Center for International Affairs Middlebury College Annual Report 2001-2002
International Affairs at Middlebury College 2001-2002 Edward C. Knox, Acting Director, Center for International Affairs International Committee Jeffrey W. Cason (Political Science) Michael R. Katz (Language Schools and Schools Abroad) Christopher McGrory Klyza (Political Science/Environmental Studies) Edward C. Knox (French; Chair) Thomas E. Moran (Chinese) Sunder Ramaswamy (Economics) Virginia W. Snodgrass (â€™02) Charlotte A. Tate (Center for International Affairs) Mark E. Williams (Political Science) Mark E. Williams, Director, International Politics and Economics Jeffrey W. Cason, Director, International Studies Erik Bleich, Director, European Studies DariĂŠn Davis, Director, Latin American Studies Elizabeth Endicott, Director, East Asian Studies Tatiana E. Smorodinska, Director Russian and East European Studies
Getting in Touch 2002-2003 Allison Stanger Director, CFIA Associate Professor of Political Science Tel: 802-443-5023 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Charlotte Tate Assistant Director, CFIA Tel: 802-443-5795 e-mail: email@example.com Martha Baldwin Program Coordinator, CFIA Tel: 802-443-5324 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Carolann Davis Program Coordinator, International Studies, and International Politics and Economics Tel: 802-443-2319 e-mail: email@example.com CFIA Web site www.middlebury.edu/~cfia/
Michael R. Katz, Dean, Language Schools and Schools Abroad David A. J. Macey, Director, Off-Campus Study
Graphic Designs and photography by Carolann Davis.
Contents About CFIA
From the Acting Director
International Lectures and Events
The Luce Fund for Asian Studies
U.S. Department of Education Title VI Grant
The Ford Foundationâ€™s Crossing Borders Initiative
CFIA Working Paper Series
Student Internships Selected Faculty Publications 2001-2002 (inside back cover)
An internationally oriented resource and research center, the Center for International Affairs (CFIA) supports the Collegeâ€™s goal of advancing global understanding that radiates from a core linguistic and cultural competency. CFIA works with a faculty committee to create co-curricular programming that expands opportunities for students and supports faculty in their teaching and professional development. Programs include Executive-in-Residence, Scholar-in-Residence, international symposia and lectures, International Studies Colloquium, Nationalism Colloquium, and outreach activities. CFIA also prepares proposals and administers grants in international studies. We work with the Career Services Office and other campus organizations to expand opportunities for internships and other types of direct experience that give students a sense of how the world looks and works from perspectives other than their own.
From the Acting Director The Middlebury College Center for International Affairs is located in the Robert A. Jones ’59 House. Our mission is to promote exploration of issues across disciplinary, regional and national boundaries, advancing global understanding from a core linguistic and cultural competence. The 2001-02 academic year was a rich and productive one. In the course of the year we have sponsored, cosponsored and/or hosted upwards of one hundred cocurricular activities: lectures, panels, Edward C. Knox Acting Director, CFIA seminars, symposia and colloquia, student presentations, visiting scholars and executives-in-residence. You will find a selection of those activities mentioned in the following pages. What is impossible to convey on the page is the atmosphere in the conference room, one of the most sought-after spaces on campus, week in week out, as students, faculty, specialists and friends come together through their common interest in things global and international. Each of the major regions of the world was represented by a number of events, and this year we extended our reach to world cinema and world music. In the wake of September 11, we had a number of events dedicated to making sense of what happened and deepening our knowledge of the Middle East, culminating in a major lecture by former ambassador Dennis Ross. In the course of the year, we also heard from former French ambassador Jacques Andréani; former United Nations assistant secretary-general and humanitarian coordinator in Iraq Denis Halliday; Joachim Gauck, former German Federal Commissioner for the STASI files; and major academic figures such as Carol Gluck of Columbia, Hans Gumbrecht of Stanford, Roger Shattuck, professor emeritus of Boston University, P. Adams Sitney of Princeton, and many others. Former ambassador Madeleine Kunin continued this year as Bicentennial Scholar-inResidence and taught a course on state and local government. Visiting Scholar Stan Sloan, president of Vienna International Consultants, lectured on “American Hegemony and European Autonomy.”
