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xf]:6]naf6 aflx/ hfg] cg'dlt lyPg . t/, au}rf;Dd hfg] / k9\g] 5"6 eg] lbOPsf] lyof] . ca x/]s lbg 5f]6] / afnssf] au}rfdf e]6 x'g yfNof] . afnssf] efusf] vfgf / kfgL b'O{ hgfn] afF8]/ vfg yfn] . 5f]6] / afns ldNg] ;fyL alg;s]sf lyP . afns k9fO{df klg 6f7f] lyof] . p;n] 5f]6]nfO{ klg l;sfpFb} uof] . pm k9\gdf cln a9L rf;f] /fVg] ePsfn] ;fyLefO{ tyf lzIfsn] klg p;nfO{ tgfj lbFb}gy] . c? v]ln/x]sf] a]nf klg afns eg] k9\g yfNYof] . o;}sf/0f 5f]6];Fusf] p;sf] ;ª\utnfO{ s;}n] kQf kfPgg\ . t/, ;xL s'/f slt lbg kf] l5K5 / < Ps lbg afnsn] 5f]6]nfO{ vfgf kfgL lbg] / k9fpg] u/]sf] p;sf] ;fyLefO{n] yfxf kfP . ;fyLn] Ps hgf ;8s afns Tof] klg d}nf / kmf]xf]/L afns;Fu lxdlrd u/]sf] pgLx¿nfO{ dfGo ePg . ;a} ldn]/ afnsnfO{ x]nf ug{ yfn] . 5f]6] cfPsf] b]v] eg] ;a}n] p;nfO{ klg ufnL ug{ yfn] . ;fyLefO{sf] Jojxf/af6 afns b'MvL aGb} uof] . cfkm\gf] sf/0fn] ;fyLn] x]nf ;xg' k/]sf] 36gfaf6 5f]6]sf] lbdfudf klg g/fd|f] c;/ k¥of] . o:t}df Ps lbg afnsn] e]6g\ gkfpFb} 5f]6n ] fO{ au}rfdf ;fyLefO{n] lk6]5g\ . of] ;a} s'/f xf]:6nsf]

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xfdLn] s] ug]{ < ;/f]h yfkfdu/

g]kfnnfO{ ;j{:j dfg]/ .

g]kfn, g]kfn hk]/ xf] dGq .

lgM:jfy{ ;]jf dgn] hk]/ .

g]kfn xf]cf]; ca :jtGq ..

n'5fr'F8Ln] cl3 hfg lbGg .

o} dfq lrGtf dgdf lnP/ .

sf6f]l5gf]n] ca s]xL x'Gg ..

g]kfnsf] ;]jf u/f}F ldn]/ ..

la;]{/ hDd} cfuf]sf] s'6'Da .

;f]emf] s'/f of] ;an] a'em]/ .

g]kfnsf] ;]jflt/ bQmlrQ ..

st{Jodf kfng hf] 5 rsf]{ ..

xf]cf}F / kf] b]z a9]/ hfnf .

dfg]/ emsf]{, gu/] t x]/L .

geP hxfFsf] txL /xf}Fnf ..

hxfF lyof}+ x'G5f}+ ToxLF km]/L ..

9


3f]8fsf] df]n sNkgf k|wfg

s'g} ufpFdf b'O{ hgf a'9fa'9L a:by] . pgLx¿;Fu wg / ;Gtfg b'a} lyPg . Ps lbg a'9LnfO{ w]/} ef]s nfUof] . 3/df s]xL klg vfg]s'/f lyPg . a'9L slxn] klg cfkm\gf] a'9fnfO{ b'Mv lbg rfxGyL . p;n] vf]nfdf uP/ l;:gf] l6kL . of}6f af]/fdfly l;:gf] /fvL . t/, af]/fsf] l;:gf] af]Sg g;s]/ a'9L ?g yfnL . o:t}df Pp6f em\ofª\df n's]/ 3f]8fn] x]l//x]sf] lyof] . a'9L /f]Psf] b]v]/ 3f]8fsf] dgdf bof hfUof] . pm To; 7fpFdf rg{sf nflu cfPsf] lyof] . a'9L ePsf] 7fpFdf uP/ 3f]8fn] eGof], æcfdf

cfdf tkfO{ lsg ?g' ePsf] < eGg'; g Û d}n] ug{ ;Sg] sfd eP ul/lbG5' .Æ 3f]8fsf] s'/f ;'g]/ a'9L bª\u k/L . a'9Ln] egL, æafa' d ul/a 5' . oxfF w]/} l;:gf] l6k] . 3/ n}hfg vf]Hbf af]Sg ;lsg . cfkm\gf] b'Mv / b'a{ntf b]v]/ cfkm} /f]PsL x'F . c¿ s]xL lk/ 5}g .Æ a'9Lsf] s'/f ;'g]/ 3f]8fn] eGof], æ d tkfO{sf] 3/df ePsf] ;a} sfd ul/lbG5', dnfO{ vfg lbg' kb}{g, dfq /ftdf af; a:g lbP k'U5 .Æ a'9L klg bofn' lyO{ . 3f]8fnfO{ l;:gf]sf] ef/L af]sfO{ cgL cfkm" 3f]8fsf] cl3 cl3 nfuL . a'9L 3/df

10


k'u]/ l;:gf] lgsfnL . cfkm"h:tf ul/a ;fyLnfO{ PsPs 5fs l;:gf] afF8L . /fd|f] l;:gf] b]v]/ ;fyLx¿ klg v';L eP . l;:gf]sf] ;f6f]df ;fyLx¿n] a'9LnfO{ 3\o", t]n / rfdn lbP . 3f]8fsf] ;xof]un] a'9Lsf] 3/df rfdn, t]n / 3\o" k|z:t eof] . ca t a'9fa'9LnfO{ 3/df vfgfsf] slxNo} b'Mv ePg . a'9L w]/} h;f] 3f]8f lnP/ vf]nfdf hfGyL . vf]nfdf ePsf] l;:gf], lgu'/f] / ss{nf] af]s]/ 3/df Nofpg] ub{yL . l5d]sLx¿ klg bª\u lyP . 3f]8fn] a'9fa'9Ln] h] eg]klg dfGYof] . a'9Ln] klg 3f]8fnfO{ 5f]/f h:t} dfof uyL{ . ;+of]usf] s'/f Ps lbg a'9L la/fdL eO{ . 3/df a'9fnfO{ s]xL klg sfd ug{ cfpFb}gYof] . a'9fn] vfgf agfpg ghfGbf a'9L dg}{ nfuL . a'9L qmdzM b'AnfpFb} nfuL . dg]{ s'/f 3f]8fnfO{ yfxf eof] . 3f]8fn] a'9fnfO{ eGof], æ af af d Pp6f s'/f eG5' d]/f] s'/f dfGg'; x} <Æ æx'G5 eg\, d dflgxfN5' gLÆ a'9fn] eGof] . æcfdf lgs} la/fdL x'g'x'G5, pxfFnfO{ c:ktfn n}hfg'k5{ . gq pxfFnfO{ ;Grf] x'Fb}gÆ 3f]8fn] gd|tfk"j{s eGof] . t/, a'9fnfO{ of] s'/f dg k/]g . p;n] eGof], ætF hfGg] gxf], xfdLnfO{ klg o:tf] s'/f yfxf 5Æ a'9fn] 3f]8fsf] s'/fnfO{ s'g} jf:tf u/]g . a'9L lbgk/lbg la/fdLn] ynf kb}{ uO . a'9fnfO{ klg cfkt k¥of] . pm cfkm" s]xL sfd klg ub}{gYof] . 3f]8f klg vfg gkfP/ ;w} lxlGxgfP/ lbSslbSs kb{Yof] . a'9fnfO{ x'g;Dd cfkt k¥of] . 3/df a;L;Sg' ePg . 3/e/L 3f]8fsf] lnbLn] el/of] . ca ;fRr} c:ktfn

gnuL a'9L gafRg] eO{ . t/, a'9f];Fu cf}ifwL ug{ k};f lyPg . pm;Fu ;DkQLsf] gfddf Tolx Pp6f 3f]8fdfq lyof] . ufpF3/ st} klg p;n] k};f ;fk6L kfpg ;s]g . lbSs eP/ p;n] a'9LnfO{ eGof], æd;Fu cf}ifwL ug]{ k};f 5}g, of] 3f]8fnfO{ kfNg klg d g;Sg] eO;s]F . o;sf] lnbLn] csf]{ /f]u nfUg] ;Defjgf 5 . o;sf/0f cfh d ahf/ uP/ o;nfO{ a]rL k};f lnP/ cfpF5' . ltdL tftf] kfgL vfP/ ;'lt/xg' .Æ a'9Ln] 6fpsf] xNnfP/ æx'G5Æ egL . a'9f] ahf/lt/ lx8\of] . psfnf], cf]/fnf] af6f] ePsfn] ahf/ 6f9f lyof] . hfFbf hfFbf yfs]/ aNn ahf/df k'Uof] . ahf/df cfPsf dflg;x¿ c¿ lrh x]y,{] t/ p;sf] 3f]8fnfO{ s;}n] klg x]bg{} y] . p;sf] dgdf klg 3f]8f lalqm x'bF g} eGg] eO;s]sf] lyof] . of}6f ufpFnn] ;fgf] /fd|f] sfnf] ufO{ l3;|fpFb} NofpFb} u/]sf] p;n] b]Vof] . a'9fnfO{ Tof] ufO{ lng dg nfUof] . pm ;Fu k};f lyPg . pm;n] 3f]8f lbP/ ufO{ ;f6\g] s'/f ldnfof] . ufpFnn ] ] Tof] s'/f d~h'/ u¥of] . a'9f] /fd|f] ufO{ l3:ofpFb} 3/sf] af6f] nfUof] . afFsL @! k]hdf 11


