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Pulau Perhentian Kota Bharu

Langkawi Alor Star

Pulau Redang


Pulau Payar



Kuala Terengganu

Gunung Stong

PENANG Bukit Larut


PERAK Cameron Highlands

Ipoh Pulau Pangkor

Fraser’s Hill

Pulau Pangkor Laut





Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Pulau Tioman Pulau Rawa Pulau Sibu

Seremban MELAKA


Melaka City

JOHOR Capital City



State Capital

Bird Watching Location


Federal Territory * map not drawn to scale

– Island

Gunung – Mountain


Johor Bahru




Thailand Philippines Cambodia


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Kuala Lumpur

Brunei Darussalam


Kota Kinabalu



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Pulau Mabul Pulau Sipadan





Malaysia, a Paradise for Bird Watchers

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Malaysia ranks among the world’s 17 mega diverse countries, which contain approximately 70% of the earth’s species. Blessed with a tropical climate and habitats ranging from islands, coasts to lush lowland and montane rainforests, it is an ideal destination for bird watchers as they can enjoy bird watching all year round at national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, nature parks and many other forested areas throughout the country.

A great diversity of birds thrives in this tropical paradise owing to the rich biodiversity. More than 746 bird species exist in Peninsular Malaysia as well as in the states of Sarawak and Sabah in Borneo. Resident birds remain in the country while migratory birds, normally from northern Asia, visit from September to March, during the autumn and winter seasons.

Bird watchers can choose from the exotic coastal beaches of Langkawi Island, the lush lowland rainforest of Taman Negara, Mulu National Park and Danum Valley to the cool montane forests of Fraser’s Hill, Kinabalu Park and Cameron Highlands. The incredible diversity and enchanting beauty of tropical birds will

definitely fascinate even the most seasoned bird watchers, leaving lasting memories of bird watching adventures in Malaysia.


Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher

Scarlet Minivet

Gunung Ledang

Bird Watching Locations

Long-tailed Broadbill

Gua Kelam Recreational Park


Bird Watching In Malaysia

Perlis State Park


Perlis State Park, which is also known as the ‘Pearl of Perlis’, is the northernmost bird watching location in Peninsular Malaysia. Covering an area of 5,075ha, it consists of the Mata Air as well as the Wang Mu forest reserves. The peninsula’s first trans-frontier park, it has a unique limestone-dominated ecosystem with pockets of lowland dipterocarp forest and harbours the only deciduous forest in the country. The Thaleban National Park in Thailand borders the park. More than 200 bird species exist in the Perlis State Park. Among the unique birds found here, which are confined to northern Peninsular Malaysia, are the Streaked-breasted Woodpecker and Puff-throated Babbler. Four species of hornbills are found here, with the Great and Rhinoceros Hornbills being two of the most spectacular. Other colourful and sought after birds include three species of pittas–the Banded, Blue-winged and Hooded Pittas. Bird watchers might also spot the elusive, resident Peregrine Falcon when trekking up the limestone hills. During the bird migration season between October and November, you may observe thousands of raptors flying across the park. Among the raptors found here include the

Japanese Sparrowhawk, Chinese Sparrowhawk, Black Baza, Oriental Honey-buzzard and the Grey-faced Buzzard. An excellent place to watch raptor migration is the watchtower situated in the park.

Ronn’s Adventure Tel: 04–977 7578 / 019–445 6578 Fax: 04–977 7578 E–mail:

The park offers numerous trails that require varying levels of fitness. Try the Tok Jaafar Heritage Trail that starts at Kampung Wang Kelian and ends at Kaki Bukit town or the paved path of the Rainforest Trail. This trail starts from the back of the Visitors’ Centre and ends at the park’s accommodation area. In the late evenings, you might spot birds such as hornbills while relaxing on the verandah of the park’s chalets.

ACCOMMODATION: Perlis State Park Visitors’ Centre (Perlis Forestry Department) 5FMot'BYo Website:

Wang Kelian Padang Besar

CONTACT: Perlis State Park Visitors’ Centre Tel: 04–976 5966/945 7898 Fax: 04–976 7901

Kaki Bukit Perlis State Park Lake Timah Tasoh

PERLIS Changlun



Bird Watching Location


State Capital


City / Town



Kuala Perlis

Rhinoceros Hornbill

Lake Timah Tasoh Located about halfway between the Perlis State Park and Kangar, Lake Timah Tasoh is a 1,300-hectare man-made, state-owned reservoir. The lake area provides various wetland habitats for birds and as a result, is home to more than 140 species of resident and migrant birds. The best time for bird watching is from October to March during the bird migration season, when many migratory birds make stopovers at Lake Timah Tasoh. Sedges and reeds, a refuge for birds, surround parts of the

Black-capped Kingfisher

lake. Among the rarer birds found here are the Eurasian Coot, Grey-headed Lapwing and the Cotton Pygmy Goose. Apart from waterbirds, one might also spot forest birds in the patches of lowland forest and around the lake. Bird watchers can head for the short trail near the main visitor area along Federal Route 7. Access to the lake shoreline is possible via several roads branching from the main road. Lake Timah Tasoh also draws locals who come to enjoy spectacular views of sunrise and sunset.

Blue-winged Pitta

CONTACT: Ronn’s Adventure Tel: 04–977 7578 / 019–445 6578 Fax: 04–977 7578 E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Accommodation is not available at Lake Timah Tasoh. Visitors can stay at various hotels in Kangar or book a chalet at the Perlis State Park. Putra Palace Hotel 5FMot'BYo Federal Hotel 5FMot'BYo

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Gua Kelam Recreational Park Wang Burma Cave Padang Besar Herb Garden Wang Kelian Sunday Market

Bird Watching In Malaysia



Black-browed Barbet

Padang Besar Arcade


KEDAH Lake Pedu

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Lake Pedu is situated in the northern region of Peninsular Malaysia and is surrounded mainly by lowland forests. The area has great bird diversity, with more than 200 bird species observed here. One of the good bird watching spots is the last few kilometres of tree-lined road leading to the accommodation area. The forest and trails around the lake are excellent for bird watching especially in the early mornings and late afternoons. During the fruit season, birds often come to feed on fruits of trees around the lake. Occasionally, a number of bird species can be seen in a single fig or berry tree. They include the Gold-whiskered Barbet, Black Hornbill, Crested Serpent Eagle and the Scarlet-rumped Trogon. The more adventurous can choose from several trails near the resorts.

O h trails il lleads d to a ridge id top where h One off the one can have a scenic view of the surrounding lake area. During the migration season from October to November, one might even spot migrating raptors, such as honey buzzards and sparrow hawks. You can organise day trips to Lake Pedu from the Muda Resort. Bring packed lunch and bottled water if you plan to stay for the whole day.

The Langkawi archipelago is a cluster of 99 islands just off the coast of Kedah. The main island, Pulau Langkawi, is the most developed in the group and is known for its natural beauty as well as duty-free shopping. This island paradise is one of the few places with habitats ranging from coastal areas, wetlands, mangrove swamps to mountains, and is home to more than 220 bird species.

CONTACT: Ronn’s Adventure Tel: 04–977 7578 / 019–445 6578 Fax: 04–977 7578 E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Muda Resort, Gubir (Muda Agriculture Development Authority) 5FMot'BYo

Bukit Kayu Hitam


LLangkawi k i

Black-crowned Night Heron


Lake Pedu

Jitra Kepala Batas



Ulu Muda Forest Reserve



Bird Watching Location


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Baling Sungai Petani

City / Town

Red-wattled Lapwing

Scarlet-rumped Trogon

Among the beautiful coastal habitats are Tanjung Rhu, Burau Bay, Datai Bay, Pantai Cenang and Pantai Tengah. Here, you might find the Red-wattled Lapwing, Malaysian Plover, White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Pink-necked Pigeon, Pied Fantail, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Copper-throated Sunbird as well as the White-throated and Collared Kingfishers. In the mangrove swamps, you might spot the rare Brown-winged Kingfisher and Mangrove Pitta. Most of the coastal areas and beaches on the island are well developed and is easily accessible.

Ulu Muda Forest Reserve The Ulu Muda Forest Reserve comprises over 115km2 of lowland and hill dipterocarp forests with parts of the lowland forest fringing the Ulu Muda Dam. Among the diverse wildlife found in this sprawling forest are 195 species of birds. They include ten hornbill species such as the Great Hornbill, Helmeted Hornbill, Rhinoceros Hornbill and Wreathed Hornbill as well as nine species of woodpeckers and five species of kingfishers. The elusive Masked Finfoot has been seen around the lake area while the extremely rare Dusky Eagle Owl, along the upper reaches of the Muda River. Other popular bird watching spots include Lake Ulu Muda as well as trails and paths at Pengkalan Labua (Labua Camp). You might even spot these elegant creatures while taking a cruise up the Muda River. Apart from bird watching, you can make a detour to Sira Air Hangat, a natural hot spring saltlick. Situated along the Muda River, it attracts a host of wildlife, particularly large mammals. Due to its remote location, prior arrangements are required before visiting the Ulu Muda Forest Reserve. Your tour guide can arrange for camping permits and boat services. Alternatively, you can stay at the Muda Resort.

