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MmarTlmadidebel

mSobelTa kavSiri

antisodomia anu, homoseqsualizmis, rogorc codvisa da paTologiis winaaRmdeg P merilendis Statis (aSS) kanonTa „adamiani, romelic damnaSaved damnaSavea mZime danaSaulSi da aRkveTiT 10 wlamde”

krebuli (2009w.) miiCneva sodomiaSi, isjeba Tavisuflebis

Tbilisi 2013


2 wignSi mxilebulia homoseqsualizmis ideologiis boroteba, sicrue da mavnebloba. uaryofilia is miTebi, romlebsac misi ideologebi mizanmimarTulad qmnian. dasavleTis, kerZod, aSS-s sakanomdeblo normebisa da evropis sasamarlos samarTalwarmoebis precendentebis safuZvelze mxilebulia homoseqsualizmis apologetTa sicrue, TiTqos dasavleTis qveynebSi maT upirobo mxaraWera aqvT saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis mxridan. gakeTebulia daskvna, rom saerTaSoriso samarTlis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli princi pebsa da normebze, aseve damianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebze dayrdnobiT, saxelmwifos ara aqvs ufleba homoseqsualistebisa da maTi gaerTianebebisaTvis daadginos raime gansakuTrebuli privilegirebuli samarTlebrivi reJimebi, ara aqvs ufleba SezRudos azrisa da sityvis Tavisufleba homoseqsualizmis mimarT kritikis formirebisa da sajarod gamoxatvis nawilSi, ara aqvs ufleba, moaxdinos aseTi kritikis kriminalizeba da akrZalos igi, ara aqvs ufleba homoseqsualizmisa da homoseqsualizmis ideologiis kritikosebs miawebos „homofobis” iarliyi, radgan saxelmwifo valdebulia daicvas sazogadoebrivi zneobrioba, ojaxuri cxovrebis zneobrivi safuZvlebi, radgan ojaxis instituti aris sazogadoebis safuZveli, xolo zneobrioba aris konstituciurad daculi ufleba moqalaqeebisa, Cvens qveyanaSi ganmtkicebuli sakonstitucio SeTanxmebiT (konkordatiT) saxelmwifosa da eklesias Soris. wigni gankuTvnilia mkiTxvelTa farTo wrisaTvis. masSi sasargeblo masalas ipovnian uflebadamcvelebi da kanonSemoqmedebi im samarTlebrivi normebis saxiT, romlebidanac mkafiod Cans, rom, magaliTad, aSS-s mTeli rigi Statabis uaxlesi kanonmdeblobiT homoseqsualizmi miCneulia sazogadoebisTvis miuRebel cxovrebis wesad, dawesebulia sisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis zomebi, aseve SezRudvebi misi propagandis mimarT, gansakuTrebiT mozardebSi. wignSi termin homoseqsualizms viyenebT krebsiT saxeldebad seqsualur gadaxraTa mTeli speqtrisaTvis, „lgbt” - lesbos-gei-biseqsualtransseqsualebis CaTvliT. wigni Seadgina: a. ungiaZem redaqtori: nino kvantaliani

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Sesavali demokratia - umciresobis diqtaturaa – samwuxarod, demokratiis aseTi ganmarteba mxolod frTiani fraza aRar aris da sul ufro realuri Sinaarsis mqone xdeba. amas kidev erTxel adasturebs situacia, romelic Camoyalibda dRevandel msoflioSi. sul raRac 37-iode wlis win amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi homoseqsualizmisaTvis cixeSi svamdnen. dRes zogierT qveyanaSi (mag. Svecia, inglisi) SeiZleba cixeSi Cagsvan homoseqsualizmis kritikisaTvis. saqarTvelo umZimes socialur, ekonomikur, kulturul, demografiul Tu humanitarul mdgomareobaSi imyofeba. misi yofna-ar yofnis sakiTxi sabediswero kiTxvad iqca sazogadoebisTvis1). mTeli pasuxismgeblobiT vacxadebT, rom saqarTvelos ara romelime politikuri partia Tu moZraoba, ara ekonomika, mrewveloba, turizmi Tu sporti, aramed sarwmunoeba da zneobrioba gadaarCens. amis utyuar dasturs saqarTvelos qristianuli istoria iZleva. moyvanili Tezisis negatiuri perifrazi ambobs: uRmerToba da uzneoba daRupavs saqarTvelos. apokalifsuri epoqis erT-erTi mTavari niSnebic es aris: RmrTismbrZoloba da uzneoba. orive movlena sul ufro mzardi tempebiT metastazirebs msoflioSi. Cven am movlenis yvela aspeqts mniSvnelovnad miviCnevT, xolo winamdebare wignSi yurdRebas homoseqsualizmis movlenaze SevaCerebT, radgan uzneobaTa 1. es teqsti Sedgenilia oqtombris arCevnebamde da yofili nacxelisuflebis droindel viTarebasa da ganwyobebs asaxavs. vimedovnebT, rom axali xelisuflebis mmarTvelobis pirobebSi aseTi sabediswero gancda qveynis momavalTan dakavSirebiT ufro optimisturiT Seicvleba.


4 mravalferovnebaSi dRes-dReobiT swored homoseqsualizmi gamodis mTavar moqmed pirad, medroSed, romelic cdilobs kanonSemoqmedebiTi eqstremizmiT ebrZolos iseT erTobebs, instituciebs, movlenebsa da kategoriebs, rogorebicaa eklesia, ojaxi, tradiciuli sazogadoeba da misi kultura, erovnuli cnobiereba, adaT-wesebi da Cveulebebi, umwikvloba da zneobrioba. Tuki religiur aspeqtSi ekumenizmia WeSmariti eklesiis winaaRmdeg mbrZolTa medroSe, uzneobis apologetTa medroSe dRevandel dRes homoseqsualizmia. kacobriobis istoria gviCvenebs, rom rodesac adamianuri buneba ar aris zneobriv faseulobebTan da normebTan kavSirSi, maSin igi seqss dominirebis uflebas aZlevs, da es vlindeba rogorc calkeuli adamianebis, ise mTeli sazogadoebis cxovrebaSi, rac sakuTriv sazogadoebisaTvis damangrevelia. mravali civilizacia Tavis ganviTarebas wyvetda imis gamo, rom ar hqonda seqsualobis gamovlenis mimarT raime SezRudva. bibliuri istoria sodomisa da gomoris Sesaxeb amis naTeli dasturia. sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba aris soflis dasasrulis simbolo. sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba iqca pritCad xalxebSi: sxva sityvebiT, sodomisa da gomoris saxelebi yoveli xalxisaTvis sazogado mniSvnelobis saxelebad iqca, romlebic aRniSnaven usjuloebas, uzneobasa da sisaZagles RmrTis winaSe (ix. me-8 Tavi). sainteresoa, rom aSS-s mravali Statis kanonmdeblobaSi, romlebic mimarTulia homoseqsualizmis ama Tu im gamovlinebisa Tu mxaris winaaRmdeg, homoseqsualizmis krebsiT saxelad gamoyenebulia sityva „sodomia~ (ix. me-3 Tavi). rogorc aRvniSneT, homoseqsualizmis mTavari samizne ojaxi da eklesiaa. amaSi mas exmareba iuvenaluri iusticia. 60-70iani wlebis seqsualur revolucias aSS-Si win uZRoda me20 saukunis dasawyisSi feministuri moZraobis Casaxva, rodesac

5 klara cetkinma sazogadoebis „emansi pirebas~ biZgi misca (dawesda dRe - 8 marti). erTi saukunis Semdeg ukve emansi pirebulma sazogadoebam Sedegad miiRo is, rom ganqorwinebebis raodenobam gadaaWarba qorwinebebis raodenobas, xolo abortebis raodenobam calkeul qveynebSi gadaaWarba gaCenil bavSvTa raodenobas. nebismieri qmediTunariani sistema, iqneba es sazogadoebrivi Tu teqnikuri, ierarqias emyareba. „qali emorCilebodes qmars~, - ase brZanebs ufali. wminda werilSi ikurTxeba morCilebis ierarqia zemodan qvemoT, riTac ganisazRvreba rogorc ojaxis, ise saxelmwifos keTilmyofoba. me-20 saukunis bolosa da 21-e saukunis dasawyisSi ki homoseqsualebi afarToeben TavianT gavlenas msoflio masStabiT, xelSi igdeben sainformacio sivrces, axorcieleben homoseqsualizmis farTomasStabian propagandas, akanoneben TavianT codvas, rogorc cxovrebis normas. „xelovnebis~, musikis, kinos, mxatvrobis, sainformacio saSualebebis meSveobiT mimdinareobs sayovelTao „gei-kulturis~ propaganda. postsabWoTa qveynebSi dasavleTis bankebis dafinansebiT fexs ikideben sazogadoebrivi organizaciebi, romlebic ukve nergaven seqssivrcis, iuvenaluri iusticiis elementebs, warmoebs sodomuri codvis propaganda axal-axal regionebSi. evrosabWoSi Sesvlis msurvelebs maTi kanonebisa da „Rirebulebebis~ miReba moeTxovebaT. Cven Tvalwin xdeba ojaxis ngrevis saerTaSoriso programis realizeba. homoseqsualur wyvils, bunebrivia, ar SeiZleba hyavdes STamomavloba. homoseqsualizms adamianis modgmis gadagvarebamde mivyavarT. RmerTma modgmis gagrZelebisaTvis Seqmna kaci da qali. maT kavSirs, qorwinebas emyareba kacobriobis gamravleba, regeneracia. amis sapirispirod, erTsqesiani qorwinebebi emsaxureba ara regeneracias, aramed


6 degeneracias, genocidsa da gadagvarebas. amitom homoseqsualebis gadagvarebisa da degeneraciis adeptebad saxeldeba aris ara Seuracxyofa, aramed faqti, romelic savsebiT gansazRvravs maTi ideologiis arss. homoseqsualizmi iqca demografiuli viTarebis marTvis mZlavr berketad. amis Sesaxeb Cven vwerdiT Cvens wignSi „gamoucxadebeli omi saqarTvelos winaaRmdeg~, Tbilisi 2007 w. kerZod, aSS-Si gasuli saukunis 70-an wlebSi Seiqmna dokumenti abriviaturiT NSSM-200 (National Security Study Memorandum), romelSic aRniSnuli iyo Semdegi: „ganviTarebadi qveynebis mosaxleobis swrafi zrda . . . qmnis politikur problemebs, metic, safrTxes uqmnis aSS-s nacionalur usafrTxoebas~. Sobadobis Semcirebis strategiisa da meTodologiis SemuSavebas mieniWa saidumlo iaraRis statusi da gamoeyo uzarmazari dafinanseba. Sedegad, Sobadobis SemcirebisaTvis rekomendaciebi mieca iseT meTodologiebs, rogorebicaa: ojaxis dagegmva, qveynis SigniT Sesabamisi samsaxurebisa da organizaciebis qselis SeqmniT; kontracefciis, sterilizaciisa da sxva damcavi saSualebebis propaganda da gavrceleba; abortebis liberalizacia da misT. Sobadobis Semcirebis erT-erT mTavar mimarTulebad, romelic gansakuTrebiT unda yofiliyo mimarTuli mozardi Taobisaken da moecva ganaTlebis sistema, skolebi, umaRlesi saswavleblebi, televizia, interneti, Jurnal-gazeTebi, video-produqcia da a.S., CaiTvala homoseqsualizmis propaganda da gavrceleba, pornografiisa da garyvnilebis gavrceleba, prostituciisa da narkomaniis legalizeba da a.S. dasaxelebuli meTodebis gamoyeneba iseTi mcire da mravalmxriv problematuri qveynisaTvis, rogoric saqarTveloa, genocidis tolfasia. marTlac, gaeros mosaxleobis fondis (UNFPA) mier 2005w. gamoqveynebulma saqarTvelos demografiuli maCveneblebis

7 perspeqtiulma gaangariSebebma warmoaCines Semdegi suraTi: TviT optimisturi scenariTac 2050 wlisaTvis saqarTvelos mosaxleoba 4 mln 672 aTasidan TiTqmis 3 mln-mde, anu 1 665 000-iT daiklebs, sxva sityvebiT, 36 %-iT Semcireba (ix. zemoT dasaxelebuli wigni „gamoucxadebebli omi saqarTvelos winaRmdeg~). homoseqsualizmi did safrTxes uqmnis sazogadoebriv mSvidobasa da stabilurobas calkeul qveynebsa da mTel msoflioSi. amis dasturad moviyvanT e.w. „homoseqsualebis manifests~, romelic Seadgina maikl sviftma (Michael Swift). igi pirvelad gamoqveynda Jurnal «Gay Community News»-Si, 1987 wlis TebervalSi (15-21 Tebervali), SemdgomSi mravaljer gadaibeWda da gamoqveynda sxvadasxva gamocemaSi (ix. Tavi 1). es manifesti warmoadgens normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone pirebisadmi siZulvilisa da mtrobis, am pirebis adamianuri Rirsebis damcirebisa da maTi misamarTiT aRviraxsnili Seuracxyofis, maTi fizikuri ganadgurebisken mowodebebis kvintesencias. am manifestis gamoqveynebis Semdeg, romelsac sazogadoebis mxridan samarTliani aRSfoTeba mohyva, homoseqsualizmis ideologebi Seecadnen mani pulatiurad daerwmunebinaT sazogadoeba, rom es iyo „xumroba~, „satira~, „parodia~ da saerTod „nayalbevi~, amasTan TviTonac ver SeTanxmdnen imaSi, Tu ra iyo es, „xumroba~ Tu „nayalbevi~. magram, Tu am masalis Sinaarsis analizs daveyrdnobiT, maSin ar rCeba araviTari safuZveli da eWvi imisa, rom igi xumrobad, satirad Tu parodiad aRviqvaT - es aris rasistuli da eqstremistuli azrebiT gajerebuli teqsti. am masalaSi gamoTqmuli savsebiT garkveuli eqstremistuli damokidebuleba normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis pirebisadmi dasturdeba sxva masalebSic, romlebic Seicaven homoseqsualizmis propagandas.


8 winamdebare wignis erT-erTi mTavari mizania, daangrios miTi, romelsac homoseqsualizmis apologetebi saqarTveloSi nergaven, - miTi imis Sesaxeb, rom homoseqsualizmis mimarT dasavleTis qveynebSi calsaxad pozitiuri damokidebulebaa. sinamdvileSi absoluturad yvela qveyanaSi, TviT yvelaze liberalurSic, mosaxleobis soliduri nawili, xolo qveynebis umravlesobaSi - absoluturi umravlesoba, gamodis homoseqsualizmis gamovlinebebis winaRmdeg, iqneba es erTsqesiani qorwinebebi, Svilad ayvanis praqtika Tu sxva. qveynebis absolutur umravlesobaSi SezRudulia propagada, akrZalulia propaganda mozardebSi. negatiuri damokidebuleba homoseqsualizmis mimarT sxvadasxva qveyanaSi asaxulia maTsave kanonmdeblobaSi. wignis erT-erTi mTavari mizani swored aseTi sakanonmdeblo normebis miwodebaa sazogadoebisaTvis. ase, magaliTad wignis me-3 da me-4 TavebSi moyvanilia aSS-s mTeli rigi Statebis sakanonmdeblo debulebebi, romlebic krZalaven homoseqsualizmis ama Tu im gamovlinebas, - rogoricaa Tavad homoseqsualuri aqtebi, erTsqesiani qorwinebebi, Svilad ayvana, propaganda, saxelmwifo organizaciebis mxridan xelSewyoba da a.S. sagangebo Tavi eTmoba bavSvTa dacvas da Sesabamis sakanonmdeblo normebs aSS-s Statebis kanononebis magaliTze. niSandoblivia, rom es homoseqsualizmis sawinaaRmdego sakanonmdeblo normebi miRebulia sul axlaxan 2-3 wlis win. keTdeba daskvna, rom saerTaSoriso samarTlis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli princi pebsa da normebze, aseve damianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebze dayrdnobiT, saxelmwifos ara aqvs ufleba homoseqsualistebisa da maTi gaerTianebebisaTvis daadginos raime gansakuTrebuli privilegiuri smarTlebrivi reJimebi, ara aqvs ufleba SezRudos azrisa da sityvis

9 Tavisufleba homoseqsualizmis mimarT kritikis formirebisa da sajarod gamoxatvis nawilSi, ara aqvs ufleba, moaxdinos aseTi kritikis kriminalizeba da akrZalos igi, ara aqvs ufleba homoseqsualizmisa da homoseqsualizmis ideologiis kritikosebs miawebos „homofobis~ iarliyi, radgan saxelmwifo valdebulia daicvas sazogadoebrivi zneobrioba, ojaxuri cxovrebis zneobrivi safuZvlebi, radgan ojaxis instituti aris sazogadoebis safuZveli, xolo zneobrioba aris konstituciurad daculi ufleba moqalaqeebisa, ganmtkicebuli sakonstitucio SeTanxmebiT (konkordatiT) saxelmwifosa da eklesias Soris. saxelmwifo gverds ver auvlis konstituciuri uflebebis dacvas, gverds ver auvlis konkordats, romlis mixedviTac saqarTvelos mosaxleobis umravlesobis uflebebis, rwmenis, zneobisa da tradiciuli faseulobebis dacvis garantad eklesiac gamodis. wignis sxva TavebSi saubaria janmrTelobisTvis im mavne Sedegebze, romlebic dakavSirebulia mamaTmavlobis praqtikasTan, aseve saubaria „gei-aRlumebze~ da msgavs RonisZiebebebze, rogorc socialurad miuRebel da danaSaulebriv qmedebebze. wignSi, ra Tqma unda, aris avtoriseuli masala, - analizi, mosazrebebi, mtkicebebi, avtoris mier moyvanili faqtebi da sxva avtoriseuli teqstebi, magram ZiriTadi masala moZiebulia sxvadasxva, ZiriTadad, sazRvargareTul wyaroebSi, publikaciebSi, internet saitebsa Tu periodul gamocemebSi. amitom Cven ar vacxadebT pretenzias wignis avtorobaze, aramed Tavs mis Semdgenlebad miviCnevT. vfiqrobT, wigni daainteresebs, upirveles yovlisa, kanonSemoqmedebsa da uflebadamcvelebs. igi, aseve gankuTvilia sazogadoebis farTo wrisaTvis, Tumca wignSi gadmocemuli zogierTi masalis wakiTxva ar aris mizanSewonili arasrulwlovanTaTvis, aseve maTTvis, visac aqvs mZafri aRqma


10 araesTeturi masalisadmi, iseTisa, rogoricaa, magaliTad, im tramvebisa da dazianebebis aRwera, rac mosdevs mamaTmavluri seqsis praqtikas (me-7 Tavi). miuxedavad aseTi masalis mZafri da araesTeturi aRqmadobisa, Cven mainc gadavwyviteT misi wignSi Setana, raTa bolomde gagveSiSvlebina homoseqsualizmi, misi boroteba, sibilwe da mavnebloba. dasasrul aRvniSnavT, rom termin homoseqsualizms viyenebT krebsiT saxeldebad seqsualur gadaxraTa mTeli speqtrisaTvis, „lgbt~ - lesbos-gei-biseqsualtransseqsualebis CaTvliT. P.S. wigni, ZiriTadad, momzadebulia yofili, nac.-xelisuflebis mmarTvelobis periodSi da masSi asaxulia is faqtobrivi masala, rac am periodTan aris dakavSirebuli, is suliskveTeba, rac Cven, Cvens organizacias da TviTeul Cvengans msWvalavda im periodSi: es iyo marTlmadideblobisa da zneobriobis devnis, borotmadideblobisa da uzneobis xelSewyobis periodi, romelsac yofili xelisufleba axorcielebda. amitomac moiswrafa man Tavisi dReni. ase daemarTeba saqarTveloSi nebismier xelisuflebas, romlis saqmeni ar iqneba saTno RmrTisa da yovladwmida RmrTismSoblisaTvis. es unda iyos magaliTi dRevandeli xelisuflebisac.

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Tavi I homoseqsualuri eqstremizmi da iuvenaluri iusticia tradiciuli ojaxisa da eklesiis winaaRmdeg 1. Sesavali sruli pasuxismgeblobiT vacxadebT, rom uRmerToba da uzneoba daRupavs saqarTvelos. apokalifsuri epoqis erTerTi mTavari niSnebic es aris, - RmrTismbrZoloba da uzneoba. orive movlena sul ufro mzardi tempebiT metastazirebs msoflioSi. dResdReobiT homoseqsualebis mier homoseqsualizmTan dakavSirebiT SemuSavebulma da propaganda gaweulma SexedulebaTa sistemam miiRo ideologiis forma da xarisxi. amasTan mudmivad da mkafiod gamoxatuli misi erT-erTi Tvisebaa agresiuloba im pirTa mimarT, romelebic ar iziareben homoseqsualur Sexedulebebs, uars amboben, moeqcnen misi zemoqmedebis qveS. agresiuli socialur-fsiqologiuri xasiaTi homoseqsualizmis ideologiisa gamoixateba imiT, rom es ideologia: 1) mimarTulia arahomoseqsual pirTa iZulebaze, cnon homoeqsualizmis ZiriTadi ideebisa da ideologiis marTebuloba, mTavari ideis CaTvliT imis Sesaxeb, rom homoseqsualoba aris socialuri norma, ufro prestiJuli, mimzidveli da cxovrebis elitaruli saxe; 2)iyenebs masirebul prozelitur zemoqmedebas mosaxleobis farTo wreebze (masobriv CaTrevas), axalgazrdobis CaTvliT,


12 maTi seqsualuri orientaciis, maTi homoseqsualizmisadmi damokidebulebis sruli da gamoxatuli ignorirebiT, maTi Tanxmobis ignorirebiT, moeqcnen aseTi informaciuli zemoqmedebis qveS, aseve moqalaqeebis privatuli sivrcisa da TavianTi Svilebis aRzrdis uflebis ignorirebiT; 3) iswrafvis, gamoiyenos saxelmwifosa da saerTaSoriso organizaciebis instrumentebi da resursebi im mizniT, rom ganxorcieldes homoseqsualizmis ideologiis iZulebiTi propaganda; aseve, - im pirTa winaaRmdeg brZolisaTvis, romlebic sajarod gamoxataven homoseqsualizmis kritikasa da mis miuReblobas; aseve - sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis mraval sferoSi homoseqsualizmis ganmsazRvreli upiratesobis mopovebisaTvis; 4) sakanonmdeblo iZulebis wesiT cdilobs akrZalos homoseqsualizmis nebismieri kritika, Seafasos homoseqsualobis Sesaxeb nebismieri kritikuli azri, rogorc homoseqsualistebis „uflebebis darRveva~ da maTi „diskriminacia~; 5) mamakacuri homoseqsualizmis SemTxvevaSi, amJRavnebs normaluri seqsualuri (heteroseqsualuri) orientaciis mqone qalebisadmi damamcirebel, ukiduresad Seuracxmyofel damokidebulebas; 6) aqtiurad iRvwis sazogadoebis tradiciuli zneobrivi safuZvlebis, zneobrivi ojaxuri Rirebulebebisa da ojaxis institutis safuZvlebis mosaSlelad.

2. homoseqsualizmi paTologiaa samecniero statistika ambobs, rom 2-2.5% adamianebs aqvT homoseqsualuri fantaziebi, magram es jer kidev ar niSnavs, rom isini homoseqsualebi arian. maTi raodenoba, vinc homoseqsualur parqtikas eweva, 1%-ze naklebia. aSS-s

13 dRevandeli statistika gveubneba, rom aSS-s mosaxleobis 3% Tavs seqsualur umciresobebs ganakuTvnebs. maT Soris arian isinic, romlebic ar arian homoseqsualuri praqtikiT dakavebulni, aramed garkveuli ltolvisa Tu sxva mosazrebebis gamo ganakuTvneben Tavs homoseqsualebs. relauri gaTvlebiT aSS-Si homoseqsualuri orientaciis warmomadgenlebi daaxloebiT mosaxleobis 1%-s Seadgens. homoseqsualizmi daavadebaTa sanergea. Sidsi pirvelad dafiqsirda 1981 wels. igi daufiqsirda MSM kategoriis (mamakaci, romelsac mamakacTan hqonda seqsi) homoseqsuals. aSS-Si SidsiT daavadebulTagan 24% qalia, 76%- kaci. jandacvis organizaciis gamokvleviT dasaxelebuli 76%-dan 67% mxolod MSM kategoriisaa, rac imaze metyvelebs, rom Sidsi, ZiriTadad, homoseqsualuri problemaa. (saerTo statistikiT, SidsiT daavadebulTagan 76% homoseqsualia). es rom heteroseqsualuri problemac iyos, maSin gadanawileba daaxloebiT Tanabari iqneboda. marTalia, narkomaniac iwvevs SidsiT daavadebis risk-faqtoris gazrdas, magram MSM kategoriis homoseqsualTa risk-faqtori 10-jer aRemateba narkomanTa risk-faqtors. 2000 wlisaTvis sifilisis didi afeTqeba iyo san-franciskosa da los-anJelesSi, sadac homoseqsualizmi ufro metadaa gavrcelebuli. jer kidev 3 aTeuli wlis win msoflio jandacvis organizaciis mier gamoqveynebul avadmyofobaTa nusxaSi homoseqsualizmi paTologiad iyo miCneuli. homoseqsualTa zewoliT homoseqsualizmi am nusxidan amoiRes. magram, cxadia, amiT homoseqsualizmis paTologiuri buneba ar Secvlila. mravali samedicino gamokvleva adasturebs, rom homoseqsualizmi paTologiaa. erT-erTi aseTi gamokvleva, romlis gasaidumloebasac saguldagulod cdiloben, aris is faqti, rom homoseqsuali mamakacis hi pofizis (hypophisis)


14 zoma 4-jer aRemateba normaluri adamianisas. medicinaSi miCneulia, rom Tu pacients hi pofizi 15-20%-iT gaezarda, es ukve paTologiaa. Tu orjer gaezarda, maSin ukve qirurgiuli Careva, hi pofizektomia xdeba. homoseqsualebs ki 4-jer, anu 400%-iT aqvT gazrdili. SedarebisaTvis moviyvanT, rom orsul qalebs hipofizi zogjer TiTqmis 2-jer ezrdebaT, vinaidan man unda uzrunvelyos ara mxolod dedis, aramed nayofis normaluri ganviTarebac. isic cnobilia, rom orsul qalebs emocionaluri aRqmis unari ramdenadme ecvlebaT (e.w. mizezianoba). axla warmoidgineT, Tu rogor aqvs damaxinjebuli emocionaluri aRqma adamians, romelic orsul qalze 2-jer met hormonebs gamoimuSavebs. igi Zlier hormonalur dartymas ganicdis. es, ra Tqma unda, paTologiaa. aseTi adamianebi umaRles xelisuflebaSi ki ara, adamianTa mcire jgufis samarTavadac ar gamodgebian, imdenad damaxinjebuli aqvT maT realobis aRqmis unari, imdenad araadekvaturia maTi reaqcia da ar aqvT adekvaturi gadawyvetrilebis miRebis unari. Cven ar vambobT, rom homoseqsualebi unda idevnebodnen, aramed vambobT, rom isini samedicino, fsiqologiur da sulier mkurnalobas saWiroeben. isini gankurnebamde, rogorc araqmediTunarianni da araadekvaturni, iseve, rogorc, vTqvaT, fsiqikuri aSlilobis mqone avadmyofebi, ar SeiZleba daSvebul iqnen xelmZRvanel Tanamdebobebze. ai, aseTi metad sagulisxmo samedicino faqtis damalva surT homoseqsualTa patronebs da mravalma medikosmac ki ar icis amis Sesaxeb. aSS-s statistika sxva saintereso faqtebsac gvawvdis: homoseqsual mamakacTa sicocxlis saSualo xangrZlioba 4547 welia, maTgan mxolod 3% Tu aRwevs 47 wels, maSin rodesac sicocxlis saSualo xangrZlioba aSS-Si 78 welia. aris gamokvleva, romelic adasturebs: gamokiTxul mamakac

15 homoseqsualTagan 24%-s hyavda 100 partniorze meti, 40%s - 500-ze meti, xolo 28%-s 1000 partniorze meti. esec aris homoseqsualTa ukiduresad aRgznebuli emociuri mdgomareobis Sedegi: mudmivi daukmayofileblobisa da ukmarobis grZnoba maT Tan sdevT. kidev mravali magaliTi SegviZlia moviyvanoT statistikidan Tu samedicino mecnieruli daskvnebidan. homoseqsualebi heteroseqsualebze ufro xSirad Cadian mkvlelobebsa da TviTmkvlelobebs, avaddebian b da c hepatitiT, sifilisiT da mravali sxva sisxliT gadamdebi sicocxlisTvis saSiSi daavadebiT. aSS-Si, magaliTisaTvis, Tu mamakacs Tavisi cxovrebis manZilze erTxel mainc hqonda kavSiri mamakacTan, mas mTeli sicocxlis manZilze ekrZaleba donoroba, radgan miiCneva arasaimedo, maRali risk-faqtoris matarebel subieqtad, daakvirdiT: mTeli sicocxlis manZilze! es faqti metad metyvelia. msgavsi normebia dawesebuli donorobasTan dakavSirebiT mTel rig sxva qveynebSic.

3. homoseqsualizmi da iuvenaluri iusticia eklesiisa da ojaxis winaaRmdeg demokratia - umciresobis diqtaturaa diqtaturaa. demokratiis aseT ganmartebas kidev erTxel adasturebs situacia, romelic Camoyalibda dRevandel msoflioSi. amis dasturia homoseqsualistebis eqstremistuli-rasistuli Zaladoba umravlesobaze. sul raRac 37-iode wlis win amerikaSi homoseqsualizmisaTvis cixeSi svamdnen. dRes SeiZleba cixeSi Cagsvan homoseqsualizmis kritikisaTvis. homoseqsualebi ukiduresad aqtiurebi arian. jer maT miaRwies sisxlis-samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis gauqmebas,


16 Semdeg daiwyes TavianTi „faseulobebis~ umravlesobisaTvis sul raRac 37-40 wlis ganmavlobaSi homoseqsualebma sakanonmdeblo sivrceSi Semdegi etapebi ganvles: 1) pirvel etapze homoseqsualebi iTxovdnen im kanonebis gauqmebas, romelTa mixedviTac isini isjebodnen, anu maRwies homoseqsualizmis dekriminalizacias; 2) amas rom miaRwies, meore etapze maT daiwyes brZola Tanabari uflebebis mopovebisaTvis da miaRwies amas, Tumca esec maTTvis cota aRmoCnda; 3) mesame etapze maT miaRwies umciresobis statusis mopovebas, ramac maT misca privilegiebi da iseTi uflebebi, romlebic umravlesobas ar gaaCnia, magram esec ar iyo maTTvis sakmarisi; 4) meoTxe etapze maT daiwyes brZola umravlesobis kriminalizebisaTvis, anu sisixlis samarTlis pasuxismgeblobis dakisrebisaTvis maTTvis, vinc ar eTanxmeba homoseqsualizms da sajarod gamoTqvams Tavis azrs amasTan dakavSirebiT. nebismieri sajaro negatiuri gamosvla (mag. imis Tqma, rom homoseqsualebi risk-jgufis warmomadgenelebi arian an, rom homoseqsualizmi codvaa da a.S.) ganxilul iqneba, rogorc kriminaluri danaSauli. anu sul raRac 37 wlis ganmavlobaSi homoseqsualebma moixsenes kriminalis statusi da igi umravlesobas daades. pirvel rigSi, dartymis sagnebi xdebian religiuri sakrebuloebi. did britaneTSi da SveciaSi es kanoni ukve moqmedebs, anu Semdegi etapia eklesiis devna. homoseqsualizmis mTavari samizne ojaxi da eklesiaa. amaSi mas exmareba iuvenaluri iusticia. iuvenaluri iusticia mSoblebisagan moiTxovs TavianTi SvilebisaTvis sruli Tavisuflebis miniWebas. Tuki Svilebi sTxoven mSoblebs fuls narkotikebisaTvis, mSoblebi valdebulebi arian daakmayofilon maTi Txovna. mSoblebs ara aqvT ufleba gansazRvron Svilebis seqsualuri orientacia. mSoblebs ukve

17 arafris ufleba aRar aqvT. irRveva RmrTis mier dadgenili ojaxuri ierarqia. nebismieri qmediTunariani sistema, iqneba es teqnikuri Tu sazogadoebrivi, ierarqias emyareba. „qali emorCilebodes qmars~, - ase brZanebs ufali. wminda werilSi ikurTxeba morCilebis ierarqia zemodan qvemomde, riTac ganisazRvreba rogorc ojaxis, ise saxelmwifos keTilmyofoba. me-20 saukunis dasawyisSi klara cetkinma sazogadoebis „emansi pireba~ moaxdina (dawesda dRe - 8 marti), ris Sedegadac dRes ganqorwinebebis raodenobam gadaaWarba qorwinebebis raodenobas, xolo abortebis raodenobam calkeul qveynebSi gadaaWarba gaCenil bavSvTa raodenobas. 2007 wlis oqtomberSi kaliforniis Statis gubernatorma arnold Svarcenegerma xeli moawera kanons, romelic avaldebulebs skolebs, moaxdinon homoseqsualuri cxovrebis wesis dadebiTi gaSuqeba da aqtiuri propaganda bavSvebisTvis, xolo maswavleblebisaTvis garkveuli personali atarebs treningebs, romlebic nergaven homoseqsualebis, transseqsualebis, biseqsualebisa da pedofilebis mimarT tolerantobas. aSS-s kanonmdeblobiT arc mSoblebs, arc bavSvebs, arc maswavleblebs ar SuZliaT TavianTi religiuri Tu sxva mosazrebebis gamo uari Tqvan am kanonis Sesrulebaze. marTalia, aseTi situacia umravles StatSi jerjerobiT ar aris da mraval StatSi seriozuli winaaRmdegoba xvdeba homoseqsualizmis propagandasa da gavrcelebas rogorc xelisuflebis, ise sazogadoebrivi da religiuri jgufebis mxridan, magram ori Static ukve precedents iZleva da aZlevs homoseqsualebs imis saSualebas, rom analogiuri situaciis damkvidrebisaTvis sxva StatebSic ibrZolon. xsenebuli kanonis erT-erTi gamovlinebaa - skolebSi mesame saxis tualetebis gaxsna, romlebSic SeuZliaT iaron rogorc


18 gogonebma, ise biWebma. warwerebi „M~ da „W~, Turme, diskrimanacias warmoadgens im adaminis mimarT, romelic Tavs „sxvad~ miiCnevs. mandati vrceldeba sabavSvo baRidan universitetamde. es exeba saxelmwifo saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebs da im kerZo saswavlo dawesebulebebs, romlebic Statisagan federalur daxmarebas iReben. floridas StatSi homoseqsualebi ise gaTavxeddnen, rom sazogadoebriv tualetebSi bavSvebis Tvalwin awyoben orgiebs. homoseqsualebi xelSi igdeben sainformacio sivrces, akanoneben TaviaT codvas, rogorc cxovrebis normas. „xelovnebis~, musikis, kinos, mxatvrobis, sainformacio saSualebebis meSveobiT mimdinareobs „gei-kulturis~ propaganda. postsabWoTa qveynebSi dasavleTis bankebis dafinansebiT fexs ikideben sazogadoebrivi organizaciebi, romlebic ukve nergaven seqssivrcis, iuvenaluri iusticiis elementebs, warmoebs sodomuri codvis propaganda. evrosabWoSi Sesvlis msurvelebs maTi kanonebisa da „Rirebulebebis~ miReba moeTxovebaT. Cven Tvalwin xdeba ojaxis ngrevis saerTaSoriso programis realizeba. homoseqsualur wyvils, bunebrivia, ar SeiZleba hyavdes STamomavloba. homoseqsualizms adamianis modgmis gadagvarebamde mivyavarT. RmerTma modgmis gagrZelebisaTvis Seqmna kaci da qali. maT kavSirs, qorwinebas, emyareba kacobriobis gamravleba, regeneracia. amis sapirispirod, erTsqesiani qorwinebebi emsaxureba ara regeneracias, aramed degeneracias, demografiul katastrofas, genocidsa da gadagvarebas. amitom homoseqsualebis gadagvarebisa da degeneraciis adeptebad saxeldeba aris ara Seuracxyofa, aramed faqti, romelic savsebiT gansazRvravs maTi ideologiis arss. rogorc aRvniSneT, homoseqsualistebisaTvis ori struqturis dangrevaa mniSvnelovani - ojaxisa da eklesiis.

