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‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪  ، ‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ - ‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ‪ -‬ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲﻳﺎﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺹ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺯﻳﮏ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﻓﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﯽ ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﺭﺟﯽ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻗﺺ ﻋﺮﺑﯽ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻟﻄﻔﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ‪ 36‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‬


Realty Executives

Centum Elite Mortgage Corp

Cell: 780-707-7724


‫آش ﮔﻮﺟﻪ ﻓﺮﻧﮕﯽ ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺰي‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻻﺯﻡ ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﺳﺒﻮﺳﺎ )دﺳﺮ ﻣﺼﺮي(‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ‪:‬‬

‫ﮔﻮﺟﻪ ﻓﺮﻧﮕﻲ ‪1‬ﮐﻴﻠﻮ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﮔﺮﻡ ﻏﻮﺭﻩ ‪ 1/2‬ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺁﺭﺩ ﺳﻤﻮﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ‬

‫ﺳﺒﺰﻱ ‪ 750‬ﮔﺮﻡ ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 3-2‬ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬

‫ﺷﮑﺮ ﻭ ﺷﻴﺮ ﺧﺸﮏ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ‬

‫ﻟﻮﺑﻴﺎ ﭼﻴﺘﻲ ‪ 1‬ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻌﻨﺎﻉ ﺧﺸﮏ ‪ 2‬ﻗﺎﺷﻖ ﻏﺬﺍﺧﻮﺭﻱ‬

‫ﮐﺮﻩ ﺁﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ‪ 160‬ﮔﺮﻡ‬

‫ﺁﺑﻐﻮﺭﻩ ‪ 1‬ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ‪ 3-2‬ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ‪ 1‬ﺍﺳﺘﮑﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﮏ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻔﻞ‪،‬ﺯﺭﺩﭼﻮﺑﻪ ﺑﻤﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺩﺍﻍ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺮﺥ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺒﮏ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺯﺭﺩﭼﻮﺑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻓﺰﺍﻳﻴﺪﻭ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﻃﻼﻳﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﻍ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬ﻟﻮﺑﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﭘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺖ ﺩﻫﻴﺪﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ‪ 6-5‬ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪﻭ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 1‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ‬

‫ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺭﮔﻴﻞ ﺩﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ‪ 250‬ﮔﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻢﻣﺮﻍ ﺩﻭ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﮑﻴﻨﮓ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺎﺷﻖ ﭼﺎﻳﺨﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻧﻴﻞ ﻧﺼﻒ ﻗﺎﺷﻖ ﭼﺎﻳﺨﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺩﺍﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﻓﻲ‬

‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺏ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﭙﺰﺩ‪.‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻟﻮﺑﻴﺎ ‪،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺑﮑﺶ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ‬

‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﺮﺑﺖ‪:‬‬

‫ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻤﻪ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺒﺮ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻌﺪ‬

‫ﺷﻜﺮ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ‬

‫ﺳﺒﺰﻱ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻏﻮﺭﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ)ﺩﻗﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺁﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬

‫ﺁﺏ ‪ 1/2‬ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ‬

‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺳﺒﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﺎﻓﻲ ﺁﺑﻠﻴﻤﻮ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺎﺷﻖ ﭼﺎﻳﺨﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻦ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺟﻮﺵ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﺪ(ﺩﺭﺏ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﻨﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﺳﺒﺰﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺏ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﭙﺰﻳﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺵ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬ﮔﻮﺟﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻴﮑﺲ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪20.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻦ ﺳﺒﺰﻱ‪،‬ﺁﺏ ﮔﻮﺟﻪ ﻓﺮﻧﮕﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺵ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﺪ ‪،‬ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺮﻳﺪﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﺁﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ‪ 1‬ﻗﺎﺷﻖ ﻧﻌﻨﺎﻉ ﺧﺸﮏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻔﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﺵ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪﻭ ﺍﺩﻭﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺁﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻼﻳﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ‪30‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺵ ﺟﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻓﺘﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻪ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻥ ﺁﺵ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻐﻮﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﺵ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ ﮐﻨﻴﺪﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﺑﻐﻮﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﺁﺵ ﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﻍ ﻭ ﻧﻌﻨﺎﻉ ﺧﺸﮏ ﺗﻔﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻔﺮﻣﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬

‫ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺎﺷﻖ ﭼﺎﻳﺨﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺯ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ‪ 180‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻲﮔﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺳﻪﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎﺩﺍﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺰﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﻲ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﻳﻜﻨﻮﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ‪ 23‬ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻲﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺮﻩ ﭼﺮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺩﺍﻡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺒﻮﺳﺎ ﺑﭽﻴﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 30‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺰﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﻣﻐﺰ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻭ ﻃﻼﻳﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﻪ ﺩﺳﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺵ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺑﺖ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺩﺳﺮ ﺩﺍﻍ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺪﺩﺍ ﺩﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻨﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺳﺮﻭ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬

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‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﻟﺒﺮﺗﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﯼ ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ ﻫﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮﺩ‬

‫ﻫﺸﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪Irankhabar The only weekly Persian Language‬‬ ‫‪Publication in Alberta, Canada since 2004‬‬ ‫‪Volume 8‬‬

‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ‬

‫ﺑﻠﮏ ﺑﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ‬

‫ﺷﻠﻮﺍﺭ ﻳﻮﮔﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ!‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺯﺷﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻳﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻴﺴﺖ‪ :‬ﺣﺠﺖ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﭘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ‪.‬‬

‫ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﮔﻬﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ‬‫ﻫﻴﭽﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻲ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﮐﺘﺒﻲ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺁﮔﻬﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ‬‫ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﮐﺘﺒﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺶ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎ ‪:‬‬

‫‪Tel: 403- 978 – (4726) IRAN‬‬ ‫‪Email: irankhabar@gmail.com‬‬ ‫‪www.iran-khabar.com‬‬ ‫‪www.irankhabar.ca‬‬ ‫‪www.facebook.com/irankhabar‬‬

‫‪P.O.BOX 74134‬‬ ‫‪STRATHCONA R.P.O‬‬ ‫‪CALGARY AB‬‬ ‫‪T3H 3B6‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﭼـﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺑـﺎﻧـﮑـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄـﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﻴـﻦ ﺍﻟـﻤـﻠـﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺷـﺮﮐـﺖ‬ ‫" ﺑﻠـﮏ ﺑـﺮﻱ" ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋـــــﺮﺿـــــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴـﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﺗﻨﮑﻲ ﻭ ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﮏ ﺑﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺷﻠـﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﮔﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬

‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘـﻪ ﮔـﻠـﻮﺏ ﺍﻧـﺪ ﻣـﻴـﻞ‪ ،‬ﺷـﺮﮐـﺖ‬ ‫‪Lululemon‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻳﮑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ ۱۰‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﮐﺎﻧـﺎﺩﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﻝ ‪۲۰۱۲‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﮏ ﺑـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ‪Omnicom‬ﺗـﻬـﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺗﺎ ﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﮎ ﻳﻮﮔﺎ ﻭ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺭﺯﺷﻲ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴـﺮ ﺷـﺮﮐـﺖ‬

‫‪Lululemon‬ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬـﺎﻧـﻲ ﻫـﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ‪Lululemon‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﮐــﺖ ﻫــﺎﻳــﻲ ﻫــﻤــﭽــﻮﻥ ‪Canadian Tire‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪Canadian Stalwarts‬ﭘﻴﺸﻲ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ‪ ،Alfred DuPuy‬ﻣـﺪﻳـﺮ ﺑـﺨـﺶ‬ ‫‪Interband's Managing‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓـﺮﻭﺵ ﭘـﻮﺷـﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ‪DuPuy‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﻫﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺗﺠـﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺗﺎ ﮐﻨﻮﻥ ‪ ۲۵‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻟـﻴـﺴـﺖ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪﻱ ‪ ۲۴‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧـﺪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻣﻐﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮﺩ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﭘـﺎﻳـﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳــﺰﻱ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻳــﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻳـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺗـﻮﺍﻧﺴـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ ﻋﻤﻠـﮑـﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧــــــــﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺠﺎ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ‪ ۵‬ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺮﮐـﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬

‫ﮐﻮﭼﮑﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﮐـﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪Air Canada‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟـﻴـﻞ ﻋـﺪﻡ ﺍﺭﺍﺋـﻪ ﺻـﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺼﻮﺻـﻲ ﻧـﻴـﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴـﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ‪ ،DuPuy‬ﺑﺎﻧﮑﻬـﺎﻱ ‪TD‬ﻭ ‪Scotia‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻱ ﺑـﺎﻧـﮏ ‪TD‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻧـﻘـﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬

‫‪Page 5‬‬

‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺗﻴﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﺮ ﺿﺮﺭ ﺯﺩ؟‬

‫ﮐﺮﺑﺎ" ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻗـﺘـﻞ ﺭﺳـﻴـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﮕﺸﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻄـﻴـﻠـﻲ‬

‫ﻣـــﺎﺟـــﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﮑﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑ���ﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ‬

‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 60‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‪،‬‬

‫ﮔﻨﮕـﺴـﺘـﺮﻱ‬

‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺘﻮﻥ ﺳﻨﺘـﺮ‪،‬‬

‫ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﻫــﺎﻱ‬

‫‪ 253‬ﻓـﺮﻭﺷـﻨـﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ‪،‬‬

‫ﺿﺮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘـﻪ ﺍﺳـﺖ! ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻧﺴﺒـﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬

‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﻤﺲ ﻭ‬

‫ﻣـــﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﺑـﺰﺭﮔـﺘـﺮﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﻱ ﻫﺮ ﻓﻮﺕ ﻣﺮﺑـﻊ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻣـﺮﺩﻡ‬

‫ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺍﻣـــﻨـــﻴـــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺧـﺮﻳـﺪ‬

‫ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﭼـﺎﺭ‬

‫ﻳﮑﺸﻨﺒﻪ ‪Easter‬ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺪ ‪ 1،143‬ﺩﻻﺭﻱ‬

‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﻣﺮﮐﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻮﺩ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ "ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻫﺎﺯﺑﻨﺪ" ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺍﻏﺬﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺘﻮﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﭽﻨﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨـﺪ ﺩﻫﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻠﻴﮏ ﮔﻠﻮﻟﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﮔﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺗﺄﺛـﻴـﺮﻱ ﺑـﺮ ﺗـﻌـﺪﺍﺩ‬

‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣـﺮﮐـﺰ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺯﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷـﻬـﺮﻫـﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2005‬‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺸﺖ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﮏ ﺭﺑﻊ ﺑـﻌـﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻨﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺘﻮﻥ ﺳﻨﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﺗـﻨـﻬـﺎ ﻳـﮑـﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﮑﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﮑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳـﻨـﺪﻩ‬

‫ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﭘﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻲ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻧـﺠـﺎﻡ ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﮐﺰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻊ ﺯﻳـﺎﺩﻱ ﻧﺪﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺿﺎﻓـﻪ ﻣـﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣـﺎﺟـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﻮﺩ ﺟـﺬﺏ ﻣـﻲ ﺗﻴﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﻧﻔﺮ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﻭ ‪ 7‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﻳـﮕـﺮ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻫﻮ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ‪75‬ﺩﺭﺻـﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ 13‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻲ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪Boxing Day‬ﺳـﺎﻝ ‪ 2005‬ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺧﺮﻳـﺪ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻫﺎﺯﺑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻋﻤﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﺒﺲ ﺍﺑﺪ ﻣﺤﮑـﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻱ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻃﻲ ﺁﻥ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ‪ 15‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ "ﺟﻴﻦ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺻﺮﻑ ‪ 100‬ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﻱ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﮐﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ؟‬


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‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻳﮏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ‪۲۵‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪۲۰۱۲‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻤـﻪ ﺳـﺎﻟـﻪ ﺟـﻬـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ‪ ۲۵‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﻳﮏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ‪ ۲۵‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻮﮎ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﻲ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ‪ ۲۸‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ ۳‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺗـﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻓﺸﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﻲ ﻫﺴـﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻲ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ "ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﻣـﻮﻓـﻘـﻴـﺖ" ﻧـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻟـﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫــﻤــﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤـﺴـﺮﺷـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺼـــﻤـــﻴـــﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐــــﺎﻧــــﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻣــﻬــﺎﺟــﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺣﺴـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮑﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤـﺎﻡ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺰﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺳـﻴـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﻨﺪ "ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﮐـﺎﺭﻱ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ ۱۸‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ‪ ۲۰‬ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐـﺮﺩﻡ ﮐـﻪ ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ‪ ۱۵‬ﮐـﺎﺭﻣـﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻢ‪ ".‬ﺩﺭ ‪ ۲۳‬ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻲ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﮎ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ ۲۵‬ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻲ ﺟﻬﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﻴﺶ ﮐﻠﻤﺒﻴﺎ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﺙ ﻭﻧﮑﻮﻭﺭ ﺳﺎﮐﻦ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻫــــﻴــــﭻ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻳﺸﺎﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﺳـﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮐـﺎﻧـﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭘـﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﻴــﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻳـﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺎﻧــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴـــﺘـــﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳـﻨـﮑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﺯﺑــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑـــــﺎﻻﻳـــــﻲ‬ ‫ﺑـــﺮﺧـــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺳـﺮﻳـﻊ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺗـــﻼـــﺷـــﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﭼــﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــــﻐــــﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺯﺑـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻤﮏ ﮐـﺮﺩ ﺗـﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﻱ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﻧـﻤـﺎﻳـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ "ﻣﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻢ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﮔـﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﻮﻡ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬـﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺖ" ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻭﻃـﻠـﺐ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪Northshore Multicultural Society‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧـﻴـﺰ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﮏ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ‪Success Road‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺯﻭﺩ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻧﮑﻮﻭﺭ ‪(Vancouver‬‬ ‫)‪Business Network‬ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨـﺪ ﺗـﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﮐﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕ ﻫﺎﻳـﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﮐﺴﺐ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻘـﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ ﺭﺍ ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﻨﺪ ﮐـﻪ "ﺟـﻬـﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺘـﻔـﺎﺩﻩ ﮐـﻨـﻴـﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ‪ ،‬ﮐـﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻌﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧـﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻗﻬﻮﻩ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻗﻮﻱ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺗﺒﺪﻳـﻞ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻳـﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﮐﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻧﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ"‪.‬‬


‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬

‫ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬

‫ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ، ۲۰۱۷‬ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘـﺎﻧـﻲ ﺳـﺎﻝ ‪۲۰۲۴‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰۲۴‬ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۲۴‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ‪Denzil Minnan Wong‬ﻋﻀـﻮ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺧـﺬ ﻧـﻘـﻄـﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﻋﻀﺎ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭﮐﻨﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘـﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗـﻮﺭﻧـﺘـﻮ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺟﺎﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ‪۲۰۲۵‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴـﺎﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ‪،‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺗـﻮﺭﻧـﺘـﻮ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ‪ ۲۰۲۰‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻧـﺒـﻮﺩﻧـﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۳‬ﮐﺎﺭﮐﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪۲۰۲۴‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺟﺎﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ‪ ۲۰۲۵‬ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫـﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ‪Wong‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻧـﮕـﺎﺭ ﺷـﺒـﮑـﻪ‬ ‫‪CBC‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻳﻴـﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ‬

