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Middlebury College

Rohatyn Center for International Affairs

A N N U A L R E P O RT -

Universal Language MIZUTO ABURA (WATER AND OIL), JAPAN’S FOREMOST MIME THEATER COMPANY, opened a door onto Japanese culture for Middlebury students when the company spent four days in residence here this past spring. From a workshop, pictured above, to conversations in Japanese and English over lunches and dinners to their evening performance, the members of the company shared their perspective on Japanese life and culture.The event was organized by Laura Mones ’ and funded in part by the Rohatyn Center. Photographs by Michael Sipe

Advancing Global Understanding



Rohatyn Center’s liveliest yet. While further strengthening existing programs, we also launched two successful new initiatives. The first, “What’s a Liberal Arts Education Got to Do with It? Making a Difference in a Globalized World,” brought to campus an impressive selection of accomplished professionals, who have made their career mark at an unusually young age (all were college graduates from the 1990s). The second utilized the College’s U.S. Department of Education Title VI grant to sponsor a rich array of events in Middle Eastern Studies (MES) that complemented the College’s new language program in Arabic and its anticipated MES track within the International Studies major.

continues to thrive and make available to the public innovative work-in-progress in international studies, which spans the disciplines. With the Foreign Language Division, we were pleased to host our second year of the Language, Mind, and Culture Colloquium and anticipate its continuation and further development in 2004-05.

All of this accomplishment and activity could never have been unleashed without the support of the administration and the ideas, generosity, and unbounded energy of our accomplished faculty, which continued to grow as we added new positions (in history, political science, and Arabic) to build the new program in MES. And it should by now go without saying—but say it I must—that it is simply impossible to imagine achieving As the pages that follow illustrate, we awarded our so much without the exceptional contributions of Charlotte Tate, Martha Baldwin, and Carolann Davis. second round of undergraduate research travel grants and witnessed the fruit of our inaugural year of funding They make the Rohatyn Center for International in the annual international thesis forum presentations of Affairs an invigorating place and our collective future one of remarkable promise. our year-one grant recipients. One of those recipients, Kristina Rudd, shared the 2004 international studies thesis award. Our Executive-in-Residence program brought to campus Andrew Heyward, president of CBS News; Felix Rohatyn ’49, former ambassador to France; and Charles MacCormack ’63, president of Save the Children, each for one to two days of intense Allison Stanger interaction with faculty, staff, and students. Under the Director, Rohatyn Center for International Affairs editorship of Mark Williams, the working paper series Professor of Political Science



n internationally oriented resource and research center, the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs (RCFIA) supports the College’s goal of advancing global understanding that radiates from a core linguistic and cultural competency. RCFIA works with a faculty committee to create co-curricular programming that expands opportunities for students and supports faculty in their teaching and professional development. Programs include Executive-in-Residence, Scholar-in-Residence, International Studies Colloquium, international symposia and

lectures, and outreach activities. RCFIA disseminates current research through our Working Paper Series, and also administers institutional grants in international studies, an undergraduate international research travel grant program, and a sponsored internship program. We work with the Career Services Office and other campus organizations to expand opportunities for internships and other types of direct experience that give students a sense of how the world looks and works from perspectives other than their own.






Allison Stanger

Allison Stanger Director, RCFIA Professor of Political Science 802-443-5023 Charlotte Tate Assistant Director, RCFIA 802-443-5795

Charlotte Tate and Martha Baldwin

Martha Baldwin Program Coordinator, RCFIA 802-443-5324

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS AT M IDDLEBURY COLLEGE Mark Williams, Director, International Politics and Economics

Carolann Davis Program Coordinator, International Studies, and International Politics and Economics 802-443-2319 Miguel Fernandez, Jeffrey Cason, and Paul Monod

Jeffrey Cason, Director, International Studies Miguel Fernandez, Director, Latin American Studies David Macey, Director, Russian and East European Studies, and Director, Off-Campus Study Paul Monod, Director, European Studies Carrie Reed, Director, East Asian Studies Michael Katz, Dean, Language Schools and Schools Abroad


Doug Campbell ’06, Mark Williams, Sarah Berkowitz ’05, and Mitchell St. Peter ’06.5


Jeffrey Cason (International Studies) Michael Geisler (At-large Faculty Representative) Courtney Hillebrecht ’04 (Student Representative) Michael Katz (Language Schools and Schools Abroad) James Maddox (Dean of Graduate and Special Programs) Thomas Moran (At-large Faculty Representative) Peter Ryan (Environmental Studies) Allison Stanger (Chair) Charlotte Tate (RCFIA) Mark Williams (International Politics and Economics)




PHOTOGRAPHY Principal photography by Carolann Davis.Cover photography by (top to bottom): Josh Drake ’04, Rebecca Janes, Jonathan Blake, Trent Campbell, and Peter Murtaugh. Additional photography by Michael Sipe, Tad Merrick, and Michael Bisceglie.