CONTACT: Langkawi Tourist Information Centre 5FMot'BYo Email:

CONTACT: Kedah Forestry Department 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Ronn’s Adventure Tel: 04–977 7578 / 019–445 6578 Fax: 04–977 7578 E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Muda Resort, Gubir (Muda Agriculture Development Authority) Tel: 04–772 8255 / 752 1779 Fax: 04–772 2667


Tree Top Walk White water rafting at Sedim River Bujang Valley Paddy Museum Merbok River Cruise


Natural History Tours Tel/fax: 04–959 4772 E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Mutiara Burau Bay 5FMot'BYo E-mail: Website: Kampong Tok Senik Resort 5FMot'BYo E-mail: Website:

Black-and-Red Broadbill

Bird Watching In Malaysia alaysia

During winter, many migratory birds make the Langkawi islands their homes. They include the Grey-faced Buzzard, Cattle Egret, Intermediate Egret, Common Kingfisher, Ruddy Kingfisher, Black-capped Kingfisher and the Ashy Drongo. One of the best places for forest birds is Gunung Raya, which is accessible by road right until the peak. Here, you will be mesmerised by the magnificent sight of Great Hornbills, which sometimes congregate in large numbers on a fruiting tree. Other forest birds include the Mountain Hawk Eagle, Large Green Pigeon, Rhinoceros Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill and the Blue-winged Pitta.

Rhinoceros Hornbill

Tree Top Walk, Sedim

Penang Hill

Eurasian Curlew, Terek Sandpiper, Ruddy Turnstone, Red-necked Stint, Great Knot, Curlew Sandpiper, Gull-billed and White-winged Tern as well as the Javan and Chinese Pond Heron. Non-waterbirds such as the White, Yellow and Forest Wagtails as well as two globally threatened birds, the Lesser Adjutant Stork and Nordmann’s Greenshank, exist here.


Bird Watching In Malaysia

Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coast The Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coastal area is located at Seberang Prai Utara near Butterworth on mainland Penang. The habitats here consist of paddy fields, farmland, coastal mudflats and mangroves – conducive habitats for shorebirds (waders), waterbirds and mangrove birds. It is listed by Birdlife International as one of the Important Bird Areas for Malaysia, locations that provide feeding and resting areas for shorebirds and waterbirds during the bird migration season from October to March.

During the spring migration in February and March, hundreds of egrets, pond herons, terns, sand plovers, herons, greenshanks, redshanks, sandpipers and other species flock to the Bagan Tambang mudflats. Both binoculars and spotting scopes will come in handy for the viewing of shorebirds and waterbirds along the coastal bunds and when scanning the mudflats during the changing tides. It is advisable to check for tide times when bird watching here. Birds are likely to roost during low tide.

About 61 species of birds have so far been spotted here, in addition to thousands of shorebirds that visit the area annually. Species of shorebirds include the Brown-headed Gull, Great Egret, Black-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel,

CONTACT: Department of Wildlife and National Parks – Penang 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Penang Tourism Action Council 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: ACCOMMODATION: Accomodation is not available in the area. Visitors can stay at various hotels in Butterworth on mainland Penang. Beach Garden Hotel Tel: 04–332 2845 Butterworth Travel Lodge 5FMot'BYo Berlin Hotel 5FMot'BYo

Kuala Muda


Kepala Batas


Batu Ferringhi

Teluk Air Tawar

Teluk Bahang

Penang National Park

Sungai Dua


Pantai Acheh



Bayan Lepas NO


LEGEND Bird Watching Location


State Capital


City / Town

Blue-tailed Bee-eater

White-bellied Sea Eagle

Penang National Park The Penang National Park was established in 2003 and is one of the smallest national parks in Malaysia. It covers an area of about 1,213ha and is located in the remote northwestern part of Penang Island. The park consists of pristine coastal rainforest, mangroves, mudflats and beaches.

Collared Kingfisher

About 190 bird species exist in this remote and pristine park. One of the most well known birds here is the White-bellied Sea Eagle, which breed in the park, especially around the Muka Head area. They are frequently seen soaring and displaying in the hill forests facing the sea. If you are lucky, you might get to observe their soaring skills and aerial combats.

Indian Pond Heron

Trails of varying difficulties are available at Teluk Bahang, Teluk Tukun, Tanjung Aling, Pantai Kerachut and Teluk Ketapang. The park is open daily from 8am to 6pm. CONTACT: Penang National Park 5FMot'BYo E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Visitors can stay in hotels as well as chalets at Teluk Bahang and Batu Ferringhi as accommodation is currently not available in the park. Sport Fishing Chalet 5FMot'BYo

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Penang Hill Fort Cornwallis Kek Lok Si Temple Tropical Spice Garden War Museum

Bird Watching In Malaysia



Great Egret

Chinese Egret

Ipoh Railway Station

PERAK Bukit Larut

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Bukit Larut or Maxwell Hill is the oldest hill resort in Peninsular Malaysia. Located close to the town of Taiping, it is nestled within the Bukit Larut Forest Reserve along the Bintang Range. It comprises hill and montane forests, with the highest peak being the 1,448-metre high Gunung Hijau. It is home to a rich diversity of birds, over 250 species of lowland and montane birds. Among its rare resident birds include the Malaysian Hill Partridge, Wedge-tailed Pigeon, Blyth’s Hawk Eagle, Rusty-naped Pitta as well as migrant birds such as the Siberian and White-throated Rock Thrush and the Yellow-rumped Flycatcher. In the middle and upper parts of the forest, you might spot the Long-tailed Broadbill, Red-headed Trogon, Chestnut-capped Laughing Thrush and the Rufous-browed Flycatcher.

The forest-lined road that runs from the foothills until the higher elevations of Bukit Larut is recommended for bird watching. Do bring a light jacket or sweater along, as it gets quite cool at night.

by Kuala Gula between September and April. Many of which spend the winter months along the mudflats. There are several bird watching trails along the Gula River and coastal bunds fringing mangrove forest.

CONTACT: Taiping District Office 5FMot'BYo

Unique birds here include the Mangrove Pitta, Mangrove Blue Flycatcher, Mangrove Whistler and the Great Tit. Other resident birds found here are the Brown-capped Woodpecker, Laced Woodpecker and the migrant Ruddy Kingfisher. Lucky bird watchers may be rewarded with sightings of the endangered and rare Lesser Adjutant Stork and Milky Stork, which reside further in the mangrove islands and mudflats.

ACCOMMODATION: Bukit Larut Bungalows and Cafe Tel: 05–807 7241 / 806 2312 / 012–531 0079

Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary The Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary is located near the Matang Forest Reserve. Its diverse habitats include tidal mudflats, estuaries and mangrove forests. More than 190 species of birds exist here with about half of them migratory species. Kuala Gula is known for shorebirds and waterbirds. A large numbers of egrets, herons, terns as well as gulls stop


CONTACT: Kuala Gula Eco-tourism Committee Tel: 05–807 0842

Pengkalan Hulu Royal Belum State Park and Temengor Forest


Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary

Bukit Larut



ACCOMMODATION: Department of Wildlife & National Parks 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Kuala Gula Holiday Chalet 5FMot'BYo

Kuala Kangsar Expressway


State Capital


Pulau – Island


Bird Watching Location


City / Town







Pulau Pangkor

Another bird watching area worth visiting is the Kuala Sepetang Eco-Education Centre in Kuala Sepetang town, located not far from Kuala Gula. You can look for the elusive Milky Stork, waterbirds and shorebirds along the mudflats by hiring a boat from the nearby fishing village. It is advisable to check for tide times before going for boat trips.

Slim River

Tanjung Malim

Lesser Adjutant Stork

Royal Belum State Park and Temengor Forest The Belum-Temengor Forest comprises the Royal Belum State Park, Temengor and Grik forest reserves. Situated in the Grik district, its lowland and hill forests are sanctuaries for a rich variety of wildlife and birds. The Temengor Dam, which was built in 1978, is among the scenic attractions of the area. Approximately 304 bird species have been discovered with the entire ten Malaysian hornbill species found here. Between July and November, usually during the fruit season, hundreds of hornbills can be spotted around the Temengor Lake in the mornings and evenings. This is the only known area where thousands of hornbills have been seen at any one time or season.

Eagle, Large Green Pigeon and the Puff-throated Babbler. Between September and November, bird watchers might find the very rare Amur Falcon during the raptor migration period. The main bird watching areas are Pos Chiong, Halong River and the road leading to the Temengor Dam. Bird watching is also possible while cruising around the lake and along various river tributaries. Alternatively, you can bird watch along the forest-lined road of the East-West Highway from Grik to Jeli (Kelantan), which runs through part of the Belum Forest. Various tour operators offer guided tours to Royal Belum and Temengor forest and will arrange for the necessary permits, river and road transport as well as accommodation, which includes camping. Permission to enter the Royal Belum State Park is required and can be obtained from the Perak State Parks Corporation. This can be arranged by tour operators or guides.

