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‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ﺁﺫﺭ‬

‫‪‬‬

‫ﺹ‪‬‬

‫‪ -‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ‪ -‬ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺷﻤﺎ‬

‫‪ ۱۰‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﮔﺮﺍﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺯﻳﻨﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﺍﻳﯽ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻣﻼﮎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪ 18‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﮑﻦ‬

‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﭘﺴﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﺴﮑﻦ‬ ‫‪Mortgage Associate‬‬ ‫*‪Looking out for your best interest‬‬

‫‪Tel: 403-969-2266‬‬ ‫‪Reza_pasand@centum.ca‬‬


‫‪Realty Executives‬‬

‫‪Cell: 780-707-7724‬‬

‫‪Centum Elite Mortgage Corp‬‬

‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﺒﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﯽ‬

‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﺧﻮﺷﻤﺰﻩ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫‪ %10‬ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺷﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﮐﺎﺭ‪ :‬ﻫﻔﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 11‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺷﺐ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﯼ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﺎﺩﻣﺠﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﮐﻮﺑﻴﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻠﯽ ﭘ‪‬ﻠﻮ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺞ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﻳﺰﯼ ﺑﺎ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﮔﻮﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﻓﺴﻨﺠﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﻍ‬

‫ﻫﺮ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﭼﻠﻮﮐﺒﺎﺏ‬

‫ﮐﻮﺑﻴﺪﻩ ‪$7.95‬‬

‫ﻫﺮ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻭ ﻳﮑﺸﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﻪ ﭘﺎﭼﻪ‬ ‫‪10% OFF ON ALL TAKE OUT ORDERS‬‬

‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ‪403- 277-7151 :‬‬ ‫ﺁﺩﺭﺱ‪1115 Edmonton Trail NE Calgary :‬‬ ‫‪Open 7 days a week – 11:00 AM to 10:00 PM‬‬


‫ﺑﺎﻗﻠﯽ ﭘﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻻﺯﻡ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ‪ ۱‬ﮐﻴﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ‪ ۲۵۰‬ﮔﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺣﻮﻟﻮﺣﻮﺵ ‪ ۵‬ﺗﺎ ‪ ۶‬ﻗﺸﻖ ﻏﺬﺍﺧﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻥ ﮔﻮﺳﻔﻨﺪ ) ﻳﺎ ـ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﭽﻪ ﻳﺎ ـ ﻣﺮﻍ ( ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺋﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻓﺲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ ۲‬ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﻳﺞ‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺷﺖ ﺑﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺎﺧﻪ ﻛﺮﻓﺲ ﻭ ﻫﻮﻳﺞ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﺯ ﺁﺏ ﭘﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨــﻴﺪ ﻭﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻧﻤﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻃﻮﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﭽﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺵ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺁﺑﭙﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻭﺩﺭﺳﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻻﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﻱ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﻫﻴﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺷﺎﺧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻛﺮﻓﺲ ﻭ ﻫﻮﻳﺞ ﺁﺑﭙﺰ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻧﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻣﻸ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﻳـــﺪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﮔـﺮﺩﺩ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺧﺸﻚ ﻃﻌﻢ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﻠﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻮﺽ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻳﺰﺭ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺩﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻳﺰﺭ ﺧـﺎﺭﺝ ﻛـﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻻﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﻱ ﺑﺮﻧـﺞ ﺑﭙﺎﺷﻴﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺩﻳﺮ ﭘﺰ ﻭ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺁﻥ ﺯﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻪ ﺟﻮﺵ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺯﻭﺩ ﭘﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧــﺞ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮓ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮓ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﻣﻐﺰ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻜﺶ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﻠﻮ ﻛﻤﻲ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻜﺶ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺑﻜﺶ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﺗﻪ ﺩﻳﮓ ﻛﻤﻲ ﺭﻭﻏﻦ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻁ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮓ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺑﭙﺎﺷﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﻭ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺩﻡ ﺑﻜﺸﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪ -8‬ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺋﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻲ ﺁﺏ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻁ ﻭ ﺣﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ - 9‬ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻛﻔﮕﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺑﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻁ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -10‬ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺲ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻻﺑﻪ ﻻﻱ ﺁﻥ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺋﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﻠﻮ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﺳﺖ ﭼﻪ ﻟﺬﺗﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻧﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺮ ﺗﺮﺷﻲ ﺧﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﻲ ﻟﻴﻤﻮ‬ ‫‪ .....................‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻟﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻍ ﺳﺮﺩ‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﯽ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﻟﺒﺮﺗﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﯼ ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ ﻫﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮﺩ‬

‫ﻫﺸﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪Irankhabar Weekly new paper‬‬ ‫‪The Largest & only weekly Persian Language‬‬ ‫‪Publication in Alberta, Edmonton and Calgary,‬‬ ‫‪Volume 8‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺯﺷﻲ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻳﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻴﺴﺖ‪ :‬ﺣﺠﺖ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﭘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﮔﻬﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ‬‫ﻫﻴﭽﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻲ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﮐﺘﺒﻲ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺁﮔﻬﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬‫ﮐﺘﺒﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ‬‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺶ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎ ‪:‬‬

‫‪Tel: 403- 978 – (4726) IRAN‬‬ ‫‪Email: irankhabar@gmail.com‬‬ ‫‪www.iran-khabar.com‬‬ ‫‪www.irankhabar.ca‬‬ ‫‪www.facebook.com/irankhabar‬‬

‫‪P.O.BOX 74134‬‬ ‫‪STRATHCONA R.P.O‬‬ ‫‪CALGARY AB‬‬ ‫‪T3H 3B6‬‬

‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬

‫ﺗﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳـﻲ ﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣـﻮﺿـﻮﻉ ﺍﻓـﺰﺍﻳـﺶ ﺗـﻌـﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳﻨﺠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 2،020‬ﻧـﻔـﺮ ﺗـﻮﺳـﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﺳﺎﺳﺘﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﺍﻧﺠـﺎﻡ ﺷـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗـﻌـﺪﺍﺩ ﭘـﺬﻳـﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻱ ﻃﻲ ﺩﻫﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮔﺎﻩ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫـﺎ ﺩﺭﺑـﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻲ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳـﺘـﺎﻥ ﮐـﺒـﮏ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ ‪Talk‬‬ ‫‪ TV‬ﭘﺨﺶ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻃﻲ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷـﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷـﻬـﺮﺩﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺮﺁﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻼﺋﻢ ﻣـﺬﻫـﺒـﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺰﺋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺟﺸﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﻤﺲ ﻭ ﻫﺎﻧﻮﮐـﺎ‬ ‫) ﺟﺸﻦ ﻳﻬﻮﺩﻳﺎﻥ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺴﻠـﻤـﺎﻧـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﻋﻼﺋﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﻤﺲ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻨﻄﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨـﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﺒﮑﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﺗﺎﻭﺍ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻧـﻴـﺰ‪ ،‬ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺳﻲ ﻧﺰﻧﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﭙﺰﻧﺪ!‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻣﻮﺳـﺴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﮐﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣـﺎﻟـﻴـﮑـﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭼﻨﺪﻓﺮﻫـﻨـﮕـﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔـﻮﻳـﺪ‪ ":‬ﺑـﺮﺧـﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻴﺴﺘﮑـﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺑﻪ ‪ 60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻨﻨـﺪﮔـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ‪ German Marshall‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴـﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳـﭙـﺎﻧـﻴـﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳـﺪﮔـﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻴﺴﺘﮑﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻫﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 280،000‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﮐﺸـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻄﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2000‬ﺗﺎﮐﻨﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‪ 200،000 ،‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ،1980‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 100،000‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺮﺁﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﮑﻮﺱ ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻓﮑﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ���ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻫﺐ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﺒﮏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺎ ﺭﻗـﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ‪62‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻨـﻬـﺎ‬ ‫‪ 53.5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﻪ ﮐـﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2012‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 240‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 265‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧـﻔـﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺸﻤﻴﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‪ ، Legatum‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺮﻭﮊ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﮎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻮﺯﻳﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺋﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﺩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2011‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻔﺘﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﮔﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻣﺘﺮﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻳﻬﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩﻱ)ﮐﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ( ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻨﻄﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﮐﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺎﺩﻱ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻧﺮﻭﮊ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺎﺩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻇﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" .‬ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻫﻠﻤﻦ"‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ‪ ، Forbes‬ﻧﺮﻭﮊ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﺧﺴﺘﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲ ﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫) ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 13‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻠﻴﺴﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ( ﻳﮏ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻳﮑﻨﻮﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ":‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻲ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺤﺖ ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ ﺍﻥ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ"‪.‬‬


‫‪Page 5‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻫﻠﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ":‬ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻲ ﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺗﻴﮏ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻄﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺷﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ) ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻓﺎﺣﺸﻪ ﮔﺮﻱ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻳﮏ ﺷﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻁ ﮔﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ"‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﻨﺠﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ‬

‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﻓﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ " ﭘﻴﺘﺮ ﻣﮏ ﮐﻲ" ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓـﺎﻉ ﮐـﺎﻧـﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻲ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ "‪ ، "Cormorant‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 16،000‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣـﺬﮐـﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣـﺤـﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ ‪ Gander‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻮﻓﺎﻧﻠﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑـﺎ‬ ‫‪ 90‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻗﺎﻳﻖ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ‪ 30‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﻃﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸـﺎﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴـﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﺮﺳـﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳـﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣــﻴــﻨــﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـــﺘـــﻔـــﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷـــﺨـــﺼـــﻲ‬ ‫ﻣـــﻘـــﺎﻣـــﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴــﺎﺳــﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﮑــﺎﻧــﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤـﻞ ﺧـﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘـﻪ ﺑـﻮﺩ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻔــﺮ ‪25‬‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣـﻴـﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﻣـﺎﺩﮔـﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﮐﻨـﻴـﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣـﺎ‬ ‫" ﺩﻳﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻔﺮﺳﻮﻥ" ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺣـﺰﺏ ﻣـﺨـﺎﻟـﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﺌﻮﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﺭﮎ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧـﻘـﻞ ﺷـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﮏ ﮐﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﮐﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻱ ﻣـﮏ‬ ‫ﮐﻲ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳﻨﻞ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﻘﻼ ﮐـﺮﺩ ﺗـﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴـﮕـﻴـﺮﻱ‬ ‫‪Burnt Rattle‬ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﮏ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺟﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬـﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﻣﺠﺪﺩﺍ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮐﻪ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭽﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺿـﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻲ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻧﮑـﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳـــﻦ‬

‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﮏ ﮐﻲ ﺑـﻪ ﺩﺭﻭﻍ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﻦ ﻫﺎﺭﭘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﻓـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻱ ﻣﺄﻣـﻮﺭﻳـﺖ ﻫـﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬

‫ﺑﺎ‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺷﻤﺎ‬


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‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﺳﺨﺘﻲ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﭘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﮑﻪ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻗﻮﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﭘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭ ﭘﺪﺭﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﭘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ‪165‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮﻱ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﻲ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻳﮏ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﺴﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻄﻮﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺣﺰﺏ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﻧﺌﻮﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺕ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻭ ﻣﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻧﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﻻﻳﻨﺤﻞ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ "ﺩﻭﻥ ﺩﻳﻮﻳﺲ" ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻧﮑﻮﻭﺭ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺪﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺵ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻱ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﭘﺮ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻓﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺗﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﮎ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﮎ ﻧﮑﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﻴﺴﻮﻥ ﮐﻨﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﮑﻠﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺣﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻨﺎ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﭘﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﺭﮐﻨﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻳﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﮐﻤﮏ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺗﺮ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺄﮐﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ":‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺻﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻼﻣﺘﻲ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮐﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻭﻳﺰﺍ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻲ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ "ﺩﺑﻲ ﺩﺍﮔﻼﺱ" ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬ���ﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ )‪(OCASI‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺰﺍﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﺪﺭﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮐﻤﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ":‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﮐﺎﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﻢ"‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺷﺶ ﭘﻠﻪ ﺍﻱ‬

‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻴﺴـﺘـﻲ ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺰﻝ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﺴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺿﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﺎ ‪ 6‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔـﺮﻓـﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﻲ ﺗﻲ ﻭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻳﮏ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺪﻧﻲ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،1993‬ﻣﺪﻋﻲ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 90‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻳـﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻲ ﮐـﻨـﺪ ﺗـﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﮐﺴﺐﻭﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻣﺪﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟـﻬـﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺭﺍﻫﮑﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﮔـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ‪ 183‬ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑـﺮﺭﺳـﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺮﺍﺕ ‪) 10‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ( ﺗﺎ ﺻﻔﺮ ) ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ( ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﺎ ﮐﺴﺐ ‪ 8.7‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻧﻴﻮﺯﻳﻠﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﮎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺋﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﻭﮊ‪ ،‬ﻫـﻠـﻨـﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2011‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 8.7‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2010‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 8.9‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪6‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2009‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 8.7‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪8‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2008‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 8.7‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪9‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2007‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 8.7‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪9‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،2006‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ‪ 14‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑـﻴـﻦ ‪40‬‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺭﺷﻮﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪ 2.7‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ‪ 120‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒـﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ 26 ،‬ﭘﻠﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪ 22 ،‬ﭘﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻮﻣﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﮐﺮﻩ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻤﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺑﮑﺴﺘـﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﮐﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﻌﺮ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺬﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺑﭽﻪ "ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ " ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﺒﮑﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻭﻱ ﺗﺬﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ " ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ" ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﺒﮏ ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻱ ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﮐﺒﮏ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻭﺍ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺟﺰﺋﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﮔﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺰﻭﻩ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ‪ 16 ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﺷﻮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺳﻲ ﻭ ﭘﺨﺘﻦ ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻮﻱ ﺗﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫"‪"Statement of Values‬ﺭﺍ ‪ ،‬ﮐﻤﮏ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺟﺪﺑﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺬﮐﺮﺍﺗﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺷﻤﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻏﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ!‬

‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2007‬ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﮐﺒﮏ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ‪ ، Hérouxville‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺳﻨﮕﺴﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺘﻨﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻄﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻨﻲ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ‪ 250،000‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺎﻭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ":‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺧﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﮔﻮﺷﺰﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺎ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ ﻣﺎ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﮑﺴﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺳﺎﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﻣﺬﮐﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ "ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ" ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ‪ ،‬ﺯﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﺒﮏ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﮐﺒﮏ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺳﻲ ﻭ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﭽﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﮐﺒﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻭﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭼﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪":‬‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‪ " :‬ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﺴﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﺒﺲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻝ‪ ،‬ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﺭ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺴﺨﺮ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻓﻲ" ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺗﺬﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻴﺴﺘﮑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﮐﻮﺩﮎ ﺁﺯﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ "ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ" ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻲ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﺑﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻨﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺭﮎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻀﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﺷﻮﻩ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻴﻨﻄﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻖ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﮕﻲ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﺩ ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺩﻭﻳﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻼﻣﺘﻲ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﺷﺰﺩ‬

‫‪Page 7‬‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺮﻑ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﻲ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﻳﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻳﮏ ﻋﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﻭ ﺷﮕﻔﺘﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﮐﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻧﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺶ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻄﻮﺭﻳﮑﻪ ﻃﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ‪ 28 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﮐﻪ ﮔﺎﺗﻴﻨﻮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻳﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺮﺏ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﮑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﮐﺒﮏ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻼ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺫﮐﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﻱ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﭽﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭽﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﺑﺮﻳﺖ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺫﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﺴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺧﺘﻨﻪ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺮﺁﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﭽﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﮐﻠﻴﺴﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻮﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫"ﻓﻮ ﻧﻴﻮﻣﻲ" ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻱ" ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﮐﺒﮏ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﺨﻴﻔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻢ‪ ،‬ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺬﮐﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻴﮑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺗﻤﺴﺨﺮ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﻤﺸﺎﮔﺮﺩﻱ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻭ ﺣﺎﺩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﮐﺒﮏ ﻭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻱ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻔﻴﺪﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬


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‫ﮐﻮﺛﺮﻱ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬

‫ﺟﻨﮕﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺟﻨﮕﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬

‫ﮐﺎﺭ ‪RQ-170‬‬

‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻲ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﮐﻮﺛﺮﻱ ﻧﺎﺋﺐ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﮐﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﮎ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﻣﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﮎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺤﺜﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺳﮑﻮﺕ ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﮎ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻲﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺛﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺋﺐ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﮐﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﻠﺢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬ ‫‪RQ-170‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺯﺩﻳﻢ‬

‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺛﺮﻱ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﻼﺻﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ‬

‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻳﺨﻮﺍﻩ ‪:‬‬

‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ‪ :‬ﺳﻨﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻱ ﻗﺎﻃﻊ ﻫﺮ ‪١۰۰‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ ‪.‬ﻣﺎﺭﮎ ﮐﺮﮎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻳﺨﻮﺍﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﮕﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺎﻏﻲ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺮﭘﻴﭽﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﭘﺮﺍﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﮎ ﮐﺮﮎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺗﺮﮐﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺼﻞ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺗﺮﮐﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺼﻞ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ‪.‬ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﻴﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﻲ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻧﺮﺍ ﺑﻲ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺁﻧﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻌﻲ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﻤﻨﹸﻦ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺵ ﻗﻮﻳﺎ ﻧﻘﺾ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﻤﺴﺮ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ »‬ ‫ﺍﻑ ﺑﻲ ﺁﻱ « ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺭﺍﺑﺮﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﻧﺪﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﺩﻣﮑﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮﻭﺍﻗﻌﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻃﻌﻢ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺗﻴﮏ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻟﺸﻮﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﮐﻮﺏ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ‪.‬ﻣﺎﺭﮎ ﮐﺮﮎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﺎ ﺭﺍﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻤﻬﺎﻱ ﺳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺞ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﮐﺮﺩ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺘﮕﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﮎ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﮊﺍﭘﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﮔﺮﮎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﮐﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﮊﺍﭘﻦ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﺒﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ‪ :‬ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺁﺳﻮﺷﻴﺘﺪ ﭘﺮﺱ ﻓﺎﺵ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩۀ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﺒﻲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻴﺪﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ » ﺭﺍﺑﺮﺕ ﻟ‪‬ﻮﻳﻨﺴﻮﻥ« ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺖۀ » ﺍﻑ‪ .‬ﺑﻲ ‪ .‬ﺁﻱ « ﮐـﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۷‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﮐﻴﺶ ﻧﺎﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘـﻴـﺶ‪،‬‬

‫ﮐﻴﺶ ﻧﺎﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ‬

‫ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮﻳﻲ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬

‫ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑـﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﺑﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﮐﻨﺪ ‪.‬ﻟﻮﻳﻨﺴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮ‪ ،‬ﮐﻪ ﺑﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﺴـﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐـﻪ ﺗـﻮﺳـﻂ »‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ« ﺭﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻳـﺪﺋـﻮ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ » ﮔﺮﻭﻩ « ﻭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻟـﻮﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺵ ﺍﻧﺪﮐﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻋﮑـﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮ ﺗﺎﺑﺤﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬

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‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺷﻤﺎ‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

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‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ‬

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‫"ﺑﺰﺭﮒﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ" ﺷﺪ‬

‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ "ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ" ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۱‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ‪ ۱۵‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۱‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ‪ ۱۷۹ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﮑﺎﺱ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪ ۳۴‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪ ۴۲‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻳﺘﺮﻩ )‪۲۸‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ(‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ )‪ ۲۷‬ﻧﻔﺮ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻣﻪ )‪ ۱۲‬ﻧﻔﺮ( ﻭ ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻡ ﺑﺎ ‪ ۹‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ‪ ۳۴‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﮎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻧﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ‪ ۴۵‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﮐﻮﺏ ﻣﻌﺘﺮﺿﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۳۸۸‬ﺭﺍ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺭﺯﻭﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ "ﺩﺭﹺﻱ ﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ" ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ "ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﺪ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪" ،‬ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﮐﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﮔﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﺍﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ‪ ۶۵‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰۰۹‬ﺗﺎ ﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻲ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﮕﺮ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ "ﻣﻨﺰﺟﺮﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ" ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﺯﻳﺪﺁﺑﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻃﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۱‬ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻧﺴﮑﻮ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﮐﻼﻱ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﭘﻴﮕﺮﺩ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺴﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫ﺳﺘﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﮐﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ ۱۱‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﺳﺤﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﭘﻠﻤﺐ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﮐﺮﻭﺑﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ ۸۸‬ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﮔﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﮐﻬﺮﻳﺰﮎ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬

‫ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬

‫ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬

‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ؛ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﺯﺍﺭﻉ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺭﺩﺷﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﺮ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻫﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻲ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ "ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻱ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ"‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﮐﺒﺮ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺑﻬﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫)ﺭﻓﺴﻨﺠﺎﻧﻲ( ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ ﺭﺍﻱ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ ۱۲‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ ۹۲۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻣﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﮔﻮﺳﺖ ‪۲۰۱۱‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﮎ ﺁﺭﻧﻮﻟﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﮐﻴﻞ ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻫﻔﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻱ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﻧﻊ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﺮ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻫﻬﺎﻱ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻫﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻲ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ "ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‪".‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ "ﺗﻮﺭﻳﻨﻮ" ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﮏ ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺩﮐﺘﺮﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺁﻗﺎﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺭﻓﺴﻨﺠﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﻓﺴﻨﺠﺎﻧﻲ‬

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‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺝ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪۲۰۰۱‬‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ‬ ‫‪WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/IRANKHABAR‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻱ ﻧﻨﺸﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﭘﺮﻳﻞ ‪ ۲۰۰۵‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮓ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻭ ﺍﮐﺒﺮ ﺭﻓﺴﻨﺠﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻗﻄﻌﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ‪ ۱۳۶۷‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺮﻡ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﺎﺭﻳﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺧﺼﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ ۱۲‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ ۹۰۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ ".‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺳﺎﮐﻦ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﮐﺘﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﮐﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎﺋﻴﮑﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻱ ﻣﻴﺰ ﻣﺤﺎﮐﻤﻪ ﮐﺸﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﮑﻞ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻃﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮑﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺘﮕﺎﻫﻬﺎﻱ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻫﻬﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺾ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺾ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫"ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻱ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ"‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻱ ﻧﻨﺸﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﻲ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺍﺩ؛ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺍﻫﮕﺸﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺫﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪------‬‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻲ ﻭ ﭘﺪﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻤﮏ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﭼﺎﭘﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻫﻔﺖ ﭼﺎﭖ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮔﺸﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻫﻲ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﻮﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﻮﻑ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ "ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ" ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻫﺸﺖ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ‪http://issuu.com/haftmagazin‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺷﮑﻨﺠﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻪ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬

‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻫﺮ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪WWW.IRAN-KHABAR.COM‬‬

‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻴﺲ ﺑﻮﮎ‬


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‫ﻧﻮﺭﻱﺯﺍﺩ‪:‬‬

‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﻣﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬

‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ ۸۸‬ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺷﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺩﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" :‬ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪ ۱۸‬ﺁﺫﺭ )ﻧﻬﻢ ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ( ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺘﺮﺿﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۸۸‬ﻭ ﺣﮑﻮﻣﺘﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ " :‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺪﻳﺸﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﻳﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺑﻐﺾ ﺁﻟﻮﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪" :‬ﺍﻧﺎﷲ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺟﻌﻮﻥ"‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ – ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻗﺸﺮ ﻭ ﻃﺎﻳﻔﻪ – ﻣﺎﺑﻘﻲ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻓﮑﺮ ﮐﻨﺪ‪" :‬ﻭﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺜﻼ ﺟﻨﺎﺏ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﻳﺰﺩﻱ ﺑﺮﺳﺮﻳﺮ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﺱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻟﻲ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺧﺪﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﮐﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺎﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﮐﺠﺎﻱ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ )ﮐﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ( ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺗﺠﺴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺩﺍﻱ ﻫﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻋﺎﻱ ﺷﺐ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻘﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﹺ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻓﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺗﻘﻲ ﻣﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﻳﺰﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﮔﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﻴﻌﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻌﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻱ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺌﻮﺭﻳﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺁﻳﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻲ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ " :‬ﻫﺮﮐﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻏﺮﺿﻢ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺃﺳﻨﺸﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻤﺎﻋﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮ ﮐﻮﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ ﺧﻴﻤﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺮﻱ ﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﺁﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮﮐﺠﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻧﻔﻮﺫﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺩﮔﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺧﻢ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ؟" ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ ۲۷‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﮕﺎﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ‬ ‫‪ ۵۷‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" :‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻱ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺟﻴﻊ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺷﻤﻨﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺫﺍﺕ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺨﻦ ﭘﻴﺪﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺷﻤﻨﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺩﺭﻃﻮﻝ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺟﺎﻫﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﻲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ ۸۸‬ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ "ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺿﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ" ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" :‬ﺳﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻧﻔﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ؟ ﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﭽﺎﻟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮐﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺳﺘﮑﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺯﺣﻤﺖ ﮐﺸﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﮐﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﻠﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﻭ ﻫﻴﻮﻻﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺁﻗﺎ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﻮﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﺪ"‪ .‬ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻴﺮﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻱ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﻭﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺩﻫﻢ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪" :‬ﺷﻤﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻱ ﻭﮐﺮﻭﺑﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ؟ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺼﺎﻑ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻝ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺣﺎﮐﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﺒﻮﺱ ﻭ ﺗﻨﺪ ﺧﻮ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻳﺪ؟"‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ "ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻧﺸﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ"‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲ ﻭ ﺳﻔﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫"ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺳﻒ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ" ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫"ﮔﻮﺷﺰﺩ" ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺯﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫"ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ" ﻭ "ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ" ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ‪ ۵۰‬ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﻼﻕ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫« ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ‬

‫ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ »‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬

‫ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬

‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﮐﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ‬

‫ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ‪ RQ-170‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺑﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﮑﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﮑﻲ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬

‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﻫﻮﺍﻓﻀﺎﻱ ﺳﭙﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻋﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﮐ���ﺘﺮﻝ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ "ﺑﺎ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﮎ" ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﻓﻮﻕ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﺂﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺳﻴﺎ ﻭ‬

‫ﺗﺴﻠﻂ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﮑﺮ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻳﻬﺎﻱ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺳﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻓﺎﮐﺲ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ‪،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺁﻥ ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﮑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻱ‬

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‫ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻓﺎﺵ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ "ﺷﻴﻨﺪﺍﺩ" ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬

‫ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬

‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻦ ﻻﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺳﻔﻴﺮ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻓﻮﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺴﺴﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﮎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ‬

‫ﻋﺼﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ )‪ ۱۷‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪ ۸/‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ( ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﻴﺮ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۵‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﺠﺴﺲ‬

‫ﻳﮏ ﻓﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺷﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬

‫ﺍﺗﻤﻲ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ‬

‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ "ﺁﺭ‪ .‬ﮐﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻘﻮﻁ‬

‫ﻳﻮ‪ "۱۷۰ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻖ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ‬

‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ‬

‫ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ »ﻧﻘﺾ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬

‫ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬

‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬

‫ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ‬

‫ﺿﺎﻳﻌﻲ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬

‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬

‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ‬

‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬

‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻭ‬

‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻭ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺘﺎﺭﻱ‬

‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ« ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬

‫ﺗﺠﺴﺴﻲ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ‪RQ-170‬‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ »ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ« ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ »ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺭﺍﺩﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ« ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ »ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺣﺘﻲ ﮔﻔﺘﮕﻮﻱ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﻮﺩ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﺗﮑﺮﺍﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻲ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻗﻮﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺸﻌﺸﻌﺎﺕ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻖ ﭘﻲﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﮐﺘﻴﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺘﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻅ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﺪ»‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﮑﺸﻨﺒﻪ )‪ ۱۳‬ﺁﺫﺭ( ﺍﺯ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻳﮏ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ )ﭘﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ‬

‫ﭼﺮﺍ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭ( ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﮎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‪،‬‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﺳﻮﺷﻴﺘﺪﭘﺮﺱ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ‬

‫ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ )ﭘﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭ( ﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻠﻤﺮﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ‬

‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺠﺴﺴﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﮐﺰ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ «ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ‪ RQ-170‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ ﺳﺮﻧﮕﻮﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ»‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﻣﻮﺛﻖ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬

‫ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ‪ RQ-170‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﻴﻨﺪﺩ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﺄﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺗﺠﺴﺴﻲ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ "ﻣﻠﺖ" ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ "ﺳﻴﺎ" ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺰﺏﺍﷲ ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﮕﻨﺪﻩ "ﺟﻲ ‪"۲۰‬‬

‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﺳﺮﺩﺭﮔﻢ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻲ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﻴﻨﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻧﺸﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ )‪ ۵‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ۱۴/‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ "ﺍﻑ ‪ "۱۱۷‬ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۹۹۹‬ﺩﺭ ﮐﻮﺯﻭﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭ( ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻱ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﭘﺨﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺳﺮﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ‪ RQ-170‬ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬


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‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺘﻲ ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ‬

‫ﻗﻢ ‪ -‬ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ :‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﺳﻠﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﻧﺎﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺒﺎﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﻭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺧﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺫﻫﻨﻢ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻟﺤﻦ ﺳﺮﺩﻱ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﺗﻮ ﺭﻭ ﺧﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺨﺸﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺭﻳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺷﻪ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﻪ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﻡ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﺍﻭﻣﺪ ﺗﻮﻱ ﺣﻴﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻔﺮﻱ ﺗﻮﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺁﺭﻭﻣﺶ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻢ ﮐﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺵ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﮐﺴﻲ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺑﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﺵ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﺪﺑﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻳﻮﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ‪ 22‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﻴﻢ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺸﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺮﻑ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻧﮑﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﮎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ )ﮐﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ (...‬ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺎﻣﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻳﮏ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﮔﻲ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﮔﻠﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺩ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﻣﺸﮑﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﺍﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﮓ ﺩﺳﺘﻲ ﭘﺪﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺟﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻲ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ ﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺵ ﻣﻲ ﻧﺎﻟﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺩ ﭘﺎﺋﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺣﻴﺎﻁ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ ﺷﺪﻡ ﻫﻴﭻ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﻋﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﮐﺴﻲ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﮐﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺬﺭﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﺧﻮﺷﺎﻣﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭﻟﺶ ﻓﮑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﺩﻟﮕﻮﻳﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﭙﺎﭼﮕﻲ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺪﻳﺪﻡ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﺤﻘﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻴﺎﻃﻲ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﺮﻗﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﺗﻴﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ!‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﻱ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺣﻖ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﻲ ﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﻳﮏ ﺷﻴﻠﻨﮓ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ���ﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻡ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻲﺁﻣﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻪ ﭼﺮﺩﻩ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻱ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺾ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻡ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺟﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺗﮏ ﺷﻌﻠﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﺎﻕ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺟﺎﻕ ﮔﺮﻡ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻃﺒﺦ ﻏﺬﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﺐ ﻫﺎ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﺕ ﺳﺮﻣﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﮏ ﻫﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﻑﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺭﻑ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﻏﺬﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻬﻦ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺍﺑﻖ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 75‬ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﺯﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻥ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺒﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﻴﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﻭﺩ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻮ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮐﺴﻲ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﮐﻨﺪ ‪.‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﻬﻲ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻭﻕ ﻭ ﺷﻮﻕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻄﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺰﺷﮏ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﻫﺪ ‪ 30‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻋﮑﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ )ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ( ﺑﻪ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺳﺮﻱ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺰﺷﮏ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻢ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺨﺖ ﭘﻤﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ‬

‫ﻣﻲﻣﺎﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﺹ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺰ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻼ ‪6‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ‪ 75‬ﻋﺪﺩ ﻗﺮﺹ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺧﺮﻳﺪﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻣﻄﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺰﺷﮏ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻻﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﻳﻀﺶ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻱ!‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻔﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﮏ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻃﻠﺒﮑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﻃﻠﺒﮑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﻫﺮﺵ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﮔﺮﻭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺒﻨﺪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﺪﻫﻲ ‪6‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﻫﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻗﺮﺽ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻻﻥ ﻫﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺣﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻥ ﭘﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﮐﻢ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺗﺶ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻝ ﺯﺧﻢﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩﺍﺵ ﻃﺎﻗﺖ ﺳﮑﻮﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺿﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﺁﻫﻦ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺰﺷﮏ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺰﺷﮏ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ "ﺗﻮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻲ؟"‪ .‬ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪﻡ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﻢ‬ ‫‪ 45‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬

‫ﭘﺪﺭ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻪﺍﺵ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻝ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﺵ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﻫﺮﺵ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺳﺮﺩﺷﺪﻥ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻭ ﻓﺮﺷﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﭘﻬﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻳﺨﭽﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻧﻴﮑﻮﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺎ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﺴﺎﺩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻳﮑﺒﺎﺭ ‪ 60‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﮑﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻮﻳﺎ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﺧﻴﺮﻱ ﻧﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻥ ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺖﺯﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﻮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ‪ 6‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺧﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻫﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺸﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﻫﺎ ﺁﺭﺯﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻍ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪" .‬ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ 18‬ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﭘﺴﺮﻡ )ﻣﻴﺜﻢ(‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺷﮑﻞ ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﻲ ﺟﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺰﺷﮑﺎﻥ ‪ 72‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﮔﺶ ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻼﻧﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺪﻥ ﻣﻴﺜﻢ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺎﻟﺒﺪﺷﮑﺎﻓﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻲ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺴﻲ ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻲ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﮐﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻨﺎﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺻﺎﺑﺮ ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻏﺼﻪ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺫﻫﻨﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﺼﻪﺍﺵ ﺳﺒﮏﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻏﺼﻪ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺜﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺑﺮ ﺗﺤﺖ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﻫﺎ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺩﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻳﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﺍﺗﺶ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﻱ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻏﺪﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩ ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ‪ 15‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺮﮎ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﻴﺪﻩ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﺎ ﺷﺐ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﮐﻮﭼﻪ ﭘﺲ ﮐﻮﭼﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻟﻘﻤﻪ ﺣﻼﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﺎ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺳﻮﻱ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﻭﮎ ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻤﻮﺷﻲ ﺭﻭﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺵ ﺳﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺮﺍﻧﺶ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻋﺎﺭﻳﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﺎ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﮔﻮﺷﻪ ﻭ ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻪ ﮐﻨﺞ ﭼﺸﻤﺎﻧﻢ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﮐﻲ‬

‫‪Page 15‬‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻢ ﻭ ﻳﮏ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺑﭽﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻢ ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﺎﻧﻢ ﭘﺘﻮ ﻭ ﭼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺗﻲ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﭽﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﻫﺮﺵ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻲﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﻲ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻣﺘﻨﺎﻉ‬ ���ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺳﺮ ﻭ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﻭ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺟﺴﻤﻲ ﺣﺮﮐﺘﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﻨﻲ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﮎ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‪... .‬‬