Our executive-in-residence was Manuel Alonso, who came to this country from Cuba at a tender age and now runs with his wife a fruit ice business particularly popular in the New York Latino community. The CFIA working paper series edited by Robert Pekkanen saw publication of five titles in its first full year of existence. And as always, students presenting their work on internships here and abroad, and their senior thesis work, demonstrated once again why we do what we do, and why we can be justly proud. Next year will see the return of Professor Allison Stanger as CFIA director, after a year as associate professor of government and visiting scholar at Harvard. We will also institute a new globalization lecture series under the direction of Professors Mark Williams and Saadia Pekkanen. On October 4-6, we will host a major conference as the culminating event in our Crossing Borders program sponsored by The Ford Foundation. Entitled “Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World,” the conference will bring to Middlebury a dozen world-class specialists on the topic and will celebrate the work of our own colleague Walker Connor, who is a distinguished member of that same group. And on October 12 the Center for International Affairs will be officially named the Rohatyn Center for International Studies in recognition of Felix and Elizabeth Rohatyn, who have established an endowment to support current initiatives and future programming in International Studies. Felix A. Rohatyn ’49, served as ambassador to France from 1997-2001 and has long been involved in international commerce and global affairs. It has been a great pleasure—and quite an education—serving this year as acting director. The Center’s program is dauntingly broad, our faculty creative and dedicated, and our staff of Charlotte Tate, Martha Baldwin and Carolann Davis seemingly up to any challenge we put before them. We are also most grateful to The Ford Foundation, the U.S. Department of Education and Middlebury College for the support of our program. We invite you to follow the activities of the CFIA on our Web site at www.middlebury.edu/~cfia and look forward to seeing you in Jones House in the coming year. Edward C. Knox Acting Director, Center for International Affairs College Professor of French
International Symposia Islamic Society Symposium “A Glimpse Behind the Veil: Culture and Cinema in the Islamic Republic of Iran”—a student-organized event (November 1-3, 2001) • Keynote addresses: “Cinema, Politics and Society in the Islamic Republic of Iran” by Negin Nabavi, assistant professor of near eastern studies, Princeton University; “From Kiarostami to Panahi: Master-Disciple in Iranian Cinema” by Hamid Dabashi, associate professor of Persian literature and sociology of cultures, Columbia University, and author of Close-Up: Iranian Cinema Past, Present, Future “Déjà Views: How Americans Look at France” (November 9-10, 2001) • Keynote address: “France Seen from Washington: A Diplomat’s Experience” by the Honorable Jacques Andréani, French Ambassador to the U.S. from 1989 to 1995 African and Caribbean Symposium “Brain Drain: Where are the African and Caribbean Countries Heading Economically and Culturally?”—a student-organized event (November 16-17, 2001) • Keynote address: “Brain Drain: Where are African and Caribbean Countries Heading Economically and Culturally?” by Elizabeth Thomas-Hope, the James Seivright MossSolomon Professor of Environmental Management, director of the environmental studies unit, and department head of geology and geography at the University of West Indies; and Moustapha Diouf, associate professor of sociology at the University of Vermont The Nicholas R. Clifford Symposium “Integration in Policy and Practice in Europe and the Americas” (March 1-3, 2002) • This conference examined the extent of ethnic integration in European and North American societies and explored the policies and practices that best overcome the legacies of the past. It was organized by the Center d’Etude des Politiques d’Immigration, d’Intégration et de Citoyenneté (CEPIC) of Paris and by Middlebury College. Partial funding was generously provided by the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
Operation Smile Middlebury College Chapter Symposium “Global Human Health: Perspectives and Possibilities”—a student-organized event (April 1-6, 2002) • Keynote address: “Operations Smile: 20 Years of Helping Children” by Dr. William Magee, co-founder of Operation Smile International Alianza Latinoamericana y Caribeña (ALC) Symposium “The Rise of Latin Popular Culture in the United States: A New Definition of the American Melting Pot?”—a student-organized event (April 19-20, 2002) • Keynote address: “The Latino Revolution for the 20th Century” by Marisa RiveraAlbert, president, National Hispana Leadership Institute Model United Nations Middlebury College Chapter Symposium “Transnational Justice: The Longest Arm of the Law”—a student-organized event (April 27-28, 2002) • Keynote address: “The ICC and State Sovereignty: Does a World Tribunal Threaten U.S. Autonomy?” by Ellen Lutz, professor of international law and executive director of the Center for Human Rights and Conflict Resolution at Tufts University Silberman Symposium in Jewish Studies “Any Hope Left for Peace in the Middle East?” (May 7, 2002) • Keynote address: “Any Hope Left for Peace in the Middle East?” by Ambassador Dennis Ross, distinguished fellow and counselor at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and former ambassador and special Middle East coordinator during the Clinton administration
International Student Organization Symposium “Coming to America: The International Student Experience”—a student-organized event (March 8-9, 2002) • Keynote address: “Aliens, Alienation, and Understanding: America after September 11” by Benson Scotch, executive director, Vermont affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union
International Lectures and Events During the 2001-2002 academic year CFIA sponsored a wide array of co-curricular international events that spanned the globe and crossed the disciplines. September 20: “Myllärit” folk band from northwest Russia September 25: “Ballot Box Wars and Warriors: An Insider’s Guide to Political Campaigning” by Rick Ridder ’76, international political consultant, Amherst College September 27: “Economic Perspectives on Environmental Protection in Central and Eastern Europe: Before and After the Transition” by Dietrich Earnhart, assistant professor of economics, University of Kansas September 28 and October 12: “Celebrating Internships: Middlebury Students Around the World” presentations and panel discussion with Middlebury students
November 12: Visit by NATO officials participanting in the Military Assistance Training Program: Colonel Jirka Kuchar—Czech Republic; Lieutenant Colonel Jan Dziuk— Poland; Lieutenant Colonel Josezef Szpisjak—Hungary; Lieutenant Colonel Csaba Varga—Hungary; Major Ivan Brenisin—Czech Republic; Major Tamas Reti—Hungary; Warrant Officer Miroslav Thiel—Czech Republic; Lieutenant Tomasz Borowcyz—Poland; Officer-cadet Anatoliy Zarytskyy—Ukraine November 13: “Ethnic Nationalism in Africa” by Joshua Forrest, associate professor of political science, University of Vermont November 16: “The Mexican Corrido and Multiple Levels of Identity Configuration” by Daniel Chamberlain, Department of Spanish and Italian, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
