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SUNSHINE, RAINFALL, AND YOUR PARTICIPATION ARE THE BEST INGREDIENTS FOR THIS RECIPE. 2


THIS IS SAFE CLEAN DRINKING WATER! Innovating Water is a sustainable community-based UV-solar

water treatment system in schools and health facilities in Kenya.

This recipe helps everyone to easily install, manage and maintain this system and its educational programmes.

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INTRODUCTION THE RECIPE IS TO PROVIDE CHILDREN IN NEED WITH SAFE CLEAN DRINKING WATER AND RELEVANT HEALTHCARE AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION, BY YOU AND THE INNOVATING WATER TEAM Water is key for the health of children and their communities. Innovating Water is a sustainable community-based UV-solar water treatment system in schools and health facilities in Kenya. The schoolchildren are given safe clean drinking water treated by UV system everyday. Also, they are taught the merit of clean water, and the basic engineering education about the UV system and renewable energy like solar power. Currently, there are 3 running Innovating Water systems in Kenya, and the solar power can be used to pump underground water, store vaccines, and even generate income for the community. Innovating water is developed and delivered through the co-creation of Kenyan charities, engineers, doctors and schoolchildren’s teachers. We source all the equipment from local business firms and test the safety of water with Kenyan public health units. We produce the educational materials like brochures with schoolchildren’s mothers, the great Kenyan women who look after their family. Innovating Water is not just about engaging and empowering local family and communities, but also giving opportunity of income generating initiatives. It’s not only to design a solution for global water crisis, but also to design future solution makers like engineers. Little children with a big impact.

VAILABLE A IS R E T A W G IN K SAFE CLEAN DRIN IN KENYA: AT THESE 3 SITES

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01 Kasongo Dispensary

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02 Ringroad Primary School

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03 Rabour Primary School


PREPARATION

Kisumu, Kenya

KENYA IS OUR CHOSEN OPERATING MARKET. So far the Innovating Water team is based in Kisumu, the third largest city in Kenya. Kisumu has constant annual supply of rainfall to harvest. The above map shows the rainfall variability in Africa, and Kisumu, located near Lake Victoria, has two rainy seasons from March through June, and November through December. The average annual precipitation is about 1,001 to 2,000 mm. Source: UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)

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PREPARATION THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS TO SAY HELLO TO THE KIDS

THEN PLEASE VISIT THEIR FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES

SO YOU CAN MAKE FRIENDS, AND BE READY FOR THIS RECIPE

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INGREDIENTS SOLAR POWER SUNSHINE SOLAR PANEL

YOU

OR FREE GET IT F

Y! EVERYDA

INVERTER BATTERY

A CUP OF GOOD CHAI

RAINWATER HARVESTING RAINWATER YOUR ROOF

EE, ISN’T

O FR IT’S ALS

IT?

WATER TANK GUTTERS & PIPES MESH

A BIT OF SWEATING AND GOOD OL’ EXERCISE TO FREE THE GUTTERS FROM CLOGGING!

UV LIGHT WATER TREATMENT UV LIGHT CLEAN TAP CLEAN CUPS

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DIENTS E R G N I BOVE A E H T ENYA! L K AL N I D E RC ARE SOU


01 Sunshine

02 Solar panel

03 Natural guard: a bird’s nest underneath, Kenyan origin

04 Rainfall

05 UV light

06 Clean taps

07 Clean cups

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STEP BY STEP THIS RECIPE TAKES 6 MONTHS TO MAKE, AND ANOTHER 6 MONTHS TO TASTE ITS FLAVOUR. BUT IT’S VERY SIMPLE AND FUN IF YOU FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING STEPS WITH US.

There are more than 1,500 children who have become ambassadors since we first introduced our educational programmes in April 2014. Through the collaborations, the flow continues with learned operation experience, healthcare and engineering knowledge, and understanding of local potential and natural resources.