‫ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﺒﻨﺪ ﻃﻼ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳﺘﺒﻨﺪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻟﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻲﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺳﺨﺘﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻲ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻭ ﺑﭽﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻃﻠﺒﮑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﮔﺸﻮﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ‪ 110‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﻫﺮﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺍﻳﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺳﻬﻴﻢ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺭﻫﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﺮﻁ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻲ ﺗﺮﮎ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻳﺰ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺷﺖ ﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻧﺞ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ‪ -‬ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ – ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻼﻝﺁﻭﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺑﺪﻧﺶ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻧﮑﻨﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﮔﻮﺵ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺷﻨﻮﺍ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺪﺕ ﺳﻮﺯﺵ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺳﺨﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺳﭙﺮﻱ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﺘﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺳﻘﻒ ﭼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺗﻲ!‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﻮﻟﻨﺎﮎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻟﺮﺯﻩ ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺌﻮﺍﻝ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻤﮏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻗﻠﺒﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﮐﻮﭼﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺧﻢ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺼﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﮐﺎﻣﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺴﮑﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﻮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺷﻮﻫﺮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﺨﺪﺭ ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺻﻔﺎﺋﻴﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻔﺮﻭﺷﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮔﻞ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﮐﺴﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﭘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺟﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻲ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺑﭽﻪﻫﺎ ﮐﻼﻓﻪﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﻝﻫﺎ ﺗﮑﺎﻓﻮﻱ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩ ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻏﻤﻲ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻏﻢ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺟﺰ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻲ ﻣﻬﺮﻱ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺗﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺫﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻫﺎ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻡ ﻭﻟﻲ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺠﺘﺒﻲ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻤﺮﻧﮓﺷﺪﻥ ﻋﺎﻃﻔﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﺰﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﯼ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻳﮏ ﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﮑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺳﻴﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﻼ ﮊﻧﮓ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﻭﻱ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﭼﻪ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﺎﺕ ﭼﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﻴﮑﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ؟ ﺍﮔﺮ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﺎﺗﻲ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺼﺎﺣﺐ ﮐﻠﻴﺪ ﺗﺮﻣﻮﺳﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ‪ ۶۵‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺸﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺜﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻫﺎ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﻲ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻱ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ‪،‬‬

‫ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬

‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻱ ﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﮏ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺟﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﺷﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﮐﺲ ﻳﻮ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻟﮕﻮﺭﻳﺘﻢ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻲ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﺎﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﺲ ﺑﻮﮎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﮐﺲ ﻳﻮ ﻣﻴﮕﻮﻳﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺘﺎﻧﺴﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺗﺮ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﻧﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺑﻬﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﺑﮑﺎﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ‪ ١۹‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻴﻨﺎﻝ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻲ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺯﻳﻤﻨﺲ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﻳﮏ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﺘﮑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻥ ﺳﻮﻟﺪﺭ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﺫﻫﻨﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﻴﺒﺮﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻲ ﺟﻠﻮﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻟﺰﺍﻳﻤﺮ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﮐﻴﻨﺴﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺪﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﮑﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺠﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻳﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻣﻴﻢ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭﺍﻳﻲ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻴﻦ ‪ ١۷‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻱ ﻳﻮﺁﻥ ﻟﻴﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪١۰۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺳﻴﻪ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺮﻑ ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﻮﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﻭﻟﻲ ﻓﺮﻧﮕﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺵ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺗﮑﺎﻣﻞ ﮐﻬﮑﺸﺎﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻮﻟﻴﺎ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻭ ﭘﻴﻤﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺻﺪﺍﯼ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺑﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﻱ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮ ﻓﻮﻗﺎﻧﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﻘﻒ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺷﺘﻦ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻫﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻤﻴﻘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻼﺳﻔﻪ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻨﮏ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪ ۸‬ﺁﺫﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪ ۱۱‬ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺗﺎﺏ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﮐﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﻲ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫‪ ۲۵۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺸﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻴﭽﮑﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﮑﺎﺭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﮑﻲ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺼﻠﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻞ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﺗﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺴﻴﻠﻲ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» :‬ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺟﺪﻱ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ »‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺍﻫﮑﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﮑﺎﺭ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﮑﻲ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬

‫ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳﻞ ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‬

‫‪- Welldoc DiabetesManager‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﮑﻞ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﺒﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪12‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﺭﺕ ﻓﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﻏﺬﺍ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺷﮕﻔﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ ER‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﮏ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﮐﻤﮏ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ؛ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﭽﺎﺭﺩ ﮐﺰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺐ ﻭ ﻋﺮﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺟﺮﺝ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺠﻲ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ‪ mHealth‬ﮐﻪ ‪ 6‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺩﻱ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ‪ ....‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎﺭﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻼﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 218‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ ﮐﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2008‬ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 83‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻳﮏ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺖ ‪ 10 ،937‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ‪ Welldoc‬ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪ 2011‬ﻣﺠﻠﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﮑﻴﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ ﺩﻳﺎﺑﺖ ‪ Welldoc‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻗﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ ( ‪ A1C‬ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ( ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ‪http://news.cnet.com/8301-27083_3- :‬‬ ‫‪57337815-247/how-the-right-app-can‬‬‫‪make-you-healthier‬‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻦ‬

‫ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﻳﺪ ﺭﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮐﻠﻴﮏ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺗﻲ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺸﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺧﻄﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺁﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﺳﮑﻮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﭘﻴﺪﻣﻮﻟﻮﮊﻱ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪" :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻋﻤﻖ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮑﺘﺮﻭ ﻣﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ‪ ۴‬ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻴﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺴﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﮔﻴﺠﮕﺎﻫﻲ )‪ (Temporal lobe‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﻱﺗﺮ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪" :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﺠﻤﻪ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺯﮎﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺁﮔﻬﯽ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬

‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻭ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ‪ IARC‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫'ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﺰﺍ'‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ ‪ ۲۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺁﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﺳﮑﻮ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪" :‬ﻣﻦ ﻓﮑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻗﻮﻱ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻄﺮﻱ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮊﻭﺭﻧﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﺘﻼﻱ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۱۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﮕﻮﻣﺎ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻐﺰﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ "‪.‬ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﻤﻲ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﭘﺮ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫)‪(IARC‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪":‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻣﮑﺎﻟﻤﻪ ﺻﻮﺗﻲ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﺵ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻐﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﺯ ﻓﺮﻱ ‪(Hands‬‬ ‫)‪free‬ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪":‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪﻱ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺒﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻋﺎﻗﻼﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻻﺋﻞ ﮐﺎﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻮﻭﻻﻥ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸ���ﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮏ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ ﻣﮑﺎﻟﻤﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻧﺎﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻮﺽ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ "ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻨﺪﺯ ﻓﺮﻱ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﺰﺍ" ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺮ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻭ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻟﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸﺎﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﭘﺮ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻟﻴﺰﺍﺑﺖ ﺭﺍﻓﻴﻨﻨﮕﻮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ"ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﺒﺘﻼﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ‪.‬ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻧﻲ" ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﺰﺍ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ‪ IARC‬ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪" :‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪﻱ ﻗﻮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺪﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪":‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ‪ IARC‬ﻫﻢ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻣﻐﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﻓﮑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ‪ ۳۰-۴۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﺒﺮ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ ‪ ۲۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ‪ GSMA‬ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻄﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ ":‬ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ‪ IARC‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪GSMA‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺪﻱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻲ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻼﻣﺖ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺑﻲ ﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻦ‬

‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﺯﻍ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﭘﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮﺭﺳﻴﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺯﻍ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺮﻭﮊﻩ ﺩﮐﺘﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺳﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺯﻍﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۹۶‬ﻋﺪﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻨﮓ ﻫﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻭﺯﻍﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺳﻨﮓ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪" ،‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳﺮﺩﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻬﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺭﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ":‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﭘﻨﺞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻳﮑﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﻭﺯﻍ ﻫﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۹‬ﺗﺎﻻﺏ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻴﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻣﮑﺎﻧﻴﺰﻣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻔﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮑﻲ ﺁﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺳﻨﮓ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻭﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻴﻬﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺮﺯﺵ ﺩﺭﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻢ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻳﺪﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻳﭽﻞ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﻣﺒﺘﻼ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫"ﺍﻭﭘﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﻴﻮﺭﺳﻴﺘﻲ" ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﭘﻲ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﮐﻤﮏ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺮﺗﺎﻥ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻣﻴﺰ ﻣﻲ ﻧﺸﻴﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺷﺎﻡ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺸﻘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ "ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ" ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻲ ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺎﹰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻍ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻨﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ "ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﮐﻨﺶ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ" ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻭﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻴﻬﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺧﺰﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺯﻳﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﻲﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۹۷۵‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﺎﻳﭽﻨﮓ ﭼﻴﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ" ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﮏ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻳﮏ ﻧﺎﻗﻞ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻻﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻤﺐ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻻﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺧﺰﻳﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﺰﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﻧﺴﺮﺩ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪" :‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﮐﺸﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﺮ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻫﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺷﮕﻔﺖ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﭼ���ﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺪﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺧﺰﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺏ ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﻣﺎﻫﻲﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻌﺮ ﺁﺏ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪".‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﮐﻨﺶ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ‬

‫'ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ'‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬

‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻪ" ﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻﹰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻳﮏ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻧﺠﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺷﮑﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺴﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻓﺮﺩ "ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ" ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﻗﺮﻥ ﺑﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺩﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﺁﻓﺖ ﻗﺮﻥ" ﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ "ﺁﻓﺖ ﻗﺮﻥ ‪ "21‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ 26‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﻫﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺯﻧﺎﺷﻮﻳﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺯﻧﺎﺷﻮﻳﻲ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻫﺮﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺩﻋﻮﺍ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ‪48‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺣﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﮐﺎﺩﻣﻲ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ "ﮊﻭﺭﻧﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺭﺷﺪ"‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﮐﻮﺩﮐﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺼﺒﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 500‬ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﺳﺨﻬﺎﻱ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﮏ ﭘﺮﻳﺸﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﮑﻲ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﻭﺱ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ "ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﻠﻲ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ"‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻱ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 18‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 64‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺑﻪ ‪ 0.8‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ )ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ( ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﮐﺎﺭ )‪ 54‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ( ﻭ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ )‬ ‫‪ 46‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ( ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪" :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻲ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮐﻨﺶ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻧﻴﺴﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻧﺎﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﭘﺮﻳﺸﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ )ﺣﺘﻲ ﺟﺴﻤﻲ(‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﮔﻲ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪".‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻱ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﺒﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﮑﻴﺒﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﮔﻮﺵ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺣﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﺭﺕ ﻭﺍﮐﻨﺸﻬﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﺻﺒﻮﺭ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻣﮑﺎﻟﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﻨﻮﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪ 10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺭﻭﺵ ﮐﻨﺶ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﮕﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺻﺒﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﮏ ﺑﻤﺐ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬


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‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ Best prices from anywhere in Canada or USA to Tehran. Best prices from Canada to Europe Best prices from Tehran to Canada and USA. Also services are cruses packages rail and travel insurance.