Silver-breasted Broadbill

CONTACT: Perak State Parks Corporation 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: MTL Travel 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: ACCOMMODATION: Belum Rainforest Resort 5FMot'BYo Website:


Pulau Pangkor Felda Residence Hot Spring Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Sultan Azlan Shah Gallery Perak Tong Temple

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Much sought after birds here include the Plain-pouched, Helmeted, White-crowned and Great Hornbills, Wallace’s and Blyth’s Hawk

Blyth’s Hawk Eagle


Taiping Lake Gardens

White-breasted Kingfisher

Tanjong Karang

SELANGOR Kuala Selangor Nature Park

Bird Watching In Malaysia

The Kuala Selangor Nature Park is located in the coastal town of Kuala Selangor and is managed by the Malaysian Nature Society. Its various habitats consist of a mangrove forest as well as a secondary forest, tidal mudflats, lakes and canals in the core area of the park. It is a haven for more than 160 bird species, some of which are unique to the coastal areas of Peninsular Malaysia. This park is one of the best areas to search for mangrove specialist birds including the Laced and Greater Flameback Woodpecker, Mangrove Pitta, Mangrove Blue Flycatcher, Mangrove Whistler and the Great Tit. The keen bird

watcher might spot the rare Lesser Adjutant Stork, the introduced Milky Stork, Changeable Hawk Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Lineated Barbet and the Malayan Bronze Cuckoo. Those who venture out at night might encounter the Buffy Fish Owl, Collared Scops Owl, Spotted Wood Owl and the Barred Eagle Owl. During the migration season, many migrant birds, including different species of shorebirds, make stopovers at the park. Early mornings and late afternoons are ideal for bird watching, particularly along the main trails as well as the coastal bunds by the main canals and mangrove forest. You can try the boardwalk built through sections of the mangrove forest. Within walking distance from the park is Bukit Melawati, a historically site where you can also look out for birds.

CONTACT: Malaysian Nature Society (MNS) 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: ACCOMMODATION: De Palma Inn Kuala Selangor 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Kuala Selangor Nature Park 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Sabak Sungai Besar

12 Sekinchan


Tanjong Karang

Bukit Melawati

Kuala Selangor Nature Park Rawang Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) Sungai Buluh KUALA LUMPUR SHAH ALAM

LEGEND Port Klang Bird Watching Location

City / Town

Capital City


State Capital


Kuala Selangor Nature Park


Great Egret

Tanjong Karang Located between Kuala Selangor and Sungai Besar, Tanjong Karang is mainly agricultural. Its paddy fields provide an excellent habitat for various species of birds as numerous irrigation canals feed them. This creates different habitats during and after the paddy planting seasons, which in turn attract various seasonal birds.

Apart from waterbirds and raptors, there are also open country birds in the surrounding areas. These include the Black-shouldered Kite, White-breasted Wood-Swallow, Baya Weaver, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, White-throated and Storkbilled Kingfishers as well as the Scaly-breasted and Chestnut Munias. During the migration season, the Common Kingfisher, Yellow Wagtail, several other species of shorebirds (waders) and occasionally, the Oriental Pied Hornbill, join resident birds. Although bird watching is possible all year round, the best time to visit the Tanjong Karang is during the bird migration season between September and April.

CONTACT: Selangor Tourism Action Council 5FMot'BYo Website: ACCOMMODATION: De Palma Inn Kuala Selangor 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Kuala Selangor Nature Park 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:


sought after Masked Finfoot and the very rare Javan Frogmouth ocassionally visit the area. Among the trails where you can bird watch are the Keruing, Salleh, Rover track, Engkabang and the Canopy Walk trails. Not to be missed is the canopy walkway where birds may be seen in the early morning. CONTACT: Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:


Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) The Forest Research Institute of Malaysia is one of the most accessible bird watching sites and is situated about 16km northwest of Kuala Lumpur. Encompassing 600ha, it is made up of forest plantations, regenerating secondary forest and patches of remnant forests. More than 180 bird species have been sighted here, including about 26 migrant species. The birds found here are a mix of forest birds as well as open country and wetland birds. Five species of hornbills – White-crowned, Wreathed, Rhinoceros, Helmeted and Bushy-crested Hornbills, exist here. The impressive bird species list also includes ten woodpeckers, five broadbills, six barbets, two trogons and 16 species of bulbuls. Other forest birds found here are the Wallace’s Hawk Eagle, Crested Goshawk, Jambu Fruit Dove, Indian Cuckoo, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Red-throated Barbet, Buff-necked Woodpecker and the Black-and Red Broadbill. The much

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Blue Mosque Batu Caves Orang Asli Museum Firefly parks Homestays

Bird Watching In Malaysia

During the paddy planting season, these artificial wetlands host waterbirds such as the Purple Heron, Cinnamon and Yellow Bitterns, Slaty-breasted Rail and the Greater Painted Snipe. Many migratory birds spend the winter months here, using these areas as their feeding grounds. They include the Chinese Pond Heron, terns as well as the Great and Intermediate Egrets. After the harvesting season, the area attracts migratory raptors such as the Steppe Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Imperial Eagle and the Black Kite. At least two species of harriers, the Eastern Marsh and Pied Harriers have been seen quartering over the harvested paddy fields.

Chestnut-breasted Malkoha


Streaked Spiderhunter

Sri Menanti Royal Museum

CO CT CONTACT: Tourism Malaysia Negeri Sembilan 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Bird Watching In Malaysia

Port Dickson


The popular coastal resort of Port Dickson is also known as the landing site for raptors crossing the Straits of Malacca. During the raptor migration season between February and April, hundreds and sometimes thousands of raptors migrate from Sumatra in Indonesia to Peninsular Malaysia. They include species such as the Black Baza, Oriental Honey and Grey-faced Buzzard as well as the Japanese and Chinese Sparrowhawks. Migrating raptors can be observed along the coastal area and from some of the beach resorts at Port Dickson or at the Tanjung Tuan lighthouse.

Hotel Seri Malaysia Port Dickson 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

ACCOMMODATION: The Legend Water Chalets 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

The Malaysian Nature Society organises the annual Raptor Watch at Tanjung Tuan as part of an effort to promote raptor watching and conserve the area. You can check with the Malaysian Nature Society for the date of the event.

Sultan’s Tit

Titi Pertang

Oriental Honey-buzzard



Mantin Nilai

Pasoh Forest Reserve


Batu Kikir








State Capital


City / Town

Pasir Panjang


Bird Watching Location


Port Dickson




Spotted Wood Owl

Pasoh Forest Reserve The Pasoh Forest Reserve is situated in the Jelebu district and is among the research sites of the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM). It was established in 1974 and covers about 2,000ha of tropical rainforest, with the core area consisting of about 600ha of primary forest. The area has a wealth of bird life with over 300 species found in its lowland forest. They include nine raptor species, 26 babbler species, 14 woodpecker species, 13 bulbul species, six hornbills species and four pitta species. Birds often spotted here include the Crestless Fireback Pheasant, Malaysian Peacock Pheasant,

Diard’s Trogon

White-fronted Scops Owl, Cinnamon-rumped Trogon, White-crowned Hornbill, Green Broadbill, Banded Pitta and the Malaysian Honeyguide. Bird watchers keen on nocturnal birds, can look forward to observing the Large, Gould’s and Javan Frogmouths, eight owl species as well as three Frogmouths species. One of the trails conducive for bird watching is the main trail that leads to the core area of the reserve. To enter the Pasoh Forest Reserve, permission is required from the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia. Arrangement for accommodation at the forest reserve should be done at least one week in advance.

Crimson-winged Woodpecker

CONTACT: Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: ACCOMMODATION: FRIM Pasoh Research Station 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Bird Watching In Malaysia

v Port Dickson v Sri Menanti Royal Museum v State Museum and Cultural Handicraft Complex v Nilai 3 v Lata Kijang Waterfalls


Port Dickson

Orange-bellied Leafbird

Porta de Santiago (A’ Famosa)

MELAKA Air Keroh Recreational Forest

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Situated just off the North-South Highway, the Air Keroh Recreational Forest is about 15km from Melaka town. This 359-hectare secondary forest is also the location of the A’Famosa Resort, which boasts several themed attractions. Among the 135 bird species found here include lowland forest birds such as the Black-thighed Falconet, Jambu Fruit Dove, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Purple-naped Sunbird, Sunda Pygmy, Banded Bay, Pink-necked and Thick-billed Green Pigeons, Stork-billed, Banded and Blue-eared Kingfishers, Buff-necked, Buff-rumped, Crimson-winged and Rufous Woodpeckers, Coppersmith, Gold-whiskered and Red-crowned Barbets, Drongo and

Rusty-breasted Cuckoos as well as the Changeable Hawk Eagle and Crested Serpent Eagle. There are also three owl species here – Barred Eagle Owl, Buffy Fish Owl and Brown Wood Owl.

CONTACT: Melaka Forestry Department 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

During the migration season from September to March, migrant birds such as the Black Baza, Oriental Honey-buzzard, Arctic Warbler, Blue-winged Pitta, Indian Cuckoo, Crow-billed Drongo, Black-capped and Common Kingfishers as well as the Dark-sided and Yellow-rumped Flycatchers make stopovers. Forest birds can be found along the well-marked trails. You can head for the observation towers as they provide good vantage points to observe birds in the treetops or the lake, an area usually frequented by waterbirds.