October 15: “India and Pakistan’s Nuclear Rivalry” by Sumit Ganguly, professor, Center for Asian Studies, University of Texas—Austin. Commentator: Russell Leng, James Jermain Professor of Political Economy and International Law, Middlebury College October 22: Alhaji Papa Susso, master kora (African harp-lute) player and oral historian, director of Koriya Musa Center for Research in Oral Tradition in Gambia, West Africa October 29: “Reparations and the Politics of Memory in South Africa and the United States” by Middlebury College Twilight Scholar Ronald Walters, director, African American Leadership Institute and Scholar Program; distinguished leadership scholar, James MacGregor Burns Academy of Leadership; professor in government and politics, University of Maryland October 29: “France and the Challenge of Globalization” by Sophie Meunier, Center for International Studies, Princeton University October 30: “Brazil and the Challenges of Free Trade in the Americas” by Paulo Roberto de Almeida, minister counselor, Brazilian Embassy, Washington, D.C. November 5: “American Foreign Policy after September 11” by Ambassador Frank Wisner, vice president for external affairs, AIG—hosted by the University of Vermont
November 30: “Undesirable Otherness: Cinematic Representations of Immigration in the European Union” by Isolina Ballesteros, assistant professor of Spanish, Barnard College
November 6: “The War on Terrorism and American Policy in the Middle East” by F. Gregory Gause, III, visiting associate professor of political science, Middlebury College; associate professor of political science and director of the Middle East Studies Program, University of Vermont
January 16: “Assessing the Quality of Governance in the former Soviet Union” by Gregory Kisunko, World Bank
January 17: “‘Gentlemen Do Not Read Each Other’s Mail’: The CIA, American Democ-
International Lectures and Events racy, and 9/11” by Alexis Debat, Middlebury College visiting instructor of the winter term course “Spies of the New Disorder: The CIA & U.S. Intelligence in the Twenty-first Century,” consultant on terrorism and intelligence matters to ABC News, and former adviser to French government officials January 22: “Contemporary French Cinema: New Trends, Old Tricks?” by Brigitte Rollet, Middlebury College visiting instructor of the winter term course “Genres, Gender and History: Narratives of War and Resistance in French Cinema from 1944 to the Present” (with Sylvie Lindeperg); lecturer in French, University of London-British Institute of Paris January 25: “Distributive Justice: Administering the Fund for the Families of the Victims of the September 11 Attack” by Kenneth Feinberg, special settlement master for the families of victims of the September 11 attack February 15: “Finishing Unfinished Business? Iraq, a Decade After Desert Storm” by Denis Halliday, former United Nations assistant secretary-general and humanitarian coordinator in Iraq February 26: “The Future of the Humanities in the Age of Globalization” by Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, professor of French and Italian comparative literature, Stanford University March 6 and 7: “Fifteen Years After Chernobyl—How the World Has Responded” and “A History of the Environmental Movement in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia” by Aleg Cherp, professor, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary; co-author of the United Nations report “Human Consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident” March 11: “U.S. Colombia Policy: Fighting Drugs, Defeating Guerrillas, or Advancing Peace and Democracy?” by Michael Shifter, vice president for policy, Inter-American Dialogue, Washington, D.C. March 12: “Bronze Age Mummies of Eastern Central Asia” by Victor Mair, professor of Chinese and consulting scholar at the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania March 18: “The International Energy Regime: Implications for the Global Community and the Environment” student and faculty panel discussion—organized by The New Left, a student group
scholar, Middlebury College; president, Vienna International Consultants; director, Atlantic Community Initiative April 5: “The Work of Marketplaces in Colonial Mexican Texts” by Stephanie Merrim, professor of Hispanic studies and comparative literature, Brown University April 8: “Invisible Work. Borges and Translation” by Efraín Kristal, professor, Department of Spanish and Portuguese and Department of Comparative Literature, University of California—Los Angeles April 10: “The Treasures of Old Russian Culture” by Nikolai Borisov, professor of history, Moscow State University April 11: “History Problems: War and Memory in Japan and Elsewhere” by Carol Gluck, George Sansom Professor of Japanese History, Columbia University April 12: “Whither Argentina?: Economic Meltdown and Political Crisis” by Javier Corrales, political economist, Amherst College April 15: “French Elections 2002: An End to Cohabitation?” by Michael S. Lewis-Beck, professor of political science, University of Iowa April 17: “How ‘Mongol’ was the Mongol Empire?” by David Morgan, professor of history, University of Wisconsin—Madison April 17: “Surbahar,” classical music of India with Shubha Sankaran, surbahar; Khansahib Brian Q. Silver, sitar; Mohan Shyam Sharma, pakhawaj May 2: “Censorship and Islam in Algeria Today” by Hafid Gafa¿ti Gafa¿ti, Qualia Professor in French and Francophone Literatures and Cultures, Texas Tech University May 7: “What’s the Significance of the French Presidential Elections?” discussion with Middlebury College panelists Edward Knox, College Professor of French; Erik Bleich, assistant professor of political science; Thierry Warin, assistant professor of economics. Moderator: Alexandra Godeberge ’04
March 19: “American Hegemony vs. European Autonomy” by Stanley R. Sloan, visiting
The Luce Fund for Asian Studies Supported by a four-year grant from The Henry Luce Foundation Inc.’s Luce Fund for Asian Studies, Middlebury College has embarked on a broad effort to strengthen significantly the study of East and Southeast Asia. The Luce Fund for Asian Studies supports the creation of permanent new junior faculty positions at liberal arts colleges that demonstrate a significant commitment to the study of Asia. Middlebury’s long commitment to the study of Asia has been further enhanced through the addition of a strategic position in international studies and political science. In September 2001, Robert Pekkanen joined the political science department faculty and also holds the position of Luce Junior Fellow in Asian Studies. He brings to Middlebury a special focus on Japan and its relations with other Asian states, principally those of Southeast Asia. In addition, his research in the sub-discipline of civil society will lead students equipped with solid linguistic and cultural knowledge to “cross borders” by examining issues relevant to the societies of the region in contexts both local and global. The Luce grant has already enabled the introduction of three new courses taught by Professor Pekkanen: “Introduction to Japanese Politics and Society,” “Social Capital, NGOs, and Civil Society,” and “Political Economy of East Asia.” The Luce initiative is complemented by a multi-faceted program of enrichment activities aimed at extending awareness of Asia and civil society to the wider campus and beyond Middlebury. Luce activities are co-sponsored by CFIA; they include conferences, lectures, exchanges with other institutions, library acquisitions on Japan and Southeast Asia, research, and scholarly travel.
