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ISLAM IN FOCUS By HAMMUDAH ABDALATI

Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS .......................................................................................................................1 CHAPTER - I .........................................................................................................................................4 THE IDEOLOGICAL FOUNDATION OF ISLAM ...........................................................................4 Allah (God).....................................................................................................................................4 THE MEANING OF ISLAM ......................................................................................................................8 THE FUNDAMENTAL ARTICLES OF FAITH IN ISLAM............................................................................1 1 REMARKS...........................................................................................................................................19 CHAPTER - II .....................................................................................................................................20 THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF ISLAM ..............................................................................................20 The Concept of Faith (Iman) .........................................................................................................2 0 THE CONCEPT OF RIGHTEOUSNESS (BIRR)..........................................................................................22 THE CONCEPT OF PIETY (TAQWA) ......................................................................................................2 2 THE CONCEPT OF PROPHETHOOD........................................................................................................23 THE CONCEPT OF LIFE ........................................................................................................................2 4 THE CONCEPT OF RELIGION................................................................................................................25 THE CONCEPT OF SIN..........................................................................................................................26 THE CONCEPT OF FREEDOM................................................................................................................28 THE CONCEPT OF EQUALITY...............................................................................................................29 THE CONCEPT OF BROTHERHOOD.......................................................................................................30 THE CONCEPT OF PEACE.....................................................................................................................30 THE CONCEPT OF COMMUNITY...........................................................................................................31 THE CONCEPT OF MORALITY..............................................................................................................33 THE CONCEPT OF THE UNIVERSE ........................................................................................................39 CHAPTER 3.........................................................................................................................................43 THE APPLICATION OF FAITH......................................................................................................4 3 THE PURPOSE OF PRAYER...................................................................................................................44 THE CONDITIONS OF PRAYER .............................................................................................................45 THE KINDS OF PRAYER .......................................................................................................................46 THE TIMES OF PRAYER .......................................................................................................................46 THE PARTIAL ABLUTION (WUDU’) .....................................................................................................47 NULLIFICATION OF THE ABLUTION .....................................................................................................48 COMPLETE SUBSTITUTE FOR THE ABLUTION (TAYAMMUM)...............................................................48 SPECIAL FACILITIES IN ABLUTION ......................................................................................................49 THE COMPLETE ABLUTION (GHUSL/BATH) ........................................................................................49 THE PRAYER CALL (ADHAN) ..............................................................................................................4 9 ENTRANCE INTO PRAYER (IQAMAH)...................................................................................................5 0 THE PERFORMANCE OF PRAYER .........................................................................................................50 THE EARLY MORNING PRAYER (SALATU-L-FAJR) ..............................................................................5 0 THE NOON PRAYER (SALATU-Z-ZUHR) ..............................................................................................5 2 THE MID-AFTERNOON PRAYER (SALATU-L-'ASR)..............................................................................52 THE SUNSET PRAYER ( SALATU-L-MAGHRIB) ....................................................................................5 2 THE EVENING PRAYER (SALATU-L-‘ISHA’) ........................................................................................52 THE CONGREGATIONAL (JAMA’AH) PRAYERS....................................................................................54 THE FRIDAY PRAYER (SALATU-L-JUMU’AH) ......................................................................................5 5 THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FRIDAY PRAYER..........................................................................................55 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ‘EED PRAYERS ................................................................................................56 THE PERFORMANCE OF ‘EED PRAYERS (SALATU-L-‘EED) ..................................................................5 8 SHORTENING OF THE PRAYER .............................................................................................................6 0 TIMES WHEN PRAYER IS FORBIDDEN..................................................................................................60 MAKING UP FOR DELAYED PRAYERS .................................................................................................6 0 THE TARAWEEH PRAYERS ..................................................................................................................6 0 INVALIDATION OF PRAYERS................................................................................................................61 THE FUNERAL PRAYERS (SALATU-L-JANAZAH) .................................................................................6 1 GENERAL REMARKS ON PRAYER ........................................................................................................6 3 The Fatihah (The Opening or Al-Hamd)....................................................................................... 64 THE FIRST PART.................................................................................................................................6 4 THE SECOND PART .............................................................................................................................65 SHORT PASSAGES OF THE QUR’ AN .....................................................................................................65 THE FASTING (SAWM) ........................................................................................................................6 6 FASTING IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE ...........................................................................................68 THE PERIOD OF FASTING.....................................................................................................................69 WHO MUST FAST? ..............................................................................................................................70

Islam in Focus  
Islam in Focus  

By HAMMUDAH ABDALATI Table of Contents Chapter - II

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