19 britanuli kompania CAN elsen, romelmac gamokiTxva 41 qveyanaSi awarmoa, mivida daskvnamde, rom dRevandeli tendenciebis pirobebSi qorwinebis instituti 2050 wlamde Tu gastans. Tu romelime qveyanaSi daakanoneben erTsqesian qorwinebas, maSin dartyma miadgeba yvela proojaxur organizacias, maT Soris, eklesias. anu eklesiaze Seteva aris homoseqsualizmis mTavri mizani. es Seteva maT SeuZliaT ganaxorcielon, ZiriTadad, sakanonmdeblo organoebis saSualebiT. amerikis „eklesiebis~ 90% ambobs, rom es gadagvarebis adeptebi, homoseqsualebi unda gviyvardes da cnebaSi „gviyvardes~ aviTareben azrs, rom isini iseTebad unda miviRoT, rogornic arian, da rom maT unda mivceT yvelaferis keTebis ufleba, yovelive imisa, rac maT moeprianebaT. bunebrivia, rom „eklesiebi~, romlebic WeSmaritebas daSordnen, zneobriobis WeSmariti damcvelebi veRar iqnebian, miuxedavad imisa, rom zogierTi maTi warmomadgeneli dRes gamodis homoseqsualizmis winaaRmdeg. kacobriobis istoria gviCvenebs, rom rodesac adamianuri buneba ar aris zneobriv faseulobebTan da normebTan kavSirSi, maSin igi seqss dominirebis uflebas aZlevs da es vlindeba rogorc calkeuli adamianebis cxovrebaSi, ise mTeli sazaogadoebis cxovrebaSi, rac sakuTriv sazogadoebisaTvis damangrevelia. mravali civilizacia Tavis ganviTarebas wyvetda imis gamo, rom ar hqonda seqsualobis gamovlenis mimarT raime SezRudva. bolSevikuri revoluciis Semdeg, leninis iniciativiT, daiwyo seqsualuri revolucia (im droindeli cnobili lozungia ,) aseve gauqmda homoseqsulizmis sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna. magram dainaxa ra homoseqsualizmis aseTi Tavisuflebis damangreveli Sedegebi saxelwifosaTvis (da pirvel rigSi,


20 jarisaTvis), sabWTa xelisuflebam 1934 wels Seitana saTanado normebi saisxlis samarTlis kodeqsSi. sabWoTa kavSiris gauqmebis Semdeg, 90-ian wlebSi zogierT postsabWoTa qveyanaSi dasavleTis qveynebis zewoliT gauqmda Sesabamis debulebebi kanonmdeblobaSi, ramac homoseqsualizmis apologetebs moqmedebis saSualeba misca da ramac ukve dRes negatiurad imoqmeda sazogadoebis janmrTelobaze. uRmerTo kumunistur reJims 17 weli dasWirda imisaTvis, raTa gaecnobierebina safrTxe da gaesworebina Secdoma, xolo TiTqos RmrTisken Semobrunebuli sazogadoeba saTanadod ver afasebs homoseqsualizmis safrTxes da ar iTxovs xelisuflebisagan homoseqsualizmis SezRudvas. SeiZleba saqarTvelos konstituciaSi gamokveTilad ar iyos imis msgavsi formulireba, rogoricaa, magaliTad ukrainis konstituciis 49-e muxli, romelic ambobs, rom „saxelmwifo uzrunvelyofs sanitarul-epidemiur keTildReobas~, magram cxadia, rom saqarTveloSic saxelmwifo unda iyos sanitarulepidemiuri keTildReobis garanti. saqarTvelos konstituciis 37-e muxlis me-3 punqti ambobs, rom „yvelas aqvs ufleba cxovrobdes janmrTelobisaTvis uvnebel garemoSi~, aqedan gamomdinare, vfiqrobT, rom saxelmwifo mkacrad unda reagirebdes imaze, rom homoseqsualuri garemo warmoadgens sxvadasxva daavadebaTa aqtiur sanerges da realur safrTxes uqmnis moqalaqeTa sanitarul-epidemiur keTildReobas. saqarTvelos konstituciis 36-e muxlis me-2 punqti ambobs, rom „saxelmwifo xels uwyobs ojaxis keTildReobas~, xolo me-3 punqti aRniSnavs, rom „dedaTa da bavSvTa uflebebi daculia kanoniT~. konstituciis am muxlis dasacavad saxelmwifo aqtiur nabijebs unda dgamdes homoseqsualizmTan brZolis gzaze, rogorc movlenasTan, romelic Riad xelyofs ojaxis faseulobebis Sesaxeb ZiriTad kanonSi aRniSnul

21 princi pebs, safrTxes uqmnis Tavad ojaxis instituts, dedaSvilobas, sazogadod, eris gamravlebas da mimarTulia eris genocidisa da gadagvarebisaken. medicina, pedagogika, sociologia da sxva dargebi mecniereulad asabuTeben, rom bavSvi fiziologiurad da fsiqikurad sulfasovnad viTardeba mxolod tradiciul ojaxSi, romelic dadgenilia RmrTis gangebiT da romelSic moqmedebs aseve RmrTis gangebiT dadgenili ierarqia. gansxvavebul SemTxvevebSi risk-faqtori imisa, rom bavSvi Camoyalibdes asocialur, kriminalisken midrekil, seqsualurad gadaxril pirovnebad, ganuzomlad izrdeba. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesia, samRvdeloeba da mrevli homoseqsualistebis mimarT TavianT damokidebulebas ageben qristianuli swavlebis safuZvelze. samRvdeloeba homoseqsualistebs ekideba mwyemsobrivi pasuxismgeblobiT, eklesiis wevrebi, maT Soris mrevli ki - qristianuli urTierTobis, sulieri daxmarebis, locviTi daxmarebis princi pidan gamomdinare. eklesia cdilobs iseTi Tanadgomis aRmoCenas, rom homoseqsualebma SeZlon TavianTi codvis dateveba. eklesiis swavleba araorazrovnad racxavs homoseqsualizms codvad (Tavisi qristianuli swavlebis safuZvelze, romelic daculia rwmenis Tavisuflebis garantiiT), magram amavdroulad acxadebs, rom saWiroa homoseqsualistebisaTvis qristianuli Tanadgomis aRmoCena. amitom ar arsebobs araviTari safuZveli, vilaparakoT eklesiis mxridan homoseqsualistebis mimarT Zaladobisa da diskriminaciisken mowodebebze. homoseqsualizmis SezRudvis Sesaxeb saknonmdeblo normebi saswrafod misaRebia, rac keTilad aisaxeba sazogadoebis sijansaReze. rac ufro swrafad iqneba aseTi nabijebi


22 gadagmuli, miT ufro nakleb zians miayenebs es movlena sazogadoebas.

4. homoseqsualTa manifesti homoseqsualizmi did safrTxes uqmnis sazogadoebriv mSvidobasa da stabilurobas calkeul qveynebsa da mTel msoflioSi. amis dasturad moviyvanT e.w. „geebis manifests~, romelic Seadgina maikl sviftma (Michael Swift). igi pirvelad gamoqveynda Jurnal «Gay Community News»-Si, 1987 wlis TebervalSi, SemdgomSi mravaljer gadaibeWda da gamoqveynda sxvadasxva gamocemaSi. es manifesti warmoadgens normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone pirebisadmi siZulvilisa da mtrobis, am pirebis adamianuri Rirsebis damcirebisa da maTi misamarTiT aRviraxsnili Seuracxyofis, maTi fizikuri ganadgurebisken mowodebebis kvintesencias. am manifestis gamoqveynebis Semdeg, romelsac sazogadoebis mxridan samarTliani aRSfoTeba mohyva, homoseqsualizmis ideologebi Seecadnen mani pulatiurad daerwmunebinaT sazogadoeba, rom es iyo „xumroba~, „satira~, „parodia~ da saerToT „nayalbevi~, amasTan TviTonac ver SeTanxmdnen imaSi, Tu ra iyo es, „xumroba~ Tu „nayalbevi~. magram Tu am masalis Sinaarsis analizs daveyrdnobiT, maSin ar rCeba araviTari safuZveli imisa, rom igi xumrobad, satirad Tu parodiad aRviqvaT - es aris rasistuli da eqstremistuli azrebiT gajerebuli teqsti. am masalaSi gamoTqmuli savsebiT garkveuli eqstremistuli damokidebuleba normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis pirebisadmi dasturdeba sxva masalebSic, romlebic Seicaven homoseqsualizmis propagandas. mogvaqvs homoseqsualTa (e.w. geebis) manifesti:

23 * * * The Gay Manifesto Michael Swift First Published in Gay Community News, Feb. 15-21, 1987

homoseqsualTa manifesti maikl svifti pirvelad gamoica homoseqsualTa sazogadoebis macneSi, 15-21 Tebervali, 1987.

Cven sodomuri codviT davkavdebiT Tqvens vaJiSvilebTan, romlebic Tqveni ususuri mamakacurobis, carieli ocnebebisa da Cveuli sicruis simbolos warmoadgenen. Cven maT vacdunebT Tqvensave skolebSi, saerTo sacxovreblebSi, gimnaziebSi, gasaxdelebSi, sportdarbazebSi, seminariebSi, axalgazrdul jgufebSi, kinoTeatrebis tualetebSi, samxedro kazarmebSi, motelebSi, mamakacTa klubebSi da parlamentis SenobebSi yvelgan, sadac ki mamakacebi xvdebian sxva mamakacebs. isini Cveni sayvarlebi gaxdebian da Seasruleben Cvens brZanebebs. isini Cveni imijis revanSirebas axdenen. maT eqnebaT Cveni mwveli survili da gagvaRmerTeben Cven. qalebo, moiTxoveT Tavisufleba. Tqven ambobT, rom kacebi Tqven ukve aRar gakmayofileben, rom isini angreven Tqvens bednierebas. ki batoni, Cven varT mamakacis fizionomiis, misi mkurnalobis mcodneni da maSin Cven CamogarTmevT maT Tqven. Cven maT gavarTobT, Cven maT vaswavliT, gulSi CavixutebT, roca itireben.


24 qalebo, Tqven ambobT, rom kacebTan cxovrebis nacvlad erTmaneTTan cxovreba gsurT. maSin, midiT da icxovreT erTmaneTTan. Cven mivaniWebT Tqvens kacebs maTTvis aqamomde arnaxul siamovnebas, imitom rom Cven TviTonac upirvelesad mamakacebi varT, da mxolod mamakacma icis, Tu WeSmaritad rogor asiamovnos meore mamakacs. mxolod mamakacs SeuZlia Caswvdes meore mamakacis grZnobebisa da gancdebis siRrmes, gaugos mis gonebasa da sxeuls. yvela kanoni, romlebic krZalavs homoseqsualizms, gauqmdeba. amis nacvlad miRebul iqneba axali kanonmdebloba, romelic waaxalisebs siyvaruls mamakacebs Soris. yvela homoseqsualistma mxari mxars unda misces, rogorc Zmebma, Cven unda gaverTiandeT mxatvruli, filosofiuri, socialuri, politikuri da finansuri TvalsazrisiT. Cven mxolod maSin vizeimebT, rodesac SevZlebT Cveni boroti heteroseqsualuri mtrisaTvis Cveni erTianobis Cvenebas. Tu Tqven gabedavT da gviwodebT Cven geis an pederastebs, Cven ganvgmiravT Tqvens mxdal gulebs da wavbilwavT Tqvens mkvdar ubadruk sxeulebs. Cven mivuZRvniT leqsebs mamakacebs Soris siyvaruls. Cven davdgamT speqtaklebs, romlebSic mamakacebi Riad ealersebian mamakacebs. Cven gadaviRebT filmebs mamac gmirebs Soris siyvarulze, romlebic Seclian Tqvens iafasian, xelovnur, sentimentalur, mosawyen, infantilur heteroseqsualur vnebebs, maT, romlebic dRes dominireben kinoekranebze. Cven gamovaqandakebT lamazi axalgazrda mamakacebis, gabeduli aTletebis qandakebebs da davdgamT maT Tqvens parkebSi, moednebze da savaWro rigebSi. msoflio muzeumebi gaivseba

25 SesaniSnavi SiSveli Wabukebis gamosaxulebebiT. Cveni mwerlebi da musikosebi mamakacebs Soris siyvaruls modurs gaxdian da prestiJulad aqceven mas, da Cven amas SevZlebT, imitom rom Cven varT eqspertebi stilis popularizaciis saqmeSi. Cven ganvdevniT heteroseqsualur samijnuro kavSirebs iumorisa da satiris meSveobiT, im meqanizmebis gamoyenebiT, romelTa gamocdilebac gagvaCnia. Cven CamovxsniT niRabs gavlenian homoseqsualistebs, romlebic Tavs heteroseqsualebad asaReben. Tqven SeZrwundebiT da SeSindebiT, rodesac gaigebT, rom Tqveni prezidentebi da maTi vaJiSvilebi, Tqveni mewarmeebi da senatorebi, Tqveni merebi da generlebi, Tqveni aTletebi da kinovarskvlavebi, Tqveni diqtorebi da sazogado moRvaweebi, Tqveni mRvdlebi ar arian Cveulebrivi da saimedo heteroseqsuali burJuebi, rogoric Tqven isini gegonaT. Cven yvelgan varT - Cven SevaRwieT Tqvens rigebSi. frTxilad iyaviT, rodesac saubrobT homoseqsualebis Sesaxeb, imitom, rom Cven yovelTvis Tqvens Soris varT: SesaZloa, Tqven pirdapir vsxedvarT an TqvenTan erTad gvZinavs erT sawolSi. aranairi kompromisebi ar iqneba. Cven ara varT saSualo klasis doylapiebi. Cven varT Zalian inteleqtualuri, bunebrivi aristokratebi adamianis rasaSi, xolo cisferi sisxli arasdros wava daTmobaze. isini, vinc Cvens winaaRmdeg wavlen, gandevnil iqnebian. Tqvens gasanadgureblad Cven gamoviyvanT uzarmazar kerZo armiebs, rogorc es miSimam gaakeTa. Cven davi pyrobT msoflios, imitom, rom jariskacebi, STagonebulni da erTmaneTTan dakavSirebulni homoseqsualuri


26 siyvaruliTa da pativiscemiT, ZvelberZen meomrebiviT daumarcxebelni arian. ojaxi - es sicruis, Ralatis, uZlurebis, pirmoTneobisa da sisastikis sanerge - gauqmdeba. ojaxis instituti, romelic wamlavs warmosaxvasa da Trgunavs Tavisufal nebas, aRmofxvril iqneba. genetikur laboratoriebSi moxdeba srulyofili vaJebis Casaxva da gamozrda. isini gaerTiandebian komunebSi, romelTac gamocdilebi uxelmZRvaneleben. yvela eklesia, romelic Cven dagvgmobs, daixureba. Cveni erTaderTi RmerTebi simpaTiuri Wabukebi arian. Cven silamazis, zneobriobisa da esTetikis kultis mimdevrebi varT. yvelaferi maxinji, vulgaruli da banaluri ganadgurdeba. vinaidan Cven gaucxovebulni varT saSualo klasis heteroseqsualuri wreebisTvis, amitom SegviZlia vicxovroT mxolod wminda warmosaxvis mixedviT. Zalian bevric ki araa sakmarisi CvenTvis. Cveni momavali daxvewili sazogadoebis marTvas ganaxorcielebs elita, romelic Sedgeba poet-geebisagan. axal homoerotiul sazogadoebaSi saxelmwifo Tanamdebobebis dakavebis pretendentebis mimarT erT-erTi mTavari moTxovna iqneba maTi berZnuli vnebiT gataceba. yoveli heteroseqsualuri avxorcobiT dasnebovnebuli piri avtomaturad moxsnili iqneba Tanamdebobidan. yvela kaci, romelic daiJinebs sulelur heteroseqsualurobas, gasamarTldeba homoseqsulTa marTlmsajulebis sasamarTlos mier da gaxdeba SeumCneveli. Cven gadavwerT istorias, romelic Tqven gaavseT da daamcreT Tqveni heteroseqsualuri sicruiTa da damaxinjebebiT. Cven aRvwerT diadi liderebisa da moazrovneebis homoseqsualizms,

27 romlebmac Camoayalibes msoflio. Cven movaxdenT homoseqsualizmis, inteleqtualurobisa da Semoqmedebis uwyveti kavSiris demonstrirebas, homoseqsualizmisa - rogorc sawindrisa WeSmariti keTilSobilebisa da namdvili silamazisa mamakacSi. Cven gavimarjvebT, imitom, rom Cven gvamoZravebs daCagrulTa mware tanjva, romlebic saukuneebis manZilze iZulebulni arian iTamaSon sacodavi, meorexarisxovani roli Tqvens ugemovno heteroseqsualur SouSi. Cvenc SegviZlia iaraRis srola da barikadebis aRmarTva. ikankale hetero Roro, rodesac Cven gamovCndebiT niRbebis gareSe. * * * vfiqrobT, komentari zedmetia. homoseqsualuri metastazebi mTeli kacobriobis organizms moedo da sodom-gomoris sabediswero xvedri sazogadoebisaTvis sul ufro sacnauri da gancdadi xdeba. nu iqnebiT pasiurni, nu SeeguebiT borotebas, gaverTiandeT uzneobisa da gadagvarebis winaaRmdeg sabrZolvelad.


28

Tavi II homoseqsualizmis kritikuli Sefasebis uflebisa da homoseqsualizmis Tavsmoxvevis kanonieri SezRudvis Sesaxeb 1. Sesavali aucileblobad migvaCnia, ganvixiloT rigi princi puli iuridiuli sakiTxebisa, romlebic Seexeba homoseqsualizmis propagandasTan dakavSirebiT saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis damokidebulebas. aqve aRvniSnavT, rom homoseqsualizmSi vgulisxmobT, rogorc mamaTmavlobas, ise dadaTmavlobas (e.w. lesboseloba), aseve biseqsualobas. am sakiTxebidan gamomdinare gaCenil kiTxvebze pasuxebis gacema aucilebelia iseTi dabalansebuli poziciis gamosamuSaveblad, romelic iTvaliswinebs sazogadoebis yvela jgufis uflebebsa da kaninier interesebs. am ganxilvis winapirobebs Seadgens: evropis sabWos generaluri mdivnis gancxadeba (17.05.11) da adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb evropis sabWos komisris moxseneba „diskriminacia seqsualuri orientaciisa da genderuli identurobis safuZvelze evropaSi~ (23.06.11) (https://wcd.coe.int/ wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?Ref=DCPR002%25); gaeros 17.06.11-is rezolucia adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb „adamianis uflebebi, seqsualuri orientacia da genderuli identuroba~ («Human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity»)

29 ( h t t p : / / w w w. o h c h r. o r g / E N / N e w s E v e n t s / P a g e s / DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=11167&LangID=); rigi saerTaSoriso organizaciebis oficialuri gancxadebebi e.w. „homofobiasTan~ dakavSirebiT, romlebic moiTxoven, rom homoseqsualistebisa da maTi gaerTianebebisaTvis damyardes gansakuTrebuli privilegirebuli uflebrivi reJimebi; adamianis uflebebis evrosasamarTlos aSkara tendenciuri da „ormagi~ standartebis Semcveli zogierTi gadawyvetileba. zemoT xsenebuli sakiTxebis gadawyveta Tanamedrove sazogadoebas mouwevs iqidan gamomdinare, rom winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi mniSvnelovnad garTuldeba problemebi, romlebic gamowveulia imiT, rom mraval qveyanaSi SeiniSneba homoseqsualistebis dikriminaciis tendencia, aseve iseTi azris Tavisuflebisa da sityvis uflebis dausabuTebeli da ukanono SezRudvis tendencia, romelic kritikulad udgeba homoseqsualizmis ideologias, iqneba es religiuri, zneobrivi Tu sxva cnobierebidan gamomdinare. seriozul SeSfoTebas iwvevs is, rom zogierTi saerTaSoriso institutisa Tu sazogadoebrivi organizaciis warmomadgeneli ikavebs calmxriv pozicias, romelic emyareba homoseqsualizmis dadebiT Sefasebasa da homoseqsualistebis uflebebisa da interesebis absolutizacias. swored am kategoriuli poziciis safuZvelze, ukve miRebulia rigi saerTaSoriso da erovnuli uflebrivi dokumenti, romlebSic aRiarebulia (deklarirebulia) homoseqsualizmis mimarT usityvo, dadebiTi damokidebuleba da sazogadoebas Tavs axveven iseT rekomendaciebs, romlebic gulisxmobs aseTive damokidebulebis formirebasa da propagandas, ganaTlebis sistemasa da masmediaSi. imavdroulad, upirobod, arasworad da dauSveblad miiCneva nebismieri kritikuli Sexeduleba am problemasTan dakavSirebiT, aseve homoseqsualizmis rogorc


30 socialuri anomaliis, kritikuli analizis nebismieri mcdeloba. am problemasTan dakavSirebiT umravlesobis ufleba, gamoxatos Tavisi azri, homoseqsualizmis apologetebis mier aRSfoTebiT uariyofa. ukanasknel aTwleulSi evropuli politikuri institutebisa da saerTaSoriso organizaciebis mxridan homoseqsualizmis mxardasaWerad naCqarevi da gauazrebeli, xSirad ideologiurad angaJirebuli moqmedebebi xels uwyobs demokratiuli uflebebisa da adamianis Tavisuflebebis damaxinjebul interpretacias da sazogadoebis cnobierebaSi maT uaryofiT aRqmas iwvevs. aseTi deformirebuli gageba im adamianis uflebebisa, romelic homoseqsualizmis ideologiis zemoqmedebas ganicdis, uflebebisa da sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis sferoSi gamoiyeneba im metad saeWvo msoflmxedvelobrivi poziciis dasasabuTeblad da gasamagreblad, romelic ukiduresad saSiSia da romelsac mivyavarT evropuli civilizaciis sulier-zneobrivi safuZvlebis rRvevasTan. adamianis ufleba sakuTari pozicia SearCios homoseqsualizmisa da masTan dakavSirebuli cxovrebis wesis mimarT garantirebuli unda iyos azris, sindisisa da gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis sayovelTaod miRebuli demokratiuli normebis safuZvelze. es heteroseqsualuri orientaciis mqone adamianebis garda, romelTaTvisac miuRebelia homoseqsualizmi, aucilebelia im moqalaqeebisTvisac, romlebic ganicdian homoseqsualur ltolvas da mis daZlevas sakuTari rwmeniT cdiloben. amasTan, im moqalaqeebis uflebebi, romlebsac homoseqsualizmis mimarT kritikuli pozicia aqvT, daculi unda iyos imgvarad, rom maTTvis miuRebeli da sawinaaRmdego ar aiZulon da Tavs ar moaxvion. gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania

31 mozardis prioritetuli uflebis uzrunvelyofa, raTa igi daculi iyos seqsualuri garyvnisa da eqspluataciisagan, amasTan misi es ufleba miCneuli unda iyos ufro didi Zalis mqoned, vidre zrdasrulTa ufleba gamoxaton TavianTi azri da pozicia homoseqsualizmis Sefasebisas. winamdebare publikaciaSi uflebriv aspeqtSi ganxilulia saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis mimarTebis problema homoseqsualizmis propagandisa da homoseqsualizmis Sesaxeb informaciis gavrcelebisadmi, aseve moqalaqeTa ufleba, rom hqondeT kritikuli damokidebuleba aseTi propagandisa da urTierTobis sajarod gamoxatvis mimarT. amjerad ar ganixileba sakiTxebi, rogorebicaa: homoseqsualistebis seqsualuri orientaciis arCevis piradi ufleba; homoseqsualuri kavSirebis statusi; im pirebis motivacia, romlebic lobireben evrosabWoSi iseTi dokumentebis miRebas, romlebic moiTxoven homoseqsualistebisaTvis gansakuTrebuli uflebrivi reJimebis miniWebas; homoseqsualistebis mier iseTi sajaro RonisZiebebis Catareba, romlebic ar arian mimarTulni homoseqsualizmis propagandisken. publikaciis avtorebi dauSveblad miiCneven adamianze Zaladobas, adamianis diskriminacias sqesis, rasisi, kanis feris, enis, religiis, politikuri da sxva Sexedulebebis, erovnuli an socialuri warmomavlobis, nacionalur umciresobebisadmi kuTvnilebis, qonebrivi mdgomareobisa da sxva nebismieri niSnis mixedviT. dRes mraval qveyanaSi SeiniSneba da fiqsirdeba homoseqsualizmis propagandistebis ukiduresi mouTmenloba sazogadoebis nebismieri mcdelobis mimarT, romlis mizania uari Tqvas da Tavi daicvas homoseqsualizmis ideologiis agresiuli propagandisagan;


32 amasTan, xSiria ciliswameba da Seuracxyofa im pirebis mimarT, romlebic cdiloben Svilebi daicvan homoseqsualizmis moZaladuri propagandisagan. swored am movlenebma ganapirobes homoseqsualizmis propagandis mimarT saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis mimarTebis sakiTxis ganxilvis aqtualuroba.

2. homoseqsualizmisa da misi sazogadoebrivi gamovlinebebisadmi kritikuli Sefasebis qonis uflebis dasabuTeba istoriaSi, msoflio kulturasa da kacobriobis Tanamedrove cxovrebaSi homoseqsualuri sqesobrivi cxovrebis wesis mimarT fundamenturad damkvidrebuli uaryofiTi damokidebulebis Sesaxeb metyvelebs is, rom homoseqsualizmisa da misi ideologiis mimarT kritikul Sefaseba xdeba ZiriTadi religiuri jgufebis, aseve sxva konfesiebis mxridan. raki gamoxataven pativiscemas adamianis Tavisufali arCevanis mimarT, xsenebuli konfesiebi icaven TavianTi azrisa da sityvis Tavisuflebas, kerZod, imis uflebas, rom zneobriv-Teologiuri midgomiT „codvad~ gansazRvron is, rasac isini amad aTaswleulebis ganmavlobaSi miiCnevdnen, aseve imis uflebas, rom gamovidnen homoseqsualizmis ideologiis Zaladobrivad Tavsmoxvevis winaaRmdeg. morwmuneebs aqvT azrisa da sityvis Tavisufleba da aqvT ufleba TavianTi sarwmunoebrivi swavlebis postulatebidan gamomdinare kritikulad Seafason (amasTan sajarod) sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis esa Tu is movlena, rac garantirebulia azris gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis, sityvis Tavisuflebis, sarwmunoebrivi aRmsareblobis Tavisuflebis

33 Sesaxeb 1948 wlis 10 dekembers gaeroSi miRebuli «adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciiT», aseve 1966 wlis 16 dekembers miRebuli «saerTaSoriso paqtiT ekonomikuri, socialuri da kulturuli uflebebis Sesaxeb», 1966 wlis 19 dekembers miRebuli «saerTaSoriso paqtiT samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb», 1950 wlis 4 noebmers miRebuli «evropuli konvenciiT adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb», 1981 wlis 25 noembers miRebul deklaraciiT «religiis an rwmenis safuZvelze Seuwynareblobisa da diskriminaciis yvela formis likvidaciis Sesaxeb» da adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb sxva saerTaSoriso aqtebiT. Tanamedrove msoflioSi arsebobs princi pulad gadauwyveteli iseTi winaaRmdegobebi, romelTa gadawyveta SeuZlebelia administraciuli an sisxlissamarTlebrivuflebrivi meTodebiT, miT umetes - politikuri zewolis meTodiT an saxelmwifos moqalaqeobis pronci pis sawinaaRmdegod, imis moTxovna, rom Seicvalos ama Tu im konfesiis sarwmunoebrivi swavleba. magram am gadauwyveteli winaaRmdegobebis arseboba xels ar uSlis sxvadasxva seqsualuri orientaciis mqone moqalaqeebs ukonfliqtod icxovron Tanaarsebobis civilizebuli modelis CarCoebSi. homoseqsualizmis uaryofiTi Sefaseba savsebiT iZleva araZaladobrivi Tanaarsebobis saSualebas, erTi mxriv, homoseqsualizmis mimarT negatiuri damokidebulebis mqone qristianebs, musulmanebs, iudevelebs, sxvadasxva konfesiis warmomadgenlebsa da, meore mxriv, homoseqsualebs Soris. sagangebod SevniSnoT, rom ar arsebobs sakuTriv homoseqsualuri orientaciis gamo sasamarTlo wesiT dadasturebuli faqtebi qristianebis mxridan


34 homoseqsualebis devnisa. ar arsebobs araviTari safuZveli imisa, rom erTmaneTSi avurioT an erTmaneTTan gavaigivoT homoseqsualebisa da homoseqsualizmis mimarT gamoTqmuli uaryofiTi, kritikuli pozicia, romelic ar arRvevs saerTaSoriso uflebebisa da adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebis sayovelTaod aRiarebul princi pebsa da normebs, homoseqsualistebis mimarT iseTi aramarTlzomieri, Zaladobrivi da Seuracxmyofeli moqmedebebi, romlebic arRveven zemoT aRniSnul normebsa da aqtebs. saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesia, samRvdeloeba da mrevli, homoseqsualistebis mimarT TavianT damokidebulebas ageben qristianuli swavlebis safuZvelze. samRvdeloeba homoseqsualistebs ekideba mwyemsobrivi pasuxismgeblobiT, eklesiis wevrebi - qristianuli urTierTobis, sulieri daxmarebis, locvoTi daxmarebis princi pidan gamomdinare, raTa homoseqsualebma dautevon codva. eklesiis swavleba araorazrovnad racxavs homoseqsualizms codvad (rwmenis Tavisuflebis garantiiT daculi Tavisi qristianuli swavlebis safuZvelze), magram amavdroulad acxadebs, rom saWiroa homoseqsualistebisaTvis qristianuli TanagrZnobis aRmoCena. amitom ar arsebobs araviTari safuZveli, vilaparakoT eklesiis mxridan homoseqsualeistebze Zaladobisa da diskriminaciisken mowodebebis Sesaxeb. samarTliania, aseve aRvniSnoT, rom homoseqsualizmis miuReblobisa da misadmi kritikuli damokidebulebis religiuri motivaciis garda arsebobs uamravi arareligiuri kritikuli Tvalsazrisi am movlenis mimarT da, Sesabamisad, arsebobs maravali piri, romelbsac aseTi Tvalsazrisi aqvT. Cvens qveyanaSi aseTia absoluturi umravlesoba. homoseqsualebis raodenoba ukiduresad mcirea, aseve mcirea maTi apologetebis raodenoba qveyanaSi. Tumca Tu ar SeizRuda

35 homoseqsualizmis propaganda da iZulebiTi Tavsmoxveva, gansakuTrebiT mozardebis mimarT, maSin homoseqsualizmi, rogorc avTvisebiani simsivne, progresirebas daiwyebs. homoseqsualizmis mimarT kritikuli, maT Soris, negatiuri damokidebulebis farTod gavrceleba mniSvnelovanwilad aris imasTan dakavSirebuli, rom homoseqsualizmi, garda imisa, rom aris specifikuri pirovnuli da socialur jgufuri kompleqsuri zneobriv-fsiqologiuri da kulturuli identuroba, romelic arsebiTad gansxvavdeba mosaxleobis umravlesobisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli cxovrebis wesis, azrovnebisa da qcevis fsiqologiisa da SexedulebaTa sistemisagan, dReisaTvis, faqtobrivad, iqca ideologiad, romlis propagandac aqtiurad mimdinareobs misi mimdevrebis mxridan. amasTan igi ver itans kritikas, aqvs agresiuli prozelituri xasiaTi da aqvs sayovelTao aRiarebis, universalobis, saxelmwifoebrivi da saerTaSoriso mxardaWeris pretenzia. nac. xelisuflebis mmarTvelobis periodSi saqarTveloSi SeiniSneboda tendencia sainformacio saSualebebiT homoseqsualizmis, misi msvlelobebis (e.w. „gei-aRlumebi~) propagandisa, mimarTuli mTeli mosaxleobisaken da mozardebisaken. Cven „gei-aRlumebad~ („gei-praidebi~, „siamayis aRlumebi~, „lav-aRlumebi~, „gei-festivalebi~, „gei-msvlelobebi~ da sxva analogiuri xasiaTisa da mimarTulebis mqone sajaro RonisZiebebi) miviCnevT masobriv sajaro RonisZiebas, romelic tardeba demonstraciis, msvlelobis (rogorc festivalis variantis) saxiT Tavisufali daswrebisTvis Ria sivrceSi, sadac imyofeba iseT arahomoseqsual pirTa ganusazRvreli wre, romelic gaTvlilia masobriv, maT Soris da, upirveles yovlisa, uneburi mayureblisaTvis, da romelic mimarTulia, faqtobrivad, homoseqsualizmis, rogorc normaluri, progresuli, elitaruli da a.S. cxovrebis wesad, seqsualuri


