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6. Sýnýf Sosyal Bilgiler Soru Bankasý Bu kitabýn tamamýnýn ya da bir kýsmýnýn, kitabý yayýmlayan þirketin önceden izni olmaksýzýn elektronik, mekanik, fotokopi ya da herhangi bir kayýt sistemi ile çoðaltýlmasý, yayýmlanmasý ve depolanmasý yasaktýr. Bu kitabýn tüm haklarý ÝSABET Yayýncýlýk’a aittir.

Yayýna Hazýrlýk Ýsabet Dizgi

Baský Tarihi HAZÝRAN 2011

Baský Yeri Fazilet Neþriyat ve Ticaret A.Þ. Baðlar Mah. Mimar Sinan Cad. No: 52 Güneþli / Baðcýlar / ÝSTANBUL Tel: (0212) 657 88 00 www.fazilet.com.tr


SUNUÞ Deðerli Öðrenciler, Günümüzde bilginin hýzla deðiþtiði ve geliþtiði görülmektedir. Bu deðiþim, Milli Eðitim Bakanlýðýna baðlý ilköðretim okullarýnda okutulan derslerin veriliþ þeklini, içeriðini, iþleniþ sýrasýný da etkilemiþtir. Bununla birlikte ilköðretimde öðretmen, öðrenci ve ders materyallerinin rollerinde bazý deðiþiklikler meydana getirmiþtir. Örneðin; öðretmen ve kitap merkezli bir yaklaþýmdan öðrenciyi merkeze alan ve öðrencinin bilgiyi kendisinin yapýlandýrmasýný isteyen bir anlayýþý ön plana çýkarmýþtýr. Bu da öðretmenin, öðrencinin ve ders kitaplarýnýn deðiþimini zorunlu hale getirmiþtir. Ýsabet Yayýnlarý bu deðiþimi göz önünde bulundurarak ilköðretim 'Okula Yardýmcý Kitaplarýný' tüm öðretmen ve öðrencilerin ihtiyacýný karþýlayacak þekilde hazýrlamýþtýr. Hazýrlanan bu yayýnlar arasýnda þunlar yer almaktadýr: x x x x x x x

Konu Anlatýmlý Kitaplar Soru Bankalarý Etkinlikli Çalýþma Kitaplarý Yaprak Testler Etüt Testleri Yazýlý Sorularý Deneme Sýnavlarý

Bu dokümanlar hazýrlanýrken öðrenci seviyesine uygunluk, öðrencilerin üst düzey beceriler (iletiþim kurma, problem çözme, eleþtirel düþünme, milli, manevi ve evrensel deðerlere duyarlý olma vs.) kazanmasýna yardýmcý olmak amaçlandý. Ayný zamanda konularýn örnek sorularla ve etkinliklerle pekiþtirilmesine, sorularýn anlaþýlýrlýðýna, somuttan soyuta ve basitten zora doðru sýralanmasýna dikkat edildi. Alanýnda uzman yüzlerce öðretmenimizin, zümre baþkanlarýmýzýn bilgi ve birikimlerinden yararlanarak okula yardýmcý kitaplarý ve diðer dokümanlarý hazýrladýk. Bu dokümanlar öðrencileri geleceðe en iyi þekilde hazýrlayýp onlarýn hayatta daha baþarýlý olmasý için elinden geleni yapan öðretmenlerin yardýmcý kaynaðý olacaktýr. Eðitimin bir sonuç deðil, bir süreç olduðunu düþünen Ýsabet Yayýnlarý ile gelecek sizin için baþarýlarla dolu olacaktýr. Eðitim ve yaþam sürecinde baþarýlý olmanýz dileðiyle… ÝSABET YAYINLARI ÝLKÖÐRETÝM YAYIN KURULU


ÝÇÝNDEKÝLER Sosyal Bilgiler Öðreniyorum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 – 24 Yeryüzünde Yaþam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 – 58 Ýpek Yolunda Türkler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 – 86 Ülkemizin Kaynaklarý . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89 – 114 Ülkemiz ve Dünya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117 – 126 Demokrasi Serüveni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129 – 138 Elektronik Yüzyýl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141 – 152 Genel Tekrar Testi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155 – 170 Cevap Anahtarlarý . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173 – 176


1. ÜNÝTE

Sosyal Bilgiler Öðreniyorum


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1

Eiffel Kulesi 31 Mart 1889 yýlýnda ziyarete açýldý.