Luce Fund for Asian Studies Research The Luce grant supported Professor Pekkanen’s fieldwork in Japan in December 2001. At that time, he conducted interviews with scholars, bureaucrats, and several sitting members of Japan’s parliament, including ex-Ministers and a former Prime Minister of Japan. Pekkanen’s research focused on the changes in the party system and party organization as a result of the rewriting of Japan’s electoral rules in 1994. Pekkanen later presented the results of this field research at the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C. (March 2002) in a paper co-authored with Professor Ellis Krauss of the University of California at San Diego. Pekkanen and Krauss plan to continue their research and to co-author a book based on their results.
2001-2002 Luce Fund for Asian Studies Student Research Assistants Nicole Finch, Simon Fisherow, Grace Hardy, Daisuke Hotta, and David Yi
2001-2002 Luce Fund for Asian Studies Lectures and Events October 4: Roundtable discussion with Ethan Scheiner, Duke University Ph.D.; Harvard University post-doctoral fellow; specialist in Asian politics who has completed extensive research on opposition parties in Japan November 1: Roundtable discussion with Harvard University U.S.-Japan Program Associates: Ryuichi Kitano, investigative journalist, Asahi Shimbun; Shunji Izutsu, fighter pilot, Japan Air Self-Defense Force; Yoku Yamazaki, Ministry of Finance; Yoshiyuki Tsuji, National Police Agency. Moderator, Robert Pekkanen, Luce Junior Fellow in Asian Studies, Middlebury College November 1: “Lawyers’ Groups in Pre- and Post-war Japan” by Darryl Flaherty, Reischauer Institute Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University November 7: “Civil Society in China” by Ben Read, Harvard University Ph.D. candidate, Department of Government November 13: “Civil Society and Africa” panel discussion with Joshua Forrest, associate professor of political science, University of Vermont November 27: “International Environmental NGOs and Japan” by Kim Reimann, Harvard University February 28: “Japan from the Inside Out: Ranking Foreigners on the Ladder of Civilization” by Apichai Shipper, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Ph.D. March 11: Twilight Scholar program with Karen Nakamura, assistant professor of anthropology, Macalaster College, featuring a number of lectures and discussions: “Deaf Identity in Japan and the U.S.” “Japanese Sign Language and American Sign Language” “Sexuality in Japan” April 22: “North Korea and the ‘Axis of Evil’: Fact or Fantasy?” by David Kang, associate professor of government, Dartmouth College
U.S. Department of Education Title VI Grant “International Studies and Environmental Studies: Building the Connection” In August 2001, Middlebury College successfully concluded a two-year grant from the U.S. Department of Education Title VI Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program. The funding supported our innovative efforts to build connections among International Studies (IS), Environmental Studies (ES) and Foreign Language (FL). Recognizing that by their very nature, environmental issues are not contained within national boundaries, the grant-supported initiative established curricular and co-curricular opportunities that encourage students to see environmental concerns in an international, interdisciplinary context. The grant was overseen by Allison Stanger and Charlotte Tate of CFIA, with the advice of a multidisciplinary advisory committee including Nan Jenks-Jay, director of environmental affairs; Christopher McGrory Klyza, professor of political science and environmental studies, and director of the program in environmental studies; Allison Stanger; and Charlotte Tate.
IS/ES sites abroad; development of new IS/ES/FL internship opportunities for undergraduates; and the expansion of library and teaching resources in IS/ES/FL. The 2001-2002 academic year demonstrated the sustainability of this important new interdisciplinary initiative that links the College’s international, environmental, and foreign language programs. We aim to further develop the IS/ES/FL project and hope that it might serve as a model for other institutions seeking to respond to the challenges of the twenty-first century global, multilingual environment.