ACCOMMODATION: Air Keroh D’Village Resort 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Puteri Resort 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

16 Simpang Empat Kuala Linggi

Alor Gajah

Kuala Sungai Baru Pengkalan Balak


Durian Tunggal Terendak Camp

Tanjung Bidara Beach Resort

Tanjung Tuan Forest Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary Kelebang

Air Keroh Recreational Forest



Changeable Hawk Eagle Bird Watching Location



State Capital


Pulau – Island


Pulau Upeh

City / Town

Pulau Besar

Grey-faced Buzzard

Tanjung Tuan Forest Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary Although this forest reserve is located at Tanjung Tuan in Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan, it is managed by the Melaka state government. Initially established as the Cape Rachado Forest Reserve in 1921, it was later declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1971. This area has been designated as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. The present sanctuary is made up of more than 60ha of lowland coastal forest, near the Tanjung Tuan lighthouse. More than 100 bird species have been spotted here, including forest birds and migrating raptors. From late February to March, some of the migratory raptors you might see here

Greater Flameback Woodpecker

include the Black Baza, Oriental Honey-Buzzard, Grey-faced Buzzard, Greater Spotted Eagle as well as the Chinese and Japanese Sparrowhawk. Forest birds that may be seen here include the Changeable Hawk Eagle, Large Green Pigeon, Dollarbird, Coppersmith Barbet, Greater Flameback Woodpecker, Banded Kingfisher, Black-naped Oriole, Blue-throated Bee-eater and the Asian Glossy Starling. The road leading to the lighthouse is a good area for bird watching and it is best to go in the early morning. CONTACT: Melaka Forestry Department 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Pink-necked Green Pigeon

ACCOMMODATION: Tiara Beach Resort 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Hotel Seri Malaysia Melaka 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:


Bird Watching In Malaysia

v Porta de Santiago v Stadhuys v Melaka Sultanate Palace (Cultural Museum) v Baba and Nyonya Heritage Museum v Melaka Tropical Fruit Farm


Tanjung Tuan

Taman Negara – Kuala Koh

PAHANG Taman Negara – Kuala Tahan

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Taman Negara is the largest national park in Malaysia and is also known as one of the country’s premier bird watching areas. Located in the states of Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu, the park covers an area of more than 4,343km of primary rainforest. With about 380 bird species, the park arguably has the highest number of birds of any forest area in Peninsular Malaysia. Habitats range from montane to lowland forests with most of the birds found in the lowland forest around the main bird watching areas of Kuala Tahan and Kuala

Terenggan. During the fruit season, usually from May to August, many bird species can be found feeding on fig trees around the park headquarters. They include the Thick-billed Pigeon, Rhinoceros Hornbills, Blue-eared Barbet, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Blue-winged Leafbirds, Green Broadbill and the Yellow-vented Flowerpecker. The six species of pheasants are found here include the Crested and Crestless Fireback Pheasants, Malaysian Peacock as well as the Crested Argus Pheasants. The months of June and July are ideal to search for the majestic Great Argus Pheasant along the trail to Teresek Hill. As you drift down the pristine Tahan River, you might spot the much sought after Masked Finfoot, one of

Taman Negara Kuala Tahan

Kampung Kuala Medang


Kuala Lipis


Kingfisher Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail:

Benta Raub


Most areas around the park headquarters in Kuala Tahan are generally good for bird watching. The other trails are the riverside trail to Tabing Hide, the trail to the canopy walkway, the Bukit Teresek trail and the trail to Kumbang Hide at Kuala Terenggan. If you plan take on a long trail, it is advisable to hire a local guide to accompany you. CONTACT: Department of Wildlife & National Parks Taman Negara-Kuala Tahan 5FMot'BYo E–mail:

Merapoh Cameron Highlands

the only three species found in the world or the Stork-billed, Blue-banded, Blue-eared and Rufous-collared Kingfishers that might also be found along the river trail to the Lata Berkoh cascades. Taman Negara is a treasure trove for hornbills and nine species can be found around the Kuala Tahan and Kuala Terenggan areas.

Sungai Lembing



ACCOMMODATION: Mutiara Taman Negara 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Bentong Lancang Janda Baik




Tasik Chini Mancis

Batu Ibam

LEGEND Pulau Tioman Bird Watching Location



State Capital


Pulau – Island

City / Town

Rainforest Resort Tel: 09–266 7888 / 7241 / 7637 Fax: 09–267 2352 E–mail: Website:

Long-tailed Broadbill

Masked Finfoot

Fraser’s Hill Fraser’s Hill is a mecca for bird watchers. This hill station is blessed with pristine forest areas and is home to about 247 bird species, of which about a third are montane species. Bird watching areas start at a height of about 700m near the Gap resthouse, to the summit of Fraser’s Hill, which is more than 1,000m high. You can look forward to an exciting experience here as you might encounter very colourful birds that are very different from those in the lowland forest.

CONTACT: Fraser’s Hill Tourist Information Centre 5FMoot'BYo Website:

Most birds can be observed along the forested areas along the winding roads at Fraser’s Hill. Girdle road goes around in a looping circle and is one of the best roads to conduct bird watching. Other trails good for bird watching include the Bishop and Hemmant Trails where you may find the rarer species. The road from the Gap resthouse, Jalan Mager and waterfall roads are also popular. It is advisable to book your accommodation in advance if you plan to go during the weekends or public and school holidays.

The Smokehouse Hotel & Restaurant 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Kingfisher Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Shahzan Inn 5FMot'BYo E–mail:

Highlands Resthouse Holdings Sdn. Bhd 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Some of the montane birds that you will encounter here are the Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Little Cuckoo-dove, Large Hawk-cuckoo, Red-headed Trogon, Long-tailed Broadbill, Grey-chinned Minivet, Black-and-Crimson Oriole, Blue Nuthatch, Green Magpie, Fire-tufted and Black-browed Barbets as well as the Greater and Lesser Yellownape Woodpeckers. Three Laughing Thrush species – the Black, Chestnut-capped and Chestnut-crowned Laughing Thrushes, are also found here.

Interesting and strikingly colourful mountain babblers include the Silver-eared Mesia as well as the Cutia, White-browed and Black-eared Shrike-Babblers. Resident flycatchers you may find here include the Little Pied, Large Niltava and Hill Blue Flycatcher. Two endemic birds, found only in Peninsular Malaysia, are the rare Mountain Peacock Pheasant and the Malayan Whistling-Thrush. Many birds congregate in large feeding flocks called ‘bird waves’ where you will find various bird species and activities.


Chestnut-naped Forktail Taman Negara – Kuala Tahan

Silver-eared Mesia

Cameron Highlands

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Cameron Highlands is the largest hill resort in the country and is a bird watching destination, which combines montane forests, vegetable farms and tea plantations. Host to about 260 bird species, the area is home to many of the montane bird species as bird watching areas are located at elevations of 1,300 to 1,700m above sea level. Birds found here are similar to those in Fraser’s Hill with some of the montane specialist species such as the Golden-throated Barbet, Rufous-vented Niltava, Rufous-winged Fulvetta and the Lesser Shortwing. During the migration season, many migrant birds spend the winter months in Cameron Highlands and rare species seen here include the White-throated Rock Thrush and Siberian Thrush.

Red-naped Trogon

It is possible to drive there. You can also opt for trails such as the Robinson Waterfall trail, Parit Waterfall trail and the trail starting from the Malaysian Agricultural Research Station (MARDI). If you plan to take the longer trails, it is advisable to check with local guides or hotel information desks on the condition of the trails. It is also important that you inform local authorities on your trekking routes. CONTACT: Tourism Malaysia Pahang 5FMot'BYo ACCOMMODATION: Equatorial Cameron Highlands 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

One of the best bird watching areas is the road leading to the telecommunications station near the summit of Gunung Brinchang where many of the montane birds may be spotted.


Cameron Highlands

Olive-backed Sunbird

Red-headed Trogon

Heritage Hotel Cameron Highlands 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:


Kenong Rimba Park Elephant Conservation Centre Genting Highlands Berjaya Hills Tioman Island

Sultan Ismail Petra Arch

KELANTAN Taman Negara – Kuala Koh Kuala Koh in the state of Kelantan is the gateway to the northern section of Taman Negara, with the other gateways being Kuala Tahan as well as Sungai Relau in Pahang and Tanjung Mentong in Terengganu. It is situated about 90km from Gua Musang town and one of the least visited areas of Taman Negara. This pristine hill and lowland forest covers an area of 835km.

here include lowland species such as eagles, pigeons, woodpeckers, trogons, broadbills, hornbills, leafbirds, drongos, bulbuls, babblers, flycatchers, sunbirds and flowerpeckers.

CONTACT: Department of Wildlife & National Parks – Gua Musang Tel: 09–912 2940

Several trails are available and they include the Ara interpretive trail and Rafflesia trails, which have circular routes as well as the trail to the observation hide and the canopy walkway. Discerning bird watchers and nature lovers will enjoy the secluded and tranquil surroundings of Kuala Koh.