Olgu

2

Ă&#x153;nlĂź Matematikçi ve fizikçi Ă?saac Newton 20 Mart 1727 yĂ˝lĂ˝nda ĂśldĂź.

Olgu

3

Bilim tarihinin en bßyßk icadý Þßphesiz teleskobun bulunmasýdýr.

GÜrßÞ

4

CervantesÂ&#x2019;in Don KiĂžot adlĂ˝ eseri mĂźkemmeldir.

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Gßnßmßzden 200 milyon yýl kadar Ünce davesa ve tek kýtanýn var olduðunu sÜyleyen bilim adamlarý, bu kýtaya Pengea adýný vermiÞlerdi.

Filiz

Yasemin Olgu

Gßnßmßzde levha hareketleri sonucu Amerika ve Afrika kýtalarý yýlda ortalama 3,5 cm kadar birbirlerinden uzaklaÞmaktadýr.

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Yer kabuðunun kalýnlýðý, okyanuslarýn oluÞumu, kýtalarýn oluÞumu konularýnda Fehmi Bey iyi bir uzmandýr.

Hakan

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�stanbul Boðazýndaki iki kÜprß ile karayolu ulaÞýmý yapýlmaktadýr.

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Fatih EminĂśnĂźÂ&#x2019;ndeki teknelerde ekmek arasĂ˝ lezzetli balĂ˝klar satĂ˝lmaktadĂ˝r.

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�stanbul içinde çeÞitli ulaÞým araçlarý ile ulaÞým, yapýlmaktadýr.

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Kiþiye yasalarýn ve toplumun tanýdýðý yetkilerdir.

Sorumluluk: Kiþinin bulunduðu statünün (mevkinin) gereklerini yerine getirmesidir. Sorunlar:

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Tßrk çocuðu atalarýný tanýdýkça daha bßyßk iÞler yapmak için kendinde kuvvet bulacaktýr.

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Ben gemi kaptanýyým. On yedi yýldan beri Büyük Okyanus, Atlas Okyanusu, Hint Okyanusu gibi büyük su kütlelerinde sürekli yolculuk yapýyorum. “Bu kocaman okyanuslarda hiç kaybolmadan nasýl gidiyorsun?” diye soruyorlar bana. Elimizde bulunan elektronik haritalar bizim iþimizi görüyor. Yeter ki gideceðim yerin koordinatlarýný bileyim.



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Paralellerin boylarý, ekvatordan kutuplara gidildikçe kýsalýr.

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Ýki paralel arasýndaki uzaklýk her yerde 111 km’ dir.

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2 Güney Yarýmküre

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Merhabe ben Emir. AnkaraÂ&#x2019;da yaÞýyorum. Performans Ăśdevim için yaĂžadýðým Ăžehrin haritasĂ˝nĂ˝ çizmek istiyorum. Harita çizmeye baĂžlamadan Ăśnce geniĂž bir araĂžtĂ˝rma yaptĂ˝m. YaĂžadýðým yeri bĂźtĂźn ayrĂ˝ntĂ˝larĂ˝ ile çizebilmek için bazĂ˝ kurallara uymam gerekiyor.

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YaÞadýðým yer, ekvotor ve çevresidir. Sßrekli yaðýÞlar gÜrßlßr. Bitki Ürtßsß sýk ormanlardýr.

Ben KanadalĂ˝yĂ˝m. Yaz kampĂ˝ için TĂźrkiyeÂ&#x2019;ye geldim. Benim Ăźlkem çok soĂ°uktur. KýÞýn sĂ˝caklĂ˝klar -30°C lere kadar dßÞmektedir. KýÞlar uzun sĂźrmektedir. Yazlar ise çok kĂ˝sa ve serin geçmektedir. KĂ˝sa geçen yaz mevsiminde kßçßk otsu bitkiler yetiĂžir.