COVER (from top to bottom): International flags representing the home countries of seniors are always a part of Middlebury’s commencement; Charles MacCormack ’63, president of Save the Children; the annual international student dinner brings together students from more than 70 countries; Nigerian and Kenyan students at last fall’s Carnival 2003 Parade and Festival; Jerusalem Post Washington correspondent Janine Zacharia ’95.






























part of life at Middlebury. Each year, RCFIA collaborates with a wide range of student groups and academic departments to bring to campus scholars and professionals for in-depth and extended discussions. NTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIA ARE AN ENRICHING

The Nicholas R. Clifford Symposium “What Became of Peter’s Dream? Petersburg in History and the Arts” Keynote address: “The Petersburg of Peter the Great” by James Cracraft, professor of history and University Scholar, University of Illinois at Chicago. South Asia Symposium “In the Name of God: The Rise of Hindu Fundamentalism” (a student-organized event) Keynote address: “Civilization Exceeds Religious Nationalism: Muslims, Hindus, and the Future of South Asia” by Bruce Lawrence, Nancy and Jeffrey Marcus Humanities Professor of Religion, Duke University. Curt C. and Else Silberman Symposium in Jewish Studies “On Translation and Tradition: The Role of the Translator” Presentations: “Liars, Blasphemers, and Translators: Aramaic Renderings of Scripture in the Synagogue of Late Antiquity” by Laura Lieber, Middlebury College; “Translation and the Sacred in Islam” by Michael Sells, Haverford College; “‘They All Look Alike to Me:’ Translating Convention and Individual Voice in the Hebrew Poetry of Medieval Spain” by Peter Cole, Middlebury College; “On Not Translating Hafez” by Dick Davis, Ohio State University; “Translating Across Cosmologies: The Wilderness Poetry of Ancient China” by David Hinton, Middlebury College; “That Obscure Object of Desire: Translating Scève’s Delie” by Richard Sieburth, New York University. UMOJA African Experience “Flipping the Coin: The Africa We Do Not Know” (a student-organized event) Keynote address: “Africa in the 21st Century: Strategies for a Better Representation, Understanding, and Cooperation” by Opportune Zongo, associate professor of French and women’s studies, Bowling Green State University.



The South Asia Club was one of five student groups to organize an internationally oriented symposium this past year.

Allianza Latinoamericana y Caribeña Spring Symposium “Sleeping Giant: The Significance of Latino Immigration, the Latino Vote, and Latino Forms of Expression in America” (a student-organized event) Keynote address: “The Latino Film Writer’s Rising Influence in American Film” by Josefina Lopez, playwright and screenwriter of the 1990 stage play and 2002 film Real Women Have Curves. International Students’ Organization Forum “European Union Expansion” (a student-organized event) A series of events exploring the May 1 expansion of the European Union from 15 to 25 countries. Model United Nations Symposium “Might for Right? The Tension between International Humanitarian and U.S. Political Interests” (a student-organized event) Keynote panel: “Counter Conceptions: Divergent Views on U.S. Funding of U.N. Family Planning Initiatives” featuring Ronald Green, professor of religion and director of the Ethics Institute, Dartmouth College; Douglas Sylva, vice president, Catholic Family and Human Rights Institute; Ellen Oxfeld, professor of anthropology, Middlebury College.


Lectures and Events


2003-04 ACADEMIC YEAR, RCFIA sponsored and supported a wide array of cocurricular international events that spanned the globe and crossed many disciplines.


“Civil Rights Policies for the Twenty-First Century” by John Skrentny, professor of sociology, University of California, San Diego. “Historia, periodismo y novela: Una experiencia personal” (History, Journalism, and Novel: A Personal Experience) by Javier Cercas, author, Soldados de Salamina. “Political Leadership in Post-Soviet Russia”by Archie Brown, professor of politics and fellow, St. Antony’s College, Oxford University. “The Crumbling Political Landscape and the Social Consequences of Sudan’s On-Going War” by Jok Madut Jok, associate professor of history, Loyola Marymount University, and fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (cosponsored by the University of Vermont).

“Is France at War with the U.S.?” by Sylvie Kauffmann, senior editor, Le Monde. “Living Dangerously: Life and Times of Women in Rural India” by Shree Mulay, director, Center for Research and Teaching on Women, and associate professor of medicine, McGill Univeristy.

“There will be rules in cyberspace, and governments will play a significant role in their creation.” —Debora Spar “Colombia’s Conflict: Moving Beyond the ‘War on Terrorism’” by Cynthia Arnson, deputy director, Latin American Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. “U.S.-European Relations: 1991 and Today,” discussion with Bowman Miller, director, Office of Analysis for Europe, U.S. State Department. Indian music concert by Hindustani classical vocalist Kanika Pandey from Jaipur, India, accompanied by tabla and harmonium. “Ruling the Waves: The Politics of High Technology from the Compass to the Net” by Debora Spar, Spangler Family Professor of Business Administration and chair of the Business, Government and International Economy Unit, Harvard Business School.

Jok Madut Jok of Loyala Marymount University (second from left) and RCFIA’s Charlotte Tate with Brain Hoyer ’03.5 and Paul Opare-Addo ’04, members of the student group UMOJA—a Kiswahili word meaning community togetherness.

“Celebrating Internships: Middlebury Students around the World,” panel presentations and discussions with Middlebury College students. “The East in West: The Surprises of Globalization” by Alexandr Genis, Radio Svoboda (Radio Liberty).




“It is a condition of our freedom that we cannot compel anyone to believe in the premises of liberal democracy.” —Michael Ignatieff Screening and discussion of the documentary Jang Aur Aman (War and Peace) with Anand Patwardhan, Indian filmmaker. “Beyond the Sambadromo: Carnaval in Brazil,” an evening of culinary, musical, and multi-media celebration.

“The New Europe between the U.S. and E.U.” by Jacques Rupnik, director of research, CERI-Sciences-Po, Paris. “L’Age d’Or and L’age ingrat du cinéma” by Dudley Andrew, professor of comparative literature,Yale University.

“Les Immortelles” (The Immortals) dance and music performance by Werewere Liking and the Ki-Yi Troupe, a West African theatre company.

“The Lesser Evil: Hard Choices in the War on Terror” by Michael Ignatieff, Carr Professor of Human Rights Practice and director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard University.