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‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﻮﺭﻧـﺘـﻮ ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺰﺍﻳـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮐـﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋـﻼﻭﻩ ﺑـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻐﻠﻲ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗـﺎﮐـﻨـﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤـﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺁﺗﻼﻧﺘﺎ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪۱۹۹۶‬‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺩﻭﻡ ﭘﮑﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ���ﭙﻴﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۸‬ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﻻﺳﺘﻴﮏ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬

‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪-‬ﺟﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪-‬ﺟﺪﻩ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﻠـﻨـﺪ ﺷـﺪﻥ ﺁﺗـﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ؛ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﮏ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪-‬ﺟﺪﻩ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺁﺗﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ؛ﺧﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻣﺠـﺒـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺩ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻬﺮﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺗﺎﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ ‪ :‬ﻩ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺳـﻨـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻣﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻔﺘﻲ ﻭ ﺣﺎﮐﻢ ﺷﺮﻉ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﺳﺘـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧـﻴـﺖ ﻫـﻤـﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﮔﻠﻨﻮﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﮐـﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻧﻤﺎﻱ " ﻣﮑﺘﺐ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ" ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻲ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳـﮕـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺳﻨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫـﺎﻳـﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺳﻨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻃﻼﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﻫﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮﮐـﺮﺩﻧـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺳﻨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺑـﺎﺯﺟـﻮﺋـﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻭﺥ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻲ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪﺷﻨـﺒـﻪ ‪۱۶‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۳‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺟﻮﺋﻲ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻃﻼﻋـﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮐﻼﺱﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﺱ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻣﺤﻠﻪﻱ ﺟﻮﺭﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﮐـﺮﺩﻧـﺪ ﮐـﻪ ﺑـﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭﻳﻪ ﻭ "ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ" ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻳﺎﺑﻨـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻓﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻭﺥ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻲ ﻃﻲ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﻪ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻃـﻼﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺟﻮﻳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫"ﻣﮑﺘﺐ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ" ﻳﮏ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ ﺍﻫﻞ ﺳﻨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘــﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻣـﺎﻣـﻮﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻃـﻼﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻨﺪﺝ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ " ﻣﮑﺘﺐ ﻗـﺮﺁﻥ"‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻱ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﻲ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﻳﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﮔﻠﻨـﻮﺍﺯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﺟــﻤــﻌــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴــﻮﻩ ﺍﺑــﺮﺍﻫــﻴــﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺷﺖ ﻧﻴـﺰ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔـــﺎﻩ ﻭﻳـــﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔـﺘـﻪ ﻣـﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ‪۲ ۹‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔـــﺎﻩ ﻭﻳـــﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﭘﻴـﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣـﺠـﻮﺯ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧـﻲ ﮐـﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻣﺎﻣﺖ ﺟـﻤـﻌـﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ‬


‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬

‫ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻲﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﭘـﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﺸﺖ ﺳﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻧﺸـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﺸﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺴﮑﻮ ﺩﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻴـﭻ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ )‪ ۱۹‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪ ۸ ،‬ﮊﻭﺋﻦ( ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺖﻳﺎﺑـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﻲ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫـﺎﻳـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ "ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ" ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﻣـﻠـﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ «ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ »ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﻭﻳﺘـﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻫـﺮﻣـﺎﻥ ﻧـﺎﮐـﺎﺭﺗـﺲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻥ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻫﺸﺖ ﺳﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺮ ﺁﮊﺍﻧـﺲ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬

‫ﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻧـﺠـﺎﻡ ﺷـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐـﻪ ﺗـﺎﺭﻳـﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﻣـﺬﺍﮐـﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨــﺺ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺟـﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﮔـﻔـﺖ‬ ‫«ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻠﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﮐـﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺑﺤﺚﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺷﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣـﺬﺍﮐـﺮﻩ ﺑـﺎ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﻪ ﻱ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻣـﺬﺍﮐـﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﮐﻢﺭﻧﮓ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻭﺍﮐﻨﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻱ ﮔﺬﺷﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺒﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﻲﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳـﮏ ﺩﻫـﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏـﺎﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﮑـﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﻏـﺮﺑـﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪ ﻧﻈـﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ «ﻭﻗﺖﮐﺸﻲ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻥ »ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻲﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺳﻨﺪ «ﺭﻭﻳﮑﺮﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻱ »ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬

‫‪Page 9‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳـﺎﻓـﺖ ﻭ ﻣـﺬﺍﮐـﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» .‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻀﻞ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﺼـﺮﺍﻧـﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳـﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ " ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ" ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟـﻤﻠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﭘﺎﺭﭼـﻴـﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻕ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﺮ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻠﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﭘﺎﮎﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻓـﻌـﺎﻟـﻴـﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﮐﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ «ﺳﺎﺧـﺘـﮕـﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻠﻲ »ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘـﺎﺳـﺦ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﺭﭼﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ «ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﮏ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﺻـﺮﻓـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪» .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﺸﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴـﮑـﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ‪ ۲۹‬ﻭ ‪۳۰‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ) ‪ ۱۸‬ﻭ ‪ ۱۹‬ﮊﻭﺋﻦ( ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﺭﻭﺳـﻴـﻪ ﺍﻧـﺠـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﻪ ﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬

‫ﺻﺒﺢ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﻣﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺪﻳـﺮ ﻋـﺎﻣـﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻏﻠﻪ ﻣـﻨـﻄـﻘـﻪ ‪۷‬‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ( ﮔﻔﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻴﻠﻮﻳﻲ ‪ ۳۶۰‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ ۴۶۵‬ﺗـﻮﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻊ ﺁﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﻼﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤـﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻱ ﺁﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ‪ ۲۹‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﭘﻨﺞﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪ ۱۸‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ ۳۰‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻴﮑﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴـﻤـﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺍﻳﻲﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣـﻨـﺎﻃـﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ ۴۰‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺷﻬﺮ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻋﺼﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﺳﻤﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻗﺒﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻭﻟـﺘـﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۳۰‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﮐـﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗــﺎﻳــﻴــﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣـﻪ ﺭﻳـﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘــﺎﻧــﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳـﺶ‬ ‫ﻗـﻴــﻤـﺖ ﻧــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣــﻤــﻌــﻪ‪۱۹ ،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻱ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟـــــــــﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫــﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺨـﺘـﻠـﻔـﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑـﻬـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﻣـﻲ ﺷــﺪ ﮐــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴـﺌــﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺰﻳﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﻗﻴـﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﻇــﻬــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﮏ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ ﮐ��� ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﻱ ﻧﻤﻲﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﺎﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﺟﻤـﻌـﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ۱۹‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻧـﻌـﻤـﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺗـﺮﮐـﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣـﻌـﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻭﻩ ﺯﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟـﺮﺍﻱ ﻃـﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺁﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑـﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻱ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳـﺶ ﻳـﺎﻓـﺖ‪ .‬ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﮐﻴﻠﻮﻳﻲ ﺻﺪ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿـﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪۵‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﮔﻨﺪﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺑـﺎﺯﺭﮔـﺎﻧـﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻳـﺎﺭﺍﻧـﻪ ﺑـﻪ ﻧـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ ۲۹‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣـﺎ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ‪ ۱۳۰۰‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻲ ﻧـﺨـﻮﺍﻫـﻨـﺪ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻱ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸـﺎﻭﺭﺯ ﻭ ‪ ۲۵۰۰‬ﺗـﺎ ‪۲۷۰۰‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺑﻬـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣـﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳـﺘـﺎﻱ ﺣـﻤـﺎﻳـﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺁﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ‪ ۱۹ ،‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻭﻩ ﺯﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺗﻤـﺎﻡ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻬﻢ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﺁﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺸـﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺁﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪ ۴‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫـﺎﻱ ﮔـﺬﺷـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﺣـﻤـﺎﻳـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗـﻢ ﺑـﺎ ﻣـﻴـﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫـﺎ ﺻـﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫـﺎﻱ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓـﺰﺍﻳـﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴـﺎﻧـﮕـﻴـﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺧـﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻧـﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﮐﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺁﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳـﻞ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ ۱۶۰‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ‪ ۶۸‬ﮐﻴﻠﻮﮔﺮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲﻳﺎﺑﺪ‬

‫ﺁﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﺪﺱ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨـﺎﺑـﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ‪ ۴۰‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬

‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻟﺸﮑﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ؛ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻟﺸﮑﻞ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻃـﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ " ﺧﻼﺀ ﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ" ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟـﻴـﺪ ﭘـﺎﻳـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۳۸۶‬ﮐﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ "ﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ" ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫـﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﻭﺑـﺎﺭﻩ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﻲ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺯﻣﺰﻣﻪ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻟﺸﮑﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺪﺍﺭﺱ‪،‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﭘـﻨـﺞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻭﺏ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺯﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺛﻖﺗﺮﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺁﻥ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪۱۳۹۱‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺯﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻱﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭﻧﻴﻔﺮﻡ ﺳﺮﻣﻪﺍﻱ ﺳـﺮ ﮐـﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ‪ ۱۳۹۰‬ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﮐﻞ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ۱۳۹۱‬ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳـﺘـﺎﻥ ﺗـﻬـﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﻣﻮﻇﻔﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺘﻮﻱ ﺳﺮﻣﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺭﻧﮕﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋـﻨـﻮﺍﻥ ﻟـﺒـﺎﺱ‬

‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻟﺸﮑﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻪ ﺗـﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑـﻮﺩ ﮐـﻪ ﺯﻧـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻳـﮕـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺎﻧﺘﻮ ﻭ ﻣﻘـﻨـﻌـﻪ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﭼﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨـﻨـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻗﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﭼﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻣﺮﻏﻮﺏ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻳﮑﺴﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻻﻟﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﺒﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﮐﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻟﺸﮑﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧـﺒـﺮﻧـﮕـﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻥ‬

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‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺗﻌﻴﻴـﻦ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫـﺪ ﺷـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬

‫ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬

‫ﻧــﻬــﻢ ﻋﻀــﻮ‬

‫ﮐﻤـﻴـﺴـﻴـﻮﻥ‬

‫ﺁﻣـــﻮﺯﺵ‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻧـﻴـﺰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺍﻟﺸﮑﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﻫـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﮏ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺳﮑﻮﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﮑﺴﺎﻥﺳـﺎﺯﻱ ﻟـﺒـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪ ۱۷‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺼـﻮﺹ ﺍﻇـﻬـﺎﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪ ۱۷‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺟـﺘـﻤـﺎﻋـﻲ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪« :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﺴﻴـﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ "ﺧﻼﺀ ﻣﺪ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻲ ﺑـﺮ ﺗـﻦ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻱ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ" ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪« :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣـﺎﺿـﺮ‬

‫ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻋـﻔـﻴـﻒ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣـﺎ ﺗـﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﻣـﻲ ﺑـﺮﺩ ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪».‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺟـﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺵ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺣـﺠـﺎﺏ ﻭ ﻋـﻔـﺎﻑ‪،‬‬

‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﭼﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﺋﻲ ﻫﺴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪« :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ‬

‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘـﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻭﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﻋـﻼﻡ ﮐـﺮﺩﻧـﺪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺕ ﮔﺬﺍﺷـﺘـﻪ‬

‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻳﮑﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺧﺎﻧﻢﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪» .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻫﻨﺮﻱ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫـﺎﻱ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬

‫ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪ ۱۳۸۹‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣـﻴـﺮﺍﺙ ‪ ۱۳۹۰‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺟﺸﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻟـﺒـﺎﺱ‬

‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ‪« :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨـﺪﺍﻥ ﺯﻥ ﻓﺠﺮ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪« :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻔﺶ ﻭ ﮐﻼﻩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻋﻔﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺣـﺠـﺎﺏ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻃـﺮﺡ ﺑـﺎ‬

‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ‬

‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺰﻫﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺟﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻳﻜﺴـﺎﻥ ﺳـﺎﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﺣـﻔـﻆ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻫــﺎﻱ ﺧــﻮﺩﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑـﻮﺩﻩ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪».‬‬

‫ﻭﻱ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺯﻳـﺮ ﺁﻣـﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ‬

‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﮑﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬

‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻳﮏ ﺟﻠـﺴـﻪ ﻣﺸـﺘـﺮﮎ‬

‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﻋـﻤـﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬


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‫ﻧﻬﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﮑﺮ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﮐﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺑﺎﻥ ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺍﻣـﺮ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﮑﺮ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﮐﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ «ﻓﺮﻳﻀﻪ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ ﻧﻬـﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﮑﺮ »ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟـﻤـﻌـﻪ )‪۱۹‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ( ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ «ﺁﺭﻳﺎ »ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺴـﻴـﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻞ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﮐﺴﻴﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﮔﻞ ﺑﺨﺶ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺳﻂ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻣـﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺴـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻲ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣـﻨـﮑـﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺎﮐﺴﻴﺮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﺖ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﺁﻏـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻱ ﺷﺮﮐﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺗﺤـﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﮐﺴﻴﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺑـﺮﮔـﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﻼﺱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻓـﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪« :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺗـﺎﮐﺴـﻲ ﺭﺍﻧـﺎﻥ ���ﺯ‬

‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺠﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗـﺮﻭﻳـﺞ ﺍﻣـﺮ ﺑـﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪91‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭ ﻧﻬﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﮑﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﮐﺴـﻴـﺮﺍﻧـﺎﻥ ﻳـﮏ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻـﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺘﮕﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﺪ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ :‬ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻓـﺰﺍﻳـﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 91‬ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴـﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،91‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻨﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺁﺧـﺮﻳـﻦ ﺟـﻠـﺴـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﭘـﺰﺷـﮑـﻲ ﺍﻭﺍﺧـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﮔـﺰﺍﺭ ﺷـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳـﮏ ﻣـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟـﻠـﺴـﻪ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣـﻨـﺘـﻈـﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﻋـﺎﻟـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 91‬ﺩﺭ ﺑـﺨـﺸـﻬـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻧﺎﺑﺴﺎﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻳﮑﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﮐﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘـﺎﻧـﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺟـﻠـﺴـﺎﺕ‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

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‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟـﻤـﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺗﺮﮐﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻭﻟـﻲ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫"ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ‬

‫ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑـﻴـﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﺮﺍﻗﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻏﺒﺎﺭ‬

‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻋﻘﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣـﮑـﺎﻥ ﻧـﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭ"‬

‫ﻣﻬﺮ ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻭﻟﻲ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺪﺗـﺮﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺟﺸـﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻨﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﮐﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬

‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻱ ﻫﺪﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻲ ﻭ ﺳـﮑـﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﻣـﺮﺩﻡ ﻧـﻬـﺎﺩ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﻳـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣـﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻏﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺭ ﻫـﻮﺍﻱ ﺗـﻬـﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺘﮑﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣـﺎ‬

‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﺗﻲ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﻏﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺟـﻲ‬

‫ﻋﺎﺩﻱ ﺷﺪﻥ ﮔﺮﺩ ﻭ‬

‫ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬

‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟـﺮﺍﻱ ﻃـﺮﺡ‬

‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸـﻮﺭ‬

‫ﻏﺒﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻱ ﺗﺮﻏـﻴـﺒـﻲ ‪ -‬ﺗﺸـﻮﻳـﻘـﻲ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﭼﻪ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻣـﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﻳـﮕـﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠـﺎ‬

‫ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴـﺎﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻏـﺒـﺎﺭﻫـﺎ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻫـﻤـﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣـﺜـﺎﻝ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺷـﻬـﺮ ﺗـﻬـﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﺬﮐﺮ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺧﺸﮏ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﭼﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴـﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﺠﺖ ﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺎﺑﺪﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﮐﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻫـﻮﺍ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﮐﺰ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﻣـﻲ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑـﻴـﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﻠﺰﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻫـﻮﺍﻱ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﭼﺸﻤﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻏﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻘﻲ ‪ -‬ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺒﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﻨﺸﺎﺀ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻟـﺰﺍﻡ ﻧﻤﮏ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺧﺸﮏ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﭼﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ ﺑـﺮﻭﺯ ﮐـﺮﺩﻩ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﻃﺮﺡ ' ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫـﻨـﮓ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﻣـﻴـﺎﻥ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫـﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ' ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﮔـﻔـﺖ‪ :‬ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫﻤﺸﻬﺮﻱ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀـﻮ ﺷـﻮﺭﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨـﮓ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺑـﺨـﺶ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﻀـﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺒﻲ ‪ -‬ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻘﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﻴﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒـﺎﻝ‬

‫ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧـﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺗـﺎ ﺑـﺘـﻮﺍﻧـﻴـﻢ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻳﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻧﺒـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻘـﺒـﺎﻝ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬

‫‪ 116‬ﻧﻔﺮﻱ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻱ ﺳﺎﮐﻦ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﮐﺸـﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬

‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳـﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﮔـﻔـﺖ‪ :‬ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻱ ﻣـﻲ‬

‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ‪ 22‬ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟـﻤﻠـﻪ‪ :‬ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ «ﺭﺑـﻊ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﮐﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺋﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺎﻟـﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ »ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗـﺘـﻲ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬

‫ﻫﻠﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﮎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﻣﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﮐﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓـﺖ‬

‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺟﻴﮑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺒﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺑـﺎﻳـﺠـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻨﮓ ﮐﻮﻳـﺖ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ ﻭ ﮊﺍﭘﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻣـﺎﺭ ﺑـﻪ‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬

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‫ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﺎﹰ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ‬

‫"ﻓﻠﻴﻢ" ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫'ﺧﻮﺩﮐﺸﻲ' ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬

‫ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬

‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ "ﻓﻠﻴﻢ" )‪ ،(Flame‬ﮐﻪ ﺑـﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻭﺍﻗـﻌـﻲ‬

‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﭽﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ " ﺧﻮﺩﮐﺸﻲ" ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻫـﺎﻱ ﺁﻟـﻮﺩﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺩﻗـﻴـﻖ ﺗـﺮ‬

‫ﭘﺎﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻱ "ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻧﺘﮏ" )‪(Symantec‬ﺑﺎ «ﻭﻳﻠﻴﺎﻡ ﺳﻠﺮﺯ »ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘـﻴـﻖ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻀـﺎﻱ‬

‫ﻃﻌﻤﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑـﻪ ﺗﻴﻤﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻴﺰﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺭﺩﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻭ ﻋﻈﻴـﻤـﻲ ﭼـﻮﻥ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺩﮐﺸﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺳـﺎﺧـﺘـﺎﺭ ﻭ ﮔﻮﺯﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺱ ﻗﻄﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺯﺭﺍﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﻤـﻮﻧـﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻭﺯﻥ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻜﻨﺮﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨـﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺑـﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻳـﺎﻧـﻪ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬

‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﻱ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻙ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﻘﺮﺽﺷـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﮑﻠ��� ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﮊﺍﭘﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬

‫ﻳﮏ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻣﻬﻴﺐ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻧﺎﻣﻲ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬

‫ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮﺩ "ﻓﻠﻴﻢ" ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘـﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺗﻘـﺮﻳـﺒـﺎﹰ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﻴﺴﺎﻭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘـﺲ‬

‫ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻫﮑﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳـﺖ ‪ 21‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬـﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻗﻴﺎﻧﻮﺱ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳـﮑـﺎ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻧﺘﮏ ﺍﻋـﻼﻡ ﮐـﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﺖ ﻳـﻚ ﻧـﻮﻉ ﺑـﺮﻛـﻴـﻮﺳـﻮﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﻪ ﮐﻪ ‪۱۶۵‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ " ﻓﻠﻴـﻢ" ﺁﻟـﻮﺩﻩ ﻋﻈﻴﻢﺍﻟﺠﺜﻪ ) ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻭﺩﺍﺭ( ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﻦ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻃﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺘﻲ ﺑﻴﺸـﺘـﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺸـﺖ ﻫـﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔـﺎﻧـﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻭﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ " ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺎﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺪﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ " ﻓﻠﻴـﻢ" ‪ 80‬ﺗﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗـﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺍﮐﺘـﻴـﻮ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻱ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ".‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺿـﻤـﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 23‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑـﻪ ﻫـﻤـﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﻪ ‪ ۲۰‬ﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺪﻭﺵ ﭘـﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 1960‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺭﻭ‬

‫ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻨﺜﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻧﺘﮏ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺑﻼﮔﺶ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺳﻠﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻣـﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺭﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳـﺮﺵ ﺑـﺎﻗـﻲ ﻧـﻤـﺎﻧـﺪ‪ ".‬ﻛﻤﻜﻲ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺭﻣﺰﻧﮕﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ " ﻓﻠﻴﻢ" ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑـﺪﺍﻓـﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛـﺮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻳﮏ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮏ ﺭﻣﺰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻏﻴـﺮ ﻗـﺎﺑـﻞ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣـﻴـﺰﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۸‬ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﺑﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﻳﻨﺎﺳﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺁﮔـﺎﻫـﻲ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﻌﻞ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﺠﻴﺘـﺎﻝ ﻭ ﮔﺴـﺘـﺮﺵ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺑـﺎﺯﺳـﺎﺯﻱ‬

‫ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖﺗﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧـﻬـﺎ ﻫﺴـﺘـﻨـﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎﺭﮎ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻮﻧﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﺳﻲﺩﺑﻠﻴﻮﺁﻱ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻣـﻜـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ " :‬ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺭﻣـﺰﻧـﮕـﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﺒﺮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪".‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺴﺐ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛـﺎﻫـﺶ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺗـﻤـﺎﻣـﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﮔﻤﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻲﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ "ﻓﻠﻴﻢ" ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳـﮏ ﻭﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣـﻘـﺪﻣـﻪ ﺍﻱ‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ﺣﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻧﻤﻲﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻥ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﻭ ﮐﻢ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻳـﮏ ﭘﺸـﻪ‬

‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻧﺪﻳﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑـﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ «ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ »ﺧﺒـﺮﮔـﺰﺍﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ(‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﮔـﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘـﮋﻭﻫﺸـﮕـﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ ﺟﻮﺭﺟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺣﺸﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄـﺮﻩ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺪﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ‬

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‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ‪ ۴۸‬ﮐﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﮐﻨـﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﮊﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﻳﻤﻴﺘﺮﻳﻮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺑﻠﻐﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨـﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪« :‬ﺩﻭ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻧﺸـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻣﺰ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﭘﺸﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑـﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻳﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻠﻐﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗـﺎ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺸﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﻤـﻲ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺑﻮﺩ‪» .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﮔـﺎﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫) ﮐﻪ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻣﺴﻴﺢ ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ( ‪ ،‬ﺁﺩﻡ‬

‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﮐﺎﻓـﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ «ﺑﺪ »ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺁﺷﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺷـﺪﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﮐﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻓﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺷﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻓﻠﺰﻱ ﻳﺎ‬

‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ‪ ۳۲‬ﮐﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭼﻮﺑﻲ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺷـﻨـﻪ‬

‫ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﺁﺏ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣـﻲ ﺩﻫـﺪ ﮐـﻪ ﺟﺴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﮎ ﻣﻴﺨﮑﻮﺏ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ ﮐـﻪ‬

‫ﭘﺸﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﮐﺸﻒ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﺖ ﺧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻐﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻣﺮﺩﻩ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺷﺐ ﺑﺮﺧﻴﺰﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﺘـﺮﺳـﺎﻧـﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻗـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻤﻴﺘﺮﻳﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺩﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﻴﻞ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻃﻲ ﭼﻨﺪ‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۱۰۰‬ﺟﺴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻠﻐﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﮐﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮐﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ‬

‫ﮐﻠﻤﻪ «ﺧﻮﻥ ﺁﺷﺎﻡ »ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﻥ ﺁﺷﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﻤـﻮﻻ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺮﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻫﻤـﮕـﻲ ﻣـﺮﺩ‬

‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻭﺵ ﮔﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺯﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪« :‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻠﺤﻖ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻲﺑﻲﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺳـﻄــﺎﻳــﻲ «ﺧــﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟــﺎﺩﻭﮔــﺮ ﻭﺣﺸــﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻤﮏ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺁﺷــﺎﻡ »ﻫــﺎﻳــﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷـﺘـﻨـﺪ‪» .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﻃﻮﺏ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬـﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻴﺰﻩ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔــﺬﺷــﺘــﻪ ﻣــﻴــﻼﺩﻱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺗﻬﺎﻱ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﮐـﺮﺩﻧـﺪ ﻓﻠﺰﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻪ ﺷـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻭﺷﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺘـﺎﻟـﻴـﺎﻳـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧـﻬـﺎ ﻧـﻤـﻲ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺎﻳﺎﻳﻲ ﺟﺴﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﻮﻳﺪ ﻫﻮ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﮔـﻔـﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﮑﺮ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻴﺰ ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫" ﺍﮔﺮ ﺟﺜﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﺷــﺎﻡ ﻣــﻮﺟــﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺸﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺧﻄﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ".‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﻣـﺘـﻌـﺪﺩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺗﺨـﻴـﻠـﻲ‬

‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻌﻠـﻖ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﻳﮏ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﺁﺷـﺎﻡ ﺯﻥ‬

‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻫﻮ ﻭ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﺍﻧﺶ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺣـﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻫﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻐـﺎﺭﺳـﺘـﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺁﺟﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺎﻧﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﮑﻠﺖ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﺳﻄﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺧـﺎﮎ ﺑـﻴـﺮﻭﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﻓﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺌﻮ ﺑﻮﺭﻳﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺮﺩﻡ ﺷـﻨـﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺏ ﺑﭙﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻴﻠﻤـﺒـﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧـﻴـﺰﻩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻠﻮﺭﺍﻧﺲ ﻣﻴﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﮐـﻮﭼـﮏ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻥ ﻫﺮ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎ ‪ ۵۰‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻳـﺎﻓـﺘـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻻﺯﺍﺭﺗﻮ ﻧﻮﻭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺷﮕﻔﺖ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﻭ ﺷـﺮﻗـﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺁﺷﺎﻡ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻴﻮﻉ ﻣﺮﺽ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗـﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺭﺯﻣﻲ ﭼﻴﻨﻲ ﺗﺎﻱ ﭼﻲ ﺗﺸﺒﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮑﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳـﺪ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺁﺷـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ " :‬ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﺸـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﺎﻡ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﭼﻄـﻮﺭ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﮔـﺮﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﻧﮑﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪ ".‬ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺁﺷﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﺩﺭﺍﮐـﻮﻻ‬ ‫" ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺲ ﻧﮑﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬـﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﻣﻲ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫـ��� ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﮑﻠﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ‪ ۸۰۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻡ ﺳﺘﻮﮐﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻠـﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ".‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺟﺴﻤﻲ ﻣﺤﺮﮎ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺴﻢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﺎﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺻﻮﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷـﻬـﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺮﻥ ‪ ۱۸‬ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻱ ﺷﺮﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﮔـﺮﻓـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺳﻮﺯﻭﭘﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﮐﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻠﻲ ﺑـﺎ‬

‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺍﮐﻮﻻ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۸۹۷‬ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


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‫ﻣﺮ ﮒ ﺧﺎﻟﻖ‬

‫ﻓﺎﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‪۴۵۱‬‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻳﻤﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫ‪‬ﺪﻓﹸـﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﮔﻮﺵ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﻮﺷﺘـﻴـﺪﭘـﺮﺱ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﺪ‪« :‬ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻱ‪-‬ﭘﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻱ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» .‬ﺍﻭ ﺳـﺎﻝ ﻫـﺎ ﺑـﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋـﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ‪ ۴۵۱‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ «ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﮑـﺘـﺮﻭﻧـﻴـﮑـﻲ »‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﺗﺎﻳﻤﺰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑـﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻟﮑﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﮑﻲ «ﺑﻮﻱ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻪ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ »ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺭﺍ «ﻳﮏ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ »ﺧﻮﺍﻧـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪« :‬ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻲ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﻧﻴﺴـﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻮﺍﺳﺖ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۹۹‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺳﮑﺘـﻪ ﺩﭼـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﮑﺘﻪ ﻗﻠﺒﻲ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﮑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼـﻄـﻮﺭ ﻭﻗـﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻦ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﻣﺠﻼﺕ ﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ ﺷﻴﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۸‬ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪« :‬ﺍﮔـﺮ ﺍﻫـﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑـﺮﺍﻳـﻦ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺳﻲ ﺭﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺻـﺎﺣـﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺳﻲ ﺍﻫﻞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺣـﻔـﻆ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪».‬‬

‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ‬

‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ‪ :‬ﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪ -‬ﺗﺨﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﻞ «ﻓﺎﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ‪« ،»۴۵۱‬ﺣـﮑـﺎﻳـﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﺦ »‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻣﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ ۹۱‬ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻟـﺲ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ ۱۹۴۰‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺻـﺪﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻱ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ‪ :‬ﻳﮏ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﺗﺎﻳﻤﺰ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﮐـﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨـﻲ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ ۸‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﻭ ﺑـﻪ ‪۳۶‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﺳﻔﺮ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺮﻱ ﮔـﻔـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﻴﮑﺎﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪« :‬ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﻮﺭﺁﻣﻴﺰ ‪ ۲۵۰٠‬ﮐﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺧـﻮﺍﻧـﻨـﺪﮔـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ «ﺳﻮﻻﺭ ﺍﻳﻤﭙﺎﻟﺲ »ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺑﺎﻁ‪ ،‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭﺵ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘـﻦ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﮑﺎﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﭽﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻢ‪».‬‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴـﺪﻱ ﺻـﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﺶ «ﻓﺎﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳـﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ‪ ۲۰‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪» ۴۵۱‬ﺷﻨـﺎﺧـﺘـﻪ ﺷـﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺪﺭﻩ ﺑﻮﺭﺷﺒﺮﮒ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻦ ﺁﻗـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻧﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮑﺎﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘـﻴـﻤـﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘـﺮﻭﺍﺯﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ‪« :‬ﻭﻗﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﮐـﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۹۳۸‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ‪ ۶٣‬ﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺳـﻪ ﺷـﺐ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﮏ ﻧﻔﺮﻩ «ﺳﻮﻻﺭ ﺍﻳﻤﭙـﺎﻟـﺲ »ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻓﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ‪ ۱۲۰۰۰‬ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺣﻔﻆ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،۱۹۴۷‬ﻫـﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﮐـﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻥ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻳﮏ ﺍﺗﻮﻣـﻮﺑـﻴـﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺲ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻔﺮ ﻣـﺎﺩﺭﻳـﺪ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ ۲۷‬ﺳﺎﻟﮕﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻓـﺎﺭﻍ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﺎﻁ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑـﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻡ‪ .‬ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،۲۰۱۴‬ﺑـﺮﻧـﺎﻣـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺘـﺮﻳـﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸـﮕـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪» .‬ﻓﺎﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ‪ ،۴۵۱‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘـﺎﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺑﻪ ﻋـﻨـﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻭﻟـﻴـﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻴﻠﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺥ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺴﺮ ﺍﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐـﺘـﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۳‬ﻓﻮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﺗﺶ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺗـﻤـﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺸـﻐـﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﺳـﺘـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺩﻳﺪﻧﻲ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ!‬

‫ﻛﺸﻒ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺳﺮ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻴﻞ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺮﻳﺦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺜـﺎﻝ ﺍﻋﺼﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﮔﻠـﻴـﺎﻝ ﻧـﺎﻣـﻴـﺪﻩ‬

‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﺭﻳﺪﻭﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﻔﺮﻩ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺗـﺎﺝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﮐﺮﻭﻓﺎﮊﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑـﻴـﻦ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻲ ﻗﻄﺐ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧـﻮﺭﺷـﻴـﺪ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﺍﺭﮔﺎﻧﻴﺴﻢﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺭﺷـﻴـﺪﻱ ﻛـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫـﺪ‬

‫ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﺟﻮ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻔﻲ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟـﻤـﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺿـﺎﻳـﻌـﺎﺕ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺳﺮﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺮ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻔﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﺝ ‪Big‬‬ ‫‪Bird‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻢ ﮊﻭﺋﻦ ) ‪ 16‬ﺗـﺎ ‪18‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ( ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﭘـﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻃـﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﺎ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ‪ 11‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻌﻠﻪﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺪﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺝ )‪(CMEs‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺑـﺮﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﭘﻼﺳﻤﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻲ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺷـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﺪﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺗـﺎﺝ )‪(CMEs‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﺴﻲ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖﻳﺎﺏ ﺟﻬـﺎﻧـﻲ)‬ ‫)‪ ،GPS‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴـﺖ ﭼـﺮﺧـﻪ ﺟـﺪﻳـﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ‪Solar Cycle 24‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 2013‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻐﺰﺗﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻳـﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻧﻲ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ( ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺗـﻮﺳـﻂ ﺭﺻـﺪﺧـﺎﻧـﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ )‪(SDO‬ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺣﻔﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﺝ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺷﺨﺼـﻴـﺖ ﻣـﺤـﺒـﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻧﻲ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ‪Big Bird‬ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻧﻲ ﺑـﺮ ﺳـﻄـﺢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﺭﻳﺪﻭﻟﻴﺎ )‪(Pareidolia‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻳـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮ ﻣﺒﻬﻢ ﻛﺸﻒ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻋﺼﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻮﻧﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺳـﺘـﻮﻥ‬

‫ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪« :‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺿـﺎﻳـﻌـﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺗـﻮﺳـﻂ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣـﻲ ﺩﻫـﺪ‬

‫ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﮔﻠﻴﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮏﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬

‫ﺳﻴﻨﺎﭘﺲ ﻫﺎ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ���ﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺒﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷـﺪ ‪».‬ﺑـﻪ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬

‫ﻧﻴﻮﺳﺎﻳﻨﺘﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻮﻧﺰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﮑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﮔﻠﻴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﭼﺸﻢ ﭼﭗ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ‬

‫ﻣﻮﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑـﺎ ﺍﻳـﺠـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﮐﻪ ﭼﺸﻢﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣـﻐـﺰ‬

‫ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻨﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﺑـﺮﺭﺳـﻲ‬

‫ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭼﭗ ﮐﻪ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻧﮓﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺩ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﮔﻠﻴﺎﻝ ﺣـﺬﻑ ﻣـﺪﺍﺭﻫـﺎ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﭼﺸﻤﻲ ﮐﻪ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴـﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣـﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ ﻣـﻲ ﺩﻫـﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺳﻴﻨﺎﭘﺲﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﭼﺴﺐ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ ‪C3‬ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻮﻧﺰ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪« :‬ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ‬

‫ﻧﮑﻨﻴﺪ‪،‬ﺁﺷﻐﺎﻝﺟﻤﻊﮐﻦﻫﺎ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﻨﺎﭘﺲﻫﺎ ﺑـﺎ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻧﺸـﺎﻧـﻪ‬

‫ﺁﻧﺮﺍ ﺗﮑﻪﺗﮑﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫـﺎﻱ ﻧـﺎﺷـﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻭﺍﻝ‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻧﺪ!‬

‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻐﺰﺗﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻴـﺪ ﻳـﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻴﺪ! ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻳـﺎﻓـﺘـﻪ ﻣـﺤـﻘـﻘـﺎﻥ ﻭ‬

‫ﻋﺼﺐﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧـﺪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻋـﻠـﻞ ﻇـﻬـﻮﺭ‬

‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻭﺍﻝ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣـﻐـﺰﻱ‬

‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻟﺰﺍﻳﻤﺮ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺸﻒ ﮔـﺮﻭﻫـﻲ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻟـﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳـﺘـﻔـﺎﺩﻩ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ ﻧـﮕـﻴـﺮﻧـﺪ‪،‬‬

‫ﻋﻼﻣﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴـﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴـﺴـﺘـﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﭼﺴﺐ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﻡ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﮐﺸـﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﭼﺴﺐﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻒ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬

‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﮐﻤﮏ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳـﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬

‫ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺳﻴﻨﺎﭘﺲ ﻫﺎ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬

‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻼﺵ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻱ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺷـﺮﻭﻉ ﺷـﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ ‪».‬‬

‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﭽﺴﮑﺎ ﭘﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺯﻳﺴـﺖ ﺷـﻨـﺎﺳـﻲ‬

‫ﻣﻮﻟﮑﻮﻟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺎﻳﺪﻟﺒﺮﮒ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪« :‬ﭘﻴـﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﮔﻠﻴﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺿﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺁﻧﻬـﺎ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳـﻨـﮑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺎ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻋﺼﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ ‪».‬‬

‫ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻴﺪﻱ‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬

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‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﭘـﻴـﺶ ﮐﻮﺩﮎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺑﺘﻼﻱ ﺑﻼﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻳﻬﺎﻱ ﮔـﻮﻧـﺎﮔـﻮﻥ‪،‬‬

‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬

‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ‬

‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻲﺗـﻮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﺧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺑـﺰﺍﻕ‬

‫ﻣﻲﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺑـﻴـﻤـﺎﺭﻱ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬

‫ﺭﺍﻳﺠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺒﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻴﮏ ) ﻧـﻮﻋـﻲ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺑﺘﻼﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﻭﺛﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃـﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺩﻩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﻳﻮﻱ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳـﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪« :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺗﻞ ﺭﺍ ‪ Jay Shendure‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺻﻮﻻ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮑﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪Jacob Kitzman‬ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧـﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧـﺎﻥ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪﺵ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﺠﺪﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻫﻔﺘـﻪ ﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨـﻴـﻦ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻣﻠﮕﻲﺍﺵ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺰﺍﻕ ﭘﺪﺭ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳـﺶ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪».‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭﻱ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻄﻮﺭ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻣﺰﮔﺸﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮﻱ ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻱ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻫـﺎﺳـﺖ ﮐﺸـﻒ‬

‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﻣـﺎﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺑﺸﮑﻠﻲ ﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻋﻄﺴﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﻛـﻤـﺘـﺮ‬

‫ﭘﺪﺭ ﺭﻣﺰﮔﺸﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨـﺎﺳـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳـﻦ ‪Shendure‬ﻭ ‪Kitzman‬ﻃﻲ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻘـﻴـﻘـﺎﺕ ﺍﺯﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ! ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻓﻨـﻼﻧـﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻲ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﺟﻨﻴـﻦ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﻛﺴﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺁﻟﺮﮊﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺑـﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﺍﻧـﮕـﻴـﺰﺩ‪ .‬ﻣـﺠﻠـﻪ ﺗـﺨـﺼـﺼـﻲ ‪ Science‬ﭘﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻔﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧـﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫‪Translational Medicine‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷـﻤـﺎﺭﻩ ﻱ ﺑﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﻑ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﻱ ﮔﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑـﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻲ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗـﻮﻟـﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺪﺭ ﻭ ﻣـﺎﺩﺭ )ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺩﺗﻦ ﻛﻪ «ﺍﻳﻤﻮﻧﻮﮔﻠﻮﺑﻮﻟﻴﻦ »ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳـﻲ ﻣـﻮﻓـﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮐﺪﺍﻣﻴﮏ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻋﻄﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲﻛﻨـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﺍﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﺧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺩﺗﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻫﻴﺴﺘﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻠﻮﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺳـﻔـﻴـﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﮑﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺍﻕ ﭘﺪﺭ ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻣﺰﮔﺸﺎﻳـﻲ ﮐـﻨـﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻥ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻛـﻨـﺸـﻬـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﺑﺮﻣﻲﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑـﻪ ﻧـﻮﺍﻗـﺺ ﻭ ﻭﻟﻔﺮﺍﻡ ﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴـﻨـﻪ ﺁﻟﺮﮊﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮ ﺁﺏ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺐ ﻳﻮﻧﺠﻪ ﻫﺴـﺘـﻨـﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﻲ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﻧـﻴـﺎﺯ ﺑـﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮏ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺯﺍﺭﻟﻨﺪ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻒ ﻳـﻚ ﺍﺑـﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺻـﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺼﻲﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ "ﺭﻋﺪﺁﺳﺎ" ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘـﻘـﺪ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑﻲ ﺁﻟﺮﮊﻥ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ‪IgE‬ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﻧﺨـﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪﻱ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﻣـﺮﺑـﻮﻁ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻤﻮﻧﻮﮔﻠﻮﺑﻮﻟـﻴـﻦ ‪G‬ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺁﻣﻨﻴـﻮﺳـﻨـﺘـﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑـﻨـﻴـﺎﻥ ﺩﮔـﺮﮔـﻮﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺩﺗﻦ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ ‪IgE‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻲﺳﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﮐـﻨـﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋـﻪ ﺁﻟـﺮﮊﻥ ‪IgE‬ﺍﺯ ﺑـﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺳﻦ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۳۵‬ﺳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻏﻴﺮﻃﺒﻴـﻌـﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﮐـﻪ ﭘـﺮﺳـﺶ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔـﻮﻧـﻪ ﺍﺻـﻼﺡ ﺷـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻧﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﮊﻧﺘﻴـﮑـﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻓـﺎﻣـﻴـﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻲﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺑـﻪ ﻫـﻤـﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻫﻴﺴﺘﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻠﻮﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﻠﮕﻲﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﺴﮏ ﻧﺎﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺮﻭﻣﻮﺯﻣﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻭﻟﻔـﺮﺍﻡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻲﺗـﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﻨﻴﻮﺳﻨﺘـﺰ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮏ ﭘـﺰﺷـﮑـﻲ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻥ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻛـﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻱ ﮐـﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻱ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺁﻧﺎﻟﻴﺰ ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺧـﻼﻗـﻲ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ ﺑﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﻳـﺮ ﻭﻇـﺎﻳـﻒ ﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ���ﻥ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘـﻪ ﺍﻧـﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧـﺠـﺎﻡ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴـﺪ ﮊﻧـﻮﻡ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻔﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣـﺒـﺘـﻼﻳـﺎﻥ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺁﻣﻨﻴﻮﺳﻨﺘﺰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﭘـﺬﻳـﺮ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺭﻣﺰﮔﺸﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻨﻴـﺪ‪ .‬ﻳـﮑـﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﻤﻲ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣـﺎ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣـﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻭﻟﻔﺮﺍﻡ ﻫﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ «ﭼـﻪ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺯﻳﺴـﺖ ﻓـﻨـﺎﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﻪ ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۳۰۰۰‬ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﻭﺟـﻮﺩ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﮑـﻲ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ »‪«Desentum‬ﺯﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛـﺎﺭ ﺗـﻮﻟـﻴـﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻳﮏ ﮊﻥ ﺳﺮﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ »؛ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻲ ﻧـﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﻳـﺎ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﺎﻳﮏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

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‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ ‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﻔﺘﻢ‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻦ‬

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‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻓﺮﻭﭘﺎﺷﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﮐﻮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﻣـﻠـﻞ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﻠﻴـﻤـﻲ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷـﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻱ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﻥ ﮐﻨﻮﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﭘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ ﻧـﺎﭘـﺬﻳـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﮐﻮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪﻱ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ "ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ" ‪Nature‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧـﺮﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ‪۲۲‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺳـﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺭﻩﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻘـﻘـﺎﻥ ﺗـﺎﺛـﻴـﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻧﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫)ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﺼﺮ ﻳﺨﺒﻨﺪﺍﻥ( ﺑﺮ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻧـﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﮐﻨﻮﻧﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۵۰‬ﻣﻴـﻼﺩﻱ ﺑـﻪ ‪۹ / ۳‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺳـﺎﻧـﺘـﻲ ﮔـﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺯﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣـﻠـﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ‪ ۵۰‬ﺗﺎ ‪۹۰‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﮐﻮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﮐﻨﻮﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﺍﮐﻮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺟﻬـﺎﻥ ﻓـﺮﻭﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺨﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ‪ ۴۳‬ﺩﺭﺻـﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﮐﻪ ﻋﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺨﺒﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻـﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺯ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ‪ ۵۰‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗـﺎ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰۲۵‬ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﮐـﻨـﻨـﺪﻩ ﺳـﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﻣـﻠـﻞ ﺩﺭﺑـﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﻣﺘـﺤـﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺷـﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﺮﺭﺳـﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﻒﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻩﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻥﮐﻲﻣﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮﮐﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧـﻴـﻮﻳـﻮﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴـﻄـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗـﻼﺵ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﮐـﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟـﻬـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺭﻳﻮ ‪ +۲۰‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ "ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺷﺨـﺼـﻲ" ﺧـﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻝ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ‪ ۲۰‬ﺗﺎ ‪ ۲۲‬ﮊﻭﺋـﻦ‬ ‫‪ ،۲۰۱۲‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺑـﻴـﺴـﺖ ﺳـﺎﻝ ﭘـﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸـﺴـﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﺭﻳﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۹۹۲‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮑﺼﺪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻣﻲﺟﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺭﺍﮎ ﺍﻭﺑﺎﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋـﻴـﺲ ﺟـﻤـﻬـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﮕﻼ ﻣﺮﮐﻞ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺭﺍﻋﻈﻢ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺩﻳـﻮﻳـﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﺮﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺎﻳﺐ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﺟﻬـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼـﻬـﺎﺭ ﻣـﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻲ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺱ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺩﻳـﺪﻩ ﻣـﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ " ﮊﺋـﻮ ‪"۵‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻓﺮﻭﭘﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﮐﻮﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺟﻬـﺎﻧـﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﮐﻨﻮﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﻴﻢ ﺍﺷﺘﺎﻳﻨﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻱ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄـﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ‪،‬ﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑـﺎﺭﻩ ﮔـﻔـﺖ‪« :‬ﻣـﺎ ﺑـﺎﻳـﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﺸﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭﺳﺖ‪» .‬ﻭﻱ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﺍﻓـﺰﻭﺩ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺭﻳﻮ ‪ +۲۰‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳـﻌـﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻲ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳـﮏ ﺑـﺎﺭ ﺩﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ‪ ۵۰۰‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﮐﻨﺪﻱ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﻘـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﻴـﻂ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ‪ ۹۰‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۵۰۰‬ﻫﺪﻓﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘـﻴـﺸـﺮﻓـﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ :‬ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺻـﺪﻭﺭ ﮔـﺎﺯﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻭﺯﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻴـﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﻟـﻮﺩﮔـﻲ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺒﺘﻜﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛـﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﺏ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻲ ﺩﺭﺩﺳﺮ ﺷﺴﺘﻦ ﺩﻫﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺷﻴﺮ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺏ ﭘﺎﮐﻴﺰﻩ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻛﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻨﺒـﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴـﻮﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺯﺩﻥ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳـﺮﻭﻳـﺲ ﻓـﻨـﺎﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ) ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ( ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴـﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻱ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧـﻨـﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺩﻫـﺎﻥ ﺟـﻬـﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳـﻲ ﻧﺴـﺒـﻲ ﺷﺴﺘﻦ ﻛﻒ ﺧﻤﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺑﻜﺸﻲ ﺩﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﺳـﺘـﻔـﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﮐﺜﺮ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻣﺮﻭﻥ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻚ ﻛﻠـﻴـﺪ ﺍﺑـﺪﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩﻱ ﻧﮕﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺻـﻴـﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺋﻴﭽﻲ ﺩﺭﻣﻲﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇـﻬـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻲ‪ ،‬ﺧﺸﮑﺴﺎﻟﻲ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻗـﻠـﻴـﻤـﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﺷﺴﺖﻭﺷﻮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ »‪«Rinser‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷـﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺗﻐﻴـﻴـﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻱ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤـﻴـﻄـﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺮ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﮐـﺮﺩ‪« :‬ﺍﮔـﺮ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻱ ﺭﻓـﺘـﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺩﮔـﺮﮔـﻮﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻛﻲ ﺍﻛـﻨـﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩﻱ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺑـﺮﻭ ﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﻨـﺪ ﺷـﺪ‪ » .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﻛﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺒﻞﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ!‬


‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺷﻤﺎ‬

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‫ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻻﺗﻲ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻓﺮﻗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑـﺮﻗـﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻧﻤـﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻓﺴﻮﺭ ﺟﻨﻲ ﮐﻮﺭﻳﻨﮑﺰﻭﮎ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺪﻳـﺮ " ﺍﻥ ﭘـﻲ ﺍﻱ ﻳـﻮ"‬ ‫‪(National Perinatal Epidemiology‬‬ ‫)‪Unit‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﮐﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪" :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻳﻬﺎﻳـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻄﺮ ﻧـﺘـﺎﻳـﺞ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ".‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐـﻪ ﻧـﺘـﺎﻳـﺞ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﻪ ﻭ ﺳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋـﻲ )‪(IVF‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑ��� ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻠﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻟﺞ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﻝ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮏ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﮐﻢ ﻭﺯﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻳﺺ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑـﻴـﺸـﺘـﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧـﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻪ ﺍﻧـﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ )ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻫـﺮﻩ( ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﮐﻤﮏ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺑﭽﻪ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﮐﺎﻟﺞ ﺭﻭﻳﺎﻝ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﻗﻠﻮ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻠﻮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ‪ ۴‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃـﺮﻳـﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻠﻮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺗـﺎ ﺳـﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺣﻢ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮐﻪ ﺧﺎﻝ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺯﻳـﺒـﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻭﺩﺭﺱ ﺭﺍ ‪ ۲۳‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻮﺗـﺎﻫـﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﻲ ﻣـﺎﻧـﺪ‪ .‬ﺑـﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪ ۱۰۵‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﻪ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺭﺍ «ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﻗـﻠـﻮ »‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣـﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻫﻢ ﮐﻢ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺗﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ «ﮔﺎﺭﺩﻳﻦ »‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺑﻴﺶ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻟـﻲ ﺑـﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﻗﻠﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﻟﺐ ﺷﮑﺮﻱ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻳﺺ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‪ ۱۶) ،‬ﻭ ‪ ۱۷‬ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ( ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻲ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﻮ ﺭﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﻧﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺧﺘﻨـﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ «ﻳﻮﻫﺎﻥ ﮐﭙﻠﺮ»‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ 'ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ'‬

‫ﻭﺍﭘﺴﻴﻦ ﮔﺬﺭ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻥ ﺟﺎﺭﻱ‬

‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪ ﮔﺬﺭ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧـﮕـﻴـﺰﻩ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻟﺨﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﮐﻨﺠﮑﺎﻭﻱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻴﻬﺎﻥ ﻓﮑﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫«ﺳﻮﻝ ﺁﻩ ﭼﻴﻢ»‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﻣﺆﺳﺴـﻪ ﻋـﻠـﻤـﻲ ﻓﻀـﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻧﻮﺭﺩﻱ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺭ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﻧﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﻻﺗـﺮﻱ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ «ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺯﻣـﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮ ﻧﮑﻨﻨﺪ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪« :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻲ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻨﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪ‪ ۱۰۵ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻫﻲ ﻫﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺰ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺁﺑﻲ ﮐﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪» .‬ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﺷﺶ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻭ ‪ ۴۰‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻟﺤﻈﺎﺗﻲ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ ۶‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻇﻬـﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ )‪ ۲۲:۰۰‬ﮔﺮﻳﻨﻮﻳﭻ( ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﺎﻭﺍﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺁﻻﺳﮑﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻕ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺁﺳـﻴـﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﮊﺍﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﮐﺮﻩ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻭ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻕ ﭼﻴﻦ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﮐﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣـﺎﻟـﻲ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﮏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻠـﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﺩﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﮏ ﺗـﺠـﻬـﻴـﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺧـﻮﺩ ﮔـﺬﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺛﺒﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻥ ﭘﺘﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀـﺎﻧـﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐـﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻳﺴﺘـﮕـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ ﻋﮑﺲ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫـﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘـﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ )ﺯﻫﺮﻩ(‪ ،‬ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻘـﺪﺭ‬

‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﻳـﺺ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎ ‪ ۱۰۵‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻳـﮕـﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ‪ ۱۷‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﻟﻘﺎﺡ ﻣﺼـﻨـﻮﻋـﻲ ﺗﮑﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨـﺎﺳـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳـﻦ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ ﻫﻔﺖ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑـﺮﺍﺑـﺮ ﺩﻳـﺪﮔـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩﺍ ﻳﮏ ﺳﻮﻡ )ﺳﻲ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ( ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﮐﻨﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


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‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻭﻳـﮋﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻃـﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘــﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮐـــﺎﺭﺑـــﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﻠـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫــﮑــﺮﻫــﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ «ﮔﺎﺭﺩﻳﻦ»‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﮔـﻔـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺮﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﻫﮑﺮﻱ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻴﻞ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ «ﺟﻲ ﻣـﻴـﻞ»‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ ﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻫﻤﻴـﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ «ﺟﻲ ﻣـﻴـﻞ »ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﻴـﺶ ﺑـﻮﺩ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﮔﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺳﻲ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻳﺒﺮﻱ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﮐﺎﺥ ﮐﺮﻣﻠﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﻭﻻﺩﻳﻤﻴﺮ ﭘﻮﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫«ﺍﺭﻳﮏ ﮔﺮﻭﺳﻪ »‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺷـﺮﮐـﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﺒﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻭﺑﻼﮒ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳـﺖ‬ ‫«ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧـﺒـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺛﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴـﺎﺏ ﮐـﺎﺭﺑـﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪» .‬‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪« :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫– ﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻒ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻲ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ – ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭﺁﻣﻴـﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺩﻳﺪ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪« :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻮﮔـﻞ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪».‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼـﻪ ﺗـﺮﺗـﻴـﺒـﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟـﺘـﻲ ﺣﺴـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﻱ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺳﺘـﺒـﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻣـﻴـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﮐﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧـﮑـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮐﺘﻔﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ «ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺮﺑـﺎﻧـﻴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﮐﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺗﺤﺮﮐﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪».‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺍﺿﺎﻑ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨـﺪ‪« :‬ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮐـﺎﺭﺑـﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑـﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺭﺳﺎﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﺸﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇـﺖ ﮐـﻨـﻨـﺪ‪» .‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺳـﺎﻳـﺒـﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮﻱ ﻭ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕـﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺘـﻮﺟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﮑﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺧـﺎﻟـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﮐـﺎﺭﺑـﺮﺍﻥ «ﺟـﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻞ »ﺁﻥ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﮔـﻮﮔـﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﭘﮑﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻧـﻴـﻤـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻴـﻼﺩﻱ ﻧـﻴـﺰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣـﺎﻥ ﺟﺴـﺖ ﻭ ﺟـﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺧﺎﺹ ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻴﻨﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺧﺎﻟﮑﻮﺑﻲ ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ��� ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ‬

‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺮﻳﻨﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﺎﻟﮑﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻢ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑـﺘـﻮﺍﻥ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﮐـﻤـﮏ ﮐـﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻳـﮏ ﺍﺑـﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺴﻴﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﻨﺎﻱ ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﭼﺴﺒﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﻭ ﺑـﺰﺍﻕ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺮﻳﻨﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﺎﮐﺘﺮﻱ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭ ﺯﺧﻢ ﻣﻌﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻧـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺼﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻭﻳﺮﻭﺱ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺳﮑﺎﻱ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﻳﻨﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻼﻣـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﻲ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻳﮏ ﮔﺎﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﮑﻞ ﻣﮏ ﺁﻟﭙﺎﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﮏ ﺁﻧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺴﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺎﻧﻴﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﮐﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻤﻲ ﻭ ﻃﻼ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻦ ﮐﻪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺯﮐـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﺮﺑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳـﺘـﻔـﺎﺩﻩ ﺑـﺮﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧـﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺟﻮﻳﺪﻥ ﻏﺬﺍ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻮﺍﮎ ﺯﺩﻥ ﻃﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻬﻢ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ‪۳۵۰۰‬‬

‫ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﻭﺩﻱ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺳﻪ ﻫـﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬‬

‫ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻏﺮﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﻱ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ( ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺎ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﺷﻨـﮕـﺘـﻦ‪،‬‬

‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻧﻴـﺎﺯ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﺎﺕ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺴﻚﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻛﺪ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ‬

‫ﺭﺣﻢ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﮔﻴﺮﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﻭ‬

‫ﺑﺰﺍﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻫـﻢ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﭘﺎﺯﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺗﻤـﺎﻣـﻲ ﻛـﺪ‬

‫ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺴﺮ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟـﻌـﻪ‬

‫ﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻱ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ‪ 39‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ‪ 44‬ﺟﻬـﺶ‬

‫ﮊﻧﻲ ‪de novo‬ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺶﻫﺎ ﻛـﻪ‬

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‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻜﻢ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻳﺎ ﮔﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﺣﻢ ﻭﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪(Apoptosis ) .‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﻠـﻮﻝ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﻣـﻐـﺰﻱ‬

‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧـﻘـﺎﻳـﺺ ) ﺁﺗﺮﻭﻓﻲ ( ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲ ﺣﺴﻲ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﺞ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧـﻬـﺎﻳـﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻨﺪﺭﻭﻡ ﺩﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﭙﻴﻨﺎ ﺑﻴﻔﻴﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﺴـﺘـﺮﻭﻓـﻲ ﻣﺮﮒ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻛﺮﺩ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﻀﻼﻧﻲ ﻭ ﻓﻴﺒﺮﻭﺯ ﮐﻴﺴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﻣـﻲ ﻛـﻨـﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺎﺩﮔﻴﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻓﻈﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﺣﺮﻛـﺘـﻲ‪،‬‬

‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻨﻮﺍﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻋـﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﻣـﺮﮒ‬

‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ «ﺟﻲ ﺷﻨﺪﻭﺭ »ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘـﻴـﻖ ﺍﺑـﺮﺍﺯ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ‪:‬ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻛﻤـﺒـﻮﺩ‬

‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻏﺮﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﻱ ﮊﻧﻮﻡ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﮋﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺟـﻪ ﻳـﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﻓـﺮﺍﻫـﻢ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺧﻔﻴﻒ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﻧــﺘــﺎﻳــﺞ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗــﺤــﻘــﻴــﻖ ﺩﺭ ‪ Science‬ﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸﻨﺞ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪Translational Medicine‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺳﺴﺘﻲ ﺍﻧـﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪ .‬ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺳﻴـﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﻲ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﮋﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ‬

‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ‬

‫ﺳﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﺍﻛﺴـﻴـﮋﻥ‬

‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺞ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺑﺎ‬

‫ﺷﻮﺩ ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﻱ ﺳﻲ ﻳﻮﻱ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﻴـﻤـﺎﺭﺳـﺘـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ' ﻛﻼﻩ ﺧﻨﻚ‬

‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﮒ ﻧـﻮﺯﺍﺩ‬

‫ﺻﺎﺭﻡ ﮔﻔﺖ ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻛﻼﻩ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻠﻞ ﺯﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻴﻨﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﮋﻥ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ ‪ :‬ﺟـﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺟﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﻑ ﺩﻭﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔـﻴـﺮ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺮ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝ ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬

‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺷﺪ‬

‫ﻣﺨﺘﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻩ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﺯﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﮕﻲ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧـﻮﺯﺍﺩ‬

‫ﻣﻐﺰ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻼﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻐـﺰ‬

‫ﺍﺭﺛﻲ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻭﺗﻴـﺴـﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻼﻩ ﺧﻨﻚ ﻛﻨﻨـﺪﻩ ﺳـﺮ ) ‪ Cool‬ﻭﻱ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺿﻌـﻴـﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣـﻴـﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻜﻴﺰﻭﻓﺮﻧﻲ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳـﺪ ﺷـﺎﻣـﻞ ) ‪Cap‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺟـﻠـﻮﮔـﻴـﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻱ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﮒ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺞ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻱ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻨﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻱ ﻧﻤﻮﻧـﻪ ﺧـﻮﻥ ﻣـﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔـﺮﻓـﺘـﻪ ﺷـﺪ ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘـﮕـﺎﻩ ﺗـﻨـﻔـﺴـﻲ‬

‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﻱ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺍﻕ ﭘﺪﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ ‪ :‬ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﻛـﻪ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﮋﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﻭ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﺻـﻄـﻼﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﻱ ﺳﻲ ﻳﻮﻱ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﻴـﻤـﺎﺭﺳـﺘـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ' ﺯﺟﺮ ﺟﻨﻴﻨﻲ ' ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ' ﻛﻼﻩ ﺳﺮﺩ ' ﻣﻲ ﺻﺎﺭﻡ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﮋﻥ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﺎﺕ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞﺗﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ﺳﺮ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ‪ 15‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻲ ﮔﺮﺍﺩ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﺶ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻼﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻏﺮﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﻱ ﺳﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻐﺰﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻛﺮﺩ ‪ .‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﺳـﻴـﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻝ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﻳـﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔـﻴـﺮﻱ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﻲ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺛﺮ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺩﺭﻣـﺎﻥ ﻛـﺎﻫـﺶ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻣـﺪﻋـﻲ ﺍﻧـﺪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺸﻨﺞ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﭼـﺎﺭ ﻛـﻤـﺒـﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﮔﻔﺖ ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ ﻧـﻮﺯﺍﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳـﻂ ﺟـﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﮋﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻲ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ ﻛـﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻗـﻠـﺐ‬

‫ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺭﺣﻢ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻘﻂ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿـﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺿـﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﻣـﺎﻱ ﺑـﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﻱ ﮊﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﺪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺎﻳـﻊ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻌﻲ ﺳﺮ ﻣـﻲ ﺻﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﮒ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴـﺮﻱ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﺴﻪ ﺭﺣﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻔﺖ ﺟﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻛﻪ ﺑـﻪ ﺻـﻮﺭﺕ ﻣـﺮﮒ ﺳـﻠـﻮﻟـﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ‪ -‬ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬

‫ﻣــﺤــﻤــﻮﺩ ﺳﻤﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ‪». ...‬‬

‫ﭼﻪ‪» ....‬ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺒﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳ���‬

‫ﺩﻭﻟـــــﺖ ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺯﻭﺭﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺣﺎﮐﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺴـﺘـﺎﺩﮔـﻲ‬

‫ﻫﻤـﻪ ﺑـﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻏﺮﻭﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳـﮏ‬

‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﻭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ – ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑـﺎﻥ‪،-‬‬

‫ﭘﺴﺮﺵ «ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﮐﺎﺭ ﮐﻨـﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧـﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎ – ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‪ -‬ﺍﺯ ﮐﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻌﻠﻲ ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑـﺎﻥ ﺑـﭙـﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‬

‫ﺑﮑﺸﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑـﮕـﺮﻳـﺪ‪ .‬ﻓـﻘـﻂ‬

‫ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻗـﺘـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻـﻴـﻒ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺧـﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻗـــﻴـــﻖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳـﻨـﮑـﻪ ﺑـﻪ‬

‫ﻟﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ – ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،-‬ﻭ ﺳﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧـﻲ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﻨﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﭘﺴﺮ‬

‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻱ ﺳﺴﺘﻲ ﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺩﻳـﮕـﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﺪﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﺨﻨﺪﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻧﻔـﺲ‬

‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﺶ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﻭﮐﻬﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺎﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﮐﺎﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟـﻌـﻪ ﺍﻭﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺵ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺵ ﺳﻴﺪ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻭ ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﭼﺸﻤﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺦ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺍﺵ ﮔﻮﺩ ﺗﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗـﻪ‬

‫ﮐﻠﻴﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﮑﺎﺭ ﺩﻩ ﺟﻠﺪﻱ ﻭ ﺑﻲ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ‪ ‬ﻗﻨﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪« :‬ﺁﻣﺪﻡ ﺧﺒﺮﺕ ﮐﻨﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺟـﺒـﺎﺭﻳـﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻥ ﭼﺸﻤﻬﺎﻳﺶ ﻏﻤﻲ ﺩﺍﻳﻤﻲ ﮔﻠﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺁﻥ‬

‫ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﺗﺮﻧﮓ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻓﻌﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑـﭽـﻪ ﻣﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﭼﺸﻤﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﮐﺎﻫﻴﺪﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺯﺩﮔﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻟﺬﺕ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺒﮏ ﺑﻲ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻱ ﻣـﺤـﻤـﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟـﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻤﻊ ﮐﻨﻦ ﺑﺒﺮﻥ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺖ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺧـﻮﺩﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪» .‬ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺻﻤﻴﻤﻲ‪،‬‬

‫ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪: .‬‬

‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻓﻮﺝ ﻗﺸﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻥ ﺗﻮ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻤـﻊ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻲ‬

‫«ﺳﻴﺪ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻟﺨﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭼـﺎﺭﭼـﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﻦ ﺑﺒﺮﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺘﻢ ﺧﺒﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪﺷﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﺕ ﻣـﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻧﻲ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺸﻮﺩﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻲ ﺁﻧـﮑـﻪ‬

‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﻮﮐﺐ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﮐﺸﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﻤﻮ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧـﻌـﻠـﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻱ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺑﭽﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺒﺮ ﮐﻨﻲ ﺧﺒـﺮ ﮐـﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳـﺮﺗـﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻱ ﮐﻮﭼﻪ ﻟﻤﺒﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻦ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺎﻱ ﺭﺍﻫﻮﺍﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪» .‬ﻗﻨﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﻍ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺳﻮﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﻠﺒﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﻲ ﺗﭙﺪ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﻗﺪﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﮔﻮﺷﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻴﺦ ﮔﻮﺷﻬـﺎ ﻭ ﻗﻬﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﺸﺘﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﮔﻞ ﺳﺮﺳﺒﺪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﻨﺎﻫﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻬﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﻟﺮﺯﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺪﻳﻞ ﺳﺒﺰﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺳﺮﺵ «ﻗﻨﺒﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮐﻤﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﻩ ﺷﮑﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺩﻟﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺷﮑﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﹶﺴ‪‬ﺘـﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺟﺎﺑﺠﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺍﺑﺮﻭﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺟﻠﻮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪». .‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻗﻨﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳـﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﻠﻴﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻟﻲ ﺳﻠﻮﭺ‪،‬‬

‫ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺪ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺸﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ «ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎ »ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﻴـﺜـﻴـﺖ ﻳـﮏ ﺩﻩ ﻣـﻲ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻠﻮﭺ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺶ ﻧﺒـﻮﺩﻧـﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻩ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻴـﺴـﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺎ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻌﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼﺳﻔﻪ ﻭ ﺗـﺎﺭﻳـﺦ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺳﺮﺵ ﺑﭙﻴﭽﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳـﻴـﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣـﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑـﻪ ﺯﺑـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﻳﮏ ﺟﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺭﻋﺸﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﮔـﻴـﺮﻫـﺎ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨـﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﮐﻪ ﻳﮑﺒﺮ ﺗﻨﻪ ﺍﺵ ﻟﻖ ﺑﺨﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﻳﮏ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﺶ ﻟﻤﺲ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﻗﻨﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺳﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺑﺴﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻓـﺎﺭﺳـﻲ‬

‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﻗﻮﻩ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺳﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺯﻧﺪ‪« :‬ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻳﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﻥ ﻣﻴـﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻫـﺎﻱ ﮐــﻠــﮕــﺮﻱ ﺑــﺰﻧــﻴــﺪ ‪(http://www.igsa.ca/‬‬

‫ﭘﺎ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺮ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺎ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ‪ .‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ ﺳﺮ ﻫﺎﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﻥ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫﺎﻱ ‪» !...‬‬

‫)‪Book_Club.html‬ﻭ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﺟﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮐﺪﺍﻣﺶ ﻫﻢ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ؛ ﻧـﻪ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺎﻥ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷـﻮﻧـﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺑﺴﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﻀـﻮﻳـﺖ ﻭ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻫﺎﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﮐﻤﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺗﻨﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻬﺎﻳﺶ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺳـﺮ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻲ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﺪﺧﺪﺍ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻋﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻧﺶ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﻴﺪ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪« :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﭼﺸﻤﺶ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺑﺴﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻗـﻊ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻩ ﻗﺪﻣﻲ ﻟﻤﺒﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺟـﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﮏ ﻫﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺮﮐـﺰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﮐﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﻗﻬـﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﺸـﻤـﻬـﺎﻱ ﻭﻭﻣﻦ ﺭﻳﺴﻮﺭﺱ ﺳﻨﺘـﺮ‬

‫‪(Women Resource‬‬

‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺧـﻮﺩﺵ ﺩﺭﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺑﺮﻭﻫﺎﻱ ﭘـﻬـﻨـﺶ ﻣـﻲ )‪Centre‬ﺳﺮﻱ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻـﻔـﺤـﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻮﭼﻪ ﻭﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺜﻞ ﭼﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺩ ﺗﺎﺏ ﺑﺮ ﻣـﻲ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﻕ ﺭﻭﻱ ﭼﻴﻨﻬﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑـﻮﺩ ﻓﻴﺴﺒﻮﮎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﭙﻴﻮﻧﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟـﻴـﺘـﻬـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺧﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮐﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻭ ﻟﺒﻬﺎﻱ ﺣﺸﮑﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭼﺴﺒﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﺪﺧﺪﺍ ﻓﮑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻼﻣﺶ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺮﻓﻲ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺑـﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮊﻭﺋﻦ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﻱ‪:‬‬

‫ﺭﺍ ﮐﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻻﻧﻲ ﺍﮔـﺮ ﻧﻴﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ‪« :‬ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺁﻣﺪﻳﻦ »ﮐﻪ ﮔـﺮﻭﻫـﺒـﺎﻥ ‪ -۱‬ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻘﺎﺵ ﺯﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐـﻠـﮕـﺮﻱ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻭﺍﺯﺵ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣـﻲ ﺍﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﺤﮑﻤﻲ ﺑﻴﺦ ﮔﻮﺵ ﺍﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺑﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﺪﺧـﺪﺍ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻧﺎﺯ ﻟﻄﻔﻲ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫‪ -۲‬ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﺮﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻟـﻘـﻤـﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎ ﻏـﺎﻓـﻞ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔـﺬﺷـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻲ ﺯﻳﺮ ﮔﻮﺷﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﺑﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻧﻔﻬﻤـﻴـﺪ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬

‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ‬


‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‪ -‬ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺑـﻴـﺸـﺘـﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺩﻩ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻧـﺎﺷـﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻲﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ‪« :‬ﻧﺎﺷﺮﻱ ‪ ۱۰۰‬ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻲﻓﺮﺳﺘـﺪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﻴﻪ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺭﻧـﺎﻣـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪».‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻱ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻓﺮﺝ ﺳﺮﮐﻮﻫﻲ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ «ﻃـﺮﺣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ »‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ «ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ »‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﮐـﺘـﺎﺏ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭼﺎﭖ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕـﻲ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﮐـﻪ ﺑـﻪ��� ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻲ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻟﻐـﻮ ﭘـﺮﻭﺍﻧـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﻱ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﮔﻔـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ " :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺭﺍﻱ ﻫﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧـﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﺻﻨﻒ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﺸﺮﺵ ﻟﻐﻮ ﺷـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﻐـﻮ ﻫـﻢ ﻧـﻴـﺴـﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺳﻴـﺪﮔـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺛﺎﻟﺚ ﻭ ﭼـﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫـﻢ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻳﻲ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﻲ ﺍﺟـﺎﺯﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﭼﺎﭖ ﻫﺮ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻱ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷـﺎﺩ ﻃﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕـﺎﻩ ﮐـﺘـﺎﺏ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺻـﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺿﻴـﺢ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻱ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﻨـﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻟﻐﻮ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘـﺸـﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺿﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﮐﺮﺑﻼ ﻭ ﺿـﺪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺣﺬﻑ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪".‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺻـﻼﺣـﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﭼﺎﭖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪ ۱۳۹۰‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﻱ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ " :‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ ﺯﻣـﺎﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﻣـﻤـﻴـﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺷﻤﺎ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬

‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ دري‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻟﻐﻮ‬ ‫اﻣﺘﯿﺎز ﺷﺪ‬

‫‪Page 27‬‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺻــﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺴـﺎﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻏﻴـﺮﻗـﺎﺑـﻞ ﺍﻧـﺘـﺸـﺎﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻧـﺎﺷـﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺮ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﮐﺠﺮﻭﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺗﻔﮑﺮﻱ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻭ ﻣﻀﺮ ﻭ ﻏﻠﻂ ﺍﺳﺖ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳـﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻫـﻴـﭻ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻟﻐﻮ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋـﺮﺿـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺳـﺎﺑـﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳـﻼﻣـﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﮔـﻔـﺘـﻪ ﺍﺳـﺖ‪" :‬ﺍﮔـﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺑﺴﭙﺎﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺭﻍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﮐﻪ ﭼـﻨـﺪ ﻣـﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﮐـﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺘﺎﺏﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻔﺖ ﺳـﺎﻟـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻧﺸـﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸـﮕـﺮﺍﻥ ﺷـﺎﺧـﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺩﺭﻱ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" :‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﮐﺜﺮ ﻟﻄﻒ ﻭ ﻫﻤﮑـﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻠﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻧـﺨـﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﻟـﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﺻـﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻨـﺠـﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﻱ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫـﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫـﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﻞ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭘـﻴـﮕـﻴـﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﭘﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﮑـﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻟﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺧـﺐ ﺑـﺮﻭﻳـﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﺪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺷﻔـﺎﻫـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ".‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴـﺢ ﺩﻳـﮕـﺮﻱ ﻧـﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻈـﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺸﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪۱۳۶۴‬‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄـﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣـﻴـﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