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Ben Gazneli Mahmut. SamanoĂ°ullarĂ˝ DevletiÂ&#x2019;nin Horasan valisi SebĂźk TeginÂ&#x2019;in oĂ°luyum. Babam SamanoĂ°ullarĂ˝na karÞý baĂ°Ă˝msĂ˝zlýð��˝nĂ˝ ilan edip Gazneli DevletiÂ&#x2019;ni kurdu. 998 tarihinde Gazne tahtĂ˝na oturdum. HindistanÂ&#x2019;a 17 bĂźyĂźk sefer yaptĂ˝m. Bu seferlerde ordumda Ăźcretli askerler ve filler de vardĂ˝. Ă?slamiyetin HindistanÂ&#x2019;da yayĂ˝lmasĂ˝nĂ˝ saĂ°ladĂ˝m.

HindistanÂ&#x2019;a 17 sefer yapmýÞtĂ˝r.

�lk defa sultan ßnvanýný kullanmýÞtýr.

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SebĂźk TeginÂ&#x2019;in oĂ°ludur.

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Sevgili çocuklar, 10 AralĂ˝k DĂźnya Ă?nsan HaklarĂ˝ GĂźnĂźÂ&#x2019; nĂźn kutlandýðý bir haftadĂ˝r. Bizde okul gazetemizde Â&#x201C;DemokrasiÂ&#x2019;nin TarihçesiÂ&#x201D; konulu bir araĂžtĂ˝rma yayĂ˝mlayalĂ˝m.

NilĂźfer Ă&#x2013;Ă°retmen

1215 yĂ˝lĂ˝nda Ă?ngiltereÂ&#x2019;de Kral JohnÂ&#x2019;un imzaladýðý Magna Carta kralĂ˝n yetkilerini sĂ˝nĂ˝rlarken halkĂ˝n, hak ve ĂśzgĂźrlĂźklerini tanĂ˝yordu. Magna Carta ile kralĂ˝n sĂ˝nĂ˝rsĂ˝z yetki ve dokunulmazlýðýna son verildi. Kimsenin yargĂ˝lanmadan cezaladĂ˝rĂ˝lamayacaĂ°Ă˝ ilkesi gertirildi. Temsilcilere danýÞýlmaksĂ˝zĂ˝n geliĂžigĂźzel vergilendirmenin yapĂ˝lmamasĂ˝ kabul edildi.

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En bĂźyĂźk arzum, TĂźrkiyeÂ&#x2019;yi muasĂ˝r medeniyetler seviyesine getirmektir. Billur

Adnan

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21 Bin film bir DVDÂ&#x2019;de AvustralyaÂ&#x2019;nĂ˝n Melbourn kentinde Swinburne Ă&#x153;niversitesi tarafĂ˝ndan gerçekleĂžtirilen teknoloji sayesinde 2 bin film depolayan ultra dvd geliĂžtirdi. Bu DVDÂ&#x2019;nin bĂźyĂźklßðß ve kalĂ˝nlýðý Ăžimdikinden farksĂ˝z. Bilim adamlarĂ˝ bunun daha da geliĂžtirilebileceĂ°ini çok bĂźyĂźk yer kaplayan bilgilerin, kitaplarĂ˝n çok kßçßk bir alana sýðdĂ˝rĂ˝labileceĂ°ini sĂśyledi.

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Evde televizyon seyrederken acele B Rh (+) kana ihtiyaç olduðu duyuruldu. Benim kan grubum uyuyordu. Daha Ünce doktorlarýn vßcudumun kan vermeye uygun olduðunu sÜylemiÞ olmalarýna, raðmen kan vermekten çekiniyorum.

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Siyaset

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Evliya Ă&#x2021;elebi (1611-1682) elli yĂ˝l boyunca gezdiĂ°i yerleri Â&#x201C;SeyahatnameÂ&#x201D; isimli ĂźnlĂź eserinde toplamýÞtĂ˝r. Bu eserin bir ĂśzelliĂ°i de deĂ°iĂžik yĂśre insanlarĂ˝nĂ˝n yaĂžama biçimlerine, davranýÞlarĂ˝na, sĂźs takĂ˝larĂ˝na, çalgĂ˝larĂ˝na dek ayrĂ˝ntĂ˝larĂ˝yla geniĂž yer vermesidir.

