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PORTFOLIO Isa Bergh Lopes


NPILI GIRL`S SCHOOL

MASTER THESIS KTH ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN/ GUINEA BISSAU 2019 Individual- ongoing pro-bono project Tutors: Teres Selberg and Leif Brodersen

Status: Construction of phase one estimated to start in the beginning of 2020.

THE CLOBAL GOALS FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

INTRO This project takes place in Guinea Bissau in the west coast of Africa. It is a place I feel for and where part of my family descends from. As part of my research I have spent two months in Guinea Bissau where I have investigated participatory design processes in local communities. The first month I explored participatory design tools together with Architects Without Borders and UNICEF. The second month I worked with the local organization ATENA Foundation and the community of Ensalma where a school for girls will be constructed. The physical proposal of this thesis is the design of this school. It proposes the design of a boarding school for girls in Ensalma, Oio. The project was initiated by ATENA Foundation and is directly connected to the National Development plan Terra Ranka. Due to the situation we are in, where climate change and rapid urbanization creates new challenges for all of us, especially for poor communities- this project is striving for a holistic approach and incorporates sustainable construction techniques, solar energy, rain water harvesting and composting latrines into the design. One hectare of the site is reserved for a garden to make possible a self-sufficient food production. The goal with the design is to decrease dependency on donors.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

Illustration: View of the courtyard

CONCEPT: PASSIVE DESIGN

In Guinea Bissau, girls are the ones that least benefit from the education system and have the highest rate of illiteracy. ATENA Foundation therefore decided the school will focus on girls. The project will be built in three phases and I am focusing on phase one consisting of the primary school. For one month I worked close with the community of Ensalma, they are the ones that will construct the school physically and also be the ones working there. Next to the site lies a brick factory made up of domes and vaults where people from the area are employed. They were also part of the vault and dome construction of the factory, it is now a “know how” on site. Hot sun or heavy rainfall composes the climate of Guinea-Bissau. Traditional buildings are featuring corrugated thin metal roofs which in the dry season makes the interiors terribly hot. Clay bricks in vaulted ceilings and cross ventilating openings are one way to keep the inside of the buildings cool without artificial or mechanic climate control.

Site photo of Ensalma

1. The metal sheet acts like a second skin protecting the inner room. The gap between the vault and the metal sheet keeps it ventilated. 2. Openings allow for cross ventilation of the building. 3. Heat is let out through perforated bricks/ gaps in the ceiling.

Goal number 11 recognizes the importance of cities addressing global challenges with the need to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. According to a 2015 UN-Habitat report, the world’s population is rapidly urbanizing and by 2050 the urban population is expected to outnumber the rural population. The issues of climate change together with rapid urbanization also creates new challenges linked to health, access to water and sanitation, and decreased resiliency in exposed communities. The act of designing buildings consistent with these goals lead us on the direction of creating healthier places, healthier people, communities, and societies. According to a UN Habitat Report from 2016 the urban population has more then doubled in Guinea-Bissau the last 20 years. The social bounds are strong but the social problems are present with unemployment, inequality and low income. Insufficient sanitation and infrastructure contributes to dysfunctional eco systems. Architectural interventions with focus on economical, social and ecological sustainability should work together to improve the situation for people living in poor neighbourhoods. At the same time the rural parts of the country keeps on getting depopulated leaving behind an old population dependent on agriculture. The motivation for investing in culture and infrastructure in these areas is also strong.


NPILI SCHOOL

MASTER THESIS KTH ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN/ GUINEA BISSAU 2019 Individual work

HARVESTING MAP

For one month I worked close with the community to map the social structures, the surrounding context and especially focused on discussions with the building team of the village on materials and construction methods. The community will be the one constructing the school: build it but also work there. The local NGO ATENA Foundation currently develops a teacher training program and the skills and know how of the community is the core of the project.

Rio Geba

SITE

“many of us are employed in the brick factory and we where part of the construction of the vaults and domes a few years ago. It is a skill in within the community.� Jon from Ensalma community explains the relationship between the community, the brick factory and the knowledge of the vault construction.

1000 m 1000 m

1000 m

1000 m

excavation of clay

brick factory houses

brick factory

regulo house

regulo house

church public school

houses

church public school

excavation of clay

excavation of laterite stone and sand

excavation of laterite stone and sand

rice feilds, sweet water weat land

rice feilds, sweet water weat land cashew tree plantation roads cashew tree plantation

roads

Material and construction investigation

Harvesting map showing the relationship between the site and locally avaliable materials


NPILI SCHOOL

MASTER THESIS KTH ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

AXONOMETRIC VIEW OF ONE UNIT PRIMARY SCHOOL

PLAN PRIMARY SCHOOL COURTYARD

STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN/ GUINEA BISSAU 2019 Individual work

Ensalma is situated 24 km from the capital Bissau and has approximately 3000 inhabitants. Today there is only 1 school with 3 classrooms hosting about 1000 students from the area. The site is sloping from the village down thowards the rice fields and there is already farming activity on the site. The farming activity will be kept and developed when the school is built. The aim is to have 3 hactare of farming activity/permacultural garden to make a self sustaining food production possible.