36 qcevisa da seqsualuri urTierTobebis normad miCnevis propagandisken. iyo skolebSi sakiTxavi wignis statusiT homeseqsualizmis normalur movlenad mimCnevi masalis Semcveli wignis Setanis mcdeloba („siyvarulis anabana~, 79 wlis asakis mozardTaTvis). postsabWoTa qveynebSi, kerZod, ruseTSi, sadac procesebi ufro Sors aris wasuli, homoseqsualizmis adeptebi moiTxoven saxelmwifosgan, rom skolebSi saswavlo programiT gatarebuli iyos homoseqsualizmis pozitiurobis damsaxveli xazi. maT mier arasrulwlovan bavSvebSi homoseqsualizmis ideologiis gavrcelebis moTxovna mimarTulia iqiTken, rom miRweul iqnas bavSvebis mier homoseqsualizmis ideologiis introeqcia, anu maT cnobierebaSi misi mimdevrebis mier homoseqsualizmis Sesaxeb Tavsmoxveuli Sexedulebebis daleqva, rasac mihyavs igi normaluri seqsualuri ganviTarebidan gadaxrisken da seqsualuri orientaciis Secvlisaken, rac warmoadgens bavSvis uflebisa da misi mSoblebis uflebebis ukiduresad uxeS darRvevas. saqarTveloSic aris mcdeloba sqesobrivi aRzrdis (faqtobrivad, „usafrTxo~ seqsis propagandis) swavlebis Setana sxvadasxva safarveliT, iqneba es jansaRi cxovrebis wesi, Sidsis prevencia da misT. is faqti, rom homoseqsualuri kulturis ZiriTad niSnebsa da elements ganekuTvneba: saCvenebeli siSiSvlisken miswrafeba, romelic, xSirad, eksgibicionizmis hi pertrofirebul formebamde midis; homoseqsualizmis erTgvari sagnobriv-msoflmxedvelobrivi orientireba oralurgenitalur-analurze; homoseqsualizmis agresiuli, iZulebiTi Tavsmoxveva pirebze, romlebic ar iziareben homoseqsualur faseulobebs, - yovelive es miuTiTebs, Tu ratom xdeba, rom 2. eksgibicionizmi - seqsualuri gadaxra, rodesac ginda sasqeso organos CvenebiT gamoiwvio sxvisi aRgzneba (axloa akondaulizmTan

37 aseTebis sajaro saCvenebeli gamosvlebi sxva adamianebis mier SeuZlebelia ar iyos aRqmuli rogorc maTi zneobrivi grZnobebis sastiki Seuracxyofa da maTTvis didi zneobrivi swored homoseqsualizmis aseT tkivilis miyeneba. mimarTulebas, sajaro provokaciul aqciebs (geiaRlumebi), romliskenac iswrafvian homoseqsualizmis propagandistebi, SeuZliaT daarRvion aqamde arsebuli ukonfliqto Tanaarsebobis atmosfero mosaxleobis umravlesobasa da homoseqsualizmis mimdevrebs Soris. vfiqrobT, rom saqarTveloSi kanoniT unda SeizRudos homoseqsualizmis mimdevrebis sajaro, saCvenebelpropagandistuli aqciebi (geiaRlumebi da misT.) iseve, rogorc nebismieri sxva seqsualuri orientaciis, magaliTad heteroseqsualuri umravlesobis romelime jgufis aqcia, Tuki iqneba imis molodini, rom am aqciis dros monawileebi warmoaCenen uxamsobas, mag. seqsualuri aqtis imitirebiT Tu sxva raime formiT, gamovlen epataJuri (skandaluri), sazogadoebis Seuracxmyofeli samosliT (mag. sasqeso organoebze yuradRebis aqcentirebiT), Seecdebian seqsualuri TavaSvebulobisa da garyvnilebis an iseTi qcevis propagandas, romelic Seuracxyofs sazogadoebis zneobriv grZnobebs, religiur da msoflmxedvelobriv normebs, ris Sedegadac dartyma miadgeba zneobriobas, janmrTelobas, sxva pirebis uflebebsa da kanonier interesebs, sazogadoebriv wesrigs, miT umetes, Tuki aseTi RonisZiebiT mosaxleobis sxva nawilis protestis provocireba moxdeba, rac emuqreba sazogadoebriv wesrigs. amitom homoseqsualistebis saCvenebel-propaganduli RonisZiebebis SezRudva kanoniT iseve, rogorc mosaxleobis mier nebismieri araZaladobrivi formiT (mag. piketirebiT) aseTi msvlelobis aRkveTa, ar SeiZleba ganixilebodes, rogorc


38 homoseqsualizmis mimdevarTa diskriminacia, homofibia da devna, rogorc amis warmoCenas cdiloben homoseqsualizmis apologetebi, aramed ganixileba, rogorc saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis mier sazogadoebrivi wesrigisa da usafrTxoebis, maT Soris, janmrTelobis, mavne zegavlenisagan mozardi Taobis dacvis valdebulebis ganxorcieleba. magaliTisaTvis, pedofilebma rom moindomon „pedo-aRlumis~ Catareba, romelsac pedofiliis dasaSveb movlenad warmoCenis mizani eqneba, aseTi msvlelobis winaaRmdeg, darwmunebulebi varT, homoseqsualebis umravlesoba gamova. amis magaliTs gvaZlevs Semdegi faqti: rodesac kaTolikuri „eklesiis~ garSemo didi skandali atyda imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom kaTolike „mRvdlebis~ warmoudgenlad didi nawili (zogierTi amerikuli eqspertis SefasebiT - 10%-ze meti) pedofilebsa da bavSvebze moZaladeebs warmoadgenen, gamoiTqva mosazreba, rom kaTolike „samRvdeloebaSi~ pedofilias aseve masobrivad gavrcelebuli homoseqsualizmi asazrdoebso, didi aRSfoTeba da protesti gamoxata italiis homoseqsualTa liderma serJio judiCem, romelmac aRniSna, rom pedofilia didi borotebaa da homoseqsualistebze misi provocirebis dabraleba Cveni Seuracxyofaao. diax, batonebo, pedofilia dRes saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebisTvis miuRebelia iseve, rogorc guSin homoseqsualizmi iyo, magram Tu homoseqsualebma miaRwies TavianT mizans, imas, rom Tu saxelmwifom homoseqsualizmis dadebiT konteqstSi warmoCenas, maT Soris, mozardebSi, Seuwyo xeli, Tu xelisuflebam kanonmdeblobiT ar SezRuda homoseqsualizmis propagandistul-saCvenebeli Ronisziebebi da msvlelobebi da mwvane Suqi aunTo mas, maSin xval imaves pedofilebi moiTxoven. amis niSnebi, samwuxarod, dasavleTis rig qveyanaSi ukve SeiniSneba.

39 rogorc „gei-aRlumebis~ Catarebis sazRvargareTuli praqtika gviCvenebs, es sajaro RonisZiebebi atarebs homoseqsualizmis agresiuli propagandis xasiaTs da iwvevs kanonzomier da dasabuTebul sapasuxo, TavdacviTi xasiaTis mqone reaqcias: mosaxleoba iwyebs Taisi adamianuri Rirsebis damcirebisaTvis protests, rac gamoiwvia misTvis homoseqsualizmis Zaladobrivma Tavsmoxvevam, gamodis mis mimarT kanonsawinaaRmdego xelyofebis winaaRmdeg. saxelmwifos mier „gei-aRlumebis~ Catarebis akrZalva marTlzomieri da dasabuTebulia sazogadoebrivi zneobriobisa da wesrigis dacvis aucileblobiT, im pirTa kanonieri interesebis dacvis aucileblobiT, romelTac ar undaT, rom daeqvemdebaron homoseqsualizmis Zladobriv propagandas. demokratiuli qveynebis Tanamedrove kanonmdeblobaSi, evropis sabWos, evropis kavSiris dokumentebSi, saerTaSoriso dokumentebSi seqsualuri orientaciis arCevis ufleba homoseqsualistebisaTvis ar warmoadgens samarTlebriv safuZvels, rom awarmoon homoseqsualizmis masobrivi iZulebiT propaganda, romelsac mivyavarT im pirTa uflebebis darRvevasTan, romlebic ganicdian aseT informaciul zemoqmedebas. homoseqsualizmis mimarT kritikuli mosazrebebis arsebobisa da Tavisuflad gamoxatvis ufleba daculia adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso samarTlisa da saerTaSoriso aqtebis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli princi pebiTa da normebiT. es ufleba daculi unda iyos saxelmwifos mier da ar SeiZleba damcrobil iqnes ideologiurad motivirebuli mizanSewonilobiTa da politikuri koniunqturiT. saqarTvelos konstituciiT azrisa da sityvis Tavisufleba, informaciis nebismieri kanonieri formiT gavrcelebis ufleba garantirebulia da daculia saxelmwifos mier. aqve aRvniSnoT,


40 rom saqarTvelos konstituciaSi ar aris aRniSnuli norma, romelic Seexeba seqsualuri orientaciis arCevis Tavisuflebasa da seqsualurumciresobas. romelime demokratiuli qveynis mier seqsualuri orientaciis arCevis Tavisufleba ar gulisxmobs mxolod imas, rom adamians SeuZlia Tavisuflad airCios homoseqsualuri orientacia da dadebiTi azri hqondes mis Sesaxeb, aramed gulisxmobs imis uflebasac, rom adamianma ar miiRos homoseqsualuri orientacia da hqondes mis mimarT negatiuri damokidebuleba, amasTan - sajarod gamoxatavdes Tavis pozicias am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. demokratiul sazogadoebaSi moqalaqeebs, romlebic, TavianTi religiuri an zneobrivi mosazrebebidan gamomdinare, uaryofiTad afaseben homoseqsualizms, ufleba aqvT, rom pativcemul da dacul iqnes maTi religiuri da zneobrivi normebi, aseve, rom maT hqondeT ufleba aRzardon Svilebi TavianTi religiuri da zneobrivi mrwamsis Sesabamisad („saerTaSoriso paqti ekonomikuri, socialuri da kulturuli uflebebis Sesaxeb~, Tavi 13, punqti 3; „saerTaSoriso paqti samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb~, Tavi 18). im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac xdeba homoseqsualizmis Tavsmoxveva adamianTa ganusazRvreli wrisTvis, maT Soris bavSvebisTvis, miT umetes skolebSi, warmoiSoba iuridiuli da faqtobrivi safuZvlebi mosaxleobis mier Tavisi uflebebis dacvis ganxorcielebisaTvis, maT Soris, uflebisa, romelic Tavisi bunebiT analogiuria CagvrisTvis winaaRmdegobis gawevis uflebisa, romelic dacul iqna jer kidev aSS-s damoukideblobis 1776 wlis 4 ivlisis deklaraciaSi. aSS-s umaRlesma sasamarTlom, sityvis Tavisuflebisa da homoseqsualizmisadmi kritikuli damokidebulebis arsebobis

41 uflebidan gamomdinare, 2011 wlis 2 marts daadastura homoseqsualizmis ideologiis mowinaaRmdegeTa uflebrivi poziciis konstituciuroba, aRiara savsebiT kanonierad religiuri jgufis mier homoseqsualizmis ideologiis sawinaaRmdego Sekrebis Catareba, daasabuTa es imiT, rom miuRebelia „daaRrCo mSvidobiani sazogadoebrivi debatebi~ socialurad mniSvnelovan sakiTxebze, rac garantirebulia sityvis TavisuflebiT. (Snyder v. Phelps et al. / Supreme Court of the United States, Decided March 2, 2011 //http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/10pdf/09-751.pdf.). ukve droa, raTa evropis qveynebma da sazogadoebrivma institutebma Sewyviton antidemokratiuli da diskriminaciuli mopyroba homoseqsualizmis ideologiis kritikosebis mimarT da maT gamosvlebis „daRrCoba~ „daRrCoba~. adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebSi, maT Soris, evropis konvenciaSi adamianis uflebebisa da ZiriTadi Tavisuflebebis Sesaxeb, azris Tavisuflebis, azris gamoTqmis Tavisuflebis, Seekrebebis Tavisuflebis, maT Soris, sazogadoebrivi wesrigis dacvis, uwesrigobisa da danaSaulis Tavidan acilebis, janmrTelobisa da zneobriobis dacvis, sxva pirebis uflebaTa dacvis aRiarebul miznebTan kavSirSi arsebuli uflebrivi normebis miukerZoebeli da mkacri iuridiuli analizi gvaZlevs safuZvels, vamtkicoT Semdegi qmedebebis marTebuloba, rogorebicaa: - homoseqsualizmis ideologiisa da Tavad homoseqsualizmis propagandisa da iZulebiTi Tavsmoxvevis iuridiulad da faqtobrivad dasabuTebuli kritika; - homoseqsualizmis Sesaxeb kritikuli azris gamoTqma (maT Soris, sajarod) calkeuli pirebis, ojaxebis, sazogadoebrivi Tu religiuri gaerTianebebis mier, maT Soris,


42 homoseqsualizmis, rogorc codvis saxeldeba am sityvis religiur-zneobrivi gagebiT; - gancxadeba imis Sesaxeb, rom dauSvebelia kanonmdeblobaSi raime uflebrivi privilegiebis (gansakuTrebuli uflebebis) dadgena, damyarebuli homoseqsualur Tu biseqsualur orientaciaze; - sajarod azris gamoTqma imis Sesaxeb, rom aucilebelia aikrZalos xsenebuli uflebrivi privilegiebis an gansakuTrebuli uflebebis dadgena; - uaris Tqma homoseqsualistebis moTxovnaze maTTvisa da maTi gaerTianebebisaTvis gansakuTrebuli uflebebisa da privilegiebis miniWebaze; - mosaxleobis arahomoseqsualuri umravlesobisaTvis, gansakuTrebiT arasrulwlovnebisTvis, qcevis homoseqsualiuri formis, homoseqsualuri ideologiisa da, sazogadod, homoseqsualizmis Tavsmoxvevis akrZalva; - homoseqsualuri kavSirebis tradiciuli ojaxis statusTan sakanonmdeblo gaTanabrebisaTvis uaris Tqma; - homoseqsualizmis, homoseqsualuri ideologiisa da qcevis homoseqsualiuri formis propagandis xelSewyobis mizniT sabiujeto saxsrebis xarjvisa da saxelmwifo xelisuflebisa da adgilobrivi TviTmarTvelobis organoebis nebismieri monawileobis akrZalva; - tradiciuli ojaxuri faseulobebis, maT Soris, nebismieri tradiciuli kulturisa da, sazogadod, kacobriobisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli heteroseqsualizmis socialur-zneobrivi imperativis propaganda. es dasaxelebuli moqmedebebi ar aris da arc SeiZleba iuridiulad da faqtobrivad dasabuTebulad Sefasdes, rogorc „diskriminacia seqsualuri orientaciis niSniT~, „siZulvilis

43 gaRviveba~, „devna~, „Suwynareblobidan gamomdinare siZulvili~, „seqsualur oriantaciasTan dakavSirebuli Seuwynarebloba~, „verbaluri Zaladoba~, „damamcirebeli an Seuracxmyofeli mimarTva~, „marginalizacia, socialuri izolacia da Zaladoba seqsualuri orientaciis niadagze~, „seqsualuri orientaciis niadagze SuRlis gaRviveba~, „siZulvivlis niadagze arsebuli movlena~, „homoseqsualizmisa da lesboselebis, geebis, biseqsualebisa da transseqsualebis mimarT iracionaluri SiSi da siZulvili, msgavsi rasizmisa, qsenofobiisa, antisemitizmisa da seqsizmisa~, „dacinva da sityvieri fsiqologiuri Zaladoba~ (yovelive zemoTqmuli gamonaTqvamebisaTvis Semdegi dokumentebiTa da dadgenilebebiT miniWebuli azriTa da TvalsazrisiT, rogoricaa: - evroparlamentis asambleis 29.04.2010 w. #1728(2010) rezolucia „diskriminacia seqsualuri orientaciisa da genderuli identurobis niSniT~, (http://www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/ %5BRussian_documents%5D/%5B2010%5D/%5BApr2010%5D/ Res1728_rus.asp)

- evrosabWos ministrTa komitetis wevr-qveynebisadmi mimarTuli 31.03,2010 w. #CM/REC(2010)5 rekomendaciiT, romelic Seexeba seqsualuri orientaciisa da genderuli identurobis niadagze warmoSobili diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg brZolis zomebs, (https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?id=1606657&Site= CM&BackColorInternet=C3C3C3&BackColorIntranet= EDB021&BackColorLogged=F5D383; http://strasbourg-reor.org/?topicid=639);

- evroparlamentis 18.01.2006w. rezolucia „homofobia evropaSi~, (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP// TEXT+TA+P6-TA-2006-0018+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN.);


44 - evrosabWos parlamentis asanbleis ¹ 1474(2000) rekomendaciiT „situacia evrosabWos wevr-qveynebSi lesboselebTan da geebTan dakavSirebiT~, (http://assembly.coe.int/main.asp?Link=/documents/adoptedtext/ta00/ frec1474.htm). zemoT citirebuli ideologiurad motivirebuli, araobieqturi Sefasebebi, iarliyebi da braldebebi e.w. „homoseqsualistebis uflebebis diskreditaciasTan~ da a.S. dakavSirebiT, romlebic mravalferovani variaciebiT gamoiyeneba, miuTiTebs imas, rom evroparlamentis, evrosabWos ministrTa komitetis evrosabWos parlamentis asambleis mier homoeqsualizmis sakiTxTan dakavSirebuli domumentebis miReba eyrdnoba ara iuridiul an faqtobriv, aramed ideologiur motivacias. saerTaSoriso samarTlis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli princi pebisa da normebis, aseve adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebis Sesabamisad, saxelmwifo ar aris valdebuli da ara aqvs ufleba zemoT dasaxelebul qmedebebTan dakavSirebiT: „akrZalos da moaxdinos (am qmedebebis) sajaro dezavuireba nebismier SemTxvevebSi~, daayenos „pirTa pasuxisgeblobis sakiTxi~ da gamoiyenos „dasjis zoma ukanonobis aRkveTis mizniT~ (wevr-qveynebis evropis sabWos ministrTa komitetis 2010 w. 31 martis ¹ CM/REC(2010)5 rekomendaciis 6 da 1 damatebaSi moyvanilis normebis TvalsazrisiT), Tavi Seikavos am qmedebebTan dakavSirebiT (imave rekomendaciis me-7 damatebaSi moyvanilis normis TvalsazrisiT) „miiRos zomebi (am qmedebebis) Tavidan acilebis mizniT~ da gansazRvros aseTi qmedebebi rogorc „homofobia~, „homoseqsualebis diskriminacia an maTi uflebebis akrZalva~.

45

3. homoeqsualizmis ideologiis agresiuli xasiaTi dResdReobiT homoseqsualebis mier homoseqsualizmze SemuSavebulma da propagandulma SexedulebaTa sistemam miiRo ideologiis forma da xarisxi, amasTan, misi erT-erTi mudmivad da mkafiod gamoxatuli Tvisebaa agresiuloba im pirTa mimarT, romlebic ar iziareben homoseqsualur Sexedulebebs, uars amboben moeqcnen misi zemoqmedebis qveS. agresiuli socialurfsiqologiuri xasiaTi homoseqsualizmis ideologiisa imiT gamoixateba, rom es ideologia: 1) mimarTulia arahomoseqsual pirTa iZulebaze cnon homoeqsualizmis ZiriTadi ideebisa da ideologiis marTebuloba mTavari ideis CaTvliT imis Sesaxeb, rom homoseqsualoba aris socialuri norma, ufro prestiJuli, mimzidveli da cxovrebis elitaruli saxe; 2) iyenebs masobriv prozelitur zemoqmedebas mosaxleobis farTo wreebze (masobriv CaTrevas), axalgazrdobis CaTvliT, maTi seqsualuri orientaciis, maTi homoseqsualizmisadmi damokidebulebis sruli da gamoxatuli ignorirebiT, maTi Tanxmobis ignorirebiT, moeqcnen aseTi informaciuli zemoqmedebis qveS, aseve moqalaqeebis privatuli sivrcisa da TavianTi Svilebis aRzrdis ufelbis ignorirebiT; 3) iswrafvis gamoiyenos saxelmwifosa da saerTaSoriso organizaciebis instrumentebi da resursebi im mizniT, rom ganxorcieldes homoseqsualizmis ideologiis iZulebiTi propaganda, aseve im pirTa winaaRmdeg brZolisaTvis, romlebic sajarod gamoxataven homoseqsualizmis kritikasa da mis miuReblobas, aseve sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis mraval sferoSi homoseqsualizmis ganmsazRvreli upiratesobis mopovebisaTvis;


46 4) iTvaliswinebs homoseqsualizmis nebismieri kritikis akrZalvis iZulebas, homoseqsualobis Sesaxeb nebismieri kritikuli azris Sefasebas, rogorc homoseqsualistebis „uflebebis darRvevad~ da maT „diskriminaciad~; 5) mamakacuri homoseqsualizmis SemTxvevaSi amJRavnebs normaluri seqsualuri (heteroseqsualuri) orientaciis mqone qalebisadmi damamcirebel, ukiduresad Seuracxmyofel damokidebulebas; 6) aqtiurad iRvwis sazogadoebis tradiciuli zneobrivi safuZvlebis, zneobrivi ojaxuri Rirebulebebisa da ojaxis institutis safuZvlebis mosaSlelad. praqtikulad dResdReobiT nebismieri diskusia homoseqsualizmis propagandistebTan maTi poziciisadmi uTanxmoebis gamJRavnebis SemTxvevaSi avtomaturad iwvevs Seuracxmyofeli iarliyis „homofobis~ miwebebas, homoseqsualizmis mimarT aseTi kritikuli Sefasebebis arsisa da formis, faqtobrivi da iuridiuli dasabuTebulobis xarisxis gauTvaliswineblad. mraval qveyanaSi pirebs, romlebic gamoxataven kritikul damokidebulebas homoseqsualizmis mimarT, ekrZalebaT azris Tavisuflebisa da sityvis Tavisuflebis uflebis ganxorcielebaze ara mxolod sajaro diskusiebis dros, aramed nebismieri mcdelobis dros, gamoTqvan TavianTi azri masobrivi informaciis saSualebebiT. metic, sajarod ismis aseTi pirebis diskriminirebis mowodebebi, kerZod, waarTvan maT sxva qveynebSi Sesvlis ufleba, waarTvan Tavisufleba da a.S. aseTi mikerZoebuli diskusia da kanonisa da samarTliswarmoebis winaSe yvelas Tanasworobisadmi aseTi midgoma ara marto savsebiT SeuTavsebelia demokratiuli principebisa da standartebisadmi, aramed metic, unda iwvevdes dauyovnebliv reagirebas saxelmwifos mxridan, romelsac ara

47 aqvs ufleba politikuri koniunqturidan gamomdinare gadauxvios saerTaSorisi-samarTlebrivi da konstituciursamarTlebriv princips kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe yvels Tanasworobis Sesaxeb. sityva „homofobi~ - arakoreqtuli, ideologiuri datvirTvis mqone kliSe-iarliyia, romelsac awebeben homoseqsualizmis ideologiis nebismier gamkritikebels (am kritikis formis, xarisxisa da sabuTebulobisgan damoukideblad), aseve yvela imas, vinc homoseqsualizmis ideologiis ukanonod, masobrivad da Zaladobrivad Tavsmoxvevis winaaRmdegia. es sityvebi aris uaryofiTi JReradobis ideologiuri Sefasebis iarliyebi da gamoiyeneba, rogorc arakeTilsindisieri polemikuri xerxi mani pulaciuri miznebisTvis imaTi diskreditaciisa da SeuracxyofisaTvis, vinc ar eTanxmeba homoseqsualizmis ideologias. xelovnurad Seqmnil sityvaTaSexamebaSi „homofobia~, miRebuli sityvebidan „homo~ (berZnuli sityva homos Tanaswori, saerTo) da „fobia~ (paTologiuri SiSi), Tavidanve Cadebulia terminologiuri arakoreqtuloba da winaswarganzraxuli azrobrivi aRreva, romelic usafuZvlod miawers fsiqologiur gadaxras (fobias) im pirebs, romlebic negatiurad afaseben homoseqsualizms. zusti ganmarteba am sityvisa aCvefnebs mis aralogikurobasa da uazrobas. sinamdvileSi pirebs, romlebisTvisac miuRebelia homoseqsualuri cxovrebis wesi, midrekilebebi da mosazrebebi, romlebic gamoTqvamen protests homoseqsualizmis sajaro propagandis winaaRmdeg, ara aqvT aranairi~fobia~, anu gadametebuli avadmyofuri SiSi, romelic aiZulebs am pirebs, eSinodeT homoseqsualebisa. im pirebisaTvis, romlebmac ar ician specialuri samedicino terminologia, SeiZleba sityva


48 „homofobia~ asocirebul iqnes adamianisadmi da saerTod adamianebisadmi paTologiur mtrobasTan (laTinuri sityvidan homo - adamiani). fsiqikuri gadaxris (fobiis) dausabuTebeli dabraleba pirebisaTvis, romlebic ar iziareban homoseqsualur mosazrebebs, aris ara marto araeTikuri xerxi, aramed mimarTulia aseTi pirebis adamianuri Rirsebis damcirebisaken, aris maTi misamarTiT ciliswameba. homoseqsualebis mimarT ararsebuli eqstremizmis Sesaxeb miTebis Seqmna homoseqsualizmis propagandistebis mxridan emsaxureba imas, rom yuradReba gadatanili iqnas sxva momarTulebiT im moqalaqeebis uflebebis darRvevebidan, romlebic ar iziareben homoseqsualizmis Tavlsazriss, aseve im faqtebidan, rogoricaa Tavad homoseqsualebis Seuwynarebloba heteroseqsualebis mimarT, SeniRbon „mamakacuri~ homoseqsualizmis mimdevrebis eqstremistuli damokidebuleba normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone qalebisadmi. homoseqsualizmis propagandistebis Seuwynareblobis xarisxi bevrad maRalia, vidre normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone moqalaqeebis kritikuli damokidebuleba homoseqsualistebisadmi. homoseqsualizmis ideologiis eqstremistuli xasiaTis magaliTad SeiZleba davasaxeloT „homoseqsualuri manifesti~, Sedgenili vinme maikl sviftis mier - romelic warmoadgens kvintesenicas siZulvilisa da mtrobisa normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone pirebisadmi, am pirebis adamianuri Rirsebis damcirebisa da aRviraxsnili Seuracxyofisa maTi misamarTiT, maTi fizikuri ganadgurebisken mowodebebisa (gamoqveynda homoseqsualebis gazeT «Gay Community News»-Si 1987 wlis 15 Tebervals da mogvianebiT mravaljer gadaibeWda da gamoica).

49 (Homosexual Manifesto by Michael Swift //http:// rainbowallianceopenfaith.homestead.com/gayagendaswifttext.html.)

am manifestis gamoqveynebis Semdeg, sazogadoebis mxridan aRSfoTebuli reaqciidan gamomdinare, homoseqsualizmis ideologebi Seecadnen mani pulaciurad daerwmunebinaT sazogadoeba, rom es iyo „xumroba~, „satira~, „parodia~ da saerTod, „nayalbevi~, amasTan TviTonac ver SeTanxmdnen imaSi, Tu ra iyo es, „xumroba~ Tu „nayalbevi~. magram Tu am masalis analizs daveyrdnobiT, maSin ar rCeba araviTari safuZveli imisa, rom aRviqvaT igi xumrobad, satirad Tu parodiad: igia rasistuli da eqstremistuli teqsti. imave suliskveTebiT, magaliTad, raRac neonacisturi rom gamoqveynebuliyo, maSin gaCaRdeboda arasaxumaro skandali da aseTi masalis satirad an xumrobad warmoCenis nebismieri mcdeloba Tavidanve uaryofili iqneboda. am masalaSi gamoTqmuli savsebiT garkveuli eqstremistuli damokidebuleba normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis pirebisadmi dasturdeba sxva masalebSic, romlebic Seicaven homoseqsualizmis propagandas. e.w. „gei-kulturis~ Sesaxeb homoseqsualistebis publikaciebis analizi warmoaCens, rom „mamakacuri~ homoseqsualizmis warmomadgenlebis erT-erTi damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebaa maTi siZulvili da Seuwynarebloba normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone qalebisadmi, faqtobrivad, esaa rasistuli damokidebuleba, rogorc arasrulfasovani adamianebisadmi, arasrulfasovani rasobrivi saxeobisadmi. da es damokidebleba yofiTi cxovrebis doneze aisaxeba. Tuki SeviswavliT homoseqsualistebis forumebsa da sxva internet-saitebs, gavaanalizebT im terminebs, Tu rogor moixsenieben „mamakacuri~ homoseqsualizmis warmomadgenlebi normaluri seqsualuri orientaciis mqone qalebs, maSin davrwmundebiT, rom es aris


50 ukiduresi siZulvili da mtroba, rasistul-eqstremistuli damokidebuleba. (http://www.jargon.ru/ slova.php?id=16840&cat=251&pc=5&InteresnoID=8ebf293fc16552b26b3a211510d50c80; http://www.jargon.ru/ slova.php?id=16840&cat=251&pc=5&InteresnoID=8850a80f136a9e8a455cd7d0c4730fb4).