CoĂ°rafya

Sosyoloji

 Elli yĂ˝l boyunca birçok yer gezdim. Gezip gĂśrdßðßm yerlerdeki insanlarla ilgili bilagileri, yĂśrenin evlerini, cami, han, hamam, saray, kale, sur ve yol gibi yapĂ˝larĂ˝ Â&#x201C;SeyahatnameÂ&#x201D; adĂ˝ verdiĂ°im kitapta anlattĂ˝m. Evliya Ă&#x2021;elebi

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Kitap okumak herkes için zevklidir.

Orhun Yazýtlarýnýn Tßrk tarihi ve dili açýsýndan Ünemi nedir?

KĂźbra

Yasin OsmanlĂ˝ Devleti tahtĂ˝nda en uzun sĂźre kalan padiĂžah Kanuni Sultan SĂźleymanÂ&#x2019;dĂ˝r.

TĂźrkiyeÂ&#x2019;nin baĂžkenti AnkaraÂ&#x2019;dĂ˝r.

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CEVAP ANAHTARI


1. Ünite Test 01 1-D Test 02 1-D Test 03 1-B Test 04 1-D Test 05 1-D Test 06 1-D Test 07 1-D Test 08 1-B 2. Ünite Test 01 1-B Test 02 1-D Test 03 1-D Test 04 1-A Test 05 1-C Test 06 1-B Test 07 1-C Test 08 1-D Test 09 1-B Test 10 1-A Test 11 1-D Test 12 1-B Test 13 1-A Test 14 1-A Test 15 1-B Test 16 1-D 3. Ünite Test 01 1-C Test 02 1-A Test 03 1-B Test 04 1-B Test 05 1-D Test 06 1-A

Sosyal Bilgiler Öðreniyorum 2-A

3-C

4-B

5-D

6-C

7-D

8-C

9-C

10-A

2-D

3-B

4-A

5-B

6-A

7-C

8-C

9-C

10-B

2-B

3-C

4-D

5-A

6-B

7-D

8-D

9-B

10-C

2-A

3-A

4-B

5-B

6-A

7-D

8-B

9-D

10-B

2-C

3-A

4-A

5-B

6-A

7-B

8-A

9-D

2-C

3-D

4-B

5-C

6-D

7-C

8-B

9-B

2-B

3-C

4-B

5-C

6-D

7-D

8-D

2-A

3-C

4-A

5-C

6-A

7-D

8-D

11-C

12-A

11-D

10-C

Yeryüzünde Yaþam 2-B

3-B

4-A

5-B

6-D

7-C

8-C

9-C

10-B

11-C

2-D

3-B

4-C

5-D

6-B

7-D

8-A

9-D

2-B

3-B

4-C

5-A

6-A

7-C

8-B

9-A

2-C

3-B

4-C

5-A

6-D

7-A

8-B

9-A

10-D

11-C

12-A

2-A

3-A

4-C

5-B

6-A

7-D

8-B

9-B

10-A

11-D

12-D

2-D

3-C

4-D

5-C

6-A

7-A

8-B

9-C

10-A

11-B

2-B

3-B

4-A

5-D

6-D

7-C

8-C

9-D

10-B

11-B

2-B

3-C

4-D

5-C

6-C

7-D

8-B

9-D

2-C

3-C

4-C

5-D

6-D

7-C

8-C

9-A

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5-D

6-D

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4-D

5-C

6-A

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8-D

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4-D

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8-D

9-D

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4-D

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6-A

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2-C

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4-D

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6-C

7-A

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2-C

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4-D

5-C

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2-C

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8-D

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2-A

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4-C

5-D

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2-C

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5-B

6-D

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10-A

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2-A

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4-B

5-C

6-B

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8-D

9-D

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2-B

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6-C

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10-D

11-C

2-B

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4-D

5-A

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7-B

8-C

9-A

10-B

11-C

173

12-D

11-B

11-D 12-B ipek Yolu’nda Türkler 11-C


Test 07 1-C Test 08 1-C Test 09 1-B Test 10 1-D Test 11 1-B Test 12 1-A Test 13 1-C 4. Ünite Test 01 1-C Test 02 1-B Test 03 1-A Test 04 1-A Test 05 1-B Test 06 1-C Test 07 1-D Test 08 1-D Test 09 1-A Test 10 1-D Test 11 1-C Test 12 1-D Test 13 1-A 5. Ünite Test 01 1-D Test 02 1-D Test 03 1-C Test 04 1-B Test 05 1-D 6. Ünite Test 01 1-D Test 02 1-A Test 03 1-A Test 04 1-D Test 05 1-D

