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WInTeR 2013 / 2014








COWICHAN EXHIBITION GROUNDS FEBRUARY 7-8 Advancing the business of agriculture




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ISLAND FARM & GARDEN CELEBRATES ONE YEAR IN BUSINESS! Naturally Resourceful Resourceful living is a fundamental adjustment in philosophy that reflects the constant changes around us and how we react to them. Whether it’s economic change, climate change or simply the progress of our own life situations, we stand ready to creatively forge ahead and meet challenge head on. Vancouver Island is vibrant with agricultural activity, and no-one exemplifies resourceful living more than island farmers and gardeners. Our magazine is poised and ready to share (as is the farming tradition) ideas to increase productivity, decrease costs and improve flexibility — the key to market survival. Circulation & Distribution Island Farm & Garden Magazine is locally owned and operated from a 5 acre farm in Ladysmith, BC. We distribute bi-monthly to hundreds of locations, including garden centres, farm supply stores, tack shops, all Vancouver Island Regional Libraries, coffee shops, medical and veterinary centres as well as direct mailing over 1000 copies to island farms and businesses. We cover Vancouver Island from Victoria to Campbell River, including Port Alberni and Salt Spring Island. The magazine is also available in a digital version on our mobile device friendly website — check us out on your iPad or tablet. Current visitors to our website account for another 2000 readers per issue, and growing fast!

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Table of Contents Home is Where the Hearth is����������������������������������������������������� 5 2014 International Year of Family Farming: Feeding the World, Caring for the Earth���������������������������������� 6 Celebrate the Family Farm at the Islands Agriculture Show 2014��������������������������������������������������� 7 Structuring the Family Farm — Proprietorships�������������������� 9 Family Farming in the Cowichan Region������������������������������ 11 4-H... 4-FUN!����������������������������������������������������������������������12-13

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Mark’s Tips for Taking your Tractor on the Road���������������� 14 Family Farm Tractor Safety����������������������������������������������������� 15 Winter Feed Guidelines for Horses�������������������������������� 16-17 Holistic Winter Horse Keeping: Tree of Life Veterinary Care�������������������������������������������� 18-19 Holidays with Hounds���������������������������������������������������� 20-21

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Gift Suggestions for Under the Tree����������������������������������������23 Why Shopping Local Really Matters�����������������������������24-25 Lesley’s Holiday Ham������������������������������������������������������ 26-27 Stone Soup������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28-29 Winter Gardening������������������������������������������������������������ 30-31 Bee Keeping���������������������������������������������������������������������� 32-33 Innovations in Agroforestry������������������������������������������� 34-35 Purchasing a Farm Off-Season�������������������������������������� 36-37 Featured Farm for Sale: Terra Nossa����������������������������� 38-39 Calendar of Events����������������������������������������������������������� 40-41 Gotta Getta Gutter Guy?������������������������������������������������� 42-43

Cleaning Your Own Gutters��������������������������������������������������� 44 Advertisers Directory��������������������������������������������������������������� 45 The Last Laugh�������������������������������������������������������������������������� 46


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

F r o m O u r Fa r m t o Yo u r s

Home is Where the Hearth is “I say to myself that I shall try to make my life like an open fireplace, so that people may be warmed and cheered by it and so go out themselves and warm and cheer.” ~ George Matthew Adams, Newspaper Comic Syndicator in the frosty air chopping logs and bundling kindling. It slows the soul down for contemplation.


n every culture, in every age since it was first conceived, fire has drawn us closer together. The hearth is where we cook our food, warm our homes and gather to tell stories, share our triumphs, commiserate in our troubles, and simply clear our minds while we gaze transfixed into the dancing flames and glowing embers. The pace required to find wood and stack it neatly then allow it to season cultivates patience. The warmth of your fire is so much more rewarding after a day spent

We have a traditional fireplace in our living room that is lit for ambiance more than heat or food preparation, although the odd marshmallow has ballooned, crisped and fallen into its blackened grate. Daily, we use our wood stove. I am the first up, and the opening task of my day is to start the fire. The first crackle of the cedar kindling is such an optimistic sound! Later, as we head out to feed the goats and collect eggs, the air is fragrant from the wisp of smoke that curls up from the chimney. The stove is stoked all day, and a kettle is left on top to heat water for free. Apparently the bit of steam generated is quite good for our wood floors. Recently, I bought an old fashioned iron that sits on the stove top too, patiently waiting for me to feel the need to press out wrinkles. I have yet to find a situation in which my clothing is wrinkled enough to warrant that amount of work. I have perked

coffee, warmed buns and prepared stew and soup on that stove, but the most unfortunate meal I cooked was a handful of dry cat food that got spilled on top mistakenly. Trust me — you don’t want to experience that smell. A clean grill is a good thing! A cast iron pot with a brew of cinnamon and vanilla left to bubble will fill your kitchen with a holiday fragrance. Smell is so closely tied to memory; you may be surprised what pleasant thoughts of Christmas past surface in your mind. The fire burns now while I write, and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young’s voices float through the room, singing ‘you are what you are.’ Winter is a good time to take stock of your personal fortitude, what good fortune you have, and share it out. Share it out loud!

“The simple hearth of the small farm is the true center of our universe.” ~ Masanobu Fukuoka, Japanese Farmer and Philosopher Ladysmith


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2014 International Year of Family Farming Feeding the World, Caring for the Earth


he International Year of Family Farming 2014 is an United Nations initiative promoted by the World Rural Forum and supported by over 360 civil society and farmers’ organizations.

This worldwide celebration aims to achieve a world, regional and national communications network which would strengthen bonds of solidarity

and reciprocity between the urban and rural society. They recognize that 40% of world households depend on family farming, and that family farming helps to preserve historical and cultural values and practices. Family farming offers greater potential for biodiversity protection. Historically, humans have used about 7000 plants to meet their basic needs. Nowadays there

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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Pictured here and on the cover: Members of the Springford Family Farm in Nanoose have been active in the farm community for over 30 years. Their main products are beef and poultry.

Celebrate the Family Farm at the Islands Agriculture Show 2014 by Tamara Leigh


ark your calendars and start making plans to be at the Islands Agriculture Show at the Cowichan Exhibition Park in the District of North Cowichan, February 7-8, 2014. The show will bring together speakers, exhibitors and equipment to celebrate the United Nations’ International Year of Family Farming.

“It’s going to be an exciting show,” says Kathy Lachman, president of the Islands Agriculture Show Society. “We are thrilled to be able to celebrate the International Year of Family Farming and the rich history of family farms on Vancouver Island.” The Islands Agriculture Show is the largest agricultural event on Vancouver Island, drawing audiences and exhibitors from agricultural communities throughout Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. Last year’s show drew an audience of over 1500 farmers, aspiring farmers

and farm enthusiasts for the tradeshow and conference. “The Islands Agriculture Show has something for everyone,” says event organizer, Shari Paterson. “It provides a unique opportunity to showcase, celebrate and grow the agriculture industry on Vancouver Island, Coast and the Gulf Islands, and a regional forum for education, information sharing and networking between farmers, rural landowners, farm organizations, industry suppliers, government agencies and the general public.” Families and farm enthusiasts will enjoy an expanded vintage equipment display, event stage activities on both days, and learning opportunities for kids. An all-new conference program will provide opportunities for learning and discussion for new and established farmers, as well as anyone preparing to launch their own farm enterprise.

Building on the theme of family farming, farm tax and financial management specialist, Merle Good will present the conference keynote address, “Creating Unique Family Business Structure for Family Farms.” Good will share the insights and information from his career as an agriculture economist and tax specialist to help farm families develop business structures and tax strategies that will make family succession planning a success. Last year’s conference sold out, with over 250 delegates taking in 16 conference sessions on topics ranging from farm business management and farm production practices to small farm development and government sponsored programs and initiatives. To find out more about the Islands Agriculture Show, or to register for the conference visit


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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Structuring the Family Farm — Proprietorships by Mike Hughes and Marsha Stanley, MNP LLP


typical family farm operation generally takes the shape of three main forms: a farm proprietorship, farm partnership or farm corporation. Each business structure comes with advantages and disadvantages, so it pays to have a clear understanding of your options.

When choosing the best structure for your farm, key considerations include your tax situation, level of management control, costs associated with the particular business structure and your farm succession plan. Some of the specific factors to discuss with your accountant include: • Ease and flexibility of changing ownership • Your children’s involvement in managing the farm • Protecting your personal assets from liabilities • How to deal with non-farm income in the succession plan • The ability for new members to buy into the business • How the structure you choose affects the AgriStability program The goal is to determine which of the three major options – proprietorship, partnership or corporation – is best for your specific situation. The remainder of this article focuses on farm proprietorships. We’ll discuss farm partnerships and corporations in subsequent articles. A sole proprietorship is a business owned and operated by one individual. Many farms are owned as sole proprietorships because they are easily formed and administered. As the business owner you are responsible for the business’s legal and tax liabilities and you report all the income associated with the farming operations.

Advantages of operating as a farm proprietorship include: • A proprietorship is easy to establish with minimal costs for legal and accounting fees. • This structure allows you to use the cash basis of accounting for taxation purposes. • You may be able to manipulate taxable income through the deferral of sales and the pre-purchase of crop inputs. • Wages can be paid to family members for their contribution to the farm operations. Disadvantages of operating as a farm proprietorship include: • Income earned in the proprietorship is taxed in the return of the proprietor and subject to the marginal personal tax rates. If the farm is profitable, in 2014 the marginal personal tax rate might be as much as 32% higher than the corporate tax rate. • The purchase of land and the repayment of loans uses after tax dollars.

For example, in 2014, for every dollar earned, an individual at the top marginal personal rate will have $0.54 after tax to pay off debt. If that dollar was earned in a corporation, there may be as much as $0.875 after tax to pay off debt. • Purchasing decisions are often tax motivated when they should be business motivated. • The individual only has access to one lifetime capital gains exemption. In 2014 this exemption will increase to $800,000 per person. Other structures allow this exemption to be multiplied among family members. Most farms begin operating as a proprietorship. However, as the farm grows more profitable and more complex, it is often necessary to restructure the operations and the ownership. A farm partnership is one of the structures often used to manage the increasing complexity. We’ll look at partnerships in the next issue.

Marsha Stanley, CPA, CA, CBV, CGA is the Regional Agriculture Leader and Mike Hughes, CPA, CA is a Taxation Specialist with MNP’s Vancouver Island Agriculture Team. For more information, contact Marsha at 250.748.3761 or, or Mike at 250.753.8251 or Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Be an Be an AGvocate AGvocate Help tell the real story of Canadian Help tell theagriculture real story of Canadian agriculture Our industry needs more agvocates To reach its full potential, agriculture needs everyone in the industry to speak up and speak positively. Our industry needs more agvocates Agriculture Than Everagriculture is an industry-driven cause to To reach itsMore full potential, needs everyone in the improve perceptions and create positive dialogue about industry to speak up and speak positively. Canadian ag. Together we can share the facts and stories Agriculture More Than Ever is an industry-driven cause to about this vibrant and modern industry, and tell the world improve perceptions and create positive dialogue about why we love what we do. Canadian ag. Together we can share the facts and stories It’s up this to allvibrant of us to bemodern agvocates and it’s easier than you about and industry, and tell the world think – visit and find out how you can why we what we do. get involved. It’s up to all of us to be agvocates and it’s easier than you think – visit and find out how you can get involved.


