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BE ABOUT TO, BE ON THE POINT OF, BE TO • We can use be about to + infinitive and be on the point of + -ing to indicate that an action is going to take place very soon. We were about to leave the hotel when I remembered I’d left my camera in the room. The number of tourists has dropped so dramatically that many restaurants in the area are on the point of closing down. She had to take a break because she was on the point of having a nervous breakdown. • We can also use the expression be to + infinitive to refer to the future, usually for actions that have been scheduled, or to give orders. The plane was to arrive at ten. The Government are to set up a committee to investigate the incident. The Mayor is not to retire until November. Children are not to leave the school unaccompanied. You are to report to your superior by the end of the day.

You didn’t need to + infinitive / needn’t have + past participle Be aware of the difference in meaning when using these expressions. Didn’t need to means it wasn’t necessary to do something, so you didn’t do it. Needn’t have means it wasn’t necessary to do something but you did it. I didn’t need to go to work yesterday because it was a local holiday. (I didn’t go to work because it wasn’t necessary.)

I needn’t have bought this wine. I already had a bottle at home. (I bought the wine but it wasn’t necessary.)

Thanks a lot for the flowers but you needn't have bothered! (You gave me flowers but it wasn’t necessary that you brought any presents.) Apologies Accept – Please accept my apologies./ I accept (full) responsibility./ I accept that I am to blame./I accept that it's my fault Afraid – I’m afraid…/ I’m afraid I have some bad news. Apologies – Please accept my sincere apologies (for…)/ Please accept my sincerest apologies (for…) Apologise – I apologise (for…)/ I would like to apologise (for…)/ I must apologise for…/ I really must apologise for…/ I do apologise (for…)/ I apologize wholeheartedly (for…)/I apologise unreservedly (for…)/ I (would like to) apologise for any inconvenience caused. Excuse (n/ v) – There is (really/ absolutely) no excuse for…/ Please excuse my behaviour/ Please excuse my thoughtlessness./ (Please) excuse me for… Fault – It was my fault./ It was all my fault./ I accept that it's my fault./ I was at fault (for…) Forgive – I don’t know how you can ever forgive me./ Please forgive me (for…)/ You must forgive me (for…)/ I hope one day you can forgive me (for…)/ It's unforgivable, I know Regret – I regret…/ I regret my actions./ I regret to inform you that…/ I would like to express my regret Sorry – I’m really sorry./ I’m so sorry./ I’m sorry to announce that…/ I’m sorry, but…/ I’m sorry if…/ I really am so sorry./ I really am most terribly sorry./ I am sorry to have disappointed you./ I cannot express how sorry I am (for…)/ I'm sorry to say (that) .../ I'm sorry to tell you (that) .../ I am sorry to have to tell you that ... ate-b1-role/25073 q=cache:, %2520Geography,%2520Civics%2520Grades%25207-10/Appendix%2520Gr10_History-Govt %2520Apology.pdf&gws_rd=cr&dcr=0&ei=0eI4WoqvJsjsUs30mqAM

B) VOCABULARY - Match the expressions (1-5) to their meaning (a-e). 1 miss out

a hit someone with a car

2 set off

b begin a journey

3 hit the road

c return in the same direction

4 turn back

d lose an opportunity

5 run over

e start a trip

- Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words given in the previous activity. Ada: Come everybody it’s time to go! Let’s 1... . Mike: Wait a minute. I’m finishing my tea. Ada: Well, drink it quickly, then. We were supposed to 2... almost half an hour ago. Liz: Hurry up Mike, if we arrive late, we’ll 3... on the welcome glass of champagne and that would be terrible! Ada: The car’s over there, so be careful when you cross the road. I don’t want anyone to get 4... . Make sure you’ve got all your luggage. We’re not 5... for anything once we’re on the motorway.

- Complete the sentences with a travel verb from the box in the correct tense and form.





take off


1 It’s the driver’s responsibility to make sure all the passengers … their seat belts. 2 The plane … over two hours late. 3 I enjoy … my horizons, so I travel as much as I can. 4 Don’t forget your suitcase. We travel to … our problems behind, not our luggage!

5 Bridget is in the departure lounge about to … her plane. 6 There’s a danger that all this snow may … the road through the mountains.

- Complete the sentences with the appropriate word(s) in bold.

food and beverage trolleys jet lag on-board catering long-haul flights evacuating destination stopovers turbulence runway 1 Your … is the place you are going. 2 Aircraft can experience … when flying through bad weather. 3 … are long-distance flights. 4 Flight attendants serve passengers from … . 5 … are stops during a journey, particularly when flying. 6 The … is the place where planes take off and land. 7 … is the feeling of tiredness people experience after flying through different time zones. 8 … an aircraft is when you make all the passengers get off, for example, in an emergency. 9 Airlines offer an … service, which provides food and drink for passengers -Complete the email with the correct form of the words from the previous activity.