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‫ﻃﻨﺰ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﯼ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‪- :‬ﺷﻤﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﭽﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻦ؟‬ ‫ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎ‬‫ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺗﻮﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﻪ ﺗﺎ‬‫ ﺍﻭﻧﻮ ﻣﻴﮕﻲ؟ ﺩﮐﻮﺭﺧﻮﻧﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻂ‬‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﻴﺸﻪ ﻣﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﻴﺰﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺍﺷﻤﻮﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﮕﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﻩ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 2012‬ﺗﺎ ﺳﮑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﮏ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ!!‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﮕﺎﺭﻳﻢ ﻣﻴﮕﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺨﻮﺍﻡ ﺩﺭﺱ ﺑﺨﻮﻧﻢ‪...‬ﻣﻴﮕﻦ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺣﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﺎ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻴﮑﺸﻪ؟ ﻣﻴﮕﻢ ﭖ ﻥ ﭖ‬ ‫ﺩﻩ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺻﺒﺮ ﮐﻦ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﺻﺤﻔﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﻮﻧﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﻫﺎ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺸﺘﮑﺎﺭ ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ ﺩﻣﺎﻏﺸﻮﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﺴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﺳﺖ ﺍﻻﻧﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺰﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ‪!!!،‬‬

‫ﺟﻮﮎ ‪ ،‬ﭘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﭘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺱ ﺍﻡ ﺍﺱ ﻫﺎﯼ ﺁﻗﺎﯼ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ‬

‫ﮐﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﻭ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﻲ؟‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻒ ﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻪ‪ :‬ﺁﺧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻥ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻧﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻢ!‪...‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻲ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ‪" :‬ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺯﻟﻴﺨﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ ‪.1‬ﺯﻭﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ ‪.2‬ﺩﻳﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪.3‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﻮﺩ ‪.4‬ﮐﺎﺵ ﺟﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ!!‪...‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﻴﭙﺮﺳﻦ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻴﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻱ؟ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﭽﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻳﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻴﺸﺪ ﻣﻴﮕﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺸﻴﻢ ﻳﻪ ﻫﻮﻳﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺧﺠﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﮑﺸﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪﻧﻮﺭﻭﺯ!!!‪...‬‬ ‫ﭘﺪﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻢ!‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺶ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﮐﻨﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﻣﻴﮕﻦ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺟﺒﻲ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ‪ :‬ﭘﻮﺩﺭﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ‪ 5‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﻴﺮﺯﺍ ﻛﻮﭼﮏ ﺧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺗﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮕﻠﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﻬﻲ ﻗﻤﺸﻪ ﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ‪....‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ!‪...‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﻣﻴﮕﻦ ﭘﺎﺷﻮ ﺳﺤﺮﻩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﮕﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩ ﺑﺮﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﺧﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﺑﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﺑﻬﺶ ﺯﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﻭﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺗﻮ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻱ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﻧﻢ!‪...‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﺎﻙ ﺑﺮﺳﺮﺗﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎ‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﺳﺮﺗﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻥ ﺣﻴﻒ ﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺶ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻪ ﺷﻮﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺻﺒﺢ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺯﺑﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺵ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﻱ؟‪...‬‬ ‫‪+++‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﻩ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺯﻧﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺱ ﻣﻲ‬


‫ﺳﻮﺩﻭﮐﻮ‬

‫ﺿﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﻣﻦ ﺑﻬﺸﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺯﺧﺶ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻢ‪:‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻴﺪﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻌﺪﺵ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﺿﺮﺏ ﺷﺴﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺣﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺣﺮﻳﻒ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﺷﺪﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺏ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﺭﺍ ﭼﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻱ ﺣﺮﻳﻒ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺟﺮﺋﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﮐﺠﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﺎﻗﻞ ﻫﻤﻴﻨﮑﻪ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻫﻲ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﻃﺎﻕ ﺍﺑﺮﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺸﻮﻩ ﮔﺮﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻗﺖ ﮐﺴﻲ ﻃﺎﻕ ﺷﺪﻥ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﻴﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻞ ﺯﻳﺮ ﮔﻠﻴﻢ ﺯﺩﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻧﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬

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‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﯼ‬

‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻲ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺷـﺎﻫـﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺰﺵ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺷﺮﻛـﺘـﻬـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺳﻲ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﺰﺵ‪ 270‬ﻭﺍﺣـﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺣـﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬

‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺧﻴﻢ ﺗﺮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺣـﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫‪ 270‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺣﺮﻛـﺖ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣـﺮﻭﺯ ﺑـﺎ ﺭﻳـﺰﺵ‬ ‫‪ 270‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻱ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻭ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺷـﺮﻛـﺘـﻬـﺎ‬

‫ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻲ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺻﻒ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺑﻮﺭﺳﻲ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛـﺎﻫـﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺧﺎﺭﺟـﻲ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻣﺎﺳﻨﺞ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 26‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪365‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ؛ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻩ ﺗـﺮﺟـﻴـﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺿﺮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﺷﻴﺸﻪﺍﻱ ﺭﻭﻧـﺪ ﺍﻓـﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺻﻒ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓـﺮﻭﺵ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭﻱ‪،‬ﻓﻠﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭﮔﺎﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ‪،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﻠﺖ‪،‬ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻏﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺿـﻌـﻴـﺖ‬

‫ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 125‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ‪ :‬ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ /‬ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲﻫﺎ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬

‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇـﻬـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻧﺎﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺭﻧﺞ ﮔـﻨـﺞ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺭﺣﻴﻤﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻦ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻇﻬـﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷـﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻳﺎﺩ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻨـﺮﻣـﻨـﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻟﻐﻮﻱ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷـﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓـﺎﺭﺳـﻲ‬

‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺷﮑﻮﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺷﮑﻮﻩ ﻭ ﻭ ﻋﻈﻤﺖ ﻳـﮏ‬

‫ﺍﻣﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﻱ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪﻱ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﮐﺴـﺎﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺳﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﻣﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﮔـﺮﻓـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﺭﭘﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺣﻴﻤﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻱ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺣﻤﺎﻗﺖﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟـﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻲﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬـﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ‪۵۳‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ‪۱۰۰‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﻲﻓـﺮﻭﺷـﻴـﻢ؛‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﻓﺮﻭﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﮑـﻞ ﻫـﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻧﺎﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺭﻧﺞ ﮔﻨﺞ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲﻫﺎ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻘﺪﺭ ﺩﺳﺖﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳﻘﻮﻃﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﻤﺪﻧﻲ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔـﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎ ﺟﻤﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﻲ ﺟﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﮐﺮﺯﻱ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﮐﻢ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻩ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﮐﺮﺯﻱ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﮎ ﺑـﺎ ﻗـﻮﻩ ﻗﻀـﺎﻳـﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑـﺤـﺚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﻢ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌـﻄـﻴـﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﻓـﺮﺍﺧـﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺋـﻴـﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍﹰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺧﺼﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻞ ﻓﻴﻀﻲ ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻱ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻫـﻨـﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻗﺎﻱ ﻓﻴﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ ":‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻓﻐـﺎﻧﺴـﺘـﺎﻥ ﺭﺋـﻴـﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷـﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﻣـﻠـﻲ‬ ‫) ﻣﺠﻠﺲ( ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﻣـﻲ ﺧـﻮﺍﻫـﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺭﺋـﻴـﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺟـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ) ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ(‪ .‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻭ‬

‫ﻧﻤﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﻭﻭﻑ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻲ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﻤﺎﻳـﻨـﺪﮔـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺗـﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻘﻴﺐ ﺍﷲ ﻓﺎﻳـﻖ ﻋﻀـﻮ ﻣـﺠـﻠـﺲ‬

‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ‪ /‬ﺗﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺿـﺎﻓـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣﺪ ﮐﺮﺯﻱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺘﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﮐﻤﻴﺴـﻴـﻮﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺍﻭﺭﻱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷـﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻗـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻳﻖ ﻣﻴﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨـﺪﮔـﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺸﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫـﺎ ﻭ ﻧـﻈـﺮﻳـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻌﺪﺍﹰ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻴﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﮐﻨﻨـﺪ‪".‬‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍﹰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﮑﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻓﺎﻳﻖ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺋﻴـﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﺎﻇﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﭘﻴـﺶ ﺭﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻗﻮﻩ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑـﺎ ﻓﺴـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ‪:‬‬

‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ ۱۷ ،‬ﺟﻮﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓـﻐـﺎﻧﺴـﺘـﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻱ ﭘـﻴـﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻣـﻘـﺎﻣـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴـﻤـﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻃﺎﻟﺒـﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺗـﺒـﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻀـﺎﺩ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻣﻴﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺗﮑﺬﻳﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣـﻤﻠـﻪ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﮑﺎﺗﺐ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳـﻄـﺢ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤـﻬـﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ " ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ" ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ‬

‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧـﺒـﺎﻝ ﻫـﻤـﻴـﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﮑﺎﺗﺐ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳﮑﻮﺕ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﻤـﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ ":‬ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﻳﮑﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘـﻪ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﮐﻼﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﺍﻟـﺤـﺎﻗـﻴـﻪ ﺟـﻤـﻊ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺪﻟﻲ ﻭ ﻗﻀـﺎﻳـﻲ‬

‫‪Page 31‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﮐﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺟﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻴـﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘـﺎﻥ ﻗـﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﮑﺘﺐ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺸﺖ ﺻﺒﺢ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻮﭼﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑـﺎ ﮔـﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺣﻞ ﮐﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻴﻢ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺎ ﺍﻣﻨﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴـﺘـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻋﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻮﭼﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎﺕ ﻗﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫـﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﺸـﺖ ﺻـﺒـﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗـﻨـﻬـﺎ ﻣـﻴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌـﻴـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﻫـﻤـﻴـﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ‪" ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻡ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ" ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺣﺎﻣـﺪ ﮐـﺮﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋـﻴـﺲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨـﺎﻣـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻳـﺎ ﺍﻣﻀـﺎﻱ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ " ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻕ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏ" ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑـﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻨـﺎﻣـﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣـﻴـﻨـﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﻧﻈـﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺷـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻲ ﺗـﻮﺍﻧـﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﻗـﺘـﺼـﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺧـﻴـﺮ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺍﺻﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﻨﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺸﺘﺼﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺑـﻴـﮑـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻴـﺴـﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌـﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗـﻮﺟـﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﮑﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺳـﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


ISSUE: 392

between Iran and Azerbaijan will continue for a long time. "Azerbaijan is a secular country and Iran in contrast is a theocracy," Qadim said. "Iran takes exception to the fact that the media in Azerbaijan can express themselves freely and openly against Iran. The Azerbaijan government is trying to normalize its relations to Tehran, but this will only succeed with great difficulty." The conflict will not be easy to solve, he said. Stefan Meister said western nations should continue to support Azerbaijan but not interfere directly in its policies. "The Americans have invested a lot in this country against the Russians and against Iran, and continue to do so. Azerbaijan is calling for support from the West." He warned western nations, however, from egging on Azerbaijan. "There should be attempts to develop trust on other levels," Meister said. "There are areas such as the fight against drugs or economic relations where a lot can be done. The question is whether the governments are willing to do so." Author: Taher Shir Mohammadi / sac Editor: Gregg Benzow

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Saudi Arabia, he said, "is under pressure" from the United States and Europe to pump more ahead of a July 1 EU oil embargo on Iranian crude AFP exports. Sanctions-hit Iran on Saturday blasted The Iran-Saudi row was likely to colfellow OPEC members Saudi Arabia, our the next meeting of OPEC, to take Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates as place Thursday in Vienna, with Tehran oil quota "violators", accusing them of expected to push for OPEC members depressing global crude prices by overto stick to their agreed quota levels. pumping. Global oil prices this year spiked high Iran's OPEC representative, Mohammad on fears of a US or Israeli military conAli Khatibi, said Tehran had officially profrontation with Iran over the Islamic tested to the cartel that Saudi Arabia republic's disputed nuclear prowas "saturating the market" under presgramme. sure from the United States and the Prices fell back markedly when Iran European Union, according to the official agreed to hold talks with the so-called IRNA news agency. P5+1 -- Britain, China, France, Russia "It is not right that two or three countries and the United States, plus Germany compensate for a country that is being - but have inched back up as it besanctioned. OPEC members should not comes clear that those talks are falterwork against each other," Khatibi was ing. quoted as saying. On Friday, Brent North Sea crude for Iran is the second-biggest producer in July delivery was at $99.47 a barrel in the Organisation of the Petroleum ExLondon trade, close to the $100 target porting Countries after Saudi Arabia. aimed for by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. It has repeatedly lashed out at Saudi Iran is more hawkish on prices, keen Arabia, a US ally, for opening oil spigots to earn more per barrel to offset the to make up for a shortfall in the market forced lowering of demand for its oil. resulting from a cut in Iranian crude "Iran and some other OPEC memsales because of Western sanctions. bers, such as Venezuela and Algeria, In the first quarter, Saudi output swelled are against" an increase in quotas, by 250,000 barrels per day to 9.9 million Khatibi said. bpd from a year earlier, according to In the OPEC meeting, Iran is also exOPEC estimates. pected to push the nomination of a At the same time, OPEC said Iranian former oil minister, Gholam Hossein production dropped by 300,000 bpd to Nozari, for the top post of OPEC 3.2 million bpd, its lowest level in 20 secretary general. years. Iran disputes that, saying its output has increased to 3.8 million bpd. "Saudi Arabia, and two of its allies are the biggest OPEC (quota) violators," The Only Weekly Persian Khatibi was quoted as saying, referring to Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates. Newspaper in Alberta, He called that "the main reason for a Canada since 2004 drop in oil prices in the market."

