BIG NEWS CAMPUS VIEWS
HEALTH AND SCIENCE
Do you know the myths of HIV and AIDS? about the myths and what you need to do to keep yourself protected/P3
October 14, 2009
THE PREFACE The official student newspaper of IU South Bend.
IUSB remembers student By DANIELLE MOLNAR
IU South Bend has set up a fund to help the family of student who died to help pay for funeral and burial expenses. Brandon Sullivan, a sophomore business major at IUSB p a s s e d away last Friday afternoon, Sullivan Oct. 2 after an asthma attack at the River Crossing Apartments while visiting a cousin who also lived there. Sullivan touched nearly everyone he met. He was funny, and friendly, and was a youth minister at New Horizons Outreach Ministry. In his first speech for his Introduction to Speech class, he talked about his mother and her struggle to raise her two children as a single mother and eventually go on to graduate from IUSB. He chose this as a reason for going to IUSB. He also told them about how his mother died in the spring of his graduation from Washington High School. "He went to see his mom to make sure that she had her ticket for the graduation,” said Marie Pittman, Sullivan’s grandmother, told WNDU. “And instead he found his mother, and she was deceased." “It was one of the most moving speeches [we] had heard,” said Tracey Holden, his speech see SULLIVAN/5
Assistant Professor Jay VanderVeen talk aboust Ardi, the 4.4 million-year-old creature that may turnout to be one of our earliest ancestors/P2
PLEASE RECYCLE ME
IN Court of Appeals at IUSB By ANDREW SHENEMAN
The Indiana Court of Appeals listened to arguments for an appeal at IU South Bend on Wednesday Oct. 7. This is part of a program the Court of Appeals has used since 2001 to help educate American citizens about the workings of the Judicial branch of the State government, and particularly the Appeals court. The purpose of an appeal hearing is to ensure that the defendant received a fair trial, and that it was consistent with procedural guidelines laid out in the State and Federal constitutions and law books. Although, their duty is not to determine whether or not the defendant is guilty, they can order a case to be retried if they feel it necessary. "I feel that justice is a process," said the Honorable Cale Bradford a judge serving on
the panel that heard the case at IUSB. "Justice can only truly be said to have occurred when the defendant is given a fair trial and the law was carried out to the letter." There are 15 Judges on the Indiana Court of Appeals, all hearings are done before a three judge panel, the panels are rotated every few months. The panel consisted of Honorable Judge Micheal P. Barnes, Honorable Judge Terry A Crone, and Honorable Judge Cale A. Bradford. The case heard was Dustin Neff v. State of Indiana. In 2006 Neff was accused of solicitation of a minor online. He had allegedly sent a num-
ber of lewd messages to a what he thought was a 12 year old girl, but was in fact a woman living in Georgia who was working for a watchdog group who pose as minors in order to find and notify the authorities about online child predators. He agreed to meet her at a Dairy Queen in Carmel, where he was picked up by the police. He was found guilty by a lower court, but filed an appeal. The Attorney for Neff, Steven Stonesz argued that there was a lack of a proper 'venue.' By Indiana law, a defendant is entitled to have their case tried in the county where it
was committed. Stonesz argued that although Neff was tried in Hamilton County, where he was arrested, the messages he sent were sent from his home in Madison county, and that although he had planned to meet an underage girl in Hamilton county, he had not actually done anything illegal while in Hamilton county, and thus should have been tried in Madison county. The representative for the State, Karl Scharnberg, from the Indiana's Attorney General's office argued that since Neff had gone to Carmel with the intent of meeting an underage girl for the purpose of having sex, that qualified as an act in furtherance of the crime' and thus established Hamilton county. He further argued that since the defense had not brought up the issue during the trial, that see APPEALS/5
Natatorium museum to open in May ‘10 By REBECCA GIBSON
The Natatorium building which began as a bone of community contention will now be used to bring the community together. Once a segregated swimming pool, it will now hold a peace garden, a research room, and be host to community programming such as lectures and activities about local civil rights efforts. “We are so happy to have this opportunity to partner with Notre Dame,” said IU South Bend Di-
rector of Foundation Relations, Dina Harris about the upcoming opening of the IUSB Civil Rights Heritage Center at the Engman Natatorium building. Between its inception in 1922 and its partial desegregation in 1936, the Engman Natatorium did not allow African Americans at all, despite the taxes they paid to the city of South Bend. It was totally desegregated in 1950 and closed in 1978 after 56 years of history that filled many in the Michiana community with pain and shame.