3n] bDktL ci6]«lnofnL wgf9\o g]kfnL d'nsf ci6]«lnofnL gful/s z]if 3n] tyf hd'gf 3n] ci6]«lnofsf] wgf9\o ;"lrdf k/]sf 5g\ . b'O{ ;ohgf wgf9\osf] ;"lrdf 3n] bDkQL b'a}hgfsf] gfd ;dfj]z 5 . utjif{sf] ;"lrdf >Ldfgdfq ;dfj]z ePklg hd'gf o;}jif{b]lv ;"lrs[t ePsL x'g\ . ci6]«nofaf6 k|sfzg x'g] lahg]z l/Eo" ljSnL -aLcf/aL_ n] x/]s jif{ lgsfNb} cfPsf] wgf9\osf] ;"lrdf pgLx¿sf] gfd klg ;dfj]z ePsf] xf] . o;jif{sf] ;"lrdf z]if ! ;o *) / hd'gf ! ;o *! cf}+ :yfgdf 5g\ . 3n];Fu @^ s/f]8 %) nfv cd]l/sL 8n/ ;DkQL /x]sf] klqsfn] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . ci6]«lnofl:yt d]njg{ OlG:6Ro"6 ckm 6]Sgf]nf]hLsf ;fy} l/on O:6]6 Joj;fodf 3n] ;kmn ag]sf 5g\ . pgsf] ;DkQL utjif{sf] t'ngfdf ! s/f]8 cd]l/sL 8n/n] j[l4 ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;DkQL a9]klg pgL utjif{eGbf !$ :yfg tn em/]sf 5g\ . utjif{ pgL ! ;o ^^ cf}+ :yfgdf lyP . nfdf] ;dob]lv ci6«]lnofdf /x]sf pgL x/]s jif{ wgf9\osf] @ ;o cf}+ ;"lrdf kb}{ cfPsf 5g\ . 3n]n] em08} !! s/f]8 8n/ vr{df cGt//fli6«o xf]6n r]g :6f/p8;Fusf] ;Demf}tfdf g]kfndf klg xf]6n ;]/f6g :yfkgfsf] tof/L u/]sf 5g\ . 3n]]n] tTsflng ;f]leot o'lgogdf cWoog u/]sf lyP . pgL ;g\ !(() df ljBfyL{sf ?kdf ci6«]lnof k|j]z u/]sf lyP . k|f/Dedf cGo ljBfyL{;/x b'Mv si6 u/]sf pgn] Joj:yfkg ljifodf :gftsf]]Q/ u/]sf 5g\ . pgL Hofb} ldx]gtL 5g\ . ;f]xLsf/0f pgL of] :yfg;Dd cfOk'u]sf x'g\ . @)!$ ;fndf ndh'ªdf hlGdPsf 3n]n] /fhwfgLdf Ol~hlgol/ª ljifo cWoog u/]sf

lyP . xfn pgL ci6]«nofl:yt PdcfO{6L sDkgLsf dflns 5g\ . >LdtL 3n] ;f] sDkgLsL ;~rflnsf x'g\ . ci6]«]lnofsf] ;kmn z}lIfs ;+:yfdWo] Ps dflgg] pgsf] OlG:6Ro'6df ;'rgf k|ljlw tyf Joj:yfkgh:tf ljifodf cWofkg x'g] u/]sf] 5 . ;+:yfdf :jb]zL tyf ljb]zL ljBfyL{ cWoog/t 5g\ . u}/cfjfl;o g]kfnL ;ª\3df ;d]t cfj4 pgn] utjif{ g]kfndf nufgL ug'{sf ;fy} ;dfh ;]jfsf] sfo{qmd klg ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyP . >LdtL 3n];lxt pkl:yt Pgcf/Pgsf] Ps sfo{qmddf pgLx¿n] lzIff, :jf:Yoh:tf If]qdf ;dfh ;]jf ug]{ atfPsf lyP . Joj;fo la:tf/sf qmddf Nofpg] elgPsf] ;]/f6g xf]6n /fhwfgLsf] b/af/dfu{df v'Ng] 5 . ;f] xf]6ndf em08} @ ca{ %) s/f]8 ?k}ofF nufgL x'g]5 . @ ;o @% sf]7f Ifdtfsf] pQm xf]6n ;g\ @)!* km]a|'c/L;Dd ;~rfngdf cfpg] ;]/f6gsf] cflwsfl/s j]j;fO6df pNn]v 5 . ;|f]tM sflGtk'/ b}lgs 12


uwf / e};L

ls;fgsf] hah{:tLkl5 kf;f vfhf vfg uof] . vfhf vfPkl5 kf;fnfO{ klg km"lt{ cfof] . ls;fgM x}g kf;f efO{ ltdL afpb]lv lsg 8/fPsf] < sxfF 5g\ / ltd|f] afp < kf;fM olx kN6]sf] 6«s leq 5g\ gL . To;kl5 t ls;fg g} a]xf; .

Ps JolQmn] cfkm\gf] l5d]sLnfO{ b'Mv kf]Vb} eg]5, æd]/f] uwfn] xl/of] 3fF; vfg] afgL k/]/ ;'s]sf] 3fF; t vfFb} vfFb}g . s] ug]{ xf]nf <Æ l5d]sLn] xQ g kQ eg]5, æw]/} ;lhnf] 5, d]/f] e};Ln] klg ;'s]sf] 3fF; vfFb}gYof], d}n] t xl/of] r:df nufOlbPsf] udfud vfg yfNof] .Æ bf];|f] lbg JolQmsf] xftv'6\6fdf Knf:6/ u/]sf] kf/;, p;sL a'9L / ;f;' dlGb/adf k|jrg ;'Gg b]v]/ l5d]sLn] s] eof] egL ;f]Wof] . JolQmn] eGof], uP5g\ æs] eGg], uwfnfO{ xl/of] r:df nufOlbFb} lyFP, uwfn] u'?hLn] wfld{s syf ;'gfPkl5 eg]5g\, ætkfO{+x? b'O{ nfQL xfGof] / eGof], ædnfO{ klg e};L ;lDem;\ sL Sof xf] <Æ

rnfv kf/;

d';f]sf] xfQLgLnfO{ njn]6/

Pp6f d';fn] xfQLgL æxfQLsf] 5f]/LÆnfO{ nj n]6/ k7fP5 . w]/} k6s k7fpFbf gL pQ/ gcfPkl5 d';f] l/;fP/ xfQLgLsf cuf8L uP/ æcfO nj o"Æ d ltld;Fu lax] ug{ rfxfG5' eg]5 . To;kl5 xfQLgLn] eg]5, M æt]/f] Hofg x]/ t, dnfO{ dfof ug]{ t]/f] s] cf}sft 5 <Æ d';f] c/] cf}sftsf] s'/f 5fl8b]p, d]/f] lxDdt x]/ g lxDdt

kf;fn] cfh klg sfd lauf¥of]

cfh z]/]n] ldgL 6«s kN6fof] . v]tdf wfg p7fpg nu]sf] 6«s lemSg kf;fn] lgs} ldx]gt ul//fv]sf] lyof] . Tof] s'/f cln k/ al;/fv]sf] ls;fg b]lv/fv]sf] lyof] . To;}a]nf ls;fg bfO{n] eGof]M æx} P kf;f otf cfp klxnf vfhf vfp, z]/]M x}g bfO{ afpn] df5{g\ dnfO{ ls;fgM x}g efO{ klxnf vfhf vfp, d klg ;xof]u u/f}+nf To;kl5 6«s p7fpg .

sf] sf] :ju{ hfg rfxg' x'G5 < xft p7fpg' xf] .Æ of] ;'g]/ kf/;sL a'9L / ;f;'n] xtf/xtf/ xft p7fP5g\ . t/ kf/;n] p7fPg5 . u'?nfO{ v'Nb'nL nfu]kl5 ;f]w]5, æltdL ghfg] :ju{Æ kf/;M d]/L a'9L / ;f;' uPkl5 t dnfO{ ot} :ju{ x'G5 gL . 13


!( cf}+ ztfAbLs} dxfg j}1flgsM n'O{ kf:r/ pgsf of]ubfg • /]ljh lj?4sf] ;'O{ cfljisf/ • /]zd ls/fsf] /f]usf] pkrf/ • e]8fdf nfUg] /f]usf] lgbfg • s'v'/fsf] cf}ifwL lgdf{0f • kf:r/fOh l;4fGtsf] cfljisf/ cfh s's'/ tyf hª\unL hgfj/sf] 6f]sfO{kl5 klg dflg; ;lhn} afRg ;S5 . efOalxgL ltdLnfO{ yfxf 5, of] ;Dej agfpg] /]lahlj?4sf] vf]k pknAw eP/} xf] . t/, of] vf]k s;n] kQf nufP xf]nf < o;sf] cfljZsf/ j}1flgs n'O{ kf:r/n] u/]sf x'g\ . k|]/s JolQmTj :tDesf] o; cª\sdf xfdLn] pg} kf:r/sf af/] rrf{ u/]sf 5f}+ . j}1flgs cfljZsf/sf] If]qdf 7"nf] km8\sf] dfl/;s]sf] cfhsf] cj:yfdf klg ;+;f/df /f]usf] cfqmd0f sd ePsf] 5}g . n'O{ kf:r/sf] ;dodf klg dflg; /f]uaf6 x}/fg lyP . ljz]ifu/L To;a]nf /]ljhsf] cfts+ lyof] . o; /f]uaf6 d'QmL kfpg] u/L kf:r/n] /]ljhlj?4sf] vf]k kQf nufPkl5 dfG5]sf nflu sn+s aGb} cfPsf] 7"nf] kvf{n 9n]sf] lyof] . ;g\ !**% sf] s'/f xf] . uf]7fnfx¿ e]8f r/fpFb} lyP . PsfPs Pp6f af}nfxf s's'/ cfof] . uf]7fnfnfO{ 6f]Sg vf]Hof] . c? efu] t/, Ps hgf alnof] / zfx;L uf]7fnfn] s's'/sf] k|ltsf/ u¥of] . o;}qmddf s's'/n] ;f] uf]7fnfsf] xftdf 6f]lslbof] . uf]7fnfsf] k|ltsf/af6 s's'/ cr]t eof] / c? uf]7fnf afFr] . of] 36gf eO/x]sf a]nf kf:r/ k|of]uzfnfdf lyP .

/]ljhsf] cfljZsf/ eO;s]sf] lyof] . t/, cf}ifwLn] sfd unf{ of gunf{ eGg] s'/f k|dfl0ft x'g ;s]sf] lyPg . s's'/n] 6f]s]sf] uf]7fnfnfO{ ;'O{ nufpg] of gnufpg] eGg] bf]wf/ eof] . c? pkfo klg lyPg . To;kl5 uf]7fnfnfO{ ;'O{ lbOof] . ;+of]ujz uf]7fnfnfO{ /]lahn] cfqmd0f ug{ ;s]g . pkrf/ ;kmn eof] . o; 36gfkl5 h'lkn gfds uf]7fnf] / kf:r/ Ps ;fy ljZjrlr{t ag] . cfkm\gf] lhp afhL /fv]/ ;fyLnfO{ arfpg] h'lknn] zfxl;s k'/:sf/ kfof] eg] kf:r/n] k|l;l4 . kf:r/sf] hGd ;g\ !*@@ df k|mfG;sf] h'/fdf 14