6

7 A

6

7

5 Site photo

A 5 1 4

4

3

3 2

8

8 1 2

Site model

1. Classroom 2. Semi open study area/ workshop/ flexible space 3. Covered study area/ workshop/ flexible space 4. Veranda

5. Courtyard around existing trees 6. Water tower 7. Water tap 8. Composting latrines

1. Concrete trench foundation 2. Butresses supporting the wall and the vaulted ceiling 3. Louvres in local wood or metal 4. Ring beam in concrete supports the vaulted roof

5. Vaulted cieling in brick or mud blocks 6. Roof structure of welded metal pipes 7. Metal sheet roof 8. Ventilation holes lets out hot air


NPILI SCHOOL

MASTER THESIS KTH ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN/ GUINEA BISSAU 2019 Individual work

SECTION ÀÀ

10

13

9 8 7 6 5 4 14 11 1

2

3

1. Trench foundation composed of laterite stones from the site + concrete

12

9. Secondary roof structure. Metal pipes are welded together to support the metal sheets on top. The pipes are bulted and casted into the ring beam and the foundation.

2. Concrete blocks to prevent moist from entering the building 3. Compacted soil with a layer of concrete on top

10. Metal sheet roof acts as a second skin and protects the vault and the interior from the hot sun. Solar panels are attached on the roof to support the bulding with electrictity.

4. Masonry brick wall (Rat Trap Bond)

11. Trench with layers of sediments is catching rainwater from the roof

5. Buttresses is supporting the forces from the ring beam and the vaulted ceiling

12.The rainwater is transported by a gravity fed system to the underground water tank where it is stored

6. Ring beam in concrete relieves the thrust from the vaulted ceiling

13. Water from the underground water tank is pumped by a solar pump up tp the water tower

7. Louvres of local wood or metal composes doors and windows

14. A gravity fed system leads water from the water tower to the water tap in the center of the courtyard

8. Vaulted cieling protects the interior from heat. Support of steel rods every 2,4 m.


IN SITU-GUINEA BISSAU ARCHITECTS WITHOUT BORDERS CHALLENGING PRACTICE STAGE B - “Reflecting in action” Djumbembe, Guinea Bissau

PROPOSAL

WORKSHOP: EXPLORING THROUGH 3D MODELS

WORKSHOP: PLACEMENT OF NEW WATER PUMP AND CONNECTION

2019 Group work In Situ Studio in Guinea Bissau is a Stage B ‘Re ecting in Action’ workshop under the Architecture Sans Frontières (ASF) International learning programme Challenging Practice Essentials for the Social Production of Habitat. The purpose of the workshop is to facilitate hands- on experience of processes of urban change and community-led initiatives in an urban context of the global South. The outcome of the participatory workshops was a production of recommendationsfor the institutions and communities present in the area. All workshops focus on the practice of participation, and with the role of participatory design and planning in challenging conditions of urban poverty. The focus of the learning experience were set on the challenges encountered by built environment professionals when working with vulnerable groups, and on the elaboration and assessment of relevant methodologies, tools and techniques of participatory engagement. Emphasis lies on the social and political process through which projects are undertaken, rather than exclusively prioritizing nal products.

EXISTING SCHOOL

Through close collaboration with communities and the local partners UNICEF, OGD and Lusofona University, the work conducted during the workshop directly feeded into ongoing projects focusing on basic infrastructure, sanitation and education in relation to the ongoing urbanisation in Guinea Bissau.

Girl, 13 years old New school behind the old school Kinder garden far away from school Latrines close to each other

Seven people from the community participated in this workshop. They marked with a blue dot on the map where they wanted to place a new waterpump and with a green their houses in case they wanted to install a private watertap in exchange for a reasonable amout of money.

Proposal for placement of new latrines and new school building

Workshop discussion with students about different layouts of latrines and their placement

During the workshop we have explored different tools for a design related and participatory approaches to planning and designing. The practical work has been conducted in the Oio region. We have analysed previous projects of UNICEF-WASH in Tchewel, Sintcha-Farba and Nhambram and engaged with communities in Binta and Jumbembem on future solutions of upcoming developments of their school facilities and community. Proposals include improvements in existing areas related to basic services, public space and educational buildings as well as sustainability, ownership and maintenance solutions. The specific focus has been on inclusive water and sanitation facilities in schools as well as child-centred education and development of safe, healthy and sustainable environments.

6 out of 7 blue dots were placed at the mosque in the center of the village. Only one blue dot was placed elsewhere a bit further away. The last blue dot represent the existing pump close to the school. The Régulo and his wife discusses the placement of proposed new structures

Everyone who participated in the workshop was willing to pay 25000 CFA + 750 cfa/m to have their own watertap at home.