“Zimbabwe’s Struggle for Democracy” by Andrew Meldrum ’73, Southern Africa correspondent, The Guardian.

Performance by Mizuto Abura (Water and Oil), a mime dance theater company from Japan.

“Man on a Propeller: Charlie Chaplin and Soviet Constructivism” by Yuri Tsivian, professor of art history and of Slavic languages and literatures, University of Chicago.

“Betrayed by Idealism and Sublimity: Cherry Blossoms, Nationalism, and Patriotism” by Emiko Ohnuki Tierney, professor of anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

“The Mad and Their Doctors: Russian Attitudes toward Psyche and Psychiatry” by Angela Brintlinger, associate professor of Slavic languages and literatures, Ohio State University.

“New Media, New Social Movements” multimedia presentation and discussion with Anne McKnight, assistant professor of East Asian studies, McGill University.

“Caribbean Transvestism or the Art of Negotiating Marginalities” by Mayra Santos Febres, visiting professor of romance languages and literatures and of ethnic studies, Harvard University, and associate professor of literature, University of Puerto Rico; author, Sirena Selena. “Post-Communist Transition and Oral History” by Frank Cibulka, senior associate, St. Antony’s College, Oxford University.

Charlie MacCormack ’63, president of Save the Children, with mothers and children in Myanmar.

Lectur es and Ev ents Lectures Events 6



Executive-in-Residence Prog ram


EXECUTIVE-IN-RESIDENCE leaders visit the Middlebury College campus to share practical knowledge and insights on current international trends and issues. The Executive-in-Residence program provides a unique and invaluable opportunity for visiting professionals to exchange views on critical international concerns with College faculty and students. Executives-inresidence participate in the stimulating Middlebury College experience by lecturing in classes, leading policy seminars, and conducting career conversations. Each program is tailored to the strengths and experience of the individual leader. HROUGH THE

PROGRAM, distinguished

EXECUTIVE-IN-RESIDENCE 2003-2004 In October 2003, Executive-in-Residence Andrew Heyward, President of CBS News, presented the John Hamilton Fulton Lecture in the Liberal Arts, “Why Television News Is the Way It Is and Isn't the Way You'd Like It To Be (And Why You Should Care).” A graduate of Harvard University with a bachelor’s degree in history and literature, Heyward also offered a career conversation, “From History and Literature to Network News: Television and the Liberal Arts Graduate” (cosponsored by the Career Services Office), reflecting on the strength and relevance of a liberal arts degree in the cutting-edge, fast-paced television industry. Heyward has been president of CBS News since January 1996—the second-longest tenure of any president in the 45-year history of CBS News. In that time, CBS News has grown dramatically in scope, developing high-quality programs, receiving a number of prestigious awards in broadcast journalism, and forging new ground in the arena of online media. Heyward, who has held a number of other positions at CBS, began his career there in 1976 when he joined WCBS TV, the CBS owned television station in New York, as a news writer. Former U.S. ambassador to France Felix Rohatyn’49 returned to campus for an executive-in-residence visit last fall. With the expansion of the European Union on the horizon, students, faculty, and staff eagerly engaged with Rohatyn in an in-depth conversation about U.S.-European relations. The ambassador also gave guest lectures in two classes: Introduction to Contemporary France taught by Huguette Knox, lecturer in French, and European Economic Integration: Lessons and Prospectives taught by

Thierry Warin, assistant professor of economics. Prior to his appointment as ambassador to France (1997 to 2000), Rohatyn was a managing director of the investment bank Lazard Frères and Company in New York, which he joined in 1948, becoming a partner in 1961. From 1975 to 1993, he was chairman of the Municipal Assistance Corporation (M.A.C.) of the City of New York, where he managed the negotiations that enabled New York to pull itself out of its financial crisis in the 1970s. In April 2001, Rohatyn founded Rohatyn Associates. “The Politics of Humanitarian Response after 9/11” was the topic of an April public policy lecture given by Charles MacCormack ’63, president, chief executive officer, and a member of the board of directors of the Save the Children Federation. Speaking from the perspective of a lifelong career in the nonprofit sector, Executive-inResidence MacCormack also led a career conversation on “Career Issues in International Relief and Development” (cosponsored by the Career Services Office). While on campus, he lectured in a variety of classes: Geographic Perspectives on International Development with Tamar Mayer, professor of geography; International Politics with Ophelia Eglene, visiting instructor in political science; and Anthropology of Human Rights with David Stoll, assistant professor of sociology and anthropology. From 1977 through 1992, MacCormack was president of World Learning (previously known as The Experiment in International Living) in Brattleboro,Vermont. He was selected by the United Nations secretary general to participate in the founding of the United Nations University. MacCormack earned his master's degree and doctorate from Columbia University.

Andrew Heyward, president of CBS News, in Kanagawa, Japan, just prior to his visit to Middlebury.






HROUGH THE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES COLLOQUIUM, students, faculty, staff, and members of the community beyond the College gather over lunch to learn about international research activities. Our speakers include Middlebury College faculty and alumni, as well as other scholars and professionals in the international arena.

“Why Michael Jordan is a Revolutionary Hero in China” by Alexander Wolff, writer for Sports Illustrated; coauthor of Big Game, Small World—A Basketball Adventure.