ACCOMMODATION: Taman Negara – Kuala Koh Tel: 013–970 7639


Pengkalan Chepa KOTA BHARU



Selising Pulai Condong Machang

Chesnut-capped Laughing Thrush Kuala Krai Dabong Stong State Park

Manik Urai


Kampung Tembeling

Bird Watching Location

City / Town

State Capital


KELANTAN Gua Musang Pulai Taman Negara Kuala Koh

Red-bearded Bee-eater

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Kuala Koh offers bird watching in rugged terrains and peaceful riverine landscapes. Over 300 bird species have been spotted in Taman Negara and birds you might find


Mugimaki Flycatcher

Stong State Park

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Situated at the Kuala Krai district in the south of Kelantan, Stong State Park is a unique park that is accessible via the Dabong town. Covering an area of more than 21,900ha, the park’s hill dipterocarp, oak-laurel, sub-montane and montane ericaceous forests shelter about 100 bird species. It is linked to the main range, Titiwangsa Range, and has several prominent mountain peaks. An outstanding feature found here is the seven-tiered Jelawang waterfall, one of the highest waterfalls in Malaysia. Due to the undulating hilly terrain, this park is well suited for adventurous bird watchers. Among the 14 montane bird species seen here are the Green-billed Malkoha, Little CuckooDove, Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Long-tailed Broadbill, White-throated Fantail, Rufousbrowed Flycatcher, Ochraceous Bulbul, Everett’s White-eye, Mountain Tailorbird, Pygmy Wren Babbler, Mountain Fulvetta, Black-throated Sunbird and the Streaked Spiderhunter. Other lowland forest birds found here include the Great Argus Pheasant, Red-naped Trogon, Banded Kingfisher, Oriental Honey-buzzard,

Oriental Pied Hornbill

Blyth’s Hawk Eagle, Green Broadbill, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Crested Jay, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Chestnut-naped Forktail, Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler, Red-throated and Yellow-crowned Barbets, as well as the Rhinoceros, Helmeted and White-crowned Hornbills. Bird watching is common along the main trail leading from the base of the mountain to the peak of Gunung Stong. There is a campsite midway along the trail to the mountain peak where you can stay overnight. The base of the Gunung Stong and the small river found there are also good areas to start looking for birds, before trekking to the higher forest areas. Another good birding area is the trail along the plateau area where many lowland birds can be seen. CONTACT: Kompleks Perkayuan Kelantan Sdn. Bhd. 5FMot'BYo

Blue-banded Kingfisher

KB Backpackers Holdings Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 09–773 7077 / 012–900 3125 Fax: 09–773 7077 Website: ACCOMMODATION: A base camp with basic huts is located midway along the trail to Gunung Stong. Arrangements can be made by local guides if you wish to camp.


Siti Khadijah Market Pantai Cahaya Bulan War Museum Stong State Park Handicraft Village

Baha Adventure Team Tel: 019–959 1020 E–mail:


Stong State Park

Ruddy Kingfisher

Terengganu State Museum

TERENGGANU Taman Negara – Tanjung Mentong Tanjung Mentong is the gateway to the Taman Negara section in Terengganu. Visitors enter the park via the Gawi and Jenagor jetties where there are boats to take them to Tanjung Mentong. To get there, you have to travel across Lake Kenyir, the biggest man-made lake in Malaysia. The town located nearest to this entry point is Kuala Berang.

Birds can be observed when cruising by boat along the fringes of the rainforest in the park. There are opportunities to visit other bird watching areas around the other resorts located at strategic areas around Lake Kenyir. Prior arrangements should be made with the park authorities, if you wish to visit other bird watching areas around Lake Kenyir.

Accommodation: Lake Kenyir Resort & Spa 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Bird Watching In Malaysia

More than 350 bird species have been spotted in Taman Negara and most of these birds can be found in the lowland and hill forests of Tanjung Mentong and its surrounding areas. Similar to those found in Taman Negara at Kuala Tahan, these fascinating tropical birds include raptors, pheasants, partridges, pigeons, cuckoos, hornbills,

trogons, kingfishers, woodpeckers, broadbills, drongos, pittas, babblers, minivets, bulbuls, flowerpeckers, sunbirds and spiderhunters.

CONTACT: Department of Wildlife & National Parks – Kuala Terengganu 5FMot'BYo Ping Anchorage Travel & Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Diard’s Trogon


23 Setiu Wetlands




Lake Kenyir

Ajil Kuala Berang

Taman Negara Tanjung Mentong

Kampung Jerangau


LEGEND Kemasik

Taman Negara – Tanjung Mentong

Bird Watching Location

City / Town

State Capital



Grey-bellied Bulbul

Setiu Wetlands

Bird Watching In Malaysia

The Setiu Wetlands is a part of the Setiu river basin, in the large Setiu-Chalok-Bari-Merang basin wetland complex. Situated about 60km north of Terengganu, it is listed as an important wetland area in the Malaysian Wetland Directory. The wetlands cover an area of about 23,000ha, between Kampung Raja in the north and Batu Rakit in the south. Habitats here are diverse, consisting of a unique mosaic riverine forest, melaleuca swamp forest, peat swamp forest, brackish water lagoons with vegetated sand islands, mangrove forest, sea grass beds and sandy beaches. The World Wide Fund for Nature Malaysia (WWF Malaysia) is currently working on the conservation of Setiu Wetlands.

Asian Fairy Bluebird

including the Malaysian Plover as well as the Rhinoceros and Black Hornbill. Apart from being a bird watching destination, its riverbanks, sandy beaches and sand islands are also important breeding sites for the endangered Painted Terrapin and Green Turtle. Bird watching trips to Setiu Wetlands are best organised through travel agents in Kuala Terengganu. CONTACT: Setiu District Office 5FMot'BYo Ping Anchorage Travel & Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:


ACCOMMODATION: Best Western Merang Suria Resort 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Penarik Inn Tel: 013–326 0564

OTHER ATTRACTIONS IN TERENGGANU v Redang Island v Perhentian Besar and Perhentian Kecil Islands v Lang Tengah Island v Terengganu State Museum Complex v Cemerong Waterfall

Although less visited by bird watchers, the Setiu Wetlands has a rich bird life, with about 160 bird species – the globally threatened species the Lesser Adjutant Stork and 16 internationally near threatened species

24 Ruddy Turnstone

Lake Kenyir

Tanjong Piai National Park

JOHOR Panti Forest Reserve

Panti Forest Reserve is listed as an internationally Important Bird Area, perhaps second only to Taman Negara in terms of bird diversity. More than 300 resident and migrant bird species have been found here, including many Sunda endemics. Five globally threatened bird species are also found here: Wallace’s Hawk Eagle, Chestnut-necklaced Partridge, Short-toed Coucal and the Wrinkled and Helmeted Hornbills.

CONTACT: Southern Johor Forestry Office 5FMot'BYo Johor Tourism Action Council Tel: 07–223 4935 / 9960 / 8019 Fax: 07–223 7554 E–mail: Website: ACCOMMODATION: Nasha Hotel (Kota Tinggi) 5FMot'BYo Mayres Hotel 5FMot'BYo


Endau Rompin National Park Labis


Tangkak Jemaluang Pagoh

Parit Jawa


Yong Peng Ayer Hitam Batu Pahat

Simpang Renggam


Panti Forest Reserve


Lowland forest birds found around the foothill and ridge trails comprise the Lesser Fish Eagle, Black-thighed Falconet, Crestless Fireback Pheasant, Blue-rumped Parrot, Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot, Cinnamon-headed Green-Pigeon, Red-bearded Bee-eater, Straw-headed Bulbul, Banded Pitta, Laced, White-bellied and Slaty Woodpeckers, Dark-throated Oriole, Cinnamon-rumped and Scarlet-rumped Trogons, Black-and-Red as well as the Black-and-Yellow Broadbills.

The Panti Forest Reserve’s Bunker trail harbours eight hornbill species as well as the Olive-backed Woodpecker, Dusky Broadbill and the Velvet-fronted Nuthatch. During the migration season, the nearby swamps could surprise you with migrant birds such as the Black and Schrenck’s Bitterns as well as the Chestnut-naped and White-crowned Forktail. Parts of the forest reserve are being turned

bird Currently, iinto a bi d sanctuary. C l the h most accessible trail is the Bunker Trail, where a parking lot, watchtower and a few huts are available. Permission is required from the Johor Forestry Department to enter the Panti Forest Reserve. It is advisable to inform the South Johor Forestry Office of your visit.

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Located about 20km from the town of Kota Tinggi, Panti Forest Reserve covers an area of approximately 275km and is situated at the headwaters of the Johor, Linggiu and Ulu Sedili rivers in southern Johor. The area is made up mostly of lowland dipterocarp forest with hill forests on two mountains, Gunung Muntahak (654m) and Gunung Sumalayang (615m). The montane ericaceous forest occurs on the western summit of Gunung Panti (654m) and peat swamp forest can be found in the low-lying areas.

Th h i with ih The peat swamp fforest trailil thrives wildlife and here you might find the Blyth’s Hawk Eagle, Wrinkled Hornbill, Banded Kingfisher, Red-billed Malkoha, White-bellied Yuhina and the Purple-naped Sunbird. You might also spot the Wallace’s Hawk Eagle, Bat Hawk, Lesser Cuckoo-Shrike, Green Iora, Scarlet and Fiery Minivets, Black-and-White Bulbul and the Malaysian Rail Babbler while bird watching along the Quarry Trail. Migrants include the Siberian Thrush, Siberian Blue Robin as well as the Dark-sided, Asian Brown, Yellow-rumped and Blue-and-White Flycatchers.


LEGEND Bird Watching Location


State Capital


City / Town


Kota Tinggi Skudai JOHOR BAHRU

Scarlet-rumped Trogon

Endau-Rompin National Park

Bird Watching In Malaysia

The second largest national park in Malaysia straddles the states of Johor and Pahang, covering an area of about 48,905ha. The Endau-Rompin National Park is an Important Bird Area and was established largely due to the efforts of the Malaysian Nature Society, after conducting scientific expeditions in 1985 and 1986. Habitats here vary from lush lowland and hill dipterocarp forests, interspersed with unique palm and plateau forests as well as montane ericaceous forest at the higher elevations. Access to the park is via the two park base camps of Kuala Jasin and Sungai Selai. More than 200 species of resident and migrant birds have been found here, with the majority of birds found in the lowland and hill forests. Six species of hornbills have also been spotted here, including the White-crowned, Rhinoceros and Helmeted Hornbills. Forest birds include the Bat Hawk, Wallace’s Hawk Eagle, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Crested Partridge, Red

Crimson-winged Woodpecker

Jungle Fowl, Crested Fireback Pheasant, Thick-billed Green Pigeon, Jambu Fruit Dove, Long-tailed Parakeet, Red-naped Trogon, Blue-banded Kingfisher, Red-bearded Bee-eater, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Green Broadbill, Blue-winged Leafbird, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Crested Jay, Chestnut-rumped Scimitar-Babbler, Black-naped Monarch, Hill Myna, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Long-billed Spiderhunter, Garnet and Banded Pittas as well as the Finch’s and Black-and-White Bulbuls. Bird watching spots are located along various short and long trails at both the Kuala Peta Jasin and Selai base camps. It is advisable to hire a park guide if you decide to take the longer trails.