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THE INNOVATING WATER TEAM We are the head chefs. We provide annual budget and implementation plan for our partners to install, manage and maintain the project Innovating Water in Kenya. We know that all the ingredients are already there, we just need to connect them together. Our responsibility is to oversee this project, as a bridge between Kenya and the UK.

LOCAL & INTERNATIONAL NGOs We are the masters of safe clean drinking water. Kenyan NGOs know the best of local ingredients, so they know how to discover the potential of local communities and environment. International NGOs have the best operation experiences in the developing countries so they act as advisors for the project.

LOCAL FIRMS & SUPPLIERS We are local cooks and suppliers. Local firms and suppliers have already installed many different water-related systems in Kisumu, Kenya for years. They represent the growth of local economy.

LOCAL SCHOOLS & HEALTH FACILITIES We are local restaurants who take care of our consumer – the children, by heart. We serve not only safe clean drinking water, but also knowledge about healthcare and engineering.

LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH UNIT We are like food standard agency. We ensure the safety of clean drinking water.

LOCAL CHILDREN & COMMUNITIES We are the consumers. The safe clean drinking water keeps us healthy and happy, so we can grow up and support others in need.

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STEP 1: 1st month

SITE VISIT PURPOSE: TO KNOW AND UNDERSTAND THE REAL NEEDS OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES

First, the Innovating Water team provides annual budget and suggesting an implementation plan to local NGOs. Then, local NGOs conduct site visits based on their local experience and expertise, and local firms provides professional knowledge for the implementation plan.

Meeting with project managers from local NGO , OGRA Foundation

Meanwhile, local schools and health facilities report the current source of water and hygiene to local NGOs. Eventually, the Innovating Water team and local government can reach an agreement of inspection, installation, and education of project Innovating Water on site. At this stage, international NGOs provide field experience like framework of community-based surveillance to help with the Innovating Water team.

A borehole water point in Alenolu in Kaoo Plains, Kisumu County

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STEP 2: 2nd month

EVALUATION PURPOSE: TO EVALUATE AND CHOOSE SITES TO INSTALL THE UV LIGHT WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM

Local NGOs reports findings of each sites to the Innovating Water team, then the Innovating Water team evaluates the needs of different sites and chooses sites for installation based on assessed local condition, pollution severity, practicality/feasibility, and affected population.

Lake Victoria is the only water source in Oyamo Island, Kenya

After the decision is done, local firms can generate an action plan along with a cost list provided by local suppliers for chosen sites.

The company is one of East Africa’s largest suppliers of water related goods.

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STEP 3: 3rd month

PROJECT MANAGEMENT PURPOSE: TO COLLABORATIVELY OVERSEE THIS PROJECT FOR THE WHOLE DURATION OF THE PROJECT

The Innovating Water team provides project management packages to support local NGOs in managing the installation from start to finish, and to ensure proper operation and education in chosen sites.

Providing the project management packages to local NGOs

Afterwards, local NGOs manage the workflow and schedule of local firms and suppliers according to the signed contracts. Local firms and local suppliers need to sign the contract for budget requirements, product warrantee, time frame and coordination across all trades. Also, local schools and health facilities need to sign the agreement for collaboration of project Innovating Water at this stage.

Local engineer from Davis and Shirtliff Company, Kisumu, Kenya

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STEP 4: 4th month

INSTALLATION PURPOSE: TO EFFICIENTLY INSTALL THE UV WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM THROUGH COLLABORATION BETWEEN PARTICIPANTS

Local firms is capable of installing UV-solar in chosen sites. Local firms assist local NGOs, schools, communities, and health facilities in the installation process.

Local suppliers on Obote Road, Kisumu, Kenya

Meanwhile, the Innovating Water team is responsible for documenting the installation process in the form of vides or photos.

1st Innovating Water system in Ringroad Primary School

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STEP 5: 5th month

TESTING PURPOSE: TO ENSURE THE SAFETY OF DRINKING WATER FOR CHILDREN

Once the installation is done, local public health units come to conduct the water sampling test to ensure the safety of drinking water, and the Innovating Water team gathers water sampling test reports. At the same time, local schools and health facilities prepare clean containers and cups to provide children with safe clean drinking water.