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Family Farming in the Cowichan Region by Kathy Lachman, Cowichan Economic Development


he Islands Agriculture Show is scheduled to be held February 7-8, 2014 at the Cowichan Exhibition Grounds in Duncan, BC. The theme for the 2014 show is “Celebrating the International Year of Family Farming”, which was declared for 2014 by the United Nations General Assembly at its 66th session.

As the Islands Agriculture Show organizers develop activities around the theme, the question arises as to what is family farming. Most people that have been involved in the local food movement and food sustainability will state that industrial or factory farms, while feeding the masses, have caused environmental impacts, poor nutritional valued products and cheap imports that threaten the livelihood of family farming. So what is family farming? There are over 36 definitions of family farming and they vary according to whether they are defining the developing world or western/ developed countries. According to the web site, 98% of all the 2.2 million farms in the US meet the US Department of Agriculture’s definition of a family farm which is any farm where the majority of the business is owned by the operator and his/ her relatives. The definition does not define farm size, farming methods or crops grown. According to author Eve Crowley, writing for the International Journal for Rural Development, family farming is defined as a means of organizing production which is managed and operated by a family. She notes that family farmers produce most of the food consumed in developing countries and use over 80 percent of the land in Asia and Africa.

per year. Only 24% of land in the Agricultural Land Reserve on Vancouver Island is being actively farmed and only supplies between 16-18% of food consumed. The Cowichan Region has around 700 farms and according to the generally accepted definitions, the majority are all family farms. In fact, many of the farms, particularly in the dairy sector, are generational farms, meaning those that have been passed down from generation to generation. Family farms also add to the rural beauty of our region as tourists come to enjoy the rolling pastures and majestic mountains and savour the local food and wine. Agri-tourism is also supported by 16 wineries that call the Cowichan Region home. Family farming is alive and well in the Vancouver Island/Coast region and local food movements such as the 100 mile diet and food security initiatives are ensuring that people understand the importance of supporting our family farms and making local purchasing decisions that allow them to grow and thrive. Our agricultural roots on Vancouver Island go deep and it is for that reason that the Islands Agriculture Show is proud to celebrate family farming. For more information, check out their web site at

In the Vancouver Island/Coast region, there are close to 3000 farms and the agriculture sector contributes about $112 million in direct annual revenue to the regional economy. Ten percent of those farms generate more than $100,000 per year in farm revenue and are well established commodity farms. About 28% of the farms generate between $10,000-$100,000 in revenue per year and many of them are owned by early retirees with capital and post-secondary education. The majority of farms (62%) generate less than $10,000 per year and provide secondary income and tax benefits. The agriculture sector is also very diverse, producing more than 200 different agriculture products. Family farming is a career and a lifestyle that is attracting people from all walks of life and there is room to grow. In 2006, the average household in British Columbia consumed $8,000 in food

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


4-H... 4-FUN!

4-H will celebrate 100 years in 2014, marking a huge milestone for the youth development program. The 4-H movement first began in 1914 in British Columbia, with over 200 members involved in the program. The very first 4-H project introduced in British Columbia was a potato project, with a poultry project offered later on to interest more youth and to widen the influence of progressive farming practices on the BC farming community. 4-H clubs were originally known as Boys and Girls Clubs and were later renamed 4-H clubs in 1952 to better represent the four H’s — head, heart, hands and health. “The object (of these competitions) is to train the heads and

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hands of the boys and girls; to give them broad and big hearts; to improve their health by giving them an interest in outdoor life; and to encourage on the part of all British Columbia citizens, a stronger and more intelligent interest in agriculture.” During the early years of 4-H in British Columbia, the most popular projects were swine, beef, dairy, corn, potato and poultry. All these projects are still as relevant and popular today as they were 100 years ago. Today, members have over 30 different projects to choose from. Projects range from traditional based animal projects to mechanics to crafts to cooking and everything in between. While 4-H has changed and evolved a great deal since it’s start in 1914, the program continues to teach young people to successfully meet the challenges not only of their own futures but also the future of their communities. From the 6 year old Cloverbud member to the 21 year old 4-H Ambassador, the 4-H program has been a fantastic training ground for life. Celebration planning is already underway!

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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

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The Horse Club in the Parksville/Qualicum 4-H District has been performing a Musical Ride Drill Team for the past few years. This year, for the second time, they were invited to perform at the prestigious RCMP Musical Ride. The members work very hard, beginning in May, to put together a routine that will be ready for the performance at the beginning of August. Drill Team members make a serious commitment, practicing every Wednesday with the help of their coaches, Jody Bater and Shawna Anderson. The rider’s ages range from 10 to 16 years, and their riding skill levels encompass novice to experienced. Most members own their horses and work countless hours practicing, conditioning and grooming. Each year has been a fantastic experience for the riders, with the help of many sponsors and supportive spectators. The members of the Drill Team especially appreciate the support of their parents for driving them to practices and performances. Being a member of the Drill Team is a rewarding experience that gives a great feeling of accomplishment.

by Sarah Hildebrandt, Coombs Country 4-H Horse Club

The Parksville/Qualicum 4-H Clubs attended Family Day in Qualicum Beach and entered a float in the Parade. We had many members attend from all of the clubs. The members helped decorate the float and most of them brought a 4-H project to show off in the parade. Our float won awards for the biggest youth participation and the best costumes. I photographed this event, which was quite difficult because all of the members wouldn’t stop horsing around but all in all it was a really fun day.

by Jacinto Bevilacqua, Parksville/Qualicum 4-H Oddstock and Community Club This is just a sampling of the many events 4-H members have the opportunity to participate in. Current projects running in the Parksville/Qualicum district are poultry, sheep, beef, dairy, swine, goat, horse, rabbit, cavy, photography and Cloverbuds.






You’re Invited!

Vancouver Island 4-H 100th Celebration Come check out the fair during the day and then join us after the fair closes for a light dinner and social. This event is open to all Members, Leaders and Alumni. Registration forms are available at

Date Saturday, August 9, 2014 from 5:30pm – 10:00pm Place Coombs Fairgrounds, 1014 Ford Road, Coombs, BC We are still looking for volunteers to help with entertainment and promotional items. For more information or to volunteer, contact Donna Jack at 250.652.1315 or Please join our facebook page (B.C. 4-H 100th Anniversary Vancouver Island Region (2014)) and help spread the word by inviting your friends.


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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Mark’s Tips for Taking your Tractor on the Road planted in the far field. Now that there’s a new bull installed in with your cows, you want to avoid the forage pasture, so you’ve got to go round by the lane. Here’s what to know before you set off. 1.  Your farm tractor needs to be insured if you travel on a public highway or road. 2.  Your farm tractor can be driven on the road without a license plate if your farm tractor is: a) only traveling unloaded to another part of the same farm, or b) only carrying your farm produce, supplies, stock, fertilizer, tools or seeds to another part of the same farm, or


ou’re sitting on top of your idling tractor in your best work overalls, wearing your safety earmuffs and ready to bale the 7 acres of timothy grass you

c) towing a trailer that is carrying your farm produce, supplies, stock, fertilizer, tools or seeds to another part of the same farm. 3.  Your farm tractor needs a license plate AND a slow moving vehicle warning

Millie Stirling of the Ladysmith Vancouver Island Insurance Centre reminds you to contact your insurance broker to discuss your farming equipment and receive clarification with respect to the questions and terminology used above. Your broker is there to assist in providing you with the coverage you need that will protect you and your equipment under your specific circumstances.

device (orange triangle) if you are taking your tractor on a road trip (for instance to the repair shop or to market.) 4.  Your baler (and all farm machinery) should also be insured. You can get “all risk” or “named perils” in your policy, which will have a separate schedule listing make, model, year and serial number for each piece of equipment. Your baler does not need a license plate. 5.  Shoulder check often, make sure you are allowing faster vehicles to pass when possible, and that you are aware of any emergency vehicles. (You may not hear them with your ear muffs on.)


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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014



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Family Farm Tractor Safety


ccording to the most recent Canadian Agriculture Injury Reporting (CAIR) summary, published in January 2013, there were 1,975 agricultural fatalities in Canada between 1990 and 2008. Sadly, 47% of those killed were farmer/owner operators and 14% were their children.

CAIR further reported that a staggering 70% of all agricultural deaths were machinery-related, caused primarily by tractor rollovers, runovers and machinery-related and tractor-attachment entanglements. Of the tractor rollovers, sideways (into ditches and from slopes) and backwards rollovers (from sudden acceleration or incorrect towing practices) were the leading types. Most rollover-related fatalities could be prevented if rollover protective structures (ROPS) were retrofitted on all tractors, and operators wore seat belts at all times. To achieve this degree of protection, ROPS must meet specific design and testing criteria. This information must be clearly displayed on the name plate permanently attached to the ROPS. In jurisdictions where the retro-fitting of ROPS has been made compulsory, rollover fatalities have been virtually eliminated. The following guidelines should be kept in mind to reduce machinery-related fatalities: Reducing tractor rollovers • When towing with a tractor, never hitch to the axle or higher point. Always hitch to the drawbar and use a slow steady takeup of slack. • Reduce speed before turning. Centrifugal force acts to keep the tractor in a straight line and can cause the tractor to roll over when cornering at high speeds. • Always apply both brakes evenly when driving at high speeds (lock them together). Application of uneven brake pressure can literally cause the tractor to rollover. • Reduce speed when using a loader. A loader in the raised position can increase the possibility of overturns. Keep the loader as close to the ground as possible. • Be extremely careful when driving up an incline. A tractor can upset if the center of gravity moves behind where the rear wheels are in contact with the ground. Backing up an incline is a better option. If you get caught on a steep incline, back down very slowly and apply the brakes lightly. Weight on the front of the tractor will help. • Avoid crossing steep slopes. Always turn downhill if stability becomes uncertain on a slope. • Stay at least as far away from ditches and streams as the bank is deep. Any closer and the tractor’s weight could cause the bank to shear or give way. • Keep wheels spread wide whenever possible. When wheels must be moved for narrow row farming, use caution and reduce speed. Reducing tractor runovers • Turn off the tractor and apply the brake prior to getting off. • Always look around the tractor before driving off.

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• Do not allow passengers on the tractor while it is in motion. • Reducing machinery-related and tractor-attachment entanglements. • Keep all shields and guards in place. Do not operate equipment with missing shields or guards. If you do not have a power take-off (PTO) guard, make one and put it in place. • Disengage PTO, shut off engine, and be sure implement motion has stopped before performing adjustments or maintenance. • For some attachments, use counterweight for stability. • Lift rear-mounted attachments and drive slowly when making sharp turns. • Raise and lower attachments slowly and smoothly. • Do not wear loose-fitting clothing, jewellery, or gloves while working around equipment. • If possible, never work alone. However, if you must, ensure that a system is in place for checking on the well-being of that person, and insist that a communication device is always kept with that person (e.g. two-way radio or cell phone). Farming-related deaths, injuries and illnesses cause human suffering and cost money. Don’t allow your family or workers to become a statistic. The vast majority of tractor related-injuries are both predictable and preventable. Farm and tractor safety is everyone’s business! To arrange a no cost tractor safety training opportunity with the Farm and Ranch Safety and Health Association contact the Vancouver Island Representative Ken Lacroix at 250.758.9807. To view the full report, visit CAIR’s website at Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Winter Feed Guidelines for Horses by Everett Dixon, Nutritionist, Top Shelf Feeds


he cool winter weather combined with short day length has reduced the growth of pasture grass. This means horses should be given hay to supplement or replace pasture. How much hay will you need this winter? Should you feed grain, salt and minerals as well?