2-C

3-D

4-B

5-A

6-A

7-D

8-B

9-A

10-B

2-D

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4-B

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7-C

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9-A

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2-B

3-D

4-B

5-B

6-B

7-B

8-C

9-D

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2-A

3-D

4-C

5-C

6-D

7-D

8-D

2-D

3-A

4-D

5-C

6-C

7-C

8-A

9-C

10-B

2-D

3-D

4-B

5-C

6-B

7-A

8-D

2-A

3-B

4-C

5-C

6-C

7-D

8-A

11-A

11-A

9-B Ülkemizin Kaynaklarý

2-B

3-D

4-D

5-D

6-D

7-D

8-C

9-C

10-C

11-B

2-B

3-A

4-D

5-C

6-C

7-D

8-B

9-D

10-A

11-D

2-A

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5-D

6-B

7-A

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10-C

2-C

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4-B

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6-C

7-D

8-D

9-A

10-A

2-B

3-C

4-C

5-A

6-C

7-B

8-B

9-A

10-C

2-B

3-B

4-D

5-C

6-A

7-D

8-B

9-C

10-A

2-B

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4-B

5-D

6-D

7-C

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9-B

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2-A

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4-A

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6-D

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8-C

2-C

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4-C

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6-C

7-D

8-C

9-D

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2-A

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4-B

5-B

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7-D

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10-A

2-A

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7-D

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10-A

2-A

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7-B

8-C

9-B

10-D

2-C

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4-B

5-C

6-D

7-B

8-C

9-C

10-B

11-D

11-D

12-B

11-B

11-B

12-B Ülkemiz ve Dünya

2-C

3-A

4-D

5-D

6-A

7-B

8-A

9-C

10-D

2-D

3-D

4-C

5-B

6-C

7-B

8-D

9-A

10-A

11-B

2-D

3-C

4-B

5-A

6-A

7-D

8-C

2-D

3-A

4-B

5-B

6-A

7-D

8-A

9-B

10-B

11-C

2-B

3-D

4-C

5-D

6-C

7-C

8-A Demokrasinin Serüveni

2-B

3-A

4-B

5-B

6-C

7-A

8-B

9-D

10-C

2-D

3-B

4-D

5-C

6-B

7-B

8-D

9-C

10-B

2-A

3-D

4-B

5-B

6-C

7-B

8-C

9-B

10-C

2-C

3-A

4-C

5-A

6-D

7-C

8-A

9-B

10-D

2-C

3-D

4-A

5-B

6-B

7-C

8-D

9-C

174

11-D


7. Ünite Test 01 1-B Test 02 1-D Test 03 1-D Test 04 1-D Test 05 1-C Test 06 1-A

Elektronik Yüzyýl 2-D

3-B

4-D

5-C

6-D

7-C

8-B

9-D

10-C

2-D

3-C

4-C

5-C

6-B

7-D

8-C

9-D

2-C

3-D

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5-A

6-A

7-B

8-C

9-C

10-D

2-C

3-D

4-B

5-A

6-D

7-C

8-A

9-C

10-D

2-A

3-D

4-A

5-D

6-D

7-C

8-D

9-C

10-A

2-D

3-A

4-B

5-B

6-C

7-D

8-C

11-B

Genel Tekrar Testi Test 01 1-C Test 02 1-C Test 03 1-B Test 04 1-B Test 05 1-D Test 06 1-D Test 07 1-D Test 08 1-D

2-A

3-B

4-B

5-C

6-B

7-A

8-B

9-C

2-D

3-B

4-C

5-D

6-D

7-C

8-C

9-B

2-C

3-B

4-C

5-D

6-A

7-C

8-C

9-A

10-D

2-A

3-D

4-B

5-B

6-C

7-C

8-C

2-B

3-B

4-B

5-D

6-B

7-D

8-A

9-D

10-C

2-A

3-C

4-C

5-A

6-A

7-B

8-A

9-B

10-D

2-C

3-D

4-C

5-A

6-D

7-C

8-D

2-D

3-A

4-D

5-A

6-B

7-D

8-C

175

10-C

11-C