <3
Do you want to have a coffee ?
Air-raid shelters? ... Wait...Oh, they are entrance of the theater.
20 6 9 9
9 9 11
22 16 16
6 14 15
2 Ground Floor Plan 0
Third Floor Plan 30
1 Audience Entrance A B 2 Cafe 3 Souvenir 4 Box Office 5 Foyer 6 Gallery 7 Auditorium 8 Stage 9 Dressing Room 10 Side Stage 11Costume Room 12 Prop Room 13 Rehearsal Room 14 Garden
15 Audience Exit C D 16 Equipment 17 Office 18 Rampway 19 Performer Exit 20 Performer Entrance 21 Loading Area 22 Projection Room
Design Challenge: How to fulfill theater's specific requirements underground? From outside, stage property and actors need a direct access to costume room. However, the costume room and stage are buried under the topography with the air-raid shelters at the first floor. I take advantage of the rampway and allow stage property in at the third floor of the theater. Performers and properties can reach the first floor by elevator.
T h e a r c h d o o r s a re t h e entrances of the auditorium.
Here is a skylight, and I can see the blue sky.
Meandering u n d e rg ro u n d , I am almost a rabbit.
01 Garden 02 Stage 03 Costume 04 Prop Room 05 Side Stage 06 Auditorium 07 Foyer 08 Gallery
Which door would you choose? Maybe they end at the same exit ...
I'm in Shakespeare's galler y. T here are many galleries introducing the play writers.
Wow, I c a n watch the rehearsal here!
Would you like to have a coffee with me?
Catalogue of Circulations in Air-raid Shelters
T h e wa l l o f a i r - ra i d s h e l t e r is attached to the f oyer. T he audience enter the f oyer by going through the abrest doors on the wall.
Part of air-raid shelters cross over the rehearsal room. It provides the visitors with a chance to be personally on the scene of the plot.
The outdoor garden is one of the terminals of the shelters. From indoor to outdoor, from dim to bright, the spatial experience is dramatically reversed.
Catalogue of Combinations with Air-raid Shelters 11
Site Plan 0 10 30
Gravity of Entrance Unlike normal theaters, this theater is hidden under the topography, leaving a large plaza for the audience and neighbourhoods. Compared with the high density of the environment, the plaza provides people with sufficient public space for leisure activities. This sharpe contrast brings gravity to the entance. The special form of air-raid shelters is arch of cross-section, which is presented at the entrance of the theater. The audience are attracted by its shape and wondering what is happening inside it. Trees and grass cover the mass of the theater, leaving a mystery for people to explore. The most important issuu of this project is not the presence of the theater, but the inner experience of it.
02 Frame the Tide
Food Market Design above a river Senior Design Studio Individual Work Instructor: Prof. Feng Jiang 2015.4 This design speaks to a given topography.
Historic District Highway
Pearl River G80
Shawan Waterway Daliang River G94
Market + Bridge
Pearl River Estuary
7.000: Market Local Industry
Site Condition: Waterway and Trade
In this program I surveyed the geographical transitions of the site. I found that the hydrology formation of the local rivers is closely related to the trade of residential. In old time, there was a wharf and a local market, and boats brought cargoes to the community. Now I want to reshape the market and add more functions to it for the sake of modern needs.
From Contextualism to Autonomy At different level, my design takes on different issuus as reference. At -7.000 which is the level of waterway, it is important to provide plateforms for boates to unload cargoes. At 0.000 which is the level of roads, the bridge offers two seperated ways for trucks and visitors. At 7.000, the bridge is totally transformed into a market with diverse programs. 17
Elevator: The Connector of Different Levels There are many different programs inside the "bridge": food shop, bar, cafe, grocery, souvenir ......Most of them are stores and call for direct ways for transportation of cargos. Elevator is an effective way to solve this problem. There are four types of units for those programs. Each unit owns an elevator. The features of different programs decide the arrangement of space and circulations.
A: Food Shop
B: Bar & Snack
Four seperated rooms At 0.000
Four seperated rooms At 7.000
1.Elevator 2.Storage 3.Butcher's 4.Dairy Shop
1.Elevator 2.Storage 3.Bar 4.Snack Store
D: Souvenir & Cafe
One single room At 0.000
One single room At 7.000
2.Shelves 3. Table&Chair
E: Restaurant of Bar Outdoor At 0.000 & 7.000 -7.000
Levels of Programs The basic needs of different programs decide their levels. Food shop and grocery are placed at the level of ground, which means convenient tranportation by trucks. Bar, souvenir and cafe are placed at level of 7.000(m), which means a good scenery of the river.
Ground Floor Plan
Bridge for Truck
Bridge for Visitor
03 Tower and Towers
Gallery Design around a historical tower Individual Work 2016.8 This design speaks to a given prototype.
Site Condition: Historical Tower of Shanghai The tower, locaed at Zhonghua Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai, was built for sending fire alarm and witnessed the Revolution of 1911 in China. In 2000, this tower was regestered as cultural relics in Huangpu District.In 2005 it was included in the tower of outstanding historical buildings in Shanghai. However, the environment around the tower is in a mass. Residence built by the addition and domestic waste overwhelmed it.