The amount of hay and grain a horse will eat can be estimated from their body weight and level of activity. Use the table on the next page to calculate expected hay and grain consumption. For example: A mature horse ridden once a week, weighing 1,000 lbs should eat 10–20 lbs of forage dry matter per day. If hay tests 90% dry matter, the horse would need 11–22 lbs of hay per day. This works out to between 77 and 154 lbs of hay or 1 1⁄4 to 2 1⁄2 sixty pound bales per week.

It is important to remember that these are only estimates. The body condition of your horse should be monitored over the winter. If it starts to lose condition, increase the amount of grain fed. Salt requirements are lower in the cooler weather, but continue to give loose salt free choice. Continue to feed a good quality mineral at the recommended level. Remember: 1.  Weigh your horse. This can be done at a weigh scale if necessary — take your trailer to the scale with and without your passenger. 2.  Weigh your hay bales and scoops or cans of grain. Feed your horse by weight, not volume. 3.  Test your hay, especially if your horse has a metabolic disorder such as insulin resistance. A sample of your hay can be sent off for testing, at a cost of $40. A hay probe can be purchased on-line.

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4.  Feed the minimal amount of grain, give only enough to maintain body condition. 5.  If changes in feeds are needed, such as supplementing hay cubes, make them slowly. *Salt used on icy roads can attract horses and other animals. Be aware of any hazards this may cause your livestock.

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Marijke van de Water, B.Sc., DHMS

Products Available at Top Shelf Feeds Info: Heidi Chartrand




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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

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(lbs/100 lbs body weight)

(lbs/100 lbs body weight)

(lbs/100 lbs body weight)

1.0 – 2.0 1.0 – 2.0 1.0 – 2.5 1.0 - 2.0

0 – 1.0 0.3 – 1.0 0.5 – 2.0 0.5 – 1.5

1.5 – 2.0 1.5 – 2.0 2.0 – 2.75 2.0 – 2.5

1.0 – 2.0 1.0 – 2.0 1.0 – 2.0

0.5 – 1.0 0.75 – 1.5 0.5 – 2.0

1.5 – 2.5 1.75 – 2.5 2.0 – 3.0

0 0.5 – 1.8 1.0 – 1.5 1.0 – 1.5 1.0 – 1.5

1.0 – 2.0 1.0 – 2.5 1.0 – 2.0 1.0 – 1.5 1.0 – 1.5

2.5 – 3.5 2.0 – 3.0 1.8 – 3.0 2.0 – 2.5 1.75 – 2.5

Mature horses Maintenance Mares, early gestation Mares, early lactation Mares, late lactation Working horses Light work Moderate work Intense work Young horses Nursing foal, 3 months Weanling foal, 6 months Yearling foal, 12 months Long yearling, 18 months Two year old, 24 months

Top Shelf Feeds Top Shelf Feeds DUNCAN 2800 Roberts Road


From everyone at Top Shelf Feeds to all our customers, thank you for your continued support and patronage in 2013 and wishing you all a happy holiday season, and healthly, prosperous 2014.

Made on the Island For the Island Willow Wind LANGFORD 2714 Sooke Road


visit our booth at the Agricultural Show

Top Shelf Feeds BLACK CREEK

7648 North Isl. Hwy.


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Holistic Winter Horse Keeping by Dr. Erika Raines SHAUN & ROBERT CROCKETT

serving the community for over 20 years


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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


hrush, arthritis flare ups, colic, and rainrot. How are these problems similar? They can all stem from syndromes relating to Damp and Cold. Horsekeeping through Vancouver Island winters can involve several layers of care. The basic layer involves keeping horses out of the rain as well as keeping legs and feet mud-free to avoid various kinds of infection from rainrot to thrush. Many horses will need extra feed through the winter to help them stay warm and not lose weight.

One thing that we are not taught about in most places are the energetic effects of the all pervading Damp and Cold here on the Island. This is an especially important consideration for the older horse and the hard keeper, (horses that are hard to keep weight on). In traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM) we consider Damp and Cold to be pathogens that can cause disease or other problems. While sometimes this Damp and Cold comes from an internal source, excess Damp or Cold in the environment can cause associated problems in an individual who would otherwise not be likely to have these problems. What kinds of problems can we expect from Damp and Cold, and how should we treat them? Anything moist or oozing is a Damp problem. Effusion, or swelling inside joints from excess joint fluid, rainrot, and thrush are all examples of Dampness affecting the body. Think of the over-moist, spongy frog of a thrush affected horse and you have a perfect mental image of Damp invasion. Arthritic horses can also be affected by dampness, though this might be less obvious. The best way to tell if this is the case is to watch your stiff horse on a day of warm rain or fog. If their sore joints seem worse simply because of the damp, then their arthritis may be more Damp than Cold. The best way to treat Dampness is to dry it out. In some cases this is obvious: • Doing the best you can to reduce or eliminate mud and standing water from your property can go a long way to preventing thrush. • Providing run in shelters or stalls can help avoid rain rot. • Daily hoof picking and mud removal can help the skin and feet stay as dry as possible. Cold causes the body to stiffen and bodily functions, such as digestion, to slow. One of the most common problems associated with Cold is pain or stiff joints. This can be in an old horse who is

“Any horses being worked on particularly cold days should be thoroughly warmed up and cooled down, perhaps using a quarter sheet to keep their back and hindquarters warm while they are not vigorously exercising.” ~ Dr. Erika Raines

not being worked through the winter or in a young horse who is being worked, but not being warmed up or cooled down properly. • Older horses who stiffen with cold or damp conditions should be lightly worked through the winter if at all possible. This will help keep tissues moving and maintain fitness. • Any horses being worked on particularly cold days should be thoroughly warmed up and cooled down, perhaps using a quarter sheet to keep their back and hindquarters warm while they are not vigorously exercising. • It is also important to use towels and/or a cooler to thoroughly dry sweaty horses after work so that their damp coat does not make them more vulnerable to the cold. Digestive problems from Cold can be the most sudden and potentially life threatening of all the conditions discussed here. Sudden changes in weather can cause colic. From a conventional perspective there is no clear reason for this, and not much can be done to prevent it. In most cases this occurs after a sudden swing to cold temperatures. From a TCVM perspective this suddenly chills the warm energy of the Spleen (the TCVM digestive organ) and does not allow the food in the Stomach to be processed properly. Similarly, a gradual and prolonged cooling of the Spleen can make digestion less effective and weight gain or maintenance more challenging for any horse.

dedicated to creative holistic, integrative solutions for pet health

The care for both of these Spleen problems is a management change. For a simple case, I recommend feeding slices of fresh ginger root free choice: 1/4 inch slices of the fresh root can be offered to horses, many of whom will eat it in this form. Dried ground ginger can also be added into the feed ration in small amounts. Care should be taken when herbs are mixed into the feed as they can be very powerful in an herbivore like the horse. Ginger can also be very effective for pain caused by Cold, and has been found to be an effective anti-inflammatory. If you plan to try more than a small amount of ginger, please consult a veterinarian with knowledge of herbal medicine. Moxibustion, the burning of compressed Chinese mugwort and charcoal over various points of the body, is a very effective treatment for all conditions Damp or Cold related. This treatment is easily taught for home application by any veterinarian who practices acupuncture. With proper management, most winter problems can be avoided or minimized; in other cases a little bit of preventative veterinary care can help your horse get through the Cold, Damp Island winter unscathed.

Western & Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine | Acupunture | Herbal Homeopathy | Chiropractic Care 1777 Riverside Lane Courtenay


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Holidays with Hounds by Lisbeth Plant KPACTP©


hristmas is exciting, but it can be stressful for your dog; even dangerous.

Regular Routine Try to maintain your dog’s regular routine. Feed and walk him at his usual time. Make an effort to spend quality time together, away from the hustle and bustle. It’ll be good for both of you!

Fatal Foods Watch for tummy upsets. If your dog is not accustomed to human food, resist the temptation to treat him to table scraps. Be particularly careful with turkey leftovers. A sudden rush of all those fatty bits might cause pancreatitis or diarrhea. Cooked turkey bones could puncture the intestines. Chocolate and onions are toxic to dogs, and some can develop sudden, toxic reactions to grapes and raisins. Be sure to keep garbage out of reach. String, cheesecloth and tinfoil covered in food or grease pose great temptations but can cause life-threatening intestinal blockages. See your veterinarian if anything out of the ordinary occurs. Ask visitors to keep their purses and bags out of your dog’s reach, to avoid any accidental ingestion of sweets, chocolates or even personal medications! Then check and make sure that your guests do so. People easily forget if they do not routinely live with dogs or young children.

Lisbeth Plant KPACTP and Cowichan Canine offer classes and in-home training throughout the Cowichan Valley since 2009.

My pet parents shop at Buckerfield’s 20

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Dangerous Decorations To avoid a toppled Christmas tree, keep the dog out of the room unless you’re in there to supervise. Anchor it to the wall or ceiling, or even better, put the tree behind a barrier. To make it look less “utilitarian”, an ex-pen barrier can be decorated with Christmas cards, Christmas fabrics, or similar non-dangerous decorations. Tinsel, garlands, gift wrapping ribbons, string and elastics can cause serious internal damage if ingested. Make sure your dog always has fresh water in his bowl and that he cannot get at the Christmas tree water. Secure electrical cords at least as well as you would for an 18-month old baby! Some dogs cannot resist that ‘chew toy’ cord! Snow globes may be made from glass or plastic. Shards can be life-threatening if ingested. Some globes also have anti-freezelike liquids inside to make the snow inside fall slower. Scented candles may attract because of their sweet smell, taste or texture, so put them up high and out of reach. Never leave a lit candle unsupervised! Dangers out of Doors Rock salt can burn your dog’s paws. Keep your dog off rock salt where possible, and be sure to rinse and dry his paws after each walk. *Watch out for spilled antifreeze. It tastes sweet. Three tablespoons may be enough to kill a medium sized dog. The dog may act drunk. Take him to the vet immediately! After several hours your dog may seem better, but the substance may have made its way to the liver and kidneys and is now doing irreparable damage. It may not look like it, but THIS IS AN EMERGENCY! More advice on potential poisonous substances can be obtained from the APCC website at


5410 Trans Canada Hwy 1-1277 Island Hwy S 587 Alberni Hwy 1970 Keating Cross Rd

250.748.8171 250.753.4221 250.248.3243 250.652.9188

you can also call the Animal Poison Control Center 1.888.426.4435.

aroused than normally, and so will the visiting pooch be, too. You have enough distractions already as a host, without also having to manage a volatile dog-dog relationship!