“My grandmother made me a red swim suit,” said Mrs. Barbara Vance Brandy in a video clip played at the cosponsored presentation on Wednesday Oct. 7. “We went to the natatorium and I asked my mother, ‘why are they staring at us?’ After they turned us away, I could never wear red again.” However, now that shame can be turned into a sort of community memory, a way to acknowledge the past while remembering not to perpetuate the discrimination that led to the memorial
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“While this building symbolizes humiliation and shame, others see this as an opportunity to contextualize and talk about contemporary race relations in America,” said Notre Dame’s Chair of the Department of American Studies, Dr. Erika Doss. She emphasized that using the Natatorium to house the Civil Rights Heritage Center was inspired by the summer trip, Freedom South, regularly led see NATATORIUM/5
INDEX Big News, Campus Views................. 2 Health and Science............................ 3 News ................................................... 4 Arts and Entertainment..................... 7 Back Page........................................... 8
BIG NEWS, CAMPUS VIEWS THE PREFACE
The Preface is the official weekly student newspaper of IU South Bend and is published every Wednesday during the Fall and Spring semesters. The paper receives funding from the Student Government Association and through advertising revenue. EDITORS Brandi Miller Jenn Zellers DESIGN/WEB EDITOR Jenn Zellers STAFF WRITERS Kristine Bailey April Buck Rebecca Gibson Dani Molnar Terrie Phillips Andrew Sheneman Jeff Tatay Meagen Thompson LETTERS & GUEST COLUMNS Got something to say about an article or something on campus, or want to alert the campus to an event, submit letters and guest columns to the Preface. Letters to the editor must be fewer than 200 words and include university affiliation. Guest columns must be fewer than 600 words. All submissions become property of the Preface and are subject to editing for style, clarity and space concerns. Anonymous letters will be read, but not printed. The Preface will only print one letter per author per month. Direct all correspondence to: firstname.lastname@example.org. The Preface PO Box 7111 1700 Mishawaka Ave South Bend, IN 46634 Phone: 574-520-4553 Letters must be received by 5 p.m. Thursday prior to publication. CORRECTIONS POLICY The Preface welcomes comments, questions or complaints about the fairness or accuracy of stories that appear in the Preface and its website. Send an e-mail to email@example.com or call 574-520-4553. Office Location: Student Activities Center Room 220 Phone: 574-520-4553 Advisor Ken Klimek The Preface reserves the right to publish or reject all submissions. The deadline for advertising and copy is noon Thursday prior to publication. The Preface is an independent student press, not the official voice of the student body, administration, or faculty of IU South Bend.
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Big News Campus Views: Meet Ardi — Jay VanderVeen, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Anthropology Every semester, I tell the students in my Human Origins course that they will see a front page story in the New York Times on some aspect of archaeology or paleoanthropology. I am able to do this not because I can predict the future or have some insider knowledge, but these types of big events happen frequently. Every day a researcher in the field is finding new material, and a scientist in the laboratory is analyzing data in novel ways. Professional archaeologists and paleoanthropologists are always searching for the oldest, first, earliest, or best. The study of the past has a great future. This year’s “find of the century” concerns a 4.4 million year old creature known as Ardipithecus ramidus or “Ardi.” And she wasn’t alone: nearly 110 fossilized and fragmentized bones from another 35 different A. ramidus individuals have been recovered, providing us with a clear glimpse into what may turn out to be one of our early ancestors. Ardi was about the size and weight of a modern chimpanzee, with the brain size to match, but her anatomy had several characteristics unique to our branch of the family tree. Small bones can tell quite a story. The teeth, for instance, have enamel thickness between that of chimps and humans. This indicates a generalized diet different than any of the living Af-
rican apes. The size and shape of teeth are interesting as well. Unlike the apes, the canines of both Ardi and her male counterpart are the same height. With additional anatomical evidence, the scientists studying Arditpithecus suggest that there was no pattern of habitual maleto-male conflict within the species, and that females favored nonaggressive males. A r d i w o u l d have found her mate while moving upright through the east African forest. Researchers looking at the bones of the hips, legs, and feet think that while Ardipithecus still had an opposable big toe like that of the great apes, she never walked with her knuckles on the ground. The rest of the foot was stiff enough to serve as a lever when she landed and pushed off again. The pelvis has traits that
CORRECTIONS BOX In the article “Titan Radio closer to becoming a reality” from the Oct. 7 issue the word transvestite was used instead of transgender. The Preface regrets the error.