Cven Tavs SevikavebT am terminebis moyvanisagan, imdenad uxamsi da siZulvilis Semcelia isini. homoseqsualur garemoSi xsenebuli Seuracxmyofeli ritorikis gavrceleba imdenad farToa, rom sruliad safuZvliania vamtkicoT, rom aseTi eqstremizmi aris homoseqsualuri „kulturisa~ da homoseqsualizmis ideologiis damaxasiaTebeli elementi. aseTi gamonaTqvamebis sajarod gavrceleba warmoadgens siZulvilisa da mtrobis gaRvivebas, adamianuri Rirsebis damcirebas sqesis niSniT, anu qmnis danaSaulis Semadgenlobas, romelic dasjadia nebismieri qveynis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis muxlebis mixedviT. saxelmwifos ara aqvs ufleba moaxdinos TvalsaCino faqtebis ignorireba qalTa mimarT siZulvilisa, maTi didskriminaciis propagandisa mxolod imitom, rom xdeba homoseqsualuri sazogadoebis yalbi viktimizirebuli (TiTqos devnulis, msxverplis) saxis Tavsmoxveva, maSin, rodesac sinamdvileSi heteroseqsualebi arian xSirad homoseqsualizmis ideologebis siZulvilis propagandis msxverplni. ra Tqma unda, ar unda moxdes am Sefasebis eqstrapolireba homoseqsualuri orientaciis mqone yvela piris mimarT, magram, mxedvelobaSic rom ar miviRoT homoseqsualizmis ideologiis ukiduresi forma - mainc, homoseqsualuri rasizmi, damyarebuli Tezisze, rom yvela, vinc ar miiRo homoseqsualuri gamocdileba, is arasrulfasovani piria, aSkaraa da saubari unda iyos „homoseqsualuri kulturis~ eqstremizmis Sesaxeb,

51 „mamakacuri~ homoseqsualizmis mimdevrebis mniSvnelovani nawilis (maTi mainc, romlebic gamodian aseTi cxovrebis wesis aqtiur propagandistebad), maTi organizaciebisa da internet-saitebis Seuwynarebeli damokidebulebis Sesaxeb normaluri seqsualuri orientaciismqone qalebisadmi, aseve - heteroseqsualebisadmi saerTod. xsenebuli eqstremistuli propaganda, romelic aris „mamakacuri~ homoseqsualizmis ideologiis ganuyofeli nawili, dauSvebelia da uxeSad ewinaaRmdegeba 1950 wlis 4 noebmers miRebuli adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb evropuli konvenciis me-3 da me-14 muxlebs; 1948 w. 10 dekembers gaeroSi miRebuli adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciis me-5 da me-7 muxlebs; 1966 w. 19 dekembers miRebuli samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso paqtis me-3 da me-7 muxlebs; 1979 w. 18 dekembers miRebuli qalTa diskriminaciis yvela formis likvidaciis Sesaxeb konvencias da mTel rig saerTaSoriso aqtebs adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb; 2011 w. 11 maiss miRebul evropis konvencias, romelic Seexeba Zaladobas qalebze da ojaxebSi; evrosabWos ministrTa komitetis wevr-qveynebisadmi mimarTuli 31.03 2010 w. #CM/REC(2010)5 rekomendaciis, romelic Seexeba seqsualuri orientaciisa da genderuli identurobis niadagze warmoSobili diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg brZolis zomebs, damatebis me-3 punqts; evrosabWos wevrqveynebis 1997 w. 30 oqtombers miRebuli rekomendaciis princi pebs, romlebic Seexeba „siZulvilis diskurss~; evrosabWos saparlamento asambleis 2010w. 5 oqtombris #1933(2010) rekomendacias „eqstremizmTan brZola~; evroparlamentis asambleis 29.04.2010 w. #1728(2010) rezolucias „diskriminacia seqsualuri orientaciisa da genderuli identurobis niSniT~; 2001 wlis durmanis


52 deklaracias rasobrivi diskriminaciis yvela formis likvidaciis Sesaxeb; 2001 wlis durbanis deklaraciis ganxorcielebis moqmedebaTa programas; 2009 w. 24 aprilis konferenciis daskvniT mimoxilviT dokuments, romelic Seexeboda rasizmTan, rasobriv diskriminaciasTan, qsenofibiasTan da masTan dakavSirebul SeuwynareblobasTan brZolis durbanis deklaraciisa da moqmedebaTa programis Sesrulebas; 2010 w. 12-13 ivliss gamarTul gaeros me-6 sesiaze miRebuli qalTa diskriminaciis likvidaciis komitetis daskvniTi SeniSvnebis debulebebs. ( http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=210&CM=8&DF=&CL=ENG; https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ ViewDoc.jsp?id=1606657&Site=CM&BackColorInternet=C3C3C3&BackColorIntranet= EDB021&BackColorLogged=F5D383;https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ com.instranet.InstraServlet?command=com.instranet.CmdBlobGet&InstranetImage= 1658014&SecMode=1&DocId=582548&Usage=2; http://www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/%5BRussian_documents%5D/ %5B2010%5D/%5BOct2010%5D/Rec1933_rus.asp; http://www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/%5BRussian_documents%5D/ %5B2010%5D/%5BOct2010%5D/Res1754_rus.asp; http://www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/%5BRussian_documents%5D/ %5B2010%5D/%5BApr2010%5D/Res1728_rus.asp; http://www.un.org; http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/2002decl.shtml; http://www.un.org; http://www.gender.ru/pages/resources/publications/common/2010/101112.pdf.)

homoseqsualuri Tematuri mimarTulebis internetforumebi da sxva saitebi gadavsebulia uamravi eqstremistuli masaliT, gamonaTqvamebiT, romelbic Seuracxyofen heteroseqsualebs, uxeSad amcireben adamianur Rirsebas, mouwideben qristianebisa da sxva religiuri jgufis warmomadgenlebis mimarT fizikuri Zaladobisken, maTi religiuri daniSnulebis obieqtebis mimarT vandalizmisaken. qalTa mimarT rasistul damokidebulebaze

53 ukve visaubreT. yovelive es miuTiTebs, rom homoseqsualebis warmodgena, rogorc „viqtimizirebuli umciresobisa~, anu damcirebuli socialuri jgufisa, romlis mimarT gegmazomierad yalibdeba damokidebuleba, romelic axdens Zaladobis provocirebas, faqtobrivad, iuridiulad dausabuTebeli da mcdaria. interneti adasturebs rom, homoseqsualizmis ideologebisa da maTi interesebis damcveli politikosebi (maT Soris, e.w. uflebadacviTi moZraobebis) mier xdeba Segnebuli damaxinjeba situaciisa, kerZod imisa, Tu vin aris realurad eqstremizmis msxverpli. sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, romelic Seexeba homoseqsualizmis ideologiis SeWras heteroseqsualebis kerZo sazogadoebriv sivrceSi, ar SeiZleba mosmenil da gaTvaliswinebul iqnes mxolod erTi mxaris - homoseqsualistTa jgufis mosazrebebi, ufro swored, maTi im mcire nawilisa, romelic ukiduresad agresiulad aria ganwyobili im pirebis mimarT, romlebic akritikeben homoseqsualizmis sajaro propagandas. homoseqsualistebTan urTierTobis gauaresebis mimarT pasuxismgeblobis usafuZvlod Tavidan moxsna da am saqmeSi Tavad homoseqsualizmis propagandistebis lomis wilis uaryofa ar SeiZleba iwodos obieqturad da dasabuTebulad. germaniis, safrangeTis, avstraliis, Sveicariisa da sxva mravali qveynis xelisufalTa aRiareba, rom am qveynebSi marcxi ganicada „multikulturizmis~ politikam, damyarebulma moCvenebiTi umciresobebis uflebebis (sinamdvileSi - ukanono privilegiebis) aRiarebasa da absolutizaciaze, romelic maT aSkarad eniWebodaT ZiriTadi mosaxleobis, umravlesobis interesebis xelyofis xarjze, Cven gvaZlevs dRes mcdari politikis magaliTs, da, am magaliTze dayrdnobiT, gveZleva SesaZlebloba, ufro adekvaturad da obieqturad, istoriuli


54 perspeqtivis gaTvaliswinebiT, SevxedoT problemas, romelic Seexeba saxelmwifosa da sazogadoebis damokidebulebas homoseqsualizmis propagandisadmi, homoseqsualistebsa da heteroseqsualistebs Soris damokidebulebis, gansakuTrebiT, homoseqsualebis heteroseqsualebis mimarT damokidebulebis problemas. calke ganxilvis sagania Semdegi sakiTxebi, rogorebicaa: 1. adamianisadmi sastiki da sxeulis araadamianuri dazianebebis, misi janmrTelobisadmi zianis miyeneba „mamakacuri~ homoseqsualizmis praqtikis dros; 2. homoseqsualizmis propagandistebis mier faqtebis gayalbebisa da cifrebiT mani pulireba; 3. miTi homoseqsulistebis masobrivi diskriminaciis Sesaxeb; 4. adamianis uflebebis darRveva da adaminuri Rirsebis Seuracxyofa „gei-aRlumebis~ Catarebis dros; 5. sazRvargareTis qveynebis kanonze moqmedebis normebi, romelbic gamomdinareoben saxelmwifos aRiarebidan homoseqsualizmis socialur mavneblobasTan dakavSirebiT; gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa es ukanaskneli sakiTxi. arsebobs uamravi sakanonmdeblo norma, sasamarTlo praqtikis magaliTebi dasavleTis qveynebSi, maT Soris aSS-Si federalur Tu Statebis doneze, romlebic adastureben Semdegi samarTlebrivi Tu uflebrivi moqmedebebis marTebulobas: - homoseqsualur orientaciaze damyarebuli raime privilegiebis, gansakuTrebuli uflebebis dadgenis akrZalva; - homoseqsualuri urTierTobebis, rogorc adamianuri „bunebis winaaRmdeg sazizRari da bilwi danaSulis~, mimarT negatiuri socialuri Sefasebis gamoxatva;

55 - sisxlissamarTlebriv-uflebrivi akrZalvis dadgena homoseqsualuri urTierTobebis mimarT da maTze sisxlissamarTlebriv-uflebrivi pasuxismgeblobis dakisreba; - sisxlissamarTlebriv-uflebrivi akrZalvis dadgena homoseqsualuri urTierTobebis SeTavazebaze da am moqmedeis gamo sisxlissamarTlebriv-uflebrivi pasuxismgeblobis dakisreba; - homoseqsualuri „qorwinebebis~ pirdapiri akrZalva da aseTi „qorwinebebis~ aRiarebis akrZalva; - homoseqsualuri „qorwinebebis~ iribi akrZalva, romelic emyareba qorwinebis, rogorc mxolod mamakacsa da qals Soris qorwinebrivi kavSiris ganmartebas; - homoseqsualistebis mier Svilis ayvanis akrZalva; - akrZalva skolebSi homoseqsualizmis propagandisa, romelic homoseqsualizms warmoaCens cxovrebis pozitiur alternatiul saxed da axdens homoseqsualizmisadmi interesis stimulirebas; - moswavleebis informirebis moTxovna imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom homoseqsualizmi ar aris socialurad misaRebi wxovrebis wesi da aRikveTeba saxelmwifos mier; - uxamsi homoseqsualuri masalis sajaro demonstrirebis mimarT sisxlissamarTlebriv-uflebrivi akrZalvis dadgena; - sabiujeto saxsrebis xarjva homoseqsualizmis nebismieri propagandisaTvis; - saxelmwifos mier homoseqsualizmis gamarTlebis akrZalva, homoseqsualizmis propagandaSi sazelmwifos raime monawileoba an misi mxridan am propagandis stimulireba: TiToeuli am qvepunqtisaTvis arsebobs uamravi samarTlebrivi dokumenti, aqti Tu norma, sasamarTlo praqtikidan uamravi gadawyvetileba da sxva masala. aseve mniSvnelovania evrosasamarTlos praqtikidan iseTi sasamarTlo


56 gadawyvetilebebi, romlebic adastureben, rom ar arsebobs yvela qveynisTvis erTiani zneobriv-SefasebiTi midgomebi da savaldebulo zneobrivi kriteriumebi sazogadoebrivi movlenebis, maT Soris, homoseqsualizmis mimarT, da rom qveyana, misi tradiciuli Rirebulebebidan da sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis normebidan gamomdinare, unda afasebdes, moqmedebdes da adgendes sakanonmdeblo normebsa Tu gadawyvetilebebs. am sakiTxs Cven calke TavSi ganvixilaT (ix. me-3 Tavi) da moviyvanT moyvanili qmedebebis damadasturebel dokumentebsa Tu sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebebs.

57

Tavi III sazRvargareTis kanonmdeblobis normebi, romlebSic saxelmwifos mier aRiarebulia homosesualizmis mavnebloba 1. Sesavali mtkiceba imis Sesaxeb, rom sazRvargareTis qveynebSi homoseqsualizmi saxelmwifo doneze sayoveTaod aris miCneuli socialur normad, ar Seesabameba sinamdviles da aris homoseqsualizmis propagandis fandi. mTel rig qveynebSi saxelwifo organoebi ubralod amjobineben (garkveul mijnamde) ar Caerion seqsualur urTierTobebSi. amasTan, sazRvargareTis mravali qveynis kanonmdeblobaSi moiZebneba uamravi magaliTi imisa, rom homoseqsualuri urTierTobebi pirdapir kvalificirdeba, rogorc socialurad gakicxvadi, xolo homoseqsualuri urTierTobis damyarebis SemTxvevaSi dadgenilia samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis zomebi. savsebiT kanonzomieria is, rom 2008 wels homoseqsualistebisaTvis privilegiebis miniWebis sakiTxma gamoiwvia azrTa sxvadasxvaoba gaeros wevr saxelmwifoebs Soris, romelTa umravlesobamac uaryo deklaraciis proeqti, romelSic iyo homoseqsualistebisaTvis privilegiebis miniWebis moTxovna. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/russian/international/newsid_7791000/7791235.stm).


58 aseve kanonzomieria is, rom 2011 w. 17 ivniss gaeros adamianis uflebaTa sabWos rezoluciis proeqtis - „adamianis ufllebebi, seqsualuri orientacia da genderuli identuroba~ («Human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity») - mimarT kenWisyris dros mravalma qveynam am proeqtis winaaRmdeg misca xma. (http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/ DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=11167&LangID=E).

2. amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis kanonmdeblobis magaliTebi mizanSewonilad miviCnevT, moviyvanoT CamonaTvali, ramdenime magaliTi aSS-s knonmdeblobidan, romlebic mowmoben, rom saxelwifo homoseqsualur urTierTobebs socialurad miuReblad, antisazogadoebrivad, sazogadoebrivi zneobisaTvis zianis momtanad miiCnevs da, aqedan gamomdinare, miiCnevs, rom es urTierTobebi saxelmwifos mxridan dasabuTebul SezRudvas unda daeqvemdebaros. 1. homoseqsualur orientaciaze dafuZnebuli raime privilegiebis, gansakuTrebuli uflebebis miniWebis akrZalva: - kolorados Statis (aSS) konstituciis „uflebebis Sesaxeb bilis~ debulebebi, seqcia 30b „araprivilegirebuli statusi, dafuZnebuli homoseqsualur, lesbosur an biseqsualur orientaciaze~ («No Protected Status Based on Homosexual, Lesbian or Bisexual Orientation»). ( h t t p : / / w w w. m i c h i e . c o m / c o l o r a d o / l p e x t . d l l / c o c o n s t / 5 7 / 8 9 / 16ca?f=templates&fn=document-frame.htm&2.0).

59 - minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 363A seqciis „adamianis uflebebi“ («Human Rights») 363A.27 seqciis „kanonSemoqmedeba~ («Construction of Law») me-3 punqti. (https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=363A.27&year=2010).

2. homoseqsualuri urTierTobis, rogorc bunebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli amazrzeni da saZageli danaSaulis uaryofiTi socialuri Sefasebis gamoxatva: - misisi pis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010 w.) 97e titulis „danaSaulebi~ («Crimes») 29-e Tavis „sazogaoebrivi zneobriobisa da wesierebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSaulebi~ («Crimes against public morals and decency») 97-29-59-e seqcia „arabunebrivi seqsualuri urTierToba~ («Unnatural intercourse»). (http://www.mscode.com/free/statutes/97/029/0059.htm; http://law.justia.com/ codes/mississippi/2010/title-97/29/97-29-59/; http://michie.com/mississippi/ l p e x t . d l l / m s c o d e / 1 f f 3 5 / 2 0 8 f b / 2 0 8 f d / 2097f?fn=documentframe.htm&f=templates&2.0).

3. homoseqsualuri urTierTobebisa da homoseqsualuri aqtebis sisxlis samarTlebrivi akrZalvisa da maTze sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis daweseba: - misisi pis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010 w.) 97-e titulis „danaSaulebi~ ((«Crimes») 29-e Tavis „sazogadoebrivi zneobriobisa da wesierebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSaulebi~ («Crimes against public morals and decency») 97-29-59-e seqcia „arabunebrivi seqsualuri urTierToba~ («Unnatural intercourse»). (http://www.mscode.com/free/statutes/97/029/0059.htm; http://law.justia.com/ codes/mississippi/2010/title-97/29/97-29-59/).


60

61

- montanas Statis kanonTa krebulis, 2009 w. 45-e titulis „danaSaulebi~ («Crimes») me-5 Tavis „pirovnebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSauli~ («Offenses against the person») me-5 nawilis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual Crimes») 455-505-e seqcia „normidan gadaxrili seqsualuri qceva~ («Deviate sexual conduct»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/montana/2009/45/45_5/45_5_5/45-5-505.html;

- ohaios Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 59-e titulis „veteranebi - samxedro saqmeebi~ («Veterans - military affairs») 5924-e Tavis „samxedro iusticiis kodeqsi~ («Code of military justice») 5924.125-e seqcia „sodomia~ («Sodomy»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/ohio/2010/title59/chapter5924/5924_125.html; http:/ /codes.ohio.gov/orc/5924.125).

http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/45/5/45-5-505.htm);

- texasis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009 w.) sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis (Penal Code) 21-e Tavis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual offenses») seqciis 21.06 „homoseqsualuri qceva~ («Homosexual conduct») 21.01-e seqciis punqti 1-li „ganmartebebi~ (http://law.justia.com/codes/texas/2009/penal-code/title-5offenses-against-the-person/chapter-21-sexualoffenses/;

http://

www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/docs/pe/htm/pe.21.htm).

- kentukis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009 w.) sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 50-e (L) titulis 510-e Tavis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ 520.100-e seqciis „meoTxe xarisxis sodomia~ («Sodomy in the fourth degree») 1-li punqti. http:// ( http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2009/510-00/100.html; www.lrc.ky.gov/KRS/510-00/100.PDF). - jorjiis Statis kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) me-16 titulis „danaSaulebi~ me-6 Tavis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual offenses») 16-6-2-e seqciis „sodomia; damamZimebeli Sedegebi; samedicino danaxarjebi~ («Sodomy; aggravated sodomy; medical expenses») punqt «A»-s 1-li qvepunqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/2010/title-16/chapter-6/16-6-2/; http:// www1.legis.ga.gov/legis/2005_06/fulltext/hb942.htm).

- luizianas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) me14 titulis „sisxlis samarTlis kanoni~ («Criminal law») 89e seqcia „bunebis winaaRmdeg danaSauli~ («Crime against nature»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/louisiana/2009/rs/title14/rs14-89.html; www.legis.state.la.us/lss/lss.asp?doc=78695).

http://

- merilendis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) sisxlis samarTlis kanonis (Criminal Law) me-3 titulis „pirovnebis winaaRmdeg sxva danaSaulebi~ («Other crimes against the person») me-3 subtitulis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual Crimes») 3-321-e seqcia „sodomia~ («Sodomy»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/maryland/2010/criminal-law/title-3/subtitle-3/3-321/; http://mlis.state.md.us/asp/statutes_respond.asp?article=gcr&section=3321&Extension=HTML).

- minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 609e Tavis „sisxlis samarlis kodeqsi~ («Criminal Code») 609.293e seqciis „sodomia~ («Sodomy») me-5 punqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/minnesota/2010/609-624/609/609_293.html; https:// www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=609.293&year=2010).

- miCiganis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 750e Tavis „miCiganis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsi~ («Michigan


62 Penal Code») seqcia 750.158 „bunebis winaaRmdeg danaSauli, anu sodomia. (http://law.justia.com/codes/michigan/2010/chapter-750/act-328-of-1931/328-1931xxv/section-750->158/; http://www.legislature.mi.gov/%28S%28iuhyyi45zwf44kmhzji4vk45%29%29/ mileg.aspx?page=getObject&objectName=mcl-750-158).

4. homoseqsualur urTierTobis SeTavazebis gamo sisxlis samarTlebriv-uflebrivi akrZalvisa da aseT qmedebaze sisxlis samarTlebriv-uflebrivi pasuxismgeblobis daweseba: - jorjiis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) me-16 titulis „danaSaulobani~ me-6 Tavis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual offenses») me-16-6-15 seqciis „sodomiis SeTavazeba~ («Solicitation of sodomy») punqti «a». (http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/2010/title-16/chapter-6/16-6-15/; http:// web.lexisnexis.com/research/retrieve?_m= 616b2bf278de2bb6597275ffbff0a4c0&csvc=toc2doc&cform=tocslim&_ fmtstr=FULL&docnum=1&_startdoc=1&wchp=dGLbVzVzSkAA&_md5= 2e79e6e69caa899566a8a080ea8c6cb4).

63 - virjiniis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 48e Tavis „Sida ojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Domestic relations») me-5 statiis „ganqorwineba~ («Divorce») 48-5-203-e seqciis „ganqorwinebis safuZvelebi, sastiki da araadamianuri damokidebuleba~ («Grounds for divorce; cruel or inhuman treatment») «à» punqtis me-2 qvepunqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/west-virginia/2010/chapter48/article5/48-5-203.html; h t t p : / / w w w . l e g i s . s t a t e . w v. u s / W V C O D E / ChapterEntire.cfm?chap=48&art=5&section=203#0).

6. homoseqsualuri „qorwinebis~ pirdapiri akrZalva da sxva iurisdiqciiT Semdgari aseTi „qorwinebebis~ cnobis akrZalva: - misisipis Statis kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 93-e titulis „Sidaojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Domestic relations») 1-li Tavis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») 93-1-1-e paragrafis „zogierTi kavSiri, gansazRvruli, rogorc sisxlis aRreviTi da akrZaluli~ punqti me-2. (http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2010/title-93/1/93-1-1/).

- luizianas Statis kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) me-14 titulis „sisxlis samarTlis kanoni~ («Criminal law») me89.2 seqcia „bunebis winaaRmdeg danaSauli saTanado SeTavazebis gziT~ («Crime against nature by solicitation»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/louisiana/2009/rs/title14/rs14-89.2.html; www.legis.state.la.us/lss/lss.asp?doc=725245).

http://

5. cru braldebis gansazRvra homoseqsualizmis, rogorc sastiki da araadamianuri damokidebulebisa da ganqorwinebis safuZvlis mimarT:

- iutas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2011w.) 30-e titulis „qmari da coli~ («Husband and Wife») me-2 seqciis „akrZaluli da aramoqmedi qorwinebebi~ («Marriages prohibited and void») qveseqciis „akrZaluli da aramoqmedi qorwinebebi~ («Marriages prohibited and void») me-5 punqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/utah/2011/title30/chapter1/section2.html; http:// le.utah.gov/~code/TITLE30/htm/30_01_000200.htm).


64 - luizianas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis samoqalaqo kodeqsis (Louisiana Civil Code) IV titulis „qmari da coli~ («Husband and wife») 1-li Tavis „erTi sqesis mqone pirTa qorwenebis damabrkolebeli garemoebebi~ («Impediment of same sex») 89-e debuleba. (http://law.justia.com/codes/louisiana/2009/cc/cc89.html; www.legis.state.la.us/lss/lss.asp?doc=111041).

http://

- alabamas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebuli (2009) 30-e titulis „qorwinebiTi da ojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Marital and domestic relations») 1-li Tavis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») 30-1-19-e seqciis „qorwinebis, rogorc aseTad miCneulis, akrZalva erTsqesian pirebs Soris~ ((«Marriage, recognition thereof, between persons of the same sex prohibited») «d» da «e» punqtebi. (http://law.justia.com/codes/alabama/2009/Title30/Chapter1/30-1-19.html; http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/CodeOfAlabama/1975/30-1-19.htm).

- minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebuli (2010) 363A Tavis „adamianis uflebebi~ ((«Human Rights») 363A.27-e seqciis „kanonSemoqmedeba~ («Construction of Law») me-4 punqti. (https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=363A.27&year=2010).

7. homoseqsualuri qorwinebebis iribi akrZalva qorwinebis, rogorc mxolod da mxolod mamakacsa da qals Soris qorwinebiTi kavSiris ganmartebis gziT: - floridas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 43e titulis „Sidaojaxuri urTierTobebi («Domestic relations») 741-e Tavis „qorwineba, Zaladoba ojaxSi~ («Marriage; domestic

65 violence») 741.04-e seqcia „qorwinebis nebarTva~ («Marriage license issued») 1-li punqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/florida/2010/TitleXLIII/chapter741/741_04.html; http://www.flsenate.gov/laws/statutes/2010/741.04).

- kaliforniis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) ojaxis kodeqsis (Family Code) me-3 ganyofilebis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») 1 nawilis „qorwinebis namdviloba~ («Validity Of Marriage») me-300 seqciis punqti «à». (http://law.justia.com/codes/california/2010/fam/300-310.html; http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=fam&group=0000101000&file=300-310).

- luizianas Statis kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) samoqalaqo kodeqsis (Louisiana Civil Code) IV titulis „qmari da coli~ («Husband and wife») 1-li Tavis „qorwineba: zogadi principebi~ («Marriage: general principles») 86-e debuleba „qorwineba; gansazRvrebebi~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/louisiana/2009/cc/cc86.html; http://www.legis.state.la.us/lss/lss.asp?doc=111018.html).

- alabamas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) 30-e titulis „qorwinebisa da ojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Marital and domestic relations») 1-li Tavis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») 301-19-e seqciis „qorwineba, imis aRiareba, rom igi akrZalulia erTi sqesis pirebs Soris~ («Marriage, recognition thereof, between persons of the same sex prohibited») «a», «b» da «c» punqtebi. (http://law.justia.com/codes/alabama/2009/Title30/Chapter1/30-1-19.html; http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/codeofalabama/1975/30-1-19.html).

- merilendis Satatis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) saojaxo kanonis («Family Law») me-2 titulis „qorwineba~


66 («Marriage») me-2 qvetitulis „kanonieri qorwinebebi; akrZaluli qorwinebebi~ («Valid Marriages; Void Marriages») 2201-e seqcia „kanonieri qorwinebebi~ («Valid marriages»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/maryland/2010/family-law/title-2/subtitle-2/2-201/; http://michie.lexisnexis.com/maryland/lpext.dll?f=FifLink&t=documentframe. htm&l=jump&iid=55a15e3f.4cd90aa9.0.0&nid=7e51#JD_fl2-201).

8. homoseqsualebis mier Svilad ayvanis akrZalva: - floridas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) me6 tituis „samoqalaqo-uflebrivi praqtikebi da procedurebi~ («Civil practiceand procedure») 630-e Tavis „Svilad ayvana~ («Adoption») 63.042-e seqciis „vin SeiZleba iqnes Svilad ayvanili; vis SeuZlia Svilad ayvana~ («Who may be adopted; who may adopt») me-3 punqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/florida/2010/TitleVI/chapter63/63_042.html; http:// www.flsenate.gov/Laws/Statutes/2010/63.042).

- misisipis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 93e titulis „Sidaojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Domestic relations») me-17 Tavis „Svilad ayvana, saxelis Secvla da bavSvis dakanoneba~ («Adoption, Change of Name, and Legitimation of Children») 93-17-3e seqciis „Svilad ayvanis iurisdiqcia; vin SeiZleba iqnes Svilad ayvanili; vis SeuZlia Svilad ayvana; Svilad ayvanis adgili; bavSvis mdgomareobis sertifikati; saxelis Secvla; erTsqesiani wyvilis mier Svilad ayvanis akrZalva; sabinao pirobebis gamokvlevis dasruleba~ («Jurisdiction for adoption proceedings; who may be adopted; who may adopt; venue of adoption proceedings; certificate of child’s condition; change of name; adoption by couples of same gender prohibited; completion of home study») me-5 punqti.

67 (http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2010/title-93/17/93-17-3/; http:/ /michie.com/mississippi/lpext.dll/mscode/1f622/1fa01/1fa03/ 1fa09?fn=documentframe.htm&f=templates&2.0#).

9. homoseqsualizmis propagandis ganxorcielebis akrZalva skolebSi, rodesac xdeba homoseqsualizmis warmoCena, rogorc pozitiuri alternatiuli cxovrebis wesi da romelic axdens homoseqsualizmisadmi interesis stimulirebas stimulirebas: - arizonas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) me-15 titulis „ganaTleba~ («Education») me-7 Tavis „swavleba~ («Instruction») 1-li debuleba „saswavlo gegma~ («Curriculum») 15-716-e seqciis «c» punqti. (http://law.justia.com/codes/arizona/2010/title15/15-716.html; http://www.azleg.gov/FormatDocument.asp?inDoc=/ars/15/ 00716.htm&Title=15&DocType=ARS).

- minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 363A Tavis „adamianis uflebebi~ («Human Rights») 363A.27-e seqciis „kanonSemoqmedeba~ punqti me-2. (https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=363A.27&year=2010).

10. moswavleTa informirebis moTxovna imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom homoseqsualizmi ar aris socialurad misaRebi cxovrebis wesi da aRikveTeba saxelmwifos mier: - texasis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) janmrTelobisa da usafrTxoebis kodeqsis (Health and safety Code) me-2 titulis „janmrTeloba~ («Health») 163-e Tavis „seqsualuri qcevisa da narkotikebis moxmarebis


68 profilaqtikis saganmanaTleblo programa~ («Education program about sexual conduct and substance abuse») 163.002-e seqciis „swavlebis elementebi~ («Instructional elements») me-8 punqti.

69 - minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 363A Tavis „adamianis uflebebi~ («Human Rights») 363A.27-e seqciis me-2 da me-3 punqtebi.

(http://law.justia.com/codes/texas/2009/health-and-safety-code/title-2-health/ chapter-163-education-programabout-sexual-conduct-and-substance-abuse/; http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/Docs/HS/htm/HS.163.htm).

(https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=363A.27&year=2010).

- alabamas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) me-16 t i t u l i s „ g a n a T l e b a ~ («Education») 4 0 À T a v i s „pasuxismgeblobiTi seqsualuri qceva da narkotikebis ukanono moxmarebis aRkveTa~ («Responsible sexual behavior and prevention of illegal drug use») 16-40À-2-e seqciis „minimaluri moculoba, romelic Setanil unda iqnes sqesobrivi aRzrdis programebSi skolebSi“(«Minimum contents to be included in sex education program or curriculum») «C» punqtis me-8 qvepunqti.

- alabamas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) me-16 titulis „ganaTleba~ («Education») 1 Tavis „zogadi debulebebi~ («General provisions») 16-1-28-e seqcia „araviTari saxelmwifo fondebi da resursebi ar SeiZleba, rom gamoyenebul iqnes akrZaluli sodomiis cxovrebis wesis an moRvaweobisa da kanoniT akrZaluli seqsualuri qcevis propagandisaTvis~ («No public funds or public facilities to be used to promote lifestyle or activities prohibited by sodomy and sexual misconduct laws»). (http://law.justia.com/codes/alabama/2009/Title16/Chapter1/16-1-28.html; http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/CodeOfAlabama/1975/16-1-28.htm).

(http://law.justia.com/codes/alabama/2009/Title16/Chapter40A/16-40A-2.html).

11. sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis dakisreba homoseqsualizmTan dakavSirebuli uxamsi masalis sajarod demonstrirebis ganxorcielebisaTvis:

13. saxelmwifos mier homoseqsualizmis gamarTlebis akrZalva, saxelmwifos mier homoseqsualizmis propagandis ganxorcielebis an masSi monawileobis miRebis, an misi stimulirebis akrZalva:

- misisi pis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 97e titulis „danaSauli~ («Crimes») me-5 Tavis „danaSauli bavSvTa winaaRmdeg~ §97-5-29 „seqsualurad orientirebuli masalebis sajaro demonstrireba~.

- minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 363A Tavis „adamianis uflebebi~ 363A.27-e seqciis „kanonSemoqmedeba~ punqti 1-li.

(http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2010/title-97/5/97-5-29/; http://michie.com/mississippi/lpext.dll/mscode/1ff35/200b1/200e9?fn=documentframe.htm&f=templates&2.0#).

TviT faqti imis Sesaxeb, rom aSS-s umravlesi Statis sisxlis samarTlebrivi kanonmdeblobaSi (zemoT moyvanilia mxolod maTi mciredi CamonaTvali) homoseqsualuri urTierTobebi ganmartebulia uaryofiTi semantikis mqone sityviT „sodomia~, imas mowmobs, rom saxelmwifos mier homoseqsualuri urTierTobebi ganisazRvreba, rogorc

12. homoseqsualizmis propagandisaTvis sabiujeto saxsrebis xarjvis akrZalva:

(https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=363A.27&year=2010).


70 sazogadoebisTvis zianis momtani urTierTobebi da saWiroeben saxelmwifo reagirebas. sagangebod aRvniSnavT homoseqsualur orientaciaze damyarebuli raime privilegiis (dadebiTi diskriminaciis zomebis) miniWebis konstituciuri akrZalvis Sesaxeb, romelic gamyarebulia kolorados Statis (aSS) konstituciaSi (II statia „bili uflebebis Sesaxeb~ («Bill of rights») seqcia 30b „araprivilegirebuli statusi, damyarebuli homoseqsualur da biseqsualur orientaciaze~ («No Protected Status Based on Homosexual, Lesbian or Bisexual Orientation») „arc kolorados Statma, Tavisi ganyofilebebisa da departamentebis saSualebiT, arc misma romelime organom, administrtaciul-teritoriulma erTeulma,municipalitetma an saskolo mxarem,ar unda gamosces, miiRos an Seiyvanos ZalaSi raime statuti, wesi, dadgenileba an politikis mimarTuleba, romlebmac homoseqsualuri, lesbosuri an biseqsualuri orientaciis, qcevis, paraqtikis an urTierTobis mqone pirebs SeiZeba misces an gaxdes safuZveli imisa, rom nebismierma pirma Tu pirTa jgufma moiTxovos umciresobis raime statusi, upiratesi uflebebi da SeRavaTebi, saxelmwifos dacvis qveS myofis statusi an gaxdes diskriminaciis Sesaxeb sarCelis safuZveli. konstituciis winamdebare seqcias aqvs pirdapiri moqmedeba Zala yvela mimarTebiT~. (http://www.michie.com/colorado/lpext.dll/coconst/57/89/ 16ca?f=templates&fn=document-frame.htm&2.0).

2011 wlis maisis bolos braziliis prezidentma dilma rusefma aRkveTa saganmanaTleblo procesSi iseTi masalebis danergva, romelTac hqondaT „homofobiasTan brZolis~ moCvenebiTi safarveli da sinamdvileSi eweodnen bavSvebisaTvis homoseqsualizmis propagandas. moyvanili magaliTebi, romlebiTac ar amoiwureba es sakiTxi da aris uamravi sxva magaliTic, gvaZlevs imis axsnis saSualebas, rom homoseqsualizmis ideologiis Zaladobrivi (adamianis

71 nebis ugulebelyofiT) propagndisadmi kritikul damokidebulebas gamoTqvamen ara zogierTi „nacionaleqstremistis~ an „marginal-homofobis~ cilismwameblurad iarliymiwebebuli jgufi, rogorc amis warmoCena surT homoseqsualizmis propagndis damcvelebs, aramed gamoTqvams mravali demokratiuli qveyana. zemoTqmuli saSualebas gavaZlevs dasabuTebulad davamtkicoT, rom gancxadebebi imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom homoseqsualistebisaTvis gansakuTrebuli privilegirebuli uflebrivi reJimebis miniWebis aucileblobis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT arsebobs demokratiuli qveynebis erTiani pozicia, ar Seesabameba sinamdviles, aramed am TemasTan dakavSirebiT msoflioSi aris mniSvnelovani azrTa sxvadasxvaoba.

3. adamianis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlos samarTlebrivi pozicia, romelTac aqvT mniSvneloba gansaxilevel sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT gadawyvetilebis SesamuSaveblad adamianis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlom (SemdgomSi aues), roca ganixilavda Tavisi moRvaweobis manZilze saqmeebs, romlebic Seexeboda piradi da ojaxuri cxovrebis pativiscemis, azris Tavisuflebis, azris gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis, Sekrebis Tavisuflebis da sxva uflebebis dacvas, SeimuSava samarTlebriv poziciaTa farTo kompleqsi, romelTac aqvT pirdapiri an iribi kavSiri homoseqsualizmis propagandisa da sxva iseTi moqmedebebis SezRudvasTan,


72 romlebic zians ayeneben sazogadoebriv zneobriobas, sxva pirTa uflebebs da sazogadoebriv wesrigs. mizanSewonilad miviCnevT, moviyvanoT aues pozicia, romelTc aqvT pirdapiri damokidebuleba gansaxilvel sakiTxebTan, amasTan unda gaviTvaliswinoT, rom mraval SemTxvevaSi aues-is samarTlebrivi pozicia formulirebulia ara pirdapir dadgenilebis rezoluciur nawilSi, aramed gamoxatulia sasamarTlos mier gamoyenebul samarTlebriv argumentebSi. 1. adamianis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlos mier adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa konvenciis debulebaTa ganmartebis cvlilebaTa konstatacia: adamianis uflebebisa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis evropis konvencia aris „cocxali instrumenti~ da unda ganimartebodes Tanamedrove pirobebis Suqze (§34 aues-is dadgenileba saqmesTan dakavSirebiT „frete safrangeTis winaaRmdeg~ («Fretté v. France»), 26.02.2002 w. (§53 aues-is dadgenileba saqmesTan dakavSirebiT „jinsoni da sxvebi irlandiis winaaRmdeg~ («Johnston et autres c. Irlande»), 18.12.1986 w. Cveni mxridan aRvniSnoT, rom aues Tanmimdevrulad aviTarebs Tavis ganmartebas adamianTa uflebebis Sesaxeb ZiriTadi aqtebis debulebebTan dakavSirebiT, romlebic aRiareben sazogadoebriv zneobriobas, rogorc uflebaTa dacvis prioritets. aqedan gamomdinare, miviCnevT, rom aues-is poziciis aseTi ganviTareba Teoriulad ar gamoricxavs homoseqsualizmTan dakavSirebiT maT cvlilebas tradiciuli faseulobebis dacvis mimarTulebiT.