COMPOSTING TOILET

INTERNSHIP UN, UNICEF, WASH SECTION BISSAU, GUINEA BISSAU

2017 Individual work My role: Review of past designs and proposal of new improved architectural design for the UNICEF school latrines. The focus of the new design lies on accessibility, resilience and sustainability. The design process had a participatory approach and the final proposal includes the use of natural and local materials and construction techniques. The work included site visits, child consultations, construction drawings, preparation of BoQ, cost estimations Purpose and goal: Improve the previous design of the UNICEF school latrines and hand washing practices and ensure accessibility for all including menstrual hygiene possibilities for young girls UNICEF Guinea Bissau has promoted several different toilet designs throughout the years. The continuous field visits by the section as well as project evaluations show worrying signs of limited use of the latrines and poorly functional hand washing practices. To a large degree this is depending on ineffective or non-recurring hygiene promotion but a properly designed latrine that is inviting and safe to use adds significantly to toilet usage. UNICEF Guinea-Bissau is currently reformulating the hygiene education program for larger impact and intends to improve on the designs of school latrines. Status: Construction of in 10/10 schools supported by the UNICEF in rural Guinea Bissau, region of Oio and Bafatá

One cabin in each latrine block is handicap adjusted and gives possibilities to maintain mentrual hygiene with a water tap inside the cabin.

Photo showing the inside/the hand washing station of the latrine. The bamboo frame is making use of the local material bamboo. Light is entering at the same time as a level of privacy is achieved. A mosaic mirror is placed above the sink to “attract” the students to wash their hands.

Photo of one of the constructed school latrines. The construction consists of a steel frame filled with bamboo (as a local and sustainable alternative), concrete foundation and walls. The hand washing station is directing used water out from the building, creating a waterfall and hopefully encourages good hand washing/ hygiene practices among the students. Reused bottles are used as drainage of the plants, making visible a “reuse” perspective.

Students play at handwashing station inside latrine


COMPOSTING TOILET

Plantas Plantas

INTERNSHIP UN, UNICEF, WASH SECTION BISSAU, GUINEA BISSAU

2017 Individual work

A

PLANS

A

90

15

15

160

15

160

126

15

15

120

15

120

15

120

15

15

160

15

160

116 40

15 160

C

C

40

B

B

Pérgola em bambu Pérgola em bambu

Bidão de àgua 200L Bidão de àgua 200L

30

Suporte em betão Suporte em betão

460

1 Rampa 20 1 Rampa 20 inclinacao inclinacao

116

40

10

200 Torneiras Torneiras

Telha de vidro Telha de vidro

15

170

200

116

10

116

30

155

Armação de porta em Armação deI)porta em ferro (ver detalhe ferro (ver detalhe I)

155

160

160 190

B

190

B

95

95 15

120

WC

15

126

WC

WC

15

C

WC

WC

Telha portuguesa Telha portuguesa

15

170

WC

DETALHE E DETALHE E Sistema de torneira Sistema de torneira

160

15

C

15

Plantas maracujá Plantas maracujá

40

18

40

255

40

255

15

18

15

15

15

90

90

15

15

90

460 Lavatório das mãos Lavatório das mãos Espelho em mosaico Espelho em mosaico DETALHE H DETALHE H Garrafas recicladas. Drenagem Garrafas recicladas. Drenagem das plantas das plantas Parede em bambu Parede em bambu

A

Plan 1:50

Planta cortada Planta cortada

A

Roof plan 1:50

Planta cobertura Planta cobertura Projeto "Child Friendly School Toilets" Projeto "Child Friendly School Toilets" Plantas 1:50 Plantas 1:50 WASH/ construction unit


Corte AA´

COMPOSTING TOILET

INTERNSHIP UN, UNICEF, WASH SECTION BISSAU, GUINEA BISSAU

2017 Individual work

DETALHE A Tubo de respiração de PVC com chaminé a saír fora do teto

Teto em telha portuguesa

DETALHE G

Viga de suporte 15x15

18

UPN 60x70 construido na parede 10 7

Cantoneira construido na parede

6

Tubo de respiração segurado no IPN

24

Cóbogo

Pérgola em bambu de Ø 5cm (ver detalhe G)

24

Viga de armação

370

Areia

Espelho em mosaico construido na parede

Cimento

240 Braçadeiras

15

200 170

180

210

190

245

250

Bidão de àgua 200L

20 Lavatório em betão armado tipo Bacia-

5

65

Tampas de betão armado 250kg/m3

Garrafas recicladas (drenagem das plantas) Tubo de alimentação de água de furo

Malha de Varões de Ø10

150

Alicerce

Plantas: Maracujá

Terra vegetal

Fundação (ver detalhe C)

15

Pedra laterite

50

Enrocamento de pedra de 15cm Malha de varões de Ø 10 Betão armado 250kg/m3 Varões de Ø 10 Pedras

Projeto Friendly School Toilets" Section"Child AA´ 1:25 DETALHE B

Corte AA` 1:25 WASH/ construction unit

DETALHE D


OFFICE GREENING

COMPETION FOR THE UN OFFICE, BISSAU WINNING PROPOSAL INTERNSHIP UNICEF; WASH SECTION BISSAU, GUINEA-BISSAU 2017

PLAN AND CALCULATIONS

AXONOMETRIC VIEW

Michel Jaquet and Isa Bergh Lopes da Costa

6m 15 m

Status: Built Objective: Illustrate and formulate proposals for a greener and more environmental friendly UN office in Bissau. Background: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are built around the three pillars of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. The global community has recognized that for many decades, insufficient attention has been given to the environmental pillar. The SDGs reflect a common agreement that this needs to be rectified. Climate change and environmental degradation must be addressed to achieve sustainable development. We are proposing the installation of a photovoltaic generator. The system will be installed in the parking lot with the benefits below:

A

12¡

B

- Produce clean energy, using photovoltaic panels; - Protect UN vehicles from long sunny and rainy days. The proposed solution will produce clean energy, protect and increase the lifetime of the UN vehicles in the parking area of the compound, improve drivers’ and passengers’ comfort at the beginning of a trip, and reduce the fuel consumption. Assumptions- to produce 5% of the actual needs with a photovoltaic system and building a solar generator with 25 000 Wp. The result of this strategy has an immediate impact on the environment. The result is shown below:

N Areal view of the project in Bissau UN building. The panels should look to the south with and inclination of 12 degrees. Option 1 with batteries has a capacity to stock about 275,200 Wh. This power can be used for the telecommunications equipment: VSAT, Internet Services, VHF repeater and security lights (including those in public areas). This fits well with MOSS recommendations. The number of hours of battery backup will be dependent on the total power capacity of the equipment connected. A detailed study must be done to ensurebest balance between equipment and duration. Although option 1 is more expensive, it is the best for Guinea Bissau. This option is aligned with the business continuity strategy, resilience and MOSS.

Diagram of stage one

Diagram showing current monthly electricity bill compared to solar power. Illustrative example More then 12 vehicles can be protected against the sun and rain under the solar panel roof.

Inauguration of solar panels UN office, Bissau May 2019


OFFICE GREENING

COMPETION FOR THE UN OFFICE, BISSAU INTERNSHIP UNICEF; WASH SECTION BISSAU, GUINEA-BISSAU 2017

tion supported by removable modules to ensure flexibility, the purpose of the green facade will be to reduce heating effect from direct sun - reducing the use of air conditioning, producing food and herbs as well as providing well-being.

SCEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR GREEN FACADES

VIEWS OF THE UN BUILDING IN BISSAU

Michel Jaquet and Isa Bergh Lopes da Costa

Objective: Illustrate and formulate proposals for a greener and more environmental friendly UN office in Bissau. Complementary option of green facades: As a complement to the implementation of solar panels, the UN Bissau Office will start greening the facades of its building. Composed of different types of vegetation supported by removable modules to ensure flexibility, the purpose of the green facade will be to reduce heating effect from direct sun - reducing the use of air conditioning, producing food and herbs as well as providing well-being.

Module type 1: Suitable for any type of plant. Can be placed in front of individual windows, with an estimated cost of 20$

Water Cycle As a complement to natural rain, the water produced by the air conditioning system can also be used as an artificial input source for plants during the hot and dry season.

Shading Effect Apart of potentially producing food or medicinal herbs, the semi-dense vegetation of the facade will act as natural shade system to reduce the heating effect from direct sun

Schematic Section JANF

In an initial stage, with this proposal, we propose to start with one facade with the approximate cost of 15,000 $.

MARA

PR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

Stephania Perrieri Passion Fruit

DEC

Chili Okra

The project can be implemented gradually, with long-term financial savings with the reduction of air-conditioning use, production of food and herbs, and an improved sense of well-being in the working environment.

OV

Climbing Species

Black Eyes Susan Vine

OCTN

Non-Climbing

Module type 2: Suitable for climbing plants. Can be placed in front of every two windows, with an estimated cost of 50$.

EB

Tomato

Some plant species suggestions for the facade

Before and after the implementation of the greening project


HOUSE 7

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2018

Group work semester 8

Architects: Simon Bengtsson, Laura Sasher, Viktor Lindström, Isa Bergh Lopes da Costa, Fredrik Tjulin, Johannes Wiktorsson, Sergi Estrella Sanhuja Designing and bulding an allotmenthouse from the concept of an inner patio. The location is at the allotmenassociation Karlbergbro Kolloniförening at Stadshagen, Stockholm. Background: The project takes its start in a collaboration between KTH (The Royal Institute of Technology) and the allotment association Karlbergsbro. After the construction of a high housing block which casts a big shadow over the allotment gardens, the municipality decided to give 8 new allotment plots to the association. Full Scale Studio at KTH are contracted to design an build the new houses. “We had the challenge to design the best patio allotment house in the world. Deriving from the concept of the inner space of the patio, toghether with the idea of an inhabited wall, we have drawn and built a space where to have a pause in the urban fabric or in the hectic city of Stockholm. Our main goal was to create a space where to rest, share and engage with nature and life.” Our limitations from the city planing office is the maximum height of 3m, maximal area of house 9 sqm and maximal area of shed 3 sqm. We tried to create the most narrow house possible with an inside width of 80cm. The project is almost as a “cabinet” stripped away from circulation spaces. You open the doors and lay down directly in you bed, or you open the doors and you prepare your sinner standing in your garden. To be able to create a “patio” house we worked with the concept of a pergola binding the shed and the house togethercreating an inner space/courtyard. The pergola is functioning as a “green corridor” where we imagine nature to take over in the future. To escape the regulations of the maximum square meters allowed from the city planing office we made the pergola a structure of 60 % air giving the project a sence of having “permeable walls”.