IS/ES/FL Courses 2001-2002 Two of the innovative FLAC courses developed during the grant period were introduced during the 2001-2002 academic year: “Russian Ecology: Environmental Studies” (Professor of Russian Thomas Beyer) is designed for students with advanced level Russian language skills. Internet-based, “Russian Ecology” offers learning strategies to discuss environmental concerns and issues in Russia today and draws upon Russian language content from the field of Environmental Studies. “Beyond Versailles: Encounters with Nature in French Literature” (Professor of French Charles Nunley) focuses on significant works by French authors who examine the natural world and our place within it. Students read novels that rework the Crusoe story in ways that endorse or question Europe’s imperial goals as it extends beyond itself. Particular attention is paid to works in which homesteading on islands or in isolated natural settings plays an important role. Authors may include Rousseau, Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Chateaubriand, Sand, Verne, Gide, Giono, Hamon, Tournier, Césaire, Le Clézio. During the 2002-2003 academic year, the final IS/ES course developed through grant support will be offered:
Federal and matching funds were used to support the development and implementation of a variety of IS/ES/FL opportunities. Among these are three new IS/ES courses and three new Foreign Language Across the Curriculum (FLAC) courses; professional development and “cross-training” of IS/ES/FL faculty; co-curricular activities to support IS/ES/FL, such as seminars, executives-in-residence, and career conversations; investigations to explore new
“Africa: Environment and Society” (Assistant Professor of Sociology and Anthropology David Eaton) will examine such questions as How do African societies create, resolve, and define environmental problems? How do contrasting imaginations of the natural world, varying modes of production and governance, and diverse sciences combine to shape African environmental issues at local, national, and international levels? Through case studies, students will consider social histories of environmental practice, changing ecological dimensions of health and affliction, stakes and dilemmas of conservation, and a range of struggles over natural resources. By situating these in long-term trends in transformations of African environments, the course will identify problems of natural orders that are emerging as vital to sustainable communities in the first decades of the twenty-first century.
Executive-in-Residence Program In addition to our Visiting Scholar Program, the Executive-in-Residence Program brings distinguished business leaders to the Middlebury College campus to share practical knowledge and insights on current international trends and issues. In light of the expanding global economy, the Executive-in-Residence Program provides a unique and invaluable opportunity for visiting professionals to exchange views on developing international concerns with faculty and students. Over an intensive two- to three-day period, executives-in-residence participate in the stimulating life at Middlebury College by visiting college classes, leading policy seminars, and conducting career conversations. Each program is tailored to the strengths and experience of the individual business leader.
Executive-in-Residence 2001-2002 In February 2002, Executive-in-Residence and Twilight Scholar Manuel Alonso and his wife Antonieta Schiavenato brought to Middlebury a background rich in experience. Having left Cuba as a boy, Mr. Alonso earned a Bachelor of Arts in Spanish Literature from New York University and a Master of Divinity from Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary. As an educator, he taught at San Quentin Prison and founded a seminary in New York. Ms. Schiavenato was educated and began her career in Colombia. After immigrating to the U.S., she and Mr. Alonso founded an ice cream business in her basement. Still a family enterprise, Mimo’s Natural Fruit Juice and Ices has become a popular treat in the New York area with plans to expand into Florida. Antonieta Schiavenato and Manuel Alonso, Twilight Scholar and Executive-in-Residence
Mr. Alonso and Ms. Schiavenato participated in a range of educational opportunities that included • Public lecture by Manuel Alonso: “Is America Still a Land of Opportunity?” • Joint career conversation with students: “Mimo’s USA: From Basement to Board room” • Lunch discussion with two classes taught by Associate Professor of Political Science Mark Williams: “Latin American Revolutions” and “US-Latin American Relations” • Class visits to “Literature of Spain” with Visiting Assistant Professor of Spanish Isabel Estrada and “Studies in the New Testament” with Professor of Religion Larry Yarbrough; and “An Introduction to the Study of Hispanic Literature” with Professor of Spanish Alicia Andreu-Sprigg
Madeleine May Kunin, Bicentennial Scholar-in-Residence
Stanley R. Sloan, Visiting Scholar
International Colloquia Through the International Studies Colloquium, students, faculty, staff, and members of the community beyond the College gather over lunch to learn about current international research activities. Our speakers include Middlebury College faculty and alumni as well as other scholars and professionals in the international arena.
April 5, 2002: “The Life and Loves of the Matryoshka: Nationality in Wood” by Helena Goscilo, professor of Slavic languages and literatures, Pittsburgh University April 10: “Contemporary Russia: Problems and Perspectives” by Nikolai Borisov, professor of history, Moscow State University
International Studies Colloquium 2001-2002 September 28: “Doctored History and Contemporary Politics in Northeast Asia: The Japanese History Textbook Wars” by Neil Waters, Kawashima Professor of History, Middlebury College, and Robert Pekkanen, Luce Junior Fellow in Asian Studies, Middlebury College October 5: “Land Markets and the Land Code in Post-Soviet Russia” by Stephen K. Wegren, associate professor of political science, Southern Methodist University October 12: “Making Capitalism Without Capitalists” by Ivan Szelenyi, professor of sociology, Yale University October 26: “Funerals in the Brain: Baudelaire, Dickinson, and Nineteenth-Century Theories of the Mind” by Carol Rifelj, Fulton Professor of French, Middlebury College November 9: “The Politics of Portraiture: The Middlebury Head of the Roman Emperor Commodus” by Pieter Broucke, assistant professor of history of art and architecture, Middlebury College November 30: “Virtual Equality: Engendering Europe’s Integration” by Amy Elman, visiting associate professor of women’s and gender studies, Middlebury College December 14: “The Varieties of the Rentier Experience: How Natural Resource Endowments and Social Institutions Affect Economic Growth” by Jonathan Isham, assistant professor of economics, Middlebury College January 11: “The Man Who Sold the Collective’s Land: Public/Private Contentions in Contemporary Rural China” by Ellen Oxfeld, professor of anthropology, Middlebury College February 15: “The Reception of American Avant-Garde Film in Europe and Latin America” by P. Adams Sitney, Princeton University Professor of Visual Arts, Author of Vital Crises in Italian Cinema, Modernist Montage, and Visionary Film