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are found in humans, as does the long and curved spine. Even the dimensions of the base of the skull reflect a bipedal nature. Ardipithecus ramidus is probably not the first hominin to walk upright. It is not thought to be the earliest of our ancestors. There were no stone tools or other forms of material culture associated with Ardi and her kind. She wasn’t even found this year, as one would think with the publicity that surrounds her in the press. (The first tooth of the species was recognized in 1992, and a paper was written on early finds 15 years ago.) The most remarkable feature of this research is the amount of time that was spent by scientists and students in the field and in the lab to assure their interpretations are as accurate as possible. The 11 articles published this month in Science were written by 47 authors from 10 countries. The actual excavation, recovery, and analysis involved countless more individuals worldwide. People have literally crawled over the entire surface of the site where
the fossils were first found, collecting more than 150,000 other fossil plants and animals. One researcher spent more than 1000 hours to reconstruct a single skull. Another modeled 14 different versions of the pelvis before he was convinced it was accurate. It is this type of careful investigation (some may call it tedious) that allows the rest of us to be confident in their results. Not all readers may agree with the tale told by the bones. This is a common occurrence with many new scientific findings, particularly where evolution is concerned. But I would encourage everyone to take a look at the evidence and access the articles online. The single page author summaries at Sciencemag.org are written in an accessible and informative manner. The data provided by Ardi and the rest of the specimens answer many questions concerning human origins. Her story makes a lot of sense, but it will not be the last story told. I can make the same prediction to my students next semester, and it is nearly guaranteed that there will be another first, earliest, or best something or other. That is what makes science so much fun. We do not know it all yet, and we can continually be amazed with what we do learn at regular intervals. Illustration is from pulled from www. sciencedaily.com. Illustration of Ardipithecus ramidus is by J.H. Matternes.
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HEALTH AND SCIENCE
HIV & AIDS facts: Debunking myths
H1N1 vaccine and soda tax
By APRIL BUCK
By REBECCA GIBSON
HIV is an acronym for human immunodeficiency virus, which is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is different from most other viruses because it attacks the immune system which gives our bodies the ability to fight infections. HIV finds and destroys a type of white blood cell that the immune system needs to fight disease. AIDS is an acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is the final stage of the HIV infection. It can take years for a person infected with HIV to reach this stage. The distinction is made when the patient develops specific infections, cancers or has a very low number of T-cells.
Students worried about getting the H1N1 flu can rest easy. The vaccine is on its way to the campus wellness center. “The H1N1 vaccine should be here sometime in November,” said IU South Bend’s Health and Wellness Director Laura Hieronymus. Students and their families will be eligible to receive the reduced cost shot depending on which risk group they fall into. “The first group will be IUSB nursing students and first responders, the second will be pregnant women, the third will be adults caring for dependent children, and the last group will be people under 60,” said Hieronymus. This shot will not be given to older adults, as their group is not at risk for H1N1. The cost for the H1N1 vaccine will be $5. Regular flu shot clinics were canceled recently due to lack of supplies, but Hieronymus states that they will soon have more of the vaccine at the Health and Wellness Center and clinics will be put back on the calendar. However, the flu is only one way in which your health may be affected by recent decisions. Congress is investigating a tax on sugary sodas to offset costs of the proposed health care reform. “The soda industry has been very preemptive about this issue,” said Hieronymus. In her opinion, this tax is as appropriate as the similar tax on cigarettes. One can of soda contains 240 calories, almost one sixth of the suggested daily calorie allowance of 1600 for women. “The commercials imply that a two cent tax on soda would mean people couldn’t feed their kids,” said Hieronymus. “I see the effects of too much sugar every day in my office.”