73 2. adamianis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlos mier aRiareba imisa, rom ar arsebobs evropis yvela qveynisaTvis zneobriobis erTiani gageba, rom SeuZlebelia movTxovoT yvela saxelmwifos zneobriobis dacvis sferoSi erTnairi zomebis gatareba: 1) adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis evropuli konvenciis monawile qveynebis samarTalwesrigsa da sazogadoebriv mowyobaSi SeuZlebelia vi povoT zneobriobis erTgvarovani evropuli gageba. moralis moTxovnebisadmi midgoma, romelic gadmocemulia saTanado kanonebSi, icvleba drodadro, adgilis mixedviT, gansakuTrebiT Cvens eraSi, romelsac axasiaTebs am sakiTxTan dakavSirebuli Sexedulebebis mZafri da Sors mimavali evolucia. iqidan gamomdinare, rom aqvs pirdapiri da mudmivi kontaqti Tavisi qveynis sasicocxlod mniSvnelovan struqturebTan, saxelmwifo xelisuflebis organoebi, saerTaSoriso mosamarTlesTan SedarebiT, imyofebian ufro momgebian poziciaSi, raTa Seafason am moTxovnebis konkretuli saxeobebi, aseve „SezRudvis aucilebloba~ an „sanqciebi~ maTi Sesrulebis mizniT (§48 aues-is dadgenileba saqmesTan „hendisai gaerTianebuli samefos winaaRmdeg («Handyside v. the United Kingdom») dakavSirebiT, 07.12.1976 w. §35 aues-is dadgenileba saqmesTan „miuleri Sveciis winaaRmdeg~ («Müller et autres c. Suisse»), 24.05.1988 w.). 2) moralisa da religiuri mrwamsis sferoSi ar arsebobs evropuli sayovelTaod miRebuli koncefcia im moTxovnebTan dakavSirebiT, romlebic mowodebulia „daicvan sxva piris uflebebi~ maT religiur mrwamsze Tavdasxmis SemTxvevaSi. is, rasac SeuZlia seriozulad Seuracxyos garkveuli religiuri warmomadgenlobis adamianebi, mniSvnelovnad icvleba adgilisa da drois mixedviT, gansakuTrebiT epoqaSi, romelsac axasiaTebs religiebisa da warmonaqmnebis raodenobis mudmivi


74 zrda (§58 aues-is dadgenileba saqmesTan „uingrou gaerTianebuli samefos winaaRmdeg~ («Wingrove c. Royaume-Uni» (25.11.1996 w.)). 3) is faqti, rom garkveuli konkretuli zomebi ar aris aucilebeli evropis sabWos erT romelime wevr-saxelmwifoSi, savsebiT ar niSnavs imas, rom isini ar SeiZleba CaiTvalonrogorc aucilebelni evropis sabWos sxva romelime wevr-saxelmwifoSi (§56 aues-is dadgenileba saqmesTan „dajeni gaerTianebuli samefos winaaRmdeg~ («Dudgeon c. Royaume-Uni» (22.10.1981 w.)). zemoTqmulidan gamomdinare, sazRvargareTis qveynebSi xangrZlivi drois ganmavlobaSi gei-aRlumebis Catarebis TviT faqti ar SeiZleba iyos imis safuZveli, rom aseTive aRlumebi unda Catardes saqarTveloSic, amasTan, swored xelisuflebis saxelmwifo organoebs aqvT ufleba, TviTon da saerTaSoriso uflebrivi institutebisgan damoukideblad miiRos gadawyvetileba, akrZalos Tu dauSvas an rogor SezRudos aRniSnuli RonisZiebis sajaro Catareba, aseve propagandistuli sxva RonisZiebebi aseve, adamianis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlo miiCnevs, rom ar SeiZleba arsebobdes erTgvarovani, absoluturad erTnairi uflebrivi standartebi moqalaqeTa zneobrivi da religiuri grZnobebis dacvis sferoSi, - yvela qveyanaSi da zneobriobis yvela problemasTan dakavSirebiT. amitom uflebrivi sakiTxebi da regulirebis meqanizmebi sxvadasxva qveyanaSi SeiZleba gansxvavebuli iyos, da unda Seesabamebodes sazogadoebrivi faseulobebisa da warmodgenebis sistemas, unda akmayofilebdes sazogadoebis moTxovnilebebsa da Sexedulebebs moralis, zneobriobisa da rwmenis sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT.

75

Tavi IV bavSvTa dacvis samarTlebrivi safuZvlebi maTze inteleqtualuri formebiT ganxorcielebuli ganmryvneli zemoqmedebisagan winamdebare mimoxilvaSi ganxilulia bavSvTa dacvis samarTlebrivi safuZvlebi, romlebic mimarTulia homoseqsualizmis ideologebis mxridan inteleqtualuri formiT ganxorcielebuli ganmryvneli zemoqmedebis winaaRmdeg. es ganxilva mWidro kavSirSia msoflmxedvelur arCevanTan dakavSiriebul konstituciur TavisuflebebTan, aseve im sxva samarTlebriv normebTan, romlebic ganamtkiceben Cvens uflebas, gvqondes da gamovTqvamdeT kritikul Sexedulebas homoseqsualizmTan dakavSirebiT (ix. Tavi II). am SemTxvevaSic dasabuTebulia uflebrivi SesaZlebloba, aseve uflebrivi da faqtobrivi aucilebloba kanonieri SezRudvebisa, mimarTuli homoseqsualizmis Tavsmoxvevis winaaRmdeg (ix. Tavi III). ukanasknel wlebSi ramdenime postsabWoTa qveyanam (ukrainam, ruseTma) miiRo kanoni arasrulwlovnebs Soris homoseqsualizmis propagandis akrZalvisa. es akrZalvebi icaven bavSvTa uflebebs, romelebic deklarirebulia dasaxelebuli qveynebis kanondeblobaSi, aseve adaminis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebSi. rogorc xsenebuli qveynebis, aseve saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobaSi ar arsebobs homoseqsualistebis


76 araviTari „ufleba~, rom Tavs moaxvion mozardebs homoseqsualizmi. es akrZalvebi ar unda ganixilebodes, rogorc homoseqsualistebis uflebebis SezRudva, aramed unda ganixilebodes arasrulwlovanTa uflebebis dacvad, adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebisa da erovnuli konstituciebis Sesabamisad, uflebebisa, romlebic yovelTvis iyo da unda iyos prioritetuli. homoseqsualisturi organizaciebis propagandis moTxovnebi Tu propagandistuli qmedebebi, romlebic mimarTulia mozardi Taobisaken, arRveven adamianis uflebebs. homoseqsualizmis propagadis dauSvebloba, garda uflebdacviTi kanonmdeblobebisa, argumentirebulia zneobrivi da sxva tradiciuli faseulobebis dacvis aucileblobiTa da uflebiT (qarveli eris STamomavlobiT da memkvidroebiT uflebebsa da samarTalmemkvidroebiTobaze Cven vwerdiT Cvens erT-erT statiaSi, romelsac epilogis saxiT gTavazobT wignis bolos). amitom homoseqsualizmis propagandis SezRudva da Sesabamis qmedebaze administraciuli pasuxismgeblobis dakisreba ar SeiZleba ganxilul iqnes moqalaqeTa konstituciuri uflebebis darRvevad, radgan ojaxi, dedoba da Sviloba maTi tradiciuli, winaparTagan STamomavlobiT gadmocemuli gagebiT, warmoadgens im faseulobebs, romlebic uzrunvelyofen STamomavlobis uwyvet cvlas, eris gamravlebas, qveynis ganviTarebas da amitom unda warmoadgendes saxemwifos mxridan dacvis gansakuTrebul sagans. saqarTvelos konstituciaSi ojaxisa da bavSvTa uflebebze aRniSnulia Semdegi: muxli 36 1. qorwineba emyareba meuRleTa uflebriv Tanasworobasa da nebayoflobas. 2. saxelmwifo xels uwyobs ojaxis keTildReobas.

77 3. dedaTa da bavSvTa uflebebi daculia kanoniT. konstituiiT aseve garantirebulia adamianis fizikuri, sulieri, fsiqikuri, fiziologiuri da sxva saxis janmrTeloba: muxli 37 3. yvelas aqvs ufleba cxovrobdes janmrTelobisaTvis uvnebel garemoSi. . . es ukanaskneli norma saxelmwifos avaldebulebs, rom SezRudos an saerTod akrZalos nebismieri ideologia Tu moZRvreba, mimdinareoba Tu swavleba, romelic safrTxes uqmnis adamianis, gansakuTrebiT ki, mozardis janmrTelobas, iqneba es fizikuri, sulieri, fsiqikuri, fiziologiuri Tu sxva. homoseqsualizmis mavne zegavlena adamianis, gansakuTrebiT, mozardis janmrTelobaze sayovelTaod cnobilia da amaze Tvalis daxuWva danaSaulia erisa da momavali Taobis winaSe. mamakacuri (MSM kategoriis) homoseqsualizmis janmrTelobis damangrevel faqtebsa da daskvnebze sagangebod gveqneba saubari me-8 TavSi. mniSvnelovania isic, rom mSobelTa uflebebi, daicvan TavianTi Svilebi nebismieri, maTTvis miuRebeli zegavlenisagan, maT Soris, homoseqsualizmisagan, garantirebulia samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso paqtis me18 muxlis me-4 punqti, riTac am faqtze xelmomweri saxelmwifoebi, maT Soris, saqarTvelo, valdebulebas iReben pativi scen mSobelTa Tavisuflebas, uzrunvelyon TavianTi Svilebis religiuri da zneobrivi aRzrda sakuTari mrwamsis Sesabamisad. saxelmwifos mier homoseqsualizmis propagandisa da nebismieri Tavsmoxvevis SeZRudvisa da akrZalvis ufleba garantirebulia adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb konvenciis me-9 muxlis me-2 nawiliT, sadac pirdapir weria, rom Tavad saxelmwifos aqvs uflebamosileba


78 sazogadoebis interesebidan gamomdinare kanoniT SezRudos TviT iseTi religiisa da moZRvrebaTa aRmsarebloba, romlebic safrTxes uqmnian sazogadoebriv wesrigs, mosaxleobis janmrTelobas, an zneobriobas, an sxva pirTa uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa dacvas. da Tu saxelmwifo ama Tu im etapze ver uzrunvelyofs amgvar dacvas, sazogadoebis interesebidan gamomdinare, sazogadoeba valdebulia Tavad daicvas Tavisi momavali Taoba. propagandistur qmedebaTa rigs, garda sxvadasxva homoseqsualisuri masalisa da informaciis gavrcelebisa, homoseqsualizmis qadagebisa saganmanaTleblo, sainformacio Tu sxva nebismier sivrceSi, ganekuTvneba, agreTve, homoseqsualTa sajaro qmedebebi, romlebic gulisxmobs homoseqsualizmis propagandasa da am qmdebebis ganxorcielebisas droSi da sivrceSi arasrulwlovanTa nebsiT Tu uneblie daswrebas. aseTebia, magaliTad, homoseqsualTa aRlumebi da sxvadasxva msvleloba, sxva msgavsi RonisZiebebi, romelTa Sesaxebac saubari gveqneba me-6 TavSi. bavSvTa uflebebis prioritetuloba iqidanac momdinareobs, rom mozardi Taobis kanonieri interesebi Seadgenen mniSvnelovan socialur faseulobas da saxelmwifo politikis mizani bavSvTa interesebTan mimarTebiT unda iyos maTi dacva im faqtorebisagan, romlebic negatiurad zemoqmedeben maT fizikur, inteleqtualur, fsiqikur, sulier da zneobriv ganviTarebaze. sxva mravalTan erTad, saxemwifo, kerZod, pasuxismgebeli da valdebulia daicvas mozardi iseTi informaciis, propagandisa da agitaciisagan, romelic safrTxes uqmnis bavSvis janmrTelobas, zneobas da mis sulier ganviTarebas. am mimarTebiT aucilebelia saxelmwifom SeimuSaos zomebi, romlebic uzrunvelyofen bavSvTa inteleqtualur, zneobriv da fsiqikur usafrTxoebas, maT

79 Sorisaa iseTi sajaro moqmedebebis akrZalva, romelTa mizania homoseqsualizmis propaganda. TavisTavad, iseTi propagandis akrZalva, romlis drosac mizanmimarTulad da ukontrolod gvrceldeba informacia, romelsac SeuZlia ziani miayenos janmrTelobas, zneobriv da sulier ganviTarebas, maT Soris, SeuZlia Camouyalibos mcdari warmodgena tradiciuli da aratradiciuli qorwinebiTi urTierTobebis tolfasovnebaze im mozardebs, romelTac asakidan gamomdinare, jer ara aqvT ganviTarebuli unari, damoukideblad da kritikulad Seafason aseTi informacia, ar SeiZleba ganxilul iqnes, rogorc moqalaqeTa konstituciuri uflebebis darRveva, ar gulisxmobs raime iseTi zomis gamyarebas, romelic mimarTulia homoseqsualTa devnisken, maTi diskriminaciisken sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis, profesiuli movaleobis Sesrulebisa da nebismieri saqmianobis sferoebSi. arasrulwlovanTa Soris homoseqsualizmis propagandis akrZalva SeiZleba miCneul iqnes dasabuTebulad da kanonierad. italiur gazeT La Repubblica-Si gamoqveynebuli da masmediis sxva saSualebebiT citirebuli fsiqiatr francesko brunos (kriminologi, fsiqiatri, profesori, romis salernosa da La Sapienza-s universitetebis maswavlebeli) mosazrebebi gansaxilvel sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT sagulisxmo da gasaTvaliswinebelia. is ambobs: „jandacvis msoflio organizaciam miiRo gadawyvetileba, ar isaubros homoseqsualizmze, rogorc daavadebaze . . . magram me Cems azrze vrCebi da ar meSinia geebis mxridan braldebebisa. homoseqsualizmi - es normidan gadaxraa. . . konceptualuri TvalsazrisiT, homoseqsuali iseTive mdgomareobaSia, rogorc individi, romelsac ar esmis da ver xedavs. . . geebi, seqsualuri TvalsazrisiT, sxvagvarad arian orientirebulni da es


80 gansxvaveba miuTiTebs normidan gadaxras. . . is, vinc saubrobs, rom mama an deda kmayofilia Svilebis gansxvavebuli oriantaciiT da dasaSvebad miiCneven bavSvTa qcevas, mSvenivrad icis, rom es sicruea. orive mSoblis mxridan imis Segneba, rom bavSvebs aseTi orientacia aqvT, didi travmaa. . . mometebul tolerantobas normidan gadaxris mimarT, da aseTad unda aRviqvaT homoseqsualizmi, mivyavarT iqiTken, rom adamianebs ukve aRar esmiT, ra aris cudi da ra kargi~. : (ix. I gay secondo lo psichiatra Bruno “Sono malati, persone non normali» // http:/ /www.repubblica.it/politica/2012/01/10/news/bruno-27876449/ ?ref=HREC2-8. - 10.01.2012.). rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT, postsabWoTa qveynebidan zogierTma miiRo sakanonmdeblo normebi mozardebs Soris homoseqsualizmis propagandis SezRudvasTan dakavSirebiT. es faqti gaxda dasavleTis, maT Soris, aSS-s mxridan mkacri kritikis sagani. modiT da ganvixiloT aSS-s regionaluri kanonebis magaliTebi, rac metad mniSvnelovania aSS-s mxridan xsenebul kritikasTan dakavSirebiT imis warmosaCenad, rom dasavleTi ar erideba ormagi standartebiT midgomebs, rodesac saqme exeba seqsualur da sxva umciresobebs. winaswar ganvacxadebT, rom aSS-s regionaluri kanonmdeblobis magaliTebi gansaxilvel sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT unda iyos Cveni qveynisTvis mibaZvis sagani, ai, saidan unda viswavloT mozardi Taobis sakanonmdeblo dacva homoseqsualizmis mavne zegavlinisagan. yuradReba mivaqcioT im kanonTa krebulebis miRebis TariRebs, saidanac mogvyavs amonaridebi. aSS-s konkretuli Statebis kanonSemoqmedebaSi aris saxelmwifos mxridan homoseqsualizmisadmi kritikuli damokidebulebis fiqsaciis mravali SemTxveva da magaliTi, arasrulwlovanebisadmi homoseqsualizmis propagandis pirdapiri akrZalvis magaliTebi, metic, homoseqsualimisaTvis

81 sisxlissamareTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis dakisrebis magaliebi. misisi pis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010 w.) 97-e titulis „danaSaulebi~ («Crimes») 29-e Tavis „sazogaoebrivi zneobriobisa da wesierebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSaulebi~ («Crimes against public morals and decency») 97-29-59-e seqcia „arabunebrivi seqsualuri urTierToba~ («Unnatural intercourse»)): „yoveli, romelic miCneul iqneba damnaSaved adamianTan an cxovelTan bunebis winaaRmdeg mimarTul amazrzen da saZagel danaSaulSi, unda daisajos Tavisuflebis aRkveTiT 10 wlamde vadiT~. (http://www.mscode.com/free/statutes/97/029/0059.htm; http://law.justia.com/ codes/mississippi/2010/title-97/29/97-29-59/; http://michie.com/mississippi/lpext.dll/mscode/1ff35/208fb/208fd/ 2097f?fn=documentframe.htm&f=templates&2.0).

montanas Statis kanonTa krebulis, 2009w., 45-e titulis „danaSaulebi~ («Crimes») me-5 Tavis „pirovnebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSauli~ («Offenses against the person») me-5 nawilis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual Crimes») 455-505-e seqcia „normidan gadaxrili seqsualuri qceva~ («Deviate sexual conduct»): „(1) piri, romelic Segnebulad monawileobs normidan gadaxril seqsualur urTierTobaSi an sxva pirs sTavazobs monawileoba miiRos normidan gadaxril seqsualur urTierTobaSi, axorcielebs normidan gadaxrili seqsualuri qcevis danaSauls. (2) piri, miCneuli normidan gadaxril seqsualur qcevaSi damnaSaved, isjeba Tavisuflebis aRkveTiT


82 Statis cixeSi nebismieri vadiT, romelic ar aRemateba 10 wels, an isjeba jarimiT 50000$-mde TanxiT, an orive sasjeliT. . .~ (http://law.justia.com/codes/montana/2009/45/45_5/45_5_5/45-5-505; html; http:/ /data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/45/5/45-5-505.htm).

texasis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009 w.) sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis (Penal Code) 21-e Tavis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual offenses») seqcia 21.06 „homoseqsualuri qceva~ («Homosexual conduct»): „(a)piri idens danaSauls, Tu igi axorcielebs sqesobriv aqts gaukuRmarTebuli formiT imave sqesis sxva pirTan~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/texas/2009/penal-code/title-5-offenses-againstthe-person/chapter-21-sexualoffenses/).

texasis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009 w.) sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis (Penal Code) 21-e Tavis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual offenses») seqciis 21.06 „homoseqsualuri qceva~ («Homosexual conduct») 21.01-e seqciis punqti 1 „ganmartebebi~: „winamdebare Tav (1)-Si „sqesobrivi aqti gaukuRmarTebuli formiT~ aRniSnavs: ( A) erTi piris genetaliis nebismier nawilTan da sxva piris piriT an anusiT raime kontaqti; an (Â )sxva piris genetaliaSi an anusSi raime sagniT SeRweva~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/texas/2009/penal-code/title-5-offenses-against-theperson/chapter-21-sexualoffenses/).

kentukis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009 w.) sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 50-e (L) titulis 510-e Tavis

83 „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ 520.100-e seqciis „meoTxe xarisxis sodomia~ («Sodomy in the fourth degree») 1-li punqti. „piri miiCneva dmnaSaved me-4 xarisxis sodomiis CadenaSi, Tu igi monawileobs gaukuRmarTebul seqsualur urTierTobaSi imave sqesis sxva adamianTan~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/kentucky/2009/510-00/100.html).

ohaios Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 59-e titulis „veteranebi - samxedro saqmeebi~ («Veterans - military affairs») 5924-e Tavis „samxedro iusticiis kodeqsi~ («Code of military justice») 5924.125-e seqcia „sodomia~ («Sodomy»). „(A) nebismieri piri, romelzec vrceldeba winamdebare kodeqsi da romelic Sedis bunebrivis sawinaaRmdego sqesobriv kavSirSi imave sqesis an mopirdapire sqesis sxva pirTan an cxovelTan, miiCneva damnaSaved sodomiaSi. TviT umniSvnelo SeRweva aris sakmarisi danaSaulis CadenisaTvis. (B) . nebismieri piri, romelic damnaSaved miiCneva sodomiaSi, isjeba samxedro sasamarTlos Sexedulebisamebr~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/ohio/2010/title59/chapter5924/5924_125.html).

merilendis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) sisxlis samarTlis kanonis (Criminal Law) me-3 titulis „pirovnebis winaaRmdeg sxva danaSaulebi~ («Other crimes against the person») me-3 subtitulis „seqsualuri danaSaulebi~ («Sexual Crimes») 3-321-e seqca „sodomia~ («Sodomy»). „adamiani, romelic damnaSaved miiCneva sodomiaSi, damnaSavea mZime danaSaulSi da isjeba Tavisuflebis aRkveTiT 10 wlamde~.


84 (http://law.justia.com/codes/maryland/2010/criminal-law/title-3/subtitle-3/3-321/).

minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 609-e Tavis „sisxlis samarlis kodeqsi~ («Criminal Code») 609.293-e seqciis „sodomia~ («Sodomy») me-5 punqti. „is, vinc im SemTxvevaSi, Tu igi ar xvdeba 609.342 an 609.344 (ufro mZime danaSaulebi - avt.) seqciebis moqmedebis arealSi da nebayoflobiT monawileobs an warmoadgens sxva pirTan sodomiis aqts, SeiZleba dasjil iqnes cixeSi CasmiT erT wlamde vadiT, an 3000 aSS dolaramde jarimiT, an orive sasjeliT~.

85 cxovelTan sqesobrivi Serwymis gziT. . . seqsualuri SeRweva ar iTvleba aucileblad kavalificirebisaTvis, da, Tu adamianis mier aRniSnuli qmedebebi Cadenilia sxva piris mimarT, erT-erTi nebismieri sqesis damnaSavis sasqeso organoebis gamoyeneba sakmarisia, raTa moxdes danaSauli. B.is, vinc arRvevs winamdebare ganakveTis debulebebs, isjeba jarimiT 2000 aSS dolaramde an patimrobiT, iZulebiT samuSaoebTan erTad an mis gareSe, 5 wlamde vadiT, an gamoiyeneba sasjelis orive forma~.

(http://law.justia.com/codes/minnesota/2010/609-624/609/609_293.html;).

(http://law.justia.com/codes/louisiana/2009/rs/title14/rs14-89.2.html; www.legis.state.la.us/lss/lss.asp?doc=725245).

miCiganis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 750e Tavis „miCiganis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsi~ («Michigan Penal Code») seqcia 750.158 „bunebis winaaRmdeg danaSauli, anu sodomia~. „nebismieri piri, romelic Cadis sazizRar da saZagel danaSauls bunebis winaaRmdeg, an adamianebTan an cxovelebTan, iTvleba sisxlis samarTlis damnaSaved, romelic isjeba Tavisuflebis aRkveTiT Statis cixeSi 15 wlamde vadiT. . .~.

axla moviyvanT imis magaliTebs, Tu rogor ikrZaleba homoseqsualizmis propaganda skolebSi, rodesac xdeba homoseqsualizmis warmoCena, rogorc pozitiuri alternatiuli cxovrebis wesisa da romelic axdens homoseqsualizmisadmi interesis stimulirebas; aseve - Tu rogor moiTxoveba, rom moswavleebi informirebuli iyon imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom homoseqsualizmi ar aris socialurad misaRebi cxovrebis wesi da aRikveTeba saxelmwifos mier

(http://law.justia.com/codes/michigan/2010/chapter-750/act-328-of-1931/328-1931xxv/section-750->158/).

luizianas Statis kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) 14-e titulis „sisxlis samarTlis kanoni~ («Criminal law») 89-e seqcia „bunebis winaaRmdeg danaSauli saTanado SeTavazebis gziT~ («Crime against nature by solicitation»). „ A. bunebis winaaRmdeg danaSauli adamianis imave an sapirispiro sqesis sxva pirTan arabunebrivi an

http://

arizonas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 15e titulis „ganaTleba~ («Education») me-7 Tavis „swavleba~ («Instruction») 1-li debuleba „saswavlo gegma~ («Curriculum») 15-716-e seqciis «c» punqti. „Statis arc erT mxares ara aqvs ufleba Seitanos saswavlo kursSi saxelmZRvanelo, romelic: 1) axdens homoseqsualuri cxovrebis wesis stimulirebas,


86 2) homoseqsualizms warmoaCens pozitiuri cxovrebis alternatiul wesad~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/arizona/2010/title15/15-716.html).

minesotas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 363A Tavis „adamianis uflebebi~ («Human Rights») 363A.27-e seqciis „kanonSemoqmedeba~ punqti me-2. „am TavSi araferi ar unda iqnes ganmartebuli ise: (1) rom, TiTqos, minesotas Stati amarTlebs homoseqsualizms an biseqsualizms an ekvivalentur cxovrebis wess; (2) rom, TiTqos, neba aris darTuli an daSvebulia homoseqsualizmis, an biseqsualizmis propaganda saswavlo dawesebulebebSi an saWiroa homoseqsualizmis an biseqsualizmis cxovrebis misaReb wesad miCnevis swavleba; (3) rom, TiTqos, neba aris darTuli an daSvebulia homoseqsualizmis, an biseqsualizmis mxardasaWerad raodenobrivi raodenobr ivi kvotebis an sxva ti pis programebis gamoyeneba, an (4) rom, TiTqos, nebadarTulia aRiareba an ufleba erTi sqesis pirebs Soris qorwinebisa.~ (https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=363A.27&year=2010).

texasis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) janmrTelobisa da usafrTxoebis kodeqsis (Health and safety Code) me-2 titulis „janmrTeloba~ («Health») 163-e Tavis „seqsualuri qcevisa da narkotikebis moxmarebis profilaqtikis saganmanaTleblo programa~ («Education program about sexual conduct and substance abuse») 163.002 seqciis „swavlebis elementebi~ («Instructional elements») me-8 punqti:

87 „saswavlo masalebi da instruqciebi, romlebic Seexeba sqesobriv aRzrdas an sqesobrivi gziT gadamdeb daavadebebs, sakiTxis faqtobrivi garemoebebidan da sazogadoebrivi jandacvis Tvalsazrisidan gamomdinare, unda moicavdnen mtkicebas, rom homoseqsualizmi ar aris socialurad misaRebi cxovrebis wesi da rom homoseqsualuri qceva aris sisxlis samarTlebrivi danaSauli texasis Statis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 21.06-e seqciis Sesaamisad~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/texas/2009/health-and-safety-code/title-2-health/ chapter-163-education->programabout-sexual-conduct-and-substance-abuse/)

mTel rig StatebSi dawesebulia mkacri akrZalva mimarT. homoseqsualebis mier Svilad ayvanis mimarT floridas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) me-6 titulis „samoqalaqo-uflebrivi praqtikebi da procedurebi~ («Civil practiceand procedure») 63-e Tavis „Svilad ayvana~ («Adoption») 63.042-me seqciis „vin SeiZleba iqnes Svilad ayvanili; vis SeuZlia Svilad ayvana~ («Who may be adopted; who may adopt») me-3 punqti: „arc erT pirs ara aqvs Svilad ayvanis ufleba, winamdebare statutis Sesabamisad, Tu es piri aris homoseqsualisti~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/florida/2010/TitleVI/chapter63/63_042.html;).

misisi pis Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 93-e titulis „Sidaojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Domestic relations») me-17 Tavis „Svilad ayvana, saxelis Secvla da bavSvis dakanoneba~ («Adoption, Change of Name, and Legitimation of Children») 93-17-3-e seqciis „Svilad ayvanis iurisdiqcia; vin


88 SeiZeba iqnes Svilad ayvanili; vis SeuZlia Svilad ayvana; Svilad ayvanis adgili; bavSvis mdgomareobis sertifikati; saxelis Secvla; erTsqesiani wyvilis mier Svilad ayvanis akrZalva; sabinao pirobebis gamokvlevis dasruleba~ («Jurisdiction for adoption proceedings; who may be adopted; who may adopt; venue of adoption proceedings; certificate of child’s condition; change of name; adoption by couples of same gender prohibited; completion of home study») 5 punqti: „erTi sqesis pirebis mier Svailad ayvana akrZalulia~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2010/title-93/17/93-17-3/). mTel rig StatebSi dadgenilia homoseqsualuri „qorwinebis~ pirdapiri akrZalva da sxva iurisdiqciiT Semdgari aseTi „qorwinebebis~ cnobis akrZalva misisi pis Statis kanonTa krebulis (2010w.) 93-e titulis „Sidaojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Domestic relations») 1-li Tavis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») 93-1-1-li paragrafis „zogierTi kavSiri, gansazRvruli rogorc sisxlis aRreviTi da akrZaluli~ punqti me-2. „nebismieri qorwineba erTi sqesis pirebs Soris akrZalulia da Tavidanve aramoqmedia. nebismieri qorwineba erTi sqesis pirebs Soris miCneuli moqmedad sxva iurisdiqciaSi, ar aris iuridiulad mniSvnelobis kanonierii misisi pis Stat StatSi~. Si~. mqone an kanonier (http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2010/title-93/1/93-1-1/).

iutas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2011w.) 30-e titulis „qmari da coli~ («Husband and Wife») me-2 seqciis „akrZaluli da aramoqmedi qorwinebebi~ («Marriages prohibited

89 and void») qveseqciis „akrZaluli da aramoqmedi qorwinebebi~ («Marriages prohibited and void») 5-e punqti: „Semdegi qorwinebebi akrZalulia da miCneulia aramoqmedad: . . erTi sqesis pirebs Soris~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/utah/2011/title30/chapter1/section2.html).

luizianas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis samoqalaqo kodeqsis (Louisiana Civil Code) (2009 w.) IV titulis „qmari da coli~ («Husband and wife») 1-li Tavis „erTi sqesis mqone pirTa qorwinebis damabrkolebeli garemoebebi~ («Impediment of same sex») 89-e debuleba: „erTi sqesis pirebs ar SeuZliaT erTmaneTTan qorwineba. erTi sqesis pirebs Soris savaraudo qorwineba, Semdgari sxva StatSi, regulirdeba samoalaqo kodeqsis IV wignis II ganyofilebis debulebebiT~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/louisiana/2009/cc/cc89.html).

merilendis Satatis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) saojaxo kanonis («Family Law») me-2 titulis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») me-2 qvetitulis „kanonieri qorwinebebi; akrZaluli qorwinebebi~ («Valid Marriages; Void Marriages») 2201-e seqcia „kanonieri qorwinebebi~ («Valid marriages»): „am StatSi mxolod mamakacsa da qals Soris qorwinebaa moqmedi~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/maryland/2010/family-law/title-2/subtitle-2/2-201/)

alabamas Statis (aSS) kanonTa krebulis (2009w.) 30e titulis „qorwinebisa da ojaxuri urTierTobebi~ («Marital and domestic relations») 1-li Tavis „qorwineba~ («Marriage») 301-19-e seqciis „qorwineba, imis aRiareba, rom igi akrZalulia


90 erTi sqesis pirebs Soris~ («Marriage, recognition thereof, between persons of the same sex prohibited») «a», «b» da «c» punqtebi. „(A)winamdebare seqcia iqneba cnobili da misi citireba SeiZleba, rogorc „alabamas Statis kanoni qorwinebis dacvis Sesaxeb. (B) qorwineba Tavisi arsiT aris unikaluri urTierToba mamakacsa da qals Soris. rogorc saxelmwifo politikis sakiTxi, am Stats aqvs unikaluri qorwinebiTi urTierTobebis waxalisebis, Tanadgomisa da dacvis gansakuTrebuli interesi, sxva miznebTan erTad, sazogadoebisa da misi Svilebis stabilurobisa da keTildReobis mizniT. (C) qorwineba aris wminda aRTqma, Semdgari mamakacsa da qals Soris, romelic amyarebs, rodesac arsebobs orive mxaris marTlunarianoba da Tanxmoba, urTierTobebs mamakacsa da qals Soris, romelic Statis mier miCneulia, rogorc xelSekrulebis samoqalaqo-uflebrivi forma. (D)alabamas StatSi ar SeiZleba gaices nebarTva aranair qorwinebaze erTi da imave sqesis mqone mxareebs Soris. (E) alabamas Stati ar aRiarebs moqmedad aranair qorwinebas erTi da imave sqesis mxareebs Soris, romelic dadebulia an xdeba sxva iurisdiqciis kanonis moqmedebis Sedegad, imis miuxedavad, gacemulia Tu ara masze qorwinebis mowmoba~. (http://law.justia.com/codes/alabama/2009/Title30/Chapter1/30-119.html). sagangebod aRvniSnavT homoseqsualur orientaciaze damyarebuli raime privilegiebis (dadebiTi diskriminaciis zomebis) miniWebis konstituciuri akrZalvis Sesaxeb, romelic

91 gamyarebulia kolorados Statis (aSS) konstituciaSi (II statia „bili uflebebis Sesaxeb~ («Bill of rights») seqcia 30b „araprivilegirebuli statusi, damyarebuli homoseqsualur da biseqsualur orientaciaze~ («No Protected Status Based on Homosexual, Lesbian or Bisexual Orientation») „arc kolorados Statma, Tavisi ganyofilebebisa da departamentebis saSualebiT, arc misma romelime organom, administrtaciul-teritoriulma erTeulma, munici palitetma an saskolo mxar em, ar unda gamosces, mxarem, miiRos an Seiyvanos ZalaSi raime statuti, wesebi, dadgenileba an politikis mimarTuleba, romlebmac homoseqsualuri, lesbosuri an biseqsualuri orientaciis, qcevis, paraqtikis an urTierTobis mqone pirebs SeiZleba misces an gaxdes safuZveli imisa, rom nebismierma pirma Tu pirTa jgufma moiTxovos umciresobis raime statusi, upiratesi uflebebi da SeRavaTebi, saxelmwifos dacvis qveS myofis statusi an gaxdes diskriminaciis Sesaxeb sarCelis safuZveli. konstituciis winamdebare seqcias aqvs pirdapiri moqmedeba Zala yvela mimarTebiT~. ( h t t p : / / w w w. m i c h i e . c o m / c o l o r a d o / l p e x t . d l l / c o c o n s t / 5 7 / 8 9 / 16ca?f=templates&fn=document-frame.htm&2.0).