Meeting with Director of Nursing, Nyanze Provincial General Hospital

Adam, from public health units, conducts water sampling test for this project

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STEP 6: 6th month

PROVISION OF SAFE CLEAN DRINKING WATER PURPOSE: TO PROVIDE SAFE CLEAN DRINKING WATER FOR CHILDREN TO IMPROVE THEIR HEALTH

Once the quality of water is ensured by public health units, children can get safe clean drinking water at the point of use everyday at schools and health facilities. Local schools and health facilities also report children’s health condition to the Innovating Water team, and the Innovating Water team documents this phase in terms of in-depth interviews with local children, teachers and nurses. This is for further preparation of educational programmes.

Children are given 2 litre clean safe drinking water per day

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STEP 7: 7th month

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT PURPOSE: TO ENGAGE LOCAL COMMUNITIES AND ENHANCE THEIR OWNERSHIP OF THIS PROJECT

Local schools and health facilities holds parents’ visit workshops for the UV-solar water treatment, so that local communities can join the workshops to visit the community-based UV-solar water treatment systems in place.

Pauline, Rabour Primary School teacher, organises parents’ visit

Local NGOs work on scheduling dates and participants for the workshops, and local firms assist the workshops with professional knowledge. The Innovating Water team gathers feedbacks from the workshops for the content of educational programmes.

Children’s parents also taste the drinking water treated by UV light

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STEP 8: 6th - 12th month

EDUCATION PURPOSE: TO TEACH CHILDREN TO FISH AND ENABLE THEM TO BECOME FUTURE SOLUTION MAKERS

The Innovating Water team provides framework of educational programmes based on feedbacks gathered from local schools, health facilities and communities. Local NGOs manages creating educational materials with local communities. For instance, mothers of schoolchildren from local communities work for local NGOs to produce educational materials like brochures or storybooks as the income-generating activities. Local schools and health facilities are in charge of delivering educational programmes by the given framework and materials, so that children can be given the education about hygiene and basic engineering knowledge.

Schoolchildren become ambassadors after the workshops and lectures

They spread the knowledge to their communities and families

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STEP 9: 6th - 12th month

SYSTEM MANAGEMENT PURPOSE: TO ENSURE THE UV WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM AND ITS EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMMES CAN BE OPERATED AND MAINTAINED WELL Local NGOs need to confirm the warrantee promised by local firms and suppliers throughout the duration of this project. Local schools and health facilities need to agree on regular project report with local NGOs for further maintenance. Also, local public health unit needs to agree on regular water sampling test. Team Innovating Water is in charge of gathering reports of health, academic, and financial performance, documenting the progress and improvement reached so far, and providing an annual maintenance plan. There are at least three detailed steps for follow-ups at this stage:

MAINTENANCE Local public health unit conducts the water sampling test regularly throughout a year, local schools and health facilities report problems or feedbacks to local NGOs, and local firms and suppliers conduct quality assurance inspection. Team Innovating Water therefore provides assistance depends on the performances of chosen sites.

IMPROVEMENT Local communities report to local NGOs about the improvement of the health of communities, local children give feedbacks or ideas about safe clean drinking water and the educational programmes, local schools and health facilities also give feedbacks or ideas about safe clean drinking water and the educational programmes. Local NGOs then generate a suggestion list based on this year’s work and feedbacks. After that, team Innovating Water conducts annual optimization checks for chosen sites.

INCENTIVES Local NGOs assist local schools and health facilities to develop a commercial model for surplus water and solar power, so that local schools and health facilities can sell surplus water and solar power to communities. Also, local communities are benefited from generating income by producing educational materials. Eventually, team Innovating Water generates an annual report for international NGOs about the improvement of health and academic performance with the most cost effective system; Also, team innovating water prepares funding proposals for next year.