“Orfeus and Power Revisited: Brazil between the World Wars” by Darién Davis, associate professor of history, Middlebury College. “Striking a New Transatlantic Bargain” by Andrew Moravcsik, professor of government and director of the European Union Program, Harvard University. “Human Rights and Untouchability: A Case Study of Rural India” by Dinesh Khosla, professor of law, City University of New York Law School, and Senior Schell Human Rights Fellow,Yale Law School. “Mapping Ceylon in the Nineteenth Century: Rational Endeavor or ‘Miserable, Defective and Totally Insufficient’?” by Ian Barrow, assistant professor of history, Middlebury College. “Pre-emption, Prevention, and Going to War in a Democracy” by Michael Ignatieff, Carr Professor of Human Rights Practice and director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard University. “Modernity, Constructivism, and Tradition in Latin America: The School of the South” by Valentín Ferdinán, assistant professor of Spanish, Middlebury College. “China’s New Diplomacy and U.S. Chinese Relations” by M. Taylor Fravel ’93, Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University.

In 2004, Andrew Moravcsik was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations’ Task Force on Transatlantic Relations, cochaired by Henry Kissinger and Lawrence Summers.

“From ‘Mother India’ to ‘Beckham’:Voices of Indian Women in Film” by Rena Fonseca, lecturer, Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University. “Moral Authority in Latin American Studies” by David Stoll, assistant professor of anthropology, Middlebury College. “Prague Winter” by Richard Katrovas, professor of English, Western Michigan University; founding academic director, Prague Summer Program.



Michael Ignatieff, director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University, visits with students in front of Mead Chapel.


WHAT’S A LIBERAL ARTS EDUCATION GOT TO DO WITH IT? Making a Difference in a Globalized World



FOREIGN LANGUAGE DIVISION AND RCFIA, the colloquium allows faculty members to gather over lunch and discuss some of the best work done in the field of foreign languages, literatures, and cultures. This year’s theme focused on linguistics and second-language acquisition; faculty conveners were Assistant Professor of Spanish Llorenç Comajoan, Professor of German Kamakshi Murti, and Visiting Assistant Professor of German Mark Southern. OSTED BY THE


CAREER SERVICES OFFICE, RCFIA brought college graduates from the ’90s—each extraordinarily accomplished at a young age in their particular fields—to campus to discuss their distinct perspectives on their professions, and on the way those perspectives have been shaped by their liberal arts college educations. N COLLABORATION WITH THE

The 2003-2004 lectures were: “The ‘Art’ and ‘Science’ of Criminal Prosecution in a Complex World” by Adam B. Siegel, deputy chief appellate attorney, U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York; “Rip, Merge, Burn: A Perspective on the Music Industry” by Suzanne Nossel, vice president of corporate strategy, BMG Entertainment (Bertelesmann); A discussion with David Greenberg, author, Nixon's Shadow: The History of an Image; “What Business Can Teach about a Life Worth Living” by Niko Canner, founder and managing partner, Katzenbach Partners LLC;

Colloquium participants discussed works by: Marcel Danesi, University of Toronto, author of Second Language Teaching: A View from the Right Side of the Brain; William Labov, University of Pennsylvania, author of Principles of Linguistic Change, Language in the Inner City; Patsy Lightbown, Concordia University, author of How Languages Are Learned. In addition, two of the scholars visited campus to give public lectures: “Conceptual Fluency Theory in Second Language Teaching: Teaching Students to Think in the Target Language and Culture” by Marcel Danesi; “The Linguistic Results of Civilizing the Wilderness: The Origins of the Northern Cities Shift in Western New England” by William Labov.

“Making the Headlines: Writing History’s First Draft” by William J. Dobson ’95, senior editor for Asia, Newsweek International.

“We think too much about the dangers of action and not enough about the dangers of inaction.” —Niko Canner

Deputy Chief Appellate Attorney Adam Siegel and Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science Jessica Liebowitz.




A Window on Middle Easter n Culture and Politics



in better understanding the culture of the Middle East and the eagerness of faculty to build curricular strength in this important world region, this year Middlebury launched an exciting initiative to establish a Middle Eastern area focus within the International Studies (IS) program. Partially funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of Education Title VI Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program, the project is overseen by Allison Stanger, Jeffrey Cason, and Charlotte Tate. “Arabic Language as a Foundation for a Middle Eastern Area Focus” targets four areas: Establishing a new language program in Arabic Developing a colloquia/ lecture series to support Middle Eastern Studies (MES), broadly defined Building our library collection in materials that relate to the Arabic language and the culture of the Middle East Shaping a program in MES that has strong ties to the Middlebury School of Arabic and offers study and internship opportunities abroad Tremendous progress has already been made in all of these areas. Christopher Stone began as assistant professor of Arabic and international studies, with a specialization in film and cultural studies. The College offered Arabic for the first time during the academic year through a three-term (fall, winter and spring) sequence of introductory Arabic courses in Modern Standard Arabic as well as The Arab Novel in Translation. All four courses were fully enrolled. During 2004-05 Middlebury will continue to offer beginning Arabic and will add two courses in intermediate Arabic as well as Arab Cinema. Complementing our existing curricular support in MES (primarily in the departments of history, religion, geography, and art history) Middlebury recruited faculty members for three new positions in MES: in political science, history, and Arabic. Throughout the year, the Arabic and MES curricula were greatly enhanced through visiting lecturers, native speakers, films, and other enrichment programs.



Middle school students learn dance steps from the Sharq Music Ensemble.