HIV – A Vaccine around the corner? Great strides have been made in HIV care. People have families and relationships, and continue to work despite their illness-- people are living with HIV and AIDS. Why is it taking so long to develop such a vaccine? HIV has a remarkable capacity to become unrecognizable to the human immune system, the virus binds to T-cells of the human immune system to infect them using a surface molecule. This “camouflage” makes it difficult for researchers to isolate which immune response should be targeted. In addition, there are several HIV types so researchers must also determine which strain to work with. If the vaccine is too specific to one type, it will lack a universal effectiveness. Recently, doctors in Thailand released a study showing a new vaccine that prevented the transmission of HIV 31% of the time. While these odds are not stellar, it is a big step in developing an effective vaccine. This trial also offers the best indication that it may be possible to immunize people against the virus. Before this study, it was thought that a vaccine for HIV was not possible. Much more research is necessary, but this trial does offer hope. Researchers will announce further details of their findings at the AIDS Vaccine Conference later this month in Paris, France.
Preface photo/APRIL BUCK “Sex is like breathing, humans have to breathe and humans have to have sex,” said Laura Hieronymus, director of IU South Bend’s Health and Wellness Center. “Instead of talking about it we have made it taboo. Talk about it and be safe. An ounce of prevention is worth the world when it comes to HIV.”
I’m not at risk HIV and AIDS can infect anyone. At risk behavior can lead to infection in anyone. People just do not believe they can be at risk. Statistics show that 80% of all people lie about their sexual history. We do not need protection for oral sex Again, untrue and a very dangerous myth. Condoms or dental dams need to be used during every sexual encounter; vaginal, anal and oral. HIV and AIDS is the same thing HIV is a virus and AIDS is a collection of illnesses. HIV and AIDS are not the same thing. How HIV Is and Is Not Transmitted HIV cannot live for very long outside the body. The virus cannot be transmitted through activities such as shaking hands, hugging, or a casual kiss. You will not become infected from a toilet seat, drinking fountain, doorknob, dishes, drinking glasses, food, pets, or from mosquitoes.
HIV is primarily found in the blood, semen, vaginal fluid, or breast milk of an infected person. HIV is transmitted in three main ways: • Having sex (anal, vaginal, or oral) with someone infected with HIV • Sharing needles and syringes with someone infected with HIV • Being exposed (fetus or infant) to HIV before or during birth or through breast feeding How can I protect myself? • Abstain from sex (oral, anal, or vaginal sex) until you are in a relationship with only one person, and use condoms until you have been tested together • Use latex or polyurethane condoms with a water based lubricant and/or dental dams during sex every time • Reduce the number of sexual partners • Get tested whenever you have a regular medical check-up • Do not inject illicit drugs. You can get HIV through needles, syringes, and
other works if they have been contaminated with the blood of someone who has HIV • Do not share needles for any reason including drugs, steroids, vitamins, hormones, tattoos, or body piercing • Do not have sex when you are taking drugs or drinking alcohol because being high can increase risk taking behaviors What is safe? • Kissing, hugging and massage • Abstinence • Sex within a monogamous relationship between partners who have been HIV tested. • Masturbation and fantasizing—alone or with a partner • Any activity that does not involve the exchange of body fluids • Get tested. It is the only way to know for sure if you or your partner has been infected with HIV
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Archivists preserve past for the future By REBECCA GIBSON
IU SOUTH BEND TITANS BASKETBALL SCHEDULE
History buffs on campus, both amateur and history majors should stop into the Franklin D. Schurz Library for National Archives Month, the month of October. This year, IU South Bend senior and history major Susan Jacobs has assembled a lively collection of items from the library’s archives, with the cooperation of Head Archivist Alison Stankrauff, which are displayed in glass cases on the library’s first floor, near the information desk. There are also cases of archival items from IUSB at the newly renovated McDonald’s, across Lincoln Way. Archiving documents, a process of cataloging and preserving them against the passage of time, is an important technique for being able to make information available for staff and students who attend IUSB in the future. Stankrauff’s office processes scores of boxes of documents each year to determine which papers are historically relevant and which are trash. “I find the most interesting things, sometimes when I’m giv-
Photo courtesy Schurz Library Archives Students talking to a performer outside Northside Hall sometime in the 1970s. Photographs are among the many things that can be found in the archives in the library. October is National Archives Month.
ing a book a final shake to look for loose papers before recycling it,” said Stankrauff. Each document is then evaluated, classified with an archival number and given a location in
the archives room, on the second floor of the library. “We’ve had a lot of new donations this year, including adding to the Torrington Company Collection,” said Stankrauff.