Photo of project. The pergola and the “shed” are finished and the house will soon start to be constructed.


HOUSE 7

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2018

Group work semester 8

PROCESS

PLAN

B

C

A

Measuring out the plinths on site

D E

Erection of the prefabricated parts of the pergola

The pergola is “filled” in with the shed

Cladding of plywood facade

A

Kitchen (Shed)

B

Storage- to be constructed

C

Sleeping area (House)- to be constructed

D

Inner patio space

E

Pergola “the green corridors” The plan consists of the shed, the house and the pergola creating an inner patio. The structure is a cc 60 grid through all the project. The houses has a slightly bigger structure and the house is the only insulated part.


HOUSE 7

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2018

Group work semester 8

allotment house

ECONOMY

DOORS: GLASS: TIMBER: FACADE: PAINT: EQUIPMENT/TOOLS: INTERIOR: TOTAL:

= 103.795 SEK

House

In progress

shed DOOR: 4.250 SEK GLASS: 1.700 SEK TIMBER: 35.375 SEK FACADE: 6.000 SEK PAINT: 1.900 SEK SCREWS: 430 SEK INTERIOR: XXXX TOTAL: 49.655 SEK

The pergola as a buffer zone with its surroundings

pergola TIMBER: 16.235 SEK PAINT: 5.250 SEK TOTAL: 21.485 SEK

plinths OFFERT: 30.000 SEK MACHINERY:XXXX SEK TOTAL: 30.000 SEK

other: The pergola in relation to the existing fence, the footpath and neighbours. From the city planing office allotment gardens in Stockholm are marked out as public parrks. So why dont we remove the fences?

TOTAL: 2.655 SEK


HOUSE 7

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2018

Group work semester 8

ELEVATIONS

East elevation

South elevation

West elevation

North elevation


HOUSE 8

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2017, semester 7

Group work (Common studio work) Objective: Designing and bulding an allotmenthouse at the allotment association Karlbergsbro kolloniförening at Stadshagen, Stockholm. The 26m long and 2m broad house consists of a pergola, a main house and a shed. Background: The project takes its start in a collaboration between KTH (The Royal Institute of Technology) and the allotment association Karlbergsbro. After the construction of a high housing block which casts a big shadow over the allotment gardens, the municipality decided to give 8 new allotment plots to the association. Full Scale Studio at KTH are contracted to design an build the new houses. Restrictions from the Building Permit Office: was the maximum height of 3m, maximal area of house 9 sqm and maximal area of shed 3 sqm. To maximize the square meters of the project we used the rule of the “Bay window”. If the bay window protudes no more than 500mm above the ground and 500mm from the edge of the wall - it doesn´t count into the square meters of the project. The inside has a width of 2 m but the floor touching the ground only has a width of 1m.

Picture of the front facade opening up thowards the allotment garden. The two big windows are made out of plexiglas. The facade is made out of corrugated aluminum, corrugated plastic sheets and polycarbonate. The different materials is a play of open and closed. For example the bedroom area is more protected then the livingroom/kitchen area.

The pergola is binding the shed and the house together and extends the living space into the garden for relaxed bbq times or a nap in the hammock..

The 26 meter long house is expanded into the garden by the pergola, creating flexible spaces for outdoor use. The shed is situated in the far end to the left.


HOUSE 8

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2017, semester 7

SITEPLAN AND INTERIOR PLAN OF HOUSE

RENDERINGS OF INSIDE

Group work (Common studio work)

Pergola (ca 80% luft) Ej del av bygglovsansรถkan

Stuga 3m2

Stuga 9m2

Pergola (ca 80% luft) Ej del av bygglovsansรถkan

Interior cladding in plywood. The structural sections with a distance of 2,4m are visible even on the inside

Pergola (ca 80% luft) Ej del av bygglovsansรถkan

N The narrow stretched site gave form to this project. There is a trafficated road to the north where the project is closing of. The south side is more open and has a big garden looking down thowards the water.

Pergola (ca 80% luft) Ej del av bygglovsansรถkan

Stuga 9m2

1. Livingroom 2. Kitchen 3. Bedroom

1

2

3


HOUSE 8

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2017, semester 7

Group work (Common studio work)

North elevation scale 1:75

Plastic Plannja sinus 18 Lath 25x48 Pine Stud 45x70 Pine Polycarbonate Halle Isolux 32

Aluminium Plannja sinus 18 Lath 25x48 C14 Lath 25x48 C14 Wind paper Insulation 70 Stud 45x45 C14 Stud 45x70 C14 Vapour barrier Cladding

Aluminium facade

Aluminium facade

Glass door

Aluminium door

Plexi glass facade

Stud 45x45 Pine Lath 25x48 Pine Plexi glass 10

Plexi glass facade

Aluminium facade

Aluminium facade

Plastic facade

Aluminium Plannja sinus 18 Lath 25x48 C14 Lath25x48C14 Wind paper Stud 45x70 C14 Insulation 70 Vapour barrier Cladding

Plastic facade Polycarbonate Halle Isolux 32 Stud 45x45 Pine Lath 25x48 Pine Plastic Plannja sinus 18

Plan 1:100

Plan 1:50

Project

House 8

Drawing

House Floor Plan

Scale

1:20

Drawing no.