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‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻢ‪Ehsan Lotfi,‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‪BA.‬‬ ‫)‪( Econ,Intr‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻟﻄﻔﯽ‬

‫‪Manager, Residential Mortgages‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﺴﮑﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬ ‫‪260-Crowfoot Cres. N.W. Calgary, Alberta‬‬ ‫‪Email:Ehsan.Lotfi@td.com‬‬

‫‪P:(403) 714-4298‬‬

‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻋﻮﺩ )ﺑﺮﺑﺖ(‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭ‪،‬ﺳﻪ ﺗﺎﺭ ‪،‬ﮔﻴﺘﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺌﻮﺭﯼ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﯽ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻫﻨﮕﺴﺎﺯﯼ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﯽ‪ -‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﯽ‬

‫ﻣﺪﺭﺱ ﻫﻨﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﯽ ﻣﻮﺳیﻘﯽ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﮕﺎﻫﻬﺎﯼ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺍﺯﻧﺪﮔﯽ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻬﺎﯼ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

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‫)ﺍﺭﮐﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﻠﯽ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﮐﺴﺘﺮ ﺳﻴﻤﺮﻍ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ‪(..‬‬


‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻦ‬

‫ﮐﺸﻒ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺳﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﻪ »ﮐﭙﻠﺮ ـ ‪۲۲‬ﺑﻲ« ﻧﺎﻡﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﻮﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻞ ﮐﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻱ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﮐﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﻣﻲ ﭼﺮﺧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺁﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ ۲۲‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۶۰۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﮔﺎﺭﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﺎﮎ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻳﻌﺎﺕ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﮐﭙﻠﺮ« ﺭﺻﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺩﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻧﺎﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺳﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﻗﺒﻼ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﮏ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﺍﻱ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ‬ ‫»ﮐﭙﻠﺮ« ﺗﺎﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺟﺮﻡ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﺣﺪﺱ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ »ﮐﭙﻠﺮ« ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﮐﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﺍﺷﻴﻨﮕﺘﻦ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﮐﺸﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭ ﮐﺸﻔﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ ﮐﭙﻠﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﭘﺎﺳﺦﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻞ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ »‪.‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬

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‫ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ‪۲۳‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۱۵‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﺕ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺶ ﻫﺎ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕ��� ﺑﺪﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻨﺠﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻫﺎﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮐﻢ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺒﺰﻳﺠﺎﺕ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﮏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪۹‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۵‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﮐﺎﻟﻴﻔﺮﻧﻴﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﻲ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﮐﺸﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭﺯﻥ‪ .‬ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻢ ﺑﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪» :‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺩﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺳﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ ﮐﭙﻠﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺻﺪ ﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻼﺕ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺑﻮﺩ »‪.‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮔﺎﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻲ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻔﺘﺼﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺍﮐﺜﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻱ ﮐﺸﻒ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮐﻢ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺒﺰﻱ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﮑﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺭﺻﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﻀﺎﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻠﺴﮑﻮﭖ »ﮐﭙﻠﺮ« ﺭﺍ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺁﻟﺒﻮﻡ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺏ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻣﺎﻱ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺒﻠﻮﺭ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪۴۰ :‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﻴﮕﺎﺭ ﺑﮑﺸﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻧﮑﺸﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﮑﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻮﺷﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻨﻮﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﺒﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺣﺮﮐﺘﻲ ﺑﻨﺸﻴﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ "ﮐﻮﺋﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﻱ" ﻟﻨﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﮑﻞ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪۴۰‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻱ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ‪"British‬‬

‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺣﺪﺱ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭﺯﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻱ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻗﻮﻱﺗﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﮑﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫•ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﭘﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﺕ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫•ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﻳﺘﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻲ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﺑﺘﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻲ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﮑﻞ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫• ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺣﺎﻭﻱ ﻧﻤﮏ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻱ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﻓﻲ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﮏ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ ۵‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺗﻨﺒﺎﮐﻮ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻼﺭﺩ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬


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‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺩﻭﻳﭽﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺎ ﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻟﻐﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﻲ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﻳﮏ ﻫﻤﺒﺮﮔﺮ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺦ ﮐﺒﺎﺏ ﭼﺸﻢ ﭘﻮﺷﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ؟ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺳﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻳﺳت؟ در ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻻﻝ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﻭﺗﺌﻴﻦ ﮐﻤﺘﺮﻱ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫)ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ( ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻫﺎﻟﻴﻮﻭﺩ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﮔﻴﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻮﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺒﺮﮔﺮ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻌﻤﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺒﺮﮔﺮ ﮔﻮﺷﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺷﭙﺰﻱ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺁﺷﭙﺰﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺺﺷﺎﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻃﺒﺦ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺒﺪ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩ ﻋﻨﮑﺒﻮﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﻴﻨﺘﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺥ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺵ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺒﺮﮔﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺐ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻲ ﺳﺮﺥ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۰۴‬ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺑﺎﻱ ﭘﺲ ﻗﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻭﻱ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﮐﻠﺴﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻳﮏ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﻞ ﮐﻠﻴﻨﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺒﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ "ﺍﻥ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ" ﮐﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥﺟﺎ ﮐﻪ‬

‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ‬

‫ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻟﻤﻲ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺮ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻭﻱ‬ ‫"ﻭﮔﻨﻴﺴﻢ" ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺼﺎﻭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻞ ﮐﻠﻴﻨﺘﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﻭﺳﻲ ﺩﺧﺘﺮﺵ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮑﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﮐﻴﻠﻮ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺳﺮﺣﺎﻝﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﻟﻴﻮﻭﺩ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺑﻲ ﻣﮓ ﮔﻮﺍﻳﺮ )ﻫﻨﺮﭘﻴﺸﻪ ﻣﺮﺩ ﻋﻨﮑﺒﻮﺗﻲ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻟﮏ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﮐﻴﺴﻲ ﺍﻓﻠﮏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺩ ﭘﻴﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻭﻧﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪﺍﺵ ﺷﻬﺮﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺰﻭ ﻭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﻭﻳﮑﺮﺩ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﻳﺎ ﻭﮔﻨﻴﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺎﻣﻲ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ���ﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺗﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﻮﺭﺗﻤﻦ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺎﻳﮏ ﺗﺎﻳﺴﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﮔﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﻲ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺩﺍﻡ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺭﺩﻥ ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﮐﺖ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪.‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭﺳﺖ ﻫﺎﻟﻴﻮﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﮐﺎﻟﻴﻔﺮﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻴﻦ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺰ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﻱ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۳‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻱ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻟﻴﻮﻭﺩ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺯﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۱‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺮﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺕ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﻫﻨﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻟﻴﺰﺍﺑﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﺎﻟﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻱ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫"ﺑﺮﻫﻨﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ" ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺍ ﻣﻨﺪﺱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻝ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺮﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﺍﺗﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۲۰۱۱‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻫﺪﻓﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﮐﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ "ﺗﻘﺒﻴﺢ ﮐﺸﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻴﮕﻨﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺯﻳﻨﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ" ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻲ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﭘﺎﻟﺘﻮ‪ ،‬ﮐﻴﻒ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﮐﻼﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﮑﺶ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺳﮓﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻣﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺗﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﮑﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻴﻎ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺵ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻴﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﮏ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻲ ﻣﻠﮑﺎﻥ‬

‫ﭘﺎﻧﺰﺩﻩ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ 'ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﻼﻣﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ'‬

‫ﻣﻴﺸﻞ ﺭﺍﺑﺮﺗﺲ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﮕﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﻳﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪ ۱۵‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘـﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ "ﻟﻨﺴﺖ" ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﮐـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺴﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻓﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ "ﺍﺳﭙﻮﺭﺗﺲ ﻣﺪﻳﺴﻴﻦ" ﭼﺎﭖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺣﺎﮐﻴﺴـﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﮐﻢ ﺗﺤﺮﮎ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺶ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻱ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻋﻤﺮ ﮐﻢ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻭﻳﮑﺮﺩﻱ ﺍﻧﻌـﻄـﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑـﺰﺭﮔﺴـﺎﻻﻥ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ‪ ۱۵۰‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻩ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺗﺎ ‪ ۳۰‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ‪ .‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣـﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﭘﺎﻧﺰﺩﻩ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺧﻮﺑـﻲ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﮐﻢ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ‪ .‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻨﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﺑـﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ ۴۰۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ‪ ۱۵‬ﺩﻗـﻴـﻘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﺎ ‪ ۹۰‬ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ‪ -‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺪ ‪ -‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐـﻨـﻨـﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻟﺬﺕ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫـﻨـﺪ‪ .‬ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋـﻤـﺮ ﻫـﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻫﺮ ‪ ۱۵‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﮒ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺎﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻱ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳـﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﮐﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﮑﺎﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺴـﺎﻧـﻲ ﮐـﻪ ﺯﻳـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺻﻼ ﻧـﻤـﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻟﻲ ﺩﻳﻮﻳﺲ ﺍﻓﺴﺮ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴـﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﮑﻲ ﻓﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺆﻳﺪ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺳـﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ‪ -‬ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻓﻘﻂ ﮐﻤﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺟﺴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻓﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﮐﻢ ﺗـﺤـﺮﮎ ﺧـﻄـﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ "‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪" :‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﮐﻤﮏ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻳـﺎﺩﻱ ﺑـﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺑﻴﻞ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻍ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻣـﺤـﺴـﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ"‪.‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﺮﻭﻓﺴﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﺪﻝ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﻭﺍﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻭﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻻﻓﺒﺮﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﮐﻢ ﺗﺤﺮﮎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ‪ ۳۰‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‪ -‬ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﯽ‬

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‫ﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﻮﺭﻧﻮﺍﺯ؛‬

‫ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺺﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬

‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻴﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﺒﻮﻡ "ﻫﻔﺖ ﭘﻴﮑﺮ" ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺖ ﭘﻴﮑﺮ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﮔﻨﺠﻮﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﺘﺬﻻﺕ ﭘﺲ ﻣﻲ ﺯﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ "ﺭﻧﮓ ﻫﺎ" ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺿﺮﺑﻲ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﮑﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ۱۳۶۳‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻍ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﺷﻬﺮ ﺁﺷﻮﺏ" ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﻲ ﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬

‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺷﻨﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ )‪(۱۳۸۸-۱۳۱۱‬‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺪﻫﻢ ﺁﺫﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺟﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻟﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﻮﺭ ﻧﻮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﺁﻫﻨﮕﺴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺋﺖ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ "ﮐﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ" ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺁﻫﻨﮓ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﺪ ﻃﻮﻻﺋﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻓﺮﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺋﻲ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﺁﺭﺍﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮑﻲ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻼﺱ ﺻﺒﺎ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﻗﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮒ ﺻﺒﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،۱۳۳۶‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻀﺮ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﻭﺭ ﭼﻮﻥ "ﻧﻮﺭﻋﻠﻲ ﺧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ" ﻭ "ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺩﻭﺍﻣﻲ"‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﻫﻢ ﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺻﺒﺎ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﻌﺼﺒﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﮐﻪ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﺒﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﻳﻢ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺁﻫﻨﮕﺴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻫﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺳﻨﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺻﺪﺍﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﺁﺭﺍﺋﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍﺩﻫﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺍﺭﮐﺴﺘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﻱ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﺁﺭﺍﺋﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺿﺮﺑﻲ ﺩﻝ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻣﻀﺮﺍﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺩﻟﻨﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ "ﺻﺒﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﮐﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻭﻳﺶ ﺧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺮﺗﺎﺵ" ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮐﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﻓﻘﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺺ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻗﻮﺍﻡ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﺺ ﻫﺎ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﮑﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺒﮏ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺺ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ‪ :‬ﺭﻗﺺ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻨﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﻧﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻨﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺭﺯﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻼﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺗﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﻗﺺ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻟﺒﻮﻡ ﻫﻔﺖ ﭘﻴﮑﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻣﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻧﮓ ﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺁﻫﻨﮕﺴﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬

‫ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﺻﺒﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺁﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻲ ﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻐﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺎﻳﻮﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻫﻨﮓ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺟﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺩﻭﺍﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺿﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‪ -‬ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻥ‬

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‫ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻱ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻲ‬

‫ﻧﻴﺰ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺑﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻳﮏ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺒﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻧﻲ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻳﮏ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ"‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻐﺒﻮﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ "ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ" ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪۲۰۰۹‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺁﻭﮔﺴﺒﻮﺭﮒ )ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺮﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ( ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ‪" .‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ" ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۹۰۰‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ )ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۱۳۰۰‬ﺩﻻﺭ( ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﻮﺏ ﺣﺮﺍﺝ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ‪ ۱۹‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪۷۰۰‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺭﻭ )ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ‪ ۳۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ( ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻳﮏ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪ ﮐﻼﻩ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺵ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻘﺐ‬ ‫"ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ" ﻣﻔﺘﺨﺮ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻣﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮ ﻏﻠﻂ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﮔﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﮐﺴﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ "ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ" ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﻲ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗﻲ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺎﺣﺶ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ۹۰۰‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﮐﺠﺎ ﻭ ‪ ۷‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﮐﺠﺎ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﮐﻤﻪﺍﻱ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ "ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ" ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ )ﻫﻔﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ( ﺩﺭ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﻧﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺁﻭﮔﺴﺒﻮﺭﮒ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻲ "ﻓﺮﺍﻧﮑﻔﻮﺭﺗﺮ ﺍﻟﮕﻤﺎﻳﻨﻪ" ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﮐﻤﻪﺍﻱ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻ ﺩﺭﺍﺯﻣﺪﺕ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺿﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻫﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺁﻭﮔﺴﺒﻮﺭﮒ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺻﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺵ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﮐﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻭ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﮐﻨﺪ؛ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻮﻱ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻓﺮﺵ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ ۳۳۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﭘﺎﻧﺼﺪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ "ﻓﺮﺍﻧﮑﻔﻮﺭﺗﺮ ﺍﻟﮕﻤﺎﻳﻨﻪ" ﻋﻠﻨﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻴﺜﻴﺖ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺁﻭﮔﺴﺒﻮﺭﮒ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﮐﻴﻞ ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ "ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ" ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺷﺎﮐﻲ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ "ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ"‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﮔﺬﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻢ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﮐﻴﻞ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﮐﺎﻻﻳﻲ‪ ،‬ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻫﻬﺎ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻫﺮ ﺗﮑﻪ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺘﻴﮏ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ "ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ" ﺍﮐﻨﻮﻥ ﮐﺠﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﻠﮏ‬ ‫ﮐﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻧﺎﺷﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻲ )ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ( ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮔﺸﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺎﻣﺒﻮﺭﮒ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﮐﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰۰‬ﺗﺎ ‪ ۳۰۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﮎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻩ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺗﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﮐﺖﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﺍﺟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺵ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﺒﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﺎ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺵ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺯﻥ ﺍﺷﺮﺍﻓﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻮﻱ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﮐﻨﺘﺲ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﮒ )‪ (۱۹۳۹ – ۱۸۷۰‬ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺗﺎﻟﻮﮒ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﮐﺮﻳﺴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻫﺸﺖ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﻔﻮﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻫﻔﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﻓﺘﻲ ﺭﻳﺰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻫﺮﺍﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺣﻲ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱﻫﺎﻱ‬

‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻲ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﮐﻪ ﻃﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ ۵۰۰‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ ۵۰۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺨﺎﻣﻨﺸﻲ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺕ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻄﺮﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺎﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻦ ﻓﺮﺷﺒﺎﻓﻲ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻖ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭﻳ���ﺖ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﺮﺵ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺎﺭﻩﻭﻗﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﻳﮏ ﺗﺎﺟﺮ ﻓﺮﺵ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﺪ‪» :‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺻﻔﻪ ‪26‬‬


‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬

‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻭ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺩﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭﻱ؛‬

‫ﺗﺮﺱ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺰﺩﻫﻢ ﺁﺫﺭﻣﺎﻩ ﺭﻭﺯﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﮐﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺖ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻔﮑﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،۱۳۷۷‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺎ؛ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﮐﻠﻤﺎﺗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻲ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻳﮏ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺫﻫﻦ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﺎﻥ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻟﻲ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ؛ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺫﻫﻦ ﺗﺮﺱ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺫﻫﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺶ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ »ﻧﻤﺎﻱ ﺩﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻱ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ« ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﻱ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﻧﮑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭﺯﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻨﮕﻨﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺶ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻦ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﮏ ﻏﻠﻮ ﺑﺎﻣﺰﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻦ ﻳﺎﻭﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻮﺷﻴﺞ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺣﺪ ﺻﺤﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﮐﻮﺩﺗﺎﻱ ‪ ۲۸‬ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻟﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺟﻮﺭﻱ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﭘﺎﺳﺒﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻔﻬﻤﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﮐﻪ »ﻣﺎ ﺟﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﻬﻤﻨﺪ« ﺍﺯ ﮐﺠﺎ ﺭﻳﺸﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻳﮏ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻭ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎﺭﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻣﺰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻨﺶ ﻭ ﻳﮏ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﭼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ»‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﮑﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﮐﻦ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﮐﻪ‬

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‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺩﻫﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﺪﺗﺎ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﮐﻪ ‪ ۳۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮﺳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ‪ :‬ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻧﺘﮕﺮﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﮕﺮﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻓﻀﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻔﺎﻓﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﮏ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺧﻼﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻱ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻨﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺎﺛﻴﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﻲ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺸﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻲ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﺶ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺱ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮐﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻔﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻓﻀﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻧﺴـﻮﺭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑـﻪ ﺻـﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﺴﺖ ﺍﺷﮑﺎﻻﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻔﺎﻓﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﮐﻨﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺭﻩ ﺑـﻴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻧﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻨﺶ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺎﺛﻴﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘـﻲ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻻﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﺣـﺘـﻴـﺎﺟـﻲ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮐﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺶ ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻲ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﺮﻓﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻔﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻌـﺎ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﮐﻨﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮐﺴﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻳـﮕـﺮﻱ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺶ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﺎﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺷﮑﻞ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻤﺎﺭﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺷﮑﻞ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ‪ :‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻲ ﻳﮏ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﺠﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺁﻥ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺳﺘﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺶ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻢ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻲ ﻣﺎﻳﮕﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻫﻢ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻱ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﮐﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ )ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﮑﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻱ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺋﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻬﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﻳﺖ ﺍﷲ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺱ ﺣﺎﮐﻤﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﮑﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺎ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ »ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺷﻠﻔﻴﻪ« ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ���ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻬﺠﻦ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۳۰‬ﺗﺎ ‪ ۳۵‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺁﻳﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﮐﻨﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪ ۳۰‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻢ ﻧﮑﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ ۳۰‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ؛ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﺵ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺁﮔﻬﯽ‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬

‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﻫﻴﺪ‪.‬‬


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‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬

‫ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﭼﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﻧﺲ ﺫﻫﻨﻲ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﻟﻴﻮ ﮐﻮﺭﺗﺎﺳﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﺁﺭﮊﺍﻧﺘﻴﻨﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻻﻧﺲ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻨﺸﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺶ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻴﻼﻥ ﮐﻮﻧﺪﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﭼﮏ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﮐﻨﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺻﻔﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﺴﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﮐﻮﺭﺗﺎﺳﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﺭﮊﺍﻧﻴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺪﻓﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺶ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻨﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﺎﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺭﺕ ﮐﺴﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻡ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺷﮑﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻤﺎﺭﺳﺖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﺧﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻻﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺷﮑﻞ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻭﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻳﺎ ﮐﺎﺗﻮﻟﻴﮏ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻱ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺳﺘﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺗﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺭﺕ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻨﺸﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻱ ﻻﺗﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻃﻲ ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻳﻴﻢ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻱ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻓﺌﻮﺩﺍﻟﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺣﮑﻤﻔﺮﻣﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎﻱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﺮﺕ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﮐﺜﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺧﺲ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻢ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ ﺭﮊﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻋﻤﺮﺵ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪﻱ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫‪ ۲۰‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻥ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﻟﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻲ ﺭﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﻬﻨﻪ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﮐﻬﻦ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﻱ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻢ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﮑﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﮔﺸﻮﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻧﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺮﺷﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻴﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺟﺪﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ »ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ« ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﮐﺜﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻠﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﮑﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺵ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻠﺖ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺵ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﮏ ﮐﻤﭙﻠﮑﺲ )ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﮔﻲ( ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻴﮑﻔﺮ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﮔﻠﻮﻱ ﮐﻤﻴﻨﻴﮑﺎﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭﮔﻮﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺰﺏ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﻱ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻼﻕ ﻭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﻫﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﮐﻤﻴﻨﻴﮑﺎﺳﻴﻮﻥ )ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ( ﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺏ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻧﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻃﻮﺭﻱ ﮐﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺧﺎﺵ ﻭ ﻃﻌﻨﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﮑﺸﺪ ﻭ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺷﻨﻲ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺘﺬﺍﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ؟‬

‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﮑﻞ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺧﺎﻣﺖ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﺮﺩﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫»ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﮐﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮ ﺗﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳﻨﻲ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﺑﺎ ﺗﮑﻨﻴﮏ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻓﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩﺗﺮﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻠﻖ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻋﻈﻢ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻱ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺿﭽﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻣﻤﻠﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺑﺮﻧﮓ ﺩﺍﻍ ﻓﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻲ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻴﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺁﻭﻳﺰﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺸﮏ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﮐﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺁﻻﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮕﺮﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﮐﻤﮏ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﮐﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﺮﮐﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮓ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ���ﺎﺷﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮐﻼﺱﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻓﺮﺷﺒﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻇﺮﻑ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻓﻦ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺭﺍ ﮐﻪ ﺻﺪ ﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻼﺱ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﮑﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪» :‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻲ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ «.‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺑﺎﻓﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﻓﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺳﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻇﺮﺍﻳﻒ ﻭ ﺩﻗﺎﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻦ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺻﺪﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ‪ -‬ﺷﻌﺮ‬

‫ﺷﺎﻣﻠﻮ ‪ -‬ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻴﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻲ ﻟﺒﺨﻨﺪ‬

‫ﺯﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺳﭙﻴﺪﺍﺭِ ﺳﺒﺰ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺲ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺑﺮﮐﻪ ﻱ ﻻﺟﻮﺭﺩﻳﻦِ ﻣﺎﻫﻲ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺤﻪ ﮔﻮﻱِ ﺗﺒﺎﻫﻲ ؟‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺏِ ﮔﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺭ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪،‬‬

‫ﺑﺮ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﻨﺎﺯﻩ ﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯ ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺮﺩﻩ ﻱ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯِ ﺑﻲ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﻏﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﮐﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﻲ ﻣﻮﻳﺪ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺯِﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻨﺠﻪ ﻱ ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻥ ؟‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻴﺰﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡِ ﺑﻲ ﻟﺒﺨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻴﺰﺩ!‬

‫ﺯﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻏﭽﻪ ﺑﺲ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮ ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﻱ ﺻﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮ ﻟﻘﺎﺡِ ﺷﮑﻮﻓﻪ ﺑﺲ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮ ﺷﺮﺍﻉِ ﺑﻠﻨﺪِ ﻧﺴﻴﻢ‬

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‫ﺯﻳﺮِ ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪ ﻫﺎﻱِ ﺑﻲ ﮔﻨﺎﻫﻲ ؟‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻴﺰﺩ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻲ ﻟﺒﺨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻴﺰﺩ!‬


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‫ﺟﻮﮎ ‪ ،‬ﭘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﭘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺱ ﺍﻡ ﺍﺱ ﻫﺎﯼ ﺁﻗﺎﯼ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ‬

‫ﻃﻨﺰ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﯼ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﮐﻒ ﺩﺳﺘﺶ ﻣﻴﺨﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﭘـَـَـ ﻧــﻪ ﭘـَـَــــ ﺍﻭﻣﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﮑﻮﺑﻴﻤﺶ ‪ ۳‬ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺑﭽﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻭﻣﺪﻩ ‪ ..‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﺩ!‪...‬‬

‫ﺑﺴﺎﺯﻳﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻳﻨﺎ ‪ ..‬ﻣﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻢ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﺣﺎﻻ‬