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STEP 10: the end of the year, what’s the next?

MISSION COMPLETED PURPOSE: TO PROMOTE THIS YEAR’S ACHIEVEMENT BY LOCAL PEOPLE

Workshop for green energy like solar power and wind power in Ombeyi Primary School

With the help from local NGOs, firms, suppliers, schools and health facilities, the Innovating Water team is able to run online campaign to promote project Innovating Water for next year. This is a local project done by local people, with local people, for local children. Local NGOs, schools and health facilities provide needed materials like photos or video for online promotion, and local firms and suppliers join online campaign as incentives of boosting business. The potential partner like international NGOs and general public will receive the promotion, and help the Innovating Water team to take actions for next year.

ASANTE! 21


WHY INNOVATING WATER? There are different available water treatment methods in Kenya, such as: chlorinate tablets, boiling water, ceramic water filter, and SODIS (solar disinfection). Every water treatment methods has merits. However, they also have the following drawbacks:

CHLORINATE TABLETS Chlorinate tablets are commonly used but chemical additives may harm the human body in the long term.

BOILING WATER Boiling water consumes firewood or charcoal and it damages the environment. Also, the limited volume of water is not sufficient for communities like schools or dispensaries.

CERAMIC WATER FILTER Ceramic water filters are easily broken and they are not effective against viruses.

SODIS SODIS (solar disinfection) takes 6 hours, and it only works effectively in the provision of clean, transparent plastic bottles and pre-treated water.

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TASTE THE DIFFERENCE Teaching children to fish is the core belief of Innovating Water. That is why their water tastes different. Project Innovating Water works cost effectively in communities like schools and health facilities because of following reasons:

COMMUNITY-BASED MODEL UV light treats water at point of use, so it can provide a sufficient amount of safe clean drinking water for community consumption.

LOCAL SOURCED MATERIALS Innovating Water sources all the materials and equipment from local firms, so it boosts Kenya’s local economy.

EDUCATION & EMPOWERMENT Innovating Water also introduces educational programmes about healthcare and basic engineering knowledge in primary schools, so it also empowers children and their families.

FOR TIPS ON KEEPING OUR CLEAN DRINKING WATER TASTING GOOD, SEE OVER!

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TIP 1

EDUCATION THE FRAMEWORK OF EDUCATION These are the latest version of educational brochures. The content is developed and refined through workshops in Kenya in April 2014. The design of covers is contributed by young artists, talented schoolchildren from Rabour, Ringroad, and Ombeyi Primary School. These are all open source available online.

The educational programmes are delivered through the following processes:

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03

Local communities and schools give feedbacks and thoughts for the UV light water treatment systems.

Local NGOs manages producing educational materials like brochures with schoolchildren and their mothers. It becomes the income generating activities for local communities.

02 Local NGOs and team Innovating Water work together to develop the educational programmes according to needs of local communities.

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Schoolchildren become ambassadors to spread the knowledge

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01 Workshops and lectures held in Kenya, April 2014

02 In-depth interviews with primary school teachers

25 03 Co-creation with primary school children and their families


TIP 2

INSTALLATION MATERIAL LIST FOR INSTALLATION The real needs of communities depend on number of people, hygiene environment and other circumstances. Therefore the Innovating Water team always begins with a site visit and asks for professional advice from local NGOs, firms, schools, dispensaries and public health units. Here is the material list of our second Innovating Water system in Rabour Primary School.