White-rumped Shama

ACCOMMODATION: Endau–Rompin National Park – Peta 5FMot'BYo Endau–Rompin National Park – Selai 5FMot'BYo


Royal Abu Bakar Museum Gunung Ledang Nasuha Spices and Herbs Paradise Desaru Sibu islands

CONTACT: Johor National Parks Corporation 5FMot'BYo Website:


Endau-Rompin National Park

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

Niah National Park

SARAWAK Bako National Park

The park headquarters and mangroves of Telok Assam are good places to start bird

Head for the Lintang and Serait trails if you are searching for forest birds such as the Red-naped Trogon, Long-tailed Parakeet, Emerald Dove, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Rufous-tailed Tailorbird, White-chested Babbler, Ruby-cheeked Sunbird, White-bellied and Buff-necked Woodpeckers, Red-crowned and Brown Barbets, Blue-eared and Oriental Dwarf Kingfishers, Fiery and Scarlet Minivets as well as the Spotted Fantail, Asian Paradise and Grey-chested Jungle Flycatchers. Lucky bird watchers might find Bornean endemics such as

the Blue Fl Flycatcher Dusky h LLarge-billed bill d Bl h and d the h D k Munia. The best time to visit the Bako National Park is from March to October when you get to see most the resident birds and some of the migrant birds on their spring or autumn migration. CONTACT: Protected Areas and Biodiversity Conservation, Sarawak Forestry Corporation 5FMot'BYo ACCOMMODATION: Bako National Park Visitors’ Information Centre 5FMot'BYo

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Established in 1957, the Bako National Park is located about 30km from Kuching and is the oldest national park in Sarawak. The Bako-Buntal area of 2727km was designated by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area. This national park has a fascinating variety of habitats that include Kerangas Forest, beach vegetation, grassland, mangroves as well as mixed dipterocarp and peat swamp forest. Despite its size, it has outstanding beauty with secluded sandy beaches, unique rock formations and spectacular scenery. About 150 species of both resident and migrant birds exist here.

watching. h Here you might h fifind d the h PPink-necked k k d Green Pigeon, Ashy Tailorbird, Mangrove Blue Flycatcher, Common Flameback and Sunda Pygmy Woodpeckers, Stork-billed, Collared and Black-capped Kingfishers as well as the Chestnut-breasted and Chestnut-bellied Malkohas.

27 LEGEND Miri Bird Watching Location

City / Town

State Capital


Gunung Mulu National Park Bintulu


Kuching Waterfront

Sibu Sarikei


Bako National Park

Bandar Sri Aman

Similajau National Park


Mountain Wren Babbler

Gunung Mulu National Park

Bird Watching In Malaysia

The largest national park in Sarawak, the Gunung Mulu National Park covers an area of 52,865ha consisting of a primary rainforest and an extensive system of rivers and streams. Mulu has eight different types of forests, ranging from the humid lowland to the high montane forests. The landscape is dominated by three mountains – Gunung Mulu (2,376m), Gunung Api (1,750m) and Gunung Benarat (1,585m). Although more synonymous with giant caves and limestone mountains, Gunung Mulu National Park is also a great bird watching area. Blessed with diverse natural attributes, it is not surprising that it is home to 262 bird species, including all eight hornbill species found in Sarawak. The variety of lowland forest birds found here includes the Great Argus, Yellow-crowned Barbet, Short-toed Coucal, Jerdon’s Baza, Bat Hawk, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Jambu Fruit Dove, Green Imperial Pigeon, Large Frogmouth, Moustached Hawk and Drongo Cuckoo, Black and Crested Partridges, Crestless and Crested Fireback pheasants, Checker-throated and Buff-rumped Woodpeckers, Diard’s and

Lesser Yellownape Woodpecker

Cinnamon-rumped Trogons, Raffle’s and Red-billed Malkohas as well as the Rufous-collared and Blue-eared Kingfishers. In the caves of the Mulu National Park, you may find the Black-nest and Edible-nest Swiftlets. Much sought after Bornean endemic birds spotted here include the Red-breasted Partridge, Bulwer’s Pheasant, Whitehead’s Trogon, Golden-naped Barbet, Hose’s Broadbill, Bornean Whistling Thrush, Black-throated Wren Babbler, Bornean Blue Flycatcher, Bornean Whistler and the Black-sided Flowerpecker. Birds can be found along most of the trails in Mulu. The trails leading to the Deer and Lang Caves are popular for bird watching. The 4-kilometre long trail to Clearwater and Wind Caves are also recommended as it traverses through mostly lowland forest. Energetic bird watchers can try the Summit Trail to Gunung Mulu where many montane bird species, including the Whitehead’s Trogon and Broadbill, are found. Not to be missed is the unique phenomenon of hundreds and thousand of bats exiting Deer Cave and watching Bat Hawks and other raptors hunting the bats as

Rufous-collared Kingfisher

they fly out in the evening. It is advisable to inform park authorities before going on your treks and hire a guide to accompany you if you plan to go on the longer trails. CONTACT: Gunung Mulu National Park 5FMot'BYo Borneo Adventure 5FMot'BYo E–mail: ACCOMMODATION: Gunung Mulu National Park 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Royal Mulu Resort 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

Gunung Mulu National Park

Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker

Similajau National Park The Similajau National Park is situated about 25km northeast of Bintulu town and is listed as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. The park covers an area of approximately 71km of flat and mildly undulating rainforest, with the eastern part of the park facing the South China Sea. Habitats here consist of lowland beach, Kerangas, mixed dipterocarp and mangrove forests, running in a north-south direction.

Woodpecker, Garnet Pitta, Hook-billed Bulbul, Diard’s and Scarlet-rumped Trogons as well as the Crested Jay and Malaysian Blue Flycatcher. There is a good trail system for bird watching in Similajau National Park. The main trail is usually recommended as it is the longest, providing more chances of spotting birds. You need not finish the trail as you might find birds even along the first kilometre of the trail. Another trail is the 450m boardwalk along the mangroves that joins a 600m forest trail. The short View Point Trail leads to the viewing point shelter, where you can look for White-bellied Sea Eagles and seabirds, and if you are lucky, spot dolphins frolicking in the sea. It is not advisable to swim in the sea and rivers due to the presence of saltwater crocodiles.

Chestnut-naped Forktail

CONTACT: Similajau National Park 5FMot'BYo Website: ACCOMMODATION: Similajau National Park 5FMot'BYo Website:


Kuching Waterfront Sarawak Cultural Village Semenggoh Wildlife Centre Kubah National Park Damai Beach

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Among the 185 species of birds found here include six hornbill species as well as three Bornean endemic species–Bornean Wren Babbler, Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker and Dusky Munia. Some of the notable birds found here include the Bat Hawk, Wallace’s Hawk Eagle, Great Argus pheasant, Violet Cuckoo, Short-toed Coucal, Buffy Fish-Owl, Brown Wood Owl, Large Frogmouth, Blue-throated Bee-eater, Great Slaty

White-crowned Hornbill


Sarawak Cultural Village

Mount Kinabalu


Bird Watching In Malaysia

Danum Valley Conservation Area


The tropical lowland rainforest of Danum Valley Conservation Area is a paradise for nature lovers and a popular destination among keen bird watchers. More than 300 species of birds have been found in Danum Valley including birds found only in Borneo. There are two main bird watching areas in Danum Valley – the Danum Valley Field Centre and the forest area near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge. Many of the lowland Bornean forest birds can be found along the trails, access road, around the Field Centre and accommodation areas at Danum Valley. You might spot the Crested Fireback Pheasants, Black-bellied Malkoha, Red-throated Sunbird, Crested Jay, Giant and Banded Pittas, White-crowned and Rufous-tailed Shama, Rufous-winged and Maroon-breasted Philentoma, Fulvous-chested, Rufous-chested, Yellow-rumped and Pale Blue Flycatchers as well as the Chestnut-rumped and Grey-headed Babblers.

If you are cruising along the Segama River look out for the Great-billed Heron or the Oriental Darter. Among the endemic Bornean birds you may find at Danum Valley include the rare Bulwer’s Pheasant, Chestnut-necklaced Partridge, White-fronted Falconet, Bornean Ground Cuckoo, Bornean Bristlehead, Blue-headed, Blue-banded and Black-headed Pittas, Bornean Blue and Large-billed Blue Flycatchers, Bornean and Black-throated Wren Babblers, Black-sided and Yellow-rumped Flowerpeckers, Black-capped White-eye and the Dusky Munia. There are numerous trails at the Danum Valley Field Centre and near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge where you can bird watch. Apart from birds, you have excellent opportunities to observe the wildlife at Danum Valley.