A consultation fee may be applied to your credit card, but it may save your pet’s life. So put that phone number on the fridge door, next to your own and the emergency vet clinics’ details.

Instill into your guests that your dog is In Training, and what the house rules are, including to not feed your dog from the table. Lots of fatty tidbits can make your dog very ill. If they can’t stop themselves from giving him treats, give them a selection of his regular treats to hand out.

Company’s Coming If your dog has not learned to go to his mat when the doorbell rings, make a habit of putting him away in his kennel or in a separate room while you open the door, to keep him safe. If you are expecting visitors, take the opportunity to train door bell manners! Before your dog comes out to greet the guests, teach them how to turn away from the jumping dog, then bring him out on leash and heavily reinforce sitting. Make sure to stop yourself from jerking on the leash. The leash is there to limit your dog’s range of movement, not for jerking on! Then promise yourself to finish his Sit-and his Door Manners-training immediately after the holidays. Unless your dog is already firm and close friends with any potential visiting pets, you might want to suggest to your guests that they leave their pets at home. Because of all the excitement at this time of year, your dog is likely to be more

Presents for Pooches What should you get for dog for Christmas? A food-stuffed toy, like a Kong or puzzle game, is always a great idea. Food stuffed toys keep the dog busy while everybody else is opening their presents. However, keep any gifts with food in them in the fridge or the pantry until it’s time to open them, so that the dog doesn’t go rummaging through the presents under the tree!

Supervise, Supervise, Supervise! Always supervise the interactions between dogs and children under the age of 12. Both parties will be over-stimulated. Children are unlikely to remember to follow the rules. Make sure your dog has a safe place to go to, to get away from the children. If you’re too busy to supervise, either appoint a dog-savvy, responsible and reliable guest who can tell when the dog needs a break, or — even better — put your dog away with a stuffed Kong in his kennel. Your Veterinarian Your vet may have reduced hours over the holidays. Find out ahead of time, and then know where your animal emergency clinic is. If your vet is not immediately available,

For the dog owner, a gift card for your local dog training centre is always a good idea. Puzzle toys and gift cards are available from Cowichan Canine.

Happy Holidays!

Cowichan Canine - First, Do No Harm -

Classes Private Lessons Day Training Behaviour Consultations FREE Community Education events 778-455-1985 #106-5301 Chaster Road, Duncan

At the Nanaimo Veterinary Hospital we are dedicated to providing quality veterinary care to pets who are family members. 4508 Wellington Road Nanaimo

250.758.3985 Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


“…freshly cut Christmas trees smelling of stars and snow and pine resin — inhale deeply and fill your soul with wintry night…”

Kirkpatrick Christmas Trees

250-724-4678 Gerry and Connie Kirkpatrick Email: google” Kirkpatrick christmas trees” for directions please Located at the Alberni Valley airport. Open from Nov 30 to Dec 23 10:30 A.M. till dusk. Saws and wagons provided. Santa visits Dec 14 & 15

John Geddes, A Familiar Rain Middle Miss Farms

3560 Glenora Rd Duncan BC 250-715-0029 9 to 430 daily till Christmas eve. Free hot chocolate & candy canes to enjoy by the bonfire.

Lakes Road Tree Farm

u cut christmas trees

6673 Lakes Rd Duncan 250.746-4364 Home of the famous Nordmann Fir. Open 9-5 daily until Christmas.

Gogo’s Christmas Tree Farm Part of the holidays since 1929 Open 7 days per week, 8-5 2625 South Fork Road Nanaimo 250-754-2276

an island tradition


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1000 acre wood lot sustainable forest Custom sawn high-grade cedar and fir lumber Sun-deck material Fencing Custom cut posts and beams

250.754.2276 22

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Part of the holidays since 1929 Nanaimo Tree Lot Open 7 days per week, 8-5 55 Pryde St 2625 South Fork Road 250-619-7730 ES L TRE JUS L A 250-754-2276



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For the protection of the children, NO DOGS PLEASE

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trees to choose from

Gift Suggestions

Winter Fix Spectacular

For Under the Tree

My Favourite Farmer

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Meat Boxes

Gift certificates for meat boxes. Specialty sausages/various cuts beef, pork and lamb. Plecas Meats 2063 Evans Rd Nanaimo 250.754.2238

2014 Wall Calendars

Variety of Fun Farm, Garden, Horse & Pet Calendars. Full-color, large format Reg. 16.99 Sale 14.97 selection may vary. At your local Buckerfields.

Balance your horse’s diet with vitamins, minerals, botanicals and ingredients for healthy hooves! 8 kg $29.99 20 kg bag $59.99 Available from your local feed/ tack store.

Painted Ponies

Collectable horses by many different artists prices ranging from 59.95-79.95 A great gift for any age. Available at Equine Emporium 4485 Trans-Canada Hwy, Cowichan Valley. 250.746.8122

Austrailian Outback

Oilskin Jackets and Hats 1/2 price while quantities last. The Trading Post Feed & Tack 3345 Island Highway Cassidy (Across form the Nanaimo Airport) (250) 245-2115

Healing Horses Their Way

By BC Author $34.95 Available from your local feed/tack store. For Information: Heidi Chartrand: 250-391-7511

Marijke van de Water

Healing Horses Their Way!





Give a goat.

Goats nourish hungry children and families Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Why Shopping Local Really Matters

M SPECIALTY SAUSAGES made from your home-grown quality meat!

The perfect Kolbassa, Hickory Bacon or Spicy Pepperoni can be made from your lamb, goat, pork, beef, turkey or wild game using traditional European recipes. At Nanaimo Sausage House you can choose from over 30 dairy-free recipes or bring in your home recipe and have it made to order. Gluten-free, made with natural ingredients and no fillers. Your meat will be delicious and healthy too!

any of us are used to the idea that local food is fresher, tastier, requires less energy to transport and supports Island agriculture. At this time of year, when shopping can reach a frantic level, it’s the perfect opportunity to use your holiday dollars to make a real difference in your community. When you choose to shop in your own small town or neighbourhood, you give family businesses a chance to stay afloat or even grow.

Wish that the small community you live in didn’t have so many empty storefronts? Use your wallet to vote for a more vibrant downtown. When you choose to shop local, you help insure those small businesses grow, which can have trickle-down effects, as the owners spend within the community and help other businesses and organizations thrive. You also get to make personal connections with other people that care about your home town. Do you really need a clutter of imported plastic toys and electronics, all purchased from a massive chain store? The largest percentage of the profit from the sale goes to US shareholders. A tiny smidgen of the income goes to the country where the product was made, perhaps under poor working conditions. Countless volumes of carbon emissions are created transporting the merchandise. Even if you make a resolution to purchase just 10% of your holiday gifts in your own home town, you can really make a difference. The closer we come to paying the actual price for the items we buy and the food we eat, the more likely we are to truly value and support a system that respects the small producer. If everyone needs and expects a $2 burger, then subsidies will continue and fast-food chains will drive agriculture practices we may not agree with. Vote with your wallet! There is nothing stronger than the choice a consumer makes. Our society is based on consumerism, so the most direct way to affect change is with your shopping routines. Here are some ideas for local shopping in a small town: Baskets of Edibles. Kale and winter cabbage, squashes and dried garlic look beautiful, will be truly appreciated and will support a local farmer. Mix in a few potted herbs for lasting yumminess. Make sure to include the farmer’s contact information for future shopping.

3018 Ross Rd Nanaimo


we love custom orders! 24

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Books, especially by local authors. These are interesting gifts for friends and family that live far away. It will give them a window into what your life is like on Vancouver Island. Homespun and homemade items. Some gifts give twice, like mittens made by the good people that donate the profit to charity. Ever worn an alpaca toque? They are amazingly soft — and no two are alike. Beeswax candles smell wonderful and light up any holiday table.

Artisan food products. Local cheeses, wines, chocolates, even teas are made here on the Island. Another wonderful gift to take friends and family on the mainland; they’ll be introduced to what delicious treats we have to offer, perhaps be enticed to visit more often and enhance the local economy.

Fres hO Livin rganic P g ro 250 Soils Fa duce Corn -816 -8 rm 81 er Yello of Doo 4 le & w Po Lady int Rd smit h

Gifts that will bring you together. How about a garden tool, along with a promise to get together on the first day of spring, or a rolling pin and a heartshaped cookie cutter and a date for the day before Valentine’s. Gift Certificates. You can get really creative with these. Automotive detailing, income tax services, yoga classes, specialty gourmet foods, painting workshops, or a stay at a beautiful B&B are just a few ideas. Attach a certificate

for 2 yards of compost to a shovel for your favourite gardener. Give a certificate for a friend to have her portrait photographed with her horse. How about a certificate for two local heritage hens?

The Ultimate tool to remove unwanted

bushes or trees!

All of the above are much more exciting to get than a combination coffee-maker/ bagel-warmer/foot-massager. Trust me.

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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Lesley’s Holiday Ham L esley


his is a family favourite that has become a holiday tradition at our house. Select a locally smoked picnic shoulder. 20 lbs will feed about a dozen people, and you’ll have a wonderful bone for soup-making.

1. Rinse your ham and then use a sharp knife to cut a grid pattern through the skin about 1/2 inch down into the layer of fat. 2. Cover the ham loosely in tinfoil and bake in a 250 degree oven for 3 or 4 hours. Take the ham out and let it set for 45 minutes or more, until it is cool enough to work with. 3. Peel off the skin and most of the fat. Leave a little fat layer. Paint the whole thing with a 1/4 cup of mustard, then sprinkle with a cup of brown sugar. Pat the sugar into the mustard. Sprinkle with a tablespoon of ginger. Get a spray bottle and spritz the ham with bourbon, rum or sherry.

4. Put the ham back in the oven, uncovered, at 350 degrees for 1/2 hour. Baste the ham and bake another 1/2 hour or more. The internal temperature of the ham should be 160 degrees. 5. Let the ham sit for at least a 1/2 hour before slicing. I usually serve mine with homemade perogies, deviled eggs, borscht and a cucumber salad. 6. Super easy honey-mustard sauce. Mix 1/4 cup dijon mustard with 1/4 cup local honey. Repeat this recipe in another dish and add a 1/4 tsp of cayenne for the spicy version. Make sure you mark the spicy one with a slice of a red chili or some other creative garnish.

Let us help you make your family’s wishes come true this Christmas


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014



These are fun and easy to make. Kids love them! I use chocolate sprinkles for the eyes and smiles. Use very cold cream for whipping, and add a little sugar to stiffen the cream. Dust the plate with powdered sugar for a snowfall effect.



for the health of it! 250.650.9305

Enjoy the great taste and health benefits of our free range, 100% grass fed, hormone and antibiotic free Bison!

Farm Gate Store 3100 Hamm Road

Black Creek

ISLAND Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Stone Soup

By working together, with everyone contributing what they can, a greater good is achieved.


his fabled event began 9 years ago when a parent who wanted to teach her children the value of giving approached Ladysmith Family and Friends Executive Director Jacqueline Neligen. Even though this mother and her children visited the local food bank each



Tuesday, when she did go to the grocery store, the first item in her cart would be something to donate to the food bank.

