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upon and derived from the teachings of the Qur’ an and the Traditions of Muhammad. More verses from the Qur’ an and many parts of the Traditions could have been quoted to show the foundation of these articles of Faith. This was not done because of the limitations of space. However, the Qur’ an and the Tradition of Muhammad are available references for any detailed study. We have also kept to minimum the use of Western terminology and technical language like predestination, fatalism, free will, and so on. This was done deliberately because we wanted to avoid confusion and technicalities. Most of the technical terms used in religion among non-Arabic speaking people lead to misunderstanding, when applied to Islam, and give wrong impressions. It would be impossible to serve the purpose of this work if foreign religious terms were adopted and applied to Islam. If we were to use the alien religious terminology here, we would have had to add many qualifications and comments to clarify the picture of Islam. This also would have required much more space which we could not possibly afford under the circumstances. So, we tried to explain things in ordinary simple language, and this same course will be followed in the remainder of the book

Chapter - II THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF ISLAM The Concept of Faith (Iman) Some people may think that man becomes a Muslim when he confesses belief in the Oneness of the True God and in Muhammad as His Last Messenger. But this is far from the full meaning of Faith. The full meaning of Faith in Islam is not, by any means, something nominal or mere formality. Faith in Islam is a state of happiness acquired by virtue of positive action and constructive conceptions as well as dynamic and effective measures. The Holy Qur’ an and the Traditions of Muhammad define these required measures and establish the standards which build up a meaningful Faith. Thus, the true believers are: 1. Those who believe in God, His angels, His Books as completed by the Qur’ an, His messengers with Muhammad being the Last of them all, the Day of Final Judgement, the absolute knowledge and wisdom of God. 2. Those who trust God always and enjoy unshakable confidence in Him. 3. Those who spend in the way of God of what He has given them in the form of wealth, life, health, knowledge, experience, and so on 4. Those who observe their daily prayers regularly as well as the weekly and annual congregations 5. Those who pay their religious taxes (alms or Zakah) to the rightful beneficiaries (individuals or institutions), the minimum of which is two and half percent of the annual “ net” income, or of the total value of stocks if in business – after discounting all expenses and credits 6. Those who enjoin the right and good, and combat the wrong and evil by all lawful means at their disposal 7. Those who obey God and His Messenger Muhammad; and feel increasing strength of faith when the Qur’ an is recited, and humility of heart when God’ s name is mentioned 8. Those who love God and His Messenger most, and love their fellow men sincerely for the sake of God alone 9. Those who love their near and distant neighbors and show genuine kindness to their guests, especially the strangers 10. Those who say the truth and engage in good talk, or else abstain. It is clear that the very meaning of Faith makes Islam penetrate deeply and constructively into every aspect of life. According to Islam, true Faith has decisive effect on the spiritual and material lot of man, and also on his personal and social behavior as well as his political conduct and financial life. To show how the Qur’ an describes the true believers, here are some examples. The Qur'an contains numerous

Islam in Focus  
Islam in Focus  

By HAMMUDAH ABDALATI Table of Contents Chapter - II

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