F1_H8_T3_002_03

Date

23-11-2017

Revision

V4

Perspective of the 26m long structure


HOUSE 8

KTH, MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE FULL SCALE STUDIO STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN 2017, semester 7

Group work (Common studio work)

Process: View of the building from behind

Process: View from inside the pergola

Section aa´1:20 Project

House 8

Drawing

Scale

1:20

Drawing no.


INDREMENTAL DESIGN

TUTORS: Carla Collevecchio, carla.collevecchio@umu.se Richard Conway, richard.conway@arch.umu.se Sangram Shirke, sangram.shirke@arch.umu.se

BHAN THA SONG YANG, THAILAND 2016 Group work semester 6, UMA My role: Building model + drawing of diagrams

SAFE HEAVEN LIBRARY

MODEL

DIAGRAMS AND CLIMATE

OBJECTIVE: Identify existing resources within a given context and develop innovative architectural strategies based in these resources. Also to analyze and discuss the concept of incremental designs in relation to participatory strategies. The aim with the project is to gain knowledge of different resource affecting various architectural scales By studying other architectural works one can learn a lot about design strategys, material, climate and many other things. We studied Safe Heaven Library by TYIN Tegnestue. It is located in Ban Tha Song Yang, Thailand. The main material is concrete blocks, bamboo and wood.

Perspective of the library showing the structure

The library was built using local materials and labour. All the money spent on the project was used in the nearby markets. The concrete base of the library is casted on a bed of large rocks gathered on-site. The walls consist of plastered concrete blocks and cool the building during the day. The simple construction of the open bamboo facades provided ample natural ventilation through out the whole structure. Iron wood make up the solid frame construction and serves as a comfortable floor for the children to play on. The bookshelves are a floor to ceiling height structure that runs the full length of the concrete wall and the floor remains unfurnished to give room different activities. The entrance creates a comfortable buffer zone between a small computer area on one side and a larger library room on the other. The most important thing to the Tasanee is that her children have food and an education. The library enables the children of the Safe Haven Orphanage to have a space to do homework, use a computer with internet and read books. The new building has also attained the important role of a gathering space and is frequently used for making crafts and playing games.

Gap under roof allows for natural ventilation

Left: Cantiliver creates shade in sunny weather Right: Over hang of bamboo keeps the rain out


A-SYSTEM

MILLION PROGRAM CONCRETE 2017 Group work semester 7 KTH Royal Institute of Technology GROUP: Sofia Enqvist, Ben Weiser, Emil Wadeskog, Isa Bergh Lopesda Costa, Felicia Svensson, Issy Spence, Moa Sellerfors, Annkristin Rohrbach.

A-system

Million Program Concrete

CASE STUDY/ RÅSLÄTT

A-SYSTEM/ RECONSTRUCTION OF PANELS

Working with 3 building systems in our seminar course, our group focused on A-system. Our task was to rebuild the original panels with 4 different dimensions in 1:10. At first we started to cast the facade panels without any openings to get some first experiences with concrete casting. After adding the window openings we thought about the joints and did some research about the original joints to build ours as close to that as possible. The whole group started to work together to create a functioning system of panels that fit together. From this point on it started to get more complicated. Every group of two had to get the exact same measurements so we decided to build everything together. We had to redo the joints once, because of the material we used. We learned that some materials like clued wood didn’t work out and we had to use tape and vaseline to be able to remove the cast easily. Another important question was how to attach the joints to the panel without having screws in visible parts of the panels at the end. For our final model we casted all the 4 panels at once to have the same mixture of concrete.

Råslätt is a district in southern Jönköping and contents of just over 30 residential buildings constructed during “Milljonprogrammet” from 1960 to 1970 and was planned by the architect Lars Stalin. The buildings are designed according to the A-system, supplied by the Swedish company A-betong. The A-system building system is based on transverse load-bearing walls, which gave production related benefits and also a greater choice in facade appearance. In Råslätt the pre-fabricated exterior walls are made of a sandwich element of concrete and 13 cm mineral wool. The residential buildings in Råslätt vary between 6 to 8 floors and consist of 2-6 stairwells. With the A-system’s systematic design of elements all apartments are flexible and can easily be adjusted in size, without making large interference in the loadbearing structure, which makes Råslätt and the A-system adaptable and sustainable.