Cven vimedovnebT, rom saqarTvelos axali xelisufleba, yofilisagan gansxvavebiT, gamoiCens met windaxedulobasa da sifrTxiles da ar gaagrZelebs Cveni qveynisa da Cveni erisTvis metad saSiS da sabediswero kurss, romelsac atarebda yofili xelisufleba homoseqsualizmisa da prostituciis legalizebis xelSewyobis mimarTulebiT, ar dauSvebs homoseqsualizmis propagandas qveyanaSi, sadac mosaxleobis umravlesoba marTlmadidebelia, gansakuTrebiT ki ar dauSvebs homoseqsualizmis propagandas mozardebs Soris. aseve


92 vimedovnebT, rom aSS-s Statebis sakanonmdeblo krebulebidan zemoT moyvanil magaliTebi iqneba mibaZvis sagani. aseve vimedovnebT, rom axali xelisufleba angariSs gauwevs Cveni qveynis konstituciur mowyobas, kerZod, konstituciur SeTanxmebas saxelmwifosa da eklesias Soris, gauZlebs nebismier zewolas da ar miiRebs eklesiasTan SeuTanxmeblad raime iseT gadawyvetilebas, romelic Seexeba zneobasa da rwmenas. vimedovnebT, rom axal xelisuflebas eyofa goniereba, raTa ar moWras is toti, romelic misi ZiriTadi sayrdenia. gafrTxilebis mizniT aRvniSnavT: Tu mwvane Suqi avunTeT homoseqsualizms, rigSi Semdegi pedofiliaa, Semdegi ki incesti. nu iyofin!

93

Tavi V homoseqsualizmis ideologiis rmciuli da mani pulaciur dezinfo dezinformciuli pulaciurii xasiaTi homoseqsualizmis propaganda misi ideologebis mxridan iyenebs iseT destruqciul xerxebs, rogoricaa dezinformacia, mani pulireba cifrebiT, miTebis Seqmna da sxva akrZaluli meTodebi.

1. mani pulir eba cifr ebiT pulireba cifrebiT homoseqsualuri ideologiis agresiuli eqspansia xorcieldeba iseTi dezinformaciis fonze, romelic emyareba sinamdvilis sawinaaRmdego mtkicebas, TiTqos homoseqsualTa raodenoba sakmaod didia. es mtkicebebi mizanmimarTulad keTdeba imisaTvis, rom sazogadoebas Seeqmnas mcdari warmodgena homoseqsualebis raodenobaze. ase magaliTad, «Gallup»-is mier 2011 wlis 5-8 maiss Catarebuli gamokiTxviT dadginda, rom amerikelebis sazogadoebrivi cnobiereba imdenad dezinformirebulia homoseqsualTa mani pulaciuri qmedebebiT, rom sazogadoebas hgonia, rom homoseqsualebis raodenoba qveynis mosaxleobis 25%-s Seadgens, es maSin, rodesac amarikeli demografebis TviT „optimisturi~ gamoTvlebiTac maTi raodenoba ar aRemateba 3%-s, Tumca mravali eqspertis TvalsazrisiT, es cifri mniSvnelovnad naklebia.


94 aseve unda gaviTvaliswinoT is, rom aseTi gamokiTxvebis dros Tavisuflad SehyavT saTvalavSi isinic, romelTac hqondaT mxolod erTi SemTxveva homoseqsualuri urTierTobisa, magram mas Semdeg aRar yofilan msgavs urTierTobebSi, aseve isini, romlebmac acnobes gamomkiTxvelebs, rom aqvT homoseqsualuri midrekileba, magram ebrZvian mas an aqvT homoseqsualuri fantaziebi, magram ar yofilan homoseqsualur urTierTobebSi da a.S. yovelive amis gaTvaliswinebiT, mravali eqspertis SefasebiT, realurad, homoseqsualTa raodenoba aSS-Si ar aRemateba mosaxleobis 1%. ramdenadme didia es cifri kaliforniis StatSi, sadac homoseqsualizmisadmi ufro meti liberaluri damokidebulebaa gamoxatuli, da naklebia igi rig sxva StatSi. 1%, rogorc fonuri maCvenebeli, sxva qveynebisTvisac aris damaxasiaTebeli. saqarTvelosa da msagavs qveynebSi, sadac homoseqsualizmi mosaxleobis umravlesobis mier codvad aris miCneuli da mis mimarT sazogadoebrivi uaryofiTi Sexeduleba aSkaradaa gamoxatuli, es cifri gacilebiT naklebia da metad umniSvneloa, rac imazec miuTiTebs (kompetentur mecnierul gamokvlevebTan erTad), rom homoseqsualizmi, ZiriTadSi, adamianis ara Tandayolili, aramed SeZenili Tvisebaa da im sazogadoebas, romelsac meti liberalizmi axasiaTebs homoseqsualizmis mimarT, ufro meti homoseqsualic hyavs. Tundac amitomac miuRebelia homoseqsualizis propagandis daSveba sazogadoebaSi, gansakuTrebiT mozardebSi. davubrundeT Temas. sazogadoebaSi arian adamianebi, romlebsac aqvT homoseqsualuri midrekileba, magram negatiurad afaseben mas da Sedegad pirovnuli da sazogadoebrivi fsiqologiuri zemoqmedebis berketebiT axerxeben TavianTi midrekilebis daTrgunvas. „homoseqsualebis~ es nawili sruliad Tavisuflad gamoTqvams Tavis uTanxmoebas

95 homoseqsualuri propagandisadmi, gansakuTrebiT im fiqtiuri suraTis daxatvasa da warmodgenasTan dakavSirebiT, romelic homoseqsualebs warmoaCens viktimizirebul da devnul umciresobad, rac efuZneba aSkara sicruesa da siyalbes. mTel rig demokratiulad wodebul qveynebSi TavianTi homoseqsualuri midrekilebis winaaRmdeg mebrZol adamianebs gei-moZraobis warmomadgenlebi aSineben, uwyoben intrigebs, radgan isini TavianTi arsebobiTa da SexedulebebiT uaryofen homoseqsualizmis adeptebis mier ideologiurad motivirebul da sayovelTaod Tavsmoxveul cru Teziss imis Sesaxeb, rom homoseqsualizmi aris biologiurad determinirebuli (Tandayolili) seqsualoba. saxelmwifo unda icavdes im adamianebis uflebebs, romlebsac SeiZleba aqvT homoseqsualuri midrekilebebi, magram ebrZvian maT da surT, daZlion isini.

2.

miTi homoseqsualebis diskriminaciis Sesaxeb

homoseqsualizmis ideologiis gavrcelebisa da sazogadoebaze misi Zaladobrivad Tavsmoxvevis dafarvis mizniT gamoiyeneba erT-erTi ZiriTadi xerxi, - miTis gavrceleba imis Sesaxeb, rom sxvadasxva qveyanaSi, maT Soris, saqarTveloSi, xdeba homoseqsualebis masobrivi diskriminacia. moTxovna imisa, rom CaiTvalon homoseqsualebi da maTi gaerTianebebi diskriminaciisa da Zaladobis msxverplad da am Cagvris maT mier moyvanili argumentebi miviCnioT aprior WeSmaritad da kritikisTvis dauSveblad, pirdapir ewinaaRmdegeba adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso samarTalisa da rigi saerTaSoriso aqtebis principebsa da normebs, da aqvT aSkarad mani pulaciuri xasiaTi. homoseqsualizmis propagandistebs


96 sazogadoeba ganzrax SehyavT SecdomaSi, rodesac acxadeben, rom homoseqsualistebi ganicdian diskriinacias, damcirebas da warmoadgenen danaSaulebrivad xelyofil umciresobas da amitom isini, yvela danarCen moqalaqeebTan SedarebiT, unda aRiWurvon gansakuTrebuli uflebebiTa da privilegiebiT. aseTi mtkiceba aris sicrue, xolo diskriminacia - fiqcia. saqarTveloSi ar aris dafiqsirebuli homoseqsualTa masobrivi devna maTi seqsualobidan gamomdinare, xolo calkeuli SemTxvevebi fonurs ar scdeba. calke ganxilvis sagania is SemTxvevebi, rodesac saqarTveloSi homoseqsualebi cdiloben propagandistul msvlelobebs, gei-aRlumebis gamarTvas, rodesac sruliad aSkara iyo, rom es xdeboda nac.-xelisuflebis ara marto xelSewyobiT, aramed dakveTiTac. am SemTxvevaSi homoseqsualebi awydebodnen sazogadoebis mxridan samrTlian protests. is, rom am SemTxvevebSi ar iyo diskriminaciuli midgoma, amis dasturad sruli pasuxusmgeblobiT vacxadebT, rom zustad imave saxisa da simwvavis protests gamoiwvevs da waawydeba nebismieri sxva jgufis, Tundac seqsualuri umravlesobis warmomadgenelTa romelime dajgufebis mcdeloba, moaxdinos uzneobisa da garyvnilebis sajaro demonstrireba quCebSi da moawyos propagandistuli msvlelobebi am garyvnilebis saqadageblad da gasavrceleblad. morwmune sazogadoebisTvis miuRebelia homoseqsualzmi, rogorc siZvamruSoba, iseve, rogorc siZva-mruSobis nebismieri sxva saxeoba da ara is, rom is saxeldobr homoseqsualizmia. sxvaTa Soris, isic faqtia, rom Cveulebrivi seqsualobiT mruSobis codvaSi gacilebiT meti adamiania Cavardnili, vidre sakuTriv homoseqsualizmSi da TiTqos maT meti ufleba aqvT iqadagon TavianTi codva, magram sruliad darwmunebulebi varT, rom Tuki am codvis mimdevrebi gadawyveten quCebSi TavianTi codvis

97 propagandas, sazogadoeba win aRudgeba amas. es naTeli dasturia imisa, rom saqme ara gvaqvs mikerZoebasa da diskriminaciasTan. is, rasac mosaxleobis absoluturi umravlesoba Tavisi rwmenidan da tradiciebidan gamomdinare uzneobad miiCnevs, iqneba es seqsualuri xasiaTis Tu sxva ram saxis codva, am uzneobisa da codvis propagandasa da tiraJirebas es umravlesoba ver Seegueba da win aRudgeba. magaliTisaTvis, Tu quCaSi kleptomanTa an narkomanTa jgufi gamova da Seecdeba Tavisi codvis propagandas, mas win aRudgeba sazogadoeba Tavisi umciresoba-umravlesobiT, homoseqsualTa CaTvliT,. am ramdenime wlis win erTi saintereso SemTxveva moxda italiaSi, rodesac e.w. kaTolikuri „eklesiis~ garSemo msoflio skandali atyda da kaTolike padreebs masobrivad dasdes brali pedofiliaSi, - 10 aTasobiT mozardis gaupatiurebaSi dadanaSaulebuli iqna aTasobiT padre, amerikel eqspertTa gamokvleviT, - padreTa 10-14%. axla ki inebes vatikanis mesveurebma Tavis Sewuxeba, mouxades bodiSi mTel msoflio TavianTi pedofili padreebis gamo da ganacxades, rom es marTlac didi problemaao. amasTan zogierTma gamoTqva mosazreba, rom pedofilia ikvebeboda homoseqsualizmiT, anu pedofilebad gvevlinebodnen homoseqsuali padreebi (daakvirdiT, ra zneobrivi dacemis gzazea sakrebulo, romelic Tavs kaTolikur eklesias uwodebs!). aseTi gancxadebis gamo didi aRSfoTeba da protesti gamoxata italiis homoseqsualTa liderma serJio judiCem, romelmac aRniSna, rom pedofilia didi borotebaa da homoseqsualistebze misi provocirebis gadabraleba didi usamarTlobaa da Cveni, homoseqsualebis Seuracxyofaao. xedavT, pedofilia dRes mTeli sazogadoebiTsvis miuRebelia iseve, rogorc guSin iyo homoseqsualizmi. pedofiliis winaaRmdeg gamodian homoseqsualebic. vTqvaT da


98 pedofilebma moindomes aRlumis gamarTva TvianTi uflebebisa da pedofiliis propagandisaTvis, darwmunebulebi varT, rom mTeli sazogadoeba, homoseqsualebis CaTvliT, xmas aRimaRlebs mis winaaRmdeg. Cven ki sruli pasuxismgeblobiT vacxadebT: Tu homoseqsualebma miaRwies TavianT mizans saqarTveloSi, da saxelmwifom kanonmdeblobiT ar SezRuda homoseqsualizmis propaganda, gei-aRlumebi da sxva propagandistul-saCvenebeli RonisZiebebi da msvlelobebi, Tu saxelmwifom mwvane Suqi aunTo homoseqsualizms, xval imaves pedofilebi moiTxoven. amis niSnebi, samwuxarod, dasavleTis rig qveyanaSi ukve SeiniSneba. msoflio jandacvis organizacia, rogorc homoseqsualizmis mimarT Secvala Tavisi damokidebuleba ramdenime wlis win, aseve Seicvlis xval Tavis damokidebulebasa da Sefasebebs pedofiliis mimarT. aseTi liberalizaciis niSnebic pedofiliasTan dakavSirebiT, samwuxarod, ukve arsebobs. pedofiliis Semdeg ki karze incesti mogvikakunebs. amgvarad, homoseqsualebis mer maT diskriminaciaze saubari arakeTilsindisierebisa da dezinformaciis aSkara nimuSia, romelic miznad isaxavs miaRwios seqsualuri umciresobaTa ideologiisa da maTi viwro jgufuri interesebis totalur diqtatsa da dominirebas mosaxleobis umravlesobis cxovrebis wessa da zneobriv faseulobebze. es aris mcdeloba, „daasabuTos~ homoseqsualTa mier sxva moqalaqeebis uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis xelyofis kanoniereba da gaamarTlos es xelyofa. ai, sinamdvileSi vin aris moZalade da xelmyofeli. evropis sabWos ministrTa komitetis wevr-qveynebis mimarT 31.03.2010w. #CÌ/REC(2010)5 rekomendaciis mtkicebebi imis Sesaxeb, rom homoseqsualebi dRemde ganicdian „homofobias, transfobias da mouTmenlobisa da

99 diskriminaciis sxva formebs, TviT maTi ojaxis SigniT - sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis, marginalizaciis, socialuri gariyvisa da Zaladobis CaTvliT~, aseve evropis sabWos saparlameno asambleis (08.10.2010w. #1765 (2010), 29.04.2010w. #1728 (2010)) msgavsi gamonaTqvamebi imave sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, emsaxurebian ara obieqturi suraTis Seqmnas sazogadoebrivi cxovrebisa da urTierTobebis problemur kerZo sakiTxze, aramed warmoadgenen calmxriv da mikerZoebul pozicias homoseqsualebis zemoT xsenebuli diqtatis gansaxorcieleblad da maTTvis privilegiebis misaniWeblad. rodesac homoseqsualuri niSniT gamoxatuli SemTxvevebi fonurs, saSualostatistikurs ar scdeba, maSin maTi win wamoweva da ganzogadeba, rogorc es zemoT xsenebul dokumentebsa da aseve sxva dokumentebSia gakeTebuli, aSkara tendenciurobis gamoxatulebaa. yovel SemTxvevaSi, saqarTvelos sinamdvilisTvis isini Seusabamoni arian. amasTan, cnobilia, rom imis fonze, rom homoseqsualTa devnis aSkarad gamoxatuli faqtebi (yovel SemTxvevaSi, im masStabiT, razec homoseqsualizmis adeptebi saubroben) aSkarad ar aris, sazRvargareTis qveynebSi fiqsirdeba aseTi faqtebis falsificireba homoseqsualzmis propagadistebis mier. amis naTeli magaliTia SemTxveva, romelic moxda 2000w. 7 aprils gei-moZraobis aqtivist duait uolkerTan dakavSirebiT vermonis StatSi (aSS), romlis avtomobilsac cecxli waukides zustad im periodSi, rodesac ganixileboda vermonis Statis kanonproeqti homoseqsuali wyvilebis qorwinebis heteroseqsual wyvilTa qorwinebasTan gaTanabrebis Taobaze. homoseqsualzmis ideologebma es incidenti mTel vermonis StatSi gamoiyenes homoseqsualebis diskriminaciisa da devnis „mtkicebad~, da amtkicebdnen, rom erTsqesiani


100 qorwinebebis kritika aris ukanono devnis erT-erTi forma. magram mogvianebiT d. uolkerma aRiara, rom TviTon waukida cecxli Tavis avtomobils: „me davwvi, rdgan mindoda, rom xalxis TvalSi msxverpli vyofiliyavi~. gazeT „boston globis~ cnobiT, d. uolkeri warsdga sasamarTlos winaSe me-3 xrisxis xanZris gaCenisaTvis da oficialuri pirebisaTvis cru gancxadebebis micemisaTvis. homoseqsualistebis diskriminaciis Sesaxeb cnobebis analizi gviCvenebs, rom praqtikulad yvela maTgani ar ganekuTvneba sakuTriv diskriminacias sayovelTaod miRebuli iuridiuli TvalsazrisiT; maTi absoluturi umravlesoba dausabuTebeli da daumtkicebelia, xSirad aSkaraa diskriminaciis inscenireba dadgmuli scenaris mixedviT da ucnobi pirebis monawileobiT, rac, magaliTad moxda TbilisSi 2012 w. 18 maiss, rodesac xelisuflebis mier sagangebod gamoyvanilma 15-20 kacianma lgbt jgufma scada msvlelobis mowyoba Tbilisis quCebSi. sazogadoebis didma jgufma moaxdina maTi piketireba, gza gadauRoba maT da ase SeaCera maTi msvleloba. magram dapirispireba mainc moxda msvlelobis monawileebsa da ucnob pirebs Soris, romelic, Semdgom, piketis momwyobebs daabrales homoseqsualizmis apologetebma. arada, sul advili iyo fizikur dapirispirebaSi myofi pirebis adgilzeve dakaveba, miT umetes, maTi identificireba araviTar sirTules ar warmoadgenda, radgan video kadrebSi TvalnaTliv Cans yvela isini, vinc Cxubobda, igineboda da a.S. es ar gakeTda, radgan aseT SemTxvevaSi gairkveoda, rom am incidentSi mopiketeebi ki ar iRebdnen monawileobas, aramed maTTvis ucnobi pirebi, da, Sesabamisad, diskriminirebisa da devnis Sesaxeb gancxadebebic ver gakeTdeboda. homoseqsualistebis aseT dezinformacias da falsificirebas aqvs is kerZo mizanic, rom homoseqsualistebs

101 kanoniT mianiWon gansakuTrebuli uflebebi, privilegiebi. amasTan, aseTi moTxovnebis dakmayofilebaze uars isini aseve „diskriminaciad~ ganixilaven. homoseqsualistebis mier moTxovnili gansakuTrebuli uflebebi da privilegiebi Semdegia: - „ufleba~ imisa, rom daubrkoleblad da SeuzRudavad awarmoon homoseqsualizmis sajaro propaganda, anu, faqtobrivad~ - Tavs moaxvion homoseqsualizmi arahomoseqsualistebs, maT Soris, bavSvebs; - „ufleba~ imisa, rom srulad akrZalon nebismieri, TviT dasabuTebuli, kritika homoseqsualzmisa, homoseqsualistebis nebismieri qmedebisa; - „ufleba~ imisa, rom idevneboden adamianebi maTi im Sexedulebis gamo, rom isini homoseqsualizms codvad da aranormalur movlend miiCnevena anu ganxorcieldes devna homoseqsualzmis kritikisaTvis, sisxlis samarTlis pasuxismgeblobis dakisrebis CaTvliT; - „ufleba~ imisa, rom homoseqsualistebi gamoyofil iqnen mosaxleobis ZiriTadi wevrebisagan, rogorc gansakuTrebuli socialuri jgufi da aRWurvil iqnen isini privilegirebuli samarTlebrivi statusiT; savsebiT cxadia, rom ar SeiZleba moxdes homoseqsualistebis yvela zemoT moyvanili moTxovnis realizeba sakanonmdeblo doneze, radgan isini iuridiulad dausabuTebelni arian, mravali maTgani absurduli da miuRebelia demokratiul da samarTlebric saxlmwifoSi. aSkraa mcdeloba demokratiasa da samarTlebriobaze apelirebiT Tavdayira daayenon swored es demokratia da samarTali. amitomacaa, rom sul ufro xSirad saubroben demokratiaze, rogorc umravlesobaze umciresobis mier diqtatis ganxorcielebis meqanizmze.


102 homoseqsualzmis ideologebis mier samarTaldamcvelobiTi ritorikiT mani pulireba xSirad imiT gamoixateba, rom Tavisuflebas da uflebas isini ganmartaven, upirveles yovlisa, rogorc sxva pirebis mimarT imis moTxovnis safuZvels, raTa maT uzrunvelyon homoseqsualistebi da maTi erTobebi privilegirebuli pirobebiT, romelTa drosac sxva pirebis uflebebi da tradiciuli faseulobebi darRveulia an xdeba maTi nivelieba. amasTan homoseqsualizmis propagandistebi, faqtobrivad, uaryofen adamianis uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa Sesaxeb konvenciis dadgenilebas (muxlebi 10 da 11), romelTa Tanaxmadac uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis ganxorcieleba maT, romelTa uflebebi da Tavisuflebebi xorcieldeba, avaldebulebs da akisrebs pasuxisgeblobas, dakavSirebuls garkveul pirobebTan, formalobebTan, SezRudvebTan an sanqciebTan, romlebic ganisazRvrebian kanoniT da romlebic aucilebelni arian demokratiul sazogadoebaSi erovnuli usafrTxoebis interesebis, sazogadoebrivi wesrigis, uwesrigobebisa da danaSaulis aRkveTis, janmrTelobisa da zneobriobis dacvis an sxva pirebis uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacvis uzrunvelyofis mizniT. saerTaSoriso samarTlis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli princi pebsa da normebze, aseve damianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso aqtebze dayrdnobiT, saxelmwifos ara aqvs ufleba homoseqsualistebisa da maTi gaerTianebebisaTvis daadginos raime gansakuTrebuli privilegirebuli samarTlebrivi reJimebi, ara aqvs ufleba SezRudos azrisa da sityvis Tavisufleba homoseqsualizmis mimarT kritikis formirebisa da sajarod gamoxatvis nawilSi, ara aqvs ufleba, moaxdinos aseTi kritikis kriminalizireba da akrZalos igi, ara aqvs ufleba homoseqsualizmisa da homoseqsualizmis ideologiis kritikosebs miawebos „homofobis~ iarliyi, radgan

103 saxelmwifo valdebulia daicvas sazogadoebrivi zneobrioba, ojaxuri cxovrebis zneobrivi safuZvlebi, radgan ojaxis instituti aris sazogadoebis safuZveli, xolo zneobrioba aris konstituciurad daculi ufleba moqalaqeebisa, ganmtkicebuli sakonstitucio SeTanxmebiT (konkordatiT) saxelmwifosa da eklesias Soris. saxelmwifo gverds ver auvlis konstituciuri uflebebis dacvas, gverds ver auvlis konkordats, romlis mixedviTac saqarTvelos mosaxleobis umravlesobis uflebebis, rwmenis, zneobisa da tradiciuli faseulobebis dacvis garantad eklesiac gamodis. politkoreqtulobidan da saeWvo politikuri koniunqturidan gamomdinare, homoseqsualistebisaTvis gansakuTrebuli uflebebis miniWeba SeuZlebelia, rom motivireul iqnes adaminis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlos poziciis ideologiurad motivirebuli interpretirebebiT da adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa Sesaxeb evropis konvenciaSi daculi adamianis uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis araadekvaturi ganmartebebiT, radgan umravlesoba ver Seegueba demokratiis saxeliT masze umciresobis diqtats.


104

Tavi VI adamianis uflebebis darRveva da adamianis Rirsebis Selaxva „geiaRlumis~ Catarebisas „gei-aRlumebs~, romelTa Catarebasac ase gulmodgined cdilobdnen aw ukve yofili nac.-xelisuflebis mier waxalisebuli mcire adgilobrivi (2012w. 18 maisi) Tu sazRvargareTidan sagangebod Camoyvanili (2010w. 26 agvisto, baTumi) jgufebi, aranairi kavSiri ara aqvs adamianis uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa dacvasTan, igi aseve ar aris protestis forma, mimarTuli raime niSniT warmoebuli diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg, aramed es aris homoseqsualizmis agresiuli propagandis forma, romlis mizania homoseqsualizmi waroaCinos normalur da prestiJul cxovrebis wesad, seqsualuri urTierTobebisa da seqsualuri qcevis normad. am ZiriTadi miznis garda, „gei-aRlumis~ Catarebas saqarTveloSi is mizanic hqonda, rom sazogadoebis mxridan „gei-aRlumis~ propagandistuli miznis winaaRmdeg gamoxatuli samarTliani protesti homoseqsualizmis apologetebs warmoeCinaT homoseqsualebis diskriminaciad, devnad, da, Sesabamisad, dasavleTidan moepovebinaT mxardaWera da, rac mTavaria, dafinanseba sxvadasxva grantis saxiT. amitomaa, rom saqarTveloSi am bolo dros sokoebiviT momravldnen „lgbt~ (lesbos-gei-biseqsual-transseqsualeb) xasiaTis mqone nairnairi arasamTavrobo organizaciebi, romelTa destruqciuli saqmianoba mimarTulia qveynis mosaxleobis umravlesobis

105 rwmenis, aRmsareblobis, msoflmxedvelobis, tradiciebisa da faseulobebis winaaRmdeg. ideologiuri kuTxiT, e.w. „liberauri~, simandvileSi ki fsevdoliberaluri ideologia, romelsac araferi saerTo ara aqvs WeSmarit liberalizmTan, ebrZvis tradiciul, dominantur ideologias, romelic saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi marTlmadideblobis wiaRSi gamoiwrTo da Camoyalibda saqarTvelos mosaxleobis erovnul identobad, erovnuli ideologiis qvakuTxedad, romliTac vvleT saukuneni, mravaljer vZlieT ZleviTa sakvirveliTa qviSaze umravles mters, SevinarCuneT sarwmunoeba, erovnuloba, ena da mamuli, SevqmeniT TviTmyofadi kultura, gamorCeuli faseulobebi da yofiT doneze SenarCunebuli urTierTobaTa tradiciebi, - megobroba, dedaSviloba, mama-Sviloba, ufros-umcrosoba, ojaxiSviloba, gvariSviloba, winaparTa pativiscema, upovarTa da gaWirvebulTa Tanadgoma da mravali sxva, yovelive is, rac gamqralia kacobriobis Semadgenel erTa yoveldRiuri, yofiTi cxovrebidan. Cveni erovnuli „mes~, Cveni identurobis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani niSan-Tviseba rwmenis Tanamdevi da masTan erTad samoqmedo iaraRi - zneobriobaa, zneobrioba, romelic miuRebelia fsevdoliberalizmisaTvis da romelsac igi gaafTrebiT ebrZvis, cdilobs zneobis wil danergos uzneoba, ubiwobis wil - garyvnileba, siZva-mruSoba, misi yvelanairi gamovlinebiT, WeSmariti Tavisuflebis wil - vnebisadmi moneba, rasac arqmevs Tavisuflebas da gamoaqvs lozungad „rac mogesurveba, is akeTe~, mTavari mizani - siamovnebaa, mTavari moqmedi piri - vnebaa. fsevdoliberalizmi Semoqmedia seqsualuri revoluciebisa, aTasi juris homoseqsualuri, feministuri moZraobebisa da satanisturi organizaciebisa.


106 misi mTavari samizne eklesia da ojaxia, sazogadoebrivi fenebidan ki - mozardi Taoba. homoseqsualuri msvlelobebis mizani ar aris „ganamtkicos adamianTa uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa mimarT pativiscema, seqsualuri umciresobebis mimarT tolerantuli urTierTobisken mowodeba~. es, erTi mxriv, aris biznes-proeqti, rasac adasturebs „gei-aRlumebis~ Catarebis gamocdileba rig qveynebSi (aSS, avstralia, germania da sxv.), aTasgvari lgbt da sxva saxis organizaciebis mier dasavleTis safinanso da ideologiuri institutebidan „grantebis gamomuSaveba~; meore mxriv, - es aris propagandistuli RonisZieba, romlis mizania sazogadoebis maqsimalurad did nawilSi homoseqsualuri ideologiis miRebisa da introeqciis miRweva. saxelmwifos mier seqsualuri orientaciis arCevis Tavisuflebis aRiareba (saqarTvelos konstituiaSi amis Sesaxeb araferia naTqvami) ar aZlevs homoseqsualebs safuZvels imis uflebis miTvisebisa, rom Tavs moaxvion sxva moqalaqeebs TavianTi homoseqsualuri midrekilebebi da azrebi, xelyon umravlesobis uflebebi, miT umetes, ganaxorcielon homoseqsualizmis sajaro propaganda adamianTa SemousazRvreli wrisaTvis, bavSvebis CaTvliT. „gei-aRlumebis~ Catarebis dasaSveboba unda ganvixiloT xsenebuli RonisZiebebis Sinaarsisa da formis Sefasebis konteqstSi, aseve im zemoqmedebis analizis konteqstSi, romelsac axdens „gei-aRlumi~ bavSvebze da im unebur mayurebelze, romlebic ar iziareben homoseqsualur mosazrebebs. rogorc miTiTebulia evropis sabWos ministrTa komitetis wevr-saxelmwifoebisadmi 09.09.1991w. # R(91)11 „seqsualuri eqspluataciis, pornografiis, prostituciis,

107 bavSvebiTa da axalgazrdobiT vaWrobis Sesaxeb~ rekomendaciis preambulaSi, adreuli seqsualuri aqtivoba SeiZleba mavne iyos arasrulwlovanTa socialur-fsiqologiuri ganviTarebisaTvis. „gei-aRlumi~ - es garyvnili moqmedebebis propagandaa, romelsac Tan axlavs homoseqsualuri qmedebebis demonstrireba, ganmryvneli moqmedebebis ganxorcieleba da imitireba, iseTi qmedebebi, romlebic bavSvebTan dakavSirebiT SeiZleba Sefasdes, rogorc ganmryvneli, ganmxrwneli moqmedebebi, madezorientirebeli seqsualur-eTikuri TvalsazrisiT. sazRvargareTis qveynebSi Catarebuli „gei-aRlumebis~ Sinaarsisa da formis analizi saSualebas gvaZlevs, gamovyoT maTi zogadi niSan-Tvisebebi, rogorebicaa: - vulgaruloba, sagangebod moWarbebuli Wrela-Wrula feradovneba da epataJurad hi pertrofuli pompezuroba, ganmsWvaluli homoseqsualizmis ideologiiTa da garyvnilebiT, rac am ideologias gadmoscems samosis saSualebiT, samosisa, romelic gamosaxavs sqesobriv TavaSvebulobas; - organizatorebisa da ZiriTadi monawileebis qcevis afeqtacia, maTi qmedebebis uxamsoba (homoseqsualuri aqtis gaxorcielebis sajaro imitacia, sxva fizikuri kontaqtebi, romlebic „gonier adamians esmis, rogorc homoseqsualur aqtSi monawileobis midrekilebis an ganzraxvis demonstrireba~ (gamoyenebulia aSS-s kanonTa krebulis me-10 titulis „SeiaraRebuli Zalebi“ A subtitulis „saerTo samxedro kanoni~ II nawilis „piradi Semadgenloba~ 37-e Tavis „msaxurebis mimarT zogadi moTxovnebi~ 654-e muxlisa „homoseqsualizmis mimarT politika SeiaraRebul ZalebSi~ paragraf «f»-Si „gamartebebi~ moyvanili aRwera (http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/10C37.txt);


108 uxamsi Jestebis sajaro Cveneba, gaSiSvlebuli dundulebis urcxi Cveneba da a.S.); - uxamsi, gamomwvevi kostiumebi, agresiulad vulgaruli, misi ZiriTadi monawileebis ganzrax epataJuri garegnoba (mamakacebi, sgangebod gamowyobilni qalis sacvlebSi, butaforiul biusthalterebSi da msgavsi.; sodommazoxisturi atributika da a.S.), romlebic Seuracxyofen im pirTa grZnobebs, romlebic ar gvelinebian homoseqsualistebad; - RonisZiebis Catareba Ria, daswrebisTvis Tavisufal sivrceSi, sadac imyofeba im pirTa SemousazRvreli wre, romlebic ar arian homoseqsualistebi, rac gaTvlili masobriv, maT Soris da upirveles yovlisa, unebur mayurebelze; - provokaciuloba, iseTi situaciis gacnobierebuli daSvebuloba an gacnobierebuli mizanmimarTuloba, romelSic moxdeba gansxvavebuli socialuri jgufebis interesebis dapiri pireba. rogorc gviCvenebs Catarebuli „gei-aRlumebisa~ da maTi organizatorebis gamosvlebi, am sajaro RonisZiebebis arss aranairi kaSiri ara aqvs samarTaldamcvelobiT RonisZiebasTan da dakavSirebulia Semdeg ZiriTad miznebTan: - imis fonze, rom mosaxleobis umravlesoba homoseqsualizms codvad, uzneo, amoralur saqcielad miiCnevs, moaxdinos azris formireba, rom homoseqsualizmi aris socialuri norma, xolo mis Sesaxeb, rogorc codvaze, umravlesobis mosazreba aris moZvelebuli warmodgenebi, stereoti pebi, mokled aris CamorCeniloba; - gaxados homoseqsualizmi sazogadoebriv cnobierebaSi, upirveles yovlisa axalgazrdobaSi, mimzidvel saxed; - Tavs moaxvios sazogadoebas fsiqologiuri ganwyoba imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom homoseqsualizmi aris socialurad

109 mimzidveli, prestiJuli, progresuli da elitaruli cxovrebis wesi da qceva; -moaxdinos Tanamdevi biznes-miznebis realizeba. „gei-aRlumis~ informaciul-fsiqologiuri zemoqmedeba mimarTulia pirTa SemousazRvreli wrisken, romlebic ar arian homoseqsualebi, magram iZulebulni arian, maTi survilis sapirispirod, uyuron homoseqsualTa qmedebebs da isminon maTi gancxadebebi, Sedegad, - imyofebodnen uneburi aRqmis, recepciis (aTvisebis), misi zemoqmedebis gancdis pirobebSi. gasagebia, rom „gei-aRlumis~ epataJuroba, sagangebod aWrelebuli feadovneba da hipertrofuli pompezuroba, moWarbebuli vulgaruloba da misi monawileebis uxamsi saqcieli iqcevs sazogadoebis yuradRebas, pirvel rigSi, sazogadoebis fsiqologiurad naklebad mdgrad nawilSi, romelsac, ZiriTadad bavSvebi Seadgenen, romlebsac jerjerobiT myarad ara aqvT aTvisebuli maTTvis aucilebeli mniSvnelovani cxovrebiseuli sociologiuri normebi. swored arasrulwlovnebi Seadgenen metad mgrZnobiare, aRmqmel da zemoqmedebas damqvemdebarebul auditorias. rogorc aRniSnulia bavSvTa gadarCenis,dacvisa da ganviTarebis msoflio deklaraciis (niu-iorki, 30.09.1990) me-2 punqtSi: „msoflios bavSvebi mowyvladni da damokidebulni arian~. bavSvTa swored am Tvisebebs iyeneben cinikurad „gei-aRlumebis~ organizatorebi, romlebic amgvari RonisZiebebiT Tavs axveven bavSvebs damangrevel fsiqologiur ganwyobebsa da amoralur faseulobiT orientaciebs, axdenen maTze, arsebiTad, fsiqologiur Zaladobas. aseT pirobebSi da am TvalsazrisiT bavSvebs Soris Tavsmoxveuli propaganda imisa, rom homoseqsualizmi aris cxovrebis elitaruli saxe, seqsualuri urTierTobebisa da seqsualuri qcevis norma, warmoadgens cinikurad uzneo da