CITY IN RECENT ARAB CINEMA series featured seven films in Arabic with English subtitles:


“The Closed Doors” (Egypt, 1999) “Halfaouine: Boy of the Terraces” (Tunisia, 1990) “Cairo as Seen by Chahine” (Egypt, 1991) “On Boys, Girls and the Veil” (Egypt, 1995) “West Beirut” (Lebanon, 1998) “Salut Cousin” (Algeria, 1996) “Ali Zaoua: Prince of the Streets” (Morocco, 2000) The series culmunated in a keynote lecture: “Location, Location, Location? Urban Space in post1970 Egyptian Cinema” by Walter Armbrust, Middle East Centre, St. Antony’s College, Oxford University




of the campus and local communities were treated to a fine performance and demonstration of Arabic music and dance by the Sharq Arabic Music Ensemble. Composed of seven master American musicians with roots in the Arab world and Turkey. The musicians performed a repertoire of suites and songs from the Andalusian period through Egyptian classical music of the mid-1900s on original and authentic acoustic instruments. While in residence, the company visited the local middle school, where they conducted two classes. The artists also met with Arabic language students and taught traditional Middle Eastern music and dance steps.





highlighted Arabic language and Middle Eastern Studies. “It Is Friday and the Caliph Is Drunk: Wine and Religion in Early Islam” by Steven Judd, associate professor of history, Southern Connecticut State University. “Religion, Ethics, and the Search for Peace: Iraq and the Legacy of 9/11” by Gerard Powers, director, Office of International Justice and Peace, U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Washington, D.C. “Comparing Transitions in Iraq and East Europe” by Vojtech Cepl, visiting professor, University of Michigan Law School and former judge, Supreme Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic. “What if the Road Map Fails? A Critical View from the Ground” by Jeff Halper, coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, and professor of anthropology, Ben Gurion University.

Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Political Science Michael Kraus and Vojtech Cepl, former justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic

George Saliba, professor of Arabic and Islamic science at Columbia University

“Now What? The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict after the Ouster of Saddam” by Janine Zacharia ’95, Washington correspondent, Jerusalem Post.

Walter Armbrust of Oxford University (center) and Assistant Professor of Arabic Chris Stone (left) with students of Arabic

“How Much Does the Renaissance Owe to Arabic/Islamic Science?” by George Saliba, professor of Arabic and Islamic science, Department of Middle East and Asian Languages and Cultures, Columbia University. “The Other Side of the Israeli-Palestinian Wall: Is it a

A Windo w on Middle Easter n Cultur olitics indow Eastern Culturee and P Politics ROHATYN CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS



Security Wall? Berlin Wall? Apartheid Wall?” by Zaid Abu-Rish, American Friends Service Committee. “Democratization and Nation-Building: Lessons from Eastern Europe for the Middle East” by Stephen Grand, international affairs fellow, Council on Foreign Relations. “Writing the History of Holiness: Medieval Arabic/Islamic Literature on the Merits of Jerusalem” by Zayde Antrim, doctoral candidate in Middle Eastern history, Harvard University. “Identity, Memory, and Democracy in Post-War Iraq” by Kanan Makiya, Sylvia K. Hassenfeld Professor of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies, Brandeis University; author, Republic of Fear; founder, Iraq Memory Project; director, Iraq Research and Documentation Project, Harvard University.

Professor of German Kamakshi Murti and Algerian-born author Malika Mokeddem share thoughts at Cook Commons.

Islam” by Fred Donner, professor of Near Eastern history, University of Chicago. “Algerian Women in France and Algeria Today” (in French with English interpretation) by Malika Mokeddem, writer, author, physician. “The Future of Iraq: One Year After” by Phebe Marr, author, The Modern History of Iraq; and Amatzia Baram, senior fellow, United States Institute of Peace, and professor of history, Haifa University (cosponsored by the University of Vermont). Screening and discussion of About Baghdad with filmmaker Sinan Antoon, Dartmouth College. Iain Guest (left), founder of The Advocacy Project, on the job with colleagues in the Bosnian town of Brcko.

“Healing the Wounds of War: From Afghanistan to Iraq” by Iain Guest, founder and coordinator, The Advocacy Project. “Laments of the Arabian Peninsula: Women and the Translation of Arabic Literature” by Michelle Hartman, associate professor of Arabic language and literature, McGill University. “Pashtun Diaspora: Circulation and Subordination in the Indian Ocean” by Robert Nichols, assistant professor of history, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. “From Believers to Muslims: Communal Identity in Early

Kanan Makiya traveled directly from Baghdad to Middlebury to share his thoughts on the post-war situation in Iraq.

A Windo w on Middle Easter n Cultur olitics indow Eastern Culturee and P Politics 12



Working Paper Ser ies


HE RCFIA WORKING PAPER SERIES PUBLISHES ANALYTICAL PAPERS ON INTERNATIONAL MATTERS BROADLY DEFINED. Through publishing works by scholars and practitioners from a range of institutions, the series aims to invigorate research and intellectual life at the College and beyond. All prospective papers are reviewed double-blind by an outside reader. Each publication in the series is available electronically through the web site, or as a bound volume upon request from RCFIA. Allison Stanger is the executive editor of the series; Mark Williams is the editor. For further information on the RCFIA working paper series and procedures for submission of potential papers, see

RCFIA WORKING PAPERS Stanley Hoffmann (Harvard University), “The European Union and the New American Foreign Policy” (2001)

Ethan Scheiner (Stanford University), “The Underlying Roots of Opposition Failure in Japan” (2003)

Jeffrey Carpenter (Middlebury College) and Juan Camilo Cardenas (Javeriana University, Colombia), “Using CrossCultural Experiments to Understand the Dynamics of a Global Commons” (2002)

Yvonne Galligan (Queens University, Belfast), “Women in Politics in Ireland, North and South” (2003)

Carolyn Durham (The College of Wooster), “The FrancoAmerican Novel of Literary Globalism: The Case of Diane Johnson” (2002) Russell J. Leng and Adil Husain ’02 (Middlebury College), “South Asian War Games” (2002) Jean-Philippe Mathy (University of Illinois), “The System of Francophobia” (2002)

