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AHO 03.02.2012


TOP SELLERS THE TOP 7 EXPORT COUNTRIES OF MINERALS

EXPORT DEFINITION: “ship the goods and ser-­ vices out of the port of a country. In international trade “export”refers to selling goods and ser-­ vices produced in home country to other mar-­ kets” This illustrates the trends of the top 7 exporting countries worldwide. Australia comes out on top with Canada close behind. According to world trade organization, worldwide mineral export has grown rapidly over the years. For example; the volume grew by 4.1 % annually from 1950-­ 2003.

NO. 1 2 3 4 5 COAL

IRON

COPPER

ZINC

GOLD

ALUMINIUM

SILVER

URANIUM

CHROMIUM

NICKEL

REE

6

7

PLATINUM

source: www.indexmundi.com, , www.usgs.gov, www.mbendi.com, www.thebusinessofmining.com, www.infomine.com


THE HUNGER THE TOP 7 IMPORT COUNTRIES OF MINERALS

IMPORT DEFINITION: “To bring in the goods and services into the port of a country. An import is any good or service brought in from one country to another coun-­ try in legitimate fashion”

Usa and China are number ones on importing. Europe is close behind. There is a visible tendency for less developed countries from southern hemisphere to almost not take part in import of minerals.

NO. 1 2 3 4 5 COAL

IRON

COPPER

ZINC

GOLD

ALUMINIUM

SILVER

URANIUM

CHROMIUM

NICKEL

REE

6

7

PLATINUM

source: www.indexmundi.com, , www.usgs.gov, www.mbendi.com, www.thebusinessofmining.com, www.infomine.com


WORLDWIDE MINERAL SHIPPING ROUTES

JAPAN/PACIFIC OCEAN

PORT OF VLADIVOSTOK

EUROPE

NORTH & SOUTH AMERICA

PORT OF BERGEN PORT OF PETERSBURG

PORT OF VANCOVER PORT OF LOS ANGELES

PORT OF DOVER

PORT OF HOUSTON

PORT OF ROTTERDAM PORT OF MANZILLO PORT OF KOLKATA

PORT OF BUSAN

PORT OF LISBON PORT OF KOBE

PORT OF HAIDAR PASH

PORT OF COLON PORT OF VENEZUELA

PORT OF JEBEL ALI

PORT OF SHANGHAI PORT OF HONG KONG

PORT OF COLOMBIA

PORT OF YANGON PORT OF KAMSAR

PORT OF PERU PORT OF CHILE

PORT OF TANJUNG PRIOK

PORT OF BUENOS AIRES PORT OF PERTH

PORT OF CAPE TOWN PORT OF NEWCASTLE

Shipping routes reflect world trade flows. In this case mineral shipping across the globe. Busiest port in the world is Shanghai, China with 561.1 million tonnes of cargo enter-足 ing. Rotterdam is the busiest port in Europe with an annual shipping tonnage of 401.1 million tonnes cargo and Port of Vancouver is the largest port on the west coast of North America with 76,5 million metric tonnes cargo entering. We might see changes in these flow patterns of cargo if the Artic ice meltdown opens up for new and shorter connections between West & East.

source: www.infranetlab.org


EXPORT WEIGHT COMPARISON Comparison of the top 7 exporters worldwide to give an impression of the differences in weight and scale

source: www.indexmundi.com, , www.usgs.gov, www.mbendi.com, www.thebusinessofmining.com, www.infomine.com


HOW MUCH IS 1 TON OF THE MINERAL? Average weight of a human: 70 kg

298 tonnes COAL

205 000 000 000 tonnes IRON

16 500 000 000 tonnes COPPER

876 548 tonnes ZINC

2 188 tonnes GOLD

1.9 tonnes ALUMINUM

2 620 tonnes SILVER

4 257 people

2 928 571 429 people

235 714 286 people

12 522 114 people

31 257 people

27 people

37 428 people

7 490 000 tonnes CHROMIUM

107 000 000 people

250 000 tonnes NICKEL

3 571 428 people

30 184 tonnes REE

163 tonnes PLATINUM

431 200 people

2 328 people

source : www.eduarea.wordpress.com , www.globalsecurity.org, www.worldsalaries.org, ogy Survey, ‘World Statistics on’ ‘Mine Injury and Work time, Quarterly’ U.S. Department of Labor 2010, ‘International Mining Fatality Database’ Patrick MacNeil


FOLLOW THE FLOW 2 Transportation to shipping port

HOW DEEP CAN YOU GO?

1 Extraction from the mines 4 Processed at factories

3 Shipped off to desired location

5 Desired product

source: www.LiveScience.com , www.nkmz.com, www.fas.org


THE CIRCLE OF MINERAL LIFE

source: ‘Minerals and Metals Management 2020’International Council of Mining and Metals


source:www.usgs.gov, ‘World Mineral Production’ British Geological Survey, www.mbendi.com

...IN THE END THERE WAS A PRODUCT


THE DEATH OF THE MINERAL

source: www.kristw.yellowpigz.com, British Geology Surveys on Minerals,


TO PRODUCE 1 TONE OF THE MINERAL YOU NEED...

source:‘Mining waste generated from aluminum production’ maps.grida.no, World Watch Institute


I WANT TO RIDE MY BICYCLE

Mined in Brazil as bauxite

Aluminium works in Swe-足 den

Made into tubes in Asia

Handlebar in the USA

Taiwan to be fit-足 ted to the bike

Europe for sale

source : Abfahren magazine

FOLLOW THE FLOW BIKE FLOW -足 AN ALUMINIUM EXAMPLE


THE STORY BEHIND AN iPHONE

source: studio9consumption.ning.com, www.mapsofworld.com


THE DARK SIDE OF MINERAL FLOW

Every cellphone and computer contains important minerals, several of these come from the ores in Kongo. Lot of these minerals are smuggled ille-足 gal across the borders to neighbouring countries. Smuggling points are controlled by armed groups (mafia), they earn money by tax and stealing .

From this point the minerals are mainly shipped il-足 legal out of Africa and towards Asia When reached desired destination the minerals are refined and mixed with other minerals. By doing this it is al-足 most impossible to trace the origin of the minerals and they are sent to countries all over the world for further developments of different components.


source: www.gao.gov, www.bloodinthemobile.org, www.crossedcrocodiles.wordpress.com

THE GOLD TOUR


NEW CONNECTIONS

source: www.maps.grida.no, www.timetoast.com

Less ice opens up for new and shorter transportation routes be-足 tween East and West. New sea lines of communication have al-足 ready opened up through the North East passage. There will also be routes straight across the North Pole. In a few years the shortest sea transport passage will be via the Barents Sea. It will reduce the distance between Asia and the western world by more than 7000 kilometres, and significantly reduce sailing time.


source: www.maps.grida.no

THE RE-DISCOVERY OF NEW POTENTIAL


INFRASTRUCTURE POTENTIAL

source: www.eternalmoonlight.net


Follow The Flow