April 12: “Languages Across the Curriculum at Middlebury” Three Middlebury colleagues related their experiences teaching topics not traditionally taught within a foreign language department: Thomas Beyer, professor of Russian (“Russian Ecology: Environmental Studies,” in Russian ), Jeffrey Cason, associate professor of political science (“Latin American Political Development,” in Spanish) and Charles Nunley, associate professor of French (“Beyond Versailles: Encounters with Nature in French Literature,” in French) April 15: “White Queen: May French-Sheldon and the Imperial Origins of American Feminist Identity” by Tracey Jean Boisseau, assistant professor, Department of History, University of Akron
Nationalism Colloquium 2001-2002 Meeting on a monthly basis, the Nationalism Colloquium provides an interdisciplinary forum for faculty to discuss the complex subject of nationalism. Facilitated by Scholar-in-Residence and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Political Science Walker Connor, the 20012002 Nationalism Colloquium centered on such themes as Arab nationalism, terrorism, and the interplay between religion and national identity, as well as the following works. Japan at War: An Oral History, by HarukoTaya Cook and Theodore Cook, (W.W. Norton, 1992) Understanding Nationalism, edited by Montserrat Guibernau and John Hutchinson (Polity Press, 2001) Terror and Taboo: The Follies, Fables and Faces of Terrorism, by Joseba Zulaika and William A. Douglass (Routledge, 1996) Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity, edited by Joshua A. Fishman (Oxford University Press, 1999)
The Ford Foundation’s Crossing Borders Initiative Middlebury College’s Crossing Borders initiative encourages students and faculty to cross geographic, disciplinary, and intellectual boundaries to gain a deeper sense of the global context that shapes and is shaped by individual societies. Supported by The Ford Foundation, Crossing Borders features specially designed, team-taught International Studies Seminars that are enhanced by a rich array of international cocurricular programs. The three-year grant is overseen by CFIA.
Crossing Borders International Studies Seminars 2001-2002 “Religion and Conflict” (James Jermain Professor of Political Economy and International Law Russell Leng and Professor of Religion Katherine Sonderegger) is devoted to the examination of the relationship between religion and conflict, with readings and insights from religion, philosophy, history, and political science. Two questions are central to the course: Do religious differences, or other factors, provide the most potent explanations for the outbreak of these conflicts? Why are religious differences so difficult to resolve? The answer to the first question requires a fuller understanding of the political, social, historical, and ideational forces associated with each of the conflicts. An answer to the second question requires a fuller understanding of each of the contending faiths and their relationships to each other.
major forces shaping the world today. One is “McWorld,” a homogenizing global trend resulting from modern technology, communications, and an increasingly interdependent capitalist world economy. The other is “Jihad,” a resurgence of ethnic politics, fundamentalist religious movements, and the “politics of identity.” Students analyze the origins, development, and interaction of these two seemingly contradictory trends through case studies from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. “Imperialism and Culture” (Assistant Professor of History Ian Barrow and College Professor of French Edward Knox) examines both the culture of imperialism and countercultures under colonial and postcolonial rule. Using literature, film, essays and history, the seminar explores the ways in which British rule in India and Western Africa prompted political and cultural responses that eventually resulted in independence. “Global Consumptions: Food, Eating and Power in Comparative Perspective” (Professor of Anthropology Ellen Oxfeld and Associate Professor of French Paula Schwartz) uses interdisciplinary approaches to examine the practices and politics of food and eating in a range of regions. Food sustains not only bodies, but national, ethnic, and social identities as well. Notions of time and space, order and transgression, nature and culture, have long affected what people eat and how they do it. How does eating, this most basic and universal of human practices, both reflect difference and create it? How are food systems, symbolic and “real,” linked to national and international politics? Finally, how are contemporary food practices influenced by “modernization” and “globalization”? Students consider these and other questions as they apply to Asia, Europe, Africa, Latin America, and the United States in the second half of the twentieth century.
“Internationalizing Culture: Beyond the Borders in Modern Art and Film” (Professor of History of Art and Architecture Kirsten Hoving and Fletcher Professor of the Arts Edward Perry) examines how the visual language of international modernism coexists or conflicts with national identity in modern art and film. Students evaluate the tensions between nationalism and “internationalism” in twentieth-century visual culture by examining selected artists, and movements, against the backdrop of politics, economics, and individual expression. Artists and filmmakers discussed include: Duchamp, Vertov, Eisenstein, Dali, Buñuel, Man Ray, Picasso, Pollock, Brakhage, Warhol, and Judd. The aggressive internationalism of modernist artists and filmmakers, who posit abstraction as a universal system of communication, are compared to the insistent lure of national identity.