James E. Lindsey (Colorado State University), “Ibn ’Asakir (1105-1176): Muslim Historian and Advocate of Jihad against Christian Crusaders and Shi’ite Muslims” (2003) Jonathan Isham (Middlebury College), Michael Woolcock (World Bank and Harvard University), Lant Pritchett (Harvard University), and Gwen Busby (Cornell University), “The Varieties of Resource Experience: How Natural Resource Export Structures Affect the Political Economy of Economic Growth” (2004)

Felix G. Rohatyn (Rohatyn Associates), “Freedom, Fairness, and Wealth” (2002)

Ellen Oxfeld (Middlebury College), “The Man Who Sold the Collective’s Land: Understanding New Economic Regimes in Guangdong” (2004)

Erik Bleich (Middlebury College), “The Legacies of History? From Colonization to Integration in Britain and France” (2002)

Andrew Heyward (CBS News), “Why Television News Is the Way It Is, and Is Not the Way You'd Like It to Be (And Why You Should Care)” (2004)

Neil DeVotta (Michigan State University), “Uncivil Groups, Unsocial Capital: Whither Civil Society and Liberal Democracy in Sri Lanka?” (2003)

David Stoll (Middlebury College), “Moral Authority, Permission, and Deference in Latin American Studies” (2004)




Inter national Theses SENIOR THESIS FORUM


CFIA’S ANNUAL SENIOR THESIS FORUM PROVIDES an opportunity for Middlebury College students to showcase their international research to an audience of faculty, staff, and students. Although seniors’ work must be on an international topic, the students may be majors in any department or program. The result is a rich array of internationally oriented honors theses. Lila Buckley, Chinese and Sociology/Anthropology: “The Newborn Kingdom:Voices of Urban Chinese Women and the Politics of Reproduction.” Sarah Dye, Political Science: “Islam and Democracy: Patterns of Religious-State Interactions in Muslim-Majority Countries.” Gregory Eriksen, Political Science: “It's Not Unusual to be Attacked by Anyone: Counter-Terrorism and U.S. Foreign Policy.” Sophie Esser, International Studies: “Teaching our Future from the Past: Uncovering European Gardening Roots in America.”

Javier Fernández Riveiro, International Studies: “L'intégration culturelle et la participation politique des immigrés maghrébins en France” (Cultural Assimilation and Political Participation of Maghrebi Immigrants in France). Courtney Hillebrecht, History and Spanish: “Becoming a Good Neighbor: Negotiating the Transition from Interventionism to Non-Interference in U.S.-Cuban Policy, 1933.” Erika Holsman, Environmental Studies: “Destructive Fishing Practices in the Sulu-Celebes Sea Region: Comparing National Management Regimes for Sustainable Reef Fisheries.” Brian Hoyer, International Studies: “Nipke Kikupe: Dependency, Reciprocity, and Paradoxes of Food Aid in Lugufu Refugee Camp, Kigoma, Tanzania” Rituraj Mathur, International Politics and Economics: “Insurgency and Development: The Case of Assam” Jona Repishti, International Studies: “Expanding the Margins: The Identity and Mobilization of the Roma during Transition.” Kristina Rudd, Independent Scholar in International Development Studies: “Death Is Following Us: The Impoverishment of the Ugandan Batwa Associated with Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.” David Schwartz, International Politics and Economics: “Conotou, Doha, and Brussels: The Triptych of Poverty Alleviation in the Third World.” Benjamin Spitz, Psychology: “Language as a Cultural Prime: Differing Self-Construals among Bicultural Puerto Ricans.” Chesley Thurber, International Studies: “Does Place Still Matter? The Future of Italy’s Traditional, Local Industries in an Era of Globalization.”

Professor of Political Science David Rosenberg, David Schwartz ’04, and Vice Provost Robert Schine at the annual International Celebration.



Venessa Wong, Chinese: “The Pathetic Character, ObjectSymbol, and Didactic Message: Understanding the Development of Satire and Artistry in Huang Chunming’s Fiction.”


Inter national Theses Awar ds International ards


SENIOR HONORS THESIS AWARD IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS AND ECONOMICS was established by the Geonomics Institute and is given annually to the best senior honors thesis in international politics and economics. HE

2004 SENIOR HONORS THESIS AWARD IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS AND ECONOMICS David Schwartz, International Politics and Economics: “Conotou, Doha, and Brussels: The Triptych of Poverty Alleviation in the Third World.”



STUDIES AWARD is given annually to the best senior honors thesis in international studies, broadly conceived. Candidates for the prize may come from any major at the College, so long as the thesis work is international in orientation. The thesis may be written in English or in a foreign language.

2004 INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AWARD Javier Fernández Riveiro, International Studies: “L’intégration culturelle et la participation politique des immigrés maghrébins en France” (Cultural Assimilation and Political Participation of Maghrebi Immigrants in France). Kristina Rudd, Independent Scholar in International Development Studies: “Death Is Following Us: The Impoverishment of the Ugandan Batwa Associated with Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.”

Upper left: Seniors Chesley Thurber, Javier Fernández Riveiro, Sarah Dye, and Sophie Esser. Lower left: Seniors David Schwartz, Ben Spitz, Jona Repishti, and Courtney Hillebrecht. Upper right: Seniors Lila Buckley, Rituraj Mathur, and Venessa Wong. Lower right: Sophie Esser, Erika Holsman, and Gregory Eriksen.