ePsf] xf] . ;}lgs clws[tsf 5f]/f kf:r/ ;fgf] 5Fbf lrqsnftkm{ a9L em'sfj /fVy] . t/, k9fO{df eg] Tolt ltI0f a[l4sf lyPgg\ . sn]h egf{ ePkl5 eg] pgn] k9fO{df s]lGb|t eP . To;a]nf pgn] cWoogsf nflu ef]s, ltvf{ / ljnf; ;a} Tofu]sf lyP . pgn] ;g\ !*$& df lj1fg ljifodf 8fS6/ pkfwL k|fKt u/]sf lyP . kf:r/n] cfkm"nfO{ /f]usf] cWoogdf s]lGb|t u/fPsf lyP . cf}ifwLsf] cfljisf/df tNnLg eP . s8f kl/>d, s7f]/ ;fwgf / lg/Gt/sf] k|of;n] pgnfO{ ljZjs} dxfg j}1flgs agfPsf] xf] . kf:r/n] s's'/sf] 짜ofnaf6 nfUg] /f]u, kf:r/fOh l;4fGt, s'v'/fdf b]lvg] /f]u, /]zd ls/fdf nfUg] /f]uh:tf /f]usf] cf}ifwL kQf nufPsf lyP . o;k|sf/ x'g] dflg;sf] :jf:Yodf dfq xf]Og, p;sf] cfDbfgLdf ;d]t k|ToIf nfe k'짜ofOlbPsf 5g\ . b'w z'4 /fVg pgn] u/]sf] k|of; clxn] klg plQs} ;fGble{s 5 . /]zd ls/f tyf kmnkm"naf6 kof{Kt cfDbfgL k|fKt ug{df klg pgn] kQf nufPsf cf}ifwLsf] 7"nf] e"ldsf /Xof] . elgG5 kf:r/ s'g} a]nf kfun ag]sf lyP . cfkm" cWoogdf tNnLg /x]sf a]nf a'af / 5f]/Lsf] d[To'kl5 pgL x}/fg lyP . t/, k'gM cg';Gwfgdf s]Gb|Lt x'g yfn]kl5 eg] pgL l7s x'Fb} uP . w}o{ / nuglzntfnfO{ 6'6\g lbPgg\ . To;kl5 t pgL

emg} rlr{t eP . k|mfG;df pgL eujfg;/L k'lhGy] . pgL cfkm\gf] sfdk|lt cfTdljZjf; /fVy] . slxn]sfFxL pgsf cf}ifwLdfyL ljleGg k|Zg p7fOGYof] . t/, pgL lgw{Sssf ;fy kl/Iffdf h'6\y] / ;kmn klg x'Gy] . pgL JolQmut ;d:ofdf Tolt w]/} s]Gb|Lt ePgg\ . pgL k|ltefzfnL JolQm lyP . pRr dgf]jnsf ;fy sfd uy]{ . cfkm\gf] 1fgnfO{ klg la:tf/ ub}{ uP . dfgjhftLnfO{ /f]uaf6 d'Qm /fVg] e/dUb'/ k|of; u/]sf kf:r/ !( cf}+ ztfAbLs} dxfg j}1flgs dflgG5g\ . kf:r/n] ;g\ !*(% df o; ;+;f/nfO{ labf u/]sf lyP . pgsf] gfddf k|mfG;sf] /fhwfgL k]l/;df kf:r/ OlG:6Ro"6 :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 . o;n] kf:r/nfO{ jiff}+ hLljt /fVg ;xof]u ug]{5 .

15


k|ltefsL kof{oM ;'s[tL pk]|tL

uLt÷;lª\ut / k|s[lt;Fu /Dg] cfbt 5 pgsf] . 3'Dg dg k/fpg] pgL cWoogdfq xf]Og, cltl/Qm lqmofsnfkdf klg plQs} cAan l5g\ . ;fdfGo afnaflnsf cfkm\gf] b}lgsLdf Jo:t /xFbf pgL eg] l;h{gf / ;flxTodf tNnLg x'lG5g\ . To;}n] t pgdf cfTdljZjf; al9/x]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf lbgdf pgn] lg/Gt/ k|utLsf] lzv/ r'Db} l5g\ . k9fO{ / cltl/Qm lqmofsnfkdf klg . efO{alxgL olt nfdf] k|z+;f ltdLx¿n] Ps} ;f;df k9L ;Sof} xf]nf x}g < gk9\g' klg lsg . cfh xfd|f] cfj/0fdf cltlysf ?kdf lgDofOPsL k|ltefjfg ;fyL ;'s[tL pk|]tL ;fgf] pd]/df w]/} sfd u/]/ k|;+zf of]Uo kfq ag]sL l5g\ .

kf7zfnf g]kfn kmfp08];gdf sIff ( df cWoog/t ;'s[tLn] xfn;Dd y'k|} k'/:sf/ xft kf/]sL 5g\ . sIff ^ b]lv ( ;Dd x/]s jif{ sIffdf k|yd :yfgdf cfPsL pgn] cfkm"nfO{ ax'd'vL k|ltefo'Qm 5fqfsf ?kdf :yflkt ug{ ;kmn ePsL l5g\ . 6]lnlehg sfo{qmd lxF8\bflxF8\b}df sfo{qmd ;~rfnssf] e'dLsf lgjf{x ul/;s]sL :jLs[tL @)&) ;fn h]7 $ ut]b]lv cfFs'/f kmfp08];gsL ;befjgf b"t 3f]lift ePsL 5g\ . a'af nIdLgf/fo0f pk|]tL tyf cfdf uf]df pk|]tLsL sfG5L 5f]/Lsf Ps hgf bfh' 5g\ . ;/sf/L ;]jfsf] pRr kbdf sfo{/t a'af / u[lx0fL cfdfsf] ;fy kfPsL :jLs[tL eljZodf lzIff ;]jfdf nflu ;dfhnfO{ lzIffsf] pHofnf]af6 emnfdnL agfpg] ;f]rdf l5g\ . cfkm"n] ;fgf] sIffdf uP/ k9fpFbf ;Gt'li6 ldNg] ePsfn] eljZodf klg oxL k]zf ckgfpg] ;f]r agfPsf] pgL atfpFl5g\ . pgsf] ;f] OR5fnfO{ pgsf a'afcfdfn] klg ;xif{ :jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . cWoog;Fu} cltl/Qm lqmofsnfkdf klg ;kmn pgL h'g If]qdf k|ltikwf{ ul5{g, To;df ;kmn aGb} cfPsL 5g\ . o:tf lqmofsnfkn] cfkm"df cfTdljZjf; a9fO/x]sf] pgsf] cg'ej 5 . pgL ljBfno tyf ;f] eGbf dflyNnf] :t/df cfof]lht df]8lnª, g[To, ufog, lgjGw n]vg, jSt[Tjsnf, sljtf, lrqsnfh:tf k|ltof]lutfdf ;xefuL tyf k'/:s[t x'Fb} cfPsL l5g\ . ;fgf] pd]/df ;'s[tLn] 7"nf] ;Defjgf b]vfPsL l5g\ . pgdf cfTdljZjf; 5 . k|ltefzfnL pgnfO{ lzIfs tyf ;fyLefO{n] klg pQLs} dfof u5{g . xf]6n Dofg]hd]06 ljifo cWoog ul//x]sf bfh'n] klg pgnfO{ ;Sbf] ;xof]u u5{ . o;k|sf/ kl/jf/, ljBfno, lzIfs, ;fyLefO{, ;dfh / ;a}sf] ;xof]u kfOg eg] pgL Ps lbg uGtAodf k'Ug] l5g\ . afnd~h/L kl/jf/sf] pgnfO{ z'esfdgf ... 16


ufp“vfg] syf

!= catf/ km]/L dflydfly 3'D5', p8\bf p8\b} gyfldP wtL{ lehfOlbG5' . s] xf] < @= wfl/nf] lk7\oF" p;sf] r/L gª\u|] v'6\6L, cfFvf, sfg s]xL 5}g gfsdf 5 d'Gb|f] s] xf] < $= cIf/ 5 lstfa x}g, uf]nf] 5 Ogf/ x}g, ;+;f/ 8'N5 s] xf] < %= nufpFbf OHot, vfFbf a]OHot s] xf] < ^= vfg' g lkpg', ;w} 8'ln/xg' s] xf] < &= km'6fpF5 r'/f, sfd nfUb}g 5'/f, s'lrPsf] efF8f]df vfg]s'/f s] xf] < * skfnleq af; a:5, vfG5 /ftf] kfgL, dflg;n] b]v] hfG5 lhGbufgL s] xf] < (= sf7sf] kvf{n, l;;fsf] b/af/, gvf]nL x]5{g\ nuftf/ s] xf] < !)= afnsdf xl/of], tGg]/Ldf /ftf], dflg;n] vfof] eg] hfG5 p;sf] ;ftf] s] xf] < !!= nfDsfg] afv|fsf] 9Nsg] sfg, nf}g a'9L an u/L tfg s] xf] < !@= xfQL l5¥of], k'R5/ c8\lsof] s] xf] < !#= :ofp :ofp rNnf, afx| ufpF xNnf s] xf] < !$= 3'dfp/f] 3/sf] Psdfq 5fgf] s] xf] < !% Pp6f uf]?sf] ;ocf]6f sfg, lax]df a'Gg ;an] tfgftfg s] xf] < !^= lbp;f] e/L ;'T5, /fte/L p7\5 s] xf] <

;fdfGo1fg

!= ;d'xaf6 gldNg] kQf nufp ;]n /f]6L, rfdn, ;df];f, wfg @= k]lG;n s];Fu ;DalGwt 5 < af]Ng', n]Vg', ts{, cEof; #= ;d'xaf6 gldNg] kQf nufp

k/]jf, rd]/f], e};L, ufO{ $= tnsf c++sdWo] s'g ldNb}g < $, &, (, !^ ( %= qmd ldnfp . 3/, lhNnf, ufpF, /fi6«, kl/jf/ ^= s'g rflx l7s xf] < s= ;a} xl/of] la?jfdf k|sfz;+Zn]if0f k|lqmof x'G5 . v= xl/of] la?jfdf qmf]df]Knfi6 x'G5 . &= olb e\mofnnfO{ e'O{+, e'O{+nfO{ vf6, vf6nfO{ l;/s, l;/snfO{ kbf{ elgG5 eg] dfG5] ;'Tg]a]nf s] cf]9]/ ;'Tb5 < *= s'g} k/LIffdf /fdn] k|fKt u/]sf] c+s cufl8 / k5fl8 b'j} lt/ af6 !# cf}}+ :yfgdf k5{ eg] slt ljBfyL{ k/LIffdf ;lDdlnt lyP . (= Ps hgf wfjsn] Ps ;]s]08df # ld6/ b'/L kf/ u5{ eg] ! 306f $) ldg]6df slt b'/L kf/ u5{ < !)= Pp6f ;6{ ;'SgnfO{ #) ldg]6 nfU5 eg] !%j6f ;6{ ;'SgnfO{ slt ldg]6 nfU5 < !!= cfsfzsf] lardf s] x'G5 < !@= ;d'xdf gldNg] kQf nufpm . uf]ne]8f, cfn',, n;'g, ufh/ !#= Pp6f s'g} g]jf/L vfg]s'/fsf] gfd eg, h;sf] gfd g]kfnsf] Ps lhNnfsf] gfd;Fu ldN5 < !$= c+u'/sf] em'Kkf], wfgsf] afnfh:t} s]/fsf] s] < !%= gofF d'n's eg]/ lrlgg] lhNnf s'gs'g x'g\ < !^= k"j{klZrd -dx]Gb|_ /fhdfu{sf] dWo ljGb' s'g lhNnfdf k5{ < !&= lelq dw]zdf slt lhNnf 5g\ < !*= slkm v]tLsf nfuL k|Voft g]kfnsf] lhNnf s'g xf] < !(= crf/sf] lkTsf], b'wsf] t'sf]{ ePem}+ eftsf] s] < @)= h lt ksfpF b f klg le6fldg g:6 gx' g ] t/sf/L s' g xf] < 17


18

ufpFvfg] syf != afbn @= r'n];L $=l;Ssf k};f %= h'Qf ^= 38L &= cf]v/ * h'd|f (= k|m]ddf /fv]sf] tl:j/ !)= v";f{gL

!!= d'nf !@= l;of] wfuf] !#= dfx'/L !$= 5ftf !% ;okqL km"n !^= nf6f]sf];]/f] ;fdfGo1fg != ;df];f @ n]Vg' #= k/]jf

$= & %= kl/jf/, 3/, ufpF, lhNnf, /fi6« ^= ;a} xl/of] la?jfdf k|sfz;+Zn]if0f k|lqmof x'G5 . &= kbf{ . *= @% hgf (= !* ls=dL= !)= #) ldg]6 !!= sf

!@= uf]ne]+8f !#= af/f !$= sfluof] !%= afFs], alb{of, s}nfnL, s~rgk'/ !^= gjnk/f;L !&= & cf]6f !*= u'NdL !(= l;tf] @)= uf]ne]F8f


@

!