October 4: “Killing (for) Politics? Jihad, Martyrdom and Political Action” by Roxanne Euben, assistant professor of political theory at Wellesley College
“Jihad vs. McWorld” (Assistant Professor of Sociology Marc Garcelon and Professor of Political Science David Rosenberg). In the new millennium, we may all be part of a global market economy, but can we live in a global market society? This seminar examines two
November 29: “Infiltrating England: Race, Cricket, and the Boundaries of Colonial Identity” by Satadru Sen, assistant professor of South Asian history, Washington University at St. Louis
Crossing Borders Lectures 2001-2002
CFIA Working Paper Series February 26: Lecture by Roger Shattuck, author of Forbidden Knowledge: From Prometheus to Pornography February 25: “Re-Education: Changes in mentality as a consequence of dictatorial systems—the example of (East) Germany” by Joachim Gauck, former German Federal Commissioner for the STASI Files (In German with English interpretation) March 14: “German Expressionism and Film” by Anton Kaes, Chancellor’s Professor of German and Film Studies, University of California—Berkeley; author of From Hitler to Heimat: The Return of History as Film; co-editor of The Weimar Republic Sourcebook March 15: “Global Countermovements” by Philip McMichael, Department of Rural Sociology, Cornell University April 9: Roundtable Discussion “Nature Writing and Environmental Issues in Taiwan” with presentations by Liu Ke-hsiang, author and naturalist, on “Saving Nature but Losing Tradition: The Frustrations of a Nature Writer in Contemporary Taiwan” and Chien Iming, Mei-Ho Institute of Technology, Kaohsiung, on “Concepts of ‘Wilderness’ in Taiwanese Nature Writing” (In Chinese with English interpretation) April 10: “The Globe in a Glass of Wine: Robert Mondavi, Wine Wars, and France” by Amy Trubek, professor of anthropology, New England Culinary Institute; author of Haute Cuisine: How the French Invented the Culinary Profession April 13: “News from Afghanistan: Pictures from the Afghan Media Project” by David Edwards, Department of Anthropology, Williams College
This year, CFIA launched the Center for International Affairs Working Paper Series, which publishes analytical papers on international matters broadly defined. Through publishing works by authors from Middlebury and elsewhere, the series aims to invigorate research and intellectual life at the College and beyond. CFIA working papers reflect a high level of research quality, and all prospective papers are reviewed double-blind by an outside reader. Each publication in the series is available electronically through the Web site www.middlebury.edu/~cfia/papers/index.html, or as a handsomely bound volume upon request from CFIA. Allison Stanger, director of CFIA and associate professor of political science, is the executive editor of the series; Robert Pekkanen, Luce Junior Fellow in Asian Studies, is the editor.
CFIA Working Papers Hoffmann, Stanley. “The European Union and The New American Foreign Policy” (2001). Carpenter, Jeffrey, and Juan Camilo Cardenas. “Using Cross-Cultural Experiments to Understand the Dynamics of a Global Commons” (2002). Durham, Carolyn. “The Franco-American Novel of Literary Globalism: The Case of Diane Johnson” (2002). Leng, Russell J., and Adil Husain. “South Asian War Games” (2002). Mathy, Jean-Philippe. “The System of Francophobia” (2002).
April 18: “Desire Unbound: Exhibiting Surrealism” by Lewis Kachur, professor of art history, Kean University; lecturer, Metropolitan Museum of Art April 29: “A Fish Story of Global Proportions” by Ted Bestor, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University April 30: “George Perkins Marsh: From Woodstock to Vallombrosa” by John Elder, Stewart Professor of English and Environmental Studies, Middlebury College May 9: “The Role of the Internet in International Culture” by John F. Simon, Jr., a forerunner in the use of the Internet for artistic purposes
International Theses Senior Thesis Forum The annual Center for International Affairs Senior Thesis Forum provides an opportunity for Middlebury College students to showcase their international research to an audience of faculty, staff, and students. Although seniors’ work must be on an international topic, the students may be majors in any department or program. The result is a rich array of internationally oriented honors theses. We list the original titles for theses written in a language other than English, but all presentations are in English.
Virginia Snodgrass, Seth Kroop, Abdur-Rahim Syed, and Sydney Johnston
Virginia Snodgrass: “The Political Implications of Neoliberal Economic Reforms in Chile: Rural Transformations and the Rise of the Right” Seth Kroop: “From Pardon to Prosecution: Transitional Justice Policies in Argentina and Chile” Abdur-Rahim Syed: “Rural Development in South Asia: An Inquiry into the Political Economy of Local Participation” Sydney Johnston: “Politics and Portraits: A Case Study of Lorenzo de’ Medici’s Cultural Patronage”
Andrew Bennett: “Crooked Necks” Andrea Engels: “Arte Povera, Domesticity, and the Art of Mario and Marisa Merz” Abigail Vacanti: “Integration in French Film: The Maghrébins’ Struggle” Matthew Noble: “The Life and Architecture of Otto Wagner”
Andrew Bennett, Andrea Engels, Abigail Vacanti, and Matthew Noble
Zachary Wyman: “Une Révolution d’espace et d’esprit: la construction du Centre Georges Pompidou et la naissance du Marais en tant que quartier gay contemporain de Paris” (A Revolution of Space and Spirit: The Construction of the Georges Pompidou Center and the Birth of the Marais as a Contemporary Gay Quarter in Paris) Elizabeth Toan: “La Nation imaginaire: L’Alsace-Lorraine comme une partie de l’idéologie de la nation française, 1871-1918. Une analyse de texte et de cartes des manuels scolaires de géographie” (Representation of the Loss of Alsace-Lorraine in French Textbooks as Seen Through Both Text and Maps) MarYam Hamedani: “Delineating the Dialectic: A Cultural and Developmental Perspective on Personal Epistemology” John Parkin Kent: “Las raíces Zachary Wyman, Elizabeth Toan, MarYam Hamedani, and sociopolíticas y culturales de la crisis John Parkin Kent de masculinidad en el cine español de los años 90” (The Sociopolitical and Cultural Roots of Masculinity in Crisis Spanish Cinema of the 90s) Mark Roche: “Mushrooms in the Woods: An Analysis of the Motivations of the Global Arms Trade in the Post-Cold War Era” Eli Sugarman: “U.S. Arms Transfers to the Middle East: An Effective Foreign Policy Instrument in Need of Reform” Wasim Rahman: “A Clash of Civilizations? Islam and the West in Conflict” Agata Andrevski: “The Socioeconomic Costs of Transition: Explaining Peasant Party Politics in Poland”
Mark Roche, Eli Sugarman, Wasim Rahman, and Agata Andrevski
International Theses International Thesis Awards The Senior Honors Thesis Award in International Politics and Economics was established by the Geonomics Institute and is given annually by the Center for International Affairs to the best senior honors thesis in International Politics and Economics.