The Torrington Company was a local division of IngersollRand that closed down in 1982, and IUSB is the depository for material concerning the company. The Labor Studies depart-
ment is also involved in cataloging that particular collection. The Torrington Company collection is only one of the 17 collections at the Schurz Library. Others include the James Lewis Casaday Theatre collection, and A Brief History of Affirmative Action on the IU South Bend Campus. Entering her eighth year as Archivist, Stankrauff serves on several committees including those which will determine the eventual location of the Civil Rights Heritage Center collection. IUSB’s archives will also get transcripts of the Oral History Committee, a division of the Civil Rights Heritage Center, which is now on its second round of interviews in the community. The theme of this year’s National Archives Month celebrations is “‘Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?’ Documenting the Great Depression.” Many events for October can be found on the website, statearchivists.org/archivesmonth/ AAM-directory.htm.
A maze n’ goats in trees By JEFF TATAY
If you are looking for fun and family entertainment for all ages, then visit Amazing Acres in Edwardsburg, MI. Amazing Acres is a corn maze and pumpkin patch that offers many exiting attractions. The 14-acre corn maze has 3.5 miles of paths and 12 hidden checkpoints. If you discover all of the checkpoints, you can be entered into a drawing for a new iPod Nano. The maze is not merely a corny walk through a farm. It can take anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours to complete and requires map reading skills or navigational intuition. No worries though, there are guides who will help you to the exit if you become lost and decide that you cannot handle the challenge on your own. New this year is a weekend concert series that features bluegrass, old time and country bands from the area. Some of the bands that are scheduled to play in the month of October are “Kellirea and Craig,” “Deep Fried Pickle Project” and “Everyday People.” In addition to the corn maze
Map courtesy/GOOGLE MAPS DIRECTIONS: From IU South Bend, head north on Ironwood. Turn right on Cleveland (changes to State Road 6 in Elkhart County). Go east for about 10 miles then turn left on to Cassopolis St/SR 19 for about 2.5 miles. Turn right onto State Highway 205 (changes into U.S. 12) for about 3 miles. Amazing Acres is on your left. Total miles is 21.7 miles. You can also take the toll road— it’s about 22 miles plus the tolls. For more information, you can visit www. amazingacrescornmaze.com or call (574) 370-3403.
and live music, there are other entertaining activities. Witness the five acro-goats climb into the treetops at the two story-high elevated “Goat Walk.” Dare your friends and family to slide down the underground “Miner’s
Mountain Slide” or enjoy a relaxing hayride through 90 acres of Michigan farmland. For more information and directions, visit the website at: amazingacrescornmaze.com. Don’t forget to bring your dancing shoes and a flashlight.
Appeals: Helping understand the process from page 1
Neff had implicitly waved his rights. Scharnberg even accused the defense of using "Gotcha!" tactics to get Neff off of his conviction. Each side was given 20 minutes to make their arguments and five minutes to make a rebuttal, andduring the time they were given to make their case, the panel grilled them with questions about their position and arguments. The Panel does not give their decision on the same day as the
hearing occurs. The judges are given a few days before making their decisions known to both the defense and prosecution, but they did stay behind afterwards to answer questions from the students and everybody else in the gallery. They explained some of the process of the Court of Appeals, as well as why they serve as judges. "Ultimately it’s about public service," said Barnes. "I see this as a way to help people to guarantee everybody a fair hearing under the law."