#

$ efOalxgLn] lrg]sf] 5 <

oxfF xfn} xTof ul/Psf k"j{ ;ef;b\sf] kmf]6f] /flvPsf] 5 . oL JolQm sf] x'g\ < cfufdL c;f/ !% ut];Dd ;xL hjfkm n]vL k7fpg efOalxgLnfO{ cfu|x u5f}{+ . -uf]nfk|yfรฅf/f 5flgPsf @ hgf efOalxgLnfO{ afnd~h/L dfl;s ^รท^ dlxgf;Dd lgMz'Ns pknAw u/fpF5f}+ . oxfF kmf]6f] 5flkPsf JolQmsf af/]df a9Ldf ! ;o zAb;Dd n]v]/ k7fpg klg cfu|x u5f}{+ . /fd|f /rgf k|sflzt x'g]5g\ ._ 19


ljb]zdf lzIff :jb]zdf ;dfh;]jf cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs ?kdf ljljwtfo'Qm g]kfnL ;dfh cfkm}df wgL 5 . ax'hflt, wd{, ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[tL g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ljz]iftf xf] . g]kfndf ;dfh ;]jf ug]{x¿nfO{ s'g} k|lzIf0fsf] vfFrf] 5}g . lsgsL of] klg g]kfnL ;+:s[tLsf] Ps kf6f] xf] . xfd|f]df o:t} sd{ ug]{ s]xL JolQmTj 5g\, h;n] ;dfhsf] zf]ef g} a9fOlbPsf 5g\ . ;dfhsf o:t} zf]efdWo] sflhdfg sGbª\jf klg Ps x'g\ . pgL ;dfh ;]jf /rfpF5g\ . cfly{s cj:yf sdhf]/ x'g] / lzIffsf] lbof] b]Vg gkfPsfx¿sf nflu ;xof]uL ag]sf 5g\ . sflhdfg @)@( ;fndf t]xy| d' lhNnfsf] 5ft]hª' uflj;df hlGdPsf x'g\ . afafcfdfsf * hgf nfnfafnfdWo] pgL h]7f 5f]/f lyP . afafcfdfsf] e/f];fsf s]Gb|dfq xf]Og cfkm'eGbf ;fgf efOalxgLsf nflu klg pgL k|]/0ffbfoL bfh' aGg' kg]{ bfloTj pgdf lyof] . 3/sf] /fd|f] cfly{s cj:yfsf sf/0f pgsf] afNosfn ;fdfGotof ;'vdo lyof] . tTsflng ;dosf cfd afnaRrfsf] t'ngfdf pgn] /fd|f] jftfj/0fdf x's{g] df}sf kfP . pgsf nflu lzIff lbIffsf] klg /fd|f] Joj:yf lyof] . pgn] k|f/lDes lzIff kf]v/L dflj t]x|y'daf6 k|fKt u/] . ;f]xL ljBfnoaf6 pgn] P;Pn;L;Ddsf] cWoog k'/f u/]sf lyP . To;kl5 pgL pRr lzIff cWoogsf nflu l;ª\ufk'/ nfu] . cWoogsf nflu u/]sf] l;ª\ufk'/ e|d0fdf /xFbf pgn] hLjg ef]ufO{sf w]/} s'/f l;Sg / cg'ej ug{ kfP . pRr lzIff cWoogkl5 pgdf lzIff If]qk|lt cfsif{0f a9\of] . pgn] cfkm"nfO{ lzIffd} ;dlk{t x'g] k|0f u/] . o;}sf] kmn:j?k pgn] @)^# ;fndf l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnfdf Ps z}lIfs ;+:yf :yfkgf u/] . a|]n]; af]l8{ª :s'nsf] gfddf lzIffno :yfkgf u/]sf pgL ;f] ljBfnosf] ;+:yfks ;~rfns x'g\ .

>LdtLsf ;fy sflhdfg sGbª\jf pgsf] ;lqmotf clxn] klg hf/L 5 . ;f] ljBfnosf] cfkm\g} ljz]iftf 5 . ljBfnodf cljefjsljlxg afnaflnsfnfO{ cWoog u/fOG5 . pgLx¿nfO{ cfkm\g} afnaRrf;/x dfg]/ cfkm"n] k9fO{n]vfO{ Joj:yf u/]sf] sflhdfg atfpF5g\ . % hgf ljBfyL{af6 k|f/De ePsf] ljBfnodf xfn !$ hgf afnaflnsf cWoog u5{g . pgLx¿sf] vfga:g tyf k9fO{;DaGwL vr{ ljBfnon] g} Aoxf]b}{ cfPsf] 5 . pgL e|d0f u/L gofF gofF :yfg / kl/j]zsf] cWoog ug{ ?rfpF5g\ . To;}n] pgL g]kfn leqdfq geP/ y'k|} b]zsf] ;d]t e|d0f ul/;s]sf 5g\ . o;n] pgnfO{ ;dfh a'em\g ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . ;dfh;]jfsf] ;lqmotfnfO{ klg e|d0fn] ;xof]u ug]{ pgsf] cg'ej 5 . o;}sf] k|]/0ffaf6 pgn] c;xfosf] ;]jfdf nflu/xg xf};nf k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] xfn;Dd l;ª\ufk'/;lxt g]b/Nof08, yfONof08nufot d'n'ssf] e|d0f u/]sf 5g\ . sflhdfgn] l;Gw'kfNrf]sdf /xFbf :yflgon] 7"nf] 20


b'Mv si6 ef]Ug' k/]sf] k|ToIf b]Vg kfP . pgLx?;Fu sflhdfgsf] lgoldt enfs';f/L x'GYof] . o;n] pgnfO{ ;dfh;]jftkm{ klg cfslif{t u¥of] . o;s} pkh xf] pgL cfh klg Ps ;dfh;]jssf ?kdf kl/lrt 5g\ . ;dfh;]jfsf nflu pgn] yfgsf]6df a|]n]; km]ldnL xfp; gfds ;+:yf :yfkgf u/]sf 5g\ . o;}dfkm{t pgL ;dfhsf nflu s]xL of]ubfg ug]{ k|of;df 5g\ . cfkm"nfO{ ;dfh;]jfsf] kf7 l;sfpg] l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf :yflgo cfh pgsf k|]/s JolQmTj ag]sf 5g\ . t/, sflhdfg cfkm} g} ;dfhsf] k|]/s JolQmTj alg;s]sf 5g\ .

3f]8fsf]=== -k[i7 !! af6 hf/L_ af6fdf hfFbf hfFbf a'9f] w]/} yfSof] . p;n] af6f]df Pp6f /fd|f] afv|f] b]Vof] . p;nfO{ Tof] afv|f] lsGg dg nfUof] . æk};f 5}g s] ug]{ <Æ p;n] ;f]Rof] . æufO{ g} lbG5' a¿, afv|f] ;fgf] 5, Tof] lnG5' .Æ afv|f]jfn;Fu a'9fn] ufO{ ;f6\g] s'/f u¥of] . afv|fjfnfnfO{ s] lyof], p;n] v';L;fy ufO{ lnO{ afv|f] lnof] . a'9f] afv|f l3:ofpFb} k'/fgf s'/f ;f]Rt} lxFl8/x]sf] lyof] . Tolx a]nf af6fdf 8f]sfe/L s'v'/f a]Rg] dflg; cfof] . a'9fnfO{ s'v'/sf] c08f la/fdL a'9LnfO{ v'jfpg] s'/fsf] ;Demgf eof] . æh;/L klg of}6f s'v'/f lsGg kfP x'g] lyof]Æ p;n] ;f]Rof] . a'9f;Fu afv|f]afx]s s]xL k};f lyPg . 3f]8fsf] lnbLn] kmf]xf]/ ePsf] cfkm\gf] 3/ p;n] ;Dem\of] . ænf Û olx afv|f] lbP/ s'v'/f lnG5'Æ eg]/ afv|f] ;f6\of] . a'9fn] afv|f]sf] 7fpFdf s'v'/f lnP/ lxF8\of] . lxF8\bf lxF8\b} yfs]/ a'9f] af]Ng klg g;Sg] eof] . v'Oo u/L kxf8sf] Pp6f e~h\ofªdf pm ;'Tof] . Tolx e~Hofªdf of}6L a'9L klg 8f]sfdf cfFk af]s]/ ef/L la;fO{ a;]sL lyO{ . a'9fn] 8f]sfsf] cfFk s] b]v]sf] lyof], Tof] cfFk vfg dg nfUof] . s]n] cfFk vfg] < k};f 5}g, hLp /x] 3\o" vfg kfOG5 eGg] p;sf] lbdfudf em6\6 cfof] . a'9fn] s'v'/fsf] df]n gu/L ToxL df]ndf cfFk lnof] .