CONTACT: Conservation & Environmental Management Division – Yayasan Sabah Group 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Borneo Nature Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: ACCOMMODATION: Borneo Rainforest Lodge 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Danum Valley Field Centre – Rakyat Berjaya Sdn Bhd 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Kota Belud Tuaran KOTA KINABALU


Kinabalu Park Ranau Sandakan

Kinabatangan Flood Plain and Wildlife Sanctuary


Lahad Datu


LEGEND Bird Watching Location

City / Town


State Capital


Gunung – Mountain

Danum Valley Conservation Area Tawau

Black-capped White-eye

Kinabalu Park One of the more popular bird watching destinations in Malaysia, Kinabalu Park is 90km from Kota Kinabalu and provides a cool setting for bird watchers keen on the montane birds of Borneo. Established in 1964, the park covers 754km2 of lowland, montane and cloud forest as well as sub-alpine vegetation at the upper reaches of Mount Kinabalu (4,101m). Bird watching is among the wide range of activities available at the park’s headquarters at 1,554m, where there is an extensive system of trails. More than 320 bird species have been found in Kinabalu Park, including 17 endemic species. These endemic species include the

Streak-breasted Spiderhunter

Whiskered Treeswift

Red-breasted Partridge, Crimson-headed Partridge, Mountain Serpent-Eagle, Whitehead’s Broadbill, Bornean Barbet, Golden-naped Barbet, Mountain Barbet, Whitehead’s Trogon, Fruithunter, Kinabalu Friendly Warbler, Mountain Black-eye, Everett’s Thrush, Mountain Wren-Babbler, Bornean Stubtail, Chestnut-crested Yuhina, Whitehead’s Spiderhunter, Black-sided Flowerpecker and the Whitehead’s Spiderhunter.

The forest fringed road from park headquarters, leading to Pondok Timpohon– the starting point of the climb up Mount Kinabalu, is also a good area to look for birds.

There is a good system of trails established at Kinabalu Park and most of these trails are usually good for bird watching. You should also look out for birds around the park headquarters area in the early morning.

ACCOMMODATION: Sutera Sanctuary Lodges 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

CONTACT: Sabah Parks 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Bird Watching In Malaysia


Kinabalu Park

Temminck’s Sunbird

Kinabatangan Flood Plain and Wildlife Sanctuary

Bird Watching In Malaysia

The Kinabatangan Flood Plain and Wildlife Sanctuary located in eastern Sabah is a 26,100ha wetland area, part of the larger Lower Kinabatangan floodplain, which is about 3,300km2 in size. The diverse habitats here comprise a mosaic of lowland dipterocarp forest, forest over limestone, seasonal swamp forest, permanent freshwater swamps, tidal swamp forest and a mangrove forest. Biologically diverse, the area is home to over 200 species of birds, including several endemic Bornean species and eight species of hornbills. Bird watching is possible while crusing along the main Kinabatangan River and other smaller rivers such as the Menanggul River. A leisurely river cruise along the rivers in the early morning and late evening is usually rewarding. Here, you might spot the Oriental Darter, the endangered Storm’s Stork, the Lesser Adjutant Stork, Jerdon’s Baza, Bat Hawk, Green Imperial Pigeon, Great Egret, Long-tailed Parakeet, Hooded Pitta, Bar-bellied Cuckoo Shrike, Black-capped Babbler, Malaysian Blue Flycatcher, Rhinoceros and

Chesnut-crested Yuhina

Wrinkled Hornbills as well as the Stork-billed and Oriental Dwarf Kingfishers. Other areas for bird watching include the ox-bow lakes, trails at the Danau Pitas ox-bow lake and along the Menanggul River. The Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary is also an excellent area to watch endemic Bornean mammals such as the Proboscis Monkey and the Bornean Pygmy Elephant. CONTACT: Wildlife Expeditions 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Borneo Eco Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

White-crowned Shama

ACCOMMODATION: Sukau River Lodge 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Sukau Rainforest Lodge 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:


Sipadan Island Tunku Abdul Rahman Park Monsopiad Cultural Village Simpang Mengayau Bay Sepilok Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre

Kingfisher Tours 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Kinabatangan Flood Plain and Wildlife Sanctuary

Black-sided Flowerpecker

Handy Tips

Gunung Senyum Cave, Pahang

Endau-Rompin National Park

Handy Tips

Bird Watching In Malaysia

When going for bird watching trips in Malaysia, it is always useful to be equipped with suitable essentials and equipment. These tips will help bird watchers to prepare and organise safe and enjoyable trips. Some of these essential tips are listed below. v It is essential to bring bird field guide, if you are not familiar with the bird species in Malaysia. A small notebook is useful to take down notes on birds. Some of the bird field guides to use in Malaysia are: 1. A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore by Allen Jeyarajasingam and Alan Pearson. 2. A Field Guide to the Birds of Southeast Asia by Craig Robson 3. A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali by John Mackinnon and Karen Phillipps

34 v Binoculars are essential for bird watching in all habitats and a spotting scope is useful when watching shorebirds and seabirds near coastal areas. v When visiting protected areas such as national parks, nature parks and wildlife sanctuaries, nothing is to be damaged or taken out. Entry permits are needed to enter certain protected forest areas.

v Always use a local guide when you are not familiar with any bird watching areas or when the service of a guide is compulsory. v When trekking in the forest, find out and choose a trail that you can complete before dark. Do not stray off a trail where you can easily loose your direction or damage sensitive habitats. v Always notify the authorities or a person about your plans for the day, especially if you are going on your own. v Treat the forest with a sense of respect and humility. Be as quiet as possible to maximise your chances of observing birds and other wildlife. v Bring plenty of water and some snacks when going on long bird watching trips. v Wear light and loose fitting cotton clothing. Comfortable shirts and long pants are best for protection from insects, thorny plants and abrasions. v Wear light but sturdy footwear with good traction for trekking on trails and hilly areas. Leech socks might come in handy especially during the rainy season.

v Use a hat with a wide brim to shade against the sun when bird watching along the coasts and beaches. For long treks, bring a poncho or other waterproof gear. v When going camping, pack as light as possible. Use a comfortable rucksack with padded shoulder straps, hip belt and internal frame. v A sweater or jacket is useful when birding in the mountain areas as it can get chilly. v A basic first aid kit is useful to treat wounds and bites. v For the checklist of birds in Malaysia, visit

Stork-billed Kingfisher

Beyond Bird Watching

Oriental Pied Hornbill

Crimson Sunbird

Beyond Bird Watching Bird watching is a fascinating recreational hobby enjoyed by thousands of people all over the world. Apart from the immense pleasure derived from bird watching, there are many other related activities that groups and individuals can pursue to extend their bird watching experiences. In the last two decades, bird watching has

Malaysian Nature Society (MNS)

Oriental Bird Club (OBC)

become a popular and fast growing hobby

The Malaysian Nature Society carries out studies on Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Malaysia and compiles data on threatened and endangered birds. It has active bird groups in some state branches, which organise regular bird watching trips to various areas.

The Oriental Bird Club promotes interest in the birds of the oriental region and their conservation. It liaises with and promotes the work of regional societies, as well as collates and publishes material on oriental birds.

Bird Watching In Malaysia

in Malaysia and most bird watchers belong to nature societies or bird organisations. As most birds here are found in diverse habitats, studies have been carried out on the birds to find out about their behaviour and conserve their habitats. These studies are carried out by local and international bird and nature conservation organisations. Bird watchers visiting Malaysia may be able to contribute to the knowledge on many bird species, where information and data are still


needed. Examples of such information include breeding, nesting, distribution, behaviour, bird habitats and bird migration data. Interested bird watchers are encouraged to contribute or take part in the various activities and conservation projects carried out by bird organisations. Bird conservation efforts and activities contribute to the welfare of birds

5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

E–mail: Website:

Asian Raptor Research & Conservation Network (ARRCN) The Asian Raptor Research & Conservation Network promotes the conservation of Asian raptors and collects data on raptor species in Asia. It also coordinates the Asian Raptor Migration Survey project (ARMS) as well as biological and ecological projects on rare and endangered raptor species. Valuable data are compiled on raptor migration and raptor species to assist in their conservation.

and their habitats, so that bird watchers can continue to enjoy these birds in their forest


areas and natural environment.


Rufous-browed Flycatcher

Green-billed Malkoha

Blue Nuthatch

Blue-winged Leafbird

Bird Study and Bird Conservation

It also carries out ecological and biological

Malaysia is blessed with lush tropical rainforest

With the great diversity of birds found in

studies by collecting data on the Wallace’s

and many other habitats, which are home to a

Malaysia, birds and bird habitats are constantly

Hawk Eagle, Bat Hawk and the Black Eagle.

vast array of birds. With more than 746 species

facing challenges to their existence due to

of tropical resident and migrant birds, there

development, habitat loss and other factors.

Visiting bird watchers have a chance to

are ample opportunities for bird photography

Some bird species are dwindling or facing

participate in bird studies and projects and

and other bird related activities in Malaysia.

the danger of extinction. Some conservation

get a unique experience in these conservation

Most of the resident birds in Malaysia are

organisations in Malaysia carry out bird studies

projects. They may take part in the bird study

exquisitely colourful. Therefore, many birds

and conservation projects to assist in the

experience by contacting the various bird

here are much sought after by bird and wildlife

conservation of birds. These organisations

conservation organisations.

photographers. The natural habitats and forest

include the Malaysian Nature Society and

settings offer photographers ideal backdrops

the Asian Raptor Research & Conservation

for bird photography.