Creating Public Space
The first foor of a tower only consists of four columns, which means free public space in a community.
25.000 18.500 12.000
Wh e n th e o r igin a l towe r i s co p i e d i n to a 3 *3 matrix, this unique form of space is also copied and reinforced. The nolli map demonstrate the structure of the community by providing dark and light patterns of private and public buildings. A series of public buildings as well as this Tower Gallery with identifiable character provide a consistent frame of space.
1. Copy the tower, create a 3*3 Matrix. The traditional style of the old tower makes it difficult to design anything attached to the old tower. In response to this question, the new gallery is composed of towers whose prototype is the old tower. New towers and old towers share the same levels of plans, the same size of first plan. New towers can be easily extinguished from the old tower. New towers are also similar to the old tower in many aspects.
2. Make different levels to the old tower. 3. Link the towers, create transportation possibilities.
4. Create individuality in different towers.
C F E
A 50*50 Block Each tower has its own topic which is related to its space. The distance between the towers is 7 m, and the side length of each tower's plan is 12 m.
Sliding Door, external
- Metal / Glass
- Floor Covering 10 mm - Screed 60 mm - Seperating Layer(e.g. 1mm Plastic Sheet) - Impact Sound Insulation 20 mm - Reinforced Concret Topping 130--180 mm - Profiled Metal Sheeting - Steel Primary/Secondary Beams (e.g. HEA or HEB Sections) varies
Tectonic Design: Triangular Force Structure Considering the tower's physical condition, it is better to design around it than to reconstruct it. This request raises a question: how to arrange the relationship between the old tower and a new gallery without any reconstruction of the old tower?
I prefer to choose cantilever to diminish the loading stress of the old tower to zero. The triangular force structure is composed of a hinge joint, a steel cable, a fixed point and a bending - resistant floor.
04 Columns' Game
Cultural Pavilion Design above a built-up parking lot Undergraduate Thesis Individual Work Instructor: Prof. Feng Jiang 2016.4 This design speaks to a given structure.
Geometric Figures and Activities People's activities can be analized by geometric figures, which are defined by points. In this way, the plan of this project shows programs in a way of form.
Site Condition: Built-up Parking Lot
Columns -- Grid -- Figure -- Space
The site is located on a built-up parking lot, which means the positions of the columns form a grid. The columns stand for strctures underground, while they can carry different meaning on the ground.
How to create combination between the underground structure and the project on the ground? Rater than take on the original arrangement of structure, I transformed the columns into a grid, which controlls the geometrical plan.
Reception Hall: Corner
Corridor 1: Center
Corridor 2: Hidden
Spiral Tower: Center
Lecture Hall: Square
Ground Floor Plan 0
1 Entrance 2 Corridor 1 3 Reception Hall 4 Souvenir 5 Lecture Hall 6 Cafe 7 Restaurant 8 Spiral Tower
9 Exhibition 10 Corridor 2 11 Exit 1 12 Exit 2 13 Parking Entrance 14 Parking Exit 15 Planting Pool 16 Dressing Room
05 The Chosen One
Church Shrine Redsign in all-saints church. Shanghai Commissioned by All Saints Church Individual Work (Completed) 2013.8 This design speaks to a given tradition.
20 Putuo District
Christian Development of Shanghai After First Opium War, the government of Qing Dynasty concluded <Treaty of Nanking> with Britian in 1942 which appointed Shanghai as one of the five treaty ports. As a result, the gate of Christianity was open. Among all the Chinese cities, Shanghai is the one to boast the largest number of churches. A lot of renowned architects from China and abroad have contributed their talent to the design of the churches, leaving a memorable legacy to the ciy today.
Xuhui District Qingpu District
Community Center Pudong New Area
LEGENDS Catholic Church Protestant Church Eastern Orthodox Church All Saints Church (Protestant Church)
A l l S a i n t s C h u rc h i s l o c a t e d a t a h i s t o r i c a l environment, surrounded by several blocks. Among the local residents, there are many Christians who used to go to the church from time to time. All Saints Church is located at a historical environment, surrounded by several blocks. Among the local residents, there are many Christians who used to go to the church from time to time. All Saints Church is located at a historical environment, surrounded by several blocks.
Fresh Food Market
Fuxing Exhibition Center
Church Shrine:Abstract Idolization
Floor Plan: The Basilica plan
A shrine is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped. Shrines often contain idols, relics, or other such objects associated with the figure being venerated.
The earliest churches in Shanghai, built under the auspices of enlightened Chinese ministers like Xu Guangqi(Paul Hsu), followed the traditional ways of the Chinese wooden architecture; some were converted directly from Chinese residential houses. Usually several rooms were joined together to create a large, rectangular space as the church proper. The Basilica Plan effectively highlights the main facade and diminishes the other three sides; meanwhile, it helps to conceal the alter which is often less exqusite than other parts. It is most appropriate for the Shanghai churches located at roadside instead of in the center of a square. Moreover, churches in the Basilica plan can be built much faster and at a considerably lower cost, thus allowing the speed-building of a lot of churches in Shanghai at the time.