110 antikulturul qmedebas, aris antisazogadoebrivi da kanonsawinaaRmdego qmedeba, aris antihumanuri, uxeSi mopyroba bavSvebisadmi, ewinaaRmdegeba sazogadoebrivi zneobis dacvis moTxovnebs, romlebic daculia adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb mTel rig saerTaSoriso aqtebSi. kerZod, ewinaaRmdegeba demokratiul sazogadoebaSi moralisa da sazogadoebrivi wesrigis samarTlian moTxovnebs (10.12.1948 w. adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciis 29-e muxlis me-2 punqts). am SemTxvevaSi saubaria bavSvTa ganmryvneli da ganxrwneli inteleqtualuri formebis ganxorcilebaze. adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso dokumentebSi aRiarebulia dasabuTebuloba imisa, rom zemoqmedebis aseTi inteleqtualuri (arafizikuri) Semadgeneli sagangebod iyos gamoyofili da aRniSnuli. asea, magaliTad, me-11 muxlis me-18 punqtSi š 19 saerTo rekomendaciisa, romelic miiRo gaeros meTerTmete sesiaze qalTa mimarT dikskriminaciisa da Zaladobis likvidaciis komitetma (1992w.), da romelSic aRniSnulia, rom seqsualur Zaladobad SeiZleba gagebul iqnes kerZod, seqsualuri konteqstis mqone replika, pornografiuli masalis Cveneba, seqsualuri moTxovnebi gamonaTqvamebis formiT. mravali bavSvis mier, romelTac sakuTar ojaxSi aRzrdisa da sakuTari xalxis garemoSi cxovrebis Sedegad Camoyalibebuli aqvs warmodgena zenobriobisa da ojaxuri faseulobebis Sesaxeb, homoseqsualizmis propagandis ganxorcieleba, miT umetes - maTze sajarod da agresiulad Tavsmoxveuli, samarTlianad iqneba aRqmuli, rogorc maTdami uxeSi da adamianis Rirsebis Semlaxveli mopyroba. da es namdvilad asec iqneba. homoseqsualizmis propaganda mozardebSi aris uxeSi da adamianis Rirsebis Semlaxveli mopyroba bavSvebisadmi, romelic ewinaaRmdegeba mTel rig saerTaSoriso dokumentebSi deklarirebul princi pebs, uxeSad arRvevs

111 saerTaSoriso samarTlisa da erovnuli samarTlis normebs, rogorebicaa: - saqarTvelos konstituciis 36-e muxlis me-2 da me-3 punqtebs: saxelmwifo xels uwyobs ojaxis keTildReobas. dedaTa da bavSvTa uflebebi daculia kanoniT; - saqarTvelos konstituciis 37-e muxlis me-3 punqti: yvelas aqvs ufleba cxovrobdes janmrTelobisaTvis uvnebel garemoSi; - samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso paqtis me-7 muxli, aseve imave paqtis me-18 muxlis me-4 punqti, romelSic aRniSnulia, rom am faqtze xelmomweri saxelmwifoebi, maT Soris, saqarTvelo, valdebulebas iReben pativi scen mSobelTa Tavisuflebas, uzrunvelyon TavianTi Svilebis religiuri da zneobrivi aRzrda sakuTari mrwamsis Sesabamisad; - adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciis me-5 muxli, romelic adgens, rom aravin ar unda ganicdides damamcirebel da Tavisi Rirsebis Semlaxvel zemoqmedebas; - adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb evropis konvenciis me-3 muxli; - 20.11.1989w. gaeros konvencia bavSis uflebebis Sesaxeb; - evropis sabWos 25.10.2007w. konvencia bavSvTa seqsualuri eqsploataciisa da seqsualuri Zaladobisagan dacvis Sesaxeb. homoseqsualizmis Tavsmoxveuli propaganda bavSvTa Soris ewinaaRmdegeba mTel rig saerTaSoriso dokumentebSi deklarirebul princi pebs, rogorebicaa: - evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 23.01.2007w. # 1530 (2007) rezolucia „bavSvebi- msxverplni: Zaladobis, eqspluataciisa da sisastikis yvela formis aRkveTa~; (http:/ /www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/%5BRussian_documents%5D/ %5B2007%5D/%5BJan2007%5D/Res1530_rus.asp#TopOfPage);


112 - evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 23.04.1998w. # 1371 (1998) rekomendacia „sastiki mopyroba bavSvebisaTvis da bavSvTa umeTvalyureoba~; (http://assembly.coe.int/main.asp?Link=/documents/adoptedtext/ta98/ erec1371.htm);

- evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 06.10.1987w. # 1065 (1987) rekomendacia „bavSvebiT vaWroba da bavSvTa eqspluataciis sxva formebi~; (http://assembly.coe.int/main.asp?Link=/documents/adoptedtext/ta87/ erec1065.htm);

- evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 27.09.2002w. # 1307 (2002) rezolucia „bavSvTa seqsualuri eqspluatacia: sruli mouTmenloba~; (http://www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/%5BRussian_documents%5D/ %5B2002%5D/%5BSept2002%5D/Resol_1307.asp#TopOfPage);

- evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 25.09.1996w. # 1099 (1996) rezolucia „bavSvTa seqsualuri eqspluatacia~; (http://assembly.coe.int/main.asp?Link=/documents/adoptedtext/ta96/ eres1099.htm);

- evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 04.10.1979w. # 874 (1979) rekomendacia „bavSvis uflebebis evropuli qartiis Sesaxeb~; (http://assembly.coe.int/main.asp?Link=/documents/adoptedtext/ta79/ erec874.htm);

- evropis sabWos saparlamento asambleis 09.09.1991w. # R(91)11 rekomendacia „seqsualuri eqspluataciis, pornografiis, prostituciis, bavSvebiTa da axalgazrdobiT vaWrobis Sesaxeb~ (https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/com.instranet.InstraServlet?command= com.instranet.CmdBlobGet&InstranetImage=572410&SecMode= 1&DocId=597946&Usage=2);

- evropis sabWos ministrTa komitetis wevr-qveynebisadmi 31.10.2001w. # Rec(2001)16 rekomendacia „bavSvTa dacva seqsualuri eqspluataciisgan~.

113 ( h t t p s : / / w c d . c o e . i n t / w c d / Vi e w D o c . j s p ? i d = 2 3 4 8 3 7 & S i t e = CM&BackColorInternet=C3C3C3&BackColorIntraet= EDB021&BackColorLogged=F5D383).

20.11.1989w. bavSvis uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso konvenciis 34-e muxlis Sesabamisad, wevri-saxelmwifoebi valdebulni arian, miiRon yvela aucilebeli zoma imisaTvis, rom ar dauSvan bavSvis iZuleba an CaTreva nebismier ukanono seqsualur saqmianobaSi. homoseqsualizmis iZulebiTi propaganda savsebiT garkveulad iTvleba iZulebad (Tundac fsiqologiuri, inteleqtualuri Tu emociuri formiT) da(an) bavSvis ukanono seqsualur urTierTobaSi CaTrevad. sazogadoebis zneobriobis interesebidan gamomdinare, „geiaRlumebis~ SezRudva miT umetes marTlzomieria, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT, rom „gei-aRlumebis~ organiatorebi, rogorc wesi, paralelurad komerciul miznebsac isaxaven, rac aSkarad scildeba uflebadamcvelobiT ritorikasa da im miznebs, romlebsac aseTi RonisZiebebis organizatoebi acxadeben. sazRvargareTis qveynebis paraqtika gviCvenebs, rom „geikulturis~, homoseqsualizmis, rogorc cxovrebis wesis farTomasStabiani propaganda aris sarfiani kapitaldabandeba, radgan formirebuli homoseqsualuri qvesazogadoeba xdeba Sesabamisi tansacmlis, kosmetikisa da atributikis mudmivi momxmarebli, gei-klubebis xSiri stumari, sargeblobs homoseqsualebisaTvis gankuTvnili gansakuTrebuli turistuli saagentoebis momsaxurebiT da a.S., anu xdeba mTeli „lgbt~ industriis momxmarebeli. amasTan iqmneba mTeli ganStoebuli infrastruqtura, romelic emsaxureba homoseqsualur qvesazogadoebas, mas, romelic homoseqsualizmis propagadis gziT seqsualuri urTierTobebisa da adamianis codvis Temas iyenebs sakuTari mogebis miRebis mizniT. „gei-aRlumi~ aris komerciuli proeqti


114 da efeqturi saSualeba imisa, rom mozidul iqnes xsenebuli infrastruqturis momsaxurebisa da saqonlis axal-axali momxarebeli. miuxedavad imisa, rom homoseqsualizmis ideologebi gamudmebiT saubroben homoseqsualTa uflebebis darRvevasa da maT mimarT eqstremistul damokidebulebis Sexeb, sinamdvileSi swored maTi aqciebis dros xdeba sxva moqalaqeebis uflebebis darRveva homoseqsualebis eqstremistuli qmedebebis gamo. amis naTeli magaliTia araerTi SemTxveva, rodesac homoseqsualuri RonisZiebis dros misi monawileni Segnebulad bilwaven religiur sakrebuloTa „siwmindeebs~, Sardaven maT ezoebsa da sardafebSi da a.S. aqve aRvniSnavT, rom, sazogadod, aseTi qmedebebi axasiaTebT satanisturi mimarTulebis organizaciebs, moZraobebsa da maT mier gamarTul RonisZiebebs. amis SemTxvevebi saqarTveloSic iyo. SegaxsenebT, rom 2008 wlis ivlisSi Tbilisis saburTalos sasaflaoze moxda vandaluri aqti, saflavebze satanisturi sakreblos warmomadgenlebis mier dangreul iqna TeTri jvrebi. aseve, 2008 wlis oqtombris bolos, rodesac qveyana omSi daRupul Svilebs glovobda, imdroindeli xelisuflebis xelSewyobiT sqarTvelos sapatriarqosa da sionis taZris mimdebare teritoriaze gaimarTa e.w. helouinis RonisZieba, romlis alkoholuri sasmelebiTa da narkotikiT gabruebulma monawileebma Seuracxyves marTlmadidebluri siwminde, - tualetad aqcies sionis taZris ezo, SardiTa da uwmindurebiT wabilwes igi, Tan xmamaRla uwodebdnen sionis taZars tualets. homoseqsualizmi, romelic momakvdinebeli codvis propagandisti da gamavrcelebelia, ra Tqma unda, satanizms emsgavseba siwmindeebTan dakavSirebiT.

115 msgavsi darRvevebi homoseqsualistebis mxridan ar warmoadgenen erTeul SemTxvevebs, isini damaxasiaTebelni arian homoseqsualuri ideologiisaTvis da, kerZod, „geiaRlumebisaTvis~. ase, magaliTad, 2008 wlis noemberSi 30 homoseqsualisagan Semdgari jgufi Tavs daesxa qristianul taZars q. lensingSi (miCiganis Stati, aSS), wabilwes igi, daazianes da daamcires morwmuneTa adamianuri Rirseba. Tu vinme miiCnevs, rom msgavsi faqtebis ganxilva „arapolitkoreqtulia~, maSin aSkaraa, rom „politkoreqtulobis~ aseTi ganmarteba miuRebelia demokratiul samarTlebriv qveyanaSi. zemoT aRniSnuli gvaZlevs aucilebel da sakmaris pirobas im daskvnis gakeTebisaTvis, rom sajaro RonisZieba „geiaRlumis~ saxiT, romelic warmoadgens homoseqsualizmis propagandis agresiul formas, ar unda iRebdes saxelmwifos mxridan xelSewyobasa da preferenciebs.


116

Tavi VIII mravali TvalsazrisiT mizanSewonilad miviCnieT, wignSi Segvetana bibliuri istoria da swavleba sodomur codvasTan dakavSirebiT. aSS-s zemoT moyvanil (ix. me-3 da me-4 Tavebi) sakanonmdeblo normebSi homoseqsualizmi saxeldebulia uaryofiTi Sinaarsis mqone sityviT „sodomia~. ras ukavSireba es sityva, rogori unda iyos marTlmadideblis, da ara marto marTlmadideblis, mimarTeba sodomiis, homoseqsualizmis mimarT da ras gvaswavlis wminda werili am codvis Sesaxeb?

sodomi da gomori I. biblia sodomisa da gomoris Sesaxeb 1. istoriul-geografiuli monacemebi sodomi - qalaqis saxeli iTargmneba, rogorc „almodebuli~. gomori - qalaqis saxeli iTargmneba, rogorc „wyalSi danTqmuli~ an „CaZiruli~. sodomi da gomori - iordaniis mxaris xuT qalaqTagan ori, romlebic cecxliTa da gogirdiT ganadgurda. iordaniis mxaris es xuTi qalaqia: sodomi, gomori, segori (coRari), adma (adamaÁ) da sebeimi (ceboimi). maT Sesaxeb naxsenebia dabadebaSi, 10;19: `da iqmnnes sazRvarni qanenelTani sidonisagan da vidre Seslvadmde gerarad da Razad, da vidre Seslvadmde sodomad da gomorad~, anu qanaanelTa sazRvari ido sidonidan

117 geraris mimarTulebiT Razamde; sodom-gomori, admas da sebeimis mimarTulebiT laSayamde. yvela es qalaqi mdebareobda sidomis velze, sadac exla mkvdari (mlaSe) zRvaa, dabadeba 14:1-3: ‘xolo iqmna mefobasa armafalisasa mefisa senarisasa, arioq, mefeman salasarisaman, da qodol, gomoris mefeman, elamisman da Targal mefeman warmarTTaman. yves brZolaÁ varlas Tana, mefisa sodomTasa, da varsas Tana, mefisa gomorisa, da sennarisa, mefisa adamisa, da sómovoris, mefisa sebomisa, da mefisa valasa: ese ars segori. ese yovelni SeiTqunes Ãevsa marilovansa, romel ars zRuaÁ marilTa~. amgvarad, yvela CamoTvlili mTavari Saikriba sidimis velze, sadac axla mlaSe zRvaa. ras warmoadgendnen es adgilebi? dabadeba 13:10: `da aRmxumelman TualTa TÂsTaman loT ixila yoveli garemo soflebi iordanisaÁ, rameTu yoveli iyo sarwyav, pirvel daqcevadmde RmrTisa mier sodomisa da gomorisa, viTarca samoTxe RmrTisaÁda viTarca queyana egÂptisa, vidre moslvadmde zoRorad~. anu iordanes mTeli mxare coRaramde irwyveboda, rogorc baRi uflisa, rogorc egvi ptelTa qveyana. ase iyo, vidre ufali ar gaanadgurebda sodomsa da gomors. dabadeba 14:10: `xolo Rele marilovani mTxrebl mTxreblovan ars asfaltosiTa~. anu sidimis velze uamravi fisis Wa iyo.

1. biblia sodomisa da gomoris macxovreblebis Sesaxeb codvilni dabadeba 13:13: `xolo - borotni da didad codvilni, kacni sodomTani borotni da codvilni friad winaSe RmrTisaÁ~. dabadeba 18:20-21: „da Tqua ufalman RmerTman:


118 RaRadebaÁ sodomTa da gomorTa ganmravlda Cemda momarT, codvani maTni did arian friad. gardavide ukue, vixilo, ukueTu RaRadebisaebr maTisa momavlisa iqcevian, da, ukueTu ara, raTa vcna~. anu gaxSirda samduravi sodomsa da gomorze RmrTis mimarT, metismetad daumZimdaT codvebi. am qalaqebSi ar moiZebna aTi marTali, marTali romelTa gamoc -am RmerTi ar gaadgurebda am qalaqebs. dabadeba 18:23-32: `da mieaxla abraham da hrqua: nu Tana warswymed marTalsa uRmrToTa Tana da iyos marTali, viTarca uRmrToÁ? ukueTu iyunen ergasisni marTalni, warwymed-a maT? ara hrido-a yovelsa mas adgilsa ergasisTa marTalTa ZliT, ukueTu iyvnen mas Sina? ara sada hyo Soris sityÂsa misebr mokudinebaò marTlisa uRmrToTa Tana da iyos marTali, viTarca uRmrToÁ? nu sada romeli sji yovelsa queyanasa, nu hyof sasjelsa. da Tqua ufalman RmerTman: ukueTu iyvnen ergasisni marTalni sodomT qalaqTa Sina, dauteo yoveli adgili maTTós. da mimgebelman abraham Tqua: aw viwye sityuad uflisa mimarT, xolo me var miwaÁ da nacar. ukueTu Semcirden ergasisni marTalni ormeocdaxuTad, warswymido-a ormeocdaxuTTaTós yoveli qalaqi? da Tqua: ukueTu vpovne mun ormeocdaxuTni, ara warvwymido. da SesZina merme sityuad missa mimarT da Tqua: ukueTu iyvnen ormeocni? da Tqua: ara warvwymido ormeocTaTÂs. da Tqua: nuras, ufalo, ukueTu vityodi-Ra: i povnen Tu mun ocdaaTni? da Tqua: ara warvwymido ocdaaTTaTÂs. da Tqua: vinaTgan maqus sityuad uflisa mimarT Cemisa da Tqua: ukueTu iyvnen mun ocni? da Tqua: ara warvwymido ocTaTÂs. da Tqua: nu raÁ, ufalo, ukueTu vityodi merme erTgzis-Ra da ipovnen Tu aTni? da Tqua: ara warvwymido aTTaTÂs~. - ampartavanni, Rormucelebi, udardelni, aramowyaleni da sisaZaglis moqmedni, ezekieli 16 48-50: `cxovel var me,

119 - adonai ityÂs ufali, - ukueTu yo sodomaman, daman Senman man, da asulTa misTa, viTarsaxed hyav Sen da asulTa SenTa. garna ese usjuloebaò sodomisa, disa Senisa, ampartavanebaÁ da sisavsiTa purisaÁTa da iefobiTa nukveulobda igi da asulni misni. ese iyo mis Soris da asulTa misTa da Ãelsa glaxakisa da davrdomilisasa ara upyrobdes, da didmoqadulobdes da yvnes usjuloebani winaSe Cemsa da aRvixuen igini, viTarca ixile~. anu sodomelTa, gomorelTa da sxva mimdebare qalaqis macxovrebelTa danaSauli RrTis winaSe iyo ampartavnoba, Rormuceloba da udardeloba, Rarib-Rataks xels ar umarTavdnen, gamedidurdnen da sisaZaglis keTeba daiwyes da RmerTmac aRgava isini pirisagan miwisa.

2.

sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba

sodomisa da gomoris macxovrebelTa uwmindurebam da ukanonobam miiyvana isini amobugvamde. sodomisa da gomoris ganadgurebis suraTi aRwerilia dabadeba 19:15-26-Si. gansakuTrebiT yuradReba unda mivaqcioT qalaqebis daRupvis suraTs, dabadeba 19:24-25: `da ufalman awóma sodomsa da gomorsa zeda wunwubaÁ da cecxli uflisa mier zeciT. da daaqcia yovelni ese qalaqni da yoveli sanaxebi da moswydes, yovelni mefeni mis qalaqisani da yoveli mcenare queyanisa~. aseve dabadeba 19:27:29: „xolo aRimsTo abraham ganTiad adgilsa mas, sada-igi dga winaSe uflisa. da iyo, daqcevasa mas uflisa mier qalaqebisa mis sanaxebisasa. moeÃsena RmerTsa abraham da gamoiyuana loT Soris daqcevisa mis, raJams daaqcia ufalman qalaqebi igi, romelsa Sina damkódrebul iyo loT~. anu wavida abraami dilaadrianad im adgilisken da dadga iq uflis winaSe. gaxeda sodomsa da gomors da dainaxa: kvamli asdis miwas, rogorc sakiredan avardnili boli. roca amxobda


120 RmerTi im mxaris qalaqebs, sadac cxovrobda loTi, gaixsena RmerTma abraami da gaarida loTi ngrevas. loTis damokideuleba momxdarTan aRwerilia dabadeba 19:30-Si: „aRvida loT segoriT da dajda igi mTasa zeda da asulni misni mis Tana, rameTu SeeSina damkÂdrebad segors Sina. da daemkÂdra quabsa Sina igi da orni asulni misni mis Tana~. amgvarad aiyara loTi segoridan, radgan iq cxovrebis eSinoda da mTaSi, gamoqvabulSi dasaxlda Tavis or qaliSvilTan erTad. cnobilia, rom sidomis velze mdebareobda xuTi qalaqi: sodomi, gomori, segori, adma da sebeimi. yvela isini gaanadgura RmerTma Tu zogierTi? am kiTxvaze pasuxs vi poviT loTis sodomidan gamoyvanis istoriaSi, dabadeba 19:15-26: 1) yuradReba unda mivaqcioT loTisa da angelozebis saubars, dabadeba 19:15-22: `da viTar ciskari iqmna, da aswrafobdes angelozni loTs metyuelni: aRdeg, miiyuane coli Seni da orni asulni Senni, romelni gisxen, da ganved, raTa ara Tana warswymde usjuloebaTa qalaqisaTa. da aRSfoTnes da upyres angelozTa Ãelsa misa da Ãelsa colisa misisasa da Ãelsa asulTa misTasa ridebasa mas uflisasa maT zeda. da iyo, raJams gamoiyuanes igini gare da hrques: cxovnebiT icxovne suli Seni, nu ukmoixedav ukuRmarT. nuca dasdgebi yovelsa Sina garemo soflebTa, aramed mTad kerZo ivltode, nuukue Tana Seepyra. da Tqua loT maTda mimarT: gevedrebi, ufalo. vinaTgan pova wyalobaÁ monaman Senman winaSe Sensa da ganadide simarTle Seni, romelsa hyof Cem zeda ganrinebad sulisa Cemisa. xolo me ver Zal-mic miwevnad mTad, nuukue mewios me boroti ese da movkude. aha esera, qalaqi ese axlos ars mivltolad Cemda mun, romel ars mcire, da mun ganvere, da cxovndes suli Cemi Sen ZliT. da Tqua man: aha, damikórda piri Seni amasca zeda sityuasa, ara davaqcio qalaqi, romlisaTÂs

121 sTqu. iswrafe Sen miwevnad mun, rameTu ver Ãelmewifebis yofad saqmisa, vidre Seslvadmde Senda mun. amisTÂs uwoda saxeli qalaqsa mas segor~. RmrTis gangebiT, sidomis velis xuTi qalaqi unda ganadgurebuliyo cecxliTa da gogirdiT: am mizeziT angelozebma gaafrTxiles loTi, rom igi ar gaCerebuliyo iordaniis mxaris arc erT qalaqSi, aramed gaqceuliyo mTaSi. loTs eSinoda, rom ver moaswrebda mTaSi gaxizvnas da sTxova angelozebs, neba miecaT misTvis Tavi Seefarebina segors sidomis mxaris xuT qalaqTagan erT-erTisaTvis. angelozebi Sehpirdnen, rom mis gamo segori aRar ganadgurdeboda, - dabadeba, 19:21: `da Tqua man: aha, damikÂrda piri Seni amasca zeda sityuasa, ara davaqcio qalaqi, romlisaTÂs sTqu~. 2) yuradReba mivaqcioT 23-25-e stixebs: `da mze moefina queyanasa zeda da loTi Sevida segorad. da daaqcia yovelni ese qalaqni da yoveli sanaxebi da moswydes, yovelni mefeni mis qalaqisani da yoveli mcenare queyanisa~. anu ganTiadisas, rodesac loTi Sevida segors, awvima ufalma cidan sodoms da gomors gogirdi da cecxli, daamxo es qalaqebi da mTeli mxare, am qalaqebis mTeli mosaxleoba da dedamiwis aRmonaceni. amgvarad, aq aRwerilia sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba, aseve mTeli iordaniis mxarisa, segoris gamoklebiT. rogorc vxedavT, sodomisa da gomoris garda im dRes kidev ori qalaqi iqna ganadgurebuli. amis Sesaxeb ukve gviyveba nawyveti wignidan meore rjuli 29:23: `da iyos queyanaÁ igi maTi, viTarca wunwubaÁ da namwuarebi cecxlisaÁ. nu ipoebin queyanasa maTsa Tesli TesvisaÁ, nuca saZovari ÃarisaÁ, da arca aRmoscendes maT zeda mwuanvili Tivisa da arca aRmoÃdes, aramed viTarca daiqca sodomaÁ da gomoraò, adamaÁ da sebeimi, romel-igi daaqcia ufalman RmerTman risxviTa miT guliswyromiTa risxvisa misisaÁTa~. anu gadaibuga mTeli


122 miwa, romelzec ar iTeseba da arc araferi izrdeba, aranairi balaxi ar amodis.

3. sodomisa da gomoris simbolizmi 1)

es qalaqebi garyvnilebisa da usjuloebis simboloebi arian arian, dabadeba 18: 20-21:

`da Tqua ufalman RmerTman: RaRadebaÁ sodomTa da gomorTa ganmravlda Cemda momarT, codvani maTni did arian friad~. romaelTa mimarT 9:29: `da viTarca-igi winaÁswar Tqva esaia, ara Tumca ufalman sabaoT damiteva Cuen Tesli, viTarca sodomelnimca SeviqmneniT da gomorelTamca mivemsgavsneT~. miuxedavad imisa, rom nawyveti wignidan ezekieli 16:49 sodomsa da gomors brals debs ampartavnebaSi, egoizmsa da udardelobaSi, sodomisa da gomoris macxovrebelTa mTavari codva homoseqsualizmia, romelsac bibliaSi `sisaZagle RmrTis winaSe~ (ezekieli 16:50) ewodeba. zustad imave sityviT (`sisaZagle~) aris wodebuli homoseqsualizmi levianTa 18:22Si: `da wulisa Tana ara daswve sawoliTa dedebriTa, rameTu saZagel ars~. anu ar dawve mamakacTan dedakacuri woliT, radgan es sisaZaglea RmrTis winaSe. homoseqsualuri urTierTobebi sayovelTaod iyo miRebuli qananelTaTvis - warmarTi tomebisa da xalxebisaTvis, romlebiTac dasaxlebuli iyo qanaani. imis SiSiT, rom maTi cxovrebis wesi SeiZleba ebraelebs gadaeRoT, RmerTma, romelmac israelis xalxi aRTqmul miwaze Seiyvana, daubara maT, rom gaenadgurebinaT yvela es xalxebi, rac, unda aRiniSnos, maT ar gaakeTes. magram es aRwerili movlenebidan sakmaod mogvianebiT iyo. dabadebaSi, 15:16 aRniSnulia, rom `meoTxe naTesavi moiqces aqa, rameTu ar-Ra srul qmnil arian codvani amorevelTani

123 aqamomde~. anu mxolod meoTxe TaobaSi mobrundebian aqeT, roca aivseba amorevelTa ukeTurebaTa sawyaulio. magram sidomis velis ori xalxis - sodomisa da gomoris garyvnilebam ukve yvela sazRars gadaaWarba. 2) sodomisa da gomoris dangreva aris magaliTi imisa, Tu ra elis uRmerToebs uRmerToebs: 2 petre 2:6: `da qalaqebi igi sodomelTa da gomorelTaÁ dawua da daaqcia da dasaja da saxed mermeTa maT uRmrToTa dadava~. iuda 1:7: `viTarca sodomoÁ da gomoroÁ da garemoÁs maTsa qalaqebi igi, romelni maTadve saxed isiZvides da midevnul iyvnes Semdgomad xorcsa ucxosa, wina sxenan saxed, cecxlisa saukonÁsa sasjeli miuRebies~. sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba aris magaliTi da mtkiceba imisi, Tu rogor gansjis da sjis RmerTi codvas. 3) sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba aris soflis dasasrulis simbolo simbolo. luka 17:28-30: `da egreve viTarca igi iyo dReTa loTisaTa: Wamdes da sumides, iyiddes da ganhyiddes, nergsa asxmides da aSenebdes; da romelsa dResa ganvida lot sodomiT, awvima cecxli da wunwubi zeciT da warwymidna yovelni. esreve iyos dRe igi, odes Ze kacisaÁ gamoCndes~. sodomisa da gomoris ganadgureba iqca pritCad xalxebSi: sxva sityvebiT, sodomisa da gomoris saxelebi xalxebSi yoveli xalxisaTvisa zogadi mniSvnelobis saxelebad iqca, romlebic aRniSnaven usjuloebasa da sisaZagles RmrTis winaSe. esaia 1:9-10: `da ara Tumca ufalman sabaoT damiteva Cuen Tesli, viTarca sodomiamca viqmneniT da viTar gomorrasmca vemsgavseniT. ismineT sityva uflisaÁ mTavarTa sodomisaTa,


124 ekrZaleT Sjulsa RmrTisasa eri gomorraÁsa~. anu, es mcire natamali rom ar daerCina CvenTvis ufals, sodomad viqcrodiT, gomoras davemsgavsebodiTo. ieremia 23:13-14: `da winawarmetyuelTa Soris samariaÁsaTa vixilen usjuloebani. winawarmetyuelebdes saxelsa zeda Cemsa baalisTÂ s da SeacTunes eri Cemi israeli. da winawarmetyuelTaca Soris ierusalemisaTa vixilen gansakrTomelni memruSeqmnilTa da mavalTa sicrueTa Sina da SemweTa ÃelTa borotTasa armoqcevisaTÂs kacadisa gzisagan misisa borotisa. iqmnes Cemda yovelni, viTarca sodomaÁ da mkÂdrni misni, viTarca gomorraÁ~. anu winaswarmetyveli aRniSnavs, rom samariis winaswarmetyvelTa Sorisac davinaxe sisaZagleo: baalis sisxliT qadagebdnen da acdunebdnen Cvens ers - israels; ierusalimis winaswarmetyvelTa Sorisac vxedav sibilweso: garyvnilebas misdeven da cruoben, ukeTurTa mxari uWiravT, rom arcerTi maTgani ar moiqces Tavis ukeTurobisagan. sodomiviT gaxdnen CemTvis yvelani da gomorasaviT misi mcxovrebni. 4) sodomisa da gomoris usjuloeba SeiZleba gadametebul iqnes iqnes. maTe 10:14-15: `da ukeTu aravin Segiwynarnes Tquen da arca isminnes sityuani Tquenni, gamoraÁxvidodeT mier saxliT, gina mier qalaqiT, ganiyareT mtueri ferTa TquenTaÁ. amin getyviT Tquen: umolxines iyos queyanaÁ igi sodomisaÁ da gomorisaÁ dResa mas sasjelisasa, vidre qalaqi igi.~ igivea aRniSnuli markozi 6:11-Si.

125

II. biblia homoseqsualizmis codvis Sesaxeb 1. terminologia homoseqsualoba ganixileba, rogorc ltolva, mimarTuli imave sqesis pirisadmi. qalebSi aseT movlenas lesboseloba ewodeba. im adamianebs, romlebic misdeven homoseqsualuri cxovrebis wess, uwodeben geebs (gay - es akronimia, romelic inglisurad iSifreba rogorc «good as you» - anu `Senze arafriT uaresi~. es ubralod abriviatura ki ar aris, aramed homoseqsualuri moZraobis ideologiuri lozungi); klinikur praqtikaSi maT „egosintonur homoseqsualebs uwodeben (termini `egosintonuri~ ganekuTvneba zraxvebs, survilebs, azrebs da aS., romlebic Tanaxmierni arian „me~-sTan. egosintonuri gamovlineba xasiaTdeba Tavisi seqsualuri ltolvebisa da arCevanebis, rogorc bunebrivisa da sakuTar pirovnebaze warmodgenebTan TanxmobaSiT myofis, aRqmiT). e.w. seqsualuri umciresobebi TavianTi uflebebisTvis brZolas adareben qalTa emansi paciisaTvis an rasobrivi diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg brZolas. magram saqme isaa, rom qalebi an, vTqvaT, Savkanianebi namdvilad aseTni daibadnen da ver Seicvlebian. homoseqsualebTan dakavSirebiT ki, mecnieruli TvalTaxedviT, saqme sxvadgvaradaa.

2 . riT aris gamowveuli homoseqsualizmi, ra aris misi mizezebi? aragacnobierebuli adamianebi miiCneven, rom adamianebi „simaZRrisgan irevian~. popularuli gei-propaganda, piriqiT amtkicebs, rom homoseqsualebad ibadebian. arc erTi da arc


126 meore marTali ar aris. homoseqsualizmis Camoyalibeba - es procesia da ara myisieri movlena. hipoTeza imis Sesaxeb, rom arsebobs „homoseqsualizmis socialuri geni~, romelic dedis «Õ»-qromosomiT gadaecema, ar mtkicdeba, rac gasakviri ar aris: biologebma xom daadgines, rom ara marto adamianebSi - TviT umaRles ZuZumwovrebSi sqesobrivi qceva ar kodirdeba genetikurad, aramed aris ama Tu im swavla-aTvisebis gziT Camoyalibebuli Cvevis Sedegi. STamomavlobiT SeiZleba gadaeces garkveuli wyoba xasiaTisa, roelmac garkveul pirobebSi, SeiZleba miiyvanos individi homoseqsualizmamde. mravali homoseqsuali amobs, rom „rac Tavi maxsovs, me yovelTvis aseTi viyavi~. magram gamocdil specialists, romelic mas esaubreba, yovelTvis SeuZlia gamoavlinos momenti, romlidanac daiwyo gadaxra, da ra ganapirobebda amas. ra axdens gavlenas adamianis homoseqsualur msoflmxedvelobaze: • did rols TamaSobs Sida ojaxuri urTierTobebi, magaliTad, rodesac biWisTvis mama ar aris magaliTi, xolo deda zomaze metad qomagobs mas. aseTi bavSvi SeiZleba verc mixvdes, Tu ra aris mamakacoba. amasTan mas aRafrTovaneben da izidaven isini, romlebSic es masSi arasakmarisad arsebuli kacoba gamosWvivis sxva biWebi da kacebi. adre Tu gvian es aRtaceba iZens erotikul xasiaTs. homoseqsualizmis riskfaqtori izrdeba dangreul ojaxebSi, rodesac stresul viTarebaSi myofi Svilebi mijaWvulni arian romelime mSobels. •

homoseqsualur orientaciaze aseve gavlenas axdens TanatolebTan urTierTobis negatiuri gamocdileba

127 (megobrebis ararseboba da sapirispiro sqesis pirebTan warumatebeli urTierTobebi). •

qalebSi SeiZleba igive xdebodes, magram aris erTi gadamwyveti faqtoric: lesboselebis umravlesobam mamakacis mxridan ganicades Zaladoba an didi Seuracxyofa, da amis Semdeg, ubralod, eSiniaT mamakacis. maTTvis gansakuTrebiT mimzidveila qalis mzrunveloba da sinaze.

homoseqsualizmze gansakuTrebiT did gavlenas axdens pirveli seqsualuri gamocdileba, gansakuTrebiT TavaSvebuli cxovrebis dros.

aRar vsaubrobT imaze, rom homoseqsualizmi SeiZleba iyos gacnobierebuli nebayoflobiTi arCevani, sxvadasxva motivaciebiT. amiT Souloben fuls. amiT esvrian gamowvevas sazogadoebas. amas cdian cnobismoyvareobis gamo, mZafri SegrZnebebisaTvis da a.S.

mokled rom vTqvaT, homoseqsualebad ar ibadebian.