80W AKT Solar Kit

Ultra Violet Lamp for UV3.9WL 10,000 Litre Water Tank

210 Litre Tank with Lid and Tap 150W Inverter

10A Charger Controller Battery 12V 100Ah

Solar Panel Mounting Bracket Cement

Accessories

3/4 PVC Pipes ‘D’ 4’ PVC Pipe H/D Sand 7 Tonnes

Ballast 7 Tonnes

Murram 7 Tonnes 4’ PVC Bend PVC Gum

1’ Longthread 1’ Back Nuts 1’ F/socket

Bosswhite 400gm 1’ Gate valves

3/4 Garden taps 1’PPR Tee

1’ PPR Pipes

1’3/4 R/Socket

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01 Discovering the needs of local schools and dispensaries

02 Developing this system with engineers and technicians from local business firms

27 03 Installation of the first Innovating Water system in Ringroad Primary School, June 2013


TIP 3

MAINTENANCE WORKING MODEL OF MAINTENANCE There are currently 3 Innovating Water systems in Kisumu, Kenya. Those systems are in care of local public health units, local NGOs, and local firms. Here are our partners in Kenya. The Innovating Water team sincerely appreciates their support and help during the duration of this project. Friendship is the best spice of life, isn’t it?

Kisumu, Kenya 5

3 4

1

Lake Victoria

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1 Ringroad Primary School: First Innovating Water Site

2 Rabour Primary School: Second Innovating Water Site 3 Kasongo Dispensary: Third Innovating Water Site

4 OGRA Foundation: Local Partner, A Registered NGO 5 Davis and Shirtliff Company: Local Business Firm

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Adam, Public Health Officer, Kisumu, Kenya

Fredah Ajowi, Senior Project Officer, OGRA Foundation

29 Kennedy Odhiambo, Branch Manager, Davis and Shirtliff Company


TEAM INNOVATING WATER WE ARE A HANDPICKED TEAM FULL OF SPECIALTY AND ENTHUSIASM, TO PRESENT THIS CRAFTED RECIPE FOR YOU.

SPECIAL THANKS WaterAid, UK Frank Lawson | Engineering Adviser GlaxoSmithKline, UK Matt Hall | Ph.D.Clinical Scientist Matthew MacCalla | Project Manager, Global Health Programmes Harshna Mistry | Principal Clinical Research Scientist

Contact info:

teaminnovatingwater@gmail.com

Adam Younis |

http://innovating-water.com

Previous Water and Sanitation Officer, MSF Swetha Rambhatla |

Irene Yen-Hsuan Shih

KOP Imperial President, Kenya Orphan Project

Director of Service Design

Jeremy Brown | Co-founder, Chalkboard Kenya

Yuen Hsieh Film Director & Cinematographer

OGRA Foundation, Kenya

Yuan Xiao

Hezron Mc’Obewa | Founder Trustee

Producer & Media Planner

Gabriel Amollo | CEO

Dr. Michael Marks

Geoffrey Odeyo | OGRA Medical Centre

Non-Executive Director

Victor Onyango Odeyo,

Fredah Ajowi

George Ambuso,

Local Project Manager

Kenneth Obiero

John-Paul Marks Chief Executive Officer

Schools and Health Facilities, Kenya

Damien Grundy

Charles, Hellen, Pauline |

Director of Finance & Operations

Teachers, Rabour Primary School

Stuart Carroll

Affline, Tom | Teachers, Ringroad, Primary School

Chairman & Director of Outcomes Research

Aloice Olang, Leah, Donge |

Kay Nagendra

Teachers, Ombeyi Primary School

Director of External Affairs

Adam | Public Health Officer

Alice Rawcliffe

Caroline Chepng’eno Mibei |

Director of Communications

Nurse, Kasongo Dispensary

Sebastian Nause-Bluemi

Ephraim Kay Odeny |

Director of System Design

Director of Nursing, Nyanze Provincial General Hospital Kennedy Odhiambo | Branch Manager, Davis and Shirtliff Company Joannes Andiego | Ward rep, Oyamo Island

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JOIN US? innovating-water.com

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Profile for Irene Shih

A Recipe For Clean Drinking Water  

Sunshine, rainfall, and your participation are the best ingredients for this recipe. Innovating Water is a sustainable community-based uv-...

A Recipe For Clean Drinking Water  

Sunshine, rainfall, and your participation are the best ingredients for this recipe. Innovating Water is a sustainable community-based uv-...

Profile for ireneshih
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