cfFk vfP/ a'9f] km"lt{nf] eof] . cfkm\gL la/fdL a'9LnfO{ klg Tof] cfFk v'jfpg] larf/ u/L em6k6 a'9f] cf]/fnf] nfUof] . af6fdf lgs} km"lt{;fy a'9f] nlDs/x]sf] of}6f ufpFn]n] b]Vof] . a'9f;Fu ufpFn]n] ukm ub}{ hfg cfu|x u¥of] . a'9fn] klg ukmsf] ;'/df 3f]8f a]r]sf] oyfy{ s'/f ufpFn]nfO{ atfof] . a'9fsf] s'/f ;'g]/ ufpFn]n] eGof], æcfh tkfO{sL a'9Lofn] tkfO{nfO{ s'6]/ 3/af6 v]b\g'x'G5 . o:tf] grflxg] sfd ug'{ x'G5 < Tof] 3f]8faf6 tkfO{sL a'9Lofn] slt yf]s 3/sf] b'Mv 6fg'{x'GYof], s] tL s'/f la;{g'eof] < æla;]{sf] 5}g . s] ug]{, df}sf x]/L sfd ug'{k5{ . a"9f] 3f]8f kfn]/ slt lbg v'jfpg] < tkfO{+ g} eGg'xf]; t .Æ æe}uf] e}uf], tkfO{n] h] ug'{eof] 7Ls} ug'{eof] . t/, tkfO{sf] >LdtLn] tkfO{nfO{ s]xL geg] d tkfO{nfO{ ! xhf/ ?k}ofF lbG5' . nf} afhL 7f]sf}+ .Æ ufpFn]n] eGof] . o:t} ukm ub}{ a'9f] ufpFn] ;fyL;lxt cfkm\gf] 3/df k'Uof] . cfkm\gf] nf]Ug] cfPsf] b]v]/ la/fdL a'9L w]/} v';L eO{ . a'9fn] /fd|f] cfFk sf6]/ ;aeGbf klxnf a'9LofnfO{ vfg lbof] . cfFk vfP/ a'9L p7]/ a;L . 3f]8fsf] df]n ;'gfpFb} a'9fn] a'9LnfO{ eGof], æ3f]8faf6 ufO{ ;f6]F, ufO{af6 afv|f], afv|f]af6 s'v'/f, s'v'/faf6 cfFk ;f6]F, ltdLnfO{ vfg cfFk sf6]F, s:tf] nfUof] <Æ ætkfO{ w]/} a'l4dfg\ x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . ca d klg la:tf/la:tf/ cfFk vfg kfP/ pl7xfN5' . tkfO{+n] h] ug'{eof] /fd|f] ug'{eof]Æ eGb} a'9L t v';L eO{ . a"9Lsf] s'/f ;'g]/ ufpFn] 5Ss k¥of] . 3f]8f a]r]/ cfFk lnO{ cfpFbf klg d"v{sL :jf:gLn] a'l4dfgL sfd u/]sf] elGb/lx5 . ufpFn] 5Ss k¥of] . cfkm\gf] vNtLaf6 ! xhf/ ?k}ofF lems]/ a"9fsf] xftdf /flvlbof] . a"9Ln] Tof] ?k}ofF 3f]8f a]r]/ cfPsf] gfkmf eGg] 7fg]sL lyO{ . jf:tjdf a"9fn] ;j{gfz u/]sf] lyof] . a"l9of eg] cfkm\gf] h:tf] kl/>d a"9fn] klg u¥of] xf]nf eGg] s'/f ;f]r]/ 9'Ss ePsL lyO{ . t/, a"9fn] 3f]8fsf] df]nnfO{ s'v'/fsf] df]n;Fu / s'v'/fsf] df]nnfO{ cfFk;Fu ;fl6;s]sf] lyof] . 21


22


b]z 3'Dg] /fhf

23


24


25


t];|f] !

@

# !!

$

^

!@

%

!# & ( *

!$

!= g]kfnsf] /fli6«o v]n -#_ @= sf7df8f}+ pkTosfsf] Ps hfqf -$_ $= Ps /fzL -#_ %= dflg;sf] zl//df /xG5, h'g a9]kl5 sf6\bf klg b'Vb}g . -@_ &= tftf] b'wdfly /xg] j:t' -@_ *= Ps k|sf/sf] d;nf -#_ !)= s8f af]qmf x'g] Ps k|sf/sf] kmn -$_ !@= b'Mv, lrGtfdf JoQm ul/g] efj -#_ !$= sfo{ af]emn] lgDTofpF5 -#_

7f8f]

!)

sf]7]kb k|ltof]lutf–!# gfd M sIff M ljBfno M lhNnf M s'kg cfOk'Ug'kg]{ clGtd ldlt M @)&) c;f/ @) ut] . s]/d]6 / kmf]6f]skL ul/Psf] s'kg dfGo x'g]5}g .

!= n]Vgdf o;sf] k|of]u x'G5 -#_ #= 8/, eo -@_ $= g]kfnsf] Ps k|l;4 tLy{:yn -%_ ^=OR5f, rfxgf -#_ &= kbfy{sf] Ps cj:yf -#_ (= o;n] cfFvfsf] kmf]xf]/ ;kmf u5{ -@_ !!= ;Demf}tf, ldnfk -$_ !@= pGgt / kl/kSs cj:yf -$_ !#= lgbfPsf a]nf cfpg] sNkgf -#_ pTs[i6nfO{ k'/:sf/sf] Joj:yf 5

/+u e/–!#

lrq agfpg l;s–!#

gfd M

gfd M

sIff M

sIff M

ljBfno M

ljBfno M

lhNnf M

lhNnf M

s'kg cfOk'Ug'kg]{ clGtd ldlt M @)&) c;f/ @) ut] . s]/d]6 / kmf]6f]skL ul/Psf] s'kg dfGo x'g]5}g .

s'kg cfOk'Ug'kg]{ clGtd ldlt M @)&) c;f/ @) ut] . s]/d]6 / kmf]6f]skL ul/Psf] s'kg dfGo x'g]5}g . 26


Zjf;k|Zjf;df ;d:of / ;dfwfg df}ifd kl/jt{g;Fu} dflg;df ljleGg /f]uJofwL b]vf kg{ yfN5 . ljz]ifu/L hf8f]af6f] udL{ z'¿ x'g] a]nf / udL{af6 hf8f] df}ifd z'¿ x'g] a]nf :jf:Yo ;d:of b]vf kg{ yfN5g\ . efOalxgL :jf:Yo hfgsf/L :tDesf] o; cª\sdf xfdLn] Zjf;k|Zjf;;DaGwL s]xL ;d:ofx¿sf] af/]df s'/f ug]5{ f}+ . ?3fvf]sL ?3f Ps k|sf/sf] ;'Id ls6f0f' -efO/;_sf] ;+qmd0faf6 nfUg] /f]u xf] . ?3f Ps JolQmaf6 csf]{df Zjf;k|Zjf;sf] dfWodaf6 ;b{5 . ?3f s]xL lbgdf cfkm} l7s x'G5 . t/, slxn]sfFxL ?3fvf]sLkl5 3fF6L b'Vg] tyf 5ftL v/fa eO{ lgdf]lgof klg x'g ;S5 . slxn]sfFxL sfg kfSg] ;d:of klg b]vf kg{ ;S5 . ?3fvf]sL nfu]sf a]nf s] ug]{ < Gofgf] u/L a:g] bfnsf] /;, tftf] kfgLh:tf emf]n kbfy{ kof{Kt ?kdf ;]jg ug]{ . kfgLdf t'n;Lsf] kft jf a];f/, cb'jf, g'g xfn]/ pdfn]/ vfg ;lsG5 . gfs aGb u/]/ l;Fl;F u/L hf]8hf]8n] l;Fufg gkmfNg] . o;n] sfgdf c;/ kfg{ ;S5 . vf]Sbf, xfl5Fp ubf{ ;kmf ?dfnn] d'v 5f]Kg] . o;n] ls6f0f' km}ng lbFb}g . w'nf], w'jfFdf ga:g], r'/f]6sf] ;]jg tyf w'jfFaf6 6f9} a:g] . ?3fvf]sL lalu|of] eg] lgdf]lgof x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgf x'G5 . To;}n] ?3fvf]sL;Fu} Hj/f] klg cfof] eg] glhssf] :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf hfFr ug'{k5{ . Go"df]lgof Go"df]lgof eg]sf] kmf]S;f] v/fa x'g] Ps k|sf/sf] /f]u xf] . of] ljz]ifu/L kmf]S;f]df ls6f0f"sf] ;+qmd0fn] x'G5 . hf8f] df}ifddf of] /f]usf] k|sf]k a9L x'G5 .

Go"df]lgof nfUbf Hj/f] cfpg], vf]sL nfUg], :jfF:jfF x'g], 5ftL b'Vg] ;d:of klg b]lvg ;S5 . aRrfx¿df of] /f]u a9L vt/gfs x'G5 . Go"df]lgof nfUbf s] ug]{ < 3/df a:bf Gofgf] x'g] u/L a:g] t/, u'lD;Psf] sf]7fdf ga;L xfjf cf]xf]/bf]xf]/ x'g] sf]7fdf a:g] w'nf] w'jfFaf6 hf]lug] . lr;f] xfjfdf ga:g] . ;s];Dd cgfjZos ?kdf aflx/ lr;f] xfjfdf glxF8\g] . r'/f]6sf] w'jfFaf6 aRg] . emf]lnof] kbfy{ h:t} bfnsf] /; k|;:t dfqfdf vfg] . kf]l;nf] vfgf vfg] . tftf] kfgL vfg] . t'n;Lsf] kft jf a];f/, cb'jf g'g xfn]/ / kfgL pdfn]/ vfg ;lsG5 . cfjZos pkrf/ tyf ;Nnfxsf] nflu glhssf] :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf uO{ hFrfpg] . Go"df]lgof eO;s]kl5 cf}ifwL vfg'kg]{ x'G5 . w]/} Hj/f] cfPsf] a]nf Ps of cfwf rSsL l;6fdf]n vfg ;lsG5 . 3fF6L b'Vg' k|fou/L 3fF6L b'Vg] sf/0fdWo] 6lG;nfOl6; -3fF6Ldf /x]sf] 6lG;n a9\g]_ / km\ofl/GhfOl6; -3fF6Lsf] leqL gnLdf ;'lGgg'_ k|d'v x'g\ . 6lG;n eg]sf] 3fF6Lsf] leqLefu gnLdf b'a}lt/ a;]sf] Pp6f luvf{ -Unf08_ xf] / km\ofl/Gs;\ eg]sf] 3fF6Lsf] leqL gnL xf] . nIf0fx? 6lG;nfOl6;, km\ofl/GhfOl6; x'Fbf ljz]if u/L 3fF6L b'Vg], vfgf jf y's lgNbf cem a9L b'Vg], Hj/f] cfpg], :j/ efl;g] x'G5 . of] d'Vo u/L ls6f0f'sf] ;+qmd0fsf] sf/0fn] x'G5 . w'Fjf, w'nf], lr;f]sf] sf/0f klg km\ofl/GhfOl6; x'G5 . 27