Natatorium: Museum in the shape of the pool from page 1
by IUSB Associate Professor of History, Dr. Monica Tetzlaff. According to Doss, one thing the memorials on the summer civil rights tour included is tactile interaction between viewers and the memorials themselves. “History becomes meaningful through the act of touch. Sensory imprint induces memory retention, making memories last in the way that books and lectures will not,” said Doss. As emphasized by the video clip, water can divide and sepa-
rate, yet it is hoped that by retaining the initial shape of the pool in the newly renovated Natatorium, it will also bring people together. Already it has brought together professors from Notre Dame and IUSB, and activists and politicians in the South Bend area. There will be a grand opening of the building in May which, according to IUSB Vice Chancellor of Academic Affairs Alfred Guillaume, Michelle Obama has been invited.
Sullivan: Donations accepted
from page 1
professor. For his second speech, he had planned to discuss and explain asthma to his classmates. “I didn’t know him for a very long time, but he was personable, and friendly, and very kind,” she said. “He was not one of those people to put himself forward.” With Brandon and their mother both gone his younger brother Deante is the only surviving member of the family of
three. What Deante wants for his brother, who did not have life insurance, is a proper burial- the kind he feels his mother did not get as she also did not have life insurance and was cremated. Donations are being accepted at the IU Credit Union located in the Administration Building There is another fund set up with the Policeman’s Federal Credit Union on Main St. in South Bend.
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ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
IUSB Theatre Company presents “After Juliet” InPulse By SHAUN CHRISTENSEN
IU South Bend’s Theatre company will present the first of two fall productions this weekend with “After Juliet” beginning on Oct. 15 at 8 p.m. in the campus auditorium in Northside Hall. The play is under the direction of J. Randall Colborn, an associate professor of theatre at IUSB. The play will run Oct. 15– 18 with performances starting at 8 p.m. Sunday’s performance will begin at 2 p.m. The drama was written by acclaimed playwright Sharman Macdonald at the request of her then 13-year-old daughter, Keira Knightley, who asked her to write a play about Rosaline after she saw Baz Luhrman’s 1996 version of “Romeo + Juliet.” “After Juliet” picks up where the story of “Romeo and Juliet” leaves off, exploring the heavy and paradoxical relationships be-
tween love and revenge, acceptance and stigmatization. Rosaline, who is the lead character in “After Juliet,” is only mentioned twice in “Romeo
line while simultaneously dealing with his brother, Romeo’s, death,” said Zach Hickle. “After Juliet” is set in Capulet territory, in the modern day and
“My character, Valentine tries to prevent the forbidden love between Benvolio and Rosaline while simultaneously dealing with his brother, Romeo’s, death.” — Zach Hickle. and Juliet” and is not on the cast list even though she is Romeo’s initial romantic interest. The story is based on a tense truce between the Capulets and the Montagues in the aftermath of the deaths of Romeo and Juliet, which is then complicated when Benvolio, Romeo’s best friend, falls in love with Rosaline, Juliet’s cousin. But Rosaline is bent on revenge. “My character, Valentine tries to prevent the forbidden love between Benvolio and Rosa-
implies that the play is taking place in the United States. The play contains occasional quotes from Shakespeare, but is otherwise written in modern language. “Music is intertwined into the show for emotional and empathetic purposes,” said Marlon Burnley, who plays Benvolio. “In the play I actually press an iPod which starts a modern song, beginning a sing-a-long that describes the way a character feels at a given moment.” Beyond exploring the entire
range of human emotions in extreme circumstances with a modern setting, and music, the play also features some fierce sword fights. “The sword fights are the result of training and rehearsals,” said Jenson. “It was interesting, especially for me, because at one point Rosaline uses a man’s sword that is literally as big as me.” ”Essentially, this play is about breaking down barriers, getting past stigmas, and getting to know one’s self and the range of human emotion,” said Hickle. “It’s about trying to get everyone to move on and realize how much they’re missing by focusing on the feud and Romeo and Juliet’s deaths.” Tickets for “After Juliet” are available for $3–$9 from the Ernestine M. Raclin School of the Arts Box Office. Call (574) 5204203. For more information visit arts.iusb.edu.