At the family resource centre, located at Aggie Hall in Ladysmith, there are kitchen facilities. Together, Jacqueline and the parent came up with the idea of telling the story of stone soup, and then creating a soup together, in which each family brought something to the centre to make a nutritious meal 2063 Evans Rd. Nanaimo to share.


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When you want to know EXACTLY where your beef comes from... 28

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

The event went so wonderfully that it was repeated the next month. It soon became so popular that the organization now presents Stone Soup each Tuesday. Some days, there are so many hungry little guests that the items brought in by families need to be supplemented. Luckily, there has been tremendous support from the

community, and various groups donate staples like potatoes, carrots and onions. The local bakery supplies whole grain breads, and other businesses are generous with dry and canned goods. During the growing season, the Ladysmith Community Garden Society sets aside a plot for the children, and they plant and tend the vegetables that will later play a role in soup or other shared meals. (There is a meal each day of the week, from oatmeal and fruit to french toast Fridays.) The centre is focussed on educating children and parents on good nutrition, good health habits, and providing support with issues like having a child with special needs in the family. A public health nurse and various community resource providers like speech therapists visit the centre each month. Many of the children’s caregivers are grandparents, and after their wee charges have graduated from the pre-school program, they continue on volunteering to work at the centre, playing guitar, reading stories or sharing other special skills. Several years ago, a grandmother decided she would like to share her sewing skills, and started an evening group for the moms (and babes in arms), which later morphed to include other home skills like canning, quilt-making and baking. One parent who attended this program went on to start her own small business

creating up-cycled clothing items from thrift store purchases. The concept behind stone soup — the sharing of what you have to offer so we can all be healthy — infiltrates so many layers of the activities at the centre. The idea is extremely popular. Participants come from as far away as Lantzville and Mill Bay. Perhaps you can imagine that every little bit of help is appreciated. The program can always use more food items — the healthier and more local the better. If you are a farmer or gardener with produce to share, please take the time to call 250.210.0870 or send an email to There is a similar program in Sooke, and one on Gabriola Island. To find out more about what is offered in your community, you can visit the Family Resource Programs of BC website, or call 604.738.0068.

Nurturing family health and happiness through supportive, enriching and inclusive play.

Stone Soup A kindly, old stranger was walking through the land when he came upon a village. As he entered, the villagers moved towards their homes locking doors and windows. The stranger smiled and asked, why are you all so frightened. I am a simple traveler, looking for a soft place to stay for the night and a warm place for a meal. “There’s not a bite to eat in the whole province,” he was told. “We are weak and our children are starving. Better keep moving on.” “Oh, I have everything I need,” he said. “In fact, I was thinking of making some stone soup to share with all of you.” He pulled an iron cauldron from his cloak, filled it with water, and began to build a fire under it. Then, with great ceremony, he drew an ordinary-looking stone from a silken bag and dropped it into the water. By now, hearing the rumor of food, most of the villagers had come out of their homes or watched from their windows. As the stranger sniffed the “broth” and licked his lips in anticipation, hunger began to overcome their fear. “Ahh,” the stranger said to himself rather loudly, “I do like a tasty stone soup. Of course, stone soup with carrots — that’s hard to beat.” Soon a villager approached hesitantly,

holding a small carrot he’d retrieved from its hiding place, and added it to the pot. “Wonderful!!” cried the stranger. “You know, I once had stone soup with a carrot and a bit of onion as well, and it was fit for a king.” The village butcher managed to find an onion… And so it went, through potatoes, onions, carrots, mushrooms, and so on, until there was indeed a delicious meal for everyone in the village to share. The village elder offered the stranger a great deal of money for the magic stone, but he refused to sell it and traveled on the next day. As he left, the stranger came upon a group of village children standing near the road. He gave the silken bag containing the stone to the youngest child, whispering to the group, the magic was not the stone, it was the villagers that had performed the magic.”

Doug Routley, MLA Nanaimo~North Cowichan

Unit 112 50 Tenth Street Nanaimo, BC V9R 6L1 T 250.716.5221 | F 250.716.5222 Box 269 | 524 1st Avenue Ladysmith, BC V9G 1A2 T 250.245.9375 | F 250.245.8164 Web: Email:

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Winter T

his is the time of year to review your garden’s productivity, and plan for next year. I use a journal to track when I plant, my expenditures, and since I sell some of my produce, any profits. I find this really helpful, and even if you are not selling your flowers or vegetables, you might find it useful too. Give your herb planters or tomato plants a value similar to nursery prices, and keep track of what you harvest, using grocery store prices. It can illuminate the routines you have that work the best for your crops, and also give you the satisfaction of seeing the virtual profit of your labours.

Of course, many gardeners spend years culturing a green thumb for the pure love of gardening without the expectation of profit. However, it is a pleasant reward when your hobby pays off in beautiful blooms and delicious fruits and vegetables. After tracking my garden profits for a few years, I

Gardening realized a couple of things about the way I garden, and what grows best in my greenhouse and outside in the main plot. I have spurts where I garden a lot every day, and then I barely have time to do more than water for a couple of weeks. Plants that are high maintenance, or have a small window in which to harvest, or are not drought resistant, just don’t do as well. I pretty much gave up on corn. I would check it day after day, waiting for that perfect moment when the ears where ripe, then have a deadline to meet, and the next time I went out, the kernels would be so shriveled and dry they looked like witch’s teeth.

My kind of gardening does suit a crop that keeps on generating throughout the season, like basil. Harvest some, more comes up. You can pick a whole bunch at once and dry it or turn it into pesto. Basil grows well as many individuals in a mass planting, so the plants can be in different stages of growth, which means a continuous harvest. I grow basil from seed, therefore start up ur Veggie Mulch keeps fruit Get great results with: cost is nice and low. Basil makes clean, yields crops earlier as well Tomatoes Cucumbers as producing a good profit at the market, either much higher yields. It Strawberries Eggplant also has the potential to double or picked or potted, and I use it all the triple cropping. Also helps to deter Melons Peppers time in my cooking too, so I get pests, including nematodes and also Potatoes Onions excellent value from my basil crop. warms the soil and conserves moisture. Perhaps now you will see why I Jointly developed by the converted the corn plot of 2012 into USDA and Clemson Unithe basil plot of 2013. Next year, I’m versity, this specially engineered mulch reflects red going to experiment with another light wavelengths towards herb. Perhaps cilantro…



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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

I have found that my sporadic gardening style lends itself particularly well to larger planters, as they hold their water better. This year I tried large coconut fiber hanging baskets, which held twice the number of flowers, had more prolific blooms and lasted longer into the fall. Through careful record keeping, I found that although they cost more to produce, the profit margin increased slightly as customers were willing to pay extra and were so pleased with the results.

Coming to a Garden Near You... December: If you have a live Christmas Tree in the house, make sure the container is plenty large, so you can keep it well watered. Turn the heat down at night, as low as possible. When putting your lawn mower away, remember to drain the fuel. Beauty Berry, Pansies and Holly add colour to the garden. If you planted kale, you’re still enjoying treats like massaged kale salad. January: Pour over the seed catalogue, do your research. Look online for photos of how perennials you are thinking of purchasing will look during each season, to ensure a variety of colour all year. This month you’ll see Snowdrops popping up and the bark of the Dogwood is a colourful relief from the snow. Nutritious kale is still being harvested. February: Time to start pruning! In our temperate climate, roses will start to send out a few buds. Trim back well or you’ll have straggly growth. Prune on a diagonal just above a bud that faces out from the centre of the bush. Use super-sharp pruners. This month will finish in the fireworks display of forsythia. Cut a couple of branches early in the month and bring them inside to bloom for your first bouquet of spring. Your kale will now be getting a second wind before it goes to seed.

Now is the time to apply compost to your garden or top dress your grass. We can deliver compost to be rototilled in to your existing soil, or a pre-mix of compost and soil. We deliver as little as half a yard – or come and pick up a smaller load in your own bin.

Stay Sharp! It’s an easy process to sharpen your shears, and a rainy winter’s day is perfect for priming your pruners. 1.  Clean your pruners with warm water and a wire brush. 2.  Dry them well and lay on a paper towel (to catch the little metal filings) 3.  Draw the file down and away from you, across the slanted part of the blade (don’t do the flat edge). 4.  Watch as the edge gets shiny. Try to get an even shine across the blade. 5.  Dip in a solution of 10 parts water to 1 part bleach, to disinfect and prevent transmitting disease (like black spot) from one plant to another. 6.  Wipe on a little olive oil or WD40 to help prevent rust. 7.  Store somewhere dry.


1200 Knight Rd

Retail & Wholesale



Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Bee Keeping


ees are so important to the life cycle of plants and crops that a healthy bee population is critical to our ability to eat a diverse diet. Having a bee hive on your property has many benefits. The bees will visit the blossoms on your fruit trees and the flowers that will set future tomatoes, trading genetic material and pollinating each plant, and generally increasing the productivity of your garden or crops. Honey, the by-product of their industriousness, is a natural sweetener that offers many health benefits and does not require refining. The Fredrich family has been producing honey on Vancouver Island for decades. We share their expertise. In the winter, bees go dormant. They’ve finished pollen collections and return to the hives. Bees need a safe environment

to hibernate. A strategically located hive will be out of reach of their two main predators — bears and wasps. Wasp traps set near the hive entrances are necessary if the fall is unseasonably warm and dry, as these conditions are favourable for wasps who will continue predating upon the bees as they begin hibernation. Artificial hives have a screen door in the ‘basement’ which is left open to allow ventilation over the winter months, but it must be reduced in size if the wasps are actively preying on the bees. Bears can also threaten hives, and here the beekeeper can provide some deterrents like motion activated lights or sprinklers. However, if the bear is undaunted, it is time to call the conservation officer, who can trap and relocate the bear. Luckily, this time of year many of the bears are too busy with spawning salmon to create much havoc with the hives.

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Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

The Fredrichs have hundreds of hives, and place them in various Central Island locations. They choose large berry farms in their Cedar/Yellowpoint neighbourhood, as the hives must be tended several times each season, and a wider dispersement would increase travel time and workload. The bees spend spring moving from one budding crop to another, pollinating strawberries, raspberries, blueberries and then cranberries.

When the cranberry crop has finished flowering, they are trucked up to the local mountains, where the cool forest welcomes them to visit and pollinate the pine trees, mountain wildflowers, and fireweed. Beekeepers must obtain permission from landowners, and timber companies require keepers to carry fire insurance before the bees are placed on their forest lands. At the end of their active cycle, usually October, the bees are transferred backed to their first spring location to wait out winter. Fall is extraction time, and a large operation like the Fredrichs’ is in full swing. Or rather, full spin. The honey comb comes out of the hive in frames. The wax is scraped off and saved to be used for candles. Next the plates are put into a huge spinning cauldron, which will use centripetal force to extract the honey, flinging it out of the comb and down the sides of the machine. The cauldron holds 108 frames, or about 300 pounds of honey. A typical Vancouver Island hive will produce about 100 lbs of honey and could have up to 50,000 bees. The cauldron rotates at 1750 rpm, and creates a thunderstorm effect in the extraction room. As the speed increases, a golden river of honey starts to flow out of the cauldron and through a system of pipes into the packing room. If you are interested in keeping bees yourself, you don’t need an operation as expansive as the Fredrichs’. The Island is dotted with Beekeeping Clubs, and they are the perfect place to get started. There are people who wish to keep bees, but don’t have a location for the hives. There are others who have an orchard or berry field they wish to get pollinated, but they don’t want the work of beekeeping. Wonderful partnerships can be struck at these clubs. Bees are also happy in a suburban environment where flower and vegetable gardens can offer a diverse biosphere. Winter is the perfect time to do your research if you are interested in keeping bees. Familiarize yourself with the various kinds of houses, decide whether you want to purchase or make your own. Price out other equipment - including a protective garment, hat and gloves. Find out where to get bees in your area, and when the best time to buy is. You can buy a 2 lb package of bees (about 8000 individuals) or a “Nuc” or nucleus, which is two to five frames and a laying queen. Make sure you have a good location — plenty of access to blossoms/pollen, wind-protected and well drained. A sunny location will warm the colony and stimulate foraging.