ljB't pTkfbg / pkof]u lji0f'nfn

ljB't zlQmsf] Pp6f ¿k xf] . ljB'lto rfh{ axg'nfO{ ljB'twf/f elgG5 . ljB'lto zlQm ljB'twf/fsf ¿kdf Ps 7fpFaf6 csf]{ 7fpFdf axg] sfo{kl5 o;sf] k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 . ljB'twf/f ;'rfns tf/ -s]jn_sf dfWodaf6 Ps 7fpFaf6 csf]{ 7fpFdf k|;f/0f -k|jfx_ ul/G5 . a]nfotL a}1flgs dfOsn kmf/f8]nfO{ ljB'tsf lktf dflgG5 . pgn] ;g\ !*#! df æOn]S6«f] DofUg]lgs O08SzgÆ l;4fGtcg';f/ r'DasLo If]qdf s'g} ;'rfnsnfO{ ultlzn cj:yfdf /fVof] eg] To; ;'rfnsdf ljB't k|jfx x'G5 . ToxfF r'DasLo If]q eGgfn] r'Dasn] k|efj kfg]{ If]q xf] . ;'rfns eg]sf] ljB't axg ug{ ;Sg] a:t' xf] . pQm l;4fGtdf cfwfl/t eO{ kmf/f8]n] ;g\ !(#) df ljB't h]g]/]6/sf] cfljZsf/ u/]sf lyP . To;kl5 ljB't pTkfbs pks/0fx¿sf] ljsf; ePsf] xf] . h]g]/]6/df Pp6f æh]g]/]6/ aS;Æ x'G5 . ;f] aS; leq :yfoL r'Das /flvPsf] x'G5 . :yfoL r'DasnfO{ æXof08nÆn] hf]8]sf] x'G5 . :yfoL r'Dassf] glhs} ;'rfns tf/sf] SjfOn -tf/sf] kmGsf]+_ agfO{ /flvPsf] x'G5 . tf/sf 5]pFnfO{ h]g]/]6/ aS;af6 aflx/ lgsflnPsf] x'G5 . To:t}, h]g]/]6/sf] l8h]n Ol~hgdf l8h]n /flvPsf] x'G5 . ha l8h]n Ol~hgnfO{ æ:6f6{Æ ul/G5, ta Xof08n 3'D5 clg Xof-8n;Fu hf]l8Psf] :yfoL r'Das klg 3'D5 . To;kl5 r'DasLo an /]vfx¿n] lg/Gt/ tf/sf] SjfOnnfO{ sf6\b5 / tf/sf] SjfOndf ljB't k|jfx x'G5 . o;/L pTkfbg ul/Psf] ljB't tf/sf] dfWodaf6 k|jfx u/L ljleGg ljB'tLo pks/0f ;~rfng ul/G5 . ljB't pTkfbgsf cGo pks/0fx¿df klg o:t} æOn]S6«f] DofUg]l6s O08SzgÆsf] l;4fGtdf cfwfl/t eO{

ljB't pTkfbg ul/G5 . h:t}, hnljB't pTkfbg ubf{ kfgLn] 6jf{Og 3'dfpF5, 6jf{Og 3'd]kl5 :yfoL r'Das klg 3'D5 . To; cj:yfdf r'DasLo an /]vfn] tf/sf] SjfOndf sf6\5g\ cgL ljB't pTkfbg x'G5 . jfo' ljB't pTkfbgdf klg hf]8;Fu axg] jfo'n] 6jf{Og 3'dfpF5 . To;kl5 On]S6«f] DofUg]l6s O08S;g k|lqmofaf6 ljB't pTkfbg x'G5 . ljB't ljleGg k|of]hgdf pkof]u ug{ ;lsG5 . ljZje/ cfh ljB't pmhf{sf] clgjfo{ ;|f]t aGb} uPsf] 5. lsg rflxG5 ljB't < • sDKo"6/, Od]n, O06/g]6sf] k|of]usf nflu . • /]l8of], 6]lnlehgh:tf dfWodsf] k|;f/0f / k|of]usf nflu . • tfk / k|sfz k|fKt ug{sf nflu . • pBf]u snsf/vfgf ;~rfng ug{ . • j}1flgs vf]h / cg';GwfgfTds lqmofsnfksf nflu • k|];, kmf]6f]skL, n]ldg]zgh:tf pks/0f ;~rfng ug{ . • /]n, s]jnsf/, 6«nLa;nufot ;jf/L ;fwgsf] ;~rfngdf klg kl5Nnf] ;do ljB'tsf] pkof]u a9\b} uPsf] 5 . ljB't zlQm clgjfo{ zlQmsf] dfWod aGg yfn]kl5 j}1flgsx¿n] klg j}slNks pmhf{sf ?kdf o;sf] k|of]u a9fPsf 5g\ . ljB't pmhf{sf dfWodaf6 ;~rfng x'g] pks/0f / ;fwgsf] cflj:sf/ klg a9]sf] 5 . ldtJooL ¿kdf k|of]u ug]{ xf] eg] ljB't zlQm dflg;sf] cleGg cª\u aGg ;S5 . 28


About Janakpur Janakpur also known as Janakpurdham, is one of the historical and religious cities of Nepal. Janakpur is the administrative headquarters of Dhanusa District of the Janakpur Zone and has a population of approximately 80,000. The city is located about 123 km south-east of Kathmandu, 20 km from the Indian border at 26° 42' 44" N, 085° 55' 18" E Janakpur has a substantial tourism industry due to its significance in the Hindu religion and is home to the only operational railway in Nepal, the Janakpur Railway. Janakpur, historically called Mithilanchal, is the centre of the ancient Maithil culture, which has its own language and script. The first millennium BC text Shatapatha Brahmana tells that the king Māthava Videgha, led by his priest Gotama Rahugana, first crossed the Sadānirā (Gandaka) river and founded the kingdom of Videha, whose capital city was Mithila. As Gotama Rahugana composed many hymns in the Rgveda, these

events must date to the Rgvedic period. The most important historical reference to Mithila/Janakpur is in the Hindu epic Ramayana, where Lord Rama's wife Sita Devi (also called Janaki) is said to have been the princess of Videha. Her father, King Janak, found baby Sita in a furrow of a field and raised her as his daughter. When she grew up, the king announced that she should be wed by whoever was able to string the divine bow of Shiva. Though many royal suitors tried, Lord Rama, prince of Ayodhya, alone could even lift the bow. As Rama and Sita are major figures in Hinduism, Janakpur is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus. In addition, both the great saints Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, and Vardamana Mahavira, the 24th and final Tirthankara of the Jain religion, are said to have lived in Mithila/Janakpur. The region was an important centre of Indian history during the first millennium. 29


Geography and climate

Janakpur is located in the Terai, alluvial, forested and marshy terrain at the base of the Himalaya mountain range. The major rivers surrounding Janakpur are Dudhmati, Jalad, Rato, Balan and Kamala. Janakpur is famous for its temples and the numerous ponds which carry significant religious importance. One can see all the six seasons in Janakpur. Basant ritu (Spring - February/March), Grisma ritu (Summer - April/May/June), Barsha ritu (Rainy - July/August), Sharad ritu (Autumn September/October), Hemanta ritu (Autumnwinter - November/December), Shishir ritu (Winter - December/January).

Economy

Janakpur is one of the fast developing cities of Nepal and is on the way to meet the criteria for being the 3rd Sub-Metropolitan city of Nepal. The city has good health care facilities and lots of park in city, as well as good private schools and colleges and Internet service providers. The economy is mostly based on agriculture and local industries. Janakpur attracts migrants from the surrounding area, who move to the city for medical care, education and jobs. The largest employer is the Janakpur Cigarette Factory Limited and janakpur railway There are also two poles factories and one hume pipe factory.

Transport

Janakpur has a domestic airport with most flights connecting to Kathmandu. The narrow-gauge Janakpur Railway is the only operational railway in Nepal. It connects Janakpur to the Indian town of Jaynagar. Bicycle is common mode of transportation. Frequent bus services operate between Janakpur and other cities of Nepal. Within the city, travelers may hire manually pulled cycle rickshaws or City bus and taxi

Demographics

The Maithili language is widely spoken in the area as the first language. Nepali and Hindi are well-understood. Other similar languages like Bhojpuri and Awadhi are also understood but relatively less frequently used. Temples and festivals The centre of Janakpur is dominated by the impressive Janaki Mandir to the north and west of the bazaar. This temple, one of the biggest in Nepal, was built in 1898 (1955 in the Nepali calendar) by Queen Brisabhanu Kunwar of Tikamgarh. It is also called "Nau Lakha Mandir" after the cost of construction, said to be nine (nau) lakh. The oldest temple in Janakpur is Ram Mandir, built by the Gurkhali soldier Amar Singh Thapa. Pilgrims also visit the more than 200 sacred ponds in the city for ritual baths. The two most important, Dhanush Sagar and Ganga Sagar, are located close to the city centre. The Vivah Mandap temple where Lord Rama and Sita are said to have been married. It is situated next to the Janki Mandir. Major religious celebrations include the major Hindu festivals such as Deepawali, and Vijayadashami. followed by spectacular Chhath (sun worship) six days after Deepawali. Both the festivals Deepawali and Chhath are heavily celebrated with a carnival-like atmosphere. The locals take pride in the way these festivals are celebrated. On the full moon day of February/March before the festival of Holi, a one-day Parikrama (circumambulation) of the city is celebrated. Many people offer prostrated obeisances along the entire eight km route. Two other festivals honor Rama and Sita: Rama Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama, in Marchâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;April, draws thousands of pilgrims. And the Vivaha Panchami or Vivaha festival re-enacts the wedding of Rama and Sita at the famous Vivah 30


Mandap temple on the fifth day of the waxing moon in November or early December(after Kartik Purnima),where Rama broke the bow of Shiva.

Art

A snake charmer with a King cobra in Janakpur. Maithili women are known for their traditional art, especially their paintings on pottery, walls and courtyards. These Mithila Paintings are famous internationally. Entertainment Janakpur has five movie theaters. They show new and old movies in Maithili, Bhojpuri, Nepali and Hindi. Hollywood movies are not that much popular among the locals. Apart from this, several stage shows, concerts and plays are occasionally organized by the local clubs and organizations. Prominent among these is Mithila Natyakala Parishad(MINAP), which is a not-for-profit organization, claiming to be dedicated towards promoting Mithila culture.

Janakpur has several hotels including Hotel Manaki, Hotel Rama, Sita Palace, Hotel Welcome. There are also several cheaper lodges and Dharmsala(cheap accommodations) for pilgrims.