Bird photography can be carried out in many

Among others, the MNS carries out studies on

bird watching areas in Malaysia. Birds can be

the Plain Pouched Hornbill at the Temengor

found in various habitats including beach

Forest Reserve in Perak. The ARRCN regularly

areas, coastal mudflats, mangrove areas,

conducts conservation projects in Malaysia

lowland forests and mountain forests. These

and Asia. One of its projects is the Asian Raptor

habitats can be found in the many national

Migration Survey project where migration data

parks, nature parks, wildlife reserves and

are collected from member countries in Asia.

recreational forests in both Peninsular Malaysia as well as Sabah and Sarawak. Fire-tufted Barbet

Bird photography can be carried out quite easily using various basic photographic equipments. The advancement of the

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Bird Photography in Malaysia


digiscoping technique photography has made this a very popular method of bird photography in Malaysia and this technique is also practiced by photographers worldwide. In recent times, digital single lens reflex cameras are popularly used to take bird photographs. It is a rewarding hobby, which combines patience, skills and knowledge in choosing bird species and habitats.

Matang Wildlife Centre, Sarawak

White-winged Terns

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Useful Contacts


Perlis State Park Perlis Forestry Department KM 2, Jalan Kaki Bukit 01000 Kangar, Perlis 5FMot'BYo

Kelantan Forestry Department Block 5, First Floor Kota Darul Naim 15503 Kota Bharu, Kelantan 5FMot'BYo

Kedah Forestry Department 8th Floor, Bangunan Sultan Abdul Halim Jalan Sultan Badlishah 05000 Alor Star, Kedah 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Terengganu Forestry Department 8th Floor, Wisma Negeri 20200 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Muda Agriculture Development Authority (MADA) Ibu Pejabat MADA, Ampang Jajar Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman 05900 Alor Star, Kedah 5FMot'BYo

Fraser’s Hill Development Corporation Jalan Lady Guillemard 49000 Bukit Fraser, Pahang 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Department of Wildlife & National Parks – Penang 40th Floor, KOMTAR Complex Penang Road, 10000 Penang 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Perak State Parks Corporation Kompleks Pejabat Kerajaan 33300 Gerik, Perak 5FMot'BYo Department of Wildlife & National Parks – Peninsular Malaysia Km 10, Jalan Cheras 56100 Kuala Lumpur 5FMot'BYo

Port Dickson Town Council Km1, Jalan Pantai 71009 Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Johor Forestry Department Aras 2, Bangunan Sultan Ibrahim Jalan Bukit Timbalan 80000 Johor Bahru, Johor 5FMot'BYo E–mail: District Forestry Office – South Johor Aras 9, Bangunan Sultan Ibrahim Jalan Bukit Timbalan, 80000 Johor Bahru, Johor Tel: 07–224 3048

Johor National Parks Corporation JKR 475 Jalan Bukit Timbalan 80000 Johor Bahru, Johor 5FMot'BYo Website: Melaka Forestry Office Ayer Keroh 75450 Melaka 5FMot'BYo Website: National Park & Wildlife Office Forest Department Sarawak Wisma Sumber Alam Jalan Stadium, Petra Jaya 93660 Kuching, Sarawak 5FMot'BYo Sabah Parks Lot 1-3, Block K. Grd. Floor Sinsuran Complex Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Tel: 088–211 881 / 212 719 Fax: 088–221 001 / 211 585 Conservation Environmental Management Division – Yayasan Sabah Group (Danum Valley Field Centre) 12th Floor, Menara Tun Mustapha 88817 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Tel: 088–326 300 ext. 318 / 326 318 Fax: 088–326 315 / 6316 E–mail:

Collared Owlet

Tour Operators Baha Adventure Team (Baha Camp) Kampung Jelawang 18200 Dabong Kuala Krai, Kelantan Tel: 019–959 1020 E–mail:

Borneo Eco Tours Sdn. Bhd. Lot 1, Pusat Perindustrian Kolombong Jaya, Mile 5.5, Jalan Kolombong 88450 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Borneo Nature Tours Sdn. Bhd. Kota Kinabalu, Branch Office Block D, Lot 10, Ground Floor, Sadong Jaya Complex 88100 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 5FMot'BYo E–mail:

MTL Travel Sdn. Bhd. 32-1 Jalan USJ 21/10 47630 UEP Subang Jaya, Selangor 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website: Natural History Tours No 88, Jalan Telok Datai 07000 Langkawi, Kedah 5FMot'BYo E–mail: Website:

Ronn’s Adventures Tel: 04–977 7578 / 019–445 6578 Fax: 04–977 7578 E–mail: Wildlife Expeditions Sdn. Bhd. Room 903, 9th Floor Wisma Khoo Siak Chiew P.O.Box 3507 90739 Sandakan, Sabah Tel: 089–219 616 / 274 108 Fax: 089–214 570 E–mail: Website:

Ping Anchorage Travel & Tours 77A, Jalan Sultan Sulaiman 20000 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Tel: 09–626 2020 Fax: 09–626 2022 / 622 8093 E–mail:

Bird Watching In Malaysia

Borneo Adventure Sdn. Bhd. 55 Main Bazaar 93000 Kuching, Sarawak Tel: 082–245 175 Fax: 082–422 626 / 234 212 E–mail:

Kingfisher Tours Suite 1107, 11th Floor Bangunan Yayasan Selangor Jalan Bukit Bintang 55100 Kuala Lumpur 5FMot'BYo E–mail:


Mangrove Blue Flycatcher

Malaysia At A Glance COUNTRY The Federation of Malaysia comprises Peninsular Malaysia, which is made up of 11 states, three Federal Territories as well as the states of Sabah and Sarawak situated in Borneo.

ECONOMIC PROFILE Manufacturing constitutes the largest component of Malaysia’s economy while tourism and primary commodities such as petroleum, palm oil, natural rubber and timber are major contributors to its economy.

CAPITAL CITY The capital city of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS Visitors must be in possession of a valid passport or travel document with a minimum validity of six months beyond the intended visiting period. Citizens of most countries do not require visas for social or business visits. For further information, please visit or call the nearest Malaysian diplomatic mission or Tourism Malaysia office.

Bird Watching In Malaysia

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION Located between 2 and 7 degrees north of the Equator, Peninsular Malaysia is separated from the states of Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. To the north of Peninsular Malaysia is Thailand while its southern neighbour is Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak share a common border with Indonesia while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei Darussalam.


AREA 329,758 sq km POPULATION 27 million PEOPLE Malays make up about 57% of the population and are the predominant group with Chinese, Indians and other ethnic groups making up the rest. LANGUAGE Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) is the national language but English is widely spoken. Malaysians also speak various languages and dialects. RELIGION Islam is the official religion but all other religions are practised freely. GOVERNMENT Malaysia practices parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The Head of State is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the Head of Government is the Prime Minister. The country has a bicameral legislative system. CLIMATE Malaysia has a tropical climate and the weather is warm all year round. Temperatures range from 21˚C to 32˚C and the annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm to 2,500mm.

CURRENCY The unit of currency is the Malaysian Ringgit, which is indicated as RM. Foreign currencies can be converted at banks and money changers. BANKING HOURS In most states, banking hours are from 9.30am to 4.00pm from Monday to Friday. Banks in the states of Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu operate from 9.30am to 4.00pm from Saturday to Wednesday. POST OFFICES Post offices are open from 8.00am to 5.00pm daily except on Sundays and public holidays. In Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu, they are closed on Fridays and public holidays. WORKING DAYS Government offices in all states, with the exception of Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu, operate on a five-day week from Monday to Friday. Some private establishments are open for half a day on Saturday. Government offices in Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu are open from Sunday to Thursday. They are closed on Friday and Saturday. TIME The standard Malaysian time is eight hours ahead of GMT and 16 hours ahead of the U.S. Pacific Standard Time.

ELECTRICITY The voltage used throughout Malaysia is 220240 volts AC, at 50 cycles per second. Standard 3-pin square plugs and sockets are used. MEASUREMENT SYSTEM Malaysia uses the metric system. TELECOMMUNICATIONS Malaysia is linked nationally and internationally by telephone, facsimile, telegraph and via the Internet. Most hotels provide International Direct Dial (IDD) telephone services. GETTING TO MALAYSIA The main gateway to Malaysia is through the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang, which is located approximately 50km south of Kuala Lumpur. Other major international airports that serve as entry points are situated in Penang, Johor Bahru, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu and the island of Langkawi. Malaysia has two Low Cost Carrier Terminals (LCCT), which are situated in Sepang and Kota Kinabalu. Over 40 international airlines fly into the country while the national carrier, Malaysia Airlines, has a global network that spans six continents. It is complemented by the budget airline AirAsia. The main entry point by sea is at Port Klang, about 50km away from Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia is also accessible by rail and road from Singapore and Thailand. GETTING AROUND Malaysia has excellent domestic air links serviced by Malaysia Airlines and low-cost carriers such as AirAsia and Firefly. The country has a well-developed and efficient public transportation system served by buses, taxis as well as trains. ACCOMMODATION Malaysia has a wide range of accommodation with competitive rates. International star-rated hotels, beach resorts, chalets, youth hostels and timeshare apartments are just some of the types of accommodation available.

Published by : Tourism Malaysia, Ministry of Tourism. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No portion of this publication may be reproduced in whole or part without the written permission of the publisher. While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained herein is correct at the time of publication, Tourism Malaysia shall not be held liable for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies which may occur. (TRAFFICKING IN ILLEGAL DRUGS CARRIES THE DEATH PENALTY)

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