Cherub, Grail(Holy Communion) and Crucifix are three required issuus of the church shrine. The most vital concern is the abstract design of Cherub's wings. Besides, the shape alsofollow the proportion of golden ratio which was created by Roman people.
Committement for Church Shrine Redesign
The blueprints of the church shrine were revised for many times for the opinions of pastors and disciples. They own deeper understanding of Christianity than me.
All - Saints Church is a romanesque church with gothic revival features. It is one of the most characteristic and representative cases in the localization effort of the modern Shanghai churches. Although the architectural style of All Saints Church is Romanesque, it has some distinct Gothic revival features in the clear red-brick walls and the 26-meter-high tower, and is characteristic in the extensive use of cement-carved Corinthian columns; meanwhile, the exposed interior wooden frames of the pyramidal roof suggest the infulence from the traditional Chinese wooden architecture. Suffered from the Cultural Revolution, the church shrine of All Saints Church was demolished. Instead, a printed paper replaced it. In spring 2013, the clergy decided to rebuild it. To finish the reconstruction by the Christmas, I was committed to design it in that summer.
Historic architecture is the root of my mood and feelings. The mood influence my modern architecture design. It teaches me to focus on the site and people. 48
Catalogue of People According to Activities 1. Minister 2. Choir 3. Violinist 4. Pianist 5. Conductor
6. Staff 7. Maintenance worker 8. Child 9. Audience
Church shrine is a vital part for a church. It stands for the status and style of a church, and is located at the most important position. Candles and crucifix can be placed on it at Christmas. Different activities are held around it. It has the power of attracting different people to go to the church and communicate with each other.
Li Haimei E - mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: (+86)15601786923 118 Yangliuqing Road, NO.5 13F Room B, Putuo District, Shanghai, China
Unit of Tensile and Memberane Structure Exploration Construction Work 09/2012 - 01/2013, GuangZhou Team Work Contribution: Team Leader, Model Making We took the design work from Frei Otto as a reference to explore a new structure unit prototype possibility. Material of stocking is used as stretching material, connecting a series of points in 3D version.
• Rice University|Master of Architecture, Option2
(August 2017 - December 2019)
Candidate with Full Tuition Package
• South China University of Technology|Bachelor of Architecture
(September 2011 - July 2016)
Cumulative GPA: 3.58 Second Year Architecture Design Studio, Best Design (College Student Dormitory Design) Pubang Scholarship for Academic Performance, Third Prize (Southern China 6 Classes Kindergarten Design)
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE • Atelier Deshaus, Shanghai, China
(February 2017 - June 2017)
Architecture Intern Did handicraft model(1:200) and 3D model for Wuhan Long Museum Collaborated on landscape design of Xuhui Binjiang Reconstruction Did general layout and text for Anaya Buddhist Yard Edited the text of 80 thousand tons Silo Reconstruction
• HZS, Shanghai, China
(December 2012 - January 2013)
Architecture Intern Participated in urban design project and built 3D models
Digital Craftsmanship: Material Computation of Bamboo 2015 Digital Future Summer Workshop July 2015, Shanghai Team Work Contribution: Model Making, Layout We chose bamboo as the material for construction and studied the traditional skill of weaving to make some changeable monomers. Then we assembled themonomers to create a whole bamboo structure.
• 2015 Digital Future Shanghai Summer Workshop, Shanghai, China
Group K: Digital Craftsmanship: Material Computation of Bamboo Surveyed the traditional skill of weaving to make changeable monomers Collaborated with team members to construct a whole bamboo structure Edited the production's display board
• ROMA 2025 Exhibition, Guangzhou, China
ROMA Mahjong, South China University of Technology Proposed ideas of public buildings and infrastructure in the future Did 3D modeling and layout
• Joint Workshop with Graduate School of Design, Harvard University
(May 2015 - July 2015)
South China University of Technology Investigated contemporary agricultural contexts in China and concluded the challenges Developed strategies to solve it in urban scale Assembled farming and greenhouse technologies Designed different types of greenhouses to meet varying social contexts and built 3D models
• Community Church Reconstruction, Shanghai, China
All Saints Church Assembled historical material on the church and corresponded with the pastor and members Designed the church shrine and drew the blueprint
STUDENT ORGANIZATION • SCUT Art Union
(September 2012 - January 2014)
Head of the Publicity Department
ROMA 2025 Exhibition Concept Design Work April 2015, GuangZhou Team Work Contribution: 3D Modeling, Layout We imagined urban design in the future in Roma, and designed the general layout and public buildings for it.
SOFTWARE SKILLS Auto CAD|Google Sketchup|Rhinoceros|V-ray for SU|Adobe Photoshop|Adobe InDesign|Adobe Illustrator
INTERESTS • Sketching and painting, studied for 13 years • Reading Novels