2002 Senior Honors Thesis Award in International Politics and Economics Eli Sugarman: “U.S. Arms Transfers to the Middle East: An Effective Foreign Policy Instrument in Need of Reform”
Wasim Rahman, Virginia Snodgrass, and Eli Sugarman
The International Studies Award is given annually to the best senior honors thesis in international studies, broadly conceived. Candidates for the prize may come from any major at the College, so long as the thesis work is international in orientation. The thesis may be written in English or in a foreign language.
2002 International Studies Award Wasim Rahman: “A Clash of Civilizations? Islam and the West in Conflict”
Mark Williams and Eli Sugarman
Virginia Snodgrass: “The Political Implications of Neoliberal Economic Reforms in Chile: Rural Transformations and the Rise of the Right”
Erik Bleich and Wasim Rahman
Student Internships CFIA Intern Program
Dillon Dunwalke Overseas Internships 2001-2002
Academic Year 2001-2002 Anne Alfano Samia Amin Kaia Laursen Kartik Raj
Sponsored by the Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Trust, the College offers creditbearing internships for Middlebury students at the C.V. Starr—Middlebury Schools Abroad. In addition, noncredit-bearing internships are offered for Middlebury and non-Middlebury students on our programs abroad.
Summer 2002 Vinay Jawahar Cori Loew Anne Alfano and Samia Amin
Logroño, Spain Kent Newman—Medicus Mundi (MM), a nongovernmental organization dedicated to the promotion of health and health services in developing countries
Overseas Internships Overseas internships provide a unique opportunity for students to deepen immersion and enhance their cultural and language learning. While abroad, Middlebury students pursue credit- and noncredit-bearing internships in fields as diverse as diplomacy, international finance, law, environmental policy, economic development, journalism, cinema, and fashion. Middlebury College students may locate and engage in international internships over winter term or during the summer before or after a study abroad program. The Humana Foundation is a source of international internships Heidi Robinson, Dillon Dunwalke Fellow, Maria Luisa, for students—selected through a Paris, France—2000-2001 competitive process—who are interested in medical or public health issues. The foundation offers two funded summer experiences in Romania each summer. In addition, the Ronald H. Brown Class of 1962 Endowment and the Felton Family Fund provide funding for unpaid international and domestic internships for students, who are Kaia Laursen, Ronald selected through a competitive process. Brown ’62 Intern, U.S. Embassy, New Delhi, India —Summer 2001
Matthew Sommerville, Ronald Brown ’62 Intern, Landscape Development Intervention, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar—Summer 2001
Florence, Italy Sara Yun— Annulliamo le‘ distanze (Eliminate the distance), a non-profit organization committed to improving the lives of children in Eritrea, Africa Courtney Hess— Campo di Marte Clinica Veterinaria, a veterinary clinic
Zachary Wyman, Dillon Dunwalke Fellow, Association Républicaine des Anciens Combattants et Victimes de Guerre, Paris, France—2000-2001
Paris, France Sonali Desai—Une maison au coeur de la vie, a Ronald McDonald House Evan Hoobchaak—EPITA, an engineering school Kaleb Tamiru—ARCA Patrimoine, an independent business and investment firm Moscow, Russia Jessica Brozyna—NPR (National Public Radio) Moscow Bureau Bryan Wilson—The Center for Justice Assistance, a non-governmental organization working through the legislative system to develop respect for the state among the population
Jaed Coffin, Ronald H. Brown ’62 Intern, Buddhist Temple/Phenom Sarokham School, Phenom Sarokham, Thailand—Summer 2001
Selected Faculty Publications 2001-2002 Alvarez, Julia. How Tia Lola Came to Visit Stay. Alfred A. Knopf, 2001. Andreu, Alicia G. El Testimonio Peruano Oral y las Ciencias Sociales: Una Problemática Postmoderna. Ann Arbor: Centro de Estudios Literarios “Antonio Cornejo Polar,” 2001. Beyer, Thomas R., Jr. Learn English the Fast and Fun Way. Barron’s Educational Series, Inc., 2001. Clifford, Nicholas R. “A Truthful Impression of the Country” British and American Travel Writing in China, 1880-1949. The University of Michigan Press, 2001. Crouzières-Ingenthron, Armelle. Le Double Pluriel dans les romans de Rachid Boudjedra. L’Harmattan, Inc., 2001. Hofer, Barbara K. Personal Epistemology: The Psychology of Beliefs about Knowledge and Knowing. L. Erlbaum Associates. Editor, with Paul R. Pintrich, 2002. Katz, Michael R. Sanin: A Novel, by Mikhail Artsybashev. Cornell University Press, 2001. Translator. Reed, Carrie E. Chinese Chronicles of the Strange: The “Nuogao ji,” by Duan Chengshi. Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 2001. Translator. Warin, Thierry. L’euro et l’entreprise: 2002 et Après? Editions Litec, 2001. Williams, Mark Eric. Market Reforms in Mexico: Coalitions, Institutions, and the Politics of Policy Change. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2001.
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