A dark tale of the human psyche in “Dr. Caligari” By JENN ZELLERS
I’m not a fan of modern horror films. Sure, I like the original “Halloween” and the original “Friday the 13th” films. I even like newer films such as “Scream” and “Scary Movie.” But when it comes right down to it, I like old school horror films. Last week, there was a review of “Bat” with Vincent Price. This week, I’m taking it back another 40 years and going to 1919 and a silent German horror film called “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.” Yes, it is silent. Luckily, you won’t need a German-English dictionary as it’s the English version of the film. There is some German, but it’s really minor. For your information: Du musst Caligari werden translates to “you must become Caligari.” The film is this intriguing story of love, murder and exploration into the human pysche. The story itself is told as a flashback through the film’s protagonist, Francis, played by Friedrich Feher, as he relates this story of love and death to a passerby— who has his own problems. Francis tells the story of Dr. Caligari and his mysterious exhibit of Cesare, a somnambulist—a sleepwalker. After the ar-
Photo courtesy/KINO INTERNATIONAL Werner Krauss (l) as Dr. Caligari and Conrad Viedt (r) as Cesare in the 1919 German horror film, “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.”
rival of the good doctor and his science project, things start going murderous in the small German town of Holstenwall. Francis, along with the father of his love and the town police set out to find the killer before he strikes
again. There is a funny scene and it goes with those rules we learned in “Scary Movie” about what not to do, and that is if someone says they can answer any and all questions, never ever ask “how
long you have to live.” Chances are you’ll be dead by morning. Some of the characters aren’t very bright, either. Take for instance a chase scene—Cesare runs off with a girl with townsfolk right behind. They couldn’t catch up with him. To make it worse, they apparently gave up because—I’m not going to spoil it. The movie doesn’t end with the killer being caught. One of the striking things about this movie is that unlike in America, where the films produced were very moralistic in nature or campy comedies, “Dr. Caligari” has some thought put into the overall structure of the story and deals with the dark side of human nature. It’s not something one would find in an American movie house at the time, and that is part of the appeal of this movie. The first thing that really struck me was the set design. It’s very German Expressionist with angled doors, windows and buildings. All of the set is in non-confirming styles that draws you into the scene. The expressionist sets aren’t limited to just buildings. It transcends into the acting and makeup as well. see CALIGARI/8
makes a cappella fun By DANIELLE MOLNAR
A spectacular show left the audience impressed Wednesday, Oct. 7night over an a cappella group. InPulse visited the Northside Recital Hall and kept the audience entertained for nearly an hour and a half, singing in a cappella only. The band consists of four musicians. Gabe Koxlien, with his powerful variable voice is the lead singer and tenor; Andy Miller as the vocal percussionist; Matt McDonald, sings Baritone alongside Gabe, and Elliot Robinson, rounding out the band with a rich bass voice. Most people think of a cappella bands as groups of people, standing in a half-circle, singing classical and religious songs in a tranquil style. The band, instead, sang popular songs, danced, and told jokes to their audience- very informal compared to the stereotype of a cappella. According to their website, in the fall of 2003, with the release of their debut album, InPulse became the definition of a “vocal band” and one of the first ones in the music scene. Drawing songs from nearly every genre and decade, InPulse had their IU South Bend audience impressed with their talent and enthusiasm. Students came to the stage to dance to songs like “Sweet Dreams” and “Fat BottomedGirls.” Some had lighters swaying back and froth during the InPulse version of “I’m Your’s.” And one student was allowed on stage to rap to a beat produced on-the-spot and improvised by the band. There was even a vocal drum solo that put Miller, the band’s official drummer, against McDonald, who is also an accomplished vocal percussionist. At times, it was hard to believe that every sound the band made was with their mouths alone. “There’s no tricks up here, it’s all voice,” McDonald said to the crowd.