The Honeybee Colony Honeybees lives are short, lasting less than one season, but the colony lives on because individuals will gather and store food that they will never eat, and will sting to defend the hive even though stinging results in the death of the bee. Worker Bees are females unable to reproduce. They live six weeks and forage for nectar, pollen, water and propolis, which is a sap-like material used in hive construction. They carry out the production and glandular secretion of royal jelly, the food for the brood, and beeswax. The Queen lays 1500-2000 eggs per day. She lays from February to October, and has no other role in bringing up the young. She may live 5 or 6 years. Most beekeepers replace the queen every year or two. Drones are the male bees of the colony. Several hundred drones are reared in order to leave the hive and mate with a queen from another colony. They do none of the hive work BC Beekeepers are required to register their colonies with the BC Ministry of Agriculture Apiculture Program. For this form, or to source more valuable information on beekeeping, visit

Lawrence Hoganson, Theo Fredrich Sr. and Theo Fredrich Jr. You can reach the Fredrichs at 250.245.4214. Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014



Innov tions in T

IMBER! Lumber is an obvious forest product, but creative First Nations businesses are branching out into offshoot industries. The innovators of First Nations Wildcrafters BC were the first BC company to introduce wild harvested products using the Canadian Good Agricultural Collection Practices Program. Previous products brought to market in Alberni and across the Island included mushrooms, berries and herbs. These past activities added value to the land base and created income for local gatherers.

“The idea is to integrate agroforestry management with existing practices and policies in typical west coast forests. We use the highest standards of ethical and traditional knowledge-based harvesting to create products that meet the quality and traceability standards of Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

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risk management, a sustainable business plan and adherence to First Nations environmental value systems. While they are no longer in the wild foods business, these same processes and principles are being carried forward into other products currently being developed. Three key components were considered during development of non-timber forest products: 1.  Is it good for the forest? 2.  Is it a sound business model? 3.  Is it ethical and sustainable long-term? Wildcrafters are currently exploring the potential for the use of conifer essential oils as a bi-product from standing timber. This pilot program hopes to find medicinal, pharmaceutical and other uses for the essential oils, which could be harvested from unfelled, mid-term reforested areas. The oils are currently undergoing lab tests to verify chemical content and potential uses. The next stage of development will be market tests, followed by an economic feasibility study and a marketing plan. Development of these forest resources would create economic opportunity B for First Nations as the results of the studies will be shared with other Island communities that are involved in the forestry industry. A. Distiller used for extracting conifer essential oils. B. First Nations Wildcrafters BC Owners Keith Hunter and C. Anne Robinson with the Nuuchah-nulth Economic Development Corporation’s 2011 Best Environmental and Sustainable Business of the Year Award.

The METOO market: Hunter has some insight for food producers looking to introduce their product in a market where there are many other producers offering the same item. (You have zucchini for sale right now? Me Too!) Traceability, quality control and ethical practices are all value-added components that some producers may overlook. If you want your product to stand out in a crowd, think beyond special packaging or a lower price, and consider how important food safety is to consumers. First Nations Wildcrafters BC were chosen as recipients of the Mid-Island Science Technology and Innovation Council’s 2011 Agrifood Business of the Year Award. Keith Hunter is pleased that traditional knowledge and ethical forestry management are being valued by the agrifood business community, and sees opportunity in the creation of a new agroforesty sector.

grow with us in the

Alberni Valley

The Most Affordable Agricultural Land On Vancouver Island. Pat Deakin Mike Irg Economic Development Regional Planner 250.720.2527


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Purchasing a Farm Off-Season H unting for the perfect acreage in the winter months can offer surprising rewards.

1.  Realtors are likely to be less busy and have more time to spend with you walking the acreage, researching the answers to your questions and reviewing documents with you. You may also be able to negotiate a longer time between making an offer and the date the conditions come off. Extra thinking time can take off some of the pressure of making a large financial decision.

2.  You’ll find out if and where water sits on the property: this can be difficult to ascertain in the summer. 3.  Farms usually drop in price substantially during the winter. If you are willing to go shopping wearing gumboots, you may save thousands of dollars off the asking price. There will be fewer people looking — a true buyer’s market. Negotiations to include farm machinery and/or smaller equipment may go more favourably. 4.  You’re more likely to notice if the barn is heated or the chicken coop leaks. 5.  With less foliage around, you’ll find it easier to see fence lines and the perimeter of the property. Make sure to walk the whole

perimeter, and investigate larger acreages on an all-terrain vehicle if possible.

6.  You’ll know what kind of privacy you really have when the leaves are off the trees between neighbouring homes.

7.  You’re less likely to be swayed by cute baby animals and pretty gardens — you’ll get to know the bare bones of the property. 8.  You’re more likely to notice problems with heating or mildew in the farm house. Look closely to see if the windows sweat, or if the doors swell with damp weather. 9.  You’ll notice if snow removal is going to be a problem, and remember to ask about the seasonal machinery and equipment that will come with the sale. 10.  You’ll possibly be able to move in before the busy spring season. What else you’ll have to consider: 11.  Find out whether there are issues particular to foul weather. Some rural areas have more significant problems with power outages than the city. Ask if there is a generator. 12.  Ask detailed questions about crops that have been planted and harvested successfully. Ask to see storage areas for harvested produce.

15 ACRES FARMLAND 9330 Central Lake Rd Port Alberni ALR

Horse Lover’s Paradise Well maintained 3 bdr. home with breathtaking pastoral views. Wood stove, new roof & windows, 200 amp electric, wood combo furnace. Artesian & drilled wells, barn, coop & two sheds. Fully fenced. OFFERED AT $389,900

4213 Princess Rd Port Alberni, BC

250.723.8786 1.888.723.1800


Call us today!

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Offered at $1,299,900 561 Boblaw Pl. Metchosin

10 sunny fenced & cross fenced acres on Galloping Goose Trail. Beautiful 3 stall tack barn and 40x32 over height separate shop w/200amp service. 4275sqft homestead, 4 baths & 4+ Bedrooms. Country style kitchen overlooking greenhouse & garden. Hard wood floors. Open family room w/fireplace and sliders to entertainment size deck. Impressive Master w/ Ensuite & city views. Massive Rec room with wet bar.

Tammi Dimock Personal Real Estate Corporation


If you are purchasing a farm that has had farm status, make sure to ask for records on sales and business costs. 13.  If there are fruit trees on the property, ask what their productivity has been. 14.  If you are purchasing a farm that has had farm status, make sure to ask for records on sales and business costs. 15.  Find out how close the nearest processing area is if you plan to raise livestock for meat. 16.  Find out if there has been any chemicals used on the property, if there has ever been any fill brought in, or whether there is fuel storage on the property. 17.  Ask about what products are already available in the neighbourhood. If you’d really like to start a tulip farm, you don’t want to be next to a tulip farm. On the other hand, if you want to grow plums for your world-famous plum pudding and the next door neighbour is a beekeeper, the combination will be made in heaven!



IN THE COMOX VALLEY Ashprington Farm and Nursery, located on five acres just north of Courtenay on Hwy 19A, is now available for lease or for sale. Cedar hedging, raspberry u-pick, EQUIPMENT AND INVENTORY pumpkins, bamboo, ornamental grasses, $150,000 + reasonable lease rate water plants, landscape rock, flagstone FULL PRICE including LAND and water features create sales.



for more information visit

“I closed the sale as a result of the coverage I got promoting a $1.5 million farm listing. My buyers read this magazine. I love it!” ~ Nancy Vieira, Vancouver Island Realtor

SELL YOUR FARM WITH US! Reach Vancouver Island readers who love farming, gardening and horses with the hard copy of the magazine, and make waves with farm buyers surfing the net! The Island Farm & Garden Website gets an average of 50 visitors per day — and over 70% of the activity is people searching for farms for sale on Vancouver Island. Our website visitors check in from ! row C all points of the y Hol globe, browse our listings and read our real estate articles on line. Be a part of our web presence for farm real estate!

Call 250.924.1439 today or visit Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Featured Farm for Sale

Terra Nossa

certified organic farm

Mill Bay

“Wild blackberries seem to thrive all over the island, but not so for the thornless varieties. They ripen earlier (July), produce massive quantities of large, sweet fruit, and need to be tended. As we’re organic, that means hand weeding and adding natural compost like seaweed.”


met Jesse on a crisp fall day as he was tending his grape vines. He is a wealth of local farming information, as he has raised a wide variety of crops and livestock on his beautiful property. Eight years ago, Jesse and his wife Evelyn moved to the Island and purchased a 21 acre farm in Mill Bay. The soil has a tendency to be sandy, and has a sloping southern exposure (hence the grapes). The ‘front five’ are dotted with sheep, who are grazing happily among clover and other cover crops, peacefully fertilizing next year’s asparagus crop and generally adding to the pastoral ambiance of the homestead.


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Jesse and Evelyn have a beautiful storage shed — I admit I was jealous. Bouquets of garlic and onions hung from specially designed rafters, and an ingenious chicken wire grid provided storage for seed garlic. Potatoes were nestled into cool sand and there was a small wood stove to provide heat if necessary. I was also guided into the free-range chicken run, which was huge and grassy, populated with hens that ran eagerly towards us, clucking and cooing in hopes of an unexpected meal. Several large turkeys were lounging about in the barn yard, having dust baths and blinking at the late fall sun. Free range organically fed pork were also part of the livestock program, as were meat chickens. A large farm market stand held several freezers full of organically grown meat and a fridge for eggs and other perishable produce. Large home made chalkboards informed local shoppers of prices for the various products on display, including baskets of fragrant garlic. Jesse and Evelyn may soon have an exciting new product to display in their market; truffles. The mushrooms, not the chocolates. Four years ago they planted an acre of hazelnut and oak trees inoculated with truffle spores. A special truffle-sniffing dog will be visiting the farm shortly to give an indication of whether the crop took. Truffles take 10 to 12 years to reach good harvest potential. “We took a risk” said Jesse “This could be a great future crop.” My fingers are crossed for them! While farmers do spend a lot of time in the field, tending livestock in the barn or riding about on various farm implements, they do eventually go inside to cook a meal and rest. As with the rest of their farm, the house is large, beautiful and well designed for comfortable island living. It has an amazing view of the property, including a large duck pond and a meandering creek. You’re invited to have a look — and perhaps pick up the ingredients for a special dinner, or even purchase a brand-new lifestyle for yourself. Farm is for sale. COBBLE HILL GREENHOUSES Sunny 8 acres in the beautiful Cowichan Valley. Mixed uses under zone A1. Would suit a main home and secondary building for farm hand. Perfect OFFERED AT horse property surrounded by $499,000 riding trails.