3. 1)

ra aris cudi homoseqsualizmSi: ra aris misi mavnebloba? negatiuri zemoqmedeba fizikur janmrTelobaze janmrTelobaze.

cxadia, pirvelad TavSi modis „Sidsi~ da misi mravali cnobili Tu ucnobi msxverpli. magram saqme marto es ar aris. aSS-Si nekrologebis analizis Sedegad aRmoaCines, rom „Sidsis~ ararsebobis SemTxvevaSic geebi 25-30 wliT ufro naklebs cocxloben, vidre heteroseqsuali mamakacebi. amasTan,


128 garda „Sidsisa~, maT emuqreba kidev ramdenime aTeuli specifikuri daavadeba. xolo, Tu amas emateba „Sidsi~, maSin Tavadac xvdebiT, rasTan gvaqvs saqme. 2)

negatiuri zemoqmedeba moralur janmrTelobaze janmrTelobaze.

dasavleTis statistikuri monacemebiT homoseqsualistebs Soris gacilebiT maRalia TviTmkvlelobaTa ricxvi. saubroben imis Sesaxeb, rom isini, sawylebi, gamudmebiT ganicdian sazogadoebisagan wnexs., magram dasavleTSi xom sazogadoeba didi xania aravis devnis? es xom am qveynebis statistikaa? maS, raSia saqme? saqme, ubralod, isaa, rom homoseqsualebs Soris gacilebiT metia ubeduri adamiani. aseve aSS-Si, sadac seqsualuri revoluciis Semdeg ukve dagrovda garkveuli statistika, daTvlilia, rom mxolod 2%-ze nakleb geis hyavda 10 partniorze naklebi cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi, maSin rodesac 43% - s -500-ze meti, xolo 28%-s- 1000ze meti hyavda isini. buebrivia, homoseqsualistisTvis gacilebiT Znelia Tavisi „mewyvile~ i povos. magrad gansakuTrebuli ubedureba iwyeba xanSi Sesvlidan, rodesac isini ukve „mimzidvelebi~ aRar arian, ara hyavT Svilebi, SviliSvilebi da a.S. 3)

129 mdgomareobaSi: magaliTad, mamakacebs Soris megobroba ukve imTaviTve saeWvo moCans - geebma yvela daarwmunes, rom kacebs ubralod megobroba ar SeuZliaT. dasavluri sazomebiT ki maswavlebelma cxrajer unda awon-dawonos, vidre SeekiTxeba biWunas - hyavs Tu ara mas giol-frendi, radgan biWuas SeiZleba aRmoaCndes boi-frendi, da aseTma utaqto SekiTxvam SeiZleba daazianos norCi fsiqika. ai, sadamde daeca qveyniereba! maram es jerjerobiT araferia im mdgomareobasTan SedarebiT, romelSic aRmoCnda adamianTa sakmaod didi wre saxeldobr, homoseqsualebi, romlebmac moisurves daubrundnen normaluri cxovrebis wess. Zalian cotaa iseTi adgili, sadac maT SeuZliaT kvlificiurad daexmaron; Cveulebriv maT esmiT: „ratom? es xom Seni bunebaa! iyavi iseTi, rogoric xar da ixare amiT!~ maT ki, ubedurebs, normaluri ojaxi da Svilebi undaT. ase xdeba, Cveulebriv, im sazogadoebaSi, romelsac ar aqvs moraluri orientirebi da zneobrivi CarCoebi, romlis mixedviTac homoseqsualizmi didi codvaa da misgan ganTavisufleba, upirveles yovlisa, sulier feriscvalebas ukavSirdeba.

4.

bibliuri Tvalsazrisi homosqsualizmis Sesaxeb

1)

ZvelaRTqmiseuli swavleba qorwinebisa da sqesTa Sesaxeb. urTierTobis Sesaxeb

negatiuri zemoqmedeba sazogadoebaze sazogadoebaze.

da rogor zemoqmedebs sazogadoebaze „cisferi~ siyvarulis sayovelTaod gavrceleba? pirvel yovlisa, iSleba Tavad normis cneba. da, ai, Sedegi: sadizmi, mazoxizmi da msgavsi gamovlinebebi ukve aRaravis akvirvebs - ras gaigeb, vin rogor erToba. dasavleTSi ki ukve pedofilebi iwyeben TavianTi uflebebisaTvis brZolas - aqaoda, riTi varT uaresebio. normaluri adamiaebi ki, piriqiT, aRmoCndebian ucnaur

bibliaSi gadmocemulia ojaxisa da qorwinebis safuZvlebis Sesaxeb.: dabadeba 2:18-24: „da Tqva RmerTman: ara keTil ars yofad kacisa amis martosa, uqmneT magas Semwe, msgavsi magisi. da da-ve-hbada ufalman RmerTman yoveli môeci


130 velisaÁ yoveli mfrinveli cisaÁ da moiyvanna igini adamisa xilvad da yovelTa mSónvierTa cxovelTa, romelica uwoda adam, igi ars saxeli maTi, raÁZi uwodos maT. da yoveli, romeli uwoda maT adam saxelebi yovelTa sacxovarTa da yovelTa mfrinvelTa cisaTa da yovelTa mÃecTa qveyanisaTa, xolo adamisi ara epova Semwe msgavsi misi. dasdva RmerTman gankÂrvebaÁ adams da daaZina: moiRo fercxali erTi guerdisa misisa. da aRmouvso ÃorciTa mis wil. da aRuSena ufalman RmerTman guerdi, romel moiRo adamisgan, colad da moiyvana igi adamissa: da Tqva adam: aw ese Zuali ZualTa CemTagani da Ãorci ôorcTa CemTagani. amas ewodos col, rameTu qmrisa misisagan gamoRebul iqmna igi. amisTÂs dauteos kacman mamaÁ Tvisi da deda Tvisi da Seeyos colsa Tvissa~. ufalma gansazRvara ojaxi, rogorc kacisa da qalis kavSiri. qvemoT moyvanilia ramdenime mizezi, Tu ratom ganaCina man es saxeldobr ase: pirvel rigSi, Cveni sxeulebi isea mowyobili, rom qalis sxeulis anatomia avsebs kacis sxeulis anatomias, da piriqiT. meorec, kacisa da qalis kavSiris warmoebuli STamomavlobaa. homoseqsualur kavSirs ar SeuZlia aRasrulos RmrTis kurTxeva: inayofiereT da imravleT dabadeba 1:28: „da akurTxna igini RmerTman metyuelman: aRorZndiT da ganmravldiT~. mesame, RmerTma ganusazRvra kacsa da qals TavTavianTi (erTmaneTisagan gansxvavebuli) rolebi ojaxSi, romelTa aRsrulebac ganapirobebs ojaxuri kavSiris ganmtkicebas. rogorc cnobilia dabadebidan 2:118, coli Seiqmna, rogorc kacis srulyofili Semwe. amas garda, unda gvaxsovdes, rom RmerTma Seqmna adami da eva, da ara adami da seva. Tuki RmerTisTvis sul erTi iqneboda,

131 vin visTan daamyarebda intimur kavSirs, maSin ar iqneboda nabrZanebi, rom miatovebs kaci ded-mamas da miewebeba Tavis dedakacs, raTa erTxorcad iqcnen, - dabadeba 2:24: „amisTÂs dauteos kacman mamaÁ Tvisi da dedaÁ Tvisi da Seeyos colsa Tvissa~. coli da qmari erTxorc iqmnebian, radgan eva aRebulia adamis sxeulidan (dabadeba 2:23-24): „da Tqva adam: aw ese Zuali ZualTa CemTagani da Ãorci ÃorcTa CemTagani. amas ewodos col, rameTu qmrisa misisagan gamoRebul iqmna igi. amisTÂs dauteos kacman mamaò Tvisi da deda Tvisi da Seeyos colsa Tvissa~. swored amitom iwodeba homoseqsualuri kavSirebi bibliaSi „Sedgomad xorcTa ucxosa~ (iuda 1:7). ufalma RmerTma Tavisi sityviT mkafiod akrZala homoseqsualuri kavSirebi: levianTa 18:22: „da wulisa Tana ara daswve sawoliTa dedebriTa, rameTu saZagel ars~. levianTa 20:13: „romeli dawves wulisa Tana sawoliTa dedebr, rameTu saZageli qmnes orTave, sikudiliT mowyden, rameTu Tanamdeb arian~. vinc mamakacTan dawveba ise, rogorc qalTan wvebian, sibilwes Caidenen oriveni da unda mokvdnen, - maTzea maTi sisxli. 2)

axali aRTqmis swavleba qorwinebisa da sqesTa Sesaxeb. urTierTobis Sesaxeb

ieso qriste qriste: qorwinebaze saubrisas, ieso qriste miuTiTebda Zveli aRTqmis swavlebaze, kerZod, dabadebaze. maTe 19:4-6 19:4-6: „xolo ieso miugo da hrqua maT: ara aRmogikiTxavsa, rameTu romelman dahbada dasabamsa, mamakacad da dedakacad Seqma igini? da Tqua: amisTvis dauteos kacman mamaÁ Tvisi da dedaÁ Tvisi da Seeyos colsa Tvissa da iyvnen orive igi erT xorc. viTarca arRara arian or, aramed


132 erT xorc. aw ukue raomelni-igi RmerTman SeauRlna, kaci nu ganaSorebn~. markozi 10:6-8: 10:6-8 „xolo dasabamiTgan dabadebisaÁT mamakacad da dedakacad Seqmna igini RmerTman. amisTvis dauteos kacman mamaÁ Tvisi da dedaÁ Tvisi da Seeyos colsa Tvissa. da iyven oriveni igi erT xorc, viTarca arRara arian or, aramed erT xorc~. mociqullTa epistoleebi epistoleebi. 1 korinTelTa 6:9-10 6:9-10: „anu ara uwyiTa, rameTu cruTa sasaufeveli RmrTisaÁ ver daimkvidron? nu scTebiT: arca meZavTa, arca kerpTmsaxurTa, arca memruSeTa, ara CukenTa, arca mamaTmavalTa, arca angahrTa, arca mparavTa, arca momTvraleTa, arca maginebelTa, arca mtacebelTa sasufeveli RmrTisaÁ ara daimkvidronÁ. 1 timoTe 1:9-10: 1:9-10 „uwyi ese, rameTu marTalsa sjul ara uc, aramed usjuloTa da urCTa da usaxurebelTa da codvilTa, uRirsTa da bilwTa, mamis maginebelTa da dedis maginebelTa, kacis mkvleTa, meZavTa, mamaTmavalTa, kacis msyidvelTa, mtyuvarTa, cru-ficTa da sxua, romelica raÁme sicocxlisa amis moZRurebasa uxdebis~. sqesTa homoseqsaluri urToerTobebi - es codvaa, romelsac ufali RmerTi samsjavroze gansjis. magram ar unda daviviwyoT, rom am codviT dacemulni Tavisi usjuloebis nayofs jer kidev sicocxleSive moimkian, iReben jerovan sasjels Tavisi cdomilebis gamo. romaelTa 1:26-27 1:26-27: „amisTvis miscna igini RmerTman vnebasa mas ginebisasa; rameTu dedaTa maTTa gardacvales bunebisa igi wesi arabunebad. egreca mamaTa maTTa dauteves bunebisa igi wesi dedaTaò, ganxurdes gulis TqumiTa maTiTa urTierTas; mamani mamaTa Tana sarcxvinelsa iqmodes,

133 da kualad-sagebeli igi, romel jer-arn sacdurisa maTisaò, urTierTas miiRon~. amas garda mocemuli nawyveti imas mowmobs, rom homoseqsualizmi, pirvel yovlisa, aris „arabunebrivi~ movlena, anu anomalia. meorc, homoseqsualizmi aris ara genetikuri aSliloba, aramed gadacdoma, „sacduri~, anu Tavis motyueba. homoseqsualizmis mizezi uRmerTobaa: romaelTa 1:28 1:28: „da viTarca ara gamoicades RmerTi, raÁTamca aqunda mecnierebiT, miscna igini RmerTman gamoucdelsa mas gonebasa saqmed ujeroÁsa~. anu, TavianTi uRmerTobis gamo, imisaTvis, rom ar iRwvodnen, raTa qonodaT RmerTi mecnierebiT, anu gonebaSi, amitomac misca isini RmerTma ukuRmarT gonebas - ekeTebinaT ujero saqmeebi. bibliaSi homoseqsualizmi da sxva seqsualuri garyvnileba Sedarebulia da gaTanabrebulia ZaRlTa Sleg qcevasTan. ZvelaRTqmiseul droSi seqsualurad garyvnilebi „ZaRlebad~ iwodebodnen: meore rjuli 23:17-18 23:17-18: „ar iyos meZavi qali israelis qalebs Soris da meZavi kaci israelis vaJebs Soris. aranairi aRTqmisaTvis ar Seitano sameZao gasamrjelo da ZaRlis fasi uflis Seni RmerTis saxlSi, radgan orive es sisaZaglea uflis, Seni RmerTisaTvis~. gamocxadeba 22:14-15: „netar arian, romelni iqmodian mcnebaTa misTa, raÁTa iyos xelmwifebaÁ maTi Zelsa mas zeda cxorebisasa, da bWeTa maT mier Seviden qalaqad. gare iyvnen ZaRlni da mwamlvelni da meZavni da kacis-mklvelni da kerpT-msaxurni da yovelni moyvare da moqmedi tyuilisaÁ~. 5. rogori unda movepyroT homoseqsualebs rodesac qristesTan moiyvanes qali, mxilebuli garyvnilebaSi, man ar iwyo arc misi gamarTleba, arc misi gamtyuneba. iesom


134 uTxra mas: wadi da aRar scodo. Semdgom igi misi erTguli mowafe gaxda. homoseqsualizmi iseve, rogorc siZva-mruSoba, aris misi saxesvaoba. Cven, qristianebs, unda gvZuldes codva, magram RvTiur siyvaruls viCendeT codvilTa mimarT. es ar niSnavs, rom Cven xels vuwyobdeT codvil cxovrebis wess da vaqezebdeT codvilebs TavianT codvaSi. aucilebelia gvaxsovdes, rom ufal RmerTs SeuZlia gaaTavisuflos monanuli codvili homoseqsualizmis codvisagan. yuradReba mivaqioT mociqul pavles sityvebs korinTelTa 6:9-11 6:9-11: „anu ara uwyiTa, rameTu cruTa sasaufeveli RmrTisaÁ ver daimkvidron? nu scTebiT: arca meZavTa, arca kerpTmsaxurTa, arca memruSeTa, ara CukenTa, arca mamaTmavalTa, arca angahrTa, arca mparavTa, arca momTvraleTa, arca maginebelTa, arca mtacebelTa sasufeveli RmrTisaÁ ara daimkvidron. da esreT odesme iyveniT: aramed ganibaneniT, aramed ganiwmideniT, aramed ganhmarTldiT saxelisa uflisa iesoÁsiTa da suliTa RmrTisa Cuenisa Á Ta~. rogorc vxedavT, homoseqsualizmisagan ganTavisufleba - es realobaa, romeli ZaluZs macxovar ieso qristes. RmrTisaTvis yoveli adamiani, miuxedavad misi orientaciisa, usazRvrod Zvirfasia. RmerTi mokvda, raTa yvela CvenganisTvis moeniWebina codvisagan ganTavisufleba da saRmrTo mSvidoba, raTa sasowarkveTisagan ganawamebma sulebma moixveWon simSvide da sixaruli. RmerTi mzadaa, miiRos nebismieri monanuli codvili, amitom Cven - qristianebma - unda davamowmoT codvilebis winaSe qristes gamomxsneli msxverplis Sesaxeb. SesaZloa, vinmes guli gamoexmauros amas, da iqneba kidev erTi miteveba, da iqneba kidev erTi axali sicocxle.

135

epilogis magivrad Cven yovelTvis aRvniSnavdiT, rom garkveuli Zalebis mier Cvens qveyanaSi garedan Cveni qveynisTvis, Cveni erisTvis, misi istoriisa da tradiciebisaTvis ucxo ideologiis Zalmomreobrivad Semotana da Tavs moxveva, misi damkvidrebis mcdeloba, warmoadgens agresias Cveni xalxis winaaRmdeg, sulier eqstremizmsa da Cveni kanonieri uflebebis darRvevas, radgan ewinaaRmdegeba istoriul samarTalmemkvidreobiTobasa da uflebadamcvelobiT princi pebs, eris zneobriobasa da mis mrwamss, erovnuli ideologiis istoriulad Camoyalibebul safuZvlebs. erT-erT adreul werilSi, romelic yofili nacxelisuflebis zeobis periodSi daiwera, aRvniSnavdiT, rom Cvens qveyanaSi darRveulia Cveni, umravlesobis uflebebi. axalma xelisuflebam unda gaiTvaliswinos es. swored amitom mizanSewonilad miviCnieT, kvlav gamogvetana sazogadoebis winaSe Cveni es 2007 w. dawerili werili TiTqmis ucvlelad. `Cveni Tavi Cvenadve gveyudnondes~ (wminda ilia marTali) vinc Cveni qveynis istoria icis, uTuod SeamCnevs, rom saqarTvelo, qarTveli eri imiTac aris gamorCeuli, rom saukuneebis ganmavlobaSi misi zne, cnobiereba, wes-Cveulebani da adaT-wesebi qristianobas SeeTvisa, SeenivTa da istoriulad qarTveloba marTlmadideblobasTan gaigivda. am niSan-Tvisebis wyalobaa, rom ganvvleT mowamebrivi gza _ uflis jvari uRalatod vzideT, sarwmunoeba davicaviT, xolo masTan erTad eri da qveyanac gadavarCineT. iSviaTia eri, romelsac amdeni mowame hyavdes, da, albaT, ar aris eri, romlis asi aTasma


136 Svilma erT dRes miiRo mowameobrivi aRsasruli - Tavi dado da ar uaryo WeSmariti sarwmunoeba, ar Seuracxyo wminda xatebi. ase gabrwyinebula araerTxel saqarTvelo, da yvelam, vinc saqarTvelos gabrwyinebaze saubrobs, unda icodes, rom yovladwminda RvTismSoblis wilxvedri qveynis gabrwyinebis gza marTlmadidebloba da qristes erTgulebaa. swored esaa saqarTvelos, qarTveli eris istoriulad Camoyalibebuli, mravalgzis gamocdili da qartexilebSi ganmtkicebuli erovnuli cnobierebis xerxemali, romelzec igeboda da unda aigos qarTuli saxelmwifoebrioba. mamuliSviloba, patriotizmi upirvelesad imas gulisxmobs, rom pativi mivagoT Cvens saxelovan winaprebs, maT Rvawlsa da amags, maT cnobierebasa da aRmsareblobas, xolo upirvelesad - maT mowamebriobas, raTa Cvenc viyvneT maTi memkvidreni, maTi SaTamomavalni da maTi saqmis gamgrZelebelni. Cveni qveynis absoluturi umravlesoba aRiarebs istoriul memkvidreobiTobas, ara mxolod teritoriul-materialurs, aramed suliers, zneobrivs, kulturuls, aRiarebs istoriulad Camoyalibebul msoflmxedvelobas, ndobas ucxadebs am msoflmxedvelobis istoriul mesaWes, matarebelsa da mqadagebels - saqarTvelos samociqulo eklesias, pativs scems am eklesiis dogmaturad Seumcdar kurss, miiCnevs eklesias Cveni eris sulier winamZRolad. es istoriuli madliereba da samarTlianoba erisa eklesiisadmi, saqarTvelos mravalsaukunovan istoriaSi, asaxuli da ayvanili iyo saxelmwifoebriv rangSi da mis garantad mironcxebuli mefe gvevlineboda. swored am gziT iSva `Zlevai sakvirveli~ da am gziT mavalma saqarTvelom saxelmwifoebrivad, politikurad, ekonomikurad, kulturulad, socialurad, da rac mTavaria - zneobrivad, umaRles

137 safuxurs miaRwia. rac Seexeba madlierebasa da samarTlianobas Cvens droSi, igi nawilobriv, iuridiulsamarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT, aisaxa konstituciur SeTanxmebaSi saxelmwifosa da eklesias Soris, romlis mixedviTac aRiarebulia eklesiis gansakuTrebuli roli Cveni qveynis istoriaSi, da aqedan gamomdinare - aRiarebulia misi, rogorc eris sulieri winamZRolis uflebebic. amitom, yvela, vinc ugulebelyofs am SeTanxmebas, ver iqneba Cveni qveynis srulfasovani memkvidre, ara mxolod sulieri, aramed ukve samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiTac. miuxedavad zemoTqmulisa, samwuxaroa, rom xdeba Cveni uflebebis, saqarTvelos mosaxleobis umravlesobis uflebebis xelyofa, xSirad demokratiis saxeliTa da demokratizmis princi pis sababiT. magaliTisaTvis, ras unda niSnavdes faqti, rodesac ‘sazogadoebrivi televiziidan~ iTxoven TanamSromels im mizeziT, rom man gabeda da marTlmadidebeli moZRvari miiwvia telegadacemaSi? anda, ras unda niSnavdes SemTxveva, rodesac ‘sazogadoebrivi televizia~ iRebs gadawyvetilebas, rom ar gadasces Sobis Ramis RvTismsaxureba teleeTerSi, da mxolod mas Semdeg cvlis Tavis gadawyvetilebas, rodesac xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi erevian saqmeSi? romeli sazogadoebis televiziaa es ‘sazogadoebrivi televizia~? Tu igi ar iTavaliswinebs religiuri umravlesobis moTxovnebsa da uflebebs, maS, ratom uxdis es umravlesoba am televizias Tavisi Semosavlebidan fuls? ai, es aris Zaladoba sazogadoebaze, mis umravlesobaze. sxva mraval magaliTTagan kidev davasaxelebT erT metad mtkivneul faqts, kerZod, imas, rom saqarTvelos saxelmwifo skolebis moswavleebs ara aqvT saSualeba, aRasrulon RvTisgan miniWebuli ufleba, swavla locviT daiwyon da locviTve daamTavron. locva


138 xom mowafis mier RmrTisgan Semweobis gamoTxovaa da madlobis aRvlenaa am Semweobisa da wyalobisaTvis? da Tuki locva nebayoflobiTi iqneba da ar iqneba aranair iZuleba, rogor unda xelyos man vinmes uflebebi? SedarebisaTvis, Cvens qveyanaSi qarTuli ena savaldebulo gavxadeT da mravali araqarTulenovani moqalaqe, rig SemTxvevaSi, iZulebulia, iswavlos igi, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi igi ver iqneba srulfasovani moqalaqe. amis sapirispirod, marTlmadideblebi ar moviTxovT vinmes iZulebis wesiT marTlmadideblobaze moqcevas da misgan locvas. maS ratom gvarTmeven Cven, marTlmadideblebs, uflebas, vilocoT yoveli saWiroebisaTvis, iqneba es swavla Tu sxva saqmianoba? gana israelSi, romelsac yvela xelisufali demokratiul saxelmwifod miiCnevs, gabedavs vinme ebraul skolebSi Tundac erTi misxaliT Sezrudos iudaizmi? asevea saberZneTSic, romelic aris evrokavSiris, Sengenis, natos wevri, iq swavla skolebSi nebayoflobiTi locviT iwyeba. maS, ratom gagvaqvs iZulebis wesiT saqarTvelos skolebidan wminda xatebi, ratom Seiqna Cveni qveynis skolebSi uadgilo yovladwminda RvTismSoblis xati, qveyanaSi, romlis asi aTasma moqalaqem imitom miiRo mowamebrivi sikvdili, rom ar Seuracxyo RvTismSoblis xati? maT Soris xom umravlesoba bavSvi iyo. rogor unda gavusworoT maT sulebs Tvali, rani varT Cven maT winaSe: umadurebi, maTi wminda sisxlis Seuracxmyofelni. gana Cven Rirsi varT, maTi Camomavlebi da memkvidreni gverqvas, gana Cven SeiZleba gverqvas saqarTvelos moqalaqeni, ara konkretuli epoqis, aramed droSi ganfenili saqarTvelosi? Cven ver SeveguebiT aseT usamarTlobas, aseT umadurobas Cveni winaprebisadmi. mTeli kategoriulobiT moviTxovT, raTa aRdges istoriuli samarTlianoba da

139 zogadsaganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebSi daSvebul iqnas locva, wminda xatebi da salocavi kuTxe, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi Cven miviCnevT, rom xdeba Zaladoba umravlesobis winaaRmdeg, imgvari, razec zemoT mogaxsenebdiT. meore problema, razec gvinda yuradReba gavamaxviloT, aris is ganukiTxaoba, rac xdeba tele-radio sivrceSi. gaSlilia farTo fronti im mizniT, raTaA Cvens sazogadoebaSi tradiciuli cnobierebisa da Rirebulebebis sanacvlod dainergos da damkvidrdes Rirebulebebi, romelTac araferi aqvT saerTo zneobriobasTan, qristianobasTan, tradiciuli gagebiT qarTvelobasTan. am mizniT teleekranebidan iRvreba garyvnileba, siZva-mruSoba, Zaladoba, sadizmi, jadoqroba, narkomaniisken biZgis mimcemi, macdunebeli gadacemebi, dascinian wesierebas, qalwulobas, wmindanebs, Cvens tradiciebs, iqadageba homoseqsualizmi, aris mcdeloba garyvnilebis legalizebisa da a.S. da a.S. ar iqmneba samarTlebrivi meqanizmebi, romlebic daaregulireben am sferosa da am saqmianobas. ramdenadac CvenTvis cnobilia, amJamad mimdinareobs mniSvnelovan maregulirebel dokumentze _ ‘qcevis kodeqsze~ muSaoba, romelic iZleva teleproduqciis Sefasebis kriteriumebs swored zneobrivi, eTikuri kuTxiTa da TvalsazrisiT. da gana Cveni sazogadoebis udidesi nawilis eTikuri mrwamsi ar unda iyos gaTvaliswinebuli? maS, ratom ar aris am mniSvnelovani dokumentis SeqmnaSi dasawyisidanve miwveuli eklesia, sapatriarqo? Tavi rom davaneboT umravlesobis uflebebs, gana konkordati ar moiTxovs, rom nebismieri dokumenti, romelic Seexeba Cvens qveyanaSi moralureTikuri normebis Semcveli samarTlebrivi dokumentis SemuSavebas, eklesiasa da mis sapatriarqosTan SeTanxmebis gareSe ar xdebodes? Cven moviTxovT, rom eklesias mieces


140 saSualeba, Tavisi zneobriv-eTikuri Sexedulebebi daicvas samarTlebrivad, moviTxovT, rom saxelmwifom pativi sces marTlmadidebel eklesias da mis samwysos da SesTavazos iseTi kodeqsebi, kanonebi da samarTlebrivi normebi, romlebic ar Seuracxyofen qristianul Rirebulebebs, marTlmadideblebis grZnobebsa da Sexedulebebs. amitom gTxovT, rom saqarTvelos komunikaciebis erovnuli komisiis mier Seqmnil muSa jgufSi, romelic muSaobs dasaxelebul `qcevis kodeqsze~, Seyvanil iqnes sapatriarqos warmomadgeneli. msgavsi viTarebaa nabeWdi produqciis realizebis sferoSi. Tbilisis quCebSi SeuZlebelia gavla, Jurnal-gazeTebisa da wignebis daxlebi pornografiasa da sxva uxamsobas miaqvs. da es yovelive xelmisawvdomia mozardisTvis, maTi TvalTaxedvisaTvis. xdeba kanonis uxeSi darRveva: mavne zegavlena mozardebze totaluria, magram ganmkiTxavi aravin aris. Seuracxmyofelia rigi produqciisTvis darqmeuli saxelebica da maTi reklamebic. magaliTad, erT-erTi Sokoladis reklamaze Seumosavi qalbatonia gamosaxuli da didi asoebiT aweria: `RvTaebrivi netareba~. yovladdauSvebelia, produqcias erqvas `sameba~ da sxva uwmindesi qristianuli termini Tu simbolo. aseve gvaSfoTebs zogierTi saxelmwifo moxelisa Tu organizaciis aSkarad antimarTlmadidebluri da antieklesiuri pozicia da qmedebani, mcdeloba konkordatis xelyofisa, eklesiisTvis istoriulad misi kuTvnili taZrebis CamorTmevisa da mwvalebelTaTvis gadacemisa, gvaSfoTebs, Tu ratom ar ubruneben eklesias mis qonebas. aris kidev mravali problema da sakiTxi, rac Cvens SeSfoTebas iwvevs da rac gvafiqrebinebs, rom qveyanaSi, sadac umravlesoba Tavs marTlmadideblad miiCnevs, saTanadod ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli da daculi maTi uflebebi, rig

141 SemTxvevaSi ki xelyofilia igi sxvadasxva sababiT, yvelaze xSirad ki - umciresobis uflebebis dacvis sababiT. Cven aseT midgomas ver SeveguebiT, es arc demokratiulia, arc samarTliani da arc samarTlebrivi. arc imas aqvs gadamwyveti mniSvneloba, rom marTlmadidebelTa sakmao raodenobas ara aqvs mkafiod da jerovnad Semecnebul-gacnobierebuli Tavisi uflebebi da Rirsebebi, da amitom, Sesabamisad ar reagirebs am uflebaTa da RirsebaTa xelyofasa Tu SezRudvaze. isic unda aRiniSnos, rom aseTi marTlmadidebeli umravles SemTxvevaSi cdunebulia propagandistuli Tu sxva ram teqnologiebiT. Cven ver SeveguebiT rogorc piradad Cveni, aseve Cveni sulieri Zmebisa da debis macdunebel qmedebebs, ver SeveguebiT im sulier agresias, rac Cveni mozardi Taobiskenaa mimarTuli, ver SeveguebiT im moZaladur prozelitur qmedebas, rac mimarTulia Cveni SeWirvebuli, socialurad dabeCavebuli da ekonomiurad gaRaribebuli erisadmi. amasTan, Cven, Cveni qveynis moqalaqeni, Cveni winaprebis memkvidreni, maTi mrwamsis matarebelni, maTi cnobierebis gamziareblebi, maTi adaT-wesebisa da tradiciebis pativismcemelni, Tavs uflebamosilad miviCnevT, raTa movTxovoT Cvens xelisuflebas, misi yvela Stos warmomadgenels, daicvas Cveni uflebebi, gaiTvaliswinos Cveni moTxovnebi da saSualeba mogvces, raTa miviRoT monawileoba Cveni qveynis saxelmwifoebriv mSeneblobaSi - sityviTac da saqmiTac. dasasrul, aRvniSnavT, rom Cven varT erTgulni im erovnuli msoflmxedvelobisa, romelic istoriulad Cvenma erma SeimuSava. am msoflmxedvelobis xelyofas Cven Zaladobad, SeTqmulebad da moRalateobad miviCnevT. am ideologiis qvakuTxedi ruisurbnisis ZeglisweraSi erTdroulad ficisa da locvis saxiT


142 aris mocemuli: `ar gecruvebiT Sen, Cveno siwmidiT mSobelo samociqulo eklesiao, arc gagcemT Sen, Cveno siqadulo – marTlmadideblobav!~ marTlmadideblobav!~. amin! marTlmadidebel mSobelTa kavSiri

143

s a r C e v i Sesavali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Tavi I homoseqsualuri eqstremizmi da iuvenaluri iusticia tradiciuli ojaxisa da eklesiis winaaRmdeg 1.Sesavali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2. homoseqsualizmi paTologiaa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3. homoseqsualizmi da iuvenaluri iusticia . . . . . . 15 eklesiisa da ojaxis winaaRmdeg 4. homoseqsualTa manifesti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Tavi II homoseqsualizmis kritikuli Sefasebis uflebisa da homoseqsualizmis Tavsmoxvevis kanonieri SezRudvis Sesaxeb 1.Sesavali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2. homoseqsualizmisa da misi sazogadoebrivi . . . . . . 32 gamovlinebebisadmi kritikuli Sefasebis qonis uflebis dasabuTeba 3. homoeqsualizmis ideologiis agresiuli xasiaTi . . 45 Tavi III sazRvargareTis kanonmdeblobis normebi, romlebSic saxelmwifos mier aRiarebulia homosesualizmis mavnebloba 1.Sesavali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 2.amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis kanonmdeblobis . . . 58 magaliTebi 3.adamianis uflebaTa evropis sasamarTlos . . . . . . 71 samarTlebrivi pozicia, romelTac aqvT mniSvneloba gansaxilevel sakiTxebTan


144 dakavSirebiT gadawyvetilebis SesamuSaveblad Tavi IV bavSvTa dacvis samarTlebrivi safuZvlebi . . . . 75 maTze inteleqtualuri formebiT ganxorcielebuli ganmryvneli zemoqmedebisagan Tavi V homoseqsualizmis ideologiis . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 dezinfo rmciuli da mani pulaciur i xasiaTi dezinformciuli pulaciuri 1.manipulireba cifrebiT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 2.miTi homoseqsualebis diskriminaciis Sesaxeb . . . . 95 Tavi VI adamianis uflebebis darRveva da adamianis . . . . 104 Rirsebis Selaxva „gei-aRlumis~ Catarebisas Tavi VII sodomi da gomori . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 I.biblia sodomisa da gomoris Sesaxeb . . . . . . . . . 116 II.biblia homoseqsualizmis codvis Sesaxeb . . . . . . . 125 epilogis magivrad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135


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