Inter national Research Travel Grants



for their interna tional research through RCFIA’s International Research Travel Grant program. Students from any discipline or program whose proposed project is international in its orientation are eligible to apply. Funding is provided by RCFIA, and the College’s International Committee selects the awardees. All recipients are named Undergraduate Research Associates of the Rohatyn Center for International Affairs during their senior year. For further information on the International Research Travel Grants program, see grants.html. GENEROUS SUPPORT


Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo


Four grants were awarded to fund research abroad during the summer of 2004: Naomi Cookson ’05, who proposes a study of the environmental disputes concerning China’s Three Gorges Dam; Yohanne Kidolezi ’05, who will travel to Tanzania to explore the dynamics of the poverty trap that perpetuates the incidence of child labor in urban Tanzania; Amichai Kilchevsky ’05, who received a grant for travel to Israel to research the relevance of theories of regional integration for the Middle East (a two-level game with real world applications);

A.P. Photo

Leslie Lartey ’05, who will travel to West Africa to study how traditional social organizations affect the institutionalization of key democratic institutions in Ghana, Togo, and Côte d’Ivoire.

Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River in central China’s Hubei Province.




Student Inter nships RCFIA INTERN PROGRAM



MIDDLEBURY STUDENTS STUDY ABROAD, and RCFIA interns are no exception. Next year, Martin Rajcan ’06 will be in Hangzhou, China; David Haglund ’06 will be in Berlin, Germany; and Elise Harris ’06 will be in Logroño, Spain, and Mainz, Germany. During junior year, Marja-Liisa Overbeck ’04.5 studied in Paris, France, and Amer Barghouth ’05 in Madrid, Spain. ELL OVER HALF OF




for students to deepen immersion and enhance their cultural and language learning. While abroad, Middlebury students pursue credit- and noncredit-bearing internships in fields as diverse as diplomacy, international finance, law, environmental policy, economic development, journalism, cinema, and fashion. Middlebury College students may locate and engage in internships over winter term or during the summer before or after a study abroad program. The Humana Foundation is a source of international internships for students—selected through a competitive process—who are interested in medical or public health issues. The foundation offers two funded experiences in Romania each summer. In addition, the Ronald H. Brown Class of 1962 Endowment and the Felton Family Fund provide funding for unpaid international and domestic internships for students, who are selected through a competitive process. Sponsored by the Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Trust, the College offers credit-bearing internships for Middlebury students at the C.V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad. In addition, noncredit-bearing internships are offered for Middlebury and non-Middlebury students on our programs abroad.

Martin Rajcan ’06, Marja-Liisa Overbeck ’04.5, and David Haglund ’06


ARGENTINA Anna Marie Bohmann: Red Interamericana James Fuller: Organización El Ceibo Colin Kikuchi: Asociación Argentina de Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ciencias del Ambiente Lisa Kistler: Fundación Responde Jeannie McIntosh: Instituto Social y Políticoe la Mujer Katharine Noebels: Centro Universitario de Idiomas, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires Colleen Paver: The Buenos Aires Herald Amer Barghouth ’05

Elise Harris ’06




FRANCE Mustafa Akay: Chambre de Commerce Internationale de Paris Margaret Bensfield: Château de Versailles Phillip Bloom: Musée Rodin Theresa Borden: Ecole Alsacienne Sara Bryan: Lycée Paul Claudel Matthew Christ: Lycée Paul Valéry Delia Conache: Cabinet d’Architecture Paul Collier Theodore Craighead: European Institute of Technology/ Ecole pour l’Informatique et les Techniques Avancées (EPITECH/EPITA) Mark Douglas: EPITECH/EPITA Brittany Duncan: Ecole Alsacienne André Estanislao: Lycée Jean Lurçat Felicia Furino: Lycée Paul Claudel Carmen Granda: Association pour des Etudes sur la Résistance Intérieure

Brandon Granier: Fondation Jean Jaurès and Ecole Alsacienne Alexandra Hay: Lycée Paul Claudel Michael Hennessy: Lycée Paul Claudel Marta Hofstrom: Lycée Paul Valéry Katrina Iversen: Lycée Technologique Lucas de Nehou Emily Jensen: Sotheby’s Kathleen Kalista: Artcurial Naomi Kim: Lycée Jean Lurçat Rosemary Kriegel: Musée d’Art Américain de Giverny Jessica LaMantia: Ministère de la Culture (Délégation aux Art Plastiques) India Mandelkern: EPITECH/EPITA Brigid O’Leary: Lycée Paul Valéry Joannah Opot: EPITECH/EPITA Joanna Ostrem: Cabinet d’Expertise Dan Coissard Dana Peart: EPITECH/EPITA Luisa Peralta: Ministère des Affaires Sociales and EPITECH/EPITA Kelly Roberts: Association pour la Fondation Etudiante pour la Ville Emilie Ross: Aligre FM and Potager du Roi (Versailles) Cemohn Sevier: EPITECH/EPITA Jeremy Sporn: Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques Dianna Spring: Assemblée Nationale Thomas Stults: Ecole Alsacienne Bibba Walke: EPITECH/EPITA Margaret Whitman: EPITECH/EPITA Alayne Wood: EPITECH/EPITA Elise Yakuboff: Secrétariat Général de la Francophonie

GERMANY Andrew Fanous: Freie Universität Berlin Secil Oetztuerk: Abgeordnetenhaus Berlin (House of Representatives) Javier Fernández Riveiro ’04 at Place des Vosges, Paris.