MILL BAY DREAM FARM Gorgeous home with pond, creek and 21 acres of gentle southern slopes and fertile soil. Certified organic. Shop, Walk in freezer, excellent well water, deer fencing and various outbuildings. If you love livestock, you’ll love this farm!

NANCY | Pemberton Holmes Ltd 250.514.4750 | rural specialist

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


C alenda r o f E v en t s

North Opening Day at Mount Washington Dec 6, 9:00 am

The lifts will start to turn at 9am, kicking off another great season of thrills on the hill. 1 Strathcona Parkway, Mt. Washington 1.888.231.1499

Christmas in the Village Dec 5-20

The Cumberland Chamber of Commerce and friends challenge you to ‘shift your shopping’ and buy local this holiday season! Village merchants will open their doors to shoppers with all kinds of incentives, give aways, draws, sales and more. Cumberland, BC 250.336.8313

A Christmas in Black Creek Dec 7

Don’t miss out on the yuletide fun and season’s spirit in Black Creek this Christmas! Pancake breakfast, kid’s crafts, wreath making, shopping and more. Bring a food item for the Food Bank. Black Creek Community Centre 250.337.5190

Denman Island Christmas Craft Faire Dec 7-8

Over 80 of the region’s best and most innovative artisans fill two festive halls with beautiful wares. There’s a food-hall showcasing the craft of cooking, a vibrant outdoor market where you can sip on a hot drink, and a welcoming Island ambiance. This is a perfect opportunity to complete all your present shopping, while celebrating the arts and giving yourself a

memorable day. Denman Island, BC 250.218.3216

Downtown Courtenay Winterfest Dec 7-8

Downtown Courtenay plays host to Downtown Courtenay WinterFest — an incredible array of events and activities for residents and visitors. From choir performances and kids free arts and crafts to special dining events, shopping specials, downtown markets, music nights, art exhibits and craft fairs — there is goodwill, cheer and fun for everyone at Downtown Courtenay WinterFest! Courtenay, BC

4th Annual Comox Valley Whiskey Fest Feb 1

Join us in the beautiful Comox Valley at the Westerly Hotel for the third annual Comox Valley Whiskey Festival. Westerly Hotel, 1590 Cliffe Ave, Courtenay

Designing Your Garden Feb 12-Mar 12, Wednesdays 7-9 pm If you love gardens, this course will open your eyes to the art of garden design. Create a cohesive landscape plan for your property. You will be guided through the three main steps of designing a garden: the base plan, the concept plan, and the planting plan. $135 + GST. North Island College, Comox Campus

Central & Cowichan Yellowpoint Christmas Spectacular 2013 in Cedar Dec 6-8 & 13-15

The Yellowpoint Christmas Spectacular

is a celebration of Christmas as well as an extravaganza of music and dance, lights and decorations, laughter and tears! Cedar Community Hall, 2388 Cedar Rd, Cedar 250.754.8550

Merridale’s Enchanted Orchard Light-Up Dec 5-8

Imagine twinkling lights on the trees, perhaps a dusting of snow on the orchard floor, and a cup of mulled cider to warm the soul. Our Christmas Orchard Walk will surely enchant the whole family, but also provide romantic overtures for couples looking for a sentimental stroll. Merridale Ciderworks, 1230 Merridale Rd, Cobble Hill 250.743.4293

Christmas at Providence Farm Dec 7

Providence Farm’s annual Christmas at Providence is a vibrant venue full of local crafters, farm products, photos with Santa, hayrides, and generally a great time for the whole family. Providence Farm, 1843 Tzouhalem Rd, Duncan 250.746.4204

Cowichan Bay Village and Docks Light Up Dec 7, 5-7 pm

Join in the fun and have your boat lit up for the holiday season starting on December 7th. The lights go on at 6:00PM with activities for kids and lots of hot chocolate. Cowichan Bay Village

Sunday Brunch at Merridale Ciderworks

Dec 15

We will delight your taste buds with local seafood, foraged foods and beef heightened with truffles from the Pacific Northwest and imported from Italy and France. The cottage will be filled with intoxicating aromas. This dinner is also a fundraiser for the local Cowichan Food Bank Deerholme Farm, 4830 Stelfox Rd, Duncan 250.748.7450

Qualicum Beach Seedy Saturday Feb 1, 10:00 am-3:30 pm

A Seedy Saturday is a time to see food and flowering plants and seeds that will grow in your area and to get ideas from experts in all aspects of gardening. The Seed Swap is where you can share your saved seeds with other local gardeners or buy seeds they have saved locally. Qualicum Beach Civic Centre 250.752.9650

Indoor Farmer’s market Wednesdays 5-7 Cranberry Firehall

South Victoria Festival of Trees 2013 Dec 5-Jan 7

Every year, Victoria Festival of Trees transforms The Fairmont Empress into a lush forest of beautifully decorated trees to raise funds for BC Children’s Hospital. Fairmont Empress, 721 Government St, Victoria

A Touch of Saltspring 2013 Dec 7

With over 230 crafters and artisans this





Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

Advertise with us!  NEXT ISSUE MARCH 1, 2014 is the largest attended arts & crafts show on Vancouver Island. If you are looking for unique and thoughtful gifts for the holiday season, make a point to come see the show. Panorama Recreation Centre, 1885 Forest Park Drive, Saanich

and unique items all hancrafted by local artists and artisans, you’ll love what’s in store at this year’s First & Last Chance Christmas Craft Fairs. Mary Winspear Centre, 2243 Beacon Ave, Sidney 250.743.1213

of rider from beginner through advanced levels with an emphasis on correct and safe horsemanship. Mill Shaw Meadows, 1101 ShawniganMill Bay Rd, Mill Bay 250.743.8996

conventional, and lets not forget our talented crafters. Fir St and Memorial, Qualicum 250.757.2006

Deck the Hall / Winter Lights Festival Dec 7

Sip & Savour — Local foods dinner Feb 1

Farmers Institutes

Please join us in the Market Square in downtown Duncan (look for the clock tower) every Saturday and help make your year-round farmers’ market the best in BC! Last market in 2013 is Dec 21 and the first market in 2014 will be Jan 11 or 18. Market Square in Downtown Duncan 250.732.1723

This event features: School christmas concerts, photos with Santa, horse and carriage rides around the Saanich Hall, seasonal entertainment on the Plaza, plus food and refreshments . Saanich Municipal Hall, 770 Vernon Ave, Saanich 250.475.5558

Free Horse-Drawn Trolley Rides Dec 7-8

Enjoy a classic downtown tradition with your family this holiday season. Every weekend, horse-drawn trolleys will circulate throughout downtown making it easy to take in all of the sights and sounds of the Christmas celebrations. The trolleys are free of charge, compliments of the DVBA, and are a unique way to tour the downtown or take a scenic break while you rest your weary feet! Downtown Victoria 250.386.2238

Last Chance Christmas Craft Fair 2013 Dec 14-15 If you appreciate beautifully artistic


Awaken your taste buds to the variety of food and beverages grown and made on the Saanich Peninsula. Sip & Savour will showcase products to promote eating and drinking locally. Mary Winspear Centre, 2243 Beacon Ave, Sidney 250.999.2997

Equine Peter Holmes Hunter Jumper Clinic Jan 25-26

All levels welcome. Email Cathie at MillShaw Meadows offers Hunter/Jumper lessons to all levels of rider from beginner through advanced levels with an emphasis on correct and safe horsemanship. Mill Shaw Meadows, 1101 ShawniganMill Bay Rd, Mill Bay 250.743.8995

Jessie Fraser Dressage Clinic Feb 23

All levels welcome. Email Cathie at MillShaw Meadows offers Hunter/Jumper lessons to all levels

Nanaimo-Cedar Farmers’ Institute Second Thursday of each month

Meetings at 7:00 pm from Sept to May/ June Cedar United Church, 1644 Cedar Rd, Nanaimo

Cowichan Agriculture Society First Wednesday of every month

Meetings at 7:00 pm Agricultural Hall, 5855 Clements St, Duncan

Cobble Hill Farmers Institute Fourth Monday of the month Meetings at 7:30 pm Cobble Hill Hall, 3550 Watson Ave, Cobble Hill

Farmers Markets Qualicum Beach Farmers Market Saturdays in Dec

Over 60 vendors, providing everything from a huge variety of crisp fresh veggies and fruits to baked goods, honey, cheeses, eggs and meats, heritage and

Duncan Farmers Market Saturdays Year Round

Port Alberni Farmers Market Saturdays Year Round

Thanks to the support from you, the community, our Farmers’ Market has grown and we are dedicated to returning that support by bringing to you the best produce and product that we can provide. Together with your help we can create a place for sustainable agriculture in the Alberni Valley. Spirit Square in Downtown Port Alberni

Victoria Downtown Farmers Market Wed & Sat Year Round

The Victoria Public Market at the Hudson highlights local food producers at every level — farmers, fishers, butchers, bakers, cheese-makers, preservers, brewers, vintners, florists and restaurateurs. 1701 Douglas St, Victoria 250.884.8552

best wishes for a healthy and happy new year

s we celebrate one year in business, We’d like to take this opportunity to thank all of our readers, the experts in the field who submitted articles and treasured advice, and the advertisers who have supported us in the endeavour. We look forward to meeting more Island folks who love agriculture as much as we do. Have a story idea or news to share? Please contact us! Lesley & Mark


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Gotta Getta Gutter Guy? H ank Aarsen is a straight-forward family guy that knows gutters from the ground up. Or the roof down, as water travels. Our gutters were a shambles. Full of bends and kinks, pitted with holes, they were originally installed when the house was built, and shag carpet was thought to be a good choice for your bathroom floor.

Hank dropped by this fall to give us a quote — and he gave us a whole bunch of options - from cleaning and repairing the gutters, to installing new custom-made ones, to adding leafguard. We chose to replace the gutters on the front of the house, which were in the worst condition, and to clean the back gutters. We prepped for the Aarsen team by cleaning the moss of the roof. We sprinkled tide soap gran-


ules over the roof, let them sit for over a month (that was the easy part), and then brushed the dead moss off with a broom.

Hank and his helper arrived in the morning, and the first thing they did was remove the old gutters. While the back gutters were being cleaned by hand, Hank started creating our new gutters. A huge roll of aluminum was fed through a machine in the truck which formed the gutters and spit them out the back of the truck. There are several shapes and dozens of colours to choose from. We chose white, and the Step face fascia gutter, which is one of the simplest profiles to clean. Hank recommends cleaning your gutters three or four times a year if you have lots of trees. “We have many customers that clean their own gutters a couple of times, and then have us come out once a year in late fall and do a more thorough job. We make any minor repairs like replacing nails with screws, and checking that the hangers are all still secure. These simple measures can add up to 10 years of life to your gutter. A typical gutter cleaning will cost between $100-$200.” If you don’t live near many trees, you may think your gutters are clear. However, large deposits of pollen can collect and create a slimy mess that clogs the downspouts. Hank also has some advice for homeowners living near the ocean. Because of the amount of wind and spray, the gutters can become clogged





Your health depends on a clean well. Call us today!