‫ﮔﻮﺷﺶ ﻣﻴﺨﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻥ ﭘﺸﺘﻢ ﺣﺮﻑ‬

‫***‬

‫ﻣﻴﺨﺎﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺵ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺑﺬﺍﺭﻳﻦ؟‪ ...‬ﻥ‪ ‬ﭘ‪‬ـــ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺰﻧﻦ!‪...‬‬ ‫ﮐﻔﻪ ﭘﺎﺵ ﻣﻴﺨﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺮﻩ!‪...‬‬

‫ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﺘــﺮﻩ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﺻﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺫﻫﻨﺶ ﻧﻤﻴﺮﺳﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺣﻤﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻩ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﺮﺍﺏ ﺣﺮﺍﻣـﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﻣﻴﺨﺎﻳﻢ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻮﺭﻱ ﻭﻟﺶ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﻤﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻪ‪ ...:‬ﻧﻴﻮ ﻓﻮﻟﺪﺭ‬ ‫***‬

‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺷﻪ!‬

‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﮔﻨﺎﻫـﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺪﻭﻡ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺕ ﺣﺎﻝ‬

‫***‬

‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺧﻴــﺎﻟﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﻣﻴﻜﻨﻲ؟ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﺎﺯ ﻣﻴﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﭼﺮﺍ؟‬

‫ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﻴﻘﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮕﻢ ﻳﻜﻢ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻮ ﺑﭽﺮﺧﻮﻥ ؛ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ‬

‫ﻋﺸﻖ ﻧـﺎﻳـﺎﺑﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﺿﻮ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻴﺨﻮﺍﺩ‪ ,‬ﺭﻛﻮﻉ ﻭﺳﺠﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻩ ‪ ,‬ﻛﻔﺸﺎﺗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﻴﺎﺭﻱ ‪ ,‬ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺁﺧﺮﺵ‬

‫ﺧﻴﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﻭﺍﺟــﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﻫﻢ ﻧﺎﻫﺎﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﻥ!‬

‫ﻣﻴﺨﻮﺍﻡ ﻗﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺶ ﻛﻨﻢ‪..‬‬

‫ﺩﺭﻭﻍ ﻧﻘـﻞ ﻭ ﻧﺒـﺎﺗﻪ‪،‬‬

‫***‬

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‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﻫـــﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺁﻟـــﻮﺩﻩ‬

‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﺍﻭﻧﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﺪ… ﻭ‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎ؟ ﭘـَـ ﻧـَـ ﭘـَـ ﺑﭽﺮﺧﻮﻥ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ‪،‬‬

‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﻢ ﺭﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﺳﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻣﻴﮕﻪ ﻣﻴﺨﻮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺘﻮ ﮐﻮﭼﻴﮏ ﮐﻨﻲ؟‬

‫ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪I love you pmc‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﻱ ﭼﻴﺰﺍ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩ!!!…‬


‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬

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‫ﺑﺎﻧﮏ ﻣﺮﮐﺰﯼ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬

‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ‪ -‬ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﯼ‬

‫ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ 'ﺑﻲﻃﺮﻑ' ﻣﻲﻣﺎﻧﺪ‬

‫ﺑﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﮕﺮﻩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺣﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ "ﺑﻲﻃﺮﻑ" ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺌﻲ ﺍﺷﻤﺎﺗﮑﻮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ "ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ" ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺍﺷﻤﺎﺗﮑﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﮐﻨﮕﺮﻩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺣﻪ ﻗﻄﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ " :‬ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺁﺷﮑﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺣﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ"‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ) ‪ ۶‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ( ﮐﻤﻴﺴﺮ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈـﺮ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ – ﮐﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ – ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺧﻴـﻞ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺍﺷﻤﺎﺗﮑﻮ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮒﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻟﺰﻭﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ "ﻣﻠﺤﻖ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻲﺑﻴﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﻫﻴﭻﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳـﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺣﻞ ﻭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑـﻪ ﻣـﻨـﻈـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺁﮊﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﺍﻧﺮﺯﻱ ﺍﺗﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺨﺖﮔﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪﺗﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺿﻊ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻭﭘﮏ‪ ۱۸ ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﮐﻞ ﺍﻭﭘﮏ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﺪﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﮐﻞ ﺍﻭﭘﮏ )ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ( ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺧﺮﻳـﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉ ﻧﮑﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﮐﻞ ﺍﻭﭘﮏ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ " ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ" ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ‪":‬ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ...‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻓـﻮﺭﻱ ﺻـﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ ۸۶۵‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﮑﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺸﮑﻞﺳﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ"‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۴۵۰‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﮑﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺁﻳﺪ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺑﺪﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑـﻪ ﮐـﻞ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺣـﺘـﻤـﺎﻟـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻭﻝ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺑﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﮐﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﺵ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧـﮕـﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﻧﺘﺮ ﺍﻭﺗﻴﻨﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻤﻲ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ ﻭ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺍﻭﺗﻴﻨﮕﺮ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﮕﺮﻩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺣﻪ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻭﻝ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻋﻠـﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﮑﻼﺕ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﮐﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺘﺶ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﻭﻳﺘﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ "ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ" ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻔﺘﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﺍﻭﺗﻴﻨﮕﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻤﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺑـﺰﺭﮒ ﺧـﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪" :‬ﻓﮑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻨﻢ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺑـﺰﺭﮒ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤ���ﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ".‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻲ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﮏ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﺧﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﮊﺍﭘﻦ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮐﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻴﻨﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﮐﻨﻔﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﺻﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺒﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬

‫ﮐﺮﺩ‬

‫ﺗﻴﻢ ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﺑﺮ ﻧﭙﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ‬

‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻡ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ ﻳﮏ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻔﺮ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﭙﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﺮﻣﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻨﻔﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﺻﻌﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ‪ ۱۰۱‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺯﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﺯﺍﻩ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺣﺮﻳﻒ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺯﻭ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﻮﺗﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﻫﻢ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺷﺸﻤﻴﻦ ﮔﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﮔﻞ" ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﮑﺸﻨﺒﻪ )‪ ۱۱‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ( ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺎﻑ ﻫﻨﺪ ‪-‬ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕ ‪ -‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ )‪ ۹‬ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ( ﺑﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ‪ ۳-۱‬ﻣﺎﻟﺪﻳﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﭙﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻡ ﮐﻨﻔﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﺩ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﮔﻞ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﮐﺸﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﻣﻔﺴﺮ ﻭﺭﺯﺷﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺗﻴﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﮐﺸﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺒﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﮐﻮﺑﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻏﺮﻕ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻴﻢ ﻧﭙﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻲ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﭖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﭙﺎﻟﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺧﺴﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﮐﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﮏ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻱ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ‪ 30‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﻫﻔﺘﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻧﭙﺎﻝ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﮐﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﮔﻞ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺟﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻴﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺸﺖ‬

‫ﭘﺒﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬

‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺸﺖ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﺭﺍ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﮐﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﮐﻨﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﻭ ﺷﺶ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﺍﷲ ﮐﺮﻳﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺑﻲ ﺑﻲ ﺳﻲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﻬﺎﻱ ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﮐﻨﺮ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩ ﺑﻤﺒﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮﻩ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺴﻮﺍﻟﻲ‪/‬ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻏﺎﺯﻱﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ "ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ" ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﻏﺎﺯﻱ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻟﺴﻮﺍﻟﻲ ﻭ ﺷﺶ ﺗﻦ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ﻫﺠﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺯﺧﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻨﺪﻫﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﮔﺒﺎﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﮏ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺗﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﻭ ﻗﻨﺪﻫﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺼﺖ ﺗﻦ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪۲۰۰‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺯﺧﻤﻲ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻳﮏ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻃﻲ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ "ﻟﺸﮑﺮ ﺟﻨﮕﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ" ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻬﺎﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﮐﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﺯﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﻏﺎﺯﻱ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻭﻻﻳﺖ ﮐﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻳﮏ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ ۱۶ ،‬ﻗﻮﺱ‬

‫ﺑﯽ ﺑﯽ ﺳﯽ‬

‫ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﻭ ﻗﻨﺪﻫﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻬﺎﻱ ﺧﺒﺮﻱ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﭼﺎﭖ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪ ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‪ ۱۵ ،‬ﻗﻮﺱ‪/‬ﺁﺫﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺒﮕﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮﻩ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﺰﺍﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺗﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﮐﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﮐﺮﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﮒ ‪ ۵۴‬ﺗﻦ ﻭ ﺯﺧﻤﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ ‪ ۱۹۰‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﻳﮏ ﺑﻤﺐ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻳﮏ‬

‫‪Page 31‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﻋﺰﺍﺭﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺷﺶ ﺗﻦ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺑﻪ ‪ ۲۰‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺯﺧﻤﻲ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﮏ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻲ ﻗﻨﺪﻫﺎﺭ ﭘﻨﺞ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺯﺧﻤﻲ ﮐﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻳﮏ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫"ﻟﺸﮑﺮ ﺟﻨﮕﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ" ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺵ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ "ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ "ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﻳﻲ" ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﺳﻠﻔﻴﻬﺎ "ﻣﻈﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ" ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﮐﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ "ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻁ" ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﻁ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﮏ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﭼﺮﺍﻍ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺣﻨﻔﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ )‪ ،(۱۳۸۲‬ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭﮎ ﺟﻮ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ "ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ" ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ "ﺣﺮﮐﺎﺕ ﺑﺪﻋﺖ ﺁﻣﻴﺰ" ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ‪.‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻇﺐ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ "ﺩﺳﻴﺴﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ" ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺛﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﺍﻱ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻧﺪﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍﻍ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻨﻲ ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎﻣﺢ ﻭ ﺗﺴﺎﻫﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﻧﮑﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻃﺮﺯﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ ﻭﺿﻊ ﮐﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺴﺎ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺤﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺗﻼﺷﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ "ﻓﺘﻨﻪ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﻭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ" ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ "ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮐﻲ" ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺑﺎ "ﺷﺒﮑﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺳﻲ" ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﮐﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﮎ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴﻢ ﻧﻪ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴﺘﻬﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﺯﮔﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﺎﻟﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻲ ﻗﻨﺪﻭﺯ ﮐﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﺭﺍ "ﻭﺣﺸﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ" ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﮐﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺛﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻭ ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﮑﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﻔﮑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﻋﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﮐﻨﺸﻬﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﺣﺎﮐﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ‬ ‫"ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ" ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺼﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺷﮕﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﮐﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﮐﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﺍﻱ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻫﻮﻳﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺱ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﮐﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻫﺮﺍﺱ ﺍﻓﮕﻨﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﻬﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻗﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻱ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﻤﻼﺕ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻫﺪﻓﻲ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﺮﺑﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻮﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﮑﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬


IRAN NEWS

Iranians claim to down US drone

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earlier this year. Iran said in July it had shot down a drone over the holy city of Qom, near its Fordu nuclear site. Last January, it said it downed two "Western spy drones" in the Gulf, but produced no evidence to support the report.