Iran hits out at oil quota 'violators'

Irankhabar


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Tensions rise between Iran and Azerbaijan DW Azerbaijan feels badgered by its Islamic-led neighbor. Iran's latest attempts to interfere in Azerbaijan were evident during last week's Eurovision Song Contest. But the conflict goes much deeper. Observers in the region have noted a worsening of relations between Azerbaijan and Iran for months now. Yet Azerbaijanis are the largest minority group in Iran. There are more Azeri Turkic speakers there than in Azerbaijan with its population of ten million. The good relations of the former Soviet republic to Israel and the United States are a thorn in the side of the Islamic leadership in Tehran. While the pressure of sanctions on Iran is increasing because of its controversial nuclear program, Israel is delivering highly modern defense goods to Baku. In addition, recent reports surfaced of Israel's plans to use air bases in Azerbaijan for a possible preemptive strike against Iran's nuclear facilities. Azerbaijani authorities arrested 22 people in March for allegedly planning attacks on Israeli and US targets by order of Iran.

IRAN NEWS parliament. "The Mullah regime wants to form our policies," he said. This was confirmed by Ahmed Omid Emotions ran high ahead of the Yazdani, a Berlin-based expert on Eurovision Song Contest. The Azerbaijan. "The good relations beflamboyant annual pageant of tween Azerbaijan to Israel, the US pop music from around Europe and other western countries unsettle was held in Azerbaijan for the first time last month. Iran's entire Iran," Yazdani said. "Azerbaijan orientates itself towards the western state-run media exercised massive criticism of the allegedly un- world and culture, and Iran does not tolerate this." Islamic and scandalous show in Further cause for conflict exists in Baku. In a similar manner, Foreign Min- the good relations between Iran and Armenia, Yazdani said. Azerbaijan ister Ali Akbar Salehi, as well as and Armenia have been at odds for the influential Ayatollahs from over two decades over the disputed Tehran and Tabriz, Kazem Sedighi and Mojtahad Shabestari Nagorno-Karabakh region, an ethnic Armenian enclave that obtained de warned that harm was being facto independence from Baku in done on Islamic ground. Iran's news agency IRNA reported that 1994 - with Yerevan's support. One fifth of Azerbaijan's national territory Tehran recalled its ambassador is under Armenian control. from Baku for consultations to A signal for the West protest what it described as the Azeri government's "insults to the Caucasus expert Stefan Meister from the German Council on Foreign sanctities" of Islam. Azerbaijan only reacted to the criticism a few Relations (DGAP) in Berlin said Azerbaijan is trying to preserve its days following Eurovision. "We are telling you Iranian clerics independence vis-Ă -vis its big southern neighbor. that you should be ashamed of "This is about Iran's influence on yourselves," said presidential Azerbaijan's politics and about the spokesman Ali Hasanov. "You existing fear of Islamization," Meister pray to Allah every day and lie. said. "Azerbaijan feels threatened We don't need clerics like this. The people of Azerbaijan will not and is sending signals that it wants to work together with the West and work together with such clerics be an important partner for the West under any circumstances." in the region." Iranian meddling Hojat-ol-Islam Azimi Qadim, an The Azerbaijani MP Rasim Musabekov told DW that Iranian ethnic Azerbaijani cleric from Qom, said he believed that the conflict attempts to intervene had been

Outrage over 'un-Islamic' music

debated several times in


‫ورزش‬

‫‪Page 34‬‬

‫آب ﺳﺮد ﯾﻮﻧﺎن ﺑﺮ‬

‫ﭘﯿﮑﺮ داغ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎن در‬ ‫ﺟﺎم ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎي اروﭘﺎ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬

‫ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺳﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎ ﺳﺮﻳـﻊ ﺧـﻮﺩ‬

‫ﺳﺨﺖ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻟﺤﻈـﺎﺗـﻲ‬

‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ‪ ۴۵‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﮐﺮﺍﺗﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣـﺪﺍﻓـﻊ ﻭ‬

‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﻠﻴﺪﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳـﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻧـﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻮﮐﺮﺍﺗﺲ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻗﺮﻣـﺰ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﻏﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻳـﮏ ﻳـﺎﺭ‬

‫ﮐﻤﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺣﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﻭﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ‬

‫روز ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺟﺎم‬

‫ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎي اروﭘﺎ ﺑﺎ‬

‫درﺧﺸﺶ ﺗﯿﻢ ﻣﻠﯽ‬

‫روﺳﯿﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﯾﺎن رﺳﯿﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺣﺮﻳﻔﻲ ﻫﻤﻄﺮﺍﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻟﭙﻴﻨﺪﻳﮕـﻴـﺲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻱ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺭﻗـﺎﺑـﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ ﺟـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻧﻲ ﻫـﺎ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻱ ‪ ۲۰۱۲‬ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺟـﻤـﻬـﻮﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﮔﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ‪ ۵۱‬ﺑـﺎﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﭼﮏ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﺯﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﺭﻭﺗﺴﻮﺍﻭ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺴـﺎﺑـﻘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﮐﺸﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻠﻲ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺯﺩﻥ ﮔﻞ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ ‪ ۴‬ﺑﺮ‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﻻﮎ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﺘﻴـﺠـﻪ ‪ ۱‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ ۱۸‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ‪ ،‬ﺳـﻮﺕ ﺁﻏـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ‪ ۶۸‬ﺑـﺎﺯﻱ‪ " ،‬ﺷـﭽـﺴـﻨـﻲ" ﺁﻟﻦ ﺯﺍﮔﻮﺋﻒ ) ‪ ،(۷۹ ،۱۵‬ﺭﻭﻣﻦ ﺷﻴـﺮﻭﮐـﻮﻑ ) ‪ (۲۴‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﻡ ﻣﻠﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ‪۲۰۱۲‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺧﻄﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻣﻦ ﭘﺎﻭﻟﻴﻮﭼﻨﮑﻮ ) ‪ (۸۲‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩ ﭘﺘـﺮ ﭼـﮏ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻـﺪﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻣـﺪ؛ ﺩﻳـﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪ ﻱ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﺕ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻭﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﭼﮏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻨـﻬـﺎ ﮔـﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺗﺤﺮﮎ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺮ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻧﻲﻫﺎ ﺳﻮﺕ ﭘﻨﺎﻟﺘﻲ ﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﮔﻮﻧﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﭘﻴﺘـﺎﻥ ‪ ۳۵‬ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﭼﮏ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺳﻼﻭ ﭘﻴﻼﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ‪ ۵۲‬ﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎﻝ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﻱ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﮔﻞ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﮔﻠﺰﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻱﻫﺎﻱ ‪ ۲۰۱۲‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﮑﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺒﻮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩ ﺑـﺎﻥ ﺷـﻤـﺎﺭﻩ ﻱ ‪ ۲‬ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻲ ﺩﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗـﻴـﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻮﻳـﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۵۶‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﮔﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﻧﺨﺴـﺖ ﺧـﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﮑﺴﺎﻧﺪﺭ ﮐﺮﺷﺎﮐﻮﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻠﻲﭘﻮﺷﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻧـﻲ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﭘﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻬﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻳﮏ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﭘﻨﺎﻟـﺘـﻲ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﻔﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﺎ ﮔﻞ ﺭﻭﺑـﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻱ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻱ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺧﻄﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻧﺪﺭﻩ ﺁﺭﺷﺎﻭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﭘﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺍﻧﺪﻭﺳﮑﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻳﻒ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﭘﺮﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ ۴۵‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻳﮏ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺎﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺏ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧـﺎﺩﻳـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗـﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐـﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﮏ ﺍﺩﻭﻭﮐﺎﺕ ﺳﺮﻣﺮﺑﻲ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻠـﻲ ﺭﻭﺳـﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺣﻔﻆ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﺜﻠﺚ ﺟﺎﺩﻭﻱ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻥ ﻟﻬﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺻﻌﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺩﺷـﻮﺍﺭ ﺗﻴﻤﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﻤﻨـﺖ ﮐـﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﺍﻧﺪﻭﺳﮑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻼﺷﻴﮑﻮﺳﮑﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺪ ﺭﻭﺳـﻴـﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺗﻴﻤـﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﭽﮏ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﻭﺳﻴﺎ ﺩﻭﺭﺗﻤﻮﻧﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧـﻂ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﻤﻨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺩﺳﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺪﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ ﻭ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﻲ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻲ –ﺑﻴﺮﺟﻨﺪﻳﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺳﺎﻟﻦ ﺁﺭﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫‪Angel's hair salon‬‬

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‫‪Nahid’s Esthetic‬‬

‫‪780- 935-4139‬‬ ‫‪403- 667-3884‬‬

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‫‪403– 612-7962‬‬

‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﮔﻠﺸﻨﯽ‬

‫‪403– 560-0685‬‬

‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻧﯽ‬

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‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﻭﺩﻱ‬

‫‪403– 560-2030‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺑﺨﺖ ﻭﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬

‫‪403– 829-1938‬‬

‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﻧﺎ ﮐﻴﺴﻤﯽ‬

‫‪403– 477-7701‬‬

‫ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺷﺮﻑ‬

‫‪403– 255– 7228‬‬

‫‪Advanced Travel‬‬

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‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻧﺎﻳﺖ‬

‫‪Payless Online Travel‬‬

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‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﺧﻠﻴﻠﻲ ﺳﭙﻬﺮ‬

‫‪403-874-1788‬‬

‫ﺷﮫﺎب‬

‫ﺟﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﯽ‬

‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﯽ‬

‫‪Amaswiss Diamond Watches and Jewellery‬‬ ‫‪Calgary Draiving School Ltd.‬‬

‫‪403-265-9883‬‬

‫‪ 403-284-1272‬ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞ – ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪Ahmad‬‬

‫‪403-252-5290‬‬ ‫‪Farid‬‬

‫‪403-554-6391‬‬

‫ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﭘﺰﺷﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺍﺷﮑﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺰﻩ ﺍﯼ‬

‫‪403-934-5292‬‬

‫‪Shawan Electrical‬‬ ‫ﭘﺰﺷﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﮐﻴﺎﻭﻱ‬

‫‪403–276–8711‬‬

‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺻﺪﺭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺍﺕ ) ﻃﺐ ﺳﻮﺯﻧﻲ (‬

‫‪(780)-233-4193‬‬

‫ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﺷﺮﻑ‬

‫‪403– 875– 0114‬‬

‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻲ ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﮑﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﮑﻲ‬

‫ﺁﻭﺍ‬

‫‪403– 607-0905‬‬

‫ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪Flavour me Pizza‬‬

‫‪403-514-8090‬‬

‫‪House of Kabob‬‬

‫‪403- 277-7151‬‬

‫‪Shiraz Persian Cusisine‬‬

‫‪403-452-4050‬‬

‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺁﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻨﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫‪403-262-2006‬‬

‫‪403- 589-1231‬‬

‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬

‫‪403– 262-5695‬‬

‫ﺁﻟﻦ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﻟﻄﻔﻲ‬

‫‪403– 89-12345‬‬

‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻳﺰ ﺳﻴﭽﺎﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻟﻄﻔﻲ‬

‫‪403- 714-4298‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺑﺨﺖ ﻭﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﻲ ﻧﻴﻠﻔﺮﻭﺷﺎﻥ‬

‫‪403-829-1938‬‬ ‫‪403-561-7646‬‬

‫‪Edmonton‬‬

‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﭘﺴﻨﺪ‬

‫‪780-707-7724‬‬ ‫‪403-969-2266‬‬

‫ﮐﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﺫﺭ‬

‫‪403-200-9899‬‬

‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻗﺺ ﻣﺠﻨﻮﻥ‬

‫‪780-919-9948‬‬ ‫‪403-401-5303‬‬

‫ﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺳﻮﭘﺮ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ – ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ‬

‫‪780-481-2974‬‬

‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﺎﻫﻴﻦ‬

‫‪403-293-0909‬‬

‫‪ 403 – 969- 3471‬ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﻏﻨﺪﻭﺭ‬

‫‪403-240-2331‬‬

‫ﮐﺎﺭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺁﮔﻬﯽ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﯼ‬

‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﺐ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﻳﮑﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 250‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫‪403–607-3714‬‬

‫ﺗﺮﺳﯽ ﻧﻴﺮﯼ‬

‫‪ 403–829– 2567‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬

‫ﭼﻨﮕﻴﺰ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﻱ‬

‫‪403–863– 3550‬‬

‫‪Wild Rose Country Painting & Decorating‬‬

‫ﺯﻳﻨﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﺍﻳﻲ‬

‫‪403– 850-6957‬‬

‫‪780-965-2970‬‬

‫‪Edmonton‬‬

‫ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﮐﺴﺐ ﻭ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬

‫‪ 403– 4700192‬ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬

‫‪403– 462-9999‬‬

‫ﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﺴﮑﻦ‬

‫‪403-263-6900‬‬

‫‪support@CanadianIranian.com‬‬

‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣﻼﮎ‬

‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺳﺘﻼﻳﺖ‬

‫‪403-457-2728‬‬

‫‪Kitchen Cabinets &Furnature Finishing‬‬

‫ﺷﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﮐﺒﻴﺮ‬

‫‪403-667-0146‬‬

‫‪403-926-koob‬‬

‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﻦ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﻱ‬

‫‪SEA HOMES INC.‬‬

‫ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬

‫‪4036082954‬‬

‫‪CCIS Services‬‬

‫‪Mansour Madadi‬‬

‫‪403.984.3177‬‬

‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﯼ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﻣود ﺻﻔﺮی‬

‫‪403– 971-3847‬‬

‫ﻟﻴﺰﺭ‬

‫ﻓﺮﺣﻨﺎﺯ ) ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ (‬

‫‪Koob The Kabob Factory Diverse Sports Physical Therapy‬‬ ‫‪Patogh‬‬ ‫‪403-453-0727‬‬ ‫‪The Empaire Café Lounge‬‬

‫ﻓﻮﺯﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭﻱ‬

‫‪403-640-4600‬‬

‫ﻫﻨﺮﻱ‬

‫ﺻﺮﺍﻓﯽ‬ ‫‪403-816-1003‬‬

‫‪403-690-0005‬‬

‫ﻭﮐﻴﻞ‬

‫‪403-680-6172‬‬

‫ﺑﺮﻕ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬

‫‪BAKERY‬‬

‫ﻣﻴﺘﺮﺍ ﻧﺎﻳﺖ‬

‫ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪CHINOOK AUTO REPAIR INC‬‬

‫‪Orchid Pastry‬‬ ‫‪BANUKA‬‬

‫‪Naturaltouchlaser‬‬

‫‪780-707-7724‬‬

‫‪(403) 463-9904‬‬

‫ﻗﻨﺎﺩﻱ‬


‫‪Page 37‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬


‫‪The Only Weekly Persian Newspaper in Alberta, Canada since 2004‬‬

‫‪Volume 8 Number 392 - June 8 , 2012‬‬

‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﺒﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﯽ‬

‫‪403- 277-7151‬‬ ‫)‪Roohy Yazdani ( Birjandian‬‬

‫ﺭﻭﺣﯽ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﯽ ) ﺑﻴﺮﺟﻨﺪﻳﺎﻥ (‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﯽ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﯼ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫®‪REALTOR‬‬

‫ﺍﻣﻼﮎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﺴﮑﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬

‫‪403– 612– 7962‬‬ ‫‪Email: ryazdani@shaw.ca‬‬

‫‪www.calgaryhomesplus.ca‬‬


Irankhabar