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

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with matter you wouldn’t usually find in a gutter. It can create a very smelly, viscous sludge. In fact, one time Hank found an entire fish skeleton in the gutter. The culprit? Sea birds sit on the roof and eat debris they have collected from the tide line. The best time of the year to clean your gutters if you are not in the trees is June (after the pollen has been blown Leaf trap all over your rooftops).

taking the old gutters away to be recycled. He mentioned that the organic material in the gutters actually makes a good compost, and some of his customers use it on their gardens. Hank also has lots of tips on capturing rain water and can offer multiple solutions on how to best accomplish this, whether it be a simple rain barrel or huge storage tanks. Hank works closely with ABC Water Systems to design efficient water capture systems either for watering your garden or converting your rain water into a useable water source for your home, livestock or garden.

If you do get tired of cleaning your gutters annually, Hank can offer a 40 year clog free system that will not only keep your water flowing but will save wear and tear on your roof. Remember, a clogged gutter that is constantly overflowing will rot your fascia boards and the rafter ends the boards are attached to. Keeping water flowing where it is supposed to go will save you thousands of dollars in repairs. Hank told me all of this while he steadily worked to produce our custom gutters out of the back of his truck and then attach them to the house. The longest gutter was 45', so there was a fair bit of maneuvering around the yard to get it up the ladder and in place. Ever the professional, Hank Aarsen did a great job of cleaning up the site, and

Family owned and operated gutter installation and cleaning business. We take pride in our work and we want your gutters to look amazing! 5 inch continuous Step Face Fascia Gutters. Available in many different colours and custom made to your needs.

AARSEN GUTTERS Installation and Cleaning

• Leaf Guarding • Free Estimates • Funnels & Leaf Boxes • Rainwater Collection Ideas • Offering 40 Year Clog-Free Warranty Hank Aarsen, Owner & Installler

“Where Quality Matters to You and Us.”

250 619 7691

Installation Cleaning Funnels & Leaf Boxes Leaf Guarding

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014



Koi & Goldfish Freshwater & Marine Tropical Fish Reptile Supplies Large & Small Aquariums Pumps, Filters, Lighting, Nets Treatments, Medications With the largest selection of Fish available in the mid-island, our facilities are extensive and up-to-date. Our 3800 sq. ft. store with 1200 gallons freshwater tropical fish, 1800 gallons of marine creatures as well as aquarium and pond supplies is available for you to browse.

1580 Alberni Hwy, Parksville

Cleaning Your Own Gutters 1.  The shop vac turned on to the blow function works great for a summer clean if the material in the gutters is dry and the weather is good. Otherwise, you’ll have a heck of a mess all over your house. 2.  You can also vacuum your gutters clean using the shop vac to suck up the mess. Just make sure to use the larger diameter hose. 3.  Don’t lean your ladder up against the gutters. It will bend them, and perhaps even cause a fold, which can later rust, pit and leak. Get yourself a stand-off for your ladder. These units are easy to click onto any aluminum ladder and will save your gutters and stabilize your ladder so it won’t slide around while you work. Cost is about $30. 4.  Your number one area of concern is the outlet that the downspout connects to. If these get clogged, you end up with water seeking out another way down. If you can’t reach all your gutters, try to at least get to the outlets and pull out any debris you find. 5.  During the winter, if you have a big snow, try to brush the snow off gently. Do this in the morning, not the evening, if possible. The bottom layer of the snow will melt first, and if the gutters


250.245.2435 250.748.3939 250.416.0218

Selective Logging Insured & Licensed 12 inch Drum Chipper Topping, Limbing, Falling Dangerous Tree Removal Small and Large Acreage Free Estimates and Advice Commercial and Residential


Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

are clogged, the water will remain in the gutters, freeze and expand, deforming the gutters. This can cause the hangers to spring off, and perhaps even lead to losing the whole gutter. 6.  If you are feeling a bit reticent to climb a ladder or galavant about on your roof, you might want to consider installing a funnel to your gutter with a leaf trap on your downspout. This allows you to clean matter out of your downspout at a more accessible level. Be sure to stand to the side when opening the chamber, as clearing may cause a volume of water to be released.



candles soaps wax & pollen open 10-5 Wed-Sun

Aarsen Gutters ................................43

Island Bison ....................................27

ABC Water Systems.........................42

Island Farm & Garden Get Your Business Mooving!.............46 2798 Cedar Road Nanaimo

Islands Agriculture Show ...................7

Happy Willow Bottom Farm

Aerial tree Service ......................... 44 Alberni Economic Development .......35 American Nettings ..........................30 Ashprington Farm ...........................37 Berks Intertruck Duncan .................12

Island tractor ....................................6 Islandvolks Automotive Ltd. .............46 MNP LLP ..........................................9

Black Creek Farm & Feed ................25

Nanaimo Sausage House Delicatessen .........................24

Buckerfield’s ...................................20

Nanaimo veterinary Hospital ...........21

Clearwater Pond and Aquatic Supplies ............................ 44

Nancy vieira realty .........................39

Cowichan Canine .............................21 Cowichan Economic Development....11 Cowichan Woodwork Ltd. ...................2 Crockett’s tractor Service ...............18 Crown Isle .........................................4 DoGMA Portraits.............................40


Registered Dorper sheep, pure bred St Croix sheep,pasture raised pork, poultry, free range eggs. Local, ethical, delectable!


Riva’s Remedies

Heidi Chartrand, B.A., ESC. Riva’s Remedies Practitioner Distributor Consultations, Products, Presentations

E. 250-882-7511

Nature’s Intent ................................32 Pilon tool rentals............................34

Crockett’s Tractor Service

Plecas Meats ..................................28

Quality Horse & Livestock Fencing Deer, Dog, Privacy Fencing, Post Pounding Shaun & Robert Crockett (25 years)

PrairieCoast Equipment...................12

ProForm ........................................ 48



riva’s remedies ..............................16 riverbend Hay & tack .....................18

Doug routley, MLA ..........................29

Southern Irrigation ..........................42

Equine Emporium............................16

tammi Dimock realty .....................36

Extractigator ...................................25

top Shelf Feeds ...............................17

Farm Credit Canada ....................8, 10

trading Post Feed & tack ................23

Fenton team realty .........................36

tree of Life vet ................................19

Gogo’s Sawmill ................................22

u Cut Christmas trees ....................22

Gordon’s Homes Sales Ltd.................3

SMRAF vancouver Island Enterprises ...........31

Harbour City Equipment ..................47

vancouver Island Insurancedn.............14 a snaidanaC

Hertel’s Meats .................................26

elas rof sesroh Westview Ford .................................13

Home Hardware Ladysmith ...............5


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HTIMSYDAL 3794.542.052 Work Safe BC ..................................15

Guesthouse, Bed & Bale The Broody Rooster Art Workshops

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FARMS Island bred registered Canadians and Canadian-Hanovarian horses for sale LADYSMITH 250.245.4973

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


The Last Laugh Milk Bath

A milkman comes across an order for 45 pints of milk. Puzzled, he decides to ask the customer if this is a mistake. When he knocks on the door, a woman comes out with just a bath towel around her. She confirms that she wants 45 pints. “Milk baths are good for your skin,” explains the woman. “Oh, OK,” says the milkman. “Do you need it pasteurized then?” “No,” says the woman. “Up to my neck will be fine.”

Get Your Business Mooving!

Q & A & B(ee) Q: What do you call a bee that lives in America? A: USB. Q: What do you get if you cross a bee with a doorbell? A: A hum dinger! Q: What’s the last thing to go through a bee’s mind when it hits your windshield? A: Its bum.

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1451 E. Island Hwy, Nanoose Bay beside Big Boys Toys


Dog’s Retreat An old, tired-looking dog wandered into the yard. I could tell from his collar and well-fed belly that he had a home. He followed me into the house, down the hall, and fell asleep on the couch. An hour later, he went to the door, and I let him out. The next day he was back, resumed his position

In a countryside field a sign reads…

“The Farmer allows walkers to cross this field for free, but the bull charges”.

on the couch and slept for an hour. This continued for several weeks. Curious, I pinned a note to his collar: ‘Every afternoon your dog comes to my house for a nap.’ The next day he arrived with a different note pinned to his collar: ‘He lives in a home with four children — he’s trying to catch up on his sleep. Can I come with him tomorrow?

Christmas Eve Service Just as I began my Christmas Eve service, the electricity in the church failed. The ushers and I found some candles and placed them around the sanctuary. Then

Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014

I reentered the pulpit, shuffled my notes, and muttered, “Now, where was I?” A tired voice called out, “Right near the end!”





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1-877 716-3376

1531 Harold Rd


WWW.HARBOUREQUIPMENT.COM Island Farm & Garden  ~  Winter 2013 / 2014


Providing Premium Feed To Island Farms For Nearly 30 Years

ProForm Feeds are manufactured in BC’s first HAACP, FeedAssure and now ISO 22000 Certified Mill, ensuring the highest levels of feed safety standards and product consistency. We have a full team of nutritional experts of all species formulating All Vegetable Feeds designed to Optimize Performance. ProForm is backed by research and made with exclusive technologies.

Find ProForm at these independently-owned Vancouver & Gulf Island and Sunshine Coast locations, or where premium feeds are sold: Beaver Creek Market 6230 Beaver Creek Rd. Port Alberni 250-724-3932 Black Creek Feed 2184 Lalum Rd. Black Creek 250-337-8922 Buckerfields Duncan 5410 Trans Canada Hwy. Duncan 250-748-8171 Buckerfields Nanaimo #1-1277 Island Hwy Nanaimo 250-753-4221 Buckerfields Parksville 587 Alberni Highway Parksville 250-248-3243 Buckerfields Saanich 1970 Keating Cross Road Saanichton 250-652-9188 Foxglove Farm & Garden 104 Atkins Rd. Ganges (Salt Spring Island) 250-537-5531 Heriot Bay Tru-Value Foods 1536 Heriot Bay Road Quadra Island 250-285-2436 McDonalds Farm RR#1 - P14 Bowen Island 604-947-2517 Quality Farm & Garden RR#4 325A Pratt Rd. Gibsons 604-886-7527 Rainbow Valley Farm & Pet 4480 Manson Ave. Powell River 604-485-2244 Raven Feed & Pet Supply 535 North Road Gabriola Island 250-247-9200 Station Farm & Feed 1290 Alberni Hwy Errington 250-248-8631 The Trading Post 3345 Island Highway Cassidy 250-245-2115 Welcome Harvest Farm Ltd Van Anda 604-486-7137 White House Stables 9774 West Saanich Rd., RR#2 Sidney 250-656-8701 Willow Wind Feed 2714 Sooke Rd. Langford 250-478-8012

KENNEL BLEND 1.800.663.2267 | |

Official Feed Sponsors of the Canadian Para-Equestrian Team

Island Farm & Garden Winter 2013/14  
Island Farm & Garden Winter 2013/14  

Islands Agricultural Show, Beekeeping, Winter Garden, Horse Health, Vancouver Island Farms for Sale