Education

Janakpur has good educational facilities and several elites of the country were schooled here, including the first president of the Federal Republic Of Nepal, Dr. Ram Baran Yadav. There are many private and government schools and colleges located in Janakpurdham. The oldest government school for higher studies is Ra.Ra. Bahumukhi Campus(RR Multiple Campus), which is affiliated to Tribhuwan University. It offers undergraduate and post-graduate courses in several disciplines. Janakpur also boasts of having a medical college, Janaki Medical College, which is also affiliated to Tribhuwan University. Difference sources

Hotels 31


d+unaf/] xf6 The Tuesday Fair

a]n6f/df d+unaf/sf] lbg xf6 nfU5

The village trade fair takes place at Belter on tuesday.

xf6ahf/df ufO{, e}+;L, afv|f, a+u'/sf] lsga]r x'G5

At the fair cows, buffaloes, goats, improved pigs, local pigs etc are traded.

sfO{nLn] sfFrsf] r'/f, sfOFof], skfndf nufpg] sfF6f Kaili sells different goods such as glass bangles, combs, hair-clips etc. cflb a]lR5g\ ;Ltfn] klg ahf/df ux'F a]lR5g\

Sita also sells wheat at the market.

sfO{nL / ;Ltfn] Joj;foaf6 w]/} k};f sdfpF5g\

Kaili and Sita earn lots of money from the buniness. Kaili makes gold and silver ornaments from

sfO{nLn] cfkm\gf] k};faf6 ;'g rfFbLsf] uxgf agfpFl5g\ her money

t/, ;LtfnfO{ To;/L k};f vr{ ug'{ x'Fb}g eGg] s'/f yfxf But, Sita knows that she should not spend money in that way. 5 To;}n] pgn] cfkm\gf] ?k}ofF a}+sdf hDdf ul5{g\

So, she deposits her money at the bank.

;Ltfn] v'zL x'Fb} elG5g\,

She says cheerfully,

æd t ;w}+ a}+sdf k};f hDdf u5'{

"I always deposit money in the bank.

Aofh klg cfpF5

I also get interest.

cfkm"nfO{ rflxPsf] a]nf lemSg klg kfOG5 .Æ

I can withdraw money whenever i need it."

32


The Man who was Afraid Once open the time. There was a young man. He is not Afraid of nothing. Now, there were four ghosts sitting together, taking, smoking ghosts smoke, having a good time, as for as it possible for ghosts to have a good time. One of them said, 'I have heard of a young man nothing can scare. His is not afraid of us, so they say. The second ghost said, 'I bet i could scare him. The third ghost said,' We most try to make him shiver and run and hide. The fourth ghoist said, 'Let is bet. let is make a anger. Who ever can scare him the most, wins and they agreed to bet their ghost horses. so, this young man who was never afraid come walking along one night. The moon shining, suddenly is his path the first ghost materialized, taking the form of a skeleton. Hou friend said by the ghost, clicking his teeth together, making a sound a water drum. Hou cousin said the young man you are in my way. Get off the road and let me pass. Not until we have played the hoop-and stick game. If you loss i will make you into a skeleton like me. The young man laughed. He bend the skeleton into a big hoop, tying it with some grass. He looked one of the skeleton's leg bones for his game stick and rolled the skeleton along scoring again and again with the leg bone.Well I guess I won this game said by the young man. How about some shiny balls? the young man look the skeleton's skull and used leg bone to drive it ahead of him like a ball. OuchÇ&#x192; said by the skull. You are hurting me, you are giving me headache,

aid to Well you asked for it, who proposed this game, you or me ? You are a silly fellow. The young man kicked the skull aside and walk on. Further on he met the second ghost also in the form of skeleton, who jumped at 33


him and grabbed him with bony hands. Lets dance, friend, the skeleton said. Very good idea, causin ghost said to young man. What we use fot drum and drum stick, I know taking the ghost's thigh bone and skull, the youhg man danced and sang beating on the skill with the bone. Stop stop cried the skull. This is the no way of dance, you are hurting to me, you are giving me headache. you are lying ghost, said by the young man ghosts can't feel the pain. I don't know about other ghosts said the skull but Iam hurting. for a ghost you are awefully sensative said the young man. Really Iam disappointed . There wea were having a good time and you spolied my fun with your whining. The young man kicked the skill aside and scattered the rest of the bones all over. Now see what you have done complained the ghost it will take me hours to get all my bones together, you are a bad man. Stop your whining said the young man. It gives you something to do, then he went on. Soon he came upon the third ghost, another skeleton. This is getting monotonous said the young man , are you the same as before ? Did I meet you further back ? No, said by ghost. These were my causins so they are soft. I'm tough, lets wrestle. If I win I'll make you into a skeleton like me. My friend said the young man I don't feel like wrestling with you I feel like sledding. There is enough snow on the hill for that. I should have buffalo ribs for it, but your rib cage will go. The young man look the ghost's ribs cage and used it as a sled. This is fun he whizzin down the hill. Stop stop cried the ghost's skull, you are breaking my ribs. The young man said, friend you look funny without the ribs cage you are

grown short here and he threw the ribs into a stream. Look what you have done what can i do without ribs. I need them. Jump in the water and dive for them said the young man you look as if you need a bath. It'll do you good and your woman will appreciate it. What do you mean ? I'm a woman said the ghost insulted. I can't tell you prety thing with skeleton, he said and walk on. Thenhe came upon the chief ghost, a skeleton riding a skeleton horse. I have came to kill you said by the skeleton. The young man made faces at the ghost he rolled his eyes. He showed his teeth, He made weird noise. I'm a ghost myself, a much more terrible ghost than you are he said. The skeleton got scared and tried to turn his ghost horse, but the young man the skeleton vanished. The young man laughed. The story of his ride on the skeleton horse was told all through the camp latter he joined a group of men and started to brag about putting the four skeleton ghost to flight. People shook their heads, saying this young man is really brave. Nothing frightenes him. He is the bravest man who ever lived. Just them a tiny spider was crawling up this young makes sleeve. When some one called his attention to it he cried Eeeech get this bug off please, someone take it off I can't stand spiders Eeeeech he shivered he writhed, he cried on a little girl laughed and spider off him. Name: Jiban Class: 6 Roll No: 18 School: New Shrine Academy

34


d]/L k'tnL cfh ef]nL ;fx|} g} aGb} uf5] gSsnL hfdf nfpF5' eGb} 5] cfdfM d]/f] k'tnL xft /fd|f] afnfn] . v'6\6f /fd|f sNsLn] .. afaf Û rfrf NofOlbg'; . lbSs} kf/L 8NnLn] ..

gfR5' eG5] gSsnL ahfOb]p efO{ dfbn' nfpg dg nfUof] /] p;nfO{ kf]t] ltn/L lax] u5'{ eGb} 5] nf} Û d]/L k'tnL ;latf tfdfª sIffM $ SofGef; :s'n, gofFafg]Zj/

lgwf/df l6sf 5 cfFvfdf 5 ufhn'

35


kf]v/f / r/f sfkmnsf] ?v ?vdfly r/f r/f p8L uof] kfNkfaf6 kf]v/f

slt a]/ gu/L 1fgL dfG5] ;/L eGof] ;fgf] r/fn] p;sf] cfkm\g} kf/fn]

kf]v/fdf uP/ ;fx|} v';L eP/ dfly x]¥of] lxdfn tn km]jftfn

h:t} sfkmn ;'Gtnf h:t} cfn' av8f To:t} nfUof] dnfO{ t bfh' xfd|f] kf]v/f

km]jftfnsf] df5fn] ;f]Wof] cfkm\g} efiffn] eg efO{ r/f s:tf] nfUof] kf]v/f <

;lGbk tfdfª sIff @ Sofgef; :s'g gofFafg]Zj/

;ld/ yfkfdu/ sIff %, /f]n g+= @!, ;'n Go' >fOg Ps]8]dL 36


d sxf” hfp”

d]/f] hGde"dL 5f8L d sxfF hfpF . ;w}e/ Kof/f] g]kfn elg/xg kfpF ..

d]/f] hGde"dL 5f8L d sxfF hfpF . ;w}e/L :jfeLdfgL g]kfnL elg/xg kfpF .. d]/f] hGde"dL 5f8L d sxfF hfpF . ;w}e/L g]kfnLsf] u'0fufg ;'lg/xg kfpF .

d]/f] hGde"dL 5f8L d sxfF hfpF . ;w} c;n agL ;kmntfnfO{ r'ld/xg kfpF .. ;fu/ /fgfef6 sIffM # An"ldª :sn;{ Ps]8]dL, cgfdgu/

37


g]kfn PsLs/0f / k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx ;—;fgf /fHodf 5l/P/ /x]sf] g]kfnnfO{ Pslqt u/L Pp6} b]zsf] l;h{gf ug]{ k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx !&&( ;fndf uf]/vfdf hlGdPsf x'g\ . uf]/vfsf /fhf g/e'kfn zfx / /fgL sf}zNofjtLsf h]7f 5f]/f pgL & dlxgfsf] ue{af6 hlGdPsf lyP . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx afNocj:yfb]lv g} z'/jfg / ldx]gtL lyP . pgL kl/>d ug{ ?rfpFy] . pgn] /fdfo0f, dxfef/t tyf z'qmgLltsf] 1fg afNosfnd} xfFl;n ul/;s]sf lyP . wg'jf0f, t/af/, 3f]8;jf/, bf}8h:tf lqmofsnfkdf pgn] cfkm"nfO{ cAan ;fljt u/]sf lyP . @) jif{sf] pd]/df /fhf ag]sf k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx jL/ lyP . cfkm" hlt jL/ lyP, pgn] Tolt g} jL/jfgx¿sf] ;Ddfg ub{y] . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] b'O{ cf]6f ljjfx u/]sf lyP . pgsf] klxnf] ljjfx dsjfgk'/sf /fhf x]ds0f{ ;]gsL 5f]/L OGb|s'df/L;Fu ePsf] lyof] . of] !&($ ;fnsf] s'/f xf] . To;kl5 pgsf] bf];|f] ljjfx sfzLsf cledfgl;+x /fhk'tsL 5f]/L g/]Gb|nIdL;Fu ePsf] lyof] . pgL !&(( ;fndf uf]/vfsf /fhf ag] . a'af g/e'kfnsf] d[To'kl5 pgL uf]/vfsf /fhf ag]sf lyP . /fhf aGg' cl3 g} pgn] sf7df8f}+ pkTosfsf ;DaGwdf y'k}| cWoog ul/;s]sf lyP . /fhf alg;s]kl5 pgdf s"6gLlt, ;/ntf, bofh:tf efjgfsf] cem /fd|f];Fu ljsf; x'Fb} uof] . t/, oL efjgfnfO{ unt k|of]u x'gaf6 eg] pgL ;w}e/L hf]luP . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] g]kfn Plss/0fsf] dxfofqf k|f/De u/L s}of}+ /fHonfO{ g]kfndf ufe]sf lyP . To;}n] t pgn] g]kfnnfO{ $ j0f{ #^ hftsf] ;femf km"naf/L eg]sf lyP . Oltxf;sf/x¿ k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxsf] o; sbdnfO{ Oltxf;sf] dfusf ¿kdf kl/eflift u5{g . pgn] afO;] / rf}la;] /fHo lhTb} g]kfndf ufEb} uP . la:tf/} sf7df8f}+ pkTosf / o; j/k/sf /fHodf klg ljhoL k|fKt ub}{ uP . pgn] k|f/De u/]sf] g]kfn Plss/0fsf]