EW_1.1

EW_2.1

EW_1.2

EW_2.2

a-system / reconstruction of panels

We rebuilt the panels which are marked in red in the drawing. We had two different panels sized and four different openings. Allocate your panels in the drawing and mark them in red as shown above...(EW_1.2 does not show up in this model)

3


A-SYSTEM

MILLION PROGRAM CONCRETE 2017 Group work semester 7 KTH Royal Institute of Technology

APRENDIX- PROCESS


A-SYSTEM

MILLION PROGRAM CONCRETE 2017 Group work semester 7 KTH Royal Institute of Technology

JOINT

ADAPTED JOINT

320

130

320

39 M

80 200

170

120

33 M

1200

In assembly of the buildings, the first step is the slabs, which is compounded with a joint filled with viscous concrete around reinforcement iron. The next step in the process is to connect the walls to the slabs; these joints are filled with both concrete and a double layer of reinforcement iron. The joints between the walls are filled with concrete or cement use. The wall lengths (24M or 36M) and the lengths of the slabs (12M) are intersecting with each other so that the joints always are connected. The A-system’s joints and assembly technique had a mounting pace of an average of 2.1 apartments per day in the late 1960’s.

In the representation of Råslätt the attempted were to restore the joints as well as possible. The main challenge in scale 1:10 became to make the joints with a sufficient thickness to prevent it from breaking apart. The horizontal joint allows the slab to rest on the inside of the facade element. The slab is 200 mm in Råslätt and we have reconstructed it with the same thickness in scale 1:10. We have simplified drop nose that existed between the facade elements to prevent the water from entering the construction. The vertical joints are designed with similar dimensions as Råslätt. In order to assemble our final model, are the vertical joints continuous to create vertical stability, which was not necessary in Råslätt thanks to the inner loadbearing structure. The representation of Råslätt is casted completely in concrete, although in reality there is a sandwich construction by concrete and a layer of 13 mm mineral wool in the middle. All jointa in the molds are casted with woodenframework protected by tape.


A-SYSTEM

MILLION PROGRAM CONCRETE 2017 Group work semester 7 KTH Royal Institute of Technology ASSEMBLY Having 3 final casts and the try outs from the beginning we thought about a way to connect them to a model. We decided to have the last cast on one side and the one before on the other side. So we show two sides of the A-betong building but use all 4 diferent kinds of panels together. To connect the panels we designed a wooden stick instead of the liquid concrete in real. Then we added some vertical and horizontal plates to make it stabile and prevent the panels from falling apart. To keep it as authentic as possible we assembled the panels just through the wooden structure and didn’t use clue or other materials.

gap for window

28,4 cm

39 cm

fixing to base plate outer form wood joint adaption base plate


NAUST & BADSTUE

RESPONSIBLE Maja Hallén, maja.hallen@gmail.com Moa Björnson, moa.bjornson@trana.kommune. no

ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: TREANA, NORWAY

2016 Group work, pro bono project

http://www.tenktraena.no/naust/ My role: Discussing, designing, physical construction of wall, structure, floor.

NAUSTET On a rocky shore in the outer Norwegian archipelago, facing the north Atlantic, stands an aged timber building; its grey and patched face telling an old story of receiving from, and paying tribute to, the sea. Inside this skin a meeting place for use of Treana and its visitors was built.

VIEWS AND PLANS

PROCESS

naust [næust] n (singular definite naustet) 1. a boathouse Treana is situated 33 nautical miles from the mainland and is one of Nordlands most remote places. It is known as one of Norway´s oldest fishing communities.

Treana´s oldest boathouse

Inside: A supporting new structure “Naustet” is situated on the edge to the sea and with its weather beaten walls it looks like it is about to fall apart. The project primary focused on the inside. The outside was left to reflect the time that has passed. We built levels and platforms to create a space that can be used for different activities. A big window is framing a panorama view to keep weather, sky and sea close.

Process: Interior view of the old boat house reflecting the different levels and the contrast between the old and the new. Harbour and boat connexions

Church

Existing boat house

Havfolkets hus restaurant Distrubution of functions Residential houses

Joker grocery store

Site plan

Interior view of the sauna


NAUST & BADSTUE

ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: TREANA, NORWAY

2016 Group work, pro bono project Artist in residence, TrĂŚna kommun, Norge http://www.tenktraena.no/naust/

A PUBLIC SPACE OBJECTIVE: Artist in residence project for Treana municipality with the aim to create a public space for the inhabitants of the island.

ISOMETRIC VIEW

VIEW AND PROCESS

New roof

A smaller part was built to a sauna/bathhouse. Public baths once symbolized the meeting point where people could discuss life in out cities. The intention with Naustet on Treana is to provide a public space where thoughts and histories can be shared among generations and smaller groups of people without competition and consumption. As much as possible of the material was found on the island and reused in the project. We also wanted to engage the inhabitants of the island whom where invited to be part of the process. Added infill of interior walls, ramps, benches, windows and doors

Interior view from the sauna showing the window framing the view

Pre-existing structure and facade

Isometric wiew of the sauna illustrating the different layers

The inside of the boathouse before


NAUST & BADSTUE

ARTIST IN RESIDENCE: TREANA, NORWAY

2016 Group work, pro bono project Artist in recidence, Træna kommun, Norge http://www.tenktraena.no/naust/

PROCESS FROM THE OUTSIDE

PLAN

PROCESS FROM THE INSIDE

Discussing the height of the benches in the sauna in relation to the view

Recycled windows from the island

Exterior view from the bay in low tide reflecting the layers of time

Plan


THE TREE CUBE

ARKNAT ARCHITECTURE FESTIVAL DESIGN & BUILD PROJECT HöGA KUSTEN LEDEN, SWEDEN 2017

ARCHITECTS: Isa Bergh Lopes Da Costa, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan(KTH) Sverige Kristina Rogers, Royal Danish Academy of Arhitecture (RDA), Danmark. Linnea Henstam Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan(KTH) Sverige, Matthew Burnett, University of New South Wales(UNSW) Australien. Mattias Larsson Jönköpings Tekniska Högskola(JTH) Sverige www.arknat.com

