INTRODUCCIÓN La voz pasiva en inglés sigue la estructura general: Sujeto + Verbo To be + Verbo en participio + Objeto. Por ejemplo: - La estructura fue dilucidada por Watson y Crick Para pasar oraciones de la voz activa a la voz pasiva, simplemente hay que: 1) Cambiar el orden del sujeto y el objeto. 2) Añadir el auxiliar “to be” en el tiempo verbal de la voz activa. 3) Añadir el participio del verbo principal 2. CÓMO PASAR DE LA VOZ ACTIVA A LA PASIVA EN INGLÉS: Ejemplos 2.1. Presente simple • Voz activa: John writes the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter is written by John 2.2. Presente continuo • Voz activa: John is writing the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter is being written by John
2.3. Pasado simple • Voz activa: John wrote the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter was written by John 2.4. Pasado continuo • Voz activa: John was writing the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter was being written by John 2.5. Presente perfecto • Voz activa: John has written the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter has been written by John 2.6. Pasado perfecto • Voz activa: John had written the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter had been written by John 2.7. Futuro (Will) • Voz activa: John will write the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter will be written by John 2.8. Futuro (going to) • Voz activa: John is going to write the letter • Voz pasiva: The letter is going to be written by John
PASSIVE VOICE 1. When are they building the house? 2. You must show me your letters. 3. They had to postpone the meeting. 4. When have you sent the letters? 5. You canâ€™t order food at this time. 6. They should have sold the house. 7. What time did the witness see the burglar? 8. This drug can prolong human life. 9. They are increasing the rents year for year. 10.Some people consider this kind of jacket too smart for an informal meeting. 11.Did somebody see you taking the exam? 12.A burglar took some worth jewellery from the Watsonâ€™s house. 13.Who discovered America? 14.A man shot Kennedy in 1963. 15.Fallen trees blocked roads and brought down electricity lines. 16.She must have seen the rote I felt on the desk. 17.When are they building the hospital? 18.The teacher is going to give out the exams tomorrow PASSIVES 1. People had seemed him behaving in a very suspicious manner 2. A wasp has stung me. 3. My landlady does my washing 4. The cat laid the half-eaten mouse on the doorstep. 5. They had decorated the room beautifully. 6. Someone had obviously offered her. 7. A young boy was steering the car. 8. A hat shades his eyes. 9. Her mother scotched the frightened children 10.He is sprinkling pepper all over your meal.
HAVE SOMETHING DONE
1.Someone is cooking Richard’s lunch. Richard… 2.The dentist checked my teeth last month. I… 3. The mechanic checks her plane after every flight. She… 4. The builder will repair my house. I… 5. The doctor has examined his arm. He… 6. The hairdresser was cutting our hair. We…