Student Inter nships Internships 18





Yigit Irde: La Voce Cicely Ott: Annulliamo le distanze Katherine Reeve: Fratelli Alinari Marina Zaloznaya: La Voce

Diana Ainsley: Rural elementary school outside Madrid Yvonne Chen: Solidarios para el Desarrollo and Hombre y Tierra Nicholas DuBroff: Federación de Empresarios de La Rioja Kathleen Fleury: Cinemaní Adani Illo: AFI, International Financial Analysts Ashley Lapin: Fundación Triángulo Emi Matsumoto: MBNA Corporation Kelly McCown: Consolidated school outside Logroño Brian Michaud: AFI, International Financial Analysts Alexander Rhinehart: Spanish Geographical Society Jamie Schwartz: Javier Perez Art Gallery Talia Shalev: Ciencia Divertida Tierney Sneeringer: Subastas Duran Auction House Dani Solís: Universidad Carlos III National Health Institute Anderson Stewart: Richmond Publishing Kristin Stoddart: Juana de Aizpuro Art Gallery Anna Tellez: Consolidated school outside Logroño Abigail Trengrove: Fundación Riojana para la Sociedad del Conocimiento Isabel Um: Interred Joseph Young: AFI, International Financial Analysts Megan Zlatos: Consolidated school outside Logroño

Rituraj Mathur ’04 (right) with members of the border security force patrolling the waterways on the India-Bangladesh border.

RUSSIA Megan Burke: Moscow Helsinki Group Lauren Fenton: International Investment Center Ben Gardent: Center for Justice Assistance Kristopher Grahame: Severny Krai Erinn Grimes: Project Harmony Keiko Hayakawa: Pervoe sentiabria Hilda Leung: Pervoe sentiabria Samir Mastaki: International Investment Center Holly McMurtry: N. Roerich Museum Paul Richard: International Finance Corporation Eric Simanek:Yaroslavl Chamber of Commerce and Industry Adrien Smith:Yaroslavl Regional Children’s Library Jan Vezikov: INDEM Foundation Nicholas White: Moscow Information Technologies Lyceum

Sixteen students enrolled in the graduate course on language acquisition volunteered as native informants and assistants in English language classes in elementary and secondary schools. Many spent all day on Fridays working in schools in rural areas outside Madrid.

URUGUAY Christopher Barron: Ecosur Megan Loosigian: Red Mercosur Caroline McGee: Estudio Hughes & Hughes




Selected Faculty Books

Ian J. Barrow. Making History, Drawing Territory: British Mapping in India, c.1756-1905. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. John A. Bertolini. Man and Superman and Three Other Plays, by George Bernard Shaw. New York, New York: Barnes & Noble Classics. Introduction and notes. Thomas R. Beyer, Jr. Glossolalia: A Poem About Sound, by Andrej Belyj. Dornach, Switzerland: PforteVerlag. Introduction and notes. Erik Bleich. Race Politics in Britain and France: Ideas and Policymaking since the 1960s. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Paul Kleber Monod. The Murder of Mr. Grebell: Madness and Civility in an English Town. New Haven, Connecticut:Yale University Press. Ellen Oxfeld. Coming Home? Refugees, Migrants, and Those Who Stayed Behind. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. Co-editor. Carrie E. Reed. A Tang Miscellany: An Introduction to Youyang Zazu. New York, New York: Peter Lang Publishing. Xiàoyuán Hànyu: Speaking Chinese on Campus; A Textbook for Intermediate Chinese Courses. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press. Co-author. Advanced Reader of Contemporary Chinese Short Stories: Reflections on Humanity. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press. Co-compiler. William S. Waldron. The Buddhist Unconscious:The alaya-vijñana in the Context of Indian Buddhist Thought. New York, New York: RoutledgeCurzon. Don J. Wyatt. Political Frontiers, Ethnic Boundaries, and Human Geographies in Chinese History. New York, New York: RoutledgeCurzon. Co-editor.




Kristina Rudd ’ used an RCFIA grant to do research with the Batwa, a tribe of Pygmies who lost their way of life when Uganda created a national park. She is pictured, above, with Agatha Lubinga.

Expelled from Eden:The Plight of the Batwa , I traveled to southwestern Uganda to conduct research for my senior thesis. I spent two months with the Batwa, a tribe of Pygmies who were removed from Bwindi Impenetrable Forest when it was turned into a national park in .Their displacement cut them off from their traditional culture and resulted in their extreme impoverishment.This has led to inadequate and unequal access to health care, which is reflected in infant and child mortality rates up to four times higher than other ethnic groups in the same region. The case of the Batwa is particularly troubling to me because their impoverishment is the result of a well-intentioned and broadly supported conservation project. Under the rubric of sustainable development, multilateral and bilateral development and conservation organizations, such as the World Bank and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), provide funding for conservation projects such as these. My thesis challenges the image of national parks as romanticized enclaves for nature and discusses their negative ramifications for displaced indigenous groups. My research in Uganda included interviews with Batwa and non-Batwa community members, representatives from aid organizations working in the area, local politicians, government and private health care providers, and Ugandan experts in my field of study. My fieldwork made my senior thesis possible and has informed my understanding of global conservation policies. I hope to encourage discussion among the leaders of aid and conservation organizations about the ramifications of development projects and to affect future policy decisions. In part because of my work in Uganda, I have decided to pursue a career in international humanitarian aid and plan to attend medical school. I hope to work abroad, with communities like the Batwa, who have limited or no access to health care. — K R I S T I N A RU D D ’  



“While I was with the Batwa, I learned that poverty is not necessarily about having too little money, but more about having too few options.”

Middlebury College

   ¾  Robert A. Jones ’ House Middlebury College Middlebury,VT  U.S.A.

Flags representing the home countries of  Middlebury seniors fly from Voter Hall during commencement . Students come from more than  countries to attend the College. Photograph by Tad Merrick

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RCFIA Annual Report 2003-2004