Group picture of the team during construction

Körningsberget has beautiful views all round. The concept began with the wish to create another experience bynot competing with the natural use and beauty of the site. By stepping back and leaving the front viewing platform untouched a floating structure was derived – A treehouse, introducing a new, playful shelter and viewing platform to the High Coast. It is an intriguing structural object, inviting curious hikers to climb up and enjoy the special shelter amongst the tree tops. The geometry did arise from structural necessities, optimized for durability, sculptural aesthetics. The result is a 2x2 meter abstract cube, with an exterior facade treated with a vernacular technique of charring wood prolonging the lifespan of the cube. The form also becomes a natural cradle for the human body, creating a comfortable experience and interesting and contrasting interior.


THE TREE CUBE

ARKNAT ARCHITECTURE FESTIVAL DESIGN & BUILD PROJECT HรถGA KUSTEN LEDEN, SWEDEN 2017

MAPS AND PROCESS

Map showing overview of site and of all the Arknat projects and The High Coast Hiking Trail. The site of the Tree Cube is marked in red.

Designed it in collaboration with a structural engineer, the structure of the tree house consists of a rotated cube. The rotated cube has diagonal supports (and many steel angles). The triangular collar is made out of glued plywood attached to the tree by 6 steel rods (36mm). To stabilize the top there is a smaller triangle in pine wood attached to the tree by 3 steel rods.

Map showing overview of site and surroundings, the location of The Tree Cube is marked in red.

PLAN

The structure was prefabricated as a cube and then transported to the top of the mountain by a helicopter.

The structure had to be taken apart to be able to fit around the tree. We used climbing equipment and pully systems to get the parts up and attach them to the tree trunk.

SECTION

Scematic plan and section showing the relation to the tree and the human body. The interior angles becomes a natural craddle to lean against after a long hike up to the mountain top. The hikers can also spend the night in the tree, at least 3 grown up people can spend the night comfortably around the tree trunk.


THE TREE CUBE

ARKNAT ARCHITECTURE FESTIVAL DESIGN & BUILD PROJECT HรถGA KUSTEN LEDEN, SWEDEN 2017

Exterior facade is finished with carring of the wood. The ancient tecnique is prolonging the lifecpan of the wood, making it water resistent, fire resistent and termite resistent.

Heart wood always facing out because of its strength

Facade detail sketch showing the overlapping wood panels and the direction of the heart side

EXTERIOR VIEWS


THE TREE CUBE

ARKNAT ARCHITECTURE FESTIVAL DESIGN & BUILD PROJECT HรถGA KUSTEN LEDEN, SWEDEN 2017

The inside in contrasting the outside charred wood, embracing the visitor in natural wood. The windows of the tree house are placed to frame specific views such as the lake, the sunset and the dense forest. It will act a cosy place to seek shelter when it rains or even spend the night. The pine tree is the core component to the space. The tree and the structure are working together, holding the treehouse up while also being considerate to the health of the tree. You will feel the movement with the wind and fall asleep watching the stars through the roof window.

Process model of the rotated cube in a tree

INTERIOR VIEWS


120 HOURS STUDENT COMPETITION 2018 by Isa Bergh Lopes da Costa, Laura Sarcher, David Gran Hellberg Objective: To design the perfect room for comunication. Our proposal is arguing from the importance of the meeting between people, deminishing the importance of the specific room/ space per say. The poeple are the ones creating the space, by their presence. Norms are also created by people. The ideal room could be exclusive, not for everyone. We believe the meeting between people IS the room we can create anywhere in the world. One doesn´t have to move or travel to create this room, it exist inside us and it can arise anyehere.

Axonometry


OUR ROOM Investigating the sensible perception of the ideal room for communication, a space that has kept its characteristics since ancient times. A space defined by the crackling sound of burning charcoal, the scent of wood and protection from the abundance of information. Stripped of our exterior facades we are vulnerable. The sensorial and spatial qualities of the room allow us to escape from competition, consumption and performance. An ideal room for communication, the spatial qualities stated above are most prevalent in the sauna.

Section1:50

But how could we define the ideal room for communication? The ideal state can exist in your mind as an idea, however it can not be experienced in our sensible world as Plato would have argued. Every memory of a space with conversation we may experience will diminish and eventually disappear, but the idea of a certain space for conversation is eternal. Denying the concept that an ideal space for conversation exists, we draw on our own experience of the very space we ourselves inhabit while composing this proposal.

Plan 1:50


THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME AND CONSIDERATION.

Profile for Isa Bergh Lopes

Portfolio 2019 Isa Bergh Lopes  

Portfolio 2019 Isa Bergh Lopes  

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