Hi Liz, We had a bit of a difficult journey back from Australia but we got here in the end! Our flight out of Worramaloo was delayed due to kangaroos on the 1… and so we missed our 2… to London. The airline put us on another international flight, 3... Paris! Then we flew into an electric storm and there was bad 4… and a flight attendant was injured by a 5… . We had to make an emergency landing in Malaysia and the plane was 6… . After a 7… of about eight hours, we flew back to Sydney, but this time we got put in business class with fantastic 8… ! I have terrible 9… after our three-day journey, but I’m happy to be home. Vanesa xx

- Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs.

get away

stop over

pick up

drop off

put up

take off

1 Can you … me … from the train station at 9:00 p.m. please? 2 Around 20 aircrafts … or land at the airport every hour. 3 The flight will … in Singapore on its way to Japan. 4 My dad’s going to … me … at your house before he goes to work. 5 I’m so stressed; I really need to … somewhere nice and relaxing. 6 Six of my son’s friends are coming for the weekend; I don’t know if we’ve got enough space to … them all … ! - 1Read the paragraph and match the words in bold (1-5) to the definitions (a-e). My friend Paul works for an oil company and has to 1travel a lot. The company sends him on lots of 2trips to exotic places. He spends hours on planes and trains – on long 3journeys he always takes audio books. He says that 4travel isn’t a problem for him as long as he has a good book! But he sometimes has to make long 5voyages by sea to visit oil rigs, which he hates because he gets seasick! a … is a verb to talk about going from one place to another. b … (uncountable) is a general term used to describe going from one place to another. c … is a noun which refers to the distance travelled and in one direction only. d … is a noun which refers to travel by sea or in space. e … is a noun which refers to travel for a short duration, normally with a precise objective, e.g. for business. It includes the notion of there and back. Choose the correct option. 1 The journey / trip by car from Madrid to Barcelona takes about five hours. 2 We went on a great camping trip / journey in the mountains last week. 3 I hate long journeys / travel by car – they make me feel sick! 4 Travel / Trips in this part of Africa can be challenging due to the poor roads. 5 The first or maiden voyage / trip of the ocean liner The Titanic ended in disaster. 6 She invited me to come on a trip / journey to Thailand next year. - Match the definitions to the words

carriage compartment

peak times


seats berths fare


1 a train you can sleep on 2 the place you sleep in a train or ship 3 beds on top of one another 4 the price of a train journey 5 where you get on and off a train 6 the busiest and most popular travelling times C) READING COMPREHENSION

- First read the ten situations (11–20) and then read the twelve texts (a–l). Decide which text goes best with which situation. Each text can be used only once. In some cases there may be no suitable text, then mark X. (Pages 12, 13, 14)

11. You like wining and dining as well as music and would like to spend a few days where all this is offered. 12. You would like to do a cookery course in England. 13. You want to enjoy a few days during the cold season in a warm, Englishspeaking environment where you don’t have to pay extra for being on your own. 14. A colleague needs some advice on the dos and don’ts of safe travelling. 15. You would like to invest some money in a flat by the sea. 16. A young friend of yours likes music but cannot afford tickets at normal prices. 17. You like travelling to countries apart from Britain and are looking for special offers for overnight stays. 18. Your young niece is looking for travel bargains as well as tips for travelling. 19. You are spending a few weeks in Britain with your family and are looking for suggestions as to what to do and where to stay. 20. A friend of yours likes travel books and is looking for special book deals on approval.

KEY:( Item 11 g Item 12 x Item 13 h Item 14 l Item 15 i Item 16 k Item 17 j Item 18 d Item 19 f Item 20 x) D) LISTENING COMPREHENSION 1- 2- 3- 4 .mp3 .pdf

E) SPEAKING What would be your ideal trip? ee_ideal_trip_page.shtml Answer the same questions as the people being interviewed in the video F) WRITING Read the situations and the notes below. Match the notes to the situations and add two more of your own. 1 You shouted at the woman at reception at your hotel because you believed she had made a mistake about the dates of your reservation. You now realise that the mistake was yours. 2 You and some people you’d just met had a party in your hotel room. When one of the hotel guests came to complain about the noise, the person (not you) who opened the door to them was very rude. didn’t know the person who opened door I overreacted room unavailable music too loud it was my birthday too many people a long journey

Choose one of the situations and write a formal email of apology to the hotel manager (160-200 words). Use your notes from the previous activity. Follow the structure: 1 give a reason / explanation for what happened 2 take responsibility 3 reassure the other party that it won’t happen again 4 promise to take action........... And remember to include the following: • expressions for apologising and thanking • expressions to show cause and effect (BOOK pg 101)

Module 11 unit 9  
Module 11 unit 9