BBC- 4 December 2011

Iran's armed forces have shot down an unmanned US spy plane that violated its eastern borders, military sources say. Iranian media reports said the drone - identified as a type RQ170 - suffered minimal damage and was now in the hands of the armed forces. The Nato-led Isaf force in neighbouring Afghanistan says the US drone could be one that was lost over western Afghanistan BBC- 5 December 2011 last week. US officials have expressed concern at the loss of a drone near Iran's eastern border Iran is locked in a dispute with the West with Afghanistan. over its nuclear programme. A Pentagon spokesman said the US was worried especially as the unmanned airThe US and its allies believe the procraft was "in a place where we're not able gramme is aimed at developing nuclear to get to it". weapons. Iran denies the accusations, sayIranian media say the drone was shot ing it is entirely peaceful. down and was now in the hands of the 'Sensitive mission' armed forces. It said the plane had suf"The UAV [unmanned aerial vehicle] to fered minimal damage. which the Iranians are referring may be a US unarmed reconnaissance aircraft that The drone, known as a Sentinel, is the first had been flying a mission over western such loss by the US. Afghanistan late last week. The operators US Navy Capt John Kirby said the US was of the UAV lost control of the aircraft and had been working to determine its status," concerned about any opportunity for Tehran to acquire information about the techIsaf said in a statement. nology. A US official has said Washington had no indication the drone in question had actu"I think we're always concerned when ally been shot down, Reuters reports. there's an aircraft, whether it's manned or unmanned, that we lose, particularly in a Iran earlier said the country's military response to the airspace violation "will not be place where we're not able to get to it," the limited to Iran's borders any more", accord- Pentagon spokesman said. ing to what one unnamed source told Iran's NBC News reported that the drone was on al-Alam TV. a CIA mission at the time, but it was unThe RQ170 Sentinel is a stealthy and clear if it was flying in Afghanistan or Iran. highly capable unmanned aircraft. It is Some analysts argue that Iranian military shaped like a large flying wing similar to forces will not be able to replicate the techthe profile of the manned B2 stealth nology - if they have found useable parts at bomber. all. Its shape and materials give it a low radar signature and it is clearly used for some of "This is a high-flying unmanned aircraft that the most highly sensitive mission, says malfunctioned and then fell to earth. It's likely to be broken up into hundreds of BBC defence and diplomatic corresponpieces," defence analyst Loren Thompson dent Jonathan Marcus. told the Associated Press news agency. First spotted at Kandahar air base in Afghanistan in 2007, an RQ170 Sentinel was 'Sensitive mission' used by the Americans to provide real-time intelligence over Osama Bin Laden's com- In a statement at the weekend, the Natopound in Abbotabad, Pakistan, both before led Isaf force said: "The UAV [unmanned aerial vehicle] to which the Iranians are and during the raid by US special forces

US 'concerned' over drone lost near Iran border

referring may be a US unarmed reconnaissance aircraft that had been flying a mission over western Afghanistan late last week. The operators of the UAV lost control of the aircraft and had been working to determine its status." The RQ170 Sentinel is a stealthy and highly capable unmanned aircraft. It is shaped like a large flying wing similar to the profile of the manned B2 stealth bomber. Its shape and materials give it a low radar signature and it is clearly used for some of the most highly sensitive missions, says BBC defence and diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus. First spotted at Kandahar air base in Afghanistan in 2007, an RQ170 Sentinel was used by the Americans to provide real-time intelligence over Osama Bin Laden's compound in Abbotabad, Pakistan, both before and during the raid by US special forces earlier this year. Iran said in July it had shot down a drone over the holy city of Qom, near its Fordu nuclear site. Last January, it said it downed two "Western spy drones" in the Gulf, but produced no evidence to support the report.

Irankhabar Publish every Friday


Page 33

Keeping the faith Immigrants, wives, fathers. Average Calgarians who could be your neighbour or colleague. each has a background of hardship and inner strength. This is Fariborz Birjandian's story By Fariborz Birjandian's, Calgary Herald December 4, 2011 Fariborz Birjandian, executive director of the Calgary Catholic Immigration Society, fled Iran over 30 years ago. In his interview, he shares examples of discrimination, intimidation and threats he and his wife encountered while he was a naval commander and a minority Bahai living in Iran in the 1970s and '80s. He was nominated for the CCGC's Human Voice Project by his friend and colleague, Judy Bopp. The Iranian/Islamic Revolution was happening. This was a turning point for many people in their lives. The goal was to eliminate everyone who was different, especially the Bahai, which is the largest religious minority in Iran. This was a systematic elimination and could mean everything from death to economic hardship. This has been going on for 30 years now. We were young - I was 27, my wife 24. I was a high achiever in the Navy; hopeful, confident. I believed the revolution could bring positive change, but still had the fear of being targeted, to lose your house, your business. It is legal to do this. A year after the revolution, my wife was called in and told that to have continued employment with the ministry of education she would have to convert to Islam and sign a paper saying she'd done so. She said no.People she worked with encouraged her to just sign it: who cares, we'll let you do what you want after. But it was a matter of principle; lying in the Bahai faith is very bad. So she was expelled from the school. When the war started in Iraq/Iran, I was needed as a technocrat. My mentality, training, was to serve, protect your crew, ship,

IRAN NEWS mission, regardless of politics. I said I was not Muslim in writing so they knew. It was acknowledged, but set aside; they needed me. It was ignored for four to five years during the war. I was wellliked, needed, respected. But my wife was not working and was pregnant, so it was a very hard time. But I was a commanding officer. It was dangerous. I lost friends, but I survived. In 1983, we were transferred to Tehran, and after one year I was the director of naval training. Then I was asked to convert to Muslim. I had so much stress during this time. I was exhausted, I was Bahai. I had friends imprisoned, executed. It was the harshest time of my life. I was pressured to convert in a room with three people. They would say, 'If you don't, we could do many things to you, like accuse you of being spy.' It was so stressful that one time I peed in my pants. But I refused. Even close friends in the navy were disturbed by my refusal. Just sign that damn paper, one close friend said, and go on with your life. Somehow I had an inner strength. Because, really, they could do anything to me, take me out of the room and shoot me, no one would know. I do not believe in a hell or heaven, but as a human we are different from other creatures. We have spirituality, a soul. You have to make sacrifices and pay a price for it. Integrity of soul has to be polished every day. It comes from how you see the world, which is how you think, which is how you behave. If you believe in humanity, it should show in everything. You may lose privileges, but if we move away from that and listen to our humanity, we become a richer person. I did not convert, so was kicked out of the navy; I lost everything after 14 years of service - pension, accounts, job opportunities, everything. I had to go into hiding with a 40-day-old baby. But I was offered a project through a personal acquaintance; many offered to help, but on the down-low. I sold spare vehicle parts door to door. Once I stopped fearing for my life, it was easier and I was asked to lead a development project. I was not allowed to have a passport because of being Bahai. It is like they say we don't want you, but you can't leave. It is part of the pressure tactics to convert. We continued living four to five years in Iran. Eventually, my six-yearold son could not

not go to school because of me. Things were getting worse and we decided to to leave. We could not go by air because I did not have a passport. So, in 1987, I sold my house for half its worth and paid smugglers with the proceeds for me and my wife, kids, and mother to go to Pakistan. We were 21 days on foot in the desert. It was so cold at night and so hot during the day. So we got to Pakistan and we were refugees. My English was an advantage. The best day of my life was at the hotel in Lahore; we had a shower and then the next day bought the kids an ice cream. I felt pure joy; I had never had a feeling such as this; it was the ultimate, of pure spiritual joy.I am committed to making a better environment, to ensure no one goes through the pain that I did. My expertise now is the refugee and resettlement process. My story of coming here sounded happy comparatively. Lives can be destroyed so easily. There are 32 million refugees today globally, and many of the refugees in Pakistan are Bahai. HUMAN VOICES PROJECT A multi-week series profiling Calgarians who are sharing their life stories through an initiative with the Calgary Centre for Global Community.

Irankhabar The only weekly Persian Language Publication in Alberta, Canada since 2004


Page 34

‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻦ‬

For wholesale enquiries, please contact the following: 4s food importing corp. (importers of quality rice)

Tel: 204- 275-0867 Cell: 204-294-4830 E-mail; gupta@shaw.ca


‫‪Page 35‬‬

‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﻣﻮﻧﺘﻮﻥ ﻭ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﯽ ﻧﻴﺮﯼ‬

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‫ﺷﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﮐﺒﻴﺮ ‪SEA HOMES INC.‬‬ ‫‪403– 4700192‬‬ ‫ﻣﺣوطﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﭼﻤﻦ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫‪Amco Green‬‬

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‫ﻫﻨﺮﻱ‬

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‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﻴﻢ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻓﺮﺷﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮ ﻓﺮﺷﻬﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻮﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻧﻔﻴﺲ‬

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‫‪Phone: (403)457-0784‬‬

‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻓﺮﺷﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻨﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﺍﺷﮑﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻧﮕﻬﺎﻱ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺑﺎ‬

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‫ﺷﺴﺘﺸﻮﻱ ﻓﺮﺵ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ‬


‫‪Page 37‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺁﺳﻮﺷﻴﺘﺪ ﭘﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﮑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﮑﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗـﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻟﻮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﺑﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭﻱ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺎ ﭼﻪ ﮐﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬


The shells of a mother of pearl, -opened with pleasure and affection-

‫ﺷ ﻮ از آرزو ی ُ ﮫﺎء و ﺑﺎور‬ ‫روح ا ا و ﻮع ﺲ از دﯾ‬

To show the glowing face, of her precious jewel. My Dearest Melissa,

‫ا ﻮن آ ﻦ و ﻮر اﻧ ﺰ ﻦ‬

Your birth was the start of a new chapter in the secluded and barren desert of my life. With you, a succulent tree was planted in that desert.

‫ﻪ اش ُﻞ ﺖ‬

Overtime, with the attitude of believing is seeing and with constant love and kindness, you grow into a tall tree. To give me a long fruitful life, Full of hopes, some possible, some not so much. A life of soul-enriching rainbows, All in full colours.

‫و ا ل ﻌﺎدت‬ ‫ آﺳﺎ ﺶ و آرا ﺶ‬، ‫ﺖ ﻮا ﻪ ﻢ‬ ‫ﯿﺪ‬

And now, the most exciting one of those hopes has bloomed. I am now perfectly happy, tranquil and peaceful in my life. It is like being seated on the highest throne of my wishes and hopes. On the auspicious occasion of the birth of my dearest Abigail, I give my congratulation and best wishes to you, my dear Melissa, and to you Dean and your extended families. I LOVE YOU ALL Grandma Betty

‫ﻢ را‬

( ‫ﻨﺪه زا وز ) ا ﯽ ﻞ‬

‫ﺻﺪ ﻢ ﻪ ُ و ﻔﺎ را ﺑ ﻮد‬ ‫ﻨﺪه ی دوردا ی ﻮد را ﻮد‬

‫ﻣ ﺴﺎی م‬

‫ﻮ ﺑﺎ ورود ﺟﺎ ﺖ‬ ‫ﻮ ﻮت ز ﺪ ﯽ ﺰو ﻢ‬ ‫ﮫﺎ ﯽ ﺷﺎداب ﮐﺎ ﯽ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻌﺎر ﻮا ﻦ ﻮا ﻦ ا ﺖ‬ ‫و ﺑﺎ و ﺖ ﺪا و ﺖ‬

‫ﻣ ﺴﺎ و د ﻦ م و ﻪ ﻞ ﻒ‬

‫آ ﯿﺎری دی‬

‫ا ر ﺮﯾﮏ و‬

‫ﮫﺎل ﺪ ﺖ ﻨﺎور‬

‫ رو ﻦ‬-‫ﺪا ﻣﺎ رگ – ﯽ‬

ُ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻮﻻ ﯽ‬

.‫ﯿ ﻮ ﻢ‬

2011-11-11


‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﺋﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬

‫ﺷﺎﻫﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪Shaheen‬‬

‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﺋﯽ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﯽ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﯽ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮐﻠﮕﺮﯼ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻧﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﺮﺑﺮﯼ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ‪ ،‬ﭘﻨﻴﺮ ﺑﻠﻐﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻍ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺧﻮﺷﮑﺒﺎﺭ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻨﯽ‬ ‫‪Store hours:‬‬ ‫‪Wed to Mon 10:00 to 8:00 PM Closed on Tuesdays‬‬ ‫‪Address: Bay 105- 4655 54 Ave N.E‬‬

‫‪403– 293-0909‬‬


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