ofqfnfO{ pgsf dfOnf 5f]/f axfb'/ zfx / h]7L a'xf/L /fh]Gb|nIdLn] lg/Gt/tf lbP . kmn:j?k g]kfn ef}uf]lns ?kdf ljzfn aGof] . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] j}b]lzs ;xof]u klg k|fKt u/]sf lyP . æs;}nfO{ cfqmd0f gug'{ t/, cfqmd0f eof] eg] k|ltsf/df klg kl5 gkg'{Æ eGg] pgsf] dfGotf lyof] . ef/t / rLgsf] aLrdf /x]sf sf/0f pgL g]kfnnfO{ b'O{ 9'ª\ufaLrsf] t?n xf] eGy] . 3'; / e|i6frf/ pgsf] kfnfdf ck/fw dflgGYof] . pgL 3'; lng] / lbg] b'a}nfO{ /fHosf zq' dfGy] . pgn] b]x Tofu ug'{cl3 /fHo ;~rfng, s"6gLlt, o'4 gLltsf ;DaGwdf y'k}| pkb]z lbPsf lyP . tL pkb]zsf] ;+u|xnfO{ lbAof]kb]z elgG5 . k[YjLgf/f/fo0fn] zfx s'g} klg /fHodf ljhoL eO;s]kl5 ;f] /fHosf /fhf tyf ef/bf/sf] ;kmfof -dfg]{, ;j{:jx/0f ug]{ jf a]OHot u/L b]z lgsfnf ug]{_ uy]{ . o'4sf a]nf cfkm"nfO{ ;xof]u ug]{nfO{ klg ;kmfof ug]{ pgsf] afgLaf6 w]/} /fhf 8/fpFy] . o:t}df lrlgof ;d|f6 lsPg nf]ªn] cfkm\gf pQ/flwsf/LnfO{ lbPsf] Pp6f ;Gb]z pko'Qm x'g ;S5 . pgn] eg]sf lyP, æclt geP;Dd uf]/vfsf dfdnfdf x:tIf]k gug'{ .Æ sf7df8f}+ pkTosf ljhoL ubf{ klg pgn] y'k|} hfnh]n / if8oGq /r]sf lyP . o'4kl5 pgsf ;]gfn] ug]{ cTofrf/af6 k[YjLgf/fo0fsf] cfnf]rgf klg gePsf] eg] xf]Og . k[YjLgf/fo0fn] k|f/De u/]sf] Plss/0f ofqfdf g]kfnsf] l;dfgf k"j{df l6i6f gbLb]lv klZrddf duw;Dd k'u]sf] lyof] . t/, kl5 /f0ffsfndf c+u|]h;Fusf] o'4kl5 eg] g]kfnsf] e'efu xfnsf] :j?kdf v'lDrPsf] xf] . g]kfn Plss/0fsf] ofqf pgsf gftL /fhf lujf{0fo'4 ljqmd zfxkl5 cGTo ePsf] dflgG5 . h] xf];, k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxnfO{ g]kfnsf] Oltxf;df ;a}eGbf a9L JofVof ul/g] / cfw'lgs g]kfnsf] hGdbftf dflgG5 . pgsf] d[To' %@ jif{sf] pd]/df !*#! ;fndf g'jfsf]6 lhNnfsf] b]jL3f6df ePsf] xf] . 38


wtL{cfjfh cgnfOg klqsf z'ef/De afnd~h/L ca cgnfOgdf klg k9\g / x]g{ ;lsg]

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g]kfnnfO{ dfof ug]{x?sf] cfjfh / cleofgnfO{ ljz]if ?kdf af]Sg] 5 .Ú wtL{cfjfh cgnfOg klqsf z'ef/De ;df/f]xdf jl/i7 ufosx? hLjg zdf{, k|]d/fhf dxt, 6Lsf e08f/L, s[i0f sF8]nnufotn] ;f+uLlts k|:t'lt ug'{ ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf pu|tf/f lgdflj Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf lxtdfg tfdfª, ljleGg Ps]8]dLsf k|d'v ;+:yfks x]d kf7s cgnfOg z'ef/De ug{ (% jifL{of auf ;~rf/dfWoddf sfo{/t kqsf/x?nufotn] 8f]Ndf tfdfªnfO{ Nofk6k lbFb} e|i6frf/lj/f]wL cleofg cufl8 a9fpg] d"n dGtJo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] . x]d–;l/tf kf7s nIf / ;+sNk;lxt wtL{cfjfh cgnfOg klqsf Ps]8]dLn] pQm ljBfnosf] z}lIfs u'0f:t/ j[l4 z'ef/De ePsf] 5 . wtL{cfjfh cgnfOgsf] h]7 ug{ ljz]if ;xof]u pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 . @$ ut] ljz]if ;df/f]xaLr sf7df8f}+sf] ah|of]lugL pQm ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ Jojxfl/s / g}lts uflj;l:yt pu|tf/f lgDgdfWolds ljBfnosf] lzIff;d]t pknAw u/fpFb} b]zsf] ;fdflhs / k|f+u0fdf z'ef/De ul/of] . :yfgLo Ho]i7 dlxnf (% cfly{s ?kfGt/0fdf k|ToIf e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{;Sg] jifL{of jfu 8f]Ndf tfdfªn] Nofk6kaf6 lsjf]8{ lyr]/ agfpg ef}lts, cfly{s Pj+ cGo ;a} vfn] ;xof]u cgnfOgsf] cf}krfl/s z'ef/De ug'{eof] . x]d–;l/tf pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 . ca wtL{cfjfh cgnfOgd} afnd~h/L kf7s Ps]8]dLsf] ;xeflutfdf of] cgnfOg klqsf dfl;s klg x]g{ / k9\g ;lsg] 5 . To;sf nflu cf/De ePsf] xf] . cgnfOg klqsf z'ef/De ;df/f]xdf af]Nb} OG6/g]6df www.dhartiaawaj.com nuOg u/]/ Ps]8]dLsf k|dv ' ;+/Ifs x]dk|;fb kf7sn] wtL{cfjfh x]g{ ;lsg]5 . 39


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afn;flxTosf] cfjZostfM afnhLjg lgZrn ;/n, :km"t{ Pjd\ :ki6 x'G5 . pgLx¿sf] hLjg / dgf]j[lQdf jftfj/0fLo k|efj, kfl/jfl/s k|efj k/] em}+ ;flxTodf klg k|efj kfg{ klg afn;flxTo cfjZos 5 . afnaflnsfsf] dfgl;s tyf af}l4s ljsf;sf nflu afn;flxTosf] e"ldsf hlt :ki6 x'“b} uof] plt afn;flxTo n]vg / cg'jfb x'g yfn] . afnaflnsfnfO{ eGg' kg]{ s'/f zAbn] dfq kof{{Kt ePgg\ . afn;flxTosf k':tsnfO{ cem :ki6 / k|efjsf/L agfpg lrq4f/f ;hfpg' kg]{ cfjZostf b]lvof] . -r"8fdl0f aGw'M @)$(, !_ afnaflnsfsf] 1fg / ;LknfO{ ;flxTon] clej[l4 ub{5 . ;fy} l;h{gfTds Ifdtfsf] ljsf; u/fpF5 . v]/ uPsf] jf hfg] ;donfO{ ;b'kof]u ug{,+ lqmofzLn agfpg klg ;flxTodf em'sfj u/fpg' cleefjssf] bfloTj leq kb{5 . ljleGg k|sf/sf] ;flxTon] dgf]/~hg k|bfg u5{ . dfgl;s, af}l4s ;Lk ljsf; ug{ afn;fdu|L cToGt cfjZostf 5 . pgLx¿df n]vg, cWoog / nugdf a:5 / ldx]gtL aG5g\ . b]zsf nflu s]xL ug]{ hf]l;nf, cf“l6nf / hf“ul/nf gful/s aGg] k|]/0ff k|fKt ub{5g\ . n]vg / k7gn] 1fg a9\5 / kfOnflkR5] af}l4s:t/ klg j[l4 x'|G5 . To;}n] afn;flxTosf] cfjZostf dxz'; ePsf] xf] . afn;flxTodf lrqsnf n]Vosnfsf] ljsf; lrqsnfaf6 ePsf] xf] . cyf{t\M n]vg ;flxToeGbf cl3 lrq ;flxToaf6 g} n]vgsnfsf] lgdf0f{ ePsf] a'lemG5 . afnaaflnsfn]

n]v]/ k9]/eGbf klg lrq x]/]/, 5f]P/, cfkm\g} tl/sfaf6 a9L dgf]/~hg k|fKt u5{g . ga'em]sf s'/f pgLx¿n] lrq x]/]s} e/df klg kQf nufpg ;Sb5g\ . afnaflnsfsf] dgl:ytLdf lrq jf tl:j/n] a9L k|efj kfb{5 . o;/L k9]sf] s'/f em6k6 la;{g klg ;Sb}gg\ . ;do jftfj/0f 7fp“ / cfo;| f ] t cg' ; f/ afnaflnsfn] ;dfg cj;/ / k“ x ' r k| f Kt ug{ ;s] s f 5} g g\ . pgLx¿n] k| f Kt ug] { x/] s ;' l jwf cleefjssf] cfo ;| f ] t sf] Ifdtf, ;fdYo{ / OR5fdf e/ k5{ . uf; af;b] l v lzIfflbIffsf] lhDdf klg cleefjss} sfF w df cfpF 5 . afnaflnsfnfO{ cfkm" n ] eljZodf s] ug] { eGg] s' / fsf] 1fg x' F b } g . afn;flxTo h' g ;' s } ljwfdf n] l vP klg ;s] ; Dd w] / } lrq /flvg' k 5{ . yf] / } zAb jf cIf/, lrqdf b' O { e Gbf a9L /Ësf] k| o f] u ul/g' /fd| f ] dflgG5 . h] xf] ; /] v f lrq clgjfo{ 5 -e08f/LM @)$(, @%_ . t/, ;F u } cfdfafn] ;a} lhDd] j f/L axgb] l v lbzf af] w sf] sfd t 5F b } 5 . afnaflnsfnfO{ ;flxTo cle?lrdf lrqn] g} 7"nf] e"ldsf v]N5 . syf, sljtf, uLt, gf6s, ;fo/L, x:of}nL dgf]/~hgh:tf] eP klg To;df lrq x'Fbf pgLx¿n] Wofgk"j{s x]g]{ / k9\g] ub{5g\ . lrqaf6 afn lj1fg lgs} ulDe/tfsf;fy k|efljt aGb5 . cem /lËg lrqn] afnaflnsfnfO{ cfslif{tdfq xf]Og dgdf klg ulx/f] 5fkf kfl/lbG5 . c;lhnf / a'em\g ufx|f] x'g] vfnsf lrqsf] :yfgdf ;lhnf / ;/n lrqsf] k|of]u pko'Qm x'|G5 . qmdzM 40


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