THE BACK PAGE
Green Michiana Campuses, Pt. II By KRISTINE BAILEY
It’s hard to live in the shadow of Notre Dame. While students spend years developing relations with their department, college, and the campus as a whole, when it comes time for graduation –it’s off to Notre Dame. The city’s identity is largely shaped by its role as host to Notre Dame Football. While those who actually live and work here may argue the point, as would many students, faculty and alumni of IU South Bend, there may also be a way for the university to shape and create an identity for South Bend. As discussed in this space last week, a lot is taking place on the Notre Dame campus in terms of sustainability. What about our campus? There are cool an innovative things happening on this campus, ones that many may overlook because they are now commonplace. The community building on the south side of the river was designed for efficiency and built using low-impact methods. The campus has been recycling for decades. The IUSB campus set up its first recycling program in the early 1970s, collecting cans and newspapers. A recycling committee and a sus-
tainability committee exist on campus to assist and advise on these issues. An entire year was recently devoted to issues of sustainability. Over 40 classes were offered with sustainability as a central piece. A few remain, such as “Women and Sustainability,” offered in the spring through the Women’s Studies department. Also remaining is a focused effort and endorsement of sustainability on campus through the creation of the Center for a Sustainable Future. Starting just a few months after the Notre Dame Office of Sustainability, the IUSB office hosts one staff, one work study student, and one intern. Its mission of “Campus and community working together in order to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs,” contrasts that of Notre Dame’s, which focuses on “operational areas of the university.” Center Director Mike Keen does not see the two offices as competing, however. “I think we complement each other very well,” Keen said. “When we have a question regarding facility operation components, we collaborate with
Caligari: Expressionist style sells the movie from page 7
The acting is complementary to the silent films of the time. Very over the top—it has to be to convey emotion without dialogue. Werner Krauss plays Dr. Caligari. When the audience first meets him, he has this evil scientist quality about him with the way the light falls across his face and body. This ells the perceived evilness of the character. Another shining star was the somnambulist Cesare played by Conrad Viedt. The pale make-up on his face and the darkened area
around the eyes sells evil. The use of make-up would become a trend in later horror films. The expressionist quality of the film sells it. This definitely a film that all film studies students should see because of its use for light and shadow. Overall, once you get the past the fact that it is a silent film, it’s a good film to watch. The movie is available for free for Netflix members. A word note: it’s the 1996 restored version and the music isn’t original. The new music track blends well with the film, unlike other restored silent films with restored tracks.
them. We are both working with the city on the Green Ribbon Commission. They have actually provided some funds to support the workshop on sustainability and innovation we are organizing.” Additionally, Keen points to how the Center is rooted in academia, working on curriculum and programs for campus and community. For students, a new minor in Sustainability Studies is expected to begin in the fall of 2010. For faculty, staff and administration, a sustainability report is expected to be completed this semester. It will guide and advise on a variety of areas the campus can work on to become more sustainable in areas such as food, energy and landscaping. Campus activities have been greening for a while, with more changes yet to come. New energy efficient lighting and the new library doors are part of a campus wide effort to increase energy efficiency. A state bond of over $3 million is being invested in such improvements which are expected to pay for themselves in at least 10 years. Mike Prater, Director of Facilities Management and cochair of the sustainability committee, has said of IUSB efforts. “We will be making sustain-
The workshop, “Sustainability and Innovation: The Natural Step to Prosperity” will take place at the end of October. It will be led by international sustainability experts from The Natural Step, and is designed to engage government, business, non-profit and community members in thinking about sustainability as integral to planning and development. The workshop is from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Thursday, Oct. 29. For more information visit http://www.iusb.edu/~sbocm/sustainable/. ability a way of life on this campus. [We will] find ways to make it a living, sustainable campus,” said Prater. It is not just the campus faculty and staff making IUSB green. The Environmental Justice League (EJL) involves students in green activities such as river monitoring. The Hoosier Riverwatch program is a statewide program that relies on volunteers such as EJL members to report on water quality. The Student Government Association now has a Sustainability Committee which is currently working to create battery recycling drop off locations on campus. Other events organized by IUSB students and faculty have sought to engage the community in sustainable or environmentally friendly ways. The Bag Fest, which collected plastic bags for
recycling, a Sustainability Fair which brought together community groups to educate and engage on the topic, and last year’s Tough Stuff Recycling event, which collected hundreds of items from shoes to computers for recycling, have connected the university to the community in meaningful, results-oriented ways. No, IUSB is not Notre Dame, nor should it seek to be. It is a vibrant campus striving, as is Notre Dame, to lessen its environmental impact while educating and involving individuals from campus and community. Each campus pays attention to what the other is doing, not so as to compete, but to learn and share resources and ideas. Education, innovation, and collaboration – Let’s go South Bend!
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